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Annals of Loch Cé (Author: [unknown])

Annal LC1185


12] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 26th of
13] the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-five years, and a
14] hundred, and a thousand.


Great fruit in this year.


15] Philip Unsessra, accompanied by the Foreigners of Erinn,
16] remained at Ard-Macha during six days and six nights,
17] in the very middle of Lent.


Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair,
18] king of Erinn, came from his pilgrimage; and he took with
19] him the Foreigners, and the men of Mumha, i.e. Domhnall
20] O'Briain and his party; and they destroyed the West of
21] Connacht, both church and territory. Peace was afterwards
22] made by himself and his son, and Connacht was divided
23] between them.


Cill-Dalua was plundered and burned by
24] Cathal Carrach, son of Conchobhar Maenmhaighe, and the
25] men of Connacht, after the men of Mumha, in retaliation
26] for their churches which the men of Mumha had burned;
27] and for the slaughter of their clerics and women who were
28] slain and burned in their churches, and in their houses;
29] and for carrying off their books, and utensils, and
30] precious things.


Maelisa O'Dalaigh, chief poet of Erinn
31] and Alba, and principal dux of Corca-Raidhe, and the
32] single choice of Erinn as regards grace, form, and goodness,
33] died at Cluain-Iraird on his pilgrimage. Amhlaibh


1] O'Muiredhaigh, bishop of Cenel-Eoghain, quievit.


2] John, son of the king of the Saxons, came to assume
3] the sovereignty of Erinn, with a fleet of three score
4] ships, (besides what there were of Saxon Foreigners in
5] Erinn before them); and they took possession of Ath-cliath
6] and the province of Laighen, and erected castles at
7] Tipraid-Fachtna and Ard-Finain.


A victory was gained
8] by Domhnall O'Briain over the people of the son of the
9] king of the Saxons, in which very many Foreigners were
10] slain, along with the foster-brother of the son of the
11] king of the Saxons.


Ruaidhri O'Gradha and Ruaidhri
12] O'Conaing were slain by Foreigners in the slaughter of the
13] castle of Tipraid-Fachtna.


The son of the king of the
14] Saxons went across afterwards to complain of Hugo de
15] Laci to his father; for it was Hugo de Laci that was king of
16] Erinn when the son of the king of the Saxons came, and he
17] permitted not the men of Erinn to give tribute or hostages
18] to him.


Donnchadh, son of Domhnall Midhech, occisus est.


19] Gilla-Isa O'Maeilin, bisbop of Magh-Eó, quievit.


20] Breifnech, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair, mortuus
21] est.


Flann O'Finnechta, dux of Clann-Murchadha, mortuus
22] est.


The son of Cormac, son of Mac Carthaigh,
23] king of Mumha, was slain by the Foreigners of Corcach.


24] Domhnall O'Gillapatraic, king of Osraighe, mortuus
25] est.


Maelsechlainn, son of Mac Lachlainn, king of
26] Cenel-Eoghain, interfectus est, through treachery, by
27] Saxons.


Diarmaid, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Briain,
28] was blinded by his own brother, viz.:—by Domhnall.


29] Mathghamhain, son of Conchobhar Maenmhaighe, was
30] taken prisoner by Murchadh, son of Tadhg O'Cellaigh,


1] and delivered to Domhnall O'Briain.


The sovereignty
2] of Connacht was assumed by Conchobar Maenmhaighe.

Annal LC1186


3] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 7th of the
4] moon; the age of the Lord eighty-six years, and a hundred,
5] and a thousand.


Great contentions in the North of
6] Erinn this year.


Dethronement of Domhnall, son of
7] Aedh Mac Lachlainn, and installation as king of Ruaidhri
8] O'Laithbhertaigh, by a section of the Cenel-Eoghain of
9] Telach-óg.


Conchobhar O'Flaithbhertaigh was slain by
10] Ruaidhri O'Flaithbhertaigh, his own brother, in Ara.


11] Derbhorcaill, daughter of Murchadh O'Maelsechlainn,
12] went to Droiched-atha, on a pilgrimage.


Rúaidhri O'Conchobhair
13] was expelled by his own son, i.e. by Conchobhar
14] Maenmhaighe.


Donnchadh, son of Tadhg O'Cellaigh,
15] mortuus est.


Maelcalainn O'Cleirchen, bishop of Glenn-da-locha,
16] in Christo quievit.


Celechair O'Airmhedhaigh,
17] bishop of Cluain-ferta-Brenainn, quievit.


18] Maenmhaighe came to Mucart, and Aedh O'Ruairc
19] went into his house, and gave hostages to Conchobhar,
20] and gave Tir-Thuathail to the Connachtmen.


21] Hugo de Laci went to Durmhagh-Choluim-Cille, to build
22] a castle in it, having a countless number of Foreigners along
23] with him; for he was king of Midhe, and Breifne, and
24] Airghiall, and it was to him the tribute of Connacht was
25] paid; and he it was that won all Erinn for the Foreigners.


26] Midhe, from the Sinainn to the sea, was full of castles
27] and of Foreigners. After the completion by him of this
28] work, i.e. the erection of the castle of Durmhagh, he came
29] out to look at the castle, having three Foreigners


1] along with him.


There came towards him then a youth
2] of the men of Midhe, having his axe concealed, viz.:—
3] Gilla-gan-inathair O'Miadhaigh, the foster son of the
4] Sinnach himself; and he gave him one blow, so that he
5] cut off his head, and he fell, both head and body, into
6] the ditch of the castle.


Christian O'Connorchi, bishop
7] of Lis-mór, and legate of the comarb of Peter, in Christo
8] quievit.


Diarmaid Mac Carghamhna occisus est.


9] O'Cellaigh, king of Uí-Maine, occisus est.


10] O'Cillin, vice-abbot of Síl-Muiredhaigh, mortuus
11] est..


Amhlaibh O'Muiredhaigh, bishop of Ard-Macha and
12] Cenel-Feradhaigh, a brilliant lamp that used to enlighten
13] laity and clergy, in Christo quievit, in Dun-Cruithne;
14] and he was honourably brought to Doire-Choluim-Cille,
15] and interred in the side of the church, at his father's feet.
16] Fogartach O'Cerbhallain was ordained in his place.


17] Gillachrist Mac Cathmhail, king-chieftain of Cenel Feradhaigh
18] and the Clanns, (viz.:—Clann-Aenghusa, and
19] Clann-Duibhinrecht, and Clann-Foghartaigh; and Uí-Cendfada
20] and Clann-Colla, of the Feara-Manach), and
21] head of counsel of the North of Erinn, was slain by
22] O'hEighnigh and Muinter-Caemhain; and they carried
23] off his head, which was obtained from them at the end of
24] a month afterwards.


Maelsechlainn, son of Muirchertach
25] Mac Lachlainn, was slain by Foreigners.


26] O'Breislén, chieftain of Fanad, quievit.

Annal LC1187


27] The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the l8th of
28] the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-seven years, and
29] a hundred, and a thousand.


Ruaidhri O'Laithbhertaigh,
30] king of Cenel-Eoghain, was slain while on a predatory
31] excursion in Tir-Conaill.


Druim-cliabh was plundered by


1] the son of Maelsechlainn O'Ruairc, king of Uí-Briuin
2] and Conmaicne, and by the son of Cathal O'Ruairc, and
3] the Foreigners of Midhe along with them. But God and
4] Colum-Cille wrought a remarkable miracle against them there,
5] viz.:—the son of Maelsechlainn O'Ruairc was
6] killed in Conmaicne before the end of a fortnight afterwards,
7] and the son of Cathal O'Ruairc was blinded by
8] O'Maeldoraidh, i.e. Flaithbhertach, in revenge of Colum-Cille;
9] and six score of the favorites of the son of Maelsechlainn
10] were slain throughout Conmaicne and Cairpre-Droma-cliabh,
11] through the miracle of God and Colum-Cille.


12] The Rock of Loch-Cé was burned at mid-day,
13] where a great many people were drowned and burned,
14] along with the daughter of O'hEidhin, i.e. Duibhessa,
15] daughter of Ruaidhri O'hEidhin, wife of Conchobhar
16] Mac Diarmada, king of Magh-Luirg.

Annal LC1188


17] The kalends of Jannary on the 6th feria, the 29th of
18] the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-eight years, and a
19] hundred, and a thousand.


Ruaidhri O'Canannáin, king
20] of Cenel-Conaill for a time, and also royal heir of Erinn,
21] was slain by Flaithbhertach O'Maeldoraidh, through
22] treachery, at the bridge of Sligech, i.e. after being enticed
23] out from the middle of Druim-cliabh; and a brother of
24] his was slain along with him, and a number of his people.


25] O'Gairbh, chieftain of Feara-Droma, it was that laid
26] hands on O'Canannáin; and he was himself slain by
27] the people of Echmarcach O'Dochartaigh, in revenge of
28] O'Canannáin.


Domhnall O'Canannáin wounded his foot
29] with his own axe, at Doire, while cutting a piece of
30] wood; and he died thereof through the curse of the community
31] of Colum-Cille.


Martin O'Brolaigh, chief sage


1] of all the Gaeidhel, and chief lector of Ard-Macha, died.


2] Amhlaibh O'Daighri went to Hi on a pilgrimage, and
3] he died in Hi after select penance.


The Foreigners of
4] the castle of Magh-Cobha, and a party of the Uí-Echach-Uladh,
5] went on a preying excursion into Tir-Eoghain,
6] until they arrived at Leim-Neill, where they seized cows.
7] Domhnall Mac Lachlainn went after them, and overtook
8] them at Cabhán-na-crann-ard, and gave them battle; and
9] the Foreigners were defeated and put to great slaughter;
10] and a thrust of a foreign spear was given to the king
11] alone, who fell there in the heat of the battle, viz.:—
12] Domhnall, son of Aedh Mac Lachlainn, king of Oilech,
13] and royal heir of Erinn as regards figure, intelligence,
14] hospitality, and wisdom; and his body was conveyed on
15] the same day to Ard-Macha, and honourably interred.


16] A hosting into Connacht by John de Curci and the Foreigners
17] of all Erinn, accompanied by Conchobhar O'Diarmada
18] and the son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair. The king
19] of Connacht, i.e. Conchobhar Maenmhaighe, assembles the
20] chieftains of all Connacht, and Domhnall O'Briain, with
21] a number of the men of Mumha, comes in the host of
22] the king of Connacht. The Foreigners burned some of
23] the churches of Connacht, and the Gaeidhel did not
24] allow them to effect the demolition of some others.
25] The Foreigners, moreover, turned back from the West of
26] Connacht, until they reached Es-dara, to go into Tir-Conaill.
27] O'Maeldoraidh, i.e. Flaithbhertach, assembles


1] the chieftains of Cenel-Conaill to Druim cliabh, to meet
2] them; and when the Foreigners heard this they burned
3] Es-dara entirely, and turned back into Corr-sliabh;
4] and the men of Connacht made an attack on them
5] in Corr-sliabh, and put them to slaughter. Many of their
6] principal men were slain.


Murchadh, son of Ferghal
7] O'Maelruanaidh and Maelsechlainn O' Matadhain, fell
8] there also et alii multi cum eis.


Gillachrist son of Congalach
9] O'Muiredhaigh mortuus est, and the Foreigners
10] left the country without injuring much of it on this
11] occasion.


Etain, daughter of O'Cuinn, queen of Mumha,
12] who was on a pilgrimage at Doire, died, after triumphing
13] over the world and the devil.


Muirchertach, son of
14] Uada O'Concennain, king of Uí-Diarmada, mortuus est.


15] Domhnall, son of Lochlainn O'Maelruanaidh, and Ferghal
16] O'Taidhg-in-Teghlaigh, and Flaithbhertach, son of Sitric
17] O'Finnachta occisi sunt.


Muirchertach O' Brain, king
18] of Breghmhaighe, occisus est.


Taithlech, son of Conchobhar,
19] son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg O Maelruanaidh,
20] occisus est.

Annal LC1189


21] The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 10th of
22] the moon, the age of the Lord eighty-nine years, and a
23] hundred, and a thousand.


Domhnall, son of Muirchertach
24] Mac Lachlainn, was slain by the Foreigners of Dal Araidhe
25] whilst staying with themselves.


26] O'Cerbhaill, chief king of Oirghiall, died in the great
27] monastery, after choice penance.


Ard-Macha was burned
28] from Crossa-Brighde to Recles-Brighde, including Rath
29] and Trian, and churches.


Echmilidh, son of Mac Cana, the
30] happiness and prosperity of all Tir-Eoghain, died.


31] O'Maelruanaidh, king of Feara-Manach, was


1] dethroned, and he went to O'Cerbhaill; and a Foreign
2] army came into the country; and O'Cerbhaill and O'Maelruanaidh
3] encountered them, and O'Cerbhaill was defeated,
4] and O'Maelruanaidh slain.


Conchobhar Maenmhaighe,
5] son of Ruaidhri, chief king of Connacht, and royal heir of
6] all Erinn, was killed by his own favorites, viz.:—Muirchertach,
7] son of Cathal, son of Diarmaid, and O'Finnachta,
8] i.e. the Crosach Donn O'Finnachta, and the Mendtach
9] O'Cimlidhcain, through the instigation of his own brother,
10] viz.:—Conchobhar O'Diarmada. In the entrance of
11] Tochar-Gibhsi he was slain.


Conchobhar O'Diarmada,
12] son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, royal heir of Connacht,
13] was killed by Cathal Carrach, son of Conchobhar Maenmhaighe,
14] in revenge of his father.


Ard-Macha was
15] plundered by John de Curci and the Foreigners.


The son
16] of the Empress, king of the Saxons, died.


17] O'Fercomhais, lector of Doire, was drowned between
18] Ard and Inis-Eoghain.


Diarmaid, son of Toirdhelbhach
19] O'Conchobhair, occisus est.


Donnchadh O'Fallamhain,
20] noble priest, and illustrious senior of Clann-Uadach,
21] quievit.


Murchadh O'Flannagain, dux of Clann-Cathail, mortuus est..

Annal LC1190


23] The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 2lst of
24] the moon
; ninety years, and a hundred, and a thousand
25] ab Incarnatione Domini nostri Jesu Christi, et secundus
26] annus praeparationis bissexti, ac xiiii. annus cycli
27] decennovenalis, atque cxxuii. annus undecimi cycli magni
28] paschalis ab initio mundi.


The ship of Cathal Crobhderg
29] O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht, was drowned in Loch-Ribh,
30] and thirty-six men were drowned, including
31] Airechtach O'Radhuibh, dux of Clann-Tomaltaigh, and


1] Conchobhar, son of Cathal Migaran, son of Toirdhelbhach
2] O'Conchobhair, and Muirchertach,son of Diarmaid,
3] son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh, and Muirghes, son
4] of Uada O'Concennain.


Duibhessa, daughter of Diarmaid,
5] son of Tadhg, wife of the Cosnamhach O'Dubhda,
6] mortua est.


Mor, daughter of Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair,
7] mortua est.


Diarmaid O'Rabhartaigh, abbot
8] of Durmhagh-Choluim-Chille, quievit.


Aillenn, daughter
9] of Riacan O'Maelruanaidh, i.e. wife of Airechtach
10] O'Radhuibh, mortua est.


Maelsechlainn O'Nechtain and
11] Gillaberaigh O'Sluaighedhaigh were slain by Toirdhelbhach,
12] son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair.


Simon Puer.

Annal LC1191


13] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 2nd of the
14] moon; the age of the Lord ninety-one years, and a hundred,
15] and a thousand.


Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair left
16] Connacht and went into Cenel-Conaill.


Domhnall, son
17] of Maelisa Mac-ind-abaid, moritur.


The Gaillimh became
18] dry this year, and an axe was found in it measuring
19] a hand from one point of it to the other; and a spear was
20] found in it, and the breadth of the blade of this spear was
21] three hands and three fingers; and its length was a hand
22] from the shoulder.


Echthighern, son of Maelciarain,
23] chief senior of Erinn, of Cluain-Iraird, moritur.


24] The castle of Rath-cuanartaigh was built.


Great wind
25] in this year.

Annal LC1192


26] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 13th of
27] the moon; the age of the Lord ninety-two years, and a
28] hundred, and a thousand.


The two sons of Mac Carghamhna,
29] and two sons of Tadhg Mac Ualairg, and


1] O'hAirt, and Branan Mac Branain, et alii cum eis, were
2] slain by Foreigners at Rath-Aedha; and a number of the
3] Foreigners themselves fell there.


Taithlech O'Dubhda,
4] king of Uí-Amhalghaidh and Uí-Fiachrach-Muaidhe, was
5] killed by the two sons of his own son.


A victory was
6] gained at Carraidh-echaraidh, over the Foreigners, by
7] Muinter-Maelsinna.


The Giurnassaigh were slain in
8] Mumha, and a great slaughter along with them.


9] castle of Ath-in-urchair, and the castle of Cill-Bixsighe,
10] were erected in this year.


Aedh O'Floinn, dux of Síl-Maelruain,
11] mortuus est.


Eochaidh O'Baeighill was slain
12] by the Uí-Fiachrach of Ard-sratha.

Annal LC1193


13] The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 24th of
14] the moon; the age of the Lord ninety-three years, and a
15] hundred, and a thousand.


Domhnall O'Biain, brilliant
16] lamp of peace and war, and kindling star of the honour
17] of Leth-Modha and the men of Mumha, died.


18] Foreigners went upon Inis-Uí-Finntain, and were driven
19] therefrom by force.


Cumhidhe O'Floinn was slain by the
20] Foreigners.


Great snow between the two Easters in
21] this year.


Diarmaid, son of Cubrogha O'Dimusaigh, dux
22] of Clann-Maelughra, and king of Uí-Failghe for a long
23] time, mortuus est.


Cathal Odhar, son of Mac Carthaigh,
24] occisus est.


Derbhorcaill, daughter of Murchadh
25] O'Maelsechlainn, mortua est in pilgrimage, in the monastery
26] of Droichet-atha.


Muirchertach, son of Murchadh
27] Mac Murchadha, king of Uí-Ceinnsealaigh, moritur.


28] O'Maelbhrenainn, dux of Clann-Conchobhair, occisus est.


29] Macbethaidh O'Dobhailen, airchinnech of Camach mortuus
30] est in pilgrimage, in Inis-Clothrann.


31] O'Muccaran, bishop of Airghiall, quievit.


The castle of
32] Domhnach-Maighen was erected in this year.




1] son of Donnchadh, king of Osraighe, died.


2] was plundered by Gilbert Mac Goisdealbh,
3] with his Foreigners, and by the sons of Gillachrist Mac
4] Carghamhna, viz.:—Gilla-Croichefraich and Amhlaibh,
5] having Muinter-Maelsinna along with them.


6] O'Cerbhaill was blinded.


Aenghus, son of Gorman
7] O'Ailghiusa, quievit in Christo on his pilgrimage in
8] Inis-Clothrann. v.ccc.xcviii.

Annal LC1194


9] The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 5th of the
10] moon; the age of the Lord ninety-four years, and a hundred,
11] and a thousand.


Echmarcach O'Cathain died in Recles-Poil.


12] The great priest of Hi died.


Sitric O'Gairmleghaigh
13] was slain by Mac Duinnsleibhe. Ab initio mundi
14] juxta lxx. Interpretes, vi.dc.xlvi; juxta vero Ebraeos,
15] v.ccc.xcviii. Ab Incarnatione autem juxta Ebraeos,
16] m.ccc.xlvii; secundum Dionysium, m.c.xciiii; juxta vero
17] Bedam, ab Incarnatione m.c.lxxxvii. Solaris quidem cycli,
18] i.e. cycli xxviii. annorum, xix. annus; cycli indictionis xii.
19] annus. Secundus annus praeparationis bissexti, cxxxi.
20] annus undecimi cycli magni paschalis ab initio mundi.


21] The son of Conchobhar, son of Domhnall Gerrlamhach
22] O'Briain, was blinded and emasculated by Foreigners.


23] The son of Maghnus Mac Duinnsleibhe was slain by
24] O'hAnluain.


A hosting by Gilbert Mac Goisdealbh to
25] Es-Ruaidh; and he returned from Es-Ruaidh without
26] having obtained much profit on this hosting.


27] O'Briain, bishop of Cill-Dalua, died. v.ccc.xcix.


Annal LC1195


1] The kalends of January on the lst feria, the l6th of
2] the moon; the age of the Lord ninety-five years, and a
3] hundred, and a thousand, secundum Dionysium. Ab
4] initio mundi, juxta lxx. Interpretes, vi.dc.xlvii; juxta
5] Ebraeos, v.ccc.xcix. Ab Incarnatione juxta Ebraeos,
6] m.cccc.xlviii; secundum Dionysium, m.c.xcv; secundum
7] Bedam, m.c.lxxxviii; solaris cycli xx. annus; tertius
8] annus praeparationis bissexti; cxxxii annus undecimi
9] cycli magni paschalis ab initio mundi.


Florence, grandson
10] of Riacan O'Maelruanaidh, bishop of Oilfinn, in
11] Christo quievit.


Ath-cliath from the bridge northwards
12] was burned.


A hosting by John de Curci and the son
13] of Hugo de Laci, to assume power over the Foreigners of
14] Laighen and Mumha.


Mac Goisdealbh was apprehended [...]
15] Cathal Crobhderg O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht
16] with the army of Connacht, went into Mumha;
17] and they destroyed many castles and towns therein, and
18] committed great depredations; and they returned safely.


19] The Gilla-sron-mhael O'Dochartaigh, and the Cenel-Conaill
20] likewise, turned against O'Maeldoraidh.


21] Crobhderg O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht, sent the men
22] of
the North of Connacht to assist him, and a battalion of
23] mercenaries along with them.


A great gathering of the men
24] of
Connacht by Cathal Crobhderg, to Ath-Luain, where
25] there were twelve hundred men, vel amplius; and John de
26] Curci, and the son of Hugo de Laci, and the nobles of the
27] Foreigners, came to meet him, when they made their peace.


28] Cathal, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh,
29] was expelled from Connacht into Mumha; and he came
30] again in the same year, through the strength of his hands,
31] into Connacht, until be reached Caislen-na-Caillighe; and
32] he killed many persons on his way from the south as far as


1] that; and he committed great depredations and plunderings,
2] as peace was not made with him.


Domhnall O'Finn,
3] comarb of Brenainn at Cluain-ferta, quievit. vcccc.


4] Recles of Paul and Peter, with its churches, and a part of
5] the Raths, was burned.


A hosting by Ruaidhri Mac
6] Duinnsleibhe, with the Foreigners, and with the sons of
7] the king of Connacht, to the Cenel-Eoghain and Airthera.


8] The Cenel-Eoghain of Telach-óg and the Airthera came,
9] however, to the plain of Ard-Macha, and gave them
10] battle, when a great multitude of their people were
11] slain; and a number of the sons of the king of Connacht
12] were killed in this defeat.


Muirchertach, son of
13] Muirchertach Mac Lachlainn, king of Cenel-Eoghain, and
14] royal heir of all Erinn, tower of the valour and bravery
15] of Leth-Chuinn, destroyer of Foreigners and of castles,
16] founder of churches and sanctuaries, was slain by
17] Donnchadh, son of Bloscadh O'Cathain, by the advice
18] of all the Cenel-Eoghain, viz.:—after having previously
19] sworn to him by the three shrines, and the Canoin-Patraic,
20] in the northern church of Ard-Macha; and his
21] body was conveyed to Doire-Choluim-Chille, and there
22] honourably interred.


The son of Bloscadh O'Cuirrin
23] plundered Termonn-Dabheóg, and he himself was killed
24] on account thereof, with a dreadful slaughter of his
25] people, before the end of a month, through the miracles of
26] Dabheóg.


In this year, moreover, Domhnall, son of Diarmaid
27] Mac Carthaigh, gained a victory over the Foreigners
28] of Mumha and Luimnech, in which a great multitude of


1] them were killed, and through which he afterwards
2] expelled them from Luimnech; and he inflicted two
3] other defeats also in this year.

Annal LC1196


4] The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 27th of
5] the moon; ninety-six years, and a hundred, and a thousand
6] ab Incarnatione Domini secundum Dionysium. Secundum
7] Bedam ab Incarnatione Domini, m.c.lxxxix. Ab
8] Incarnatione juxta Ebraeos, m.cccc.xlix. Ab initio mundi
9] juxta lxx. Interpretes, vi.dc.xlvii. Ab initio mundi juxta
10] Ebraeos v.cccc. Solaris cycli xxi. annus; cycli Indictionis
11] xiiii. annus; cycli luraris xvi. annus, atque bissextilis
12] annus; cxxxiii. annus ndecimi cycli magni paschalis
13] ab initio mundi.


[...]aigh O'Catharnaigh,
14] great priest of Cluain-mic-Nois, quievit in the monastery
15] of Cill-Becain, in the noviciate of a monk.


16] great abbess, daughter of O'Maelsechlainn, died.


17] predatory hosting by the Foreigners of Midhe, into the
18] territory of Uí-Briuin; but O'Ruairc, with his people,
19] encountered them, and the Foreigners were defeated, and
20] a countless number of them slain.


Ruaidhri O'Flaithbhertaigh,
21] king of the West of Connacht, went on the
22] sea, to escape from Cathal Crobhderg, and from the men
23] of Connacht also, and went to O'Briain.


24] again expelled him from O'Briain, and he was
25] driven to sea as before.


Great depredations were committed
26] by him O'Flaithbhertaigh in Conmaicne-mara,
27] and in Umhall.


Cathal O'Flaithbhertaigh was killed.


28] Ruaidhri Mac Duinnsleibhe conducted a large army
29] from Connacht, including the son of Maelisa O'Conchobhair,
30] and the son of Mac Murchadha, grandson of
31] Mael-na-mbó, and Brian Buidhe O'Flaithbhertaigh; but
32] the Airghialla, and O'hAnluain, and the chief men of
33] the Cenel-Eoghain assembled to meet them, viz.:—two
34] large battalions; and they gave one another battle, when


1] this army was all slain there, along with the son of
2] O'Conchobhair, and the son of Mac Murchadha, and the
3] son of O'Flaithbhertaigh; so that there escaped of them
4] only Mac Duinnsleibhe with a few on horses, and a very
5] few of the army. A great number of Muinter-Eolais
6] were slain by Ualgharg O'Ruairc, king of Breifne.


7] Ruaidhri O'Flaithbhertaigh went into Tir-Conaill, and
8] came from thence, along with the comarb of Patrick, into
9] the house of O'Conchobhair, and made peace with him;
10] and his territory was given to him.


The Gilla-ruadh,
11] son of Mac Ragnaill, chieftain of Muinter-Eolais, was
12] killed by Diarmaid, son of Maghnus O'Conchobhair, at
13] the instigation of the son of Cathal O'Ruairc, by whom
14] the Muinter-Eolais had previously been slain.


15] O'Ferghail, dux of Muinter-Anghaile, was slain by the
16] sons of Sitric O'Cuinn.


Mathghamhain, son of Conchobhar
17] Maenmhaighe, was slain by a mercenary of the
18] people of Domhnall O'Mordha.


Domhnall O'Mordha fell
19] himself at the same time by the hand of Cathal Carrach,
20] son of Conchobhar Maenmhaighe, in revenge of his
21] brother, i.e. Mathghamhain.


A hosting by John de
22] Curci, with the Foreigners of Ulidia, as far as Es-craeibhe,
23] when they erected the castle of Cill-Santail; and the
24] cantred of Cianachta was wasted by them from this


1] castle.


It was in this castle Rustel Pitun was left, together
2] with a large force.


Rustel Pitun came, moreover, on a
3] preying expedition to the harbour of Doire, and he plundered
4] Cluain-Hí, and Enach, and Derg-bruach.


But Flaithbhertach
5] O'Maeldoraidh, i.e. the king of Cenel-Conaill and
6] Cenel-Eoghain,with a small number of the Cenel-Conaill
7] and Cenel-Eoghain, overtook them, and defeated them on
8] the strand of the Nua-congmhail, where they were
9] slaughtered, along with the son of Ardghal Mac Lachlainn,
10] through the miracles of Colum-Cille, and of Cainnech,
11] and of Brecan, whom they had plundered there.


12] Gilla-Eidigh of Cianachta robbed the altar of the great
13] church of Doire-Choluim-Chille, and took therefrom the
14] four best goblets that were in Erinn, viz:—Mac-riabhach,
15] and Mac-solus, and the goblet of O'Maeldoraidh,
16] and the Cam-coruinn, i.e. the goblet of O'Dochartaigh; and
17] he broke them, and took off their precious things. These
18] articles were found on the third day after being stolen;
19] and the person who stole them was discovered, and he
20] was hanged at Cros-na-riagh in revenge of Colum-Cille,
21] whose altar had been profaned.


Conchobhar O'Cathain
22] died.


Flaithbhertach O'Maeldoraidh, king of Cenel-Conaill,
23] and Cenel-Eoghain, and Airghiall, the defender
24] of Temhair, and royal heir of all Erinn—viz.:—a Conall
25] in heroism, a Cuchullain in valour, and a Guaire in hospitality—
26] died after great suffering, in Inis-Saimer, on the
27] fourth of the nones of February, in the thirtieth year
28] of his reign, and the nine and fiftieth year of his age;


1] and he was honourably interred at Druim-thuama. And
2] Echmarcach O'Dochartaigh assumed the sovereignty of
3] Cenel-Conaill immediately after; and he was only a
4] fortnight in the sovereignty when John de Curci,
5] accompanied by a large army, went across Tuaim
6] into Tir-Eoghain, and from thence to Ard-sratha, and
7] afterwards round to Doire-Choluim-Chille, where they
8] remained five nights.


They went afterwards to
9] Cnoc-Nascain, to transport themselves across it.


10] Cenel-Conaill, however, with Echmarcach O'Dochartaigh,
11] came towards them, and gave them battle, when
12] two hundred of them the Cenel-Conail were slain,
13] together with their king, i.e. Echmarcach O'Dochartaigh,
14] and Donnchadh O'Tairchert, king-chieftain of
15] Clann-Sneidhghile, and Gillabrighde O'Dochartaigh, and
16] Mac Dubhán, and Mac Ferghail, and the sons of
17] O'Baighill, et aliis nobilibus; and they the Foreigners
18] plundered Inis-Eoghain, and carried off therefrom a great
19] cattle-spoil.

Annal LC1197


20] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 9th of
21] the moon; ninety-seven years, and a hundred, and a
22] thousand ab Incarnatione secundum Dionysium. Ab
23] Incarnatione secundum Bedam, m.c.lxxxx. Ab Incarnatione
24] juxta Ebraeos, m.cccc.i. Ab initio mundi juxta
25] Ebraeos, v.cccc.i. Ab initio mundi secundum lxx. Interpretes,
26] vi.dc.xlix. Solaris cycli xxii. annus; cycli Indictionis
27] xu. annus; cycli lunaris xvii. annus; primus
28] annus praeparationis bissexti; cxxxiiii. annus cycli
29] magni paschalis undecimi ab initio mundi.


30] O'Flaithbhertaigh, king of the West of Connacht, was
31] apprehended by Cathal Crobhderg O'Conchobhair,
32] king of Connacht.


The bishop O'Maelciarain, i.e.
33] bishop of Airghiall, and a monk for a long time,
34] and abbot of Droiched-átha, mortuus est.


35] son of Mac Raghnaill, dux of Muinter-Eolais, was
36] slain.


Conchobhar, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg


1] O'Maelruanaidh, king of Magh-Luirg, mortuus est in the
2] monastery of Buill in the noviciate of a monk.


3] O'Branan resigned his comarbship; and Gillachrist
4] O'Cernaigh was ordained in his place, by the election
5] of the laity and clergy of the North of Erinn, in the
6] abbacy of Colum-Cille. v.cccc.ii.

Annal LC1198


7] The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 20th of
8] the moon; Ab Incarnatione Domini secundum Dionysium,
9] ninety-eight years, and a hundred, and a thousand, the
10] age of the Lord. Ab Incarnatione secundum Bedam,
11] m.c.lxxxxi. Ab Incarnatione secundum Ebraeos,
12] Ab initio mundi juxta Ebraeos, v.cccc.ii; ab initio mundi
13] juxta lxx. Interpretes, vi.dc.l. Solaris cycli xxiii. annus;
14] cycli Indictionis primus annus; cycli lunaris xviii.
15] annus; secundus annus praeparationis bissexti; cxxxv.
16] annus undecimi cycli magni paschalis ab initio mundi.


17] Goffraidh, son of Goffraidh O'Raighilligh, was slain by
18] O'Donnchadha, in treachery.


Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhealbhach
19] Mór O'Conchobhair, i.e. the king of all Erinn,
20] both of Foreigners and Gaeidhel, without dispute, died
21] at Cunga-Feichin, after triumphing over the world
22] and the devil.


Aedh, son of Brian Breifnech, son of
23] Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair, was slain by Cathal
24] Carrach O'Conchobhair.


A great nut crop in this year,


1] so that no man in the later time witnessed a greater
2] crop than it.


A hosting by John de Curci among the
3] churches of Ulidia, i.e. Ard-sratha and Rath-bhoth, and
4] they were destroyed by him until he reached Doire,
5] where he remained two nights over a week, devastating
6] Inis-Eoghain and the country besides; and he departed
7] not for a long time, until Aedh O'Neill went with five
8] ships to Cill [...] in Latharna, and burned a part of
9] the town, and killed thirty-eight persons there. At this
10] time the Foreigners of Magh-line and Dal-Araidhe, to the
11] number
of three hundred, both in iron and without iron,
12] were before them, and they observed nothing until the
13] Foreigners poured in upon them; and they delivered
14] battle in the middle of the town, when the Foreigners
15] were defeated; and they the Irish inflicted five defeats on
16] them in addition, and went to their ships in spite of them;
17] and only five of the people of O'Neill were lost. John
18] departed when he heard this, postea.

Annal LC1199


19] The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 1st of
20] the moon. Ab Incarnatione secundum Dionysium, m.c.xcix;
21] ab Incarnatione secundum Bedam, m.c.xcii;
22] ab Incarnatione secundum Ebraos, m.cccc.lii; ab initio
23] mundi secundum Ebraos, u.cccc.iii; ab initio secundum
24] lxx. Interpretes,; cycli solaris xxiiii. annus; cycli
25] Indictionis ii. annus; cycli lunaris xix. annus; tertius
26] annus praeparationis bissexti; cxxxui. annus undecimi
27] cycli magni paschalis ab initio mundi.


Peace was
28] made by Cathal Crobhderg and Cathal Carrach; and
29] Cathal Carrach was brought into the country, and land


1] was given to him.


Ruaidhri O'Flaithbhertaigh was set
2] free.


A depredation was comitted on the Foreigners by
3] Cathal Crobhderg, who burned the bódhún of Ath, and
4] killed many persons; and they carried with them many
5] cows to their homes.


Gormghal O'Cuinn, dux of Muinter-Gillcan,
6] was taken prisoner by the Foreigners; and his
7] people were reduced to great distress from want of food
8] and clothing, after being plundered by the Foreigners.


9] castle of Granard was built in this year.


Aedh O'Cuinn,
10] and the son of Aedh-na-namus, and some more of the
11] Conmaicne were slain by the mercenaries of Connacht.


12] The Foreigners performed three great hostings to Tir-Eoghain
13] this year, and on the third hosting which they
14] performed they encamped at Domhnach-mor of Magh-Imchlair,
15] and they sent out a great army to devastate the
16] country. Aedh O'Neill came to meet this army, and he
17] encountered the Foreigners, and inflicted on them a countless
18] slaughter; and the remainder of the Foreigners escaped
19] in the night, and went across Tuaim.


Sanctus Mauricius
20] O'Baedan in Hi-Choluim-Chille in pace quievit.


A hosting
21] by Ruaidhri O'Duinnsleibhe, with some of the Foreigners
22] of Midhe; and they plundered the monastery of Paul
23] and Peter, so that they left only one cow in it.


24] O'Dochartaigh, king of Cenel-Enna and Ard-Midhair, in
25] pace quievit.


Roland Mac Uchtraigh, king of Gall-Gaeidhel,
26] quievit.

Annal LC1200


27] The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 12th of
28] the moon; the age of the Lord two hundred years, and a
29] thousand.


Donnchadh, son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair,


1] who was called Donnchadh Uaithnech, was slain by the
2] Foreigners who were in Luimnech.


A great depredation by
3] Cathal Crobhderg and the Connachtmen, in the West of
4] Midhe; and they carried off an enormous spoil of cows
5] and horses, and pigs, and sheep; and they came safely
6] past the Bruighin hither, without a blow being struck
7] against them, saving that three or four of them were
8] killed on scouting parties. The Foreigners turned back
9] from them then, except a few men whom they left watching
10] them. When the Connachtmen, however, saw the Foreigners
11] turning back from them, each one of them went
12] off with his prey, except O'Conchobhair, and O'Flaithbhertaigh,
13] and Mac Goisdealbh, who remained after them
14] with a very small company. When the watching band
15] left by the Foreigners saw this, they went back after the
16] Foreigners, and informed them that the host had departed
17] with their preys, except a very small company that remained
18] in their track. The Foreigners pursued the host,
19] and overtook them immediately, and routed the Gaeidhel before them;
20] and Ruaidhri O'Flaithbhertaigh, king of
21] the West of Connacht, was slain there; and Amhlaibh
22] O'Cuinn, of the Muinter-Gillcán, was the person that slew
23] him. Cathal O'Concennuinn, king of Uí-Diarmada, was
24] slain there, et alii multi cum istis interfecti sunt, of the
25] sons of warriors, and attendants; sed tamen non multi
26] sed pauci interfecti sunt ibi, si verum est ut nunciatum est
27] nobis. O'Conchobhair was left without a man in his company,
28] except Muirchertach Mac Merain, i.e. his doorkeeper,


1] and one other warrior, i.e. the son of Ceithernach Ua Cerin;
2] and he escaped thus. The Foreigners followed up the rout
3] as far as Ath-Luain, and they turned back then, and
4] brought their preys with them, and a great number of
5] the horses of Connacht.


A hosting by Cathal Crobhderg
6] until he reached Tir-Fiachrach-Aighne, as if he went
7] to protect his own land. It was not so in reality; but
8] it was a treacherous and malicious hosting, of which
9] came the destruction of Connacht, and his own destruction,
10] viz.:—to attack Cathal Carrach, son of Conchobhair
11] Maenmhaighe O'Conchobhair, to expel him from
12] Connacht, or to capture him, or to kill him. When
13] Cathal Carrach heard this he sent his people into the
14] woods, and he was himself behind them with all his
15] army. Cathal Crobhderg advanced towards him from the west, from
16] Tir-Fiachrach; and when he reached the
17] middle of the territory of Cathal Carrach, he sent a
18] large army in pursuit of him, with Toirdhelbhach son
19] of Ruaidhri, and other sons of Ruaidhri; and with
20] Maelchulaird O'Flaithbhertaigh, king of the West
21] of Connacht; and with the grandsons of Tadhg O'Cellaigh;
22] and with the knight O'Maelsechlainn, and with
23] the Midhe band. And when they arrived in the
24] wood they were opposed, and battle was given to them,
25] and the people of Cathal Crobhderg were defeated;
26] and Maelchulaird O'Flaithbhertaigh, and the knight
27] O'Maelsechlainn, and Iughuláid Mac Conmedha, and
28] Domhnall, son of the Gilla-dubh O'Laedhóc, were
29] slain there. Cathal Carrach afterwards sent messengers
30] to Luimnnech, to William Burk, and they delivered the
31] son of Cathal Carrach into his hands as a pledge for
32] the pay of the Foreigners. William Burk subsequently
33] assembled a large host from Ath-cliath, and from Laighen,
34] and the Foreigners of Luimnech and Mumha besides,
35] and the two O'Briains, viz.:—Muirchertach and
36] Conchobhar Ruadh, with their armies, to the assistance


1] of Cathal Carrach. They were but a short time in the district
2] when Cathal Crobhderg left it, after hearing that the
3] hostages of Tomaltach, son of Conchobhar Mac Diarmada,
4] and of Mac Oirechtaigh, and all the Síl-Muireghaigh, and
5] of the Tuatha, and of O'Gadhra, and of O'hEghra, and
6] of O'Dubhda, were taken by Cathal Carrach. What
7] Cathal Crobhderg did was to go into the North, to the
8] house of O'Eighnigh, king of Feara-Manach, and from
9] thence to O'Neill, i.e. Aedh O'Neill, and to John de
10] Curci in Ulidia. However, Cathal Carrach and William
11] Burk, and the two O'Briains, with their Foreigners and
12] Gaeidhel, left neither church nor territory from Echtghe
13] to Dún-Rossárach, and from the Sinuinn westwards to
14] the sea, that they did not pillage and destroy, so that
15] neither church, nor altar, nor priest, nor monk, nor canon,
16] nor abbot, nor bishop, afforded protection against this
17] demoniacal host; and they used to strip the priests in
18] the churches, and carry off the women, and every kind of
19] property and stock found in the churches, without regard
20] to saint or sanctuary, or to any power on earth; so that
21] never before was there inflicted on the Connachtmen any
22] punishment of famine, nakedness, and plundering like
23] this punishment. The Connachtmen had an encampment
24] at Ath-liac from the festival of Brigid until a
25] fortnight before May-day, and they plundered nearly all
26] Muinter-Gillcan, and slew and plundered O'Duibhidhir of
27] Muinter-Anghaile.


Faelan O'Donnchadha was slain by
28] the Dartraighe.


A cold, foodless year, the equal of which
29] no man witnessed in that age.


A predatory hosting
30] by the Connachtmen into Mumha, and they burned
31] the bodhún of Luimnech, and Caislen-Uí-Conaing, and


1] many other places; and two other predatory expeditions
2] were led by the same Connachtmen, and they plundered
3] the West of Midhe, and Uí-Failghe.


4] Mac Eochagain was slain by the Uí-Failghe.


An act of
5] treachery was committed by the Foreigners of Uladh
6] against the Airthera, who were nearly all slain.


7] hosting by Cathal Carrach and the Foreigners of Mumha,
8] into Connacht, when they burned nearly all the churches
9] of Connacht, and devastated all Connacht.

Annal LC1201


10] The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 23rd of
11] the moon; the age of the Lord one year, and two hundred, and a thousand.


12] Ruaidhri Mac Duinnsleibhe, king
13] of Uladh, i.e. the lamp of valour and prowess of all the
14] Gaeidhel, was slain by the Foreigners of John de Curci,
15] after they had met him alone, undefended, through
16] the miracles of Paul and Peter, and of Patrick, whom he
17] profaned.


A predatory expedition by Cathal Crobhderg
18] O'Conchobhair, accompanied by O'Neill, and by
19] O'hEighnigh, king of Feara-Manach, with a small army;
20] and they plundered Cuil-cnamha, i.e. the people of
21] Diarmaid, son of Conchobhar, son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh.


22] Another predatory expedition by Cathal
23] Crobhderg, with all his own army, into Tir-Aililla, when
24] he plundered many persons of the people of Tomaltach,
25] son of Conchobhar, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh,
26] king of Magh-Luirg.


Cadhla O'Dubhthaigh,
27] archbishop of the province of Connacht, in Christo
28] quievit.


Cathal Crobhderg O'Conchobhair, with all
29] his army; and O'Neill, with all his army; and the
30] Cenel-Eoghain; and a multitude of the Cenel-Conaill;
31] and O'hEighnigh, king of Feara-Manach, with all
32] his forces, went into Connacht until they reached


1] Tech-Baeithin, in Airtech; and they committed a great
2] depredation on the people of Tomaltach Mac Diarmada,
3] and slew many men of his people. A dispute arose afterwards
4] between Cathal Crobhderg and the chieftains of
5] the North. The cause of this dispute was as follows,
6] viz.:—what Cathal Crobhderg wished was to go against
7] Cathal Carrach and William Burk; and the other party said
8] that they would not go towards the Foreigners, because
9] they had been informed, when they left their homes, that
10] there were no Foreigners in the army of Cathal Carrach.
11] On this account they separated one from the other, and
12] Cathal Crobhderg went into the west of Connacht, and
13] the other party went towards their own country; and
14] the way they proceeded was to Sliabh-Lugha, and into
15] Corann. This fact was told to Cathal Carrach, and to
16] William Burk. The resolution they adopted was to go
17] after the Northern party; and they came up with them
18] as they were crossing the bridge of Es-dara, and followed
19] them to Droichet-Martra. The Northern party turned to
20] give them battle; but battle was not accepted from them.
21] The Connachtmen afterwards returned, and caught
22] O'hEighnigh, king of Feara-Manach, and he was slain;
23] and not because he did not act bravely, but because
24] he was outnumbered. O'Neill turned back in his path,
25] in subjection, and he was not allowed to leave the
26] church of Es-Dara until he gave hostages and peace
27] to Cathal Carrach. Great numbers of them were
28] slain, moreover, from thence to Druim-cliabh, and to


1] Dun-Uí-Airmhedhaigh, and to Sáil-Beinne.


2] son of Aedh, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair, comarb
3] of Patrick, and primate of Erinn, and bishop of Síl-Muiredhaigh,
4] in Christo quievit. In Magh-Mura-na-hechloisce
5] vitam finivit, whilst going to Ard-Macha.


6] Aedh, son of Taichlech O'Dubhda, king of Uí-Amhalghaidh,
7] occisus est.


8] A great hosting to Connacht by John de Curci and
9] Hugo the younger, son of Hugo de Laci, accompanied by a
10] great number of the Foreigners of Midhe, together with
11] Cathal Crobhderg, to contest the sovereignty with Cathal
12] Carrach; and the way they went was to Es-Ruaidh, and
13] into Cairpre-Droma-cliabh, into Corann, into Corrsliabh-na-Seghsa,
14] into Magh-Luirg-in-Daghda, into Magh-Nai,
15] into Maighe-Finna, to Dun-Leodha, into Maenmhagh, into
16] Tir-Fiachrach-Aighne, until they reached Cill-Mic-Duach.
17] And the reason they proceeded so far southwards was in
18] pursuit of the cows and people of the Connachtmen, and
19] of Cathal Carrach, which had been carried off by Cathal
20] Carrach to Tuadh-Mumha and to Cenel-Aedha of Echtghe,
21] both men and cattle; and he himself was behind his
22] people, with all his forces. These hosts were informed
23] of the wood in which was the camp of Cathal Carrach
24] and the men of Connacht; and the resolution they
25] adopted was to move towards the camp. And when
26] they reached the wood they cut it down, and made a
27] great road before them until they arrived at the camp,
28] which they found empty, after having been abandoned


1] by Cathal Carrach a short time previously, when he was
2] informed that this host was approaching him. And he
3] was in another place in the wood, a short distance from
4] the camp, awaiting them. The resolution the Foreigners
5] adopted, when they reached the camp, was to go towards
6] their horse-boys and horses, whom they had left outside the
7] wood, and those of their host whom they had left behind.
8] When Cathal Carrach and the Connachtmen saw this,
9] viz.:—the others turning out again, they went after
10] them, and overtook them in the clearing which they the
11] Foreigners
had themselves made. When they mingled,
12] one with the other, the battle was won by Cathal Carrach
13] and the Connachtmen, and sixty, vel amplius, of the nobles
14] of John de Curci's people were slain there, .i.e. of the
15] nobles of the Foreigners of Magh-Line, and of all Uladh, of
16] their barons and knights; and John himself was struck
17] with a stone, so that he fell from his horse. As soon as
18] they came out of the wood to their people the attack
19] ceased, and the resolution they adopted was to turn
20] back in their track; and they proceeded that night to
21] Ard-rathain. On the morrow they went to Tuaim-da-ghualann;
22] and what they said publicly was, that they
23] would remain in Tuaim that night; but they did not
24] do so, for they departed as soon as the night came, and
25] marched
until they arrived at Cill-Dachonne, at the head
26] of Tochar-mona-Coinnedha, where they remained until
27] the morning came. When the morning came they
28] departed, and they went that day to Ros-Comain. On
29] the morrow they proceeded to Rinn-dúin on Loch-Rí,
30] and they were a week transporting the army, and their
31] horses, and their property, eastwards across Loch-rí.
32] And neither Cathal Carrach nor the Connachtmen heard
33] of this until the last day of the transportation. When
34] Cathal Carrach and the Connachtmen heard of it, they


1] followed them to Rinn-dúin, and killed as many as they
2] overtook, and those whom they did not overtake were
3] drowned while escaping; and a great many men were
4] drowned whilst being conveyed across during the preceding
5] week. As soon as the Foreigners arrived in Midhe
6] they arrested Cathal Crobhderg as a pledge for the payment
7] of
wages; and John was taken to Ath-cliath until
8] he gave pledges from himself that he would obey the
9] king of the Saxons.


Conchobhar-na-Glaisfheine, son of
10] Cathal O'Ruairc, was drowned.


The Foreigners released
11] Cathal Crobhderg.


Conchobhar Bec Mac Lachlainn was
12] slain by the Cenel-Conaill.


Aedh O'Neill was dethroned
13] by the Cenel-Eoghain in this year.


14] O'Floinn was slain by the Foreigners, in treachery.


15] Maghnus, son of Diarmaid Mac Lachlainn, was killed
16] by Muirchertach O'Neill. Muirchertach O'Neill was
17] himself slain there.

Annal LC1202


18] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 4th of
19] the moon; the age of the Lord two years, and two
20] hundred, and a thousand.


Felix O'Dubhláin, bishop of
21] Osraighe, mortuus est.


The bishop O'Mellaigh mortuus
22] est.


Cathal Crobhderg went into Mumha, to William
13] Burk, after being released from his bonds.


24] Presbyter Cardinalis de Monte Celio, qui et legatus
25] Apostolicae sedis erat, in Hiberniam venit.


A hosting by


1] Cathal and William Burk, and by the sons of Domhnall
2] O'Briain, i.e. Muirchertach and Conchobhar Ruadh, and
3] by Finghin, son of Mac Carthaigh, into Connacht, until
4] they reached the monastery of Ath-da-larag, on the
5] Buill, in which they fixed their residence; and they
6] were three days in it, so that they polluted and
7] defiled the entire monastery; and such was the extent
8] of the defilement that the mercenaries of the army had
9] the women in the hospital of the monks, and in the
10] houses of the cloister, and in every place in the
11] entire monastery besides. No structure in the monastery
12] was left without breaking and burning, except
13] the roofs of the houses alone; and even of these a
14] great portion was broken and burned. No part of the
15] buildings of the entire monastery was allowed to the
16] monks and brothers, excepting only the dormitory of
17] the monks, and the house of the novices. A stone
18] wall was commenced by William Burk, on this occasion,
19] round the great stone house of the guests, and two
20] days' work was devoted to its erection. Cathal Carrach,
21] son of Conchobhar Maenmhaige, king of Connacht,
22] was killed by the Foreigners on the third day of
23] the building of the stone wall. The erection of the stone
24] wall, moreover, was interrupted after the killing of Cathal
25] Carrach. There were others also slain along with the
26] king, viz.:—Diarmaid, son of Gillachrist, son of Diarmaid,
27] son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh, and Tomaltach, son of
28] Taichlech O'Dubhda, et alii multi. They subsequently
29] left the monastery; and after they had left it William
30] Burk permitted the sons of O'Briain, and the son of
31] Mac Carthaigh, to depart with their forces. The resolution
32] that Cathal Crobhderg and William Burk adopted,


1] moreover, was to despatch their mercenaries throughout
2] Connacht, to levy their wages; and William Burk, together
3] with all who were with him, and Cathal Crobhderg, went
4] to Cunga-Feichín. After this a miraculous event happened,
5] and it is not known whether it occurred through
6] a man, or through the spirit of God in the shape of
7] a man, viz.:—it was reported that William Burk had
8] been killed; and there was not a road in Connacht by
9] which this report did not come. The resolution adopted
10] by the tribes on hearing this news, was, as if they had
11] taken counsel together, viz.:—each man to kill his guest.
12] And thus it was done, viz.:—each tribe killed all that
13] came to them; and the loss, according to the report of
14] their own people, was nine hundred, vel amplius. When
15] William Burk heard that his people had been slain, he
16] plotted against O'Conchobhair; but timely notice reached
17] O'Conchobhair, and he left the place where William
18] was; and William went to Mumha, after losing the
19] majority of his people.


20] A synod of the clerics of Erinn,
21] both Foreigners and Gaeidhel, in Ath-cliath, with the
22] Cardinal, i.e. Johannes Presbyter de Monte Celio.


23] synod of Connacht, both laics and clerics, at Ath-Luain,
24] with the same Cardinal, at the end of a fortnight.


25] Tadhg O'Brain, king of Luighne, died.


26] son of Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair,
27] was taken prisoner by Cathal Crobhderg; and they who
29] arrested him were these, viz.:—Donnchadh O'Dubhda,
30] king of Uí-Amhalghaidh, and Conchobhar Got O'hEghra,
31] king of Luighne of Connacht, and Diarmaid, son of Ruaidhri


1] O'Conchobhair, the son of his own father, and Diarmaid, son
2] of Ruaidhri, son of Maghnus, i.e. the grandson of his father's
3] brother.


Maelfinnein Mac Colmain, a high, choice senior,
4] in pace quievit.


Domhnall Carrach O'Dochartaigh, king-chieftain
5] of Ard-Midhair, was slain by Muinter-Buighill,
6] after plundering many churches and territories.


7] O'Brolchán, a prior, and an illustrious, choice senior for
8] figure, for sense, for gentleness, for dignity, for wisdom,
9] and for great piety, post magnam tribulationem et
10] optimam poenitentiam, in quinta kalendas Maii quievit.

Annal LC1203


11] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 15th of
12] the moon; the age of the Lord two hundred and three
13] years, and a thousand.


A hosting by William Burk,
14] accompanied by the Foreigners of Mumha and Midhe,
15] into Connacht, when he erected a castle at Mílec, in Síl-Anmchadha;
16] and the place where the castle was erected
17] was round the great church of the place, which was lined
18] round with earth and stones to the pinnacles; and they
19] devastated the West of Connacht, both church and territory.


20] Great famine in all Erinn generally in this year, so
21] that the clergy used to eat meat in Lent.


22] and Mílec, and Cluain-mic-Nois were plundered
23] by William Burk.


Conchobhar RuadhO'Briain was
24] slain by his own brother, i.e. Muirchertach, son of
25] Domhnall, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Briain.


26] son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, escaped from his
27] bonds; and Cathal Crobhderg made peace with him, and
28] gave him land.


A hosting by the Justice, i.e. by Meiler,


1] and by Walter de Laci, into Mumha, to expel William
2] Burk. When William heard this he went to meet them,
3] and he left a number of his people in the aforesaid castle.
4] Meiler and Walter went towards Luimnech; and when
5] they had arrived at Luimnech, William sent messengers
6] for the forces which he had left in the castle. They
7] afterwards escaped and left the castle empty, at the
8] command of their lord, and through scarcity of food, and
9] through fear of the men of Connacht. The Connachtmen
10] levelled the castle after that. William left Luimnech.
11] Three castles were given to him, and twelve hostages of
12] the nobles of his people were given by him, together with
13] his own son and daughter. Meiler afterwards returned
14] from Luimnech.


Toirdhelbhach, son of Ruaidhri, was
15] banished from Connacht by Cathal Crobhderg, and sent
16] into Midhe; and peace was immediately made with him
17] through the intercession of the Foreigners, viz.:— Meiler
18] and Walter.


A hosting by the sons of Goisdelbh and by
19] young Meiler, together with Domhnall Carrach O'Maeldoraidh,
20] to Tir-Conaill, to recover the sovereignty for
21] Domhnall Carrach; and Domhnall Carrach himself was
22] slain by the Cenel-Conaill on this expedition.


23] was emptied, and Cunga-Feichín was rased, so
24] that it was
without a house or church, and the churches
25] of nearly all Connacht were emptied.


26] was burned, from Relic-Martain to Tiprait-Adhomnain.


27] Diarmaid, son of Muirchertach Mac Lachlainn,
28] accompanied by the Foreigners, went on a predatory
29] expedition to Tir-Eoghain; and they plundered
30] Scrin-Choluim-Chille; but a number of the Cenel-Eoghain
31] came up with them, and the Foreigners were defeated, and
32] Diarmaid Mac Lachlainn was slain, through the miracles


1] of the shrine.


A hosting by the son of Hugo de Laci,
2] with the Foreigners of Midhe, to Ulidia; and they banished
3] John de Curci from Ulidia.

Annal LC1204


4] The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 26th of
5] the moon; the age of the Lord two hundred and four
6] years, and a thousand; and the eighteenth year of the
7] Nineteen.


Easter on the seventh of the kalends of May
8] in this year, and Little Easter in summer.


9] Mac-an-abaidh died at Sruthair-Bracain, on his pilgrimage
10] with his monks.


Muirchertach Tephtach, son of Conchobhar
11] Maenmhaighe, son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, was
12] slain by Diarmaid, son of Ruaidhri, and by Aedh, son of
13] Ruaidhri, his father's two brothers.


A victory by
14] Domhnall, son of Mac Carthaigh, and the men of Des-Mumha,
15] over the Foreigners, ubi ceciderunt clx. uiri, vel
16] amplius.


The Glasfhian were slain by Cathal Crobhderg
17] and the Connachtmen and the king of the Glasfhian,
18] i.e. Mant-na-mulchán O'Ruairc, was captured by them,
19] and blinded.


A woman was brought to him whilst he
20] lay suffering from the operation, and shared his company;
21] and he died soon after.


Echmhilidh, son of the
22] comarb of Finnen, bishop of Uladh, died.


23] was practised by the Connachtmen against the son of
24] O'Ruairc and the sons of O'Maelmhiadhaigh, who were
25] slain.


A battle between young Hugo, son of Hugo de Laci,
26] with the Foreigners of Midhe, and John de Curci with the
27] Foreigners of Uladh.


John de Curci was taken prisoner,


1] and released after having been crossed to go to Jerusalem.


2] Two sons of Donnsleibhe were slain by the Uí-Echach,
3] in treachery.


Sitric O'Sroithen, airchinnech of
4] the Congbhail, quievit.