A.D. 1174. The Earl of Striguil came to Uí Chinnsealaigh, and Domhnall Caomhánach [Mac Murchadha] and Uí Chinnsealaigh killed two hundred of his people.
The same Earl came into Munster to Lismore and plundered it completely, and levied a thousand marks from the legate, as a tribute from the great church. He turned back to Dublin from there.
A.D. 1175. Domhnall Mór Ó Briain inflicted a defeat on the Saxon Earl and the knights at Thurles and killed four knights and seven hundred others of his people there.
When the people of Waterford heard of this, they killed the two hundred English who were left to garrison them, together with their constable.
The Earl went from thence by. night to an island to the east of Waterford, and was two months there before he went to Dublin.
A.D. 1176. A hosting by Domhnall Ó Briain to Eóghanacht Locha Léin, and from thence to Ciarraighe [Luachra], and he plundered there both church and lay property.
Diarmaid Mór Mac Carthaigh was captured by Cormac Liathánach, his own son, who proclaimed himself king in place of his father.
Domhnall son of Amhlaoibh Ó Maoil Ruanaidh, king of Fir Mhanach, was burned by his own kinsmen in the round tower of Daimhinis.
Diarmaid son of Cormac [Mac Carthaigh] came out and took his kingship.
Tadhg Ó Briain's son and Mathghamhain Ó Briain were blinded by Domhnall Mór Ó Briain.
Domhnall Caomhánach, Mac Giolla Phádraig, and Raymond FitzGerald with his knights, came to Limerick and captured and plundered it.
CormacLiáthanach son of Diarmaid Mór Mac Carthaigh was killed by Cathal Odhar [Mac Carthaigh], Conchobhar Ó Donnchadha, and the nobles of Desmond, and the Uí Shuilleabháin in particular, to avenge his capture and deposition of his own father, and the killing by him of Mac Craith Ó Súilleabháin and Conchobhar Ó Domhnaill, together with many others, when he was taking Diarmaid Mac Carthaigh prisoner.
Domhnall Caomhánach and Ó Giolla Phádraig, with their knights, came from Limerick into Múscraighe Aodha;, and plundered Bealach Átha and Cúil Eimhne. Diarmaid son of Cormac [Mac Carthaigh] went to meet them,and made peace, with them, and all the hostages of Munster they had were left with him.
The people of Thomond themselves burned and razed Limerick, lest the English should return there to depose him [i.e. Diarmaid].
The English hanged Maghnus Ó Maoil Sheachlainn, whom they had in captivity; and they built castles at Domhnach Seachlainn, at Trim, at Sgrín Coluim Cille, at Navan, and at Cnoghbha.
Niall son of Muircheartach son of Niall Ó Lochlainn, king of Cinéal Eóghain, was killed by Muinntear Bhranáin na Glinne.
A hosting by Maol Sheachlainn Ó Lochlainn, king of Cinéal Eóghain, into Ulaidh, and he carried off their hostages.
A foray by the English of Dublin and Midhe to Fionncharn Sléibhe Modhornn and Gort Conaing, and they killed people, and carried off many cows.
Another foray by them to the north of Sliabh Fuaid, where they did much plundering. The men of Fearnmhagh attacked them at Fiodh Conaille and killed a large number of them.
The Galls of Dublin and Midhe laid waste Oirghialla from the Boyne to Sliabh Fuaid, and Richard Fleming built a castle at Dumhach Sláine.
Richard Earl of Striguil died an unholy death in Dublin, as was fitting, after a long wasting sickness, in punishment for all the churches of saints he had plundered and ravaged.
A hosting by Maol Sheachlainn Ó Lochlainn, king of Cinéal Eóghain, with the CinDál Eóghain and the men of Fearnmhagh and Oirghialla, to Sláine, to attack Richard Fleming. They demolished and razed the castle that Richard had built at Dumhach Sláine, through a miracle of God, Patrick, bishop Erc, and the holy men whose churches Richard had ravaged and plundered, and they carried off all the people, horses, and other wealth they found there.
Cú Muighe Ó Floinn, king of Uí Thuirtre, Fir Lí, Dál Riada, and Dál nAraidhe, was treacherously killed by his brother Cú Midhe Ó Floinn and by the Fir Lí.
A.D. 1177. Muircheartach son of the son of Domhnall Mac Carthaigh took Miles de Cogan and FitzStephen with him to Cork and plundered it, and they made an encampment there. A troop of them went from Cork to attack Waterford, and the Irish rose against them from every side of Lismore and killed well-nigh all the English.
A great war broke out between Domhnall Mór Ó Briain and Diarmaid Mór Mac Carthaigh, and they laid waste from
p.65Limerick to Cork, and from Clár Doire Mhóir and Waterford to Cnoc Bréanainn, both church and lay property. The Uí Mac Caille fled southwards across the Lee into Uí Eachach, the Eóghanacht Locha Léin fled to Féardhruim in Uí Eachach, the Ciarraighe Luahra into Thomond, the Uí Chairbre, the Uí Chonaill, and the Uí Dhonnabháin into Eóghanacht Locha Léin, and to [the country] around Mangarta.
A hosting by Domhnall Mór Ó Briain to Munster, and he reached Cnoc Bréanainn and plundered it.
Domhnall son of Amhlaoibh Mór Ó Donnchadha, Cuilean Ó Cuiléin, and the nobles of Desmond made a raid on Machaire Caisil to exact retribution for the westward raid, as the poet said:
- Wretched is Munster of the steeds,
between Eóghan and Cormac:
a westward raid by noble Síol Cormaic,
an eastward raid by SÍol Eóghain.
Domhnall Ó Briain and Diarmaid Mac Carthaigh made peace there with one another.
A.D. 1178. The valiant knight John de Courcy came secretly with a band of knights and archers from Dublin to Downpatrick, and reaching it unperceived, they made a dyke from sea to sea about Downpatrick. The Ulaidh then assembled, under Ruaidhrí Mac Duinn Shléibhe, to make an attack on Downpatrick against John, but on reaching it they retreated without striking a blow when they saw the Englishmen with their horses in full battle-dress. When the Englishmen saw the Ulaidh in flight, they followed them with their people, and inflicted slaughter upon them, both by drowning and by the sword. The Bachall Fínghin and Bachall Rónáin Fhinn and many other relics were left behind in that slaughter.
A hosting by Maol Sheachlainn Ó Lochlainn with Cinéal Eóghain, Ruaidhrí Mac Duinn Shléibhe with the Ulaidh, Giolla an Choimdhe Ó Caráin, Patrick's coarb, having with them the relics of the north of Ireland, together with their clerical keepers to Downpatrick to capture it from John [de Courcy]. When they reached it, they fled without striking a blow, leaving
p.67behind Patrick's coarb with his clergy, and the Canóin Pádraig, Fionn Faoidheach Pádraig, Clog Timchill Arda Macha, Bachall Comhghaill, Ceolán Tighearnaigh, Bachall Da-Chiaróg Argail, Bachall Eimhine, Bachall Mhura, and many other relics. There fell there Domhnall Ó Flaithbheartaigh, chieftain of Clann Fhlaithbheartaigh, Conchobhar Ó Ciaralláin, chieftain of Clann Diarmada, Giolla Mic Liag Ó Donnghaile, chieftain of Fir Dhroma, Giolla Criost Ó hAdhmaill, chieftain of Clann Adhmaill, Giolla Mártain Mac Con Allaidh, chieftain of Clann Chonchadha, Giolla Comhghaill Mac Tiúlacáin, chieftain of Muinntear Mhongáin, Cionaoth Mac Cartáin, chieftain of Cinéal Faghartaigh, and many others who cannot be reckoned here. Patrick's coarb was captured, but was released by the English of their own accord, and the Canóin Pádraig and the Ceolán Tighearnaigh were brought back from the Galls, after they had been found in the slaughter, when their young keepers were killed. The Galls have all the other relics still.
A hosting by Miles de Cogan and the English of Dublin into Connacht. The Connachtmen themselves burned the churches and houses of the country, all of them that were in level and cleared land. When the English found neither food nor a place to settle down, they turned back to Dublin, broken and weary.
A treacherous foray by Miles de Cogan and the Galls of Dublin and Midhe against Louth and Machaire Conaill.
Aodh Ó Néill, who was king of Cinéal Eóghain before Maol Sheachlainn Ó Lochlainn, was killed by Maol Sheachlainn near Armagh. Ardghal Ó Lochlainn, a son of that Maol Sheachlainn, son of the king of Oileach, was killed by Aodh at that place.
Lismore, Cashel, and Magh Feimhin were plundered by the Galls.
Lane Rónáin Fhinn, chief sanctuary of all Ulaidh, was plundered by John de Courcy, and Tomas Ó Corcráin, its erenach, was beheaded.
A.D. 1179. Conchobhar son of Amhlaoibh Mór Ó Donnchadha was killed by Domhnall son of Amhlaoibh, his own brother.
Muircheartach son of the son of Domhnall Mac Carthaigh was killed by Ó hEidirsgeóil at Ros Oihthre.
Domhnall son of Amhlaoibh Mór Ó Donnchadha, king of Eóghanacht and Uí Eachach while Donnchadh son of Cian Ó Mathghamhna was in banishment by Diarmaid Mac Carthaigh, the Uí Dhonnchadha, and the Galls, was killed.
A defeat of the English of Dublin and Leinster at Tóchar Cluana Eidhneach, and at Fiodh Mór in Laoighis, by the Leinstermen themselves.
Defeat and slaughter [were inflicted] on the English, of Ceanannas by Maol Ruanaidh Ó Baoigheallán, with a force of the Dartraighe.
Ulaidh was laid waste, both church and lay property, by John de Courcy and the Irish who were along with him.
Ruaidhrí Mac Duinn Shléibhe, king of Ulaidh, in exile in Tír Eóghain.
A foray by John de Courcy into Machaire Conaill and Cuailghne, and they carried off four thousand cows to Cuan Aighneach. Murchadh Ó Cearbhaill, king of Oirghialla, Maol Ruanaidh Ó Baoighealláin, king of Dartraighe, Giolla Pádraig Ó hAinbheith, king of Mughdhorna and Uí Mheith, and Dubh Inse Mac Aonghusa overtook them and fought a very vigorous battle with them on the shores of the bay, and inflicted slaughter on them, both by drowning and by the sword.
An overthrow of battle and dreadful slaughter on John de Courcy at Sgrig Arcaidh by Cú Midhe Ó Floinn, with a force of the Uí Thuirtre and Fir Lí.
A treacherous foray by the English of Dublin and Midhe, and they plundered the south of Oirghialla, both church and lay property, from Inis Mochta to Inbhear Bóinne.
A.D. 1180. John de Courcy left Downpatrick desolate, and he came to Áth Glaise, and built a castle and dwelt there.
Ard Fearta Bréanainn was plundered by Clann Charthaigh, and they carried off all the livestock they found there. They killed many senior clergy within their sanctuary and graveyard.
Muircheartach Ó Briain was drowned, and the "snow of the venom" fell this year.
Conchobhar Ó Ceallaigh, king of Uí Mhaine, and his only son, with their kinsmen and the nobles of Uí Mhaine, were slain by Conchobhar Maonmhuighe Ó Conchobhair.
A new fort [was built] at Leithlinn by the king of England's people.
A.D. 1181. Labhrás Ó Tuathail, archbishop of Dublin and Leinster, died at Augum in France, while making peace between the king of England and the Irish.
A.D. 1182. A defeat of the Ulaidh, under Ruaidhrí Mac Duinn Shléibhe, by Domhnall Ó Maoil Sheachlainn, king of Cinéal Eóghain.
Pope Alexander died.
A.D. 1183. Miles de Cogan, FitzStephen, Ceann Cuilinn, Robert FitzStephen's son, and five knights were killed, and slaughter was inflicted by the family of Ó Mic Thíre, king of Uí Ghlaisín, on the English at Lismore as they were going to attack Waterford.
Defeat and slaughter [inflicted] by Ruaidhrí son of Toirdhealbhach son of Ruaidhrí Ó Conchobhair on Flaithbheartach Ó Maoil Doraidh, king of Cinéal Conaill, and on Donnchadh Ó Conchobhair.
Defeat and, slaughter [inflicted] by John de Courcy at Cúil an Tuaiscirt on Cinéal Eóghain, [Cinéal] Conaill, and Cianachta, and Giolla Críost Ó Cathain, son of the king of Fir na Craoibhe, and Raghnall Ó Brisléin, chieftain of Fána, were killed.