Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition
The Annals of Tigernach (Author: Unknown)

Annal T1169


Kalends of January on Wednesday and 29 days of the moon thereon.


Fearchar Ó Fallomhain, chief of Clann Uatach, died.



A hosting by Ruaidhrí Ó Conchobhair, king of Ireland, into Uí Cennselaigh, and he brought away Mac Murchadha's son as a hostage.


A large body of knights came oversea to Mac Murchadha.


The kingship of Cenél Eogain was taken by Conchobhar son of Niall Mac Lochlainn.


Diarmaid Ó Maelseachnaill, king of Meath and most of Leinster, and the makings of a king of Ireland, was killed by Domhnall of Brega, grandson of Maelseachlainn, tria fingail.


Ossory was ravaged, both church and district, by Mac Murchadha with Foreigners.

Annal T1170


Kalends of January on Thursday and 10 The death of days of the moon thereon, and the second year after bisextile.


St Coman's relics were raised in his shrine until transference.


Diarmaid Ó Briain, high successor of St Commán, died in Inis Clothrann.


The bishop Ó Ruadháin, venerable elder of the province, died.



Maelmórdha son of Uairéirghe, head of the Culdees of Clonmacnois, died.


Conchobhar son of Mac Lochlainn, king of Cenél Eoghain, was killed by the sons of Cano in Armagh.


MacMurchadha received the kingship of the Foreigners of Leinster.


St Columcille's Durrow was burned with its churches, and the castle of Galway, and Ardrathan.


The beginning of Erin's evil i.e. Robert Fitz Stephen came into Ireland with sixty mailcoats, and there was Earl Richard son of Gilbert, and they had two battalions, both knights and archers, come to help Mac Murchadha. And they entered Waterford by force and left some of their people there, and they invaded Wexford by force, and captured Mac Giolla Muire, the officer of the fort, and Ó Faeláin, king of the Déise, and his son, and slaughtered the garrison of the fort, so that seven hundred of them fell.


Three defeats inflicted by MacCarthaigh on the English.


MacMurchadha musters with the Foreigners thereafter to overcome Dublin. Then the king of Ireland, Ruaidhrí Ó Conchobhair, gather his troops


to the Green of Dublin, and remained there, awaiting battle, for three days and three nights, until lightning struck Dublin and demolished it. Thereafter the Foreigners assented to the burning of the town, since they perceived that {folio 25b1} to be with Mac Murchadha was to revolt against the king of Ireland. Then the king of Ireland returned, with his army unhurt, after Mac Murchadha and the Foreigners had refused to give him battle. Then MacMurchadha goes with the Foreigners and overcomes Dublin by force, and makes captives of all that were therein.


A raid by MacMurchadha on the Uí Faeláin, and he destroyed the country and banished its king, Faelán, and also banished Domhnall Mac Giolla Pádraig, king of Ossory, into Connacht.


A hosting led by MacMurchadha into Meath, and he plundered Clonard. Thence he went to Kells, and plundered and burned Kells and Dulane and Slane and many other churches, and thence he went to Slieve Gory, made plunderings on the Uí Briúin, and returned home.


Domhnall Bregach Ó Maelseachlainn went to the house of MacMurchadha in submission.



At the instigation of Tighearnán Ó Ruairc, the hostages of Leinster and of MacMurchadha were killed by Ruaidhrí Ó Conchobhair in consequence of those wrongs. For Ó Ruairc had pledged his conscience that Ruaidhrí would not be king of Ireland unless they were put to death. So then the son of Domhnall Caomhánach MacMurchadha and the son of Murchadh Ó Caellaighe were killed by the king of Ireland.


The kingship of the Kindred of Eoghan was taken by Niall MacLochlainn. The kingship of the West of Meath was taken by Art Ó Maelseachlainn.


Conchobhar son of Diarmaid MacMurchadha died.


Domhnall Ó Briain and Dál Cais turned against the king of Ireland, so that a great war grew up between them.


A huge fleet was led by Ruaidhrí Ó Conchobhair on Shannon to ravage Munster therefrom.


The ravaging of Ormond by the Connachtmen and the plankbridge of Killaloe was burned.


The hostages of Oriel were taken by MacMurchadha.

Annal T1171


Kalends of January on Friday, and 22 days of the moon thereon, and the third year after bisextile.



Ruaidhrí Ó Conchobhair brought his fleet on Lough Derg and on the Shannon, and destroyed the bridge of Killaloe, and made exceeding great raids, and killed Diarmaid Ó Cuinn and Ó Ligda and a multitude besides, and the greater part of the province was devastated by the same fleet.


Raids on the Saithne and raids on the south of Bregia by Tighearnán Ó Ruairc with the men of Breifne, and they brought away countless cattle and killed Mac Giolla Seachlainn, king of the south of Bregia and Giolla Éanáin, son of Lughaidh, chief of the Coircne.


The bell-house of Tulach Ard, with its fill of human beings, was burned by the same war dog, i.e. Tighearnán.


Diarmaid Mac Murchadha, king of Leinstermen and Foreigners, the disturber of Banba and destroyed of Erin, after (bringing over) foreigners and constantly harming Gaels, after plundering and destroying churches and boundaries, after the end of a year of insufferable illness, died through the miracles of Finnén and Columcille and the other saints whom he had plundered.


The hostages of Domhnall Ó Briain were taken by Ruaidhrí Ó Conchobhair.



Domhnall Ó Fócarta, king of southern Éile, was killed by Domhnall son of Donnchadh Mac Giolla Pádraig, king of Ossory, with other great slaughter.


The battle of Dublin between Miles Cogan and Ascall son of Raghnall king of the Foreigners, and Ascall fell there, and Eoan the Norseman and many others.


Maghnus Ó hEochadha, king of Ulaid, was killed by his own brother.


A hosting by Ruaidhrí Ó Conchobhair, by Tighearnán Ó Ruairc and by Muircheartach Ó Cearbhaill, king of Oriel, to Dublin in order to besiege Dublin and the Earl and Miles Cogan. For the space of a fortnight there were conflicts and skirmishes between them. Then Leth Cuinn separated, and Ó Conchobhair marched to meet the Leinstermen, and the cavalry of the men of Breifne and Oriel went to cut down the Englishmen's corn. The Earl and Miles Cogan entered the camp of Leth Cuinn and killed a multitude of their rabble, and carried off their provisions, their armour, and their sumpter-horses.



A hosting by Tighearnán Ó Ruairc with the men of Brefne, {folio 25b2}and he plundered as far as Dublin, and he and Miles Cogan with his knights fought a battle in which Ó Ruairc was routed, and Aodh son of Tighearnán, crown prince of Brefne, fell therein, as well as Ó Donnchadha and Donnchadh Ó Cuinn and nobles of Oriel.


Robert Fitz Stephan was captured by the Foreigners of Wexford, after a slaughter of his people, and he was afterwards set free by king Henry the sons of the Empress Matilda.


The Earl went into England to meet Henry, king of England, and Henry arrived in Ireland at Waterford a week before Samhain, and Diarmaid Mac Carthaigh, king of Desmond, submitted to him. Thence he went to Dublin and received the kingship of Leinster and of the men of Meath, Brefne, Oriel and Ulster.


Peter, bishop of Clonfert, was drowned at Port dá Chaineóc on the Shannon.


Annal T1172


Kalends of January on Saturday and the second of the moon thereon.


Some of the troops of the son of the Empress went with Hugo de Lacy from Dublin to Fore, and for a fortnight consumed its food and they burned the town. Thence they fared to Cell Achaid, where they plundered the church and killed some of its people, and burned it afterwards.


An onfall by Cú Aifne, son of Aodh Ó Conchobhair Failghe, on the Earl's troops in Kildare, and some of the Foreigners and the Uí Failghe were killed there.


The grandson of Domhnall Ó Briain, crown prince of Munster, was killed by the Uí Conaing.


Henry, king of England, after taking the southern half of Ireland and the eastern part of the northern half, returned to England.


Tighearnach Ó Maoileoin, successor of St Ciarán of Clonmacnois, rested.


Brídín Ó Cathalán, successor of S Maedhóc, rested.


Giolla Asalta, historian of Ruaidhrí Ó Conchobhair, king of Ireland,


the chief sage of the Gaels in his time, died.


Tighearnán Ó Ruairc, king of Brefne and Conmaicne and the greater part of the province of Meath, and warden of the districts of Oriel, lord of the province of Connacht, deedful leopard of the Gaels, Leth Cuinn's man of battle and lasting defence, Erin's raider and invader, surpasser of the Gaels in might and abundance, was treacherously killed by Eoan Mer and Richard, the son of the Earl, and by Domhnall son of Annach Ó Ruairc, at the Hill of Ward, and his body was brought by them to Dublin to be mangled and drawn asunder.


Muircheartach Ó Briain and Murchadh Mac Murchadha were killed treacherously by the people of the Son of the Empress.


A treacherous raid by the son of Mac Annaigh and by the English on Muinter Anghaile and the Muinter Gillgan, and they carried off many cows and captives.


A hosting again by the same Foreigners and by the son of Mac Annaigh Ó ruairc, to bishop Mel's Ardagh, and they plundered the country generally, and Domhnall Ó Fearghail, chief of the Muinter Anghaile and Síol Finghin, fell by them on that occasion.



A synod of Ireland held by the province of Connacht, both laymen and clerics, at Tuam, including Ruaidhrí Ó Conchobhair, king of Ireland, and Cadhla Ó Dubhthaigh, archbishop of Connacht, and three churches were consecrated by them there.


Ó Caellaidhe, one of the two kings of Ossory, was killed by Domhnall son of Donnchadh Mac Giolla Pádraig.


Giolla Aedha Ó Muigin of the community of Aired Locha Con, bishop of Cork, the tower of devotion and wisdom and virginity of Ireland, having been sanctified by God, rested.


The son of Giolla Easpaig, chief of Clann Ailebra, steward of Cath Monaig, was treacherously killed by Donnsléibhe Ó hEochadha, king of the Ulaid, wherefore the guarantors that were between them, i.e. the nobles of Ulster, put him to death.


Annal T1173


Kalends of January on the 13th day of the moon, second feria. One thousand one hundred and seventy three from the Incarnation of the Lord.


Donnsléibhe, {folio 26a1}king of Ulster, was killed by the UÍ Eachach Ulad and by his own brother.


Ó Cobhthaigh, archbishop of Cenél Eoghain, rested.


Cinaeth Ó Rónán, bishop of Glendalough and the north of Leinster, rested.


Edruth Ó Mandachan, archbishop of Meath, rested.


Conaing Ó hAenghusa, head of the canons of Roscrea, died.


Maol Mochta Ó Fidhabhra, chief abbot of Clonmacnois, rested.


Domhnall Breaghach Ó Maelseachlainn, king of Meath, was killed in St Columcill's Durrow by Art Ó Maelseachlainn, his own father's son, and by the Muinter Laoigheacháin. Art succeeded him.


Aodh Ó Concheanainn died.


Lochlann, son of Mac Lachlainn, was killed.


A hosting by Domhnall Ó Briain to attach the castle of Kilkenny and the Foreigners who dwelled therein. Along with him was a battalion from the west of Connacht, sent by Ruaidhrí, king of Ireland, with Conchobhar, Ruaidhrí's son. These tidings were heard by the Foreigners. They evacuated the castle of Kilkenny and came to Waterford. The town was breached after the Foreigners left it, and the whole district was plundered. That reduction was a grief to the Foreigners of Ireland.



A great pestilence killed many human beings in Connacht and in Munster in this year.


The son of Domhnall Caemhánach revolted against the son of the Earl and inflicted a slaughter on the Foreigners.


Domhnall son of Annach Ó Ruairc was killed by the courtiers of Tighearnán Ó Ruairc. Giolla Tighearnáin son of Giolla Maedhóig Ó Maelbrighte was the warrior that smote him and struck off one of his hands. Giolla Tighearnáin sent this hand to Ruaidhrí Ó Conchobhair, who drove a nail through it on the top of the castle of Tuam.


Lismore was plundered by the son of the Earl.


Maol Íosa Mac an Bhaird, bishop of Uí Maine, died.


Íomar son of Carrgamna, chief of Muintir Mhaoilsionna, died.


Sitric Ó Flannacáin, king of eastern Teffa, was killed by the men of east Meath.


Annal T1174


Kalends of January on Tuesday and 27 leg. 4days of the moon thereon. The third year after bisextile.


Maol Íos Ó Connachtan, bishop of Síol Muireadhaigh, died.


Giolla mac Liag, successor of Patrick, rested.


Muirghius Ó Dubhthaigh, first abbot of Áth dá Lorg on the river Boyle, died.


Florentius Ó Gormáin, chief master of Armagh, died.


Giolla mo Chathbeo, abbot of the monastery of SS.Peter and Paul, died.


Amhlaoimh Ó Cuinn, chief of Muinter Gillgan, died.


Ruaidhrí Ó Cearbhaill, king of Eile, was killed by his own brother in the middle of Inis Clothrann.


Congalach Ó Confhiacla, king of Teffa, died.


A hosting by the Earl in order to ravage Munster. Another hosting by Ruaidhrí Ó Conchobhair, king of Ireland, into Ormond to help Munster against the Earl. The Foreigners were then in Cashel. When the Earl and the Foreigners heard that the king of Ireland had invaded Ormond to seek battle they send messengers to Dublin for all the Foreigners they had left there. So these came from Dublin,


in one great and brave battalion of knights and officers and archers, and then all the Foreigners marched to the midst of Thurles. Thither also came Domhnall Ó Briain, the Dál Cais, the battalion of the West of Connacht, and the great battalion of Síol Muireadhaigh, except the numerous troops left to protect the king of Ireland. There the battle of Thurles was delivered, and the Foreigners were routed, and the robbers were laid low in death, and seventeen hundred Foreigners were slain. The Earl went to Waterford after the battle had been gained over him: Ó Briain returned safe to his home, and the king of Ireland with his armies marched into Connacht, after the triumphant victory of that battle.

.i. Concobar Maenmuighi, acht ro facsad dirimsluaig ro fhacsat ac coméd ríg Erenn.


Mael Ruanaidh Ó Ciardha, king of Caibre, was killed by the Foreigners of Dublin in that year, i.e. by the son of Turnin and by the son of Aodh Ó Fearghail and also Ceallach Ó Fiondallan, king of Delbna Mór.



A vessel foundered in the south of Luimnech, and in her a {folio 26a2}multitude of nobles were drowned, including Tadhg son of Ó Conchobhair, and Ó hÓcáin and some of the Uí Cennétigh and Uí Dedaig, and others.


The diocese of Westmeath was annexed to the monastery of Clonmacnois by consent of the clerics of Ireland in that year.


Maelseachlainn Ó Donnacáin, king of Ara, was killed by Ó Conaing.

Annal T1175


Kalends of January on Wednesday and the fifth of the moon thereon, and the third year after bisextile.


Tadhg of the Mountain son of Ruaidhrí was drowned at the weir of Doghair, and along with him certains son of the king of Dál Cais.


Maghnus Ó Maelseachlainn was hung by the Foreigners of Dublin and Tulach Ard.


Diarmaid son of Tadhg Ó Briain, and Mathghamhain son of Toirdhealbhach Ó Briain, were blinded by Domhnall Ó Briain at Castleconnell in the midddle of his own house. On the same day the son of Giolla Leithdearg Ó Conchobhair was killed by Domhnall Ó Briain.



The bishop Ó Briain, bishop of Kildare, rested.


Maol Íosa son of the Cléireach Corr, bishop of Ulaid, rested.


Clonard was plundered by the Foreigners.


Fearghal Ó Braoin was killed by the Foreigners of Trim.


Two raids, one after the other, by the Foreigners on Muintir Searcacháin and on Muintir Maelsinna.


Flight of the men of Teffa, both clerics and laymen.


St Columcill's Durrow and all Meath, from Athlone to Drogheda, was laid waste by the Foreigners.


Domhnall Caomhánach Mac Murchadha, king of Leinster, was killed by the Uí Nialláin.


Giolla Coluim Ó Maolmhuaidh, king of Fir Cheall, was treacherously killed by Ruaidhrí, son of Conchobhar Mac Cochláin.


Tadhg son of Fearghal Ó Ruairc was killed.


Giolla Domhnaigh son of Cormac, bishop of Ulaid, rested.



A hosting by Ruaidhrí Ó Conchobhair into Thomond, and he banished Domhnall Ó Briain into Ormond, and gave the kingship of Thomond to the son of Murchadh Ó Briain, to his own mother's son.


The Foreigners of Dublin and Waterford, and Domhnall Ó Giolla Pádraig, king of Ossory, came at the invitation of the king of Ireland to Limerick without being perceived by the Dál Cais, and they plundered Limerick, and on this expedition the Connachtmen burned the greater part of Thomond.


Cadhla Ó Dubhthaigh came from England from the Son of the Empress, having with him the peace of Ireland, and the kingship thereof, both Foreigner and Gael, to Ruaidhrí Ó Conchobhair, and to every provincial king his province from the king of Ireland, and their tributes to Ruaidhrí.


A great fleet led by the king of Ireland on Lough Derg, and he demolished the whole of Ormond and brought from the Uí Briain seven hostages for their kingship and their land.

Annal T1176


Kalends of January on Thursday and 16 moon days thereon.



Inis Cathaigh was plundered by the English who dwelt in Limerick.


Domhnall Ó Briain, king of Thomond, made peace with Ó Conchobhair and gave him hostages.


Giolla Comgaill Ó Tuathail, king of the Uí Muireadhaigh, died.


Two score of the English were killed by the son of Giolla Pádraig Ó Ciardha.


Richard, Earl of Dublin, died. Since Turgesius there had never come into Ireland a brigand that had wrought more ruin than him. For he ruined Conmaicne and Meath and the southern half of Erin, both church and territory; but St Brigit killed him, and he himself used to see her in front of him, killing him.


Niall son of Mac Lochlainn was put to death by Dál mBuinne.


A raid by the Foreigners of Dublin, and they reached Sliabh Fuaid and the gates of Emain, but the men of Oriel overtook them in Fid Conailli and inflicted a slaughter on them thence as far as Tulach Ard and Dublin, so that five hundred of the Foreigners were killed.


Domhnall son of Toirdhealbhach Ó Briain, crown prince of Munster, died.


Domhnall son of Toirrdhealbhach Ó Conchobhair, son of the king of Ireland,


died at Mayo, after triumph of unction and repentance.


Diarmaid, son of Cormac Mac Carthaigh, king of Desmond, was taken prisoner by Cormac Liathánach, his own son.


Cormac Liathánach Mac Carrthaigh, king of Desmond, after deposing his father, {folio 26b1} was treacherously killed by his own household, and then the fathar took the kingship.


Domhnall Mac Giolla Pádraig, king of Ossory, died.


Domhnall Mac Giolla Pádraig, king of Cairbre Ó Ciarda, was treacherously killed by Ó Maelseachlainn.


Art Ó Maelseachlainn was deposed by the men of Meath, and the kingship was given to Donnchadh Ó Maelseachlainn.


Glendalough was plundered by Foreigners.


Flann son of Donnchadh Ó Maelseachnaill was killed by Cairbre Ó Ciardha.


Cú Muighe son of the Pilgrim Ó Flainn, king of the Uí Tuirtre, was treacherously killed by his own assembly.


Dearbhfhorgaill daughter of Fiachra Ó Flainn, wife of Aodh Ó Raduibh, died.



Íomar Ó Ruaidhin, bishop of Uí Fiachrach, died.


Sadhbh, daughter of Ó Cuinn, wife of Ó Concheanainn, died.


A hosting by Maelseachlainn son of MacLochlainn, and by the Kindred of Eoghan and the men of Oriel, to attack the castle of Slane, and they wrecked the castle and killed Richard Fleming, the Foreigner who was commander therein, and five hundred Foreigners along with him; and this struck great fear into the Foreigners.


AAodh son of Giolla Broite Ó Ruairc, king of Brefne, the third best Aodh that lived in Ireland in hisn own time, died.


Domhnall Ó Máille, king of Umall, died.

Annal T1177


Kalends of January on Saturday and 24 moon days thereon, and the first year after bisextile.


Murchadh Ó Beolláin, successor of Drumcliff and St Columcille, died.


A raid by the Foreigners of Dublin and by the Foreigners of Trim into the west of Meath, and they lifted some of Muintir Thadhgáin's cows. The Muintir Thadhgáin muster, and overtook them, and snatched the prey from them, and killed Hugo Sirrisbel and others.



John de Courcy went to Downpatrick, and the town was destroyed by him, and the whole of Ulaid was destroyed by him; but therin a defeat was inflicted upon him, and the nobles of his people were slain, and he himself was taken prisoner.


The church of Tech Saxan was burned by lightning.


Cuilén Ó Cuilén was blinded by the son of Mac Carthaigh in revenge for the killing of his son Cormac in this year.


Olaf Ó Domhnalláin, ollav of Connacht in poetry, died.


Aodh Ó Néill, king of Cenél Eoghain, was killed by Maelseachnaill son of Mac Lochlainn.


A shower of hail poured in Cuircne i.e. in Druim Cliabaig, and destroyed the 'parcel of the three plough-yokes' and each of the stones was as large as a crab apple.


Domhnall Ó hEaghra, king of Luighne, died.


Three fleets of Englishmen arrived in Ireland, to wit, the fleet of Hugo de Lacy, and the fleet of William Fitz Audeline, and the fleet of Philip (de Brensa); Hugo's to Dublin, William's to Wexford, Philip's to




Miles Cogan was banished by Hugo from Dublin to Cork.


Maol Mórdha son of Faolán, the best crownprince in Leinster, was killed by the Uí Tuathail in a great conflict.


A mighty outbreak of water, for greatness resembling a mountain, went through the midst of Glendalough, carried away the bridge and mill of the town and left some of its fish amid the town. Then it entered Inbhear Mór, drowned the fisherman, and swept his net into the sea.


A hosting by the Foreigners of Dublin and Tulach Aird led by Miles Cogan into Connacht without any previous warning. They reached Roscommon and there they remained three nights. Then Murchadh son of Ruaidhrí comes to them and goes as their guide before them throughout Connacht.

Howbeit, Ruaidhrí Ó Conchobhair, king of Ireland, tarried in the west of Connacht on his royal progress when the news of the Foreigners reached him. The Foreigners burned the plain of Connacht before them, and Ailfind and Ferta Gégi and Imlech Fordeorach, and Imlech mBroccada and Dún Imdain. And they came to Áth Moga and into Fid Manach and into the causeway of Móin Conneda, and into the high road of Lecc Gnathail and over Áth Tine near Dunmore, and direct to Tuam. And they made neither plunder nor onset throughout the province, for the folk of Connacht (with their cattle and other property) had fled into their fastnesses. And Tuam was emptied, and Cell {folio 26b2}Beneóin was burned, as well as Cell Medóin and Leccach and


Cell Chathgaile and Ross Cáim and the castle of Bun Gaillme. And the Foreigners were three nights in Tuam without food without profit. And they were told that the men of Connacht and Munster were gathering towards them, and the Foreigners perceived that this was true, for Ruaidhrí, the king of Ireland, did not allow them to lift a head till the place of battle was given them. The Foreigners fled till they reached the causeway of Móin Conneda, and the recruits of Connaught made an attack upon them as they were coming into the cause, and they would have been broken had not Ó Conchobhair's son been speeding them. That night they reached Uarán. On the morrow they continued their retreat to Áth Liac and ther a few Connachtmen overtook them, and the panic they caused in the ford was painful; and until they left Connacht they did not know the extent of their loss.



Murchadh son of Ruaidhrí was blinded for his misdeeds by the Síol Muireadhaigh and by his father Ruaidhrí himself.


A defeat inflicted on the Kindred of Eoghan and the Ulaid by the Foreigners of Downpatrick, and Conchobhar Ó Cairealláin was the best that fell there.


The churches of the Plain of Munster were burned by Domhnall Ó Briain and by Miles Cogan, Philip (Cnam), Henry and Fitz Stephen, and for dread of the Dál Cais they returned without obtaining their desire.

Annal T1178


Kalends of January on Sunday and nine moondays thereon, and the year beginning the decennovenal, and the second year after bisextile.


A multitude of Englishmen were killed by Ó Faoláin, king


of the Déisi, and by the sonf of Finghin Mac Carthaigh.


Conchobhar of Moenmag, son of Ruaidhrí Ó Conchobhair, was taken by force out of an island in Loch Cuan by Maelchulainn Ó Flaithbheartaigh and Cathal Ó Flaithbheartaigh and Giolla Bearaigh Ó Sluagadaig and by other men of trust, after he had been held by his father a year in captivity because of his own improper deeds.


The Foreigners of Dublin, including Hugo de Lacy went on a raid against the Fir Cheall, and Hugo de Lacy came with a great and strong battalion to plunder Clonmacnois. But the Connachtmen did not let them sleep that night, and early on the morrow he was carried off for fear of Ruaidhrí Ó Conchobhair and the Síol Muireadhaigh overtaking them in Cumang Cluana.


Aodh Ó Flaithbheartaigh, king of west Connacht, died at Annadown.


The Galway river dried up, from the Isle of the Clerics to the sea, from the hour of nocturn till noon on the morrow, and a great causeway of fish was found therein.


The castle of Kells was built by Foreigners.


A great frost, so that for the space of a month one went on foot on the lakes of Ireland.



The crozier of St Colmán son of Lughaidh was manifestly conversing with its own young cleric in this year.


An island came on the Shannon, and no-one knew whence it came.


A raid by the Foreigners of Wexford on the Uí Muireadhaigh, and they killed Dúnlang Ó Tuathail, king of the Uí Muireadhaigh.


Domhnall Ó Fócarta, bishop of Ossory, rested.


A defeat inflicted by Art Ó Maelseachlainn, by the Uí Failghe and by the Foreigners on Delbna Ethra, on Maelseachlainn the Little and on some of the men of Teffa, wherein Muircheartach son of the Fox was killed.


A battle between the Foreigners and the Ulaid and the men of Oriel at Newry, and the Foreigners were routed, and 450 of them fell there, and a hundred Gaels in the counterflow of that battle, including Ó hAinbith, king of Uí Méith, Murchadh Ó Cearbhaill, king of Oriel, and Ruaidhrí son of Donnsléibhe Ó hEochadha were victors.


Also the Uí Failghe inflicted a great defeat on the Foreigners in this year.



Tadhg son of Muircheartach Ó Briain and Tadhg son of Tadhg Ó Briain inflicted a great slaughter on Domhnall Ó Briaina's people.


Loch Gair was plundered by Cuilén of the crooked stream.


The Foreigners who dwelt in Downpatrick were exterminated by the kindred of Eoghan and by the Ulaid and the men of Oriel, through the miracles of Ss Patrick, Columcill and Brénainn.


John de Courcy came by force ... [gap: text breaks off imperfect/extent: unknown]