Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition
Annals of the Four Masters (Author: [unknown])

Annal M1443


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1443. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred forty-three.


Aengus Mac Gillafinnen, Abbot of Lisgool, died.


Manus Mac Mahon, heir to the lordship of Oriel, for his hospitality and prowess died


Ever Mac Mahon was slain by O'Neill, i.e. Owen, son of Niall Oge.


Fineen and Dermot, two sons of Mac Gillapatrick, Lord of Ossory, were treacherously slain at Kilkenny, at the instigation of Mac Richard Butler.


Brian, son of Edmond, son of Thomas, son of Cathal O'Farrell, was slain and drowned as he was endeavouring to make his escape, by force, from the Island of Port-an-ghuirtin, where he had been held in confinement for two years and a half by Donnell Boy O'Farrell


Mulrony, the son of Teige O'Carroll, Lord of Ely, died.



Teige O'Dowda, the son of the Lord of Hy-Fiachrach, was slain by his own kinsmen.


Great depredations were committed by Hugh Boy O'Neill upon Murtough Roe O'Neill, his senior kinsman, who gave him his demand for a restoration of the preys. They then made full peace with each other.


O'Flynn of Sil-Maelruain and some of his kindred were slain by the Clann-Costello at the house of O'Killeen.


Mulrony, the son of Mulrony O'Dowda, was treacherously slain by his own brother.


Mac Egan of Ormond, i.e. Gilla-na-naev, the son of Gilla-na-naev, son of Hugh, Ollav of Munster in law, a man generally skilled in each art, and who kept a house of public hospitality for all, died.


Hugh Mac Egan, the son of Farrell, son of Boethius, died, in the springtide of his prosperity. He was the most fluent and eloquent of the Irish of his times. He was Ollav of Lower Connaught in law.


Annal M1444


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1444. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred forty-four.


Richard, son of the Great Dean, son of Donnell, son of John Gallda O'Farrell, Bishop of Ardagh, died.


William O'Hetigen, Bishop of Elphin, and a great number of the clergy of Connaught, went to Rome, where the majority of them died, namely, Teige, son of Teige Mac Donough, who had been appointed to the abbacy of Boyle; William, son of the Dean O'Flanagan, Prior of Roscommon; the son of Melaghlin, son of Cormac Mac Donough, Abbot of Ballysadare; and many also of the clergy of Ulster.


Hugh Boy, the son of Brian Ballagh O'Neill, Roydamna of Ireland, the most renowned, hospitable, and valorous of the princes of Ireland in his time, and who had planted more of the lands of the English, in despite of them, than any other man of his day, was wounded by the cast of a javelin in Iveagh; and he continued in the agonies of death for twenty-four days, i.e. from Spy-Wednesday to the second day of summer, when he expired, on Saturday precisely, having vanquished the world and the Devil.


After the death of Hugh, a great army was led by Owen, son of Niall Oge


(i.e. the O'Neill); and the greater number of the chieftains of Ulster, O'Donnell excepted, marched with a numerous army to plunder and destroy the Clann-Hugh-Boy. Murtough Roe O'Neill, Henry O'Neill, Mac Quillin, and all their auxiliaries, assembled to oppose this army in the territory of Duibhthrian Dufferin. They cut a passage through the wood, in the direction which they conceived they the enemy would approach them. O'Neill with his forces advanced to this narrow passage, when the others charged them, and slew Mac Donnell Galloglagh, who was in the rear of the army, amongst the baggage. The army became much discouraged at this, so that they delivered up to the sons of Mac-I-Neill Boy all such hostages as they chose to select, namely, Hugh, the son of O'Neill, the son of Henry O'Neill, the son of Mac Mahon, the son of O'Mellan, and fifteen other hostages besides, on condition of being themselves permitted to return home through the passage already mentioned. This being agreed to, they took their way homeward in sorrow and disgrace.


Owen, the son of Donnell, son of Murtough O'Conor, Lord of Sligo, and of the territory of Carbury, was slain with a cast of a javelin by one of the sons of Cormac Mac Donough; for the son of Melaghlin, who was son of Cormac Mac Donough, had been previously slain in a quarrel by the grandson of John O'Hart; and it was on this account that Owen, the son of Donnell, was slain.


A great army was led by O'Neill, i.e. Owen, into the English settlements of Oriel, and he plundered and burned many of them; he also plundered the street-town of Dundalk, and obtained sixty marks and two tons of wine as a recompense for not burning the town itself



A great miracle was wrought by the image of the Blessed Virgin Mary at Trim, namely, it restored sight to a blind man, speech to a dumb man, and the use of his feet to a cripple, stretched out the hand of a person to whose side it had been fastened, et foeminam gravidatam feles eniti fecit.


O'Neill encamped against the English, and destroyed a great part of their possessions; and he received great rewards for making peace with them for half a year. Before this was concluded, the son of O'Neill, Brian, the son of Donnell, son of Owen O'Neill, made a predatory incursion into the English settlements, on which Brian himself was killed by one cast of a stone, Edmond Mac Mahon was taken prisoner, and others of his people were also killed.


Turlough, the son of Owen, son of Rory O'Conor, was slain with the cast of a,javelin by one of the Clann-Conway.


John, the son of Brian, son of Edmond O'Farrell, and eight others along with him, were slain by John O'Farrell and the sons of Donnell O'Farrell on the mountain called Sliabh-Calraighe-Bri-leith.


Edmond, son of Thomas, son of Cathal O'Farrall, died.



Manus Mac Mahon, heir to the lordship of Oriel, died, and was interred at Clones.


Ever, son of Brian Mac Mahon, heir to the lordship of Oriel, died.


Teige O'Brien, Lord of Thomond, died.


Sioda Cam Mac Namara, Chief of Clann-Cuilein, general protector of the men of Ireland, died between the two Christmases.


Duvcovla, daughter of Thomas Maguire (Lord of Fermanagh), and wife of Owen Mac Cawell, a humane, charitable, and truly hospitable woman, died.


Annal M1445


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1445. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred forty-five.


Thomas O'Leannain, Canon and Sacristan of Lisgool, died.


A great army was led into Sligo by O'Donnell, Philip Maguire, the sons of Hugh Maguire, and the sons of Owen O'Conor. They the troops burned Sligo, then in possession of Turlough Carrach, son of Donnell, who was son of Mortogh O'Conor, and slew Mac Donough, Tomaltagh, son of Donough, Lord of Tirerrill, and many others.


William, the son of John, son of Donnell O'Farrell, Lord of Annaly, died, after a long and virtuous life; and two chieftans were then set up in Annaly: Rossa, son of Murtough Midheach, son of Brian O'Farrell, was called the O'Farrell by all the descendants of Murrough O'Farrell; and the two Clann-Hughs, and the Clann-Shane O'Farrell, and all his other friends on every side, proclaimed


Donnell Boy, the son of Donnell, son of John O'Farrell, chief of his tribe. The territory was destroyed during the contests between them, until at last they made peace, and divided Annaly equally between them.


Rory, son of the Lord of Fermanagh, Thomas Maguire, died.


Mac Gillafinnen, i.e. Brian, Chief of Muintir-Pheodachain, a hospitable man, and the defender of his rights against his neighbours, died.


Donough Ballagh Magauran, heir to the chieftainship of Teallach-Eachdhach Tullyhaw, died.


Dermot O'Toole, Lord of Clann-Tuathail, was slain by the grandsons of Tomaltagh O'Dempsey, in the eightieth year of his age, and while in pursuit of a prey.


Conor, the son of O'Conor Kerry, was slain by his kinsman, Mahon O'Conor, as both were going in a boat to the island of Inis-Cathaigh.


Richard Mac Quillin was slain.


Thomas Dillon and Richard Oge Dillon died.


Laighneach, son of Hugh Boy Mageoghegan, was slain at Coill-an-Chonaidh by the sons of Murtough Oge Mageoghegan.


Donough Bacagh O'Rourke died; and the people of West Breifny proclaimed Donough, the son of Tiernan Oge, the O'Rourke, in opposition to Loughlin, the son of Teige O'Rourke.


Annal M1446


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1446. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred forty-six.


John O'Leannain, Prior of the Monastery of Lisgool, died.


Rory, the son of Ardgal More Mac Mahon, Lord of Oriel, died; and his son, Hugh Roe, was elected his successor by O'Neill.


O'Donnell marched with a great army into Connaught, to assist his friends; he went first to the territory of O'Rourke, and from thence through Magh-Nisse, across the Shannon, into Moylurg, through Machaire-Chonnacht, and


through Clann-Conway; and Mac William came to Dunamon for him, and conducted him afterwards into Conmaicne Cuile Toladh.


Cucogry, the son of Many, son of Niall Sinnach Fox, Lord of the men of Teffia, died.


Edmond O'Brain O'Byrne, Lord of Hy-Faelain, died; and Dunlaing O'Brain was elected in his place.


Donough, the son of Art, son of Donnell, Lord of Hy-Kinsellagh, was slain by the O'Byrnes.


A great war broke out between O'Conor Faly and the English of Meath. During this war a great part of Meath was plundered and burned; many of its inhabitants were slain; and marauding parties were accustomed to come northward, as far as Tara, and eastward, as far as Cul-Maighe-Claraigh. Brian, son of Calvagh O'Conor, was taken prisoner in the course of this war by the English.


A war broke out between the two O'Conors in Machaire-Chonnacht, in the course of which Dermot Roe, son of Teige O'Conor, was slain at Cuil Ua bh-


Fionntain by O'Conor Don, aided by the Mac Maurices na-m-Brigh of Brize, and some of the sons of Felim.


A great war broke out in Thomond, by which all Thomond was spoiled. O'Brien himself was taken prisoner; but Mac William of Clanrickard went to Thomond, and having rescued O'Brien by force, he set all to rights.


The Clann-Donough, Turlough Carragh O'Conor, and O'Conor Don, repaired to Mac William of Clanrickard, in order to elect one Mac Donough. They did not, however, return until they had finally agreed on the election of two Mac Donoughs, dividing the territory equally between them, namely, John, the son of Conor Mac Donough, and Teige, the son of Tomaltagh More Mac Donough.


Felim, the son of John O'Rourke, was slain the midlle of the church of Fenagh by his own kinsmen, namely, the sons of Loughlin O'Rourke.


The son of Donnell O'Rourke was slain by the sons of Donough, the son of Tiernan O'Rourke.


Thomas, the son of Thomas Oge O'Reilly, was slain on Great Christmas Day by the sons of Redmond, son of Gilla-Isa O'Reilly.


Donnell O'Coffey, a good captain, and his two sons, were slain on Cro-inis, an island on Loch-Ainninn-mic-Neimhidh, by the grandsons of Art O'Melaghlin, and the grandsons of Fiacha Mageoghegan.


Tany, son of Maoilin, son of Tany O'Mulconry, died in the territory of the Clann-Feorais, between the two Easters, and was interred in the monastery of Baile-Ui-Bhogain.



Teige Mac Clancy was slain by Cormac, the son of O'Flanagan.


Edmond, son of Mac Maurice of Kerry, was slain by Cormac, the son of Owen Mac Carthy.


Brian O'Dowda was slain by the people of Tirawly.


Dermot, the son of Ir, son of Cathal Roe Mac Rannall, was slain.

Annal M1447


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1447. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred forty-seven.


The Coarb of Fenagh, who kept a house of public hospitality for all comers, died.


In the Summer and Autumn of this year there raged a great plague, of which the Prior of Ballyboggan, the Prior of Connala, the Baron of Calatruim,


Garrett, son of Mac Walronta, and a great number of others in Meath, Leinster, and Munster, died. Some say that seven hundred priests died of this plague.


The church of Achadh-Urchair was roofed and its eastern gable re-erected by Thomas Oge Maguire, Lord of Fermanagh, in honour of God, St. Tighernach, and St. Ronan, and for the weal of his own soul.


Donnell Ballagh, son of Thomas, son of Philip Maguire, was slain by John, son of Philip Maguire, assisted by the sons of Art Maguire, the sons of Mac Oirghiallaigh Mac Errilly, and the sons of O'Davine, for this Donnell had been at enmity with Maguire, and with Philip, the Tanist of the territory; and on his return from Breifny O'Reilly to the town of Henry O'Neill, he was seized upon, and killed. He was interred in the monastery of Lisgool.


Hugh, the son of Thomas Oge Maguire, i.e. son of the Lord of Fermanagh, died.


Felim, the son of John, son of Philip O'Reilly, worthy heir to the lordship of Breifny, by reason of his noble deeds and hospitality, went to Trim, to meet Lord Furnival, the then Deputy of the King of England, by whom he was taken prisoner. He afterwards died of the plague, after the victory of Unction and Penance, and was interred in the monastery of Trim.


Finola, the daughter of Calvagh O'Conor Faly, and of Margaret, daughter of O'Carroll, who had been first married to O'Donnell, and afterwards to Hugh Boy O'Neill, the most beautiful and stately, the most renowned and illustrious woman of her time in all Ireland, her own mother only excepted, retired from


this transitory world, to prepare for life eternal, and assumed the yoke of piety and devotion, in the monastery of Cill-achaidh.


Hugh, son of Murtough Oge Mageoghegan, helmsman of the valour of the Southern Hy-Nials, and heir to the lordship of all Kinel-Fiachach, died of a short fit of sickness.


Edmond, the son of Edmund Burke, died.


Felim, the son of Murrough Mac Rannall, died.


Gilla-na-naev, the son of Aireachtach, who was son of Solomon Mac Egan, the most learned Brehon and Professor of Laws in Ireland, died.


William O'Deorain, chief Brehon of Leinster, and his wife, died.


Owen, the son of Petras, who was son of Saerdalach O'Breislein, chief Brehon of Fermanagh, and Erenach of Airech-Moelain Derryvullan, died.


Conor, the son of John Mac Branain, resigned his lordship, and Tomaltagh Carragh, the son of Con, son of Hugh, was elected in his place.


The monastery of Laoighis in Leinster, in the diocese of Leighlin, was founded, in honour of St. Francis, by O'More, who selected a burial-place for himself and his descendants in it.


Annal M1448


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1448. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred forty-eight.


A great plague raged in Meath, of which Conor, son of Hugh O'Farrell, Dermot Mac Conmaighe, and Henry Duv Mac Techedain, three friars of Longphort-Ui-Feargail, died.


Conor Mac Faolchadha, bishop of Ros-ailithir, died.


The abbot of the monastery of the Holy Trinity on Lough Key died.


James Oge, son of James Gallda, i.e. son of the Earl of Ormond, died.


Cathal, son of O'Conor Faly, was slain by the English of Leinster.


Cuconnaught, son of Philip Maguire, died, after the victory of penance, and was interred in the church of Achadh-Urchair Aghalurcher.


O'Hara Reagh was slain.


O'Loughlin, Lord of Burren, died.


Niall O'Molloy was slain by the Hy-Regan O'Dunnes.



Conor, the son of John, son of Eachmarcach Mac Branain, Lord of Corco-Achlann for a period of thirty-seven years, died at Dumha-Sealga in Magh-Ae, having resigned his lordship the year before, and was buried at Roscommon.



Cathal, son of Felim, son of Rory O'Conor, was slain by the sons of Rory, son of Cathal O'Conor, i.e. by Turlough and Dermot.


Teige Oge, the son of Teige, son of Gilla-Colaim O'Higgin, chief Preceptor of the Poets of Ireland and Scotland, died, after penance, at Cill-Connla, and was interred in the monastery of Ath-leathan.


Dermot, the son of Owen, son of Mahon O'Daly, Ollav of all Meath, a learned poet, died, and was interred in Durrow-Columbkille.


Annal M1449


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1449. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred forty-nine.


Donough, the son of Tiernan Oge, Lord of West Breifny, died, after having laboured a year under pulmonary consumption; and Tiernan, son of Teige O'Rourke, was elected in his place by the people of West Breifny.


Owen, the son of John, Lord of the district called Muintir-Maelmora, died; and his son, John O'Reilly, was elected in his place by O'Neill and the sept of John O'Reilly; but Farrell O'Reilly (i.e. the son of Thomas More) being elected by the sept of Mahon O'Reilly and by the English, war and disturbances arose between them the candidates. The Lord Justice and the Earl of Ormond came to assist Farrell O'Reilly; but John O'Reilly and his forces suddenly charged the van of their army, and slew or made prisoners of sixty of them, among whom were the son of Turlough and the son of Donnell Bane O'Reilly.


Brian Oge O'Neill died.


More, daughter of Hugh, son of Philip-na-Tuaighe Maguire, and the wife of Art, son of Owen O'Neill, died.


Manus Boy, the son of Carbry, son of Don Maguire, died.


A sudden defeat was given to Murtough Roe O'Neill, in which the son of


Mulmurry Mac Sweeny, O'Neill's constable, Aengus, the son of Mac Donnell of Scotland, and many others, were slain.


A great war broke out among the Kinel-Connell themselves, in the course of which much property was destroyed.


O'Fialain and Gilchreest Mac Ward died.


Hugh, the son of Loughlin, son of Geoffry O'Flanigan, who had been for a long time Lord of the race of Cathal, the son of Muireadhach Muilleathan, died, having first resigned his lordship for the love of God, and consented that the son of Geoffrey O'Flanagan should be appointed to his place.


The Duke of York arrived in Ireland, and was received with great honour; and the Earls of Ireland went into his house, as did also the Irish adjacent to Meath, and gave him as many beeves for the use of his kitchen as it pleased him to demand.


Annal M1450


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1450. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred fifty.


The Archbishop of Connaught, Mac-an-Phearsuin, the son of Mac Seoinin Burke, died at Galway.


Pierce Maguire, Bishop of Clogher, died at Cleenish, and was interred at Lisgool in Fermanagh.


Bishop O'Gallagher died.


Edmond, Abbot of Assaroe, died.


Conor O'Donnell, Tanist of Tirconnell, died.


Nicholas O'Flanagan, Parson of Devenish, died at Rome, whither he had gone on a pilgrimage.


Maguire, Thomas, son of Thomas, son of Philip na Tuaighe, went on a pilgrimage to Rome. A week afterwards Donough Dunchadhach, Maguire's (Thomas Oge) step-brother, went to Cathal, son of Maguire, took him prisoner at his own place (or house) at Cnoc-Ninnigh, and brought him and his spoils to Gort-an-fheadain, where he put him to death; after which he proceeded to Teallach Dunchadha Tullyhunco, to make war against Edmond and Donough Maguire. In some time afterwards Donough Dunchadhach came to a conference with Edmond and Donough, and they made peace with one another; but notwithstanding this, Edmond in the end took Donough Dunchadhach prisoner at Gabhail-liuin, and brought him with him to Achadh-Urchair Aghalurcher, where he cut off one of his feet and one of his hands, in revenge of the killing of Cathal.


Murtough O'Flanagan, Chief of Tuath-ratha, went on a pilgrimage to Rome, where he died, after the victory of penance; and his brother Cormac assumed his place.


An army was led by Henry O'Neill, Art O'Neill, and the son of Owen O'Neill, into Trian Chongail, to assist Mac Quillin.


Niall, son of Henry, son of Owen, went upon a predatory incursion against Murtough Mac-I-Neill Boy, and seized on preys; but he was overtaken by Mac-I-Neill Boy and Owen, the son of Brian Oge O'Neill, who routed his people. On this occasion Henry, the son of Brian Oge, son of Brian More, son of Henry Aimhreidh, gave Niall two thrusts of his spear, of which he died, and was interred at Armagh with great honour.


A peace was made by John, the son of Owen O'Reilly, and Donnell Bane O'Reilly, with each other; and Farrell, the son of Thomas O'Reilly, was deposed of his lordship; and the chieftainship of all Breifny was conferred upon John, the son of Owen; and Farrell received wages from him.


Teige, the son of Philip, son of Thomas Maguire, was slain by the sons of Cormac Magauran, and interred in the monastery of Lisgool.


Andreas, the son of Gilchreest O'Droma, a wise and pious man, died, after his return from Rome.


O'Cassidy of Cuil (Teige, son of Joseph), Ollav of Fermanagh in medicine, died.


O'Higgin, i.e. Tuathal, chief preceptor of the poets of Ireland, died of a sudden illness.


Great depredations were committed by the son of Mageoghegan upon the


English. He plundered and burned Rath-Guaire, Cill-Lucain, Baile-Portel, Baile na n Gall-Oirghiallach, and Kilbixy. In the course of this war he made a prisoner of Carbry, the son of Laoiseach, son of Ross, and slew the two grandsons of Theobald Mac Hobert. He also slew Brian, son of Laoiseach, who was son of Ross, at Eaile-Mor Locha-Semhdidhe. In fine, it would be impossible to enumerate all that were destroyed (by him) during that war. The English of Meath and the Duke of York came with the standard of the King of England to Mullingar; and the son of Mageoghegan went the next day, with a strong body of cavalry, to Bel-atha-glas-arnarach, to oppose them, whereupon the English, having held consultation, thought it advisable to make peace with him; and, in consideration of obtaining peace from him, they forgave him all the injuries he had done them.


Donough O'Gallagher, Coarb of Adamnan, died.

Annal M1451


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1451. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred fifty-one.


Redmond, son of William Mac Feorais Bermingham, died on his way from Rome, after having obtained the bishopric of Tuam.


The monastery of Cavan was burned.



Margaret, daughter of O'Carroll (Teige), and wife of O'Conor Faly (Calbhach), the best woman in her time in Ireland, for it was she who had given two invitations of hospitality in the one year to those who sought for rewards, died, after the victory of Unction and Penance, triumphant over the world and the Devil; and Felim O'Conor, son of Calvagh by this Margaret, and heir to the lordship of Offaly, a man of great fame and renown, died, having been for a long time ill of a decline. Only one night intervened between the deaths of both.


Murrough O'Madden, Lord of Sil-Anmchadha, the most powerful in his own territory, of mightiest arm, and best jurisdiction, died.


Rory, son of Maelmora Reagh O'Conor, died.


Owen, son of Connor Mac Gillafinnen (i.e.) son of the chieftain of Muintir-Pheodachain, and Gillapatrick Boy Mac Gillafinnen, were slain by Cuconnaught, the son of John, son of Cuconnaught Maguire, on the sixth of the Ides of February.



A great war broke out among the Hy-Many; and O'Conor Don went to protect O'Kelly, who gave up his son and two other hostages to him, as pledges for the perpetual payment of twenty marks annually, viz. fourteen marks for the land of Sith, which the Hy-Many had purchased some time before from Turlough Oge, and which Hugh O'Conor now redeemed; and six marks due by Makeogh in this war. And he defended O'Kelly on that occasion.


The castle of Coradh-finne was erected by Mac William of Clanrickard.


Cathal Duff, son of Tomaltach Oge Mac Donough, was killed.


Cathal, son of Brian Mac Donough, was killed by his own father with a cast of a knife, as the former was in the act of violating his guarantee.


The three sons of Melaghlin O'Beirne, Teige, William, and Donough, were slain at Cluain Creamha, within the space of one hour, by the descendants of Melaghlin Mag-Rannall and Donnell, the son of Brian O'Beirne.


A prey was taken by Felim O'Conor from O'Gara, and a prey was taken by O'Gara from the people of Ballymore-I-Flynn.


Dermot, the son of Teige, son of Cormac Mac Carthy, was slain; and Dermot, the son of O'Sullivan More, was slain in revenge of him.


Cathal Roe, son of Cathal Duv O'Conor, died.


Gillapatrick Oge O'Fialan, a learned poet, died.


Annal M1452


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1452. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred fifty-two.


Naghtan, son of Turlough-an-Fhina O'Donnell, Lord of Tirconnell, Kinel-Moen, Inishowen, and the neighbouring territories, a brave and protecting man, and arbiter of the peace and war of the North, was slain in the darkness of the night, on the festival of St. Brendan, by Donnell and Hugh Roe, the sons of Niall O'Donnell, his brother, because he had some time before banished these sons of Niall from Tirconnell. Naghtan was sixty years of age when he was killed.


Great war and dissensions arose in Tirconnell between Donnell, the son of Niall Garv, and Rory, the son of Naghtan O'Donnell, concerning the lordship of Tirconnell, so that the country was thrown into confusion between them, and that the friends and abettors of either party plundered and harassed one another; and men were slain and destroyed, and many depredations and spoliations were committed between them on both sides.


An army was led by O'Neill (Owen) into the Feadha, to make war against the English of Machaire-Oirghiall in the county of Louth, and was joined by Maguire on that hosting. The son of O'Neill (Owen Oge) and Maguire's people then proceeded to Cloch-an-bhodaigh to plunder the English; and they carried off the prey to their camp. Upon this the English and Mac Mahon's people, and his kinsmen, pursued them to their camp; and here O'Neill, Maguire, and their people, rose up against them; and a battle ensued between them, in which Mac Donnell Galloglagh, i.e. Sorley More, and numbers of others along with him were slain, and others of the forces taken prisoners. O'Neill returned


to his camp that night in great wrath; upon hearing of which, Henry, his son, came to meet him; and Mac Mahon afterwards came to O'Neill and his sons, and they made peace with each other; and O'Neill obtained an eric for the dishonour he had received, and also an eric for the death of Mac Donnell.


The Earl of Ormond, Lord Justice of Ireland, broke down the castle of Owny upon O'Mulrian, and took the castle of Leix from the O'Dempsys, who permitted him to pass to Airem, to rescue the son of Mac Feorais Bermingham, who was imprisoned there. He then burned Airem, and from thence proceeded to Offaly, whereupon O'Conor came into his house, as an assurance that the son of Mac Feorais should be set at liberty. From thence he proceeded into Annaly, where O'Farrell came into his house, and promised him ninescore beeves, as the price of obtaining peace from him. From thence both proceeded to Magh-Breaghmaine, demolished the castle of Barrcha, and destroyed the greater part of the corn. From thence they marched to Fore, and from thence to Magh-Maine, where the O'Reillys came to his house, and acceded to all


his conditions. From thence he marched into Machaire-Oirghiall in the county of Louth, where Mac Mahon gave him his demands. After this he marched to meet the Clanna-Neill, and caused Henry O'Neill to put away the daughter of Mac William Burke, whom he had taken to wife after the death of her former husband, O'Donnell, and to take back to him again his own lawfully wedded wife, the daughter of Mac Murrough, and the Earl's own step sister. And thence he proceeded to Baile-atha-fhirdia-mic-Damain, where he died, between the two feasts of the Blessed Virgin Mary (from the 15th of August to the 8th of September), having accomplished these journeys in half a quarter of a year.


The daughter of the Earl of Kildare, the Countess of Ormond, died three weeks before her husband, the above-named Earl.


The peace concluded between the English and Irish became null after the death of the Earl, and Sir Edward Eustace was appointed Lord Justice.


More, daughter of O'Conor Faly, and wife of Mac William of Clanrickard. died of a fall.


A sure wonderful presage occurred in this year, some time before the death of the Earl, namely, part of the River Liffey was dried up, to the extent of two miles.


John Mac Donough Liath, Half Chief of Tirerrill, died.


Teige, the son of Dermot Roe O'Conor Don, died.


Turlough Roe, the son of Brian Ballagh O'Conor; Turlough, the son of Teige, son of Turlough Roe O'Conor; and Henry of Crumthann, son of William Mac David, were slain in the Summer of this year on Coirrshliabh na Seaghsa the Curlieus, by the army of the Clann-Donough.


David O'More, son of the Lord of Leix, was killed by a fall.



Cathal, the son of William, son of John, son of Donnell O'Farrell, was slain by the cast of a javelin, after having burned Fore.


Gilla-na-naev, the son of Hugh O'Hanly, Lord of Kinel-Dofa, died at Cluain Coirpthe, where he had been blind for a long time, after having resigned his lordship.


Loughlin Oge O'Hanly, Chief of Kinel-Dofa, was treacherously slain in the crannog of Lough Leise by the son of Murrough, son of Gilla-na-naev O'Hanly, and the son of Owney, son of Gilla-na-naev, having been betrayed to them by his own people, namely, by Donnell Carragh O'Maelbrighde, and his son, and by Thomas, the son of Gilla-Crossagh O'Maelbrighde. Rory Boy, the son of Gilla-na-naev, was then elected Chieftain; and he hanged, for their evil deeds, these three stewards of his own people, who had acted treacherously towards Loughlin.


Teagh-Munna was plundered and burned by Farrell Mageoghegan.


Mac Carthy Reagh Donough, Lord of Hy-Carbery, died; and Dermot an Duna was inaugurated in his place.


Brian, the son of Calvagh O'Conor, by Margaret, was killed by a fall.


Farrell Roe Oge, the son of Farrell Roe, son of Farrell Roe, son of Donough, son of Murtough More Mageoghegan, a captain of great repute and celebrity, was killed and beheaded at Cruach-abhall, by the son of the Baron of Delvin, and the grandsons of Pierce Dalton. They carried his head to Trim, and from thence to Dublin, for exhibition; but it was (afterwards) brought back, and buried along with the body in Durrow-Coluim-Chille.


Melaghlin, the son of Irard O'Mulconry, died of an internal disease on Michaelmas Day, which fell on Friday.



O'Coffey, i.e. Hugh Mac-an-Chlasaigh, a learned poet, who kept a house of hospitality, died of the plague in Feara-Tulach.


Cuconnaught O'Fialain and Gilla-Isa O'Fialain died.


O'Duigennan of Baile-Caille-foghair, i.e. Manus, the son of Melaghlin Roe, died.


Hugh, the son of Hugh Oge, son of Hugh, son of Philip na Tuaighe of the Battle-axe Maguire, was slain on the sixth of the Ides of April, in the castle of O'Rourke, i.e. Tiernan, son of Teige, son of Tiernan, by Brian, the son of Donough, son of Hugh Maguire.


Conor Mac Gillafinnen, Chief of Muintir-Pheodachain, died on the sixth of the Calends of April.