Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition
Annals of the Four Masters (Author: [unknown])

Annal M1423


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1423. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred twenty-three.


Conor O'Coineoil, a bishop, died.


O'Beollain, Coarb of Drumcliff, died.



Maurice, the son of Matthew, son of Osgar Maguire, Archdeacon of Clogher, Parson of Achadh-Urchair Aghalurcher, and Lord of Claoin-inis Cleenish and Ros-airthir Rossorry, died on the sixth of the Calends of May.


Turlough, the son of Niall Garv O'Donnell, Lord of Tirconnell, Kinel-Moen, and Inishowen, a peaceable, affluent, and graceful man, died in the habit of a monk, in the monastery of Assaroe, after the victory of Unction and Penance.


An army was led by O'Neill (Donnell), O'Donnell (Niall), Owen, son of Niall, with the Irish of Ulster in general, against the English. They first marched to Traigh-Bhaile Dundalk, to Machaire-Oirghiall, to the town of Louth, and from thence into Meath. They gave battle to the Deputy of the King of England, in which the knight who was the chief commander of the English army was slain (i.e. by Mulmurry Mac Sweeny Connachtach, O'Donnell's Constable, and it was by him the English were routed), and many others of his people besides him (one hundred was the number of the slain). They obtained great spoils on that occasion, and afterwards made peace with the English, and left Traghbhaile, and all the English dwelling in its vicinity under tribute).


The castle of Ath-Seanaigh was erected by Niall, son of Turlough O'Donnell.


O'Kennedy Finn, Lord of Ormond, died.


Faelan Mac-an-Gowan, a learned historian, died.


Annal M1424


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1424. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred twenty-four .


Conor O'Farrell, Bishop of Conmaicne Ardagh, a man of dignity, honour, intelligence, learning, charity, and benevolence, died.


Gilla-lsa, the son of Brian Mac Tiernan, heir to the chieftainship of Teal-lach-Eachdhach, who had kept a house of general hospitality, died, after the victory of penance.


Donough, the son of Melaghlin O'Kelly, Lord of Hy-Many, was slain by a cast of a javelinn, while interposing to pacify his own people.


A great war broke out between the O'Rourkes after the death of Hugh Boy O'Rourke. Teige, the son of Tiernan O'Rourke, made peace with the O'Reillys, and with Owen, the son of John O'Reilly, whereupon the entire lordship of Breifny was given to Teige. But this was not until after he had made an incursion against Art into Magh-Angaidhe, and burned the town. Art made submission to him after they had been at variance with each other for a period of four years.


Melaghlin Mac Cabe, Constable of the two Breifnys, and also of Fermanagh and Oriel, died of the plague.


Many Saxons came to Ireland with the Earl of Ormond, in consequence whereof the English of Ireland acquired great strength. Great depredations were committed by the Earl, by his Saxons, and the Galls of Meath in Machaire


Arda Macha, and Machaire Mucnamha. Another excursion was made by them against Magennis, and they demolished his castle of Loch Bricrenn; and killed the Constable of his Gallowglasses, and almost the whole of the ward in the castle. War and great disturbance were kindled in Ulster on this occasion by the English. The greater part of nobles of the province, both lords, dynasts, and toparchs, with O'Neill, O'Donnell (Niall), and Owen O'Neill at their head assembled their forces to oppose the English. Some of the nobles of the province, however, went over to the English in this war, namely, Mac-I-Neill Boy, O'Hanlon, and Manus Mac Mahon. Magennis was banished from his territory by Mac-I-Neill Boy, and the English and he went over to the Irish of the province.


Magennis (Hugh) died of the plague, and his son Rory was elected in his place.


Mac William of Clannrickard (Ulick Burke) died in his own house, after having vanquished the Devil and the world.


O'Kelly, Lord of Hy-Many, i.e. Donough, the son of Melaghlin, son of William, son of Donough Muimhneach, was slain by the sons of William O'Kelly, his own brother, while endeavouring to make them submit to his chieftainship.


Mulmurry Mac Sweeny, Constable of Tirconnell, weapon of the protection and bravery of the province, died.


Gilla-Isa, the son of Brian Mac Tiernan, Chief of Teallach Dunchadha, died.


The Earl of March (the King's Deputy) came to Ireland about Michaelmas, and the English of Ireland rose up at his summons.


Rory Mac Sweeny, son of Mac Sweeny Connachtach, and other Gallowglasses,


were slain by Cathal Duv O'Conor; and Conor, the son of Murtough, son of Cathal, son of Hugh Breifneach O'Conor, was also slain on this occasion.

Annal M1425


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1425. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred twenty-five.


Bishop Tomin, i.e. Thomas, son of William Duv, son of Maigeog, died, a week before the festival of St. Bridget. He was a man full of wisdom, knowledge, and intelligence.


The Earl of March, the King of England's Deputy in Ireland, died of the plague, about the festival of St. Bridget.


O'Neill and Owen O'Neill, Naghtan O'Donnell and Mac-I-Neill Boy, Mac Quillin, Mac Donnell Galloglagh, and O'Mellan, Keeper of the Bell of St. Patrick's Will, who happened to be in the house of the Earl, were taken prisoners by Lord Furnival (an English Earl), after the death of the Earl of March; and he conveyed these chieftains as prisoners to Dublin.


O'Molloy (Niall, the son of Rory), Lord of Tircall, died.


The King, recte Regent of Scotland, i.e. Muireadhach Stewart, and his


son, Walter Stewart, and the Great Steward of Leamhain, were slain by the King of Scotland, i.e. by the son of the lame King; and the King's other son, i.e. James Stewart, and the sons of the Great Steward of Lennox, were banished into Ireland.


Owen O'Neill was ransomed from the English.


Brian Ballagh Mac-I-Neill Boy, the most distinguished man of his own time for hospitality and bounty, knowledge and skill in various sciences, was killed by the peasantry of Carrick i.e. Carrickfergus. John, the son of Henry O'Neill, was slain along with him.


Gormlaidh, the daughter of Donnell O'Conor, and wife of Tiernan O'Rourke, died after penance.


Teige O'Fallon, Chief of Clann-Uadach, was treacherously slain by his kinsmen in his own castle.


Rory Roe O'Higgin, a learned poet, died.


Magrath, i.e. the son of Flann Magrath, Ollav of Thomond in poetry, a prosperous and wealthy man, died.


Mac Gowan of the Stories, i.e. Thomas, son of Gilla-na-naev Mac Gowan, Ollav to O'Loughlin of Corcomroe in history, died.


Brian Garv and Manus, two sons of Mac Donough of Tirerrill, i.e. of Mulrony, the son of Teige Mac Donough, were slain by the sons of Cathal Mac Donough, i.e. of their paternal uncle.

Annal M1426


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1426. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred twenty-six.


Naghtan O'Donnell, who had been imprisoned by the English, was ransomed by O'Donnell (Niall), his brother. It would be difficult to reckon or recount all the property given for his ransom, besides hostages given in his place.


Turlough O'Donnell, who had been left as a hostage in lieu of Naghtan, made his escape, together with four other hostages.


O'Conor Roe (Turlough, the son of Hugh, son of Felim), Destroyer and Defender of Connaught, illustrious for his knowledge and his skill in all the sciences, died, after the victory of penance, and after having gained victory over the world and the Devil.


Felim, the son of Murtough, son of Donnell, son of Murtough O'Conor, died. He was heir to the lordship of Lower Connaught.


Conor Brian, Lord of Thomond, died, at an advanced age, on Easter Saturday, and Teige, son of Brian O'Brien, was inaugurated in his place


Turlough Mac Mahon Bodhar, Lord of Corca-Baiscinn, was killed and burned, at an advanced age, in a nocturnal assault, by his own kinsmen.


Conor Crom, the son of Teige O'Rourke, died.


Rory (i.e. the Magennis), son of Hugh Magennis, was slain in his own house by Brian Magennis.


Henry Caech Mac-I-Neill Boy was blinded by his own kinsmen, i.e. the sons of Brian Ballagh Mac-I-Neill Boy.


Teige Mac Gillafinnen and his son, Hugh, were slain by Art, the son of Owen O'Neill.


O'Duigennan of Kilronan, i.e. Philip, the son of David, died. He was Ollav of Clann-Mulrony in History.


O'Healy More, i.e. Conor Caech O'Healy, died.


A peace was made by the Clann-Neill with each other, i.e. by Owen and the O'Neill. Owen went into the house of O'Neill, and made submission; and they proceeded to recover by force all the lands which had been alienated during their contentions.


Kian, son of Gilla-Oilbhe Mac Gowan, a learned Historian, and a man who had kept a house of general hospitality, was killed by a kick from a horse.


Bebinn, the daughter of Tiernan 0'Rourke, lord of Breifny, died


Richard Mac Jordan of the Wood was taken prisoner by Owen, son of Flaherty, and delivered up to Mac Jordan Duv, who destroyed him.



Feradhach, the son of Brian O'Kelly, died of the plague.


John, son of Mac Feorais Bermingham, was slain by Thomas, his own brother's son.

Annal M1427


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1427. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred twenty-seven.


O'Molloy (Farrell), Lord of Fircall, died; and the son of Niall O'Molloy was installed in his place.


Rory O'Dunne, Chief of Hy-Regan, died.


Donnell, son of Art, son of Gilchreest O'Rourke, died.


Murrough, son of Torlogh, who was son of Murrough-na-Raithnighe O'Brien, was slain by his own brother.


Dermot O'Mahony, Lord of Fonn Iartharach, a truly hospitable man, who never refused to give any thing to any one, died, after the victory of penance.


Cormac Oge Mac Dermot died.


Catherine, daughter of Ardgal Mac Mahon, and wife of O'Neill (Owen, son of Niall Oge), died.


Una, the daughter of Hugh Maguire, and wife of O'Rourke, i.e. Teige, a woman the most distinguished of her time for hospitality, charity, and piety, in Lower North Connaught, died at the end of Lent.


Farrell Mac Tiernan, heir to the chieftainship of Teallach Dunchadha Tullahunco, in the county of Cavan, died.


Brian, son of Farrell Magauran, son of the chieftain of Teallach Eachdhach Tullyhaw, died.


Brian O'Devine, Chief of Tir-Kennedy, died.


Aine, daughter of O'Beirne, and wife of Mac Rannall (Geoffrey), died.


The son of Donnell, son of Mahon Don O'Kennedy, Lord of Upper Ormond, was slain, with one cast of a dart, by Walter Tobin.


An army was led by O'Donnell (Niall), Lord of Tirconnell, into Trian-Chongail, against O'Neill, and to assist the Mac-I-Neill Boys. On this expedition O'Donnell defeated Mac Quillin, and killed a great number of his people; and


the two sons of Donough Mac Sweeny, who were assisting Mac Quillin, were taken prisoners by O'Donnell. The people of O'Donnell and of the sons of Mac-I-Neill Boy became possessed of great spoils and immense booty on that day.


An army was led by the Earl of Ormond into the territory of Muintir-Maelmora. O'Reilly's town was burned by him, and the castle demolished.


Hugh O'Malley (i.e. the son of Dermot), heir to the lordship of Umallia, went with a fleet to Tirconnell; but he was slain by one shot of a javelin in the rear of his own people, as he was returning to his ship.

Annal M1428


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1428. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred twenty-eiqht.


Mac Murrough, Lord of Leinster (Donough, the son of Art Kavanagh), who had been imprisoned in England for a period of nine years, was ransomed by his own province; and this was of great advantage to the Irish


Dermot O'Kane, Lord of Kienaghta and Creeve, a man full of triumphs and great honours, died.


Robert, Coarb of Caillin, died.


Hugh the Hospitable, son of Philip Maguire, the most famous and illustrious man of his time for hospitality, died at Kinsale, the first night after his arrival in Ireland, after performing the pilgrimage of St. James, on the third of the Ides of August, and after rigid penance for his sins. Thomas Oge Maguire, who was along with him, conveyed his body to Cork, where he was interred.


Mac Namara, Chief of Clann-Cuilein, a charitable and truly hospitable man, who had suppressed robbery and theft, and established peace and tranquillity in his territory, died.


Cormac O'Beirne, Chief of Tir-Briuin, died.


Hugh Oge, the son of Hugh Maguire, was slain by Mac Gillafinnen and the sons of Donough Ballagh Magauran.


The castle of the sons of Hugh Maguire was taken by Maguire and his sons; and the sons of Hugh were banished from the territory, and their people totally plundered.



John, the son of Thomas O'Reilly, was treacherously slain by his own sons.


Gilbert O'Flanagan, heir to the chieftainship of Tuath-ratha, died.


An incursion was made by Mac Jordan de Exeter and John Mac Costello into Tirawley, against Thomas Barrett and the sons of Mac Wattin, and committed depredations. Richard Barrett was slain while in pursuit of the prey; and John Finn Mac Costello was slain on the same occasion.


Henry Barrett Mac Wattin died.


Ivor, the son of Edmond Mac Rannall, heir to the chieftainship of Muintir-Eolais, was slain by Cathal, the son of Mac Rannall.

Annal M1429


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1429. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred twenty-nine.


James Stuart, son of the King of Scotland, and Roydamna of Scotland, who had been banished from Scotland to Ireland, died, after the arrival of a fleet from the men of Scotland to convey him home, that he might be made king.


Niall O'Doherty, Chieftain of Ardmire, died.


Grainne, the daughter of Niall More O'Neill, and wife of O'Donnell (Turlough an Fhina), died.


O'Flanagan of Tuath-ratha (Gilla-Isa) was slain by the sons of Hugh Maguire in his own house, in a nocturnal assault.


A war broke out between O'Rourke (Teige) and O'Reilly (Owen). The descendants of Mahon O'Reilly and the English of Meath joined O'Rourke against O'Reilly, and burned O'Reilly's town, whereupon O'Reilly prevailed upon O'Neill to come to his relief; and O'Neill, with the forces of Oriel and Fermanagh, and his own creaghts, marched as far as Achadh-Chille-Moire. Thither they were pursued by O'Rourke, the sons of Mahon O'Reilly, the Baron of Delvin, and Mac Cabe; and O'Neill and his sons and gallowglasses, in conjunction


with the forces of Fermanagh, and O'Reilly and his kinsmen, then engaged, and defeated the enemy in the battle of Achadh-Chille-Moire, in which the Baron of Delvin, Mac Cabe, Henry Mac Cabe, Dermot O'Rourke, and many others, were taken prisoners or slain by O'Neill.


Donough Mac Gillafinnen died.


Hugh Direach, the son of Turlough-an-Fhina O'Donnell, and his son, were slain by Turlough, the son of Niall Garv O'Donnell, on the eighth of February; and Rury O'Doherty died within a quarter of a year afterwards, at Fathan-Mura-Othna.


A great number of the men of Breifny were disabled and slain by Muintir-Feodachain, on the hill of Odhra, in Sliabh-da-Chon. They lost no less than forty men, together with Conor, the son of Donnell Mac Sweeny, who had gone on that incursion through folly and youth. Some of the men of Dartry, and others of the people of the Clann-Hugh Maguire, were slain there.


Murrough, the son of O'Byrne, died.


Melaghlin, son of Conor Anabaidh O'Kelly, who was the son of the Lord of Hy-Many, was slain with one cast of a javelin, by John Cam O'Teige, one of O'Conor's people.


Melaghlin O'Malley, heir apparent to the lordship of Umallia, was slain by the sons of O'Malley.


Matthew, the son of Thomas O'Cuirnin, Ollav of Breifny, and universally learned in history and music, died in his own house.


O'Coffey, i.e. Melaghlin, the son of Clasach O'Coffey, was slain by Edmond, the son of Hubert Dalton.


Annal M1430


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1430. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred thirty.


Gilla-na-naev O'Leannain, Canon and Sacristan of Lisgool, died.


A great army was led by Owen, the son of Niall Oge O'Neill, into the plain of Machaire Oirghiall, and he plundered, laid waste, and burned the English settlements of the entire plain. He also burned the fortresses of Traigh-Bhaile Dundalk, and made the inhabitants of that town tributary and submissive to him; after which he returned home with victory and triumph.


Another great army was led by Owen O'Neill, with the chiefs of the province about him, into Annaly. He went first to Sean Longphort, and from thence to Caill-Salach, where he abode for some time. He afterwards went to Freamhainn, in Meath, to which place the Irish of the South, namely, O'Conor Faly, i.e. Calvagh, O'Molloy, O'Madden, Mageoghegan, and O'Melaghlin, came to meet him, and accept of stipends from him. The whole of West Meath, including Kilbixy, was burned by these forces, upon which the Baron of Delvin, the Plunketts, the Herberts, and the English of Westmeath in general, came to meet O'Neill, to pay him his demands for sparing their country. These they afterwards paid, and they made peace. Owen returned home after victory and triumph, bringing with him the son of O'Farrell, i.e. the son of Donnell Boy, to Dungannon, as a hostage for O'Farrell's lordship.


Maguire (Thomas, surnamed Gilla-Duv), Lord of Fermanagh for the period of thirty-six years, a man of universal hospitality towards poor and mighty, founder of monasteries, churches, and regleses, and maker of many images, pacifier of territories and chieftains, and protector of his territory against his neighbours, a man beloved by the clergy and the laity for the goodness of his


government, died, after the victory of Unction and Penance. His son, Thomas Oge, was installed in his place by the election of the laity and clergy.


Niall, the son of Henry O'Neill, died.


A great war broke out between Mac Carthy Reagh and the Earl, i.e. James. The castle of Cill-Britain was taken by the Earl from Mac Carthy, and given to Donough Mac Carthy, Mac Carthy's own brother, who was along with him in storming the castle.


An army was led by Mac William of Clanrickard, Mac Donough of Tirerrill, and Brian, the son of Donnell, son of Murtough O'Conor of Sligo, into Conmaicne Cuile, where they caused great conflagrations, and slew Hugh, son of O'Conor Roe, and Carbry, the son of Brian O'Beirne; and then they returned home in triumph.


The castle of Tulsk was taken by Cathal, the son of O'Conor Roe, from the sons of Turlough Oge, the son of Hugh, son of Turlough O'Conor.


Brian, the son of Tiernan Oge O'Rourke, was slain by the sons of Melaghlin Mac Rannall, at Maethail-Mhanchain; and Donough Mac Tiernan was driven into the monastery of Maethail. Donough, however, came out of his own accord, for sake of his people, on Mac Rannall's guarantee, and made peace between them; and eric was given to O'Rourke for the death of Brian.


Art O'Rourke, heir to the lordship of Breifny, was treacherously slain in his own house, just one week before Easter, by his brother's son, i.e. Manus, the son of Conor O'Rourke.


Teige, the son of Donough, son of Murtough O'Conor, died.


William Roe, the son of Loughlin O'Rourke, died.


Donough Oge, the son of Mac Loughlin, died.


Farrell, the son of Boethius, son of Teige Mac Egan, Ollav of Lower Connaught


in Law, universally learned in every art, and who kept a house of hospitality for all who came to visit him, died, after a good life.

Annal M1431


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1431. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred thirty-one.


The Bishop O'Martain, i.e. Bishop of Clogher, died.


The Bishop O'Mullagan, i.e. Bishop of Leighlin, died.


Teige O'Howen, Official of Lough Erne, a man of literature, died.


Simon Mac Garaghan, a canon of the family of Lisgool in Fermanagh, died.


O'Conor of Corcumroe, i.e. Murtough, was slain by the sons of his own brother.


Con O'Melaghlin, Roydamna of Meath, was slain by the people of Annaly and the English of Westmeath; and his brother Corc was taken prisoner.


Gerald Kavanagh, Roydamna of Leinster, a man illustrious for hospitality and prowess, died.


Mac Rannall, i.e. Geoffrey, an illustrious man, and the head of his own tribe, died.


John, the son of Cuconnaught, son of Philip Maguire, was slain by the people of Teallach Eachdhach Tullyhaw, after he had, at their own invitation, gone into their country. Brian Caech, the son of Magauran, was the man who cormmitted this act of treachery towards him; but this was of no profit to Brian, for he himself and a number of his people were slain. John was attended by only seven persons, while his opponents were forty; and being overpowered by numbers, he was thus slain.


Maguire, i.e. Thomas, proceeded with a great host into Teallach Eachdhach Tullyhaw, to take vengeance on the inhabitants for the death of his kinsman. He plundered, spoiled, and ravaged the territory, and slew many of the chiefs of it. He also burned Ballymagauran, and then he returned home in triumph.


Great depredations were committed upon the English, and many of their people were slain, by Manus Mac Mahon.



A great army was led by Owen O'Neill, Maguire, and O'Reilly, against Mac Quillan, and they plundered and spoiled his territory. Owen, with his army and creaghts, remained in that territory half a quarter of a year, destroying the corn, and burning the dwellings, after which he returned to Tyrone.


Henry, the son of Owen, son of Niall Oge O'Neill, was taken prisoner by Naghtan O'Donnell. Owen O'Neill and Naghtan afterwards came to a conference, and having settled their disputes, they made peace with each other; and Henry was set at liberty.


Naghtan O'Donnell went to assault the castle of Loch Laoghaire, and took it from Turlough O'Donnell; and all the spoils that he found in it he carried off


A large body of English cavalry set out to plunder the territory of the Clann-Kee O'Reilly. On the same day Manus, the son of Ardgal Mac Mahon, set out to plunder the English districts, and on obtaining intelligence of the proceedings of the English, he expeditiously pursued them, and found them engaged in guarding their prey; whereupon he attacked them, deprived them of their spoils, took some of their chiefs prisoners, and slew others, and returned home victoriously.


Donnell Mac Gillapatrick, the son of the Lord of Ossory, died.


Barrduv, the daughter of O'Rourke, a pious and truly hospitable woman, died.


Aine, the daughter of O'Rourke, and wife of O'Farrell, died.


Mac Carmaic of Fermanagh, i.e. Gillapatrick, and Murtough, the son of Philip Mac Carmaic, were slain by Donough Mac Carmaic and his people.


Moen, the son of Henry O'Gormly, was slain by Donnell, son of Teige, son of Cathal Oge, and O'Duirnin.


Gilbert O'Duigennan, and Owen O'Fialain, a learned poet, died.


Donnell, the son of David O'Toole, died.


Connell, the son of Naghtan O'Donnell, set out on a predatory excursion into Tirhugh on Mac an-Ultaigh; but the O'Gallaghers and the sons of Mac an-Ultaigh met and opposed him, and he was slain by one shot of a javelin.



Mac Murrough, Lord of Leinster, i.e. Donough, the son of Art Kavanagh, made an incursion into the county of Dublin, and the English rose up to oppose him. In the early part of the day Mac Murrough routed the English, killed numbers of them, and deprived them of much booty; but the English re-assembled on the same day, and having overtaken Mac Murrough's people in the evening, when they were possessed of great spoils, defeated them, and killed many of their soldiers, who were under the conduct of Mac-an-Mhidhigh, the son of Teige, one of the O'Briens, and the two sons of O'Conor Kerry. O'Toole was taken prisoner.

Annal M1432


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1432. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred thirty-two


Art Mac Cawell, Bishop of Clogher, a pious man, who had kept a house of public hospitality for the poor and indigent of the Lord, died, after penance.


O'Neill, i.e. Donnell Bog, the son of Henry Aimhreidh, was slain in O'Kane's country by the two sons of Dermot O'Kane, i.e. Donnell and Aibhne, assisted by the O'Kanes in general, after they had taken by assault the house in which he was. Donnell O'Neill, Patrick O'Mulholland, and the son of O'Mellain, were also slain. Owen, the son of Niall Oge O'Neill, was inaugurated his (O'Neill's) successor on Leac na Riogh, at Tullaghoge.


O'Neill (Owen) and the sons of Donnell Mac Murtough O'Conor of Sligo came to a conference at Cael-Uisge. The sons of Donnell and the sons of Mac


Donough had fourscore horsemen at this conference. O'Donnell, i.e. Niall, sent his people to guard the strait, and prevent the meeting; so that when O'Neill and Maguire advanced to the strait, they were met by O'Donnell's people; and as soon as Maguire's troops had landed, they were routed all over Miodhbholg; and many of them were killed and wounded by the Kinel-Connell. The sons of Donnell, son of Murtough, nevertheless, proceeded onward to the place where O'Neill was; and they gave one another their hands, in token of their keeping mutual friendship and amity.


A great war arose between O'Neill and O'Donnell; and Henry, the son of O'Neill, went to Sligo for the sons of Donnell, son of Murtough; but O'Donnell and O'Rourke (Teige), with the sons of Hugh Maguire, were on the watch for them, while Henry was in the West. Henry and the Carbury men proceeded to Magh-Ene, and Maguire went for them, taking a fleet with him to Cael-Uisge on the Erne, and he conveyed them in safety to his house.


A great army was led by O'Neill, Maguire, and the Mac-I-Neill Boy, into Kinel-Moen, confronting O'Donnell; and they remained there face to face from the festival of the Holy Cross to Lammas. During this time many persons were wounded and killed in the affrays between them; and the town of O'Donnell, and the town of Naghtan (O'Donnell), were burned on this occasion. Both parties returned to their homes without peace or cessation from hostilities.


Great and frequent depredations were committed by Manus Mac Mahon upon the English, many of whom he slew; and he placed their heads upon the stakes of the garden of Baile na Lurgan, Mac Mahon's own mansion-seat, hideous and horrible spectacles to the beholders.



Owen, son of Mac Carthy Reagh, went upon a predatory incursion to Kinsale, and was killed by one shot.


Mac Mahon (Brian, the son of Ardgal) turned out against O'Neill and his own kinsmen, Rury and Manus, and took with him his creaghts over to the English.


The English mustered an army, and marched with Mac Mahon into Oriel, where they burned Dartry-Coininse in the county of Monaghan. From thence they passed to Machaire Ardamacha, and having carried away all the provisions which they found in the churches, they burned them on the Green of the town. They obtained great gifts from the clergy and students of the town, as considerations for refraining from burning their churches. The English and Mac Mahon then returned to their homes.


Melaghlin Maineach Mac Namara, Chief of Clann-Cuilein, died.


Teige O'Mahony, heir apparent to the lordship of Corca-Baiscinn, Maelmora O'Reilly, and Turlough, the son of John O'Reilly, died.


Turlough, the son of John O'Reilly, died.


Cathal, the son of Thomas O'Farrell, died.


O'Duigennan of Kilronan, i.e. Matthew Glas, a learned Ollav in history, died.


Gregory, the son of John O'Mulconry, an intended historian, died.


Teige, the son of Donnell, son of Brian O'Dowda, Lord of Hy-Fiachrach, a man who had restored the hereditary possessions in his territory to their lawful proprietors, both lay and ecclesiastical, and had maintained a respect for learned men and poets, died on the 16th of January.


Niall Roe, son of Henry O'Neill, died.


Walter Burke, grandson of the Earl of Ulster, a charitable and humane man, died.



Great depredations were committed by O'Donnell upon O'Neill; and on the same day another depredation was also committed upon O'Neill by Brian Oge O'Neill.


A great war broke out between O'Carroll, Lord of Ely, and the Earl of Ormond; and the Earl marched at the head of a great army into Ely, ravaged the country, and demolished O'Carroll's two castles.


Mac Murrough, Lord of Leinster, greatly ravaged the territory of the English; and the English made an attack upon Mac Murrough, but they were routed, and Walter Tobin was taken prisoner in the conflict; and many others were wounded, killed, or taken prisoners.