Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition
Annals of the Four Masters (Author: [unknown])

Annal M1222


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1222. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred twenty-two.


Mag-Gelain, Bishop of Kildare, died.


Albin O'Mulloy, Bishop of Ferns, died.


Maelisa O'Flynn, Prior of Eas-mac-neirc, died.


Teige O'Boyle, the Prosperity and Support of the North of Ireland, and bestower of jewels and riches upon men of every profession, died.


Niall O'Neill violated Derry with the daughter of O'Kane, but God and St. Columbkille were avenged for that deed, for he did not live long after it.



Gilla Mochoinni O'Cahill, Lord of Kinelea East and West, was slain by Shaughnessy, the son of Gilla-na-naev O'Shaughnessy, after having been betrayed by his own people.


More, daughter of O'Boyle, and wife of Auliffe O'Beollain Boland, died.

Annal M1223


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1223. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred twenty-three.


Maelisa, the son of Turlough O'Conor, Prior of Inishmaine, died.


Duffagh O'Duffy, Abbot of Cong, died.


An army was led by O'Donnell (Donnell More) to Croghan, in Connaught,


thence into the Tuathas of Connaught, and westwards across the Suck, and plundered and burned every territory which he entered, until he had received their hostages and submissions.


Shaughnessy, the son of Gilla-na-naev O'Shaughnessy, was slain by the Clann-Cuilen, a deed by which the Bachal mor of St. Colman, of Kilmacduagh was profaned.


Murrough Carragh O'Farrell was slain at Granard, An. Ult. by an arrow, in a battle against Hugh, the son of Auliffe O'Farrell.

Annal M1224


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1224. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred twenty-four.


The Monastery of St. Francis at Athlone, was commenced by Cathal Crovderg O'Conor, King of Connaught, in the diocese of Clonmacnoise, on the eastern bank of the Shannon.



Mulmurry O'Conmaic, Bishop of Hy-Fiachrach and Kinelea Kilmacduagh died.


The Bishop of Conmaicne Ardagh, i.e. the English bishop, died.


Maurice, the Canon, son of Roderic O'Conor, the most illustrious of the Irish for learning, psalm-singing, and poetical compositions, died, and was interred at Cong.


Mulkevin O'Scingin, Erenagh of Ardcarne, died.


Maelisa, son of the Bishop O'Mulfover, parson of Hy-Fiachrach and Hy-Awley, and materies of a bishop for his wisdom, was killed by the son of Donough O'Dowda, a deed strange in him, for none of the O'Dowdas had ever before killed an ecclesiastic.


A heavy and awful shower fell on a part of Connaught, namely, on Hy-Many, Sodan, in Hy-Diarmada, and other districts, from which arose a murrain


rain and dreadful distemper among the cattle of the aforesaid territories, after they had eaten of the grass moistened by this shower, and the milk of these cattle produced a variety of inward maladies in the people who used it. It was no wonder that these ominous signs should appear this year in Connaught, for great was the evil and affliction which they suffered in this year, viz., the death of Cathal Crovderg, son of Turlough More O'Conor, King of Connaught, a man


who, of all others, had destroyed most of the rebels and enemies of Ireland, he who had most relieved the wants of the clergy, the poor, and the destitute, he who, of all the Irish nobility that existed in or near his time, had received from God most goodness, and greatest virtues, for he kept himself content with one married wife, and did not defile his chastity after her death until his own death, in whose time most tithes were lawfully received in Ireland; this just and up-right king, this discreet, pious, and justly judging hero, died on the 28th day of the summer (on Monday), in the habit of a Grey Friar, in the monastery of Knockmoy, (which monastery, together with its site and lands, he himself had


granted to God and the monks), and was interred therein nobly and honourably. Cathal Crovderg was born at the Harbour of Lough Mask, and fostered in Hy-Diarmada by Teige O'Concannon. The government of Connaught was assumed without delay by Hugh O'Conor, his son, for the hostages of Connaught were in his (Hugh's) hands at the time of his father's death. Hugh, upon his accession to the government, commanded the son of O'Monahan should be deprived of sight as a punishment for his having violated a female, and ordered the hands and feet of another person to be cut off for having committed a robbery. This was done to maintain the authority of a prince.


Hugh, the son of Conor Moinmoy O'Conor, died on his return from Jerusalem and the River Jordan.


Donncahy, the son of Aireaghtagh O'Rodiv, Chief of Clann-Tomalty, died on his pilgrimage, at Toberpatrick.


Melaghlin, the son of Teige O'Kelly, Lord of Hy-Many, died.


Gilla na-naev Crom the Stooped O'Shaughnessy, Lord of the Western half of Kinelea of Echtge, died


Donnell O'Kelly, Lord of Hy-Many, died.


Cucannon O'Concannon died.


Mahon, the son of Kehernagh O'Kerrin, Lord of Kerry of Lough-na-narney, died.



The corn remained unreaped until the Festival of St. Bridget 1st February, when the ploughing was going on, in consequence of the war and inclement weather.


A monastery was erected by Maurice Fitzgerald, from whom the Fitzgeralds of Kildare and Desmond are descended, at Youghal, in the diocese of Cloyne, in Munster, for Franciscan friary.


Annal M1225


The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred twenty-five.


Auliffe O'Beollan (Boland) Erenagh of Drumcliff, a wise and learned man and a general Biatagh, died.


O'Mulrenin, abbot of the monastery of Boyle, died in consequence of having been blooded.


Maelbrighde O'Maigin, Abbot of Toberpatrick, a son of chastity and wisdom, died. By him the church of Toberpatrick, together with its sanctuary and crosses, had been, with great exertions, begun and finished, in honour of St. Patrick, the Blessed Virgin Mary, St. John, and the Apostles.


Gilla-an-Choimhdhe Mac Gillacarry, a noble priest, and parson of Teach Baoithin, died.


Dionysius O'Mulkieran, Erenagh of Ardcarne, died.


Gilla-Coirpthe O'Muron, died, and was buried at Conga-Fechin (Cong).


O'Neill mustered a great force at the request of Donn Oge Mageraghty, royal Chieftain of Sil-Murray, who wanted to be revenged of O'Conor (i.e. Hugh), for having deprived him (Mageraghty) of his lands, and marched into Connaught to assist the sons of Roderic, viz., Turlough and Hugh. But


when Mageraghty turned against Hugh, the Sil-Murray also, and the inhabitants of West Connaught, with Hugh O'Flaherty, Lord of West Connaught, as well as all the Irish of the province, with the exception of Mac Dermot (Cormac, the son of Tomaltagh), conjointly rose out against him. As to O'Neill he made no delay until he arrived in the very centre of Sil-Murray, whence he marched to the Faes of Athlone; and he remained two nights at Muilleann Guanach, and totally plundered Lough Nen, from whence he carried off O'Conor's jewels. Thence he proceeded to Carnfree, where Turlough, the son of Roderic, was inaugurated; and then O'Neill, with his people, returned home; for all their own people were faithful to the sons of Roderic,


excepting only the supporters of Hugh, namely, Mac Dermot, David O'Flynn, &.


The resolution then adopted by the son of Cathal Crovderg, was to repair to the English to the Court of Athlone; for it happened, fortunately for him, that the chiefs of the English of Ireland were at that very time assembled there, and the greater part of them were friendly to him, on his father's account as well as on his own, for both had paid them wages for military services, and had been bountiful towards them. The English received him with joy, and kept him among them with much affection for some time afterwards. He then engaged in his cause the Lord Justice, and as many of the chiefs of the English of Ireland as he considered necessary, together with Donough Cairbreach O'Brien, and O'Melaghlin, with their forces.


When the inhabitants of Moynai and of the Tuathas of Connaught had heard of this muster, they fled into the territory of Leyny and Tirawley, with their cows and other cattle, and left the sons of Roderic attended by only a few troops. The sons of Roderic O'Conor afterwards proceeded to Kilkelly with all the troops they had, and placed themselves in defence of their cows and flocks. As for Hugh O'Conor, and the English who accompanied him, they despatched light marauding parties to plunder the retainers of the sons of Roderic, but detained the main body of their army about them for the purpose of making an attack upon the sons of Roderic themselves. Hugh, the son of Roderic, Donnell O'Flaherty, Tiernan, the son of Cathal Miccarain, and the son of Turlough, son of Roderic, went to protect some of their Aes graidh.


The English, with Hugh, the son of Cathal Crovderg, then set out to surround Turlough; but the latter, on perceiving this, ordered his recruits in the van, and Donn Oge Mageraghty, with his Calones, Flaherty O'Flanagan, and a few Tyronian soldiers, who were with him in the rear, to cover the retreat, by which means they escaped from the enemy without the loss of a man. On the same day some of Hugh O'Conor's marauding parties encountered Eachmarcach Mac Branan, who had gone to protect his cows against them; and Eachmarcach fell by the overwhelming force of the warriors who fought against him. Hugh O'Conor, and the English, pursued the sons of Roderic that night to Meelick, and for three nights afterwards continued plundering Leyny in all directions. This was unfortunate to O'Hara, who had to make peace with them, in consideration of the inconsiderable number of its cattle then left in Leyny.


The sons of Roderic were at this time stationed near Lough Macfarry, in Gleann-na-Mochart. Hugh then proposed to the English that they should pursue and plunder the inhabitants of the Tuathas, the Sil-Murray, and Clann-Tomalty, as they had fled before him with their cattle; and this being agreed upon, they set out, taking a road which the English alone would never have thought of taking, viz. they passed through Fiodh Gatlaigh, and marched until they reached Attymas; and they plundered Coolcarney, after


having nearly destroyed its people. Some of them fled to Duvconga, but the greater part of these were drowned; and the baskets of the fishing weirs were found full of drowned children. Such of them as on this occasion escaped from the English, and the drowning aforesaid, passed into Tirawley, where they were attacked by O'Dowda, who left them not a single cow.


As to the sons of Roderic, the resolution they adopted, at Lough Mac-farry, was to separate from each other, until the English should leave Hugh; to send Donn Mageraghty, and others of their chieftains, to O'Flaherty, their sworn friend and partisan; and the sons of Murtough O'Conor, and Tiernan, the son of Cathal, to take charge of their people and cows, and to obtain peace on their behalf, until the English should leave (Hugh) the son of Cathal Crovderg. Hugh was at this time at Mayo, and the sons of Murtough Muimhneach O'Conor went to him under protection and guarantee.


As to the inhabitants of the southern side of Connaught, they were not in a state of tranquillity at this period, for the English of Leinster and Munster, with Murtough O'Brien, the English of Desmond, and the sheriff of Cork, had made an irruption upon them, and slew all the people that they caught, and burned their dwellings and villages. Hugh, the son of Cathal Crovderg, was displeased at their coming on this expedition; for it was not he that sent for them, but were themselves excited by envy and rapacity, as soon as they had heard what good things the Lord Justice and his English followers had obtained in Connaught at that time. During this incursion the four sons of Mac Murrough were slain on the same spot.


Woeful was the misfortune, which God permitted to fall upon the best province in Ireland at that time! for the young warriors did not spare each other, but preyed and plundered each other to the utmost of their power. Women and children, the feeble, and the lowly poor, perished by cold and famine in this war!



The sons of Murtough Muimhneach O'Conor having come before Hugh O'Conor, as we have stated, he went on the next day to Kilmaine, were the three English armies met; and nearly the whole of the triocha ched (cantred) was filled with people, both English and Irish. Hugh O'Flaherty, under the protection and guarantee of the chiefs of the English, and of his gossip Donough Cairbreach O'Brien, came to Hugh O'Conor and the Lord Justice, and made peace with O'Conor, on behalf of his people and cows, on condition that he should expel the sons of Roderic. After this, Hugh and his English went to Tuam, where he dismissed the English of Leinster and Desmond; after which he returned back to (watch) O'Flaherty, for he did not confide in him, as O'Flaherty had, some time before, the sons of Roderic at the west side of the lake, together with Donn Oge Mageraghty.


The son of Manus then parted from the sons of Roderic, and set out for Tirawley, in quest of his cows and people, and fortunately found them there, without having been plundered or molested. He then took them with him, under the protection of O'Rourke, after having first plundered Philip Mac Costello.


Donough Cairbreach O'Brien sent a detachment of his people before him, with immense spoils; but Hugh, the son of Roderic, and Owen O'Heyne, having heard of this movement, went before them with a few select men, defeated the Momonians, deprived them of their spoils, and detained some of their nobles as hostages. When Donough Cairbreach heard of this, he came to Hugh, the son of Roderic, and made a solemn peace with him, and bound himself never


again to oppose him, on condition that Hugh would restore him his Aes graidh. But he did not adhere to this his covenant with the son of Roderic; for, after obtaining his people from him, he came in the first army that Hugh, the son of Cathal Crovderg, marched against him.


After this, Hugh the son of Cathal Crovderg O'Conor, and the Lord Justice with his English, set out for the port of Inis Creamha; and O'Flaherty was compelled to surrender the island of Inis Creamha, and Oilen na Circe, and all the vessels boats on the lake, into the hands of Hugh. The Lord Justice then returned home, and was escorted a great part of the way by Hugh O'Conor, with whom he left a few of the chiefs of his people, together with many soldiers and warriors; for the Connacians were not faithful to him, except very few. After this Hugh gave up to the English the chiefs of his people, as hostages for the payment of their wages, as Flaherty, O'Flanagan, Farrell O'Teige, and others of the chiefs of Connaught, who were subsequently obliged to ransom themselves.


After the departure of the main army of the English from Hugh, the sons of Cathal Crovderg, O'Flaherty, the son of Murtough, and all the other nobles, revolted against him, and joined the sons of Roderic. Hugh O'Conor the despatched messengers and letters to the Lord Justice, to inform him of the circumstance, and request additional forces. His request was by no means


an ineffectual one, for the English responded to his call cheerfully and expeditiously; and well was their promptness rewarded, for their spoil was great, and their struggle trifling. The English of Leinster, under the conduct of William Grace and the sons of Griffin, were sent to aid him. On the arrival of these forces, Hugh proceeded westwards, across the Togher the Causeway, against the sons of Roderic, and advanced to Hy-Diarmada, where he had heard they were stationed, without any considerable forces, for their allies had not as yet joined them; and he sent his brother Felim, and others of the chiefs of his people, and a great number of the English recruits into Hy-Fiachrach Aidhne, to plunder Owen O'Heyne. These encamped for one night at Ardrahen, with a view to plunder the country early in the morning following.


O'Flaherty and the sons of Murtough O'Conor, who were then on their way to join the sons of Roderic, having received intelligence that the English had gone to plunder their sworn partisan, Owen O'Heyne, and were stationed at Ardrahen, did not abandon their friend, but, with one mind and accord, followed the English until they came very close to them. They then held a council, and came to the resolution of sending Tuathal, the son of Murtough


O'Conor, and Taichleach O'Dowda, with numerous forces, into the town, while O'Flaherty and the other son of Murtough were to remain with their forces outside Tuathal and Taichleach, with a strong body of their soldiers, marched spiritedly and boldly into the town, and made a powerful attack upon the English there, who were routed east and west. They pursued those who fled eastwards. Tuathal wounded the constable of the English with his first shot; and Taichleach, by another shot, gave him so deep a wound, that he was left lifeless. As to the English who were routed westwards from the town, they were met by O'Flaherty and the other son of Murtough; but it happened, through their evil destiny, that the English routed them immediately. On this occasion Mahon, the son of Hugh, who was son of Conor Moinmoy; Gilchreest Mac Dermot; Niall, the son of Farrell O'Teige, and others, were slain; but the man who slew Niall O'Teige, i.e. the brother of Colen O'Dempsey, was slain himself also.


As to the sons of Roderic, they joined O'Flaherty and their other allies the next morning, and proceeded southwards to Druim-Ceanannain; but Hugh, the son of Cathal Crovderg, with his English, set out after them. The tribes who supported the sons of Roderic now held a consultation, and came to the resolution that each of them should return to his own residence which all accordingly did, excepting Donn Oge Mageraghty; and the princes, i.e. the sons of Roderic, being thus left with only a small force, went to Hugh O'Neill, accompanied by Donn Mageraghty.


Hugh, the son of Cathal Crovderg, then attacked O'Flaherty, and took hostages and pledges from him. He then proceeded to Kilmaine and Mayo, in pursuit of the sons of Murtough and Tiernan, the son of Cathal Migaran O'Conor who came before him under the guarantee of Donough Cairbreach,


and the chiefs of the English, and on condition that he should spare their people and cattle. This was a necessary tranquillity, for there was not a church or territory in Connaught at that time that had not been plundered and desolated.


An oppressive malady raged in the province of Connaught at this time: it was a heavy burning sickness, which left the large towns desolate, without a single survivor.


Flann, the son of Auliffe O'Fallon, Chief of Clann-Uadagh, was slain by Felim, the son of Cathal Crovderg, in this war; and Teige O'Finaghty, one of the officers Aes graidh of Hugh, the son of Roderic, was slain by the people of Mac Egan during the same war.


Auliffe, the son of Fearcair O'Fallon, chieftain of his own tribe, and the best of them, died.


Murray O'Finaghty, Chief of Clann-Murrough, died in a vessel on Lough Oirbsen (Lough Corrib), which he had gone into in good health.


A house was attacked upon the son of Teige O'Kelly (Lord of Hy-Many), and upon Ardgal his brother, by the sons of Teige O'Kelly, and both were burned within it.


Duarcan O'Hara, Teige O'Hara, and Edwina, daughter of Dermot, the son of Donnell O'Hara, died.



The Momonians and English attacked Tearmann Caelainne, but the English were slaughtered on this occasion, through the miracles of God and St. Caelainn.


The corn remained unreaped until after the festival of St. Bridget the 1st of February.

Annal M1226


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1226. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred twenty-six.


Donum Dei, Bishop of Meath, died.


Connmagh O'Tary (Torpy), Bishorp of Leyny, died.


Hugh, the son of Donn O'Sochlaghan, Erenagh of Cong, a learned singer, a scribe, and a man expert in many trades, died.


Matthew O'Mulmoghery died.


Tiernan, the son of Cathal Miccaruinn, who was son of Turlough More, a Roydamna prince, the most hospitable man and most expert at arms, and whose exploits had been more various and successful than those of any of his tribe for a long time, was slain by Donough O'Dowda and his sons.


Nuala, daughter of Roderic O'Conor, and Queen of Ulidia, died at Conga Fechin Cong, and was honourably interred in the church of the Canons at Cong.


Donnell, the son of Rory O'Flaherty, was slain by the sons of Murtough O'Flaherty, after they and Felim, the son of Cathal Crovderg, had attacked and taken the house in which he was.


Farrell O'Teige, surnamed an Teaghlaigh, Chief of the household of Cathal Crovderg, and Hugh, the son of Cathal, were slain by Donslevy O'Gara.


Hugh, the son of Donnell O'Rourke, was slain on Lough Allen by Cathal O'Reilly and Conor, the son of Cormac O'Mulrony.


Maurice Mac Dermot was slain.



The Castle of Kimlore was demolished by Cathal O'Reilly.


Hugh, the son of Cathal Crovderg, took Hugh O'Flaherty prisoner, and delivered him up into the hands of the English.

Annal M1227


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1227. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred twenty-seven.


Conor, the son of Niall O'Caharny Fox, was slain by the Leinster soldiers who were along with the King of Connaught.


Henry O'Meaghlin and Murtough O'Melaghlin were slain by the English.


Melaghlin O'Conor Faly was slain by Cuilen O'Dempsy.


Gilla-Colum O'Molloy was slain by O'More.


The English of Ireland assembled at Dublin and invited thither Hugh, the son of Cathal Crovderg, King of Connaught. As soon as he arrived they began to deal treacherously by him; but William Mareschal, his friend, coming in with his forces, rescued him, in despite of the English, from the middle of the Court, and escorted him to Connaught.


Hugh, the son of Cathal Crovderg, appointed a conference at Lathach Caichtubil with William Mares (de Marisco), the son of Geoffry Lord Justice


of Ireland. A few only of his chiefs went with him across the Lathach slough, namely, Cormac the son of Tomaltagh Mac Dermot, Dermot, the son of Manus, the son of Murtough O'Conor, Teige, the son of Mahon O'Kerrin, and Rory O'Mulrenin. William Mares set out to meet them, accompanied by eight horsermen. But when O'Conor recollected the treachery already mentioned, he rose up against the English and excited his people to attack them; and he himself attacked William Mares, and at once took him prisoner. His people responded O'Conor's incitement, rushed upon the English, and defeated them; they killed the constable of Athlone, and took Master Slevin and Hugo Arddin prisoners. Hugh sent these Englishmen across the Lathach to be imprisoned; and then, advancing with his troops, he plundered the market of Athlone and burned the whole town. This achivement was of great service to the Connacians, for he O'Conor obtained his son and daughter, and all the other hostages of Connaught, who had been in the hands of the English, in exchange for the aforesaid prisoners; and obtained moreover a peace for the men of Connaught.


Donslevy O'Gara, Lord of Sliabh Lugha, was slain by Gillaroe, his own brother's son, after the latter had, on the same night, forcibly taken a house from him and Gillaroe himself was afterwards put to death for this crime by the devise of Hugh O'Conor.


Hugh, son of Roderic O'Conor, and the son of William Burke, marched with a great army into the North of Connaught, and they burned Inishmaine, plundered the country into which they came, and took hostages.


An army was led by Geoffrey Mares de Marisco and Turlough, the son


of Roderic O'Conor, into Moynai, erected a castle at Rindown and took the hostages of the Sil-Murray.


Hugh, the son of Cathal Crovderg, went to Tirconnell to O'Donnell, and returned again southwards, taking his wife with him; but he was met by the sons of Turlough very near Seaghais Curlew Mountains, who took his wife and his horses from him, and his wife was given up into the hands of the English.


Another army was led by Turlough, and the English of Meath, into the West of Connaught, and they committed a great depredation on Hugh, the son of Rory O'Flaherty. They proceeded thence into the country of Carra; they took hostages from the sons of Murtough, and Turlough obtained from them a number of fat beeves out of every cantred in their possession.


Cumara O'Donnellan was slain, while in fetters, by Rory Mac Donslevy in revenge of his father.


Brian, the son of Conor O'Diarmada, was slain.


The castle of Athleague was erected by Geoffrey Mares De Marisco

Annal M1228


THE AGE OF CHRIST,1228. The age of Christ, one thousand two hundred twenty eight.


Hugh, the son of Cathal Crovderg O'Conor, king of Connaught, was treacherously killed by the English in the court mansion of Geoffrey Mares at the instigation of the English, after he had been expelled by the Connacians.



A great war broke out in Connaught between the two sons of Roderic O'Conor, Hugh and Turlough, after the death of the Hugh above-mentioned, for the younger son did not yield submission to the elder; and they destroyed Connaught between them, and desolated the region extending from Easdara Ballysadare, southwards, to the river of Hy-Fiachrach, excepting only a small portion of Sliabh Lugha, and the territory of the people of Airtech.


Niall, the son of Congalagh O'Rourke, Lord of Dartry and Clann Fearmaighe, was slain by the two sons of Art, the son of Donnell O'Rourke, namely, Art and Auliffe; and Auliffe Gearr, the son of Niall, who was son of Congalagh, was slain, while bathing, by Auliffe, the son of the same Art.


Farrell, the son of Sitric O'Rourke, was slain by the sons of Niall, the son of Congalagh O'Rourke.


Murtough, the son of Flaherty O'Flanagan, was slain by the sons of Teige O'Gara.


Hugh, the son of Donough O'Farrell, was slain by Hugh, the son of Auliffe O'Farrell.


David O'Flynn, Chief of Sil Maelruain, and Rory O'Mulrenin, died.


Richard, the son of William Burke, came to Ireland, from the King of England, as Justiciary.


Hugh, the son of Roderic O'Conor, assumed the kingdom of Connaught, by the election of the Justiciary and the chiefs of Connaught, in preference to Turlough, his elder brother.



Melaghlin, the son of Turlough, who was the son of Roderic O'Conor, was slain by Hugh, King of Connaught.


An intolerable dearth prevailed in Connaught, in consequence of the war of the sons of Roderic. They plundered churches and territories; they banished its clergy and ollaves into foreign and remote countries, and others of them perished of cold and famine.


David O'Flynn, Chief of Sil-Maelruain, died.


Hugh, son of Donough O'Farrell, was slain by Hugh, son of Auliffe O'Farrell.

Annal M1229


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1229. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred twenty-nine.


The monastery of St. Francis, at Cork, was founded by Mac Carthy More (Dermot).


Murray O'Gormally, Prior of Inis-macnerin, and the most renowned in Connaught for piety and wisdom, died.


Dermot O'Fiach, Abbot of the church of Gilla-Molaisse O'Gillarain, of Tuaim, died, and was interred at Ardcarne.



Dermot Mac Gillacarry, Erenagh of Tibohine, and a noble priest, died.


He was buried in the monastery of the Holy Trinity, his body having been by right obtained by the canons, from the monks of the monastery of Boyle, after it had remained three nights unburied, because the monks had attempted to retain it in their own monastery.


Gerard O'Kane, the wisest of the order of canons, died.


Duvesa, daughter of Roderic O'Conor, and wife of Cathal Mac Dermot, died a nun.


Dermot Mac Carthy, Lord of Desmond, died.


Dionysius O'More, Bishop of Sil-Murray Elphin, resigned his bishopric for the sake of God.


Loughlin O'Monahan was killed by his father's brother.

Annal M1230


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1230. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred thirty.


Florence O'Carolan, Bishop of Tyrone, a noble and select senior, died in the eighty-sixth year of his age.


Gilla-Isa O'Clery, Bishop of Leyny Achonry; Joseph Mac Techedan, Bishop of Conmaicne Ardagh; Magrath Mac Sherry, Bishop of Conmaicne; Rool Petit (Rodolphus Petit), Bishop of Meath, a select ruler and soldier of Christ; Gilla-Coimdeadh O'Duileannain, Coarb of St. Feichin, and Abbot of the church of the Canons at Easdara Ballysadare; Murray O'Gormally, Prior of Inis-mac-nerin; Mulmurry O'Malone, Coarb of St. Kieran, of Clonmacnoise; Gilla-Carthy O'Helgiusain, a canon and anchorite; and Donslevy O'Hinmainen, a holy monk and the chief master of the carpenters of the monastery of Boyle, died.



Melaghlin Mac Firedinn, a noble priest and a professor of literature, died in his monastic noviciate in the monastery of Boyle.


An army was led by O'Donnell (Donnell More) into Connaught, against Hugh, the son of Roderic O'Conor, who was opposed to him, and destroyed Moynai and a great part of the country province. The sons of Roderic, however, did not give him hostages on this occasion.


An army was led by the son of William Burke into Connaught, and desolated a large portion of that country, and Donn Oge Mageraghty and Eghtighern,


the son of the Brehon O'Minaghan, and many others not enumerated, were slain. Hugh, the son of Roderic, King of Connaught, was expelled by the son of William Burke and the English (by overwhelming numbers), on this occasion, to Hugh O'Neill, because he had risen up against the English; and Felim, the son of Cathal Crovderg, was proclaimed king of Connaught by the son of William Burke.


Hugh O'Neill, Lord of Tyrone and Roydamna heir presumptive to the throne of all Ireland,the defender of Leth-Chuinn against the English of Ireland and the people of Leth-Mhogha Nuadhat; who had never rendered hostages, pledges, or tribute, to English or Irish; who had gained victories over the English, and cut them off with great and frequent slaughter; the plunderer of the English and Irish; a man who had attempted the subjugation of all Ireland, —died a natural death, although it was never supposed that he would die in any other way than to fall by the hands of the English.


Art, the son of Art O'Rourke, was treacherously slain by Randal O'Finn.


Melaghlin O'Monahan was slain by his relatives.


Annal M1231


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1231. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred thirty-one


Dionysius O'More, Bishop of Elphin, closed his days on the Island of the Blessed Trinity on Lough Key, on the 15th of December, and Donough O'Conor was appointed in his place.


Flann O'Connaghty, Bishop of Hy-Briuin Breifney Kilmore, died.


Stephen O'Breen, Erenagh of Mayo died.


Keleher O'Devlin, Erenagh of Camma, a charitable, pious, wise, and prayerful man died.


Fethfoilge, daughter of Conor Mac Dermot, and wife of Murtough Muimhneach, the son of Turlough More died. She was the mother of Manus, Conor Roe, Tuathal, and Turlough the Priest, Prior of the Church of SS. Peter and Paul.


Duvcovlagh, daughter of Conor Mac Dermot, died in the monastery of Boyle.


Flaherty O'Flanagan, Chief of the race of Cathal, the son of Muireadhach Muilleathan, died on his pilgrimage in the monastery of Boyle. Duvtawragh, daughter of O'Quin, and wife of this Flaherty, died.


Ualgarg O'Rourke, Lord of Breifney, died on his way to the River Jordan.


Gilla-Isa Magauran, Lord of Tealach Eachdhach, and Duinnin O'Mulconry, Ollave chief poet of the race of Muireadhach Muilleathan the Sil-Murray, died.



Conor God O'Hara, Lord of Leyny, died.


An army was led by Donnell O'Donnell, Lord of Tirconnell, and Aengus Mac Gilla-Finnen, with the forces of Fermanagh, against O'Reilly (Cathal): they brought boats with them upon Lough Oughter, and plundered Eo-inis, and, after obtaining their own award, they carried away with them all the jewels, treasures, and wealth of the whole town.


Felim, the son of Cathal Crovderg (O'Conor), was taken prisoner by the son of William Burke, at Meelick, in violation of the guarantee given by all the English chieftains in Ireland.