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Annals of Loch Cé (Author: [unknown])

Annal LC1584


The kalends of January on Wednesday; the age of the Lord at this time being one thousand, five hundred, and eighty-four years.


The receiver of the queen's rents in Connacht died this year; his name was Anthony Fitton.


Domhnall Glas, son of Tadhg Ruadh O'hAirt, and John Mac Carmaic, i.e. the priest of Tempul-Eoin, died three days before the festival of Berach.


Margaret, daughter of Mac Donnchadha, the wife of O'Duibhgennain, died.



Brian, son of Donnchadh Mag Uidhir, and Domhnall Og O'Dobhailen, died.


The Gilla-glas-ruadh, son of Maelruanaidh Finn, died: in the month of February they died.


The son of O'Gallchubhair, i.e., the Ferdorcha, son of Eoghan, was accidentally killed by the Manachs.


Sir Nicholas Malbie, who had been captain over Connacht, died the third day of the month of March; and there came not to Erinn in his own time, nor often before, a better gentleman of the Foreigners than he; and he placed all Connacht under bondage. And it is not possible to count or reckon all that this man destroyed throughout Erinn; and he executed many works, especially on the courts of the towns of Ath-Luain and Ros-Comain.


A great depredation was committed by Aedh Ruadh, the son of O'Domhnaill, and by O'Gallchubhair, on the son of Tadhg O'Ruairc, in Cnoc-na-gaithe.


Mac Samhradhain, i.e., Brian Og, son of Brian, died this year.


Cill-Midain was burned this year.


Mac-in-fhiledh died this year, i.e., Gilla-Christ, son of Jeffrey.


The son of the Bishop Burk, i.e. Redmond, was killed by Diarmaid Riabhach, son of Aedh, son of Donnchadh, in revenge of John Burk.


The daughter of Mac Diarmada, i.e., Sadhbh, daughter of Eoghan, the wife of O'Gadhra, i.e., Diarmaid, son of Eoghan O'Gadhra, died.


The Justiciary, i.e., James Dowdall, died this year.


Cathal, the son of Ruaidhri, son of Ir Mag Raghnaill, died this year on the day of Brenainn's festival.


John, son of James Lynch, was made bishop in Oilfinn this year, and Andrew O'Cridhain was removed.


John, son of Aedh Conallach, was made the O'Raighilligh by the Foreigners, in presence of the sons of Maelmordha O'Raighilligh, who were senior to him; and the sons of Maelmordha destroyed the entire country through that.


A Justiciary came to Erinn the same year, whose name was


Sir John Perrot. A governor of Connacht came with him, whose name was Richard Bingham. These Foreigners came to Ros-Comain, on their arrival in Erinn, and Aedh, son of O'Conchobhair Donn, was made prisoner by them; and his friends, viz., O'Conchobhair Sligigh, and Brian, on of Ruaidhri Mac Diarmada, and Tomaltach Og, son of Tomaltach Mac Diarmada, released him quickly; and the way they released him was, the three gave bonds for three thousand pounds to guarantee his continuing in peace; and Brian son of Domhnall Mac Suibhne, a constable of his people, was left in Ros-Comain, in irons, as security for Aedh. These Foreigners went to Gaillimh, and Mac William came to meet them; and hostages were exacted from Mac William, and from his kindred. From thence they went to Luimnech.


A hosting by Richard Bingham, i.e., by that lord of the province of Connacht, to Lower Connacht, on which occasion he exacted hostages from O'Ruairc, and took Baile-in-mhúta, and plundered the Corann, and carried off Cathal Og, son of Cathal Dubh Mac Donnchadha, as a hostage, after all that was destroyed in Corann; and the lord over Corann at that time was Aedh, son of Cairbre Mac Donnchadha.


The Justiciary, i.e., Sir John Perrot, went to Ulster, and brought the son of O'Neill, i.e., of Toirdhelbhach Luinech, as a hostage with him. All Erinn was occupied by the Foreigners this year, so that they put back the honour and nobility of the men of Erinn.


These are the lords of Connacht in this year; viz., Donnchadh, son of Conchobhar, son of Donnchadh, is Earl over Tuadh-Mumha; and Ulick, son of Rickard Saxanach, is Earl over Clann-Rickard; and Aedh, son of Donnchadh O'Cellaigh, over Tir-Maine; Hubert Buidhe, son of William, son of Thomas, over the Clann-Connmaigh; Diarmaid, son of Cairbre O'Conchobhair, over the Clann-Toirdhelbhaigh; Tadhg Og, son, of Tadhg Buidhe, over the descendants of Felim's son; Brian, son of Ruaidhri Mac Diarmada, over


Magh-Luirg; Brian, son of Brian O'Ruairc, over the Breifne; Domhnall, son of Tadhg, son of Cathal Og, over Lower Connacht; and Richard, son of Oliver Burk, over the territory of Clann-William. And it is impossible to count, or reckon, or relate, all the injuries and oppressions the Foreigners committed upon these men. The Fer-dorcha, son of Maurice, is over Tir-Ailella; Aedh, son of Cairbre, over the Corann; Cormac O'hEghra over Luighne-Buidhe; Ferghal Carragh over Luighne-Riabhach; Edmond O'Dubhda over Tir-Fiachrach-Muaidhe. Those are the lords of the province at this time.


Tadhg Mac Aedhgain, the ollamh in Fenechas of the descendants of Rickard Og Burk, died this year.


The son of Mac Consnamha, i.e., Toirdhelbhach Og, son of Toirdhelbhach, died.


William Caech, son of Donnchadh O'Cellaigh, was hanged by the governor in Gailimh.


Mac Jordan of Baile-atha-lethain, i.e. Thomas Dubh, died.


And these were the chief lords over the Ulidians at that time, viz., Toirdhelbhach Luighnech over Tir-Eoghain, and Aedh, son of Maghnus O'Domhnaill, over Tir-Conaill; Conn, son of Niall Og, over Clann-Aedha-Buidhe; the Ferdorcha, son of Domhnall Og, was Mag Aenghusa over Ui-Echach; Art, son of Brian-na-mocherghi, over Oirghialla; Cuconnacht Og, son of Cuconnacht, over Feara-Manach; Ruaidhri, son of Maghnus O'Cathain, over Oirecht-Ui-Cathain.


Matthew, son of Maelechlainn Riabhach Mac Maeltuile, died.


Sadhbh, daughter of O'Duibhgennain, wife of Gillacoluim, son of Maelmuire, son of Brian Og, died.


MacEochadha, i.e. Fer-gan-ainm MacEochadha, (this Fer-gan-ainm was ollamh of Laighen), died.




Saxon band was slain in the Ruta, by the Clann-Domhnaill of Alba; and they took Dun-Lipsi from the Saxons, and killed all who were there.

Annal LC1585


The kalends of January on Friday; and the age of the Lord at this time is one thousand, five hundred, and eighty-five years.


The son of Tadhg O'Ruairc, i.e. Brian, and some of the Clann-Sithigh whom he had retained, went on a foray against Mag Flannchaidh; and they captured great preys, on Stephen's festival. Mag Flannchaidh, and the son of O'Ruairc, i.e., Tighernan, son of Brian O'Ruairc, overtook them; and they attacked each other; and Maghnus Og Mac Dubhain was killed in the beginning of that attack. The men of Breifne and Dartrai came up with them after that, and attacked the band; and a victory was gained over the son of Tadhg O'Ruairc, and over his people; and Eoghan Mac Sithigh, son of Toirdhelbhach, son of Edmond Mac Sithigh, was killed, and two score along with him, on that field. The son of Tadhg O'Ruairc, and Maghnus Og O'Curnin, were captured, and placed in irons on Loch-na-cula; and the sons of Tighernan wickedly slew them. And on Magh-Oilches this defeat was given.


The governor, i.e. the lord of Connacht, with two boats' crews, came from the town of Ath-Luain to Carraig-Mic-Diarmada. The night before the twelfth day, spent with great honour and excessive enjoyment in Brian Mac Diarmada's house, he returned back to his own place.


Toirdhelbhach Mac-an-aba Mag Uidhir was killed by Mac Mathghamhna.


William, son of the Baron Nugent, came to Erinn, after all the hardship he encountered throughout the world eastwards, on receiving a pardon from the queen.


The sons of Walter Fada Burk were wickedly taken prisoners by the governor, and sent in irons to the town of Ath-Luain.




daughter of Brian, son of Eoghan O'Ruairc, died a fortnight before May-day; and she was one of the best lamented women of Erinn.


Great depredations were committed upon Albanachs, in the Glenns, by Saxons.


Rose, daughter of O'Neill, died— i.e., the wife of Conn, son of the Calbhagh O'Domhnaill.


Domhnall Gorm, the son of Domhnall Ballagh Mac Domhnaill, was killed in the Glenns by Thomas Udis: (this Thomas was a Saxon captain).


Albanachs were expelled from Erinn by Saxons.


The men of all Erinn—such of them as were of any account—went to Baile-atha-cliath to an Act of Parliament. The son of O'Maelmhuaidh, and Edmond Dorcha, son of Domhnall, son of Murchadh Mac Suibhne, and several other persons, were hanged at this Act of Parliament.


The nobles of Erinn came safely from that Council of Ath-cliath, without profit.


The passes of Erinn—such of them as were secure—were levelled by Saxons. A great tribute was imposed on Connacht by Saxons, i.e., an ounce of gold on every quarter, both ecclesiastical and lay; and the sovereignty of each Gaeidhelic lord was lowered by them.


Shane-na-Muaidhe, i.e., the lord of Clann-mic-nEoghain, a man of great hospitality, and much celebrated for keeping a guest house, died.


Thomas, son of Walter Nugent, from Tech-Munna, died.


Conn, son of Art Og, son of Niall Conallagh O'Neill, was killed by Aedh, son of Cuconnacht Mag Uidhir, i.e., the son of the Mag Uidhir.


Felim Dubh, son of Niall, son of Conn, was killed by John, the son of Mag Uidhir.


The Earl of Cill-dara, i.e. Garrett Og, son of Garrett, son of Garrett, died in Saxon-land.


Domhnall Og Mac Duibhsithe was killed in Dartraighe-Mic-Flannchaidh, by the kerne of the queen's house.


Wet weather during all this year.


Mac William Burk died, i.e. Richard,


son of Oliver.


The city which is called Antwerp, in Flanders, was taken by king Philip, i.e. the king of Spain, from the Flemings and Saxons; and a great number of men were slain in it.


O'hAinlidhe, whose name was Tadhg Ballagh, died.


Clemens, son of James Skerritt, died; i.e. the warden of the Gaillimh.


The young Earl of Cill-dara i.e., Henry-na-tuadh, the son of Garrett, son of Garrett, son of Garrett, came to Erinn with great powers from the queen; and the Baron of Delbhna came with him, having the supremacy of his own country. And this young Earl brought the bodies of his father and brother with him to Erinn; and they were interred under the protection of God and Brigid, in Cill-dara.


Murchadh, son of O'Ceinnedigh, died.


Fintan, son of Illann, son of Dubhthach O'Maelconaire, i.e., intended ollave of Síl-Muiredhaigh, died.


Alaster, son of Somhairle Buidhe Mac Domhnaill, was killed by the Saxons, and twenty of his people along with him; and his head was taken to Baile-atha-cliath.

Annal LC1586


The kalends on Saturday; the age of the Lord one thousand, five hundred, and eighty-six years.


Brian, son of Cian O'hEghra, was put to death in Gaillimh, at the command of the governor of the province of Connacht, i.e., Richard Bingham; and that son of Cian O'hEghra was greatly lamented in respect of nobility and hospitality.


Thomas Ruadh, the son of Rickard, son of Shane-in-termuinn, was killed in treachery by Saxons; and that son of Mac William was greatly lamented.


The son of Mac Goisdelbh, i.e. William, son of Piers, was hanged by the sheriff of the county of Ros-Comain, on Dumha-na-Romhanach. Mac Maghnusa of Tir-Tuathail was hanged by the same sheriff: (his name was Toirdhelbhach Buidhe; and on Cruachan he was hanged; and the pardon which he had for him was not regarded; and the third day of


the month of March this deed was committed).


Cluain-Dubhain was taken by the governor; and Mathgamhain, son of the Bishop O'Briain, and all the warders, were put to death there; and the place was demolished. And that was a great loss in respect of nobility and hospitality.


Cecilia, daughter of Mac David, died; and that was a great calamity.


Oliver, son of John, son of David Bán Burk, and Thomas; son of David Bán, were hanged by the governor.


The governor went with a numerous army about Caislen-na-caillighe; and some of the posterity of Ulick Burk, and of the posterity of Edmond Burk, were in the castle; and the governor advanced towards the place with a force of two or three boats. And they attacked the place; and forty of the governor's people were slain; and he himself was nearly lost there. And the warders subsequently departed; and no harm was done to them.


O'hAirt, i.e., Felim, the son of William O'hAirt, died on Easter night, and was buried in Sligech on Monday.


Rickard Og, son of Rickard, son of Shane-in-termuinn, was hanged by the governor, in the district, three nights before Easter: and he was a noble, humane, most hospitable man.


The two sons of Walter Fada Burk, viz., Meiler and Tibbot, were hanged by the governor in Ros-Comain, after having been a year in confinement; and they were interred in the cemetery of Tempul-an-aighnéin between Easter and May-day. And those were amongst the most lamented of the Foreigners of Erinn in their time.


The son of O'Domhnaill, i.e., Maghnus Og, the son of Maghnus O'Domhnaill, was killed by some of the posterity of Donnchadh O'Gallchubhair.


Mac Suibhne Baghanach, i.e., Brian Bacach, was killed by his own kinsmen.


A good Justiciary who was a long time over Erinn died in Saxon-land, i.e., Henry Sidney.


A great war between king Philip, king of Spain, and the


prince of the Saxons, i.e., Elizabeth, regarding Flanders.


O'hEghra Riabhach, i.e., Ferghal Carragh, died.


O'Ruanadha, i.e., John (or Aenghus), son of Ruaidhri Og, was killed by John, the son of O'hAnluain.


The governor, and the Earl of Clann-Rickard, and the Earl of Tuadh-Mumha, accompanied by large armies, established a camp in the Tochar, and in Baile-in-Rodba; and they hanged three children in Ross-mor, whom they themselves had in their hands for a long time before that, viz., the son of the Blind Abbot, and the son of Meiler, son of Walter Fada, and the son of John Burk: and that was a pitiful deed—the hanging of the innocent children. And they killed Eoghan, the son of Domhnall-an-chogaidh O'Flaithbhertaigh, per dolum, and killed and hanged several of his people. And the army that committed those deeds brought three thousand cows with them, and entirely plundered Ciarraidhe.


The sons of James Mac Domhnaill came to Erinn, with fifteen hundred Albanachs; and they destroyed much in Uladh. And they went to Cill-Ronain in the territory of Connacht, and were five nights in it; and the governor was at Bel-an-atha-fada, a numerous host of the chieftains of Connacht, and of Saxons, being with him. And the Albanachs retreated to Cul-mhaine; and some of the Clann-William came to meet them; and they advanced to Droiched-in-chillín. And when the Saxons heard that the Albanachs had gone past them down, they followed them; and they encountered one another at Droiched-in-chilín, and delivered a vigorous battle to each other there; and five or six of the governor's horses were killed; and the Albanachs departed uninjured to Sliabh-damh, and carried a prey with them to Ard-na-riadh. As regards the governor, he was rendered furious and fully angry at the escape of the Albanachs from him, and he permitted all the 'rising out' of the Gaeidhil that he had to depart, and returned southwards towards the Caislén-mór. And two Saxon


companies that came from Mumha overtook him there; and he had then seven companies of the best army in the world; and he followed them nobly, valiantly, vigorously, until he reached Ard-na-riadh. And when the Albanachs saw them approaching they advanced from the town to meet and encounter the Foreigners, and discharged vehement, furious, showers from their firearms against the Foreigners; and such was the misfortune of the Albanachs, that they wounded neither man nor horse with that discharge, and that they commenced a movement of rout and flight towards the Muaidh, and that twenty hundred, or more, were killed and drowned. James Mac Domhnaill's two sons were killed there, viz., Domhnall Gorm and Alaster; and Gilla-espuig, son of Dubhghall, son of Donnchadh Cam MacAilin, was slain there; and Edmond Kiocarach, son of David Bán Burk, and Cathair, son of Domhnall, son of Donnchadh Ruadh Mac Domhnaill, were slain there, and many more whom we cannot reckon, from their number. And in Ard-na-riadh this slaughter was given, a week before the festival of Michael. And a battle was fought in Flanders on that day, between king Philip and the queen of the Saxons. Philip, the son of Sir Henry, was slain in that battle, and several others.


The stream of the Sionainn turned back to Loch-Righ; and it was twenty-four hours in that order, in the presence of all who were in Ath-Luain.


The bridge of Baile-esa-dara was finished by O'Conchobhair Sligigh.


Maurice, the son of Muirchertach Mac Donnchaidh, died.


The Scurlock died.


Aedh, the son of Eoghan Mac Suibhne, i.e., the constable of Clann-Rickard, died; and that was a great calamity.


Brian Brathach, son of Mac Donnchaidh of the Corann, died on the Maighin.


Thomas, son of O'Floinn, was hanged in Ros-Comain, two days before the festival of Catherine.


Mac Diarmada Ruadh


died, i.e., Ferghal, son of Conchobhar Og, son of Muirchertach.


Eoghan Ultach, the best leech that was in Erinn, died.


The Earl of Leicester went to Flanders with a numerous army, to assist the Flemings. The king of Spain assembled an army against that army; and a battle was fought between them, and several thousands fell between them on each side.


Murchadh, the son of O'Ceinnédigh, fell by O'Cerbhaill, i.e., the Calbhach.


Mac-an-bhaird of Cuil-an-úrtain, i.e., Maurice, the son of Laisech, died.


William O'Cernaigh, i.e., an old friar, the best preacher that was in Erinn, died on the Maighin.


The blind man who was prophesying in Ulster, i.e., Maghnus Mac Sithe, died.


William Burk, son of Edmond, from the territory of Clann-William, died: (this William was the Red Earl's heir; and he was much lamented).


The great castle of Mac Goisdelbh, and half the lordship of the country, were given to Tibbot Dillon by Mac Goisdelbh, i.e., John, son of the Gilla-dubh, son of Hubert.


O'Gadhra gave five towns in his division, and the castle of Daire-mór, to the same man. (Oilillin O'Gadhra that gave those away.)

Annal LC1587


The kalends on Sunday; the age of the Lord one thousand, five hundred, and eighty-seven years.


The queen of Alba, who had been imprisoned for a long time previously by the queen of the Saxons, was put to death by the Saxon queen; and there was not in any part of Europe a woman more beautiful than she. The eighth day of February she was put to death.


The son of Lochlainn O'Lugaill died, i.e., John Buidhe.


Sir William Stanley, an illustrious knight whom the queen of the Saxons sent to the war to Flanders, went against his own prince, to aid the king of Spain; and the number of men that went with him was 1,600, of Saxons, Irishmen, and Albanachs.


Maelechlainn, the son of Maelruanaidh


Mac Diarmada, the son of John, died.


Great mortality amongst the cattle of this year; and there was also great destruction of corn in it.


Walter Riabhach, the son of Maurice, son of Walter, son of the Earl, and the sons of Brian, son of Cathair, son of Art, son of Diarmaid Laimhderg, went on a predatory expedition on the borders of Leithglinn-in-droichid, and committed a depredation; and a pursuing band overtook them, viz., the son of the Marshal of the Ibhar, accompanied by an armament. Walter Riabhach and his people turned upon them; and the Marshal's son, and twenty-four of his people, were slain on that field; and great was the woe on account of that son of the Marshal. Cathal, the son of Toirdhelbhach Mac Diarmada, was apprehended, and taken to Ros-Comain in bondage.


Mac Donnchaidh of the Corann died, i.e.. Aedh, the son of Cairbre.


Great destruction of food in Erinn this year.


A residence was erected by Captain Grain on Droichet-mic-Maenaigh; and another residence in Druim by Master Leighinn.


The son of O'Concenainn, i.e., Muirchertach, son of Cathal, died.


The two sons of Eoghan Ruadh, son of Cormac, were hanged at Cnoc-in-bicaire by Captain Graidhin, and by George, son of Peter Nugent, per dolum; and the Dubhaltach Mac Riabhaigh was hanged in like manner. Brian Ballagh, son of the Calbhagh, son of Tadhg Buidhe O'Conchobhair, and Dunadach Mac Dubhgaill, were hanged at a session, in the middle month of summer, in Ros-Comain.


A session was held in Sligech by George Bingham, and by the Justice Dillon, and by Master Comartun; and the inhabitants of the county of Sligech


came to that assembly; and Felim, son of Donnchadh Og O'hAirt, was hanged there, and Edmond, son of Henry.


The governor went to Saxon-land.


Toirdhelbhach, son of O'Briain, was hanged by Saxons, and he along with themselves, in the queen's service.


Cairbre, son of Aedh Mac Donnchaidh, i.e., son of the Mac Donnchaidh, died.


Gilla-Coluim O'hUiginn, the son of Maelmuire, son of Brian Og O'hUiginn, died three nights before Lammas.


The son of the Justiciary of Erinn died: this Justiciary's name was Sir John Perrot.


Conchobhar, son of Enna O'hUiginn, died: a most eminent poet was this Conchobhar; and he was interred in Caisel-na-heilidhi, on Machaire-na-nailech.


A shower of hail fell in Machaire-Connacht within a week after Lammas, and a small apple was not bigger than each stone of that snow; and it destroyed much corn.


O'Conchobhair Donn, i.e., Diarmaid, son of Cairbre, son of Eoghan Caech O'Conchobhair, the man who subdued and humbled his enemies the most, and who plundered and destroyed his adversaries the most in every quarter, the best gentleman that came of the race of Toirdhelbhach Mór O'Conchobhair for a long time, died; and he was interred in Baile-in-tobair, under the protection of God and Brigid, the third day before the first festival of Mary, after he had been thirty-five years in sovereignty.


Toirdhelbhach, son of Aedh O'Baighill and Aedh Og, son of Aedh Buidhe O'Domhnaill, and seven of their people, were slain by the sons of Niall Ruadh O'Baighill.


Cedach, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Ruairc, and Mathghamhain Mac Caba, and three or four along with them, were slain whilst in the company of Domhnall O' Ruairc, by the sons of Brian, the son of Eoghan O'Ruairc, viz., Tighernan and Domhnall: and at Rath-Giain this killing was done; and the son of Tadhg O'Ruairc, i.e., Domhnall, escaped by running, and with difficulty.


O'Dubhda, i.e., Edmond, the son of Eoghan O'Dubhda, died.


Sir Richard Bingham was sent by the queen to Flanders; and his brother, i.e.,


George, was left in his place over Connacht.


Eoghan, the son of Ruaidhri, son of Felim, son of Maghnus, died a fortnight before Allhallowtide, and was buried in Sligech.


Aedh Ruadh, the son of O'Domhnaill, i.e., the son of Aedh, son of Maghnus, and the son of Mac Suibhne Fanad, and the son of Eoghan, son of John, the son of Cormac Buidhe O'Gallchubhair, were taken prisoners in the harbour of Rath-Maelain, by a Saxon ship, after they had gone to drink wine in it; and they were carried off to Baile-atha-cliath.


The son of O'Ferghail Bán, i.e., Tadhg Og, died.


Domhnall, the son of Baethghalach MacAedhagain, died.


The daughter of Brian Mac Diarmada Ruadh, wife of the Airchinnech of Baile-na-clerech, i.e., Cathal, died.


The Seneschal of Ui-mic-Caille, and Patrickin, son of Fitz-Maurice, and Patrickin Condon, and Donnchadh, son of Cormac Mac Carthaigh, were taken prisoners in Ath-cliath, by the council of Erinn, per dolum.


A residence was erected at Cluain-Eois in Oirghialla, by Sir Henry Duke, a Saxon knight.


Cumedha, the son of Mac Conmara Finn, and his wife, the daughter of Mac Piers, died in one week.

Annal LC1588


The kalends on Monday; the age of the Lord one thousand, five hundred, and eighty-eight years.


O'Conchobhair Sligigh, i.e., Domhnall, the son of Tadhg, son of Cathal Og, the choice of the Gaeidhel of Erinn, died on Little Christmas night in Sligech, and was buried in it.


Aedh, son of the Calbhach O'Domhnaill, and nine men along with him, were slain in treachery in the crannóg of Magh-gaibhlín, by the daughter of James Mac Domhnaill, the wife of O'Domhnaill.


Matthew Ruadh O'Luinin, i.e., an eminent antiquary, died the same year.


Walter, son of Richard, son of Rickard Og Burk, died.


A new Justiciary came to Erinn, i.e., William FitzWilliam,


and there was neither peace nor quietness in Erinn, in his own party, since he came.


There was a wicked, heretical, bishop in Oilfinn; and God performed great miracles upon him. And his place of residence was in the Grainsech of Machaire-riabhach; and a shower of snow was shed for him, and a wild apple was not larger than each stone of it; and not a grain was left in his town; and it was with shovels the snow was removed from the houses; and it was in the middle month of summer that shower fell.


O'Fallamhain, i.e., Cobhthach O'Fallamhain, died; and his son Redmond was ordained in his place. John, son of Thomas, son of David, son of Edmond, i.e., a noble, honourable priest, died.


The son of O'Raighilligh, i.e., Edmond, son of Maelmordha, came on a predatory incursion against Brian, son of Ferghal Og O'Raighilligh, and took preys; and the son of Ferghal Og, and John Og, son of John, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Raighilligh, overtook them; and they gave battle to each other; and the prey was taken from Edmond, and twenty of his people were slain; and John Og, Bon of John, son of Toirdhelbhach, was killed by Edmond.


The Dubhaltach, son of Redmond O'Fallamhain, was killed by Redmond, the son of Cobhthach O'Fallamhain.


Gilla-na-naemh, son of Irial O'hUiginn, died.


The son of Mac Diarmada, i.e., Cathal, son of Toirdhelbhach, and the son of O'Conchobhair Ruadh, i.e., Cedach, and the son of Mac Conmara, were hanged in Gaillimh; and the son of Felim Buidhe, i.e., Donnchadh, was hanged along with them.


The son of Mac Goisdelbh died, i.e., Edmond.


The son of O'Maelconaire died, i.e. Senchán.


Philip O'hEinidh died, i.e., a most excellent man, who had been in Normandy(?).


Domhnall, son of O'Domhnaill, and the posterity of Aedh O'Gallchubhair, went on an expedition against the sons of Conn, son of the Calbhach; and the Calbhach Og, son of Conn, son of the Calbhach, was slain by them;


and they carried away with them a great number of cows and horses.


O'Dochartaigh and O'Gallchubhair were apprehended by the Justiciary, and taken to Ath-cliath.


Felim Og, son of Conchobhar, son of Toirdhelbhach Ruadh, and the Calbhach, son of Conn, son of Felim Ruadh, went to Mac William Burk's division; and they killed the sheriff's people, per dolum.


Justin, the son of Maelmuire, son of Felim Mac Domhnaill, was hanged by the governor.


Spaniards came to Erinn, a very great fleet; and eight or nine of those ships were wrecked in Mumha and Connacht; and Saxons killed all who were not drowned of the crews of those ships that were wrecked; and it is not possible to reckon or tell all that were drowned, and all that were slain in that fleet, on account of their number, and the quantity of the spoils got, of gold and silver, and of every kind of treasure besides.


Sligech was taken from Donnchadh, son of Cathal Og O'Conchobhair, by the governor; and the son of Cathal Og went to complain to Saxon-land.


O'hEidhin died, i.e., Eoghan Manntach O'hEidhin.


Cedach, son of Brian Mac Diarmada Ruadh, died.


The Earl of Leicester, i.e., a very powerful prince of the queen of the Saxons' people, died.


Captain Collier died.


The hosting of all Erinn, except the province of Ulster alone, went to Connacht with Sir William Fitz William, i.e., the Justiciary of Erinn; and he effected not a particle of good, but injured all that was from Ath-Luain to Erne; and the son of O'Dochartaigh, i.e., Cathair, was killed by Saxons.


Mag Eochagain, i.e., Connla Mag Eochagain a noble, very hospitable man, died.


Mac Tighernain of the Breifne, i.e., Ferghal, died.


Mac Suibhne of Tir-Baghuine, i.e., Niall


Meirgech, son of Maelmuire, was killed by Donnchadh Dubh, the son of Maelmuire Meirgech Mac Suibbne, per dolum.


Margaret Ni Cuareil, the wife of Gilla-Coluim O'Clabbaigh, died; and we never saw a better woman in a cemetery.


John, the son of Meiler Ban Mac William Burk, son of Rickard Og, was unfortunately slain in Sligech by William Taig.


Great preys were taken by Aedh, son of the Calbhach O'Domhnall, before he himself was killed, and by the son of O'Neill, in Tir-Aedha, in which there were three thousand cows.


There came not for a long time in Erinn so good a year as this as regards the harvest; it was the most plentiful in food and produce.


An ugly treachery was committed by the king of France, for he killed a good duke of his own family, per dolum.


Brian Mac-in-Persuin, and Andrew Mac-in-Persuin, and Cormac O'hAirt, were drowned in that Spanish fleet which came to Cairbre.

Annal LC1589


The kalends of January on Wednesday, and the age of the Lord one thousand, five hundred, and eighty-nine years.


The sheriff of the county of Magh-Eo, i.e., Master Browne, and Domhnall O' Dalaigh, went on an expedition to Irrus. They committed numerous depredations and homicides, per dolum.


Richard, the son of Demhan-in-chorain, and Walter, the son of Rickard, son of Shane-an-termuin, overtook them; and the Saxons were three hundred in number; and they proceeded to attack one another, and the Saxons were defeated, and Domhnall O'Dalaigh, and Master Brown, i.e., the sheriff, and all the principal persons who were along with them, were slain; and this victory was nobly, valorously, gained over them through the miracle of God the Father.


Tadhg, son of Ruaidhri, son of Conchobhar, i.e., an excellent man of the posterity of Ferghal Mac Diarmada, died.


Cathal Mac Daighir, i.e., priest of Achanach, died.



O'Neill, i.e., Toirdhelbhach Luinech, came upon the invitation of Niall Garbh, son of Conn, son of the Calbhach O'Domhnaill, against Eoghan, son of the Dean O'Gallchubhair; and they obtained a great prey; and Muinter-Gallchubhair, and some of the Clann-Suibhne, overtook them, and attacked them bravely until they came to the place where O'Neill was. When O'Neill saw his people eagerly sought after, he turned against the pursuers, and defeated them; and Maelmuire, son of Edmond, one of the constables of Mumha, was slain there, and twenty men along with him. O'Neill returned safe, enriched with spoils.


A defeat was given to Robert, son of Henry Dubh Dillon, in Oirghiall-Mic-Mathghamhna, whilst going as sheriff against Mag Uidhir; and he was taken prisoner himself, and his people were slain; and it was Brian, son of Aedh Og Mac Mathghamhna, that gave that defeat.


The sons of Murchadh-na-tuadh, son of Tadhg O'Flaithbhertaigh, went upon an expedition to Conmaicne, and took great preys. Saxons overtook them—two bands of choice troops; and they proceeded to attack each other; and Muinter-Flaithbhertaigh were defeated, and Tadhg O'Flaithbhertaigh, the son of Murchadh, and Urun, son of Murchadh, and Tadhg Og O'Flaithbhertaigh, and one hundred along with them, were slain; and Edmond O'Flaithbhertaigh, the son of Murchadh-na-tuadh, who was imprisoned in Gaillimh, was hanged on Wednesday between the two Easters; and on Easter Saturday the defeat was given, at Caislen-an-chathirtha in Cuilecha; and those were prodigious events. And the Clann-William broke down their castles, and burned their houses and corn crops; and they demolished Baile-átha-lethair, and from thence westwards to the sea.


The Corann and Tir-Oilella were plundered by the sons of O'Ruairc, viz., Eoghan and Brian Og. Tir-Fiachrach was plundered by


O'Ruairc himself, from Iascagh eastwards. The son of O'Ruairc, i.e., Eoghan, went to Machaire-Connacht, until he went to Cill-Toltog, and the sons of O'Conchobhair Ruadh along with him; and they took no prey, for want of cavalry. And they turned back until they came to Bothar-Sendomhnaigh. The sheriff of the county, i.e., Richard Mapother, and the Clann-Dubhgaill, and a band of soldiers, came up with them then. These two bodies went into array against one another, and the Saxons were routed; and this rout continued to Caisel-Miadhachain; and their drums and standard were taken from them; and a countless, indescribable, number of the Saxons' people were lost in that fierce, mutual, conflict. Baile-an-doire, and Liath-truim, and Cluain-Muire, and Baile-na-ngiolla were burned by them.


Art, the son of Ruaidhri Glas, i.e., Brian Mac Diarmada's standard bearer, died this year.


O'Conchobhair Ruadh, and Tomaltach Og Mac Diarmada, and Ruaidhri Caech Mac Diarmada, were taken prisoners, per dolum, and sent to Ros-Comain under great bondage.


The young men of the posterity of John Burk came to Corann, and took a prey. A pursuing party overtook them. They approached each other. They turned upon the pursuers, and killed Cormac O'Ruanaidh, and others who are not enumerated.


Mag Uidhir, i.e., Cuchonnacht Og, son of Cuchonnacht, almost the greatest loss to Erinn, died.


Ailenora, the Earl of Des-Mumha's daughter, died; (the wife of O'Ruairc, i.e., of Brian, son of Brian O'Ruairc).


The person who was governor from the queen over the province of Connacht this time was Sir Richard Bingham, and all of the Clann-William whom he did not hang, he set at war with the queen; and the Clann-Domhnaill in like manner; and he set the posterity of Toirdhelbhach


Donn O'Conchobhair, and the posterity of Aedh, son of Felim, and Muinter-Flannagain, and O'Ruairc, and Mac Flannchaidh, and the posterity of Eoghan Mac Diarmada, at war with himself and the queen. And he made a bare, polished, garment of the province of Connacht. (And he drove the posterity of Brian Laighnech, and Muinter-Airt, into that war—all of them that he did not hang).

When the Justiciary of Erinn heard of that evil being inflicted on Connacht by the Binghams, he came with great anger and terrible fury, until he arrived at Gaillimh; and he brought with him no army, save 100 horse, and 100 foot. And the governor remained in Ath-Luain, studying how he might ruin the portion that he had not ruined of the province of Connacht. The Clann-William came to Gaillimh, and Murchadh O'Flaithbhertaigh; and they made peace with the Justiciary, and placed their hostages in the hands of the people of Gaillimh.


William Taith, and twenty-five soldiers, and five horsemen, went to the Bealach-buidhe on the Corr-sliabh. The son of O'Ruairc, and the posterity of Eoghan Mac Diarmada, and some of the Clann-Donnchaidh, were before them on the pass, with two or three hundred persons; and they rose up against the Foreigners, and routed them; and twenty-four were then slain, and ten horses and three barrels of wine were taken from them; and William Taigh departed.


Mac Mathghamhna, i.e., Rossa Buidhe, the son of Art Mael, died; and that was a great calamity. Brian, son of Aedh Og, was ordained in his place.


Master Strange, and the primate of Ard-Macha, and Justice Dillon, went to Ath-Cille-Sranain, on the part of the Justiciary, to make peace with the son of O'Ruairc; and they cordially concluded peace with each other.



Richard, son of Walter, son of John, son of Oliver Burk, was killed by a gunshot in Tulach-Aedha; and that was a great calamity.


John Ruadh, son of Lochlainn, son of Paidin, i.e., the son of O'Maelconaire, died; and that was a great calamity as regards humanity and science. Jordan, son of Thomas-na-capall, died whilst confined in irons, in the Eill, by Saxons.


The entire province of Connacht, from Ath-Luain to Erne, was under one evil, from the dissensions of Foreigners and Gaeidhel with each other.


Daighre O'Duibhgennain, a most affable, musical man, died.


Gilla-Patraic Og, son of Gilla-Patraic, son of Philip, son of Toirdhelbhach Mag Uidhir, and nine men along with him, were slain by Conchobhar Og, the son of Conchobhar Ruadh Mag Uidhir, on their coming with Donnchadh Og, son of Donnchadh Mag Uidhir, against Conchobhar Og, to take a prey from him; and a score or two of horses were taken from them; all thirty-six of Donnchadh Og's men were wounded, and he was pursued three miles.


Aedh, son of Conchobhar Og, son of Muirchertach Mac Diarmada Ruadh, died; and he was much to be lamented as regards prowess and humanity; and three days before the festival of Mary in the autumn he died; and he was buried in the monastery of the Buill; and his son, i.e., Ferdorcha, the son of Aedh, was killed before that by the posterity of Eoghan Mac Diarmada; (and Eoghan, son of Ruaidhri, son of the Gilla-dubh Mac Diarmada Ruadh, that killed him).


A Saxon army was sent by the governor to Lower Connacht; and they tried to plunder O'Dubhda, but did not succeed, although they went to Cill-glas, and to Esker-abhann. They returned back to Cuil-cnamh, and destroyed much food and clothing there; and they went from thence to Glenn Dallain, and they found neither spoils nor adventure there. And they made the third expedition against the posterity of Eoghan Mac Diarmada; and though they went to Tir-Tuathail, and to Coillte-Conchobhair, and


upwards past Droichet-mic-Maenaigh, they met neither good fortune nor adventure. And it was right of God that they should not get spoils: treacherous expeditions they performed. John Bingham was the head of that army, i.e., the governor's brother; and there never came into Connacht such wicked people as were in that army; for there was not a man in the world to whom they were faithful, in church or territory.


The old bawn of Sligech, and Druim-na-scolb, were burned by Muinter-Airt.


Brian, the son of Aedh Og Mac Mathghamhna, and Aedh Ruadh, the son of Art Mael, went to Baile-atha-cliath, to obtain the decision of the Justiciary and council regarding the lordship of Oirghiall-Mic-Mathghamhna; and those nobles gave the lordship to Aedh Ruadh, the son of Art Mael; and the Justiciary sent six companies with Aedh Ruadh, and proclaimed him lord. The son of Aedh Og went discontented to his own country, to Dartrai; and he left the district, and carried off his creaghts towards the fastnesses; and he left his brother Rudhraighe in the wardship of Dartrai. And Captain Plunket proceeded to his country, thinking that it was unoccupied, and Rudhraighe rose against them; and he attacked them, and routed them; and the greater number of Captain Plunket's band were slain. The country was ruined between them, i.e., between the son of Aedh Og and the son of Art Mael.


The son of O'Neill, i.e., Conn, son of John, was released from confinement by O'Neill this year; and great depredations were committed upon the Earl of Ulster by himself and his brothers.


Great injuries were committed in Ulster and Connacht this year.


Don Antonio, the king of Portugal's brother, was in exile, residing with the queen of the Saxons, i.e., Elizabeth, since the king of Portugal was slain in battle by the Turk, (when the king of Spain banished Don Antonio, and took from him the sovereignty, and the city of Lisbon,


and killed all his people; and he has been with the queen ever since). And she sent an armament with him to his country, viz., fifteen thousand, and fifteen thousand more—which is equal to thirty thousand. And they went to Lisbon; and they killed many men, and burned all that was outside the capital on each side. The Spaniards came up with them, and some thousands fell between them; and eighteen thousand Saxons fell there. (And these are the names of the commanders the queen sent with Don Antonio, viz., Sir John Norreys, and the Earl of Essex, and Sir Francis Drake; and thirty thousand were along with them; and eighteen thousand of these were slain at Lisbon. We know not the loss of the Spaniards.)


The king of France was killed by a friar, per dolum; but this was just of God, because he himself had committed treachery, for he killed the Duke of Guise.


The Justiciary, i.e., William FitzWilliam, came to Gaillimh; and Mac William, and Murchadh-na-tuadh came to meet him, and they made peace with him. And the Justiciary went from thence to Sligech; and he came from thence to Ros-Comain, and concluded peace with all Connacht. And he went from thence to Ulster; and a great many of the chieftains of Erinn went with him; and he concluded peace between the Clanna-Neill.


A day attack was made by Aedh Ruadh, son of Art Mael Mac Mathghamhna, on Brian, the son of Aedh Og Mac Mathghamhna; and sixteen men of his people were slain on that field.


Ruaidhri Caech, the son of Tadhg, son of Tomaltach Mac Diarmada, and the sons of Maelruanaidh son of Tomaltach, and the sons of O'Conchobhair Ruadh, encountered each other at Ard-mic-nEoghain in the night; and O'Flannagain's son, i.e., Edmond, son of Brian, was killed there; and the son of Mac Diarmada Ruadh, i.e.,


John, son of Tadhg, son of Conchobhar Og, son of Muirchertach, was slain on this side.


The Bishop Mac Conghaile, i.e., the Gilla-glas, died in the Cella-bega; and that was a woeful event in respect of bounty and humanity.


Toirdhelbhach O'Briain, i.e., the son of Tadhg, son of Conchobhar O'Briain, died.


The countess of Tuadh-Mumha, i.e., the daughter of Mac-I-Briain-Aradh, (and her name was Una), died.


Brian, son of Maelruanaidh, son of Ferghal, i.e., the best cleric that was in Erinn, died a week before Allhallowtide, in the Grainsech-mór; and that was a prodigious calamity in respect of humanity and learning.


Great depredations were committed by the Earl of Ulster upon O'Cathain; and similar preys, in which were 1,200 cows, were taken by the sons of John O'Neill, and by the son of Toirdhelbhach Luinech, i.e., the son of O'Neill, from Cormac, the Baron's son. A great portion of O'Neill's creaghts went into Feara-Manach, to escape; and when the Earl heard that his brother had been plundered, he followed O'Neill's creaghts to Feara-Manach, and carried off two thousand cows. The Earl divided the preys, and six hundred cows fell to his own share. And a party of O'Neill's cavalry followed after the Earl, and they carried off those six hundred cows from him.


The son of Tomaltach Mac Diarmada, i.e., Tomaltach Og, was liberated by Brian Mac Diarmada, and by Mac David, from the queen's prison.


The son of Ferghal Og O'Raighilligh, i.e., Brian, was killed in treachery by the sheriff of the Breifne, i.e., Edward Herbert; and in Magh-Brecraighe that homicide was committed; and that was a prodigious calamity in respect of bounty and nobility.


Fiachra, son of David Dubh O'Dubhda, died.


Donnchadh Grana, son of William Og, son of William, son of Conchobhar, i.e., the lord of Coill-in-bogaidh, died.


Mac Diarmada Ruadh, i.e., Maurice, son


of Conchobhar Og, son of Muirchertach, died in the beginning of the winter.


Maghnus, son of Conn, son of the Calbhach O'Domhnaill, was killed by the posterity of Cormac Buidhe O'Gallchubhair.


O'Fallon's daughter, i.e., Celia, daughter of Cobhthach, the wife of Cedach, son of Domhnall O'Cellaigh, died.


A breach of conference was committed upon Tomaltach Og, son of Tomaltach Mac Diarmada, by the sons of O'Conchobhair Ruadh, and by O'Flannagain (i.e., Brian, son of Edmond), at Ard-in-chomla; and Brian, son of Eoghan Grana, and Donnchadh Dubh, son of Donnchadh Grana, and Dubhgall, son of Gillasamhais, were slain there, three weeks before Christmas.


After the murder of the king of France by the friar whose name was James, the king of Navarre said that he himself should have the kingdom of France; and the prince of Piedmont, who was called Duke of Savoy, said that he should have the kingdom of France himself. The queen of the Saxons sent ten thousand men to assist the king of Navarre. King Philip sent many men to assist the prince of Piedmont; and a battle was fought between these kings, and twenty-seven thousand fell between them.


Eoghan, son of Brian, son of Brian, son of Eoghan O'Ruairc, the best man of his years that had come of the race of Aedh Finn for a long time, died the third day of Christmas.


The son of Mac Goisdelbh, i.e., William Caech, son of Jordan, son of John Dubh, and William, son of John, son of Meiler Ruadh, were slain on Sliabh-Muire by Donnchadh, son of Edmond Bodhar O'Cellaigh, a week before Christmas.


The Justiciary came to Gaillimh, with a numerous army, a fortnight before Christmas, to make peace with the Clann-William and Clann-Domhnaill.


O'Neill's son, i.e. Aedh Geimhlech, son of John, was taken prisoner by John, the son of Mag Uidhir, in treachery, in the house


of a horseman of Mag Uidhir's people. The Earl of Tir-Eoghain came to Feara-Manach, and apprehended Mag Uidhir; and eight of his people were slain; and the Earl took Aedh O'Neill with him; and he gave twenty horses to John Mag Uidhir, in reward for his evil service. And it was with a view to his destruction he took Aedh O'Neill with him.


Maelsechlainn Og, the son of Cormac Mac Donnchadha, intended king of Ui-nOilella, died in the spring of this year; and this son of Mac Diarmada's daughter was very much lamented in respect of nobility and bounty.

Annal LC1590


The kalends of January on Thursday; and the age of the Lord is one thousand, five hundred, and ninety years.


O'Cellaigh, i.e., Aedh, son of Donnchadh, son of Edmond O'Cellaigh, died; and he was a noble, brave man; and the first day of the year he died, i.e., Little Christmas day; and he was buried in Cill-Finnbhuidhe, and that was a prodigious calamity.


The Justiciary left Gaillimh three weeks after Christmas; and he left neither peace nor quietness in Connacht on that occasion. And the governor remained in Gaillimh, to make war on the Clann-William. Mac William's sons went to Airtech; and when they were turning back, they made an attack upon the Benn-fada, and Anthony, son of Walter Caech, son of Thomas Dubh, son of Jordan, was killed there, and another soldier; and the town was burned from the castle out.


O'Neill's son, i.e., Aedh Geimhlech, son of John, son of Conn, after having been treacherously apprehended by John, the son of Mag Uidhir, was surrendered to Aedh O'Neill, i.e., the Earl of Tir-Eoghain; and the Earl hanged this son of O'Neill in despite of all who were in Tir-Eoghain; and that was a


terrible calamity.


Conn, the son of Niall Og, lord of Clann-Aedha-Buidhe, died.


The son of Mac Domhnaill of Alba, Somhairle Buidhe, died.


Brian Carragh, son of Cormac, died.


John, son of Brian, son of Felim Bacagh O'Neill, was killed by the son of Somhairle Buidhe; and those were great calamities.


Mac Diarmada's son, i.e., Maelruanaidh, son of Aedh Mac Diarmada, was killed by Tomaltach, son of Tadhg, son of Eoghan Mac Diarmada, and by Ruaidhri Caech, son of Eoghan, son of Tadhg, son of Ruaidhri Mac Diarmada, in the Caladh, in treachery; and that was a pitiful deed.


Sir Richard went with an immense army against the Clann-William, until he arrived at Sliabh-bo-Aedha. Some of the Clann-William and Clann-Domhnaill opposed them; and they gave battle to each other, and a few persons were slain between them on both sides. The governor went to Baile-assa-caerach, and established a camp there; and he went from thence to the Lagan. Mac William and his kindred, and the Clann-Domhnaill, were encamped by the side of this army of Foreigners. Some of the kerne of the army went to burn Walter Burk's corn; and Mac William and Walter Cittach came up with them, and two of the kerne were slain; and some one of them struck Mac William a blow on the foot, and cut off his foot; and this Mac William was William Caech, son of David, son of Edmond. The governor went up again until he reached Conmaicne-Cuile; and the Clann-William and Clann-Domhnaill


came to meet him, and delivered hostages to the governor, who came back to Ath-Luain.


O'Conchobhair Donn was liberated from his imprisonment. This O'Conchobair, and John Bingham, went to Magh-Luirg, and treacherously apprehended Brian Mac Diarmada. Sir Thomas Strange died in Gaillimh; and that was a great calamity; for there was not in Connacht a Foreigner more to be deplored by Connacht than he. This army, the worst as to honour and troth that was in all Erinn, by whom Brian Mac Diarmada was apprehended on Shrove-Tuesday, carried him off that night to the town of Tomaltach Og, son of Tomaltach Mac Diarmada; and they destroyed much in that town, the name of which was Baile-in-coillin. And they carried Brian away with them, on the morrow, and sent a cavalry escort with him to Ros-Comain. And that was Ash-Wednesday particularly. And they went that night to Airtech; and they plundered the descendants of the Parson MacMuirghesa, and the son of Ruaidhri O'hUiginn. And O'Conchobhair Donn killed Cathal, son of Eoghan Mac-in-fhiledh, with his own hand, without any cause whatever; and there was not slain for a long time one like himself who was more to be lamented than Cathal Mac-in-fhiledh. That is enough; but a blessing upon his soul.


Diarmaid Dall, son of Ruaidhri, son of Tadhg Mac Diarmada, died; and he was a noble, honourable, humane man: and the first Thursday of Lent Diarmaid died, and Master Strange died, and Cathal Mac-in-fhiledh was killed. (In Lis-an-coirce, in Tech-Baithin, that murder was committed, the fifth day of March.)


Diarmaid, son of Cathal, son of Cathal Ruadh O'Conchobhair, i.e., vicar of Tempul-an-aidhnein, and who had been for a long time before that prior over the Friars of Ros-Comain, died in Ros-Comain: and a good man was that Diarmaid, son of Cathal Ruadh Beg, son of another Cathal Ruadh.


The son of O'Ruairc went on an expedition into Corann, and took a prey. George Bingham and


Hugh Mus overtook them in pursuit. They turned upon the pursuers, and killed thirty of them; and Hugh Mus was wounded.


Saxon warders were left in Dun-gar the day that Cathal Mac-in-fhiledh was killed.


An immense army was sent by the governor against O'Ruairc, to Muinter-Eolais, in the beginning of March; and they captured ten hundred cows. And they were that night in Maethail; and they went to Liatruim on the morrow, and were two nights there. From thence they went to Fidhnacha, and they were three nights there; from thence to Druim-Oiriallaigh, and they were four nights there. And they brought with them the pledges of Cenel-Luachain and Tellach-Choncho, and burned the greater part of the country. Captain Grain was wounded, and two or three of his people were killed; and four of O'Ruairc's people fell by him in that conflict. Pledges from the comarb of Fidhnacha, and pledges from the comarb of Druim-Oiriallaigh, and nine pledges from Muinter-Eolais, both church and territory, came with the Saxons on that occasion. The Breifne was burned on that hosting.


John, son of Eoghan O'Craidhen, the least wicked merchant that was in Erinn, died in Sligech; and that was a great cause of lamentation.


Saxon warders were placed in O'Birn's town; and he himself was plundered. All Magh-Luirg, and Airtech, were injured by those armies. And they turned back; and two or three hundred of them remained to take part in the war against O'Ruairc; and the son of Tadhg O'Ruairc, and the son of Aedh Galldha O'Ruairc, were assisting them against O'Ruairc. O'Ruairc's encampment was in Dartraighe; and this O'Ruairc was Brian, the son of Brian, son of Eoghan O'Ruairc.


The son of Tomaltach, son of Maurice, son of


Tomaltach Mac Diarmada Ruadh, i.e., Edmond, and Cathal Og, son of Cathal, son of Maghnus Mac Diarmada Ruadh, were killed by Domhnall na-capall Mac Domhnaill.


Hostages who were imprisoned in Baile-in-mhuta attempted to take the place, viz., Fedhlim Og, son of Maghnus, son of Rughraidhe, and Fedhlim Dartighach, son of Aedh, son of Conchobhar Og O'hAirt; and they were slain there, and did not take the place.


A Saxon army went to Dartraighe. O'Ruairc and Mac Flannchaidh were in a fortified camp in the district before them. And when Mag Flannchaidh was leaving O'Ruairc's camp, his enemies encountered him, viz., Maelsechlainn Mag Flannchaidh, and another part of the army under Mag Flannchaidh. And they killed him, and eight persons along with him; and his head was sent to Ath-Luain.10


Annal LC1595


Anno Domini 1595.


George Og Bingham was killed in Sligech, by Ulick Burk, son of Redmond na-scúab, and the town was given to O'Domhnaill, i.e., to Aedh Ruadh, son of Aedh, son of Maghnus. And that killing was of great service to the men of Connacht, such of them as were in exile.

Annal LC1599


The kalends of January, 1599.


Benmumhan Og Ni Duibhgennain, daughter of Maelechlainn, son of Dubhthach Og, son of Dubhthach Mór, erected the tomb of hewn stones which is over the edge of the great well of the Scrin, for the soul of her husband, i.e., the Vicar MacDomhnaill; and Eoghan MacDomhnaill was that same vicar's name.


And Mary, daughter of Tadhg Dall O'h Uiginn, was born the aforesaid year. And God's blessing on those souls.

Annal LC1612


The kalends of January, this year of the age of the Lord, one thousand, six hundred, and twelve years.


Maeleoin O'Dalaigh died on the festival day of the dead, and was interred in Inis-Muiredhaigh, after bearing triumph from the world and the devil; and let every one who reads this give a blessing on his soul.

Annal LC1636


The kalends of January on Sunday; anno Domini 1636.


Brian Og, son of Brian, son of Ruaidhri, son of Tadhg, son of Ruaidhri Og, i.e., lord of Magh-Luirg, and Airtech, and Tir-Tuathail, the best man of his age, and estate, and high lordship, that came of the Gaeidhel of the West of Europe in his own time; for it was he that presented and dispensed most to ollaves and poets, and to men of science; to visitors, companies, and strangers; to innocent, devout persons, and to pure orders; to paupers, to widows, and people of little property; to the deaf and blind, and the poor of God; to chiefs, princes, and great champions; to nobles, minstrels, and to great seniors; the maintainer of every sort of right, justice, and good custom; the expeller of every evil, wrong, and injury; the subduer of the sinful and iniquitous; the augmenter of every good, and of every great property; possessed of a great deal of knowledge, wisdom, and learning, of


acuteness, bravery, and valour; of energy, vigour, and constant bounty; the man who purchased the most of odes, and poems, and good eulogies, in his own time; the supporter of the maidens, innocents, and orphans; a man who kept a general guest-house for all who frequented it in the time of their want and great destitution. And it is likely that he obtained the reward of his humanity, and of his good heart, from the Tripersonal Trinity; for every doctor and divine says that when the life is pure, so is the death; and if the death is good and pure, that one will obtain the suitable reward beyond. After going to Ath-Luain, where the chieftains of Connacht were before him, holding council in expectation of a plantation, his mortal illness, dysentery, seized him, and he died the 28th day of January, that is to say, Saturday, after the triumph of unction and penitence, and after obtaining victory over the world and the devil, and from the hands of very many orders and ecclesiastics; and after assuming the habit of St. Dominic; and after having been thirty-three years and a quarter in the sovereignty of his own country and land, by their own will and consent; having been fifty-three years of age when he died. And he was interred nobly, honourably, in Cluain-mic-Nois, under the protection of God and Ciaran, on the festival day of Brigid. (And twenty lords of his kindred were interred, moreover, in that cemetery before him.)


The Earl of Antrim, i.e., Raghnall Arannach, head of the honour and valour of his own country, and land, died the same year.


Sir John King, i.e., an old knight of the Council of Erinn, mortuus.


Maelechlainn O'Cellaigh, i.e., the son of O'Cellaigh, the elect of his country, died in hoc anno.


Great mortality amongst people this year, from the small-pox.

Annal LC1648


Aedh, son of Brian, son of Ruaidhri Mac Diarmada, died in Grainsech-na-manach, the fourth day of the month of March, 1648.