Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition
Annals of the Four Masters (Author: [unknown])

Annal M1511


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1511. The Age of Christ, one thousand five hundred eleven.


Art, the son of Con O'Neill, who was in O'Donnell's custody at his setting out for Rome, was liberated from his captivity, by Manus, the son of O'Donnell, without leave from O'Donnell; and Niall Oge, the son of Art, gave himself up in his stead, as a pledge for the observance of every peace which they had concluded.


Thomas, the son of Andrew Mac Brady, Bishop and Erenagh of the two Breifnys during a period of thirty years; the only dignitary whom the English and Irish obeyed; a paragon of wisdom and piety; a luminous lamp, that enlightened the laity and clergy by instruction and preaching; and a faithful shepherd of the Church—after having ordained priests and persons in every degree—after having consecrated many churches and cemeteries—after having bestowed rich presents and food on the poor and the mighty, gave up his spirit to heaven on the 4th of the Calends of March (or August), which fell on a Tuesday, at Druim-da-ethiar—having gone to Breifny to consecrate a church, in the sixty-seventh year of his age—and was buried in the monastery of Cavan, the day of the week being Friday.


Cormac Magauran, who was called Bishop in Breifny, died before Christmas.


The greater part of the old works of the church of Armagh were burned.


O'Conor Faly (Cahir, the son of Con, son of Calvagh), general patron of the learned, a distinguished captain among the English and Irish, was slain by a party of his own tribe, namely, by the sons of Teige O'Conor and the sons of John Ballagh O'Conor, beside Mainistir-Feorais.



O'Kelly (Melaghlin, the son of Teige, son of Donough, son of Melaghlin, son of William, who was son of Donough Muimhneach), died. He was a supporter of his territory, friends, and sons, and a general patron of the learned and distressed. It was he who erected the castles of Gallach, Garbh-dhoire, and Muine-an-Mheadha.


Mac Murrough (Murrough Ballagh, son of Donough, who was son of Art), died.


Thomas, the son of Glasny, son of Conor O'Reilly, and Edmond, son of Glasny, died.


Glasny, the son of Conor, who was son of John O'Reilly, was slain by the household of Mac Mahon.


Owen, son of Brian Roe, who was son of Cathal O'Reilly, died.


O'Doherty (John, the son of Donnell, son of Conor) died; and Conor Carragh was called O'Doherty.


Mac Donough of Tirerrill (John) died; and his brother, Farrell, Tanist of Tirerrill, was slain by Mac Dermot.


Art, the son of Con, son of Henry O'Neill, accepted stipend from Hugh, the son of Donnell, son of Henry.


John, the son of Edmond, son of Thomas Oge Maguire, died.


The Dillon (i.e. James), of Machaire-Chuircne Kilkenny West, died.


Hugh, the son of Felim, son of Manus, was slain by James, the son of John, son of the Bishop Maguire.


Duffy, the son of Duffy O'Duigennan, a learned historian, and a man of great affluence and riches, died.


An army was led by O'Neill (Art, son of Hugh) into Tirconnell; and he burned Gleann-Finne and the country from the Swilly hitherwards, and also forced O'Doherty to give him hostages.



Kinel-Farry, in Tyrone, was totally plundered by Manus O'Donnell.


O'Neill (Art, the son of Hugh) mustered an army, and proceeded into Tirconnell, after O'Donnell had set out for Rome. Manus O'Donnell, the three Mac Sweenys, and the principal chieftains of Tirconnell proceeded to protect and defend the country as well as they could; and O'Neill passed on with his army from the mountain eastwards, and returned to his house without prey or battle.

Annal M1512


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1512. The Age of Christ, one thousand five hundred twelve.


Hugh O'Maelmocheirghe, Coarb of Dromlane, was drowned.


Pierce Mac Craidin, Dean of Clann-Hugh, died.


Niall, the son of Con, son of Hugh Boy, son of Brian Ballagh O'Neill, Lord of Trian-Congail, a man of general hospitality, exalter of the religious orders and of the churches, a successful and triumphant man, who had not paid tribute to the Clann-Neill or Clann-Daly, or to the deputy of the King of England,— a man of very long prosperity and life, and a man well skilled in the sciences, both of history, poetry, and music, died on the 11th of April.


Art, the son of Con, son of Niall Garv O'Donnell, died of a fit of sickness, on the 23rd of December, in Mur-na-mbrathar, at Donegal, and was honourably interred in the monastery.


Tuathal O'Clery (i.e. the O'Clery), the son of Teige Cam, a man learned in history and poetry, who kept a house of general hospitality for the indigent and the mighty, died, after unction and penance, on the twelfth of November.


O'Donnell (Hugh, the son of Hugh Roe) returned from Rome, after having finished his pilgrimage, and having spent sixteen weeks in London on his way to Rome, and sixteen weeks on his return. He received great honour and


respect from the King of England, King Henry. He arrived safely in Ireland, but was for some time lying ill of a fever, in Meath. On recovering his health, he went home to his house; and the clergy and laity were glad and joyous at his return.


A great war broke out between O'Donnell and O'Neill (Art, the son of Hugh). And another war also broke out between O'Donnell and Mac William Burke (Edmond, the son of Rickard). O'Donnell hired fifteen hundred axe-men in Tirconnell, Fermanagh, and the province of Connaught, and billeted them on those places. He and Manus afterwards marched with their forces from Derry, until they reached Lower Connaught, and from thence into Gaileanga; and they besieged the castle of Bel-an-Chlair; and they took the town, and left their warders in it; they then returned over Sliabh Gamh, into Tireragh, where they remained for some time. When Mac William Burke heard of this occurrence, he marched with all his forces, and surrounded the castle of Bel-an-Chlair, in which O'Donnell had left his warders; but when O'Donnell heard that Mac William was besieging the town, he returned vigorously and expeditiously over Sliabh Gamh. Mac William, being apprized of O'Donnell's approach, left the town, so that O'Donnell was not able to overtake him. Mac William then proceeded into Tireragh, and placed provisions and warders in the castle of Eiscir-Abhann, having previously taken that castle from its hereditary possessors, to whom O'Donnell had sometime before given it up. When O'Donnell was informed that Mac William had gone into Tireragh, he followed him eagerly and expeditiously back again over Sliabh Gamh; but Mac William being made aware of this, he left his son and heir, Ulick, son of


Edmond, son of Rickard, and other guards along with him, in the castle of Esker-Abhann, and he himself marched forward, with all the speed that might be, for Ardnarea. Some of O'Donnell's horsemen, espying Mac William, went in pursuit of him, and drove him to flight, and to swim across the Moy. He was followed across the Moy, and many horses and men were taken from him; but he made his escape from them. O'Donnell returned with his army, and laid siege to the castle of Eiscir-Abhann, wherein the son of Mac William was; and after four days' great labour, they took the castle; and O'Donnell gave protection and guarantee to the warders. He took the son of Mac William prisoner, and detained him as a hostage. He then ordered that the castle should be placed upon posts, and it was tumbled to the earth, after which he returned home with victory and triumph. Mac William afterwards followed O'Donnell to Donegal, and gave him his own demands; and O'Donnell permitted his son: to go home with Mac William.


A hosting was made by O'Donnell, accompanied by the chiefs of Lower Connaught and Fermanagh, and many hired soldiers, into Tyrone, against O'Neill (Art, the son of Hugh). They first ravaged and burned Tyrone before them, until they reached Dungannon. They were for a week in the country destroying it, until O'Neill made peace with them, and relinquished in favour of O'Donnell every claim that had been in dispute between their ancestors, namely, the rents of Kinel-Moen, Inishowen, and all Fermanagh. O'Donnell then came to Omagh, and in the space of one week re-erected the castle of Omagh, which had been some time before broken down by the Earl of Kildare; and O'Donnell left his own warders in it.


An army was led by Garrett, Earl of Kildare, Lord Justice of Ireland, across the Shannon at Athlone, into Connaught. He plundered and burned Clann-Conway, took Roscommon, and left warders in it. He afterwards proceeded to Moylurg, and took the castle of Baile-na-huamha, after having destroyed a great part of the country.


O'Donnell set out with a numerous army on foot to the Curlieu mountains, to confer with the Earl, and to form a league with him. He returned back the same night to Breic-Shliabh, to his own camp; but a few of his people were


slain on his return through Bealach-Buidhe. He afterwards laid siege to the castle of Sligo, and destroyed all the country of the descendants of Brian O'Conor, but did not succeed in taking the town on that occasion.


An army was led by Garrett, Earl of Kildare, Lord Justice of Ireland, into Trian-Chongail Clannaboy; and he took the castle of Belfast, demolished the castle of Makeon Bissett of the Glynns, plundered the Glynns and a great portion of the country, and led the son of Niall, son of Con O'Neill, away into captivity.


An attack was made by Donnell, the son of Brian, son of Donnell, son of Henry O'Neill, being joined by the descendants of Flaherty Maguire, against Gilla-Patrick, the son of Philip, son of Turlough Maguire. He made an irruption into the townland of Bun-abhann, and seized upon spoils; but he was afterwards defeated, and stripped of those spoils. Many of his party, besides the son of Manus, son of Brian, son of Conor Oge Maguire, were slain and drowned between the townland of Bun-abhann and Inis-mor. Donnell, the son of Brian himself, was taken prisoner at Tamhnach-an-reata, in the land of Arda-Muintire-Luinin; and nine of his people were drowned at Caradh Muintir-Banain on the same day.


Philip, the son of Turlough Maguire, with his sons and the sons of Thomas, son of Manus Magauran, made an incursion into Teallach-Eachdhach Tullyhaw, and took a prey from Turlough, the son of Hugh Magauran, Tanist of the territory; and they slew Turlough himself as he followed in pursuit of the prey. From thence they proceeded to the Crannog of Magauran, which they took; and they also made a prisoner of Magauran himself, although he


was sick, but they afterwards left him behind, because they could not conveniently take him with them. The son of O'Reilly, i. e. Edmond Roe, the son of Hugh, son of Cathal, afterwards came up with these men of Fermanagh, and with the son recte grandsons of Manus, defeated them, and slew Donough, the son of Redmond, son of Philip Maguire; Philip, the son of Owen, son of Donnell Ballagh Maguire; Hugh, the son of Owen, son of Turlough Maguire; Murtough Roe, son of Murrough; and James, the son of Magrath Maguire, besides many others; and many horses were taken from them on that day.


The son of Maguire (Brian, the son of Edmond, son of Thomas) died.


Magauran (Cathal, the son of Hugh, son of Owen) died; and Thomas, the son of Manus Magauran, was styled Lord.


Mac Tiernan of Teallach-Dunchadha (William) died.


Failghe, the son of Maelmora O'Reilly, was slain at Drumlane by the sons of John, son of Owen, son of Donnell Bane, and James, the son of Turlough, son of Owen O'Reilly.


Teige, the son of Donnell O'Brien, died; and Brian, the son of Donnell, son of Teige, son of Turlough, died in six weeks afterwards.

Annal M1513


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1513. The Age of Christ, one thousand five hundred thirteen.


Maurice O'Fihelly, Archbishop of Tuam, a professor of divinity of the highest ecclesiastical renown, died.


The Official Mac Congail died.


Ross, the son of Manus Mac Mahon, Lord of Oriel, and Teige, the son of Melaghlin O'Kelly, Lord of Hy-Many, died.


O'Donnell formed a camp around Sligo, and remained there from the Festival of St. Bridget to Whitsuntide; he did not, however, take the castle in all that time. A gentleman of O'Donnell's people was slain on that occasion, i.e. Niall, the son of Heremon, of the Clann-Sweeny of Fanad.



Cathal Oge, the son of Donnell, son of Owen O'Conor, son of a lord, best in hospitality, prowess, wisdom, and prudence, of all that were in Lower Connaught, was treacherously slain by his own brother, Owen, son of Donnell, adjacent to Baile-Ui-Ghiolgain. The just judgment of God followed, for Owen himself was in three days after this evil deed hanged by O'Donnell.


Owen O'Malley came by night with the crews of three ships into the harbour of Killybegs; and the chieftains of the country being all at that time in O'Donnell's army, they plundered and burned the town, and took many prisoners in it. They were overtaken by a storm on their return, so that they were compelled to remain on the coast of the country; and they lighted fires and torches close to their ships. A youthful stripling of the Mac Sweenys, i.e. Brian, and the sons of Brian, son of the Bishop O'Gallagher, and a party of farmers and shepherds, overtook them, and attacked them courageously, and slew Owen O'Malley, and five or six score along with him, and also captured two of their ships, and rescued from them the prisoners they had taken, through the miracles of God and St. Catherine, whose town they had profaned.


O'Donnell went over to Scotland with a small band, at the invitation of the King of Scotland, who had sent letters and messengers for him. On his arrival there, he received great honour and gifts from the King. He remained with him a quarter of a year. After having changed the King's resolution of coming to Ireland, as he intended, O'Donnell arrived at his house, after having encountered great dangers at sea.


Mac William Burke (Edmond, the son of Rickard, son of Edmond, son of Thomas), a man whose domestics were the Orders Friars and the Ollavs Chief Poets, was treacherously slain by the sons of his brother, viz. Theobald Reagh and Edmond Ciocrach, two sons of Walter, the son of Rickard.


An army was led by O'Neill (i.e. Art, the son of Hugh) into Trian Chongail, by which he burned Moylinny, and plundered the Glinns. The son of Niall, son of Con, and Mac Quillin, overtook a party of the army, and slew Hugh, the son of O'Neill. On the next day the army and the pursuers met


each other, and Mac Quillin, i.e. Richard, the son of Rury, and a party of Scots, were slain by the army. And O'Neill then returned home.


The castle of Dun-lis was taken by O'Donnell from the sons of Garrett Mac Quillin, and given up to the sons of Walter Mac Quillin.


Art, the son of Niall, son of Art O'Neill, died on the sixth of August, and was interred at Donegal.


Owen Roe Mac Sweeny was slain by the sons of his own brother and Donough, the son of Turlough O'Boyle.


A treacherous attack was made by Teige na Leamhna upon Cormac Ladhrach, the son of Teige, son of Donnell Oge, each having been styled Mac Carthy: and the house that Cormac was in was burned, but he himself and his constable made their way out of the house, and slew Teige's constable; and Cormac and his people departed successfully and triumphantly. Desmond was divided into two parts between Cormac and Teige, until the death of Teige.


Mac Mahon (Teige, the son of Turlough, son of Teige, son of Donough na Glaice) died.


O'Mahony (Conor Finn, the son of Conor, son of Dermot O'Mahony) died. This Conor made his way to the chieftainship of his native territory in despite of the Sinsear and the Soisear.


Annal M1514


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1514. The Age of Christ, one thousand five hundred fourteen.


Patrick O'Duibhleachain, Abbot of Kells, and Hugh, the son of Gilchreest O'Fiaich, Vicar of Airidhbrosca Derrybrusk, died.


O'Neill (Art, the son of Hugh, son of Owen Oge) died. He was an intelligent, powerful, nobly-acting, scientific, brave, and majestic man; and seldom, indeed, had the son of a Tanist been Lord of Kinel-Owen before him. Art, the son of Con, son of Henry, was inaugurated in his place.


Donough, the son of Conor O'Brien, was vindictively and unbecomingly slain by the sons of Turlough, son of Murrough O'Brien, namely, by Murrough and Donough. The slain had been the choice of the men of Ireland for his dexterity of hand, puissance, vigour, and bravery.


Teige-na-Leamhna, the son of Donnell, son of Teige Mac Carthy, died in his bed, as was not expected, he being a man who had destroyed more, and about whom more had been destroyed, than any one that came of his tribe, within the memory of man.


Great generalship was exhibited by the Earl of Kildare; and he overran the province of Ulster as far as Carrickfergus, and Munster as far as the Mac Carthy's castle of Pailis. The same Earl went to Leim-Ui-Bhanain, and, what was seldom the case with him, he neither broke down nor took the castle, for he was not able to do it any injury. And he therefore returned to his house, to collect more forces and larger ordnance ; but it happened that he was taken with a disease, of which he died. The man who thus died, namely, Garrett, the Earl, was a knight in valour, and princely and religious in his words and judgments.



An army was led by the Earl of Kildare (Garrett Oge, the son of Garrett) into Breifny, and committed great havock in that country on that expedition, i.e. he slew O'Reilly (Hugh, son of Cathal), his brother Philip, a son of Philip, and Garrett, the son of Edmond, son of Thomas O'Reilly; in short, fourteen of the gentlemen and principal chieftains of the O'Reillys, with a great number of their people, were slain. Mac Cabe (Many, the son of Mahon) was, moreover, taken prisoner.


The castle of Coleraine was taken and demolished by O'Donnell, in revenge of Donnell O'Kane's violation of his guarantee.


O'Donnell committed great havock in Gaileanga; he burned and plundered the country as far as Cruachan-Gaileang, and slew O'Ruadhain, and many others.


A war arose between O'Donnell (Hugh, the son of Hugh Roe) and O'Neill (Art, the son of Con); and they hired many persons on both sides, and remained for a long time encamped opposite each other. It happened, by the grace of the Holy Ghost, and the advice of their chieftains, that they made a friendly peace with each other, and came to a meeting with each other on the bridge of Ardstraw; and they became gossips to each other. And new charters were given by O'Neill to O'Donnell (together with a confirmation of the old charters) of Kinel-Moen, Inishowen, and Fermanagh. O'Donnell also delivered up, as a free gift, to O'Neill, his O'Neill's son (Niall Oge), whom he had for a long time before in his custody as a hostage for the observance of fidelity.


O'Donnell went with a fleet of long ships and boats upon Lough Erne, and took up his abode for a long time in Enniskillen. He plundered and burned the islands of Cuil-na-noirear, and made a peace with the people of Fermanagh, after imposing his authority upon them.


The son of the Great Earl of Kildare (i.e. Henry, the son of Garrett) was taken by the Young Earl, i.e. Garrett Oge.


An irruption was made by Hugh, the son of Donnell O'Neill, and Con, the son of Niall, into Cluain-Dabhaill, against John, the son of Con; and they


burned John's town, and they sent the preys of the country before them. O'Neill and Mac Donnell, with a strong body of troops, pursued and overtook them, deprived them of the preys, and routed them in a conflict, in which were slain five of the descendants of Art O'Neill, i.e. Turlough, the son of Niall, son of Art; Failghe, the son of Niall; Rory, the son of Hugh, son of Art; Donnell Ballagh, the son of Art-an-Chaislein; and Hugh, the son of Edmond, son of Art O'Neill. There fell also on the side of Hugh the two sons of Mac-a-ghiorr Mac Kerr, i.e. Art Oge and Brian. There were also slain there Felim Oge O'Meallain and Con O'Conor; and thirty horses were taken from Con on that occasion.


Pierce, the son of the great abbot, Maguire, and Gilla-Patrick, the son of Felim Mac Manus, died.


O'Daly of Corcomroe (Teige, the son of Donough, son of Teige, son of Carroll), a professor of poetry, who kept a house of general hospitality, died at Finaigh-Bheara, and was buried in the abbey of Corcomroe.

Annal M1515


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1515. The Age of Christ, one thousand five hundred fifteen.


Meanma Mac Carmac, Bishop of Raphoe, died.


Owen, the son of Art, son of John, son of Art Mac Cawell, Bishop of Clogher, died.


Gilla-Patrick O'Hultachain, Parson of Achadh-beithe Aghavea, died.


James, the son of Thomas Roe, son of the Abbot Maguire, was slain by Maguire, the Coarb, on the land of Claoininis Cleenish.



Donnell, the son of Hugh Roe O'Donnell, was slain by Hugh Boy O'Donnell, at Tuath-bhladhach, on the 25th of November.


Gilla-Duv, the son of Turlough Maguire, died.


Teige, the son of Turlough Maguire, died, in consequence of a fall which he got.


Teige O'Higgin and Walter Walsh, two priests, were drowned alongside of Lisgool.


Cathal, son of Farrell, who was son of Donnell Bane O'Reilly, died.


O'Donnell (Hugh Oge, son of Hugh Roe) went with a fleet of long ships upon Lough Erne; and he passed over and searched all the lake as far as Port na-Cruma, in despite of all the country. His troops upon this occasion perpetrated many slaughters and burnings upon the islands of the sons of Edmond Maguire.


An army was led by O'Neill (Art) into Oriel; and a part of this army met MacMahon's people, and slew Art Balbh, the son of MacMahon, a distinguished captain, and O'Conolly, i.e. Edmond.

Annal M1516


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1516.The Age of Christ, one thousand five hundred sixteen.


William, the son of Donough O'Farrell, Bishop of Annaly Ardagh, died.


The Erenagh O'Morissy (i.e. Niall) died.


O'Doherty (Conor Carragh) died.


The son of Maguire (Brian, the son of Conor, son of Thomas Oge) was slain by Brian Oge Mac Mahon and the sons of Donough Maguire.


Mac Donnell of Clankelly (i.e. Colla) was slain.


A great war arose between O'Donnell and O'Neill; and each lord hired a great number of men. Great depredations were committed by Manus O'Donnell upon Henry Balbh O'Neill, and the greater part of the country from the mountain inwards was burned by him. Other great depredations were committed


by Brian O'Neill in Kinel-Moen. O'Donnell afterwards went to Tyrone, and burned Kinel-Farry, and the whole country, as far as the river called Una, and afterwards returned safe to his house.


The castle of Sligo was taken by O'Donnell (Hugh Oge, the son of Hugh Roe), after it had been a long time out of his possession. It was thus he succeeded in taking it: A French knight came upon his pilgrimage to St. Patrick's Purgatory on Lough Gerg; and on his arrival, and at his departure, he visited O'Donnell, from whom he received great honours, gifts, and presents; and they formed a great intimacy and friendship with each other; and the knight, upon learning that the castle of Sligo was defended against O'Donnell, promised to send him a ship with great guns; and the knight, too, performed that promise, for the ship arrived in the harbour of Killybegs. She was steered directly westwards to Sligo; and O'Donnell and his army marched by land, so that they met from sea and land at the town. They battered the town very much before they obtained possession of it, and O'Donnell gave protection to the warders. From thence O'Donnell proceeded into Tir-Oililla, and on the same day took the castle of Cuil-Maoile Colooney, the castle of Lough Deargan, and the castle of Dun-na-mona; in some of these he left warders, and he brought away hostages and prisoners from the others. Mac Donough of Ballymote and his son were slain, as they were coming towards the army of O'Donnell, by Donough, the son of Turlough O'Boyle. O'Donnell then returned home with victory and triumph.


The castle of Mac Sweeny Fanad, i.e. Rath-Maelain, fell.


O'Donnell made two incursions into Tyrone, without battle or opposition, or without sustaining or inflicting any remarkable injury, except traversing the country.


A war broke out among the Fitzgeralds; and James, the son of Maurice, the heir to the earldom, laid siege to Loch Gair. The chiefs of his army were


the following: Mac Carthy Cairbreach (Donnell, the son of Fineen); Cormac Oge, the son of Cormac, son of Teige; Cormac, the son of Donough Oge Mac Carthy, Lord of Ealla Duhallow; the White Knight; the Knight of Glyn; the Knight of Kerry; Mac Maurice; O'Conor; and the sustaining tower of the army, Mac Carthy More (Cormac Ladhrach). John, the son of the Earl, went to complain of his distress to the Dal-Cais, for there existed friendship and affinity between them, for More, the daughter of Donough, son of Brian Duv O'Brien, was the wife of this John. O'Brien, with friendship and respect, rose out and assembled the Thomonians, and was joined by Pierce, the son of James Butler, and others of his confederates; and they advanced to meet the Geraldine army. When the son of the Earl perceived the nobles of the great army of the race of Brian approaching, the resolution he came to was, not to come to an engagement with them, but to leave the town unharmed; and thus they parted from each other.


Mac Carthy More (Cormac Ladhrach, the son of Teige), Lord of Desmond, one who had best acquired earned his lordship, and who had encountered most hostility until he became Lord without dispute, the best protector of the destitute and the needy, and of best law and regulations, of all the lords of Leath-Mhodha, died.


The castle of O'Carroll's town, i.e. Leim-Ui-Bhanain, was taken by the Earl of Kildare (Garrett, the son of Garrett), his father having failed to take it. There was scarcely any castle at that period better fortified and defended than this, until it was demolished upon its warders.


A great defeat was given by Edmond, the son of Thomas Butler, to Pierce Butler and the son of Mac Pierce, and he deprived them of a great number of their people and bonaghtmen hired soldiers.


Mac Namee (Brian Oge, the son of Brian Roe) died.



Turlough, son of Brian Uaine O'Gallagher, Coarb of Carraic, died.


The son of Brian Caech, son of Teige, son of Owen O'Conor, was treacherously slain by the son of Teige-na-tuaighe, son of Felim, son of Owen, and the descendants of the Cearrbhach the gambler.

Annal M1517


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1517. The Age of Christ, one thousand five hundred seventeen.


O'Conor Faly (Brian, the son of Teige, son of Calvagh), died; and Calvagh, the son of Teige, was inaugurated in his place.


Donough, the son of Turlough O'Boyle, a man who, for his means, was the best gentleman, and who had carried on the most war, and performed most dangerous exploits, of all who had come of his own tribe, set out with the crew of a boat for Torach; but a wind drove them westwards through the sea, and no tidings of them was ever since heard.


John, the son of Con, son of Henry, son of Owen O'Neill, a son of a lord, the most affluent and wealthy of his time in Ulster, died.


Philip, the son of Turlough Maguire, a distinguished captain, died.


Philip, the son of John Boy Mac Mahon, a man of good spending and protection, died.


Art, the son of Hugh, son of Donnell O'Neill, was slain by Niall, the son of Con, son of Art O'Neill.


O'Toole, i.e. Art, was slain by his own kinsmen.


Gilla-Duv, the son of Donough, son of Thomas NIaguire, died.


Thomas, the son of Ulicke, son of Ulick Burke, carried off a prey from Ormond, but was overtaken by a strong body of pursuers. The people and cavalry of Thomas were driven from the prey, and the prey was taken by the pursuers; and Thomas himself was slain, the most noble-deeded Englishman of his time, for it was by him that the Hy-Many had, some time before, been plundered and desolated.


The castle of the Lake Killarney was taken from the sons of Cormac


Ladhrach Mac Carthy, and they themselves were banished to Mac Maurice. Great depredations were committed by Mac Maurice in revenge, laying waste Magh O-gCoinchinn from the hills westwards.


An army was led by the Lord Justice, at the instance of the sons of the Earl's daughter, into Tyrone, and he demolished Dungannon, the castle of O'Neill (Art, the son of Con), on that occasion.


O'Carroll (Mulrony) committed great depredations in Delvin, and took and plundered the castle of Ceann-cora, in consequence of which a great war broke out between O'Carroll and the people of Delvin. O'Melaghlin and they prevailed on the Earl to come to their assistance; and on this occasion Caislen-an-fhothair in Delvin, i.e. Gardha-an-chaislein, was demolished.

Annal M1518


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1518. The Age of Christ, one thousand five hundred eighteen.


The monastery of the friars at Armagh was obtained for the friars of the Observance.


Hugh, the son of Rossa, son of Thomas Oge Maguire, canon chorister at Clogher, Parson of Achadh-Urchair Aghalurcher, and Parson of Claoin-inis Cleenish in Lough Erne, a hospitable and cheerful man, and learned ecclesiastic, died.


Mac Sweeny Fanad (Rory, the son of Maelmurry), a rock of support in each battle in defence of his lord and his country, and a bestower of jewels and riches on all who stood in want of them, died.


O'Hosey (Ciothruaidh, the son of Athairne), a learned poet, who kept a house of general hospitality, died.


Felim, the son of Brian, son of Conor Oge Maguire, died, after his return from the city of St. James in Spain, and after performing his pilgrimage, in the year of grace, and was buried in the monastery of Monaghan.


The sons of O'Neill, i.e. Con and Hugh, i.e. the sons of Donnell, son of Henry, son of Owen, and Maguire, the coarb, set out to plunder Brian, the son


of Con, son of Henry. Brian met them at Domhnach-an-eich, and defeated them; Hugh, the son of Donnell, was taken prisoner ; Mac Cawell (Donough, the son of Edmond) was wounded, and many of the Kinel Farry were slain. Mac Cawell died of his wounds afterwards.


Hugh Balbh, the son of Con O'Neill i.e. the O'Neill, was taken prisoner by Henry Balbh O'Neill, and exacted fifteen horses for his ransom.


An incursion was made by Philip, the son of Edmond Maguire, into Tir Ceann-foda Tirkennedy, against Henry Balbh O'Neill, and he took the island of Clapach, and carried off with him two prisoners who were with Henry, i.e. Hugh Balbh, the son of Con O'Neill, and Hugh Mac Caffry, whom he had of Philip's own people. Cathal. the son of Don, son of Edmond Maguire, was slain on the side of Philip on this occasion.


This Hugh Balbh, whom we have mentioned, the son of Con (i.e. the O'Neill), died at the end of Autumn.


The son of Mac Manus (Redmond, the son of Cathal Oge Mac Manus), a charitable and humane man, died.


Mac Murrough (Art Boy, the son of Donnell Reagh, son of Gerald Kavanagh), died.


Murrough O'Melaghlin (i.e. the O'Melaghlin), the paragon of Ireland for valour and leadership, was slain in Magh-Elle, by his own brother, Art ; for he had some time before slain his other brother, Felim, and it was in revenge of him that Art slew him; and Turlough took his place.

Annal M1519


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1519. The Age of Christ, one thousand five hundred nineteen.


James, the son of Philip, son of James, who was son of Rory Mac Mahon, died.


Edmond Duv O'Dwyer, Abbot of Assaroe, died on the first day of November,


and was buried at Donegal, in the Franciscan habit, which habit he chose rather than that of a monk.


The Coarb of Cluain-Conmhaicne, head of the hospitality and generous entertainment of the churches of Conmaicne, died.


O'Neill (Art Oge, the son of Con), a distinguished captain and a humane and intelligent man, died; and his brother, Con Bacagh, the son of Con, was inaugurated in his place.


O'Conor Roe (Owen, the son of Felim Finn), died.


Mac William of Clanrickard (Rickard Oge), died.


Felim, the son of Manus, son of Brian, son of Donnell O'Conor, Lord of Lower Connaught, died. He was a charitable and humane man.


Teige Roe, son of Melaghlin O'Kelly, Lord of Caladh, died.


Donough Kavanagh, a prosperous and wealthy man, and one of the chief nobles of Leinster, died.


Maoilin, son of Torna O'Mulconry, OIlav of Sil-Murray, a man full of prosperity and learning, who had been selected by the Geraldines and English to be their Ollav, in preference to all the chief poets of Ireland, and who had obtained jewels and riches of all from whom he had asked them, died in Mainistir-derg in Teffia.


Ferceirtne O'Cuirnin, a confidential servant of Owen O'Rourke, and head of the literary men of his tribe, and Donnell Glas O'Cuirnin, died.


Teige, the son of Brian, son of Tomaltagh O'Beirne, Tanist of Hy-Briuin, died.


An incursion was made by the sons of Donnell, son of Henry O'Neill, against the son of O'Neill (Brian, the son of Con), and they took great preys on the Lower Mountain. Brian, however, received intelligence of their proceedings, assembled all his men to attack them, went in pursuit of them, and defeated the sons of O'Neill themselves, their people having gone on before them with the preys. The two sons of O'Neill, Hugh and Owen, were taken


prisoners there, and the son of Owen was killed. Mac Cawell (Cu-Uladh, son of Edmond), Thomas, the son of Edmond, and Edmond, the son of Gilla-Patrick Mac Cawell, were also slain.


The two sons of Rory, son of Brian Maguire, i.e. Rossa and Teige, were taken prisoners by Maguire, the Coarb. Rory himself and the rest of his sons were driven out of their territory, and deprived of their creaghts; and the Coarb kept the creaghts in his own service, until O'Donnell ordered him to return his creaghts to Rory.


A great war broke out in Dealbhna between the descendants of Farrell Mac Coghlan and the descendants of Donnell, in the course of which James Mac Coghlan, Prior of Gailinne, and the Roydamna of Dealbhna Eathra, was killed by a shot fired from the castle of Cluain-damhna.

Annal M1520


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 152O. The Age of Christ, one thousand five hundred twenty.


Nicholas, the son of Pierce O'Flanagan, Parson of Devenish, was unjustly removed from his place by the influence of the laity, and died at Bohoe.


Magennis (Donnell, the son of Hugh, son of Art) died; and Felim the Hospitable, his brother, was inaugurated in his place; and he also died, and Edmond Boy Magennis was styled the Magennis.


Maurice, the son of Thomas, son of Thomas, Earl of Desmond, died.


Mac William of Clanrickard (Ulick, the son of Ulick) died.


Mac William Burke (Meyler, the son of Theobald) was slain by the son of Seoinin More, son of Mac Seoinin.


The son of Maguire (Philip, son of Edmond) made an incursion into


Iochtar-tire against the son of Philip O'Reilly. They Philip's men seized on preys, but were overtaken by a very strong body of pursuers, with the descendants of Brian O'Reilly and the grandson of Cathal O'Reilly, namely, Farrell and Maelmora, together with the Clann-Donnell of Con-inis. They defeated Maguire and the son of Philip, son of Turlough Maguire in a conflict in which the son of Maguire (Philip), and his son, Thomas, as also the two sons of Philip, son of Turlough (Gilla-Patrick and Edmond) and Turlough, son of Flaherty, son of Thomas Oge Maguire, together with many others, were slain.


Rory, the son of Hugh Maguire, was treacherously taken prisoner by Donn Boy Maguire, i.e. the son of Conor, son of Thomas Oge, and delivered up to Gilla-Patrick Oge, the son of Gilla-Patrick, son of Edmond Maguire, by whom he was put to death.


Carbry, the son of Conor, son of Carbry, son of Cormac O'Beirne, the consul and chief leader of the race of Muireadhach, died.


Turlough, the son of Felim Mac Coghlan, Lord of Delvin-Eathra, a sage in wisdom and learning, a man of prosperity and great affluence, and by whom the castle of Feadan and the castle of Ceann-Coradh were erected, died, after having spent a good life.


A great plague raged in Machaire-Stefanach, of which many good men died.


O'Cassidy (Felim, the son of Teige), ollav to the descendants of Philip Maguire, in physic, and Rory, the son of Donough, was son of Hugh Maguire, died.


Maurice, the son of Thomas, son of the Earl, the choice of the English family of the Geraldines, was slain by Con, the son of Melaghlin O'More, as were also many others along with him.