Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition: G100004

Annals of Inisfallen

Author: unknown

Background details and bibliographic information

File Description

Seán Mac Airt

Funded by University College, Cork and
Professor Marianne McDonald via the CELT Project.

1. Second draft, revised and corrected.

Extent of text: 65500 words words


CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts: a project of University College Cork
College Road, Cork, Ireland—

(2002 ) (2008)

Distributed by CELT online at University College, Cork, Ireland.
Text ID Number: G100004

Availability [RESTRICTED]

Available with prior consent of the CELT project for purposes of academic research and teaching only.


Copyright for the printed edition: School of Celtic Studies, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies. Used by kind permission of the copyright holder.


    Manuscript source
  1. Oxford, Bodleian L, Rawlinson B 503; vellum; s. xi ex (AD 1092); origin Emly. and later; 57 folios; origin Emly and other Munster houses. From the beginning to 1092.5, the MS is the work of a single hand, perhaps that of Diarmait Ó Flainn Chua, bishop and lector of Emly and abbot (r. 1092-1114), or Mael Ísu Ó hArrachtáin, abbot of 17 Emly (died 1092). The MS was continued to the early fourteenth century by some 18 scribes (only six of whom made large contributions). Mac Niocaill, however, suggests that while the earliest stratum may be associated with Emly, the annals may have been continued at Tomgraney, transcribed at Killaloe after the mid-eleventh century, and continued at Lismore from about the year 1119. The MS passed to a West-Munster monastery, most likely Inisfallen, in 11301159. There are lacunae 1130-59, 1214-6, 1285-95. The fact that much of the later part of these annals is in phonetic spellings lends them an additional linguistic interest. The MS came into the possession of Sir James Ware (died 1666) some time before the end of the first quarter of the seventeenth century and is described in the catalogue of his books as 'Annales coenobii Innisfallensis in agro Kerriano.' A translation of portion of these annals (1173 [= 1174] to 1281) by Dubhaltach Mac Fir Bhisigh, made for Ware, occurs in London, BL, Additional 4799. Ware has added to this translation the heading: 'Ex Annalibus coenobii Inisfathlensibus apud Kerrienses'.
  1. R. I. Best and Eóin Mac Neill (eds.) The Annals of Inisfallen reproduced in facsimile from the original manuscript (Dublin, 1933).
  2. Seán Mac Airt (ed. & trans.) The Annals of Inisfallen (Dublin 1944 [1951]).
    Comment on the text, and secondary literature
  1. J. J. O'Farrelly, 'The Annals of Inisfallen', Journal of the Ivernian Society 1 (1909) 110–118.
  2. Edmund Curtis (notice of the facsimile edition), English Historical Review 53 (1934) 169–71.
  3. M. C., review of Best and Mac Neill 1933, Studies Dublin 23 (1934) 169–71.
  4. Edmund Curtis, review of Best and Mac Neill 1933, English Historical Review 50 (1935) 309–10.
  5. Paul Walsh, 'The dating of the Annals of Inisfallen', Catholic Bulletin 29 (1939) 677–82; repr. in idem, Irish leaders and learning through the ages, ed. Nollaig Ó Muraíle (Dublin 2003) 477–83.
  6. Gerard Murphy, review of Mac Airt 1951, Éigse 6 (1948–52) 350–60.
  7. John T. Collins, review of Mac Airt 1951, Journal of the Cork Historical and Archaeological Society 57 (1952) 63–65.
  8. Paul Grosjean, 'Notes d'hagiographie celtique', Analecta Bollandiana 70 (1952) 312–26: 317–26.
  9. E. G. Quin, review of Mac Airt 1951, Irish Historical Studies 8 (1952–53) 168–71.
  10. Joseph Vendryes, review of Mac Airt 1951, Études Celtiques 6 (1953–54) 389–92.
  11. Vernam Hull, The preterite passive plural in the Annals of Inisfallen, Zeitschrift für Celtische Philologie 24 (1953–54) 126–27.
  12. Aubrey Gwynn, Were the Annals of Inisfallen written at Killaloe?, N Munster Antiq J 8 (1958) 20–33.
  13. Roger H. Leech, Cogadh Gaedhel re Gallaibh and the Annals of Inisfallen, N Munster Antiq J 11 (1968) 13–21.
  14. Vernam Hull, The infixed and independent objective pronoun in the Annals of Inisfallen, Zeitschrift für Celtische Philologie 24 (1953–54) 136–38.
  15. Gearóid Mac Niocaill, The medieval Irish annals (Dublin 1975) 24–25.
  16. Francis John Byrne, 1000 years of Irish script (Oxford, 1979), section 3.
  17. Kathryn Grabowski and David Dumville, Chronicles and annals of medieval Ireland and Wales: the Clonmacnoise group of texts (Woodbridge 1984) esp. 3–107.
  18. Timothy O'Neill, The Irish hand: scribes and their manuscripts from the earliest times to the seventeenth century, with an exemplar of Irish scripts (Mountrath 1984) 20—1, 68, 73.
  19. Caoimhín Breatnach, 'Corrigenda to the Annals of Inisfallen', Celtica 18 (1986) 193–198.
  20. Caoimhín Breatnach, 1. The stem mar- for marb- in the Annals of Inisfallen; 2. The treatment of guttural spirants by Anglo-Norman hands, Ériu 40 (1989) 184–186.
  21. Caoimhín Breatnach, Varia VI: Blein for bliadhain in the Annals of Inisfallen, Ériu 41 (1990) 143–146.
  22. Diarmuid Ó Murchadha, A reconsideration of some place-names from the Annals of Inisfallen, Ainm 5 (1991–93) 21–32.
  23. Daniel McCarthy, The Status of the Pre-Patrician Irish Annals, Peritia 12 (1998) 98–152.
  24. Nollaig Ó Muraíle, The celebrated antiquary: Dubhaltach Mac Fhirbhisigh (c.1600–71): his lineage, life and learning (Maynooth 1996; rev. repr. Maynooth 2002), 255, 262 (note 51).
  25. Daniel P. Mc Carthy, on his website at offers comprehensive information on two traditions of dating used in the Irish Annals, together with two ancillary articles, 'Chronological synchronisation of the Irish annals', and 'Collation of the Irish regnal canon'.
  26. Daniel P. Mc Carthy, The Irish Annals: their genesis, evolution and history (Dublin 2008).
    The edition used in the digital edition
  1. The Annals of Inisfallen (MS. Rawlinson B. 503) . Seán Mac Airt (ed), First edition [596 pp] Dublin Institute for Advanced StudiesDublin (First published 1944) (Reprinted 1968 ) (Reprinted 1975 ) (Reprinted 1988 )


Project Description

CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts

Sampling Declaration

The so-called Pre-Patrician section, being a version of the Irish World Chronicle, is edited digitally in a separate file (G100004P). All editorial preface, introduction, translation, notes, glossary, indexes and additional notes have been omitted. Editorial corrigenda are integrated into the electronic edition. The restored editor's text is rendered exactly and MS readings are recorded in corr sic="

Editorial changes that may be doubtful are recorded in the corr attribute of sic corr="".

Editorial Declaration


Text has been thoroughly checked and proof-read. All corrections and supplied text are tagged.


The printed text is not a diplomatic. The electronic text represents the edited text.


Quotation marks are rendered q.


Soft hyphens are silently removed. When a hyphenated word (hard or soft) crosses a page-break, the page-break is marked after the completion of the hyphenated word.


div0=the body of annals; div1=an annal (the annalistic entries for a single year; div2=an individual entry in an annal. All entries are numbered, and zero is reserved for the chronological criteria of each annal. Page-breaks are marked pb; and folio breaks are marked mls unit="folio" n="nn".

Standard Values

Dates occuring in running text are tagged in ISO form.


Names of persons (given names), groups (dynasties, peoples etc.), places are tagged. Numbers are tagged. Names of professions and social roles are tagged.

Canonical References

This text uses the DIV1 element to represent the Annal.

Refs: EVENT (<DIV2>)

This text uses the DIV1 element to represent the Annal.

The n attribute of each text in this corpus carries a unique identifying number for the whole text.

The title of the text is held as the first head element within each text.

div0 is reserved for the text.

Page-numbers of the printed text are tagged pb n="nn". A canonical reference can be made from the div1 and div2 numbers.

Profile Description

Created: By unknown authors in Irish monastic scriptoria Date range: 550-1326.

Use of language

Language: [GA] Old, Middle and Early Modern Irish.
Language: [LA] Many early entries are in Latin.
Language: [EN] One English word.

List of hands

H1 [main:1a-29c29 (to Annal 1092.5)] dated to late 11th cent.

H2 [29c30-30b17 (to Annal 1094.3)] unknown

H3 [30b18-31b8 (to Annal 1096.5)] unknown

H4 [31b9-c29 (to Annal 1100.5)] unknown

H5 [31c30-31d3 (Annal 1100.6)] unknown

H6 [31d4-f28 (to Annal 1102.3)] unknown

H7 [31f29-32b5 (to Annal 1103.3)] unknown

H8 [32b6-c16; c30-e13 (to Annal 1104.1; 1105.2-11)] unknown

H9 [32c17-29 (Annal 1104.2-1105.1)] unknown

H10 [32e14-33b19 and last 2 lines of col. b (Annal 1106.1-1110.2; 1110.7)] unknown

H11 [33b20-28 (Annal 1110.3-6)] unknown

H12 [33c1-d11 (Annal 1111.1-9)] unknown

H13 [33d12-24 (Annal 1112.1-5)] unknown

H14 [33d30-e8 and 33e16 to end of col. (Annal 1113.1-11)] unknown

H15 [33e9-11 and 33f1-34a22 (Annal 1113.12-1115.7)] unknown

H16 [34a23-d24 (Annal 1115.8-1118.8)] unknown

H17 [34d27-e26 (Annal 1118.9-1119.3)] unknown

H18 [34e26 to end of column; 34f21-35b2 (Annal 1119.4;1120.4 med.-1121.6)] unknown

H19 [34f1-20 (Annal 1120.1-4 med.)] unknown

H20 [35b9-36f,end (Annal 1121.7-1130)] unknown

H21 [37a1-d; 38a7-c5 (Annal 1159.1-1167; 1170-1174)] unknown

H22 [37d17-38a2 (Annal 1168.1-4)] unknown

H23 [38a2-6 (Annal 1168.5-1169)] unknown

H24 [38c6-40c10; 41d13-42c1 (Annal 1175-1181.4; 1189.1-1193.2; 1200.1-1202.1)] unknown

H25 [40c16-d15 (Annal 1193.3-1194.6)] unknown

H26 [40d16-41a10 (Annal 1195.1-1196.2)] unknown

H27 [41a10 to end of page (Annal 1196.2-1197.3)] unknown

H28 [41c1-d12 (Annal 1197.4-1200.1)] unknown

H29 [42c2-44d, end (Annal 1202.2-1214.2)] unknown

H30 [45-46, 47 a marg inf.; 48a,b (line 41) marg. inf.; 51b17-28; 51c18-54 end; (Annal 1216.1-1253, 1297.6, 1299ex.; 1301-1311)] unknown

H31 [47a1-48b end, 48c10-17 (Annal 1252a-1273)] Anglo-Norman Literary

H32 [48c1-9 (Annal 1270.10-1271)] unknown

H32A [(entries have been erased) (Annal 1273.1)] unknown

H33 [49a17-50d6 (Annal 1278-1283)] Anglo-Norman current

H34 [50d7- end of col.; additional entry to 1271, lower margin of fo.48b, and line 36 fo.48a (Annal 1283.10-1285)] Anglo-Norman current

H35 [51ab16; 55a-57c14 (Annal 1295.1-1296; 1311-1319)] unknown

H36 [51c1-17 (Annal 1301)] mixed hand

H37 [57c15 (Annal 1319)] rough Anglo-Irish

H38 [57d1-17 (Annal 1320)] sharp angular script

H39 [57d18-end (Annal 1321 )] small round Irish

ADDH2 [marginal/interpolating] unknown

ADDH5 [marginal/interpolating] unknown

ADDH8 [marginal/interpolating] unknown

ADDH10 [1217.3 marginal/interpolating] unknown

ADDH11 [couplet 1230.2 marginal/interpolating] unknown

CONTEMPOR [1248.4 interlinear/interpolating] unknown

ADDH12 [1252.4 15 cent. Irish] unknown

ADDH13 [fol 46v Desmond Kinglist 1285-1428] 15cent Irish

ADDH14 [1275.2 marginal/interpolating] 15cent Irish

ADDH [marginal/interpolating] unknown

LH [marginal/interpolating late(r)] unknown

H15CENT [33d 19] unknown

Revision History