Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition
Annals of Loch Cé (Author: [unknown])

Annal LC1245


29] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the 28th of
30] the moon; quinto anno cycli solaris; xi. anno Decennovenalis


1] cycli; tertio Indictionis.


2] Ruadh, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech, son
3] of Toirdhelbhach Mor O'Conchobhair, was killed by
4] O'Timaith, his own steward, with a stab of a knife,
5] in a dispute which occurred between them at Port-na-leice;
6] and Gilla-Christ, son of Imhar O'Birn, killed
7] the steward afterwards; and Conchobhar Ruadh was
8] conveyed to the monastery of the Buill, and died in
9] it of this wound, and was buried in it also, after the
10] victory of unction and penitence towards God.


11] castle of Sligech was built by Mac Maurice Fitz-Gerald,
12] Justiciary of Erinn, and by the Síl-Muiredhaigh; for
13] Fedhlim was told to erect it at his own expense, and
14] to convey thereto the stones and lime of the hospital-house
15] of the Trinity, after this place had been previously
16] given by the Justiciary, i.e. Maurice Fitzgerald, to Clarus
17] Mac Mailin, in honour of the holy Trinity.


18] O'Flannagain, abbot of Cunga, mortuus est.


A great army
19] was led by the king of the Saxons into Britain, when
20] they established a great camp at the castle of Engannoc;
21] and letters and ambassadors were sent by them to
22] Erinn, to the Foreigners of Erinn, and to Fedhlim, son
23] of Cathal Crobhderg, desiring them to go to meet the
24] king in Britain, to subdue Britain.


The Justiciary, therefore,
25] accompanied by the Foreigners of Erinn, went to
26] the king; and Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg O'Conchobhair,
27] accompanied by a great army of Gaeidhel, went
28] to the assistance of the king in Britain; and they completely
29] destroyed the country, but obtained neither
30] pledges nor hostages from the Britons on this occasion.
31] And Fedhlim was treated with honour by the king on
32] this journey; and Fedhlim was thankful coming westwards
33] from the king.


The castle of Ath-an-chip, on the
34] border of Magh-Nisse, was built by Milidh Mac Goisdelbh.


35] Fiachra, son of David O'Floinn, lord of Síl-Maelruain,
36] mortuus est in die Natalis Domini.


Cerbhall Buidhe, son


1] of Tadhg, son of Aenghus Finnabhrach O'Dalaigh, mortuus
2] est.


The castle of Suicín was built in this year.


3] snow fell on the night of the festival of Saint Nicholas,
4] which took off the heels and toes of those who walked
5] in it; and this snow did not disappear until Christmas
6] arrived.


Muirchertach, son of Muirghius, son of
7] Cathal Mac Diarmada, was slain by the men of
8] Breifne.


Magister vero Johannes, electus in Elfinensem
9] episcopum per Clarum archidiaconum ejusdem sedis, et
10] per Malachiam decanum cathedralem, et per Gelasium
11] sacristam, perrexit ad dominum papam usque ad Liuns-sur-Rhona
12] ubi fuit in exilio a sede Romana, dejectus per
13] Romanorum imperatorem; et tantam gratiam habuit
14] in oculis domini papae et curiae Romanae quod cassata
15] electione facta de Comarb Coman per juniores Elfinensis
16] chori canonicos, electio de ipso facta per majores licet
17] pauciores reverenter obtinuit, et quod dominus Papa misit
18] literas suas cum ipso ad Tuamensem
19] archiepiscopum, ut in episcopum consecretur; in nomine Domini Jesu
20] Christi consecratus est respondentibus Christi fidelibus,
21] et veritatem servare cupientibus die consecrationis ejus,
22] Deo gratias.


Raghnall O'Maelmhiadhaigh was slain by
23] the Connachtmen in hoc anno.


Muirchertach, son of
24] Cathal, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh,
25] assumed the sovereignty of the Rock after Cormac, son
26] of Tomaltach, and was fully twenty-one years in the
27] sovereignty afterwards.

Annal LC1246


28] The kalends of January on Monday, the 9th of the


1] moon; vi. anno cycli solaris; xii. anno cycli Decennovenalis;
2] iiii. anno Indictionis;


A whale came
3] ashore at Cuil-irra in Cairpre of Druim-cliabh, which
4] brought great prosperity and joy to the entire country.


5] The bishop of Oilfinn, i.e. John O'hUghroin, i.e. the son
6] of the comarb of Mochua, died at Rath-Aedha-mic-Bric
7] in this year.


Druim-lethan was burned in hoc anno.


8] Maelsechlainn, son of Conchobhar Ruadh, son of Muirchertach
9] Muimhnech O'Conchobhair, was killed by Muirchertach
10] O'Dubhda in this year. Muirchertach O'Dubhda
11] was banished over sea after this killing.


Jean Fitz-Geoffroi,
12] came as Justiciary to Erinn, and Maurice Fitz-Gerald
13] was deposed.


Toirdhelbhach, son of Aedh O'Conchobhair,
14] escaped from the crannog of Loch-Leisi in the
15] autumn, and drowned his keepers—viz.Cormac Mac
16] Muiredhaigh and two O'Ainmirechs; and he himself went
17] away afterwards.


A great depredation was committed
18] by Maurice Fitz-Gerald in Tir-Conaill; and he gave the
19] half of Tir-Conaill to Cormac, son of Diarmaid, son of
20] Ruaidhri, and received the hostages of O'Domhnaill for
21] the other half; and he left the hostages in the castle of
22] Sligech. O'Domhnaill, and the nobles of the Cenel-Conaill
23] along with him, went on Samhain-day to Sligech; and
24] the bawn of the town was burned by them, although
25] they did not enter the castle; and the warders hanged
26] O'Domhnaill's hostages, in his presence, on the top of the
27] castle, viz.:—O'Mianain, the tutor of O'Domhnaill, and his
28] foster-brother.


Aedh, son of Aedh O'Conchobhair, was
29] taken prisoner, and plundered.


Toirdhelbhach, son of Aedh


1] O'Conchobhair, was again taken prisoner whilst under the
2] guarantee of the bishop of Cluain, and was delivered into
3] the hands of the Foreigners, and placed in the castle of
4] Ath-Luain.


Tomaltach O'Conchobhair was elected to the
5] bishopric of Oilfinn.


Murchadh O'hAnluain, king of
6] Oirthera, was slain at the instigation of Brian O'Neill.

Annal LC1247


7] The kalends of January on Tuesday, and the twentieth
8] of the moon; septimo anno cycli solaris; xiii, anno
9] cycli Decennovenalis; quinto anno Indictionis;


10] The grade of bishop of Oilfinn was assumed by Tomaltach,
11] son of Toirdhelbhach, son of Maelsechlainn O'Conchobhair,
12] on the Sunday before Septuagesima, in Tuaim-dá-ghualann.


13] Benedictus Mac Oirechtaigh, airchinnech of
14] Achadh-Fabhair of Umhall, was killed on the festival of the
15] Cross, the third day of summer, by the son of Conchobhar
16] Ruadh, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech, and by the son of
17] Maghnus, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech O'Conchobhair,
18] in treachery and deceit.


Toirdhelbhach escaped from the
19] castle of Ath-Luain.


Milidh Mac Goisdelbh took possession
20] of Fedha-Conmaicne, out of which he expelled Cathal
21] Mac Raghnaill; and he took possession of the crannog of
22] Claen-loch, and left a garrison of his own people in it.
23] Cathal and Toirdhelbhach, the two sons of Aedh O'Conchobhair,
24] joined with Mac Raghnaill to expel Mac Goisdelbh
25] from Fidh-Conmaicne; and they took possession of
26] the crannog and lake, and demolished the castle of Lec-derg,
27] on the Saturday before Whitsunday. And Toirdhelbhach
28] went upon Trinity Island to meet Clarus Mac Mailin,
29] the archdeacon; for the Foreigners had refused to come out
30] of the castle until they could go with the archdeacon across
31] the Sinainn westwards to Tuaim-mna; and they went


1] with him; and Clann-Goisdelbh were expelled out of the
2] district.


A great hosting by Maurice Fitz-Gerald, and the
3] Foreigners along with him, until they reached Sligech in
4] the first instance, and from thence to Es-Ruaidh-mic-Badhuirn,
5] on the Wednesday after the festival of Paul and
6] Peter; and Cormac, son of Diarmaid, son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair,
7] went there in his host and muster.


8] assembled the Cenel-Conaill and Cenel-Eoghain to
9] meet him at Bel-atha-Senaigh, so that they allowed
10] neither Foreigners nor Gaeidhel to cross the ford during
11] the space of a whole week; when they determined
12] that Cormac O'Conchobhair should go, with a large force
13] of cavalry, eastwards along the plain, and then turn upwards
14] through the plain by the margin of the bog; and
15] he then proceeded eastwards along the river until he
16] reached Ath-Chuil-uaine on the Erne. And the Cenel-Conaill
17] observed nothing until they saw them approaching
18] on their own side of the river. And when the Foreigners
19] perceived the Cenel-Conaill watching the cavalry in their
20] rear, they themselves rushed across the ford, so that
21] the Cenel-Conaill were placed between both divisions.


22] O'Domhnall was defeated, with his army; and Maelsechlainn
23] O'Domhnaill, king of Cenel-Conaill, was slain there;
24] and the Gilla-muinélach O'Baoidhill, and Mac Somhairle,
25] king of Airer-Gaeidhel, and the nobles of the Cenel-Conaill
26] besides, were slain. And many of Fitz-Gerald's
27] army were drowned going northwards across the Finn;
28] and many of the same army were slain at Termann-Dabheog,
29] in pursuit of the preys, including William Brit,
30] i.e. the sheriff of Connacht, and a young armed knight
31] who was his brother. However, the entire country was


1] afterwards devastated and plundered by them; and they
2] left the sovereignty of Cenel-Conaill with Ruaidhri
3] O'Canannain on this occasion.


A great war was waged
4] by Toirdhelbhach, son of Aedh O'Conchobhair, and by
5] Donnchadh, son of Anmchadh, son of Donnchadh Mac
6] Gillapatraic of Osraighe, against the Foreigners of Connacht;
7] and Toirdhelbhach assembled the sons of the
8] kings of Connacht, until they reached Fidh-Uí-Diarmada
9] and Muinter-Fathaidh, where they killed many persons.
10] And they proceeded thence to the castle of Bun-Gaillimhe,
11] and burned the town and castle; and many persons were
12] killed and plundered there. And Mac Elget, i.e. the
13] seneschal of Connacht, was killed by the son of Anmchadh
14] O'Gillapatraic of Osraighe. And the Foreigners followed
15] them and gave them battle, when a number of the
16] Foreigners were slain; and they went away from them,
17] in spite of them, and went afterwards into Cera. Jordan
18] de Exeter, and Clann-Adam, and the Foreigners of Cera
19] assembled and proceeded against Toirdhelbhach; and
20] Toirdhelbhach left the country to them, as he had not
21] forces enough to meet them.


22] was burned by Tadhg, son of Conchobhar Ruadh, and by
23] Tadhg, son of Tuathal, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech.


24] Nor this alone; but the Foreigners of Connacht had not
25] experienced for a long time previously a war equal to
26] that waged against them by these sons of kings in this
27] year; for they left neither district nor cantred of the
28] territory of Connacht belonging to the Foreigners without
29] pillaging.


Finnghuala, daughter of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair,
30] died in Cunga-Feichin in hoc anno.


31] and Ard-carna were burned by the Foreigners in
32] hoc anno.


O'Dubhda and O'Baighill came with a great


1] fleet to plunder Cairpre; and the crew of one of the
2] ships were drowned at Inis-Tuathfrais, together with
3] Maghnus O'Baighill.


Conchobhar O'Muiredhaigh, bishop
4] of Uí-Fiachrach-Aighne, died in Bristol.


Tadhg, son of
5] Conchobhar Ruadh, burned Inis-mór of Claen-locha, in
6] which eight and twenty Foreigners were consumed.

Annal LC1248


7] The kalends of January on Wednesday, and the first
8] of the moon; octavo anno cycli solaris; xiiii. cycli Decennovenalis;
9] vi. anno Indictionis;


10] O'Cuanna, great priest of Oilfinn, died, and was interred
11] in Cill-mór.


The son of O'Sechnasaigh was slain by the
12] Foreigners.


Opecin Guér was slain by Gillamochoinne
13] O'Cathail in hoc anno.


The sons of Maghnus, and the
14] sons of Conchobhar Ruadh, joined together, and turned
15] against the Foreigners, and the castle of Mac Henry was
16] burned by them, and its constable taken prisoner; and
17] the preys of the north of Umhall were taken by them to
18] Innsi-Modh.


Jordan de Exeter, however, and John
19] Butler, and Robin Lawless, and several persons along
20] with them, assembled and went to Baile-tobair-Patraic,
21] and from thence to Achadh-Fabhair; and they plundered
22] all Umhall, north and south, on the morrow.


23] Henry came also, with a large army, into Umhall, (for
24] it belonged to himself, and he was residing in it). Mac
25] Henry then made peace with Domhnall, son of Maghnus,
26] for the sake of his territory; and Domhnall promised that
27] he would furnish forces and boats to attack his brother.


As regards
28] the sons of Conchobhar, moreover; they were
29] on Innsi-Modh, and it was reported to them that a party
30] had gone from Mac Henry to Domhnall, for boats. They
31] advanced against this party, and killed O'hUain, the son


1] of the foreign woman, and John the son of the foreign
2] priest; and Sinnott Guêr, and four of his people along
3] with him, were slain by Diarmaid, son of Maghnus, in
4] this encounter. However, this was the joy with sorrow,
5] for the powerful champion and prop of battle, i.e.
6] Diarmaid, son of Maghnus, was slain on the spot.


7] son of Conchobhar Ruadh, was killed by the Foreigners
8] in this year. Great, truly, was the fear and terror of this
9] youth entertained by the Foreigners and Gaeidhel who
10] were opposed to him, until he received his death ultimately.


11] A hosting by Maurice Fitz-Gerald into Tir-Conaill.
12] Great depredations and plunders were committed
13] by him therein; and O'Canannan was expelled
14] from the country to O'Neill and the Cenel-Eoghain, and
15] the sovereignty of Cenel-Conaill was left to Goffraigh,
16] son of Domhnall Mór O'Domhnaill.


A hosting by the
17] Cenel-Eoghain, and by O'Canannain, again into Tir-Conaill,
18] when they gave battle to each other, and
19] O'Canannain, and a great many nobles along with him,
20] were slain by the Cenel-Conaill, and by Goffraigh, son
21] of Domhnall O'Domhnaill, who afterwards assumed the
22] sovereignty of Tir-Conaill.


Another hosting by the
23] Justiciary of Erinn to Cenel-Eoghain, to O'Neill; and the
24] resolution adopted by the Cenel-Eoghain was, since the
25] power of the Foreigners was over the Gaeidhel of Erinn,
26] to give hostages to the Foreigners, and to make peace
27] with them, for the sake of their country. Conmaicne-Mara
28] was all plundered by the Foreigners. The Foreigners
29] went on a hosting to O'Flaithbhertaigh, who
30] defeated them, and killed a great number of them.


31] Muirchertach O'Dubhda, i.e. the ex-cleric, was killed
32] by the son of Fedlhlim O'Conchobhair. William Burk
33] died in Saxon-land, and his body was brought to Erinn,


1] and interred at Ath-issel.


The King of France went to
2] Jerusalem, to defend Christendom, in this year.


3] comarb of Patrick, i.e. the poenitentiarius of the Pope,
4] came to Erinn.


John Tirrel was killed by Gilla-na-naemh
5] O'Ferghail.


Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg,
6] gave Rath-na-Romanach to the canons of Cill-mór, and
7] a cantarcapath of silk on the same day, at the persuasion
8] and request of Tadhg O'Mannachain, in honour of Mary
9] and Augustin, in presence of several of the nobles of
10] Connacht.


Amhlaibh, son of Cathal Riabhach O'Ruairc,
11] was killed by Conchobhar Carrach Mac Donnchadha, per
12] dolum.


Foghartach O'Dobhailen, king of the Corann,
13] quievit.


Master Gilbert O'Cerbhaill quievit in Christo.

Annal LC1249


14] The kalends of January on Friday, and the twelfth of
15] the moon; nono anno cycli solaris; xv. anno Decennovenalis
16] cycli; vii. anno Indictionis.


A great
17] hosting by the Justiciary of Erinn into Laighen, to attack
18] the sons of kings who were injuring and totally destroying
19] the Foreigners; and the Lagenian sons of kings
20] sided not with the Justiciary on this occasion; and as
21] they did not, he invaded the country, which was entirely
22] wasted by him.


A great war was waged, and numerous
23] injuries were committed, by Finghin Mac Carthaigh
24] against the Foreigners of Des-Mumha, in hoc anno.


Adam Minatur
25] was slain by the son of Gillamochoinne
26] O'Cathail, and many more along with him.


Piers Poer,
27] i.e. the son of Henry, and David Treu, accompanied by a
28] mounted party of young men, proceeded before Mac
29] Feorais into Connacht, to the castle of Sligech. And this
30] was reported to the son of Fedhlim O'Conchobhair; and
31] when he heard it he laid an ambuscade for them,
32] and Piers Poer, and David Treu, and five young men along


1] with them, were slain there; and the bodies of these men
2] were conveyed to Es-dara for interment.


As regards the
3] son of Fedhlim, he proceeded afterwards to Tir-Fiachrach,
4] and through the country of Mac Feorais, which he
5] entirely plundered from the Muaidh eastwards to Traigh-Eothuile.
6] And Geroitin Mac Feorais followed them
7] and overtook Donnchadh, son of Maghnus, who was
8] wounded by him, and taken prisoner after having been
9] wounded; and he subsequently took him with him to
10] Dun-Contreat.


The son of Fedhlim pursued them afterwards,
11] and rescued the son of Maghnus from them; and
12] Geroitin was killed per dolum; and Donnchadh, son
13] of Maghnus, died of this wound; and great was the
14] loss to both Foreigners and Gaeidhel.


Mac Maurice
15] thereupon mustered, and proceeded into Connacht, and
16] deprived the son of Fedhlim of as much of these preys as
17] he found with him.


When Fedhlim, son of Cathal
18] Crobhderg; heard that the Foreigners were assembled in
19] his neighbourhood, after his son had inflicted such great
20] injuries on them, he adopted the resolution of sending his
21] moveables across the Sinainn eastwards, into the Breifne,
22] and to the North of Erinn.


The Justiciary assembled
23] the Foreigners of Midhe and Laighen, and advanced with
24] a great army across Ath-Luain, and from thence into
25] Sil-Muiredhaigh; and Mac Maurice advanced on the other
26] side, accompanied by the Foreigners of Mumha and
27] Connacht. And these two armies went to Oilfinn, after
28] destroying Síl-Muiredhaigh before them so far; and
29] they invited to them Toirdhelbhach, son of Aedh, son of
30] Cathal Crobhderg, and made him king in the place of
31] Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg. And they afterwards
32] plundered the territory of Breifne, and committed numerous
33] injuries in it in every direction, and subsequently
34] brought their preys with them. And they were fully
35] twenty nights in Síl-Muiredhaigh, devastating it; and
36] they plundered Loch-Cé, together with its islands, and


1] the Rock, with its precincts.


The Justiciary moreover,
2] went afterwards into Midhe, and Mac Maurice went to
3] Sligech; and they left Toirdhelbhach, son of Aedh,
4] guarding Síl-Muiredhaigh.


Another hosting by the sons
5] of the kings of Connacht, on the festival of Mary in mid-autumn,
6] to Ath-na-righ, to burn and plunder it.


7] great army under Toirdhelbhach, son of Aedh, and Aedh
8] Og, son of Aedh. And the sheriff of Connacht was in
9] the town before them, accompanied by many Foreigners;
10] and the Foreigners requested a truce for that day in
11] honour of Mary, whose festival it was. And the kings'
12] sons did not grant this truce in honour of Mary or the
13] Holy Cross; but they attacked the town furiously, against
14] the will of Toirdhelbhach.


When Jordan and the Foreigners
15] observed this, they came out of the town against
16] these kings' sons; and Mary performed manifest miracles
17] there; for when the kings' sons, with their people,
18] saw the terrible mail-clad cavalry coming towards
19] them out of the town, prodigious fear and terror seized
20] them at the sight, and they were routed; and Aedh,
21] son of Aedh O'Conchobhair, was slain there, and Diarmaid
22] Ruadh, son of Cormac O'Maelsechlainn; and two sons of
23] O'Cellaigh; and Brian-in-doire, son of Maghnus; and
24] Carrach-ind-shibhail, son of Niall O'Conchobhair; and
25] Baethghalach Mac Aedhagain; and the son of Diarmaid
26] Bachlach O'Conchobhair, i.e. Mathghamhain, grandson
27] of Tadhg; and the two sons of Lochlainn O'Conchobhair;
28] and Domhnall, son of Cormac Mac Diarmada; and the
29] Finnanach Mac Branain; and Cumumhan Mac Casarlaigh;
30] and many other persons along with them.


31] son of Anmchadh, son of Donnchadh O'Gillapatraic, i.e.
32] the captain of greatest honour and prowess that had


1] come of the men of Osraighe down from Colman, son of
2] Bicne Caech, and from Scanlan, son of Cennfaeladh,
3] was slain by the Foreigners in this year. And this was
4] a satisfaction for the Foreigners, as he had killed, and
5] plundered, and burned many of them previously up to
6] that time; for Donnchadh was the third Gaeidhel who
7] had risen against the Foreigners after they had occupied
8] Erinn, viz.:—Conchobhar O'Maelsechlainn, and Conchobhar-na-gcaislen
9] Mac Cochlain, and the son of Anmchadh;
10] for the son of Anmchadh was wont himself to reconnoitre
11] the market towns in the guise of a pauper, or a carpenter,
12] or a turner, or a person of some other trade, ut dicitur:—
    1. 13] He is wont to be a carpenter; is wont to be a turner;
      14] My nursling is wont to be a bookman;
      15] He is wont to be selling wine and hides,
      16] Where he sees the gathering, &c.


17] Tadhg O'Mannachain, king of Uí-Briuin-na-Sinna, died
18] in octavo idus Junii, and was subsequently interred in
19] Cill-mor-na-Sinna.


Conn O'Flannagain, prior of Cill-mor-na-Sinna,
20] died in septimo kalendas Maii.


21] O'Lachtnain, a master in canon law, and a palmer of the
22] river Jordan, and archbishop of Tuaim-dá-ghualann
23] and of all Connacht, died in the winter, and a short time
24] before Christmas.


Andrias Mac Gillegheir, comarb of
25] Feichin mortuus est.


Maelciarain O'Lenachain, noble
26] chief priest of Tuaim-mná; a man who maintained clerics
27] and men of grade in his own house, and a man who kept a


1] general house of hospitality for ecclesiastics and strangers,
2] died on the way whilst going to Ard-carna, to hear a
3] sermon, on the Friday before Lammas; and he was nobly
4] and honourably interred in Trinity Island on Loch-Cé.


5] Mor, daughter of Donnchadh O'Dubhda, wife of the
6] Gilla-muinelach O'Baighill, mortua est. Dún-mór was
7] burned by the kings' sons in hoc anno. Twelve years
8] and seven hundred years since Colum-Cille went to Hi
9] until this year.

Annal LC1250


10] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the twenty-third of
11] the moon; x. anno cycli solaris; xvi. anno Decennovenalis
12] cycli; viii. anno Indictionis;


13] Fedhlim O'Conchobhair came from the North, with a
14] large army from Cenel-Eoghain, and marched into the
15] Breifne, and from thence into the Tuatha, accompanied
16] by Conchobhar, son of Tighernan; and they went from
17] thence into Tir-Maine, and expelled Toirdhelbhach out of
18] Connacht, who again went over to the Foreigners. And
19] Fedhlim collected the herds of Connacht, which he took with
20] him down across Sliabh-Seghsa; but the Foreigners sent
21] messengers after him, and made peace with him, and his
22] own kingdom was again restored to him. The hostages of
23] Connacht were blinded in Ath-Luain by the Foreigners,
24] and by Toirdhelbhach, son of Aedh. A great depredation
25] was committed by Fedhlim on Cathal O'Conchobhair,
26] who was driven in exile out of Connacht by him.


27] bishop of Imlech-Ibhair died in hoc anno.


28] O'Meallaigh, bishop of Enach-dúin, quievit in Christo.


29] Cairbre O'Maelsechlainn was slain in treachery by David
30] Roche.


Toirdhelbhach, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech


1] O'Conchobhair, prior of the Regles of Peter and Paul, died.


2] Diarmaid O'hEghra, king of Luighne, died while imprisoned
3] by Fitz-Gerald.


A great hosting by Maurice
4] Fitz-Gerald, and by Cathal O'Raighilligh, and by Cuconnacht
5] O'Raighilligh, accompained by all the chieftains of
6] Uí-Briuin, into Cenel-Eoghain, when they were three
7] nights at Tulach-óg; and they received many injuries,
8] but obtained no hostages or pledges from O'Neill, on this
9] occasion.


After turning back into Cenel-Conaill, O'Canannain,
10] king of Cenel-Conaill, was taken prisoner by
11] Maurice Fitz-Gerald, whilst under the protection of the
12] Bishop O'Cerbhallain; and he was subsequently killed
13] by them whilst endeavouring to escape forcibly from
14] them.


White Canons of the Premonstre Order were
15] taken by Clarus Mac Mailin, a short time before Christmas,
16] from Trinity Island in Loch-Cé, to Trinity Island
17] in Loch-Uachtair, in the Breifne; and he established the
18] canons of the order there through the permission of
19] Cathal O'Raighilligh, who granted it Trinity Island in
20] puram et perpetuam elemosinam in honore Sanctae
21] Trinitatis; et idcirco Clarus hoc fecit in Domino, quia
22] Premonstratenses gaudeant consimili privilegio cum
23] monachis, ita quod ad ullam aliam religionem postea
24] transire possent.


Conghalach Mac Idhneoil, bishop of
25] the Breifne, quievit in Christo.


Florence Mac Floinn
26] was elected to the bishopric of Tuaim-dá-ghualann, and
27] was consecrated on Christmas Day in Tuaim; and he
28] was fit for it, on account of the extent of his learning,
29] and his knowledge of law.

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30] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the fourth of
31] the moon; xi. anno cycli solaris; xvii. anno Decennovenalis
32] cycli; ix. anno Indictionis. primo.




1] Mac Mailin, archidiaconus Oilfinnensis, vir providus et
2] discretus, qui carnem suam jejuniis et orationibus macerabat;
3] qui pauperes et orphanos defendebat; qui patientiam
4] et coronam observabat; qui persecutionem a multis
5] propter justitiam patiebatur; venerabilis fundator
6] monasteriorum Sanctae Trinitatis per totam Hiberniam,
7] et specialiter fundator monasterii Sanctae Trinitatis apud
8] Loch-Cé, ubi locum sibi sepulturae elegit, ibidem in
9] Christo quievit Sabbato Dominicae Pentecostes; cujus
10] animae propitietur Deus omnipotens in coelo, cui ipse
11] servivit in saeculo; in cujus honore ecclesiam de Rinn-duin
12] et monasterium Sanctae Trinitatis apud Loch-Uachtair,
13] ecclesiam Sanctae Trinitatis apud Ath-Moighe,
14] ecclesiam Sanctae Trinitatis apud Cill-Rais, aedificavit..


15] Gillamochoinne, son of Gillamochoinne O'Cathail was slain
16] by Conchobhar, son of Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg.


17] Tadhg, son of Tuathal, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech
18] O'Conchobhair, was killed by Foreigners in this year.


19] Gillachrist O'Lachtnain, abbot of the Trinity in Tuaim, was
20] drowned in the sea of Erinn.


Conchobhar, son of Cormac,
21] son of Tomaltach, the most bountiful and valiant man of
22] his time, in Christo quievit.


Gerald Sugach mortuus est.


23] Flaithbhertach O'Cerbhaill, chieftain of Callraighe, was
24] slain by Art, son of Art O'Ruairc.


Muiredhach O'Taidhg
25] mortuus est.


Thunder and lightning came in the summer
26] of this year, by which many men and cattle were killed in
27] Erinn.


A great shower fell on the festival day of Paul
28] and Peter, so that a boat sailed all round the town at


1] Cill-mor-na-Sinna, and that a mill could grind on the
2] stream which ran from the arch to Ath-na-faithche,
3] during the time the vespers were being chaunted in the
4] church of Fidhnacha, on the same day.


Tuimmilin Carden
5] was blinded; and his tongue was cut out.


Great frost
6] in the early winter, so that the lakes, and the bogs, and
7] the waters were all frozen.


A great synod was held by
8] the clergy of Erinn at Tuaim.


Ardghal O' Laithbhertaigh,
9] royal heir of Oilech, lamp of valour and honor of the
10] North of Erinn, mortuus est.


Gillachrist O'Breislen,
11] chieftain of Fánad, and a brother of his, were killed by
12] Ceallach Balbh O'Baighill.


Donnchadh Mac Cathmhail,
13] chieftain of Cenel-Feradhaigh, was killed by the Oirghialla.

Annal LC1252


14] The kalends of January on Monday, and the fifteenth
15] of the moon; xii. anno cycli solaris; xviii. anno Decennovenalis
16] cycli; x. anno Indictionis;


New money
17] was ordered by the king of the Saxons to be coined in
18] Erinn; and the money previously in use was abandoned
19] for it.


Great wind came on the octave of the Epiphany,
20] which prostrated several houses and churches throughout
21] Erinn.


The castle of Cael-uisce was erected by Mac
22] Maurice.


The castle of Magh-Cobha was erected by him
23] also.


Maelmaedhoc O'Beollain; comarb of Colum-Cille in
24] Druim-cliabh, i.e. the man of greatest prosperity, wealth,
25] and esteem; of greatest charity, hospitality, and honor in
26] his own time in Erinn, died after the triumph of devotion
27] and penitence.


Cuconnacht Mac Consnamha, chieftain
28] of Muinter-Cinaith, mortuus est.


Gilla-Isa O'Cerbhaill,
29] chieftain of Callraighe of Druim-cliabh, mortuus est.


30] Maghnus Mac Gilladhuibh, chieftain of Tellach-Gairbhith,
31] quievit.


Great heat and drought in the summer of this
32] year, so that people used to cross the Sinuinn without



1] wetting their feet; and the wheat was reaped twenty
2] nights before Lammas, and all the corn was reaped at
3] that time; and the trees were burning from the sun.


4] great hosting by the Foreigners of Erinn to Ulidia, on
5] which occasion a camp fight took place between the
6] Meathian rout and the Momonian rout, when a great
7] number of the Momonian rout were slain at Dun-Dealgan.


8] Murchadh O'Fallamhain, a high constable of the Connachtmen,
9] was killed by the men of Breifne, per dolum,
10] at Fidhnacha of Magh-Rein.


Orlaith, daughter of Taichlech
11] Mac Diarmada, mortua est.


Conchobhar Mac
12] Cathmhail, king-chieftain of Cenel-Feradhaigh and many
13] other territories, peacemaker of the Cenel-Conaill, Cenel-Eoghain,
14] and Oirghialla, was slain by the routs of Brian
15] O'Neill, whilst defending his guarantee against them, he
16] himself being under the protection of O'Gairmleghaigh
17] and O'Cathain.


Conchobhar O'Dochartaigh, king-chieftain
18] of Ard-Midhair, and the third king-chieftain of Erinn,
19] pillar of the hospitality and bravery of the North, died
20] this year.

Annal LC1253


21] The kalends of January on Wednesday, and the twenty-sixth
22] of the moon; xiii. anno cycli solaris; xix. anno
23] Decennovenalis cycli; xi. anno Indictionis; tertio.


24] A great hosting by the Foreigners of Erinn, under Mac
25] Maurice, to Cenel-Eoghain, to attack O'Neill; and they
26] obtained neither pledges nor hostages in Cenel-Eoghain
27] on this occasion; and a countless slaughter was inflicted
28] on them.


David, son of Ceallach O'Gillapatraic, archbishop
29] of Cluain-mic-Nois, quievit.


Eoghan O'hEdhin,
30] king of Uí-Fiachrach, mortuus est.


31] O'Ruaidhin, bishop of Uí-Fiachrach, mortuus est.


32] son of Gillachalma O'Connachtaigh, was slain by
33] the son of O'Galonn.


The daughter of the Ultonian Earl


1] i.e. the wife of Milidh Mac Goisdelbh, died, et sepulta est
2] in the monastery of the Buill.


A monastery was erected,
3] and a cemetery consecrated, for the Friars Preachers at
4] Sligech.


Another monastery was founded for the Friars
5] at Ath-lethan, in Luighne. A great war was waged by
6] Brian O'Neill, king of Cenel-Eoghain, against the Foreigners;
7] and he demolished several castles; and street-towns
8] were burned, and Machaire-Uladh was entirely
9] desolated by him.


The bishopric of Cill-hAlaidh was
10] assumed by John O'Laidigh, i.e. a Friar Preacher; and
11] his degree of bishop was conferred at Tuaim-dhá-ghualann,
12] the second Sunday of Lent.


The bishopric of
13] Cluain-mic-Nois was assumed by Thomas O'Cuirin, i.e. a
14] Friar Minor; and his degree was conferred at the Pope's
15] court.


A hosting was performed by Domhnall O'Raighilligh,
16] and by the Caech O'Raighilligh, and by Cathal
17] O'Conchobhair, and by Gilla-na-naemh O'Ferghail, to
18] Muinter-Eolais, to attack Cathal Mac Raghnail, when
19] they plundered the whole country; and they were two
20] nights encamped at Tulach-alainn, and the third night
21] at Enach-dubh, where Gilla-na-naemh O'Ferghail separated
22] from them; and Muinter-Raighilligh and Cathal
23] O'Conchobhair went to Cluain-Conmaicne, where they
24] were encamped for one night. When Aedh, son of
25] Fedhlim, heard this thing, he suddenly assembled his
26] forces, and followed Muinter-Raighilligh and Cathal
27] O'Conchobhair to Cluain-Conmaicne, and inflicted a
28] signal defeat on them, where Donnchadh, son of Gilla-Isa,
29] son of Donnchadh O'Raighilligh, and Mac Gilla-Taedóg,
30] and O'Bibhsaigh, et alii multi, were slain.



31] was the best year that had ever come for nuts, and the
32] produce of the earth, and of cattle, and of trees and
33] herbs.


Ailin O'Suillebháin, bishop of Lis-mór, quievit.



1] A mansion was erected by Tomaltach O'Conchobhair,
2] bishop of Oilfinn, at Cill-tSheisin, in hoc anno.

Annal LC1254


3] The kalends of January on Thursday, and the seventh
4] of the moon; xiiii. annus cycli solaris; primus annus
5] Decennovenalis cycli; xii. annus Indictionis;


6] Piers Pramister, lord of Conmaicne of Dún-mór,
7] mortuus est.


Murchadh O'Maelsechlainn was slain by
8] Domhnall, son of the Sinnach O'Catharnaigh, in this
9] year.


The Justiciary of Erinn went to Saxon-land.


10] The monastery of the Friars Preachers at Ath-lethan,
11] in Luighne, was all burned.


Piers Ristubhard, lord of
12] Síl-Maelruain, and a noble baron, was killed by Murchadh
13] O'Maelsechlainn on Loch-Ribh.


Sitric Mac Shenlaich
14] was taken prisoner by Fedhlim, son of Cathal
15] Crobhderg, and the Sen-shuilech Mac Shenlaich was
16] unnecessarily blinded by him; i.e. it was reported to
17] him that they had acted treacherously towards him.


18] The king of the Saxons went to Spain on a hosting
19] in hoc anno.


Maelbrighde, son of the Bishop
20] O'Mailfhaghmhair, mortuus est


Maelfinnen O'Beollain,
21] comarb of Druim-cliabh, mortuus est.


Donnchadh, son
22] of Donnchadh, son of Tomaltach, and Amhlaibh O'Bibhsaigh,
23] were slain in Cluain-Conmaicne by the Connachtmen.


24] Maghnus O'Gadhra was slain without cause by the
25] people of Fedhlim O'Conchobhair.


The king of France
26] returned from Jerusalem to France, after concluding
27] a three years' peace between the Christians and the
28] Saracens.


This year was an excellent year, with abundance
29] of oak-fruit, and with abundance of milk, and of
30] all other good things besides.


A great slaughter


1] was inflicted on the sons of Mac Cargahmna, and on
2] Muinter-Maelshinna, by Muinter-Gillgan and the Foreigners.

Annal LC1255


4] The kalends of January on Friday, and the eighteenth
5] of the moon; xv. annus cycli solaris; secundus annus
6] Decennovenalis cycli; xiii. annus Indictionis;
7] quinto.


Innocentius papa quievit in Christo.


8] Mac Diarmada, airchidiaconus of Olefinn, in Christo quievit.


9] Aedh, son of Fedhlim O'Conchobhair, went into Tir-Eoghain,
10] and made peace between his own father and the
11] North of Erinn, and brought with him from the North
12] all the Connachtmen who were in the North of Erinn in
13] discord with his father, together with their chattels,
14] through the midst of his mortal enemies, viz.:—the sons
15] of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair and the Foreigners; and these
16] enemies dared no more than look at the host, and the
17] chattels by their side.


The archbishopric of Caisel-Mumhan
18] was assumed by Mac Cerbhaill.


The ambassadors of
19] Fedhlim O'Conchobhair went to the king of the Saxons.


20] Mathghamhain O'Mannachain was slain at Buimlinn.


21] The archbishop of Tuaim, i.e. Florence Mac Floinn, went
22] across to the East, to converse with the king of the
23] Saxons.


Maurice Fitz-Gerald went across to meet the
24] king of the Saxons.


Diarmaid O'Cuinn, and Amhlaibh
25] his son, and the nobles of Muinter-Gillgan along with
26] them, were slain at Faradhan-Muighe-Tregha by Gilla-na-naemh
27] O'Ferghail, per dolum; and he afterwards
28] plundered them i.e. Muinter-Gillgan.


The archbishop
29] of Tuaim came to Erinn from the king, having obtained
30] everything that he asked.


The ambassadors of Fedhlim
31] came to Erinn from the king, in like manner.


The archdeacon
32] of Enach-dúin, i.e. O'Laidigh, quievit in Christo.


33] A great depredation was committed by the Foreigners
34] on O'Floinn.


A great meeting was held between O'Conchobhair
35] and Mac William Burk, at Tochar-mona-Coinnedha;
36] and they concluded a peace there, and all


1] O'Conchobhair's conditions were conceded to him.


2] Juliana, daughter of the comarb of Caillin, and Gilla-na-naemh,
3] son of the comarb, mortui sunt.


Brian O'Neill
4] and the men of the North of Erinn came on a great hosting
5] against Cathal O'Raighilligh, and against Cuconnacht
6] O'Raighilligh; and they turned back again without
7] obtaining power or hostages.


Raghnailt, daughter of
8] O'Ferghail, died in a bath in hoc anno.

Annal LC1256


9] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the twenty-ninth
10] of the moon; xvi. anno cycli solaris; tertius annus
11] Decennovenalis cycli; xiiii. anno Indictionis; sexto.


12] Flann Mac Floinn, archbishop of Tuaim, died in Bristol.


13] The archbishop of Baile-Atha-cliath died the same
14] year.


Ruaidhri O'Gadhra, king of Sliabh-Lugha, was
15] slain by his own gossip, i.e. David, son of Richard
16] Cuisin, in treachery and deceit; and his castle was
17] broken down by him at the same time.


A prodigious
18] hosting was made by Walter, son of Richard, son of
19] William Burk, against Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg,
20] and against his son, i.e. Aedh son of Fedhlim, and to the
21] sons of Tighernan O'Ruairc; and it was a very long time
22] before since a host so numerous as this was assembled in
23] Erinn, for it was reckoned that there were in it twenty
24] thousand to a man. And these great hosts marched to
25] Magh-Eó of the Saxons, and from thence to Balla, and
26] from thence throughout Luighne; and they plundered
27] Luighne on all sides about them. And they came
28] to Achadh-Conaire, and despatched messengers from thence
29] to Muinter-Raighilligh, and requested them to come to
30] meet them to Cros-Doire-chaein, at the eastern end of
31] Brat-sliabh in Tir-Tuathail. And Muinter-Raighilligh
32] came to Clachan-mucadha on Sliabh-an-iarainn, and then


1] turned back without having obtained a meeting from
2] the Foreigners, and went from thence to Soilten-gasan.
3] And it was on the same day, viz.:—Friday in particular,
4] and the festival of the Cross above all days, that Conchobhar,
5] son of Tighernan O'Ruairc, mustered the men of
6] Breifne and the Conmaicne, and as many as he could
7] secure along with them, including Aedh O'Conchobhair
8] and the nobles of Connacht, and the Síl-Muiredhaigh
9] besides. And the bravest on this hosting were these,
10] viz.:—Conchobhar; son of Tighernan O'Ruairc, i.e. king
11] of Uí-Briuin and Conmaicne, and Cathal O'Flaithbhertaigh,
12] and Murchadh Finn O'Ferghail, and Ruadh-in-fhedha
13] O'Floinn, and Flann Mac Oirechtaigh, and Donn
14] Og Mac Oirechtaigh, and a great number of Síl-Ceallaigh,
15] and the three sons of Mac Diarmada, and Diarmaid
16] O'Flannagain, and Cathal, son of Duarcan O'hEghra, and
17] the two sons of Tighernan O'Conchobhair, and Gilla-na-naemh
18] O'Taidhg. And great, indeed, was the number
19] of the young men of Connacht there besides. And where
20] the van of this host overtook Muinter-Raighilligh was at
21] Soilten-gasan, and they followed them to Alt-tighe-Mic-Cuirrin,
22] where the recruits of Muinter-Raighilligh turned
23] upon this separate host, and three times routed them.
24] Then the great army came up with them, after some of
25] their people had been slain, along with Diarmaid
26] O'Flannagain, and Mac Maenaigh, and Coicle O'Coicle,
27] and many more; and these several armies all marched to
28] Alt-na-hélti, and to Doirin-cranncha, between Ath-na-beithighe
29] and Bél-in-bhealaigh, and between Coill-essa
30] and Coill-airther on Sliabh-an-iarainn, where Muinter-Raighilligh
31] turned sternly, earnestly, furiously, wildly, irrepresibly,
32] against the son of Fedhlim and all the Connachtmen


1] who were along with him, to avenge upon them their
2] wrongs and oppressions; and each party then incited
3] their people against the other, i.e. the battalion of the Uí-Briuin
4] and the Connachtmen. Then the Connachtmen
5] arose on one side of the battle—a bold, expert, precipitate,
6] impetuous band—and arrayed themselves in a glistening,
7] flaming, quick-handed phalanx, and in close, steady,
8] united bodies, under the valiant, strong-armed heir, i.e.
9] Aedh, son of Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg. (And,
10] certainly, the son of the chief king had the glowing fury
11] of a prince, the firmness of a champion, and the valour
12] of a lion, on that day.) And a brave, destructive, heroic
13] battle was fought between them respectively in that
14] hour; and multitudes were killed and wounded, here
15] and there, on both sides. And Conchobhar, son of
16] Tighernan, king of Breifne, and Murchadh Finn
17] O'Ferghail, and Aedh O'Ferghail, and Maelruanaidh Mac
18] Donnchadha, were left there; and many more persons
19] were wounded on the spot; and a number of them died
20] of their wounds in their houses, including Murchadh
21] Finn O'Ferghail, and including Flann Mac Oirechtaigh,
22] who was slain in the counter-wounding of the battle,
23] and many more along with him. However, the witnesses
24] of this great battle say that neither the warriors of these
25] bands, nor the champions of the great victory, could gaze
26] at the face of the arch-prince, for there were two broad-eyed,
27] enormous, royal torches flaming and rolling in his
28] head; and every one feared to address him at the time,
29] for he was as far as the voice could reach before the hosts,
30] advancing against the battalions of the Uí-Briuin. And
31] he raised aloud his battle cry of a chief king, and his
32] champion's shout, in the middle of the great battle, and
33] desisted not from this career and onset until the battalion


1] of the Uí-Briuin was routed. However, there were slain
2] on that field Cathal O'Raighilligh, king of Muinter-Mael-mordha
3] and the descendants of Aedh Finn, together with
4] his two sons, viz.:—Domhnall Ruadh and Niall; and his
5] brother, i.e. Cuconnacht; and the three sons of Cathal
6] Dubh O'Raighilligh, viz.:—Goffraigh, and Ferghal, and
7] Domhnall; and Annadh, son of Domhnall O'Raighilligh,
8] who was killed by Conchobhar, son of Tighernan; and
9] the Caech O'Raighilligh, i.e. Niall; and Tighernan Mac
10] Bradaigh; and Gillamichil Mac Taichligh; and Donnchadh
11] O'Bibhsaigh; and Maghnus Mac Gilladhuibh; and over three
12] score of the best of their people along with them; and sixteen
13] men of the Uí-Raighilligh were slain there besides. The
14] battle of Magh-Slecht, on the brink of Ath-derg, at Alt-na-helti,
15] over Bealach-na-beithighe, is the name of this battle.


16] Another great hosting, after this battle, by Fedhlim
17] O'Conchobhair and his son, i.e. Aedh-na-nGall, accompanied
18] by the Connachtmen, and by Conn, son of
19] Tighernan, with the men of Breifne; and these two hosts
20] came, moreover, to Loch-an-trein, and attacked the
21] churches of Breifne except Fidhnacha alone, and turned
22] back to their houses, taking with them the hostages of
23] the men of Breifne, viz.:— of Mac Fiachrach, and Mac
24] Tighernain, and Mac Shamhradhain, and the son of Art
25] O'Ruairc; and these hostages, i.e. the sons of these chieftains,
26] were delivered into the hands of O'Ruairc; and
27] Mac Shamhradhain and the son of Art O'Ruairc delivered
28] their own hostages to Aedh-na-nGall. A small force of
29] cavalry, and a few footmen and mercenaries of O'Ruairc's
30] people, went to patrol the territory of Muinter-Maelmordha,
31] for it had been reported to O'Ruairc that emissaries
32] of O'Raighilligh's people had collected to one place
33] all the force that they found of Foreign and Gaeidhelic


1] mercenaries, who had gone to make a circuit of
2] Muinter-Maelmordha, and on a predatory expedition to
3] Mac Fiachrach. As regards Muinter-Raighilligh, however,
4] they encountered O'Ruairc's people at Farnacht;
5] and when they saw each other's faces, Muinter-Raighilligh
6] gave way, although they were three great battalions.
7] Not alone this; but thirty-six men of them were slain
8] on the spot, eight of whom bore the family name of
9] O'Raighilligh, including Amhlaibh O'Raighilligh, and
10] Aedh, son of Cathal O'Raighilligh; and O'Ruairc's people
11] went home joyously, contentedly, without sorrow, without
12] reverse. Conchobhar, son of Tighernan O'Ruairc, king
13] of Breifne, and Gilla-na-naemh Mac Shamhradhain, and
14] Macraith, son of Tighernan Mac Conbhuidhe, and
15] Mac-na-hoidhche Mac Dorchaidh, and Cathal Mac
16] Raghnaill, and the princes and chieftains of Uí-Briuin,
17] with their forces, came to Fidhnacha to a meeting with
18] Domhnall O'Raighilligh; and they followed him from
19] this meeting, and killed his beloved son, i.e. Annadh
20] O'Raighilligh, and Gilla-Isa Mac-an-Crottaigh, and many
21] more along with them; and they carried off a great prey
22] from Cruachan-O'Cúbhrán on the morrow, i.e. the festival
23] day of Brenainn, and plundered the district before them
24] as far as Fidhnacha of Magh-Rein. This day, however,
25] was but a 'drop before a shower' to Muinter-Raighilligh,
26] as then grew the beginning of succeeding tribulation and
27] injury to them; for they despatched messengers at that
28] time to the Foreigners, viz.:—to Mac William Burk and to
29] Mac Goisdelbh, with a view to devastating Connacht and
30] the Breifne. As regards the Foreigners, moreover, they


1] assembled a very great host, and proceeded to Ceis-Corainn,
2] where they encamped, and where they remained
3] the greater part of a week; and they plundered all the
4] churches of the Corann. As to Muinter-Raighilligh,
5] they advanced to Loch-Aillinne, to the shore of the
6] island which is called Fuar-chossach, on Loch-Aillinne;
7] but the Foreigners came not to this rendezvous, through
8] fear of Aedh O'Conchobhair, who was then at Cill-tSeisin
9] in Uachtar-tire, observing these hosts from the
10] east and from the west, and watching which of them he
11] should attack. With regard to Aedh O'Conchobhair,
12] when he heard that Muinter-Raighilligh had arrived at
13] the place, the resolution which he and O'Ruairc (who
14] was at this time with him) adopted, was to leave their
15] horses and armour at Cill-tSeisin, and to go themselves
16] on foot eastwards across the Shannon, to make an
17] attack on Muinter-Raighilligh; and they went by the
18] passes, and sent routs and mercenaries on before them,
19] to catch Muinter-Raighilligh, ut supra diximus. The
20] Foreigners returned home after this, and the Bishop
21] O'Maicin was 'drowning their candles' about nones,
22] when it was equally dark in field and wood. On the
23] night of the festival of the Cross, truly,Muinter-Raighilligh
24] were routed; and it was on the spot in
25] which this engagement was fought that Aedh O'Conchobhair
26] passed that night; and Muinter-Raighilligh
27] were beheaded by him on the morrow in that place, and he
28] brought their heads to Fedhlim, to Dun-Aille behind
29] Badhna.


A Justiciary came to Erinn from the king of
30] the Saxons, to adjust the lands of Erinn between the


1] barons and knights of Erinn. A meeting was held by
2] the Justiciary and Aedh O'Conchobhair at Rinn-dúin;
3] and they made peace with one another, on condition that
4] the territory or land of O'Conchobhair should not be
5] diminished while he the Justiciary should be Justiciary
6] in Erinn. Aedh, son of Fedhlim O'Conchobhair, plundered
7] the country of Richard Cuisin, in revenge for his
8] having killed
O'Gadhra; and he afterwards demolished his
9] castle, and killed all the people who were in it, and took
10] possession of all Loch-Techet. Raghnall Mac Branain, dux
11] of Corca-Achlann, mortuus est.


A great depredation was
12] committed
by Mac William Burk on Ruaidhri O'Flaithbhertaigh,
13] when he plundered Gno-mór and Gno-beg;
14] and he afterwards took possession of all Loch-Oirbsen.
15] A great meeting was held by Aedh O'Conchobhair and
16] John de Verdun, at Ath-Liag-na-Sinna, in hoc anno.
17] Sitric Mac Shenlaich escaped, and went to the monastery
18] of the Buill, to seek the protection of the Order.


19] Mac Shenlaich died in the monastery of the Buill
20] in hoc anno.


Ath-Luain and Dun-Daighre were burned
21] on the same day in this year.


22] O'Cennfhaeladh, i.e. abbot of Enach-dúin, quievit.


23] abbot of the Trinity in Tuaim, i.e. O'Gillaráin, quievit.


24] A great war arose between Aedh O'Conchobhair and
25] Conn, son of Tighernan O'Ruairc, though their friendship
26] was good until then.


O'Ruairc went to meet the
27] Foreigners, and concluded a separate peace for himself,
28] without the permission of Fedhlim O'Conchobhair, or of
29] his son. A great depredation was committed by Aedh
30] O'Conchobhair on O'Ruairc, the Wednesday before Great
31] Christmas; and they made peace afterwards.

Annal LC1257


32] The kalends of January on Monday, and the tenth of
33] the moon; xvii. anno cycli solaris; quarto anno Decennovenalis
34] cycli; xv. Indictionis;


Conn, son of


1] Tighernan O'Ruairc, went into the house of O'Conchobhair
2] and his son, and made peace with them, and gave
3] them their own award of the land of Breifne;
4] and he gave them Cloch-Innsi-na-torc on Loch-Finnmhuighe, and
5] a garrison was placed in it by Aedh, son of Fedhlim, son
6] of Cathal Crobhderg.


Cathal Cuircech, son of Aedh, son
7] of Cathal Crobhderg, and Aedh, son of Conchobhar, son of
8] Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, were blinded by Aedh,
9] son of Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, in treachery,
10] through envy and jealousy, in violation of the laics, and
11] clerics, and reliquaries of Connacht, in hoc anno.


12] son of Cathal O'Raighilligh, chieftain of Muinter-Maelmordha,
13] died.


Cloch-Innsi-na-torc, on Loch-Finnmhuighe,
14] was burned by O'Ruairc, and its garrison was let out of it
15] by him on parole.


Sitric, son of Ualgharg O'Ruairc, was
16] made king by Aedh O'Conchobhair, in opposition to Conchobhar,
17] son of Tighernan O'Ruairc; and Sitric, son of
18] Ualgharg, was slain by Domhnall, son of Conchobhar,
19] son of Tighernan O'Ruairc, soon after his inauguration.


20] Maurice Fitz-Gerald mortuus est in hoc anno.


A meeting
21] was held at Ath-Luain by Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg,
22] with the Justiciaryof Erinn, and with Mac William
23] Burk and the other nobles of Erinn; and they made
24] peace respectively.


A great depredation was committed
25] by Aedh O'Conchobhair on O'Ruairc, about Easter. Maelpatraic
26] Mac hEli, airchinnech of Cill-Alaidh, was slain.
27] The castle of Cael-uisce was razed by Goffraidh O'Domhnaill
28] and the Cenel-Conaill, and its garrison was slain.
29] O'Domhnaill and the Cenel-Conaill proceeded to Sligech,
30] and a great number of the Foreigners of the town were
31] killed by them, and the street-town was burned by them;
32] and they carried off great preys into Cairbre. And the


1] Foreigners pursued them to Credran-Choluim-Chille in
2] Ros-Geidhe, in the territory of Cairbre, where the
3] Foreigners were routed, and O'Domhnaill was mortally
4] wounded; but if his wounds had not disabled O'Domhnaill
5] they would have been routed as far as Muaidh.
6] And they the Cenel-Conaill returned home afterwards
7] in consequence of O'Domhnaill's wound.


The monastery
8] of Mary, in Ros-Comain, was consecrated by Tomaltach
9] O'Conchobhair for the Friars Preachers.


A charter was
10] given by the king of the Saxons to Fedhlim O'Conchobhair
11] for the king's five cantreds.


A great war between
12] Conchobhar O'Briain and the Foreigners of Mumha; and
13] a great slaughter was inflicted by O'Briain on the
14] Foreigners; and a great depredation was committed on
15] them by Tadhg O'Briain in addition. The son of Domhnall
16] Connachtach O'Briain was, moreover, killed by the
17] Foreigners. A great slaughter was inflicted on the
18] Foreigners of Uladh by Mac Duinnslebhe.


19] son of Tighernan O'Ruairc, king of Breifne, was killed
20] at Ath-na-Failmhe, in treachery, by Gillaberaigh O'Lamhdhuibh,
21] a young man of his own people, and by the
22] people of Matthew O'Raighilligh.


Cathal O'Mannachain
23] mortuus est on the 6th of the kalends of December.


24] Fidhnacha was profaned by Aedh, son of Fedhlim O'Conchobhair,
25] regarding its stock, viz.:—one hundred cows.


26] Muiredhach, son of Maelbrighde O'Fairchellaigh, comarb
27] of Maedhóg, quievit.


A great depredation was committed
28] on Mac Shamhradhain by the people of Aedh, son
29] of Fedhlim O'Conchobhair.


Thomas O'Maelchiarain, the
30] sage of Erinn, quievit.


Raghnailt, daughter of O'Ferghail,
31] quievit.


Gillapatraic Mac Fiachrach was blinded by
32] Matthew O'Raighilligh in hoc anno.


Annal LC1258


1] The kalends of January on Tuesday, and the twenty-first
2] of the moon; xviii. anno cycli solaris; quinto
3] anno Decennovenalis cycli; primus annus Indictionis;
4] octavo.


Walter de Salerna, i.e. archbishop of Tuaim,
5] and great dean of London, died in Saxon-land in this
6] year; and the year before that he had been chosen by
7] the king of the Saxons.


Tomaltach O'Conchobhair, i.e.
8] bishop of Oilfinn, was elected archbishop of Tuaim in
9] hoc anno.


Goffraidh O'Domhnaill, king of Tir-Conaill,
10] i.e. who was the kindling torch of honour and valour, of
11] warfare and defence of the entire province, died of the
12] wounds which he had received in the battle of Credrán;
13] and it was not death after cowardice, but death after
14] triumphing over his enemies. Domhnall O'Domhnaill
15] was made king in his place, and all the Cenel-Conaill
16] gave him hostages and sovereignty.


Domhnall, son of
17] Conchobhar, son of Tighernan O'Ruairc, who was in
18] captivity, for his father's sake, with Fedhlim O'Conchobhair
19] and his son, was liberated by them; and the
20] sovereignty of the Breifne was given to him in the place
21] of his father.


A great fleet came from Innsi-Gall with
22] Mac Somhairle; and they passed round Erinn westwards
23] to Conmaicne-Mara, where they robbed a merchant-vessel
24] of all its goods, both wine and clothing, and copper and
25] iron. The sheriff of Connacht, i.e. Jordan de Exeter, went
26] on the sea, with a large fleet of Foreigners, after Mac
27] Somhairle and the fleet that had robbed the merchant-vessel.
28] Mac Somhairle was at this time on an island of
29] the sea, having his vessels ashore; and when they saw
30] the sheriff's fleet approaching them, Mac Somhairle put
31] on his armour, and his dress of battle and combat; and
32] his people then put on their armour along with him. As
33] regards the sheriff, moreover, when he reached the island,
34] he landed promptly, accompanied by all the Foreigners


1] who were ready. However, the sheriff was attended
2] and served by Mac Somhairle and his people; and the sheriff
3] was immediately killed there, together with Piers
4] Agabard, who was a brave knight of his people, and other
5] good men along with them.


The fleet of the Foreigners
6] subsequently turned back, after their best men had been
7] slain; and Mac Somhairle went afterwards exultingly,
8] enriched with spoils, with the triumph of victory, to his
9] own country.


A great meeting was held at Cael-uisce
10] by Aedh O'Conchobhair, i.e. the son of Fedhlim, son of
11] Cathal Crobhderg, accompanied by Tadhg O'Briain, with
12] Brian O'Neill, when they made peace with one another;
13] and the sovereignty over the Gaeidhel of Erinn was given
14] to Brian O'Neill; and the son of Fedhlim gave hostages
15] to Brian O'Neill; and the hostages of Muinter-Raighilligh
16] and all the Uí-Briuin, from Cenannus to Druim-cliabh,
17] were then given to Aedh O'Conchobhair.


18] son of Gilla-ruadh O'Radhuibh, i.e. 'the Master', died in
19] this year.


Macraith Mac Tighernain, dux of Tellach-Dunchadha,
20] was killed by Domhnall, son of Conchobhar,
21] son of Tighernan O'Ruairc. It was then that the men
22] of Breifne and all the Connachtmen took his sovereignty
23] from this Domhnall, son of Conchobhar, and the men of
24] Tellach-Dunchadha killed his brother, i.e. Cathal, son of
25] Conchobhar, son of Tighernan O'Ruairc; and the men of
26] Breifne and Connacht gave the sovereignty of Uí-Briuin
27] to Art, son of Cathal Riabhach O'Ruairc.


The monk
28] O'Cuirnín, i.e. a most eminent devotee, quievit.


29] Mac Shamhradhain, dux of Tellach-Echach, was killed by
30] the Connachtmen.


A great war between the Foreigners
31] and Conchobhar O'Briain, when Ard-rathain and Cill-Colgan,
32] and many street-towns, and much corn, were
33] burned on every side.


Thomas O'Birn mortuus est.


34] great meeting took place between the Foreigners and
35] Gaeidhel of Erinn, in the absence of Fedhlim O'Conchobhair,
36] at Mullach-Laighide, when peace was concluded


1] between them.


Gilla-Christ O'Carmacan, dean of Oilfinn,
2] quievit.


Ardghal O'Conchobhair, i.e. the son of Comarb
3] Comain, quievit.


The bishop's palace at Oilfinn, and
4] the palace of Cill-Seisin, were demolished by Aedh
5] O'Conchobhair in hoc anno.


Amhlaibh, son of Art
6] O'Ruairc, i.e. the king of Breifne from the mountain
7] westwards, died in hoc anno.

Annal LC1259


8] The kalends of January on Wednesday, and the second
9] of the moon; xix. anno cycli solaris; vi. anno Decennovenalis
10] cycli; secundo anno Indictionis;


11] son of Toirdhelbhach, son of Maelsechlainn O'Conchobhair,
12] came from Rome in this year, after the degree of
13] bishop had been conferred on him at the Pope's court; and
14] he brought with him a pallium for himself, and great
15] benefits for the church also.


Cormac O'Luimlin, bishop of
16] Cluain-ferta-Brenainn, and chief sage of Erinn, and a holy
17] senior, quievit.


Aedh O'Conchobhair gave the place of
18] Amhlaibh to Art Beg, son of Art O'Ruairc. Art, son of
19] Cathal Riabhach O'Ruairc, was taken prisoner by Aedh
20] O'Conchobhair. Aedh O'Conchobhair went to Doire-Choluim-Chille
21] to espouse the daughter of Dubhgall
22] Mac Somhairle; and he brought home eight score young
23] men with her, together with Ailin Mac Somhairle. Cathal
24] Mac Conshnamha, chieftain of Muinter-Cinaith, was
25] blinded by Aedh O'Conchobhair; and the hostages of
26] Domhnall O'Ruairc, viz.:—Niall, son of Donnchadh, and
27] Brian, son of Niall, were blinded by him in the same
28] year. A conference took place between Aedh O'Conchobhair
29] and Brian O'Neill, at Daimhinis on Loch
30] Erne, when peace was made with Domhnall O'Ruairc
31] by Aedh O'Conchobhair, and the sovereignty of the
32] Breifne was given to him.


Taichlech Mac Diarmada
33] mortuus est.


Milidh Mac Goisdelbh mortuus est.




1] Mac Goisdelbh was taken prisoner by Aedh O'Conchobhair,
2] who plundered all Sliabh-Lugha. He Gilbert
3] Mac Goisdelbh
was afterwards set at large, and his three
4] sons were taken as hostages in his place.


Flann Ruadh
5] O'Floinn, chieftain of Síl-Maelruain, and Donnchadh
6] O'Floinn were taken prisoners by Aedh O'Conchobhair;
7] and Síl-Maelruain was all plundered by him.


8] O'Baighill, i.e. the chieftain of the Three Tuatha, a
9] vigorous, most hospitable man, was killed by his own
10] brethren in treachery, in hoc anno.


Tadhg O'Briain, i,e.
11] one fit to be king of Mumha, mortuus est.


The Gillacam
12] Mac Gillacharain, a distinguished professor of poetry
13] and literature, in Christo quievit.

Annal LC1260


14] The kalends of January on Thursday, the thirteenth of
15] the moon; xx. anno cycli solaris; vii. anno Decennovenalis
16] cycli; iii. anno Indictionis;


Aedh O'Conchobhair
17] went into the North, to Brian O'Neill, accompanied by a
18] great many of the nobles of Connacht. O'Neill, and the
19] Cenel-Eoghain, and Aedh O'Conchobhair went together
20] to Dun-da-lethghlas against the Foreigners. A terrible
21] defeat was inflicted on them by the Foreigners of Dún,
22] and Brian O'Neill, i.e. the king of the Gaeidhel of Erinn,
23] was killed in the battle of Druim-derg at Dun-da-lethglas.
24] Domhnall O'Cairre, and Diarmaid Mac Lachlainn,
25] and Maghnus O'Cathain, and Cian O'hIneirghe, and Donnsleibhe
26] Mac Cana, and Aedh O'Cathain, and Muirchertach
27] O'Cathain, and Conchobhar Dubhdhirma, and his son
28] Aedh O'Dubhdhirma, and Amhlaimh O'Gairmleghaigh, and
29] Cu-Uladh O'hAnluain, and Niall O'hAnluain were slain
30] there. In fact, fifteen of the principal men of Muinter-Cathain
31] were slain in that field. There were also slain
32] on the part of the Connachtmen in the same battlefield,
33] Gilla-Christ, son of Conchobhar, son of Cormac, son of
34] Tomaltach Mac Diarmada, and Cathal, son of Tighernan
35] O'Conchobhair; and Maelruanaidh Mac Donnchadha; and
36] Cathal, son of Donnchadh, son of Muirchertach; and


1] Aedh, son of Muirchertach Finn; and Tadhg, son of
2] Cathal, son of Brian O'Maelruanaidh; and Diarmaid, son
3] of Tadhg, son of Muiredhach, son of Tomaltach O'Maelruanaidh;
4] and Conchobhar Mac Gilla-Erraith; and Tadhg,
5] son of Cian O'Gadhra; and Gilla-Beraigh O'Cuinn; and
6] Carthalus, son of the Bishop O'Muiredhaigh; et alii multi
7] nobiles et ignobiles.


A hosting by Mac William Burk
8] against Fedhlim O'Conchobhair, when he went to Ros-Comain;
9] and he sent a predatory band into Crumhthonn,
10] who plundered Clann-Aedhagain; and he sent another
11] predatory band into Tir-Maine, who plundered several of
12] the Bishop's people, for they were at that time at
13] Port-Airenach. They plundered Ros-Comain, and destroyed
14] its corn, but they dared not go northwards past
15] Ros-Comain on this occasion, for Fedhlim O'Conchobhair
16] and his son, i.e. Aedh na-nGall, were in the Tuatha, and
17] the cows of Connacht were behind them in the wilderness.
18] And the resolution both parties adopted was to
19] make peace with one another; and Mac William afterwards
20] returned home.


A great hosting by Mac Maurice
21] into Tuadh-Mumha, against Conchobhar O'Briain, when
22] O'Briain met them at Coill-Berrain, and the people of
23] Tuadh-Mumha opposed them on every side in the wood;
24] and the Foreigners were then routed, and David Prendergast,
25] i.e. a most noble knight, was slain there; and the
26] Failgech, and the Parson of Ard-rathain, and Thomas
27] Barrett, et alii multi, were slain.


Alexander papa
28] quievit in Christo.


Abraham O'Conalláin, bishop of
29] Ard-Macha, quievit.


Robin Laighleis died on Easter-Sunday
30] in this year.


Maghnus Mac Oirechtaigh was
31] slain by Domhnall O'Flaithimh in hoc anno.


32] son of Amhlaibh, son of Art O'Ruairc, and his brother


1] Tighernan along with him, were slain by Aedh O'Conchobhair,
2] after they had been surrendered by Domhnall,
3] son of Niall, son of Conghalach O'Ruairc. Domhnall,
4] son of Conchobhar, son of Tighernan O'Ruairc, i.e. the
5] king of Breifne, was killed by the Teallach-Dunchadha
6] per dolum; and Muirchertach, son of Conchobar, his
7] other brother, was afterwards killed by Aedh O'Conchobhair.
8] Art Beg, son of Art O'Ruairc, was killed by
9] Aedh O'Conchobhair in like manner. Tadhg Dubh, son
10] of Niall, son of Conghalach, was killed by Maelsechlainn,
11] son of Amhlaibh, son of Art. A great depredation was
12] committed by Aedh O'Conchobhair on the people of
13] Tuath-ratha, on which occasion Conchobhar Mac Branain,
14] dux of Corca-Achlann, and Muirchertach O'Maenaigh,
15] and the son of Brian O'Fallamhain, et alii multi, were
16] slain.


A great depredation was committed by Mac
17] Maurice on O'Domhnaill; but a party of O'Domhnaill's
18] people overtook them at Bendan-Brechmuighe, where
19] some of them were burned, and some more slain. The
20] residence of Conchobhar O'Ceallaigh was burned by a
21] party of Aedh O'Conchobhair's people.


Cinaeth O'Birn,
22] i.e. the prior of Cill-mór, quievit.


A great depredation
23] was committed by O'Domhnaill on Mac Maurice, when
24] he plundered all Cairpre.


The degree of bishop was
25] conferred by the comarb of Patrick on Maelsechlainn
26] O'Conchobhair, at Dun-Dealgan.


Sitric Mac Shenlaich
27] was killed at Ath-Luain, by Donncatha Mac Oirechtaigh
28] and Tomaltach Mac Oirechtaigh.


John de Verdun came
29] to Erinn in hoc anno.


Maelfinnen O'Mithigén quievit.

Annal LC1261


30] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the twenty-fourth
31] of the moon; anno Domini primo; xx.i.
32] anno cycli solaris; octavo anno cycli lunaris; quarto anno
33] Indictionis.


Sixteen of the most distinguished of the
34] clerics of Cenel-Conaill, together with Conchobhar


1] O'Ferghail, were killed by Conchobhar O'Neill and the
2] Cenel-Eoghan, in Doire-Cholum-Chille.


3] O'Neill was immediately slain through the miracles of
4] Colum-Cille, by Domhnall O'Breisléin, chief of Fánad.


5] Aedh, son of Maelsechlainn O'Conchobhair, was killed by
6] Maelfhabhaill O'hEidhin.


A great war was waged, and
7] numerous injuries were committed, by Finghin, son of
8] Domhnall Mac Carthaigh, and his brothers, against
9] Foreigners in this year.


A great hosting by the Clann-Gerald
10] into Des-Mumha, to attack Mac Carthaigh; and
11] Mac Carthaigh attacked them, and defeated them, and
12] Fitz-Thomas (John proprium nomen), and his son,
13] and fifteen knights and eight noble barons along with
14] them, were slain there, besides several young men, and
15] soldiers innumerable. And the Barrach Mór was also
16] killed there. Finghin Mac Carthaigh was subsequently
17] slain by the Foreigners, and the sovereignty of Des-Mumha
18] was assumed after him by his brother, i.e. the
19] Aithchleirech Mac Carthaigh.


Art, son of Cathal
20] Riabhach O'Ruairc, escaped from Aedh O'Conchobhair;
21] and the chieftains of the Breifne and Conmaicne gave
22] him the sovereignty of the Breifne.


Mac Fheorais profaned
23] the great church of Feichin in Es-dara, where he
24] killed five of the Luighne, together with Cathal
25] O'hEghra. A depredation was committed by Domhnall
26] O'hEghra on Clann-Fheorais in retaliation for this, when
27] he killed Sefin Mac Fheorais, and what he had on his
28] head when he was killed was the bell cover which he
29] had taken from the church of Es-dara.


Brian Ruadh
30] O'Briain burned and demolished Caislen-Uí-Chonaing,


1] and killed all the people who were in it.


A castle was
2] built by John de Verdun in Magh-dumha in Muinter-Ghilgan
3] in hoc anno.


The fortress of Aedh O'Conchobhair
4] at Snamh-in-redaigh was burned by the people of
5] the Breifne.


Burning of Cluain-Suilinn, i.e. the fortress
6] of Fedhlim O'Conchobhair.


The son of Aedh O'Conchobhair
7] was given in fosterage to Art O'Ruairc.


8] great depredation was committed by Aedh O'Conchobhair
9] in the Breifne, until he reached Druim-lethan, when a
10] portion of his routs were defeated, and a great number of
11] them were slain who were not distinguished.


12] son of Edna O'Maelchiarain, chieftain of Muinter-Maelchiarain
13] and Tellach-Chonghusa, mortuus est.


14] Aedh Buidhe O'Neill expulsus est, and Niall Culanach
15] O'Neill was made king in his place.


Niall O'Gairmleghaigh;
16] chieftain of Cenel-Moain, mortuus est.

Annal LC1262


17] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the fifth of
18] the moon; anno Domini; xx.ii. anno cycli
19] solaris; nono anno cycli lunaris; v. anno Indictionis.


20] Maelsechlainn, son of Tadhg O'Conchobhair, bishop of
21] Síl-Muiredhaigh, mortuus est.


A prodigious hosting by
22] the Foreigners of Erinn against Fedhlim, son of Cathal
23] Crobhderg and against his son, i.e. Aedh-na-nGall, when
24] O'Conchobhair sent the greater number of the cows of
25] Connacht to Tir-Conaill, away from the Foreigners, and
26] he himself remained in Inis-Saimer, in defence of his
27] cows and people. As regards the Foreigners, however,
28] Mac William Burk, accompanied by a great army, came
29] from the west across Tochar-Mona-Coinnedha, to Oilfinn,
30] and the Justiciary of Erinn and John de Verdun went
31] westwards across Ath-Luain, to Ros-Comain; and they
32] despatched great predatory bands intoCenel-Dobhtha-mic-Aenghusa,
33] who on that occasion plundered all that


1] remained in Connacht after O'Conchobhair; and they
2] marked out the site of a castle in Ros-Comain on this
3] expedition. With regard to Aedh O'Conchobhair, he
4] collected a large army, and plundered the Foreigners of
5] all the West of Connacht eastwards from Magh-Eó of the
6] Saxons, and from Balla, and burned their towns and corn
7] fields from thence to Sliabh-Lugha, and slew many
8] persons between those places. After he had committed
9] these great depredations he sent off his princes and
10] chieftains into Uachtar-Chonnacht, who burned and
11] plundered from Tuaim-dá-ghualann to Ath-Luain; and
12] they killed all the men they found between those places.


13] Domhnall O'Mannachain was killed by the sons of
14] Ruaidhri and Tadhg O'Conchobhair.


As to the Foreigners,
15] however, they despatched messagers to O'Conchobhair
16] and his son, to offer them peace. Aedh O'Conchobhair,
17] moreover, came subsequently to Ath-dhoire-Chuirc, to
18] meet the Foreigners; and they concluded peace; and he
19] went that night afterwards into the house of the Foreigners,
20] without giving pledge or hostage; and he was
21] on that night in the same place, and in the same bed
22] with Mac William Burk, cheerfully, contentedly. And
23] the Foreigners departed on the morrow, after they had
24] concluded this peace.


A great depredation was committed
25] by the Foreigners of Midhe on Gilla-na-naemh O'Ferghail,
26] chieftain of the Anghaile; and his own tribe forsook him,
27] and went over to the Foreigners; and he was deposed
28] by them, and the son of Murchadh Carrach O'Ferghail
29] was made chieftain in opposition to him. Numerous
30] injuries in the shape of depredations, aggressions,
31] spoliations, plunderings and killings, were committed
32] by Gilla-na-naemh O'Ferghail on the Foreigners this
33] year; and he forcibly asserted his own chieftainship and
34] sovereignty, and expelled the son of Murchadh Carrach
35] O'Ferghail out of the district.


A hosting by Mac
33] William Burk and the Foreigners of Erinn to Des-Mumha,


1] to attack Mac Carthaigh, until they reached the Mangartach
2] of Loch-Lein, where Gerald Roche was slain by Mac
3] Carthaigh; and it was said that he was the third best
4] baron in Erinn. And this was the 'joy with sorrow' to
5] Des-Mumha, for the son of Domhnall Got Mac Carthaigh,
6] i.e. Cormac, son of Domhnall, was slain on that same day;
7] and the Foreigners and Gaeidhel suffered great losses on
8] that day around the Mangartach.


The comarb of Patrick
9] came to Erinn in hoc anno.

Annal LC1263


10] The kalends of January on Monday, and the sixteenth
11] of the moon; anno Domini; xx.iii. anno cycli
12] solaris; x. anno cycli lunaris; vi. anno cycli Indictionis.


13] Donn O'Breisléin was killed by Domhnall O'Domnhnaill
14] in the bishop's court at Rath-Bhoth, in treachery.


15] hosting by Mac William Burk against Fedhlim O'Conchobhair,
16] and against his son, as far as Ros-Comain; and
17] the Síl-Muiredhaigh fled before them to the North of
18] Connacht, and the Foreigners obtained neither preys nor
19] spoils on this occasion. Donnchadh O'Floinn and his
20] son Tadhg attacked a division of this army, and one
21] hundred of them were slain, both good and bad, including
22] Aitin Russel and his son, and the five sons of Cuconnacht
23] O'Conchobhair, et alii multi; and the army afterwards
24] returned to their homes in disgrace.


Thomas O'Cellaigh,
25] bishop of Cluain-ferta-Brenainn quievit in Christo.


26] Ebhdhonn, king of Lochlann, died in Innsi-Orc, on the
27] way whilst coming to Erinn.


David O'Finn, abbot of
28] the monastery of the Buill, quievit.


Diarmaid Clerech,
29] son of Cormac Mac Diarmada, mortuus est.


Andiles Mac
30] Finnbharr, dux of Muinter-Geradhain, obiit.




1] son of Gilla-na-nGuissén, prior of Doirén, a man
2] eminent for hospitality and piety, quievit.


3] O'hEidhin was slain by Foreigners.


4] O'Maeleoin, abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, quievit.


A great
5] war between the comarb of Patrick and the bishop of
6] Midhe in hoc anno.


A castle was erected by Mac William
7] Burk at Ath-in-gail in the Corann.


Meachair O'Ruadhain
8] was killed by Foreigners, in treachery, in the door of the
9] church of Cill-Seiscnen, in hoc anno.


Etain, daughter of
10] O'Flannagain, mortua est.


A very hot summer in this year.

Annal LC1264


11] The kalends of January on Tuesday, and the twenty-seventh
12] of the moon; anno Domini quarto;
13] xxiiii. anno cycli solaris; xi. anno cycli lunaiis; vii. anno
14] cycli Indictionis.


A great war was waged by Art
15] O'Maelsechlainn against the Foreigners of Midhe; and
16] he inflicted a great slaughter on them about the Brosnach;
17] and such of them as were not slain were drowned. Muirchertach,
18] son of Domhnall O'hAirt, was killed, and his
19] people were burned, by Donn Mac Uidhir in hoc anno.


20] A great war arose between the king of the Saxons and
21] the king of Britain, and the Saxon earls opposed Edward
22] and his son; and a battle was fought between them, in
23] which Edward, king of the Saxons, and his son were
24] taken prisoners, and John de Verdun, and a great slaughter
25] besides was committed between them.


Aenghus O'Clumhain,
26] bishop of Luighne, died in the monastery of the
27] Buill, after having resigned his bishopric a long time
28] before that.


A great depredation was committed by the
29] Dealbhna on Síl-Anmchadha, and five sons of O'Madadhain
30] were slain there moreover.


A great meeting between
31] the Foreigners of Erinn, (including the Justiciary of
32] Erinn, and including the Earl of Ulster, and Fitz-Gerald,


1] and the other nobles of the Foreigners of Erinn), and
2] Fedhlim O'Conchobhair, and Aedh O'Conchobhair, his
3] son, at Ath-Luain. Great fear and consternation seized
4] the Foreigners when they saw the countless multitude
5] that accompanied O'Conchobhair and his son; and the
6] resolution the Foreigners then adopted was to conclude
7] peace with O'Conchobhair and his son, which they
8] did forthwith.


A great war arose between Mac William
9] Burk, i.e. the Earl of Ulster, and Fitz-Gerald, in this
10] year, so that the major part of Erinn was destroyed
11] between them; and the Earl seized all the castles Fitz-Gerald
12] had in Connacht, and burned all his manors, and
13] plundered all his people, during this war. Art O'Maelsechlainn
14] burned all the castles and street-towns in
15] Dealbhna, and in Breghmhuine, and in Calraighe, and
16] expelled the Foreigners out of them all, and afterwards
17] took the hostages of the chieftains of the entire district;
18] and Loch-Luatha was also burned by him. The Justiciary
19] of Erinn, and John Gogan, and Tibbot Butler were
20] taken prisoners by Fitz-Gerald in a consecrated church.
21] The castle of Loch-Mesca, and the castle of Ard-rathain,
22] were seized by Mac William Burk into his own hand in
23] hoc anno. Domhnall O'hEghra, king of Luighne, was
24] slain by Foreigners.


Cumhuighe O'Cathain, king of
25] Cianachta, captus est per Aedh Buidhe.


Friars Minor
26] were brought to Ard-Macha by the archbishop, i.e. Maelpatraic
27] O'Scannail; and the same man, i.e. Maelpatraic,
28] made a trench round Ard-Macha in this year.