Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition
Annála Connacht (Author: [unknown])

Annal 1368


1368 First of January on Saturday and the third day of the moon, A.D. MCCCLXVIII. First year of the Lunar Cycle; sixth year of the Indiction; sixteenth year of the Solar Cycle.


Aed son of Feidlim O Conchobair, king of Connacht, head of the valour and prowess of the Gaels and the Lug Lamfada of Leth Chuind in withstanding Galls and Gaels who opposed him, died after a triumph of repentance in Roscommon, having held the kingship of Connacht for twelve years, as the poet says: ‘Twelve years—a healing draught—was Aed in the office of Provincial King. A hundred times did weapons pierce his body, yet death came to him on his pillow.’


Carbury was divided into two [lordships] between the two sons of Magnus O Conchobair and Domnall son of Muirchertach [O Conchobair].


Fergal Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, died.


Tigeman son of Cathal O Ruairc died.


Cormac Oc Mac Diarmata, a man well qualified for the kingship of his native land, died.


Diarmait son of Cormac Donn Mag Carthaig was captured by Mag Carthaig Cairbrech and delivered up to the Galls and afterwards destroyed.


Dauid O Tuathail was killed by the Dublin Galls.


Seaan O Domnallain died.


William ‘the Englishman,’ son of Sir Raymond Burke and the heir of the Macwilliams, died of the smallpox in Inishcoe.


Tomaltach Oc son of Fergal Mac Diarmata, tanist of Moylurg, died of the smallpox.


Laigsech son of Dauid O Morda died.



Niall O Neill, king of Ulster, led a huge army into Oriel to attack Brian Mag Mathgamna and encamped in the middle of the country. Brian offered him great concessions, viz. to give half Oriel to Niall son of Murchad son of Brian of the Mass-chalices, the king who had held office before himself, and further large gifts [to be made] to O Neill in compensation for[the death of] Mac Domnaill, and O Neill agreed to these terms. But the son of Murchad Mag Mathgamna and Alaxandar Oc Mac Domnaill, the lord of the gallowglasses, resolved on a different course; they proceeded together, without asking O Neill's sanction or consulting him, with three large active battalions to attack Mag Mathgamna and fell upon him in his camp; but he, with such followers as he had with him, rose up to meet that army and routed it. The son of Murchad Mag Mathgamna, heir to [the kingship of] Oriel, and Alaxandar Oc son of Toirrdelbach Mac Domnaill, constable of the gallowglasses and heir of the Clann Domnaill, and Eogan son of Toirrdelbach son of Maelsechlainn O Domnaill were all killed there, with many others gentle and simple.


Tomas O Flainn, king of the Ui Tuirtri, eminent throughout Ireland for his bounty, valour and nobility, died this year.


Tadc son of Magnus son of Cathal son of Domnall O Conchobair was treacherously taken prisoner by Ruaidri O Conchobair, king of Connacht, in his own stronghold at Ardakillin, having been brought to O Conchobair's house by Cormac Mac Donachada. And men were wont to compare any other crime with this, and no crime was compared with it, saying: ‘The capture of the son of Magnus is no worse.’ After a time he was even worse treated, being handed over to Domnall son of Muirchertach O Conchobair, who ultimately destroyed him in the castle of Sligo. This deed was the seed of great war throughout Connacht, between Macwilliam and O Conchobair and Mac Diarmata.


Ruaidri son of Seonacc Mac Eochacain, the first man in Ireland, and none contested it, for bounty and valour, died on the twenty-eighth of December.