Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition
Annals of Loch Cé (Author: [unknown])

Annal LC1205


5] the kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 7th of the
6] moon; the age of the Lord two hundred and five years,
7] and a thousand.


William Burk, destroyer of all Erinn, of
8] nobility and chieftainship, mortuus est.


Lochlainn, son
9] of Domhnall, son of Ferghal O'Ruairc, was slain by
10] Muinter-Pheodhacháin.


Great frost and snow from the
11] kalends of January to the festival of Patrick in this year.


Gillachrist O'Maelmhiadhaigh,
12] chieftain of Muinter-Eolais,
13] was slain by the Connachtmen.


A fleet was
14] brought
by John de Curci from Innsi-Gall, to contest
15] Uladh with the sons of Hugo de Laci and the Foreigners of
16] Midhe. No good resulted from this expedition, however;
17] but the country was destroyed and plundered; and they
18] afterwards departed without obtaining power.


19] made his covenant and amity with O'Neill and the
20] Cenel-Eoghain.

Annal LC1206


21] The kalends of January on Sunday, the l8th of the
22] moon; the age of the Lord two hundred and six years,
23] and a thousand. Ab Incarnatione Domini nostri Jesu
24] Christi, secundum Dionysium,; secundum autem
25] Bedam, m.c.xcix: ab Incarnatione secundum Ebraeos,
26] m.cccc.lix; ab initio mundi secundum Ebraeos, v.cccc.x;
27] ab initio mundi secundum lxx. Interpretes, v.dc.luii.


28] Muirghes O'hEnna, archbishop of Mumha, and legate of
29] the comarb of Peter during a long time, quievit. Murchadh
30] O'hAedha, bishop of Corcach, quievit.


Domhnall, son


1] of Mac Carthaigh, king of Des-Mumha, mortuus est.


2] Andiles Mac Finnbhairr mortuus est.


Donat Ua Becdha,
3] bishop of Uí-Amhalghadha, quievit.


Maelpetair O'Calmáin,
4] comarb of Cainnech, pillar of the piety and
5] honour of the North of Erinn, in pace quievit.


A great
6] destruction of men and cattle in this year.


The comarb
7] of Patrick went to the house of the king of the Saxons,
8] on behalf of the churches of Erinn, and to complain of
9] the Foreigners.

Annal LC1207


10] The kalends of January on Monday, the 3rd feria, the
11] 20th of the moon; the age of the Lord two hundred and
12] seven years, and a thousand.


Tomaltach of the Rock, son
13] of Conchobhar, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh,
14] king of Magh-Luirg, mortuus est.


15] O'Gadhra, king of Sliabh-Lugha, mortuus est.


16] son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh, assumed
17] the sovereignty of Magh-Luirg in this year.


A depredation
18] was commited by Eignechán O'Domhnaill in Feara-Manach;
19] but the Feara-Manach, in greater force than
20] they were, overtook them, and O'Domhnaill, king of Tír-Conaill,
21] till then the tower of valour, and honour, and
22] strength of the North of Erinn, was slain there; and a
23] number of his own chieftains fell along with him, viz.:
24] the Gilla-riabhach, son of Ceallach O'Baighill; Mathghamhain,
25] son of Domhnall Midhech O'Conchobhair;
26] Donnchadh Conallach, son of Conchobhar Maenmhaighe
27] O'Conchobhair; et alii multi nobiles et ignobiles cum
28] eis occisi sunt.


The son of Mac Mathghamhna and the
29] Feara-Manach, and the Airghialla, victores fuerunt.


30] Amhlaibh O'Ferghail, king-chieftain of Muinter-Anghaile,
31] quievit.


The castle of Ath-an-urchair was captured by
32] Walter de Laci and his brother, i.e. Hugo de Laci.


Annal LC1208


1] The kalends of January on Tuesday, the 10th of the
2] moon; the age of the Lord two hundred and eight years,
3] and a thousand.


Cathal, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg
4] O'Maelruanaidh, king of Magh-Luirg, was taken prisoner
5] by Cathal Crobhderg, in violation of the bishops who
6] were guarantees between them, viz.:—Ardghal O'Conchobhair,
7] and Muireadhach O'Dubhthaigh, and Clement
8] O'Sniadhaigh. He was released after some time, through
9] the guarantee of those bishops, without pledge or hostage.
10] He departed out of the district afterwards, and took a
11] great prey, which he carried with him until he reached
12] Loch-mic-Nén. At the end of a week he came again on a
13] predatory expedition to Tir-Oiliolla, and he carried the
14] prey into the Corr-sliabh, and over Corr-sliabh into Magh-Luirg.
15] A great force overtook him there, viz.:—Diarmaid,
16] son of Maghnus, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair;
17] and Maghnus, son of Muirchertach, son of Toirdhelbhach
18] O'Conchobhair; and Cormac, son of Tomaltach of
19] the Rock; and Muiredhach, son of Tomaltach of the
20] Rock; and Donnsleibhe, son of Ruaidhri O'Gadhra,
21] king of Sliabh-Lugha; and Flaithbhertach O'Flannacain,
22] chief of Clann-Cathail; and Gilla na-nech O'Mannachain,
23] king of Uí-Briuin-na-Sinna. When the Breifnian mercenaries
24] perceived that they had been overtaken by this
25] immense force, as soon as they had passed over Lec-Damhaighe
26] they fled. When only his own people, therefore,
27] were with Mac Diarmada, he was rushed upon, and
28] his son, i.e. Muirghes, was slain; and other men of his
29] people were slain, and he himself was ultimately captured.


30] After the dispersion of this great force the counsel which
31] the sons of Tomaltach of the Rock adopted was to blind
32] Mac Diarmada.


He was blinded by them, truly, and his
33] people were routed.


A great war between the Foreigners
34] of Erinn this year, i.e. between the sons of Hugo de Laci,
35] and Meyler, and Geoffroi Mareis.


A great predatory


1] hosting by Aedh O'Neill into Inis-Eoghain, and O'Domhnaill,
2] i.e. Domhnall Mór, overtook them, when a battle
3] was fought between them, in which a countless multitude
4] of people were slain on either side; in which
5] fell Domhnall, son of Murchadh, with an enormous
6] slaughter of the Cenel-Eoghain along with him, and
7] Ferghal O'Baighill, and Cormac O'Domhnaill, and David
8] O'Dochartaigh, and a number of the chieftains of Cenel-Conaill
9] along with them.


A battle was gained by the
10] son of Raghnall, son of Somhairle, over the men of Sciadh,
11] in which a countless multitude were slain.

Annal LC1209


12] The kalends of January on Wednesday, the 21st of the
13] moon; the age of the Lord nine years, and two hundred,
14] and a thousand.


The king of the Saxons came to Erinn,
15] accompanied by an immense fleet.


Gillachrist O'Cernaigh,
16] comarb of Condere, in bona poenitentia quievit.


17] David, bishop of Loch-Garman, was killed by O'Faelan
18] of the Deisi-Mumhan.


A battle between the Cenel-Conaill
19] and the Cenel-Eoghain, ubi interfecti sunt multi de
20] utroque exercitu.


Finghin, son of Diarmaid, son of Cormac
21] Mac Carthaigh, king of Des-Mumha, interfectus est a suis.


22] Ualgharg O'Ruairc was dethroned, and Art, son of Domhnall,
23] son of Ferghal O'Ruairc, was made king in his place.

Annal LC1210


24] The kalends of January on Thursday, the 2nd of the
25] moon; the age of the Lord ten years, and two hundred,
26] and a thousand.


Art, son of Domhnall, son of Ferghal
27] O'Ruairc, king of Breifne, was slain through treachery by
28] Cormac, son of Art O'Maelsechlainn.


Céle O'Dubhthaigh,
29] bishop of Magh-hEó, quievit.


Flaithbhertach O'Floinn,
30] comarb of Dachonna of Es-mic-Eirc, in Christo quievit.


31] Johannes, grandson of the Empress, king of the Saxons,


1] came to Erinn, with a great fleet, in this year.


2] arriving he commanded a great hosting of the men of
3] Erinn to Ulidia, to apprehend Hugo de Laci, or to expel
4] him from Erinn, and to capture Carraic-Fergusa.


5] left Erinn, and the persons who were defending the
6] Carraic abandoned it, and came to the king; and the
7] king put men of his own company into it.


He afterwards
8] sent a fleet of his people to Manainn, and they
9] plundered it, and killed its people.


10] Cathal Crobhderg O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht, and
11] the Connachtmen were on this hosting.


On their return
12] from the north the king of the Saxons told the king of
13] Connacht to come to meet him at the end of a fortnight.


14] promised that he would, and that he would bring his son
15] with him, i.e. Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg; (and it
16] was not the king who requested this). ‘Bring him,’
17] said the king, ‘that he may receive a charter for the
18] third part of Connacht’.


When O'Conchobhair arrived
19] at his own place, the counsel which he, and his wife, and
20] his people adopted was, not to take the son to the king,
21] although this was the worst counsel. However, when
22] O'Conchobhair went to the king of the Saxons, and did
23] not take his son with him, Diarmaid, son of Conchobhar
24] Mac Diarmada, king of Magh-Luirg, and Conchobhar
25] O'hEghra, king of Luighne of Connacht, and Find
26] O'Carmacan, a man of trust to O'Conchobhair, and
27] Toirberd, son of a Gall-Gaeidhel, one of O'Conchobhair's
28] stewards, were apprehended by the king of the Saxons.


29] The king of the Saxons went across afterwards, and took
30] these chieftains with him to Saxon-land. He left the
31] government of Erinn with the Foreign Bishop, and ordered


1] him to erect three castles in Connacht.


The Foreign Bishop
2] commanded a hosting towards Connacht, viz.:—himself
3] and the forces of Midhe and Laighen, as far as Ath-Luain,
4] when a bridge was constructed by him across Ath-Luain,
5] and a castle instead of O'Conchobhair's castle.


6] Donnchadh Cairbrech O'Briain, with his army, and
7] Geoffroi Mareis, with his army of the Foreigners of
8] Mumha, and Aedh, son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, and
9] the son of O'Flaithbhertaigh along with them, proceeded
10] into Connacht, until they reached Tuaim-da-ghualann, and
11] committed great depredations from thence to Loch-na-nairne,
12] in Ciarraighe, where they committed great depredations;
13] and they were a fortnight, or nearly twenty
14] nights, in Ciarraighe, and the Connachtmen before them.


15] They made peace afterwards, i.e. O'Conchobhair, and
16] Donnchadh Cairbrech, and Geoffroi Mareis.


The conditions
17] were, i.e. that they should be allowed a passage to
18] Ath-Luain, to meet the Foreign Bishop, and should make
19] peace between O'Conchobhair and the Foreign Bishop.


20] They made peace between them; and the conditions
21] were that Toirdhelbhach, son of Cathal Crobhderg, and
22] the son of another noble, should be delivered into the
23] hand of the Foreign Bishop.

Annal LC1211


24] The kalends of January on Saturday, the 13th of the
25] moon; the age of the Lord eleven years, and two hundred,
26] and a thousand.


Toirdhelbhach, son of Ruaidhri, took
27] a prey in Magh-Luirg, and carried it into the Seghais,
28] to Diarmaid, i.e. his brother; and Aedh, son of Cathal,
29] pursued him until he Toirdhelbhach went into the
30] North, to escape from him.


O'Dobhailen, bishop of Cenannus,
30] quievit.


Galo Mac Manchain, chief sage of all
32] Erinn, occisus est.


Richard de Tuit was killed by a stone


1] in Ath-Luain.


The hostages of Connacht arrived in
2] Erinn, viz.:—Diarmaid, son of Conchobhar Mac Diarmada,
3] king of Magh-Luirg, and Conchobhar O'hEghra,
4] king of Luighne, and Find O'Carmacan, and Toirbherd
5] son of a Gall-Gaeidhel.


Airechtach Mac Duinncathaigh
6] occisus est.


Thomas Mac Uchtraigh and the sons of
7] Raghnall, son of Somhairle, came to Doire-Choluim-Chille
8] with seventy-seven ships, and the town was
9] greatly injured by them.


O'Domhnaill and they went
10] together to Inis Eoghain, and they completely destroyed
11] the country.

Annal LC1212


12] The kalends of January on Sunday; the age of the
13] Lord twelve years, and two hundred, and a thousand.


14] hosting by the Connachtmen, at the command of the
15] Foreign Bishop and Gillibert Mac Goisdelbh, to Es-Ruaidh,
16] when the castle of Cael-uisce was erected by
17] them.


Another hosting by the Foreigners of Erinn and
18] the same Foreign Bishop, to take possession of the
19] North of Erinn, when they erected the castle of Cluain-Eois;
20] and the Feara-Manach, and the son of Mac Mathghamhna,
21] inflicted a great slaughter on them on the
22] northern side of Cluain-Eois.


A great victory was
23] gained over John de Grey, i.e. the Justice of Erinn, by
24] the son of Art O'Maelsechlainn,in which he lost all his
25] treasure.


Imhar O'Ferghail, dux of Muinter-Anghaile,
26] occisus est a fratre suo.


Gillachrist Mac Diarmada was
27] slain by Murchadh Carrach O'Ferghail.


A depredation
28] was committed by the Gilla-fiaclach O'Baighill and a
29] party of the Cenel-Conaill, on the Cenel-Eoghain, who
30] were under the guarantee of O'Tairchert.


31] overtook them, and fought a battle against them.


32] The Gilla-riabhach O'Tairchert, i.e. the king-chieftain of


1] Clann-Sneidhghile and Clann-Finghin, was slain, moreover, defending his honour.


2] Druim-chaein, with its
3] churches, was burned by the Cenel-Eoghain, without
4] licence from O'Neill.


Ferghal O'Cathain, i.e. king of
5] Cianachta and Feara-na-Craeibhe, was killed by the Foreigners.


6] Domhnall O'Daimhin was slain by the son of
7] Mac Lachlainn in the doorway of Recles-Choluim-Chille.

Annal LC1213


8] The kalends of January on Tuesday, the 5th of the
9] moon; the age of the Lord thirteen years, and two
10] hundred, and a thousand.


The castle of Cluain-Eois was
11] destroyed by O'Neill.


Gillibert Mac Goisdelbh was
12] killed in the castle of Cael-uisce, and the castle itself was
13] burned.


Donnchadh O'hEidhin was blinded by Aedh,
14] son of Cathal Crobhderg.


The victory of Coill-na-gcrann
15] was gained by Cormac, son of Art O'Maelsechlainn, over
16] the Foreigners, in which a great multitude of the Foreigners
17] were slain, along with Perris Messat and Walter Dunel.


18] Domhnall, son of Domnhnall Bregach O'Maelsechlainn,
19] was slain by the Foreigners.


Thomas Mac Uchtraigh and
20] Ruaidhri Mac Raghnaill plundered Doire-Choluim-Chille,
21] and carried off the precious things of the community of
22] Doire, and of the North of Erinn besides, from the middle
23] of the great church of the Recles.


O'Cathain and Feara-na-Craeibhe
24] came to Doire, to capture a house against
25] the sons of Mac Lachlainn, when they killed the
26] great butler of the Recles of Doire between them.


27] and Colum-Cille, however, performed a great miracle there,
28] viz.:—the man who had assembled this muster, Mathghamhain
29] Mac Aithne, was killed in vindication of Colum-Cille,
30] in the very doorway of the Dubh-Recles of Colum-Cille.


31] The castle of Cul-rathain was erected by Thomas


1] Mac Uchtraigh and the Foreigners of Ulidia; and they
2] threw down all the tombs, and clochans, and structures
3] of the town, excepting the church alone, in order to build
4] this castle.


The king of Alba died, i.e. William Garm.


5] Aedh O'Neill inflicted a defeat on the Foreigners, and committed
6] a great slaughter of the Foreigners there; and the
7] Carlongphort (Carlingford) was burned on the same day, both people
8] and cattle.

Annal LC1214


9] The kalends of January on Wednesday, the l6th of
10] the moon.


The castle of Cluain-mic-Nois and the castle
11] of Durmhagh were built by Foreigners.


Expulsion of
12] the son of Art from Delbhna, by the Foreigners and
13] Gaeidhel of all Erinn.


Cormac, son of Art, went into
14] Delbhna again, and his people carried off a prey of cows
15] from the castle of Cluain, and defeated the Foreigners of
16] the castle.


Imhar Mac Garghamhna was killed by
17] Meiler's Foreigners.


The son of Art went to the castle of
18] Ath-buidhe in Feara-Ceall, and burned its bawn, and slew
19] eight of its inhabitants, and carried off a great number of
20] cattle.


Ualgharg O'Ruairc, king of Breifne, went on a
21] predatory incursion into the territory of Philip Mac
22] Goisdelbh, and brought away a great number of cows, and
23] returned safely.


Cormac, son of Art, came again into
24] Delbhna, and committed a retaliatory depredation on
25] Maelsechlainn Bec O'Maelsechlainn, and plundered him,
26] and expelled him from Delbhna, and killed the son of
27] William Muilinn: and Maelsechlainn the younger
28] escaped by virtue of his running. Cormac, son of Art,
29] went to the castle of Birr, and burned its bawn, and
30] burned the entire church, and took all its food out of it,
31] in order that the Foreigners of the castle should not get


1] food in it.


Gilla-na-naemh O'Ruadhan, bishop of Luighne,
2] in Christo quievit.


O'Muircen, bishop of Cluain-mic-Nois,
3] in Christo quievit.


Muirchertach, son of Brian,
4] was slain by Foreigners.


In this year, moreover, appeared
5] the false Aedh, who was called 'the Aider'.


A depredation
6] was committed by Aedh, son of Maelsechlainn Mac
7] Lachlainn, on the comarb of Colum-Cille; and Aedh himself
8] was slain by the Foreigners in the same year, through a
9] miracle of Colum-Cille.


Benmhidhe, daughter of O'hEighnigh,
10] i.e. the wife of Aedh O'Neill, i.e. king of Oilech,
11] in bona poenitentia quievit.


A hosting by Aedh O'Neill
12] into Ulidia, and he inflicted a great defeat on the Foreigners.


Alexander, son of William Garm, was made
13] king over Alba.

Annal LC1215


14] The kalends of January on Thursday, the 27th of the
15] moon; the age of the Lord fifteen years, and two hundred,
16] and a thousand;


the last year of the Nineteen; and it
17] was a contrary year.


Ardghal O'Conchobhair, bishop of
18] Síl-Muiredhaigh, in pace quievit.


The bishop O'Cellaigh
19] of Rathan in Christo quievit.


A congress of the
20] bishops of Christendom at Rome, in the time of Pope
21] Innocent the Third.


This is the number of the bishops
22] that were there, viz.:—cccc.xv., inter quos fuerunt tam
23] primates quam archiepiscopi lxxi; numerus abbatum et
24] priorum d.ccc. On the festival of Martin, in particular,
25] the congress met.


26] giurneisi on each side of
27] Muir-Torrian became dry in this year.


Cathal, son of
28] Diarmaid, son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh, king of Magh-Luirg,
29] in Christo quievit.


Trad O'Maelfhabhuill, chieftain


1] of Cenel-Ferghusa, with a great slaughter of his brethren
2] along with him, was killed by Muiredhach, son of the
3] Great Steward of Lemhain.


Donnchadh O'Duibhdirma,
4] chieftain of the Bredach, died in the Dubh-recles of Colum-Cille,
5] in Doire.


Murchadh Mac Cathmhail, king-chieftain
6] of Cenel-Feradhaigh, died through a miracle of Colum-Cille.


7] Ruaidhri O'Floinn, king of Durlus, died.

Annal LC1216


8] The kalends of January on Friday, and the 9th of the
9] moon; the first year of the Nineteen, and a bissextile year;
10] the age of the Lord sixteen years, and two hundred, and
11] a thousand.


Gillachrist O'Mannachain died in Rome this
12] year.


A synod of the clerics of the whole world in
13] Rome this year, at the Lateran, with the Pope Innocentius;
14] and soon after this synod Innocentius papa quievit
15] in Christo.


16] John, king of the Saxons, was deposed by the
17] Saxons in this year; and he died of a fit.


The son of the
18] king of France assumed the sovereignty of the Saxons,
19] and obtained their pledges.


Gilla-Croichefraich Mac Carghamhna
20] died, and the priest O'Celli mortuus est; after
21] they had both crossed themselves, and determined to go
22] to the river.


The abbot O'Lotan, a paragon of piety and
23] learning, in pace quievit.


Gregory, son of Gilla-na-naingel,
24] abbot of the monks of Erinn, in pace quievit, in the
25] eastern world, after having been expelled by the monks
26] of Droiched-atha, through envy and jealousy.


The primate
27] of Erinn, i.e. Mac Gillauidhir, died in Rome, after holding
28] a synod of the clerics of Erinn; and manifest miracles are
29] performed through him in Rome.


The archbishop
30] O'Ruanadha was cruelly and violently taken prisoner by
31] the Connachtmen and Maelisa O'Conchobhair, and put in
32] chains; a thing that we never heard of before, viz.:—an
33] archbishop being manacled.


Annadh O'Muiredhaigh,


1] bishop of Ard-achadh, quievit.


Patricius, bishop of Cnoc-Muaidhe,
2] quievit.


Mathghamhain O'Laithbhertaigh, king
3] of Clann-Domhnaill, died.

Annal LC1217


4] The kalends of January on Sunday, the 20th of the
5] moon; a bissextile year; the age of the Lord seventeen
6] years, and two hundred, and a thousand.


Oissin, abbot
7] of the canons of Mainister-derg, quievit.


All the fishermen
8] of Erinn from Port-Lairge, from the south, and from
9] Loch-Carman northwards to Doire-Choluim-Chille, went
10] to Manainn to fish. They committed violence in it, and
11] were all slain in punishment for their violence in Manainn.


12] All the abbots of Erinn went across eastwards, to the
13] general chapter, in this year; and their attendants were
14] dispersed, and the choice of them were slain, by Saxons;
15] and the abbot of Droichet-atha was deprived of his
16] abbacy in this chapter.


Every tree the nature of which
17] it was to bear fruit had its full crop in this year.


A predatory
18] host of the Foreigners of Uladh went to Ard-Macha,
19] which was all plundered by them; and O'Fothuelan
20] was the person who guided them; for he had promised
21] to the community of Ard-Macha that the Foreigners
22] would not plunder them whilst he would be with
23] the Foreigners.


At the end of a week afterwards
24] O'Neill Ruadh and the son of Mac Mathghamhna came
25] and took a great prey from the Foreigners, viz.:—one
26] thousand and two hundred cows. The Foreigners and
27] O'Fothuelan went after them.


The Eoghanachs turned
28] against them, and killed fourteen Foreigners who
29] were clad in coats of mail, including the constable of
30] Dealgan; and O'Fothuelan was slain in revenge of
31] Patrick.


Gilla-Tighernaigh Mac Gilla-Ronain, bishop of
32] Airghiall, and head of the canons of Erinn, in bona
33] poenitentia quievit.


Annal LC1218


1] The kalends of January on Monday, the 1st of the
2] moon; the second year after a bissextile; the age of the
3] Lord eighteen years, and two hundred, and a thousand.


4] Gilla-Ernain O'Martain, chief poet of Erinn, and professor
5] of many arts, after spending his life with the monks, in
6] pace quievit.


The Ferdana O'Maelrioc, the chief professor
7] of his own art from the O'Dalaighs down, mortuus
8] est.


Tadhg O'Ferghail, dux of Muinter-Anghaile, was
9] killed by Murchadh Carrach O'Ferghail.


Diarmaid, son
10] of Conchobhar Mac Diarmada, king of Magh-Luirg, died
11] in this year; and Cormac, son of Tomaltach of the Rock,
12] son of Conchobhar, assumed sovereignty after Diarmaid.


13] Donnchadh O'Maelbhrenuinn died in hoc anno.


14] daughter of Domhnall O'Briain, wife of Cathal Crobhderg
15] O'Conchobhair, queen of Connacht, died this year.


16] town of Ath-Luain was burned on the Midhe side.


17] O'Nioc, abbot of Cill-Becan, died after the triumph of
18] diligence and devotion.


Domhnall O'Gadhra mortuus
19] est.


Muirchertach O'Floinn, king of Uí-Tuirtre, was slain
20] by the Foreigners.


Conghalach O'Cuinn, torch of valour
21] and bravery of the North of Erinn, king-chieftain of Magh-Lughach
22] and all Síl-Chathusaigh, was slain on the same
23] day.


Maelisa O'Daighri, airchinnech of Doire-Choluim-Chille,
24] in bono fine quievit in pace.

Annal LC1219


25] The kalends of January on Tuesday, the l2th of the
26] moon; and the third year after a bissextile; erat pluvia
27] per totum annum paucis diebus exceptis.


The age of the
28] Lord nineteen years, and two hundred, and a thousand.


29] The comarb of Feichin of Fobhar mortuus est.




1] Carrach O'Ferghail went on a predatory expedition into
2] Connacht, and they rose up against him; but a multitude
3] of the Connachtmen were slain; and Murchadh Carrach
4] was defeated, and a great number of his people were slain
5] there; and he himself escaped with difficulty.


6] was burned, with its houses, and with its church,
7] in this year; and Droichet-atha was carried away by the
8] flood.


9] Clemens, bishop of Luighne, in Christo quievit.


10] Fonachdan O'Brónan, comarb of Colum-Cille, in pace
11] quievit.


Flann O'Brolchan was ordained in his place.

Annal LC1220


12] The kalends of January on Wednesday, and the 23rd
13] of the moon; and it was a bissextile year, and the fifth
14] year of the Nineteen; and the Seventy are earlier than
15] the age of the Lord twenty years, and two hundred, and a thousand.


Dubhdara, son of Muiredhach O'Maille, was
16] killed in a dispute by Cathal Crobhderg, in his own camp,
17] in violation of all Connacht; and this was a grievous act,
18] although it was his own misdeeds that recoiled on him.


19] Consecration of the church of the monastery of Buill, in
20] Connacht, in this year.


Aedh O'Maeleoin, bishop of Cluain,
21] was drowned.


Maelsechlainn, son of Conchobhar Maenmhaighe,
22] mortuus est.


Gillachrist Mac Gormain, great
23] priest of Tech-Sinche, the senior of greatest charity, and
24] devotion, and knowledge of reading and writing; and the
25] promoter of everything necessary to men and books in
26] the church, after the triumph of devotion and pilgrimage, in
27] the sanctuary of Inis-Clothrann quievit in Christo.


28] de Laci came to Erinn, and performed a great hosting to
29] the crannog of O'Raighilligh. He went upon it, and


1] obtained hostages and great power.


A great depredation
2] was committed by Murchad Carrach O'Ferghail
3] on Muinter-Geradhain, and Tadhg O'Conaith was slain;
4] and Maghnus, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair, and
5] John Maissin led a predatory force afterwards against
6] Murchadh.


Maelmichil O'Tomaidh, high airchinnech of
7] Tech-Sinche, and Gilla-in-Choimdedh Mac Ferdomhuin,
8] quieverunt in Christo.


Lucas de Letreville came to Erinn,
9] and brought with him the primacy of all Erinn; and he
10] was the first Foreigner who obtained the primacy of
11] Erinn.

Annal LC1221


12] The kalends of January on Friday, and the fourth of
13] the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-one years, and two
14] hundred, and a thousand.


The Cairnech Riabhach Mac
15] Flannchaidh was slain by Aedh, son of Domhnall, son of
16] Ferghail O'Ruairc.


Gilla-na-naemh Mac Conmedha, dux of
17] Muinter-Laodhacháin, was killed with one cast of an arrow
18] by the sons of O'Flannagan of Eastern Teffa, whilst coming
19] from the Caislén-núa.


Maelsechlainn O'Maelsechlainn,
20] the younger, was drowned, and Mac Conmedha, i.e. the
21] son of Ugholoid Mac Conmedha.


The castle of Ath-Liag
22] was attempted to be made by Walter de Laci and all the
23] forces of Midhe.


When the Connachtmen heard this,
24] however, they came across from the west, and proceeded
25] through the middle of Muinter-Anghaile, and
26] into Magh-Breghmhuidhe, when they burned Daingen-Uí-Chuinn,
27] and went through it westwards into the
28] Caladh; and the castle was abandoned to them, through
29] force, and on conditions of peace.


30] Jacobus Penciail came to Erinn as Legate from Rome,
31] to settle and arrange ecclesiastical affairs; and he collected


1] horseloads of gold and silver from the clerics of Erinn,
2] through simony, and departed from Erinn in the same
3] year.


Diarmaid, son of Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhelbhach
4] Mór O'Conchobhair, was slain by Thomas Mac Uchtraigh
5] as he was coming from Insi-Gall, whilst collecting a
6] fleet for the purpose of acquiring the sovereignty of
7] Connacht; and this was a great pity, viz.:—the materies
8] of a king of Erinn to fall so before his time.


9] O'Dubhda, king of Uí-Amhalghaidh, was
10] drowned whilst assembling the same fleet.


11] O'Culechain, a professor of history and writing, died in
12] this year, i.e. a man who had more writings and knowledge
13] than any one that came in his own time; and it was
14] he that wrote the Mass book of Cnoc, and another Mass
15] book the equal of it for Diarmaid Mac Oirechtaigh, his
16] tutor, andfor Gillapatraic, his foster-brother—the comarbs
17] of Achadh-Fabhair in succession.


The son of Hugo de
18] Laci came to Erinn without the consent of the king
19] of the Saxons, and proceeded to Aedh O'Neill; and
20] they both went against the Foreigners of Erinn, and
21] committed great injuries in Midhe, and in Laighen, and
22] in Ulidia, and demolished the castle of Cul-rathain;
23] and the Foreigners of Erinn collected twenty-four battalions
24] to Delgan; but Aedh O'Neill and the son of
25] Hugo de Laci came with four battalions against them,
26] and the Foreigners gave his own award to O'Neill
27] there.

Annal LC1222


28] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the 15th
29] of the moon;


The abbot Mac Suala in
30] pace quievit.


Gillamochoinne O'Cathail, king of Cenel-Aedha
31] east and west, was slain by Sechnasach, son
32] of Gilla-na-naemh O'Sechnasaigh, after having been
33] betrayed by his own people.


Great wind, through which
34] structures, and buildings, and ships were destroyed in
35] this year.


Mor, daughter of O'Baighill, wife of Amhlaibh
36] O'Beollain, mortua est.


Niall O'Neill profaned Doire


1] on account of the daughter of O'Cathain; and it happened,
2] through a miracle of God and Colum-Cille, that
3] Niall was afterwards short-lived.


Tadhg O'Baighill, the
4] happiness and opulence of the North of Erinn, the distributor
5] of jewels and riches to men of every profession,
6] mortuus est.

Annal LC1223


7] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the 26th of
8] the moon;


Alpin O'Maelmhuaidh, bishop of
9] Ferna, in Christo quievit.


The bishop Mac Gelain, bishop
10] of Cill-dara, eodem anno quievit.


Cluain-mic-Nois was
11] burned, and many jewels, together with two churches,
12] in this year.


William de Laci came to Erinn, and constructed
13] the crannog of Inis-Laodhachain; and the Connachtmen
14] entered forcibly upon it, and let out on parole
15] the people who were in it.


Twenty-six feet in height was
16] added to the church of Tech-Sinche, by the priest of the
17] place, i.e. Mael Mac Gormain.


Great wind on the day
18] after the festival of Matthew, which injured all the oats
19] of Erinn that it found standing.


Murchadh Carrach
20] O'Ferghail was killed by the discharge of an arrow, whilst
21] making an attack on Aedh, son of Amhlaibh O'Ferghail.


22] Sechnasach, son of Gilla-na-naemh O'Sechnasaigh, was
23] slain by the Clann-Cuilein, and the great bachal of Mac
24] Duach was profaned regarding him, and its cleric was
25] slain.


Maelisa, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair,
26] died in Inis-medhóin.


Dubhthach O'Dubhthaigh, abbot of
27] Cunga, quievit in hoc anno.


24] Finn O'Carmacain, agent
25] and great landholder to the king of Connacht, moritur.


Annal LC1224


1] The kalends of January on Monday, and the 7th of
2] the moon;


A shower fell in places in Connacht,
3] viz.:—in Tir-Maine, and in Soghan, and in Uí-Diarmada,
4] and in Clann-Taidhg, from which grew a great
5] distemper among cows after eating grass and foliage;
6] and their milk and flesh produced various diseases in the
7] persons who partook of them.


Cathal Crobhderg O'Conchobhair,
8] king of Connacht, and king of the Gaeidhel of
9] Erinn according to merit, died in the monastery of Cnoc-Muaidhe
10] on the 5th of the kalends of June; the best
11] Gaeidhel for nobility and honour that came from the
12] time of
Brian Borumha down; the battle-prosperous, puissant
13] upholder of the people; the rich, excellent maintainer
14] of peace; (for it was in his time that tithes were first received
15] in the land of Erinn); the meek, devout pillar of faith
16] and Christianity; the corrector of the culprits and transgressors;
17] the destroyer of the robbers and evil-doers; the general
18] battle-victorious defender of the royal law, to whom God
19] gave good honour on earth, and the heavenly kingdom beyond,
20] after dying in the habit of a monk, after triumphing
21] over the world and the devil.


Aedh O'Conchobhair,
22] his own son, assumed the government of Connacht, with
23] his luck and happiness, after him; for he was a king in
24] dignity near his father previously, and the hostages of
25] Connacht were at his command; and it was God who
26] granted the sovereignty to him thus, for no crime was
27] committed in Connacht through the speedy assumption of
28] sovereignty by him, but one act of plunder on the road
29] to Cruach, and his hands and feet were cut off the
30] person who committed it; and one woman was violated
30] by the son of O'Mannachain, who was blinded for his


1] offence.


Muirghes Cananach, son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair,
2] the most expert man that ever came of the
3] Gaeidhel in reading, and in psalm-singing, and in versemaking,
4] died in this year, and was interred in Cunga-Feichin,
5] after the triumph of unction and penitence.


6] Domhnall O'Cellaigh, king of Uí-Maine, died in hoc anno.


7] Cucennainn O'Concennainn died in this year.


8] O'Ceirín, king of Ciarraighe-Locha-na-nairne,
9] died.


Maelisu, son of the bishop O'Maelfhaghmhair, parson
10] of Uí-Fiachrach and Uí-Amhalghaidh, and materies of a
11] bishop, was killed by the son of Donnchadh O'Dubhda,
12] after enjoying his food and his fire in his own house.


13] Aedh, son of Conchobhar Maenmhaighe, died while
14] coming from the river, and from Jerusalem, this year.


15] The son of Hugo came to Erinn against the will of the
16] king of the Saxons, and causes of war and contention
17] grew up between him and the Foreigners of Erinn, until
18] the Foreigners of Erinn rose up against him, and he was
19] banished to Aedh O'Neill, king of Ailech; and the Foreigners
20] and Gaeidhel of Erinn, viz.:—Aedh, son of Cathal
21] Crobhderg, king of Connacht, and Donnchadh Cairbrech
22] O'Briain, king of Mumha, and Diarmaid Cluasach Mac
23] Carthaigh, king of Des-Mumha, and the chieftains of
24] Erinn besides, excepting the Cenel-Conaill and Cenel-Eoghain,
25] assembled to proceed against them, until they
26] reached Muirthemhne and Dun-Delgan; and from thence
27] they demanded pledges and hostages from the sons of Hugo,
28] and from Aedh O'Neill. It was then that O'Neill came
29] with his Foreigners and Gaeidhel, whom he distributed
30] on the passes of Sliabh-Fuaid and the doors of Emhain,
31] and on Fidh-Conaille, when he challenged the Foreigners to
32] attack him in those places. However, when the Foreigners
33] of Erinn saw that this protection was assured to them,


1] the resolution they adopted was to make peace with the
2] sons of Hugo, and to leave the conditions to the award of
3] the king of the Saxons; and the Foreigners of Erinn
4] separated, without obtaining tribute or conditions from
5] Aedh O'Neill.


6] A great hosting by Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg,
7] to the castle of Ard-abhla in the territory of Breifne,
8] when they entered the castle, and burned it, and killed
9] every one whom they found in it, both Foreigners
10] and Gaeidhel.


Duarcan O'hEghra, king of Luighne,
11] mortuus est.


A great hosting to Connacht was performed
12] by Aedh O'Neill, with the sons of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair,
13] and at the request of all the Síl-Muiredhaigh,
14] excepting only Mac Diarmada, i.e. Cormac, son of Tomaltach;
15] and he Aedh O'Neill proceeded along Connacht,
16] southwards, to Fedha-Atha-Luain, and remained two
17] nights at Muille-Uarrach, and pillaged Loch-Nen, and
18] carried off thence the treasures of O'Conchobhair. He
19] came afterwards to Carn-Fraich, where he plundered Toirdhelbhach,
20] son of Ruaidhri; and he proceeded at a quick
21] pace to his house on hearing that a large army of Foreigners
22] and Momonians, under Donnchadh Cairbrech O'Briain
23] and Geoffroi Mareis, was coming against him, led by
24] Aedh O'Conchobhair and Mac Diarmada. And as they
25] did not overtake O'Neill they pursued the sons of Ruaidhri,
26] whom they banished again to O'Neill.


The Momonians
27] killed Echmarcach Mac Branain, king of Corca-Achlann,
28] at Cill-Cellaigh, on this expedition, after driving the sons
29] of Ruaidhri out of Connacht.


The Foreigners and Momonians
30] attacked Termann-Caelfhinn; and a slaughter of
31] the Foreigners was committed through the miracles of
32] Caelfhinn.


A great mortality of people this year.




1] corn was reaped immediately after the festival of Brigid;
2] and the ploughing was going on at the same time.


3] Tadhg O'hEghra died this year.