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Annals of the Four Masters (Author: [unknown])

Annal M3517


The Age of the World, 3517.


The first year of the joint reign of Muimhne, Luighne, and Laighne, sons of Eremon, over Ireland.

Annal M3519


The Age of the World, 3519.


At the end of these three years Muimhne died at Cruachain. Luighne and Laighne fell in the battle of Ard Ladhron by the sons of Emhear.


Er, Orba, Fearon, and Fergen, the four sons of Emer, reigned half a year. This half year and the half year of Nuadhat Neacht make a full year; and to Nuadhat Neacht it is reckoned in the age of the world.


These sons of Emer were slain by Irial Faidh, son of Eremon, in the battle of Cuil Marta, at the end of the half year aforesaid.

Annal M3529


The Age of the World, 3529.


At the end of this, the tenth year of the reign of Irial Faidh, son of Eremon, he died at Magh Muaidhe. It was by this Irial Faidh the following battles were fought: the battle of Cuil Marta; the battle of Ard Inmaoith, in Teathbha, in which fell Stirne, son of Dubh, son of Fomhor; the battle of Tenmaighe, in which fell Eocha Echcheann, king of the Fomorians; the battle of Lochmaighe, in which fell Lughroth, son of Mofemis of the Firbolgs.


It was in the time of the same Irial that the clearing of the plains, the erection of the forts, and the eruption of the rivers following, took place. These are the plains: Magh Sele, in Ui Neill; Magh nEle, in Leinster; Magh Reicheat; Magh Sanais, in Connaught; Magh Techt, in Ui


Mac Uais; Magh Faithne, in Airtheara; Magh Dairbhreach, in Fotharta Dairbhreach; Magh Lughna, in Cianachta; Magh Inis, in Uladh; Magh Cuile Feadha, in Fearnmhagh; Magh Comair; Magh Midhe; Magh Cobha; Magh Cuma, in Ui Neill; Magh Fearnmhaighe, in Oirghialla; and Magh Riada. These are the forts: Rath Croich, in Magh Inis; Rath Cuinceadha, in Seimhne; Rath Bacain, in Latharna; Rath Lochaid, at Glascharn; Rath Glaisicuilg, which is called Rath Ciombaoith, at Eamhain, Rath Mothaigh; Rath Buirg, in Sleachtmhagh. The rivers were the Siuir, Feil, Ercre, in Munster; the three Finns; and the three Coimdes.

Annal M3530


The Age of the World, 3530.


This was the first year of the reign of Eithrial, son of Irial Faidh, over Ireland.

Annal M3549


The Age of the World, 3549.


The twentieth year of the reign of Eithrial, son of Irial Faidh, son of Eremon, when he fell by Conmhael, son of Emer, in


the battle of Raeire.


It was in the reign of this Eithrial that these plains were cleared: Teanmagh, in Connaught; Magh Lughadh, in Luighne; Magh Bealaigh, in Ui Tuirtre; Magh Geisille, in Ui Failghe; Magh Ochtair, in Leinster; Lochmhagh, in Conaille; Magh Roth, in Ui Eathach.

Annal M3550


The Age of the World, 3550.


This was the first year of the reign of Conmael, son of Emer, over Ireland. He was the first king of Ireland from Munster.

Annal M3579


The Age of the World, 3579.


Conmael, son of Emer, having been thirty years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell, in the battle of Aenach Macha, by Tighernmus, son of Follach.


By Conmael had been fought these battles: the battle of Geisill, in which fell Palap, son of Eremon; the battle of Berra; the battle of Sliabh Beatha, in Ui Creamhthainn; the battle of Ucha; the battle of Cnucha; the battle of Sliabh Modhairn, in which fell Semroth, son of Inboith; the battle of Clere; the battle of Carnmor, in which fell Ollach; the battle of Loch Lein, against the Ernai and Martinei, and against Mogh Ruith, son of Mofebis of the Firbolgs; the battle of Ele.

Annal M3580


The Age of the World, 3580.


The first year of the reign of Tighernmas, son of Folloch, over Ireland.

Annal M3581


The Age of the World, 3581.


The second year of the reign of Tighernmas, the eruption of these nine lakes occurred: Loch Uair, in Meath; Loch


nIairn; Loch Ce, in Connaught; Loch Saileann; Loch nAilleann, in Connaught; Loch Feabhail; Loch Gabhair; Dubhloch; and Loch Dabhall, in Oirghialla.

Annal M3656


The Age of the World, 3656.


This was the seventeenth year above three score of Tighearnmas, as king over Ireland. It was by him the following battles were gained over the race of Emhear, and others of the Irish, and foreigners besides. These were the battles: the battle of Elle, in which fell Rochorb, son of Gollan; the battle of Lochmagh, in which fell Dagairne, son of Goll, son of Gollan; the battle of Cul Ard, in Magh Inis; the battle of Cuil Fraechan; the battle of Magh Techt; the battle of Commar; the battle of Cul Athguirt, in Seimhne; the battle of Ard Niadh, in Connaught; the battle of Carn Fearadhaigh, in which fell Fearadhach, son of Rochorb, son of Gollan, from whom Carn Fearadhaigh is called; the battle of Cnamh Choill, in Connaught; the battle of Cuil Feadha; the battle of Reabh; the battle of Congnaidhe, in Tuath Eabha; the battle of Cluain Cuas, in Teathbha; the battle of Cluain Muirsge, in Breifne; the two battles of Cuil, in Argat Ross; the battle of Ele; the battle of Berra; seven battles at Loch Lughdhach; two other battles at


Argat Ross; three battles against the Firbolgs; the battle of Cuil Fothair, against the Ernai.


It was by Tighearnmas also that gold was first smelted in Ireland, in Foithre Airthir Liffe. It was Uchadan, an artificer of the Feara Cualann, that smelted it. It was by him that goblets and brooches were first covered with gold and silver in Ireland. It was by him that clothes were dyed purple, blue, and green. It was in his reign the three black rivers of Ireland burst forth, Fubhna, Torann, and Callann, their names. At the end of this year he died, with the three fourths of the men of Ireland about him, at the meeting of Magh Slecht, in Breifne, at the worshipping of Crom Cruach, which was the chief idol of adoration in Ireland. This happened on the night of Samhain precisely. It was from the genuflections which the men of Ireland made about Tighearnmas here that the plain was named.