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Annals of the Four Masters (Author: [unknown])

Annal M1393


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1393. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred ninety-three.


John, son of Geoffry O'Reilly, Bishop of Breifny Kilmore, died.


Matthew O'Howen, Chaplain of Inis Caoin, died.


The priest O'Clery died.


Hugh, the son of Conor, son of Tomaltagh Mac Dermot, Lord of Moyburg, died, after gaining the palm for hospitality and penance. His son Cathal was drowned shortly afterwards.


Mulrony, son of Farrell Mac Dermot, assumed the lordship of Moylurg, by means of the power and assistance of Tomaltagh Mac Donough.


An incursion was made by the sons of Hugh Mac Dermot into Cluain O'g-Coinden (at the callow of Lough Techet), against the Mac Dermot; and a conflict ensued between them, in which the sons of Hugh were routed, and Conor and Rory, two sons of Hugh Mac Dermot, were taken prisoners. Farrell, the son of Donough Reagh, was also taken; but he afterwards made his escape. Donnell Duv Mac Dermot and many others were slain around them on this occasion.



Brian, son of Melaghlin O'Kelly, Tanist of Hy-Many; Farrell Magauran, Chief of Teallach Eachdhach (Tullyhaw), a man of lavish hospitality towards the literati; and Manus O'Hara, Tanist of Leyny, died.


A peace was concluded by the chieftains of Moylurg with one another, on the subject of the apportionment of their lands, and the redemption of their hostages from captivity


Raghnailt, the daughter of Hugh, son of Felim O'Conor, a beautiful and humane woman; Maurice Cam, the son of Rory Mageoghegan; and Brian, the son of William Oge Mageoghegan, died.


Edwina, daughter of Cathal Oge O'Conor, and wife of Brian, son of Melaghlin O'Kelly; Donnell and Edmond, two sons of Melaghlin O'Kelly; and Dermot O'Flanagan, heir apparent to the chieftainry of Tuath-ratha in Fermanagh, died.


The monastery of Cill-Achaidh, in the diocese of Kildare, was founded for Franciscan Friars by O'Conor Faly.

Annal M1394


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1394 The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred ninety-four.


Richard, King of England, came to Ireland in Michaelmas. He landed at Waterford, and proceeded from thence to Dublin.



Gilla-Downey O'Howen, Official of Lough Erne, and Parson and Erenagh of Inis Caoin; Matthew Mac Gilla-Coisgle, Vicar of Claoin-inis; and Lucas Mac Scoloige, vicar of Achadh-Urchair, died.


The Earl of March came to Ireland.


Teige, the son of Gilla-Isa O'Flanagan, Chief of Tuath-ratha, was slain by the sons of David O'Flanagan and the sons of Murtough O'Flanagan.


Hugh O'Dempsy, while in pursuit of a prey, was slain by the English.


Thomas O'Dempsy, heir to the lordship of Clann-Maoilughra, was slain by the English.


Mac Jordan (John, son of Meyler), Lord of Baile-atha-leathan, was slain by his own immediate kinsmen, namely, the sons of John de Exeter.


An army was led by Art Mac Murrough, King of Leinster, against the English; and he burned Ros-mic-Triuin, with its houses and castles, and carried away from it gold, silver, and hostages.



The Earl of Ormond mustered a force, and marched into Leinster to spoil it; and he burned and spoiled Gailine, and the territory of O'Kelly of Magh Druchtain, and then returned home.


Rory, son of Rory O'Neill, was slain by the sons of Henry O'Neill.


Mac Murrough, i.e. Art, the son of Art, waged war with the King of England and his people, and numbers of them were slain by him. He went at last to the King's house, at the solicitation of the English and Irish of Leinster; but he was detained a prisoner, on account of the complaint of the Lord Justice, i.e. the Earl of Ormond. He was afterwards liberated; but O'Brien, O'More and John O'Nolan, were kept in custody after him.


Mac William Burke, i e. Thomas, went into the King's house, and received great honour, and lordship, and chieftainship over the English of Connaught


Turlough, the son of Murrough na-Raithnighe O'Brien, of the race of Brian Roe, waged war with the people of the King of England in Munster and Leinster, and burned and plundered the county of Limerick.


Camcluana O'Dugan was slain at Dublin by the people of the King of England.



Brian, son of Mulrony, son of Farrell Mac Dermot, heir to the lordship of Moylurg, was slain by Melaghlin Cleireach Mac Dermot, his paternal uncle.


Teige O'h-Eachaidhen, a learned poet, was slain by the sons of Cuconnaught O'Daly, in a squabble about the ollavship of O'Neill.

Annal M1395


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1395. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred ninety-five.


The young Bishop O'Mochain died on his way to Rome.


O'Flannelly, Vicar of Skreen-Adamnan, died.


The official O'Tuathail, who was Vicar of Imaidh-Fechin, a man who had kept a celebrated house of hospitality, died.


O'Neill Boy died, and was interred at Armagh.


Philip Maguire, Lord of Fermanagh, the spender and defender of his territory, a man of whose fame and renown all Ireland was full, died, after the victory of Penance. Thomas Maguire, i.e. the Gilla-Dubh, son of Philip, assumed the lordship of Fermanagh.


Donnell, i.e. O'Muldoon of Lurg, was treacherously taken prisoner by the


sons of Art Maguire, at Tearmon-Daveóg, and delivered up as a captive to O'Donnell. He afterwards died in captivity.


Thomas, son of Hugh Roe Maguire, was taken prisoner by the Gilla-Duv, i.e. Thomas, and his brother, Hugh Maguire; but he afterwards escaped, i.e. he was carried away by his own son.


A party of the people of the King of England set out on a predatory excursion into Offaly. O'Conor pursued them to the causeway of Cruachain, where great numbers of them were slain, and sixty horses taken from them. Another party of the people of the King of England, under the conduct of the Earl Maruscal, set out upon a predatory excursion into Ely. O'Carroll and his people came up with them, killed many of the English, and took many horses from them.


Niall Oge, the son of Niall, son of Hugh O'Neill, and O'Brien, i.e. Brian, the son of Mahon, went into the King of England's houses.


Cobhlaigh Mor, daughter of Cathal, the son of Donnell O'Conor, King of Connaught, a rich and affluent woman, of good hospitality, died, after the victory of Penance, and was interred in the monastery of Boyle. It was she who


was commonly called Port na-d-Tri Namhat; for she was wife of O'Donnell, i.e. Niall, Lord of Tirconnell; of Hugh O'Rourke, Lord of Breifny; and of Cathal, the son of Hugh Breifneach O'Conor, Roydamna of Connaught


Una, daughter of Teige, son of Manus O'Conor, and wife of Maguire, died.


John, the son of Art Maguire, was taken prisoner by Maguire, and delivered up to the O'Muldoons of Lurg, who put him to death at Finntracht Droma-bairr, as he had previously deserved from them.


The King of England departed from Ireland in May, after a great number of the English and Irish chiefs of Ireland had gone into his house; and Mortimer was left by the King in Ireland as his representative. Although Mac Murrough had gone into the King's house, he did not afterwards keep faith with him.


Ardstraw and Clogher Mac Daimhin, with all their various riches, were burned.


Rory O'Kelly, heir to the lordship of Hy-Many, died.


Mac Jordan de Exeter was taken prisoner by the Clann-Mac-Jordan, and


delivered up into the hands of Mac William Burke. An army was led by Donnell, the son of Murtough O'Conor, and the Irish of Lower Connaught, into Mac William's territory, in consequence of the capture of Mac Jordan; and Mac Jordan was liberated, and peace was ratified between the English and Irish of the province on this occasion.


An army was led by O'Donnell (Turlough) into Tyrone, against the sons of Henry O'Neill, and committed great ravages and spoliations in the territory. The sons of Henry, with their forces, pursued them; and a battle was fought between both armies, in which the Kinel-Owen were at last defeated and slaughtered; and Brian, the son of Henry O'Neill, and thirteen of the chiefs of his army, were taken prisoners.


Another army was led by the same O'Donnell to Sligo, through Carbury of Drumcliff; and the country was plundered all around by them; and they destroyed every thing to which they came, and carried off many preys and spoils to their country without receiving any injury, except only that a few at the rear of the army were wounded.


An incursion was made by Donnell, the son of Henry O'Neill, upon Brian, the son of O'Neill; and he took him prisoner, and also committed great depredations upon him. Another incursion was made by Donnell, the son of Henry, into the town of O'Neill, and carried off O'Neill's wife, and other prisoners along with her, and took them with him to the English.


The English of Leinster attempted to make Mac Murrough (Art) prisoner, by treachery; but this was of no avail to them, for he escaped from them by the strength of his arm, and by his valour, so that they were not able to do him any injury.


Donnell, the son of Murtough O'Conor, Lord of Carbury and Sligo, and lord also of that tract of country from the mountain downwards, died in the castle of Sligo, a week before Christmas.



Hugh, the son of Cathal Oge O'Conor, by the daughter of Torlogh O'Conor, and Maurice, son of Paul Ultach, Chief Physician of Tirconnell, died.

Annal M1396


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1396. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred ninety-six.


Bishop O'Hara died.


Matthew O'Luinin, Erenagh of Arda, a man of various professions, and skilled in history, poetry, music, and general literature, died.


O'Conor Kerry was treacherously slain by his own tribe.


O'Kennedy, Lord of Ormond, died.


Irial O'Loughlin, Lord of Corcomroe, was slain by Mac Girr-an-adhastair, one of his own tribe, in revenge of his foster-brother Melaghlin, whom he Irial had killed some time before.


Conor, the son of Owen O'Malley, went on an incursion with a ship's crew to West Connaught, and loaded the ship with the riches and prizes taken by


that adventure. But all, save one man only, were drowned between Ireland and Aran.


The victory of Creag was gained by O'Conor Roe and his kinsmen over O'Conor Don, Hugh O'Conor, Conn Mac Branan, and Hugh O'Hanly, Chief of Kinel-Dofa. In the conflict were slain Con Mac Branan, Chief of Corcachlann, John O'Teige, the son of John O'Hanly, and many others besides.


O'Donnell marched an army into Carbury; and a part of this army came up with the sons of Melaghlin Caech Mac Murtough, who were watching and guarding the country for the Connacians, with a great body of cavalry. They were defeated by O'Donnell; and they left the most of their horses behind them. Some of them were wounded, and others made their escape by means of their valour. Carbury was afterwards plundered by the army of O'Donnell, who returned home with their preys.


Melaghlin Caech, the son of Murtough, son of Donnell O'Conor, died.


A battle was gained by O'Toole over the Anglo-Irish and Saxons of Leinster, in which the English were dreadfully slaughtered; and six score of their heads were carried for exhibition before O'Toole, besides a great many prisoners, and spoils of arms, horses, and armour.


Cu-Uladh Magennis, heir to the lordship of Iveagh, was slain by the English.


O'Hanlon, Lord of Orior, was treacherously slain by a party of his own tribe.


Mary, the daughter of O'Kane, and wife of O'Doherty, died.



Brian, the son of Henry O'Neill, was ransomed from O'Donnell by O'Neill, who gave, as the price of his ransom, horses, armour, and much valuable property; and O'Neill delivered him over to the other son of Henry (i.e. to Donnell), together with other considerations, in ransom for his own son, namely, Brian, son of Niall.


An army was led by O'Donnell (Turlough, the son of Niall Garv) and Teige, son of Cathal O'Conor, to Sligo; and they burned the whole town, both its edifices of stone and of wood: and the son of Conor Moinmoy, with many others, was slain by them on this occasion. It was grievous that this town should have been burned, for its buildings of stone and wood were splendid.


Annal M1397


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1397. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred ninety-seven.


A great army was mustered by Niall O'Neill, King of Kinel-Owen, to invade O'Donnell (Turlough) and the sons of Henry O'Neill. O'Donnell and the sons of Henry mustered another army to oppose him. They remained for some time face to face, without coming to any engagement. O'Neill and his army growing weary, they set out for home, unnoticed by the other army; but when the other army perceived this i.e. that they had disappeared, they sent skirmishing squadrons in pursuit of them; and some of O'Neill's people were killed, leaving many horses and other spoils to the Kinel-Connell and the sons of Henry on this occasion.


An army was led by Turlough O'Donnell, Lord of Kinel-Connell, into Fermanagh, and he carried many boats with him to Lough Erne, and, landing on the islands and islets of the lake, he plundered and preyed them all, except the churches or sanctuaries; and he carried away immense spoils, and returned without opposition.


Another army was led by O'Donnell into Carbury, to expel from thence the sons of Donnell, the son of Murtough; and he burned the whole territory as far as Cluain-Dearg-ratha.



Hugh Mac Mahon recovered his sight by fasting in honour of the Holy Cross of Raphoe, and of the image of the Blessed Virgin Mary at Ath-Trim.


Niall More, the son of Hugh O'Neill, King of Kinel-Owen, Contender for the crown of Ireland, Pillar of the dignity and preeminence of his principality, Pillar of resistance to every attack, Destroyer of the English, Uniter of the Irish, and Exalter of the Church and sciences of Ireland, died, after the victory of Extreme Unction and Penance; and Niall Oge, his son, assumed his place.


Mac Donough of Tirerril repaired to Machaire-Chonnacht with all his forces. substance, and cattle, to assist O'Conor Don, and encamped with his people and cattle at Cuirrech-Chinn-eitigh, where O'Conor was. O'Conor Roe having heard of this, he assembled together, from every side, Mac William, Thomas, the son of Sir Edmond Albanagh, the sons of Cathal Oge O'Conor, the sons of Hugh Mac Dermot, the Hy-Many, and even the grandsons of Felim, with all the forces of each of them, and a body of gallowglasses besides; and these then marched to the Plain of Machaire Chonnacht. But O'Conor Don was not then along with Mac Donough, nor did Mac Donough perceive the army until O'Conor Roe had surrounded him with a large body of cavalry. A battle ensued between them, which was fiercely and determinedly maintained on both sides, until at length Mac Donough and his people were defeated; and the heroes by whom they were routed pursued and slaughtered them). In this engagement were slain Mac Donough, and Hugh Caech, the son of Hugh, son of Turlough O'Conor; Mac Sweeny, High Constable of Connaught from the Mountain downward, and his two brothers, Donough and Donslevy; Cuaifne,


the son of Cuaifne O'Conor; and Dermot Mac Donough, Tanist of Tirerrill; together with other chieftains and nobles of their kinsmen and people. Innumerable and indescribable were the spoils and valuable articles obtained by O'Conor Roe on this occasion, without mentioning horses, arms, and armour. This defeat of Cinn-eitigh was sustained on the first festival of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Autumn. When O'Conor Don had heard the news of this (which he did on the third day after the defeat), he came to the herds and stalls of O'Conor Roe and the Clann-Felim, which were situated in Leitrim, and having given them a migratory overthrow, which was called ‘an gheal-mhaidhm,’ he carried off from them immense preys and spoils on that occasion.


Felim, son of Cathal Oge, and Dowell Mac Donnell Galloglach, went to O'Donnell to request his assistance against their enemies; and O'Donnell, with the chiefs of Tirconnell, came on this occasion to assist the sons of Cathal Oge. The people of Carbury and Tirerrill fled before them into the fastnesses and places of difficult access of their country. O'Donnell arrived at Aenach-Tire-Oilella; and his people burned many houses and much corn, and committed great depredations on the son of Cormac, son of Rory. Mulrony Mac Dermot, Lord of Tirerrill, O'Dowda, and O'Hara, afterwards gave sureties and hostages, to O'Donnell and the sons of Cathal Oge as securities, that they would never again oppose them. Upon this condition O'Donnell concluded a peace with them, and returned, himself, to Tirconnell immediately afterwards. The sons of Cathal Oge, Muintir-Durnin, and Mac Donnell Galloglach, then went to Carbury, and halted at Lissadill, where they proceeded to parcel out the territory between them that night. But they disputed on this head; and on the morrow O'Donnell arrived there, with a small body of cavalry, to settle matters between them.


At this time Murtough Bacagh, the son of Donnell, son of Murtough


O'Conor, and the Mac Sweenys, were at Fassa Coille, together with the Western O'Hara, and the descendants of Flaherty O'Rourke; and they all set out early in the morning to Bun-Brenoige, opposite Lissadill, to attack the sons of Cathal Oge and O'Donnell. Squadrons of the cavalry of the sons of Cathal Oge advanced towards them the party of Murtough Bacach, on the way to Sligo; but the stream of Bun-Brenoige lay on one side of them, and, luckily and favourably for them, the sea had flowed on the other side, so that they could not be encompassed or surrounded. They afterwards came to a brisk engagement with each other, in which O'Donnell and the sons of Cathal Oge were defeated, and Marcus Mac Donnell, and Dugald his son, John Mac Sheely, and a great many others of their gallowglasses, were slain. Great ravages and depredations were then committed on the sons of Cathal; and they were again banished across the River Erne, in sadness and dejection, precisely on the Great Festival of the Blessed Virgin Mary.



Dermot, the son of Ivor O'Beirne, was in a fever, and was conveyed in a cot on a lake from his own house, towards the house of Murrough, the son of Thomas O'Beirne; and he leaped out of the cot, unobserved by any, into the lake, and was immediately drowned.

Annal M1398


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1398. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred ninety-eight.


Thomas Mac Morrissy, Bishop of Achonry, died.


A great war broke out between O'Neill (Niall Oge) and O'Donnell (Turlough); and his own chieftains and tribe abandoned O'Donnell, so that he was reduced to great straits by the sons of Henry O'Neill, by the sons of John O'Donnell, by O'Doherty, and by the Clann-Sweeny. Niall Garv, the son of O'Donnell, and the sons of Donnell, son of Niall O'Donnell, went upon an excursion into Fanad, took John, the son of Mulmurry Mac Sweeny, prisoner, and committed a depredation. The English and Irish of the province of Ulster (O'Donnell only excepted) went into the house of O'Neill, and gave him hostages and other pledges of submission.


A great army was led by Niall Oge O'Neill, King of Kinel-Owen and the sons of Henry O'Neill, against O'Donnell, and arrived at Assaroe; and they plundered the monastery of all its riches, and all Tirhugh. A party of O'Donnell's people gave them battle; and Hugh, son of Farrell O'Rourke, was taken prisoner on this occasion. O'Neill returned in safety to Tyrone.



An army was led by Thomas Burke, Lord of the English of Connaught, and by O'Conor Roe and the sons of Cathal Oge, into Tirerrill, which they entirely plundered. Conor Oge, the son of Hugh Mac Dermot, and his kinsmen, afterwards returned from this army to traverse Moylurg. On the same night Farrell Mac Dermot, Lord of Moylurg, went to the monastery of Boyle, and took away all the provisions and other stores which he found in it to the town i.e. the castle called the Rock. The sons of Mac Dermot, discovering the track of his party, pursued them; and as soon as the others had notice of their being pursued, they proceeded onwards through the country until they reached Eachdruim Mac n-Aodha, in Tir-Briuin na Sinna. The sons of Mac Dermot burned the church of Aughrim over their heads. Conor Mac Dermot, i.e. the son of Farrell, was slain by them, and many of his people along with him; and Mulrony Mac Dermot was taken prisoner. They then took their horses, arms, and armour, as booty.


Murrough Bane, the son of John, son of Donnell O'Farrell, a worthy heir to the lordship of Annaly, and the most distinguished of his age of the race of Fergus for hospitality, renown, valour, and prowess, died, after the victory of penance, a month before Christmas, and was interred in the monastery of Leath-ratha in the tomb of his father and grandfather.


Maurice, son of Pierce Dalton, was slain by Murtough Oge Mageoghegan, and Brian, the son of O'Conor Faly.


Gleann da loch was burned by the English.



Murtough O'Conor of Sligo went to Tirhugh, and returned to Assaroe, without gaining much booty by the incursion. Hugh O'Duirnin came up with him there, and routed him and his people at Ballyshannon; Hugh's horse was wounded, and he himself thrown off, and afterwards killed.


Garrett, Earl of Desmond, a cheerful and courteous man, who excelled all the English, and many of the Irish, in the knowledge of the Irish language, poetry, and history, and of other learning, died, after the victory of penance.


The Earl of Kildare was taken prisoner by Calvagh O'Conor and a body of the cavalry of Offaly, and delivered up to Murrough O'Conor.


Sir John, Earl of Desmond, was drowned in the Suir, a short time after assuming the earldom.


A battle was given to the English by O'Byrne and O'Toole, in which the Earl of March was slain, and the English were slaughtered.


Finola, daughter of Ualgarg More O'Rourke, and wife of John More O'Hara, died.


David O'Duigennan, Ollav of the Clann-Mulrony in history, a general and select biatagh, and a man of learning and science, died.



O'Conor Roe and Mac Dermot marched with a great army against the Clann-Donough of Tirerrill, until they arrived at Magh-Tuiredh, where they committed great depredations. The Clann-Donough and Murtough, son of Donnell O'Conor. with all his forces, assembled, came up with them; and a battle was fought between them, in which O'Conor Roe was defeated, and Sorley Boy Mac Donnell and his people were killed.


Thomas, the son of Cathal, son of Murrough O'Farrell, Lord of Annaly, bond of the hospitality and renown of the race of Ros, was slain at his own mansion-seat of Coillin Crubach, by the English of Meath and the Baron of Delvin, after he had been elected Lord of Annaly in preference to John O'Farrell, his senior kinsman. John was then installed into the lordship of Annaly.


A very great defeat was given by Mac Carthy of Carbery to O'Sullivan, and the two sons of O'Sullivan, Owen and Conor, together with many others, were slain in the conflict.


O'Brien Maol died of the plague in the English Pale.


The son of Maurice Boy O'More, Lord of Slieve-Margy, fosterer of the Iearned and destitute of Ireland, died.


Mac William Burke burned Sligo.



Cathal, son of Rory Maguire, was slain by Owen, son of Niall Oge O'Neill.


Art Cuile, the son of Philip Maguire, was slain by the people of Teallach Eachdhach Tullyhaw.


The sons of Henry O'Neill, the sons of John O'Donnell, and the people of Fermanagh, mustered an army against O'Donnell; and O'Donnell, on the other hand, assembled his forces against them; and they remained for some time fronting each other, in two camps; but they afterwards departed without achieving any remarkable exploit.

Annal M1399


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1399. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred ninety-nine.


An army was led by O'Neill (Niall Oge) against the English, so that the greater number of them was plundered and expelled by him.


Conor Mac Cormac, Bishop of Raphoe, one of the O'Donnells of Corca-Bhaiscinn, died.


Cu-Uladh (i.e. Cu-Uladh Roe), son of Niall More, who was son of Hugh O'Neill, died of the plague.


Brian O'Brien (i.e. the son of Mahon), Lord of Thomond, died.


Turlough, the son of Murrough (i.e. Murrough Raithnighe) O'Brien, died.


Felim, the son of Cahir O'Conor, Tanist of Offaly, died of the plague at O'Reilly's house.


The sons of Henry O'Neill went upon an excursion against the English of Tragh-Bhaile. The English assembled to oppose them, and routed them, took Donnell, the son of Henry, prisoner, and killed great numbers of his people.


Donnell was sent to England in the following year, after his ransom had been refused.


John O'Farrell, Lord of Annaly, an intellectual, ingenious, erudite, and learned man, illustrious for hospitality and prowess, died.


Hugh O'Donoghoe, Lord of Eoghanaght of Lough Leane; O'Byrne ( Gerald, son of Teige); Turlough, the son of Mulmurry Mac Sweeny of Fanaid; Auliffe, the son of Philip, son of Auliffe, son of Donn Carragh Maguire, Chief of Muintir-Feodachain in Fermanagh, died.


Hugh Mac Mahon died, after the loss of his eyes.


Donnell, the son of Gilla-Isa Roe O'Reilly, died.


Magennis (Murtough, the son of Murtough More), Lord of Iveagh, was slain by his own tribe.


Henry IV was made King of England on the 29th of September.


Boethius Mac Egan, a man extensively skilled in the Fenechus law, and in music, and who had kept a celebrated house of hospitality; and Gilla-na-naev, the son of Conor Mac Egan, Arch-Ollav of the Fenechus Law, died.


The Earl of Desmond (John, son of Garrett) was drowned at the ford of Ardfinnan, on the Suir.

Annal M1400


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1400. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred.


Hugh O'Molloy, Lord of Fircall; Laighneagh, the son of Farrell Roe, son of Donough Mageoghegan; Donough Sinnach Fox, Lord of Muintir-Tadhgain,


and Chief of Teffia; and Dermot and Brian, two sons of Catharnach Mac an-t-Sinnaigh, died.


The castle of Dunamon was taken by Mac an-Abbaidh O'Conor. Hubert, the son of Edmond, son of Hubert Burke, was killed in it; and the grandson of Edmond O'Kelly, who was imprisoned in it, was set at liberty.


Gregory, son of Tanuidhe O'Mulconry, a man perfect in his hereditary art, and a good materies of an ollav of Sil-Murray, was accidentally killed, by one cast of a javelin from the hand of William Garv Mac David Burke, who mistook him for another. One hundred and twenty-six cows were afterwards given as an eric fine for his death.


Rory, the son of Art Magennis, Lord of Iveagh in Ulidia, was slain by the sons of Cu-Uladh O'Neill, assisted by Caffar Magennis, his own brother.


A great army was led by Niall Oge O'Neill into Tirconnell, and destroyed many fields and much corn. The Kinel-Connell came to oppose him; and a battle was fought between them, in which the Kinel-Owen were defeated, and many of them slain; they were also deprived of many horses on this occasion.



Gillapatrick, the son of Manus Maguire,who was usually called Gilla-Buidhe, died, in his own house, in consequence of venesection.


John, son of Philip, son of Gilla-Isa-Roe O'Reilly, Lord of Breifny, the most hospitable and noble of his name, died of a sudden fit, in his bed at Tulach Mongain.


The son of the King of England came to Ireland.


Manus, the son of Cuconnaught O'Reilly, heir apparent to the lordship of Muintir-Maelmora, died.


Conor, the son of Donnell, son of Niall Garv, son of Hugh, son of Donnell Oge O'Donnell, went on a predatory excursion over the mountain eastward, through Tirconnell; and he and Owen Roe Mac Sweeny fell by each other's hands.


The sons of Flaherty O'Rourke were banished from Breifny; and they went to Tirconnell, and brought some of the Kinel-Connell with them into Breifny, where they committed great depredations on O'Rourke, and carried away the spoils into Tirconnell.

Annal M1401


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1401. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred one.


Melaghlin O' Kelly, Lord of Hy-Many, a truly hospitable and humane man, and Thomas, the son of Sir Edmond Albanagh Burke, i.e. Mac William, Lord of the English of Connaught, died, after the victory of penance. After the death of this Thomas Burke, two Mac Williams were made, namely, Ulick, the son of Richard Oge, who was elected the Mac William; and Walter, the son of Thomas, who was made another Mac William, but yielded submission to Mac William of Clanrickard for his seniority.


Donnell O'Malley, Lord of Umallia, died, after having attained to a good old age.


Cathal Roe Mac Rannall, Chief of Muintir-Eolais, was slain at Druim-chubhra, by Geoffry, the son of Melaghlin Mac Rannall.



Mulrony, the son of Cathal Roe Mac Rannall, was slain by the sons of the same Melaghlin, while in pursuit of a prey.


Conor Anabaidh O'Kelly assumed the lordship of Hy-Many after his father.


The Rock of Lough Key was taken by the sons of Cathal Mac Dermot, and many persons were slain and drowned around it. Its ward gave it up for a bribe.


Felim, the son of Cathal Oge O'Conor, was taken prisoner by the son of O'Conor Don.


A conference was held between O'Neill (Niall Oge) and O'Donnell (Turlough) at Cael-uisge; and they made peace with each other on that occasion.


A war afterwards broke out between O'Donnell and Brian, the son of Henry O'Neill; for Brian had led an army into Tirconnell, and had attacked the fortress of O'Donnell, and killed the son of Niall Oge, son of Niall Garv, son of Hugh, son of Donnell Oge O'Donnell, and Melaghlin, son of Flaherty O'Rourke, and many others. On the same day O'Donnell, his sons, and Muintir Duirnin, went in pursuit of Brian, and overtook him as he was driving off a prey taken from O'Gormly (Henry), whom he had slain. A fierce battle was fought between O'Donnell and Brian O'Neill, in which Brian was killed by O'Donnell, and his people were routed, leaving the spoils of Kinel-Moen behind them. many others were slain along with Brian in this engagement. O'Donnell then returned home safely with his people, with great spoils, after victory and triumph.


Cormac Mac Branan, Chief of Corco-achlann, was treacherously slain by his own kinsman, i.e. Conor, the son of John Mac Branan, &c.


Donnell, the son of Henry O'Neill, was ransomed from the English.

Annal M1402


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1402. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred two.


A great war broke out between O'Neill and the sons of Henry O'Neill: and the country was destroyed in every direction between them.


Murtough O'Flanagan, Archdeacon of Elphin, died.



A war broke out between the Earl of Ormond and the Earl of Desmond; and the two Mac Williams went to assist the Earl of Ormond.


The Rock of Lough Key was taken by Conor Oge, the son of Hugh, from the sons of Farrell Mac Dermot.


Farrell O'Rourke, heir to the lordship of Breifny, a powerful, energetic, comely, and truly hospitable man, was slain in his own house by the Clann-Caba, and was interred in the monastery of Sligo.


Niall Oge, the son of Niall More, son of Hugh O'Neill, King of Kinel-Owen, died, after the victory of hospitality and renown, Extreme Unction and Penance.


Brian, the son of Niall Oge, died of galar breac.


Murtough, the son of Donough O'Dowda, a man universally distinguished for his nobleness and hospitality, died, and was interred at Ardnarea.


Matthew O'Scingin died of fiolún.


Philip, the son of Brian More Mac Mahon, Lord of Oriel, died; and Ardgal, another son of Brian, assumed the lordship after him.


Cuconnaught, the son of Manus, who was son of Cuconnaught O'Reilly, Tanist of Breifny, died. Una, the daughter of Turlough O'Conor, was his mother.


Brian, the son of Donnell O'Flaherty, heir to the lordship of Carn Gegach, died.


Felim, the son of Cathal Oge, was released frorm captivity.


The Abbey of Cuinche, in Thomond, in the diocese of Killaloe, was founded for Franciscan friars by Sheeda Cam Mac Namara, Lord of Clann-Coilein, who ordained that it should be the burial-place of himself and his tribe.


Hugh Seanchaidh O'Donnell, a learned historian, died.


A great war broke out between O'Donnell (Turlough, the son of Niall) and O'Kane (Manus); and during this war O'Kane's tribe was plundered, and the territory totally spoiled by O'Donnell.