Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition
Annals of the Four Masters (Author: Unknown)

Annal M1103


The Age of Christ, 1103.


Murchadh Ua Flaithecan, airchinneach of Ardbo, a paragon of wisdom and instruction, died on his pilgrimage at Ard-Macha.


Cormac Mac Cuinn-na-mBocht, Tanist-abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, and a prosperous and affluent man, died.


The Lector Ua Connmhaigh, of the family of Inis-mor;


Ua Cingeadh, lector of Dearmhach;


the son of Mac Branan, priest of Cill-dara;


and Maelisa Mac Cuinn-na-mBocht, died.


Ua Canannain was driven from the lordship of Tir-Conaill by Domhnall, grandson of Lochlainn.


Murchadh Donn Ua Ruadhacan was slain on a predatory excursion in Magh-Cobha, and his host had slain Gillagott Ua Cormaic the same day.


Raghnall Ua hOcain; lawgiver of Telach Og, was slain by the men of Magh-Itha.


A great war broke out between the Cinel-Eoghain and the Ulidians; and Muircheartach Ua Briain, with the men of Munster, Leinster, and Osraighe, and with the chiefs of Connaught, and the men of Meath, with their kings, proceeded


to Magh-Cobha, to relieve the Ulidians. Both parties went all into Machaire-Arda-Macha, i.e. to Cill-na-gCornaire, and were for a week laying siege to, Ard-Macha. Domhnall, grandson of Lochlainn, with the people of the north of Ireland, was during this time in Ui-Breasail-Macha, confronting, them face to face, so that he prevented the people of the four provinces of Ireland from committing depredation or aggression any further in the province. When the men of Munster were wearied, Muircheartach proceeded to Aenach-Macha, to Eamhain, and round to Ard-Macha, and left eight ounces of gold upon the altar, and promised eight score cows, and returned to Magh-Cobha, and left the people of the province of Leinster and numbers of the men of Munster there. He himself afterwards set out on a predatory excursion into Dal-Araidhe, with the King of Meath and the King of Connaught; and Donnchadh, son of Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain, was slain on this expedition, as were the son of Ua Conchobhair Ciarraighe, Peatadeamhain Ua Beoain, Donncuan Ua Duibhcinn, and a great many others of the nobility along with them. Domhnall Ua Lochlainn, with the Clanna-Neill of the North, proceeded to Magh-Cobha, to attack the camp of the Leinstermen; and the Leinstermen, the Osraighi, and the Munstermen, assembled together all the forces they had, and fought a spirited battle in Magh-Cobha, on Tuesday, the Nones of August, on the eight day after their coming into that plain. The people of Leath-Mhogha were, however, defeated, and slaughter made of them, viz. the slaughter of the Leinstermen, with Muircheartach Mac Gillamocholmog, King of Leinster, with the two Ua Lorcains, i.e. Murchadh, King of Ui-Muireadhaigh, and his brother, and with Muircheartach Mac Gormain, with a great number of others besides them; the slaughter of the Ui-Ceinnsealaigh, together with the two sons of Maelmordha, and Rian, lord of Ui-Drona, and many others also; the slaughter of the Osraighi in general, with Gillaphadraig Ruadh and the chieftains of Osraighe; the slaughter of the foreigners of Ath-cliath, with Thorstan, son of Eric, with Pol, son of Amann, and Beollan, son of Armunn, with a countless number of others; the slaughter of the men of Munster, with the two Ua Brics, i.e. two tanists of the Deisi; and with Ua Failbhe, Tanist of Corca-Dhuibhne and Erri of Leinster; with Ua Muireadhaigh, lord of Ciarraighe,


with his son, and many others of the nobility, which it would be tediousto enumerate. The Clanna-Neill of the North, namely, the Cinel-Eoghain and Cinel-Conaill, returned to their forts victoriously ancl triumphantly, with valuable jewels and much wealth, together with the royal tent, the standard, and many other precious jewels.


Maghnus, King of Lochlann and the Islands, and a man who had contemplated the invasion of all Ireland, was slain by the Ulidians, with a slaughter of his people about him, on a predatory excursion.


A woman brought forth two children together in this year, having but one body from the breast to the navel, and all their members perfect, with that exception, and their faces turned to each other; and these were two girls.


Cathalan, Mac Seanain, was killed by the Cairbri-Gabhra.


Donnchadh, son of Enna, was blinded by the son of Dunlaing Ua Caellaighi.


Amhalghaidh, grandson of Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, one of the Clann-Choscraigh, was killed by his own father and brother, in revenge of their alumnus, i.e. Conchobhar, son of Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair, who had been killed by him some time before.


The battle of Ath-Calgain between the people of the east of Teathbha and those of the west of the same territory, in which Cinaedh, son of Mac Amhalghadha, lord of Callraighe-an-Chalaidh, died.

Annal M1104


The Age of Christ, 1104.


Gillachrist Ua Echthighern, Bishop of Cluain-mic-Nois, and airchinneach of Ardachaidh-Epscoip-Mel, died.


Flaitheamh Ua Duibhidhir, Bishop of East Leinster;


Feidhlimidh, son of Flann Mainistreach,


a faithful soldier of Christ, who was a chief senior and learned historian;


and Cosgrach Ua Cruaidhin, lector of Cill-dara, died.


A battle was gained by the Ulidians over the Dal-Araidhe, wherein Duibhceann Ua Daimhin was slain in the heat of the conflict.


Ua Conchobhair of Corcamdhruaidh, i.e. Conchobhar, son of Maeleachlainn, died.


Mac-na-haidhche Ua Ruairc was killed by his brethren.


Dunchadh Ua Conchobhair, lord of Cianachta-an-Ghleinne, was killed by his own people.


Fiachra Ua Floinn, chief of Sil-Maelruain, was killed by the Conmhaicni.


An army was led by Muircheartach Ua Briain to Magh-Muirtheimhne, and they destroyed the tillage and corn of the plain; and on this expedition Cu-uladh Ua Caindealbhain, lord of Loeghaire, was thrown from his horse at Dun-Dealgan, of the effects of which he died a month afterwards.


An army was led by Domhnall, grandson of Lochlainn, to Magh-Cobha, and he obtained the hostages of Ulidia; and he afterwards proceeded to Teamhair, and burned the whole of a great part of Ui-Laeghaire, except some of his friends, to whom he afforded protection.


The shingles of one-half the Damhliagh of Cluain-mic-Nois were finished by Flaithbheartach Ua Loingsigh, it having been commenced by Cormac Mac Cuinn-na-mBocht.

Annal M1105


The Age of Christ, 1105.


Aedh Ua Ruadhain, priest of Achadh-bo;


Muircheartach Ua Catharnaigh, a distinguished senior of the family of Cluain-mic-nois;


and Ailillan Ua Spealain, priest of Achadh-bo, died.


Cathal, son of Gillabraite, son of Tighearnan, lord of Ui-Briuin-Breifne and Gailenga, was killed by the sons of his own mother, i.e. by the sons of Donnchadh, son of Caileach Ua Ruairc.


Conchobhar, son of Maeseachlainn, lord of Teamhair, and of all Breagha, and of half Meath, was killed by the Ui-Briuin-Breifne, who took an unfair advantage of him.


Muirgheas Ua Conceannainn, lord of Ui-Diarmada, died.


Domhnall, son of the Gott O'Maeleachlainn, was killed by the Cinel-Fhiachach.


Donnchadh Ua Maeleachlainn was deposed by Muircheartach


Ua Briain; and he proceeded into Airghialla, and plundered the greater part of East Meath from that country. Muircheartach Ua Briain, with the greater part of the men of Ireland, went in pursuit of Donnchadh to Magh-Conaille, but he effected nothing but the burning of the corn; and he afterwards divided Meath between the sons of Domhnall Ua Maeleachlainn, he and Donnchadh having refused to come on terms of peace with each other.


Muireadhach Ua Cana, and


Maelruanaidh Ua Bilraighe, lord of Ui-Cairbri, and the tutor of Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain, died.


Maelseachlainn Ua Conaing died.


Niall Odhar Ua Conchobhair was killed.


Niall, son of Mac Riabhaigh, lord of Callraighe, died.


Domhnall, son of Amhalghaidh, chief successor of Patrick, went to Ath-cliath, to make peace between Domhnall Ua Lochlainn and Muircheartach Ua Briain, where he took his death's sickness; and he was carried in his sickness to Domhnach-airthir-Eamhna, and he was anointed there. He was afterwards removed to the Daimhliag of Ard-Macha, where he died on the 12th of August, being the festival of Laisren of Inis-Muireadhaigh; and he was buried with honour at Ard-Macha.


Ceallach, son of Aedh, son of Maelisa, was appointed to the successorship of Patrick by the election of the men of Ireland; and he received orders on the day of Adamnan's festival.

Annal M1106


The Age of Christ, 1106.


Tuathal Ua Cathail, successor of Caeimhghin;


Mac Beathadh Ua hAilgheanain, successor of Bairre;


Muireadhach Ua Maelduin,


Vice-abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois;


Cormac Ua Cillin, airchinneach of the Teach-aeidheadh of Cluain-mic-Nois;


Maelmuire Ua Scolaighe, successor of Ruadhan of Lothra, died.


Muircheartach Ua Cearnaigh, chief lector of the Irish, died at Cluain-mic-Nois, after a good life, at an advanced age; he was of the tribe of Luighne-Chonnacht.


Maelmuire, son of Mac Cuinn-na-mBocht, was killed in the middle of the Daimhliag of Cluain-mic-Nois by plunderers.


Cathbharr O'Domhnaill, pillar of the defence and warfare, of the glory and hospitality, of the Cinel-Luigdheach, died, after having gained the victory over the world and the devil.


Donnchadh Ua Maeleachlainn, i.e. the son of Murchadh, son of Flann, King of Meath, was killed by the Ui-Minnegain, i.e. some of the Ui-Mic-Uais of Meath.


Domhnall, son of Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair, was deposed by Muircheartach Ua Briain; and his brother, i.e. Toirdhealbhach, was inaugurated at Ath-an-tearmoinn, as king over the Sil-Muireadhaigh after Domhnall.


Sitric, son of Cumeadha Ua Laeghachain, chief of Sil-Ronain, the strength of the chiefs of Teathbha, died.


Muircheartach Ua Maeleachlainn was deposed, and the kingdom of Meath was assumed by Murchadh after him.


Niall, son of Domhnall Ua Ruairc, Tanist of Breifne, was killed by the men of Lurg, and many others of the nobility along with him.


The son of Gillamantach Ua Ruairc was killed by Domhnall, son of Domhnall Ua Ruairc.


Raghnall Ua Deadhaidhg died.


Ceallach, successor of Patrick, made a visitation of Ulster for the first time; and he obtained his full demand, namely, a cow from every six persons, or an in-calf heifer from every three persons, besides many other offerings.


Ceallach made a visitation of Munster


for the first time; and he obtained a full tribute, namely, seven cows and seven sheep, and half an ounce of silver, from every cantred in Munster, beside many jewels; and Ceallach conferred the dignity of Noble on this occasion, at the request of the men of Ireland.


Caenchomhrac Ua Baeighill, Bishop of Ard-Macha, died.

Annal M1107


The Age of Christ, 1107.


Mungairit was plundered by Muircheartach Ua Briain.


Ceann-coradh and Caiseal were burned by lightning, between the two Easters, with sixty puncheons of mead and beer.


Cuilen Ua Cathalan, lord of Uaithne-Cliach, died.


Conchobhar (i.e. Conchobhar Cisenanch), son of Donnsleibhe, royal heir of Ulidia, was killed by the men of Fearnmhagh.


A battle was gained by the Ui-Breasail-Macha over the Ui-Meith, in which the latter were slaughtered, together with their lord, Aedh Ua hInnreachtaigh, and Fearghus, son of the lord of Conaille, and a great number of others, fell along with him.


Cathasach Ua Tuamain, lord of Ui-Briuin-Archaille, was wounded by the Ui-Cremhthainn, and he died in consequence; and Eoghan, the son of Mac Riabhaigh, was killed in revenge of him.


Domhnall Ua hAinbheith, lord of Ui-Meith, was killed by the Ui-Eathach-Uladh.


A battle was fought between the people of the east and those of the west of the Teathbha, in which Cinaedh, the son of Mac Amhalghadha, lord of Calraighe, and others along with him, were slain by Domhnall Mac Fiacla (or Ua Fiacla). The breach of Ath-Calgain was the name of this battle.


Domhnall, son of Tadhg Ua Briain, was fettered by Muircheartach Ua Briain, at Ath-cliath, but he was released immediately.


Great wind and lightning in this year, so that many men and cattle were killed, and houses and woods were destroyed.


Annal M1108


The Age of Christ, 1108.


The Bishop Mac-mic-Donnghail, Bishop of Cilldara, died.


Maelfinnen, i.e. Archbishop of Leinster, successor of Colum Mac Crimhthainn; and


Eochaidh, son of the lector of Ua Fothadain, a noble priest, senior, and anmchara of Disert-Chaeimhghin, died.


Celech Ua Caemhorain, successor of Cainnech, died.


Cocrich, daughter of Ua Noenneanaigh, comharba of Cluain-Bronaigh;


Oenghus Ua Clercein, Patrick's steward in Munster;


and Aedh, son of Dubhdalethe, vice-airchinneach of Ard-Macha, and intended successor of Patrick, died.


Ceallach, successor of Patrick, went on his visitation of Munster the first time; and he obtained his full demand.


Etru Ua Duinncathaigh died.


A house was taken by Ua Mathghamhna and Ua Maelruanaidh upon Goll Garbhraighe, King of Ulidia, i.e. Eochaidh, son of Donnsleibhe Ua hEochadha; and he was beheaded by them.


Ua Cearbhaill, lord of Eoghanacht-Locha-Lein, was killed by his own brethren.


Domhnall, son of Donnchadh Ua Ruairc, lord of Ui-Briuin-Breifne, was killed by the Cairbri-Gabhra.


A predatory excursion was made by Niall, son of Domhnall, Tanist of Oileach, into Corann; and he carried off many cows and prisoners.


A predatory excursion was made by the Ulidians into Ui-Meith; and they plundered it all, except a small portion.


Inis-Labhradha was demolished by the Feara-Manach.


All Luimneach was burned on the night of the festival of Patrick.


Two persons were burned by lightning at Termonn-Caellainne.


This year was a prosperous one, with abundance of nuts and fruit.

Annal M1109


The Age of Christ, 1109.


Maelisa Ua Cuillen, noble bishop of the north of Ireland, died.


Oenghus Ua Domhnallain, chief anmchara and chief senior of the clergy of Colum-Cill, died at Ceanannus.


Flaithbheartach Ua Loingsigh, successor of Ciaran, and great priest of Cluain-mic-Nois, died.


An army was led by Muircheartach Ua Briain, with the men of Munster, Meath, and Connaught, into Tir-Briuin-Breifne, to aid Murchadh Ua Maeleachlainn, whence


they carried off many cows and prisoners; and they entered on the islands of Loch Uachtair, and took prisoners out of them. After this Ua Ruairc came, and Ua Maeleachlainn gave up his camp to them; and they killed Mac Gillafhulartaigh, and numbers along with him.


An army was led by Domhnall Mac Lochlainn, with the people of the north of Ireland, to Sliabh-Fuaid; but Ceallach, successor of Patrick, made a year's peace between Mac Lochlainn and Ua Briain; after which the people of the north of Ireland, with the Cinel-Conaill and Cinel-Eoghain, proceeded to Magh-hUa-Breasail, to attack the Ulidians who were in Magh-Cobha; and the Ulidians gave them the three hostages which they themselves selected.


A predatory excursion was made by Murchadh Ua Maeleachlainn, King of Teamhair, on which he plundered the Feara-Rois, and slew Ua Finn, lord of Feara-Rois, in violation of the Staff of Jesus and the successor of Patrick; but God took vengeance of him for this.


Aedh Ua Ruairc came into the camp of Murchadh Ua Maeleachlainn twice, and slaughtered his people, through the curse of the clergy of Patrick.


Ard-Breacain was burned, with its churches, by the Ui-Briuin, and many persons were killed there, and prisoners carried off from thence.


Domhnall, the son of Mac Gillaphadraig, was killed by another youth, at a game.


Mice eat up all the corn fields in certain territories in Ireland.

Annal M1110


The Age of Christ, 1110.


Cearnach, son of Mac Ulcha, airchinneach of Culrathain, died in penance.


Flann Ua hAedha, successor of Einne of Ara;


Gillaphadraig Ua Duibhratha, lector of Cill-Dalua, and paragon of Munster;


Feardomhnach, the most distinguished of the senior jurisconsults, and lector of Cill-dara;


and Bran Ua Bruic, senior of West Munster, died.


Echthighern Ua Fearghail, a distinguished old champion, died.


Gillacoluim Ua Maelmhuaidh,


lord of Feara-Ceall, and his wife, were killed by the beggar, Ua Aillen.


Murchadh, son of Tadhg Ua Briain, royal heir of Munster, died.


A predatory excursion was made by Domhnall Mac Lochlainn into Connaught, whence he carried off three thousand prisoners and many thousand cattle.


The battle of Ros in Magh-Aei, opposite Cruachain, was gained by the Sil-Muireadhaigh, under the conduct of Toirdhealbhach, over the Conmhaicni, where fell three of the Ui-Fearghaile, together with Gilla-na-naemh and Mac-Conchaille, and many other chieftains, together with Duarcan, son of Dubhdara Ua hEolusa.


Maelruanaidh Ua Machainen, lord of Mughdhorna;


Bebhinn, daughter of Ceinneide Ua Briain, and wife of Domhnall, grandson of Lochlainn, King of Oileach, died.


Ceallach, successor of Patrick, went on his visitation in Meath for the first time; and he obtained his demand.


A battle was gained by the Conmhaicni over the Sil-Muireadhaigh, i.e. the battle of Magh-Breanghair, where many were slain, together with Meanman Ua Muireadhaigh, and Ruaidhri Ua Muireadhaigh.

Annal M1111


The Age of Christ, 1111.


Cathasach Ua Laedha, one of the clergy of Patrick, noble senior of Ireland, died.


Dun-da-leathghlas was burned, both fort and trian i.e.third part by lightning.


Ceanannus, Port-Lairge, and Lughmhadh, were burned.


An army was led by the Ulidians to Tealach-Og, and they cut down its old trees: a predatory excursion was made by Niall Ua Lochlainn, and he carried off three thousand cows, in revenge of it.


A synod was convened at Fiadh mic-Aenghusa by the chiefs of Ireland, with Ceallach, successor of


Patrick; Maelmuire Ua Dunain, noble senior of Ireland; with fifty bishops, three hundred priests, and three thousand students, together with Muircheartach Ua Briain and the chiefs of Leath-Mhogha, to prescribe rules and good morals for all, both laity and clergy.


Donnchadh Ua hAnluain, lord of Ui-Niallain, was treacherously killed by his brothers; and these brothers were killed by the Ui-Niallain, before the end of twenty nights, in revenge of him.


A meeting between Domhnall Mac Lochlainn and Donnchadh Ua hEochadha, and they made peace and friendship with each other; and the Ulidians delivered hostages to Domhnall, for paying him his own demand.


Cathal, son of Cathal Ua Mughroin, chief of Clann-Cathail, died.


Cluain-mic-Nois was plundered by the Dal-gCais, at the instance of Muircheartach Ua Briain.


A predatory excursion was made by Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, and he plundered Tearmann-Dabheog.


Another predatory excursion was made by him; and he plundered as far as Beann-Eachlabhra, Sliabh-Ruisen, and Loch-Eirne.

Annal M1112


The Age of Christ, 1112.


Conghalach, the son of Mac Conchaille, airchinneach of Doire, died, after good penance, in the ninety-fourth year of his age.


Gormlaith, daughter of Murchadh, son of Diarmaid, successor of Brighit, died after penance.


The fort of Ard-Macha, with its church, was burned on the


tenth of the Calends of April, and two streets of Trian-Masan, and the third street of Trian-mor.


A predatory excursion was made by Domhnall, grandson of Lochlainn, across Fine-Gall, i.e. as far as Droichet-Dubhghaill; and he carried off a great spoil of cattle and many prisoners.


Ughaire Ua Lorcain, lord of Ui-Muireadhaigh, died after penance.


Tir-da-ghlas and Fabhar were burned.