Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition
Annals of the Four Masters (Author: [unknown])

Annal M1272


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1272. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred seventy-two.


Henry Butler, Lord of Umallia, and Hosty Merrick, were slain by Cathal, son of Conor Roe, and by the Clann-Murtough O'Conor.


The castle of Roscommon was demolished by Hugh O'Conor, King of Connaught.


Teige Dall (the Blind), son of Hugh, the son of Cathal Crovderg, died. He had been the best materies of a king of all his tribe, until he was blinded by the O'Reillys.


James Dodaly, Lord Justice of Ireland, was slain by O'Broin and the Connacians.


Maurice, son of Donough, son of Tomaltagh O'Mulrony, the most hospitable and valiant of his tribe, died in O'Donnell's garrison at Murvagh, and was conveyed to the abbey of Boyle, to be interred there.


Donough, son of Gilla-na-naev Magauran, was slain by his brother Thomas.


Richard Tuite, the noblest of the English barons, died.


Meath was burned, as far as Granard, by Hugh O'Conor. Athlone was also burned by him, and its bridge was broken down.


O'Donnell (Donnell Oge) collected the vessels and boats upon Lough Erne, and proceeded thence to Lough Oughter. The goods and valuables of the surrounding country (which were upon the islands of that lake) were seized


on and carried off by him; and he acquired control and sway in every place in the neighbourhood on this expedition.


The first Edward was made king over the English on the 16th of November.

Annal M1273


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1273. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred seventy-three.


Flann O'Tierney, Lord of Carra, was slain by the O'Murrays in a dispute concerning the lordship of Carra, and through the power of Hugh, son of Felim O'Conor.


Conor Boy, son of Auliffe, son of Art O'Rourke, Lord of Breifny, was slain by the sons of Conor, son of Tiernan O'Conor; and he killed the best of them, namely, Tiernan.


Eochy Mac Mahon, Lord of Oriel, and many others along with him, were slain by O'Hanlon and the Kinel-Owen.


A depredation was committed by Jordan d'Exeter in Corran. A few of the young princes of Connaught overtook him; but these having adopted an imprudent plan, suggested by some of the common people, it fell out that Donnell, son of Donough, Manus, son of Art O'Conor, Aireaghtagh Mac Egan, Hugh O'Beirne, and many others, were slain.


A great army was led by Mac Maurice Fitzgerald into Thomond, where he took hostages, and obtained sway over O'Brien.


Cormac, son of Dermot, son of Roderic O'Conor, died.



Donnell Irrais of Erris, son of Manus, son of Murtough Muimhneach, was banished from Umallia and Erris.


Roderic O'Flaherty was banished from West Connaught.


O'Donnell (Donnell Oge) assembled a considerable army, composed of the nobles of Tirconnell and Connaught, with whom he marched into Tyrone, and ravaged the country.


Donnell O'Quin, Semi-Chief of Aicideacht, was slain by O'Duffy.

Annal M1274


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1274. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred seventy-four.


Hugh, son of Felim, the son of Cathal Crovderg, King of Connaught, a king who had desolated and devastated that part of Connaught possessed by his English or Irish enemies; a king who had given the English frequent overthrows, prostrated their manor-houses and castles, and cut off their heroes and warriors; a king who had obtained the hostages of the Hy-Briuin, and all the race of Aedh Finn; a king the most successful and triumphant, the most hospitable and renowned; the destroyer and improver of Ireland, died, after gaining the victory of penance, on Thursday, the third day of the Summer. Hugh, son of Rory, son of Hugh, who was son of Cathal Crovderg, was made king in his place; but he was only one quarter of a year in the government, when he was slain, in the church of the Friars at Roscommon, by his kinsman, namely, Rory, son of Turlough, the son of Hugh O'Conor; upon which, Hugh, son of Cathal


Dall, the son of Hugh, son of Cathal Crovderg, was made king by the Connacians; and his reign was not longer, for he had been but one fortnight in the government, when he was slain by Mageraghty (Tomaltagh) and O'Beirne; and Teige, son of Turlough, son of Hugh, son of Cathal Crovderg, was elected king over the Connacians.


Tiernan, son of Hugh O'Rourke, Lord of Breifny, and Donnell, son of Manus, who was son of Murtough Muimhneach, most illustrious throughout all Ireland for hospitality and prowess, died.


Gilla-na-naev, son of Hugh, the son of Auliffe O'Farrell, Lord of Annaly, supporter of the hospitality and prowess of the Clanna-Rury, a man full of nobleness and intellect, dangerous to his foes, and kind to his friends, died, after the victory of penance.


Melaghlin, son of Auliffe, the son of Art O'Rourke, Lord of Dartry and Clann-Fearmaighe, was slain by Conor, son of Donnell, the son of Niall O'Rourke.


Teige, son of Carroll Boy O'Daly, chief poet of Hugh O'Conor, died.


Donnell Oge, son of Donnell, son of Art O'Rourke, and Cathal Mac Clancy, Chief of Dartry, died.


Fergal O'Caithniadh, Lord of Erris, died in Hy-Mac-Caechain.

Annal M1275


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1275. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred seventy-five.


O'Laidigh, Bishop of Killala, and Carbry O'Scuapa, Bishop of Raphoe, in Tirconnell, died.


Rory, son of Turlough O'Conor, was taken prisoner by the O'Conor (Teige, son of Turlough, his brother). Rory afterwards made his escape, and Conor O'Hanley took him with him; but they were pursued, and overtaken, and Conor O'Hanley was killed.


Teige, son of Cathal Mac Dermot, was plundered by O'Conor.


Conor, son of Farrell, son of Donough, son of Murtough O'Conor, was slain by his own kinsmen.



Art, son of Cathal Reagh O'Rourke, Lord of Breifny, was slain by Mac Finnvar and the English at Granard, and his people were slaughtered.


A great victory was gained over the English in Ulidia, so that there were counted two hundred horses and two hundred heads, besides all who fell of their plebeians.


Thomas Magauran was slain by the Kinel-Luachain.


The Kinel-Owen came into Tirconnell, and desolated a great part of the country. O'Donnell (Donnell Oge) assembled his people to oppose them, and pursued them to the breast of Slieve Truim, where they were defeated; and they left slaughtered men, many horses, accoutrements, arms, and armours behind them to the Kinel-Connell on this expeditions.

Annal M1276


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1276. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred seventy-six.


Gilla-an-Choimhdhe O'Carolan, Bishop of Tyrone (Derry), died.


Hugh Muimhneach, son of Felim, who was son of Cathal Crovderg, came from Munster into Connaught, and went thence to O'Donnell. O'Donnell and all his forces went with him to Echenach, and there parted from him, Hugh remaining in Connaught.


A depredation was committed by the sons of Turlough on the son of Felim and the sons of Mac Dermot; and Gilchreest O'Mulrenin was slain by them.



A depredation was committed by the son of Felim on the Clann-Murtough; and Gilla-na-n-Aingel O'Conroy was slain by Clann-Murtough, while pursuing the prey.


A depredation was committed by Rory, son of Turlough, on the O'Naghtans, but they defeated him, and deprived him of the booty. Donnell, son of Niall, son of Congalagh O'Rourke (i.e. Gilla-an-ime), and many others of the O'Rourkes, were slain by them. Gilchreest O'Naghtan and William O'Naghtan were afterwards slain by Rory, son of Turlough.


Dermot Mac Gillamurry, Lord of Lecale, died.

Annal M1277


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1277. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred seventy-seven.


Braen O'Mulmoghery, Abbot of Kells, died.


Brian Roe O'Brien, Lord of Thomond, was treacherously taken by the son of the Earl of Clare, and afterwards drawn between horses, and this after both had entered into gossipred with each other, and taken vows by bells and relics to retain mutual friendship.


Gilchreest O'Beirne, servant of trust to Hugh O'Conor, was slain by Gillaroe, son of Loughlin O'Conor.


Gilla-na-naev O'Beirne died, after penance.


The castle of Roscommon was pulled down by Hugh, son of Felim O'Conor i.e. Hugh Muimhneach, aided by the Connacians and Donnell O'Donnell.



A great depredation was committed by the people of Eachdhach upon the Kinel-Luachain, in Gleann-da-duile, during which they slew Conor Mac Dorcy, and a host of others.

Annal M1278


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1278. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred seventy-eight.


Thomas O'Quin, Bishop of Clonmacnoise, died.


Flaherty O'Davine, Lord of Fermanagh, died.


Teige, son of Turlough, son of Hugh, son of Cathal Crovderg, King of Connaught, was slain by the sons of Cathal Mac Dermot.


Rory, son of Turlough O'Conor, was slain by Gilchreest Mac Clancy and the inhabitants of Dartry, on the borders of Drumcliff; and the Swarthy Parson, son of Tiernan O'Conor, and many others not numbered here.


Donough, Farrell, and Gilchreest, the three sons of Murrough, son of Donough, son of Tomaltagh, were slain by Teige, son of Donnell O'Conor, of Erris.


The victory of Cuinche was gained by Donough, son of Brian Roe, and the other sons of O'Brien, over the Earl of Clare; they burned the church of Cuinche over the heads of his people, and caused an indescribable destruction of them, both by burning and killing.


Tomaltagh Mageraghty, Royal Chieftain of Sil-Murray, was slain by the people of the Tuathas.



Hugh Muimhneach, son of Felim, assumed the sovereignty of Connaught.


Brian O'Dowda and Art na g-Capall of the Horses O'Hara, Lord of Leyny, gave battle to the Clann-Feorais Birminghams, in which the Clann-Feorais were defeated, and the two sons of Meyler More, Conor Roe Mac Feorais, and others besides, were slain.

Annal M1279


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1279. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred seventy-nine.


Tomaltagh, son of Turlough, son of Melaghlin O'Conor, Archbishop of Tuam, the most illustrious man in all Ireland for wisdom, knowledge, and charity, died, after the victory of penance.


Gilla-an-Choimhdheadh O'Carolan, Bishop of Tyrone (Derry), died.


Conor, son of Dermot, son of Manus O'Conor, was killed.


Murrough O'Naghtan was slain by Donnell O'Naghtan; upon which a challenge was given to Donnell by Robert O'Naghtan, brother of Murrough; and Robert also fell by (the hand of) Donnell.


Donnell, son of Gilchreest O'Naghtan, was slain by Hugh O'Connor.


Melaghlin, son of Turlough O'Conor was slain.


Gillo-Isa More Mac Firbis, Ollav of Tireragh in history, died.


Annal M1280


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1280. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred eighty.


John O'Laidhigh, Bishop of Killala, and Matthew, son of Manus O'Conor, Abbot of Boyle, died.


A contention arose between Hugh Muimhneach, son of Felim, son of Cathal Crovderg, King of Connaught, and the descendants of Murtough Muimhneach O'Conor. Hugh Muimhneach was slain by these at the wood of Dangan; and Melaghlin, son of Manus, was taken prisoner on the same day by them; but he was ransomed by O'Donnell, and they received four hundred cows and twenty horses for him.


Cathal, son of Conor Roe, son of Murtough Muimhneach, son of Turlough More O'Conor, was inaugurated king by the Connacians after this.


Melaghlin O'Gormly, Chief of Kinel-Moen, and Conor O'Gormly, fell by the tribe of Teallach-Modharain.

Annal M1281


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1281. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred eighty-one.


Teige, son of Cathal Mac Dermot, Lord of Moylurg, illustrious for hospitality, prowess, and nobility, died.


The battle of Disert-da-chrioch was fought by the Kinel-Connell and the Kinel-Owen, that is, beween Hugh Boy, son of Donnell Oge, son of Hugh Meth, son of Hugh, who was usually called an Macaemh Toinleasc, assisted by the English of Ulster, on the one side; and Donnell Oge O'Donnell, Lord of Tirconnell, Fermanagh, Oriel, and the greater part of the Irish of Ulster, of


Connaught, excepting a small portion, and of the entire of Breifny, on the other. In this battle the Kinel-Connell were defeated; and Donnell Oge O'Donnell, the most illustrious man of the Irish of his time for hospitality, prowess, splendour, and nobility, and the greatest commander in the west of Europe, was slain; and he was interred in the monastery of Derry, having obtained the palm in every goodness up to that time. The most distinguished of those who fell along with him were the following, namely, Mulrony O'Boyle, Chief of the Three Tuathas; Owen, son of Melaghlin, son of Donnell More O'Donnell; Kellagh, son of Giolla-Brighde O'Boyle, one of the most illustrious chieftains of his time for prowess, and for munificence to learned men and ollavs; Andiles O'Boyle, and Dowell, his son; Gilchreest Mac Clancy, Chief of Dartry; Donnell Mac Gillafinnen, Chief of Muintir-Feodachain; Enna O'Gormly, Chief of Kinel-Moen; Cormac, son of the Ferleighin Lector O'Donnell, Chief of Fanad; Gilla-an-Choimhdheadh O'Muldoon, Chief of Lurg; Cormac, son of Cormac O'Donnell; Gilla-na-nóg Mac Dail-re-docair; Melaghlin, son of Niall O'Boyle; Andiles, son of Murtough O'Donnell; Manus Mac Quin; Gilla-na-naev O'Heoghagan; Murtough O'Flaherty; Murtough Macan-Ulty; Flaherty Mac Buidheachain; and many others of the sons of lords and chieftains not enumerated here.


Hugh, son of Donnell Oge O'Donnell, was inaugurated in the place of his father.


A battle was fought between the Barretts and the Cusack, in which the Barretts were defeated, and William Barrett, Adam Fleming, and many others, were slain. There were assisting the Cusack in this battle two of the Irish, namely, Taichleach O'Boyle and Taichleach O'Dowda, who surpossed all that were there in bravery and valour, and in agility and dexterity at shooting.


Hugh Muimhneach, son of Turlough O'Brien, died.