Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition
Annals of the Four Masters (Author: Unknown)

Annal M1123


The Age of Christ, 1123.


Aenghus Ua Gormain, successor of Comhghall, died on his pilgrimage at Lis-mor-Mochuda.


Flann Ua Duibhinsi, airchinneach of Lughmhadh;


Maelmaire Ua Condubhain, airchinneach of Doire-Lurain;


and Maelisa Ua hAirtri, steward of Connaught, died.


Conghalach Ua Flaithbheartaigh, royal heir of Aileach, died.


Cucaisil Ua Cearbhaill, lord of Fearnmhagh, died.


Donnsleibhe Mac Cathalain, the prosperity and happiness of Ulidia, died.


Donnchadh Mac Gillaphadraig Ruaidh, lord of Osraighe, fell by his own tribe.


A great army was led by Toirdhealbhach, son of Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair, as far as Bealach-Eochaille, by which he took all the hostages of Desmond.


The Gaileanga took a house at Daimhliag-Chianain upon Murchadh Ua Maeleachlainn, King of Teamhair; and they burned eighty houses around it, and killed many of his people, on that occasion. Ua Maeleachlainn escaped being killed or burned, by the protection of Cianan.


Domhnall, son of Donnchadh, royal heir of Teamhair, was slain by the Gaileanga.


An unusual attack was made upon the successor of Ailbhe, i.e. Maelmordha, son of Cloithnia. A house was forcibly taken from him, and the son of Cearbhall Ua Ciarmhaic, lord of Aine-Cliach, in the very middle of Imleach, and seven persons were therein killed; but the chiefs escaped through the miracle of God, Ailbhe, and the Church. The Bearnan-Ailbhe was burned on this occasion. The


person who had taken the house, i.e. Gillacaech Ua Ciarmhaic (who was after being named a deacon), was killed before the end of a month; and his head was cut off, in revenge of the violation of the laws of God and Ailbhe.


Donnchadh, son of Tadhg Mac Carthaigh, lord of Desmond, died; and Cormac, his brother, assumed his place.


Tadhg Ua Maille, lord of Umhall, was drowned with his ship at Ara.

Annal M1124


The Age of Christ, 1124.


St. Maelmaedhog O'Morgair sat in the bishopric of Conneire.


Maelcoluim, son of Maelmaith Ua Connagain, noble priest, and the paragon of wisdom and piety of the east of Ireland, died at Inis-Padraig, on the twenty-third day of December.


The finishing of the cloictheach of Cluain-mic-Nois by Ua Maeleoin, successor of Ciaran.


Tadhg Mac Carthaigh, lord of Desmond, the ornament of Munster, died, after penance, at Caiseal.


Muireadhach Mac Gormain, lord of Ui-Bairrche, who was the ornament and glory, and the chief old hero of Leinster, died.


Ardghar, son of Aedh, royal heir of Aileach, was killed by the people of Doire, in revenge of Colum-Cille.


Maelseachlainn, son of Tadhg, son of Maelruanaidh, lord of Magh-Luirg, was slain by the men of Breifne and Tighearnan Ua Ruairc.


Gillabroide, son of Tighearnan Ua Ruairc, was slain by the Connaughtmen, on Loch En, and many others along with him.


Muireadhach (i.e. lord of Clann-Coscraigh), the son of Aedh, son of Ruaidhri O'Flaithbheartaigh, died an ecclesiastic.


Lochlainn Ua Follamhain, lord of Crich na gCedach, and his son, were killed by the son of his brother.


Gluniairn, son of Bran, lord of the east of Ui-Faelain, was


killed by Domhnall, son of Mac Fhaelain, royal heir of Leinster.


The two sons of Tadhg, son of Ua Lorcain, both Tanists of Ui-Muireadhaigh, were slain by another Ua Lorcain, by treachery.


Aedh Ua Mathghamhna, royal heir of Ulidia, fell by the men of Fearnmhagh.


The great fleet of Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair on Loch Deirgdheirc, and he conveyed it over Eas-Danainne; and he plundered Ui-Conaill at Faing, and the fleet of Desmond was left to him; he had also a great camp at Ath-caille from the festival of Martin till May.


Three castles were erected by the Connaughtmen, the castle of Dun-Leodhar, the castle of the Gaillimh, and the castle of Cuil-maeile.


A plundering army was led by Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair; and he plundered the Conmhaicne in Magh-Cairbre, and he also plundered Magh-Luighne. The Conmhaicne and the men of Meath flocked to oppose him, and made an attack upon him at Craebh-Rois-da-charn, and slew some of his forces. He Toirdhealbhach turned upon them, and defeated the men of Meath, and many of their nobles and plebeians were slain by him.


The hostages of Desmond, among whom was the son of Cormac, son of Mac Carthy, were put to death by Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair.

Annal M1125


The Age of Christ, 1125.


Maeleoin Ua Dunagain, a paragon of wisdom, and Bishop of Ui-Ceinnsealaigh;


Maeltrena, a noble priest and learned senior of Cro-Caeimhghin, the bosom fosterling of Ua Dunain, noble senior of Ireland,


died, as became an ecclesiastic, after a good life.


Mac Maeilesuthain, chief lector of the west of Ireland, died at Tamhlacht.


Cineidigh Ua Conaing, airchinneach of Cill-Dalua, died.


On the fifth of the Ides of January, which fell on Friday, the roof was raised on the great daimhliag of Ard-Macha, after having been fully covered with shingles by Ceallach, successor of Patrick, one hundred and thirty years since it had a complete roof before.


An army was led by Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair and Tighearnan Ua Ruairc into Meath; and they deposed Murchadh Ua Maeleachlainn, and placed three lords over Meath. Maelseachlainn, son of Donnchadh Ua Maeleachlainn, the third lord of these, was slain by Domhnall, son of Murchadh Ua Maeleachlainn.


On one occasion, as Muircheartach Ua Cearbhaill, lord of the south of Fearnmhagh, went upon a predatory excursion into the territory of the men of Breagha, Diarmaid Ua Maeleachlainn, with the men of Meath and Breagha, opposed him; and Muircheartach was slain by him, and a party of the gentlemen of Fearnmhagh, with many others.


The two sons of Aineislis Ua hEidhin were slain in treachery at Bun-Gaillimhe.


The bridge of Ath-Luain and the bridge of Ath-Croich were destroyed by the men of Meath.


Flann and Gillariabhach, the two sons of Aineislis Ua hEidhin, were slain by Conchobhar Ua Flaithbheartaigh.

Annal M1126


The Age of Christ, 1126.


Aedh Ua Modain, Bishop of Gleann-da-locha, died.


Finn Ua Conaingen, airchinneach of Doire for a time, died.


Muireadhach Ua Cuillein, airchinneach of Clochar, was killed by the Feara-Manach.


Conchobhar Ua Cleirigh, lector of Cill-dara, died.


Gillafinain, successor of Feichin.


and Maelisa Ua Coinne, the most learned of the Irish in history, in judicature, and in the Ord-Padraig, died after good penance.


The church called the Regles of Paul and Peter, at Ard-Macha, which had been


erected by Imhar Ua hAedhagain, was consecrated by Ceallach, successor of Patrick, on the 12th of the Calends of November.


Corcach-mor of Munster, with its church, was burned.


Enda, the son of Mac Murchadha (i.e. the son of Donnchadh), King of Leinster, died.


An army was led by Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, and he gave the kingdom of Ath-cliath and Leinster to his own son, Conchobhar; he afterwards proceeded to the South, and defeated Cormac Mac Carthaigh, and burned his camp at Sliabh-an-Caithligh.


The same king had a great encampment in Ormond, from Lammas till the festival of Brighit; and he plundered from that camp, on one occasion, Ui-Conaill, and on another as far as Moin-moi and to Gleann-Maghair, and another as far as the south of Osraighe; and he made a slaughter of the Osraighi, together with Ua Carog, and carried off the hostages of the Osraighi on that occasion.


Domhnall Finn Ua Dubhda, lord of Ui-Amhalghadha, was drowned, after he had plundered Tir-Conaill.


A great storm of war throughout Ireland in general, so that Ceallach, successor of Patrick, was obliged to be for one month and a year absent from Ard-Macha, establishing peace among the men of Ireland, and promulgating rules and good customs in every district among the laity and the clergy.


A treacherous prey was made by Ruaidhri Ua Tuathchair, in Airtheara; and the men of Airtheara overtook and slaughtered his people, and Ruaidhri himself was beheaded by them.

Annal M1127


The Age of Christ, 1127.


Gillachrist Ua Maeleoin, abbot, successor of Ciaran of Cluain-mic-Nois, fountain of the wisdom, the ornament, and magnificence of Leath-Chuinn, and head of the prosperity and affluence of Ireland, died.


Maelmaire Ua Godain, noble priest and learned senior of Ceanannus;



Conghalach, successor of Cianan;


Gillachiarain Ua Roda, airchinneach of Cunga, died.


Gillachomhghaill Ua Tuathail, successor of Caeimhghin, was killed by the Fortuatha.


Maelbrighde Ua Forannain, airchinneach of Ard-sratha;


Maelbrighde Ua Cinaedha, airchinneach of Ard-Trea;


and Domhnall Dall Ua Murchadha, chief sage of Leinster, died.


Mac Conaenaigh Ua Maelguirm, airchinneach of Ros-Cre, was killed by the Eli.


The shrine of Colum-Cille was carried off into captivity by the foreigners of Ath-cliath, and was restored again to its house at the end of a month.


Gillachrist Ua hEignigh, lord of Feara-Manach and Airghialla, died at Clochar-mac-Daimhine, after good penance.


Cearbhall Mac Faelain was killed by the Ui-Failghe, in the middle of Cill-dara, with some of his servants and chieftains along with him.


An army was led by Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, by sea and land, until he reached Corcach-mor, in Munster; and he drove Cormac to Lis-mor, and divided Munster into three parts, and he carried off thirty hostages from Munster.


Donnchadh, the son of Mac Carthaigh, was afterwards expelled into Connaught, with two thousand along with him, by Cormac Mac Carthaigh, after returning from his pilgrimage; and the men of Munster turned against Toirdhealbhach.


The great fleet of Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, consisting of one hundred and ninety vessels, upon Loch Deirgdheirc; and he devastated the adjoining cantreds of Munster. The fight of two fleets at sea, namely, the Connaughtmen and the men of Munster; and the Connaughtmen gained the victory in that battle.


A battle between the Ulidians themselves, in which two kings of Ulidia were slain, namely, Aedh Ua Mathghamhna, and Niall, son of Donnsleibhe Ua hEochadha; and a slaughter was made of the Ulidians along


with them.


Murchadh Ua Maelseachlainn was deposed, and Domhnall, his son, assumed his place. Domhnall was deposed at the end of a month, and Diarmaid Ua Maeleachlainn assumed his place.

Annal M1128


The Age of Christ, 1128.


Muirgheas O'Nioc, successor of Iarlath of Tuaim-da-ghualann for a time, died on Inis-an-Ghoill.


Conaing Ua Begleighinn, Abbot of Ceanannus, died.


Gillaphadraig Ua Cathail, successor of Caemhghin, was killed at Gleann-da-locha, by the Leinstermen.


Gillacruimhthirfraeich Mac Scolaighe, successor of Bearach of Cluain-coirpthe;


Ua Banain, successor of Cronan of Ros-Cre;


Mac-Maras Ua Reabhachain, successor of Mochuda;


Gillachiarain, son of Gilladubh Ua Draeda, airchinneach of Cunga;


Ceinneidigh Ua Conghail, airchinneach of Lis-aeidheadh at Cluain-mic-Nois;


Gilla-an-choimhdheadh, son of Mac Cuinn, Tanist-abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois for a time;


and Fingart, anmchara of Corcumdhruadh, died.


Ceinneidigh, son of Aedh Mac Duinnsleibhe, King of Ulidia, was killed.


The men of Magh-Itha, with Domhnall Ua Goirmleaghaidh, forcibly entered a house upon Faelan Ua Duibhdara, lord of Feara-Manach; and slew him and a party of the chiefs of Feara-Manach along with him.


The battle of Ath-Fhirdhiadh was gained by the cavalry of Conchobhar, the son of Mac Lochlainn, over the cavalry of Tighearnan Ua Ruairc, where Ua Ciardha, lord of Cairbre; Cathal Ua Raghailligh; Sitriuc Ua Maelbrighde; the son of Aedh Ua Dubhda, lord of Ui-Amhalghadha; and many others along with them, were slain, in revenge of the violation Patrick's protection.


A plundering army was led by Conchobhar, the son of Mac Lochlainn, lord of Cinel-Eoghain; by the Dal-Araidhe, and the Airghialla, into Magh-Cobha; and they carried off the hostages of the Ui-Eathach. They proceeded from thence to East Meath, and to the Feara-Breagh, and left some of their people there.


A plundering army was led by Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair into Leinster, which he plundered far and wide, for he went round Leinster along by the sea, until he arrived at Ath-cliath. On this expedition Ua Gadhra, lord of Luighne, was slain, and many others besides him.


A year's peace was made by Ceallach, successor of Patrick, between the Connaughtmen and the men


of Munster.


Tailltin, daughter of Murchadh Ua Maeleachlainn, and wife of Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, died.


Domhnall, son of Gillafinn, son of Mac Uallachain, chief of Muinntir-Chinaith, was slain by Ua Madadhain.


A great predatory excursion was committed by the Connaughtmen in Fearnmhagh, and they plundered the country and the monastery of Lughmhadh; and numbers of them were slain by Cochall, son of Mac Seanain, and the men of Fearnmhagh.


Maghnus, the son of Mac Lochlainn, lord of Cinel-Eoghain and of the North, was slain by the Cinel-Conaill and the Cinel-Moein.

Annal M1129


The Age of Christ, 1129.


Maelbrighde Ua Flannain, anchorite of Lis-mor;


Gillacolmain Ua Ceallaigh, noble priest of Dearmhach-Choluim-Chille;


Mac Muirgheasa, lector of Fearna; and


Ua Diarmada, successor of Cronan of Ros-Cre, died.


The house of Colum-Cille at Cill-mic-Nenain was forcibly taken, by Ua Tairchert, from Aedh, son of Cathbharr Ua Domhnaill, and it was burned over him.


A change of lords by the Cinel-Eoghain, namely, Maghnus in the place of Conchobhar; but Maghnus was slain, before the expiration of three months, by the Cinel-Conaill, O'Goirmleadhaigh, and the Cinel-Moein; and Conchobhar was again set up as king.


Mathghamhain, son of Muircheartach Ua Briain, died.


Flann Ua Ceallaigh, lord of the men of Breagha, and Muircheartach Ua Conchobhair, royal heir of Ui-Failghe, were killed by the men of Fearnmhagh.


Niall Ua Crichain, lord of Ui-Fiachrach of Ard-sratha, was killed by the Ui-Cenneidigh.


Gillachrist Ua hUidhrin, chief of Cinel-Fearadhaigh, was burned by treachery, in the house of his fosterage, in Tir




The castle of Ath-Luain and the bridge were erected by Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair in the summer of this year, i.e. the summer of the drought.


The altar of the great church of Cluain-mic-Nois was robbed, and jewels were carried off from thence, namely, the carracan model of Solomon's Temple, which had been presented by Maelseachlainn, son of Domhnall; the Cudin Catinum of Donnchadh, son of Flann; and the three jewels which Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair had presented, i.e. a silver goblet, a silver cup with a gold cross over it, and a drinking-horn with gold; the drinking-horn of Ua Riada, King of Aradh; a silver chalice, with a burnishing of gold upon it, with an engraving by the daughter of Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair; and the silver cup of Ceallach, successor of Patrick. But Ciaran, from whom they were stolen, afterwards revealed them.


Ceallach, successor of Patrick, a son of purity, and Archbishop of the west of Europe, the only head whom the foreigners and Irish of Ireland, both laity and clergy, obeyed; after having ordained bishops, priests, and persons of every degree; after having consecrated many churches and cemeteries; after having bestowed jewels and wealth; after having established rules and good morals among all, both laity and clergy; after having spent a life of fasting, prayer, and mass-celebration; after unction and good penance, resigned his spirit to heaven, at Ard-Padraig, in Munster, on


the first day of April, on Monday precisely, in the fiftieth year of his age. His body was conveyed for interment, on the Wednesday following, to Lis-mor-Mochuda, in accordance with his own will; it was waked with psalms, hymns, and canticles, and interred with honour in the tomb of the bishops, on the Thursday following.


Muircheartach, son of Domhnall, was appointed to the successorship of Patrick afterwards.

Annal M1130


The Age of Christ, 1130.


Sord-Choluim-Chille, with its churches and relics, was burned.


Lochlainn Ua Maelruanaidh, royal heir of Ulidia, was killed.


Cuaifne Ua Conchobhair, lord of Ui-Failghe, died.


Gillacualann, grandson of Dunghaile, lord of Ui-Briuin-Cualann, was killed by his brethren.


Diarmaid Ua Follamhain, chief of Clann-Uadach; and Goll-Cluana, i.e. Gillaphadraig Ua hAireachtaigh, ollamh of West Meath in poetry, died.


The jewels of Cluain-mic-Nois were revealed against the foreigners of Luimneach, they having been stolen by Gillacomhgain. Gillacomhgain himself was hanged at the fort of Cluain-Bhriain, by the King of Munster, he having been delivered up by Conchobhar Ua Briain. This Gillacomhgain sought Corcach, Lis-mor, and Port-Lairge, to proceed over sea; but no ship into which he entered found a wind to sail, while all the other ships did get favourable wind. This was no wonder, indeed, for Ciaran used to stop every ship in which he attempted to escape; and he said in his confessions at his death, that he used to see Ciaran, with his crozier, stopping every ship into which he went. The name of God and Ciaran was magnified by this.


An army was led by Ua Lochlainn into Ulidia. The Ulidians assembled to give them battle. When they approached each other, a fierce battle was fought between them. The Ulidians were finally defeated and slaughtered, together with Aedh Ua Loingsigh, lord of Dal-Araidhe; Gillaphadraig Mac Searraigh, lord of Dal-Buinne; Dubhrailbhe Mac Artain;and


many others besides them: and they plundered the country as far as the east of Ard, both lay and ecclesiastical property, and they carried off a thousand prisoners, and many thousand cows and horses. The chief men of Ulidia, with their lords, afterwards came to Ard-Macha, to meet Conchobhar; and they made peace, and took mutual oaths, and they left hostages with him.


Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair proceeded with a fleet as far as Torach, and plundered Ros-Guill.


He brought another fleet to Desmond, and plundered all Dairbhri and Inis-mor.


A battle was gained at Sliabh-Guaire by Tighearnan Ua Ruairc and the Ui-Briuin, over the men of Meath, wherein were slain Diarmaid Ua Maeleachlainn, King of Teamhair; Amhlaeibh, son of Mac Seanain, lord of Gaileanga; Oenghus Ua Caindealbhain, lord of Ui-Laeghaire; the son of Mac Gillafhulartaigh, lord of South Breagha, and others not enumerated.


Great fruit upon all trees, both nuts, acorns, and apples.

Annal M1131


The Age of Christ, 1131.


Maelisa Ua Foghladha, Archbishop of Caiseal, died; and Muircheartach Ua hInnreachtaigh, successor of Comhghall, died at Ard-Macha on the third day of October.


Dubhchobhlaigh, daughter of Ruaidhri na Soighe Buidhe Ua Conchobhair, lady of Luighne, died.


A plundering army was led by Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, and the people of the province of Connaught, into Munster; and they plundered Ui-Conaill-Gabhra.


An army was led by Conchobhar Ua Briain and the men of Munster into Leinster, and took its hostages. They afterwards proceeded into Meath, and plundered the island of Loch-Semhdighdhe. Their cavalry engaged the cavalry of Connaught. The cavalry of Connaught were defeated, and the son of Cuchonnacht Ua Conchobhair, and Feardana Ua Carthaigh, chief poet of Connaught, fell in the engagement.


An army was led by Conchobhair, son of Domhnall


Ua Lochlainn, by the people of the north of Ireland, and the Ulidians, into Connaught; and the Connaughtmen made an attack upon the rear of the army, in the vicinity of Seaghais (i.e. Coirrshliabh), and a battle was fought between them; and Conn Ua Maelgaeithe, Garbhanach Ua Baeighill, and a number of others, were there slain. They met, however, on the following day, at Loch-Ce, and made a year's peace.


In the absence of this army a predatory excursion was made by Tighearnan Ua Ruairc, and the men of Breifne, into Cuailgne; and they plundered Ui-Meith. The Ulidians and the South Airghialla, however, returned homewards across Ath-Luain, and fell in with the depredators in Magh-Conaille, where a battle was fought between them, in which Raghnall Ua hEochadha, King of Ulidia; Cumidhe Ua Crichain, lord of Fearnmhagh, with his son; Donnsleibhe Ua hInnreachtaigh, lord of Ui-Meith; and many others besides them, were slain.


Thomond was plundered by Cormac, the son of Mac Carthaigh, and Conchobhar Ua Briain.


A battle was gained by Murchadh Ua Maeleachlainn over the Sil-Ronain, in which many were slain.


Conchobhar Ua Briain was severely wounded by his own servant of trust, so that he was lying in his death-sickness. Conchobhar Ua Longargain was the name of the person who wounded him, and he was immediately killed in revenge of it.


Domhnall Ua Fuirg, lord of Ui-Furgo, fell by the Sil-Anmchadha in a conflict.


Maelseachlainn, son of Muircheartach Ua Maeleachlainn, was killed by the Feara-Ceall.


Cluain-Iraird was twice plundered by the Cairbri and the men of Teathbha. A slaughter was made of the men of Teathbha, by Murchadh Ua Maeleachlainn, at the place where they divided the cows of Cluain-Iraird.


The battle of Caill-Cobhthaigh was gained over the Sil-Muireadhaigh


by the people of Upper Connaught, the former having come on a predatory excursion into Munster; and both parties having engaged through mistake, the Sil-Muireadhaigh left their spoils behind.


Fine-Gall was plundered by Domhnall, son of Murchadh Ua Maeleachlainn.

Annal M1132


The Age of Christ, 1132.


Maelmaedhog Ua Morgair sat in the successorship of Patrick, at the request of the clergy of Ireland.


Maelbrenainn Ua hAnradhain, successor of Brenainn of Cluain-fearta, died.


Maelbrighde Mac Doilgen, noble priest of Ard-Macha, and senior of the priests of Ireland, died in the fifty-second year of his priesthood, and in the eightieth year of his age, on the 27th of August.


Uareirghe Ua Neachtain, head of the Culdees of Cluain-mic-Nois, and its venerable senior, died.


Cucaille Ua Finn, airchinneach of Cill-Colgain, died.


An army was led by Conchobhar Ua Lochlainn to Ath-Fhirdiadh; and Tighearnan Ua Ruairc came into his house, and gave him hostages.


Maelseachlainn, son of Diarmaid Mac Murchadha, lord of Ui-Ceinn-sealaigh, was slain.


Maenmhagh was plundered by Conchobhar Ua Briain, who carried off many cows.


The castle of Bun-Gaillmhe was burned and demolished by a fleet of the men of Munster; and a great slaughter was made of the people of West Connaught, together with Ua Taidhg an Teaghlaigh, and many other noblemen.


The son of Amhlaeibh Ua Lochlainn, lord of Corca-Modhruadh, was slain by the same fleet.


A great slaughter was made of the Connaughtmen by the men of Munster, wherein Conchobhar Ua Flaithbheartaigh, lord of West Connaught, the two sons of Cathal Ua Mughroin, and many others, were slain.


Oilen-na-Beithe in the Sinainn was burned by the men of Munster, and twenty persons, together with the chief of Muintir-Chinaith, fell there.


Diarmaid Mac Eitigen, chief of Clann-Diarmada, died.


The prey of Feasog by Tighearnan Ua Ruairc, against a party of the men of Teathbha


and of Connaught, until he reached the camp of Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair.


Magh-Luirg was plundered by the men of Breifne.