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Annals of the Four Masters (Author: [unknown])

Annal M1383


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1383. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred eighty-three.


The Abbot Mac David, i.e. Abbot of Boyle, a man eminent for charity and humanity, died.


Teige Mac Donough (i.e. the son of Tomaltagh, son of Maurice, son of Donough, from whom the Clann-Donough are named), Lord of Tirerrill, a man full of generosity and hospitality, died on Good Friday; and his son, Tomaltagh, assumed his place.


A great army was led by Niall O'Neill, with his sons and the chieftains of Kinel-Owen, into Trian-Chongail, against the English; and they burned and totally plundered many of their towns. The English of the territory assembled


to oppose them. Hugh O'Neill and Raibilin Savadge met each other in a charge of cavalry, and they made two powerful thrusts of their spears into each others' bodies. Raibilin returned severely wounded to his house, where Mac Eoin Bisset killed him, and Hugh O'Neill died the third day afterwards of the effects of his wound; and Mac Eoin Bisset, he was killed by Raibilin's people the third day after the killing Raibilin himself.


Murtough O'Flanagan, Chief of Tuath-Ratha, and Cormac, the son of Art Maguire, died.


John Mac Caffrey and Manus Mac David were slain on the one day.


Art, son of Thomas Finn of the Clann-Murrough, Roydamna of Leinster, was slain by the EngIish of the county of Wexford.


A great and virulent plague raged universally throughout Ireland.


Art Magennis, Lord of Iveagh in Ulster, sole prop of the hospitality of Ireland in his time, died of the plague at Trim, where he had been detained in prison by the English.


Murrough na-Raithnighe O'Brien, More, the daughter of Murrough O'Madden, and wife of Mac William of Clanrickard (Richard); and Joanna, the daughter of the Earl of Ormond, and wife of Teige O'Carroll, Lord of Ely, died of it the plague.


Murrough, son of Brian O'Kennedy; Donough an-Chuil Mac Mahon, Lord of Corco-Baiscin; Owen, the son of Donough, son of Rory O'Kelly; and Lundrasach Loundres of Baile-Atha-buidhe, died.


Fonntach of Tigh-Munna, and the daughter of O'Brien, and wife of O'Kennedy, died.


Honora, daughter of William Burke, and wife of O'Meagher; Mac Gillapatrick, Lord of Ossory; and the son of Kellagh Mac Gillapatrick, Tanist of Ossory, all died of the same plague.


Dermot O'Dempsy, Lord of Kinel-Maoilughra, was slain by the English.



Donough O'Conor, Lord of Kerry-Luachra, and Melaghlin Magauran, Tanist of Teallach Eachdhach Tullyhaw, died.


John, the son of Donnell O'Farrell, Lord of Annaly, died at Lisard-abhla, and was interred in the monastery of Leath-ratha.


Cathan, son of Rory O'Kane; John Gallda, the son of the Earl; William Barrott; and Rory, the son of Hugh Oge O'Molloy, Lord of Fircall, died.


Rory, the son of Art Maguire, was slain by the son of Donough Maguire.


Dermot Mac Dermot, Tanist of Moylurg, died.


Farrell, the son of Thomas Mac Tiernan, Chief of Teallach Dunchadha Tullyhunco, died.


Murrough, the son of Cahir O'Conor Faly, died.


Miles Mac Costello was slain by the sons of Fiachra O'Flynn.


Ivor O'Hanly, heir to the chieftainship of Kinel-Dofa, was slain by his own tribe.


Cathal, son of Geoffrey O'Farrell, died.


Dermot Mac Rannall, Chief of Muintir-Eolais, committed a depredation upon O'Rourke.

Annal M1384


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1384. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred eighty-four.


John Mac Gilla-Coisgli, a master erenagh, and parson of Airech-Brosga died.


Rory, the son of Turlough O'Conor, King of Connaught, died of the plague on the night of St. Catherine's festival, after reigning sixteen years and three months as king of all Connaught, as the poet Maoilin O'Mulconry testifies in the poem which enumerates the kings of Ireland:


  1. 1] Rory the Royal obtained the reins
    2] For sixteen years and a quarter,
    3] At Cruachan-Aoi, without contention,
    4] The son of Turlough, fierce in battles.

After this two lords were set up in Connaught, Turlough Oge, son of Hugh, son of Turlough, was inaugurated by O'Kelly, the Clann-Rickard, Donnell, son of Murtough O'Conor, and all the Clann-Donough; Turlough Roe, son of Hugh, son of Felim, son of Hugh, son of Owen, was likewise installed into the lordship by Mac Dermot, the race of Murtough Muimhneach, and all the other chieftains of Sil-Murray. In consequence of this, a great war afterwards broke out through all Connaught, in general, so that they were much disturbed.


Mac Rannall, i.e. Mac Rannall Duv, Dermot, son of Melaghlin, the excellent chief of Muintir Eolais illustrious for hospitality and prowess, was treacherously slain by the sons of Randall Mac Rannall in the doorway of the house of Richard Mac Rannall.


Murtough O'Conor, Lord of Offaly, died at a great age.


Tomaltagh Mac Dorcy, chief of Kinel-Duachain, was killed by his own knife while he was shoeing a horse.


A meeting, took place between O'Flaherty and O'Malley, but a quarrel arose between them, in which Owen O'Malley, Cormac O'Malley (i.e. Cormac Cruinn), and many others besides these, were slain by the people of O'Flaherty.


Carrickfergus was burned by Niall O'Neill, who thereupon acquired great power over the English.



Cuconnaught, the son of Hugh 0'Farrell, Lord of Magh-Treagha; and Geoffrey O'Farrell, died.


William, the son of Sir Edmond Burke, and Richard, the son of Maiduke, son of Tomin Barrett, the general patron of the learned, died.


Vigistin O'Duigennan, chief historian of Conmaicne, died.


Ualgarg O'Rourke, worthy heir to the lordship of Breifny, was drowned in Lough Gamhna.


Philip O'Reilly, Lord of Muintir-Maelmora, died.


Meyler, son of Sir William Burke, was killed by a fall. John and David, two other sons of Mac William Burke, died of the plague.


Manus, the son of Melaghlin O'Farrell; Tomaltagh, the son of Carbry O'Farrell; and Farrell, the son of Cathal O'Farrell, died.


An army was led by Donnell, the son of Murtough, with his adherents, into Moylurg; and he burned Mac Dermot's fortress.


Donough O'Dowda died, and his son Murtough assumed his place.


Donnell, the son of Flaherty O'Rourke, died.

Annal M1385


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1385. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred eighty-five.


David, son of Edmond, son of Hubert Burke, was taken prisoner by O'Conor; and he afterwards died in prison at Ballintober.



An army was led by O'Rourke and Mac Donough, with their nobles, into Moylurg; and they burned the fortress of Mac Dermot, and also the territory in general. The son of John O'Hara was slain while in pursuit of this army, and his brothers was taken prisoner.


Felim Cleireach O'Conor and Conor Oge Mac Dermot went upon an excursion into Tirerrill; but a forewarning of their designs had preceded them, and preparations were made to meet them. They, however, passed into the country, and killed men and cattle; but the guards of the territory afterwards overtook them, and a battle ensued, in which Cathal Cairbreach Mac Donough was killed, Conor Mac Dermot taken prisoner, and Felim O'Conor wounded.


An incursion was made by Murtough, son of Cathal O'Conor, Cormac, son of Rory O'Conor, Teige Mac Dermot, and Cathal Mac Dermot, against Mac Rannall Roe and Hugh O'Conor, both of whom they took prisoners, and conveyed to the Rock of Lough Key, to be imprisoned there.


Cathal O'Farrell, worthy heir to the lordship of Annaly; and Cooey O'Kane, Lord of Oireacht-Ui-Chathain, died, while at the pinnacle of prosperity and renown.


O'Conor Roe, Mac Dermot, the sons of Murtough O'Conor of Sligo, and the chieftains of Connaught, proceeded with a very great army into Hy-Many, and burned the town of the son of Edmond O'Kelly. On this occasion William Boy O'Naghtan was slain.


The men of Breifny and Tirerrill repaired to meet O'Conor Don, and made


an incursion against the people of Corcoachlann, where they burned many of their towns, and cut down many fields of corn.


Tireragh was burned by Mac William Burke; he afterwards went to Sligo, which was burned by him in like manner, together with South Carbury. But here battle was given to him, and Maidiuc Mael, one of the chiefs of his people, was slain; and hostages were afterwards forced from him.


Tirawley was burned by Donnell, the son of Murtough O'Conor, where he killed numbers of people, acquired great spoils, and afterwards took with him some of their chieftains as hostages.


A victory was gained by Murrough O'Conor, Lord of Offaly, and the Kinel-Fiachach, over the English of Meath, at Tochar Cruachain-Bri-Ele; Nugent of Meath, Chambers and his son, and a countless host of the chiefs and plebeians of the English were slain.


Tany O'Mulconry, Chief Ollav of Connaught in History and Poetry, died at Lammas, in his own house, after the victory of Extreme Unction and Penance, and was interred with honour at Cluain Coirpthe.


A peace was made by the Connacians with each other, and Sil-Murray was divided into two equal parts between the two O'Conors.



Art, the son of Art More O'Melaghlin; Dervorgilla, the daughter of Cathal Oge, and wife of O'Conor Roe; and Beanmidhe, daughter of Mac Mahon, and wife of O'Neill, died.


Gilchreest Mac Gillafinnen, Chief of Muintir-Pheodachain, died.


Great preys were taken by the Clann-Donough in Carra, but were opposed by the sons of Cathal Oges O'Conor, the Stauntons, and a great number of others. The Clann-Donough were defeated; many of their people were slain, and they themselves were afterwards driven into Cill-Chondaibh.


Annal M1386


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1386. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred eighty-six.


Aine, daughter of Teige Mac Donough, and wife of Tiernan O'Rourke (Lord of Breifny), the most favoured of the women of Leth Chuinn, died at Tuaim Seancha, on Lough Finvoy, and was interred at Sligo.


Carbry, son of Brian, son of Murrough O'Farrell, Lord of Caladh na h-Anghaile, a bountiful, generous, brave, and protecting man, died, after gaining the victory of good fame and renown, Extreme Unction, and Penance.


Niall, the son of Cucogry Oge Mageoghegan, materies of a lord of his tribe, was slain by William Dalton and his son.


Manus, the son of Hugh Mac Dermot, was also slain by the Daltons.


A great army was led by Donnell, the son of Murtough O'Conor, the Mac Donoughs, O'Dowda, and the O'Haras, into the territory of MacWattin, which they totally plundered and devastated on that occasion; and many persons were killed, among whom were Robert of Dun Domhnainn, Mac Meyler of Corran, and Maigeog Gallda. They took Lynott's castle, and cut down the Orchard of Caerthannan, and the orchard of Inis Cua.


Heremon O'Melaghlin was slain by Magawley and the Daltons.


O'Conor Roe, with all the Connacians he could find to join him, went to assist Mac William Burke against Donnell, the son of Murtough O'Conor


Sligo, and the Clann-Donough. They carried off great preys from Tir-Fiachrach Muaidhe. After this they proceeded to Clanrickard on a predatory excursion. O'Brien, with a great army, and Mac William of Clanrickard, came up with them; but O'Conor Roe turned round on them, and defeated them; and Conor, the son of Teige, son of Conor O'Brien, was slain in the conflict.


Numbers of the English of Ossory fell by Mac Murrough, King of Leinster.


Donnell Mac Coghlan, Lord of Delvin, died.


Fineen, son of Rory Mageoghegan, was killed.


A peace was made by the Connacians with one another after the war, and Mac William Burke went into the house of Mac William of Clanrickard, and ceded to him the lordship. Mac Feorais Bermingham went into his house in like manner.


Donough Mac Cabe was slain by the son of Manus O'Reilly


Cathal O'Naghtan was slain by O'Conor Roe.

Annal M1387


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1387. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred eighty-seven


A house was built at Eamhain Macha, by Niall O'Neill, King of Ulster, for the entertainment of the learned men of Ireland.



Sabia, daughter of Hugh O'Neill, the choice woman of the descendants of Niall of the Nine Hostages in her time, and wife of John Bisset, died, after penance.


Richard Oge, i.e. the Mac William of Clanrickard, died.


Godfrey Finn O'Daly, Chief Poet of Ireland, and Rory O'Keenan, a learned historian, and Ollav of Oriel, died.


Donnell, the son of Donough Docair Maguire, and Matthew Mac Coinleagha, were slain at Cill-Naile (in Fermanagh).


Conor, the son of Brian Caragh O'Neill, was slain by the English of Sradbhaile.


William, the son of Dermot Mac Rannall, materies of a chief of Muintir-Eolais, was slain by Muintir Birn the O'Beirnes.


John, the son of Aengus Mac Donnell, Lord of the Insi Gall the Hebrides, died.


Dermot Roe O'Durnin died.


A house was erected at Eamhain Macha Emania by Niall O'Neill, for there was not any house within it i.e. the fort for a long time till then.


Annal M1388


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1388. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred eighty-eight.


Cormac Mac Donough, royal champion of Tirerrill, and its Tanist, went by night on a predatory excursion into Moylurg, and made great preys. O'Conor Roe, the grandsons of Felim, the sons of Cathal Oge O'Conor, and the sons of Hugh Mac Dermot, namely, Cathal and Cormac, with their forces, followed him in pursuit of the preys. Cormac Mac Donough betook himself to the rear of his own people, where some of O'Conor's party first made towards him, and unsparingly attacked him; but O'Conor himself came up with them, and commanded his people not to kill him, if they could take him prisoner; but he Mac Donough did not consent to protection, so that they were at last obliged to kill him. There was not of his tribe, up to that time, his peer for hospitality and prowess. Conor Mac Donough, Murrough, the son of Cormac Mac Donough, and Mac Dermot Roe, were afterwards taken and led away captives. O'Conor Roe pursued them (the enemy) over the mountain downwards i.e. northwards, and the Clann-Donough fled before him to Cuil-Maile Collooney, and the lower part of Tirerrill.


Murtough, the son of Donnell, son of Murtough O'Conor, attacked O'Donnell's camp in the vicinity of Eas-ruadh, and, in the course of this incursion, slew many persons, among whom were the sons of O'Boyle and O'Gallagher, and their kinsmen. Mac Sweeny and his son were taken prisoners, and carried away by him, together with a considerable spoil of horses, arms, and armour. The Clann-Murtough turned against O'Donnell on this occasion.


John Roe O'Tuathail, Lord of the Hy-Muireadhaigh, pillar of the hospitality


and prowess of his tribe, was slain by a clown of his own people, in the middle of his own fortress. The clown was immediately killed for his crime.


The sons of O'Curnin, Siry, Carbry, and Gillapatrick, were slain by the English of Leinster.


Great depredations were committed by O'Conor Roe and Mac Dermot upon O'Conor Don, in consequence of which a general war broke out in Connaught. Mac Donough burned Moylurg on account of these depredations.


Cucogry O'Molloy, Lord of Fircall, died.


Hostilities arose between O'Rourke and the Clann-Donough.


Donnell O'Conor made an incursion into Machaire-Connacht, and burned Ard-an-Choillin, and the island Loch-Cairrgin. Donnell Oge Mac Donnell (i.e. a constable of gallowglasses) was slain on this excursion.


An army was led by O'Donnell (Turlough an Fhina) against the Clann-Murtough; and, arriving at Sligo, he plundered and spoiled all the territory of Carbury of Drumcliff. After numbers had been killed, and the country had been plundered on this occasion, Donnell, the son of Murtough, went into O'Donnell's house, and concluded a peace with him, giving him his full demands, besides the hostages which had been taken from the Kinel-Connell on a former occasion.


A war broke out between O'Rourke and the Mac Donoughs; and Donnell, the son of Murtough O'Conor of Sligo, rose up to assist the Mac Donoughs.


Manus, the son of Melaghlin Mac Manus, was slain by the sons of the Mac Donough, and by Mulrony Mac Donough.


Annal M1389


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1389. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred eighty-nine.


The Vicar of Inis Cain died.


Niall Oge O'Neill was taken prisoner by the English.


Maurice Mael O'Conor Faly was slain by one shot of an arrow at the church of Cluain da-torc, by one of the O'Kellys of Ley.


Melaghlin Cam O'Loughlin, Lord of Corcomroe, was treacherously slain by his own brother.


Owen O'Rourke and the sons of Cathal Oge O'Conor went to Caislen an Uabhair, where they were met by the cavalry of Muintir Healy. These were defeated, and Manus O'Healy and others were there killed. They afterwards plundered Muintir Healy, and killed Murtough O'Healy. After this O'Rourke,


Donnell, the son of Murtough O'Conor and the Clann-Donough, made peace with each other. A peace was also concluded between Mac Dermot and the Clann-Donough; and the hostages that had on a former occasion been taken from the Clann-Donough were now restored to them; and Cathal Mac Dermot, who had been in captivity with the Clann-Donough, was set at liberty after the ratification of the peace aforesaid.


Donnell, the son of Murtough O'Conor Sligo carried off the spoils of Tirconnell.


Randal Mac Rourke, Chief of Teallach-Conmasa, died.


Brian, son of Donnell O'Reilly, was slain by the Clann-Murtough.


Manus O'Rourke was treacherously taken prisoner by Cormac O'Farrell.


Affric, the daughter of Hugh O'Neill, and wife of Henry Aimreidh O'Neill, died.

Annal M1390


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1390. The age of Christ, one thousand three hundred ninety.


Niall O'Taichlich, Canon Chorister of Clogher, and Coarb of Devenish, died.


Petrus O'Howen, Deacon of Lough Erne, and Bartholomew O'Congaile, Canon and Sacristan of Lisgool in Fermanagh, died.


A great war broke out between O'Rourke and O'Reilly; and the people of


Annaly the O'Farrells, the Muintir-Eolais the Mac Rannalls; and the Clann-Murtough O'Conor, at the instigation of Donnell, the son of Murtough, and Tomaltagh Mac Donough, came to join in that war.


Manus O'Rourke, who had been imprisoned by O'Reilly in the castle of Lough Oughter, made his escape from it, and went to the castle of Lough-an Scuir; but the Clann-Murtough, being informed of this by his betrayers, they slew him as he was coming ashore out of a cot.


A peace was concluded between O'Rourke and O'Reilly; and O'Reilly received great rewards for banishing and expelling from him the enemies of O'Rourke. Owen O'Rourke and the son of Cathal Reagh were delivered up as hostages for the payment of these considerations.


The Clann-Murtough and Teallach Dunchadha the Mac Kiernans of Tullyhunco emigrated, in despite of the O'Rourkes, into Fidh-ua-Finnoige, Slieve-Corrain, and Kinel-Luachain. But as soon as O'Rourke, who was at that time in Glenn-Gaibhle, received notice of this, he took his scouts with him to the upper part of Kinel-Luachain, where he made an attack on them, and forced them to fly before him, killing both cattle and people on their route from Beal-atha Doire-Dubhain to the summit of the Breifnian hills.


O'Reilly, i.e. Thomas, the son of Mahon, died; and John, the son of Philip O'Reilly, assumed the lordship.



The castle of Cill Barrainne was demolished by Donnell,the son of Murtough O'Conor of Sligo.


Brian Mac Egan, Ollav of Breifny in judicature, died; and John (i.e. the Official Mac Egan),successor to this Brian, was slain four nights before Christmas Day.


Duigen O'Duigennan, Ollav of Conmaicne in History, died


Farrell O'Hara, Lord of Leyny, died.

Annal M1391


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1391. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred ninety-one.


O'Rourke (Tiernan), with a small body of troops, repaired to Drumlahan to meet O'Reilly (John). When the Clann-Murtough O'Conor heard of this, they met him, with all their forces, at Bealach-an-Chrionaigh; but O'Rourke, with his small body of troops, defeated them, and made them retreat before him; having slain with his own hand John, the son of Mahon O'Conor, and Donough, son of Hugh an-Cleitigh, exclusive of the number of others whom his forces had slain.


Donnell Oge Mac Carthy, Lord of Desmond, died; and his son, Teige, assumed the lordship after him.


O'Hanlon, Chief of the Oriors, was treacherously slain by his own kinsmen.



Mac Gill-Muire (i.e. Cu-Uladh O'Morna), Chief of Hy-Nerca-Chein and Lecale, was slain by his own kinsmen.


Teige, son of Gilla-Columb O'Higgin, and Bebinn, daughter of O'Mulconry, an illustrious ollave in poetry and humanity, died after penance.


Cormac Mael O'Farrell was treacherously slain by the English.

Annal M1392


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1392. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred ninety-two.


Gregory O'Mochain, Archbishop of Tuam, a pious and charitable man, died. Henry Aimhreidh, the son of Niall More O'Neill, Roydamna of Kinel-Owen, and a good materies for a monarch of Ireland for his justice, nobility, and hospitality, died on the festival day of St. Brendan, after the victory of Extreme Unction and Penance.


Donnell, the son of Henry O'Neill, was taken prisoner by Turlough an-Fhiona O'Donnell, Lord of Tirconnell, who, on the same day, committed great depredations and ravages on the people of the said son of Henry.


A great army was led by Niall O'Neill, King of Tyrone, with the chiefs of the whole province about him, against the English of Tragh Bhaile and Dundalk.


He acquired power over them on this occasion; and Seffin White, who had engaged with him in single combat, was slain by him.


A great army was conducted by O'Conor Don (with the greater part of the chiefs of Connaught) into Hy-Many, and burned and totally plundered the territory. O'Conor Roe pursued them; and Cathal, the son of Hugh O'Rourke, who was in the rear of O'Conor Don's army, was taken prisoner by O'Conor Roe, and many of his people were slain.


The Countess of Desmond, daughter of the Earl of Ormond, a bountiful and truly hospitable woman, died after the victory of Penance.


Turlough Mac Brien of Hy-Cuanagh; Rory, son of Donough O'Carroll, Tanist of Ely; and Finola, the daughter of Manus, son of Cathal O'Conor, died.


Dermot Mageoghegan, Chief of Kinel-Fiachach, died.


A great army was led by O'Neill (Niall) and the sons of Henry O'Neill, with all the Ultonians, into Tirconnell, against O'Donnell (Turlough). Another army was led by Donnell, the son of Murtough, and his kinsmen, against O'Donnell also. The spoils of the territory were carried into the wilds and fastnesses of the country; and O'Donnell, with his forces, remained behind to protect his people. The Connacian army did not halt until they arrived at Ceann-Maghair; and they seized on the spoils of that neighbourhood. O'Donnell, with his forces, pursued and defeated them, and killed numbers of them, and, among others, Donough Mac Cabe. As to O'Neill and the sons of Henry O'Neill, and their army, they plundered O'Doherty's territory, as well churches as lay property, and marched on, without once halting, until they reached Fearsat-Mor, intending to give battle to O'Donnell. Here they remained for a long time face to face, but at length they made peace with each other.



O'Donnell committed great depredations on the sons of John O'Donnell; for it was they who had brought the Clann-Murtough into the country on the occasion of the last-mentioned incursion.