1523 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and twenty-three years.
Very stormy weather at the beginning of this year and terrible vast war throughout the world by sea and land, and especially between O Domnaill and O Neill. O Domnaill was in camp all this spring in Glenfinn; Magnus O Domnaill went to Scotland and returned safely at the end of his visit; twice during the year O Domnaill invaded Tir Eogain and came back safely after doing much damage, and at the end of the year they made peace, no remarkable exploits having been performed on either side beyond things of this sort.
O Cathain, that is Donnchad son of Sean O Cathain, a star of hospitality and magnificence and humanity and generosity in his own country, died this year. Two lords were proclaimed in his stead, in opposition to each other, namely Sean son of Tomas O Cathain and Gofraidh son of Gofraidh O Cathain, and these were warring and contending for the lordship.
O Briain's son, Tadg son of Toirrdelbach, one who, for his years, was the most hospitable, the noblest, the most feared by his foes, the best patron of poets and exiles, and who most seldom refused a boon to a suppliant, was most unfortunately shot and killed with a gun by the Justiciar, Piers Roe Butler; for, as the saying is, A good man may be had for nothing.
Mac Gilla Eaain, Lachlainn son of Echard, was treacherously killed by the knight Mac Ailin at the King of Scotland's residence this year.
Mag Tigernain, Fergal son of Gilla Isa Oc son of Gilla Isa son of Brian, chieftain of Tullyhuncoe, a charitable humane man, died at his own residence and his brother succeeded him.
Eogan son of Feidlim son of Donnchad son of Tigernan Oc O Ruairc was drowned in Loch Glenade.
Rosa son of Ruaidri son of Brian Mag Uidir died while held in captivity by the Coarb Mag Uidir, that is Cu Chonnacht.
Aed son of Art O Tuathail, who was, for a lad of his years and means, the most renowned of his family for bounty and nobility, was killed by the Branachs.
Mac Con Mide, Maelsechlainn son of Sean son of Solam, a master in poetry, [died] this year.
An enormous army was led by Gerald Earl of Kildare and the Meath Galls and O Neill, Conn son of Conn son of Enri son of Eogan, against O Conchobair Failgi and Conall O Morda and the rest of the Gaels of Leinster. These Gaels all promised
p.649to abide by such terms of peace as O Neill should settle between themselves and the Earl, for all they had done up till now, and O Neill made the peace. The pledges and hostages of these Gaels were delivered into the custody of the Earl by O Neill, as security for the satisfaction of every demand and claim which he was making on them, and they departed at peace with each other.
O Maille, Cormac son of Eogan, a general patron and chief of the bounty and bravery of West Connacht, died. Domnall son of Tomas O Maille succeeded him.
O Donmaill, with his domestic and neighbouring allies, made an incursion into the Brefne of O Ruairc. All the men who could have formed an army to oppose him departed with their cattle and spoils into hidden and undiscoverable places, to save themselves, and left the sons of O Ruairc with but a small force and following to await the [invading] army. O Domnaill traversed the land then and burnt the countryside; and they wrought enough destruction on their opponents, who could not unite their efforts or assist each other till O Domnaill left the country. They made peace afterwards.