Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition
Annals of the Four Masters (Author: [unknown])

Annal M1342


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1342. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred forty-two.


A war broke out between Turlough O'Conor and Conor Mac Dermot, Lord of Moylurg; and Edmond Burke rose to assist Mac Dermot against O'Conor.


Hugh, son of Felim O'Conor, and Donough O'Beirne, Chief of Tir-Briuin-na-Sinna, drove Turlough O'Conor into the church of Elphin, after he had gone to obtain reprisals for a prey which O'Beirne's people had carried off from Hubert Burke. On this occasion some of O'Conor's gallowglasses, and his constable, Mac Rory, were slain by them.


After this a general war broke out in Connaught. The Clann-Murtough O'Conor, at first took part with O'Conor against Mac Dermot; but afterwards turned over to the side of Mac Dermot and Mac William Burke. An abominable act of treachery was committed by the Clann-Maurice at a meeting


of their own people against the Clann-William Burke: Thomas Burke was killed by them; and, with similar treachery, Seoinin Burke was slain by the Clann-Rickard, at the instigation of the Clann-Maurice and O'Conor. In the same war Cathal, son of Gilchreest Mac Dermot, was slain by Farrell O'Teige; and Farrell, the son of Gilchreest Finn Mac Cormac, was slain also.


Mac Dermot, and the chieftains who assisted him, gave O'Conor a fierce battle at Beal-atha-Slisen, where they crossed the ford in despite of him. Dermot, the son of Brian O'Farrell, the best man of the Conmaicni in his time, the son of Hubert Burke, and Conor, the son of Donough Duv O'Healy, were slain on this occasion.


John Mac Mahon, Lord of Oriel, set out upon a predatory excursion against Hugh, son of Roolv Rodolph Mac Mahon; and was slain in the rere of the prey, and his gallowglasses were destroyed by killing and drowning.


Cormac, the son of Rory, son of Donnell O'Conor, was taken prisoner by Conor, the son of Teige, and Rory, the son of Cathal O'Conor; and Conor, the Son of Teige, was afterwards taken prisoner by Brian, the son of Rory, and delivered up by him to Conor Mac Dermot, who sent him to be imprisoned in the Rock of Lough Key.


Donnell O'Doherty, Chief of Ardmire, and of the cantred of Tir-Enda, a man full of hospitality and prowess, died, and John O'Doherty assumed his place.


All the Sil-Murray turned against Turlough, the son of Hugh, son of Owen O'Conor, and joined the other chieftains who were for deposing him. Of those who rose up against him at that time, the following were the most distinguished, namely, Edmond Mac William Burke; Conor Mac Dermot, Lord of Moylurg, with his brothers, and all their adherents; Hugh, son of Hugh Breifneach, Son of Cathal Roe O'Conor; Teige, the son of Rory O'Conor; Cathal, son of Hugh Breifneach, son of Cathal Roe, with all the forces of Breifny, and Conmaicne; and Hugh, son of Felim, who was son of Hugh, son of Owen O'Conor. All these assembled against O'Conor, and banished him by force from his country and lands; whereupon his friends advised him to go secretly, and without acquainting any with his intention, to Mac Dermot, to ascertain if he would make peace with him. But the Clann-Murtough had


intelligence of this intention, and of the particular night on which O'Conor would come to Mac Dermot ; and they posted themselves at the several dangerous passes of the road by which he was to pass to Mac Dermot's fortress. Turlough, nevertheless, accompanied by only three horsemen, passed them all, and was not attacked until he had reached the causeway of the fortress. Cathal, the son of Hugh Breifneach, was at once wounded by him; and although he and his three attendants were but the few against the many, compared with the great body of men who opposed them, he made his escape without receiving himself, or any of his attendants, the slightest wound or injury. Mac Dermot, in the mean while, did not know the exceeding danger that Turlough was in, until he heard the cries, groans, and imprecations that were uttered through the garrison; but as soon as he had obtained information, he privately dispatched trusty persons to conduct O'Conor to the castle of the Rock, to protect him until he should determine whether he could make peace for him. Here O'Conor remained for a week, during which time, by order of Mac Dermot, the chieftains of the country visited him; but Mac Dermot, not having obtained permission from the other chieftains to conclude peace with him, he escorted him with a troop of cavalry, and left him at Roscommon.


Conor (i.e. Conor Roe) Mageoghegan, Lord of the Kinel-Fiachach, was slain by the English.


Thomas O'Kinga, Maurice Mageoghegan and Simon, son of Conor, son of Simon Mac Gillaarraith, one of the chieftains of Leyny, died.


Murrough, son of Tomaltagh O'Flanagan, the third best man of his tribe, was slain by the Gallowglasses of the son of Cathal O'Conor.


Hugh, the son of Hugh Breifneach, son of Cathal Roe O'Conor, was inaugurated by the Connacians and Mac William Burke, on the first Monday of winter, after the deposing of Turlough; and the Tanistship of Connaught was


given to Hugh, the son of Felim O'Conor. Tirerrill was given to Farrell Mac Dermot.


Teige, son of Tomaltagh, son of Maurice Mac Donough, was banished from his own patrimony by Conor Mac Dermot and his kinsmen ; whereupon he went over to Turlough O'Conor; and Farrell, the son of Tomaltagh Mac Dermot took possession of Tirerrill after him.


Gilladuv Maguire was drowned in Lough Erne.


Matthew Mac Manus a general and wealthy Brughaidh farmer, who never rejected the countenance of man, whether mean or mighty, died.


Conor, the son of Hugh, son of Donnell Oge O'Donnell, Lord of Kinel-Connell, Lower Connaught, Fermanagh, Kinel-Moen, and Inishowen, and worthy heir to the monarchy of Ireland by reason of his personal form, wisdom, hospitality, renown, discretion, and ingenuity, magnanimity, intellectuality, valour, prowess, and his piety and charity, was slain by his brother, Niall O'Donnell, who attacked him by night in his own fortress at Murbhach: and Niall himself assumed his place.


Flann Oge O'Donnellan, Ollav of Connaught in poetry, died.


Donnell O'Coinleisg, a learned historian, was slain, a short time before Easter, by the Hy-Diarmada.


Thomas Mac Gilla Coisgligh, celebrated for his hospitality and prowess, died.


Pierce Albanagh was slain by the sons of Meyler Mac Feorais Bermingham.


Annal M1343


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1343. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred forty-three.


John Mac-Eoaigh, Bishop of Conmaicne Ardagh, died.


Johannes O'Laithimh, Bishop of Killala, and Cathal Mac-an-Liathanaigh, Abbot of the Monastery of the Blessed Trinity, died.


Donough Cleireach O'Mulrenin, a Canon chorister of Elphin, was slain with one shot of an arrow by the people of Hubert, son of David Donn Mac William Burke.


Slaine, daughter of O'Brien, and wife of Turlough O'Conor, King of Connaught, died.


Cathal O'Madden, the most distinguished of his own tribe for hospitality and renown, was slain by the Clann Rickard.


Dearbhail, daughter of Hugh O'Donnell, came on a visit to Mac Dermot to Inis-Doighre, where she was seized with a fatal sickness and died, and was nobly and honourably interred, in the monastery of Boyle. There never was borne a woman of her tribe who surpassed her in goodness.


Duvcowlagh, daughter of Mac Dermot, and wife of O'Beirne, died.


Murtough O'Brien, Lord of Thomond, died; and Dermot O'Brien assumed the lordship, but he was banished from his chieftainship by Brian O'Brien; and the chieftains of Thomond then submitted to Brian.


Thomas Magauran, chief of Teallach Eachdhach Tullyhaw, died.


Ulick, the son of Richard, son of William Liath Burke, the most illustrious of the English youths of Ireland for hospitality and expertness at arms, died.


The Hy-Many suffered a great defeat from the Clann-Feorais Berminghams, and the Clann-Rickard, on which occasion eleven of the chieftains of Hy-Many, together with Conor Cearbhach O'Kelly were slain.



Niall O'Donnell was driven from his principality by Aengus O'Donnell, Donnell Duv O'Boyle and O'Doherty, by the power of Hugh Reamhar O'Neill and the Mac Sweenys; and Aengus, the son of Conor, son of Hugh Oge, son of Donnell Oge O'Donnell, was installed in the lordship of Tirconnell.


The Clann-Murtough O'Conor, were driven out of Breify by Ualgarg O'Rourke, Turlough O'Conor, and Teige Mac Rannall. They passed into Tirhugh to O'Donnell; and Aengus (i.e. the O'Donnell), made them a grant of the territory of Tirhugh. Some time afterwards a battle was fought at Achadhmona between Aengus and Niall; and the Clann-Murtough rose up with Aengus against Niall, and they defeated Niall and his people. In this battle Aindiles O'Boyle, chief of Tir-Ainmirech, with his son, Owen, son of Art O'Donnell, and many others, were slain, and Aengus gained the victory.


David Mageraghty, coarb of St. Patrick, died.


John Mac Duibhne, Archdeacon of Drumlahan, died.


Conor Mac Dermot, Lord of Moylurg, fountain of the splendour and pre-eminence of the race of Mulrony More the son of Teige, on of Cathal, son of Conor, died at his own house a week before Allhallowtide, on a Saturday, after having overcome the world and the devil, and was buried in the abbey of Boyle. Farrell Mac Dermott, his own brother, was installed his successor.


Rory Magrath, Ollav of Leth-Mogha in poetry, died.


Annal M1344


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1344. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred forty-four.


The Bishop of Leyny Achonry died.


Murrough, son of Molloy O'Hara, Abbot of Boyle, and intended Bishop of Leyny, died.


Nicholas Magrath, coarb of Termon-Daveog, died.


Art More, son of Cormac O'Melaghlin, King of Meath, was slain by Cormac Ballagh O'Melaghlin, who installed himself in his place.


Hugh, son of Roolbh Rodolph Mac Mahon, Lord of Oriel, died, and Murrough Oge Mac Mahon next assumed the lordship, but died in a week afterwards; and the lordship was then assumed by Manus, son of Cochy, son of Rodolph Mac Mahon.


William, the son of Mahon Mac Rannall, was slain by the sons of Cathal Mac Rannall.


Mahon, the son of Gilchreest Cleireach Mac Dermot, was slain on the Coirsliabh the Curlieu Mountain, by Muintir-Healy.


Brian, son of Rory Maguire, died.

Annal M1345


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1345. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred forty-five.


Gilla-na-naev O'Keenan, Abbot of Lisgabhail, died.


Turlough, the son of Hugh, son of Owen O'Conor, King of Connaught, was killed in Autumn by one shot of an arrow, at Fidh doradha, in the territory of Muintir-Eolais, after he had gone to Loch-Airinn to aid Teige Mac Rannall


against the descendants of Murtough Muimhneach O'Conor. The Clann-Murtough and the rest of the Muinter-Eolais pursued him as far as Fidh Doradha, and killed him at Gurtin-na-spideoige. For a long time before there had not fallen of the Gaels, any one more to be lamented than he. Hugh, son of Turlough, was inaugurated in his place.


Brian O'Farrell, worthy materies of a lord of Annaly, died. He was a man who never earned censure, on account of anything he ever acquired, even up to the hour when he overcame the world and the devil.


Hugh O'Neill went with a fleet on Lough Neagh, and the Clann-Hugh-Boy, with their muster, overtook him, and many persons were wounded and killed in the contest between them; but Hugh made his escape, in despite of them, in his ships.


Manus O'Flynn Line i.e. of Moylinny, was slain by Donnell Donn and Brian O'Neill.


Cormac, the son of Rory O'Conor, died.


Cormac, son of Murtough Mac Loughlin, was slain by the sons of Ualgarg, son of Farrell O'Rourke.

Annal M1346


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1346. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred forty-six.


A war broke out between O'Rourke, i.e. Ualgarg, and Rory, the son of Cathal O'Conor; and an engagement took place between them in Calry-Lough-Gill,


in which O'Rourke was routed, and all his gallowglasses slain, i.e. Mac Buirrce, and Mac Neill Cam with their people. O'Rourke was afterwards pursued by Rory O'Conor and the Clann-Donough, and was killed by Mulrony Mac Donough. This was a lamentable deed.


The four sons of Cathal, the son of the Caech Monoculus Mac Rannall, were taken prisoners on Loch-an-Sguir by Conor Mac Rannall. Tomaltagh Mac Rannall afterwards brought them to Caisiol Cosgraigh, where they were put to death by him.


Cu-Uladh Mac Cawell, chief of Kinel-Farry, was slain by Donnell Mac Cawell.


A victory was gained by Brian Mac Mahon over the English, and three hundred of their heads) were counted after the battle.


Niall O'Donnell, the Clann-Murtough O'Conor, the son of Felin O'Conor and Maurice Mac Dermot, pursued Rory, the son of Cathal O'Conor to Cul-Maoile Coloony, where they defeated him and the Clann-Donough with great slaughter. They afterwards plundered them, and carried off abundance of booty.


Mac Dermot Gall was treacherously killed in his own house by the sons of Waldrin Mac Costello; and Cormac Caech Mac Fineen was slain along with him.


Ivor, the son of Murrough O'Farrell, was slain by Brian Mac Tiernan and the Clann Murtough.


Art, son of Thomas O'Rourke, was slain by Donell Mac Tiernan.

Annal M1347


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1347. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred forty-seven.


Maelmaedhog O'Taichligh, Official of Lough Erne, died.


Gilla-na-naev, the son of Geoffrey, son of Gilla-na-naev O'Farrell, Lord of Annaly, chief protector of the Conmaicni, for his prowess, valour, hospitality, and renown, died at Cluain-lis-bec, after having been for a long time Chief of Annaly, and after having gained the victory over the world and the devil. Cathal, the son of Murrough, son of Gilla-na-naev O'Farrell, assumed the lord-ship of Annaly after him.


Maurice Mac Dermot was slain by John Roe Mac David Burke.


Teige Mac Rannall, Chief of Muintir-Eolais, was taken prisoner by the Clann-Murtough O'Conor.


William Mac David Burke was slain at Ballintober by Teige Roe Mac Dermot Gall.


Thomas Mac Artan, Lord of Iveagh, in Ulidia, was hanged by the English.


Owen O'Madden, Chief of Sil-Anmchadha, died; and Murrough, his son, assumed the chieftainship of Sil-Anmchadha.


Aengus, the son of Gara O'Madden, died.


The church of Kilronan was re-erected by Farrell O'Duigenan.


Finola, daughter of Mac Fineen, and wife of Farrell O'Duigenan, died.


Henry, son of Hugh Boy O'Neill; Finola, daughter of Melaghlin O'Reilly; and Gilladuv Mac Gillamochua, died.


Donough, the son of Hugh Oge O'Farrell, died.


Siry O'Curnin, a learned poet and Ollav of Breifny, died.


Annal M1348


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1348. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred forty-eight.


Gilla-na-naev O'Keenan, Abbot of Lisgabhail, died.


Niall Garve O'Donnell, Lord of Tirconnell, after having experienced much contention, before and during the term of his lordship, was treacherously and murderously slain by Manus Meabhlach O'Donnell, his kinsman, at the port of Inis-Saimer. Niall was a brave, puissant, and defensive hero till then, and it was a sorrowful thing that he should have died in such a way. Aengus, the Son of Conor O'Donnell, who had been in contention with Niall, assumed the lordship.


Cathal O'Farrell, Bord of Annaly, died.


Melaghlin Mageraghty, Chief of Muinter Rodiv, and Donough Mac Brady, chief of Cuil Brighde, died.


A war broke out between Farrell Mac Dermot, and Rory, the son of Cathal, son of Donnell O'Connor. Mac Dermot's fortress was burned by Rory.


Dermot afterwards assembled his friends, and they pursued Rory to his fortress at Ballymote, and burned the town, both stone and wooden edifices, and they did not meet any opposition until they reached home.They took away the son of O'Rourke, that was in captivity in the town, together with every other captive they found there.


The Clann-Feorais the Berminghams, were banished by Edmond Burke, and Mac Feorais was compelled to go to the house of O'Conor or his support.


Annal M1349


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1349. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred forty-nine.


Hugh O'Rourke defeated Flaherty O'Rourke, Donough O'Donnell, and the people of Dartry; and Hugh Mac Clancy, Chief of Dartry, Gilchreest Mac Clancy, Loughlin, son of Aindiles O'Boyle, and many others, were slain in the engagement.


John Duv Mac Donnell was slain by Manus, son of Eochy Mac Mahon.


Gilla-na naev O'Higgin, a learned poet, died.


Another contest arose between Mac Dermot and Rory O'Conor. Mac Dermot assembled all the English and Irish whom he found to aid him, together with the Clann-Murtough and the Kinel-Connell, against the son of Cathal. Rory moved before these, and they drove him to Clann-Fermaighe, but the entire body of them, both English and Irish, were unable to take him. They afterwards returned without acquiring power or obtaining hostages; and Rory then mustered a force and burned, wasted, and plundered the greater part of Moylurg.


A great plague raged in Ireland, and more especially in Moylurg, by which great numbers were carried off. Matthew, the son of Cathal O'Rourke. died of this plague.


Donough Reagh, the son of Melaghlin Carragh Mac Dermot, was taken prisoner by Cormac Bodhar Mac Dermot, who led him to Airteach; and he was filled in secret murder by the people of Airteach, i.e. by the son of Gilchreest Mac Taichligh and O'Kearney.


Richard O'Reilly, Lord of East Breifny, and the son of the Earl, died.


Gilbert O'Flanagan, Chief of Tuath Ratha, was slain by the sons of Brian O Flanagan.



Murtough Riaganagh Magennis was slain by his own kinsmen.


Rory O'Kane, Lord of Creeve and Ard-Keanaghta, died.


Hugh O'Reilly died.


Gilla-Caech Mac Dorcy died.


Maurice Mac Donough, Chief of Corran, a man full of intelligence and hospitality, died.


A great defeat was given by the Lord Justice and the English of Meath to O'Melaghlin and the Irish of Meath, in which many of their chieftains were slain.

Annal M1350


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1350. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred fifty.


William O'Dowda, Bishop of Killala, founder of many churches and sanctuaries, and a godly, charitable, and humane man, died.


Hugh (i.e. the King of Connaught), the son of Hugh Breifneach O'Conor, and who was called the O'Conor, was slain in Magh-Angaidhe by Hugh O'Rourke.


Farrell O'Rourke, the son of Ualgarg, was slain by the son of Cathal Cleirach Mac Donough.


Brian Mac Dermot, materies of a lord of Moylurg, was accidentally slain at Roscommon with one shot of a javelin by the people of Bishop O'Finaghty; and the man who was charged with having cast the dart (Rory-an-t-Seomra O'Donohoe), was immediately mangled as an eric retaliation for him Brian.



Brian, the son of Donnell, son of Brian Roe O'Brien, was treacherously slain by the sons of Lorcan Mac Lorcan. Of him was said:

    1. Pity the only son of Donnell of the meeting;
      Pity the heir of Brian Borumha;
      Pity his going as was not expected;
      Pity the Clann-Keogh should triumph over him.


Turlough Oge O'Brien killed sixteen of the Clann-Keogh in revenge of this evil deed, and despoiled them, besides, of their lands and cattle.


Rory, the son of Cathal, son of Donnell O'Conor, was treacherously slain at Garrdha-na-Fiongaile on Brecshliabh, by the sons of Farrell Mac Donough, at the instigation of Hugh, the son of Turlough.


Hugh, the son of Turlough, was deposed by Mac William Burke and by the people of the Tuathas of Connaught; and Hugh, the son of Felim, was inaugurated by them in opposition to him.


Cucogry More Mageoghegan, Lord of Kinel-Fiachach, Hugh, the son of Auliffe Maguire, and Maurice Mac Donough, died.


Aengus Roe O'Daly, the most learned of the poets of Ireland, and Aengus O'Hosey, a good poet, died.

Annal M1351


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1351. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred fifty-one.


The monastery of Ros-Oirbhealagh, in the diocese of Tuam, was erected for Franciscan friars.


Owen-na-Cathaighe Mac Sweeny was slain by Manus O'Donnell.


Philip Maguire, Chief of Muinter-Pheodachain, and Enna O'Flanagan, Chief of Tuath-ratha, died.



Hugh, son of Turlough, having again acquired power, the hostages of Connaught were delivered up to him; and Hugh, son of Felim, was banished from the country.


Hugh O'Rourke, on his return from Croagh-Patrick, was taken prisoner by Mac Philbin Mac William Burke; in consequence of which act Mac Dermot rose up against the Clann-Philbin. Great ravages and depredations were mutually committed by them on account of it.


Mahon Mac Consnava was slain by the sons of Donough Mac Consnava.


A general invitation was given at Christmas by William, the son of Donough Muimhneach O'Kelly, to the learned of Ireland, travellers, the poor and the indigent, and they were all served to their satisfaction, both good and bad, noble and ignoble, so that they were all thankful to him and his son, Melaghlin.