Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition
Annals of the Four Masters (Author: [unknown])

Annal M1232


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1232. THe Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred thirty-two.


Faghtna O'Hallgaith, Coarb of Drumacoo, and official of Hy-Fiachrach Aidhne, who had kept an open house for strangers, the sick, and the indigent, and also for the instruction of the people, died.


The church of Kilmore, in Hy-Briuin na-Sinna, was consecrated by


Donough O'Conor, Bishop of Elphin; and canons were appointed in the same town by Conn O'Flanagan, who was Prior there.


Tipraide O'Breen, Coarb of St. Coman, who was learned in theology, history, and law, died on the island of Inis-Clothran, on his pilgrimage.


Hugh, the son of Auliffe, who was son of Donnell O'Farrell, Chief of Annaly, was burned on the island of Inis Locha Cuile by the sons of Hugh Ciabach, the son of Morogh O'Ferrall, having been nine years Chief of Annaly, from the death of his predecessor, Morrogh Carrach O'Ferrall.


Manus, son of Auliffe, the son of Teige Mac Mulrony, lamp of hospitality, feats of arms, and piety, died.


Donough, son of Tomaltagh Mac Dermot, eminent for his hospitality and feats of arms, died in Aicideacht, —a great loss to Connaught.


Conor, son of Hugh, the son of Roderic, made his escape from the English, and the sons of the chiefs of Connaught assembled around him, and they made an incursion into the Tuathas; but Conor, with Gilla-Kelly O'Heyne, and Gilchreest, the son of Donough Mac Dermot, and many others along with them, were slain by the people of the Tuathas. This was the day on which the people of the Tuathas whitened all the handles of their battle-axes, because it was rumoured that it was by a man who carried a white handled battle-axe that the son of Hugh had been slain.


The kingdom of Connaught was again given to Hugh, the son of Roderic, by the son of William Burke, who made peace with him after he had taken Felim, son of Cathal Crovderg, prisoner.



The castle of Bungalvy was erected by Rickard de Burgo, and the erection of the castle of Dunamon was commenced by Adam Staunton.


Gilla-na-naev O'Daly, a learned poet, who had kept a house of hospitality for the indigent and the mighty, died.


Malone Bodhar the Deaf O'Mulconry took Cluain Bolcain.


Felim, the son of Cathal Crovderg, was set at liberty by the English.


Conor, the son of Niall O'Gormly, Chief of Kinel-Moen, died.


Donnell O'Loughlin, Lord of Tyrone, at the head of an army composed of the English and Irish, made an incursion into Tirconnell, and did much injury in Fanat, and carried away the hostages of Donnell O Boyle and O'Tairchirt.


An army was led by O'Donnell into Tyrone, and arrived at Tullaghoge, on which occasion he killed many cows, burned the corn crops, and did much injury, and then returned home in triumph.


Mevagh and Aughnish were plundered by the Kinel-Owen, for their ships


touched at these places; but a party of the Kinel-Connell, with the son of Niall O'Donnell, came upon them, and slaughtered the crews, but the son of Niall himself was slain in the heat of the conflict.


Gilla-na-naev O'Daly, an adept in poetry, died.

Annal M1233


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1233. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred thirty-three.


Geoffry O'Deery, Erenagh of Derry-Columbkille died.


Maelisa O'Maeny, a noble priest, who was wont to sing his psalter every day, excepting Sunday only died.


Donncahy, Erenagh of Aghagower, settler of every dispute and covenant, a man of esteem and honour, died on the 15th of December.


An army was led by Felim, the son of Cathal Crovderg, into Connaught, and Cormac, the son of Tomaltagh (Lord of Moylurg), went to meet him and brought him with him into Moylurg. A camp was formed by them at Druim Gregraighe, and Cormac, his son Conor, the people of the Three Tuathas, the two sons of Murtough Mac Dermot, namely, Donough and Murtough, joined him there. The resolution they adopted was to go in pursuit of Hugh, King of Connaught, and the other sons of Roderic. On overtaking them they attacked and defeated Hugh, the son of Roderic, slew himself and his brother,


Hugh Muimhneach, his son, Donough More, the son of Dermot, who was son of Roderic O'Conor, and many others besides them. There were also slain on this occasion Raghallagh O'Flanagan, Thomas Biris, Constable of Ireland, John, his relative, John Guer, and many other Englishmen; after they had been cursed and excommunicated by the clergy of Connaught, by the ringing of bells with croziers, and the extinguishing of candles; for Hugh Muimhneach had violated and plundered Tibohine, and many other churches, so that he and his party fell in revenge of the saints whose churches they had violated. The kingdom and government of Connaught was on that day taken from the sons of Roderic, the son of Turlough. After this Felim, the son of Cathal Crovderg, assumed the government of Connaught, and demolished the castles which had been erected by the power of the sons of Roderic O'Conor, and the son of William Burke, namely, the castle of Bungalvy, Castle-Kirk, and Castle-na-Cally, and the castle of Dunamon.


An army was led by William, the son of Hugo de Lacy (whose mother was the daughter of Roderic O'Conor), accompanied by the English of Meath, into Breifny against Cathal O'Reilly, and committed great depredations; but a party of O'Reilly's people overtook William de Lacy, and the chiefs of his army, who were behind the preys, and they gave battle to each other, in which William Britt, and a number of the chiefs of the English along with him, were slain. William de Lacy, with many others, was wounded. They returned from the territory without hostage or pledge. And William de Lacy, Charles, the son of Cathal Gall O'Conor, Feorus Finn, the son of the English Queen, and Dermot Bearnagh O'Melaghlin, died of the wounds they received in that battle of Moin-crann-chaoin. Niall Sinnagh O'Catharny, Lord of Teffia, was


also wounded in this battle, and died at his own house, after making his will and being anointed.

Annal M1234


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1234. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred thirty-four.


Aengus O'Mulfover, Bishop of Hy-Fiachrach Killala; Gilla-na-naev, the son of Art O'Breen, Erenagh of Roscommon; Maelisa, the son of Daniel O'Gormally, Prior of Inismacnerin; Mulpeter O'Carmacan, Master at Roscommon; and Gilla-Isa (Gelasius) O'Gibellan, a monk and anchorite on Trinity Island died.


Donnell, the son of Hugh O'Neill, Lord of the Kinel-Owen, and heir presumptive to the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain by Mac Loughlin (Donnell), and the Kinel-Owen themselves, and Donnell i.e. Mac Loughlin; assumed the lordship.


Aengus Mac Gillafinnen, Lord of Lough Erne, turned against O'Donnell, and went into Tirconnell upon a predatory incursion; but O'Donnell (Donnell More), overtook him, and killed him in revenge of the death of Egneghan.


Hugh O'Hara, Lord of Leyny, was killed by Donough, the son of Duarcan O'Hara (after he had burned the house over him, and after Hugh had escaped out of it), in revenge of his brother, and the five sons of his father's brother, whom he Hugh had slain, and of another brother who had been plundered by him.


Dermot O'Quin, Chief of Muintir-Gillagan, was slain.


Richard, the son of William Mareschal, having rebelled against the King


of England, in England, he came over to Ireland, and landed in Leinster. The English of Leinster assembled to oppose him, on behalf of the King: Mac Maurice, Lord Justice of Ireland; Hugo de Lacy, Earl of Ulster; and Walter de Lacy, Lord of Meath. They came to Cuirreach-Life, in Leinster, where they engaged with Mareschal, and killed him; and they made a prisoner of Geoffry Mareschal, who had stood alone fighting on the field of battle, after all his people had fled from him.

Annal M1235


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1235. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred thirty-five.


Isaac O'Mulfover, Erenagh of Killala, died.


Matheus, Prior of Trinity Island died.


Madden O'Madden, Lord of Sil-Anmchadha, died.


Loughlin, the son of Echtighern O'Kelly, was slain by the sons of Gilla-Reagh O'Boyle.



Taichleach, the son of Hugh O'Dowda, Lord of Tirawley and Tireragh, was killed by one shot of an arrow during his interference to quell a quarrel in the camp of Felim, the son of Cathal Crovderg.


An expedition was made by the English of Ireland this year, being assembled by Richard, the son of William Burke. The most illustrious of those who were with him on this expedition were Mac Maurice, Lord Justice of Ireland; Hugo de Lacy, Earl of Ulster; Walter Rittabard, the chief Baron of Leinster, who commanded the English of Leinster; and John Goggan, with the English of Munster, together with all the routes of soldiers in Ireland. Crossing the bridge at Athlone, they proceeded to Roscommon, and burned the town; thence, going to Elphin, they burned the great church there, and proceeded from thence to the monastery of the Ath Dalaarg, on the river Boyle, on the night of Trinity Sunday precisely. Parties of their soldiers assailed the monastery, broke into the sacristy, and carried away chalices, vestments, and other valuable things. The English chiefs, however, were highly disgusted at this, and sent back every thing they could find, and paid for what they could not find. Next day they sent marauding parties to Creit, to Cairthe-muilchenn,


to Tor-Glinne-fearna, and they carried off great spoils from those places to the Lord Justice at Ardcarne. Here the English held a private consultation, at the request of Owen O'Heyne, who wished to be revenged on the Momonians, and on Donough Cairbreach O'Brien, and they determined on going back the same way through Hy-Many and Moinmoy, and thence to Thomond, without giving the Momonians any notice or forewarning of their intentions. This they accordingly did, and committed great depredations.


Now when Felim, the son of Cathal Crovderg, saw that the English had departed, the resolution he came to was to proceed with his forces, to succour the Momonians. This he did, and, on their joining them, spirited skirmishes took place every day. At last the Connacians and Momonians came to a pitched battle with the English, and fought manfully. But the English cavalry and infantry, who were clad in armour, finally overcame them. Many were slain on both sides, but the Momonians suffered most loss, through the imprudence of Donough Cairbreach. The Connacians then returned home, and on the next day O'Brien made peace with the English, and gave them hostages. The English returned into Connaught, and went first to Hugh O'Flaherty, who made peace with them in behalf of his people and cattle. As to Felim the son of Cathal Crovderg, the resolution which he adopted was to take with him to O'Donnell, i.e. Donnell More, all the cows belonging to such of the inhabitants of Conmaicne-mara and Conmaicne-Cuile who should take his advice, together with the son of Manus, and Conor Roe, the son of Murtough Muimhneach, and leaving the whole country desolate for the English. The English soon afterwards came to Dun-Mughdord, and sent messengers to Manus, the son of Murtough Muimhneach, to demand hostages from him; but Manus would not give them either peace or hostages. The English then sent from Dun-Mughdord a numerous force against the sons of Roderic, who plundered


Achill, and carried off great spoils to Druimni. Hugh O'Flaherty and Owen O'Heyne also came round with a great army, having vessels with them, which they carried by land as far as Linan Cinn-mara. These vessels, with their forces, being met by the Lord Justice at Druimni, were brought to the Callow of Inis-Aenaigh.


Manus at this time was with his ships on the Sound near the island, and he made frequent attacks upon the English, and they upon him in return. The English, however, desisted for a time; they removed their camp, and drew their vessels into the angle of a large strand at that place. When Manus observed this, he landed on Inis-raithni, and sent a party of his people on the Island of Inis-Aonaigh. As soon, however, as the English perceived that Manus and his people had landed on these islands, they drew their boats along the strand, and having them on the sea, they quickly filled them with a numerous army and troops of well-armed and mail-clad soldiers; and these landed on the islands on which the people of Manus were (except Inis-Raithin, where Manus himself was), and killed all the people they found on them. Upon this Manus, and those who were with him on Inis-Raithin, took to their ships, and fled from the island. Had Manus, however, been on friendly terms with the O'Malleys, they would have sent their ships against the English fleet.



There was not a single cow upon any of the Insi Modh islands which the English did not carry off to the shore in one day; and those to whom these cows had belonged would have been obliged to come off their islands, in consequence of thirst and hunger, if they had not been killed or taken prisoners.


Many of the inferior sort were slain that night by the English. On the next day, which was Friday, the English went upon the islands north of Umallia; and the chiefs of the army ordered that no people should be slain on that day, in honour of the crucifixion of Christ.


After the English had plundered and devastated Umallia, both by sea and land, they marched on with their cows and spoils to Luffertane; thence they proceeded, by regular marches, to Easdara Ballysadare, where they took a prey from O'Donnell, because he had granted an asylum to Felim after his expulsion; and from thence to the Curlieu Mountains, and to Caladh-Puirt na Cairrge, on Lough Key, to take it from a party of the people of Felim O'Conor and Cormac, the son of Tomaltagh Mac Dermot, who were guarding it. On this occasion the English of Ireland and the Lord Justice spared and protected Clarus, the son of Mailin, Archdeacon of Elphin, and the Canons of Trinity Island, in honour of the Blessed Trinity; and the Lord Justice himself, and the chiefs of the English, went to see that place, and to kneel and pray there.


The English afterwards, with great art and ingenuity, constructed wonderful engines, by means of which they took the fortress of the Rock of Lough Key from the people of Felim and Cormac; and the Lord Justice, after taking it, left warders in it, with as much provisions and beer as they deemed sufficient. By this expedition the English left the Connacians without food, raiment,


or cattle, and the country without peace or tranquillity, the Gaels Irish themselves plundering and destroying one another. The English, however, did not obtain hostages or pledges of submission on this expedition.


Felim made peace with the Lord Justice; and they the English gave him the King's five cantreds, free of tribute or rent.


The Rock of Lough Key was taken, twenty nights afterwards, by Cormac Mac Dermot. As the constable and a great number of his people had gone out, O'Hostin, one of his own people, closed the gate of the fortress, and afterwards gave it up to Cormac. The English were Conveyed recte fled to Trinity Island, and afterwards conducted out of the country in security. The fortress of the Rock was afterwards razed and demolished by Cormac, in order that the English might not take it again.


Donnell and Murtough, two sons of Murray O'Malley, were slain by Donnell, son of Manus, who was son of Murtough O'Conor; and by Niall Roe, son of Cathal, son of Conor recte O'Conor, in Cliara, and were interred there.


Tuathal, the son of Murtough O'Conor, was slain by Conor Boy, the son of Turlough O'Conor, and by Conor, the son of Hugh Muimhneach O'Conor.


The Castle of Meelick was demolished by Felim O'Conor.


Annal M1236


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1236. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred thirty-six.


Magrath Mac Mailin, Priest of Kilmactranny, died.


Hugh O'Gibellan, Priest of Kilrodan, and finally canon of Trinity Island, died on the Christmas night.


The Lord Justice of Ireland, Mac Maurice, summoned the English of Ireland to meet him at Ath-feorainne, at which meeting Felim, the son of Cathal Crovderg O'Conor, was present. They all yearned to act treacherously towards Felim, although he was the gossip of the Lord Justice; and this was the reason that the meeting had been called. Felim having received intelligence and forewarning of their design, departed from the assembly; and, attended by a few horsemen, proceeded to Roscommon. He was pursued thither and as far as the bridge of Sligo; he fled to O'Donnell for protection. As they did not overtake him they committed great acts of plunder upon Teige O'Conor, and carried away many respectable women into captivity and bondage; they then proceeded to Druim Gregruighe in Moylurg, where the Lord Justice awaited their return. The meeting above mentioned was called immediately after the departure of Richard, the son of William Burke, for England.


After this the Lord Justice and the English returned home, leaving the government of the country to Brian, the son of Turlough O'Conor.


Great depredations were committed by this Brian and the soldiers of the Lord Justice on the sons of Hugh, son of Cathal Crovderg, and others of the people of Felim. The sons of Hugh committed other depredations among the English and their own Irish enemies; so that the country was destroyed between both parties.


Conor, the son of Hugh Muimhneach, was slain by Manus, the son of Murtough O'Conor.


Mulmurry O'Laghtnan was appointed to the bishopric of Tuam, and went


to England, where he was consecrated, after having received the Pope's letters, by consent of the King of England.


Mac William returned from England, but whether with peace or with war was unknown.


Felim, the son of Cathal Crovderg, returned to Connaught, having been invited thither by some of the Connacians, namely, by O'Kelly, O'Flynn, the son of Hugh, who was son of Cathal Crovderg O'Conor, and the son of Art O'Melaghlin; all forming four equally strong battalions. They marched to Rindown, where Brian, the son of Turlough, Owen O'Heyne, Conor Boy, son of Turlough, and Mac Costello, had all the cows of the country. Felim's people passed over the ramparts and ditches of the island recte peninsula, and every chief of a band and head of a troop among them drove off a proportionate number of the cows, as they found them on the way before them; after which they dispersed, carrying off their booty, in different directions, and of the four battalions, leaving only four horsemen with Felim.


When Brian, the son of Turlough, Owen O'Heyne, and their forces, observed that Felim's people were dispersed with their spoils, they set off actively and quickly with a small party of horse and many foot-soldiers to attack Felim and his few men. Conor Boy, son of Turlough, did not perceive his situation until he came up with Rory, son of Hugh, son of Cathal Crovderg, and, mistaking him for one of his own people, he fell by him.


Felim (the King) strained his voice calling after his army, and commanding them to abandon the spoils and rally to fight their enemies. Many of the enemy's forces were killed in this rencounter by Felim and his people, upon the island and outside the island; all excommunicated persons and doers of


evil, excepting only Teige, son of Cormac, who was son of Tomaltagh Mac Dermot. As soon as Mac William learned how O'Conor had defeated all who had turned against him, he joined him to reduce them. Dermot, the son of Manus, upon hearing this, went over to Manus, the son of Murtough O'Conor.


After this Mac William proceeded to Tuam da ghualann, without notice or forewarning, and thence to Mayo of the Saxons, and left neither rick nor basket of corn in the large churchyard of Mayo, or in the yard of the church of St. Michael the Archangel, and carried away eighty baskets out of the churches themselves. They afterwards went to Turlagh, on which they inflicted a similar calamity. They then sent a body of men to plunder the people of Dermot, the son of Manus, and these falling in with the people of Conor Roe, and the inhabitants of Turlagh, they plundered them all indiscriminately; and Manus was compelled to expel and banish Dermot's people from him. On the following day Conor Roe went into Mac William's house, made peace with him, and received a restoration of the prey of cows which had been taken from him; and such part of their cattle as the people of the church of Turlagh were able to recognize as their own was restored to them. Dermot, the son of Manus, also went into the house of i.e. submitted to the English, that they might spare such of his people and cattle as were then remaining with him. Mac William proceeded to Balla, where he stopped for one night, and went thence to Tuam da ghualann. He left the province of Connaught without peace or tranquillity, and without food in any church or territory within it.


Hugh O'Flaherty, Lord of West Connaught, died.


Dermot, the Son of Niall O'Rourke, was deprived of sight by Cuconnaught O'Reilly.


Cathal Reagh, son of Gilla-Brude O'Rourke, Lord of Hy-Briuin, died.



Heavy rains, harsh weather, and much war prevailed in this year.


The victory of Cluain Catha was gained by Felim O'Conor, over the sons of Roderic, and Conor, the son of Cormac Mac Dermot.


Gillapatrick Mac Gillaroid, Lord of Kinel-Aengusa, died.


Tearmonn Caollainne was burned by the Lord Justice.


O'Donnell(Donnell More) marched with an army to Iubhar Chinn Choiche in Ulidia, and destroyed every territory through which he passed: he also obtained hostages and submission from most of the Ulidians.

Annal M1237


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1237. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred thirty-seven


Thomas O'Rowan, Bishop of Leyny, died.


Gilla-Isa Mac-an-Skealy O'Tormy, Bishop of Conmaicne Ardagh, died.


Gilla-na-necc O'Monahan died in the monastery of Boyle.


An army was led by Felim, the son of Cathal Crovderg O'Conor, and his brothers, into Connaught, being joined by Cuconnaught O'Reilly, with all the Hy-Briuin, and by Cathal Mac Randal, with the Conmaicni, against the descendants of Roderic, namely, Brian, son of Turlough, Murtough, and Donnell, sons of Dermot, who was son of Roderic, and Conor, son of Cormac, who was son of Dermot. They went northwards across Coirrshliabh-na-Seaghsa, until they arrived at Drumraitte, in pursuit of the race of Roderic. The descendants of Roderic sent the soldiers of the Lord Justice, who were


along with them, to give battle to Felim and his forces. Felim, however, ordered his troops not to shoot at them at all, but to come to a close fight without delay. This was done according, to his order; and the soldiers did not long sustain the charge, when they were routed towards their people. A great number of them were slain, and, among the rest, Mac Mibric.


When the descendants of Roderic saw the flight and confusion into which their forces were thrown, they retreated from their position without the loss of a man. After this defeat, however, they were dispersed in such a manner that they had no residence in the territory of Sil-Murray. All their people were plundered by Felim, and many preys were taken from Conor, son of Cormac, in Tirerrill. They Felim's party afterwards brought their fleet on Lough Key, and drove from thence Cormac Mac Dermot, Lord of Moylurg, and plundered all Moylurg; and the lordship of the territory and lake they gave to Donough, the son of Murtough Luath-Shuileach.


The Lord Justice made peace with Felim; and the five cantreds of the King were given him Felim, free of cattle-tribute, or rent.— (Vide supra, 1230.)


Manus, son of Dermot, who was son of Manus, was slain by Donnell, son of Dermott, who was son of Roderic O'Conor.


Murtough, son of Dermott, who was son of Roderic, was slain by the son of Manus, son of Murtough Muimhneach O'Conor.


A prey was taken by Conor, son of Cormac, from Rory O'Gara, and Rory's brother was slain.


The hostages of Conor, the son of Cormac, were put to death by Felim, son of Cathal Crovderg.


A monastery for canons was commenced by Clarus Mac Mailin, on Trinity Island in Lough Oughter, under the patronage of Cathal O'Reilly.



The barons of Ireland went to Connaught, and commenced erecting castles there.

Annal M1238


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1238. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred thirty-eight.


Felix O'Rooney, Archbishop of Tuam, after having some time before resigned his bishopric for the sake of God, and after having assumed the monastic habit in Kilmurry Mary's Abbey, in Dublin, died.


Donough Uaithneach, son of Hugh, who was son of Roderic O'Conor, was slain by Teige, son of Hugh, who was son of Cathal Crovderg.


Donough, son of Duarcan O'Hara, Lord of Leyny, was taken prisoner by Teige, the son of Hugh, who was son of Cathal Crovderg; and, while on his way to the place of confinement, he was killed in Hy-Briuin-na-Sinna, by his own kinsmen, namely, the sons of Hugh O'Hara.


Flaherty Mac Cawell, Chief of Kinel-Farry, and Clann-Congail, and of Hy-Kennoda in Fermanagh, the most illustrious in Tyrone for feats of arms and hospitality, was treacherously slain by Donough Mac Cawell, his own kinsman.


Donough, son of Murtough Mac Dermot, went into Breifny to O'Reilly, and brought a great force with him into Connaught, and plundered the people of Cluain-Coirpthi; and many of the chiefs of Muintir-Eolais were slain in pursuit of the prey which had been taken in the country, as were also a great number of inhabitants of the Tuathas.


Mulrony, the son of Donough O'Dowda, was slain by Melaghlin, the son of


Conor Roe, who was son of Murtough Muimhneach, and by the son of Tiernan, who was son of Cathal Miccarain O'Conor.


Castles were erected in Muintir-Murchadha, in Conmaicne-Cuile, and in Carra, by the barons aforesaid.


An army was led by Mac Maurice, Lord Justice of Ireland, and Hugo de Lacy, Earl of Ulster, into Tyrone and Tirconnell. They deposed Mac Loughlin (Donnell), and gave the government of Tyrone to the son of O'Neill, and they themselves obtained the hostages of the north.


The Cloictheach of Annadown was erected.


Cathal Mac Reevy, Lord of Feara-Scedne, died.

Annal M1239


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1239. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred thirty-nine.


Murtough, the son of Donnell O'Brien, died.


The battle of Carnteel was fought by Donnell Mac Loughlin, where Donnell Tamnaighe O'Neill, Mac Mahon, Sorley O'Gormly, and Caech-Bearnais


Bearnais O'Gormly, and the chiefs of Kinel Moen, with many others, were slain. Mac Loughlin reassumed the lordship after this battle, but was deprived of it without delay.


Turlough, the son of Roderic O'Conor (King of Connaught), died.


Farrell, the son of Cuconnaught O'Reilly, Lord of Dartry and Clann-Fermaighe, and, according to another book, Lord of Breifny, from the mountain eastwards, was slain by Mulrony, son of Farrell, and Conor, son of Cormac Mac Dermot, after he had gone on a predatory excursion to the son of Niall, the son of Congallagh O'Rourke, on which occasion he plundered them and took their house. Murtough, son of Niall, came out on parole, but was seized and killed, immediately after the son of O'Reilly had been slain.


A prey was taken by the English of Ireland from O'Donnell, and they plundered Carbury; and the Lord Justice himself was awaiting them at Ballysadare, and his scouts went as far as Drumcliff.


Lasarina, daughter of Cathal Crovderg O'Conor, and the wife of O'Donnell, gave a half townland of her marriage dowry, viz., Rosbirn, to Clarus Mac Mailin, and the Canons of Trinity Island, in Lough Key, in honour of the Trinity and the Virgin Mary.


Cormac, the son of Art O'Melaghlin, died.

Annal M1240


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1240. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred forty.


A monastery was founded at Waterford for Franciscan Friars by Sir Hugo Purcell.


Gilla-na-naev O'Dreain, Erenagh of Ardcarne, died.



A great army was led by Cuconnaught O'Reilly against Cormac Mac Dermot, and plundered the entire country as far as Ardcarne, and slew many people, in revenge of his son. Cormac, the son of Tomaltagh, was deposed, and Donough, the son of Murtough Mac Dermot, assumed the lordship of Moylurg.


Felim O'Conor went before the King of England to complain to him of the English and Irish, on which occasion he received great honour from the King; he then returned safe home.


Hugh, the son of Gilla-na-naev Crom O'Shaughnessy, was slain by Conor, son of Hugh, who was the son of Cathal Crovderg, and by Fiachra O'Flynn.


Sabia, daughter of O'Kennedy, and wife of Donough Cairbreach O'Brien, died.


The Monastery of Timoleague, in Carbery, in Munster, in the diocese of Ross, was founded for Franciscan Friars, by Mac Carthy Reagh, Lord of Carbery, and his own tomb was erected in the choir of the Friars. In this monastery also Barry More, O'Mahony of Carbery, and the Baron Courcy, are interred.


Annal M1241


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1241. The age of Christ, one thousand two hundred forty-one.


Bishop O'Flaherty (i.e. Murtough), i.e. the Bishop of Annadown, died.


The church of the Friars Minor in Athlone was consecrated by the successor of St. Patrick.


Donnell More, the son of Egnaghan O'Donnell, Lord of Tirconnell, Fermanagh, and Lower Connaught, as far as the Curlieu Mountains, and of Oriel, from the plain northwards, died in the monastic habit, victorious over the world and the devil, and was interred with honour and respect in the monastery of Assaroe, in the harvest time.


Melaghlin O'Donnell was installed in the lordship of Tirconnell, in the place of his father. O'Neill (i.e. Brian), after having been expelled by Mac Loughlin, came to O'Donnell, and O'Donnell, with his forces, went with Brian O'Neill into Tyrone, and they gave battle to Mac Loughlin, i.e. the battle of Caimeirge, in which they slew Donnell O'Loughlin, Lord of the Kinel-Owen, and ten of his family, together with all the chieftains of the Kinel-Owen. And Brian O'Neill was then installed in the lordship of the Kinel-Owen.


Dermot, the son of Manus, son of Turlough More O'Conor, celebrated for hospitality and prowess, died.


Sitric Mageraghty, Chief of Clann-Tomalty, died.


Walter de Lacy, Lord of the English of Meath, and head of the council of the English of Ireland, died in England.


Teige, the son of Rory O'Gara, died.


Teige O'Conor plundered Dartry and Clann-Fearmaighe in the county of Leitrim.



The Lord Justice, namely, Maurice Fitzgerald, mustered a great army with which he marched into Moynai in the county of Roscommon, and plundered Fiachra O'Flynn and Donough Mac Dermot; a small party of O'Conor's people overtook them, and slew Nar Mac Gillakelly, and many others.


Donnell Mac Clancy, Chief of Dartry, died.