Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition
Annals of the Four Masters (Author: Unknown)

Annal M1113


The Age of Christ, 1113.


The Order of St. Bernard was commenced.


Flannagan, son of Maelisa, intended Abbot of Ard-Macha, died after unction and good penance.


Connla Ua Floinn, successor of Molaisi of Leithghlinn;


Diarmaid Ua Ceallaigh, successor of Ua Suanaigh, died.


Diarmaid Ua Longain, steward of Munster, died on the night of Patrick's festival.


Finnchas Ua Loingsigh, lord of Dal-Araidhe;


and Maelseachlainn Ua Conchobhair, lord of Corcmodhruadh, died after penance.


Donnchadh O'Taircheirt, chief of Clan-nSnedhghaile, was killed by Niall Ua Lochlainn.


An army was led by Domhnall Ua Lochlainn, with the chiefs of Cinel-Eoghain, Cinel-Conaill, and Airghialla, to Gleann-Righe; and they banished Donnchadh from the kingdom of Ulidia, and they divided Ulidia between Ua Mathghamhna and the son of Ua Duinnsleibhe, he himself retaining Dal-Araidhe and Ui-Eathach.


An army was led by Muircheartach Ua Briain, with the men of Munster, Leinster, and Connaught, to Magh-Cobha, to aid Donnchadh. Another army, composed of the forces before mentioned, was marched by Domhnall Ua Lochlainn to Magh-Cobha, to relieve the Ulidians; and there was a challenge of battle between them, but the successor of Patrick separated them, under the semblance of


peace and tranquillity. Donnchadh Ua hEochadha was blinded by Eochaidh Ua Mathghamhna and the Ulidians. An army was led by Muircheartach Ua Briain and the people of Leath-Mhogha, both laity and clergy, to Greanog. Domhnall, grandson of Lochlainn, with the chiefs of the north of Ireland, proceeded to Cluain-caein, in Feara-Rois; and both armies remained for the space of a month in readiness, confronting each other, until the successor of Patrick, with the Staff of Jesus, made a year's peace between them.


A spirited conflict took place between two parties of the men of Fearnmhagh themselves, in which fell the two royal heirs of Fearnmhagh, namely, Ua Cric hain and Ua Donnagain.


A salmon was caught at Cluain-mic-Nois this year, which was twelve feet in length, twelve hands in breadth without being split, and three hands and two fingers was the length of the fin of its neck.

Annal M1114


The Age of Christ, 1114.


Diarmaid Ua Floinn, successor of Ailbhe of Imleach-Iubhair, a noble bishop and a lector, who bestowed jewels, food, and alms;


Flann Mac Flannchadha, successor of Molaise of Daimhinis;


Maelcoluim Ua Cormacain, successor of Ende of Ara;


and Feardomhnach Ua Clucain, comharba of Ceanannus, died.


Ruaidhri Ua Canannain, royal heir of Cinel-Conaill, was killed by the Cinel-Eoghain.


Aedh, son of Donnchadh Ua hEochadha, royal heir of Ulidia, died.


Donnchadh Ua Loingsigh, lord of Dal-Araidhe,


and Muircheartach, son of Mac Lochlainn, royal heir of Oileach, died.


A great fit of sickness attacked Muircheartach Ua Briain, so that he became a living skeleton, and resigned his kingdom; and Diarmaid assumed the kingdom of Munster after him, without permission.


An army was led by Domhnall


Ua Lochlainn to Rath-Ceannaigh, where Eochaidh Ua Mathghamhna, with the Ulidians, went into his house, as did Donnchadh Ua Loingsigh, with the Dal-Araidhe; Aedh Ua Ruairc, with the men of Breifne; and Murchadh Ua Maeleachlainn, with the men of Meath. They all afterwards proceeded across Ath-Luain to Dun-Leodha, where Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, with the Connaughtmen, and Niall, son of Domhnall Mac Lochlainn, his own son, with the chieftains of Cinel-Conaill, came to join his assembly. They all afterwards proceeded to Tealach-Deadhaidh, in Dal-gCais; and they made a year's peace with the men of Munster. Domhnall Ua Lochlainn then went through Connaught, for home.


Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair banished Domhnall Ua Conchobhair, his brother, into Munster; and Domhnall was afterwards taken by the Ui-Maine, who delivered him into the hands of Toirdhealbhach.


Fobhar-Feichin, Cluain-Iraird, Cill-Beneoin, Cunga, Cill-Chuilinn, Cill-Cainnigh, and Ard-Padraig, were all burned this year.

Annal M1115


The Age of Christ, 1115.


Diarmaid Ua Briain, King of Munster, was taken prisoner by Muircheartach Ua Briain; and Muircheartach Ua Briain assumed his kingdom again, and set out with an army into Leinster and Breagha.


Muircheartach Ua Ciarmhaic, lord of Aine; Domhnall Ua Conchobhair Ciarraighe; Murchadh Ua Flainn; the son of Flannchadha, lord of Muscraighe, were slain.


The Daimhliag great stone church of Ard-Breacain, with its full of people, was burned by the men of Munster, and also many other churches in the country of the Feara-Breagh.


A great predatory excursion was made


by Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair and the Connaughtmen; and they plundered Thomond as far as Luimneach, and carried off countless spoils and many prisoners.


A battle was gained by Domhnall Ua Briain and the foreigners of Ath-cliath over the Leinstermen, wherein fell Donnchadh Ua Mael-na-mbo, lord of Ui-Ceinnsealaigh, and Conchobhair Ua Conchobhair, lord of Ui-Failghe, with his sons, and many others besides them.


Domhnall Ua Briain, i.e. the son of Tadhg, royal heir of Munster, was killed by the Connaughtmen.


An onset was made at Ath-bo by the sons of Maeleachlainn, son of Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, upon Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, King of Connaught; and they wounded him, so that he was lying in the agonies of death.


Maelruanaidh Ua Ciardha, lord of Cairbre, died.


Maelseachlainn Ua Maeleachlainn, royal heir of Teamhair, was killed.


Boisterous weather, frost, and snow, from the fifteenth of the Calends of January to the fifteenth of the Calends of March, or longer, which caused great destruction of cattle, birds, and men; whence grew a great dearth throughout all Ireland, and in Leinster particularly.


A fleet was brought by Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, King of Connaught; and he plundered Domhnall, son of Cusleibhe Ua Fearghail, and Murchadh Ua Maeleachlainn came into his house; and he fortified Buidhi-an-bheithe. He made an offering of three jewels to St. Ciaran, i.e. a drinking-horn with gold, a cup with gold, and a mullog of copper with gold. He afterwards divided Meath between the two sons of Domhnall Ua Maeleachlainn, namely, Maelseachlainn and Murchadh, but Maelseachlainn fell by Murchadh immedately after.

Annal M1116


The Age of Christ, 1116.


Conghalach, son of Gillachiarain, airchinneach of Lis-aeidheadh at Cluain-mic-Nois, died after penance and good repentance.


Ceallach, successor of Patrick, made a visitation of Connaught the second time,


and he obtained a full tribute.


Cill-Dalua, with its church, was burned.


Corcach-mor-Mumhan, Imleach-Iubhair, the oratory of Maelisa Ua Brolchain, Achadh-bo-Chainnigh, Cluain-Iraird, the great house of the abbots at Ard-Macha, with twenty houses about it, and a great portion of Lis-mor-Mochuda, were burned in the beginning of the Lent of this year.


A great plague and famine this year in Munster and Leinster, so that churches and fortresses, territories and tribes, were desolated; and they also spread throughout Ireland and beyond seas afterwards.


Dearbhail, daughter of Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain, died.


A predatory excursion was made by Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair; and he burned and demolished Boromha and Ceann-coradh, and killed many persons. He took many cows and prisoners, but he restored the prisoners to God and to Flannan.


An army was led by Diarmaid Ua Briain and the men of Munster into Connaught; and he slaughtered the inhabitants at Ruaidh-Bheitheach, where they left behind their provisions, their horses, their arms, and their armour.

Annal M1117


The Age of Christ, 1117.


Maelmuire, Bishop of Dun-da-leathghlas;


Flann Ua Scula, Bishop of Condere;


Gillamochuda Mac Camchuarta, Bishop of Daimhliag;


Ceallach Ua Colmain, Bishop of Fearna;


Cathasach Ua Conaill, noble Bishop of Connaught;


Anmcha O'hAnmchadha, Bishop of Ard-fearta-Brenainn;


Muireadhach Ua hEnlaingi, Bishop of Cluain-fearta-Brenainn, died.


Maelmuire Ua Dunain, Archbishop of Munster, head of the clergy of Ireland,


and lord of the almsdeeds of the west of Europe, died in the seventy-seventh year of his age, on the ninth of the Calends of January.


Maelruanaidh Ua Cibhleachain, successor of Feichin of Fobhar, died.


Conchobhar Ua Follamhain, comharba of Cluain-Iraird;


and Eoghan Mac Echthighern, successor of Buithe, died.


Maelbrighde Mac Ronain, comharba of Ceanannus, was killed, and the people of Ceanannus slaughtered along with him, by Aedh Ua Ruairc and the Ui-Briuin, on the night of Domhnach Chroim Duibh.


Diarmaid, son of Enda, King of Leinster, died at Ath-cliath.


Conchobhar Ua Caireallain was killed by the Feara-Manach.


The battle of Leacain was given by Briain, son of Murchadh Ua Flaithbheartaigh, and the son of Cathal Ua Conchobhair, who had the Connaughtmen along with them, to Toirdhealbhach, son of Diarmaid, and the Dal-gCais, and made a slaughter of them in that battle.


A battle was gained over the Cinel-Eoghain of the Island i.e. of Inis-Eoghain, by the Cinel-Conaill, in which the Cinel-Eoghain were slaughtered, and many of their chieftains slain.


Diarmaid Ua Briain and the men of Munster plundered Tir-Fiachrach and Tir-Briuin. The Connaughtmen dispatched a battalion southwards, in pursuit of them, under the conduct of Cathal, grandson of Cathal Ua Conchobhair, and Brian, son of Murchadh; and they plundered all before them, as far as the mountain, and committed acts of conflagration and slaughter. The Munstermen sent a host to oppose them; and a battle was fought between them at Leitreacha-Odhrain, and the southerns were routed, and two of the Ui-Ceinneidigh and many others were slain on that occasion.

Annal M1118


The age of Christ, 1118.


Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair, i.e. Ruaidhri na Soighe Buidhe, King of Connaught for a long time, died on his pilgrimage at


Cluain-mic-Nois, the twenty-sixth year after his having been blinded by Ua Flaithbheartaigh.


Diarmaid Ua Briain, King of Munster and of all Leath-Mhogha, died at Corcach-mor-Mumhan, after unction and penance.


Domhnall, son of Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair, royal heir of Connaught, died.


Laidhgnen Ua Duibhdara, lord of Feara-Manach, was slain by the Ui-Fiachrach of Ardsratha, and the men of Craebh.


Brian, son of Murchadh Ua Briain, was slain by Tadhg Mac Carthaigh and the people of Desmond.


An army was led by Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, King of Connaught, who was joined by Murchadh Ua Maeleachlainn, King of Teamhair, and by Aedh Ua Ruairc, as far as Gleann-Maghair in Munster; and he gave Desmond to Carthaigh, and Thomond to the sons of Diarmaid Ua Briain, and carried off the hostages of both. Another army was led by him to Athcliath; and he carried away the son of the King of Teamhair, i.e. Domhnall, son of Murchadh Ua Maeleachlainn, who was in the hands of the foreigners, and the hostages of the foreigners themselves, as well as those of Osraighe and Leinster. He was thirty years of age at this time.


The battle of Ceann-dara was gained over the Ui-Eathach-Uladh, by Murchadh Ua Ruadhacan, who made a slaughter of them.


A mermaid was taken by the fishermen of the weir of Lis-Arglinn, in Osraighe, and another at Port-Lairge.


The great army of Connaught, under Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, marched to Ceann-coradh, and hurled it into the Sinainn, both stone and wood.


O'Baoigheallain, chief poet of Ireland, was killed by Spailleach Ua Flannagain, after he O'Flannagain had forcibly taken the house in which he was.


Annal M1119


The Age of Christ, 1119.


Ruaidhri, airchinneach of Othain-mor;


Fearghal of the island of Loch-Cre, a venerable senior, and a select soldier of Christ;


and Diarmaid Ua Leanna, successor of Seanan of Inis-Cathaigh, a paragon of penance, died.


Muircheartach Ua Briain, King of Ireland, prop of the glory and magnificence of the west of the world, died, after the victory of reign and penance, on the festival of Machaemhog of Liath, on the sixth rectè fourth of the Ides of March, and was interred in the church of Cill-Dalua, after penance, in the sixth year of his illness.


Niall, son of Domhnall Mac Lochlainn, royal heir of Aileach and of Ireland, and who was also the paragon of Ireland for personal form, sense, hospitality, and learning, fell by the Cinel-Moain, in the twenty-eighth year of his age.


Domhnall Ua hAideith, lord of Ui-Eathach, was killed by Echri, son of Flaithbheartach.


Conchobhar Ua Goirmleadhaigh, chief of Cinel-Moain, was slain by the Ui-Dubhda and the Clann-Flaithbheartaigh.


Flaithbheartach Ua Laidhgnen, lord of Fearnmhagh for a time, died.


The son of Donnchadh Mac Gillaphadraig, royal heir of Osraighe, was slain by the Osraighi themselves.


Cucollchoille Ua Baigheallain, chief ollamh of Ireland in poetry, a man distinguished for charity, hospitality, and universal benevolence towards the needy and the mighty, was killed by the men of Lurg and Tuath-ratha, with his wife and two very good sons, and also five-and-thirty other persons, consisting both of his family and guests, in one house, on the Saturday before Little Easter, being the festival of Becan, son of Cula.




Ua Brain, lord of East Leinster, died.


Ua Tuathail, lord of Ui-Muireadhaigh, was slain.


Aedh Ua Conceannainn, lord of Ui-Diarmada, died.


A great fleet by Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, King of Ireland, before the Sinainn was cleared by him, with the King of Leinster, i.e. Enna Mac Murchadha, and with the King of Osraighe, i.e. Donnchadh Mac Gillaphadraig, and the chiefs of the foreigners of Ath-cliath along with him, until he arrived at Cill-Dalua; and they remained for some time consuming the provisions of Munster.

Annal M1120


The Age of Christ, 1120.


An army was led by Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair into Meath, and he expelled Murchadh Ua Maeleachlainn into the North; and he carried off hostages, under the protection of the successor of Patrick and the Staff of Jesus.


Ceallach, successor of Patrick, made a visitation of Munster the second time; and he obtained his full demand, and imparted his blessing.


An army was led by Domhnall Ua Lochlainn, to the relief of Murchadh Ua Maeleachlainn, to Ath-Luain, against Connaught; and Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair made a false peace with them.


Eachmarcach Mac Uidhrin, chief of Cinel-Fearadhaigh, was slain by the Feara-Manach.


The battle of the plain of Cill-mor Ua-Niallain was gained by Raghnall, son of Mac Riabhaigh, over the Ui-Eathach, in which the latter were slaughtered.


Branan, son of Gillachrist, chief of Corcachlann, died.


The bridge of Ath-Luain, the bridge of Ath-Croich on the Sinainn, and the bridge of Dun-Leodha on the Suca, were made by Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair.


The fair of Tailltin was celebrated by Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair.

Annal M1121


The Age of Christ, 1121.


Samuel Ua hAingli, Bishop of Ath-cliath, died; and Ceallach, successor of Patrick, assumed the bishopric of Ath-cliath


by the suffrages of the foreigners and Irish.


Domhnall, son of Ardghar Mac Lochlainn, King of Ireland, the most distinguished of the Irish for personal form, family, sense, prowess, prosperity and happiness, for bestowing of jewels and food upon the mighty and the needy, died at Doire-Choluim-Chille, after having been twenty-seven years in sovereignty over Ireland, and eleven years in the kingdom of Aileach, in the seventy-third year of his age, on the night of Wednesday, the fourth of the Ides of February, being the festival of Mochuarog.


Gilla-Easbuig Eoghain Ua hAinniarraidh, lord of Cianachta-Glinne-Geimhin, was killed by his brothers.


Cumaighe, son of Deoraidh Ua Floinn, lord of Durlas, was drowned in Loch-Eathach, after the island of Inis-Draicrenn had been taken upon him by the Ui-Eathach, where forty-four persons were slain.


Maelseachlainn Ua Ceallachain, lord of Ui-Eathach-Mumhan, the splendour of the south of Munster, died.


An army was led by Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair and the people of the province of Connaught into Desmond, by which they plundered from Magh-Femhin to Traigh-Li, both territories and churches.


A plundering excursion was, moreover, made by Toirdhealbhach, and he arrived at the Termon of Lis-mor, and he obtained countless cattle spoils; and he lost on that occasion Muireadhach Ua Flaithbheartaigh, lord of West Connaught; Aedh Ua hEidhin, lord of Ui-Fiachrach-Aidhne; Muirgheas Ua Lorcain; and many others.


Cugaileang Mac Gillaseachnaill, lord of South Breagha, was slain by the foreigners of Ath-cliath.


Two streets of Trian-Masain, from the door of the fort to Cros-Brighde, were burned in Ard-Macha.


A great wind-storm happened in the December of this year, which knocked off the conical cap of the cloictheach of Ard-Macha, and caused great destruction of woods throughout Ireland.


The cloictheach of Tealach-nInmainne, in Osraighe, was split by


a thunderbolt, and a stone flew from the cloictheach, which killed a student in the church.


Righbhardan, son of Cucoirne, lord of Eile, died.


Conchobhar Ua Fogarta, lord of South Eile, was killed.

Annal M1122


The Age of Christ, 1122.


The shrine of Colman, son of Luachan, was found in the tomb of Lann, a man's cubit in the earth: on Spy Wednesday precisely it was found.


Feargna Mac Echthigheirn, successor of Buithe, a wise priest;


Annadh, son of Mac Ulca, airchinneach of Cuil-rathain;


and Conchobhar Ua Lighda, successor of Ailbhe, died.


Conghal, lector of Cluain-Iraird, died at Gleann-da-locha, on his pilgrimage.


Aedh Ua Duibhdhirma, chief of Breadach, head of the hospitality of the north of Ireland, and Domhnall, his brother, died.


Donnsleibhe Ua hOgain, chief of Cinel-Fearghusa, and lawgiver of Tealach-Og, died.


Maelseachlainn Ua Donnagain, lord of Aradh-thire, died.


Aedh Ua Ruairc, i.e. the son of Domhnall, lord of Conmhaicne, fell by the men of Meath, as he was carrying off a prey from them.


An army was led by Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair to Loch Saileach in Meath, where Mac Murchadha, King of Leinster, came into his house.


A great predatory excursion was made by Conchobhar Mac Lochlainn and the Cinel-Eoghain, until they arrived at Cill-ruaidh, in Ulidia; and they carried off countless cattle spoils.



Maelcoluim Ua Brolchain, Bishop of Ard-Macha, died at the Disert of Doire, after the victory of forbearance and penance.