Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition
Annals of the Four Masters (Author: Unknown)

Annal M1063


The Age of Christ, 1063.


Cinaedh, son of Aicher, airchinneach of Lismor-Mochuda;


Eochaidh Ua Dallain, airchinneach of Coindere;


and Madudhan Ua Ceileachain, Prior of Ard-Macha, died.


Ceallach Ua Caeimh, wise man and anchorite, died.


Ua Miadhachain, lector of the family of Cluain-mic-Nois,


and Mac Donghail, lector of Cill-dara, died.


Conaing Ua hEaghra, lector of Cluain-mic-Nois, died.


Gormlaith, daughter of Cathal, son of


Ruaidhri, died on her pilgrimage at Ard-Macha.


Cathal, son of Donnchadh, lord of Ui-Eathach-Mumhan, i.e. lord of Raithlinn, was killed by his own son, i.e. the Finnshuileach.


Cuduiligh Ua Taidhg, lord of Feara-Li, died.


Maelseachlainn Ua Madudhain, royal heir of Oileach, was slain by the Cinel-Conaill.


Gillaerraith Ua Maelmithigh,a young lord the most promising of the Gaeidhil, died.


A great army was led by Ardgar, i.e. Mac Lochlainn, from Gleann-Suilighe westwards to the west of Luighne, and to the River Muaidh of Ui-Amhalghaidh; and all the lords of Connaught came into his house with Aedh Ua Conchobhair, with Aedh, son of Niall Ua Ruairc, and the son of Art Ua Ruairc.


The cave of Alla Gerc, in Ceara, was demolished by the Conmhaicni, against the people of Ua Conchobhair (Aedh), and eight score persons and the jewels of Connaught were carried off from thence.


Luimneach was burned by Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain, and Diarmaid, son of Mael-na-mbo.


The cholic and lumps prevailed in Leinster, and also spread throughout Ireland.


Great scarcity of provisions for cattle in this year, and scarcity of corn and obsonia.


Eochaidh Ua hEochadha, King of Uladh, died.


A great army was led by Diarmaid the son of Mael-na-mbo, into Munster; and the chiefs of the Plain of Munster came into his house, and left hostages with him.


The son of Brian, and Murchadh of the Short Shield, his son, came to Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain, to attack him after the departure of Diarmaid, son of Mael-na-mbo; and Toirdhealbhach defeated Murchadh, and slaughtered his people.


Diarmaid afterwards proceeded into Munster, and took the hostages of Munster from the Water southwards to Cnoc Brenainn, and delivered these hostages into the hands of Toirdhealbhach, who was his foster-son.


Laeighseach, son of Faelan Ua Mordha, lord of Laeighis, was slain.


Annal M1064


The Age of Christ, 1064.


Doilghen Ua Sona, airchinneach of Ard-sratha;


Cormac, airchinneach of Ard-Breacain;


Eochaidh Ua Doireidh, airchinneach of Domhnach-mor of Magh-Ithe;


the blind Ua Lonain, chief poet and chief historian of Munster;


and Gilla huasaille Ua Maelmithigh, died.


Donnchadh, son of Brian, chief king of Munster, was deposed; and he afterwards went to Rome, where he died, under the victory of penance, in the monastery of Stephen the martyr.


Muircheartach Ua Neill, lord of Tealach-Og, was slain by Ui-Cremhthainn.


Ardghal Mac Lochlainn, lord of Oileach, died at Tealach-Og, and was buried at Ard-Macha, with honour and veneration, in the tomb of the kings.


Diarmaid Ua Lorcain, royal heir of Leinster, was slain by the Cinel-Eoghain.


Murchadh Ua Fallamhain, Tanist of Meath, and his brother, were treacherously slain.


Dubhdalethe, son of Maelmuire, successor of Patrick, died, after praiseworthy penance, on the first of September; and Maelisa, son of Amhalghaidh, assumed the abbacy.

Annal M1065


The Age of Christ, 1065.


Maelbrighde Ua Mannaigh, a bishop;


Dubhthach Albanach, chief anmchara of Ireland and Alba, died at Ard-Macha. Of Dubhthach was said:

    1. Dubhthach, a strict, austere man,
      Who made the roomy, cheap abode,
      The friend of souls, thou seest, has obtained heaven,
      In exchange for his fair, thin-boarded domicile.


Domhnall, airchinneach of Lughmhadh, died.


Donnchadh Ua Mathghamhna, King of Ulidia, was killed by the Ulidians themselves, in the Daimhliag


stone church of Beannchair.


Brodar, the enemy of Comhghall (it was by him the king was killed at Beannchair), was slain by the lord of Dal-Araidhe.


Domhnall Ua Loingsigh, lord of Dal-Araidhe, and Muircheartach Ua Maelfabhaill, lord of Carraig-Brachaidhe, were slain by the Ui-Meith.


Echmhilidh Ua hAiteidh, lord of Ui-Eathach, was slain by the Cinel-Eoghain.


Leochan, i.e. the son of Laidhgnen, lord of Gaileanga, was slain by Conchobhar Ua Maeleachlainn.


The plundering of Cluain-mic-Nois by the Conmhaicni and Ui-Maine. Cluain-fearta was plundered by them on the day following. The chiefs who were there were Aedh, son of Niall Ua Ruairc, and Diarmaid, son of Tadhg Ua Ceallaigh, lord of Ui-Maine. Ua Conchobhair (Aedh) came against them, and defeated them, through the miracles of God, Ciaran, and Brenainn, whose churches they had plundered; and a bloody slaughter was made of them by Aedh; and they left their boats with him, together with the ship which they had carried from the sea eastwards, through the middle of Connaught, to the Shannon. Aedh Ua Ruairc escaped from this conflict, but he died without delay afterwards, through the miracles of Ciaran. Diarmaid, son of Tadhg Ua Ceallaigh, and his son, Conchobhar, were slain by the King of Connaught, Aedh Ua Conchobhair, before the end of a year.


Duarcan, son of Maelmhiadhaigh Ua hEolusa, chief of Muintir-Eoluis, was slain by Ua Conchobhair, i.e. Aedh.


There was such abundance of nuts this year, that the course of brooks and streamlets was impeded.


Culen O'Domhnallain, chief brehon of Ui-Failghe, was slain by the Ui-Crimhthannain.

Annal M1066


The Age of Christ, 1066.


Dunchadh Ua Daimhene, comharba of Doire;


Coemhoran, successor of Cainneach i.e. Abbot of Aghaboe;


Fiacha Ua Riagain, airchinneach of Cluain-Boireann, died.


Fogartach, noble priest of Achadh-bo, died at a good old age.


Fogartach Finn, one of the Ulidians, a wise man and anchorite, died at Cluain-mic-Nois.


Gillabraide, lord of Breifne, was slain by the Ui-Beccon; and Orlaidh, his wife, the daughter of Conchobhar


Ua Maeleachlainn, died. This Gillabraide was the son of Domhnall, son of Tighearnan, son of Ualgharg, son of Niall.


Ceallach, son of Muircheartach Ua Ceallaigh, was killed.


Mac Seanain, lord of Gaileanga, was killed.


Gillamoninne, son of Aedh, son of Ualgharg, was killed.


Cinaedh, son of Odharmhac, lord of Conaille, died after penance.


A star appeared on the seventh of the Calends of May, on Tuesday after Little Easter, than whose light the brilliance or light of the moon was not greater; and it was visible to all in this manner till the end of four nights afterwards.


The son of Conaing Ua Muireagain, heir to the lordship of Teathbha, was slain by Aedh Ua Conchobhair and Tadhg Ua Muiregain.


Aeibheann, daughter of Ua Conchobhair, the wife of Ua Muireagain, died.


William the Conqueror took the kingdom of England on the 14th of October.

Annal M1067


The Age of Christ, 1067.


Celechar Mughdhornach, Bishop of Cluain-mic-Nois, died; he was of the tribe of the Ui-Ceallaigh of Breagha.


Scolaighe, son of Innreachtach, airchinneach of Mucnamh, and the airchinneach of Dun-Leathghlaise, died.


Echthighern, son of Flann Mainistreach, airchinneach of Mainistir-Buithe, died.


The great army of Leath-chuinn was led by Diarmaid, son of Mael-na-mbo, King of Leinster; by Murchadh, and Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain, King of Munster, into Connaught; and Aedh Ua Conchobhair set an ambuscade for them, so that Ua Conchobhair, lord of Ciarraighe-Luachra,


and many persons along with him, were killed.


The battle of Turlach Adhnaigh, between Aedh of the Broken Spear Ua Conchobhair, King of Connaught, and Aedh, the son of Art Uallach Ua Ruairc, and the men of Breifne along with him; where fell Aedh Ua Conchobhair, King of the province of Connaught, the helmsman of the valour of Leath-Chuinn; and the chiefs of Connaught fell along with him, and, among the rest, Aedh Ua Concheanainn, lord of Ui-Diarmada, and many others. It was to commemorate the death of Aedh Ua Conchobhair this quatrain was composed:

    1. Seven years, seventy, not a short period,
      And a thousand, great the victory,
      From the birth of Christ, not false the jurisdiction,
      Till the fall of Aedh, King of Connaught.


Muireadhach Ua Carthaigh was drowned in Loch Calgaich; he was the chief poet and chief ollamh of Connaught.


Tadhg Ua Muireagain, lord of


Teathbha, was killed by Muintir-Tlamain, in Maenmhagh.


Donnsleibhe Ua Gadhra was killed by Brian Ua hEaghra.


Maelseachlainn, son of Gillabrighde, lord of the Deisi, was taken prisoner by Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain, and he was delivered into the hands of Ua Bric, who blinded him.

Annal M1068


The Age of Christ, 1068.


Cinaedh, son of Muireadhach, successor of Caeimhghin;


Anghene Mac-an-Bheaganaigh, successor of Mocholmog and Comhghall;


Domhnall Ua Cathasaigh, airchinneach of Dun;


and Colman Ua Crichain, lector of Ard-Macha, died.


Murchadh, i.e. of the Short Shield, Ua Briain, son of Donnchadh, son of Brian Borumha, royal heir of Munster, was slain by the men of Teathbha, in revenge of their having been plundered and preyed; and his head was taken to Cluain -mic-Nois, and his body to Dearmhach.


Domhnall, grandson of Maeleachlainn, i.e. the son of Niall, son of Maeleachlainn, lord of Oileach, was killed in the battle of Sithbhe, by his brother, Aedh, son of Niall, son of Maeleachlainn; and this Domhnall was usually called Domhnall of the Poor, and it is said that he was the most pious that was in Ireland in his reign.


Flaithbheartach Ua Fearghail, lord of Tealach Og, was mortally wounded by the Cinel-Binnigh.


Maelisa, son of Amhalghaidh, successor of Patrick, made a visitation of Munster, for the first time; and he obtained a full visitation tribute, both in screaballs and offerings.

Annal M1069


The Age of Christ, 1069.


Cobhthach, priest of Cill-dara, head of the glory and dignity of Leinster, died.


Aedh, son of Dubhghall, Vice-abbot of Cluain-Fiachna, died.


Flannagan, son of Aedh, fos-airchinneach of Ard-Macha, died after a good life.


Dun-da-leathghlas, Ard-sratha, Lusca, and Sord-Choluim-Chille, were burned.


Ua hAedha, lord of Ui-Fiachrach-Arda-sratha, died.


The grandson of Gadhra Ua Dunadhaigh, i.e. lord of Sil-Anmchadha, was slain by


Ua Madadhain.


An army was led by Murchadh, son of Diarmaid, son of Mael-na-mbo, into Meath, where he burned territories and churches, namely, Granard, Fobhar-Feichin, and Ardbreacain; but Feichin slew him, face to face, and a great destruction was made among the foreigners and Leinstermen by various distempers.


Maciairn, son of Dubhthach, lord of the Comanns, died.


Faelan, i.e. the Blind, Ua Mordha, died at Achadh-bo.


Gillamolua Ua Bru-aideadha, lord of Rath-Tamhnaighe, died.


Gillamaire, son of Dubh, chief of Crimhthannan, was slain by Macraith Ua Mordha, in the doorway of the oratory of Teach-Mochua, they having previously mutually sworn upon the Caimmin, which was in the possession of the son of Dubh, that the blood of the son of Dubh is now and ever will remain upon the Caimmin. Macraith Ua Mordha was afterwards killed at Muilleann-na-Crossan, in the vicinity of Achadh-bo, having the Caimmin with him, in revenge of Finntan, Mochua, and Colman.

Annal M1070


The Age of Christ, 1070.


Ailill Ua hAirretaich, chief successor of Ciaran of Cluain-mic-Nois, died on his pilgrimage at Cluain-Iraird. Ailill was of the tribe of Corca-Raidhe.


Donnghal, son of Gorman, chief lector of Leath-Chuinn, and Tanist-abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois;


and Cathasach, son of Cairbre, Abbot of Mungairit, head of the clergy of Munster, died.


Fearghal Ua Laidhgnen, Abbot of Othain;


and Maelbrighde, son of Cathasaigh, fosairchinneach of Ard-Macha, died.


Mac Baeithine, Abbot of Ia, was killed.


Murchadh, son of Diarmaid, son of Mael-na-mbo, lord of the foreigners and of Leinster, under his father, died at Ath-cliath, precisely on Sunday, the festival of Mary, in winter. It was in lamentation of him the poet composed these quatrains:


    1. There is grief for a chief king at Ath-cliath,
      Which will not be exceeded till the terrible Judgment Day;
      Empty is the fortress without the descendant of Duach,
      Quickly was the vigour of its heroes cut down.
      Sorrowful every party in the fortress
      For their chief, against whom no army prevailed;
      Since the body of the king was hidden from all,
      Every evil has showered ever constant.
      For Murchadh, son of Diarmaid the impetuous,
      Many a fervent prayer is offered;
      In sorrow for the death of the chief is every host
      That was wont to defeat in the battle,
      Great the sorrow that he was not everlasting;
      Pity that death hath attacked him.
      Too early it was that he removed from him his complexion,
      That he removed one like him from his body.
      Liberal of wealth was the grandson of Mael-na-mbo;
      He bestowed horses, and he distributed cows,
      For the sake of his going to God.
      Who is it to whom 'tis best to give fleeting wealth?


Gluniarn, son of Diarmaid, son of Mael-na-mbo, was killed by the men of Meath; and he was buried at Daimhliag-Chianain.


Conchobhar, son of Cleireach Ua Conchobhair, was treacherously killed by the Conmhaicni.


Murchadh Liathanach, son of Aedh Ua Conchobhair, royal heir of Connaught, was treacherously killed by Muintir-Follamhain.


A battle was gained by Donnchadh Ua Ruairc and the Ui-Briuin over the men of Teathbha, in which Conn, grandson of Conn, with others, was slain.


Aedh-na-Dearbha Ua Ciardha, lord of Cairbre, was treacherously slain.


Muircheartach Ua Conchobhair, lord of Ui-Failghe, was blinded by his brother, Conchobhar.


The causeway from the Cross of


Bishop Etchen to Irdom-Chiarain was made at Cluain-mic-Nois, by Maelchiarain Mac Cuinn-na-mBocht; and the causeway from Cros-Chomhghaill to Uluidh-na-dTri-gCross, and thence westwards to the entrance of the street.

Annal M1071


The Age of Christ, 1071.


Gillachrist Ua Clothocan, lector of Ard-Macha, and chief doctor of the Gaedhil, died after penance.


Donghal Ua Coibhdheanaigh, noble priest of Cluain-eidhneach, died.


Ruaidhri Ua Canannain, lord of Cinel-Conaill, was slain by Aenghus Ua Maeldoraidh.


Aeghredan Ua Muireagain, lord of Teathbha, was killed by the Conmhaicni.


The son of Righbhardan, son of Cucoirne, lord of Eile, was slain in a battle, with others along with him, by Donnchadh, lord of Ui-Maine.


The King of Ulidia, i.e. Cu-Uladh Ua Flaithri, was deposed, and expelled into Leinster, by Ua Maelruanaidh and the Ulidians; and this Ua Maelruanaidh was slain in battle immediately after, by Donnsleibhe Ua hEochadha.


The son of Gillabrighde Ua Maelmhuaidh, lord of Feara Ceall, died.


Donnchadh Got, royal heir of Teamhair, was killed by Conchobhar Ua Maeleachlainn.


Hua Sibhlen, i.e. Gillaphadraig, lord of Ui-Failghe, was slain in battle by Conchobhar Ua Conchobhair, where Mathghamhain, Ua-hUathmharan; Lorcan, son of Flaithniadh Ua Duibh, lord of Creamhthannain, with many others, were also slain.


Ceall-dara, Gleann-da-locha, and Cluain-Dolcain, were burned.


Finnachta, son of Eigneachan Ua Cuinn, and Donn, son of Fogartach Ua Cuinn, were treacherously killed by the Connaughtmen.


A battle between Domhnall, son of Murchadh, and Donnchadh, son of Domhnall Reamhar, wherein Tadhg Ua Riain was slain.

Annal M1072


The Age of Christ, 1072.


Maelmuire Ua Muireagain, airchinneach of Tuidhnidha,


and Dubhdil, successor of Brighid, died.


Diarmaid, son of Mael-na-mbo, King of Leinster, of the foreigners of Ath-cliath, and of Leath-Mogha-Nuadhat,


was slain and beheaded in the battle of Odhbha, on Tuesday, the seventh of the Ides of February, the battle having been gained over him by Conchobhar O'Maeleachlainn, King of Meath. There were also slain many hundreds of the foreigners and Leinstermen, along with Diarmaid, in that battle. In it was killed Gillaphadraig O'Fearghaile, lord of the Fortuatha, &c. Of the death of Diarmaid was said:
    1. Two, seven times ten above one thousand,
      From the birth of Christ is reckoned,
      To this year, in which Diarmaid,
      First man in Leinster, fell.
      Diarmaid, of the ruddy-coloured aspect,
      A king who maintained the standard of war,
      Whose death brought scarcity of peace,
      The loss of the heroes of Ladhrann, with their ships.
      Comely youths were cut down there,
      Together with the head of Claire and Cualann.
      It caused in the breeze a noise not pleasant,
      The loss of the King of Riada of great valour.
      Until at Muillenn-Chul was slain
      A brave chieftain of a strong fortress,
      Until the furious fire-brand fell by treachery,
      They found no hero who dared with him contend.
      It is a red wound through my firm heart;
      For the host from Caindruim it was not just
      To destroy our noble chief they had no right,
      It has quenched their spirit greatly,
      Diarmaid of the laughing teeth under violent sorrow;
      There is not on account of his death banquet or feast;
      There will not be peace, there will not be armistice.



Cuuladh Ua Flathrai, King of Ulidia, and Mac Asidha, i.e. Gabhadhan, lord of Ui-Gabhla, were burned by the men of Meath, in an ignited house, and a great number of other persons along with them.


A forcible refection was taken by Murchadh, son of Conchobhar O'Maeleachlainn, at Iseal-Chiarain, and from Ceili-De, so that the superintendent of the poor was killed there, for which Magh-Nura was given to the poor.


Ua Fogarta, lord of Eile, was killed by Ua Briain.