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Annála Connacht (Author: [unknown])

Annal 1421


First of January on Wednesday and the twenty-eighth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCCXXI. Sixteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; fourteenth of the Indiction; thirteenth of the Solar Cycle. Common year. E.


Great losses were suffered this year. Ruaidri son of Aed Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, a Guaire for bounty and a Conall Cernach for bravery in battles and encounters, one who never faced any man with a refusal of any request, died in his own stronghold, after Unction and Penance, on the twentyfirst of April by the day of the solar month, on a Monday, however, by the day of the week, and was buried in the monastery of Boyle.


A similar loss was suffered in Leinster this year: Murchad O Conchobair, king of Offaly, one who never refused any man, the most valorous and the best defender, the greatest winner of battles and conflicts with Galls and Gaels who opposed him, died in his own stronghold after triumphing over the world and the Devil and was buried in the monastery of Killeigh.



And their successors acted as well in their places, namely Tomaltach Mac Diarmata in succession to Ruaidri and Calbach in succession to Murchad. The third loss, though not comparable to these, was that of Tomas Oc O Raigillig, the very best prince for generosity and valour of the Cath Aeda Finn down to his own time, who died in his own house this year.


Niculas Mag Brataig, Bishop of Brefne, eminent for wisdom, uprightness, charity and humanity, rested in Christ.


Richard son of Richard Burke died.


Emann son of Bishop Barrett died on the way to Rome.


A night-attack was made by Cathal O Ruairc and [his] sons against Mag Flannchaid on Iniskeen in Loch Melvin, and the garrison of the lake, the sons of [O] Gollain (?), betrayed Mag Flannchaid and surrendered its vessels to Cathal and his sons. They captured the younger Mag Flannchaid and Loch Melvin with its castle and killed a number of the Dartraigi, including five of Mag Flannchaid's sons. The lake and its wealth remained in the possession of Cathal and his sons and the sons of Mag Flannchaid sought refuge with the men of Carbury.


A great war broke out between the Muinter Ruairc and the Clann Donnchada. O Ruairc gathered and assembled a large army, O Domnaill and his land and Aed Mag Uidir and his levies, besides O Ruairc himself with his land and levies, and together they all came into Tirerrill, burned much of the country and killed Mac Donnchada's son, Cathal, as well as other men not named here.


Niall O Domnaill with his army and O Ruairc with his drovers went to fight for Assaroe Bay. After they had left, the Clann Donnchada and Cathal son of Ruaidri O Conchobair attacked O Ruairc's stronghold, burned the residence and knocked down its stone wall and fired and ravaged the near side of the country.


The Tir Conaill army and O Ruairc were at Ard Ferna, while the men of Carbury were about Bundrowes Castle. Horses and men were wounded and killed between them every day, and here Muirchertach Buide son of Cosnamach O Dubda, O Maenaig and the son of Donnchad O Caemain were killed. Aed son of Muiredach Ruad Mac Lochlainn was drowned at the ford of Ballyshannon on this expedition. Afterwards they made peace.


Cathal son of Cathal na Taisech O Ruairc died this same summer.


According to another book this is the right year for Eogan


son of Ruaidri O Conchobair, as we have said above, i.e. in the spring after William.


Robert son of Maidecc died.


The last Mor Muman of the Munster folk, died. She was the daughter of Brian O Briain and the wife of Walter Burke; and the blessing of every Christian go with her to her burial.


Gilla Riabach O Clerig, an eminent historian, rested in Christ.


Cormac na Cailled, son of Mag Carthaig Cairprech, was killed by the sons of Eogan Mag Carthaig.


Walter Burke's daughter, the wife of Conchobar O Briain, king of Thomond, died this year; and his, O Briain's, daughter Ragnailt Dub, wife of O Flaithbertaig, died.


Tomaltach Mac Diarmata went to Killaraght with a few horsemen and the sons of Fergal Mac Diarmata with their assembled followers came upon him in the town. Mac Diarmata then mounted his horse and rode out against them. His men all deserted him and left him single-handed; but he made his way out with his sword and his strong hand and escaped over the Boyle, a mass of bleeding wounds. Not often has a more gallant escape than this been effected.


Eogan O Neill was taken prisoner by Mac Ui Neill Buide on his way to a meeting with the Earl at Dundalk.