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Annals of Inisfallen (Author: unknown)

Annal AI1277


The Kalends of January on Wednesday, and the twelfth of the moon thereon. {[A.D.] 1277, and a bissextile year}.

Annal AI1278


The Kalends of January on Friday. [A.D.] 1278.


Brian Ó Briain was put to death by Thomas de Clare in Bun Raite {on the fifth of the Ides [11th] of May}, and it is said that a certain number of his own captains were concerned in his betrayal.


The archbishop of Caisel, namely Dáuíd Mac Cerbaill, went over sea to the king of England, and spent a long time there.


{David de Barry Junior, and John de Cogan died.


Domnall Gall Mac Carthaig and Tadc Ó Donnchada died}.

Annal AI1279


The Kalends of January on Saturday. [A.D. ] 1279.


Diarmait Mac Carthaig, son of Domnall Cairbrech, died in Mag Nisi after a victory of repentance, having received the monastic habit from the bishop Ó hUallacháin, bishop of Ros Ailithir, and was buried in the new monastery, which had been built at Crecán in Uí Badamna.

Annal AI1280


The Kalends of January on Sunday, and the fourteenth of the moon thereon. [A.D.] 1280.


David de Barry, a noble and prosperous baron, died.



John de Cogan, a very great and noble baron of Desmumu, died in the same year.


The castle of Cuinche was begun by Thomas de Clare, and as he was engaged in building it the sons of Tadc Ó Briain, viz. Tairdelbach and Domnall, went to attack him by night(?), and he (de Clare) was nearly killed. He escaped to Bun Raite, and his entire army, including barons, knights, and warriors, was slain. And for a long time afterwards none dared approach that place on account of the stench of the dead and the great number of them.


Sída Mac Con Mara was slain on the following day by Donnchad Ó Briain.


The sons of Tadc were banished for a time to eastern Mumu, and the kingship of Tuadmumu was again taken by them despite Thomas de Clare and the foreigners in general.


John de Roche, bishop of Les Mór, rested in Christ.

Annal AI1281


The Kalends of January on Monday, and the twenty-sixth of the moon thereon. [A.D.] 1281.


Very bad weather in that year; heavy snow in the first week of March therein, so that innumerable cows died and live-stock of all kinds largely perished. And there was severe snow previously in the same year about the Feast of Brigit [February 1]., which killed many cattle and caused much harm.


Muirchertach Ó Donnchada, archdeacon of In Choigcrích [and] head of the churches and clerics of the whole of the west of Ireland, by reason of wealth, nobility, generosity, priestliness, and piety, died in Inis Faithlinn on Monday night on the feast called Divisio Apostolorum [July 15].. The blessing of the men of all Ireland upon his soul! May he obtain the Creator's reward on the intercession of the saints and community of Heaven!


Muiris Ó Muirchertaig escaped from Domnall Mac Carthaig to the foreigners. He made his way back and attempted to cause strife, but was taken prisoner on the road by the foreigners, and two of his people were slain, viz.


the son of Crimthann Ua Muirchertaig and the son of In Glacaire Ua Cesáin. He himself was held prisoner for a time, and was put to death in captivity by the foreigners, without the consent of the nobles, as 'tis said.


Peace was made by Domnall Óc Mac Carthaig, son of Domnall Cairprech, and by Feidlimid Mac Carthaig, with Domnall Ruad Mac Carthaig, king of Desmumu, and they submitted and gave hostages to him. And he gave them their share: Desmumu south of the Laí to Domnall Óc, Eóganacht Uí Donnchada save Longphort in Ríg, and much of Muscraige and Uí Chonaill to Feidlimid. And all were at war with the foreigners, and Cell Fhorglann was burned and its castle razed; and great forays were made there, and people slain by Donnchad Mac Carthaig, Tadc Ruad Mac Carthaig, the son of Gilla Mo-Chutu Ó Súilliubáin, and by many other nobles including the Uí Muirchertaig and Uí Donnchada.


The archbishop of Caisel came over from the king of England, and returned immediately, having made peace with the King.


The castle of Dún Lóich was evacuated by its guards through fear of the Desmumu and Mac Carthaigh, and it was burned after they had departed.


A battle between Ó Néill and Ó Domnaill, and Ó Domnaill and many of his followers were slain.


{Mac Carthaig Mór, i.e. Cormac, son of Tadc, son of Domnall, broke his leg beside the [river] Mang when he was riding in pursuit of a thief, and that was a great calamity. A.D. 1510}.


Annal AI1281


The Kalends of January on Wednesday, and the seventh of the moon thereon. The first year after the bissextile, and the ninth of the Decemnovennial [Cycle].


John, bishop of Les Mór, rested in Christ.


The bishop of Cell Da Lua, Ó hÓcáin, rested in Christ.


The bishop of Corcu Modruad, Ó Tigernaig, rested in Christ.


The bishop of Imlech Ibuir, Ó Tusig, rested in Christ.


Great and general warfare between the foreigners and Gaedil, so that many people were slain and many depredations committed.


A defensive alliance between the Síl Briain regarding Tuadmumu, i.e. [by] Tairdelbach and his father's son Domnall, against Thomas de Clare, and Thomas made a great hosting to attack that pair and the Tuadmumu, and the sons of Mathgaman Ó Briain with the majority of his people was plundered. And the Síl Briain did not accomplish very much from that expedition, apart from Donnchad, son of Brian, being made king through the influence of the foreigners and Thomas de Clare. However, because of Donnchad's natural claim on Tuadmumu and from the fact that his father held it, much disaffection arose, and they (Donnchad and Tairdelbach) were on the brink of immediate strife and were about to do much harm to each other. But Domnall Mac Carthaig, king of Desmumu and counsellor of Ireland, came and sent a messenger and letters to them, pointing-out that they were [only] wasting Ireland and their [own] patrimony, and they all undertook to follow his advice. And it was then the king came northwards over the Sinann to Tuadmumu, where he remained three weeks almost, so that the length of his stay grieved all Desmumu. He did not return from them, however, until he brought about peace, and divided Tuadmumu between


them. And he came back to his own land in triumph and with good wishes. We give thanks to Our Lord for his safe return!


A great mortality in the [above] year, and many people, good and bad, perished. Hardship in the spring of this same year.


Domnall, son of Tadc Ó Briain, was treacherously slain by a Maitsiunach in Cuinche as he was drinking [from] a barrel of wine. The churl dealt him a thrust of a knife there unawares to himself or to his followers, and he (Domnall) forthwith drew upon that churl and mortally wounded him with a single thrust of a knife. And one of his (Domnall's) followers slew his companion, i.e. another Maitsiunach who was with him. And the said Domnall was tanist of Tuadmumu and a master in valour and prowess. A blessing on his soul, if he deserves it!


A battle in Connachta between William Barrett and In Cimsócach, in which William Barrett and many of his kinsmen and followers were slain.

Annal AI1282


The Kalends of January on Thursday, and the twenty-fourth of the moon thereon. The second year after the bissextile and the tenth of the Decemnovennial [Cycle].


Great frost in the above year, followed by snow, so that not a single day's ploughing or harrowing was done [...] from Christmas until a week before the Feast of Brigit [February 1].. And there was also very bad weather generally from that on, which prevented any useful work being done to [...] In the same year there was many a violent windstorm, and ricks and many houses were damaged; also the great church of Achad Deó (which had been standing undamaged for six score and four years), its holy cross, too, being broken—which I much deplore.


Muirchertach Mac Murchada, king of Laigin, and his brother Art Mac Murchada, were treacherously slain by the


foreigners in violation of the peace of the king of England, (and) after a victory of prowess and valour, having spent the greater part of all Laigin under their own rule.


Great warfare this year between the king of England and the king of Wales, and innumerable people on both sides were slain by them, though it is estimated that more English were slain than Welsh.


Donnchad, son of Mac Raith Ó Mathgamna, was treacherously slain together with five nobles of his people on Inis Eóganáin by the foreigners. His wife was the daughter of Domnall Mac Carthaig, king of Desmumu.


Finnguala, daughter of Brian's son, mother of Tairdelbach Ó Briain, and wife of Raymond de Burgo, rested in Christ.

Annal AI1283


The Kalends of January on Friday, and the twenty-ninth of the moon thereon. The third year after the bissextile, and the eleventh of the Decemnovennial Cycle.


Tomás, son of Mael Dúin Ó Caím, was wickedly slain by the sons of William Barrett, the son of Jacques Rassifort having laid hands upon him. And the same foreigners carried off a prey, unobserved by the people of the country.


Domnall, son of Domnall Cairprech, and others of the Uí Chairpri made a treacherous plot against Domnall Mac Carthaig, king of Desmumu. The king obtained certain knowledge of it, and made a hosting which included the principal foreigners of Ireland, viz. Thomas de Clare, Maurice, son of Maurice, and Thomas, son of Maurice, John de Barry, the Roches, Condons, and many other foreigners, as well as the army of Desmumu itself. And the Clann Shelbaig abandoned(?) the stronghold of the Uí Chairpri and of the sons of Domnall Cairprech, and fled into In Fonn Iartharach and into Crecán Sifne and Béirre, and to every place they could throughout Desmumu, and the foreigners, moreover, obtained neither preys nor spoils. The king made a compact with all those great foreigners concerning the cattle of Uí Chairpri, and he obtained on his own lands their herds and steeds. And to many of those whom he plundered he gave, though he was not bound to, some of his cattle . and livestock. And the same Domnall Óc,


son of Domnall Cairprech, and all the people of the Uí Chairpri accompanying him, departed(?). Immediately after that the king caused great migrations into the borders of Clann Shelbaig on every side, so that famine well nigh killed all the Uí Chairpri who accompanied Domnall Óc and his kinsmen, and their wives and underlings went to every place they could, to obtain food.


The son of Diarmait son of Domnall Cairprech, and all the Uí Echach who sided with Clann Domnaill, made peace with Mac Carthaig, king of Desmumu. These included Eógan Mac Carthaig, Cian Ó Mathgamna, the son of Mael Muad Ó Mathgamna, the sons of Domnall, son of Lochlainn Ó Mathgamna, and the Uí Chellacháin; and the king's land was given to them, and they were handed over to Eógan, son of Diarmait.


Ragnall Ua Cruadlaích was slain by Eógan Mac Carthaig.


The son of Gilla Riabach Ó Donnubáin was slain by Gilla Mo-Chudu, son of In Dubshúilech Ó Súilliubáin.


The son of Echthigern Ó Donnubáin was slain by Siucraid, son of Gilla [na] Flann Ó Súilliubáin.


The king of Wales was slain by the king of England, and David his brother, took the kingship after him. And the latter was slain immediately [afterwards] in the above year, and the kingship of Wales was subsequently taken by the king of England.


The archbishop of Caisel came to Ireland, having made peace with the king of England.


Great warfare in Laigin, and the castle of Lége was burned by the Gaedil of Laigin and Mide.


Diarmait, son of Mathgamain Ó Briain, was slain by Donnchad Ó Briain, after Tairdelbach, son of Tadc, had made a hosting against him [Donnchad] in Corcu Modruad; and Anéslis Ó Gráda was slain on the same side and Conchobar Carrach Ó Lochlainn on the other. And the defeat of Sliab Eilbi [was inflicted] on Tairdelbach Ó Briain by the same Donnchad assisted by the foreigners.


Annal AI1284


The Kalends of January on Saturday. A.D. 1284.


Extremely bad weather at the beginning of this year.


Flann Ó Longáin, bishop of Cluain Uama, died.


Donnchad Ó Briain, son of Brian Ruad, was slain by Tairdelbach, son of Tadc Ó Briain, after his own followers, viz. the Uí Lochlainn and the Uí Chonchobuir of Corcu Modruad, had acted treacherously towards hirn. And it was Gilla na Naem Ó Tomaistin(?), or the son of Gilla Pátraic, who cast a javelin into him when he was in the pool swimming. Cennétig, son of Brian, was slain by Donnchad Ó Briain on the same day, after they had engaged in a bout of jousting, for Donnchad during the jousting said ‘Ó Cennétig, you yourself are the worse for beginning(?) it’!

Annal AI1285


The Kalends of January on Monday. A.D. 1285.


A very destructive wind this year about the Feast of Brigit [February 1].: it blew down the bell-tower of Ros Ailithir and caused much damage generally.


A hosting by Thomas de Clare against Tairdelbach Ó Briain, and he gained but little by it, and Cormac, son of Fíngen son of Domnall Got Mac Carthaig, was slain there by the Cenél Fermaig on the side of the foreigners.


Domnall Ruad took prisoner Domnall Óc, son of Domnall Cairprech, and he was released at the end of six months. He was forthwith on his bond(?) for a period, and one hundred and ten (?) of the Uí Mathgamna were given up by him to the foreigners, i.e. to John de Cogan, but it happened, as God willed, that few of them were injured, and [only] a few also had to be released.