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Annála Connacht (Author: [unknown])

Annal 1461


1461 First of January on Thursday and the twentieth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCCLXI. Eighteenth of the Decemnovennial Cycle. D.


Aed son of Toirrdelbach Oc O Conchobair, half-king of Connacht in opposition to Tadc O Conchobair, and worthy to be King of Ireland for his shapely form and hospitality to the scholars of Ireland, died at Ballintober, on the fifteenth of May by the day of the month, after Unction and Penance, in the sixty-third year of his age and was buried at Roscommon.


Toirrdelbach Cairprech O Domnaill, king of Tir Conaill, was maimed by the sons of Niall O Domnaill this year.


Edmund son of Walter Burke was killed.


Fergal O Gadra, eligible prince of Coolavin, was killed by Mac Gosdelb.


Feidlim Finn O Conchobair was captured by the sons of Brian Ballach and Ruaidri son of O Conchobair Donn. Feidlimid son of O Conchobair Donn was proclaimed O Conchobair in opposition to Tadc O Conchobair. Tadc O Conchobair was captured by his own brothers and O Conchobair Donn.



A shattering defeat was inflicted on some of the Meath Galls and part of the Muinter Raigillig this year by the Galls of Oriel and the sons of Rudraige Mag Mathgamna.


Another shattering defeat, by O Raigillig and Pilip Mag Uidir over the sons of Aed Mag Uidir, in which Maelsechlainn son of Aed Mag Uidir and other high-born prisoners were taken.


Great dearth throughout Ireland.


The lordship of the English was ruined; the Duke of York, a countless number of Englishmen and the Earl of Ormond [were slain.]


The Bishop of Killala, O Coneoil, was killed by the son of Magnus O Dubda.


Maelsechlainn son of Uilliam O Cellaig was captured by the sons of Bresal O Cellaig. He was forcibly recovered from them at Tiaquin and by the sons of Walter Burke, boldly and victoriously.


Cormac Losc son of Tomaltach O Birn was killed by the sons of Maelsechlainn O Birn at Rathnarovanagh, on a Friday, and plundered by them as well.


A shattering defeat was given by the sons of Tadc son of Donnchad O Cellaig to the Modachs and the men of the Tuath, in which many were killed and captured.


O Dalaig of Corcomroe, Niall Oc O hUicinn and Niall son of Fergal Oc O hUicinn died.


The Dean O Maileoin, a sage of Ireland, rested at St. Ciaran's Clonmacnoise.


Mathgamain son of Uilliam O Fergail died.


Maelmuire son of Aed Mac Suibne died.


Seoan Carrach son of Tadc Mac Branain, the bold battler, died.


Diarmait Balb son of Seoan son of Echmarcach [Mac Branain] died.


Tomas son of Uigestin Mac an Baird died.


Muirgius son of Uilliam O Flannacain, priest of Senchell Dumcha and a canon of the choirs entered into rest and the church itself was burned.


An immense host was led by Macwilliam Burke and his


kinsmen into Machaire Connacht, to deliver Feidlimid Finn. The son of Brian released Feidlimid Finn, against every security which he required therefor, and was proclaimed O Conchobair in opposition to Tadc O Conchobair on a Wednesday by the day of the week. Aed Mac Diarmata put on his shoe and he received the hostages of the lordship of O Conchobair Ruad through the power of Macwilliam, who afterwards departed. The sons of O Conchobair Ruad brought Tadc O Conchobair out of the bonds of O Conchobair Donn, giving the half-townland of Ballyclare for his ransom, and encamped at Cregga.


When the sons of O Conchobair himself and the son of Brian [Ballach] heard of this encampment they gathered their friends from all directions about Mac Diarmata, attacked the camp of Tadc O Conchobair and routed him and his kinsmen. But these came away honourably, though Cairpre O Conchobair was harassing their rear on horseback and performing deeds of prowess upon them with an axe belonging to one of his own foot-soldiers, and by means of their courageous defence they came as far as Ailen na Cenainne; and the parting of the two armies was as the parting of two weary foes, nor was there anything base or shameful to either in this day's fighting.


A great war between the Meath and Leinster Galls and O Conchobair Failgi, which destroyed a large part of Meath. O Conchobair and Mac Richard Butler accompanied by a thousand or more mounted men wearing helmets were shoeing their horses at Drumhurlin, while their raiding-parties were operating in every direction till the evening. The son of Feidlim son of Calbach [O Conchobair Failgi] was captured by John son of Mac Thomas. O Conchobair received great concessions from the Galls for making peace, as had always been customary for one of his position.


Great raids by Mag Eochacain on the Baron of Delvin.


Other great raids by him on the Ledwiches, when he plundered the country as far as the Inny.


The youth of Clann Seain plundered Portloman.


Aengus Mac Raith, the theme of all Irishmen, died at the beginning of his prosperity and his preceptorship. God's blessing go with him to Heaven.


Diarmait son of Domnall son of Eoin son of Sitrecc Ruad O Mailchonaire died.



Maelsechlainn son of Flann O Domnallain died.


A great prey was taken from the people of Formael by the sons of Domnall Cam Mac Donnchada and some of the sons of Brian Mac Donnchada.


Magnus son of Brian son of Domnall O Conchobair, lord of Carbury, died.


Donnchad O Cellaig was captured by the Clann Maicne Eogain and the sons of Aed son of Uilliam O Cellaig.


Mag Eochacain plundered and burnt Rathwire.


Clann Mailruanaid was burned by Cathal Mag Ragnaill and the sons of Brian Ballach and some people were killed by them.


Donnchad O Cellaig was happily and unexpectedly released.


Teboit O Mailmuaid, half-king of Fir Cell, was killed by O Mailmuaid of the Woods.


Mac Diarmata and his kinsmen treacherously took great preys from the sons of Ruaidri Mac Diarmata and carried them off into Clanconway. Ruaidri's sons and all their adherents withdrew to the woods of the Curlieus, so that between the two parties they devastated the country.


Tadc O Conchobair's sons deserted Brian Ballach's sons.