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Annála Connacht (Author: [unknown])

Annal 1422


1422 First of January on Thursday and the ninth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCCXXII. Seventeenth year of the Lunar Cycle; fifteenth year of the Indiction; fourteenth year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. D.


Toirrdelbach son of Niall Garb O Domnaill, king of Tir Conaill, joined the monks of Assaroe and put on a monks' robe, having won a victory over the present life; and his son, Niall Garb O Domnaill, succeeded to his kingship afterwards.


Diarmait son of Tadc Mac Diarmata was killed.


Ben Mide daughter of Domnall son of Muirchertach [? O Conchobair], wife of Thomas Barrett, rested.


Domnall Finn O Flaithbertaig was killed by the sons of Domnall O Flaithbertaig.



Mac Siurtan Dub, that is Seaan Buide, was killed by his own people, namely the sons of Henry, this year.


And after this Miles son of Mac Siurtan Dub was killed while in captivity in Mannin Castle by Sefrun, son of the son of Tomas Finn Mac Muiris.


Rudrai O Conchobair, king of Corcomroe, was killed in his own residence by the descendants of Feidlim O Conchobair.


The sons of O Mailsechlainn made an attack on Ardnurcher. Mag Eochacan was in the castle with a few men at that time, having with him also Cosnamach Oc Mac Aedacain, law-ollav of the Cenel Fiachach and the Ui Failgi. The brehon mounted his horse and rode after them, thinking them to be the sons of Muirchertach Oc Mac Eochacain, who were in rebellion against Mac Eochacain at the time, he himself having come [to the castle] to make settlement between the parties.


He followed the band westwards out of the town to Topar Brigte. Here the sons of O Mailsechlainn were waiting (?) and at the noise (?) of the rider they discharged the arrows which were ready in their bows and Cosnamach Oc was killed without delays by an arrow-shot.


Five sons of Airechtach Mac Branain were killed in one day by the descendants of Conchobar Mac Branain and the descendants of Echmarcach Cacail Mac Branain. First Sean and Domnall Buide were killed at Lis Ferban. Murchad Buide and Brian Dubsuilech were killed at Cell Lalocc, and the church was burned for the purpose. Eogan Caech was killed at Achad Beoil na Muilled by the sons of Echmarcach Mac Branain themselves as they came northwards to do the killing, though they did not dare approach him till they killed him with arrows.


County Wexford and Wexford were burned and pillaged by Geralt Caemanach this year.


Eogan O Neill was ransomed from Mac Ui Neill Buide.


A vast host was raised by O Neill, O Domnaill, Eogan O Neill, Mac Ui Neill Buide and the other great men of the Province, and they burnt the whole district of Carbury. The posterity


of Domnall [O Conchobair] and O Ruairc drove them out of Sligo and killed seven of their army; so they went on into Tirerrill, with the sons of Cormac Mac Donnchada and the sons of Maelruanaid Mac Donnchada showing them the way and helping them to devastate the country.


Tomaltach Mac Donnchada and the sons of Conchobar Mac Donnchada afterwards [followed] on the track of the host and their own kinsmen gave them battle. Muirgius son of Cormac Mac Donnchada and Diarmait son of Maelruanaid Mac Donnchada were killed by them that day, and that night the host lay at the castle of Loch Dargan and next day they passed through Brefne with O Ruairc's consent.


Mac Siurtan na Coilled, that is Siurtan Oc, the strongest hand and the boldest and bravest heart of all the d'Exeters of his time, was treacherously slain by the sons of Taichlech Ruad O hEgra and by O Ruadain and his kinsmen.


Tadc son of Maelruanaid son of Gilla Crist Mac Donnchada [died].


The King of England, namely Cing Enri, was killed with a poison drink in France on Lammas day. And it was reported that it was his own mother-in-law, the wife of the King of France, that gave him the drink.


Seoan son of Diarmait O Cuirnin was killed at Belach Coilled Sotair by the sons of Seoan O Cuirnin.


Great war among the Gaels of Meath and O Conchobair Failgi this year, with O Conchobair, Mag Eochacain and the sons of Muirchertach Oc Mac Eochacain on the one side, and O Mailmuaid, Mag Cochlain, the Fox, the descendants of Diarnait Mac Eochacain and the sons of Maelmorda Ruad O Conchobair on the other. This (latter) alliance was overthrown. They (the first-mentioned allies) went into Delbna and attacked Coill Droingi, broke down the castle of Baile Meic Odaind and that of Brothalach, and many of their [enemies'] fields and homes were destroyed in addition to these places. Afterwards they made peace.


Calbach O Conchobair, king of Offaly, won a great war against the Galls of Meath, in which much destruction was done on both sides. Calbach went to attack Trim and the Galls came against him from the side of the town, but he defeated them, killing some and capturing a hundred or more, for fetters were placed on three score Galls together on the floor of O Conchobair's house on one day.



A great army was led by the Earl of Desmond, with a large following of Galls and Gaels, to the help of the Meath Galls. They entered Clann Feorais and burned the residence of the son of Mac Feorais and devastated much of the country. O Conchobair came with an army and faced them, defying them to attack him in his own territory. So they turned back without concluding a peace or exacting pledges.


Tadc son of Calbach O Conchobair, [...]. . . . (? ) and eligible prince of Offaly, died.


A great war between O Raigillig, that is Feidlim, and the Meath Galls. O Raigillig attacked the Biataghs and the Galls came to oppose him beside Kells and he defeated them, killing many, including Mac in Biataig himself and others.


Domnall O Fergail, chieftain of the Muinter Angaile, raided the descendants of Tomas O Fergail and carried off the prey into Coillte Ballan. He made a night-march through Western Meath and reached home safely.


The descendants of Tomas O Fergail were banished into Western Meath by Domnall O Fergail and Henry Dalton, lord of Western Meath, sided with them.


They both made an attack on the descendants of Conchobar son of Cathal at Cell Grene, whence they took many cows. They were pursued [and overtaken] in Cluain Duilech. The pursuing party were routed, Ruaidri son of Ruaidri O Cellaig was captured and nine men were killed, among whom were Muirchertach son of Donnchad son of Uilliam O Fergail and Tomaltach son of Uilliam Oc son of Uilliam O Fergail.


The Pass of Kilcoursey was cut and levelled by Dalton and the descendants of Tomas.


The descendants of Tomas returned with power into their own land.


Domnall O Neill, king of Ulster, Niall Garb O Domnaill king of Cenel Conaill, and Brian Mag Mathgamna, king of Oriel, marched with an immense following into Meath, burning Machaire Oirgiall and ruining a large part of Louth.