Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition: L201061

Epistola S. Patricii ad Christianos Corotici Tyranni subditos

Author: Saint Patrick

Background details and bibliographic information

File Description

ed. by Whitley Stokes

Electronic edition compiled by Benjamin Hazard

Funded by University College, Cork and
The Irish Higher Education Authority via the CELT Project

1. First draft, revised and corrected.

Extent of text: 3800 words


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Text ID Number: L201061

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    Manuscript sources
  1. London, British Library, Cotton MS. Nero E.I., fo. 173 b2-fo. 174 b2. Written in round minuscule at Worcester; dated to c. 1000 by Flower, with more recent additions at beginning and end. Contains Confessio and Epistola, fo. 169v-174v. For further details see Joseph Planta (ed.), A Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Cottonian Library deposited in the British Museum, London, 1802. [Used in Stokes's and in Bieler's edition.]
  2. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale lat. 17626 (Compiègne 40 bis). Written in Caroline minuscule, 10th cent. Contains Confessio and Epistola, fo. 72r-85v. [Used in Bieler's edition.]
  3. Arras, Bibliothèque Municipale 450 (S. Vedasti 1628 F 2; S. Vedasti 3, 16). Written in continental minuscule, 12th cent., probably originating in Northern France. Contains Confessio and Epistola, fo. 50v-53r; two leaves are missing, one between fo. 51 and 52, the other between fo. 52 and 53. They were still present 1668 when a copy was made from the text. [Used in Bieler's edition.]
  4. Oxford, Bodleian Library Fell 3. Written in minuscule; dated to c. 1100-1200. The script is English. Contains Confessio and Epistola, fo. 7r-13r. [Used in Bieler's edition.]
  5. Oxford, Bodleian Library Fell 4. Written in minuscule; dated to c. 1050-1150. Contains Confessio and Epistola, fo. 158r-166r. Provenance and history of this MSS are identical with Fell 3. [Used in Bieler's edition.]
  6. See also Ludwig Bieler (ed), Codices Patriciani Latini: a descriptive catalogue of Latin manuscripts relating to St. Patrick, Dublin: Institute for Advanced Studies, 1942.
    Editions and translations
  1. Whitley Stokes (ed.), The Tripartite Life of Patrick, with other documents relating to that Saint with translations and indexes, Rolls Ser. 8vo, Part I. cxcix + 267 [8] pp. facs. Part II. 269-676, London 1887. [His edition is from Cotton MS. Nero E.I.]
  2. Ludwig Bieler (ed.), Libri Epistolarum Sancti Patricii Episcopi, 2 vols., Dublin 1952; reprinted Dublin 1993. [Confessio; Epistola ad milites Corotici. With introduction; with commentary and indexes in pt. 2. In his edition, he uses a stemmatic approach and makes a fresh collation of manuscripts.]
  3. R. P. C. Hanson, English translation of the 'Confession' and the 'Letter to Coroticus' of Saint Patrick, Nottingham Medieval Studies 15 (1971) 3-26.
  4. A. B. E. Hood (ed. and trans.), St Patrick: His Writings and Muirchu's Life, Chichester 1978.
  5. A. B. E. Hood and Cécile Blanc (eds.), Saint Patrick Confession et Lettre à Coroticus [Introduction, critical edition, French translation and notes], Paris 1978.
  6. Joseph Duffy (ed. and trans.), Patrick in his own words, Dublin 2000.
    Additional Reading
  1. James Henthorn Todd, St. Patrick: Apostle of Ireland, a memoir of his life and mission, Dublin 1864.
  2. W. M. Hennessy, The Tripartite life of Saint Patrick, apostle of Ireland. Translated from the original Irish in M. F. Cusack (ed.), Life of Saint Patrick, London 1870, 371-502.
  3. Whitley Stokes, On the Calendar of Oengus, Royal Irish Academy Transactions, Irish Manuscript Series, volume 1, Dublin 1880.
  4. Edmund Hogan (ed.), Vita Sancti Patricii Hibernorum apostoli, auctore Muirchu Maccumachtheni: et Tirechani Collectanea de S. Patritio, nunc primum integra ex Libro Armachano ope Codicis Bruxellensis; (excerptum ex Analectis Bollandianis), Brussels 1882.
  5. George Thomas Stokes and Charles H. H. Wright (eds.), The writings of St. Patrick, the Apostle of Ireland, a revised translation with notes, critical and historical, London 1887.
  6. Whitley Stokes, Saint Patrick's Doctrines, Academy 34 (1888) 26, 54-55, 104.
  7. J. B. Bury, Tirechan's Memoir of St. Patrick, English Historical Review 1902, 235-67.
  8. Whitley Stokes and John Strachan (eds.), Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus: a collection of Old Irish glosses, scholia, prose and verse, volume 2, Cambridge 1903, 238-243.
  9. J. B. Bury, Sources of the Early Patrician Documents, English Historical Review 1904, 493-503.
  10. J. B. Bury, Life of St. Patrick and his place in history, London 1905.
  11. John Healy, Life and Writings of St. Patrick, Dublin 1905.
  12. Richard Irvine Best, Betha Pátraic, from King's Inn Library MS. 10, Anecdota from Irish MSS. 3, Halle 1909, 29-42.
  13. John Gwynn (ed.), Liber Ardmachanus, The Book of Armagh edited with an Introduction and glosses, Dublin 1913. [Irish notes, glosses, names on persons and places, etc. with indices, revised by E. J. Gwynn.]
  14. Eoin Mac Néill, The native place of St. Patrick, PRIA 37 Section C, 6, 1926, 118-40.
  15. Eoin Mac Néill, The earliest lives of St. Patrick, Royal Society of Antiquaries Journal LVIII (1928) 1-21.
  16. K. Müller, Der Heilige Patrick, Nachrichten von der Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften, Göttingen 1931.
  17. Paul Walsh (ed.), Saint Patrick; A.D. 432-1932: a fifteenth centenary memorial book, Dublin 1932.
  18. Elias Avery Lowe (ed.), Codices Latini Antiquiores: a palaeographical guide to Latin manuscripts prior to the ninth century II, Oxford 1934.
  19. Kathleen Mulchrone, Bethu Phátraic, The Tripartite Life of Patrick edited with translation and indexes, Dublin: Royal Irish Academy, 1939. [Text based on Egerton 93 and Rawl. B 512.]
  20. Thomas F. O'Rahilly, The two Patricks: a lecture on the history of Christianity in fifth-century Ireland, Dublin: Institute for Advanced Studies, 1942.
  21. Review of O'Rahilly. [1] J. F. O'Doherty, Irish Historical Studies (March 1943) 323-9.
  22. John Ryan, The Two Patricks, Irish Eccelesiastical Record (October 1942) 241-52.
  23. Gerard Murphy, The Two Patricks, Studies 35 (1943) 297-307.
  24. Ludwig Bieler, The Life and Legend of St. Patrick, Irish Ecclesiastical Record, 5th series 70 (1948) 1087-1091.
  25. Ludwig Bieler, The life and legend of St. Patrick: problems of modern scholarship, Dublin 1949.
  26. Mario Esposito, The Patrician problem and a possible solution, Irish Historical Studies 10 (1956) 131-55.
  27. Paul S. Grosjean, Les Pictes apostats dans l'Épître de S. Patrice, Acta Bollandiana 76 (1958) 354-378.
  28. John Ryan, St. Patrick, Apostle of Ireland, Studies 50 (1961) 113-151.
  29. Robert E. McNally, St. Patrick 461-1961. The Catholic Historical Review 47 (1961/62), 305-324.
  30. N. Tolstoy, Who was Coroticus?, Irish Ecclesiastical Record, 5th series 97 (1962) 137-47.
  31. Daniel A. Binchy, Patrick and his biographers: ancient and modern, Studia Hibernica 2 (1962) 7-173.
  32. Ludwig Bieler, The mission of Palladius, A comparative study of sources, Traditio 6 (1948) 1-32.
  33. Paul S. Grosjean, Saint Patrice d'Irlande et quelques homonymes dans les anciens matyrologes, Journal of Ecclesiastical History 1 (1950) 151-9.
  34. Ludwig Bieler, The place of Saint Patrick in Latin language and literature, Amsterdam 1952.
  35. Daniel A. Binchy, "The Fair of Tailtu and the Feast of Tara", Ériu 17 (1958) 113-38.
  36. Tomás Ó Fiaich, St. Patrick and Armagh, Irish Eccelesiastical Record (March 1958) 153-70.
  37. Tomás Ó Fiaich, St. Patrick and Armagh, Irish Eccelesiastical Record (April 1961) 229-35.
  38. James Carney, The problem of St. Patrick, Dublin: Institute for Advanced Studies, 1961.
  39. Eoin Mac Neill, Saint Patrick, edited by John Ryan, with a memoir by Michael Tierney and a bibliography of Patrician literature by F. X. Martin, Dublin 1964.
  40. Kathleen W. Hughes, The Church in Early Irish Society, London 1966.
  41. R. P. C. Hanson, Saint Patrick: his origins and career, New York 1968.
  42. A. B. E. Hood (ed. and trans.), St. Patrick, his writings and Muirchu's life, London 1978.
  43. James F. Kenney, The sources for the early history of Ireland: ecclesiastical; an introduction and guide, New York 1979.
  44. Richard Sharpe, Palaeographical Considerations in the Study of the Patrician Documents in the Book of Armagh, Scriptorium 36 (1982) 3-28.
  45. Walter Berschin, 'Ich Patricius: Die Autobiographie des Apostels der Iren' [The autobiography of the apostle of the Irish]. In Löwe, Heinz (ed.), Die Iren und Europa im früheren Mittelalter. 2 vols. (Stuttgart, 1982) Vol. 1, 9-25.
  46. E. A. Thompson, Who was Saint Patrick? Woodbridge 1985.
  47. Review of E. A. Thompson. [1] Michael E. Jones, Albion 19 (1987) 209-210.
  48. Review of E. A. Thompson. [2] E. A. Overgaauw, Le Moyen-Age 94/3-4 (1988) 481-482.
  49. Review of E. A. Thompson. [3] Alan Dierkens, Latomus 48 (1989) 46.
  50. R. P. C. Hanson, The life and writings of the historical St. Patrick, New York 1983.
  51. Review of R. P. C. Hanson. [1] Keith J. Egan, Church History 53 (1984) 548-549.
  52. Review of R. P. C. Hanson. [2] Joseph F. Kelly, Speculum 59 (1984) 652-653.
  53. Review of R. P. C. Hanson. [3] Robert T. Meyer, Theological Studies 45 (1984) 208.
  54. Review of R. P. C. Hanson. [4] D. Ó Cróinín, Irish Historical Studies 24 (1984-85) 398-399.
  55. Review of R. P. C. Hanson. [5] Tarlach Ó Raifeartaigh, Irish Theological Quarterly 50 (1984) 276-280.
  56. E. A. Thompson, 'St. Patrick and Coroticus'. Journal of Theological Studies, 31 (1980) 12-27.
  57. Cormac Bourke, Patrick: the archaeology of a saint, Belfast 1993.
  58. Liam De Paor (ed. and trans.), Saint Patrick's World, the Christian culture of Ireland's Apostolic Age, Dublin 1993.
  59. Review of Liam De Paor. [1] Claire Stancliffe, Early Medieval Europe 4 (1995) 220-221.
  60. Review of Liam De Paor. [2] Colmán Etchingham, Éigse 29 (1996) 214-220.
  61. Michael W. Herren, 'Mission and Monasticism in the 'Confessio' of St. Patrick', in D. Ó Corráin, L. Breathnach, K. McCone (eds.), Sages, Saints and Stoytellers, Maynooth 1989, 76-85.
  62. Alannah Hopkin, The living legend of St. Patrick, London 1989.
  63. Review of Alannah Hopkin. [1] Richard Sharpe, Folklore 102/1 (1991) 120-121.
  64. David N. Dumville, Lesley Abrams, T. M. Charles-Edwards, Alicia Corrêa, K. R. Dark, K. L. Maund, and A. P. McD. Orchard, Studies in Celtic history: Saint Patrick A.D. 493-1993, Woodbridge 1993; esp. 107-115 and 117-127.
  65. Review of Dumville et al. [1] Ann Hamlin, Medieval Archaeology 39 (1995) 296-297.
  66. Review of Dumville et al. [2] N. J. Higham, Britannia 26 (1995) 399-400.
  67. Review of Dumville et al. [3] Dáibhí Ó Cróinín, Cambrian Medieval Celtic Studies 29 (1995) 72.
  68. Review of Dumville et al. [4] Jane Stevenson in Early Medieval Europe 4 (1995) 114-115.
  69. Daniel Conneely and Patrick Bastable (eds.), St. Patrick's letters: a study of their theological dimension, Maynooth 1993.
  70. David R. Howlett (ed. and trans.), The book of letters of Saint Patrick the bishop with analysis and commentary, Dublin 1993.
  71. Laurance J. Maney, When Brigit met Patrick, Proceedings of the Harvard Celtic Colloquium 14 (1994) 175-194.
  72. Frédéric Kurzawa, Petite vie de saint Patrick. Paris 1995.
  73. Review of Kurzawa. [1] Gwenaël Le Duc, Annales de Bretagne et des Pays de l'Ouest (Anjou, Maine, Touraine) 102/4 (1995) 129.
  74. John Carey, Saint Patrick, the Druids, and the end of the world, History of Religions, 36:1 (1996), 42-53.
  75. Thomas O'Loughlin, St. Patrick: the man and his works, London 1999.
  76. Dáibhí Ó Cróinín, Who was Palladius, "first bishop of the Irish"?, Peritia, 14 (2000) 205-237.
  77. Elizabeth McLuhan, 'Ministerium seruitutis meae': the metaphor and reality of slavery in Saint Patrick's Epistola and Confessio, in J. Carey, M. Herbert and P. Ó Riain (eds.), Studies in Irish hagiography: saints and scholars, Dublin 2001, 63-71.
  78. Gearóid Mac Eoin, The four names of St Patrick, in Michael Richter and Jean-Michel Picard (eds.), Ogma: essays in Celtic studies in honour of Próinséas Ní Chatháin, Dublin 2002, 300-11.
  79. Alfred P. Smyth, Bishop Patrick and the earliest Christian mission to Ireland, in B. Bradshaw and D. Keogh (eds.), Christianity in Ireland: revisiting the story, Dublin 2002, 11-20.
  80. Fausto Iannello, Note storiche sull'Epistola ad Milites Corotici di San Patrizio, "Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti, classe di Lettere, Filosofia e Belle Arti" 84 (2008) 275-285. [This reference was kindly supplied by Dr Fausto Iannello].
    The edition used in the digital edition
  1. The Tripartite Life of Saint Patrick, with other documents relating to that Saint, edited with translations and indexes (Vol. II). Whitley Stokes (ed), First edition [cxcix + 267 [8] pp. facs.] Her Majesty's Stationery Office London (1887)


Project Description

CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts

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The present text represents pp. 375–80 of the printed edition. Footnotes are retained.

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Text proofread twice at CELT.


The electronic texts represents the edited text. The acute accent appearing in a few Latin words in Stokes's edition has not been retained. Text supplied by the editor is marked sup resp="WS". Editorial notes are marked note type="auth" n="". MS foliation is tagged mls. MS variants are integrated.


Direct speech is tagged q. Citations are tagged cit. This element contains bibl and qt elements.


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div0=the whole text; div1=the letter. Paragraphs and page-breaks are marked.


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Use of language

Language: LA

Text is in Latin.

Language: EN

Footnotes contain English.

Revision History