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Annála Connacht

Author: [unknown]

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Electronic edition compiled by Pádraig Bambury

Funded by University College, Cork and
Professor Marianne McDonald via the CELT Project. and
The HEA via the DOI Project

2. Second draft.

Proof corrections by Ciara Hogan, Pádraig Bambury

Extent of text: 144600 words

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CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts: a project of University College, Cork
College Road, Cork, Ireland—http://www.ucc.ie/celt

(2001) (2008)

Distributed by CELT online at University College, Cork, Ireland.
Text ID Number: T100011

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Available with prior consent of the CELT programme for purposes of academic research and teaching only.


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Text copyright to the School of Celtic Studies (Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies).

Sources

    Editions
  1. W. M. Hennessy, The annals of Loch Cé: a chronicle of Irish affairs from A. D. 1014 to A. D. 1590, Rolls Series 54 (2 vols, London 1871), repr. by reflex facsimile (Irish Manuscripts Commission: Dublin 1939). The manuscript of the Annals of Loch Cé, Dublin, Trinity College, MS 1293 (alias H. 1. 19) is lacunose for part of the year 1316 (=i 584, line 12, of Hennessy's edition) to the end of 1412 (=ii 144, line 5, of Hennessy's edition). To fill this lacuna Hennessy printed a text of the Annals of Connacht, derived not from MS 1 (to which he did not have access) but from MS 2, collated with MS 3.
  2. A. M. Freeman, The annals of Connacht, Revue Celtique 50 (1933) 1–23, 117–42, 272–88,339–56; 51 (1934) 46–111, 199–301. At this point, Revue Celtique ceased publication. This edition contains the Introduction and the Irish text only, A. D. 1224–1411.
  3. A. Martin Freeman, Annála Connacht: the annals of Connacht (A. D. 1224–1544) (Dublin: Institute for Advanced Studies 1944)
    Literature
  1. Aubrey Gwynn, [Review of Freeman's edition], Studies [Dublin] 33 (1944) 416–19.
  2. John Brady, [Review of Freeman's edition], Irish Ecclesiast Rec 65 (1945) 64–65.
  3. Gerard Murphy, [Review of Freeman's edition], Éigse 6 (1948–52) 80–82 (useful comments on the scribes).
  4. J. Vendryes, [Review of Freeman's edition], Études Celtiques 1 (1940–51) 213–15.
  5. Paul Walsh, The book of the O'Duigenans, in Irish men of learning (Dublin 1947) 13–24, an essay first published in 1940.
  6. Aubrey Gwynn, The Annals of Connacht and the abbey of Cong, J Galway Archaeol Hist Soc 27 (1956–57) 1–9.
  7. Gearóid Mac Niocaill, Annála Uladh and Annála Locha Cé, 1014–1220, Galvia 6 (1959) 18–25.
  8. B. W. O'Dwyer, 'The Annals of Connacht and Loch Cé, and the monasteries of Boyle and Holy Trinity', Proc Roy Ir Acad (C) 72 (1972) 83–101.
  9. Gearóid Mac Niocaill, The medieval Irish annals (Dublin 1975).
  10. Diarmuid Ó Murchadha, 'A reconsideration of some place-names from the annals of Connacht'. Ainm, Bulletin of the Ulster Place-Name Society 6 (1994–95) 1–31.
  11. Daniel P. Mc Carthy, on his website at http://www.cs.tcd.ie/misc/kronos/chronology/synchronisms/annals-chron.htm offers comprehensive information on two traditions of dating used in the Irish Annals, together with two ancillary articles, 'Chronological synchronisation of the Irish annals', and 'Collation of the Irish regnal canon'.
  12. Daniel P. Mc Carthy, The Irish Annals: their genesis, evolution and history (Dublin 2008).
    The edition used in the digital edition
  1. Annála Connacht: The Annals of Connacht. A. Martin Freeman First edition [xxiv + 2 pp in facsimile (folio 7a, 66a) as frontispiece + 739 + indexes (741–851) + additional notes (852) + corrigenda (853–54)] School of Celtic Studies (Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies)Dublin (1944)

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CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts

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The electronic text represents odd pages 3–737 of the english translation in Freeman's edition. All the editorial introduction, historical notes, codicological notes, and indices have been omitted. Editorial corrigenda (where relevant) are integrated into the electronic edition. Editorial corrections entered in the body of the work are tagged corr and the original reading is kept in the sic attribute.

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Text has been checked and proofread. Readers are invited to submit corrections and emendations both of this electronic edition and of the editions on which it is based. Any improvements will be credited to the scholars who submit them.

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The electronic text represents the hardcopy edition. CELT conventions have been applied to the text.

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div0=the body of annals; div1=the individual annal (the text for a year); div2=the individual entry in an annal. Passages of verse occurring within text paragraphs are treated as embedded texts in the structural mark-up. The page-breaks of the printed text are marked pb n=""/. The line-breaks of the translation have not been tagged, as they are not marked in the printed edition, either.

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Names (persons, groups, dynasties, tribes, peoples, places) are not tagged. Offices and titles (king, abbot, lord etc.) are not tagged. Numbers and dates are not tagged.

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This text uses the DIV1 element to represent the Annal.

Profile Description

Created: Translation by A. Martin Freeman. (c.1942–43)

Use of language

Language: [EN] The translation is in English.
Language: [GA] Some terms are in Irish.
Language: [LA] Some terms and phrases are in Latin.

Revision History


Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition: T100011

Annála Connacht: Author: [unknown]


p.3

1224.1

1224 First of January on Monday and the seventh day of the moon; and this was the ninth year of the Cycle of Nineteen and the twelfth year of the Cycle of Indiction and of the Solar Cycle, and Leap-year. The twelve hundred and twenty-fourth year since the incarnation of our Lord Jesus Christ.

1224.2

A heavy and terrible shower fell in part of Connacht this year, that is, in Tir Maine and in Sodain and in Ui Diarmata and in Clann Taidc, which brought about disease and very great sickness among the cows and beasts of those regions after they had eaten grass and leaves; and when men drank of the milk of these cattle and ate of their flesh, they suffered internal pains and various diseases. Nor was it strange that these portentous things should happen in Connacht at that time, for a great affliction befell the country then, the loss of Cathal Crobderg son of Toirrdelbach O Conchobair, king of Connacht; the king most feared and dreaded on every hand in Ireland; the king who carried out most plunderings and burnings against Galls and Gaels who opposed him; the king who was the fiercest and harshest towards his enemies that ever lived; the king who most blinded, killed and mutilated rebellious and disaffected subjects; the king who best established peace and tranquility of all the kings of Ireland; the king who built most monasteries and houses for religious communities; the king who most comforted clerks and poor men with food and fire on the floor of his own habitation; the king whom of all the kings in Ireland God made most perfect in every good quality; the king on whom God most bestowed fruit and increase and crops; the king who was most chaste of all the kings of Ireland; the king who kept himself to one consort and practised continence before God from her death till his own; the king whose wealth was partaken by laymen and clerics, infirm men, women and helpless folk, as had been prophesied in the writings and the visions of saints and righteous men of


p.5

old; the king who suffered most mischances in his reign, but God raised him up from each in turn; the king who with manly valour and by the strength of his hand preserved his kingship and rule. And it is in the time of this king that tithes were first levied for God in Ireland. This righteous and upright king, this prudent, pious, just champion, died in the robe of a Grey Monk, after a victory over the world and the devil, in the monastery of Knockmoy, which with the land belonging to it he had himself offered to God and the monks, on the twenty-seventh day of May as regards the solar month and on a Monday as regards the week-day, and was nobly and honourably buried, having been for six and thirty years sole monarch of the province of Connacht. So says Donnchad Baccach O Maelchonaire in his poem on the Succession of the Kings: ‘The reign of Red-hand was a pleasant reign, after the fall of Cathal Carrach; he ruled for sixteen and twenty prosperous calm years.’ And he was in the seventy-second year of his age, as the poet Nede O Maelchonaire says: ‘Three years and a half-year, I say, was the life of Red-hand in Cruachu till the time that his father died in wide-stretching Ireland.’ He was born at Port Locha Mesca and fostered by Tadc O Con Chennainn in Ui Diarmata, and it was sixty-eight years from the death of Toirrdelbach to the death of Cathal Crobderg, as the chronicle shows.

1224.3

Aed O Conchobair his son reigned after him; for he had been king in effect by the side of his father and already held all the hostages of Connacht. And God granted him this kingdom, for no crime was committed in Connacht at the moment of his accession save one robbery on the road to Cruach, and the hands and feet of the robber were cut off, and the violation of one woman by O Mannachan's son, who was blinded forthwith for the offence.

1224.4

Donn Cathaig son of Airechtach O Raduib, chieftain of Clann Tomaltaig, died on pilgrimage at Tobar Patraic this year.

1224.5

Maelsechlainn son of Tadc O Cellaig, king of Ui Maine, [died.]

1224.6

Gilla na Naem Crom (the Stooped) O Sechnusaig, king of the western half of Cenel Aeda na hEchtge, died this year.


p.7

1224.7

The Canon Muirges O Conchobair, son of Ruaidri, the man of all the Gaels that ever were who was most skilled alike in literature and chanting and verse-making, died this year and was buried at Cong after a victory of Unction and Penance.

1224.8

Domnall O Cellaig king of Ui Maine died.

1224.9

Cu Chenann O Con Chenainn died this year.

1224.10

Mathgamain O Cerin king of Ciarraige Locha na nAirne died this year.

1224.11

Mael Isu son of the bishop O Mailfagmair, parson of Ui Fiachrach [Muaide] and Ui Amalgaid and bishop designate, was killed by the son of Donnchad O Dubda, after he had been sharing his food and fireside in his own house; and this, the slaying of a bishop of that race, is a deed which no other O Dubda had ever done before.

1224.12

Aed son of Conchobar Maenmaige [O Conchobair] died on his journey from the River and Jerusalem this year.

1224.13

The sons of Hugo [de Lacy] came to Ireland in spite of the King of England, and their coming produced assaults of war and dispersion among the Galls of Ireland, until these rose up against them and they were driven to seek the protection of Aed O Neill king of Ailech. Then the Galls and Gaels of Ireland raised an army to attack them: Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg king of Connacht, Donnchad Cairbrech O Briain king of Thomond, Diarmait Cluasach (Long-eared) Mac Carthaig king of Desmond and the leading men of Ireland generally, except the Cenel Eogain and Cenel Conaill. They advanced as far as Muirthemne and Dundalk and from that position demanded hostages and sureties from the sons of Hugo and Aed O Neill. But he moved out with his Galls and Gaels, and they posted themselves in parties on the passes of Sliab Fuaid and the doorways of Emain and Fid Conaille and challenged attack in these positions. But the Galls of Ireland, when they saw they were to have protection, determined to make peace and settlement with William [de Lacy] and the Earls and to accept the award of the King of England as to the conditions of peace: so they disbanded and left their positions without having extracted terms or tribute from Aed O Neill for the nonce.

1224.14

Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg marched with a great force to the castle of Ard Abla in Tethba. They prevailed against it, burning and slaying every Gall and Gael they found therein.


p.9

1224.15

Maelmuire O Connmaig, bishop of Ui Fiachrach and Cenel Aeda, rested in Christ.

1224.16

The bishop of Conmaicne, the Foreign Bishop, died.

1224.17

Maelchoimgin O Scingin, erenach and chaplain of Ardcarne, rested in Christ.

1225.1

1225 First of January on Wednesday and the eighteenth day of the moon, MCCXXV. Tenth year of the Cycle of Nineteen; thirteenth year of the Indictional and Solar Cycles.

1225.2

Amlaib O Beollain, erenach of Drumcliff, a man eminent for generosity and for his guest-house, died this year.

1225.3

O Mailbrenainn, abbot of the monastery of Boyle, died of blood-letting.

1225.4

A great rebellion was raised by Toirrdelbach and Aed, sons of Ruaidri [O Conchobair], and Aed O Neill, to wrest the kingship of the province from Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg. This was done at the instance of Donn Oc MacAirechtaig, royal chieftain of Sil Murray, who wished to revenge himself for the confiscation of his land and patrimony; and when he revolted the whole of Connacht revolted—Sil Murray and West Connacht with Aed O Flaithbertaig its king—excepting only Mac Diarmata, Cormac son of Tomaltach.

1225.5

However, O Neill came with them to the middle of Sil Murray and thence to the Faes of Athlone, and they spent two nights at Mullach Uainide and sacked Loch Nen, carrying off the treasures of O Conchobair. Thence they proceeded to Carnfree and there instated Toirrdelbach son of Ruaidri. After this O Neill departed homewards; for the sons of Ruaidri felt confidence in their own lieges, having been asked to come into the country by each one separately, except Cormac son of Tomaltach Mac Diarmata with Dauid O Flainn and the rest of his officers.

1225.6

As for Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg, he sought the protection of the Galls, and it happened fortunately for him that the Galls of Ireland were holding a great Court at Athlone; and each one of them was a friend to him on his father's account as well as his own, since he, like his father before him, was liberal of wages and gifts to them.


p.11

1225.7

So he brought with him the Justiciar and as many of the Galls of Ireland as he thought enough; and Donnchad Cairbrech O Briain with his followers came out to support him, and O Mailsechlainn with his.

1225.8

Thereupon the people of Mag Ai and the Tuatha fled before them into Leyney and Tirawley with their cattle, and left Ruaidri's sons without any army or territorial levy, accompanied by no eligible princes or chieftains of these districts, but only grooms and servants. Ruaidri's sons advanced to Kilkelly with a small force and a few eligible princes, so as to cover the rear of their cows and herds.

1225.9

However, Cathal Crobderg's son and his Galls moved towards the position held by Toirrdelbach and his chieftains, who had only grooms and rabble with them; for Aed son of Ruaidri and the son of Muirchertach and Domnall O Flaithbertaig and Tigernan son of Cathal Micuran and the sons of Toirrdelbach son of Ruaidri had gone to guard the cattle and people of Fergal O Taidc, their sworn ally. Now his case was this, that he was the first Connachtman who broke his oath with the sons of Ruaidri, and he brought in [Aed] mac Cathail [Chrobdeirg] and his Galls to protect his cattle and people from them.

1225.10

It was at this time that the Galls approached Toirrdelbach son of Ruaidri. He rose up with his chieftains, and putting their rabble in front they escaped beautifully, not one of themselves being killed; for Donn Oc Mac Airechtaig, Flaithbertach O Flannacan and a small number of the forces of Cenel Eogain covered their rear.

1225.11

On that day a raiding-party came upon Echmarcach Mac Branain and a few of his followers, in the middle of an oak-wood, surrounded by his womenfolk and cattle. This man fought with uncommon valour until he was killed, but there were too many good men falling upon him. That night Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg with his Galls followed the sons of Ruaidri as far as Mellick, and stayed there for three nights plundering Leyney on every hand.

1225.12

Unfortunate was the plight of O hEgra then, making peace with the plunderers for the sake of what little was left to the people of Leyney. At that time Ruaidri's sons lay with their backs turned to Loch Mac Eredaig in Glenn na Mochart, and Cathal Crobderg's son determined to lead his Galls to


p.13

follow up the cattle of the Tuatha, of Sil Murray and Clann Tomaltaig by a way that none thought a Gall would ever take, namely through Fid Gatlaig; and they reached Attymas untouched by spear or dart. They plundered Coolcarney and wrought destruction on its cattle and folk on that day, for as many of them as reached the level plains without being drowned were plundered and slain. A pitiful thing: all who went to Ballycong were drowned, and the weirs (?) were found to have their wattles full of drowned children. Some of the refugees of Clann Tomaltaig who evaded the Galls and escaped drowning went into Tirawley, where O Dubda fell upon them and left them without a single cow.

1225.13

Now as to the sons of Ruaidri, they decided while at Loch Mac Feradaig to disband until the Galls of [Aed] mac Cathail Chrobdeirg should disband; they themselves, Toirrdelbach and Aed, with the son of Magnus, and Donn Oc to seek the protection of O Flaithbertaig, their sworn ally, while the son of Muirchertach [Muimnech] O Conchobair and Tigernach son of Cathal [Micuran O Conchobair] should go to protect their cows and folk and to make peace for the sake of these, until the Galls of the son of Cathal Crobderg should be disbanded.

1225.14

Now as for the southern part of Connacht, its people were no more peaceful or quiet. For the Galls of Leinster and Munster and Muirchertach O Briain came [against them] as did the Galls of Desmond and the Sheriff of Cork, plundering and killing everyone they came up with. And Cathal Crobderg's son took it ill of them that they invaded the country; for he had not sent for them, but when they heard of all the booty which the Justiciar and his Galls had got they were seized with jealousy and envy. It was in this attack that the four sons of Mac Murchada were killed on one spot. Pitiful indeed was the tempest which God permitted to descend upon the best province of Ireland, north, south, east or west. For the young warrior would not forbear, if only he were the stronger, to plunder his comrade, while women and children, feeble folk and lords' sons were brought to suffer cold and hunger through this war.

1225.15

But to return to Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg. He proceeded to Mayo, where the sons of Muirchertach Muimnech made submission to him under protection and guarantees, in order to preserve their cattle and people. Next day he went to Kilmaine


p.15

and here the three armies of Galls met, and between them and the Gaels the whole province was well-nigh filled with armies.

1225.16

Here Aed O Flaithbertaig came in and submitted to Cathal Crobderg's son and the Justiciar, subject to conditions and upon the guarantees of the chief Galls and of Donnchad Cairbrech O Briain, his gossip, and made peace with them, he being allowed to retain his cattle and people and undertaking to send away Ruaidri's sons. Cathal Crobderg's son with his Galls went to Tuaim, where he dismissed the Leinster and Desmond Galls, reserving to himself the task of escorting the Justiciar past Athlone. Then he took another decision, to turn back towards O Flaithbertaig; for he mistrusted the situation in which he had left him, having Ruaidri's sons with him to the west of the Lake and his own son-in-law, Donn Oc as well. At this juncture the son of Magnus parted from the sons of Ruaidri and went into Tirawley to look for his cattle and people. He found them in good case, not having suffered plunder or robbery, and carried them away and left them in the safekeeping of O Ruairc, while he himself made a most successful raid on Pilip Mac Gosdelb. Now as for Donnchad Cairbrech O Briain, he sent the chief men of his people and his officers before him with great and rich booty of food and clothing and spoil of cows and horses.

1225.17

At this moment Aed mac Ruaidri and Eogan O hEdin with a few good men crossed their path, and the Munstermen for fear of the High-king's son, did not stand their ground; but he prevailed against them and captured the officers of Donnchad Cairbrech [O Briain], and vast was the booty which fell into his hands. Donnchad Cairbrech then submitted to his term of peace and made oath, under pain of excommunication, undertaking not to march against Ruaidri's sons again. This undertaking he gave to obtain the liberty of his officers, and he did not fulfil it, for he joined the very next expedition against the sons of Ruaidri. By this time Cathal Crobderg's son and the Justiciar reached Iniscraff Strand, after the Galls of Leinster and Desmond and Munster had left them, and O Flaithbertaig was obliged to give Iniscraff and Castlekirk Island and all the vessels on the lake as further pledges in return for the recovery of his cows and people.

1225.18

Cathal Crobderg's son returned once more to Tuaim and proceeded again to escort the Justiciar, who left with him a few of the principal Galls and a large force of soldiers, for


p.17

he trusted but very few of the men of Connacht. He then delivered the chief men of the lordship—Flaithbertach O Flannacain, Fergal O Taidc and a number of others—into the hands of the Galls as security for the payment of their wages, and these prisoners had to provide their own ransom.

1225.19

After his Galls had left Aed mac Chthail Chrobdeirg, O Flaithbertaig and the sons of Muirchertach [Muimnech] with other eligible princes rose up again to join Ruaidri's sons, and Cathal's son sent messengers and writings to the Galls, telling them of this second revolt and asking for more troops. They responded with alacrity, for these expeditions were profitable to the Galls, who got much booty thereby, though not incurring the dangers of the confiict.

1225.20

Galls from Leinster were given to him this time, including William Cras and the Fitz Griffin, a great company; and when they had come he marched against Ruaidri's sons, going westwards over the Causeways and turning south into Ui Diarmata, where he heard Ruaidri's sons were, without followers and not yet rejoined by their allies. He now sent Fedlimid his brother and some of his principal men, with a large force of the soldiery of the Galls, to raid Eogan O hEdin in Ui Fiachrach Aidni. They encamped for a night at Ardrahan, so as to make the raid early in the morning.

1225.21

O Flaithbertaig and the sons of Muirchertach were on their way to join Ruaidri's sons when they heard that Galls were going to raid Eogan, their sworn ally, and were at present in Ardrahan. They decided to make for Ardrahan and to attack the Galls early in the morning and burn the place about their ears. They marched all night and were early on the green at Ardrahan.

1225.22

They then decided to send Tuathal son of Muirchertach Muimnech into the town at first with his Galls and whoever of the Gaels should volunteer to go with him, while O Flaithbertaig and the son of Muirchertach should encircle the town on the outside.


p.19

1225.23

Bravely then was the town entered, the Gael who answered the call to go with Tuathal being Taichlech son of Aed O Dubda. And when they entered the town, quickly and boldly, the Galls fled out of it both east and west, and those who went east were routed; but those who were defeated and fled westwards inflicted defeat on such Gaels as were without at the back of the town. Yet there were no more valiant Gaels than those who were defeated on the western side, only God did not grant them success.

1225.24

The party which fled east was pursued by Tuathal and Taichlech O Dubda, and the Constable of the Galls was first wounded by Tuathal and then slain by Taichlech. It was great good-fortune for Ruairdri's sons not to be in this defeat. In this western battle were killed Mathgamain son of Aed son of Conchobar Maenmuige [O Conchobair] and the son of Gilla Crist Mac Diarmata and the son of Amlaib Mac Airechtaig's son and Niall son of Fergal O Taidc; and the man who slew Niall was himself slain, namely the brother of Cuilen O Dimusaig.

1225.25

Next day Ruaidri's sons met with O Flaithbertaig and the sons of Muirchertach and Tigernan son of Cathal [Micuran O Conchobair] and Donn Oc, and they all proceeded northwards to Druim Cenannain. But then Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg with his Galls came after them, and they decided that each one should return to his cattle and people and leave the sons of Ruaidri. Ruaidri's sons departed out of the country, having no Galls or other following at hand, and together with Donn Oc they once more sought the protection of Aed O Neill, this expedition having resulted in nothing but the wasting and ruining of a countryside which before had been completely peaceful and prosperous.

1225.26

As for Cathal's son [Aed], he advanced upon O Flaithbertaig and exacted hostages and sureties from him for the nonce, and then went on northwards to Kilmaine and Mayo, where the sons of Muirchertach and Tigernan son of Cathal Micuran concluded a peace for the sake of their cattle and people, making submission to Cathal Crodberg's son under the guarantees of Donnchad Cairbrech and the chief Galls of Ireland. And this was a much-needed rest, for there was not a church or layproperty in Connacht which had escaped destruction.

1225.27

After the plunderings and the slaughter of men and beasts and the exposure of the inhabitants to cold and hunger, a severe attack of sickness came upon the countryside, a kind


p.21

of fever, which emptied towns of every living soul; and though some who took this sickness did recover, they were but a few.

1225.28

Flann son of Amlaib O Fallamain, chieftain of Clann Uatach, was killed in this war by Fedlim son of Cathal Crobderg.

1225.29

Amlaib son of Ferchar O Fallamain, the best chieftain of his hereditary estate that ever was, died in the same month in which Flann his son was killed.

1225.30

Tadc O Finnachta, an officer of Aed son of Ruaidri [O Conchobair] was killed by Mac Aedacan's men on a plundering raid in this same war.

1225.31

Muiredach O Finnachta, chieftain of Clann Murthaile, died in a boat on Loch Corrib, though in good health when he entered it.

1225.32

Conchobar the son of Tadc O Cellaig's son, king of Ui Maine, and Ardgal his brother were both burned in a house they were defending against the sons of Tadc O Cellaig. This Conchobar was the most generous man and the boldest, maintained the most retainers and won the most fame, of any of his stock.

1225.33

Gilla Corpti O Mugroin died this year and was buried at Cong.

1225.34

Moelbrigte O Maicin, abbot of Ballintober, a virgin and sage, rested in Christ. By him the church of Ballintober was begun, and its sanctuary and crosses(?) finished with great labour, in honour of Patrick, Mary our Lady, John and the Apostles.

1225.35

Duarcan O hEgra king of Leyney, Tadc O hEgra and Etain daughter of Diarmait son of Domnall O hEgra died.

1225.36

Galls and Munstermen attacked Termon Keelin and the Galls were slaughtered afterwards by the miraculous power of Coelainn.

1225.37

The corn was being reaped after St. Bridget's Day and plowing [was going on] at the same time.

1226.1

1226 First of January on Thursday and the twenty-ninth day of the moon's age; and this was the eleventh year of the Cycle of Nineteen and the fourteenth of the Solar and Indictional Cycles. MCCXXVI. D.


p.23

1226.2

Tigernan son of Cathal Micuran son of Toirrdelbach Mor King of Ireland, was slain by Donnchad O Dubda and his sons. This was the most generous and valiant of the eligible princes of the O Connors and he that performed the most notable and successful exploits down to this time.

1226.3

Domnall son of Ruaidri O Flaithbertaig was killed by the sons of Muirchertach O Flaithbertaig after the house in which he was had been taken by them and by Fedlimid son of Cathal Crobderg. A pitiful deed was that, to kill a possible king of West Connacht and gain no land and no patrimony thereby.

1226.4

Fergal O Taidc of the Household, ruler of the household of Cathal Crobderg and his son after him, a man of great fortune and the slayer of many people, was killed by Donn Sleibe O Gadra king of Sliab Luga.

1226.5

Aed son of Donn O Sochlachain, erenagh of Cong, a man eminent for chanting and for the right tuning of harps and for having made an instrument for himself which none had made before, distinguished also in every art such as poetry, engraving and writing and in every skilled occupation, died this year.

1226.6

Nuala daughter of Ruaidri O Conchobair, queen of the Ulaid, died at Cong and was buried with great honour in the Canons' church there.

1226.7

Aed son of Domnall O Ruairc was killed by Cathal O Raigillig and by Conchobar son of Cormac O Mailruanaid on Loch Allen.

1226.8

Aed O Flaithbertaig was captured by Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg and handed over by him to the Galls.

1226.9

Condmach O Tarpa bishop of Leyney rested in Christ.

1226.10

Matha O Mailmocherge rested in Christ.

1226.11

Muirgius Mac Diarmata was killed this year.

1226.12

O Neill raised an army and marched to the borders of Connacht, but returned having accomplished nothing. He assembled another army and took the hostages of Cenel Conaill, including the son of O Domnaill.

1226.13

The castle of Kilmore was burned by Cathal O Raigillig this year.

1226.14

Toirrdelbach son of Maelsechlainn died.


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1227.1

1227 First of January on Friday and the tenth day of the moon. The twelfth year of the Cycle of Nineteen and the fifteenth year of the Indiction and of the Solar Cycle. A.D. MCCXXVII. Common year C.

1227.2

A great court was held by the Galls of Ireland at Dublin and Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg King of Connacht was summoned to attend it. Here deceit and treachery were practised against him; but William Marshall, his personal friend, with his followers came to him in the midst of the court and forcibly brought him out and escorted him in safety to his own country.

1227.3

After this Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg appointed to meet William de Mareys, the son of Geoffrey, at Lathach Caich Tuaithbil, and went himself past the Lathach accompanied only by a few good men: Cormac son of Tomaltach [Mac Diarmata], Diarmait son of Magnus, Magnus son of Muirchertach O Conchobair, Tadc son of Mathgamain O Cerin and Ruaidri O Mailbrenainn. William de Mareys came to that meeting place with a party of eight horsemen. Aed remembered the treachery and the deceit practised on him in Dublin. He advanced, before the Galls had dismounted, and lifted up his hand against William de Mareys, being supported boldly and bravely by his men, so that William de Mareys was taken there, as were Master Sleviny and Hugo Arden; and he killed the Constable of Athlone there and sent those Galls southwards across the Lathach. Then he, together with such Connactmen as were with him, advanced [to Athlone] where they plundered and burned down the market. Now these doings were of profit to the whole of Connacht, for he recovered his son and daughter and the hostages of Connacht and obtained peace for the whole province.

1227.4

Donn Sleibhe O Gadra king of Sliab Luga was killed by Gilla Ruad, his own brother's son, who captured the house in which he was at night. And O Conchobair at once procured the killing of Gilla Ruad therefor.

1227.5

[Cormac] son of Art [O Mailsechlainn] was captured, as well as his wife and foster-father and many of his people.


p.27

1227.6

Famine throughout Ireland this year, and much sickness and death among men from various causes: cold, famine and every kind of disease.

1227.7

Lewis King of the French died this year.

1227.8

Mac William [Burke] marched with a large force into Connacht, accompanied by Aed son of Ruaidri O Conchobair. They burned Inishmaine, plundered the whole country and took hostages.

1227.9

Geoffrey de Mareys and Toirrdelbach son of Ruaidri [O Conchobair] marched to Mag nAi; they made a castle at Randoon and took hostages of the Sil Murray.

1227.10

Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg went to O Domnaill in Tir Conaill. He returned south and brought away his wife. The sons of Toirrdelbach [O Conchobair] came upon him in the Curlew Hills and he left his wife and horses behind. The wife was afterwards delivered up to the Galls.

1227.11

Toirrdelbach son of Ruaidri led another expedition, with the Galls of Meath, into West Connacht, where they made a great raid on Aed son of Ruaidri O Flaithbertaig. From there they passed into Carra and took thence the hostages of the sons of Muirchertach [Muimnech] and Toirrdelbach took a number of beasts from each of the surrounding cantrads.

1227.12

Cu Mara O Domnallain was killed in captivity by Ruaidri Mac Duinn Sleibe to avenge his father, when he had taken the Cross.

1227.13

Brian son of Conchobar O Diarmata was killed this year.

1227.14

Dionysius O Morda took the cross from the Bishop of Elphin.

1227.15

The castle at Athleague was built by Geoffrey de Mareys.

1228.1

1228 First of January on Saturday and the twenty-first day of the moon; the thirteenth year of the Cycle of Nineteen and the sixteenth year of the Solar Cycle; first year of, the Indiction; MCCXXVIII. Common year. BA.

1228.2

Aed son of Cathal Crobderg O Conchobair, King of Connacht


p.29

for the space of four years, as the poet, Donnchad Baccach son of Tanaide O Mailchonaire, says: ‘Rathcroghan of the battles, dwelling of Eochu's daughter, was for four years—here is no deceit—the dwelling of Aed son of Cathal Crobderg’, was killed with one blow of a carpenter's axe in the court of Geoffrey de Mareys while the carpenter's wife was bathing him; and the man who struck him down was hanged by Geoffrey the next day. This deed of treachery was done on this righteous, excellent prince at the instigation of Hugo de Lacy's sons and of William son of the Justiciar. And it was said that the carpenter struck him in jealousy, for there was not in Ireland a man of fairer mould or livelier courage than he.

1228.3

Vast war arose between Aed and Toirrdelbach, the two sons of Ruaidri O Conchobair, after the death of Aed mac Cathail Chrodbeirg, for the younger did not yield respect to the elder; so that all Connacht was ruined between them and turned into a continuous desert from Ballysadare southward to the River of the Ui Fiachrach, excepting only a small tract in Sliab Luga and Lucht Artig.

1228.4

Richard son of William Burke arrived from England, bringing with him his appointment as Justiciar by the King; and a great assembly was convened by the Galls of Ireland and the Gaels, including the kings and chieftains of Ireland, in Connacht about the two sons of Ruaidri, Toirrdelbach and Aed. Most unfortunate was the decision they came to there, to give the kingship to the younger and to expel the elder, Toirrdelbach son of Ruaidri, though he was irreproachable as regards valour, nobility and generosity. However, all the Connachtmen elected Aed son of Ruaidri in the presence of Galls and Gaels; and when they had reached the assembly he and the men of Connacht made for Carnfree, where he was installed, as was customary with every king who had ruled over Connacht before him.

1228.5

Now while this assembly was in session Toirrdelbach's two sons, Maelsechlainn and Brian, gathered much cattle and folk and carried them into the waste land of Kinel Dofa and over


p.31

its moors till they came to Snam Rathine, where they crossed over into Fid Conmaicne.

1228.6

But Aed son of Ruaidri, as he was situated, sent musters in pursuit of them and took the cattle from them and routed them, and Maelsechlainn son of Toirrdelbach was killed in that encounter.

1228.7

Dauid O Flainn chieftain of Sil Mailruain died after taking the Cross this year.

1228.8

Muirchertach son of Flaithbertach O Flannacain was killed by the sons of Tadc O Gadra.

1228.9

Gilla na Naem son of Ruaidri died.

1228.10

Henry of London, Archbishop of Dublin, rested in Christ.

1228.11

Ruaidri O Mailbrenainn died this year.

1228.12

Niall son of Congalach O Ruairc, king of Dartry and Clann Fermaige, was killed by the two sons of Art son of Domnall O Ruairc, Art and Amlaib; and Amlaib Gerr (the Short), son of Niall son of Congalach, was killed in his bath by the same Amlaib son of Art.

1228.13

Fergal son of Sitrec O Ruairc was killed by the sons of [Niall son of] Congalach O Ruairc.

1228.14

Mac Raith O Mallachta rested.

1228.15

Aed son of Donnchad O Fergail was killed by the son of Amlaib O Fergail.

1228.16

Famine in Connacht this year, and its churches and lay properties were plundered and its clerics and men of skill driven to far foreign regions, having been exposed to cold and hunger through the war of Ruaidri's sons at this time.

1229.1

1229 First of January on Monday and the second day of the moon; fourteenth year of the Cycle of Nineteen: seventeenth year of the Solar Cycle and second of the Indiction.

1229.2

Gilla Isu O Clerig, bishop of Leyney, rested in Christ.

1229.3

Gilla an Choimded O Duillennain, coarb of St. Fechin, and Muiredach O Gormgaile, prior of Inis Mac nErin, died.

1229.4

Duibessa daughter of Ruaidri O Conchobair, wife of Cathal Mac Diarmata, died a nun.


p.33

1229.5

Dionysius O Morda, bishop of Sil Murray, resigned his bishopric this year.

1229.6

Diarmait Mac Carthaig, king of Desmond, died.

1229.7

Gerald O Cathain, the most learned man in the Order of Canons, rested in Christ.

1229.8

Diarmait O Fiaich, abbot of Recles Gilla Molaise Ui Gillaurain, from Tuaim, rested in Christ and was buried at Ardcarne.

1229.9

Diarmait Mac Gilla Carthaig, erenach of Tibohine, archipresbiter, and the person most conspicuous for charity and humanity in this part of Connacht, rested in Christ. And it was about the burial of this man's body that there arose the strife and contention between the monks of Boyle and the canons of the Trinity, so that it lay for two days and nights in the church of Drum, the monks preventing its burial, till at the end of the third day it was equitably taken from them.

1229.10

Lochlainn O Manachan was treacherously killed by his own father's brother.

1230.1

1230 First of January on Tuesday and the thirteenth day of the moon. Fifteenth year of the Cycle of Nineteen; eighteenth year of the Solar Cycle; third year of the Indiction. MCCXXX. Common year. F.

1230.2

Aed son of Ruaidri [O Conchobair] and the men of Connacht turned against Mac William Burke and the Galls of Ireland, being persuaded thereto by Donn Oc son of Donnchatha Mac Airechtaig and Cormac Mac Diarmata and his officers, who all vowed they would never own a lord who should bring them to make submission to the Galls. They made then great raids on the Galls, Aed son of Ruaidri and the men of West Connacht plundering the young son of William and Adam Duff, while Donn Oc and the sons of Magnus with the new levies of Sil Murray plundered Mac Gosdelb and Tir Maine as far as Athlone.

1230.3

However, Mac William assembled the Galls of Ireland and


p.35

his Gaels and came into Connacht, bringing with him Fedlim son of Cathal Crodberg, to whom he intended to give the kingship and power and banish Aed son of Ruaidri and every other Connachtman who had rebelled against him. They first advanced to the castle of Bun Gaillme (Mouth of the Galway) against Aed O Flaithbertaig, when Aed mac Ruaidri came to his help with the Connachtmen, including the sons of Muirchertach O Conchobair. They were on the western bank of the Galway River and the Galls on the eastern, and much fighting was between them every day, and in this condition the Galls remained, obtaining neither pledge nor hostage nor submissions from the Connachtmen. So after this [failure] they determined to pursue the cattle and folk which had fled into the mountains and recesses of the countryside and the sea-islands. They came that night to Droichet Ingine Goilin (G's. Daughter's Bridge) and there daylight found them. Then Mac William asked: ‘Is there any path to the west, between us and the lake, by which any Connachtman might pass on their way northwards?’ The guides answered: ‘Surely there is.’ He put his horseman in order about Cong and Inishmaine, and at that moment there arrived a party of Connachtmen who had left Cong early, having been brought across the night before, three and five at a time, in imprudent and careless fashion. A few of [their] good men were [now] killed, including some officers of Magnus son of Muirchertach O Conchobair: Diarmait O hEidnechain, Lochlainn Mac Clesan and Tadc son of Gilla Crist O Mailbrenainn.

1230.4

After this success the Galls came to Mayo of the Saxons and the next day to Ballintober. Here the canons and religious rose up and approached Mac William, beseeching him of his charity not to stay the night near them. He complied, and the Galls went on northwards that night to Muine Maicin. They were loth to go thither from Mayo; but they had not received hostages or sureties from Magnus son of Muirchertach [Muimnech O Conchobair] and therefore proceeded on the following day to Aghagower and encamped there, west of the church, in Margenan on the shore of Loch Crichan. Here Magnus mac Muirchertaig came and made submission, giving


p.37

them pledges and hostages. They went on the morrow of the following day to Muine Macin and passed the night there. The next day they went to Mag Sine, and from there continued their journey through Leyney to Keschorran and so to the Curlew Hills, where their guides avoided the common highway, and they passed through the hills without mishap or casualty.

1230.5

Now Aed mac Ruaidri and Cormac mac Tomaltaig [Mac Diarmata] and Donn Oc [Mac Airechtaig] and the rest of the Sil Murray were in the wood, and since their cattle and folk had gone with them to Slieve Anierin and into inaccessible fastnesses, they determined to take no heed of the Galls and make no plans concerning them.

1230.6

But Donn Oc said he would not do so; and having determined to take up a position on the western flank of the Galls, he went to Fincharn, having with him his own kinsmen, the youth of Sil Murray, his own Galls, the son of Domnall Bregach O Mailsechlainn with his Galls, and Brian son of Toirrdelbach [O Conchobair], and there they watched the Galls passing by. Donn Oc sent a party to harass them, which maintained a good fight against them while he kept to his position on the Cairn, eagerly watching the fight. Then the Galls sent a large party of soldiery and horsemen to pass round the Cairn, and they noticed nothing until they had surrounded it on the western side and Donn was left alone with a few of his kinsmen and Brian mac Toirrdelbaig; and it was but a short time that they were left together in this wise. For Donn was proclaimed and recognised and set upon, single-handed as he was, by many of the soldiers, and he had five arrows in his body when a horseman attacked him, and he had nothing but an axe; yet he kept the horseman at a distance, parrying his spear with the axe. At last the soldiery all rushed at him and this brave warrior, surrounded on every side, fell before the overpowering number of champions who were smiting him.

1230.7

Now as for Aed mac Ruaidri, he was watching the Galls from the east. He neither harassed nor engaged them, nor was it with his consent that any other did so. He knew nothing of the slaying of Donn Oc when the rout came upon him from the west, but made his escape by the power of his hands, without dishonour or harm. He turned upon one that was pressing after him and cast a javelin at him so that the shaft passed right through his body, and [after this] he and his party were allowed to depart without being attacked. Echtigern


p.39

son of the brehon O Minachain and others not recorded here were slain by them that day.

1230.8

The Galls, after obtaining this success and after the slaying of Donn Oc, sent their Gaels and their soldiery to Slieve Anierin and brought away great preys. A multitude was there reduced to cold and hunger; women and children were killed, and those who escaped death were stripped bare; rich and great was the spoil which the raiders took to the camp of the Galls. The Galls then came to the shore opposite the Rock of Loch Key and stayed nine nights there. They gave the kingship to Fedlim mac Cathail Chrobdeirg and banished Aed mac Ruaidri, who sought asylum with Aed O Neill. Then they disbanded, full of gaiety and high spirits, and went each to his own house.

1230.9

Aed O Neill, king of Conchobar's Province, defender of Leth Cuind Chetchathaig against the Galls and against Leth Moga Nuadat, a prince eligible de jure for the kingship of Ireland, died this year; a king who never gave pledge or hostage or tribute to Gall or Gael; a king who wrought slaughterings and great routs on the Galls; a king who was the support of any Gaels who were in banishment or homeless; a king who was the most generous and excellent(?) of all the men of Ireland who ever lived.

1230.10

Gilla Isa O Clerig, Bishop of Leyney, rested in Christ.

1230.11

Joseph Mac Teithedan, Bishop of Conmaicne, rested in Christ.

1230.12

Gilla Carthaig O hEilgiusain, canon and hermit, rested.

1230.13

Donnsleibhe O hInmainein, a holy monk and chief master-carpenter of the monastery of Boyle, died.

1230.14

Maelmuire O Maileoin, coarb of St. Kieran of Clonmacnoise, rested.

1230.15

O Cerballain, Bishop of Clann Eogain, rested in Christ.

1230.16

Rolf Petit, Bishop of Meath, a pious, charitable man and a servant of God, rested in Christ.

1230.17

Maelsechlainn Mac Firedinn, archpresbiter and Master of Learning, rested in Christ during his novitiate in the monastery of Boyle.

1230.18

Art son of Art O Ruairc was treacherously killed by Ragnall O Finn.

1230.19

Mac Raith Mac Gerraig, Bishop of Conmaicne, rested in Christ.


p.41

1230.20

Maelsechlainn O Mannachain was killed by his own kinsmen.

1231.1

1231 First of January on Wednesday, MCCXXXI and the twenty-fourth day of the moon. Sixteenth year [of the cycle of Nineteen; nineteenth year] of the Solar Cycle; fourth year of the Indiction. Common year. E.

1231.2

Feth fo lige, daughter of Conchobar Mac Diarmata and wife of Muirchertach Muimnech son of Toirrdelbach Mor O Conchobair, died this year. She was the greatest, most beautiful, most generous, purest woman and of the best repute that ever was in Leth Cuinn, and the mother of Magnus mac Muirchertaig Muimnig and Conchobar Ruad and Tuathal and Toirrdelbach the priest, prior of the church of Peter and Paul.

1231.3

Dub Chablaig daughter of Conchobar Mac Diarmata died in the monastery of Boyle this year.

1231.4

Duinnin O Mailchonaire, ollave of Sil Murray, died this year.

1231.5

Flann O Connachtaig, Bishop of Ui Briuin, rested.

1231.6

Fedlim mac Cathail Chrobdeirg was taken prisoner at Meelick by Mac William Burke, in violation of the guarantees of the leading Galls of Ireland.

1231.7

Flaithbertach O Flannacain, chieftain of Clann Chathail, died on pilgrimage in the monastery of Boyle, having taken the Cross.

1231.8

Domnall O Domnaill king of Tir Conaill and Aengus Mac Gilla Finnein raised an army against Cathal O Raigillig. They brought ships to Loch Oughter and plundered Eanish, where they slaughtered the best white steed in Ireland and carried off the precious objects and the wealth and treasure and good things there.

1231.9

Dionysius O Morda, Bishop of Elphin, having resigned his bishopric for the love of God and having ended his life on Trinity Island in Loch Key in devotion to God and to Clarus Mac Mailin Archdeacon of Elphin and to the Order of Canons in that place, rested in Christ on that same island on the fifteenth day of December.

1231.10

Dub Themrach daughter of O Cuind, wife of Flaithbertach O Flannacain, died.

1231.11

Conchobar Got (the Stammerer) O hEgra, king of Leyney, died.

1231.12

Cormac son of Tomaltach [Mac Diarmata] began to make a market-town at Rockingham.


p.43

1231.13

The son of Niall O Gormlegaig, chieftain of Cenel Moain, died.

1231.14

Donnchad O Conchobair became Bishop of Elphin in succession to Dionysius O Morda.

1231.15

Gilla Isa Mac Samradain, chieftain of Tullyhaw, rested.

1231.16

Ualgarc O Ruairc, king of Brefne, died on pilgrimage on the journey to the Jordan.

1232.1

1232 First of January on Thursday and the fifth day of the moon; and this year was the seventeenth of the Cycle of, Nineteen, the twentieth of the Solar Cycle and the fifth of the Indiction. Anno Domini MCCXXXII. Embolismal year. DC.

1232.2

Aed son of Amlaib son of Domnall son of Murchad son of Gilla na Naem son of Brian son of Senlaech son of Eochaid son of Fergal, from whom the name O Fergal is derived, was burned on the island of Loch Cuile, after holding for nine years the chieftainship of Annaly in succession to Murchad Carrach (the Scabby) O Fergail, by the sons of Aed Ciabach (Long-haired) son of Murchad son of Gilla na Naem O Fergail.

1232.3

Gilla na Naem O Dalaig, eminent for poetry and for his guesthouse and for supporting all comers, both wealthy and wretched, died this year.

1232.4

The kingship was restored to Aed son of Ruaidri [O Conchobair] and he made peace with Mac William Burke, who had taken Fedlim mac Cathail Chrobdeirg captive.

1232.5

The castle of Bun Gaillme was built by Richard Burke and the castle of Dunamon was begun by Adam Staunton.

1232.6

Conchobar son of Aed mac Ruaidri escaped from the Galls and assembled the princes of Connacht about him. He invaded the Tuatha and was killed by the inhabitants, together with Gilla Cellaig O hEdin and Gilla Crist son of Donnchad Mac Diarmata and a great many others. It was on that day the people of the Tuatha whitened the handles of all their axes, when it was told that a man with a white axe-handle had killed the son of Aed.

1232.7

Donnchad son of Tomaltach Mac Diarmata died.

1232.8

Magnus son of Amlaib son of Tadc mac Mailruanaid, torch of generosity and valour and piety, rested in Christ.


p.45

1232.9

Fachtna O hAllgaith, coarb of Drumacoo and Official of the Ui Fiachrach, who kept a guest-house and a leper-house and was [a man] of learning and a benefactor of the countryside, rested this year.

1232.10

Maeleoin Bodar (the Deaf) O Mailchonaire took Cluain Bolcain this year.

1232.11

The three sons of Donn O Mannachain were killed by Donnchad son of Muirchertach Muimnech(?) in Termon Keelin this year.

1232.12

Fedlimid mac Cathail Chrobdeirg was released by the Galls this year.

1232.13

Fedlimid O Conchobair presented Kilmore in Tirarune to Cond Craidbech (the pious) O Flannacain and to the Lord, and the church there was consecrated by Donnchad O Conchobair, Bishop of Elphin; and Cond O Flannacain, who was Prior at that time, instituted canons in that same place.

1233.1

1233 First of January on Sunday and the sixteenth day of the moon. Eighteenth year of the Cycle of Nineteen; twentyfirst year of the Solar Cycle; sixth year of the Indiction. MCCXXXIII. Common year. B.

1233.2

Fedlim son of Cathal Crobderg marched into Connacht and Cormac son of Tomaltach [Mac Diarmata], king of Moylurg, came to meet him and brought him into Moylurg and they encamped at Druim Grecraige—[Fedlim], Cormac and his son Conchobar, the three Tuatha and Donnchad and Muirchertach sons of Muirchertach Mac Diarmata. They all determined to go after Aed mac Ruaidri king of Connacht and the rest of Ruaidri's descendants; and they inflicted on them such a routing and scattering that the kingship and sovranty of the province of Connacht was taken from the seed of Ruaidri on that day. Aed mac Ruaidri king of Connacht, Aed Muimnech mac Ruaidri and his son, Donnchad Mor son of Diarmait mac Ruaidri and many others not here recorded were slain there. For Aed Muimnech had violated the sanctuary of Tibohine and plundered it, and many other churches and sacred buildings had been plundered by them, so that they fell [by the hand of their enemies] to avenge the honour of the saints and churches of Connacht.


p.47

1233.3

Ragallach O Flannacain was killed on that same day, and Thomas Biris Constable of Ireland and Owen his brother. Owen Guer and many other Galls were also killed there, all of whom had before been cursed and excommunicated by the churchmen of Connacht. However, Aed mac Ruaidri had been five years King of Connacht, as the poet said: ‘Aed mac Ruaidri of the swift onslaught, five years his rule over the province, till he fell— a loss on every frontier— by the hand of Fedlimid.’ Here ends the rule of the children of Ruaidri O Conchobair, King of Ireland. For the Pope offered him the title to [the kingship of] Ireland for himself and his seed for ever, and likewise six wives, if he would renounce the sin of adultery henceforth; and since he would not accept these terms God took the rule and sovranty from his seed for ever, in punishment for his sin.

1233.4

After this Fedlim mac Cathail Chrobdeirg assumed the kingship and sovranty, and he broke down the castles that had been built by the power of the sons of Ruaidri and Mac William Burke, that is to say, that of Bun Gaillme, Hen's Castle, Hag's Castle and the castle of Dunamon.

1233.5

In this year peace and discipline were imposed forthwith upon the armed bands and malefactors of Connacht, in the time of this young king.

1233.6

A hosting was made by William, son of Hugo de Lacy and the daughter of Ruaidri O Conchobair, and the Galls of Meath in great force along with him, into Brefne against Cathal O Raigillig and Cu Chonnacht his brother from whom they took great preys. But a party of O Raigillig's men came upon de Lacy and the other chiefs of the army as they were carrying off the preys and they gave battle to each other. William Brit was killed then and many other principal Galls. William de Lacy himself was wounded, as well as Charles son of Cathal Gall O Conchobair, Piers the Fairhaired, son of the Foreign Queen, Diarmair Bernach (gap-toothed) O Mailsechlainn and many more, and they turned back after that, having exacted neither security or hostage. Moin Crandchain is the name of the place where that fight was. These leaders died at home of their wounds.

1233.7

Donn Cathaig, erenagh of Aghagower, rested in Christ on the 15th of December; a man reverenced by clergy and laity for his qualities of mind-and body; the most generous bestower of cattle and food in his age; the protector of the wretched


p.49

and the prosperous; an honour to his land and country; the reconciler of all disputes between his own household and the public in general.

1233.8

Mael Isa O Maenaig, a very reverend priest who used to recite his Psalter every day except Sunday, rested in Christ.

1233.9

Fergal Mac Cormac died.

1234.1

1234 First of January on Sunday and the twenty-seventh day of the moon. Last year of the Cycle of Nineteen; twentysecond of the Solar Cycle; seventh of the Indiction. MCCXXXIV. Embolismal year. Last year of the Hendecad. A.

1234.2

Aed O hEgra king of Leyney was killed by Donnchad son of Duarcan O hEgra—a house was fired over his head and he was killed in the doorway—when he came out to avenge his brother and five sons of his father's brother, whom he had killed, and his other brother, whom he had blinded.

1234.3

Richard, son of William Marshall made war on the King of England in England. He crossed over here and landed in Leinster, and the Galls of Leinster and of all Ireland assembled to oppose him on behalf of the King of England, that is to say, Mac Muiris the Justiciar, Hugo de Lacy Earl of Ulster, and Walter de Lacy lord of Meath. They came to the Curragh and fought a fierce furious battle against the Marshall, who was killed there, and Geoffrey de Mareys was taken prisoner. He [i.e., Richard] had been deserted by his followers, so that he was left alone, the last man [of his side] to be fighting on that field. This was one of the worst deeds done in that age.

1234.4

Aengus O Mailfagmair, Bishop of the Ui Amalgada, rested in Christ.

1234.5

Heavy snow fell between the two Christmases, followed by such a frost that men and laden horses walked on the great lakes and rivers of Ireland.

1234.6

Aengus Mac Gilla Finnein, king of Loch Erne, went to plunder Domnall O Domnaill king of Tir Conaill. O Domnaill overtook him and killed him.

1234.7

Gilla na Naem son of Art O Brain, erenagh of Roscommon rested.

1234.8

Maelpetair O Carmacain, master of Roscommon, rested.

1234.9

Diarmait O Cuinn, chieftain of Muinter Gilligain, died.


p.51

1234.10

Mael Isa son of Daniel O Gormgaile, prior of Inis Mac nErin in Lock Key, died.

1234.11

Gilla Isa O Gibillain, a monk anchorite of Holy Trinity Island, rested in Christ.

1235.1

1235 First of January on Monday and the eighth day of the moon. First year of the Decemnovennial Cycle; twenty-third of the Solar Cycle; eighth of the Indiction. Common year. G.

1235.2

Domnall son of Aed O Neill, king of Cenel Eogain, was killed by Domnall Mac Meic Lochlainn, who seized the kingship for himself this year.

1235.3

Matadan O Matadain, king of Sil nAnmchada, died.

1235.4

Isaac O Mailfagmair, erenagh of Killala, died this year.

1235.5

Lochlainn the son of Echtigern O Cellaig's son was killed by the sons of Gilla Riabach O Baigill this year.

1235.6

Taichlech son of Aed O Dubda, king of the Ui Amalgada and the Ui Fiachrach, was killed by an arrow-wound while interposing [in a dispute] in the camp of Fedlim mac Cathail Chrobdeirg King of Connacht.

1235.7

An Gilla Suasanach (the Mop-haired Lad) Mac Aedacain died this year.

1235.8

The Galls of Ireland, assembled by Richard Burke, made a hosting and came past Athlone to Roscommon, which they burnt, and thence to Elphin, where they burnt the great church, and so to Ath Da Larac on the Boyle. Now these were the most renowned and resolute of that army; Mac Muiris the Justiciar, Hugo de Lacy Earl of Ulster, Richard son of William Burke, Walter Riddesford chief baron of Leinster with the Leinster Galls, John Gogan with the Munster Galls, and the bands of all Ireland along with them. They came on the eve of Trinity Sunday to the monastery of Boyle and their soldiery overran the monastery, broke open the crypt(?) and took away its valuables, chalices and vestments. But the chiefs of the Galls abhorred this act, and everything they could recover was sent back and what they could not was paid for. Next day they sent their raiders and soldiery and mercenary bands to


p.53

Cret and Glencar and to the tower of Glenfarn and brought great preys to Ardcarne, where they were to meet the Justiciar.

1235.9

Then the Galls adopted a remarkable plan, which no man of Connacht or Munster suspected them of. At the instigation of Eogan O hEidin, who wished to be revenged for his wounds on the Munsterman and on Donnchad Cairbrech O Briain, they turned back the way they had come and passed into Tir Maine and Maenmag and so, without warning or notice, into Thomond. They took vast, innumerable spoils from the Munstermen, who had provided no retreat and made no preparations.

1235.10

But the Connachtmen and Fedlim mac Cathail Chrobdeirg pursued after the Galls, who had [thus] slipped away, to fulfill their promise to the Munstermen and to share their day of battle; and there were good, long affrays every day between the two sides. On the last day both Connachtmen and Munstermen moved into action and fought stoutly, with might and main, but armoured Galls and a heavy force of horsemen overpowered them, and many Munstermen were killed there through the unwisdom of a decision which Donnchad Cairbrech chanced to adopt. But the men of Connacht came out of the fray in valorous and honourable plight, without any of their eminent men being killed. Next day Donnchad Cairbrech determined to make peace with the Galls and to yield them hostages and tribute. He took this decision, though after long hesitation, because by that time a large part of his people had been plundered and killed. The Galls, however, proceeded to Connacht and advanced first upon Aed O Flaithbertaig, who made peace with them in order to preserve his cattle and folk, his lands and territory.

1235.11

As for Fedlim, he determined to repair, with what cows he could find in Connemara and Conmaicne Cuile and all those who adopted his advice, the son of Magnus and Conchobar Ruad son of Muirchertach Muimnech, to seek the protection of O Domnaill, leaving the land [i.e., Connacht] for the Galls to work their will therein. The Galls afterwards came to Doon Castle and sent emissaries to Magnus son of Muirchertach Muimnech demanding that he should accept their terms of peace and yield them hostages. Magnus refused both demands. They then sent out large raiding parties from Doon, consisting of the descendants of Ruaidri and innumerable soldiery, who


p.55

plundered Achill Island and carried off great spoils to rejoin the Galls at Druimne.

1235.12

Aed O Flaithbertaig and Eogan O hEidin came round with a large army and ships, which they had brought to Leenane. These ships arrived with their troops, and the Justiciar marched to meet them at Calad Insi Aenaig (the shore opposite Inisheany) in Druimne. Magnus with his ships was on the sound of this island, and great fights and skirmishes took place between them from time to time. Then the Galls grew weary and decided to pitch a camp and draw up their ships in a recess of the great strand at that place.

1235.13

When Magnus saw that, he sailed eastwards out of the sound and landed on Inishraher, and some of his men went [back] to Inisheany and brought away some sheep from it to eat. But when the Galls saw them landing on the one island and returning to the other and keeping no watch or ward against their enemies, from whom they were divided by one of the islands, they rose up quickly, sharply, actively, and their [...] carried their ships along the strand and launched them, and being followed by a host [of their own men] and soldiery with arms and armour, they landed upon both the islands and killed all the people they found on them. Magnus and those of his followers who were on Inishraher then took to their ships, though if he had trusted the Ui Maille he would have sent his ships against the Galls and their vessels.

1235.14

However, though but little of the day was left by that time, there was not a cow on an island of Insi Mod that was not put ashore [on the mainland] before nightfall, and they would have gone before, driven by thirst and hunger, but that they were restrained; and many base people were killed that night. On the next day, a Friday, the Galls landed on the islands of North Umall, but the commanders of the soldiery would not suffer them to kill anyone, out of respect for the Passion.

1235.15

When the Galls had ended their sacking and plundering of Umall by land and sea they came, bringing their cows and spoil with them, to Luffertaun, and thence pursued their way to Ballysadare, from which place they made a raid on O


p.57

Domnaill, because he was harbouring Fedlim [O Conchobair] in his exile. After this they came to the Curlieu Hills and passed on to the Callow of Rockingham on Loch Key, to take it from a large force of the men of Fedlim O Conchobair and Cormac son of Tomaltach [Mac Diarmata], who were holding it.

1235.16

But the Galls of Ireland and the Justiciar granted a general protection and sure sanctuary to Clarus Mag Mailin Archdeacon of Elphin and the canons of Trinity Island. The Justiciar and the principal Galls went to visit this place and pray therein, doing reverence to it in honour of the Holy Trinity.

1235.17

Then a fleet of ships with galleries and perriers came to the lake, and they mounted a perrier on a small platform and many stones were hurled by it into the Rock. And since they could not take it by this means they made numerous vessels out of the houses of Ardcarne, collected all the fuel of the district and [putting it on board these vessels, or rafts] set it alight. They bound empty barrels about these rafts to keep them afloat, and sent one of their larger ships, protected by a roof of planking, to tow the rafts to the Rock and so set it afire.

1235.18

But the people in the fortress were seized with fear and came out, on stipulated terms, and the Justiciar put in a garrison of armed and armoured Galls, well furnished with food and drink. They left the people of Connacht without food or clothing or cattle; yet they bore away no pledge or hostage at that time, nor did they leave peace or settlement in the country, for the Gaels were killing and robbing each other to obtain what little the Galls had left behind them.

1235.19

Fedlim [O Conchobair], however, made peace with the Justiciar, agreeing to pay him rent and tribute for the five King's Cantreds. Cormac Mac Diarmata submitted at the same time.

1235.20

As for the garrison of the Rock, after they had occupied it for three full weeks, from Thursday to Thursday, the warden went outside its gate and O Hostin, who was one of themselves, shut it behind him. The Galls then fled for protection to Trinity Island, [whence] they were afterwards escorted. But


p.59

when Cormac had [re-taken] the Rock he determined to throw it down and scatter its stones, that the Galls might not have again.

1235.21

Domnall and Muirchertach, sons of Muiredach O Maille, were killed by Domnall son of Magnus son of Muirchertach [Muimnech] O Conchobair and by Niall Ruad son of Cathal O Conchobair on Clare Island, and there they were buried.

1235.22

Tuathal son of Muirchertach [Muimnech] O Conchobair was killed by Conchobar Buide son of Toirrdelbach O Conchobair and by Conchobar son of Aed Muimnech this year.

1235.23

Some soldiery and kerne who were marauding on Finloch of Cera [L. Carra] on behalf of the son of Ruaidri were killed by Magnus son of Muirchertach O Conchobair this year.

1235.24

Matthew, prior of Holy Trinity Island, rested in Christ.

1235.25

Gilla Coimded O Cuilin [...]. . .

1235.26

The best men of Ui Briuin na Sinna were killed in a skirmish with Donnchad son of Muirchertach Muimnech.

1235.27

O hAnainn, the great priest, died at Kilmore.

1235.28

The castle at Meelick was broken down by Fedlim O Conchobair.

1235.29

The church of an Druimne at Athleague was burnt, with the charters(?) and all the books of the Canons.

1236.1

1236 First of January on Tuesday and the nineteenth day of the moon, MCCXXXVI. Twenty-fourth year of the Solar Cycle; ninth year of the Indiction. Common year. FE.

1236.2

Maelsechlainn O Maille was killed on Oilen Dacruindi by Donnchad son of Magnus son of Muirchertach Muimnech O Conchobair this year.

1236.3

Fedlim mac Cathail Chrobdeirg was banished by the Justiciar Mac Muiris, his gossip, after Mac William had gone to England. He was warned beforehand and barely managed to escape with a few horsemen. They made great raids on his people and he took refuge with O Domnaill. The castle at Onagh was built at this time as a stronghold against the men of Connacht. The treachery was practised in this way: an


p.61

appointment having been made with intent to entrap him, the Justiciar brought the Galls of Ireland to Afeoran, the place of meeting, and they pursued him from there to Roscommon and from Roscommon to Sligo bridge. And since they could not catch him they raided Tadc O Conchobair captured many noble women and carried them off into captivity and bondage. They then came with their booty to Druim nGrecraige in Moylurg, where the Justiciar himself was waiting for them.

1236.4

The Justiciar and the Galls then departed, leaving Brian son of Toirrdelbach [son of Ruaidri O Conchobair] to guard and rule the land. Brian, with the Justiciar's soldiery, raided and harassed the sons of Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg and many others of Fedlim's people; and these in turn raided and harassed the Galls and their enemies among the Gaels; so that the whole countryside was ruined by them alternately.

1236.5

Conchobar son of Aed Muimnech was killed by Magnus son of Muirchertach Muimnech O Conchobair this year.

1236.6

Maelmuire O Lachtnan, Archbishop-elect of Tuaim, went to England and was consecrated by letters from the Successor of Peter and consent of the King of England.

1236.7

Mac William crossed over to Ireland from the King of England, and no man in Ireland knew whether he was bringing peace or strife to Ireland.

1236.8

Now Fedlim mac Cathail Chrobdeirg came back into Connacht at the invitation of some of the Connachtmen, O Cellaig, O Flainn, the sons of Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg and the son of Art O Mailsechlainn. The combined force, four large battalions, advanced against Randoon. Like fierce furious forceful foemen they crossed the bawn and the moat of the island, where were all the cows of the territory, and then each captain of a company and each leader of an army made for the cows, and they were driving them off wherever they came upon them. A pitiful act, their lord, their honour and their valour were abandoned for booty and cattle which profited them nought, and they deserted their lord until out of the four battalions which had been under him he had but four single horsemen left, and the High-king's voice was broken in trying to recall and rally them.

1236.9

But Eogain O hEdin, Brian son of Toirrdelbach [O Conchobair], Mac Goisdelb and Conchobair Buide son of


p.63

Toirrdelbach, on seeing them break up and scatter unwisely, inconstantly, incautiously, rose up quickly and lively with a few horsemen and a large body of soldiery and made for the spot where they saw O Conchobair with his few followers. Conchobair Buide son of Toirrdelbach came upon the sons of Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg and they approached him lightly and heedlessly, as if they had been a party of his own people, and he was killed thereupon by Ruaidri son of Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg.

1236.10

A great number of the army was then slain, both on the ‘island’ and outside of it, in that defeat; and these were all accursed and excommunicate men, excepting only Tadc son of Cormac son of Tomaltach Mac Diarmata.

1236.11

Now when Mac William heard of this defeat inflicted upon all his revolted subjects, he rose up in support of O Conchobair to banish them or tame them. Then Diarmait son of Magnus O Conchobair sought refuge with the son of Muirchertach O Conchobair. Thereupon Mac William came, unforeseen and unperceived, to Tuaim and thence to Mayo, and there was not left a heap of seed-corn in the great church of Mayo nor in the church of the Archangel Michael, but all was removed at once. Three or four score baskets were taken out of those churches and [...]. . . afterwards, though there was not much of that. They then came to Turlagh, which received the like treatment, and great raids were sent against the people of the son of Magnus. The people of Conchobar Ruad and of Turlagh fell in with these raiders and were plundered indiscriminately. Magnus was then obliged to send away such of the followers of the son of Magnus O Conchobair as had resorted to him, or he would have suffered the same visitation as had befallen his brother.

1236.12

Conchobar Ruad went on the morrow to find Mac William and submitted to him and made peace; and such of his cattle as had been reaved were paid for, while the folk of the church, got back such of their cattle as they found alive.

1236.13

The son of Magnus, moreover, submitted to the Galls for the sake of his cattle, or such as was left to him of it, and his folk.

1236.14

Then Mac William went to Balla, where he stayed two nights, and thence to Tuaim, leaving Connacht after this


p.65

[expedition] with no food in church or lay-property, with no peace or settlement, but with every man's hand against his neighbour, except for such rule as the sons of Muirchertach [Muimnech] afforded to the country. At this time the followers of Brian son of Toirrdelbach burned the church of Emlagh against the people of O Flainn, when it was full of women and children and nuns, among whom were three priests; and Termon Keelin was burned by the Justiciar at this time also.

1236.15

Aed O Flaithbertaig, king of West Connacht, died this year, the greatest and most excellent(?) man who ever lived of the men of West Connacht and one who was the greatest supporter of other men and himself depended least upon others.

1236.16

This was a year of wet and storm and war, of hunger and scarcity of food and clothing; armed bands and evil-doers without reverence for church or privilege, being excommunicated by the hands of bishops; the reverend clerics of the Catholic Church in fear and dread every day and night; frequent routs and escapings from Gael and Gall to the churches and churches used as dormitories, this year and for the space of twelve years ever since O Neill's war; Galls and Gaels plundering by turns; no lordship or government, but Connacht lying open for the Galls to ruin whenever they came into it, and its King and eligible princes plundering and violating church and countryside in their wake.

1236.17

Diarmait son of Niall O Ruairc was blinded by Cu Chonnacht O Raigillig.

1236.18

Cathal Riabach son of Gillabroide O Ruairc, king of the Ui Briuin, died.

1236.19

Mac Raith Mac Mailin, priest of Kilmactranny, died.

1236.20

Aed O Gibillain, priest of Kilroddan and eventually a Canon on Trinity Island, died.

1236.21

Fedlim O Conchobair defeated the descendants of Ruaidri and Conchobar son of Cormac Mac Diarmata at Cluain Catha.

1237.1

1237 First of January on Thursday and the thirtieth day of the moon; twenty-fifth year of the Solar Cycle; third year of the Decemnovennial Cycle; tenth year of the Indiction. MCCXXXVII. Embolismal year. D.

1237.2

A hosting by Fedlim mac Cathail Chrobdeirg into Connacht, accompanied by Cu Chonnacht O Raigillig with all the Ui Briuin, Cathal Mag Ragnaill with all the Conmaicne, and the three sons of Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg, to attack the


p.67

descendants of Ruaidri, that is, Brian son of Toirrdelbach son of Ruaidri and Muirchertach and Domnall sons of Diarmait son of Ruaidri, with whom was Conchobar son of Cormac Mac Diarmata, in the place where they were. They went after them northward through the Curlieu Hills and came to Drumrat. The descendants of Ruaidri sent the soldiers of the Justiciar, which they had with them, to encounter them; and Fedlim ordered his men not to shoot at them, but with bowed heads to have at them in a furious charge. The soldiers did not withstand this onset but broke and fell back on their own side, many of them, including Mac Mibric, being killed in the rout. When the sons of Ruaidri saw that fortune was against them and that the soldiers were breaking up in panic, they abandoned their position [and got away] without a man of them being killed. After this defeat they were dispersed, so that they had no more habitation among the Sil Murray, and all their folk were plundered. They made great raids on Conchobar son of Cormac [Mac Diarmata] in Tirrerill, and after that they put a fleet on Loch Key, deposed Cormac Mac Diarmata king of Moylurg, plundered the whole of Moylurg and gave the lordship of the whole lake and territory to Donnchad son of Muirchertach Luathsuilech [Mac Diarmata].

1237.3

Donait O Fidabra, coarb of Patric, rested.

1237.4

The Justiciar made peace with Fedlim mac Cathail Chrobdeirg and the five King's Cantreds were given to him free of cattle-tribute or rent.

1237.5

The Irish Barons came into Connacht and began the building of castles therein.

1237.6

The first synod of Maelmure O Lachtnan, erenagh of Tuaim, was held at Athlone after his pallium had arrived from Rome.

1237.7

Magnus son of Diarmait son of Magnus [O Conchobair] was killed by Domnall son of Diarmait son of Ruaidri O Conchobair this year.

1237.8

Muirchertach son of Diarmait son of Ruaidri O Conchobair was killed by the sons of Magnus mac Muirchertaig Muimnig Ui Chonchobair this year.

1237.9

Clarus Mac Mailin began the building of a monastery for Canons on Trinity Island in Loch Oughter, the gift of Cathal O Raigillig.

1237.10

Thomas O Ruadain, Bishop of Leyney, rested in Christ.

1237.11

Gilla Isa son of In Scelaige (the Narrator) O Tormaig, Bishop of the Conmaicne, rested.


p.69

1237.12

Gilla na nEcc O Mannachain died in the monastery of Boyle this year.

1237.13

Conchobar son of Cormac [Mac Diarmata] raided Ruaidri O Gadra and killed his brother.

1237.14

The hostages of Conchobar son of Cormac were killed by Fedlim mac Cathail Chrobdeirg this year.

1237.15

Drommann Iarthair and the land between Lathach Cille Brain and the lake, with wood and plain and bog, was presented to the community of the Trinity on Loch Key and to Clarus Mac Mailin by Donnchad son of Muirchertach Luathsuilech [Mac Diarmata] during the time that he ruled as king; and this was not long, since he reigned only for a month and Cormac reigned again.

1238.1

1238 First of January on Friday and the eleventh day of the moon, twenty-sixth year of the Solar Cycle; fourth year of the Decemnovennial Cycle; eleventh year of the Indiction; the twelve hundred and thirty-eighth year since the Incarnation of the Lord. Common year. C.

1238.2

Donnchad Uaithnech son of Aed son of Ruairdri O Conchobair was killed by Tadc son of Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg this year.

1238.3

Donnchad son of Duarcan O hEgra, king of Leyney, was captured by Tadc son of Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg; and when he was being taken to a place of custody his own kinsmen, the sons of Aed O hEgra, killed him by the way, in Tirarune.

1238.4

Donnchad son of Muirchertach [Luathsuilech Mac Diarmata] went into Brefne to join O Raigillig. They made a great raid into Connacht, plundering the community of Clooncorpey; and the nobles of Muinter Eolais and many of the Tuatha were killed in pursuing the raiders.

1238.5

Maelruanaid son of Donnchad O Dubda was killed by Maelsechlainn son of Conchobair Ruad son of Muirchertach Muimnech O Conchobair and the son of Tigernan son of Cathal Micuran O Conchobair.

1238.6

Castles were built in Muinter Murchada and Conmaicne Cuile and Carra by the aforesaid Barons.

1238.7

Ruaidri son of Aed O Flaithbertaig was captured by the Galls.

1238.8

The bell-tower of Annadown was built.

1238.9

Mac Muiris, Justiciar of Ireland, and Hugo de Lacy, Earl of Munster, marched with a large army into Cenel Eogain and Cenel Conaill, deposed Mac Lochlainn and banished him


p.71

from his own territory, gave the kingdom to the son of O Neill and took hostages of Cenel Conaill and Cenel Eogain.

1238.10

Felix O Ruanada, Archbishop of Tuaim, after resigning his archbishopric for the love of God and clothing himself in the robe of a monk at St. Mary's church in Dublin, [died.]

1238.11

Cathal Mac Riabaig, chieftain of the Fir Scedni, died.

1239.1

1239 First of January on Saturday and the twenty-second day of the moon; twenty-seventh year of the Solar Cycle; fifth year of the Decemnovennial Cycle; twelfth year of the Indiction. MCCXXXIX. Common year. B.

1239.2

Muirchertach son of Domnall O Briain died this year.

1239.3

Toirrdelbach son of Ruaidri O Conchobair, King of Connacht, died this year.

1239.4

The battle of Carnteel was fought by Domnall Mac Lochlainn. Here were killed Domnall O Neill of Tamnach, Mac Mathgamna, Somairle O Gormlegaig, Caech O Gormlegaig of Barnasmore and the nobles of Cenel Muain, with a multitude of others. After this defeat of Cenel Muain and Oriel, Mac Lochlainn regained the kingship which had been taken from him.

1239.5

Fergal son of Cu Chonnacht O Raigillig, king of Dartry and Clann Fermaige (or, according to another book, of Brefne east of the Mountain), was killed by Maelruanaid son of Fergal and Conchobar son of Cormac [Mac Diarmata]. He had gone a-raiding against the sons of Niall son of Congalach [O Ruairc] plundered them and taken a house which they were holding. The sons of Niall came out of the house under a promise, but he was killed after the killing of Raigillig's son.

1239.6

The Galls of Ireland raided O Domnaill. They plundered Carbury while the Justiciar himself waited for them at Ballysadare, and their skirmishers went as far as Drumcliff.

1239.7

Lasairfina, daughter of Cathal Crobderg and wife of O Domnaill, gave a half-townland of [her] marriage-estate, Rossborne, to Clarus Mag Mailin and the community of Canons on Trinity Island in Loch Key, this year, in honour of the Trinity and Mary our Lady.

1239.8

Cormac son of Art O Mailsechlainn died.


p.73

1240.1

1240First of January on Sunday, MCCXL. Third day of the moon. Last year of the Solar Cycle; sixth year of the Decemnovennial Cycle; thirteenth year of the Indiction. Embolismal year. AG.

1240.2

A great raid by Cu Chonnacht O Raigillig against Cormac son of Tomaltach [Mac Diarmata]. He plundered the whole country to Ardcarne and killed many people, to avenge his son.

1240.3

Fedlim O Conchobair went to the house of the King of England, to make complaint of the Galls and Gaels of Ireland. He received much honour from the King on that visit and returned home in safety, happy and cheerful.

1240.4

Aed son of Gilla na Naem Crom (the Stooped) O Sechnusaig was killed by Conchobar son of Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg and Fiachra O Flainn.

1240.5

Sadb, daughter of O Cennetig and wife of Donnchad Cairbrech O Briain, died.

1240.6

Gilla na Naem O Dreain, erenagh of Ardcarne, died this year.

1241.1

1241 First of January on Tuesday and the fourteenth day of the moon. First year of the Solar Cycle; seventh year of the Decemnovennial Cycle; fourteenth year of the Indictional Cycle. MCCXLI. Common year. F.

1241.2

Pope Gregory IX rested in Christ.

1241.3

A great raid on Mag nAi was made by the Justiciar, Muiris Mac Gerailt. He plundered Fiachra O Flainn and Donnchad Mac Diarmata, and a few of O Conchobair's people came up with his party and killed Nar Mac Gilla Cellaig and many others.

1241.4

The Coarb of Patrick, the German, came to Ireland, bringing from the Pope a privilege for the churches of St. Patrick in Ireland.

1241.5

Domnall Mor O Domnaill, king of Tir Conaill and Fermanagh, died, after a triumph of Unction and Penance, and was buried in the autumn in the monastery of Assaroe.

1241.6

Maelsechlainn the son of O Domnaill was made king in succession to his father. O Neill (Brian, banished by Mac Lochlainn) came to him and together they marched back into Cenel Eogain, where Domnall Mac Lochlainn gave them battle—


p.75

the battle of Camergi. Here Domnall Mac Lochlainn, king of Cenel nEogain, was slain, with ten of his close kindred. All the chieftains of Cenel nEogain were slain here and the kingship seized by Brian O Neill. Siadal and many others were killed in this battle.

1241.7

Sitrec Mag Oirechtaig, chieftain of Clann Tomaltaig, died this year.

1241.8

Walter de Lacy, Lord of Meath and chief counsellor of the Galls of Ireland, died in England this year.

1241.9

Consecration of the church of the Friars Minor at Athlone by the Coarb of Patrick.

1241.10

Mac Muiris, Justiciar of Ireland, came with an army to Ballylahan in Leyney and made peace with Tadc O Conchobair, after which he returned.

1241.11

Tadc O Conchobair plundered Dartry and Clann Fermaige.

1241.12

Peace was made between the Coarb of Patrick and the Archbishop and bishops of Connacht on account of Patrick's Land in Connacht.

1241.13

Diarmait son of Magnus son of Toirrdelbach Mor O Conchobair, a man eminent for bounty and valour, died.

1241.14

Aengus Mac Raith, priest of Cormac Mac Diarmata, died before Christmas.

1241.15

Magnus son of Fergal died after Christmas.

1241.16

Bishop O Flaithbertaig of Annadown rested in Christ.

1241.17

Tadc son of Ruaidri O Gadra died this year.

1241.18

Pope Stephen rested in Christ.

1242.1

1242 First of January on Wednesday and the twenty-fifth day of the moon. Second year of the Solar Cycle; eighth year of the Decemnovennial Cycle; fifteenth year of the Indiction. MCCXLII. Embolismal year. Last year of the Ogdoad. E.

1242.2

Donnchad Cairbrech O Briain, king of Thomond and his son Toirrdelbach died.

1242.3

Mor daughter of Donnchad O Fergail rested in Christ.

1242.4

Aed O Conchobair, that is, the Ex-cleric, son of Aed mac Ruaidri, was killed by Toirdelbach son of Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg.


p.77

1242.5

Conchobar O Briain took the kingship of Thomond.

1242.6

Brian son of Donnchad O Dubda, king of the Ui Fiachrach, Ui Amalgada and Erris, was killed by the way as he was going on pilgrimage to the monastery of Boyle.

1242.7

The Archbishop of Armagh and the canons abbots of Ireland held a great chapter to honour the Order in Louth when some of the relics which Mochta had assembled from Rome were raised.

1242.8

The Justiciar, with the Galls of Ireland generally and Fedlimid O Conchobair, made a great hosting into Cenel Conaill to avenge the death of Tadc O Conchobair. They encamped at Drumhome, where the leading men of Cenel Conaill came in and brought hostages.

1242.9

The hospital of Sligo was presented by the Justiciar to Clarus Mag Mailin, in honour of the Trinity.

1242.10

Tadc O Conchobair was captured by Cu Chonnacht O Raigillig at the instance of Fedlimid mac Cathail Chrobdeirg this year.

1242.11

Magnus O Muiredaig was killed by Tomas Mac Murchada.

1242.12

Niall son of Domnall Murach (?) son of Ruaidri O Conchobair was burned, together with three Ui Sechnusaig, in one house in Mayo by Lewis, one of the household of Mac Muiris [Fitz Gerald].

1242.13

Aed O Mannachan died among the canons of Kilmore.

1242.14

Domnall Mac Airten died this year.

1242.15

The sons of Aed [mac Cathail Chrobdeirg] O Conchobair attacked Mac Gosdelb's castle in Brefne and demolished it.

1243.1

1243 First of January on Thursday and the sixth day of the moon. Third year of the Solar Cycle; ninth year of the Decemnovennial Cycle; first year of the Indiction. MCCXLIII. Common year. D.

1243.2

Tadc son of Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg, after being released by O Raigillig, came to Boyle and led a company to Mac Diarmata's house. He captured Cormac mac Tomaltaig and brought away his own mother, Etain daughter of Mac Carthy, Fingen to wit, who was Mac Diarmata's wife, and gave her as wife to Cu Chonnacht O Raigillig as ransom for himself.


p.79

Tadg went again at Martinmas with a few followers to meet O Raigillig, by whom he was captured, deceitfully and treacherously, and his folk slaughtered afterwards, and he himself was kept in captivity until the feast of St. Berach in the following Spring.

1243.3

A great hosting by the King of England against the King of France. Messengers came from the King desiring the Irish Galls to attend him. Richard son of William Burke went to him and died on that eastern expedition.

1243.4

Hugo de Lacy Earl of Ulster died. The Earl of Ulster was killed at Durrow by Gilla cin Inathar (the Gutless Lad) O Miadaig with one blow of a wood-axe, at the instigation of Sinnach (Fox) O Cathurnaig and O Brain. They had sent him to the place to measure their [allotted] portion of the castle-moat, telling him to measure it himself, so that they might not be cheated; and after everyone had ceased work the Earl went alone with him to measure it. And when he had the Earl stooping down before him to measure the ground, he struck him with the wood-axe, which he had ready for him under his armpit. And by dint of running he escaped from Gall and Gael to Kilclare and came to Sinnach and O Brain, leaving the Earl lifeless.

1243.5

Petrus Mac Craith, after dedicating his life among the canons of Trinity Island, Loch Key, died, and was buried on St. Martin's day.

1243.6

Mael Eoin O Crechain, archdeacon of Tuaim, crossed over to Ireland, having been made a Master, and died in Dublin.

1243.7

Finnachta O Lugada, coarb of Benen and archdeacon of Tuaim, died at Martinmas.

1243.8

Cathasach O Snedhusa, dean of Muinter Mailruanaid, died at Ardcarne at St. Laurence's festival.

1243.9

Cathal son of Aed O Conchobair, foster-child of the Muinter Raigillig, turned against them and raided Muirchertach Mac Gilla Suilig in Mag Nise. Muirchertach himself was captured by him and slain in [...]. . . . at Cell tSesin. He made another raid immediately on Clann Fermaige and Dartry.

1243.10

Cathal son of Aed O Conchobair raided Mag Rein, so that war broke out between O Conchobair and O Raigillig.

1243.11

The church of Ardcarne was enlarged by Clarus Mag Mailin this year.


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1244.1

1244 First of January on Friday and the seventeenth day of the moon. Fourth year of the Solar Cycle; tenth year of the Decemnovennial Cycle, second year of the Indiction. Common year. CB.

.2

Tadc son of Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg was blinded and emasculated by Cu Chonnacht O Raigillig at the feast of St. Berach on Inis na Connire in Loch Allen, after having been in custody since the feast of St. Martin.

1244.3

Ruaidri son of Aed, his brother, was drowned at Curreen by Ballyleague on the ninth day of March, and was buried nobly and honourably in the monastery of Cloontuskert.

1244.4

Conchobar son of Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg died at the end of a month of the same Spring.

1244.5

Fedlimid mac Cathail Chrobdeirg made an immense hosting eastwards into Brefne against O Raigillig, to avenge his fosterson and kinsman, Tadc O Conchobair. They encamped for a night at Fenagh. At that time there was no roof on the church of Fenagh, and the coarb was away that night. And as he was not present, the common soldiers of the host burned the huts and tents which were inside the church, without permission of their leaders, and the coarb's foster-child, God's gift, was suffocated. Now learned men relate that the coarb received this foster-child by finding him on a large stone which stood in that place, and [the people] never knew of his having either mother or father; and the coarb loved him and gave him, as it is said, milk from his own breasts. Next day he came to them in anger and indignation at the death of the boy, requiring O Conchobair to pay the blood-fine for his foster-child, and O Conchobair said he could choose what fine he pleased. ‘I choose’ said he ‘the best man among you, as compensation for the child of God whom you have burnt.’ ‘That’ said O Conchobair ‘is Magnus, the son of Muirchertach Muimnech.’ ‘Nay, not so,’ said Magnus ‘but he who is leader of the host.’ ‘I will not go from you so’ said the coarb ‘until I get the fine for my foster-child.’ After this the host departed from that place, and the coarb followed them to Ath na Cuirre on the Yellow River, which was flowing over its banks, so that they could not cross it till they broke up the spital-house of John the Baptist, which stood beside the ford, and used its materials


p.83

to bridge the river for the host to pass across. Magnus son of Muirchertach Muimnech and Conchobar son of Cormac Mac Diarmata went into the house, and Magnus spoke to a man who was above him, at work on the house-breaking; ‘That’ said he, pointing upwards with the chape of his sword, ‘is the nail which keeps the house from falling.’ As he spoke, a rafter(?) fell on his head and smashed it to pieces on the spot. He was buried outside the doorway of the church of Fenagh, and thrice the full of the Bell of the Kings of silver and thirty horses were given as an offering with him. Thus, then, did the coarb of St. Caillin at last recover compensation for his fosterling of God from them. A beautiful monument of carved stone with an excellently wrought stone cross was afterwards made [and set up] over him, but after a while the Ui Ruairc in their enmity demolished it.

1244.6

Donnchad son of Fingen son of Maelsechlainn son of Aed son of Toirrdelbach O Conchobair, bishop of Elphin, died on Inishcloghran a week before the first of May and was buried in the monastery of Boyle.

1244.7

Donnchad Mor O Dalaig, a master of poetry who never has been excelled and never will be, died and was buried in the monastery of Boyle.

1244.8

Tuaim was burned, together with its four churches and all its houses.

1244.9

The Archdeacon of Tuaim was drowned in Glaislinn Cluana.

1244.10

Fergal Mac Thacadan was treacherously killed by Conchobar Mac Tigernain on Inishfree.

1244.11

Great strife and contention arose in the choir of Elphin after Donnchad O Conchobair, Bishop of Sil Murray, died, in the matter of electing [his successor]. For a large section of the clergy elected Tomas O Cuinn, a Friar Minor and a chosen vessel, pure in his dealings; while Clarus Mag Mailin and Johannes, the two Archdeacons of Elphin, and Malachias the Dean and the Sacristan dissented from this choice, wishing to elect one of the choir, as was lawful. Hearing this, the junior Canons elected Comarba Commain O Conchobair, while the senior, namely the aforesaid, chose Johannes the Archdeacon in full synod at Athlone, through the influence of Clarus, Archdeacon of Elphin, who always refused to fall in with the error of others.

1244.12

Cormac son of Tomaltach son of Conchobar Mac Diarmata, king of the whole Clann Mailruanaid, died after being for


p.85

twenty-six years and part of another year at the height of eminence for his bounty and for supporting the province of Connacht against the Galls and the Gaels who opposed him. He died in the robe of a Grey Monk in the monastery of Boyle, after triumphing over the devil and the world.

1245.1

1245 First of January on Sunday and the twenty-eighth day of the moon. Fifth year of the Solar Cycle; Eleventh year of the Decemnovennial Cycle; third year of the Indiction. MCCXLV. Embolismal year.

1245.2

Conchobar Ruad son of Muirchertach Muimnech son of Toirrdelbach O Conchobair was killed by O Timaith, his own steward, who stabbed him with a knife because of a quarrel between them at Port na Leci. Gilla Crist son of Imar O Birn afterwards killed the steward therefor. Conchobhar Ruad was carried to the monastery of Boyle, where he died of his wound and was buried after a victory of Unction and repentance to God.

1245.3

The castle of Sligo was built by Mac Muiris Fitz Gerald, Justiciar of Ireland, and by the Sil Murray. For Fedlim [O Conchobair] was bidden to build it at his own cost and to take the stones and lime of the spital house of the Trinity for the building, though the Justiciar had previously given that site to Clarus Mag Mailin in honour of the Holy Trinity.

1245.4

Domnall O Flannacain, Abbot of Cong, died.

1245.5

The King of the English made a great hosting against the Welsh. They encamped at Cannock Castle, and the King sent legates bearing letters to the Irish Galls and to Fedlimid mac Cathail Chrobdeirg, bidding them to attend him, to conquer the Welsh. Then the Justiciar and the Irish Galls repaired to the King, and Fedlimid O Conchobair with a great army went to the help of the King in Wales. They despoiled the whole country, but exacted no pledge or hostage from the Welsh at that time. Fedlimid was held in honour by the King then and was well pleased when he returned westwards.

1245.6

The castle of Ath in Chip on the border of Moynishy was built by Milid Mac Gosdelb.

1245.7

Fiachra Son of Dauid O Flainn, chieftain of the Sil Mailruain, died on Christmas day.

1245.8

Cerball Buide son of Tadc son of Aengus Findabrach O Dalaig died.

1245.9

Caislen Suicin was built this year.


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1245.10

Virulent snow fell on the eve of St. Nicholas, and folk who walked in it lost their heels and toes. The snow lay until Great Christmas.

1245.11

Muirchertach son of Muirgius son of Cathal Mac Diarmata was killed by the men of Brefne.

1245.12

But Master John, elected to the bishoprick of Elphin by Clarus, Archdeacon of that see, and by Malachy the Cathedral Dean and Gelasius the Sacristan, proceeded to visit the Lord Pope at Lyons-sur-Rhone, where he was in exile, having been expelled from the Holy See by the Roman Emperor; and he found such favour in the eyes of the Lord Pope and of the papal court that the election of Comarba Comain by the junior canons of the choir of Elphin was quashed, while his own election by the elder clergy, though fewer in number, was honoured, the Lord Pope giving him letters for the Archbishop of Tuaim ordering his consecration as bishop in the name of Jesus Christ our Lord. He was consecrated, and on the day of his consecration the faithful of Christ and seekers to preserve the truth answered: ‘Thanks be to God.’

1245.13

Ragnall O Mailmiadaig was killed by the Connachtmen this year.

1245.14

Muirchertach son of Cathal son of Diarmait son of Tadc O Mailruanaid assumed the kingship of the Rock in succession to Cormac son of Tomaltach [Mac Diarmata] and held it for full twenty-one years after.

1246.1

1246 First of January on Monday and the ninth day of the moon. Sixth year of the Solar Cycle; twelfth year of the Decemnovennial Cycle; fourth year of the Indiction. MCCXLVI. Common year. G.

.2

A whale was stranded in Carbury, at Cuil Irra, which brought great relief and joy to the countryside.

1246.3

The Bishop of Elphin, Eoin O Mugroin, son of the coarb of Mochua, died at Rahugh this year.

1246.4

Drumlane was burned this year.

1246.5

Maelsechlainn son of Conchobar Ruad son of Muirchertach Muimnech O Conchobair was killed by O Dubda, that is Muirchertach, this year. Muirchertach was banished over seas after this murder.


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1246.6

John Fitz Geoffrey came as Justiciar to Ireland, deposing Muiris Mac Gerailt.

1246.7

Toirrdelbach son of Aed O Conchobair escaped from the crannog of Loch Leisi in the autumn. He drowned his warders, Cormac O Muiredaig and two of the Ui Ainmirech, and came away himself afterwards.

1246.8

Muiris Mac Gerailt made a great raid into Tir Conaill and gave half of it to Cormac son of Diarmait son of Ruaidri [O Conchobair]. He took hostages of O Domnaill for the other half and left them in the castle of Sligo. O Domnaill came on the first day of November with the chief men of Tir Conaill to Sligo and they burned the bawn of the town but could not prevail against the castle. The garrison hanged their hostages on the roof before their eyes—O Mianain the foster-father of O Domnaill and his [O Domnaill's] foster-brother.

1246.9

Aed son of Aed O Conchobair was captured and his possessions plundered.

1246.10

Toirrdelbach son of Aed O Conchobair was recaptured, [though] under the protection of the Bishop of Clonfert, handed over to the Galls and put into the castle of Athlone.

1247.1

1247 First of January on Tuesday and the twentieth day of the moon. Seventh year of the Solar Cycle; thirteenth year of the Decemnovennial Cycle; fifth year of the Indiction. MCCXLVII. Common year. F.

1247.2

Tomaltach son of Toirrdelbach son of Maelsechlainn O Conchobair was consecrated bishop of Elphin the Sunday before. Septuagesima at Tuaim.

1247.3

Benedictus Mag Oirechtaig, erenagh of Aghagower, was treacherously slain at the festival of the Cross, the third day of Summer, by the son of Conchobar Ruad son of Muirchertach Muimnech O Conchobair and the son of Magnus mac Muirchertaig Muimnig.

1247.4

Toirrdelbach [O Conchobair] escaped from the castle of Athlone.

1247.5

Milid Mac Gosdelb took Feda Conmaicne and expelled Cathal Mag Ragnaill. He took the crannog of Claenloch and left a garrison of his own men in it.


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1247.6

Cathal and Toirrdelbach, sons of Aed O Conchobair, made a hosting to help Cathal Mag Ragnaill expel Mac Gosdelb from Feda Conmaicne. They captured the crannog and the lake and broke down the castle of Lecc Derg on the Saturday before Pentecost. And Toirrdelbach came to Trinity Island to fetch Clarus Mac Mailin, since the Galls had refused to come out of the castle unless the Archdeacon would escort them westwards across the Shannon to Tumna. So they came away with him, and the Clann Gosdelb were expelled from the whole territory.

1247.7

Muiris Mac Gerailt led out a great army of Galls, first to Sligo and thence to Assaroe, which they reached on the Wednesday after the feast of SS. Peter and Paul, and where Cormac son of Diarmait son of Ruaidri O Conchobair joined himself to Mac Gerailt's followers. O Domnaill mustered the Cenel Conaill and Cenel Eogain to oppose them at Ballyshannon and for a week exactly they did not let Gall or Gael pass the ford. So the invaders took counsel and sent Cormac O Conchobair with a large force of horsemen westwards along the plain and then southwards to the edge of the Mointech. From here he skirted the Mointech eastwards till he reached Ballycooloon on the Erne, and the Cenel Conaill perceived nothing of them till they saw them approaching on their own side of the river. But when the Galls saw the attention of the Cenel Conaill diverted from themselves to the horsemen who were taking them in their rear, they charged across the ford, so that the Cenel Conaill were between the two parties. And this is not all, for Maelsechlainn O Domnaill, king of Cenel Conaill, was killed there, and Gilla Muinelach O Baigill and Mac Somurli, king of Argyle, and all the chief men of Cenel Conaill. Many men of Mac Gerailt's army were drowned in crossing the Find northwards; many also were killed at Termon Magrath in the pursuit after the preys, including William Brit the Sheriff of Connacht and his brother, a young famous knight. But after that they pillaged and plundered the whole territory and departed, leaving Ruaidri O Canannain behind as king of Cenel Conaill for the nonce.

1247.8

A great war was waged by Toirrdelbach son of Aed O Conbhobair and Donnchad son of Anmchad son of Donnchad O Gillapatraic of Ossory against the Galls of Connacht. Toirrdelbach assembled the kings' sons of Connacht and they reached Fid O nDiarmata and Muinter Fathaig, where they killed some people, and passed on to Galway, where they burned the town


p.93

and the castle and where very many people were killed, Donnchad O Gillaptraic of Ossory killing Mac Elgeit, the Seneschal of Connacht. The Galls followed them up and engaged them, and they killed a [further] number of Galls and escaped in spite of them, coming afterwards to Carra. Jordan D'Exeter and the children of Adam [Standon] and the Galls of Carra assembled and moved against Toirrdelbach, but he left the country to them, not being strong enough to oppose them.

1247.9

Burrishoole was burnt by Tadc son of Conchobar Ruad and Tadc son of Tuathal mac Muirchertaig Muimnig. Not only that, but the Galls of Connacht had not experienced for many a long year the like of the war which these princes now waged against them, for they did not forbear to ravage a single tract or territory of the Connacht Galls.

1247.10

Findguala daughter of Ruaidri O Conchobair died in Cong this year.

1247.11

Roscommon and Ardcarne were burnt by the Galls this year.

1247.12

A great fleet was collected by O Dubda and O Baigill to plunder Carbury and the crew of one ship, among whom was Magnus O Baigill, were drowned at Indsi Thuathruis.

1247.13

Conchobar O Muiredaig, Bishop of the Ui Fiachrach Aidne, died at Bristol.

1247.14

Tadc son of Conchobar Ruad burned the great island of Claenloch and twenty-eight Galls were burned there.

1248.1

1248 First of January on Wednesday and the first day of the moon. Eighth year of the Solar Cycle; fourteenth of the Decemnovennial Cycle; sixth year of the Indiction. MCCXLVIII. Embolismal year. ED.

.2

Diarmait O Cuanna, the great priest of Elphin, died and was buried at Kilmore.

1248.3

The son of O Sechnusaig was killed by the Galls.

1248.4

Opichin Guer was killed by Gilla Mochonne O Cathail this year.

1248.5

The sons of Magnus, and the son of Conchobar Ruad made


p.95

a hosting and revolted against the Galls. They burned Mac Henry's castle and captured its warden and carried the preys of North Umall onto the islands of Clew Bay. Then Jordan D'Exeter and John Butler and Robin Laigles and many others assembled and marched first to Ballintober and thence to Aghagower, and next day they plundered Umall, north and south. Then [Mac] Henry came into Umall with a great army, for Umall belonged to him and he lived there. However, he made peace with Domnall son of Magnus, who promised to supply him with men and ships to attack his [i.e. Domnall's own] kinsmen. Now they were on the Clew Bay islands, and it was told them that a body of men were on their way from Mac Henry to Domnall, to fetch boats. They went out against this company and Ouain mac na Gaillsighe and Seon mac in Gaillshacairt were killed, and in that conflict Diarmait son of Magnus killed Senoitt Guer and four of his followers. For this was a victory with defeat, since that valorous champion and well-tried warrior, Diarmait son of Magnus, was himself killed.

1248.6

Tadc son of Conchobar Ruad was killed by the Galls this year. Great indeed was the fear and dread of this lad among the Galls and Gaels who opposed him, till he met his fate at last.

1248.7

Muiris Fitz Gerald marched into Tir Conaill. He raided and slew and plundered, and he banished O Canannain, who took refuge with the Cenel Eogain, and left the kingship of Cenel Conaill with Gofraid son of Domnall Mor O Domnaill.

1248.8

The Cenel Eogain and O Canannain marched into Tir Conaill again. The Cenel Conaill gave battle to them and O Canannain with many noble persons besides was slain by the Cenel Conaill and Gofraid son of Domnall Mor O Domnaill, who took the kingship of Tir Conaill.

1248.9

The Justiciar of Ireland made another hosting against O Neill in Cenel Eogain, and the Cenel Eogain decided, since the Galls had the upper hand of the Gaels in Ireland, to give hostages to the Galls and make peace with them, so as to preserve their lands and territory.

1248.10

The whole of Connemara was plundered by the Galls.

1248.11

The Galls marched against O Flaithbertaig, who defeated them and slew many of them.


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1248.12

Murchad O Dubda, the ex-cleric, was killed by the son of Fedlim O Conchobair.

1248.13

William Burke died in England. His body was brought to Ireland and buried at Athassel.

1248.14

The King of France went to Jerusalem to champion Christianity this year.

1248.15

The coarb of Patrick, namely the Pope's penitentiar, came to Ireland this year.

1248.16

Ioan Triel was killed by Gilla na Naem O Fergail.

1248.17

Fedlimid mac Cathail Chrobdeirg gave Rathnarovanagh to the canons of Kilmore, and presented a silken choir-cape the same day, at the bidding and entreaty of Tadc O Mannachain, in honour of Mary and Augustin, in the presence of many of the nobles of Connacht.

1248.18

Amlaib son of Cathal Riabach O Ruairc was treacherously killed by Conchobar Carrach Mac Donnchada.

1248.19

Fagartach O Dobailein king of Corran rested.

1248.20

Master Gilbert O Cerbaill rested in Christ.

1249.1

1249 First of January on Friday and the twelfth day of the moon. Ninth year of the Solar Cycle; fifteenth year of the Decemnovennial Cycle; seventh year of the Indiction. MCCXLIX. Common year. C.

1249.2

The Justiciar of Ireland led an army into Leinster to attack the Leinster princes, who were spoiling and ruining the Galls. The Leinster princes paid no heed to him this time, so he laid his hand upon the country and stripped it all bare.

1249.3

A great war was waged against the Galls of Desmond, and great harm inflicted upon them, by Fingin Mac Carthaig this year.

1249.4

Adam Minatur and many others with him were killed by the son of Gilla Mochonne O Cathail.

1249.5

Piarus son of Henry Puer and David Triu and a troop of young mounted men came with Mac Feorais into Connacht as far as Sligo Castle. This was told to Fedlim O Conchobair's son, who, on hearing of it, laid an ambush for them and killed


p.99

Piers Puer and David Triu and five young squires. Their bodies were afterwards taken to Ballysadare to be buried.

1249.6

After this Fedlim's son advanced into Tireragh and right through the territory of Mac Feorais; which he sacked from the Moy to Beltra Strand. Geroitin Mac Feorais went in pursuit and overtook Donnchad son of Magnus, whom he wounded and captured and carried off to Donaghintraine. Fedlim's son then [turned and] pursued them, rescued the son of Magnus and killed Geroitin by a stratagem; but Magnus' son died of his wound afterwards. This was a great loss to Galls and Gaels alike.

1249.7

After this Mac Muiris assembled an army and marched into Connacht and took from Fedlim's son all the preys he had appropriated. But when Fedlim mac Cathail Chrodbeirg heard of the Galls being assembled thus near him, after his son had done such great harm to them, he determined to send his trains across the Shannon into Brefne and into the North of Ireland.

1249.8

The Justiciar, however, assembled the Galls of Meath and Leinster, a great host, and came past Athlone into Sil Murray, on the other side whereof was Mac Muiris with the Galls of Munster and Connacht, and the two armies arrived at Elphin after ravaging Sil Murray all along their line of advance. And they took Toirrdelbach son of Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg and made him king instead of Fedlim mac Cathail Chrobdeirg. After this they raided Brefne, doing much damage in all directions and carrying off its herds. They were three weeks in Sil Murray, despoiling them, and they raided Loch Key with its islands, including the Rock. Then the Justiciar departed into Meath and Mac Muiris went to Sligo, and they left Toirrdelbach to guard Sil Murray.

1249.9

The kings' sons of Connacht made another hosting, to burn and pillage Athenry, at the feast of Mary in mid-autumn. They went thither, a great host, including Toirrdelbach son of Aed and Aed son of Aed, and the Sheriff of Connacht was there to meet them, with many Galls. The Galls asked for a truce on that day, on account of its sanctity; in honour of Mary Mother whose day it was. The princes would not grant that truce to honour Mary or the Crucifixion, but attacked the town, though Toirrdelbach was unwilling.

1249.10

When Jordan [D'Exeter] and the Galls saw this they issued from the town against the princes. Mary wrought a


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miracle then; for when the princes and their followers saw the horsemen in arms and armour making towards them, horror and dread seized them and they were put to flight. Aed son of Aed O Conchobair was killed there, and Diarmait Ruad son of Cormac O Mailsechlainn, O Cellaig's two sons, Brian of the Wood son of Magnus, Carrach Insiubail son of Niall O Conchobair, Baethgalach Mac Aedacain, Mathgamain son of Tadc son of Diarmait Bachlach O Conchobair, Lochlainn O Conchobair's two sons, Domnall son of Cormac Mac Diarmata, Findanach Mac Branain, Cu Muman Mac Casurlaig and many others.

1249.11

Donnchad son of Anmchad son of Donnchad O Gillapatraic, the bravest and most bountiful captain of all the Ossory from the time of Colman son of Bicne Caech and Scanlan Mor son of Cenn Faelad, was killed by the Galls this year. This was a benefit to the Galls, for many a one of them had he killed and raided and burned before that day. For he was one of the three Gaels who [most signally] rose against the Galls since their occupation of Ireland, namely Conchobar O Mailsechlainn, Conchobar of the Castles Mac Cochlain and this son of Anmchad. He used to go in person as a spy in the market-towns, in the guise of a beggar or carpenter or turner or some other craftsman, as it is written: ‘He is a carpenter, he is a turner, my bonny lad, and a book-pedlar and a seller of wine and hides, wherever he sees men speaking together.’

1249.12

Tadc O Mannachain, king of Ui Briuin na Sinna, died on the sixth day of June and was buried at Kilmore.

1249.13

Conn O Flannacain, prior of Kilmore, died on the twenty-sixth of April.

1249.14

Maelmuire O Lochtnain, Master in Canon Law, palmer from Jordan stream and Archbishop of Tuaim and all Connacht, died this winter a little before Christmas.

1249.15

Andreas Mac Gilla Geir, coarb of Feichin, died.

1249.16

Mael Ciarain O Lenachain, the great archipresbyter of Tumna, one who maintained clerks and priests in his own house and kept an open guest-house for scholars and strangers, died by the way as he was going to hear a sermon at Ardcarne, on the Friday before Lammas, and was buried with dignity and honour on Trinity Island in Loch Key.

1249.17

Mor daughter of Donnchad O Dubda, wife of Gilla Muinelach O Baigill, died.

1249.18

Dunmore was burned by the kings' sons this year.


p.103

1250.1

1250 First of January on Saturday and the twenty-third day of the moon. Tenth year of the Solar Cycle; sixteenth year of the Decemnovennial Cycle; eighth year of the Indiction. MCCL. Common year. B.

1250.2

Fedlimid O Conchobair came out of the North with a great army from Cenel Eogain, first into Brefne and thence into the Tuatha, bringing with him Conchobar son of Tigernan [O Ruairc], and so into Tir Maine. They drove Toirrdelbach out of Connacht and he took refuge again with the Galls. Fedlimid gathered the trains of Connacht and conducted them past the Curlieu Hills, but the Galls sent envoys after him and made peace with him and have him back his kingdom.

1250.3

The hostages of Connacht were blinded by the Galls of Athlone.

1250.4

Fedlim O Conchobair made a great raid on Cathal O Conchobair and banished him out of Connacht.

1250.5

The Bishop of Emly died this year.

1250.6

Tomas O Mellaig, Bishop of Annadown, rested in Christ.

1250.7

Cairpre O Mailsechlainn was treacherously killed by David Roche.

1250.8

Toirrdelbach son of Muirchertach Muimnech O Conchobair, prior of the church of SS. Peter and Paul, died.

1250.9

Diarmait O hEgra, king of Leyney, died while imprisoned by Mac Muiris.

1250.10

Muiris Mac Gerailt with Cathal O Raigillig and Cu Chonnacht O Raigillig and all the chiefs of the Ui Briuin invaded Cenel nEogain in great force. They were three nights at Tullahogue, suffering much loss and receiving no hostage or surety from O Neill that time. On returning into Cenel Conaill, Muiris Mac Gerailt took O Canannain prisoner in violation of the bishop Cerballain's protection. He was afterwards killed while trying to escape by force.

1250.11

White Canons of the Premonstrant Order were taken shortly before Christmas by Clarus Mac Mailin from Trinity Island in Loch Key to Trinity Island in Loch Oughter in Brefne, and canons of the Order were instituted there by permission of Cathal O Raigillig, who presented the site as an absolute and perpetual alms in honour of the Holy Trinity. And Clarus so acted, in the name of God, for this reason—that the Premonstratensians enjoy a privilege similar to that of the monks, in that they can pass [from their own] to any other house.


p.105

1250.12

Congalach Mac Idneoil, Bishop of Brefne, rested in Christ.

1250.13

Florint Mac Flainn was elected to the Archbishopric of Tuaim and was consecrated on Christmas Day at Tuaim; and he was well worthy of it for the greatness of his wisdom and law.

1251.1

1251 First of January on Sunday and the fourth day of the moon. Eleventh year of the Solar Cycle; seventeenth year of the Decemnovennial Cycle; ninth year of the Indiction. A.D. MCCLI. Embolismal year. A.

1251.2

Clarus Archdeacon of Elphin, a provident and prudent man, who mortified the flesh with fasting and prayer, who kept the law of patience and his tonsure, who was persecuted by many on account of his righteousness, the revered founder of the houses of the community of the Holy Trinity at Loch Key, where he chose a place of burial for himself, rested in Christ in that same place on the Saturday before Pentecost Sunday; on whose soul may almighty God in Heaven, Whose servant he was in the world, and to the honour of Whom he built the church at Randoon, the monastery of the Holy Trinity in Loch Oughter and the church of the Holy Trinity at Cell Ras, have mercy.

1251.3

Gilla Mochonne son of Gilla Mochonne O Cathail was killed by Conchobar son of Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg.

1251.4

Tadc son of Tuathal mac Muirchertaig Muimnig O Conchobair was killed by the Galls this year.

1251.5

Gilla Crist O Lachtnain, abbot of the Trinity at Tuaim, was drowned in the Irish Sea.

1251.6

Conchobar son of Cormac son of Tomaltach Mac Diarmata, one eminent for generosity and valour, rested in Christ.

1251.7

Gerald Sucach (the Merry) died.

1251.8

Flaithbertach O Cerbaill, chieftain of Calry, was killed by Art son of Art O Ruairc.

1251.9

Muiredach O Taidc died.

1251.10

Thunder and lightning occurred in the summer of this year and killed many cattle and folk in Ireland.

1251.11

A heavy rain fell on the day of SS. Peter and Paul, so that a ship passed right round the town of Kilmore by the


p.107

Shannon, and a mill could have been turned by the stream that flowed from the Arch(?) to Ath na Faithche (Ford of the Green) at Fenagh while Vespers were being sung in the big church on that same day.

1251.12

Tuimilin Cardin was blinded and his tongue was cut out.

1251.13

A great frost at the beginning of winter, so that all lakes, bogs and waters froze.

1251.14

The Connacht clergy held a great synod at Tuaim.

1252.1

1252 First of January on Monday and the fifteenth day of the moon. Twelfth year of the Solar Cycle; eighteenth year of the Decemnovennial Cycle; tenth year of the Indiction. MCCLIL Common year. GF.

1252.2

New coin was ordered by the King of England to be struck Ireland this year, and the old money to be discarded for the new.

1252.3

A great wind blew on the Octave of the Epiphany, which tumbled many houses and churches in Ireland.

1252.4

The castle of Caeluisce was built by Mac Muiris [this] year, and the castle of Mag Caba as well.

1252.5

Maelmoedoc O Beollain, coarb of Colum Cille at Drumcliff, the richest and most prosperous man of his time in Ireland and the most esteemed, most charitable and most generous, died after a victory of honour(?) and penitence.

1252.6

Cu Chonnacht Mac Consnama, chieftain of Munter Kenny, died.

1252.7

Gilla Isa O Cerbaill, chieftain of the Calry of Drumcliff, died.

1252.8

Magnus Mac Gilla Duib, chieftain of Tullygarvey, rested.

1252.9

Great heat and drouth in the summer of this year, so that folk used to come across the Shannon dry-shod. The wheat was reaped three weeks before Lammas, and [indeed] all the corn-crops were reaped then. The trees were burned by the sun.

1252.10

The Galls of Ireland invaded Ulster in great force, when strife arose between the Meath and Munster contingents and some of those of Munster were killed, at Dundalk.

1252.11

Murchad O Fallamain, Highconstable to the Connachta, was craftily killed by the men of Brefne at Fenagh.

1252.12

Arlaith daughter of Taichlech Mac Diarmata died.


p.109

1253.1

1253 First of January on Wednesday and the twenty-seventh day of the moon. Thirteenth year of the Solar Cycle; nineteenth year of the Decemnovennial Cycle; eleventh year of the Indiction. MCCLIII. Embolismal year. Last year of the Hendecad. E.

1253.2

The Galls of Ireland under Mac Muiris made a great hosting into Cenel nEogain to attack O Neill, but they lost many killed and did not exact hostage or surety from Cenel nEogain this time.

1253.3

Dauid son of Cellach O Gillapatraic, Archbishop of Cashel, rested.

1253.4

Eogan O hEdin, king of the Ui Fiachrach [Aidne], died.

1253.5

Gilla Cellaig O Ruadin, Bishop of the Ui Fiachrach [Muaide], died.

1253.6

Mac Raith son of Gilla Calma O Connachtaig was killed by the son of O Galand.

1253.7

The daughter of the Earl of Ulster wife of Milid Mac Gosdelb, died and was buried in the monastery of Boyle.

1253.8

A monastery was built and a cemetery consecrated for the Preaching-friars in Sligo.

1253.9

The Preaching-friars marked out the site of another monastery at Ath Lethan in Leyney.

1253.10

Brian O Neill, king of Cenel nEogain, waged a great war on the Galls and destroyed many castles, burned townships and devastated the plain-land of Ulster.

1253.11

Tomas O Cuinn, a Friar Minor, succeeded to the bishopric of Clonmacnoise and his bishop's orders were conferred in the Papal Court.

1253.12

Seoan O Laidig, a Preaching-friar, succeeded to the bishopric of Killala and his bishop's orders were conferred at Tuaim on the second Sunday in Advent.

1253.13

Domnall O Raigillig, Caech O Raigillig, Cathal O Conchobair and Gilla. na Naem O Fergail invaded Muinter Eolais to attack Cathal Mag Ragnaill. They plundered the whole region, spent two nights encamped at Tully and a third at Annaduff where O Fergail separated from them. The Ui Raigillig and Cathal O Conchobair went to Cluain Conmaicne, where they were encamped for one night. When Aed son of Fedlim [O Conchobair] heard of this, he mustered his followers in haste, followed the Ui Raigillig and Cathal to Cloone and utterly


p.111

routed them. Here were killed Donnchad son of Gilla Isa son of Donnchad O Raigillig, Mac Gilla Taedocc, O Bibsaig and many others.

1253.14

This was the best year that ever was, for fruit and crops and cattle and woodland and herb.

1253.15

Ailinn O Suillebain, Bishop of Lismore, rested.

1253.16

Tomaltach O Conchobair, Bishop of Elphin, built a palace in Cell tSesin this year.

1254.1

1254 First of January on Thursday and the seventh day of the moon. Fourteenth year of the Solar Cycle; first year of the Decemnovennial Cycle; twelfth year of the Indiction. Common year. D.

1254.2

Piers Pramister, lord of Dunmore, died.

1254.3

Murchad O Mailsechlainn was killed this year by Domnall son of Sinnach O Cethernaig.

1254.4

The Justiciar of Ireland crossed the sea to go to the King of England.

1254.5

The monastery of the Preaching-friars at Ballylahan was completely burnt.

1254.6

Piers Ristubard, lord of Sil Mailruain, a noble baron, was killed on Loch Ree by Murchad O Mailsechlainn.

1254.7

Sitrec Mag Senalaich was captured by Fedlim mac Cathail Chrobdeirg, and Senshuilech Mag Senlaich was blinded by him, on account of a false charge, for it was reported to him that they had acted treacherously towards him.

1254.8

The King of England warring in Spain this year.

1254.9

Maelbrigde son of Bishop O Mailfagmair died.

1254.10

Moel Finden O Beollain, coarb of Drumcliff, died.

1254.11

Donnchad son of Donnchad son of Tomaltach [O Raigillig] and Amlaib O Bibsaig were killed at Cloone by the Connachtmen.

1254.12

Magnus O Gadra was killed, through a mischance, by the followers of Fedlim O Conchobair.

1254.13

The King of France returned home from Jerusalem, having made a three years' peace between the Christians and the Saracens.

1254.14

A very tranquil year, with a great plenty of acorns and of milk and of all other good things.

1254.15

The Muinter Gilligain and the Galls made a great slaughter of the sons of Mac Cargamna and Muinter Mailshinna.


p.113

1255.1

1255 First of January on Friday and the eighteenth day of the moon. Fifteenth year of the Solar Cycle; second year of the Decemnovennial Cycle; thirteenth year of the Indiction. Common year. C.

1255.2

Pope Innocent rested in Christ.

1255.3

Tomas Mac Diarmata, Archdeacon of Elphin, rested.

1255.4

Aed son of Fedlim O Conchobair went into Tir Eogain and made peace between his own father and Northern Ireland. He brought back out of the North all the Connachtmen who were living there, being at enmity with his father, leading them with their trains through the midst of his deadly enemies, the descendants of Ruaidri O Conchobair and the Galls, who dared do no more than watch the host and its trains as they passed by.

1255.5

Mac Cerbaill succeeded to the archbishopric of Cashel.

1255.6

Envoys went from Fedlim O Conchobair to the King of England.

1255.7

Mathgamain O Mannachain was killed at Bumlin.

1255.8

The Archbishop of Tuaim, Florens Mag Flainn, crossed over to interview the King of England.

1255.9

Muiris Mac Gerailt went across to the King of England.

1255.10

Diarmait O Cuind and Amlaib his son were craftily killed at Feradan Moige Trega by Gilla na Naem O Fergail, who plundered their possessions afterwards.

1255.11

The Archbishop of Tuaim returned to Ireland afterwards, having obtained all his petitions to the King.

1255.12

Fedlim's envoys returned likewise from the King of England.

1255.13

The Archdeacon of Annadown, O Laidhig, rested in Christ.

1255.14

The Galls made a great raid on O Flainn.

1255.15

A great meeting between O Conchobair and Macwilliam Burke at Tochar Mona Conneda, where they made peace and where everything for which Fedlim was contending was conceded.

1255.16

Juliana daughter of the coarb of St. Caillin and Gilla na Naem his son died.

1255.17

Brian O Neill and Northern Ireland thrice attacked Cathal O Raigillig and Cu Chonnacht [his brother], but returned without subduing them or getting hostages from them.

1255.18

Ragnailt daughter of O Fergail died in a bath-tub.


p.115

1256.1

1256 First of January on Saturday and the twenty-ninth day of the moon. Sixteenth year of the Solar Cycle; third year of the Decemnovennial Cycle; fourteenth year of the Indiction. MCCLVI. Embolismal year. BA.

1256.2

Flann Mac Flainn, Archbishop of Tuaim, died at Bristol.

1256.3

The Archbishop of Dublin died the same year.

1256.4

Ruaidri O Gadra, king of Sliab Luga, was craftily and basely killed by his gossip, David son of Richard Cusin, who also broke down his castle.

1256.5

A huge army was raised by Walter son of Richard Burke to attack Fedlim mac Cathail Chrobdeirg and Aed his son and Conchobar son of Tigernan O Ruairc, an army which for might and multitude had never been surpassed in Ireland, for it numbered twenty thousand to a man. They came to Mayo and Balla and passed through Leyney, which they plundered on all sides, to Achonry; and from there they sent messengers to the Ui Raigillig, bidding them to come and meet them at Cros Dairi Cain at the eastern end of the Brauslieve mountains in Tir Thuathail. The Ui Raigillig came to Clachan Mucada on Slieve Anierin, but turned back from there, not having effected a meeting with the Galls, and came to Soltin Gasain. And on that same day—a friday, and the feast of Crosses in fact—Conchobar son of Tigernan O Ruairc mustered the men of Brefne and Conmaicne and all whom he could get, including Aed son of Fedlim O Conchobair and the chiefs of the Sil Murray and the rest of the men of Connacht. Now these are the best men that were with him:—Conchobair son of Tigernan O Ruairc king of Brefne, Cathal O Flaithbertaig, Murchad Finn O Fergail, Ruad in Feda O Flainn, Flann Mag Oirechtaig and Donn Oc, O Cellaig, the three sons of Mac Diarmata, Diarmait O Flannacain, Cathal son of Duarcan O hEgra, the two sons of Tigernan O Conchobair and Gilla na Naem O Taidc. But there were many of the youth of Connacht there besides these. The van of this host came upon the Ui Raigillig at Sailten Gassan and pursued them to Alt Tige Meg Currin. Here the new levies of the Muinter Raigillig turned upon this joint force and broke them thrice. The main army


p.117

came up with them after [some of] their men had been killed: Diarmait O Flannacain, Mac Maenaig, Coiclid O Coiclid and a number of others; and the combined armies came to Alt na hElti and Doirin Cranncha, between Ath na Betige and Bel in Belaig and Coill Esa and Coill Airthir, on Slieve Anierin. And here the Muinter Raigillig turned hardily, eagerly, wildly, strenuously, irrepressibly, to attack Fedlim's son and to avenge their injuries and oppression on him, and each chieftain exhorted his followers to go against the Connacht army.

1256.6

Then rose up the Connachtmen on the other side of the battle, and a comely, quick, hot and hasty company were they. They ranged themselves in a burning, blazing, active, fiery throng, a phalanx stout and stable, round Aed mac Fedlim, that strong sturdy prince, and on that day the high-king's son showed a ruler's fury, a champion's endurance, a lion's prowess. A fierce furious felling fight was joined then between the two hosts, many were killed and wounded on either side: Conchobar son of Tigernan [O Ruairc] king of Brefne, Murchad Finn O Fergail, Maelruanaid Mac Donnchada and many others were wounded on that field and some of them, among whom was Murchad O Fergail, died of their wounds at home; while Flann Mag Oirechtaig was killed in the recoil of the battle, and many more with him. However, those who have knowledge of this great battle relate that the warriors of the host on that field could not look in the face of the high lord, for two great wideglancing torches were flaming and flashing in his head, so that all feared to speak with him; for he was within hailing-distance in front of the armies as they approached the forces of the Ui Briuin; and he uttered his high-king's war-cry and his champion's shout in the midst of the fight and never stopped on that charge and onset until the ranks of the Ui Briuin were scattered.

1256.7

But there were killed there Cathal O Raigillig, king of Muinter Mailmorda and Cath Aeda Finn, Domnall Ruad and Niall his sons, and Cu Chonnacht his brother; the three sons of Cathal Dub O Ruairc, Gofraid, Fergal and Domnall; Annad son of Domnall O Raigillig, killed by Conchobar son of Tigernan O Ruairc; Niall, that is in Caech O Raigillig; Tigernan Mag Brataig and Gilla Micheil son of Taichlech and Donnchad O Bibsaig; Magnus Mac Gilla Duib, and more than three score of their chief men besides. Sixteen of the Ui Raigillig themselves were also killed there. The Battle of Mag Slecht at the brink


p.119

of Ath Derg, at Allt na hElti above Belach na Bethige—that is the name of this battle.

1256.8

After this battle, Fedlim O Conchobair and his son Aed na nGall, with the men of Connacht, and Tigernan O Ruairc, with the men of Brefne, made an expedition to Loch in Trein; and the two armies fell upon the churches of Brefne, all except Fenagh, and returned(?) to their homes with hostages of the Fir Brefne, that is, of Mac Fiachrach and Mac Tigernain and Mag Samradain and of the son of Art O Ruairc; and Fedlim gave the hostages of the chieftains into the custody of O Ruairc and handed over Mag Samradain to his own son, Aed na nGall.

1256.9

A small party of horse and foot and some soldiery of O Ruairc's following went to range the land of the Muinter Mailmorda, for it had been told to O Ruairc that some powerful men of the Muinter Raigillig were collecting what force they could of soldiery and Gaels, and coming to range that territory and to raid Mac Fiachrach.

1256.10

The two parties, of O Ruairc and O Raigillig, met at Farnaght and when they came face to face the Ui Raigillig were scattered, though there were three large battalions of them. Not only that, but thirty-six of them were killed on that field, eight of whom were of the name O Raigillig, including Amlaib and Aed son of Cathal. O Ruairc's people returned home cheerful and gay, ungrieved and unbeaten.

1256.11

Conchobar son of Tigernan O Ruairc, king of Brefne, and Gilla na Naem Mag Samradain and Mac Raith Mag Tigernain, the son of Cu Buide, and Mac na hOidche Mag Dorchaid and Cathal Mag Ragnaill and the sons of the kings and chieftains of the Ui Briuin with their followers came to Fenagh to meet with Domnall O Raigillig. They pursued him from the meeting-place and killed his beloved son Annad and Gilla Isa Mac in Chrottaig (Son of the Hunchback) [O Raigillig?] and many others. Next day, St. Brendan's day, they took a great prey out of Cruacha O Cubrain and plundered the country all the way to Fenagh. That day was ‘a drop before a shower’ to the Muinter Raigillig, since from it proceeded the beginning of the harm and harassing that afterwards befell them. For it is then that they sent envoys to the Connacht Galls, Macwilliam Burke and Mac Gosdelb, [inviting them] to destroy Connacht and Brefne.


p.121

1256.12

As for the Galls, they mustered a great army and advanced to Keshcorran, where they encamped and spent the best part of a week, plundering all the churches of the Corann.

1256.13

The Ui Raigillig came to Loch Allen, to Port na Cranne, which is called Fuarchosach on Loch Allen, but the Galls did not come to meet them there for fear of Aed O Conchobair, who was then at Cell tSesin in Uachtar Tire, waiting upon the two armies to east and west of him, [till he could decide] which of them to attack.

1256.14

But Aed, when he heard of the arrival of the Muinter Raigillig, agreed upon a plan with O Ruairc, to leave their horses, armour and accoutrements at Cell tSesin and cross on foot to the east bank of the Shannon to attack the Ui Raigillig. They crossed the Shannon into the Enga, and when they heard that they had gone away they sent some followers and soldiery ahead to overtake them, as we have said above.

1256.15

The Galls returned home, while the bishop O Maicin was excommunicating them. At the hour of nones, when a man was as dark as a brake, on the eve of the festival of Crosses, the Muintir Raigillig were slain. Aed O Conchobair remained that night at the place of battle, and next day the heads of the Muintir Raigillig were cut off and he brought them to Fedlimid at Dun Ailli west of Slieve Bawn.

1256.16

A Justiciar came to Ireland from the King of England to settle the territory of Ireland among the barons and knights of Ireland.

1256.17

This Justiciar and Aed O Conchobair had a meeting at Randoon and made peace, with a stipulation that O Conchobair should suffer no diminishing of territory or estate so long as this Justiciar held office in Ireland.

1256.18

Aed son of Fedlim O Conchobair plundered the territory of Mac Richard Cusin to avenge the slaying of O Gadra on him. After that he broke down his castles, killing all the inmates, and took possession of the whole of Loch Gara.v

1256.19

Ragnall Mac Branain, chieftain of the Corca Athclann, died.


p.123

1256.20

Macwilliam Burke made a great raid on Ruaidri O Flaithbertaig, plundering Gno Mor and Gno Bec and taking possession of all Loch Corrib afterwards.

1256.21

A great meeting between Aed O Conchobair and Eoan de Verdun at Ballyleague this year.

1256.22

Sitrecc Mag Senalich escaped and fled for refuge to the monastery of Boyle.

1256.23

Donn Cathaig Mag Senlaich died in the monastery of Boyle this year.

1256.24

Athlone and Duniry were burned on the same day.

1256.25

Gilla in Chomded O Cinnfaelad, abbot of Annadown, rested.

1256.26

The Abbot of the Trinity at Tuaim, O Gillarain, rested.

1256.27

Great war arose between Aed O Conchobair and Conchobar son of Tigernan O Ruairc, though they had been good comrades till now.

1256.28

O Ruairc submitted to the Galls and made a separate peace, without permission of O Conchobair or his son.

1256.29

Aed O Conchobair made a great raid on O Ruairc on the Wednesday before Great Christmas. They made peace afterwards.

1257.1

1257 First of January on Monday, MCCLVII, and the tenth day of the moon. Seventeenth year of the Solar Cycle; fourth year of the Decemnovennial Cycle; fifteenth year of the Indiction. Common year. G.

1257.2

Conchobar son of Tigernan O Ruairc submitted to O Conchobair and his son and made peace, offering them their own choice of the territory of Brefne. The Stone-castle on Cherry Island in Loch Garradice was yielded to them, and Aed mac Fedlim meic Cathail put a garrison into it.

1257.3

Cathal Cuircech (the Hairy or Tufted), son of Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg, and Aed son of Conchobar son of Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg were blinded in treacherous violation of [the guarantees of] the laity and clerics and of [oaths sworn on] the relics of Connacht this year, through jealousy and envy.

1257.4

Conn son of Cathal O Raigillig, chieftain of the Muinter Mailmorda, died.

1257.5

The Stone-castle of Cherry Island on Garradice Loch was burnt by O Ruairc, who allowed the garrison to depart under a promise.

1257.6

Sitrecc son of Ualgarg O Ruairc was made king by Aed O Conchobair in opposition to Conchobar son of Tigernan O


p.125

Ruairc. The said Sitrecc was killed by Domnall, son of the said Conchobar, to avenge that king-making.

1257.7

Muiris Mac Gerailt died.

1257.8

Fedlim mac Cathail Chrobdeirg met the Justiciar and Macwilliam Burke and the chief Galls of Connacht and the rest of Ireland by appointment at Athlone and they made peace.

1257.9

Aed O Conchobair made a great raid on O Ruairc about Easter.

1257.10

Mael Patraic Mac Eli, erenagh of Killala, was killed.

1257.11

The castle of Caeluisce was thrown down by Gofraid O Domnaill and the Cenel Conaill and its garrison killed.

1257.12

O Domnaill and the Cenel Conaill came to Sligo and killed many of the Galls there. They burned the town and took great preys in Carbury. The Galls came after them to Credran Coluim Cille in the Rosses of Carbury, and here they were routed. In this fight O Domnaill was wounded; and but for the constraint put upon him by his wounds the rout would have been followed up as far as the Moy; but on account of O Domnaill's wounding they [the Cenel Conaill] returned home after that [battle].

1257.13

St. Mary's monastery in Roscommon was consecrated for the Preaching-friars by Tomaltach O Conchobair.

1257.14

The King of England gave Fedlim O Conchobair a charter [confirming his right] to the five King's Cantreds.

1257.15

Great war between Conchobar O Briain and the Munster Galls. O Briain killed many of the Galls and Tadc O Briain made great raids upon them. The Galls killed the son of Domnall Connachtach O Briain.

1257.16

Mac Duinn Slebe slaughtered many of the Ulster Galls.

1257.17

Conchobar son of Tigernan O Ruairc, king of Brefne, was treacherously killed at Ath na Failme by Gilla Beraig O Lamduib, who was one of his own men, and by the men of Matha O Raigillig.

1257.18

Cathal O Mannachain died on the 26th of November.

1257.19

Aed mac Fedlim violated Fenagh, that is, he took a hundred head of its cattle.

1257.20

Muiredach son of Maelbrigde O Fairchellaig, coarb of Moedoc, rested.

1257.21

The followers of the son of Fedlim O Conchobair made a great raid on Mag Samradain.

1257.22

Tomas O Mailchiarain, a sage of Ireland, rested.

1257.23

Ragnailt daughter of Amlaib O Fergail rested.

1257.24

Gilla Patraic Mag Fiachrach was blinded by Matha O Raigillig this year.


p.127

1258.1

1258 First of January on Tuesday and the twenty-first day of the moon. Eighteenth year of the Solar Cycle; fifth year of the Decemnovennial Cycle; first year of the Indiction. Common year. F.

1258.2

Walter de Salerna, Archbishop of Tuaim and the great dean of London, died in England this year, having been chosen by the King of England the previous year.

1258.3

Tomaltach O Conchobair, Bishop of Elphin, was elected to the archbishopric of Tuaim this year.

1258.4

Gofraid O Domnaill, king of Tir Conaill, died. Domnall O Domnaill was made king in his stead, and all the Cenel Conaill gave hostages and allegiance to him.

1258.5

Domnall son of Conchobar son of Tigernan O Ruairc, who had been held in durance on account of his father by Fedlim O Conchobair and his son, was released by them and made king of Brefne in his father's stead.

1258.6

A great fleet came from the Hebrides with Mac Somurli. They sailed round the west of Ireland into Connemara and robbed a merchant ship of all her goods; wine, copper, cloth and iron.

1258.7

The Sheriff of Connacht, Jordan d'Exeter, put out with a fleet full of Galls in pursuit of Mac Somurli and the fleet which had committed that piracy. Mac Somurli had landed on an island and drawn his ships up onto the land, and when they saw the Sheriff's fleet approaching he and his men put on their armour and fighting accoutrement.

1258.8

When the Sheriff reached the island he and his men, with those of the Galls who were ready with him, went quickly ashore. But he was met and dealt with by Mac Somurli and his men, being killed at once, together with Piers Accabard, an excellent knight of his company, and other good men. The fleet of the Galls retired after losing the best of their lords, and Mac Somurli went back to his land, joyful and laden with spoil.

1258.9

Aed mac Fedlimid and Tadc O Briain held a great meeting with Brian O Neill at Caeluisce, where they all concluded a peace and gave the kingship of the Gaels of Ireland to Brian O Neill, and where the hostages of the Muinter Raigillig and of all the Ui Briuin from Kells to Drumcliff were delivered to Aed O Conchobair.

1258.10

Matha son of Gilla Ruad O Raduib, the Master, died this year.


p.129

1258.11

Mac Raith Mag Thigernain, chieftain of Tellach Dunchada, was killed by Domnall son of Conchubar son of Tigernan O Ruairc. And for this reason the men of Brefne and the Connachta took his kingship from the said Domnall and the Tellach Dunchada killed his brother Cathal, and the men of Brefne and the Connachta gave the kingship of the Ui Briuin to Art son of Cathal Riabach O Ruairc.

1258.12

O Cuirnin the monk, foremost in piety, rested.

1258.13

Brian Mag Samradain, chieftain of Tullyhaw, was killed by the men of Connacht.

1258.14

Great war between the Galls and Conchobar O Briain, wherein they burned Ardrahan and Kilcolgan and many villages and crops.

1258.15

Tomas O Birn died.

1258.16

A great meeting between the Galls and Gaels of Ireland, but without Fedlim O Conchobair, at Mullach Laigide. They concluded a peace.

1258.17

Ardgal O Conchobair, son of Comarba Comain, rested.

1258.18

Gilla Crist O Cormacain, dean of Elphin, rested.

1258.19

The Bishop's palaces at Elphin and at Cell tSesin were pulled down by Aed O Conchobair, for fear— in my, that is Patin's, opinion— the Galls should occupy them.

1258.20

Amlaib son of Art O Ruairc, king of Brefne west of Sliab [an Iarainn], died this year.

1259.1

1259 First of January on Wednesday and the second day of the moon. Nineteenth year of the Solar Cycle; sixth year of the Decemnovennial Cycle; second year of the Indiction. MCCLIX. Embolismal year. E.

1259.2

Tomaltach son of Toirrdelbach son of Maelsechlainn O Conchobair arrived from Rome, having been consecrated Bishop in the Papal Court, bringing a pallium for himself and great profit for the Church at large.

1259.3

Cormac O Luimlin, Bishop of Clonfert and one of the most learned men of Ireland, died in sanctified old age.

1259.4

Aed O Conchobair gave the place of Amlaib son of Art [O Ruairc] to Art Bec son of Art O Ruairc.

1259.5

Art son of Cathal Riabach O Ruairc was taken prisoner by Aed O Conchobair.


p.131

1259.6

Aed O Conchobair went to Derry to marry the daughter of Dubgall Mac Somurli, and eight score warriors came with them.

1259.7

Cathal Mac Consnama, chieftain of the Muinter Cinaith, was blinded by Aed O Conchobair; and the hostages of Domnall O Ruairc, namely Niall son of Donnchad and Brian son of Niall, were blinded by him in the same year.

1259.8

A meeting between Aed O Conchobair and Brian O Neill was held at Devenish on Loch Erne, when peace was made with Aed for Domnall O Ruairc and the kingship of Brefne given [back] to him.

1259.9

Taichlech Mac Diarmata died.

1259.10

Milid Mac Goisdelb died.

1259.11

Aed O Conchobair captured Gillibert Mac Goisdelb and plundered all Sliab Luga. Gillibert's three sons were taken in custody in his stead and he himself was released.

1259.12

Aed O Conchobair captured Flann Ruad O Flainn, chieftain of the Sil Mailruain, and Donnchad O Flainn, and he plundered the whole of Sil Mailruain.

1259.13

Sigraid O Baigill was killed by his own brother this year.

1259.14

Tadc O Briain, eligible prince of Munster, died.

1259.15

In Gilla Cam (the Crooked Lad) Mac Gilla Chiarain, a distinguished poet and scholar, rested in Christ.

1260.1

1260 First of January on Thursday and the thirteenth day of the moon. Twentieth year of the Solar Cycle; seventh year of the Decemnovennial Cycle; third year of the Indiction. MCCLX. Common year. DC.

1260.2

Aed O Conchobair went to join Brian O Neill in the North, taking many of the chief men of Connacht with him. O Neill and the chief men of Cenel Eogain went, together with Aed O Conchobair, to Downpatrick to attack the Galls, and the Galls of that place defeated them both. Brian O Neill, king of the Gaels of Ireland, was killed at the battle of Druim Derg by Downpatrick; also Domnall O Cairri, Diarmait Mac Lachlainn, Muirchertach and Magnus O Cathain, Cian O hIndergi, Dondslebi Mag Cana, Aed O Cathain, Conchobar O Duibdirma and Aed his son, Amlaib O Gairmlegaig, Cu Ulad and Niall O hAnluain.


p.133

The losses of the Ui Cathain amounted to fifteen of their nobles. And of Connacht there were killed on this battlefield Gilla Crist son of Conchobar son of Cormac son of Tomaltach Mac Diarmata, Cathal son of Tigernan O Conchobair, Maelruanaid Mac Donnchada, Cathal son of Donnchad son of Muirchertach [Mac Diarmata], Aed son of Muirchertach Finn, Tadc son of Cathal son of Brian O Mailruanaid, Diarmait son of Tadc son of Muiredach son of Tomaltach O Mailruanaid, Conchobar Mac Gilla Erraith, Tadc son of Cian O Gadra, Gilla Beraig O Cuind, Carolus son of Bishop O Muiredaig and many others gentle and simple.

1260.3

Macwilliam Burke made an expedition against Fedlimid [O Conchobair]. He came to Roscommon, from where he sent a raid into Cruffon, plundering the Clann Aedacain, and another into Tir Maine, plundering many of the household of the Bishop, for they were assembled(?) at that time at Erenagh. They sacked Roscommon and destroyed its corn, but did not dare to go further north on that occasion, since Fedlim O Conchobair and his son, Aed na nGall, were in the Tuatha and [others of] Connacht in their rear, in the waste land; so that both sides decided to make peace and Macwilliam went away afterwards.

1260.4

Mac Muiris made a great hosting into Thomond against Conchobar O Briain. O Briain had a force assembled to meet them at Kilbarran, and the men of Thomond attacked them on all sides in this wood. David Prendergast, a very noble knight, was killed there, and the Failgech and the priest of Ardrahan and Thomas Baroid and many other gentle and simple.

1260.5

Pope Alexander rested in Christ.

1260.6

Abraham O Conallain, Archbishop of Armagh, rested.

1260.7

Robin Laigles died on Easter Sunday this year.

1260.8

Magnus son of Aed Mag Oirechtaig was killed by Domnall O Flaithim this year.

1260.9

Lochlainn son of Amlaib son of Art O Ruairc and Tigernan his brother along with him were killed by Aed O Conchobair, having been delivered up by Domnall son of Niall son of Congalach O Ruairc.

1260.10

Domnall son of Conchobar son of Tigernan O Ruairc, king of Brefne, was craftily killed by the Tellach Dunchada. Muirchertach his brother was then killed by Aed O Conchobair.


p.135

1260.11

Art Bec son of Art O Ruairc was also killed by Aed O Conchobair.

1260.12

Tadc Dub son of Niall son of Congalach [O Ruairc] was killed by Maelsechlainn son of Amlaib son of Art [O Ruairc].

1260.13

Aed O Conchobair made a great raid in Tooraa, when Conchobar Mac Branain, chieftain of Corca Athchlann, Muirchertach O Maenaig, the son of Brian O Fallamain and many others were killed.

1260.14

Mac Muiris made a raid on O Domnaill. A party of O Domnaill's men came up with them at Bennan Brechmaige and burned some of them and slew others.

1260.15

A party of Aed O Conchobair's followers burned the stronghold of Conchobar O Cellaig.

1260.16

Cinaeth O Birn, prior of Kilmore, died.

1260.17

O Domnaill made a great raid on Mac Muiris, plundering the whole of Carbury.

1260.18

Bishop's Orders were conferred on Maelsechlainn O Conchobair at Dundalk by the Archbishop of Armagh.

1260.19

Sitrec Mag Senalich was killed at Athlone by Dunnchatha Mag Oirechtaig and Tomaltach [Mag Oirechtaig].

1260.20

Eoan de Verdun came to Ireland this year.

1260.21

Maelfinnein O Mithigein rested.

1261.1

1261 First of January on Saturday and the twenty-fourth day of the moon. A.D. MCCLXI. Twenty-first year of the Solar Cycle; eighth year of the Lunar Cycle; fourth year of the Indiction. Embolismal year. B. Last year of the Ogdoas.

1261.2

Sixteen of the principal clergy of the Cenel Conaill, including Conchobar O Fergail, were killed by Conchobar O Neill and the Cenel nEogain at Derry.

1261.3

Conchobar O Neill was immediately killed, through the miracle of Colum Cille, by Domnall O Breslein, chieftain of Fannad.

1261.4

Aed son of Maelsechlainn O Conchobair was killed by Maelfabaill O hEdhin.

1261.5

Very destructive war was waged against the Galls this year by Fingen son of Domnall Mac Carthaig and his kinsmen.

1261.6

A great hosting was made by the Fitz Geralds into Desmond, to attack Mac Carthaig; but he attacked them and routed them and fitz Thomas, John by name, and his son were


p.137

killed there, as well as fifteen knights, besides eight noble barons and many young squires and countless soldiery. He killed Barrach Mor (Barry More) also. Afterwards Fingen Mac Carthaig was killed by the Galls and the kingship of Desmond was assumed by his brother, the Ex-cleric Mac Carthaig.

1261.7

Art son of Cathal Riabach O Ruairc escaped from Aed O Conchobair and the chieftains of Brefne and Conmaicne made him king of Brefne.

1261.8

Mac Feorais violated the great church of St. Feichin at Ballysadare by killing five of the men of Leyney in it, among whom was Cathal O hEgra.

1261.9

Domnall O hEgra made a raid on the Clann Feorais in retribution for this, killing Sefin Mac Feorais. And the helmet which he had taken from the church at Ballysadare was on his head when he was killed.

1261.10

Brian Ruad O Briain burned and scattered Castleconnell and killed all the people therein.

1261.11

John de Verdun marked out the site of a castle at Moydow in Muinter Gilligain this year.

1261.12

Aed O Conchobair's stronghold at Snam Muredaig was burned by the men of Brefne.

1261.13

Fedlim O Conchobair's stronghold at Cloonsellan was burned.

1261.14

Aed O Conchobair made a great raid into Brefne, reaching Drumlane. An effective defeat was given to some of his followers by their troops, so that many, though undistinguished, were killed.

1261.15

Aed O Conchobair's son was given in fosterage to Art O Ruairc.

1261.16

Gilla Crist son of Enna O Mailchiarain, chieftain of the Muinter Mailchiarain and Tellach Congusa, died.

1262.1

1262 First of January on Sunday and the fifth day of the moon. A.D. MCCLXII. Twenty-second year of the Solar Cycle; ninth year of the Lunar Cycle; fifth year of the Indiction. Common year. A.

1262.2

Maelsechnaill son of Tadc O Conchobair, Bishop of the Sil Murray, died.


p.139

1262.3

The Galls of Ireland raised an immense army to attack Fedlim O Conchobair and his son, Aed na nGall. O Conchobair sent most of the cows of Connacht into Tir Conaill, to escape the Galls, and himself remained at Inis Samair to protect his cows and folk.

1262.4

But as for the Galls, Macwilliam Burke came from the west over Tochar Mona Conneda, leading a great host, to Elphin, while from the east came the Justiciar of Ireland and John de Verdun, who came by Athlone to Roscommon; and they sent great raiding-parties into Kinel Dofa, plundering everything that O Conchobair had left behind in Connacht at that time. And it was on this occasion that they marked out the site of a castle at Roscommon.

1262.5

But Aed O Conchobair assembled a great host and plundered the Galls of West Connacht all the way from Mayo and Balla eastwards to Sliab Luga, burning their towns and corn and killing many people between those points.

1262.6

After making these great raids he sent his chieftains and princes into South Connacht, and they plundered the country from Tuaim to Athlone, killing everyone they found between those places.

1262.7

Domnall O Mannachain was killed by the sons of Ruaidri and of Tadc O Conchobair.

1262.8

However, the Galls sent envoys to O Conchobair and his son with an offer of peace. After this Aed came to a meeting with them at Derryquirk and they made peace afterwards. That night he went to the Galls house, though no surety or hostage [of theirs] had been left [in his camp], and lay in one room and one bed with Macwilliam Burke, happy and cheerful. Next day the Galls departed, having concluded this peace.

1262.9

The Meath Galls made a great raid on Gilla na Naem O Fergail, chieftain of Annaly. His own eraght deserted and sought refuge with the Galls, deposed him and installed the son of Murchad Carrach O Fergail in opposition to him.

1262.10

After this Gilla na Naem inflicted much damage on the Galls, raiding and attacking, plundering and slaughtering them, till he won back his chiefdom by force and banished the son of Murchad Carrach.

1262.11

Macwilliam Burke and the Galls invaded Desmond to attack Mac Carthaig. They reached Mangarton, and there Gerald Roche was killed by Mac Carthaig; and it was said


p.141

that he was one of the three best barons in Ireland, but we do not know who the other two were. But that was a success with failure for Desmond, since Cormac son of Domnall Got Mac Carthaig was killed that day. For many were the losses both of Gall and Gael that day about Mangarton.

1262.12

The Archbishop of Armagh arrived in Ireland.

1263.1

1263 First of January on Monday and the sixteenth day of the moon. A.D. MCCLXIII. Twenty-third year of the Solar Cycle; tenth year of the Lunar Cycle; sixth year of the Cycle of Indiction. Common year.

1263.2

Donn O Breslein was killed with treachery and guile by Domnall O Domnaill in the Bishop's palace at Raphoe.

1263.3

Macwilliam Burke marched to attack Fedlim O Conchobair at Roscommon, but the Sil Murray fled into North Connacht and the Galls found no preys to lift this time. Donnchad O Flainn and Tadc his son attacked a detachment of that army and killed a hundred of them, gentle and simple, among whom were Aitin Ruitsel and his son and the five sons of Cu Chonnacht O Conchobair and many others, and the army went home sorrowfully afterwards.

1263.4

Tomas O Cellaig, bishop of Clonfert, rested in Christ.

1263.5

Ebdond, king of Lochlainn., died in the Orkneys on his way to Ireland.

1263.6

Dauid O Finn, abbot of the monastery of Boyle, rested.

1263.7

Diarmait the Clerk, son of Cormac Mac Diarmata, died.

1263.8

Andiles Mag Findbairr, chieftain of the Muinter Geradain, died.

1263.9

The Prior of Derrane, Gilla Patraic son of Gilla na nGusen, a most bountiful and pious man, rested.

1263.10

Mael Fabaill O hEdhin was killed by the Galls.

1263.11

Mael Ciarain O Maileoin, abbot of Clonmacnoise, rested.

1263.12

A castle was built by Macwilliam Burke at Ath in Gail in Corann.

1263.13

A very hot summer this year.

1263.14

Machair O Ruadain was treacherously killed by the Galls in the doorway of the church at Kilshesnan this year.

1263.15

Etain daughter of O Flannacain died.


p.143

1264.1

1264 First of January on Tuesday and the twenty-seventh day of the moon. Twenty-fourth year of the Solar Cycle; eleventh year of the Lunar Cycle; seventh year of the Indiction. A.D. MCCLXIV. Embolismal year. FE.

1264.2

Art O Mailsechlainn waged a great war against the Galls of Meath and made great slaughter of them about the Brosnach, where such of them as were not slain were drowned.

1264.3

Muirchertach son of Domnall O hAirt was killed, and his people burned, by Donn Mag Uidir this year.

1264.4

Great war broke out between the King of the English and the King of the Welsh. The English earls rose against Edubard and his son and battle was joined between them. Edubard and his son and John de Verdun were captured and there was great slaughter on both sides.

1264.5

Oengus O Clumain, Bishop of Leyney, died in the monastery of Boyle, having resigned his bishopric long before.

1264.6

The Delbna made a great raid on the Sil nAnmchada, killing five sons of O Matadain.

1264.7

There was a great meeting at Athlone between the Galls and Gaels of Ireland, attended by the Justiciar, the Earl of Ulster, Mac Gerailt and other principal Galls, and by Fedlim O Conchobair and his son Aed. When the Galls saw the innumerable following of O Conchobair and his son they were seized with fear and consternation. So after taking counsel they sued for peace to O Conchobair and his son. Their request was granted and peace was made.

1264.8

Great war broke out between Macwilliam Burke, Earl of Ulster, and Mac Gerailt this year, and a great part of Ireland was ruined between them. In this war the Earl took all Mac Gerailt's castles in Connacht, burned his manors and plundered his people.

1264.9

Art O Mailsechlainn burned all the villages in Delbna and Brawnie and Calry, turned out the Galls and took hostages of all the chieftains of the district and burned Loch Luatha.

1264.10

The Justiciar of Ireland and Seoan Gocan and Teboit Butler were captured by Muiris Mac Gerailt in a consecrated church.

1264.11

The castle of Loch Mask and the castle of Ardrahan were taken into his own keeping by Macwilliam this year.


p.145

1265.1

1265 First of January on Thursday and the eighth day of the moon. Twenty-fifth year of the Solar Cycle; twelfth year of the Lunar Cycle; eighth year of the Indiction. Common year. D.

1265.2

Tomas son of Fergal Mac Diarmata, Bishop of Elphin, rested in Christ.

1265.3

Tomas O Maicin, Bishop of Leyney, rested.

1265.4

Sligo castle was pulled down by Aed O Conchobair. He also pulled down and burned the castles of Bannada and Raith Aird Craibe.

1265.5

The monastery of Ballintober was burned this year.

1265.6

Tadc Mag Finnbairr was killed by Conchobar Mag Ragnaill and the son of Domnall O Fergail this year.

1265.7

Fedlim O Conchobair, the son of Mor Muman and Cathal Crobderg O Conchobair, King of Connacht, one who safeguarded and supported his own Province and his friends on every side, who banished and plundered his foes in whatsoever place they were, a man full of honour and valour, of respect and importance in Ireland and in England, died after a victory of repentance and was buried in the monastery of the Preaching-friars at Roscommon, which he had presented to God and the Order.

1265.8

Aed his son succeeded him in the kingship of Connacht and made his king's raid against the Ui Failgi. He burned and damaged a good deal on that expedition, and on returning to Athlone he blinded Cathal son of Tadc O Conchobair, who died afterwards.

1265.9

Muirchertach son of Cathal son of Diarmait son of Tadc O Mailruanaid, king of Moylurg, died this year.

1265.10

Gilla na Naem O Cuinn, chieftain of Muinter Gillgain, died.

1265.11

Cathal Mag Ragnaill, chieftain of Muinter Eolais, died.

1265.12

Muiredach O Cerbaill, chieftain of Calry, died.

1265.13

Mael Brigte O Grucain, erenagh of Elphin, died.

1265.14

Muiris son of Niall O Conchobair was elected to the bishopric of Elphin this year.

1265.15

Tomaltach O Conchobair, Archbishop of Connacht, appointed to meet David Prendergast and the Meic Murchada, and they killed many of the Archbishop's followers at Kilmaine.

1265.16

Derborgaill daughter of O Dubda, mother of Tomaltach O Conchobair, Archbishop of Connacht, died after a victory of repentance.


p.147

1266.1

1266 First of January on Friday and the nineteenth day of the moon, A.D. MCCLXVI. Twenty-sixth year of the Solar Cycle; thirteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; ninth year of the Cycle of Indiction. Common year. C.

1266.2

Mathgamain son of Ceithernach O Ceirin, king of Ciarraige, was killed by the Galls of Dunmore this year.

1266.3

Mathgamain O Cuilen, king of Claenglas, was killed this year by his wife, through jealousy, with one thrust of a knife.

1266.4

Tiaquin Castle was broken down this same year and the whole of Conmaicne laid waste.

1266.5

Domnall O hEgra, king of Leyney, was killed while burning Ardnarea against the Galls.

1266.6

Toirrdelbach son of Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg died in the monastery of Knockmoy this year.

1266.7

Diarmait Ruad son of Conchobar son of Cormac Mac Diarmata and Donn Cathaig son of Donn Oc Mag Oirechtaig were blinded by Aed O Conchobair.

1266.8

Sadb daughter of Cathal Crobderg died.

1266.9

Mael Isa O hAnainn, Prior of Roscommon and Athleague, rested in Christ.

1266.10

The township of Ballintogher was burned by Flann Ruad O Flainn, who killed many of its Galls.

1266.11

Many castles were burned in Tireragh, with all their corn.

1266.12

Tomas O Mailchonaire, Archdeacon of Tuaim, rested in Christ.

1266.13

Aed O Conchobair, king of Connacht, went into Brefne and deposed Art son of Cathal Riabach [O Ruairc]. He gave the kingship to Conchobar Buide son of Amlaib son of Art O Ruairc and took hostages of all the chieftains of Brefne.

1266.14

Tomas O Miadachain succeeded to the bishopric of Leyney, and the Orders of these two bishops were conferred on the same day.

1266.15

Hugo Mac Gosdelb died.

1266.16

Aed O Muiredaig was killed this year.

1266.17

Macwilliam Burke made a hosting against O Mailsechlainn. Many of his men were drowned at Ath Crochda and he turned back without victory or hostages.


p.149

1266.18

A bishop-elect came to Clonfert from Rome and his bishop's Orders were conferred at Athenry on the Sunday before Christmas.

1266.19

A party of O Conchobair's followers, [led by] Lochlainn son of Diarmait son of Muirchertach and Mac Ceithernaig and the son of Domnall Dub O hEgra, made a great slaughter on the Welsh and Leinstermen of West Connacht; thirty-one heads did they present to O Conchobair. Cormac son of Gilla Crist Mac Diarmata received a wound, from which he died.

1266.20

A Preaching-friar, O Scopa, was made a bishop in Armagh this year, for [the see of] Tir Conaill.

1266.21

Maeleoin Bodur O Mailchonaire, ollave of the Sil Murray, died.

1267.1

1267 First of January on Saturday and the thirtieth day of the moon, A.D. MCCLXVII. Twenty-seventh year of the Solar Cycle; fourteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; tenth year of the Cycle of Indiction. Embolismal year. B.

1267.2

Maelsechlainn Mac Aeda and Conchobar his father and Aed his brother all died within three months.

1267.3

Murchad Mac Suibne was captured in the Owles by Domnall son of Magnus O Conchobair and delivered up to Walter Burke, Earl of Ulster. He afterwards died in the Earl's prison.

1267.4

Brian son of Toirrdelbach son of Ruaidri O Conchobair died in the monastery of Knockmoy this year.

1267.5

Drumcliff was completely burned, with its churches.

1267.6

The Galls of West Connacht made a great raid on Carbury and plundered Ballysadare.

1267.7

Macwilliam Burke made a great raid on O Conchobair, plundering Tir Maine and the Clann Uatach.

1267.8

Romanus, Bishop of Clonfert, crossed the sea to have audience with the Pope.

1267.9

Donnchad son of Ruaidri son of Aed O Conchobair was killed by the Galls this year.

1267.10

A great sickness fell upon Aed O Conchobair, so that his death was reported throughout Ireland; but he recovered.

1267.11

Ailis daughter of Mac Cargamna died.

1267.12

Great war broke out in England between the King of England and Simon de Montfort.


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1268.1

1268 First of January on Sunday and the eleventh day of the moon, A.D. MCCLXVIII. Twenty-eighth year of the Solar Cycle; fifteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; eleventh year of the Indiction. Common year. AG.

1268.2

Conchobar O Briain, king of Thomond, was killed with his son Seoinin, his daughter and her son by Ruaidri O Grada, Dublochlann O Lochlainn, Tomas O Beollain and many other men and women not enumerated here, by Diarmait son of Muirchertach O Briain, who, as he deserved, was killed at once therefor.

1268.3

Amlaib O Fergail was guilefully slain by the Galls.

1268.4

Magnus Mag Oirechtaig, chieftain of Clann Tomaltaig, rested.

1268.5

Ragnailt, daughter of O Conchobair and wife of Cathal O Matadain, rested.

1268.6

Muiris Ruad Mac Gerailt was drowned in the Irish Sea, with all the crew of the ship, as he was coming from the King of England.

1268.7

Charles, the Roman Emperor, was killed by the Saracens while fighting for Christendom.

1268.8

Aed son of Conchobar O Flaithbertaig, Official of Annadown, [died].

1268.9

Toirrdelbach Oc son of Aed son of Fedlim mac Cathail Chrobdeirg, fosterling of the Ui Briuin, rested.

1268.10

The Galls of Ireland challenged Aed O Conchobair to meet them at Athlone. He assembled an army to oppose them and defeated them in the Faes, where many of them were killed.

1268.11

Domnall son of Tadc O Mannachain and ten of his people were killed by Tadc O Flannacain and Gilla Crist O Birn on the twenty-sixth of December.

1268.12

Fergal O Mailmuaid, king of Fir Cell, was killed by the Galls.

1268.13

Maelsechlainn Mac Cochlain was killed by the Galls.

1268.14

Dubgall son of Ruaidri [Mac Somurli], king of Argyle, rested in Christ.

1268.15

Domnall O Grada, chieftain of Kinel Donnaly, died.

1268.16

Lochlainn son of Diarmait O Conchobair was killed by David Aulb and the Ui Cinaetha. They lost their lives at once in return.

1268.17

Diarmait son of the Ex-cleric O Briain died.

1268.18

Mathgamain O Briain was captured and mutilated by Brian Ruad O Briain to avenge his father.


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1268.19

Conchobar O Cellaig, king of Ui Maine, died.

1268.20

Aengus O Dalaig, a noted poet and keeper of a guesthouse, rested.

1269.1

1269 First of January on Tuesday and the twenty-second day of the moon, A.D. MCCLXIX. First year of the Solar Cycle; sixteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; twelfth year of the Indiction. Common year. F.

1269.2

Imar O Birn, a warrior and trusted officer of Aed O Conchobair, renounced the world, leaving behind him his children and his wealth, and dedicated his life in the monastery of the Preaching-friars at Roscommon.

1269.3

A new Justiciar, Hobert Suforn, arrived in Ireland from the King of England to order and settle the country. He came afterwards into Connacht and he and the Galls of Ireland built a castle at Roscommon. The cause of its building was, that Aed O Conchobair was sick of a disease at this time.

1269.4

Tadc son of Niall son of Muiredach O Conchobair was most unhappily killed by one of his own kinsman's soldiers at Elphin this year. The soldier was at once put to death for the deed.

1269.5

Brian son of Domnall Dub O hEgra was killed by the Galls at Sligo this year.

1269.6

Ben Mide, daughter of Toirrdelbach son of Ruaidri [O Conchobair] and wife of Maelmuire Mac Suibne, rested.

1269.7

Sefraid son of Domnall Clannach Mac Gilla Patraic, king of Slieve Bloom, died this year.

1269.8

Patricius O Scannail, coarb of Patrick, died in Christ.

1269.9

Christine, daughter of O Nechtain and wife of Diarmait Midech Mac Diarmata, fairest of form, most bounteous and just, prudent and pious of all the women of her time, and who conferred the most benefits on the Cistercian Order, died after a triumph of repentance.

1269.10

Aed O Finn, master of music and minstrelsy, died.

1269.11

Sligo castle was [re-]built by Mac Muiris Mac Gerailt.

1269.12

Echmilid Mac Airten was killed by O hAnluain.

1269.13

Domnall O Fergail and Aed his son were killed by Gilla na Naem O Fergail and the Galls this year.


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1270.1

1270 First of January on Wednesday and the third day of the moon, A.D. MCCLXX. Second year of, the Solar Cycle; seventeenth year of the Lunar Cycle; thirteenth year of the Indiction. Embolismal year. E.

1270.2

Sligo was burned by O Domnaill and the Cenel Conaill and the son of Brellach an Chairn O Mailbrenainn was killed on that occasion.

1270.3

Great war and dissension broke out between O Conchobair and Walter Burke, Earl of Ulster, and neither Gall nor Gael could separate them. The Earl called upon the Justiciar and his Galls and both came with great armies into Connacht, reaching Roscommon the first night and Port na Lece beyond Elphin, where they encamped, the second night. Here the Earl and the chief Irish Galls determined, after taking counsel, to cross the Shannon to Ath Charad Conaill on its eastern bank.

1270.4

Now Aed O Conchobair, king of Connacht, had assembled a few of his chief followers in Moynishy to oppose the Galls, while the Justiciar with a small force remained on the west bank of the Shannon, watching for them. When the Earl had passed eastwards of Ath Charad Conaill, a few of O Conchobair's men attacked his party in the woods of Conmaicne, killing a small number of them; but they ceased not in their advance and attack till they came to Moynishy, where they halted and encamped for the night.

1270.5

The Galls then advised the Earl to make peace with O Conchobair and to give Uilliam Oc son of Ricard Mor son of Uilliam the Conqueror into the custody of O Conchobair's people while O Conchobair should be in their own camp arranging the terms of settlement. This was done. And when Uilliam Oc surrendered to O Conchobair he was made prisoner, and Seoan Doilifin and his son were then killed in that same place. But when the Earl heard that treachery had been practised on his brother he marched, early next day, to Ath in Chip; for on these two nights O Conchobair was ranging about them, as a fierce rending mighty lion prowls about his foes and slays them, so that he did not allow them to eat or rest. And Aed O Conchobair moved off that same day.


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1270.6

Now when the Galls had gone to Ath in Chip in the morning, Toirrdelbach O Briain fell upon them there. The Earl himself turned upon him and slew him on the spot, single-handed.

1270.7

At this moment the men of Connacht fell upon them. Their rearguard was dislodged and their van broken and nine of their noblest knights were killed on that moor, including Richard of the Wood and Seon Butler, and they left a hundred horses on the field, with their saddles and poitrels. Uilliam Oc was then killed in his captivity, after O Briain had been slain by the Earl, and none knew how many besides.

1270.8

After this O Conchobair razed the castles of Ath Angaile and Sliab Luga and Kilcolman and burnt Roscommon, Randoon and Onagh.

1270.9

Brian Ruad O Briain revolted against the Galls; he plundered them extensively and captured Clare Castle.

1270.10

The Earl and the Connacht Galls made great raids in Tirerrill on the people of Aed O Conchobair. David Cusin was killed on this raid.

1270.11

Tomas O Raigillig was killed by the Galls of Nobber.

1270.12

The son of Murchad Carrach O Fergail was killed by the Galls.

1270.13

The coarb of Patrick rested in Christ.

1270.14

Hunger and great destitution throughout Ireland this year.

1270.15

Cathal son of An Liathanach (the Grey-haired ?) O Conchobair, Abbot of the Trinity in Loch Key, was born this year.

1270.16

Lewis, King of France, died this year.

1270.17

Edward, son of the King of England, went to the Holy Land to fight for it.

1270.18

It was in this year that the reign of the ollavs Dubshuilech and Dunlang O Mailchonaire came to an end, and Tanaide Mor son of Duinnin son of Nede son of Conaing Buide O Mailchonaire took his seat in the Ollav's Chair of the province of Connacht. In the words [of the poet]: ‘Tanaide the teacher, a learned ollav, son of Duinnin, spent forty famous years on the floor of Liss Lerthaile.’

1271.1

First of January on Thursday and the fourteenth day of the moon, A.D. MCCLXXI. Third year of the Solar Cycle; eighteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; fourteenth year of the Indiction. Common year. D.


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1271.2

Walter Burke, Earl of Ulster and lord of the Galls of Connacht, died in Galway after a victory of repentance, having been sick for one week.

1271.3

Tomas Mac Muiris died at Baffle Locha Mesca.

1271.4

Imar O Birn, a trusted officer of Aed O Conchobair, king of Connacht, died at Roscommon after a victory of repentance and was buried in [the monastery] on the 29th of January.

1271.5

Aed son of Comarba Comain O Conchobair was killed by Thomas Butler at Muine Ingine Crechain.

1271.6

Domnall O Flainn was killed by the son of Robin Laigles on the same day, at the southern end of Shrule.

1271.7

Mathgamain O Conchobair was killed by the Galls of Dunmore.

1271.8

Nicholas son of John de Verdun, Lord of Oriel, was killed by Sefraid O Fergail and the rest of the Muinter Angaile.

1271.9

Conchobar son of Tigernan O Conchobair was killed by Maelsechlainn son of Art O Ruairc and the Clann Fermaige.

1271.10

The castle of Templehouse was broken down, as well as those of Sligo and Athleague, by Aed O Conchobair this year.

1272.1

First of January on Friday and the twenty-fifth day of the moon, A.D. MCCLXXII. Last year of the Cycle of Nineteen; fourth year of the Solar Cycle; fifteenth of the Indiction. Embolismal year. CB. Last year of the Hendecad.

1272.2

Henry Butler, Lord of the Owles, and Hodge Medbric were killed by Cathal son of Conchobar Ruad [O Conchobair] and the Connacht princes this year.

1272.3

Aed O Conchobair broke down the castle of Roscommon.

1272.4

Tadc Dall son of Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg, the most eligible successor to the kingship in his province, till he was blinded by the Ui Raigillig, died.

1272.5

Jacques d'Audeley, Justiciar of Ireland, was killed by O Broin and a number of the Connachtmen.

1272.6

Muirgius son of Donnchad son of Tomaltach O Mailruanaid, eminent throughout Ireland for bounty and valour, died at Murvagh.

1272.7

Meath was burned as far as Granard by Aed O Conchobair. He burnt Athlone and broke the bridge.

1272.8

Donnchad son of Gilla na Naem Mag Samradain was killed by Tomas mac Aeda Mag Samradain, his own brother.


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1272.9

Richard Tuit, the most noble baron in Ireland, rested.

1272.10

Aed O Conchobair put a large fleet on Loch Ree, where he burned much and did other damage.

1273.1

1273 First of January on Sunday and the sixth day of the moon, A.D. MCCLXXIII. First year of the Decemnovennial Cycle; fifth year of the Solar Cycle; first year of the Indiction. Common year. A.

1273.2

Conchobar Buide son of Amlaib son of Art O Ruairc, king of Brefne, was killed by the sons of Conchobar son of Tigernan O Conchobair, and he killed the best man of them, Tigernan son of Conchobar.

1273.3

Eochaid Mac Mathgamna, king of Oriel, was killed, with many others not enumerated here, by O hAnluain and the Cenel Eogain this year.

1273.4

Jordan d'Exeter raided the Corann, and a few of the Connacht princes came up with his party; but they were incited to an unwise move by an evil(?) man, so that Domnall son of Donnchad son of Magnus [O Conchobair] and Magnus son of Art and Oirechtach Mac Aedacain and Aed O Birn and many others were killed.

1273.5

Mac Muiris Mac Gerailt led a great expedition into Thomond and exacted hostages and submission from O Briain.

1273.6

Cormac son of Diarmait son of Ruaidri [O Conchobair] died.

1273.7

Geoffrey de Geynville arrived in Ireland as Justiciar from the King of England.

1273.8

Domnall of Erris, son of Magnus mac Muirchertaig Muimnig, was banished from the Owles and Erris by the Galls this year.

1273.9

Ruaidri O Flaithbertaig was likewise banished from West Connacht by the Galls.

1274.1

1274 First of January on Monday and the seventeenth day of the moon, A.D. MCCLXXIV. Second year of the Decemnovennial Lunar Cycle; sixth year of the Solar Cycle; second year of the Indiction. Common year. G.

1274.2

Aed son of Fedlimid son of Cathal Crobderg O Conchobair, king of Connacht for nine years, died on the third day of May this year, a Thursday and the feast of the Invention of the


p.163

Holy Cross; a king who wasted and desolated Connacht in fighting the Galls and Gaels who opposed him; a king who inflicted great defeats on the Galls and pulled down their palaces and castles; a king who took the hostages of the Ui Briuin and the Cenel Conaill; the destroyer and healer of Ireland was he; the king most dreaded and triumphant of all the kings of Ireland in his day, as the poet says: ‘For nine years did this Aed Engach defend the Family of Tara—no feeble forrayer was he—against Gall and Gael.’

1274.3

Eogan son of Ruaidri son of Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg was instated in his stead by the men of Connacht. However, this kingship which was bestowed upon him was a short one, for he had been but three months in the lordship of Connacht when his own close kindred, led by Ruaidri son of Toirrdelbach son of Aed O Conchobair, killed him in the church of the friars at Roscommon, as the poet says: ‘Ruaidri's son reigned for three months—short was the thread for the nursling of Bregia—the men of untilled Ailech wrought Eogan's sudden death.’

1274.4

Aed son of Cathal Dall son of Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg was made king in the stead of Eogan son of Ruaidri by the men of Connacht this year, and his reign was no longer, for he had only been king for a fortnight when he was killed by Mag Oirechtaig, namely Tomaltach, at Grainsech Sruthra, and by O Birn, as the poet says: ‘Aed son of Cathal, fierce was his rule; he fought for the province of Connacht; after that, Crede's descendant was the spouse of Cruachu for a fortnight.’

1274.5

Tadc son of Toirrdelbach son of Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg was made king after Aed son of Cathal this year. For it was [loss] enough for one year that three kings of Connacht died therein—Aed son of Fedlim, Eogan son of Ruaidri and Aed son of Cathal Dall, as we have said.

1274.6

Tigernan son of Aed O Ruairc, king of Brefne, died.

1274.7

Domnall son of Magnus son of Muirchertach Muimnech O Conchobair, renowned in all Ireland for his bounty and valour, died.

1274.8

Tadc son of Cerball Buide O Dalaig, ollav in poetry to Aed O Conchobair, died this year.


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1274.9

Gilla na Naem son of Aed son of Amlaib O Fergail, the most excellent chieftain of his day in all Ireland, died after a triumph of repentance, having been for thirty years ruler of Clann Conmaig meic Fergusa, defending Annaly against Galls and Gaels at large. Cathal son of Gilla na Naem succeeded him as chieftain and ruled for ten years.

1274.10

Cathal Mag Flannchaid, chieftain of Dartry, died.

1274.11

Maelsechlainn son of Amlaib son of Art O Ruairc, king of Dartry and Clann Fermaige, was killed by Conchobar son of Domnall son of Tigernan O Ruairc at Killarga. He [Conchobar] was made king afterwards.

1274.12

Domnall Oc son of Amlaib son of Art O Ruairc died.

1275.1

1275 First of January on Tuesday and the twenty-eighth day of the moon, A.D. MCCLXXV. Third year of the Decemnovennial Cycle; third year of the Indiction; seventh year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. F.

1275.2

Ruaidri son of Toirrdelbach O Conchobair was captured by his own brother, Tadc son of Toirrdelbach, who also plundered all [the land of] Tadc son of Cathal Mac Diarmata. Ruaidri afterwards escaped from his captivity; Conchobar O hAinlide conveyed him away, but they were pursued and Conchobar was killed then.

1275.3

Conchobar son of Fergal son of Donnchad son of Muirchertach was killed by his own kinsmen.

1275.4

Art son of Cathal Riabach O Ruairc, king of Brefne, was killed by Mag Finnbairr and the Muinter Geradain and the Galls at Granard, and his people were slaughtered.

1275.5

Cairpre O Scopa, Bishop of Raphoe, rested in Christ.

1275.6

O Laidig, Bishop of Killala, rested in Christ.

1275.7

Tomas Mag Samradain was killed by the Cenel Luachain.

1275.8

The son of Cu Chonnacht O Raigillig was craftily killed by the Clann Cathail.

1275.9

The Galls were defeated in Ulster. Two hundred horses and two hundred heads was the sum of their losses.


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1276.1

1276 First of January on Wednesday and the ninth day of the moon, A.D. MCCLXXVI. Fourth year of the Lunar Cycle; fourth year of the Indiction; eighth year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. ED.

1276.2

Aed Muimnech son of Fedlim mac Cathail Chrobdeirg came out of Munster and sought protection of O Domnaill. O Domnaill raised an army in his cause and they both came as far as Aghanagh; but here O Donmaill turned back and the son of Fedlim came himself into Connacht and remained there. After this the sons of Toirrdelbach came into the land and committed many burnings, but they could obtain no further power in the land.

1276.3

Diarmait son of Gilla Muire O Morna, king of Ulidia, died.

1276.4

The sons of Toirrdelbach raided the son of Fedlim and the sons of Mac Diarmata, and they killed Gilla Crist O Mailbrenainn that day.

1276.5

The son of Fedlim raided the Clan Murtagh, who killed Gilla na nAingel O Conrai in pursuing after the plunder, as well as others of the son of Fedlim's men.

1276.6

Ruaidri son of Toirrdelbach raided the Muinter Nechtain, but they routed him and recovered the prey. And they killed Domnall son of Niall son of Congalach O Ruairc, called the Butter Lad, and many others of Ruaidri's men.

1276.7

Gilla Crist and Uilliam O Nechtain were afterwards killed by Ruaidri son of Toirrdelbach.

1277.1

1277 First of January on Friday and the twentieth day of the moon, A.D. MCCLXXVII. Fifth year of the Lunar Cycle; ninth year of the Solar Cycle; fifth year of the Indiction. Common year. C.

1277.2

Brian Ruad O Briain was treacherously captured by the Earl of Clare's son, after they had made gossipry and mixed their blood in one vessel and bound themselves to each other upon the relics of Munster and bells and croziers. The Earl's son had him drawn between horses afterwards.

1277.3

Gilla Crist O Birn, an officer of Aed O Conchobair, was killed [...]... (?) by Gilla Ruad son of Lochlainn O Conchobair.


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1277.4

Roscommon castle was pulled down by Fedlim's son and Domnall O Domnaill and the Connachta.

1277.5

Broen O Mailmocheirge, Abbot of Kells, rested in Christ.

1277.6

The Tellach Echach made a great raid on the Cenel Luachain in Glenn da Duile, killing Conchobar Mag Dorchaid and many others.

1278.1

1278 First of January on Saturday and the first day of the moon. Tenth year of the Solar Cycle; sixth year of the Lunar Cycle; sixth year of the Indiction. Embolismal year. B.

1278.2

Tadc son of Toirrdelbach son of Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg, king of Connacht, was killed by the sons of Cathal Mac Diarmata when he had ruled the province of Connacht for three years. In the words of the poet, Donnchad Losc O Mailchonaire: ‘O Conchobair of Cluain Ca, the son of Toirrdelbach, three years; all did his bidding while he reigned; he gathered in the hostages of the land.’

1278.3

Ruaidri son of Toirrdelbach [O Conchobair], eligible prince of Connacht, was killed by Gilla Crist Mag Flannchaid and the rest of the Dartraigi on the border of Drumcliff, as well as Persun Riabach (the Swarthy Parson) son of Tigernan O Conchobair and many others not enumerated here.

1278.4

Donnchad and Fergal and Gilla Crist, three sons of Muirgius son of Donnchad son of Tomaltach [O Mailruanaid], were killed by Tadc son of Domnall of Erris [O Conchobair].

1278.5

Flaithbertach O Doimin, king of the Fir Manach, was killed this year.

1278.6

The son of the Earl of Clare was defeated at Quin by Donnchad son of Brian Ruad O Briain and O Briain's other sons. They burnt the church of Quin in attacking his followers, so that a vast number were killed there, but he himself escaped privily, not receiving his deserts.

1278.7

Tomas O Cuinn, Bishop of Clonmacnoise, rested.

1278.8

Tomaltach Mag Oirechtaig, he of Cagal, king-chieftain of the Sil Murray, was killed by the people of the Tuatha this year.

1278.9

Aed Muimnech son of Fedlimid assumed the kingship.

1279.1

1279 First of January on Sunday and the twelfth day of the moon, A.D. MCCLXXIX. Eleventh year of the Solar Cycle; seventh year of the Lunar Cycle and of the Indiction. Common year. A.


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1279.2

Tomaltach son of Toirrdelbach son of Maelsechlainn O Conchobair, Archbishop of Tuaim, foremost in all Ireland for wisdom and learning, bounty and nobility, for benignity, for bestowing valuables and treasures to the people at large, died this year after a triumph of repentance.

1279.3

Maelsechlainn son of Toirrdelbach [O Conchobair] was killed.

1279.4

Conchobar son of Diarmait son of Magnus O Conchobair was killed.

1279.5

Gilla in Choimded O Cerballain, Bishop of Cenel Eogain, rested.

1279.6

Morchad O Nechtain was killed by Domnall O Nechtain. Robert, brother of Murchad, afterwards challenged Domnall to fight and was killed by him in that combat.

1279.7

Domnall son of Gilla Crist O Nechtain was killed by Aed O Conchenainn this year.

1280.1

1280 First of January on Monday and the twenty-third day of the moon, A.D. MCCLXXX. Twelfth year of the Solar Cycle; eighth year of the Decemnovennial Cycle and of the Indiction. Embolismal year. GF. Last year of the Ogdoad.

1280.2

Contention arose between Aed Muimnech son of Fedlimid mac Cathail Chrobdeirg, king of Connacht, and the descendants of Muirchertach Muimnech this year. They killed Aed Muimnech in the wood of Daingen and took Maelsechlainn son of Magnus prisoner the same day. O Domnaill ransomed him for four hundred cows and twenty horses. After this Cathal son of Conchobar Ruad son of Muirchertach Muimnech son of Toirrdelbach Mor O Conchobair was made king by the men of Connacht.

1280.3

Seoan O Laidig, Bishop of Killala, rested in Christ.

1280.4

Matha son of Magnus O Conchobair, Abbot of Boyle, rested.

1281.1

1281 First of January on Wednesday and the fourth day of the moon, A.D. MCCLXXXI. Thirteenth year of the Solar Cycle; ninth year of the Lunar Cycle and of the Indiction. Common year. E.

1281.2

Tadc son of Cathal Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, renowned for bounty and valour and nobility, died.

1281.3

The battle of Desertcreaght between the Cenel Conaill and the Cenel nEogain this year. Aed Buide son of Domnall Oc son of Aed Meith son of the Aed who was called An Macam Tonlesc


p.173

with the Ulster Galls was on the one side, and on the other was Domnall O Domnaill, king of Cenel Conaill and Fermanagh and Oriel, most of the Ulster Gaels, almost all Connacht and the whole of Brefne. The Cenel Conaill were routed in that battle and in it was killed Domnall O Domnaill, the best of all Irish Gaels for generosity, valour, lordship and nobility at that time and the general guardian of all Western Europe. He was buried at Derry, having triumphed in all good things down to that day. And these are the best men who were killed with him on that day:—Maelruanaid O Baigill, chieftain of the Three Tuatha; Eogan son of Maelsechlainn O Domnaill; Cellach O Baigill, the best chieftain for clemency and the best-esteemed and most bountiful in his day; Gilla Crist Mag Flannchaid, chieftain of Dartry; Domnall Mac Gilla Findein, chieftain of the Muinter Peotachain; Aindiles O Baigill and his son Dubgall; Enna O Gairmlegaig, king-chieftain of the Cenel Moain; Cormac son of An Fer Leginn (the Scholar) O Domnaill, chieftain of Fanat; Gilla an Choimded O Mailaduin, king of Lurg; Carmac son of Carmac O Domnaill; Gilla na nOc Mac Dail re Docair; Maelsechlainn son of Niall O Baigill; Aindiles son of Niall O Domnaill; Lochlainn son of Muirchertach O Domnaill; Flaithbertach Mac Buidechain; Magnus Mac Cuinn; Gilla na Naem O hEochacain; Muirchertach Mac in Ultaig; Muirchertach O Flaithbertaig and many others not enumerated here, sons of kings and chieftains and warriors.

1281.4

There was another battle this year, between the Barretts and the Cusacks. The Barretts were defeated, and William Barrett, Adam Flemming and many others were killed. And there were two Gaels there on the side of Cusack, Taichlech O Dubda and Taichlech O Baigill, who surpassed all others in activity and sure aim.

1282.1

1282 First of January on Thursday and the fifteenth day of the moon, A.D. MCCLXXXII. Fourteenth year of the Solar Cycle; tenth year of the Lunar Cycle and of the Indiction. Common year. D.

1282.2

Muirchertach Mac Murchada, king of Leinster, and Art his brother were killed by the Galls this year.

1282.3

Taichlech son of Maelruanaid O Dubda, king of the Ui Fiachrach Muaide, the best man for generosity and valour, for striving and struggling in defence of his native land against Galls and marauders, was killed by Adam Cusack at Beltra Strand.


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1282.4

Lasarfina daughter of Cathal Crobderg rested in Christ.

1282.5

Matha O Raigillig, chieftain of the Muinter Mailmorda, died this year.

1282.6

Gilla Isa Mag Tigernain, chieftain of the Tellach Dunchada, rested in Christ.

1282.7

Cathal son of Gilla na Naem O Fergail, chieftain of the Muinter Angaile for ten years, died on Inis Cuan on the river Cluain Lis Bece meic Conla (C. by(?) the fort of Bec son of Conla), king of Teffia. And it is by this that the ' ‘long ridge’ was understood; for a prophet foretold to Cathal that he would die ‘on the long ridge’ and therefore Cathal avoided Long Ridge and never set foot on it.

1282.8

Sefraid son of Gilla na Naem [O Fergail] then succeeded to the chieftaincy.

1282.9

A great deal of snow from Christmas to St. Bridget's day this year.

1283.1

1283 First of January on Friday and the twenty-sixth day of the moon, A.D. MCCLXXXII. Fifteenth year of the Solar Cycle; eleventh year of the Lunar Cycle and of the Indiction. Embolismal year. C.

1283.2

Aed Buide O Neill, king of the Cenel nEogain, a prince eligible for the kingship of Ireland, was killed by Brian Mag Mathgamna and the rest of the Airgialla and Gilla Isa Ruad son of Domnall O Raigillig this year.

1283.3

Tadc son of Domnall O Conchobair of Erris was wounded by the Luigni (the men of Leyney) and handed over to Cathal O Conchobair, and he died of his wound afterwards, this year.

1283.4

Dublin and Christchurch were damaged this year.

1284.1

1284 First of January on Saturday and the seventh day of the moon, A.D. MCCLXXXIV. Sixteenth year of the Solar Cycle; twelfth year of the Lunar Cycle and of the Indiction. Common. year. BA.

1284.2

Simon d'Exeter was killed by Brian O Flainn and by Diarmait and Maelsechnaill, sons of O Flannacain. This led to


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great war and strife in Connacht, the Galls making great raids. But they repaid in full [the losses suffered by] the community of Trinity Island and the monks of Boyle.

1284.3

Dunmore was burnt by Fiachra O Flainn.

1284.4

Kilcolman Castle was knocked down by Cathal mac Conchobair Ruaid, king of Connacht.

1284.5

Muiris O Conchobair, Bishop of Elphin, rested in Christ.

1284.6

Donnchad O Briain, king of Thomond, was killed by Toirrdelbach O Briain.

1284.7

Gilla Isa Mag Tigernain, high-chieftain of the Cenel mBrenainn, rested.

1284.8

Amlaib O Tomaltaig, Bishop elect and confirmed of Elphin, rested in Christ.

1284.9

Gilla Isa son of Liathanach O Conchobair, Abbot of the Premonstrant community of Trinity Island, Loch Key, was afterwards elected to the see of Elphin.

1284.10

Dubgall son of Magnus O Baigill, chieftain of Cloghineely, was killed by the followers of O Mailgaithe.

1284.11

Mac na h0idche Mag Dorchaid, chieftain of the Cenel Luachain, died this year.

1285.1

First of January on Monday and the eighteenth day of the moon, A.D. MCCLXXXV. Seventeenth year of the Solar Cycle; thirteenth year of the Lunar Cycle and of the Indiction. Common year. G.

1285.2

Simon O Ruairc, Bishop of Brefne, rested.

1285.3

Magnus O Conchobair inflicted a great defeat on Adam Cusack and the Galls of West Connacht at Lecc Esa Dara, where many were killed and where Colin Cusack, Adam's brother, was taken prisoner after his men had been slaughtered in order to let him get away.

1285.4

Pilib Mac Gosdelb routed Magnus O Conchobair's followers at the Ox Mountains, where many of the young levies and rabble were killed.

1285.5

Alis daughter of Cormac died.

1285.6

Ruaidri O Gadra, king of Sliab Luga, was killed on his own lake by Mac Feorais.

1285.7

Enri Mac Gilla Finnein died.


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1286.1

1286 First of January on Tuesday and the twenty-ninth day of the moon, A.D. MCCLXXXVI. Eighteenth year of the Solar Cycle; fourteenth year of the Lunar Cycle and of the Indiction. Embolismal year. F.

1286.2

A great hosting by the Earl of Ulster into Connacht. He despoiled many of the churches and monasteries of Connacht, but even so he obtained ascendency wherever he came and took hostages of the whole province. He afterwards took the Connacht army along with him and exacted hostages from the Cenel Conaill and Cenel nEogain, deposed Domnall son of Brian O Neill and set up Niall Culanach (N. with long back-hair) O Neill for the nonce.

1286.3

The Spring of the cattle-plague was this year.

1286.4

Maurice the Bald Fitz Gerald died this year.

1286.5

Domnall O hAinlige chieftain of Cenel Dobtha rested on the twenty-sixth of March.

1287.1

1287 First of January on Wednesday and the tenth day of the moon, A.D. MCCLXXXVII. Nineteenth year of the Solar Cycle; fifteenth year of the Lunar Cycle and of the Indiction. Common year. E.

1287.2

Pilib Mac Gosdelb rested.

1287.3

Diarmait Midech son of Diarmait son of Muirgius son of Cathal Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, the oldest and noblest of his race, died this.year.

1287.4

Florint O Gibillain, Archdeacon of Elphin, a sage skilled in knowledge and wisdom and learning and clerkship, rested in Christ.

1287.5

Gilla na nEc O Mannachain, king of the Three Tuaths, died on the seventh of September.

1287.6

Maelsechlainn son of Tomaltach Mag Oirechtaig, was killed by Toirrdelbach son of Eogan O Conchobair to avenge the abandonment of his father by the sons of Toirrdelbach.

1287.7

Ruaidri Sinnach rested on the tenth of March.

1288.1

1288 First of January on Thursday and the twenty-first day of the moon, A.D. MCCLXXXVIII. Twentieth year of the Solar


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Cycle; sixteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; first year of the Indiction. Common year. DC.

1288.2

Cathal son of Tadc son of Cathal Mac Diarmata assumed the kingship of Moylurg this year.

1288.3

Magnus O Conchobair came, with such of the men of Connacht, Ui Briuin and Conmaicne as he could get to join him, to seize the kingship of Connacht for himself and to depose his brother, Cathal son of Conchobar Ruad. They reached Bellaslishen, where Cathal and his followers were, and the two armies gave battle to each other. Here Cathal was captured and his men routed; he was deposed and a great part of Connacht was plundered on that occasion. Magnus then seized the kingship and ousted his elder brother, who had held it for seven and a half years, as the poet says: ‘The son of kingly Conchobar Ruad was king of Connacht north and south; seven years and half a year was the reign of Cathal in Cruachu.’

1288.4

Donnchad Riabach son of Magnus mac Muirchertaig Muimnig rested.

1288.5

Toirrdelbach son of Eogan O Conchobair, with Maelsechlainn O Flannacain, captured a house from Magnus O Conchobair this same winter in Ros Mor, and this was done on the advice of Fiachra O Flainn. Magnus himself was wounded there; Ragnall Mag Ragnaill, chieftain of the Muinter Eolais, was killed by a single arrow-shot; Niall Gelbuide O Conchobair was wounded; some of their men were killed and a part of their good horses was taken from them.

1288.6

Magnus O Conchobair went on a hosting in Sil Murray after he was cured and took hostages of them all.

1288.7

The Red Earl—that is Richard, son of Walter Earl of Ulster, son of Richard Mor son of William ‘Congcur’ or ‘of the conquest’—marched into Connacht as far as Roscommon against Magnus son of Conchobar Ruad, who was king of Connacht at that time, Fitz Gerald and the King's men. These all assembled to oppose him and challenged him to advance beyond that point. So the Earl determined to retire from the country and disband his army.


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1288.8

Stephen, Archbishop of Tuaim and Justiciar of Ireland, rested.

1288.9

Uilliam Mac Feorais was elected to the archbishopric of Tuaim.

1289.1

1289 First of January on Saturday and the second day of the moon, A.D. MCCLXXXIX. Twenty-first year of the Solar Cycle; seventeenth year of the Lunar Cycle; second year of the Indiction. Embolismal year. B.

1289.2

Tadc O Flannacain, chieftain of the Clann Chathail, rested.

1289.3

Matha O Scingin, ollav of Cenel Conaill, died.

1289.4

The Bishop of Conmaicne, the foreign bishop—Miles was his name—rested.

1289.5

Simon O Finnachta, Archdeacon of Elphin, [rested].

1289.6

Richard Diuit, with the Galls of Meath and Magnus O Conchobair, king of Connacht, marched out against O Mailsechlainn and all the men of Meath. But they were defeated and Richard Diuit, the noblest baron of the Galls who was in Ireland at that time, was killed, and his kinsmen with him; and Siacus son of Bishop O Cellaig was also killed.

1289.7

Fiachra O Flainn, chieftain of the Sil Mailruain, the best of all the Connacht chieftains for clemency and fidelity and safeguard, for generosity and valour, went to make an alliance by marriage with the Gaill and was treacherously killed by the son of Ricard Finn son of William Burke and by Mac Feorais.

1289.8

Mac Muiris and Mac Feorais took the field against Calbach Mor O Conchobair and the rest of the Leinster princes and were heavily defeated. Mailer d'Exeter and many other Galls were slain and a great number of their horses were taken from them.

1290.1

1290 First of January on Sunday and the thirteenth day of the moon, A.D. MCCXC. Twenty-second year of the Solar Cycle; eighteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; third year of the Infliction. Common year. A.

1290.2

Cairpre O Mailsechlainn, king of Meath, was treacherously killed by Mac Cochlain and the Delbna.


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1290.3

Congalach Mag Eochacain, chieftain of the race of Fiachu son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, died.

1290.4

William Mac Feorais assumed the archbishopric of Tuaim.

1290.5

O Setachain, Bishop of Kilmacduagh, rested.

1290.6

Domnall son of Brian O Neill led an army into Cenel Eogain, forcibly ejected Niall O Neill and assumed the kingship himself by the might of his hand.

1290.7

Aed O Domnaill was deposed by his own brother Toirrdelbach, who assumed the kingship himself through the power of his mother's kin, the Clann Domnaill, and of many other Gallowglasses.

1291.1

1291 First of January on Monday and the twenty-fourth day of the moon, A.D. MCCXCI. Last year of the Cycle of Nineteen; twenty-third year of the Solar Cycle; fourth year of the Infliction. Embolismal year. G. Last year of the Hendecad.

1291.2

Toirrdelbach son of Eogan O Conchobair, the greatest, most beautiful and generous and valorous of men and the best eligible prince, was killed by Niall Gelbuide O Conchobair.

1291.3

The Earl of Ulster led a great army into Tir Eogain and deposed Domnall son of Brian O Neill and set up Niall Culanach O Neill; and on his leaving the country this Niall was killed by Domnall, and the sons of Aed Buide O Neill was made king on behalf of the Earl, and Domnall was banished through his power.

1291.4

The Earl marched into Tir Conaill against Toirrdelbach O Domnaill and plundered the whole region, its churchmen and laymen, leaving neither altar-cloth nor missal nor chalice in any church of Cenel Conaill, and carried this booty into Connacht. He then came to Elphin and Connacht made pretence of submission, after which he went away.

1291.5

Conchobar O Dubda, king of the Ui Fiachrach, was drowned in the Shannon on his way to meet this same Earl.

1291.6

A rebellion was raised by Cathal O Conchobair and Niall Gelbuide and all the Gaels and Galls who were with them, to depose Magnus O Conchobair, king of Connacht. The two armies met at the Weir of Collooney, where Cathal was wounded and Murchad son of Tadc son of Andrias O Conchobair and others were killed by Niall Gelbuide. Many horses were taken from the


p.187

followers of Magnus and he himself was defeated, but he escaped covertly. Great preys were taken in Carbury by Niall Gelbuide and by the followers of Cathal, for Cathal himself was not at home on account of his wound, and they plundered Carbury from Cnocc Laigen eastwards as far as Ballysadare.

1291.7

As for Magnus, the Sil Murray and his own officers and the Galls of Roscommon came to his assistance after this defeat and he came on the following day to intercept the preys and came up with them at Sraith in Ferain and Aenach, recovered the cattle and routed the raiders. Niall himself managed to escape; Thomas and David sons of Mac Gosdelb were slain—or David was given quarter there and killed in captivity—and many others of the army, both Gall and Gael, were killed. Niall afterwards came into the country, on peace terms, and his land was given [back] to him in full. But false accusations and complaints were carried between them after this; it was told to Magnus that Niall was about to practise treachery against him and then, as Niall was about to quit the country, Magnus made a great foray upon him and plundered him completely. And by these raids the reputation of Niall was brought very low.

1291.8

Aed O Fallamain, chieftain of the Clann Uatach, died this year.

1291.9

Diarmait O Flainn, chieftain of the Sil Mailruain, died.

1291.10

Aed O Domnaill took his own kingship and Toirrdelbach was banished.

1291.11

Lucas Mac Gillaruaid, Archdeacon of Elphin, rested.

1291.12

Edruth Mac Raith, Abbot of Loch Key, died.

1292.1

1292 First of January on Tuesday and the fifth day of the moon, A.D. MCCXCII. Twenty-fourth year of the Solar Cycle; fifth year of the Indiction; first year of the Lunar Cycle. Common year. FE.

1292.2

The Earl made a hosting against Magnus O Conchobair and came as far as Roscommon, but he returned without having


p.189

exacted pledge or hostage. Magnus, in spite of the opposition of Connacht, followed him to Meelick and made submission, when all his petitions were granted by the Earl.

1292.3

The same Earl made another hosting and plundered most of Leyney, but nevertheless Domnall O hEgra neither submitted nor gave pledge or hostage to him at this time.

1292.4

Niall Gelbuide O Conchobair, son of Muiredach Dechti(?) son of Aed Dall son of Toirrdelbach Mor, King of Ireland, was killed by Tadc son of Andrias O Conchobair and Tuathal son of Muirchertach [...]. . .

1292.5

Mac Cochlain, king of Delvin, was killed by Sefin Mac Feorais, at the command of the Earl, this year.

1292.6

Donnchad son of Eogan O Conchobair died this year.

1292.7

Somairle O Gairmlegaig was killed by O Neill.

1292.8

Andiles O Dochurtaig, chieftain of Ardmire, rested.

1293.1

1293 First of January on Thursday and the sixteenth day of the moon, A.D. MCCXCIII. Twenty-fifth year of the Solar Cycle; second year of the Lunar Cycle; sixth year of the Indiction. Common year. D.

1293.2

Magnus son of Conchobar Ruad son of Muirchertach Muimnech son of Toirrdelbach Mor, king of Connacht for five and a half years, as the poet testifies: ‘O Conchobair of the fair skin, son of the son of Muirchertach Muimnech, five years and a half to tell was Magnus of the horsemen king,’ died this year after a sickness of three months—one who was terrible and deadly in battles and forays, the most generous and valiant of all the kings of Ireland—on Loch Caircin.

1293.3

Aed son of Eogan O Conchobair was then made king by the Justiciar and by the King of England's men and on the tenth day afterwards he was treacherously captured by Mac Gerailt; fifty of his men were killed, and great preys were taken from him afterwards.

1293.4

Cathal Ruad O Conchobair assumed the kingship after


p.191

this and at the end of three months was killed treacherously by Ruaidri son of Donnchad Riabach O Conchobair. Aed son of Eogan was released and he assumed the kingship, being supported by the Justiciar.

1293.5

Murchad O Mailsechlainn, king of Meath, died this year.

1293.6

Fergal O Raigillig, chieftain of Muinter Mailmorda for twelve years, was killed in the midst of his own stronghold by the Tellach Dunchada this year.

1293.7

It was revealed to Nicol Mag Mail Isu, coarb of Patrick, that the relics of Patrick and Columba and Bridget were at Saul. He exhumed them and they afterwards wrought miracles and great wonders. And he placed them in a decorative shrine, with much honour.

1293.8

Mor daughter of Fedlimid O Conchobair died.

1293.9

Florint O Cerballain, Bishop of Cenel Eogain, rested in Christ.

1293.10

Muirchertach O Flannacain, chieftain of Clann Chathail meic Muiredaig, died.

1293.11

Two chieftains of Tullyhunco died this year, Duarcan and Sitrecc [Mag Tigernain].

1293.12

Tuathal son of Muirchertach O Conchobair was killed by the Luigni.

1293.13

Cathal Mac Diarmata, king of the Muinter Mailruanaid, was treacherously captured by Aed son of Eogan O Conchobair, at the bidding of Conchobar son of Taichlech [Mac Diarmata] and Maelsechlainn O Flannacain and the Sil Murray at large, and they plundered all Moylurg, its churchmen and laymen. From these offences sprang the ruin of Connacht.

1293.14

Cathal Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, escaped by force from his fetters and afterwards raided the sons of Cathal O Flannacain.

1294.1

1294 First of January on Friday and the twenty-seventh day of the moon, A.D. MCCXCIV. Twenty-sixth year of the Solar Cycle; third year of the Lunar Cycle; seventh year of the Indiction. Embolismal year. C.

1294.2

Muirchertach son of Magnus O Conchobair, the best eligible prince of all the Connachta, was killed, together with a few of his followers, by Tadc son of Andrias and Domnall son of Tadc.

1294.3

Aed son of Eogan O Conchobair made a raid on the Clan Murtagh.


p.193

1294.4

Maelsechlainn O Flannacain, chieftain of Clann Chathail, was killed by Cathal son of Tadc Mac Diarmata in the town of Sligo this year.

1294.5

Domnall O hEgra, king of Leyney, died this year.

1294.6

Donnchad Mac Con Snama, chieftain of Munter Kenny, died.

1294.7

Carrach in Chairn Mag Tigernain, chieftain of Tullyhunco, died.

1294.8

Cathal son of Tadc Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, the most generous and valorous of men, died.

1294.9

Derbail daughter of Tadc Mac Diarmata died this year.

1294.10

Sligo castle was razed by Aed O Conchobair.

1294.11

Maelruanaid son of Gilla Crist [Mac Diarmata] assumed the kingship of Moylurg.

1294.12

The Earl [of Ulster] was captured by Mac Gerailt. This led to confusion throughout Ireland.

1294.13

A great and treacherous raid was made by Mac Gerailt and Mac Feorais on Connacht. They deposed Aed mac Eogain, as they supposed, and devastated the country, but beyond that they obtained no ascendency.

1294.14

Diarmait son of Liathanach O Conchobair was killed; he was buried on Trinity Island, Loch Key.

1294.15

Dauid Mac Gilla Erraith was killed by the sons of Domnall Dub O hEgra.

1295.1

1295 First of January on Saturday and the eighth day of the moon, A.D. MCCXCV. Twenty-seventh year of the Solar Cycle; fourth year of the Lunar Cycle; eighth year of the Indiction. Common year. B.

1295.2

The King of England compelled Mac Gerailt to release the said Earl, and Mac Gerailt received noble hostages of the Earl's own kin in exchange.

1295.3

Brian son of Aed Buide son of Domnall Oc son of Aed Meith, king of the Cenel nEogain, was killed by Domnall son of Brian O Neill, and many Galls and Gaels were killed with him.

1295.4

Domnall O Cellaig, king of the Ui Maine, died in the robe of a Grey Monk in the monastery of Knockmoy this year.

1295.5

Conn Mac Branain, chieftain of Corca Athclann, was killed by O Cellaig's sons as he was tracking his horses, which had been stolen from him.

1295.6

Tomaltach Mac Branain assumed the chieftainship in his stead after this and was killed by the sons of O Conallain to avenge their father, whom he had killed before.


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1295.7

The castles of Moydow, Newcastle and Moybreckry were razed by Sefraid O Fergail this year.

1295.8

Great war between the King of France and the King of England.

1295.9

Great war in Tir Conaill.

1295.10

The hostages of Brian Mac Samradain and of Gilla Isa Mag Dorchaid were taken by Gilla Isa O Raigillig.

1296.1

1296 First of January on Sunday and the nineteenth day of the moon, A.D. MCCXCVI. Twenty-eighth year of the Solar Cycle; fifth year of the Lunar Cycle; ninth year of the Indiction. Common year. AG.

1296.2

Aed son of Eogan O Conchobair was deposed by his own Council and the Clan Murtagh were brought in to replace him, the lordship and hostages of the country being given to Conchobar Ruad son of Cathal Ruad O Conchobair. The whole land, church and lay, was ruined as a result of this deposing of the king. The Clan Murtagh burned and ravaged Carbury and attacked its churches, but God and Columba and Mary, whose churches were then violated, punished them for that act.

1296.3

But Aed O Conchobair assembled a large force of Galls and Gaels, which included Uilliam and Teboit Burke, and they came to the monastery of Boyle, spending four nights there and spoiling all the corn and stock(?) of the country, and all the chieftains of the country made submission to them and were carried by them to the house of the Earl to make peace with Aed O Conchobair. But though they pledged themselves to this peace they did not abide by it, but agreed to come again into the Earl's house with the Clann Murtagh.

1296.4

After that Aed O Conchobair came into the Tuatha, bringing with him O Fergail and Mag Ragnaill and their trains, and sent envoys to Mac Diarmata and O Flannacain and these came back into the country with the envoys. And when Conchobar Ruad saw that they were thus revolting he followed and raided them; but they turned back in pursuit of the prey and came up with it at Cend Ceti in Tir Tuathail. Here Conchobar Ruad was killed and Lochlainn his son captured; Magnus, the son of Tomaltach's son, was also captured and a few others were killed.

1296.5

That same day Aed O Conchobair with his own army and assembled levies made a great punitive raid on the Clan Murtagh.


p.197

1296.6

They afterwards blinded Lochlainn son of Conchobar [Ruad] and he died of the disorder of that blinding.

1296.7

Gilla Isa son of Liathanach [O Conchobair], Bishop of Elphin, rested in Christ at Roscommon three weeks before Mayday and was buried in the monastery of Boyle.

1296.8

Derbforgaill daughter of O Flainn of Ess died and was buried in the monastery of the canons at Ballintober.

1296.9

A great expedition was led by the King of England and the principal Galls of Ireland—Richard Burke Earl of Ulster and Mac Gerailt, that is John fitz Thomas—into Scotland, whereon they gained great ascendency throughout the country. They despoiled lay properties and churches, and more especially they destroyed a monastery of Preaching-friars, leaving not one stone standing on another of it; they also killed clerks in Holy Orders and many women this time.

1297.1

1297 First of January on Tuesday and the thirtieth day of the moon, A.D. MCCXCVII. First year of the Solar Cycle; sixth year of the Lunar Cycle; tenth year of the Indiction. Embolismal year. F.

1297.2

Conchobar son of Taichlech son of Diarmait son of Conchobar son of Diarmait son of Tadc [Mac Diarmata], king of Moylurg and Airtech, senior kinsman and lord of all the Muinter Mailruanaid, the best man for word and ward, valiance and valour, fight and fray, attack and resistance, shielding and sheltering, probity and princeliness in his time, died and was buried in the monastery of Boyle in the resting-place of his father and grandfather.

1297.3

Enri Mag Oirechtaig, Bishop of Connor and a Grey Monk of the Cistercian Order, rested.

1297.4

Magnus O hAinlige, chieftain of Kinel Dofa, was killed by his own father's brother's son and the Muinter Eolais, in treacherous wise, at Annaduff.

1297.5

Uilliam O Dubthaig, Bishop of Clonmacnoise, was killed by a fall from his horse.

1297.6

Edward King of England led a great army into France, with spirit and much bravery, but returned without victory or ascendency this time.

1297.7

Maelsechlainn Mac Briain, Abbot of Boyle, assumed the


p.199

bishopric of Elphin. Marianus O Donnabair had been elected previously and he went to Rome to contest the see and died on the journey.

1297.8

Cu Ulad O hAnluain, his brother, Aengus Mag Mathgamna and many of their principal followers were killed by the Galls of Dundalk as they returned from [service with] the Earl, this same year.

1298.1

1298 First of January on Wednesday and the eleventh day of the moon, A.D. MCCXCVIII. Second year of the Solar Cycle; seventh year of the Lunar Cycle; eleventh year of the Indiction. Common Year. E.

1298.2

Thomas fitz Maurice, a great and noble baron of the Fitz Geralds who was called the ‘Crooked Heir’, died this year.

1298.3

Sadb daughter of Aed O Neill, wife of Tadc son of Andrias O Conchobair; died at the beginning of spring this year.

1298.4

Brian Bregach Mag Samradain, chieftain of Tullyhaw, the most generous and valorous man of his time, was killed by Aed Brefnech O Conchobair and the Clan Murtagh in his own house at Coologe on the third day of summer.

1298.5

Donnchad son of Domnall O hEgra was treacherously killed by Brian Carrach O hEgra, his own kinsman. He was an eligible prince of Leyney and the most generous and valorous king's son in his own territory.

1298.6

Domnall Ruad Mag Carrthaig, king of Desmond, died.

1298.7

Fergal O Fergail, Bishop of Tir Conaill, rested.

1298.8

The bishopric of Clonmacnoise was assumed by Uilliam O Finnain, the Abbot of Kilbeggan, in this year.

1298.9

Tomas O hOirechtaig, Abbot of Assaroe, [rested] in Christ.

1299.1

1299 First of January on Thursday and the twenty-second day of the moon, A.D. MCCXCIX. Third year of the Solar Cycle; eighth year of the Lunar Cycle; twelfth year of the Indiction. Embolismal year. D. Last year of the Ogdoad.

1299.2

Alexander Mac Domnaill, the most generous and bounteous man of Scotland and Ireland together, was killed by Alexander Mac Dubgaill and a countless number of his men were slaughtered with him.

1299.3

Muiris O hOcain, Bishop of Killaloe, rested.


p.201

1299.4

Seoan de la Mare, the boldest, strongest, most generous and valorous knight in all Meath, was killed by Sefraid O Fergail in pursuing a prey.

1299.5

Battle was given by the King of Tartary and the King of Armenia, with all the auxiliaries they could obtain, to Sodan, King of Babylonia, and the Saracens generally, on the feast of Mary in mid-autumn. The Saracens were routed with great slaughter and the Holy Land was occupied by the said kings.

1300.1

1300 First of January on Friday and the third day of the moon, A.D. MCCC. Fourth year of the Solar Cycle; ninth year of the Lunar Cycle; thirteenth year of the Indiction. Common year. CB.

1300.2

Teboit Butler, a noble baron, died.

1300.3

John Prendergast was killed by Fiachra O Flainn's son this year.

1300.4

The castle of Ballymote was begun by the Red Earl this year.

1300.5

Seoinin Oc Mac Muiris was killed, with many of his men, by Conchobar son of Fiachra O Flainn.

1300.6

Fedlimid Mag Carthaig, eligible prince of Desmond, died.

1300.7

Congalach O Lochlainn, Bishop of Kilfenora in Corcumroe, rested in Christ.

1300.8

Eochaid son of Domnall O hAirt, chieftain of the Clann Cellaig, was killed by the Galls this year.

1300.9

A general proclamation came from Rome throughout Christendom in the time of Pope Boniface VIII. This proclamation comes every hundredth year and that year is called the Year of Grace. And a countless host from all the lands of Christendom went on pilgrimage to Rome in answer to this summons and there obtained remission of all their sins through this Indulgence.

1300.10

Adam Standon, lord of Carra, died.

1300.11

Uilliam Mag Flannchaid, chieftain of Dartry, was killed by Ualgarc O Ruairc this year.

1301.1

1301 First of January on Sunday and the fourteenth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCI. Fifth year of the Solar Cycle; fourteenth year of the Indiction; tenth year of the Lunar Cycle. Common year. A.


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1301.2

Finnguala daughter of Fedlimid O Conchobair, Abbess of Kilcreevanty, rested in Christ.

1301.3

Cormac son of Cormac O Mailsechlainn was killed by the son of Art O Mailsechlainn, his own father's brother's son.

1301.4

Gilla Isa Mac Fir Bisig, ollav of the Ui Fiachrach Muaide, a master of history and tales and poetry, of the Computus and of many other arts, died this year.

1301.5

Aed son of Cathal O Conchobair and all the Clan Murtagh made a great raid on Tadc son of Andrias in Mag Cedne this year.

1301.6

Matha Mac Raith, a great priest of Ardcarne, a most charitable and humane man, rested in Christ.

1301.7

Cathal O Mailiduin of the Ui Fiachrach Muaide, highsteward of the king of Connacht, died this year.

1301.8

Muirchertach Mac Con Snama, eligible for the chieftainship of Munter Kenny, [was killed] by the Clan Murtagh this year.

1301.9

The King of England led an army into Scotland and Mac Gerailt, Mac Feorais and the principal Galls of Ireland, except the Earl of Ulster, went with him on that expedition. They were in Scotland from a week before Lammas to All Saints, but could not conquer it fully.

1302.1

First of January on Monday and the twenty-fifth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCII. Sixth year of the Solar Cycle; eleventh year of the Lunar Cycle; fifteenth year of the Indiction. Embolismal year. G.

1302.2

Domnall Ruad Mag Carthaig, king of Desmond, the most generous and valorous, the most terrible and triumphant of the Gaels of all Ireland in fights and forays, died after a victory of repentence this year.

1302.3

Miles, Bishop of Limerick, who was the son of the Earl of Leinster's sons rested in Christ.

1302.4

The Bishop of Cork, Mac Donnchada, a Grey Monk, rested in Christ.

1302.5

Ruaidri son of Domnall O hEgra, an eligible prince of Leyney, died this year.

1302.6

Great raids were made by Aed son of Cathal O Conchobair, and I think this is Aed Brefnech, on Tadc son of Andrias O Conchobair and Sitrecc son of the Carnech (? Tonsured) Mag Flannchaid in Mag Cetne this same year.


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1302.7

Great plague and destruction among the cattle of all Ireland this year.

1302.8

Master Stephen O Bracain, Archbishop of Cashel, rested.

1302.9

Donn Mag Uidir, king of Fermanagh, renowned in all Ireland for generosity and valour, rested.

1302.10

Uilliam O Finnain, Abbot of Kilbeggan and afterwards Bishop of Clonmacnoise, rested in Christ.

1302.11

Cathal son of Domnall Mag Ragnaill, eligible for the chieftainship of the Muinter Eolais, was killed by Fergal Mag Ragnaill, his own father's brother's son.

1303.1

1303 First of January on Tuesday and the sixth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCIII. Seventh year of the Solar Cycle; twelfth year of the Lunar Cycle; first year of the Indiction. Common year. F.

1303.2

Nicol Mag Mail Isa, Archbishop of Armagh, the most godly and bountiful cleric of Ireland in his time, rested in Christ.

1303.3

Maelsechlainn Mac Bruin, Bishop of Elphin, a Grey Monk and formerly Abbot of Boyle, died this year.

1303.4

Donnchad O Flannacain, Abbot of Boyle, assumed the bishopric of Elphin afterwards.

1303.5

Diarmait O Flannacain, chieftain of Toorah, together with his two sons and other nobles of his folk, was killed by the followers of Domnall son of Andrias O Conchobair when returning from a raid in Carbury.

1303.6

Toirrdelbach O Domnaill, king of Tir Conaill, was killed by Aed his brother, together with many others, such as Muirchertach Mag Lochlainn, Donnchad O Cathain, Donnchad Mac Menman son of the ‘Scholar’ O Domnaill, Niall son of Niall O Baigill, Mac Ugosa and his son and his brother, Adam Cendal and many other Gaels and Galls who fell with them.

1303.7

The King of England made a great expedition into Scotland and took many cities. The Earl and many Gaels and Galls went [to join him] in a great fleet, and they conquered Scotland


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this time. Theobald Burke, brother of the Earl, died at Carricfergus on Christmas eve after returning from that expedition.

1303.8

Domnall Oc Mag Carrthaig, king of Desmond, died.

1303.9

Magnus Mag Samradain, chieftain of Tullyhaw, was killed.

1303.10

Niall Mac Gilla Finnein died.

1303.11

Muiris son of Uilliam Galta Mac Eochacain rested on the second day of June.

1304.1

1304 First of January on Wednesday and the seventeenth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCIV. Eighth year of the Solar Cycle; thirteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; second year of the Indiction.

1304.2

Matha son of Gilla Isa O Raigillig, king of Brefne, was killed by the Tellach Dunchada at Aghnacor; some gallowglasses were killed there with him and Mac Samradain and Mac Dorchaid were wounded as well.

1304.3

The Countess, wife of Richard Burke Earl of Ulster, died.

1304.4

Walter Burke, the heir of this same Earl died this year.

1304.5

Conchobar son of Aed O Conchobair was killed by Toirbert O Flaithbertaig, after he (Conchobar) had ensnared and treacherously entreated Donnchad O Flaithbertaig. This same Toirbert lost his life on the spot.

1304.6

Uilliam Oc son of Uilliam Gallta Mac Eochacain rested on the fourteenth day of October this year.

1305.1

First of January on Friday and the twenty-eighth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCV. Ninth year of the Solar Cycle; fourteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; third year of the Indiction. Embolismal year. C.

1305.2

Muirchertach O Conchobair Failgi and Maelmorda his brother, i.e. the Calbach O Conchobair, and twenty-nine of the nobles of their people were killed with hideous treachery by Sir Piarus Mac Feorais at Carbury Castle.

1305.3

Aed son of Cathal O Conchobair and all the Clan Murtagh defeated the Muinter Raigillig. Here fell Pilip O Raigillig and the heirs of the Clann Suibne and Mac Burrce, captain of the gallowglasses of the country, and a hundred and forty others along with them.

1305.4

Donnchad O Flaithbertaig, Bishop of Killala, the most chaste and pious bishop of his time, rested.


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1305.5

Toirrdelbach son of Brian Ruad O Briain died.

1305.6

Matha Oc O Raigillig was killed by the Tellach Dunchada.

1305.7

Aed Oc O Fergail died this same year.

1305.8

The new castle in Inishowen was built by the Earl [of Ulster].

1306.1

1306 First of January on Saturday and the ninth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCVI. Tenth year of the Solar Cycle; fifteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; fourth year of the Indiction. Common year. B.

1306.2

Toirrdelbach O Briain, king of Thomond, the most excellent, bold and valorous of his contemporaries, died, and Donnchad his son succeeded to his place.

1306.3

Fergal Mag Ragnaill, chieftain of the Muinter Eolais, was treacherously killed by Mathgamain Mag Ragnaill, his own brother, and by some of his Council, on the Clachoilen, whence [the saying:] ‘the Clachoilen betrayal.’

1306.4

Great war between Aed son of Eogan O Conchobair, king of Connacht, with the nobility of Sil Murray on his side, and Aed son of Cathal o Conchobair, with many of the kings' and chieftains' sons of Connacht and the chieftains and eraghts of Brefne and the rest of its eraghts on his, on either side of the Shannon for the space of three months or four. A number of Aed mac Cathail's princes attacked the Tuatha with a large following but were overtaken by a strong pursuing-party. The pursuers slew Flann son of Fiachra O Flainn, a prince eligible for the chieftainship of the Sil Mailruain, and Brian son of Donnchad Riabach O Conchobair and many others who were guarding the rear of the raiders. Much of the spoil was recovered, but a part of it was carried off. Now the best men taking part in these raids were Ruaidri son of Cathal O Conchobair and Donnchad son of Conchobar in Chopain (of the Goblet) son of Fergal son of Donnchad son of Muirchertach Mac Diarmata, one eligible on account of his success and generosity and valour up to that day for the kingship of Moylurg. He had come, before this, to the stronghold of O Conchobair and burned the palace of the king of Connacht together with the houses in the


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stronghold. But on this day Aed O Conchobair came up with him and the prey was taken from him, after which he was killed.

1306.5

Master Tomas O Naan, Archdeacon and Bishop-elect of Raphoe, rested in Christ.

1306.6

Robert Bruce, High-steward of Carrick, forcibly assumed the kingship in Scotland, in opposition to the King of England.

1306.7

Domnall Tuirtrech O Neill was killed in an ambush by the household of O Neill.

1306.8

Sir William Prendergast, the knight of most fame and renown of his time in Ireland, died.

1306.9

The Clan Murtagh made a great raid in Carbury, in which Dauid O Caeman, a rich and successful farmer, Donnchad Mag Buidechain and many others with them were killed.

1306.10

Brian Carrach O hEgra was killed by Cormac O Flannacain.

1306.11

Nicol O Donnchada, a priest who lived as a pure virgin in Drumcliff, [was killed] by Gerran Dub (Black Nag), one of the Barrets, for no cause or guilt but [merely] to inflict martyrdom on him. He rested in Christ; and every person who says a Pater for the good of his soul will receive six score days remission of sins for every time he says it for him.

1307.1

1307 First of January on Sunday and the twentieth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCVII. Eleventh year of the Solar Cycle; sixteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; fifth year of the Indiction. Common year. A.

1307.2

Donnchad Muimnech O Cellaig, king of the Ui Maine, renowned at large throughout Ireland for bestowing food, clothing, gold and cattle, died after a victory over the world and the Devil. His son Tadc O Cellaig, died after him.

1307.3

Luirint O Lachtnain, Abbot of Assaroe, sometime Abbot of Boyle and then Abbot of Knockmoy and lastly Bishop of Kilmacduagh, rested in Christ.

1307.4

Conchobar son of Fiachra O Flainn, the best young man of all Connacht of his time for warring against the Galls and ravaging them, died and was buried with his brother in the monastery of Boyle, with reverence and honour.

1307.5

Aughrim was burned by some of the Ui Maine, its own princes.

1307.6

All the Galls of Roscommon were killed by Donnchad Muimnech O Cellaig a little while before his death, at Ahascragh. Here fell Philip Munter and Seoan Munter and Matthew


p.213

Driu, and eighty others were killed or captured. The Sheriff of Roscommon, and Diarmait Gall Mac Diarmata and Cormac Mac Ceithernaig were taken prisoner; their followers were released and after a time they were themselves released, and afterwards they made peace because the town had been burned by Edmund Butler.

1307.7

Edward Mor, King of England, Wales and Scotland, Duke of Burgundy and lord of Ireland, rested in Christ in the thirty-fifth year of his reign and the sixty-sixth of his life.

1307.8

The crown of the King of England, Wales, Ireland and Scotland was afterwards given to Edward son of Edward.

1307.9

Donnchad O Flannacain, Abbot of Boyle for five years and Bishop of Elphin for three and a half years, the pious and loving universal guardian of all Western Europe, one who never refused poet or exile, who was never put to shame by any in the matter of food or treasure, mainstay of safeguard and dignity throughout the province, one full of wit and wisdom in upholding every cause he undertook to plead, a charitable good-hearted man, fair and friendly, courteous and eloquent, gentle, child-like, chaste, rested in Christ after a victory of Unction and Penance and suffering for the space of five months, on the twenty-second day of June.

1307.10

Domnall son of Tadc son of Brian son of Andrias son of Brian Luignech son of Toirrdelbach Mor O Conchobair, tanist of all Connacht and the eligible prince who was most wealthy and prosperous, most generous and valorous, most honourable and lordly and possessed of the most land of any in Connacht, his, territory extending from the Curlieu Hills to Caeluisce, was killed in a skirmish by Aed Brefnech son of Cathal Ruad O Conchobair. He was wounded by Diarmait son of Simon of the Strand; and God received him, for he was alive that night and a priest came to him with the Body of Christ and Unction, and he died early next day. He was then taken to the Curlieu Hills, and never in that age was there brought with any corpse so many droves and flocks and cattle and companies of horse and foot and mercenaries as were brought with him to his burial;


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and he was then interred in the monastery of Boyle with reverence and honour.

1307.11

Tadc son of Maelsechlainn son of Donnchad son of Domnall son of Magnus son of Toirrdelbach Mor O Conchobair was killed by Cathal son of Domnall son of Tadc O Conchobair.

1307.12

Carolus son of Liathanach O Conchobair, Abbot of the Trinity, Loch Key, was elected on the one part to the bishopric of Elphin; his bishop's orders were conferred on him by the choir of Armagh and he enjoyed the benefits of the see for three and a half years. But on the other part Master Malachi Mag Caedal was elected through the influence of Uilliam Mac Feorais, Archbishop of Connacht; he went to Rome and was there for three years, returning at last as Bishop.

1307.13

Uilliam Mac Feorais, Archbishop of Connacht, went to Rome this year.

1307.14

Maelsechlainn O Gairmlegaig, high-chieftain of the Cenel Moain, died.

1307.15

Magnus Mag Oirechtaig rested.

1307.16

Diarmait son of Donnchad Riabach was killed by Maelruanaig Mac Diarmata.

1307.17

Cathal son of Magnus [O Conchobair?] was killed by Cathal son of Domnall son of Tadc O Conchobair.

1307.18

Tadc son of Brian son of Andrias son of Brian Luignech son of Toirrdelbach Mor went on pilgrimage to the monastery of Boyle in the robe of a monk [and died after a sickness] of one day, having triumphed over the world and the Devil.

1307.19

Ailbi daughter of Tadc O Conchobair died.

1307.20

The Clan Murtagh came into Mag Cetne and burned the corn-crops of Carbury, and much of those of Ui Ailella and Coran. On this expedition the son of Magnus, that is Tadc, was killed.

1307.21

Amlaib son of Art son of Cathal O Ruairc, king of Brefne was killed by the son of Fergal Garb Mag Samradain.

1308.1

First of January on Monday and the first day of the moon, A.D. MCCCVIII. Twelfth year of the Solar Cycle; seventeenth year of the Lunar Cycle; sixth year of the Indiction.

1308.2

Maelruanaid Mac Diarmata made a great raid on the sons of Domnall O Conchobair in Carbury.


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1308.3

Another raid was made on them by Brian O Dubda and the Galls of Leyney and Tireragh.

1308.4

Other great raids were made upon these sons of Domnall by the Clan Murtagh, who had made peace with them and yielded them hostages. The sons of Domnall came afterwards to Slieve Daen, bringing with them nothing but their horses and armour and stud-horses(?): When the Galls of Leyney and Tireragh heard of this they assembled and followed them to Slieve Daen, and the sons of Domnall O Conchobair, with Mac Donnchada, turned upon them, put them to flight and routed them, following them up to Lecc Esa Dara and killing Tomag Mac Walter, Constable of Buninna, and his brother and many others not enumerated here.

1308.5

Aed son of Cathal [O Conchobair] raided Ruaidri son of Cathal, his own brother, in retaliation and killed Magnus son of Magnus [O Conchobair].

1308.6

Domnall O Conchobair, son of the coarb of Coman, Archdeacon of Elphin, rested.

1308.7

Simon Oc O Finnachta rested in Christ.

1308.8

Imar Mac Geibinnaig died.

1308.9

Piers Gaveston, a knight and a high officer of the King of England, came to Ireland and he killed O Dimusaig this same year.

1308.10

A fiery thunderbolt fell down from heaven on the Friars' convent at Roscommon and broke it, on the night of St. Stephen after Great Christmas.

1308.11

Easter in March this year; destruction of men and cattle; very stormy weather.

1308.12

Tigernan Mag Tigernain died.

1309.1

1309 First of January on Wednesday and the twelfth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCIX. Thirteenth year of the Solar Cycle; eighteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; seventh year of the Indiction.

1309.2

Aed son of Eogan son of Ruaidri son of Aed son of Cathal Croberg, king of Connacht and eligible for his nobility, valour, generosity, form and feature for the kingship of Ireland, was killed by Aed Brefnech son of Cathal Ruad O Conchobair at Coill in Chlachain in the territory of Brefne. Many of the great


p.219

men of Connacht were killed with him, such as Conchobar Mac Diarmata, Diarmait Ruad son of Tadc son of Andrias O Conchobair, Diarmait son of Cathal Carrach Mac Diarmata and Aed son of Muirchertach son of Tadc son of Maelruanaid [Mac Diarmata]. And of the Eastern party there fell on that same day Diarmait Oc O hElide, a noble loyal princely yeoman, Maeldomnaig the Gallowglass, Gilla na Naem Mac Aedacain, ollav of Connacht in Law and a universal master equally skilled in all arts, Fagurtach O Dobailein of the household of Mac Donnchada and many others besides these. The losses on both sides were not less than a hundred. Aed Brefnech came into the country afterwards and the Three Tuatha submitted to him.

1309.3

Now here are declared the deeds of Maelruanaig Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg. He came with his household muster about him into the heart of Sil Murray, to uphold the kingship and rule for his foster-son Fedlimid O Conchobair, and he sent messengers to his Gall and Gael friends on all hands and to William Burke and his kinsmen, who came with all speed at that message. And he [Maelruanaid] encamped stoutly and sturdily at Fiad Ratha Cruachan among the trains of the district, keeping them together; for his great fear was that those eraghts should come to an agreement with Aed Brefnech son of Cathal. And he took personally the lordship of the chieftains and the submission of the sub-kings, and exacted their rents and stipulated tributes and all the family and regal jewels of the king of Connacht, and all the Sil Murray made oath and gave security that they would not yield the lordship to any other. William Burke then came with the Sil Murray to Elphin.

1309.4

Aed son of Cathal, however, went to meet the Earl in Meath, and when he was gone the Three Tuatha revolted against him, and on returning out of Meath he encamped in Uachtar Tire and made a great raid on Aed O Flannacain and consumed the prey in his own camp in Uachtar Tire.

1309.5

Conchobar son of Donnchad O Briain was killed by Black Galls in treachery.

1309.6

Cathal son of Liathanach O Conchobair, Abbot of the Trinity, was elected to the bishopric of Elphin.


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1309.7

Ruaidri, son of Cathal [Ruad O Conchobair] and O Flainn went into Machaire and afterwards slew Mac Feorais.

1309.8

A meeting was appointed between the son of Cathal O Conchobair and Macwilliam Burke at Ath Slisen, but the meeting was broken and Cathal's son was routed and some of his men were killed.

1309.9

William Burke went after this to the monastery of Boyle, and the Clan Murtagh came into Tirerrill, burning and destroying much corn.

1309.10

Macwilliam crossed the Curlieus northwards and ejected the son of Cathal from his stronghold. The vanguard of Macwilliam's army killed Donnchad O Finnachta and others not enumerated here.

1309.11

Macwilliam made a raid on the Claim Fermoige and another as far as Binbulbin and northwards thereof.

1310.1

1310 First of January on Thursday and the twenty-third day of the moon, A.D. MCCCX. Fourteenth year of the Solar Cycle; nineteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; eighth year of the Indiction. Embolismal year. D. Last year of the Hendecad.

1310.2

Tanaide O Mailchonaire, ollav in poetry and history of the Sil Murray, died at the beginning of this year, that is, in the hard spring.

1310.3

A great raid, which was called the Raid of the Burning, was made by Aed Brefnech son of Cathal O Conchobair on Maelruanaid Mac Diarmata in Clogher. Donnchad son of Donnchad Mac Diarmata was captured there and his wife, O Flannacain's daughter, was killed. Women and children and many others were also slain and burned there. They [Aed's party] established a stronghold in Uachtar Tire against Mac Diarmata and the Sil Murray.

1310.4

When William Burke heard of this he encamped at Killummod opposite Aed son of Cathal. Aed then sent messengers secretly to his brother Ruaidri son of Cathal, bidding him go with his men to Buninna Castle, which William Burke had left.


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Ruaidri and Aed son of Magnus and the followers of Aed Brefnech assembled together and plundered and burnt the castle of Buninna with all its riches.

1310.5

Now at this time Aed mac Cathail Ruaid had a mercenary guard billetted near him and the chief officer of that band was Seonac Mac Uidilin. And when Seonac saw that O Conchobair's son was alone, since his followers were gone on the expedition to Bunina, he, having conspired beforehand and having promised William Burke to kill Aed for a reward, armed himself and his men, and Aed Brefnech son of Cathal Ruad O Conchobair was slain then; the best king's son in Ireland of his time if God had vouchsafed it to him.

1310.6

But when the news of the killing of Aed Brefnech reached William Burke and Mac Diarmata and the rest of the Sil Murray at Killummod, they at once proceeded to make raids on the followers of Aed Brefnech and threw out their foraying-parties as far as Bennan Brechmaige to the north and Mag Cetne of the Fomora. William Burke then retraced his steps to the middle of Sil Murray, on whom he billetted two hundred soldiers—Mac Uigilin and his company; and there was not one of their townlands without its permanent quartering, nor a tuath free from exaction, nor a prince free from oppression, so long as William Burke was in control of them after the death of Aed.

1310.7

Maelruanaid Mac Diarmata, seeing the exclusion of his foster-son from his patrimony and the heavy exactions on each tuath about him, and much resenting the action of the Galls in restricting and diminishing his power—for the Galls felt sure that if this one man were weak the whole province of Connacht would be in their own hands—determined, like the warrior he was, to take his foster-son boldly and make him king by force. So he carried him to Carnfree and installed him on the mound according to the practice of the saints, and of Da Conna of Assylin in particular; and he, Fedlimid mac Aeda meic Eogain, was proclaimed in a style as royal, as lordly and as public as any of his race from the time of Brian son of Eochu Muigmedoin till that day. And when Fedlimid mac Aeda meic Eogain had married the Province of Connacht his foster-father waited upon him during the night in the manner remembered by the old men and recorded in the old books; and this was the most splendid kingship-marriage ever celebrated in Connacht down to that day.


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1310.8

Cormac O Flannacain, chieftain of Toorah, was killed by Enri Mac Gilla Finnein, chieftain of the Muinter Peotachain in treachery.

1310.9

The Earl [of Ulster] built Sligo Castle this year.

1310.10

Twenty casks of wine were washed ashore in Mag Cetne.

1310.11

Findguala daughter of Magnus O Conchobair rested in Christ.

1310.12

Mac Raith Mag Uidir, eligible prince of Fermanagh, and Donnchad Mac Gilla Micheil, chieftain of the Clann Congaile, were destroyed and burned by Roalb Mag Mathgamna.

1310.13

Fergal Mag Dorchaid died this year.

1310.14

Una daughter of Aed son of Fedlim [O Conchobair] died.

1310.15

Siban, daughter of O Conchobair Failgi and wife of Muirchertach Mor Mag Eochacain, chieftain of Kenaliagh, died.

1310.16

Fergal son of Muirchertach Mor Mag Eochacain was killed in Annaly; this was the beginning of the enmity between Annaly and Kenaliagh.

1310.17

Sefraid O Fergail made a hosting to Donore, where Domnall son of Aed Oc O Fergail, Aed Mag Mail Isa and Gofraid son of Muirchertach were killed.

1311.1

First of January on Friday and the fourth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCXI. Fifteenth year of the Solar Cycle; first year of the Lunar Cycle; ninth year of the Cycle of Indiction. Common year. C.

1311.2

Muirchertach Mor son of Congalach Mac Eochacain, chieftain of Kenaliagh, was killed by the Galls.

1311.3

The Clan Murtagh made a great raid, in revenge, into Connacht, killing Gilla Crist son of Muirgius son of Donnchad Mac Diarmata, Aed son of Cormac [Mac Diarmata], Uilliam Mac Gilla Erraith, Donnchad son of Tomaltach [Mac Diarmata] and other great men along with them.

1311.4

Two sons of William Liath Burke were killed by the Leinster princes.

1311.5

Jordan d'Exteter came a-raiding into Moylurg and Tadc O hAinlide, chieftain of Kinel Dofa, was killed in the pursuit after the prey.

1311.6

Domnall O Birn, chieftain of Tir Briuin, died.

1311.7

Mael Isa O Dalaig, master of poetry and liberality, died this year.


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1311.8

Domnall son of Amlaib son of Art O Ruairc, king of Brefne, died this year.

1311.9

A great hosting by Macwilliam Burke into Munster against de Clare. They met in battle and de Clare was routed, but William Burke was taken captive at the rear of his followers as he followed up the rout; yet though he was the captive, his was the victory and the field.

1311.10

Great war in Thomond this year. A battle was fought between Donnchad Mac Conmara with the men of his own territory, the cantred of the Ui Caisin, and O Briain with all the men of Munster. Donnchad Mac Conmara and all the great men of his subjects were killed there, as well as Domnall O Grada, chieftain of the Cenel Dungaile. Great slaughter was done on both sides.

1311.11

Donnchad O Briain, king of Thomond and a good man for the kingship of Ireland, was treacherously killed by Murchad son of Mathgamain O Briain.

1311.12

Lochlainn Riabach O Dedaid was killed by Mathgamain son of Domnall Connachtach O Briain.

1311.13

Seonac Mac Uidilin killed the Gruelach at Ballintober and was himself killed at once therefor; and it is with the same short-handled axe wherewith he killed Aed Brefnech O Conchobair that he was killed. A blessing on the man who killed him!

1311.14

Feidlim O Conchobair, king of Connacht, made a raid on the Clan Murtagh on the border of Mag Cetne, and Maelsechlainn son of Conchobar Ruad, known as the ‘Head of the Reapers’ and some others were killed.

1311.15

Diarmait Clerech O Briain, king of Munster, was deposed Muirchertach O Briain was then made king in his place.

1311.16

Brian Mag Mathgamna, king of Oriel, died.

1312.1

1312 First of January on Saturday and the fifteenth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCXII. Second year of the Lunar Cycle; tenth of the Indiction. Common year. BA.

1312.2

Uilliam Mac Feorais, Archbishop of Tuam rested.

1312.3

Benidecht O Brocain, Bishop of Leyney, rested.


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1312.4

Malaiti Mac Aeda was elected from the see of Elphin to the archbishopric of Tuaim.

1312.5

Piers Gaveston was killed.

1312.6

Easter in March this year.

1312.7

Derbail daughter of Magnus O Conchobair died.

1312.8

A Holy Cross was erected (?) in the monastery of Boyle.

1313.1

1313 First of January on Monday and the twenty-sixth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCXIII. Third year of the Lunar Cycle; eleventh of the Indiction. Embolismal year.

1313.2

Pope Clement rested in Christ.

1313.3

Diarmait Clerech O Briain, king of Munster, died.

1313.4

Robert Bruce, King of Scotland, landed on the shore of Ireland.

1313.5

The King of France died this year.

1313.6

Gilla Isa Mag Dorchaid, chieftain of the Cenel Luachain, was killed by Conchobar Carrach son of Domnall Mac Diarmata.

1313.7

Cathal son of Murchad Carrach O Fergail died.

1313.8

Tigernan son of Niall O Ruairc died.

1313.9

Tadc son of Brian son of Andrias [O Conchobair] died this year, having been a long time in the robe of a Grey Monk and having triumphed over the world and the Devil, and was reverently and honourably buried in the monastery of Boyle.

1314.1

1314 First of January on Tuesday and the seventh day of the moon, A.D. MCCCXIV. Fourth year of the Lunar Cycle; twelfth year of the Indiction. Common year. F.

1314.2

Niall O Domnaill was killed.

1314.3

Ruaidri son of Cathal O Conchobair routed the Ui Raigillig at Drumlane.

1314.4

Magnus son of Domnall O hEgra was treacherously killed by Magnus son of Uilliam O hEgra.

1314.5

A battles at Srub Liath in Scotland, where the flower of the


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English fell at the hands of Robert Bruce in doing battle for the possession of Scotland, where many earls and knights and numberless other men were slain, along with the Earl of Gloucester, he who of all the English was of most nobility and dignity and inherited the greatest estate.

1314.6

Gilla an Choimded son of Cinaeth O Gormgaile, erenagh of Elphin, and his wife, Gormlaith daughter of Mac Branain, died.

1314.7

Niall son of Brian O Neill, the king's son who was the most generous and wealthy in all Ireland and whose governance and law and rule were the best, died this year.

1314.8

Roalb Mag Mathgamna was slain by his own kinsmen.

1314.9

Matha Mag Duibne, Bishop of Brefne, rested.

1314.10

Matha Mag Tigernain, chieftain of Tullyhuncoe, was killed in treachery by Cathal son of Domnall O Ruairc, his foster-son, on the floor of his own house.

1314.11

Mathgamain Mac in Chaich, chieftain of Fid na Saitne, died.

1315.1

1315 First of January on Wednesday and the eighteenth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCXV. Fifth year of the Lunar Cycle; thirteenth year of the Indiction. Common year. E.

1315.2

Edward son of Robert Bruce, Earl of Carrick, came to Ireland, landing on the coast of North Ulster with the men of three hundred ships, and his warlike slaughtering army caused the whole of Ireland to tremble, both Gael and Gall. He began by harrying the choicest part of Ulster, burning Rathmore in Moylinny, and Dundalk, and killing their inhabitants. He then burned Ardee and took the hostages and lordship of the whole Province without opposition; and the Ulstermen consented to his being proclaimed King of Ireland, and all the Gaels of Ireland agreed to grant him lordship and they called him King of Ireland.

1315.3

When Richard Burke, Earl of Ulster, heard that Edward was approaching to attack him he brought together a great army from all sides to Roscommon at first, marching thence to Athlone and obliquely through Meath and Mag Breg, having with him Feidlim O Conchobair, king of Connacht, their numbers being about twenty battalions; and this time the Galls spared not saint or shrine, however sacred, nor churchman or layman or sanctuary, but went wasting and ravaging across Ireland from the Shannon in the south to Coleraine and Inishowen in


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the north. And when this mighty column of a single host came marching together into Bregia they saw coming to meet them Edmund Butler, Justiciar of Ireland, with thirty tight battalions; but the Earl would not let him join his assembled force, for he trusted to himself and his own men to expel the Scots from Ireland. That night the Earl lay at Ardee beside Slieve Brey, while Edward Bruce with his Ulstermen and Scots lay at Inishkeen, and next day the Earl followed them up and encamped at Louth. Then William Burke went out to catch Edward and his Scots unawares (?) and a few on each side were killed.

1315.4

Now Edward and his army moved northwards next day, at the bidding of O Neill and the Ulstermen, till they came to Coleraine and the borders of Inishowen, and they threw down the bridge of Coleraine to hinder the Earl; and he followed them up and encamped opposite Edward and the Ulstermen on the river at Coleraine; and between them they left neither wood nor lea nor corn nor crop nor stead nor barn nor church, but fired and burnt them all. For the two armies were not able to meet and join battle, being parted by the rushing wild deep Bann; yet there was much fighting between them from one side of the river to the other every day.

1315.5

But when Edward heard how good a man was Feidlim O Conchobair, king of Connacht, he sent men to seek him out covertly and to offer him the possession of Connacht without partition, if he would desert the Earl and maintain his right to that province. And Feidlim listened tolerantly to these proposals and agreed with Edward.

1315.6

Now Ruaidri son of Cathal Ruad O Conchobair, on seeing Connacht left unguarded, went with a few followers to speak with Edward at Coleraine, travelling across Tirconnell eastwards, and promised to banish the Galls from the lordship of Connacht. And Edward consented after that to his making war on the Galls, provided that he did not commit depredation on Feidlim or trespass on his territory.

1315.7

This [however] is not how Ruaidri acted. He assembled the men of Connacht and Brefne, together with many gallowglasses, and penetrated to the midst of Sil Murray and the rest of Connacht, and forthwith burned the town of Sligo, Ballymote, the great castle of Kilcolman, Ballintober, Dunamon with its castle, Roscommon, Randoon and Athlone, as well as all the houses which lay on his route. He then demanded [recognition of his] dominion and lordship from Mac Diarmata but got neither


p.235

pledge nor hostage from him; but he took pledges and hostages of the rest of the Sil Murray and was made king on Carnfree. After this he remained for some time among them, ravaging every neighbour who was not submissive to him and waiting for tidings(?) of Feidlim and the army which was in Ulster with him.

1315.8

Feidlim O Conchobair, king of Connacht, when he heard that Ruaidri was returning into Connacht to contest the kingship, understood what his expedition had cost him, and telling the Earl that Ruaidri would gain the day in his absence, he hurriedly left the Earl and came towards Connacht to contest it. And an uneasy journey he found awaiting him, for he suffered raid or attack every day on his way through Ulster and Oriel till he reached Granard and Kilnanawse and the followers of Sean O Fergail, his mother's brother. Here his company was destroyed; and when their booty with their troop had escaped from him he gave leave to the chieftains and sub-kings who had been with him on this ill-sped journey to repair to their own houses and to accept the lordship of Ruaidri, rather than become landless men with himself. ‘For if I regain power you shall be with me; but at all events, since there can be no peace between my foster-father and Ruaidri, we two will remain together for the time that our war lasts.’

1315.9

As for the Earl and William Burke and the other Galls, when they saw that they were not to have the support of Feidlim, and that their own army was in sorry condition, they fell back from Coleraine to Connor Castle. On seeing this the Ulstermen and Scots followed the Earl with all speed to Connor; and on battle being joined between them William Burke and his knights and the two sons of Mac in Miled were captured and the Earl fled without delay till by devious ways he reached Connacht. On his arrival his Gall friends came to him from every hand, hoping that he would support and succour them, and his Gael friends came into his house likewise, chief among whom were Feidlim O Conchobair, king of Connacht, and Muirchertach O Briain, king of Thomond, and Maelruanaid Mac Diarmata, king of the Muinter Mailruanaid, and Gillibert O Cellaig, king of the Ui Maine, who had all been expelled from the country. But when Mac Diarmata saw this throng of deposed kings and exiles


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in the one house he was ashamed and swore he would never be reckoned among the deposed kings in any house again, but that he would go by his own action into his own territory, as fortune might grant him; and he put himself under the protection of Tadc O Cellaig, who made a semblance of peace for him with Ruaidri; he to recover his patrimony and to give hostages to Ruaidri mac Cathail.

1315.10

Aed Ballach son of Magnus son of Conchobar Ruad son of Muirchertach Muimnech was craftily killed by Cathal son of Domnall O Conchobair; and they killed Aed son of Art and Diarmait son of Simon of the Strand in revenge for his having killed their father.

1315.11

Great raids were made by the sons of Domnall [O Conchobair] on the Clan Murtagh the next day. They killed Magnus son of Magnus and Domnall son of Magnus as they pursued the preys, and Tomaltach Mac Donnchada was captured also by these same people, and after these triumphs they put themselves under the protection of the Galls. When Feidlim heard of these great feats he set off, with a few of his officers, to join the sons of Domnall son of Tadc O Conchobair, namely Ruaidri and Magnus, Cathal and Muirchertach, Donnchad and Seon and all their kinsmen. And on finding them loyal he made great raids, first on Brian O Dubda and then in Airtech, on Diarmait Gall Mac Diarmata, killing many of his men and burning his corn and houses, and another immediately afterwards on the sons of Cathal O Flannacain. The route by which this prey was taken was towards Cara Chula Cuirc, and it was not possible to drive it for the softness of the bog and for the numbers and force of the pursuing party; for it was caught up by the flower of the young soldiers of the Tuatha and the flower of the Clann Chathail and Mathgamain Mag Ragnaill, chieftain of the Muinter Eolais, with his kinsmen and his levies. Now when Mac Diarmata perceived the disorder of the prey on the way to the Cara (Weir), he followed its tracks to Coll Bathar, where he saw that it had been saved and detained. Now that was not what he wished for, but that it should not be left in the hands of its masters; and he glanced wrathfully and banefully at his enemies, holding them in contempt and scorn, though his following was but small compared with them and though he saw the wide flashing fiery throng prepared to crush him in the fight. However, on that field were killed Conchobar


p.239

Ruad son of Aed Brefnech O Conchobair, Mathgamain Mag Ragnaill, chieftain of the Muinter Eolais, O Mailmiadaig, chieftain of the Muinter Cerballain, and many nobles of the Muinter Eolais; and he routed every company which was holding back his booty from Feidlim and carried off the prey himself and did not restore it to its lords. That night he reached the Boyle and next day passed northwestwards over the Curlieus to Coolavin and right through Coran into Leyney, where Feidlim with his company was awaiting him.

1315.12

As for Ruaidri, when he heard that Mac Diarmata had done these deeds and depredations and was gone to join his foster-son, he hastily assembled an army and encamped at Ballymore; and he violated the sanctity of Killaraght, Assylin, the monastery of Boyle and the churches at large, by robbing them of cattle and corn. Moreover Tomaltach son of Muirgius son of Donnchad son of Tomaltach went over to Feidlim with his chieftains and followers. And at this time Diarmait Gall went to Cruachan. At this time also Tadc O Cellaig with his followers came to support Ruaidri son of Cathal, in fulfilment of the guarantee which he gave on behalf of Mac Diarmata, now that Mac Diarmata had broken his covenant with Ruaidri, and they both pursued Fedlim and Mac Diarmata and the chieftains these had with them as far as Leith Luigne and the slopes of Sliab Gam, and in particular to Glenn Fathraim, where they killed many thousand cows and sheep and horses. At that time they stripped women and ruined children and lowly folk, and never within the memory of man were so many cattle, fruitlessly destroyed in one place.

1315.13

As for Maelruanaid Mac Diarmata, when he heard that Diarmait Gall had established himself in the seat of dignity of his own family and on the Rock of Loch Key, and that he had been sent to be made king at Cruachan, and when his own cows had been slaughtered in Glenn Fathraim, he marched with his household troops and retainers to the Callow of the Rock and, turning his back to the Shannon, he plundered from that river to Cara, where the eraghts of the Three Ciarraige were assembled with their flocks and herds, namely the Western Ciarraige, the Ciarraige of Mag nAi and the Ciarraige of Airtech;


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and it is not likely that there was made in that age a fiercer or a more booty-getting attack than this raid. For the whole province shook thereat, and the wife of Diarmait Gall was carried off into captivity, with a few of her ladies, and Diarmait himself never enjoyed happiness or comfort after it. Yet after this raid Fedlim and his foster-father were informed that there were still some cows in Moylurg, and they went looking for them and plundered all the cows and horses they found. Diarmait Gall got warning of their approach this time, but it was of no benefit to him; for though he mustered a mighty pursuingparty the raiders did not relinquish their prey, and the whole of Moylurg was beggared and bare from that time on, for therein was no shelter or protection in church sanctuary or lay refuge, but its cattle and corn were snatched from its altars and given to gallowglasses for the wages due to them.

1315.14

The township of Dunmore was burned by Ruaidri O Conchobair.

1315.15

Aughrim in Ui Maine and its castle were burned.

1315.16

The Cantred of Maenmag was plundered and burned by Tadc O Cellaig.

1315.17

Fedlim O Conchobair, Mac Diarmata, Tomaltach Mac Donnchada, and the sons of Domnall O Conchobair all put themselves under the protection of the Galls of West Connacht and, half-willing and half-loth, they wasted Tir nEna, Tir Nechtain, Muinter Crechain and Dunmore.

1315.18

Richard Burke, Earl of Ulster, was a wanderer up and down Ireland all this year, with no power or lordship.

1315.19

Many afflictions in all parts of Ireland: very many deaths, famine and many strange diseases, murders, and intolerable storms as well.

1315.20

Aed O Domnaill, king of Tir Conaill, came into Carbury and ravaged the whole district, being advised thereto by his wife, the daughter of Magnus O Conchobair. She herself, with all the gallowglasses and men of the Clan Murtagh that she could obtain, marched against the churches of Drumcliff and plundered many of its clergy.

1315.21

Sligo cattle was razed by Aed O Domnaill on this occasion, and they got much booty in it.

1315.22

Tadc O hUicinn, a general master of all arts connected with poetry, died.


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1315.23

Domnall Mag Tigernain, chieftain of Tullyhunco, who used to be called the Saitnech, was killed by Cathal na Taisech (of the Chieftains) O Ruairc.

1315.24

Amlaib O Fergail died.

1316.1

1316 First of January on Thursday and the twenty-ninth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCXVI. Sixth year of the Lunar Cycle; fourteenth of the Indiction; twentieth year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. DC.

1316.2

Aed O Domnaill and all the Cenel Conaill assembled a great army and came into Carbury again, reaching Castleconor this time. And Ruaidri son of Domnall O Conchobair parted with his kinsmen and made a peace by himself with O Domnaill, yielding to him the lordship of Carbury. But Derbforgaill daughter of Magnus O Conchobair hired a band of gallowglasses and gave them a reward for killing Ruaidri son of Domnall O Conchobair; so by them he was killed, in violation of oaths sworn to him previously on the relics of Tirconnell. After this the chief families of Carbury were extensively plundered by the Cenel Conaill.

1316.3

Feidlim O Conchobair raided the sons of Failgech, capturing Richard Failgech himself and making slaughter of his followers. Afterwards Feidlim assembled a large army of Galls and Gaels, including Mac Feorais, Maelruanaid Mac Diarmata and the sons of Domnall O Conchobair, to contest the kingship with Ruaidri. These all set their faces in one direction, making for Sil Murray, and [their movements] were reported to Ruaidri O Conchobair, king of Connacht, who was encamped on Mullach Fidicci in Clanconway, being on the watch for the manoeuvres(?)of Feidlim. He [now] saw Feidlim, aggressive and fierce, at the head of his household troops, with his foster-father Maelruanaid Mac Diarmata and his following by his side, as well as the sons of Domnall O Conchobair and the descendants of Donnchad son of Tomaltach [? Mac Donnchada] and the Galls of West Connacht in their assembly and marching order, making towards Tochar Mona Conneda. And on the other side were the men of Connacht with their king, Ruaidri son of Cathal O Conchobair, Diarmait Gall Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, and the rest. They, faced each other on the moor of the Tochar, and


p.245

Ruaidri was overpowered by the greater force of men and arms and armour and he fell there—the king of Connacht, the most valorous and valiant of the Gaels, the destroyer of marauders and the banisher of foreigners out of Ireland. With him fell Diarmait Gall Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, Cormac Mac Ceithernaig, king of the Ciarraige, Gilla Crist Mac Diarmata, Diarmait son of Fergal Mac Diarmata, Connecen Mac Connecein, Domnall Mac Connecein, Donnchad Mac Ruaidri with a hundred gallowglasses, and many others gentle and simple. On the other side Maelruanaid Mac Diarmata, Domnall O Baigill and Robag Mac Feorais were wounded. These deeds were done on the twenty-fourth of February.

1316.4

After this Feidlim plundered the officers of Ruaidri O Conchobair and seized the kingship of Connacht from Assaroe to Slieve Aughty himself, took hostages of the Ui Briuin Brefne and made Ualgarg O Ruairc king over them, and took hostages of the Clann Cellaig, of O Matadain, of the Ui Diarmata, of O hEgra and O Dubda. He then set out to banish the Galls of West Connacht, burning Ballylahan and killing Stephen d'Exeter, Miles Gocan, William Prendergast, John Standon—these were knights—and William Lawless, slaughtering unnumbered people with them. He plundered and burnt the countryside from the castle of Corran to the Robe, both church and lay property, and returned afterwards to his house with victory and much booty. Immediately afterwards they went to meet [the army of] Leth Moga at Meelick, where he burned and broke down the castle; and afterwards Muirchertach O Briain and the descendants of Brian Ruad made submission to him in opposition to each other. He then turned back to Roscommon, intending to raze it.

1316.5

But on hearing that William Burke had come into Connacht from Scotland, Feidlim called upon his subjects to assemble an army to expel him; and the army was assembled from all the region between Assaroe and Aughty. Moreover Donnchad O Briain, king of Thomond, came with his assembled host, and O Maelsechlainn, king of Meath, O Ruairc, king of Brefne, O Fergail, king of the Conmaicne, Tadc O Cellaig, king of Ui Maine, and many more of the kings' and chieftains' sons of Ireland assembled to him. And they all marched to Athenry


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to oppose William Burke, Mac Feorais, and the other Connacht Galls, and joined battle with them in front of the town. The Gaels were defeated and Feidlim O Conchobair, who was king of Connacht and entitled to become King of Ireland without opposition, was killed there and Tadc O Cellaig, king of Ui Maine fell with him, together with twenty-eight men who were entitled to succeed to the kingship of Ui Maine. Magnus son of Domnall O Conchobair, tanist of Connacht, was killed, as were Art O hEgra, king of Leyney, Maelsechlainn Carrach O Dubda, Muirchertach son of Conchobar O Dubda, Conchobar Oc O Dubda, Diarmait Mac Diarmata, an eligible prince of Moylurg, Muirchertach son of Taichlech Mac Diarmata, Muirchertach son of Diarmait son of Fergal [Mac Diarmata], Maelsechlainn Oc Mac Magnusa, Sean son of Murchad O Matadain, Domnall son of Aed O Con Chenainn, king of the Ui Diarmata, and Muirchertach his brother, Murchad O Matadain, Domnall O Baigill, Donnchad O Mailmuaid and his followers, the son of Murchad Mag Mathgamna and a hundred of his men, Niall Sinnach, king of Tethba, and his followers, Fergal son of Seoan Gallda O Fergail, Uilliam son of Aed Oc O Fergail, Tomas son of Amlaib O Fergail. Five of the Clann Donnchaid fell there, viz. Tomaltach son of Gilla Crist Mac Donnchaid, Murchad Mac Donnchaid, Conchobar son of Tadc, Muirchertach and Maelsechlainn Mac Donnchaid. Eoin Mac Aedacain, brehon to O Conchobair, Gilla na Naem son of Dail re Docair O Dobailein, the standardbearer, and Tomas O Conallain fell around their lord. Moreover it is hard to say how many of the men of Munster and of Meath and of Ireland generally were killed there; in the words of the poet: ‘Many of the men of all Ireland [lay dead] about that great field; many a king's son, whom I name not, of the Meath and Munster hosts was filled in that great rout; my heart rues the fight.’ These deeds were done on the day of St. Laurence Martyr. Fedlimid was a man of twenty-three when he was killed, and he reigned for five years till Ruaidri son of Cathal usurped the kingship from him for half a year, and he reigned again for half a year after Ruaidri's death till he was slain in this battle of Athenry.

1316.6

Ruaidri na Fed son of Donnchad son of Eogan son of Ruaidri O Conchobair was made king after this.

1316.7

After this William Burke made an immense hosting among


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the Sil Murray, and O Conchobair and all the Sil Murray except Mac Diarmata made peace with him. He then entered Moylurg and brought away great preys out of Ath in Chip and Uachtar Tire; and having burned and destroyed the countryside they departed without fighting a battle or imposing terms.

1316.8

Ruaidri son of Donnchad was deposed by Mac Diarmata after this, when he had reigned for a quarter of a year and half a quarter.

1316.9

Derborgaill, daughter of Magnus O Conchobair and wife of Aed O Domnaill, died.

1316.10

Matha Mac Cormaic died.

1316.11

Ruaidri na Fed son of Donnchad son of Eogan, king of Connacht was treacherously killed by Cathal son of Aed son of Eogan. Cathal was wearing his armour inside [his clothes], and it is of this that Ruaidri said: ‘The stratagem(?) of a bad prince’, when his knife stuck in the armour.

1317.1

1317 First of January on Saturday and the tenth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCXVII. Seventh year of the Lunar Cycle; fifteenth year of the Indiction; twenty-first year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. B.

1317.2

Toirrdelbach son of Aed son of Eogain was made king by the men of Connacht this year.

1317.3

Robert Bruce, King of Scotland, came to Ireland bringing many gallowglasses with him to help his brother Edward, and to expel the Galls from Ireland.

1317.4

Mailir d'Exeter, Lord of Ballylahan, was killed by Cathal son of Domnall O Conchobar and by Domnall son of Tadc son of Domnall Irruis O Conchobair, on the bank of the Methen(?) in Drumcliff, and fourteen others with them.

1317.5

The castle of Ballymote was destroyed this year.

1317.6

Donnchad O Briain, king of Munster, was killed.

1317.7

Maelsechlainn Carrach Mac Diarmata, eligible prince of Moylurg, and Magnus O Flannacain, eligible chieftain of the Clann Chathail, were killed by Gilbert Mac Gosdelb and Conchobar O Conchobair, son of the Coarb of Coman, and many others.


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1317.8

Defeat of Mac Ruaidri and the men of Brefne at Kilmore. Seven score gallowglasses of the followers of Mac Ruaidri were killed there, and two sons of Aed Brefnech O Conchobair were captured; Donnchad son of Niall O Ruairc, Conchobar Buide Mag Tigernain, chieftain of Tullyhunco, Mathgamain Mag Tigernain, Gilla Ruad son of the Erenagh Mag Tigernain, Nicol son of the Master and many others of their kin were also killed.

1317.9

Mael Isa Ruad Mac Aedacain, a master Brehon in the ancient law, died.

1317.10

Ragnall Mag Ragnaill, chieftain of the Muinter Eolais, was captured by his own Council in treachery; and Sefraid Mag Ragnaill was afterwards made chieftain.

1317.11

Great famine this year throughout Ireland.

1318.1

1318 First of January on Saturday and the twenty-first day of the moon, A.D. MCCCXVIII. Eighth year of the Lunar Cycle; first year of the Indiction; twenty-second year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. A.

1318.2

A great defeat was inflicted on the Galls by O Cerbaill in Ely, where Adam Mares and many others were killed.

1318.3

A great army was assembled by Maelruanaid Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, and these were the chief men in it:—Toirrdelbach O Conchobair, king of Connacht, Ualgarc O Ruairc, king of Brefne, Conchobar O Cellaig, king of Ui Maine, Tomaltach Mac Donnchada, Lord of Tirerrill. These all marched out to attack Cathal son of Domnall O Conchobair at Fasa Choillid, and Cathal offered them great concessions if they would leave him unmolested; and these chieftains did not accept his offer, but pressed on to the middle of his stronghold. This did not move him to flight or fear, but he issued fierce and furious from the houses to attack them and they fought together then. Moreover Conchobar O Cellaig, king of the Ui Maine, was killed in that battle, and Brian son of Toirrdelbach O Conchobair, eligible prince of Connacht, and Brian son of Magnus and Cathal son of Gilla Crist Mac Diarmata; and many others gentle and simple were killed or mortally wounded (?).


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1318.4

This Cathal then attacked Connacht, made great raids on Mac Diarmata, seized the kingship of Connacht himself and deposed Toirrdelbach O Conchobair; after which he placed himself under the protection of William Burke and all the Connacht Galls.

1318.5

Gilla in Choimded son of Cinaeth O Gormgaile and his wife, Gormlaith daughter of Mac Branain, died at this time. He was Erenagh of Elphin.

1318.6

Seoan son of O Neill, that is of Domnall O Neill, was killed by Aed O Domnaill at Derry; and Mac Domnaill and many others were slain and drowned on the same day.

1318.7

Richard de Clare died.

1318.8

Edward Bruce, he who was the common ruin of the Galls and Gaels of Ireland, was by the Galls of Ireland killed at Dundalk by dint of fierce fighting. Mac Ruaidri, king of the Hebrides, and Mac Domnaill, king of Argyle, and their Scots were killed with him; and never was there a better deed done for the Irish than this, since the beginning of the world and the banishing of the Fomorians from Ireland. For in this Bruce's time, for three years and a half, falsehood and famine and homicide filled the country,and undoubtedly men ate each other in Ireland.

1318.9

Seoan O Fergail was killed with an arrow-shot by his own son.

1318.10

Sefraid son of Gilla na Naem O Fergail, chieftain of Annaly, died after completing thirty-six years of his reign.

1318.11

Snow the like of which had not been seen for many a long year.

1318.12

Cathal son of Gilla Crist Dall Mag Ragnaill was killed.

1319.1

1319 First of January on Monday and the second day of the moon, A.D. MCCCXIX. Ninth year of the Lunar Cycle; second year of the Indiction; twenty-third year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. G.

1319.2

The Bishop of Raphoe, Henry Mac an Crosan, rested in Christ. Thomas son of Cormac O Domnaill, Abbot of Assaroe, was elected to the bishopric of Raphoe.

1319.3

The Bishop of Derry, O Banain, Bishop of Clogher, and the Bishop of Clonfert rested in Christ.


p.255

1319.4

Aine, daughter of Mac Diarmata and wife of Mac Consnama, died.

1319.5

Echmarcach Mac Branain, chieftain of the Corca Achlann, killed Tomaltach O Mailbrenainn and Echmarcach himself died of his wounds on the third day after.

1319.6

Domnall O Neill, king of Tir Eogain, was expelled from his kingdom and lordship by the strength of the Galls and the Clannaboy, and the Fir Manach treacherously made great raids on him. Afterwards he recovered his kingdom.

1319.7

Brian son of Domnall O Neill was killed by the Clannaboy.

1320.1

1320 First of January on Tuesday and the thirteenth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCXX. Tenth year of the Lunar Cycle, third year of the Indiction; twenty-fourth of the Solar Cycle. Common year. FE.

1320.2

An important meeting between Cathal O Conchobair and Maelruanaid Mac Diarmata, where they made a wise and friendly peace. Afterwards Mac Diarmata came [back] into the country and this Cathal acted treacherously towards him and he was captured at Mullach Doramnach and his wife, Graine daughter of Mac Magnusa, at Rockingham. The countryside was then ravaged and Mael Isa Donn Mac Aedacain and his son and Tomaltach Mac Donnchada, lord of Tirerrill, were also captured.

1320.3

Aed son of Tadc O Conchobair, whose fair form, nobility and bounty made him well qualified to be king of Connacht, was killed by Mac Martin, and Mac Martin was killed to avenge him.

1320.4

Mathgamain son of Domnall Connachtach O Briain, tanist of Munster, was killed by the Clann Cuilein this year.

1320.5

Mor, daughter of O Baigill and wife of O Fergail, died this year.

1321

1321 First of January on Thursday and the twenty-fourth day of the moon. Eleventh year of the Lunar Cycle; fourth year of the Indiction; twenty-fifth year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. D.

1321.2

Grainne, daughter of Mac Magnusa and wife of Maelruanaid Mac Diarmata, died.

1321.3

Ruaidri na Fed son of Donnchad son of Eogan O Conchobair was treacherously killed by Cathal son of Aed son of Eogan.

1321.4

The Rock of Loch Key was demolished by Cathal son of Domnall O Conchobair.


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1321.5

Great cattle-plague throughout Ireland, the like of which had never been known before.

1321.6

Magnus O hAnluain, king of Orier, was blinded and castrated by his kinsman Niall son of Cu Ulad O hAnluain on Spy Wednesday.

1321.7

Niall O hAnluain, king of Orier, was treacherously killed by the Galls of Dundalk.

1321.8

Andriu Mac Feorais and the Meath Galls inflicted a great defeat on the princes of Offaly.

1322.1

1322 First of January on Friday and the fifth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCXXII. Twelfth year of the Lunar Cycle; fifth year of the Indiction; twenty-sixth year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. C.

1322.2

Great war between the King of England and his own Earls.

1322.3

Matha O hEothaig, Bishop of Ardagh, rested.

1322.4

Morchad son of Gilla na Naem O Fergail, chieftain of Annaly for the space of three years, was treacherously killed at Cluain Lis Beci by his own brother's son, Seoinin O Fergail. Muirchertach son of Amlaib O Fergail was treacherously killed on the same day by his brother Lochlainn and by Roiberd. Lochlainn son of Amlaib was afterwards killed by Seoinin.

1322.5

Donnchad son of Donnchad Mac Diarmata died.

1322.6

Enri Mac Gilli Finnein, chieftain of the Muinter Peotachain, was killed by the sons of Amlaib Mag Uidir this year.

1322.7

Gilliberd O Cellaig, king of the Ui Maine, died this year.

1322.8

Maelruanaid Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, was captured and plundered by Conchobar son of Tadc O Conchobair and the household of Cathal O Conchobair at Cluain Cummaisc.

1322.9

Rican Mac Feorais, lord of Athenry, died.

1322.10

William Liath son of Uilliam More [Burke] died.

1322.11

Brian O Briain inflicted a great defeat on the Galls.

1322.12

Andrias Mag Mailin, chief master of law both new and old, in Civil and Canon Law, rested.

1322.13

Gilla na Naem son of Sefraid son of Gilla na Naem [O Fergail] assumed the chieftaincy of Annaly this year.


p.259

1322.14

Maelruanaid son of Gilla Crist son of Conchobar son of Cormac son of Tomaltach na Cairrce [Mac Diarmata], king of Moylurg, died.

1323.1

1323 First of January on Saturday and the sixteenth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCXXIII. Thirteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; sixth year of the Indiction; twenty-seventh year of the Solar Cycle: Common year. B.

1323.2

Cairpre in Screcain (C. of the Stony Place?) son of Cormac O Maelsechlainn, king of Meath, was killed by the Fir Cell.

1323.3

Maelmorda Mac Eochacain rested.

1323.4

Seoinin O Fergail was killed by the sons of Seoan O Fergail this year.

1323.5

O hEgra was killed by O Connmachain this year.

1324.1

1324 First of January on Sunday and the twenty-seventh day of the moon, A.D. MCCCXXIV. Fourteenth year of the Lunar-Cycle; seventh year of the Infliction; 28th year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. AG.

1324.2

William Burke, son of William, died.

1324.3

Cathal son of Domnall son of Tadc son of Brian son of Andrias son of Brian Luignech son of Toirrdelbach Mor O Conchobair, king of Connacht, the most vigorous and powerful Gael of his time, was killed by Toirrdelbach son of Aed son of Eogan O Conchobair in Tir Briuin na Sinna this year, and Maelsechlainn son of Toirrdelbach O Domnaill, Gilla Crist Oc Mac Donnchada and many others were killed with him, on the twenty-fifth day of October. He had been king of Connacht for six and a half years, in spite of Gael and Gall. Toirrdelbach was now made king by all the Connachtmen.

1324.4

The same cattle-plague was in all Ireland this year. It was called the Mael Domnaig.

1324.5

Gilla Crist O Birn died.


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1325.1

1325 First of January on Tuesday and the eighth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCXXV. Fifteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; eighth year of the Indiction; first year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. F.

1325.2

Domnall son of Brian O Neill, king of Ulster, died.

1325.3

Diarmait O Mailbrenainn, king-chieftain of Clann Conchobair, died.

1325.4

Cu Ulad O Neill died. This Cu Ulad was the son of Domnall son of Brian O Neill, and he was killed by the sons of Niall son of Brian O Neill, that is, of his father's brother.

1325.5

Gilla Crist Clerech Mac Diarmata died.

1325.6

Brian O Gadra died.

1325.7

The cattle plague throughout Ireland still.

1326.1

1326 First of January on Wednesday and the nineteenth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCXXVI. Sixteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; ninth year of the Indiction; second year of the Solar Cycle.

1326.2

Richard Burke, the Red Earl, lord of Ulster and Connacht and the best of all the Galls of Ireland, died this year before the feast of St. Peter ad Vincula.

1326.3

Great war between the King of France and the King of England this year.

1326.4

Luirint O Lachtnain, Bishop of Elphin, rested in Christ.

1326.5

Master Seoan O Finnachta was then elected to this same bishopric.

1326.6

Imur Mag Ragnaill, chieftain of the Muinter Eolais, was killed by his own kinsmen.

1326.7

Nicol O hEidin died.

1327.1

1327 First of January on Thursday and the thirtieth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCXXVII. Seventeenth year of the Lunar Cycle; tenth year of the Indiction; third year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. D.

1327.2

Great war between the King of England and his own wife,


p.263

the daughter of the King of France, whereby the King of England was deposed and his son made king by her in opposition to him; and the royal crown was given to the son by the advice of all the English.

1327.3

Gormlaith daughter of Mac Diarmata, wife for a time of Magnus son of Domnall O Conchobair, tanist of Connacht, and after his death queen of Ui Maine as the wife of Conchobar O Cellaig, and [lastly] queen of Leyney as the wife of Fergal O hEgra, the best woman of her race for good report and bounteous bestowing of gifts, died after a triumph of repentance.

1327.4

Edward, King of England, after his kingdom had been taken from him entered into rest.

1327.5

A great and widespread visitation of the smallpox throughout Ireland this year, which carried off both lowly and great.

1327.6

Maelsechlainn Riabach son of Domnall son of Tadc O Conchobair died of this disease.

1327.7

Fergal son of Ualgarc O Ruairc died.

1327.8

Cuilen O Dimusaig died.

1327.9

Sadb daughter of Mac Aedacain died.

1328.1

1328 First of January on Friday and the eleventh day of the moon, MCCCXXVIII. Eighteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; eleventh year of the Indiction; fourth year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. CB.

1328.2

Maelsechlainn O Raigillig, lord of the Muinter Mailmorda, was captured and wounded by the Meath Galls. He was ransomed, hostages being given, but died of his wounds in his own house.

1328.3

Much thunder and lightning this year, whereby much of the fruit and produce of all Ireland was ruined, and the corn grew up white and blind.

1328.4

A general visitation of the sickness called slaedan, throughout Ireland. It lasted three or four days with each person whom it attacked, and it was next to death for him.

1328.5

The Brown Earl, that is William Burke son of Sir John son of the Red Earl, came to Ireland this year.

1328.6

Donnchad Ruad O Gadra and five others of his race were killed.

1328.7

Conchobar Mac Branain, eligible for the chieftaincy of the Corca Achlann, was killed by the Muinter Angaile.

1328.8

Daibed Mac Gilla Comgain the gallowglass and fourteen


p.265

of his followers were killed by Donnchad Gall son of Domnall O Conchobair, and Donnchad himself was grievously wounded in the fight.

1328.9

Dubessa, daughter of O hEilide and wife of Domnall son of Andrias, the best warrior's daughter of her time and the most famous and most prosperous, died this year.

1328.10

A great intolerable wind this summer, with scarcity of food and clothing.

1328.11

Walter Burke made a great raid on the Connachta, plundering many of the officers of Toirrdelbach O Conchobair, king of Connacht.

1328.12

Sir Seon Mac Feorais, Earl of Louth, the most active and vigorous, generous and bountiful baron in Ireland, was treacherously killed by his own people, the Galls of Oriel, and many noble Galls and Gaels were killed along with him. And with him was killed Maelruanaid Mac Cerbaill, the king of musicmaking, called Gilla Caech, and a brother of his; and none knows if there ever was or ever will be so good a player on the timpe.

1328.13

Muiris O Gibillain, chief master in Ireland of Law both old and new, Civil and Canon, a learned and erudite philosopher accomplished in poetry and Ogham lore and many other arts, a choral canon at Tuaim and at Elphin and at Achonry and at Killala and at Annadown and at Clonfert, Official and general judge of the archdiocese, rested in Christ.

1328.14

Tomas O Mellaig, Bishop of Annadown, died at the Papal court this year.

1328.15

Brian son of Tomaltach Mac Donnchada was killed by Brian son of Tadc Mac Donnchada.

1328.16

William Earl of Ulster assembled a great force, including Toirrdelbach O Conchobair, king of Connacht, and Muirchertach O Brian, king of Thomond and the rest of Munster, against Brian Ban O Briain. Brian Ban defeated O Briain, and Conchobar O Briain, well fitted through his tall and comely person and his bounty to be King of Ireland, was killed, together with four score others gentle and simple.

1328.17

An important meeting was held between Walter son of William Burke and Gilliberd Mac Gosdelb of the one part, and Maelruanaid Mac Diarmata, his son Tomaltach, Tomaltach Mac Donnchada and the Clann Mailruanaid of the other, at Ath Cind Locha Deichet.


p.267

1328.18

A complete rout was inflicted on Macwilliam, wherein Brian son of Tadc Mac Donnchada was killed by his own kinsman, to avenge Brian son of Tomaltach Mac Donnchada, whom he had killed before.

1328.19

Donnchad Gall son of Domnall O Conchobair was killed by Aed son of Tadc son of Maelsechlainn son of Magnus [O Conchobair].

1329.1

1329 First of January on Sunday and the twenty-second day of the moon, MCCCXXIX. Nineteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; twelfth year of the Indiction; fifth year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. A. Last year of the Hendecad.

1329.2

Tadc son of Toirrdelbach O Conchobair was treacherously killed by Diarmait O Gadra.

1329.3

Cathal son of Domnall O Ruairc, well qualified to be king of Brefne, was treacherously killed, with some of his people, by the sons of Seaan O Fergail and the Meath Galls.

1329.4

Muirchertach son of Domnall O Conchobair, lord of Carbury and well qualified for the kingship of Connacht, died.

1329.5

Cathal son of Aed son of Eogan O Conchobair was forcibly expelled from the Faes and from Tir Maine by the Clann Cellaig and the Ui Maine, acting under the orders of Walter Burke.

1329.6

Great war between Toirrdelbach O Conchobair, king of Connacht, and the Clann Mailruanaid, much damage being done between them.

1329.7

Tomaltach Mac Diarmata raided Diarmait O Flannacain, chieftain of the Clann Chathail.

1329.8

Aine, daughter of Fergal O Raigillig and wife of Tomaltach Mac Diarmata, died the third day before Great Christmas.

1329.9

Dabag Donn son of William Burke, a very prosperous knight, died.

1330.1

1330 First of January on Monday and the third day of the moon, MCCCXXX. First year of the Lunar Cycle; thirteenth year of the Indiction; sixth year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. G.


p.269

1330.2

Magnus son of Aed Brefnech O Conchobair was killed by Cathal son of Aed son of Eogan O Conchobair in Ferann na Darach, and Simann Mac ind Failgig was killed with him.

1330.3

Toirrdelbach O Conchobair attacked Walter son of William Burke in his camp at Legvoy in Moylurg and drove him out to Cairthi Liac Fata. Gilliberd Mac Goisdelb, lord of Sliab Luga, came with a large army, and Tomaltach Mac Donnchada with another, to the help of Macwilliam, and these united forces turned back upon O Conchobair, and coming to the ford at Estersnow they killed a few of his people by the ford—Donnchad son of Domnall Mac Mathgamna, Mac Gilla Comgain and others not enumerated here; and O Conchobair escaped with speed and without loss of honour into the Tuatha. Macwilliam encamped that night at Killummod, facing O Conchobair. The forces of all Connacht, both Gall and Gael, were collected by Macwilliam after this, to seize the kingship of Connacht for himself. Then a firm and friendly peace was made between Mac Diarmata and O Conchobair.

1330.4

O Ruairc went on a hosting to Finnae. The people of the town rose against him and defeated him and Art O Ruairc, an eligible prince of Brefne, was killed, with many others, gentle and simple.

1330.5

Gilla Isa Ruaid O Raigillig; who for a long time before this had been king of the Muinter Mailmorda and of all Brefne, died, a fortunate and prosperous old man, after triumphing over the world and the Devil.

1330.6

Benidecht O Flannacain, Prior of Kilmore by the Shannon, rested in Christ.

1330.7

Maelsechlainn Mac Carmaic, a rich and prosperous yeoman, died this year.

1330.8

Mael Isa Donn Mac Aedacain died.

1330.9

Conchobar son of Tadc son of Brian son of Andrias son of Brian Luignech son of Toirrdelbach Mor O Conchobair inflicted a great defeat on the Dartraigi, killing many of them.

1330.10

Toirrdelbach O Conchobair was killed by the men of Walter son of William Burke as he came from the Earl's house.


p.271

1331.1

1331 First of January on Tuesday and the fourteenth day of the moon, MCCCXXXI. Second year of the Lunar Cycle; fourteenth year of the Indiction; seventh year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. F.

1331.2

Maelruanaid Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, resigned his kingdom and lordship and put on the robe of a Grey Monk in the monastery of Boyle this year; and he died afterwards. Tomaltach his son assumed the kingship on the sixth day after Bealltaine.

1331.3

Fergal son of Maelsechlainn Carrach Mac Diarmata was killed by Tadc son of Cathal son of Domnall O Conchobair.

1331.4

Walter son of William Burke took a great army into Moylurg and burned all the country except its churches, to which he extended reverence and full protection. However, Tomaltach [Mac Diarmata] and his company did not leave them unmolested, but drawing near he attacked them swiftly and suddenly. But the Galls gave a grievous defeat to Tomaltach, killing a number of the people of the country. Yet Tomaltach felt it dishonourable that those followers of his should be killed and the Galls go unpunished.

1331.5

Mailir Mag Eochacain entered into rest on the thirtieth day of December.

1332.1

1332 First of January on Wednesday and the twenty-fifth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCXXXII. Third year of the Lunar Cycle; fifteenth year of the Indiction; eighth year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. ED.

1332.2

Walter son of Sir William Burke was captured by the Brown Earl and afterwards carried by him to the new castle in Inishowen, and he died of hunger in the dungeon of that castle.

1332.3

The great men of Scotland were killed by Balliol in this same year.

1332.4

At Berna in Mil a defeat was given to Tomaltach Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, and Macwilliam Burke by the


p.273

Earl's son and Tomaltach Mac Donnchada, and many of the followers of Macwilliam Burke were killed.

1332.5

Uilliam Galda son of Muirchertach Mor Mag Eochagain, chieftain of the Cenel Fiachach, died in November.

1333.1

1333 First of January on Friday and the sixth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCXXXIII. Fourth year of the Lunar Cycle; first year of the Indiction; ninth year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. C.

1333.2

William Burke, Earl of Ulster, was killed by the Ulster Galls, who all died for it, some being hung, others slain and others drawn by the King's men.

1333.3

Aed O Domnaill, king of Tir Conaill and Fermanagh, who had taken the hostages of both districts of Carbury and of Brefne and would have made a good king of the whole province of Ulster, the support of all Ireland by his bounty, bravery, discipline and rule, the greatest slayer of Galls and Gaels who were his contemporaries, died after a victory over the world and the Devil, having been king of Tir Conaill for fifty-two years. He entered into rest after clothing himself in the robe of a Grey Monk and after confession and repentance.

1333.4

His son Conchobar O Domnaill succeeded him, and there was strife between him and Art O Domnaill, his own father's son, for the kingship of Tir Conaill. Art was captured by Conchobar and killed forthwith.

1333.5

Tomaltach Mac Donnchada, Lord of Tir Ailella, eminent for bounty and bravery, the greatest man of his time for safeguard and dignity and good faith, died.

1333.6

Feidlim O Domnaill, the noblest and most beautiful and powerful of all kings' sons and the one on whom the hope of the multitude and the men of all Ireland was most fixed, died this year.

1333.7

Gilliberd Mac Goisdelb was killed on the floor of his own house by Cathal Mac Diarmata Gall in treachery.

1333.8

Aed Mac Con Snama, chieftain of Munter Kenny, rested.

1333.9

Mac na hOidche Mag Flannchaid was killed by the Connachta.

1333.10

Donnchad son of Aed O Cellaig was taken prisoner by Toirrdelbach O Conchobair, king of Connacht.

1333.11

Peace was proclaimed to the sons of William [Liath] Burke on behalf of the King of England, at Ratsecer.

1333.12

Conchobar Mac Branain, chieftain of the Corca Athchlann, died on the eighth of January.


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1334.1

1334 First of January on Saturday and the seventeenth day of the moon, MCCCXXXIV. Fifth year of the Lunar Cycle; second year of the Indiction; tenth year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. B.

1334.2

A great expedition by all the men of Connacht, both Galls and Gaels, against Mac Conmara in Munster. They exacted hostages and submission from him. A party of their men burnt a church in which were a hundred and eighty people, noble and simple, including two priests, and they were burned.

1334.3

Ten of the people of Donnchad Riabach son of Maelsechlainn Carrach Mac Diarmata were drowned on Loch Gara.

1334.4

Tadc son of Cathal son of Domnall O Conchobair died.

1334.5

Seonacc son of Muirchertach Mor Mac Eochacain, chieftain of Kenaliagh, died on the nineteenth of December.

1334.6

Donnchad Mac Con Snama, chieftain of Munter Kenny, died.

1335.1

1335 First of January on Sunday and the twenty-eighth day of the moon, MCCCXXXV. Sixth year of the Lunar Cycle; third year of the Indiction; eleventh year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. A.

1335.2

Findguala, daughter of O Briain and wife of Toirrdelbach O Conchobair, died.

1335.3

Seoan son of Art O hEgra was captured by the Earl's son, who also plundered the best of his people.

1335.4

The sons of Domnall O Conchobair raided the posterity of Muiris Sugach son of Gerald and slew the son of Mac Muiris. The posterity of Muiris afterwards avenged this by raiding the said sons of Domnall.

1335.5

All West Connacht was despoiled by Edmund Burke. He slew many people and executed raids, burnings and untold damage against the Earl's son and the posterity of Richard Burke in the same year. Afterwards they made peace.

1335.6

Heavy snow in the spring, which killed most of the small birds of all Ireland.


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1336.1

1336 First of January on Monday and the ninth day of the moon, MCCCXXXVI. Seventh year of the Lunar Cycle; fourth year of the Indiction; twelfth year of the solar Cycle. Common year. GF.

1336.2

Tomaltach Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, the terror and destruction of his enemies, the best man of his time for bounty and charity, safeguard and dignity, died on the twenty-fourth of May, the eve of Trinity Sunday, in his own house at Calad na Cairrge. He was buried nobly and honourably in the monastery of Boyle and Conchobar mac Tomaltaig, his son, was made king in his stead.

1336.3

Theobald Burke, the son of William, died.

1336.4

Mailir Mac Jordan d'Exeter died.

1336.5

Eogan O Matadain defeated the posterity of Richard Burke, killing sixty-six of them, gentle and simple.

1336.6

The sons of Diarmait Gall [Mac Diarmata] and the son of Feidlim O Conchobair raided the Clann Goisdelb, and Maidiucc son of Baildrin [Mac Goisdelb] was killed in the pursuit after the prey.

1336.7

Edmund son of William Burke made a great raid in Clann Chathail, wherein Conchobar O Flannacain and many others were plundered, and Maelsechlainn O Flannacain was killed in the pursuit. And they captured a brother of Mac in Miled, also in the pursuit.

1336.8

Conchobar Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, and Aed son of Feidlim son of Aed son of Eogan O Conchobair, having with them O Conchobair's household troops and the Clann Donnchada and the new levies of Carbury under Cormac son of Ruaidri [son of Domnall O Conchobair], went raiding into Tireragh and reached Mullaghroe. The cows of the country were removed before their coming, but they carried off much dead-stock, many horses, a few steeds and much small stock, killed some people and returned safe home.

1336.9

Diarmait O Flannacain, chieftain of the Clann Chathail, died.

1336.10

Toirrdelbach O Conchobair, king of Connacht, collected all the trains of the Tuatha, Clann Chathail, Clann Conchobair and Moylurg at Airtech, after which he captured and destroyed the Great Castle of Mac Goisdelb. The mercenary garrison came out under the safeguard of Mac Diarmata.


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1336.11

Trinnoit O Naan, a high master in many arts, in Civil and Canon Law, rested in Christ.

1336.12

Domnall son of Seoan son of Domnall O Conchobair died.

1336.13

Niall son of Conchobair son of Tadc died from an arrowshot.

1337.1

1337 First of January on Wednesday and the twentieth day of the moon, MCCCXXXVII. Eighth year of the Lunar Cycle; fifth yeat of the Indiction; thirteenth year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. E. Last year of the Ogdoad.

1337.2

William son of the Earl of Ulster and Brian Ban O Briain made peace, and Brian obtained possession of every territory which he had abandoned to the Earl's son, agreeing to pay its rent for each.

1337.3

Aed Remor (the Stout) O Neill made peace with the Oirgialla and the Fir Manach.

1337.4

Toirrdelbach O Conchobair, king of Connacht, built a stronghold at Athleague, [for defence] against Edmund Burke.

1337.5

Seoan O Fallamain, chieftain of the Clann Uatach, died.

1337.6

Tadc Mag Flannchaid, chieftain of Dartry, was killed with many others by Cormac son of Ruaidri son of Domnall O Conchobair, to avenge Seoan son of Domnall. On the same day great raids were made on the Dartraigi and the son of Muiris Mag Flannchaid was killed.

1337.7

Tadc and Maelsechlainn, sons of Imar Mag Ragnaill, were captured by Cathal Mag Ragnaill, who was killed in pursuit by the sons of Imar (Conchobar and Tomaltach are the sons of Imar here) and Uilliam son of Mathgamain and the youth of the country. They killed Magnus son of Fergal the same day, and Tadc Mag Ragnaill assumed the chieftainship after these doings.

1337.8

Domnall Ruad O Maille and Cormac O Maille were killed by the Clann Mebricc, with whom were other Galls, on the night of St. Stephen.

1337.9

Master O Rothlain rested in Christ.

1337.10

Matha O hUicinn, renowned for his poetry and humanity, entered into rest.

1337.11

Enri Mac Martain was killed this year.

1337.12

Toirrdelbach O Conchobair, king of Connacht, was heavily defeated by the Clann Chellaig. He was himself wounded and taken prisoner, losing his horses and armour and having many of his men killed.


p.281

1337.13

Lugaid O Dalaig, Bishop of Clonmacnoise, rested in Christ.

1337.14

Tomas son of Carmacc O Domnaill, Bishop of Tir Conaill and a most wise, pious, charitable and kindly man, rested in Christ.

1337.15

Donnchad son of Muirchertach Mor Mac Eochacain, chieftain of Kenaliagh, was killed by the Ui Failgi.

1338.1

1338 First of January on Thursday and the first day of the moon, MCCCXXXVIII. Ninth year of the Lunar Cycle; sixth year of the Indiction; fourteenth year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. D.

1338.2

Donnchad son of Ruaidri O Conchobair was killed this year.

1338.3

Ruaidri Mag Uidir, king of Fermanagh and Loch Erne, the greatest bestower of money and cattle and clothes to the poets and ollavs of all Ireland in his time, died.

1338.4

Edmund Burke, son of [Richard] Earl of Ulster, was taken prisoner by Edmund [Albanach] Burke, and afterwards a stone was tied round his neck and he was cast into Loch Mask. This deed brought about the ruin of the Galls of Connacht and of his [i.e. Edmund Albanach's] own race. For after this Toirrdelbach O Conchobair obtained the ascendency in Connacht and Edmund son of William Burke was driven out, and the churches and estates of West Connacht were all destroyed. Edmund collected a great fleet of ships and boats, which had lain at the islands of the sea for a long while. Leyney and Corann were emptied and devastated and their lordship was assumed by their native Gaels, after their Galls had been expelled.

1338.5

Tadc son of Ruaidri son of Cathal Ruad O Conchobair, who was called Bratach Righin, was taken prisoner by Tomas Mag Samradain and many of his followers were killed. Afterwards Mag Samradain went to O Conchobair's house, and as he was coming away the Clan Murtagh and the Muinter Eolais assembled to intercept him, captured him and killed many of his men.

1338.6

Derbail daughter of Cathal Mac Murchada, wife of Donnchad son of Aed Oc, entered into rest.

1338.7

Nearly all the sheep in Ireland died this year.

1338.8

Great war between the King of England and the King of France this year.


p.283

1339.1

1339 First of January on Friday and the twelfth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCXXXIX. Tenth year of the Lunar Cycle; seventh year of the Indiction; fifteenth year of the Solar Cycle.

1339.2

Ruaidri O Cellaig, king of the Ui Maine, was killed this year by Cathal son of Aed son of Eogan O Conchobair as he was going from O Conchobair's house to his own.

1339.3

Tomas Mag Samradain, who had been held in captivity by the Clan Murtagh, was let out.

1339.4

The cattle and winter grass of Ireland suffered much from frost and snow, which lasted from the end of the first fortnight in Winter into the Spring.

1339.5

Aed Remor O Neill led a great army into Tir Conaill, and on this expedition the son of Seoan O Neill and Gofraid O Domnaill were killed by the people of O Dochurtaig.

1339.6

Edmund son of William Burke and his fleet were driven out of Ulster.

1339.7

The wife of the Earl's son, that is Toirrdelbach O Briain's daughter, was married to Toirrdelbach O Conchobair, king of Connacht, this year and he put away Derbail daughter of O Domnaill.

1339.8

Great war all over Meath between Galls and Gaels. The corncrops of Ireland were destroyed and there was famine in the land.

1339.9

The church at Kilronan was built this year by Fergal Muimnech O Duibgennain.

1340.1

1340 First of January on Saturday and the twenty-third day of the moon, MCCCXL. Eleventh year of the Lunar Cycle; eighth year of the Indiction; sixteenth year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. BA.

1340.2

Great war broke out among the Ui Maine, that is to say between Tadc son of Tadc O Cellaig, to whom Toirrdelbach O Conchobair had given the lordship of Ui Maine, and William son of Donnchad Muimnech O Cellaig. William was driven out of the territory and they all pursued him; but he turned on them and Donnchad son of Aed O Cellaig was killed and Tadc O Cellaig captured and wounded, and he died of his wounds afterwards.


p.285

1340.3

Maelsechlainn O Gormlegaig, chieftain of the Cenel Moain, died.

1340.4

The sons of Ualgarc O Ruairc, that is Domnall, Aed, Gilla Crist and Ruaidri, went a-raiding against Cathal son of Aed Brefnech [O Conchobair]. They captured vast booty and killed Conchobar son of Donnchad Riabach son of Magnus son of Muirchertach Muimnech and many others that day. This was the beginning of the enmity between the Muinter Ruairc and the posterity of Muirchertach Muimnech son of Toirrdelbach Mor Cathal son of Aed Brefnech made a gallant pursuit, by which much of the prey was recovered and Domnall O Ruairc, best of the Brefne princes, was killed, Gilla Crist O Ruairc and Mac Consnama were wounded, and many others killed.

1340.5

Tadc son of Ruaidri son of Cathal [Ruad] O Conchobair, who had been kept in captivity by O Ruairc, was released in exchange for Gilla Crist O Ruairc.

1340.6

Aed son of Fedlim O Conchobair was taken prisoner by Toirrdelbach O Conchobair, king of Connacht, and sent to Roscommon Castle for safekeeping. This arrest brought about much fighting and mighty strife between O Conchobair and. Mac Diarmata, and great destruction was done on the one part and on the other. O Conchobair was in peril of Mac Diarmata in Coran and had perforce to take refuge in Ballymote. Afterwards they made peace.

1340.7

Siurtan Ruad Mac Gosdelb was killed by Cathal Mac Diarmata Gall this year.

1340.8

Cathal Mac Diarmata Gall, best of all Connacht princes for valour and heroism, strength and endurance, was killed by Donnchad Riabach son of Maelsechlainn Carrach Mac Diarmata in treacherous wise at Lissalway in Clann Chonchobair.

1340.9

Magnus son of Cathal son of Domnall O Conchobair was killed by Cathal son of Aed Brefnech O Conchobair.

1340.10

Brian Oc Mag Samradain was killed by the Tellach Dunchada.

1340.11

Eogan O hEdin, king of the Ui Fiachrach Aidne, was killed by his own followers.

1340.12

Eogan son of Sefraid Mag Ragnaill and Aed O Mailmiadaig killed each other.

1340.13

Adam Mac Teithedain rested in Christ.

1340.14

Pilib O Duibgennain, ollav of the Conmaicne, died.

1340.15

Imag daughter of Mac Gosdelb, wife of Eogan Mac Fingin, rested.

1340.16

Uilliam Mac Gosdelb, the son of Gilliberd, was killed on an attack in Brefne by the Tellach Echach.


p.287

1340.17

Ruaidri son of Magnus O hEgra died.

1340.18

Matha son of Annad O Raigillig was killed by Andrias son of Brian O Raigillig, and afterwards great raids were made in Bolcan.

1340.19

The church in Kilronan was burned this year.

1340.20

Niall O hUicinn, a master of poetry, was drowned.

1340.21

Conchobar O Domnall came with his muster into Connacht.

1341.1

1341 First of January on Monday and the sixth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCXLI. Twelfth year of the Lunar Cycle; ninth year of the Indiction; seventeenth of the Solar Cycle. Common year. G.

1341.2

Macwilliam Burke inflicted a great defeat on the Clann Muiris, wherein Tomas Mac Muiris and Muiris son of Seonac Ruad and seven score others were killed.

1341.3

Domnall Mag Dorchaid, chieftain of the Cenel Luachain, died.

1341.4

Donnchad son of Mac na hOidche Mag Flannchaid was killed by Aed son of Tadc Mag Flannchaid this year.

1341.5

O Gairmlegaig, chieftain of the Cenel Moain, died.

1341.6

Brian O Flainn, chieftain of the Tellach Curnain, died.

1341.7

Cathal Mac Cethernaig was killed by a fall.

1341.8

Roscommon castle was taken by Toirrdelbach O Conchobair and it was betrayed to him by Aed O Conchobair who was a prisoner in it.

1341.9

Seonac Mag Mathgamna was expelled from Oriel.

1341.10

Cu Chonnacht O Cuinn, chieftain of the Muinter Gilgain, died.

1341.11

Diarmait Ruad son of Cormac Oc Mac Diarmata died.

1342.1

1342 First of January on Tuesday and the seventeenth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCXLII. Thirteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; tenth year of the Indiction; eighteenth of the Solar Cycle. Common year. F.

1342.2

Gilla Dub Mag Uidir was drowned in Loch Erne in the rear of a raid.

1342.3

A great war broke out between Toirrdelbach O Conchobair, king of Connacht, and Conchobar Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg;


p.289

and Edmund Burke, Aed son of Feidlim O Conchobair and Donachad O Birn, chieftain of Tir Briuin na Sinna, rose up to help Mac Diarmata. O Birn drove O Conchobair, who had gone to take security for a raid which the Muinter Birn had previously made on Hobert Burke, into the church of Elphin, and Cathal B(ta) O Birn struck O Conchobair on the shoulder with a stick as he was going through the doorway of the church, saying: ‘To your sty, hog!’ ‘May it bring no good to my swineherd!’ answered O Conchobair. They killed some of O Conchobair's gallowglasses, including Mac Ruaidri, their Constable. General war and great evil arose in Connacht then, and the Clan Murtagh, with Aed son of Aed Brefnech and Cathal son of Aed Brefnech and Tadc son of Ruaidri, rose up on their side and began by destroying many of the corn-crops of the country.

1342.4

Ugly treachery was practised on the Clann Uilliam Burc at the bidding of O Conchobair, whereby Thomas Burke was killed by the Clann Muiris while he was present at their assembly, and Seoinin Burke was killed in the same manner by the Clann Ricairt.

1342.5

Cathal son of Gilla Crist Mac Diarmata was killed by Fergal O Taidc in this same war.

1342.6

Fergal son of Gilla Crist Finn Mac Cormaic was killed in this same war.

1342.7

Mac Diarmata and his princes inflicted a heavy defeat on O Conchobair at Bellaslishen. They carried the ford, which he was holding, by assault and slew Diarmait son of Brian O Fergail, the best man of his age of all the Conmaicne, and the son of Hobert Burke and Conchobar son of Donnchad Dub O hEilide.

1342.8

Seoan Mag Mathgamna, king of Oriel, foremost in bounty and valour, went a-raiding against Roalb Mag Mathgamna and was killed, with his gallowglasses, in the rearguard of his prey; and as great was the slaughter as the drowning of them.

1342.9

Cormac son of Ruaidri son of Donmall O Conchobair was captured by Conchobar son of Tadc and Ruaidri son of Cathal O Conchobair this same year, and Conchobar was captured by Brian son of Ruaidri and given into the custody of Conchobar Mac Diarmata, who sent him to the Rock [of Loch Key] to be guarded.

1342.10

Domnall O Dochurtaig, chieftain of Ardmire, a man of


p.291

great bounty and valour, charity and humanity, died in his own house this year, and Seoan O Dochurtaig succeeded to his place.

1342.11

The whole of the Sil Murray, willingly or not, renounced their allegiance to the king of Connacht, Toirrdelbach son of Aed son of Eogan O Conchobair. The foremost of those who rebelled at this time were Edmund son of William Burke, Conchobar Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, with his kinsmen and all his Council, Aed son of Aed Brefnech son of Cathal Ruad O Conchobair, Tadc son of Ruaidri O Conchobair, Cathal son of Aed Brefnech son of Cathal Ruad, the forces of Brefne and Conmaicne, and Aed son of Fedlim son of Aed son of Eogan. Toirrdelbach was expelled, and no wonder, by all these. His friends advised him to go to Mac Diarmata's house by night and the Clan Murtagh, getting notice of this plan, made ready to intercept him on the roads and hazardous openings on the way to the stronghold; but he went past them in the pitchblack night with two or three horsemen. He was attacked on the causeway of the stronghold but cut his way through with the strength of his hand, wounding Cathal son of Aed Brefnech. Mac Diarmata had no knowledge of this till he heard the sound of cursing and the cries of distress approaching him in the stronghold. He rose up quickly and rescued O Conchobair and sent men of trust to escort him to the Rock, where he remained the best part of a week and was visited daily by the great men of the land. But Mac Diarmata was not suffered to make peace with him; so he conducted him to Roscommon Castle and left him there.

1342.12

Conchobar Ruad Mac Eochacain, chieftain of Kenaliagh, died.

1342.13

Tomas O Cinga died.

1342.14

Muiris Mag Eochacain rested.

1342.15

Simon son of Conchobar son of Simon Mac Gilla Arraith, one of the chieftains of Leyney, died.

1342.16

Murchad son of Tomaltach O Flannacain, one of the three best men of the Clann Chathail, was killed by the gallowglasses of Cathal's son.

1342.17

Aed son of Aed Brefnech son of Cathal Ruad O Conchobair was made king by the men of Connacht and Macwilliam Burke on the first Monday of Winter; the tanistship of Connacht was given to the son of Feidlim O Conchobair; Tirerrill was given to Fergal Mac Diarmata and Tadc son of Tomaltach son


p.293

of Muirgius Mac Donnchada, expelled from his patrimony by Conchobar Mae Diarmata and his kinsmen, united himself to Toirrdelbach O Conchobair.

1342.18

Conchobar O Domnall, king of Tir Conaill and a worthy vessel for [the kingship of] all Ireland, if God had vouchsafed it to him, for his nobility and splendour and excellent bounty and valour, was killed by Niall O Domnaill, his own father's son. The house at Findros was burned over his head and as he came out he was slain in the doorway, after conquering the world and the Devil; and a large number of O Domnaill's household were also burned and slain there.

1342.19

Niall O Domnaill was made king by some of the Tir Conaill chieftains.

1342.20

Flann Oc O Domnallain, O Conchobair's ollav in poetry, rested.

1342.21

Domnall O Cuindlis, an eminent historian, was killed by the Ui Diarmata.

1342.22

Tomas Mac Gilla Coisclid, a most bountiful man, rested in Christ.

1342.23

Matha Mag Magnusa, a yeoman of Loch Erne, entered into rest.

1343.1

1343 First of January on Wednesday and the twenty-eighth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCXLIII. Fourteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; eleventh year of the Indiction; nineteenth of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. E.

1343.2

Toirrdelbach O Conchobair resumed his kingship and Mac Diarmata made peace with him.

1343.3

Slaine, daughter of O Briain and wife of Toirrdelbach O Conchobair and his own mother's sister as well, died. She was formerly the wife of the Earl of Ulster's son.

1343.4

Derbail daughter of Aed O Domnaill came on a visit to Conchobar Mac Diarmata at Inis Doigri and while there was seized by the sickness whereof she died. She was afterwards buried in the monastery of Boyle.

1343.5

Dubchablaig, daughter of Conchobar Mac Diarmata and wife of O Birn, rested.

1343.6

Tomas Mag Samradain, chieftain of Tullyhaw, rested.

1343.7

Muirchertach O Briain, king of Thomond, died and Diarmait


p.295

O Briain was made king in his stead. Diarmait was driven out by Brian O Briain and the great of Thomond supported him afterwards.

1343.8

Ulick son of Richard son of William Liath, hero of all the Irish Galls for his bounty and valour, rested.

1343.9

Cathal O Matadain, a sage of Ireland, was killed by the Clann Ricairt.

1343.10

Donnchad Clerech O Mailbrenainn, a choral canon of Elphin, was killed by an arrow-shot by the followers of Hobert son of David Donn son of William.

1343.11

Cathal son of Liathanach [O Conchobair], Abbot of the Trinity, Loch Key, and bishop-elect of Elphin, rested in Christ.

1343.12

The Clann Feorais and the Clann Ricairt heavily defeated the Ui Maine. Eleven princes of the Clann Cellaig were killed, including Conchobar Cerrbach (the Gambler) O Cellaig.

1343.13

Niall O Domnaill was deposed by Aengus O Domnaill, Domnall Dub O Baigill and O Dochurtaig, supported by Aed Remor O Neill and by the Clann Suibne at large. These all made Aengus king. Niall came back into the land; and the Clan Murtagh, having been driven out of Brefne by Ualgarc O Ruairc and Toirrdelbach O Conchobair and Tadc Mag Ragnaill, went into Tirhugh, which was granted to them by Aengus O Domnaill with its grass and cornlands and other wealth. After this Aengus and the Clan Murtagh joined issue with Niall O Domnaill and defeated him in a battle wherein Andiles O Baigill, chieftain of Tir Ainmirech, his son, Eogan son of Art O Domnaill and many others were killed.

1343.14

The church at Kilronan was built.

1343.15

Johannes O Flaithim, Bishop of Killala, rested.

1343.16

Seoan Mag Eoaid, Bishop of Conmaicne, rested.

1343.17

Conchobar Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, wellspring of the honour and nobility of the posterity of Maelruanaid Mor son of Tadc son of Cathal son of Conchobar, died in his own house a week before Samain, the day of the week being Saturday, after triumphing over the world and the Devil, and was buried in the monastery of Boyle. Fergal Mac Diarmata, his brother, was made king in his stead.


p.297

1344.1

1344 First of January on Thursday and the ninth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCXLIV. Fifteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; twelfth year of the Indiction; twentieth year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. DC.

1344.2

Tomas son of Cathal Riabach O Ruairc was killed by the Clan Murtagh this year.

1344.3

Aed son of Roulb Mag Mathgamna, king of Oriel, died this year. Murchad Oc son of Murchad Mor son of Brian of the Mass-chalices was made king in his stead and died at the end of a week. Magnus son of Eochaid son of Roulb then assumed the kingship of Oriel.

1344.4

Art Mor son of Cormac O Mailsechlainn, king of Meath, was killed by Cormac Ballach O Mailsechlainn, who afterwards assumed the kingship of Meath himself.

1344.5

Uilliam son of Mathgamain Mag Ragnaill was killed by the sons of Cathal Mag Ragnaill.

1344.6

Matha son of Gilla Crist Clerech Mac Diarmata was killed by the Muinter Eilide at the Curlieus.

1344.7

The Bishop of Leyney rested in Christ.

1344.8

Murchad son of Maelmuad O hEgra, Abbot of Boyle and a possible bishop of Leyney, rested.

1345.1

1345 First of January on Saturday and the twentieth day of the moon, MCCCXLV. Sixteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; thirteenth year of the Indiction; twenty-first of the Solar Cycle. Common year. B.

1345.2

Toirrdelbach son of Aed son of Eogan O Conchobair, king of Connacht for the space of twenty-one years, and a good man for the kingship of Ireland if God had vouchsafed it to him, was killed by an arrow-shot in Fedaro in Muinter Eolais. He had gone to Rinn Loch to help Tadc Mag Ragnaill against the descendants of Muirchertach Muimnech O Conchobair, and the Clann Muirchertaig Muimnig and the rest of the Muinter Eolais followed him to Fedaro and he was killed at Guirtin na Spidoige (the Redbreast's Field) in that place, as we have already said. And seldom has a worse deed been done with an arrow since Niall Noigiallach son of Eochu Muigmedoin was killed by Eochu son of Enna Cennsilech, than this deed. Aed son of Toirrdelbach was made king in his stead.


p.299

1345.3

Brian O Fergail, a man well qualified to be chieftain of Annaly, died.

1346.1

1346 First of January on Sunday and the first day of the moon, MCCCXLVI. Seventeenth year of the Lunar Cycle; fourteenth of the Indiction; twenty-second of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. A.

1346.2

Vast war broke out between Ualgarg O Ruairc and Ruaidri son of Cathal O Conchobair. They fought a battle at Calry, in which O Ruairc was defeated and all his gallowglasses were killed—that is to say, [those commanded by] Mag Buirrci and the son of Niall Cam—and most of his own followers were slain along with them. O Ruairc himself was pursued and killed the same day by Maelruanaid Mac Donnchada.

1346.3

Four sons of Cathal son of in Caech (Blind-eye) Mag Ragnaill were captured on Loch Scur by Conchobar Mag Ragnaill, and Tomaltach Mag Ragnaill carried them to Caisel Coscraig and killed them there afterwards.

1346.4

The Coarb of Patrick, Dauid Mag Oirechtaig, rested in Christ.

1346.5

Cu Ulad Mac Cathmail, chieftain of the Cenel Feradaig, was killed by Domnall Mac Cathmail.

1346.6

Brian Mag Mathgamna defeated the Galls, and they counted heads to the number of three hundred in one place.

1346.7

Niall O Domnaill and the Clan Murtagh and the song of Feidlim O Conchobair and Muirgius Mac Diarmata pursued after Ruaidri son of Cathal [son of Domnall O Conchobair] into Culmail and drove him and the Clann Donnchada in rout from the field. They inflicted immense slaughter on both, what with drowning, burning, gashing(?) and wounding, and captured great preys also.

1346.8

A great war between Mac Diarmata and Magnus Mac Diarmata Gall this year. The sons of Baildrin Mac Gosdelb betrayed Magnus in their own house and he was killed there. Cormac Caech Mac Fingin [was killed] there too.

1346.9

Conchobar O Birn was killed on the twenty-second of February.

1346.10

O Cerbaill was killed by the men of Ossory.


p.301

1347.1

1347 First of January on Monday and the twelfth day of the moon, MCCCXLVII. Eighteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; fifteenth of the Indiction; twenty-third of the Solar Cycle.

1347.2

Gilla na Naem son of Sefraid son of Gilla na Naem O Fergail, chieftain of Annaly, died in Cluain Lis Beci, having spent twentysix years in the sovranty of Annaly, after conquering the world and the Devil; and Cathal son of Murchad son of Gilla na Naem O Fergail succeeded to the chieftainship.

1347.3

Muirgius Mac Diarmata was killed by Seoan Ruad son of David Burke.

1347.4

Tadc Mag Ragnaill, chieftain of the Muinter Eolais, was captured by the Clan Murtagh this year.

1347.5

O Ruairc's gallowglasses, having been discovered in Muinter Eolais, were killed and captured by the Clan Murtagh.

1347.6

William son of David fitz Miles was killed by Tadc Ruad Mac Diarmata Gall in Ballintober.

1347.7

Enri son of Aed Buide O Neill died.

1347.8

Tomas Mac Airten, king of the Ui Eachach of Ulster, was hanged by the Galls.

1347.9

Eogan O Matadain, king of the Sil nAnmchada, died, and Murchad O Matadain, his own son, was made king in his stead.

1347.10

Finnguala, daughter of Eogan Mac Fingin and wife of Fergal Muimnech O Duibgennain, archdeacon of Kilronan, rested.

1347.11

Gilla Dub Mac Gilla Mochua rested.

1347.12

Fergal Mac Cormaic was killed, it is not known by whom.

1348.1

1348 First of January on Tuesday and the twenty-third day of the moon, MCCCXLVIII. Nineteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; first year of the Indiction; twenty-fourth of the Solar Cycle. FE.

1348.2

Cathal O Fergail, chieftain for half a year of Annaly, died.

1348.3

Niall Garb O Domnaill was killed by Magnus Meblach (Deceitful) O Domnaill in treachery.

1348.4

Maelsechlainn Mag Oirechtaig, chieftain of the Muinter Raduib, died.


p.303

1348.5

Donnchad Mag Brataig, chieftain of Cuil Brigdin, rested.

1348.6

Great war arose between Fergal Mac Diarmata and Ruaidri son of Cathal son of Domnall, and Mac Diarmata's stronghold was burned by Cathal's son. Mac Diarmata assembled his friends of Connacht and they followed Cathal's son to Ballymote and burned the town; stone and wood, and none dared raise his head to oppose them till they went home again. They brought away all the hostages who were in the place, including O Ruairc's son, and returned home safely.

1349.1

1349 First of January on Thursday and the fourth day of the moon, MCCCXLIX. It was the first year of the Cycle of Nineteen; second year of the Indiction; twenty-fifth of the Solar Cycle.

1349.2

Gilla na Naem O hUicinn died.

1349.3

Aed O Ruairc defeated Flaithbertach O Ruairc, Donnchad O Domnaill and the Dartraigi. Aed Mag Flannchaid, chieftain of Dartry, Gilla na Naem Mag Flannchaid, Lochlainn son of Andiles O Baigill and many other nobles were killed in the fight.

1349.4

The Earl's grandson came into Connacht and seized a prey. Macwilliam Burke and Mac Feorais came up with him and routed him utterly. The Earl's grandson was captured and many of the Clanrickard were captured and killed too.

1349.5

Great war between Fergal Mac Diarmata and Ruaidri mac Cathail. Mac Diarmata assembled the Galls and Gaels of Connacht, the Cenel Conaill and the Clan Murtagh and drove Cathal's son to seek refuge with the Clann Fermoige. Yet they could not touch him and they returned without pledge or hostage, and he burnt and plundered a great part of Moylurg afterwards.

1349.6

A great plague in Moylurg and all Ireland this year.

1349.7

Matha son of Cathal O Ruairc died of this plague.

1349.8

The Earl's grandson died.

1349.9

Risderd O Raigillig, king of East Brefne, died.

1349.10

Donnchad Riabach son of Maelsechlainn Carrach Mac Diarmata was captured by Cormac Bodar Mac Diarmata, who carried him to Airtech. He was afterwards treacherously killed by Gilla Crist son of Taithlech [Mac Diarmata ?] and O Cernaig.


p.305

1349.11

Gilliberd O Flannacain, chieftain of Toorah, was killed by the sons of Brian O Flannacain.

1349.12

Muirchertach Riaganach Mag Aengusa was killed by his own kin.

1350.1

1350 First of January on Friday and the fifteenth day of the moon, MCCCL. It was the second year of the Cycle of Nineteen and the third year of the Cycle of Indiction; twenty-sixth of the Solar Cycle. Common year. C.

1350.2

Fergal son of Ualgarg O Ruairc was killed by the son of Cathal Clerech Mac Donnchada.

1350.3

Brian Mac Diarmata, eligible for the kingship of Moylurg, was unhappily killed at Roscommon by the men of Bishop O Finnachta, by an arrow-shot; and the man who was blamed for the shot, Ruaidri of the Chamber O Donnchada, was killed and mutilated for the deed.

1350.4

Brian son of Domnall son of Brian Ruad O Briain was treacherously killed by the sons of Lorcan Mac Ceothach. In the words of the poet: ‘Alas for the only son of Domnall of the Dail! Alas for the heir of Brian Borama! Alas that he died, as none expected! Alas that Clann Ceoch should exult at his fall!’

1350.5

Toirrdelbach Oc O Briain killed sixteen of the Clann Ceoch and took their cattle and land from them.

1350.6

Aed son of Aed Brefnech O Conchobair, who was known as O Conchobair Brefnech, was killed by Aed O Ruairc at Mag Engaite this year.

1350.7

Ruaidri son of Cathal son of Domnall O Conchobair was treacherously killed by the sons of Fergal Mac Donnchada at the bidding of Aed son of Toirrdelbach.

1350.8

Muirgius Mac Donnchada died this year.

1350.9

Aed son of Toirrdelbach was deposed by Macwilliam Burke and the Tuatha of Connacht, and they made Aed son of Feidlim king in his stead.

1350.10

Aengus O hEodhusa died.

1350.11

Aengus Ruad O Dalaig; master-poet of Ireland, rested.

1350.12

Cu Choigcriche Mor Mag Eochacain, chieftain of Kenaliagh, rested.


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1351.1

First of January on Saturday and the twenty-sixth day of the moon, MCCCLI. Third year of the Lunar Cycle; fourth year of the Indiction; twenty-seventh of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. B.

1351.2

Pilip Mag Uidir died.

1351.3

Aed son of Toirrdelbach came into the country and exacted the hostages of Connacht, after which he banished Aed son of Fedlim for a year.

1351.4

Aed O Ruairc was captured on his way from CroaghPatrick, by the son of Pilpin son of William Burke. Fergal Mac Diarmata took the field on account of this capture and a general war sprang up throughout Connacht, and Moylurg was stripped bare in consequence.

1351.5

A general invitation was issued by Uilliam son of Donnchad Muimnech O Cellaig, at ‘Invitation Christmas’, to the schools of poetry of all Ireland, and they all came right thankfully, both great and lowly.

1351.6

Mathgamain Mac Con Snama was killed by the sons of Donnchad mac Con Snama.

1351.7

Eogan Mac Suibne was killed by Magnus O Domnaill this same year.

1351.8

Enna O Flannacain, chieftain of Toorah, died.

1352.1

1352 First of January on Sunday and the seventh day of the moon, MCCCLII. Fourth year of the Lunar Cycle; fifth year of the Indiction; twenty-eighth of the Solar Cycle.

1352.2

Aed mac Toirrdelbaig seized the kingship of Connacht by force in spite of Gall and Gael.

1352.3

Aed O Mailbrenainn and his two sons were killed by Aed son of Feidlim O Conchobair.

1352.4

Aed O Ruairc, king of Brefne, was killed by Cathal son of Aed Brefnech O Conchobair and the rest of the Clan Murtagh, and the gallowglasses of the Clann Suibne were slaughtered with him.

1352.5

Aengus O Domnaill, king of Tir Conaill, was treacherously killed by Magnus O Domnaill.

1352.6

Dabacc Dilmain, son of Ulick of the Owles, captain of the Connacht kerne, died this year.


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1352.7

Flaithbertach O Ruairc, king of Brefne, died this year.

1352.8

Matha Mag Dorchaid was killed by the Clan Murtagh.

1352.9

The breaching of Ballindoon by Aed son of Toirrdelbach and destruction of cows and sheep there.

1352.10

Conchobar son of Muirgius Mac Donnchada died this year.

1352.11

Nuala daughter of Mac Diarmata died this year.

1352.12

Tomas Mag Ragnaill died.

1352.13

Tadc son of Siacus O Cellaig died this year.

1353.1

1353 First of January on Tuesday and the eighteenth day of the moon, Fifth year of the Lunar Cycle; sixth year of the Indiction; first year of the Solar Cycle. A.D. MCCCLIII. Common year. F.

1353.2

Aed son of Ruaidri O Neill died.

1353.3

Tadc Mag Ragnaill, chieftain of the Muinter Eolais, was killed by the sons of Sefraid Mag Ragnaill.

1353.4

Aed son of Toirrdelbach was deposed and Mac Branan took him into the land.

1353.5

Gormlaith, daughter of O Domnaill and wife of O Neill, rested in Christ.

1353.6

Mathgamain son of Gilla na Naem O Fergail died.

1354.1

1354 First of January on Wednesday and the twenty-ninth day of the moon, MCCCLIV. Sixth year of the Lunar Cycle; seventh year of the Indiction; second year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. E.

1354.2

Brian Ua Dubda, king of the Ui Fiachrach, died.

1354.3

Rudraige Ua Morda, king of Laigis, died.

1354.4

Sitriucc Mag Samradain died.

1354.5

Derbforgaill daughter of O Conchobair died.

1354.6

Seffraid Mag Ragnaill died.

1354.7

Tadc Mac Senlaich died.

1354.8

Seaan O Finnachta, bishop of Elphin, rested in Christ.

1354.9

Aed son of Cormac Bodur [Mac Diarmata] was killed by the sons of Donnchad Riabach [Mac Diarmata].

1354.10

O Lachtnain, Bishop of Connacht, rested in Christ.


p.311

1354.11

Mac Murchada was drawn by the Galls and great war resulted between Galls and Gaels.

1354.12

Aed Mac Samradain died of his wounds.

1354.13

Brian son of Aed Mor O Neill died.

1354.14

Feidlim son of Cathal O Conchobair died this year.

1354.15

Cathal son of Niall O Ruairc died.

1354.16

The Clann Aeda Buide and the Galls of Dundalk heavily defeated Aed O Neill. Great slaughter was made in this battle.

1354.17

Hoibert Burke died this year.

1354.18

Ruaidri son of Seoan Mag Mathgamna was killed in Mag Mathgamna's stronghold.

1355.1

1355 First of January on Thursday and the tenth day of the moon, MCCCLV. Seventh year of the Lunar Cycle; eighth year of the Indiction; third year of the Solar Cycle.

1355.2

Sir Maurice Fitz Thomas, Justiciar of Ireland and Earl of Desmond, died this year.

1355.3

Domnall son of Seoan O Fergail, chieftain of Annaly, died and was buried at Lara.

1355.4

Conchobar Mac Con Snama, Bishop of Brefne, rested in Christ.

1355.5

Diarmait O Mailmiadaig, chieftain of the Muinter Cerballain, was killed by the Muinter Birn, and many of the Muinter Eolais with him.

1355.6

A defeat was inflicted by the Galls of West Connacht on Macwilliam Burke, wherein many were killed.

1355.7

Cathal O Cuinn, chieftain of the Muinter Gillgain, was killed together with five of his kin by the sons of Aed and Seaan O Fergail.

1355.8

Cormac Mag Ragnaill, chieftain of the Muinter Eolais, was killed by the sons of Imar Mag Ragnaill.

1355.9

The Galls of Dublin were defeated by the Leinster Gaels.

1355.10

Edmund son of William son of Richard [Burke] was killed by the Sil nAnmchada.

1355.11

A great defeat was given by Ricart Oc [Burke] to Macwilliam's, that is to Edmund Burke's, household and the Sil nAnmchada, wherein Stephen Mac Jordan [d'Exeter] and Henry son of Pilpin [Burke] and sixteen princes of the Sil nAnmchada were slain.


p.313

1355.12

A battle was fought between the King of England's son and the King of France. The King of France and his young son were captured and great slaughter was made of their men.

1355.13

Tuaim was burned by Cathal Occ [son of Cathal son of Domnall] and Macwilliam Burke.

1355.14

Niall Mag Mathgamna was killed by the sons of Seoan Mag Mathgamna.

1355.15

Murchad son of Cathal O Fergail died.

1355.16

Mac Cathail(?), Abbot of Sruthair, rested in Christ this year.

1355.17

Adducc Mac Uigilin was killed by the men of Orier.

1355.18

Ten lambs were born of one sheep this year.

1355.19

Donnchad O Domnaill was killed while forcibly abducting Mag Uidir's daughter.

1355.20

Tadc Mac Aedacain died.

1355.21

Mac Gallgaidil, Abbot of the Trinity, rested in Christ.

1355.22

Fergal son of Fergal son of Muirchertach Mor son of Congalach Mag Eochacain, chieftain of Kenaliagh, died on the 10th of September.

1355.23

Derborgaill daughter of O Fergail died.

1356.1

1356 First of January on Friday and the twenty-first day of the moon, MCCCLVI. Eighth year of the Lunar Cycle; ninth year of the Indiction; fourth year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. CB. Last year of the Ogdoad.

1356.2

Aed son of Toirrdelbach O Conchobair, king of Connacht, was killed in Balloughdacker by Donnchad Carrach O Cellaig and Clann an Baird, at the bidding of the Ui Maine and in revenge of his having abducted and eloped with Seoinin Burke's daughter, O Cellaig's wife. After this Aed son of Feidlim O Conchobair assumed the full kingship of Connacht.

1356.3

Conchobar son of Tadc O Cellaig was killed by Tadc son of Diarmait O Cellaig.

1356.4

Ferchar O Fallamain, chieftain of the Clann Uatach, died.

1356.5

Toirrdelbach son of Aed Brefnech O Conchobair was killed by the Clann Donnchada.

1356.6

Diarmait Mag Carrthaig and his son were killed by the Ui Suillebain, that is to say, by Donnchad son of Diarmait.

1356.7

Mor daughter of O Conchobair, wife of O Fergail, died this year.

1356.8

Ruaidri son of Aed O Conchobair died.


p.315

1356.9

Muirchertach son of Seoan O Neill was killed by Pilip Mag Uidir this year.

1356.10

The Justiciar of Dublin died.

1356.11

Mac Feorais was killed by the Galls this year.

1356.12

Dubgall Mac Suibne was killed by Domnall O Conchobair this year.

1356.13

Donnchad Mac Conmara, the best son of a chieftain in his time, was killed.

1356.14

Domnall son of Aed Brefnech O Conchobair died.

1356.15

Nicol Mag Cathusaig, Bishop of Oriel, rested in Christ.

1356.16

Solam O Mellain, keeper of the Bell of the Testament and general guardian of the learned of Ireland, died.

1356.17

Donnchad Prostich was killed by two of his own men in treachery.

1356.18

Geroidin Triel was drawn by the black Galls on the green of Dublin.

1356.19

Murchad son of Brian O Neill died.

1357.1

1357 First of January on Sunday and the second day of the moon, MCCCLVII. Ninth year of the Lunar Cycle; tenth year of the Indiction; fifth year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. A.

1357.2

Magnus Mag Mathgamna, king of Oriel, died.

1357.3

Lochlainn son of Muirchertach O Conchobair died.

1357.4

The Earl of Desmond was drowned crossing over.

1357.5

Fedlim O Domnaill and his son Ragnall were put to death in captivity by Seoan O Domnaill.

1357.6

Fergal Muimnech O Duibgennain, ollav of the Conmaicne and of the northern and southern Clann Mailruanaid, died.

1357.7

Matha son of Tomas O Ruairc, head of the prowess of Brefne, died.

1357.8

Mac Raith Mag Erraig, a man of wide accomplishment, died.

1357.9

Donn Slebi Mac Cerbaill, an accomplished musician, died.


p.317

1357.10

Brian son of Gilla Crist O Ruairc and Magnus Buide Mag Samradain were killed by Aed O Neill in the Route this year.

1357.11

Clement O Duibgennain, vicar of Kilronan, rested in Christ.

1357.12

A general peace this year between the two Cathals, Cathal son of Aed Brefnech and Cathal Oc son of Cathal son of Domnall.

1358.1

1358 First of January on Monday and the thirteenth day of the moon, MCCCLVIII. Tenth year of the Lunar Cycle; eleventh year of the Indiction; sixth year of the Solar Cycle. G.

1358.2

Domnall O hEgra, king of Leyney, died at Easter this year.

1358.3

Magnus Mag Uidir was killed by the Clann Chathmail this year.

1358.4

Conchobar O hAinlige, chieftain of Kinel Dofa, died this year, after a victory over the Devil and the world.

1358.5

Aed O Neill heavily defeated the Airgialla and the Fir Manach; Aed Mac Caba and the son of Bishop O Dubda were killed.

1358.6

A heavy shower fell in Carbury in the summer, each hailstone thereof fully as big as a crab-apple.

1358.7

O Morda gave a great defeat to the Galls of Dublin, killing two score and two hundred.

1358.8

Brian Mac Cathmail, Bishop of Oriel, rested.

1358.9

Seinicin Mac Uigilin died this year.

1358.10

The son of Aindriu Mac Feorais died.

1359.1

1359 First of January on Tuesday and the twenty-fourth day of the moon, MCCCLIX. Eleventh year of the Lunar Cycle; twelfth year of the Indiction; seventh year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. F.

1359.2

Cormac Mag Carrthaig, king of Desmond, died.

1359.3

Cathal Oc O Conchobair inflicted a severe defeat, on the Cenel Conaill at Ballyshannon, where Seoan O Dochurtaig, chieftain of Ardmire, and Eogan Connachtach and Toirrdelbach Mac Suibne were captured and great slaughter was made. Matha Mag Samradain, a possible chieftain of Tullyhaw, was wounded that day and died at home of the wound.


p.319

1359.4

This same Cathal led an army into Tir Conaill and his followers entered O Gairmlegaig's territory; Cathal Bodur O Ruairc was killed by Maelsechlainn O Gairmlegaig and Maelsechlainn was himself killed, in the same fight, by Tigernan O Ruairc.

1359.5

Muirchertach son of Tomas O Flainn Line, a possible king of the Ui Tuirtre, was treacherously killed by Aed son of Brian son of Aed Buide O Neill.

1359.6

Murchad Oc Mag Mathgamna, a possible king of Corca Baiscinn, was killed by the Sil mBriain.

1359.7

Magnus O Dubda, son of the king of the Ui Fiachrach, died.

1359.8

Brian Mac Donnchada, a possible king of Tirerrill, was killed by Mac Sencha of the council of O Gadra.

1359.9

Henry son of Ulick son of Richard [Burke] died.

1359.10

Domnall son of Tadc O Mathgamna was killed.

1359.11

Aed son of Conchobar Mac Aedacain died this year.

1360.1

1360 First of January on Wednesday and the fifth day of the moon, MCCCLX. Common year. ED.

1360.2

The King of England's son came to Ireland, and there were great burnings this year—of Roscommon, Devenish, Sligo, the monastery of Lisgoole, Fenagh and Drumlease.

1360.3

Diarmait son of Donnchad Riabach Mac Diarmata was killed by Cathal Oc [O Conchobair].

1360.4

Diarmait O Briain was deposed by his own brother's son.

1360.5

Maelruanaid son of An Gilla Muinelach O Baigill died.

1360.6

Sir Robert Savage died this year.

1360.7

Amlaib son of Sefraid Mag Ragnaill was killed.

1360.8

Seoan son of Gilla Crist O Ruairc was killed by Aed Mag Dorchaid.

1360.9

Diarmait O hAinlige died.

1360.10

Tuathal O Finnachta died this year.

1360.11

The Archbishop of Armagh rested in Christ.

1360.12

Fergal son of Sefraid Mag Ragnaill died this year.

1360.13

Cathal son of Caech Mag Ragnaill was killed this year.

1360.14

Gilla Dub Mag Builichain died.

1360.15

Seoan son of Simag Mag Uigilin was killed.


p.321

1360.16

Toirrdelbach O Conchobair's daughter, the wife of Fergal O Raigillig, was killed by a fall this year.

1360.17

Gilla na Naem O Conmaig, music-ollav of Thomond, died.

1360.18

William, son of the Coarb of St. Caillin, was killed.

1360.19

Naemacc O Duibgennain died.

1361.1

1361 First of January on Eriday and the sixteenth day of the moon, MCCCLXI. Thirteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; fourteenth year of the Indiction; ninth year of the Solar Cycle. C.

1361.2

Art Mac Murchada, king of Leinster, and Domnall Riabach, a possible king of Leinster, were treacherously captured in his own house by the King of England's son and died in his custody.

1361.3

Benidecht O Mochain, Archdeacon of Killaraght, died.

1361.4

Donnchad O Lochlainn, king of Corcumroe, died.

1361.5

Sir Edmund Burke died.

1361.6

Cluichi an Rig widespread in Ireland; Richard Savage died of it.

1361.7

Remann, son of the Burke of Muine, died.

1361.8

Cathal son of Muirchertach son of Aed son of Eogan [O Conchobair] died.

1361.9

Walter Standon died.

1361.10

Tuathal O Maille died.

1361.11

Tomas Mag Tigernain, chieftain of Tullyhuncoe, died.

1361.12

Nicol O Finnachta died.

1361.13

Gillibert son of Mailir died this year.

1362.1

1362 First of January on Saturday and the twenty-seventh day of the moon, A.D. MCCCLXII. Fourteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; fifteenth of the Indiction; tenth year of the Solar Cycle; Embolismal year. B.

1362.2

Eogan Finn O Conchobair, son of the king of Connacht, died this year.

1362.3

Niall Mag Samradain, chieftain of Tullyhaw, rested.


p.323

1362.4

Maelruanaid O Dubda and his wife, the daughter of Mac Donnchada, died.

1362.5

Cathal Oc and the son of Feidlim O Conchobair took Ballintober.

1362.6

Cathal Oc O Conchobair and Feidlim O Conchobair's son, the king of Connacht, made a great hosting into Meath, burning as far as Athais Mide. They burned fourteen churches and Cell Cainnig, and it would be hard to count up or to estimate the amount of damage done to Meath that time. They returned home in safety.

1362.7

Cormac Ballach O Mailsechlainn, king of Meath, died.

1362.8

The Clann Cuilein killed Tadc son of Conchobar son of Toirrdelbach O Briain.

1362.9

Cathal Oc O Conchobair, who of all the kings sons of his time was the greatest in good name and courage, fame and reputation, strength and valour, died of the plague in Sligo the third day after Samain.

1362.10

Diarmait son of Sean O Fergail, chieftain of Annaly, died.

1362.11

Domnall son of Ruaidri O Cellaig died.

1362.12

Cairpre O Cuind, chieftain of the Muinter Gillgain, died.

1362.13

Tomaltach O Birn died.

1362.14

Muirchertach Donn Mag Oirechtaig rested.

1362.15

Aengus Mac ind Oclaich, Archdeacon of Killery, rested in Christ.

1362.16

Morchad the Monk Mac Taidc rested.

1362.17

Eogan O Maille and Diarmait his son died.

1362.18

Cu Choigcriche son of Diarmait Mag Eochacain and Muiris son of Muirchertach Mag Eochacain died.

1363.1

1363 First of January on Sunday and the eighth day of the moon, MCCCLXIII. Fifteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; first year of the Indiction; eleventh year of the Solar Cycle. A.

1363.2

Magnus Eoganach O Domnaill died this year.

1363.3

Aed Mag Uidir, king of Fermanagh, died this year.

1363.4

Muirchertach Ruad son of Domnall Irruis O Conchobair was killed by Magnus son of Cathal O Conchobair.

1363.5

Tadc Mac Consnama, chieftain of Munter Kenny, was wounded and captured by Cathal son of Aed O Conchobair and died in that captivity.


p.325

1363.6

Catirfina, daughter of O Fergail and wife of O Raigillig, died.

1363.7

Cathal Mac Donnchada was killed by the people of Moylurg.

1363.8

A great wind this year, which wrecked churches and houses and sank many ships and boats.

1363.9

Be Binn, daughter of Mac Eochacain and wife of Fox, rested.

1364.1

1364 First of January on Monday and the nineteenth day of the moon, MCCCLXIV. Sixteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; second year of the Indiction; twelfth year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. GF.

1364.2

Aed O Neill, king of Ulster, the very best king of his time, died after conquering the world and the Devil.

1364.3

Diarmait O Briain, king of Thomond, died this year.

1364.4

Maelsechlainn son of Murchad son of Gilla na Naem son of Aed son of Amlaib [O Fergail died].

1364.5

Gilla na Naem Mac Goband na Scel, a learned historian, died.

1364.6

Domnall son of Ruaidri O Cellaig, eligible for the kingship of the Ui Maine, rested.

1364.7

Margaret, daughter of William Burke and wife of [Aed] son of Feidlim [O Conchobair], rested.

1364.8

Gilla na Naem O Duib da Boirenn, ollav in Brehon Law of Corcumroe, died this year.

1364.9

Donnchad O hUicinn, a learned historian, died.

1364.10

Bran O Brain, a skilful tympanist, died.

1365.1

1365 First of January on Wednesday and the thirtieth day of the moon, MCCCLXV. Seventeenth year of the Lunar Cycle; third year of the Indiction; thirteenth of the Solar Cycle.

1365.2

Ruaidri son of Domnall O Neill was killed by Maelsechlainn son of ‘Short’ Mac Cathmail by an arrow-shot.

1365.3

Tomas son of Murchad O Fergail died this year.

1365.4

The Clann Goisdelb made an attack on the people of Leyney, in which six kings' sons were killed. Among these was Cormac O hEgra, who was eligible for the kingship of Leyney.

1365.5

Another attack was made by Aed Mac Diarmata on the


p.327

Muinter Eolais, and this time great plunderings and depredations were committed against them. Yet these raids were not unpunished; for Cormac son of Diarmait Ruad [Mac Diarmata] and the two sons of Tomaltach O Birn, Maelsechlainn Caecus and Gilla Crist, were killed, while Diarmait Mac Diarmata and Maelruanaid son of Donnchad Riabach [Mac Diarmata] were captured. This defeat was called the Defeat of the Young Warriors ever since.

1365.6

Feidlimid the Bountiful, son of Domnall O Conchobair Corcumruad, king of Corcumroe, died.

1365.7

Brian son of Matha Mag Tigernain, chieftain of Tullyhuncoe, the most famous man of the Brefnians, died. As the poet says: ‘Brian Mag Tigernain of the encounters, no bounty should be compared with his bounty; peacefully he ever practised hospitality; Heaven was the end of his career.’

1365.8

Brian son of Aed Mag Mathgamna assumed the kingship of Oriel and made gossipry with Somairle son of Eoan Dub Mac Domnaill, high-constable of Ulster, whom he caused to put away O Raigillig's daughter and take his own daughter to wife. Shortly after this he brought him to his house on the pretence of giving him a wine-party; but the party which Mac Domnaill got from his father-in-law was to be captured and bound and put into a lake for concealment. Brian was himself banished on account of this deed.

1365.9

Cu Chonnacht O Raigillig entered an Order this year.

1365.10

Aed son of Niall O Domnaill was killed by Domnall son of Muirchertach O Conchobair. Tadc son of Magnus O Conchobair came upon Domnall and drove him out the same day, killing a number of his men, including Aed son of Conchobar son of Tadc.

1365.11

Pilip O Raigillig was made king in the place of Cu Chonnacht O Raigillig.

1365.12

Mac Uatin Barret, that is Robert, died.

1365.13

The King of England's son left Ireland this year.

1366.1

1366 First of January on Thursday and the eleventh day of the


p.329

moon, A.D. MCCCLXVI. Eighteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; fourth year of the Indiction; fourteenth year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. D.

1366.2

Cathal son of Aed Brefnech son of Cathal Ruad and his son Magnus Oc were treacherously killed by Pilip Mag Uidir, king of Fermanagh, and the Archdeacon Mag Uidir in their own assembly, and afterwards very great depredations were made on the Clan Murtagh. The Muintir Ruairc and the Fir Managh [then] made peace.

1366.3

After this Cathal Mag Flannchaid, chieftain of Dartry, was killed by the Clan Murtagh.

1366.4

Cormac Donn Mag Carthaig, king of the Ui Cairpri and the Ui Echach Muman, was treacherously killed by Domnall na nDomnall the son of his own brother.

1366.5

Conchobar O Conchobair, king of Ciarraige Luachra, was killed by the Branachs.

1366.6

Seoan Mac Goisdelb, lord of Sliab Luga, died.

1366.7

Ruaidri son of Muirchertach O Conchobair was drowned in the Shannon.

1366.8

A great defeat was given by Tadc son of Magnus O Conchobair to Seoan O Domnaill and his gallowglasses. Mac Suibne and many others were taken prisoner and many were killed.

1366.9

Mac Conmara, chieftain of the Clann Cuilein, died.

1366.10

Master Florint Mac in Oclaich died this year.

1366.11

Domnall O Neill assembled a force to make war on Niall O Neill. They expelled Mac Cathmail from his patrimony and caught up with the rear of the train. At this moment Ragnall son of Alexander, heir of the Clann Alaxandair, arrived from the Hebrides to join Niall O Neill, and each side had a band of their gallowglasses, the father on the one part and the son and brother on the other; Toirrdelbach was the brother and Alexander the son. Ragnall sent messengers to them, asking them both not to come against him, out of respect for his seniority. And they did not heed(?) him, but made a sudden attack on Ath an Imuricc against him, having seen that he was there. A fierce battle was then fought between them. Ragnall's son was slain and Alexander Mac Domnaill was taken prisoner, but Ragnall would not let his followers kill him, saying that he would not be charged with the deaths of his brother and his son. A large number of Domnall O Neill's men were killed then.


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1366.12

Great war between the Galls of Connacht, that is, between Macwilliam and Mac Muiris. Macwilliam Burke expelled the Clan Muiris and drove them into Clanrickard for the nonce.

1366.13

Muirchertach son of Ragnall Mag Ragnaill was treacherously killed by Maelsechlainn Mag Ragnaill, chieftain of the Muinter Eolais. Maelsechlainn himself died two months afterwards.

1367.1

1367 First of January on Friday and the twenty-second day of the moon, A.D. MCCCLXVII. Nineteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; fifth year of the Indiction; fifteenth of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. C. Last year of the Hendecad.

1367.2

Bishop O Fergail, the Bishop of Ardagh, rested in Christ.

1367.3

Sitrecc son of the erenagh Mag Tigernain died.

1367.4

Cathal son of Imar Mag Tigernain died.

1367.5

The Clan Murtagh migrated into Mag Nisi this year. They made an expedition into Moylurg—Tadc son of Ruaidri O Conchobair and Fergal Mag Tigernain, chieftain of Tullyhunco, and Diarmait Mag Ragnaill, chieftain of the Muinter Eolais, together with some gallowglasses—and burnt the stronghold of Aed Mac Diarmata. Fergal Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, and Aed caught up with them and gave battle to them, and killed some of their men.

1367.6

Cu Chonnacht O Raigillig, king of Brefne till he resigned, died.

1367.7

A great defeat was inflicted by Domnall son of Muirchertach O Conchobair, the Muinter Ruairc, the Clann Donnchada and Teboit Burke with his mercenaries on Tadc son of Magnus O Conchobair. They encountered Tadc's army at Beltra Strand and all his gallowglasses, seven score and ten, were killed, including Domnall Mac Somairle and Donmall Oc his son and the two sons of Mac Suibne, as well as Bishop O Dubda's son and Uilliam Mac Sithig.

1367.8

Derbail, daughter of Maelruanaid Mor Mac Diarmata and wife of Ualgarc O Ruairc, was killed by the Clan Murtagh.

1367.9

Aengus son of the Dean Mag Samradain rested.

1367.10

Tadc Mag Samradain died.

1367.11

Maelsechlainn son of Sefraid Mac Gilla Patraic and some of his followers were treacherously killed by the Galls.

1367.12

Maelmuire Oc Mag Raith died this year.

1367.13

Tadc and Lochlainn, sons of Aengus Ruad O Dalaig, died.


p.333

1367.14

Mac Muiris of Brees died.

1367.15

Eogan son of Ruaidri O Cellaig died.

1367.16

Muirchertach son of Muirchertach O Conchobair died.

1367.17

Bebinn, daughter of Ualgarc O Ruairc and wife of Tomaltach Mac Donachada, died.

1367.18

The Archdeacon of Oriel, Malaitsi Mag Uidir, rested in Christ.

1368.1

1368 First of January on Saturday and the third day of the moon, A.D. MCCCLXVIII. First year of the Lunar Cycle; sixth year of the Indiction; sixteenth year of the Solar Cycle.

1368.2

Aed son of Feidlim O Conchobair, king of Connacht, head of the valour and prowess of the Gaels and the Lug Lamfada of Leth Chuind in withstanding Galls and Gaels who opposed him, died after a triumph of repentance in Roscommon, having held the kingship of Connacht for twelve years, as the poet says: ‘Twelve years—a healing draught—was Aed in the office of Provincial King. A hundred times did weapons pierce his body, yet death came to him on his pillow.’

1368.3

Carbury was divided into two [lordships] between the two sons of Magnus O Conchobair and Domnall son of Muirchertach [O Conchobair].

1368.4

Fergal Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, died.

1368.5

Tigeman son of Cathal O Ruairc died.

1368.6

Cormac Oc Mac Diarmata, a man well qualified for the kingship of his native land, died.

1368.7

Diarmait son of Cormac Donn Mag Carthaig was captured by Mag Carthaig Cairbrech and delivered up to the Galls and afterwards destroyed.

1368.8

Dauid O Tuathail was killed by the Dublin Galls.

1368.9

Seaan O Domnallain died.

1368.10

William ‘the Englishman,’ son of Sir Raymond Burke and the heir of the Macwilliams, died of the smallpox in Inishcoe.

1368.11

Tomaltach Oc son of Fergal Mac Diarmata, tanist of Moylurg, died of the smallpox.

1368.12

Laigsech son of Dauid O Morda died.


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1368.13

Niall O Neill, king of Ulster, led a huge army into Oriel to attack Brian Mag Mathgamna and encamped in the middle of the country. Brian offered him great concessions, viz. to give half Oriel to Niall son of Murchad son of Brian of the Mass-chalices, the king who had held office before himself, and further large gifts [to be made] to O Neill in compensation for[the death of] Mac Domnaill, and O Neill agreed to these terms. But the son of Murchad Mag Mathgamna and Alaxandar Oc Mac Domnaill, the lord of the gallowglasses, resolved on a different course; they proceeded together, without asking O Neill's sanction or consulting him, with three large active battalions to attack Mag Mathgamna and fell upon him in his camp; but he, with such followers as he had with him, rose up to meet that army and routed it. The son of Murchad Mag Mathgamna, heir to [the kingship of] Oriel, and Alaxandar Oc son of Toirrdelbach Mac Domnaill, constable of the gallowglasses and heir of the Clann Domnaill, and Eogan son of Toirrdelbach son of Maelsechlainn O Domnaill were all killed there, with many others gentle and simple.

1368.14

Tomas O Flainn, king of the Ui Tuirtri, eminent throughout Ireland for his bounty, valour and nobility, died this year.

1368.15

Tadc son of Magnus son of Cathal son of Domnall O Conchobair was treacherously taken prisoner by Ruaidri O Conchobair, king of Connacht, in his own stronghold at Ardakillin, having been brought to O Conchobair's house by Cormac Mac Donachada. And men were wont to compare any other crime with this, and no crime was compared with it, saying: ‘The capture of the son of Magnus is no worse.’ After a time he was even worse treated, being handed over to Domnall son of Muirchertach O Conchobair, who ultimately destroyed him in the castle of Sligo. This deed was the seed of great war throughout Connacht, between Macwilliam and O Conchobair and Mac Diarmata.

1368.16

Ruaidri son of Seonacc Mac Eochacain, the first man in Ireland, and none contested it, for bounty and valour, died on the twenty-eighth of December.

1369.1

1369 First of January on Monday and the fourteenth day of


p.337

the moon, A.D. MCCCLXIX. Second year of the Lunar Cycle; seventh year of the Indiction; seventeenth year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. G.

1369.2

Pilip O Raigillig was captured by his own kinsmen and shut up in Loch Oughter Castle, and the kingship was assumed by Magnus O Raigillig in his stead. Great war arose in Brefne on account of this capture; Annad O Raigillig, the son of Risderd, assembled a large army, which included Mag Mathgamna and most of the Oirgialla, to demand the person of Pilip O Raigillig from Magnus. He was heavily defeated by Mag Mathgamna and the Clann Capa at Blencup, where fell three sons of Cormac O Fergail, namely Seoinin, Maelsechnaill and Fergus, and Fedlim son of Aed of the Quill O Conchobair and two sons of Flaithbertach Mor Mac Con Ruba, namely Domnall and Brian, and Sitrecc of the Nose Mac an Maigistir.

1369.3

Geralt Caemanach, a possible high-king of Leinster, was killed by the Black Knight.

1369.4

Tigernan O Ruairc went to seize a prey in Lurg and brought it away with him, and Aed Oc son of Aed O Ruairc was killed by O Mailaduin of Lurg.

1369.5

Diarmait Red-hand Mac Murchada, high-king of Leinster, was for a long time held captive by the Galls of Dublin, after being treacherously captured by the Black Knight, and was at last drawn by them. This was the worst deed done in Ireland in recent times.

1369.6

Mathgamain O Briain of Maenmag, king of Thomond, the best and most famous Gael of his time, died in his stronghold after a victory of repentance, and afterwards Brian Oc O Briain assumed the kingship in his stead.

1369.7

O Mailaduin of Lurg was treacherously killed by the sons of Niall O Domnaill. Pilip Mag Uidir went with a great fleet to avenge his vassal on them and he killed Niall Oc O Domnaill.

1369.8

Brian Mac Aeda Buide O Neill, a possible king of Ireland, died.

1369.9

Bishop Odo O Neill, Bishop of Oriel, rested in Christ.

1369.10

Ricart O Raigillig, Bishop of Brefne, rested.

1369.11

Brian O Briain, king of Thomond, won a great battle in which Gerald the Earl and the other great Munster Galls were captured; and seldom has there fallen on one field such a


p.339

number as fell here. Limerick was burned at that time and submitted to O Briain. Sida Oc, the son of O Duibidir's daughter, assumed the wardenship of the town after that.

1369.12

An expedition by ships was made by Pilip Mag Uidir to Loch Oughter. He took Loch Oughter Castle and brought out Pilip O Raigillig, king of Brefne, who was held captive in it, and afterwards restored his kingship to him.

1370.1

1370 First of January on Tuesday and the twenty-fifth day of the moon, MCCCLXX. Third year of the Lunar Cycle; eighth year of the Indiction; eighteenth year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. F.

1370.2

Domnall O Neill recognised the lordship of Niall O Neill and gave him hostages.

1370.3

Niall utterly routed Brian Mag Mathgamna, many being drowned and destroyed.

1370.4

A great war between the Clan Murtagh and the Ui Raigillig this year. O Raigillig, O Fergail, Mag Uidir and O Conchobair rose up against the Clan Murtagh and with their combined forces drove them out of Muinter Eolais. From here the Clan Murtagh went to [seek refuge with] Macwilliam Burke, and Mag Tigernain went with them.

1370.5

The sons of Aed Mac Cathmail killed Gilla Patraic Mac Cathmail, king-chieftain of Cenel Feradaig, and Cu Ulad his son and his wife, the daughter of Magnus Mag Mathgamna, in treacherous wise. Murchad his brother succeeded to his place.

1370.6

Muirchertach Sinnach, king of Fir Tethba, rested on the nineteenth of the nones of February.

1370.7

Cathair O Conchobair, eligible for the kingship of Offaly, and Muirchertach O Morda were killed on a raid by the Galls of Leinster.

1371.1

1371 First of January on Wednesday and the sixth day of the moon, MCCCLXXI. Fourth year of the Lunar Cycle; ninth year of the Indiction; nineteenth year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. E.


p.341

1371.2

Fergal Mac Cochlain died while a captive in the hands of O Cennetig this year.

1371.3

Fergal Mag Eochacain died on the ninth of September.

1371.4

Murchad O Matadain, universal protector of the men of Ireland, was killed by an arrow-shot this year.

1371.5

Tadc Oc son of Magnus O Conchobair was treacherously killed by Domnall son of Muirchertach O Conchobair with his own hands, in Sligo Castle, after lying in fetters for a long time as Domnall's captive. Not often has a worse murder been committed in Ireland.

1371.6

Donnchad O Birn rested.

1371.7

Brian O Cennetig, king of Ormond, was killed by the Galls.

1371.8

The Archbishop of Tuaim, head of the bounty of Ireland, rested in Christ.

1372.1

1372 First of January on Thursday and the seventeenth day of the moon, MCCCLXXII. Fifth year of the Lunar Cycle; tenth year of the Indiction; twentieth year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. DC.

1372.2

Brian Mor Mag Mathgamna, high-king of Oriel, the man who killed the most Galls and Gaels in his time in Irleand, fell at the hands of one of his own gallowglasses in treachery this year.

1372.3

Seaan Mor O Dubacain, a master-historian and ollav of the Ui Maine, died this year.

1372.4

Muirchertach Muimnech son of Muirchertach Mor Mag Eochacain, chieftain of the Cenel Fiachach, entered into rest on the first of October.

1372.5

William son of Ulick [Burke], head of the joviality of all Ireland, rested.

1372.6

Uilliam Oc O Cellaig, a possible king of the Ui Maine, rested.

1373.1

1373 First of January on Saturday and the twenty-eighth day of the moon, MCCCLXXIII. Sixth year of the Lunar Cycle; eleventh year of the Indiction; twenty-first year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. B.

1373.2

The Meath Galls made an attack on Annaly and killed Ruaidri son of Cathal O Fergail and his son, together with many


p.343

of their followers. Donnchad O Fergail pursued the Galls and killed many of them and was himself killed by an arrow-shot.

1373.3

William Dalton and the Sheriff of Meath were killed by the Cenel Fiachach and O Maelsechlainn.

1373.4

Adam O Cianain, a master of History, died as a canon in Lisgoole.

1373.5

The Parson's son Mac Feorais was killed by Toirrdelbach Ruad O Conchobair with one sword-stroke in Conmaicne Duna Moir, they having fallen on him treacherously as he was coming out of Conmaicne Cuile; and he [i.e. Mac Feorais] escaped with non-fatal wounds by the prowess of his strong hand. They [i.e. the Berminghams] killed Andrias Mac Cinaith, whom Toirrdelbach Ruad had delivered to them as security for the payment of whatever reparation they should demand.

1373.6

Barrdub daughter of O Ruairc, wife of Domnall Mag Tigernain, rested.

1373.7

A very great wind this year, which wrecked many churches.

1374.1

1374 First of January on Sunday and the ninth day of the moon, MCCCLXXIV. Seventh year of the Lunar Cycle; twelfth year of the Indiction; twenty-second year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. A.

1374.2

Senicin Savage was killed by Mag Aengusa.

1374.3

Domnall Oc O Dochurtaig died this year.

1374.4

Cu Choicriche Oc Mac Eochacain, chieftain of Kenaliagh, was treacherously slain while in the company of the Bishop de Vale by Sinnach Mac Merain on the twenty-seventh of August and Sinnach himself was then drawn and dismembered.

1374.5

Theobald Burke, Macwilliam's heir, was killed by the Ui Maine.

1374.6

Tigernan son of Brian Mag Tigernain, good son of a chieftain, rested.

1374.7

Niall O Neill inflicted a great defeat on the Galls, wherein were slain Roche the knight, Bocsa of Carrickfergus, Sandal, Burke and William of Baile Dalad, the arch-churl of Ireland.

1374.8

Maelsechlainn son of Diarmait O Fergail died.

1374.9

Tadc Oc Mag Ragnaill died.

1374.10

Tadc son of Ruaidri son of Cathal Ruad O Conchobair, a king's good son, died this year.


p.345

1375.1

1375 First of January on Monday and the twentieth day of the moon, MCCCLXXV. Eighth year of the Lunar Cycle; thirteenth year of the Indiction; twenty-third year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. G. Last year of the Ogdoad.

1375.2

Mathgamain son of Magnus O Conchobair rested.

1375.3

Toirrdelbach Ruad O Conchobair gave Roscommon Castle to Ruaidri O Conchobair in exchange for Ballintober, with many concessions not mentioned here.

1375.4

Mac Airtein, lord of Kinelarty, was treacherously killed by Mac Gilla Ternaind.

1375.5

A great defeat was inflicted on the Galls of Downpatrick, in which fell Sir James of Malahide, the King of England's Lieutenant, Burke of Camlin and many others.

1375.6

Cu Ulad Mag Mathgamna died of blood-letting.

1375.7

Art Mag Uidir rested.

1375.8

Donnchad Caemanach Mac Murchada, king of Leinster, was treacherously killed by Galls.

1375.9

Diarmait Mag Raignaill made an attack on Cormac O Birn. Donnchad son of Conchobar of the Cup was killed, with many others, and they carried off much booty.

1375.10

Cairbre and Eogan, sons of Mag Tigernain, made an expedition against the Galls and one of their own men turned traitor and sold them to the Galls for pelf. The Galls gathered round them, killed twenty-five of them, including the two sons of Mag Tigernain, and cut off their heads.

1375.11

Sir Edmund Alpanach, that is Macwilliam Burke, died after a victory of repentance and Unction, and his son Thomas succeeded him.

1375.12

Maelsechlainn O Domnallain, a good poet, died of a scrofulous ulcer.

1375.13

Cathal son of Cathal Oc of Clanrickard died.

1375.14

Mac Feorais of Athenry died.

1375.15

Oscur son of Art Mag Uidir was killed by the sons of Donnchad Mag Uidir.

1375.16

Sefraid son of Gilla na Naem O Fergail, a thoroughly good man for the chieftainship of Annaly, rested in Christ.


p.347

1376.1

1376 First of January on Tuesday and the first day of the moon, MCCCLXXVI. Ninth year of the Lunar Cycle; fourteenth year of the Indiction; twenty-fourth year of the Solar Cycle.

1376.2

Tadc O Ruairc, king of Brefne, died, and Tigernan O Ruairc took the kingship after him.

1376.3

Donnchad Mac Fir Bisig rested.

1376.4

Cuaifne O Conchobair Failgi, an excellent prince, rested.

1376.5

Ruarcan O hAdmaill, ollav of O hAnluain, rested.

1376.6

Eoin O Ruanada, ollav of Mac Aengusa, rested.

1376.7

Maelsechlainn O Mailmena, ollav of O Cathain, died.

1376.8

Aed O Tuathail, king of the Ui Mail, was killed by Galls this year.

1376.9

Dalbach son of Maelsechlainn O Brain, an excellent prince, was wounded by his own spur and died of it.

1376.10

Conchobar O Bechain, a master of History, rested.

1376.11

Cellach Mac Cruitin, ollav of Thomond in History, died.

1376.12

Roiberd O Fergail rested.

1376.13

Be Binn daughter of Domnall O Duinn, wife of O Dimusaig, Tested.

1376.14

Aed son of Seaan O Fergail died.

1377.1

1377 First of January on Thursday and the twelfth day of the moon, MCCCLXXVII. Tenth year of the Lunar Cycle; fifteenth of the Indiction; twenty-fifth year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. D.

1377.2

Walter son of Sir David Burke died.

1377.3

Sefraid O Flannacain, chieftain of the Clann Chathail, died.

1377.4

Mac Con Mara, that is Cu Mara, with the rest of the Clann Cuilein inflicted a defeat on Clanrickard, wherein fell Theobald son of Ulick [Burke], the leader of the great mercenary force, and the three sons of O hEdin. Many of the great men of Clanrickard were also killed and captured there.

1377.5

Brian O Flaithbertaig died.

1377.6

Seaan O Rodachain, coarb of Caillin, a sage of Ireland died.

1377.7

Bishop O Cellaig, Bishop of Clonfert, rested.

1377.8

A great war between Ruaidri O Conchobair and Mac Diarmata. Moylurg was burned with its corn and buildings, and people were killed on each side. At last they made peace, Mac Diarmata receiving large concessions in compensation for the damage, as the price of peace.


p.249

1377.9

Ruaidri O Conchobair won the battle of Roscommon against Macwilliam Burke and Maelsechlainn O Cellaig, king of Ui Maine. Here fell Richard Burke, Domnall son of Cathal Oc [O Conchobair], Tadc Oc son of Tadc O Cellaig, O Mainnin, a most hospitable and charitable man, Mac Dubgaill the Gallowglass, the son of Niall Caem and many others gentle and simple.

1377.10

Edward, King of England, rested in Christ.

1377.11

Donnchad son of Uilliam the Beautiful O Cerbaill, king of Ely, rested.

1377.12

Diarmait the Lame Mac Branain, chieftain of the Corca Achlann, entered into rest at Rome.

1377.13

Fachtna son of Dauid O Morda, a possible king of Laigis, rested.

1377.14

The castle of Lissardowlin was built by Seoan O Fergail this year.

1377.15

The monastery of Assaroe was burned this year.

1377.16

Gobraid son of Annad O Raigillig was killed by Clann in Chaich.

1377.17

The dean Mac Muirgiusa rested in Christ.

1378.1

1378 First of January on Friday and the twenty-third day of the Moon, MCCCLXXVIII. Eleventh year of the Lunar Cycle; first year of the Indiction; twenty-sixth year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year, C.

1378.2

Toirrdelbach Mac Suibne, high[-constable of Connacht, died.][...]

1384.1

1384 [Ruaidri son of Toirrdelbach O Conchobair died of the plague] on the night of the festival of Catherine the Virgin in the winter, having spent sixteen years and a quarter as full-king of Connacht, as the poet Mailin O Mailchonaire testifies in his poem on the Succession of the Kings: ‘Ruaidri—royal the line— had sixteen years and a quarter in peacefu1 Cruachu Ali. The hard-fighting son of Toirrdelbach was he.’


p.351

1384.2

Two kings were then made in his stead. Toirrdelbach Ruad son of Aed son of Feidlim was installed by Mac Diarmata, the Clan Murtagh and the rest of the Connacht chieftains, that is, the Sil Murray; and Toirrdelbach Oc son of Aed son of Toirrdelbach was installed by O Cellaig, Clanrickard, Domnall son of Muirchertach O Conchobair and the Clann Donnchada. General war sprang up throughout all Connacht after this and they did much damage and committed slaughterings and plunderings afterwards.

1384.3

Pilip O Raigillig rested.

1384.4

Mailir Burke was killed by a fall.

1384.5

Eogan O Maille and Cormac O Maille and many others were killed by the Muinter Flaithbertaig.

1384.6

David Burke rested.

1384.7

Maelmorda O Duibginnain rested.

1384.8

Pol Mag Teithechain, coarb of Cloone, rested in Christ.

1384.9

Uilliam son of Sir Raymond Burke rested.

1384.10

Sefraid O Fergail rested.

1384.11

Mag Ragnaill Dub, Diarmait son of Maelsechlainn, great leader of all men eminent for bounty and valour, was treacherously killed in front of Risded Mag Ragnaill's house by the sons of Ragnall Mag Ragnaill.

1384.12

Muirchertach O Conchobair, king of Offaly, died in old age.

1384.13

Tomaltach Mag Dorchaid, chieftain of the Cenel Luachain, was killed with his own dagger while shoeing a horse.

1384.14

Cu Chonnacht O Fergail, lord of Mag Trega, rested.

1384.15

Donnchad O Dubda rested.

1384.16

Aed O Cellaig and Feradach O Cellaig died of the plague within one week.

1384.17

Ualgarg O Ruairc, eligible for the kingship of Brefne, was drowned in Loch Gowna.

1384.18

Domnall son of Flaithbertach O Ruairc rested.

1384.19

Ricart son of Maidiuc son of Toimin Barrett, the renowned universal protector of the scholars of Ireland, died after a victory of repentance.

1384.20

Uigestin O Duibginnain, ollav-historian of the Conmaicne, rested.

1384.21

John Burke died of the plague this year.

1385.1

1385 First of January on Sunday and the tenth day of the moon


p.353

MCCCLXXXV. Eighteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; eighth year of the Indiction; fifth year of the Solar Cycle.

1385.2

Art son of Art Mor O Mailsechlainn died on the last day of April.

1385.3

Mac Donnchada and O Ruairc with their company of gallowglasses invaded Moylurg, burnt the stronghold of Mac Diarmata and the whole district, killed the son of Seoan O hEgra in the pursuit after that army and captured his brother as well.

1385.4

The sons of [Aed] son of Fedlimid [O Conchobair] made an attack on Mag Oirechtaig. They burnt the residence and killed some people, and afterwards they captured Mag Oirechtaig himself.

1385.5

David son of Edmund son of Hoberd [Burke] was captured by Aed O Conchobair and died at Ballintober in that captivity.

1385.6

Fedlimid Clerech O Conchobair and Conchobar Oc Mac Diarmata invaded Tirerrill, but many warnings went before them and an ambush was prepared for them. So they made their attack, and the foot and horse of the watchers retaliated on them as they were slaughtering cows and people; and Cathal Cairbrech Mac Donnchada was killed in that fight, Conchobar Mac Diarmata was captured and Fedlimid O Conchobar wounded.

1385.7

Another attack was made by Muirchertach son of Cathal, Cormac son of Ruaidri [O Conchobair], Tadc Mac Diarmata and Cathal Mac Diarmata on Mag Ragnall Ruad and Aed O Conchobair. They were both captured and carried to the Rock of Loch Key to be guarded.

1385.8

Cathal O Fergail, one well qualified for the chieftainship of Annaly, rested.

1385.9

Cu Muige O Cathain, king of Oirecht Ui Chathain, died at the height of his good fame.

1385.10

O Conchobair Ruad, Mac Diarmata, the Clan Murtagh and the chieftains of Connacht made a strong attack on the son of Emann O Cellaig, burned his residence and did much damage and killed Uilliam Buide O Nechtain.

1385.11

The men of Brefne and Tirerrill came against O Conchobair Donn. They burned Corca Achlann and cut down the crops.

1385.12

Tireragh was burned by Macwilliam Burke. He went thence to Sligo and burned the town and the near part of Carbury. Maidecc Mael was killed in his following and hostages were taken in respect of his eric.


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1385.13

Tirawley was burned by Domnall mac Muirchertaig. He killed some-people and carried off hostages and much booty.

1385.14

Murchad O Conchobair, king of Offaly, and the Cenel Fiachach won a great victory over the Galls of Meath at Togher; Chambers and his son and Nugent of Meath and many others gentle and simple were killed.

1385.15

Tanaide O Mailchonaire, ollav of the Sil Murray in History and Poetry and the most skilled man of his profession in his time, died at Lammas in his own house, after a victory of Unction and Penance, and was buried in Clooncorpey.

1385.16

Eoin son of Eogan Mac Gilla Petair was killed by Cathal O Conchobair in an attack on Ballydonnellan.

1385.17

Peace was made among the Connachtmen afterwards, and Sil Murray was divided into two between the two O'Connors, and Aed O Conchobair and Conchobar Mac Diarmata were released.

1385.18

Derborgaill, daughter of Cathal Oc [O Conchobair] and wife of O Conchobair Ruad, died in childbirth.

1385.19

Ben Mide, daughter of Mag Mathgamna and wife of O Neill Mor, rested.

1386.1

First of January on Monday and the twenty-first day of the moon, MCCCLXXXVI. Nineteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; ninth year of the Indiction; sixth year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. G. Last year of the Hendecad.

1386.2

Aine daughter of Tadc Mac Donnchada, wife of Tigernan O Ruairc king of Brefne, most excellent of the women of Leth Chuinn, died at Tuaim Senchaid on Garradice Loch and was afterwards buried at Sligo.

1386.3

Cairpre son of Brian son of Murchad O Fergail, lord of Callow, died.

1386.4

Niall son of Cu Choicriche Oc Mac Eochacain was killed by the Daltons on the fifth of April. This man was well qualified to be chieftain of his native land.

1386.5

Magnus son of Aed son of Diarmait was killed by the same family.

1386.6

O Conchobar Ruad with such of the Connachtmen as he could muster went to help Macwilliam Burke against Domnall


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son of Muirchertach and the Clann Donnchada, and took great preys in Tireragh. After this they made a sudden raid into the territory of Clanrickard, where they were caught up by a vast army led by O Briain and Macwilliam of Clanrickard. O Conchobair Ruad turned upon them and routed them, killing Conchobar son of Tadc son of Conchobar O Briain and many others.

1387.1

1387 First of January on Tuesday and the second day of the moon, MCCCLXXXVII. First year of the Lunar Cycle; tenth year of the Indiction; seventh year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. F.

1387.2

Sadb daughter of Aed O Neill, wife of Mac Eoin Bissett, the best woman of the line of Niall Noigiallach, rested in Christ.

1387.3

Macwilliam of Clanrickard, Ricart Oc, rested.

1387.4

Ruaidri O Cianain, ollav of Oriel in History, died.

1387.5

Conchobar son of Brian Carrach O Neill was killed by the people of Dundalk.

1387.6

Uilliam son of Diarmait Mag Ragnaill, eligible for the chieftainship of the Muinter Eolais, was killed by the Muinter Birn.

1388.1

1388 First of January on Wednesday and the thirteenth day of the moon, MCCCLXXXVIII. Common year. ED.

1388.2

Cormac Mac Donnchada, eligible prince of Tirerrill, went raiding by night in Moylurg and took great preys and conveyed them to a safe place. O Conchobair Ruad and the [other] sons of [Aed] mac Feidlim, the sons of Cathal Oc O Conchobair, Cathal and Cormac sons of Aed Mac Diarmata and many of the men of the country followed him up in an attempt to recover the prey. Cormac covered the rear of his own people and would not receive quarter from the pursuers, so that they had to kill him in the end; Conchobar Mac Donnchada, Murchad son of Cormac Mac Donnchada and Mac Diarmata Ruad were captured; and no loss of a king's son in all Ireland was more grievous than this. O Conchobair Ruad continued the pursuit past the Curlieus


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to the northwards and the Clann Donnchada fled towards Collooney and the north of Tirerrill.

1388.3

Muirchertach son of Domnall O Conchobair assailed the stronghold of O Domnaill at Assaroe and killed many people in it, including O Baigill's sons and O Gallchobair and his brothers. He brought away horses and captives, among whom were Mac Suibne and his son.

1388.4

Seaan Ruad O Tuathail, king of the Ui Muiredaig, ridgepole of the bounty and valour of Ireland in his time, was killed in his own house by a clown. He killed the clown afterwards.$$

1388.5

Sigraid O Cuirnin and Cairpre O Cuirnin were killed by the Leinster Galls.

1388.6

O Conchobair Ruad made great raids on O Conchobair Donn, whence arose a great general war in all Connacht.

1388.7

Cu Choicriche O Mailmuaid, king of the Fir Cell, rested on the twenty-fourth of February.

1388.8

The beginning of a war between O Ruairc and the Clann Donnchada this year.

1389.1

1389 First of January on Friday and the twenty-fourth day of the moon, MCCCLXXXIX. Third year of the Lunar Cycle; twelfth year of the Indiction; ninth year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. C.

1389.2

O Ruairc then took to himself the sons of Cathal Oc, after which the war increased enormously. Eogan O Ruairc and Cathal Oc's sons went to Castleore and routed the cavalry of the Muinter Elide, which came out against them, and killed the sons of the Ui Elide, including Magnus. They then plundered the Muinter Elide. Muirchertach O hElide was killed in this war.

1389.3

Magnus O Ruairc was treacherously captured by Cormac O Fergail.

1389.4

Peace was made by O Ruairc, both with Domnall son of Muirchertach [O Conchobair] and with the Clann Donnchada.

1389.5

Another peace was made by the Clann Donnchada and Mac Diarmata. Conchobar Mac Donnchada and Murchad son of Cormac [Mac Donnchada] were then released.

1389.6

Maelsechlainn Cam O Lochlainn, king of Corcumroe, was treacherously killed by his own kin.


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1389.7

Cathal Mac Diarmata was captured by Mac Donnchada and his leg was broken. He was released in an exchange of prisoners at this peace.

1389.8

Muiris Mael O Conchobair Failgi was killed by an arrowshot by one of the Ui Cellaig of Lea.

1389.9

The son of Niall O Ruairc rested.

1389.10

The cattle of the Muinter Duirnin were carried off by the son of Enri O Neill on the Moor of Mag Eni this year.

1389.11

The cattle of Tir Conaill were carried off by Domnall son of Muirchertach [O Conchobair].

1389.12

Ragnall Mag Ruairc, chieftain of the Tellach Conmusa, rested in Christ.

1389.13

Brian son of Domnall Oc O Ruairc was killed by the Clan Murtagh.

1389.14

Niall Oc O Neill was captured by the Galls this year.

1390.1

1390 First of January on Saturday and the fifth day of the moon, MCCCXC. Fourth year of the Lunar Cycle; thirteenth year of the Indiction; tenth year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. B.

1390.2

A great war between O Ruairc and O Raigillig. The Muinter Angaile, Muinter Eolais, Tellach Dunchada and Clann Muirchertaig, instructed by Domnall son of Muirchertach [O Conchobair] and Tomaltach Mac Donnchada, entered Connacht.

1390.3

Magnus O Ruairc, who was kept in captivity in Loch Oughter Castle, escaped from it and went to the castle of Loch Scur; but he was betrayed to the Clan Murtagh and they killed him as he stepped out of his skiff.

1390.4

Brian son of Uilliam Mac Branain was killed five nights before Samain.

1390.5

Peace was made between O Ruairc and O Raigillig, O Ruairc making large concessions in return for O Raigillig's parting from O Ruairc's opponents and enemies and sending them away, and Eogan O Ruairc and the son of Cathal Riabach were handed over as security for the fulfilment of the conditions.

1390.6

The Clan Murtagh and Tellach Dunchada made a forcible migration into the country of the Muinter Ruairc towards Fid O Finnoice, Sliab Corrain and Cenel Luachain. O Ruairc got word of this in Glengavlin. He conveyed his trains to the upper


p.363

end of Cenel Luachain and made a fierce and victorious attack on those allied princes and routed them, and kept on slaughtering their cattle from Bel Atha Daire Dubthaig to the top of the Brefne hills.

1390.7

Tomas son of Mathgamain O Raigillig entered into rest in the autumn after this.

1390.8

Fergal O hEgra, king of Leyney, died.

1390.9

Sean O Raigillig was made king.

1390.10

Kilbarron Castle was demolished by Domnall mac Muirchertaig.

1390.11

Brian Mac Aedacain, ollav-brehon of Brefne, died.

1390.12

Sean Mac Aedacain the Official, the best man in his post in his time, was killed four nights before Christmas and I do not know who killed him.

1390.13

Diarmait Mag Carmaic was killed.

1390.14

Dubginnan O Duibginnain, ollav of the Conmaicne in History, rested.

1391.1

1391 First of January on Sunday and the sixteenth day of the moon, MCCCXCI. Fifth year of the Lunar Cycle; fourteenth year of the Indiction; eleventh year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. A.

1391.2

Diarmait son of Donnchad son of Muirchertach Mor Mac Eochacain, chieftain of Kenaliagh, rested on the twelfth of January.

1391.3

O Ruairc and O Raigillig made a peace and O Ruairc went to meet O Raigillig at Drumlane, accompanied by a few of his own household. Sixty-five of the Clan Murtagh lay in wait for him at a pass, and when he entered it Sean Mor son of Mac na Banfigide, came against him and thrust at him with a spear. O Ruairc retaliated and reposted keenly and quickly, killing him with a single spear-thrust. Another thrust he gave to Donnchad son of Aed an Chleitig, killing him too, and he also exultantly killed Tomas O Gaithin and came away safely with his followers, having the deaths of four of the band to his credit.

1391.4

Domnall Mag Carthaig, king of Desmond, died after repentance.

1391.5

Mac Gilla Muire, king of the Ui Derca Cein, was killed by his own people.


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1391.6

O hAnluain, king of Orier, was treacherously killed by his own kinsmen.

1391.7

Tadc, son of Gilla Coluim O hUicinn and Be Binn daughter of O Mailchonaire, a worthy ollav and a charitable, died after great repentance.

1392.1

1392 First of January on Monday and the twenty-seventh day of the moon, MCCCXCII. Sixth year of the Lunar Cycle; fifteenth year of the Indiction; twelfth year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. GF.

1392.2

The Archbishop of Connacht, Grigair O Mochain, eminent for his piety and learning, rested in Christ.

1392.3

Enri, ‘the Quarrelsome’ per antiphrasim, son of Niall Mor O Neill, eligible prince of Ireland de jure and undoubtedly destined to be king of Ulster if he had lived, the man who of all the descendants of Niall son of Eochu Muigmedoin was the most generous of rewards and presents, and at another time the most marvellously and extravagantly bountiful, died a good death at the feast of St. Brenainn.

1392.4

The Countess of Desmond, daughter of the Earl of Ormond, a charitable, hospitable woman, rested.

1392.5

Donnchad O Dimusaig rested.

1392.6

O Conchobair Donn with most of the Connachta marched with a large army into Ui Maine and burnt the country. Cathal son of Aed O Ruairc was left, in the confusion, alone at the rear of the host and was captured by O Conchobair Ruad, and a few of their people were killed.

1392.7

Domnall son of Enri O Neill was captured by Toirrdelbach O Domnaill, and on that same day huge depredations and slaughterings were done against Enri's son.

1392.8

A great army was led by O Neill against the Galls of Dundalk, and Sefin Fait was killed then.

1392.9

Toirrdelbach son of Brian O Cuanach died.

1392.10

Findguala daughter of Magnus son of Cathal O Conchobair rested.

1392.11

Ruaidri son of Donnchad O Cerbaill, eligible prince of Ely, rested.

1392.12

Etain daughter of Sefraid O Flannacain, wife of Uilliam Mac Branain, entered into rest at the Feast of Crosses.


p.367

1393.1

1393 First of January on Wednesday and the eighth day of the moon, MCCCXCIII. Seventh year of the Lunar Cycle; first year of the Indiction; thirteenth year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. E.

1393.2

Aed son of Conchobar Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, a man full of every good quality, died after a victory of repentance; and afterwards his son Cathal was drowned in Loch Dorri.

1393.3

Emann son of Maelsechlainn Mag Ragnaill, prospective chieftain of the Muinter Eolais, died.

1393.4

Maelruanaid son of Fergal Mac Diarmata was made king of Moylurg through the power of Tomaltach Mac Donnchada. [The new] Mac Diarmata was attacked in Cloonagunnane in the Callow of Loch Gara by the sons of Aed Mac Diarmata. A battle was fought between them, in which the sons of Aed were defeated; and here Domnall Dub Mac Diarmata was slain and Conchobar Mac Diarmata and his brother were captured. Fergal son of Donnchad Riabach was captured and escaped afterwards. Many other prisoners were taken.

1393.5

Brian O Cellaig, eligible prince of Ui Maine, died in this same spring.

1393.6

Fergal Mag Samradain, chieftain of Tullyhaw, a man who was lauded jointly by the poets and satirists of Ireland, [died] between Easter and Mayday.

1393.7

Seaan son of Sefraid O Raigillig, Bishop of Brefne, rested in Christ.

1393.8

This summer the people of Moylurg made peace on the subjects of division of territory and exchange of captives.

1393.9

Ragnailt daughter of [Aed] son of Feidlim O Conchobair rested.

1393.10

Dub Dara O Maille died.

1393.11

Magnus O hEgra, eligible prince of Leyney, died.

1393.12

The son of Emann O Cellaig rested.

1393.13

Muiris the Crooked, son of Ruaidri Mag Eochacain, died in November, and Brian son of Uilliam Oc Mag Eochacain died on the second of October.[...]

1398.1

1398 On the third of October. (?)

1398.2

Niall Oc O Neill, high-king of Conchobar's Province, led


p.369

a great army into the Land of Conall Gulban son of Niall. His raiding-parties reached the Mound of Aed above the Waterfall of Ruad son of Badurn and they robbed the monastery of Assaroe of all its treasure this time. Some of O Domnaill's men engaged the army and killed and wounded some of them. Aed son of Fergal Ruad's son was captured by the men of Tir Eogain, who returned home safely.

1398.3

An army was led by Thomas Burke, lord of the Galls of Connacht, and Toirrdelbach Ruad O Conchobair, lord of the Gaels of Connacht, Feidlim son of Cathal Oc O Conchobair and his brothers, Ruaidri O Dubda and his brothers and Tadc O hEgra with his levies and his brothers, into Tirerrill. They ruined the whole country, grass and corn, lake, church, stronghold, mountain and moor, et reliqua.

1398.4

Conchobar Oc son of Aed Mac Diarmata and his brothers came into Moylurg. That night Maelruanaid Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, went to the monastery of Boyle and transferred all the food he found there to the Rock of Loch Key. Conchobar and his men came upon the track of that party and followed the track to Aughrim in Tirarune and burned the church over their heads. Conchobar son of Fergal Mac Diarmata was killed there and Maelruanaid Mac Diarmata was captured and many of his followers killed, and their horses and armour were taken from them.

1398.5

Muirchertach son of Domnall O Conchobair made a hosting against O Domnaill in the Land of Aed Ruad son of Badurn. They took no booty, and so turned back. Aed O Duirnin followed them up and began skirmishing with them at Ballyshannon; his horse was wounded and he fell from it and the main body of the army closed round him and he was killed by the Clann Donnchada. Sean son of Muiredach Ruad was also killed in this pursuit.

1398.6

Loch Farbach was captured by Ruaidri son of Aed Mac Diarmata, eligible prince of Moylurg, and it was impossible to count up the amount of booty which was found on it.

1398.7

Morchad Ban son of Sean son of Domnall O Fergail, the best son of a king-chieftain of his time in Ireland, died a month before Great Christmas—a death of anointing with oil and repentance— and was buried in the monastery of Lara in the resting-place of his father and grandfather.


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1398.8

Maurice son of Piers Dalton was killed by Muirchertach Oc Mac Eochacain and Brian son of O Conchobair Failgi.

1398.9

Glendalough was burned by Englishmen and Irish Galls again this summer.

1398.10

Domnall O Nuallain was killed by the Galls this year.

1398.11

O Brian the Bald died.

1398.12

Pilip son of Mathgamain Donn O Cennetig died.

1398.13

Semus son of Emann O Cennetig died.

1398.14

The son of Diarmait Serb (the Bitter) O Brain died.

1398.15

Walter son of David Burke was killed by the Munster Galls.

1398.16

Geralt O Broin, king of the Ui Faelain, rested.

1398.17

Maelsechlainn O Morda, king of Laigis, died.

1398.18

Tomas son of Cathal son of Murchad O Fergail was killed by the Meath Galls at Killeen. This Tomas attained the lordship of Annaly in opposition to Seoan son of Brian son of Murchad, although it is not right to oppose a good senior kinsman.

1398.19

Mag Carthaig Cairprech won a great victory over the Ui Suillebain, in which were killed O Suillebain Mael, two sons of O Suillebain Mor, namely Eogan and Conchobar, the son of O Suillebain Buide and many others.

1398.20

Muirchertach Oc Mag Aengusa was killed by his own kinsmen.

1398.21

A great attack was made by Macwilliam Burke and the sons of Cathal Oc [O Conchobair] on Sligo. They burnt and completely sacked the town.

1398.22

Cing Risderd, King of England, came to Ireland this year and Art Mac Murchada, king of Leinster, was greatly weakened by the King and the rest of the English.

1398.23

Mac Murchada made an expedition, and the Galls of Leinster and Meath and a large body of the English army came up with him. Mac Murchada's hired troops were slaughtered, including Cerball and Eogan sons of Donnchad O Duinn together with the chief of their followers; and Uilliam son of Cerball Mac Gilla Patraic and the son of Diarmait Ruad Mac Gilla Patraic were also killed there.

1398.24

An army was led by O Conchobair Ruad and Conchobar Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, into Tirerrill. Their foraying-parties reached Moytirra of the Fomorians, took great preys and brought them away towards Coillte Conchobair; and their


p.373

hired troops and young levies went off with their booty and O Conchobair, Mac Diarmata and Somairle Buide son of Marcus Mac Domnaill, Mac Diarmata's constable, deserted by their own men, were left with but a small following. Muirchertach son of Domnall [O Conchobair] and Maelruanaid Mac Donnchada, king of Tirerrill, each with his following, came upon them in Cnoc in Chroma and routed them there; Somairle Buide and his people were killed there, and on this expedition O Conchobair's right hand was severely wounded by a lucky shot.

1398.25

The son of Muiris Buide O Morda, lord of Slievemargie, bridge of the poets and exiles of Ireland, died.

1398.26

Art the Crooked O Faelain rested.

1398.27

The daughter of Brian O Fergail, wife of Sinnach, rested.

1398.28

Findguala daughter of Cathal O Matadain, died.

1398.29

A great plague this year.

1399.1

1399 First of January on Wednesday and the fourteenth day of the moon, MCCCXCIX. Thirteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; seventh of the Indiction; nineteenth of the Solar Cycle. Common year. E.

1399.2

Brian O Briain, king of Thomond, fount of the honour and lordship of all Ireland, died this year, having won a victory over the world and the Devil. Toirrdelbach son of Murchad O Briain, the stay of Thomond, died too.

1399.3

Aed O Donnchada, king of the Eoganacht of Loch Lein, rested.

1399.4

Gilla na Naem Mac Aedacain, ollav of Eastern Munster in Law, and Baethgalach Mac Aedacain, ollav in Law of the Ui Fiachrach and the Ui Amalgaid, died.

1399.5

Toirrdelbach son of Maelmuire Mac Suibne, lord of Fanait, rested.

1399.6

Cu Ulad son of Niall O Neill, general protector of the learned of Ireland, rested.

1399.7

Feidlim son of Cathair O Conchobair, eligible prince of Offaly, died.

1399.8

Seoan son of Brian son of Murchad O Fergail, chieftain of Annaly, died and Domnall son of Sean O Fergail succeeded.

1399.9

Henry the Swift Mac Wattin, lord of Tirawley, rested in Christ.

1399.10

Domnall son of Gilla Isa Ruad O Raigillig, rested.

1399.11

Diarmait son of Aed son of Feidlimid O Conchobair, a man well qualified to be king of Connacht, rested.


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1399.12

Mae Eochada Eolach, ollav of the house of Caemanach in Poetry and general protector of the men of Ireland, died after a victory of repentance.

1399.13

De Colton, Archbishop of Armagh, rested in Christ.

1399.14

Tadc O Cerbaill, king of Ely, was captured by the Earl of Ormond this year.

1399.15

Cormac O Cuirnin, prospective ollav of Brefne, died this year.

1399.16

Domnall Ruad son of Sigraid O Cuirnin, prospective ollav of Brefne, died of the plague this year.

1399.17

Macwilliam Burke, the sons of Cathal Oc [O Conchobair], and the sons of O Cellaig led a great army into Carbury. Ruaidri son of Domnall son of Flaithbertach O Ruairc was killed by them on this expedition, and many others not enumerated here.

1400.1

1400 First of January on Thursday and the twenty-fifth day of the moon, MCCCC. Fourteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; eighth year of the Indiction; twentieth year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. DC.

1400.2

Aed O Maelmuaid, king of the Fir Cell, entered into rest on the sixteenth of January.

1400.3

Laignech son of Fergal Ruad son of Donnchad Mag Eochacain entered into rest on the eleventh of September.

1400.4

Risderd Mac Feorais and others were treacherously killed in the Bishop of Meath's house on the twenty-second of June.

1400.5

Donnchad Sinnach, lord of the Muinter Tadcain and king de jure of the Fir Tethba, rested.

1400.6

Diarmait and Brian son of O Catharnaig, son [that is] of the Sinnach, entered into rest on the first of August.

1400.7

Dunamon Castle was taken by the son of the Abbot O Conchobair. Hubert son of Edmund son of Hubert Burke was killed there, and the son of Emann O Cellaig's son, who was in captivity there, was released by him.

1400.8

Grigoir son of Tanaide O Maelchonaire, prospective ollav of the Sil Murray and a passed master in his art, was unfortunately killed by a spear-thrust at the hands of William Garb son of David [Burke] on the causeway of Dunamon, through a mistake. Six score and six cows were given as his wergild.

1400.9

Sadb daughter of Tadc Mac Donnchada rested.


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1400.10

Ruaidri son of Art Mag Aengusa was killed by the sons of Cu Ulad O Neill and by Cathbarr Mag Aengusa this year.

1400.11

Simon O Trebair, Archdeacon of Killarga, rested.

1400.12

Tomas O Cuirnin, ollav of the Fir Brefne, rested.

1400.13

The sons of Sir David [Burke] made a great raid on Niail Mor O hUicinn; and God punished them for it that very night, for many of them perished from the cold of the night.

1400.14

Seaan O Raigillig, king of East Brefne, the son of Pilip, died of a fit.

1400.15

Domnall the Tall O Duibidir was killed by the Galls this year.

1400.16

A great war between the sons of Sean O Domnaill and O Domnaill himself.

1400.17

Niall O Neill took a great army into Tir Conaill and spoiled much of the corn of the country. Some horses and men were taken from him.

1400.18

The posterity of Flaithbertach O Ruairc were expelled from Brefne.

1400.19

Gilla Isa son of Anrig [O Raigillig] was made king in Brefne and died at the end of a month.

1400.20

The King of England's son came to Ireland this year.

1400.21

Maurice son of the Earl of Desmond's son died of the plague.

1400.22

Tadc O Cerbaill escapeda from the Earl at Belach Gabrain.

1400.23

The son of Mac in Miled, lord of the Stauntons, was killed by Ulick Burke.

1400.24

The son of Magnus Mag Uidir, hospitaller to the men of Ireland, died of a fit.

1400.25

Maelsechlainn son of Archbishop O Cellaig died of the smallpox.

1400.26

The descendants of Flaithbertach [O Ruairc] made a great raid on O Ruairc.

1400.27

Tigernan O Ruairc raided O Mailduin of Lurg. O Domnaill came upon him and forcibly took the prey from him.

1400.28

Findguala daughter of Cathal son of Aed Brefnech, wife of Mac Suibne Fanat, rested.

1400.29

Diarmait son of Muirchertach Ruad O Birn died on the ninth of May.


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1401.1

1401 First of January on Saturday and the sixth day of the moon, MCCCCI. Fifteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; ninth of the Indiction; twenty-first of the Solar Cycle.

1401.2

Maelsechlainn O Cellaig, king of the Ui Maine, a man full of bounty and valour and the qualities of lordship, died after vanquishing the world and the Devil.

1401.3

Thomas son of Edmund Albanach, Macwilliam Burke, lord of the Galls of Connacht and a good part of its Gaels, died this year.

1401.4

Conchobar O Mailsechlainn, king de jure of Meath, died on the thirtieth of March, making a good end, at Lehinch in Moyelly.

1401.5

Muirchertach Oc son of Muirchertach Mor Mag Eochacain, was killed on the fifth of October at Bel Atha Imper, with one cast of a spear, by Geroit son of Robert Dalton in a night-combat, after he had sent his followers away to make an attack on Brenad in Muinter Gillgain.

1401.6

Domnall son of Teboit O Mailmuaid, eligible prince of the Fir Cell, was killed by the Galls in Alma of Leinster on the fourteenth of May.

1401.7

Gilla na Naem Mac Aedacain, judge-ollav of the Ui Failgi and the Cenel Fiachach, rested.

1401.8

Teboit Buide O Mailmuaid was killed at Kilcumreragh on the twenty-ninth of September by the sons of Art O Mailsechlainn.

1401.9

Cathal Ruad Mag Ragnaill, chieftain of the Muinter Eolais, was killed at Drumcoorha by Sefraid son of Maelsechlainn Mag Ragnaill at the end of the first month of Spring, namely on the third of March. Maelruanaid son of Cathal Ruad Mag Ragnaill was killed in the same year by the sons of Maelsechlainn Mag Ragnaill on the track of their prey.

1401.10

Two Macwilliams were made this year, after the death of Thomas Burke. One of these was Ulick son of Richard Oc and the other was Walter son of Thomas Burke, and they acknowledged the Macwilliam of Clanrickard on the ground of seniority.

1401.11

Conchobar Anabaid (the Unripe or Premature) O Cellaig was made king in succession to his father.


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1401.12

Domnall O Maille, king of the Owles of Mayo, died this year.

1401.13

Cormac son of Diarmait Mac Branain was treacherously killed by Conchobar son of Sean Mac Branain.

1401.14

Enormous destruction was wrought by Art son of Art [Mac Murchada], king of Leinster, in County Wexford. The Galls of Dublin did as much for the Gaels of Leinster, and many of the hired Munster troops were killed, including Tadc O Mechair.

1401.15

A great plague in Conmaicne Cuile and Clanrickard.

1401.16

Philip de Vale died of this plague.

1401.17

Ulick son of Richard of Clanrickard was drowned in Turlach Mor of the Ui Fiachrach [Aidne] this year.

1401.18

The death of O Flannacain of Ely this year.

1401.19

Failgi son of Eogan O Conchobair Failgi was killed by one successful shot of a short arrow this year.

1401.20

Uilliam Oc O hUicinn was killed by the sons of Cathal na mBanfigech (C. of the weaving-women) Mag Flannchaid between two rivers this year.

1401.21

Mac Gilla Brigde of Mag was killed by a fall.

1401.22

Raids were made by the sons of Domnall son of Muirchertach O Conchobair on Mac Diarmata this year.

1401.23

The Rock of Loch Key was taken by the sons of Fergal Mac Diarmata. Many people were killed and drowned around it, and its garrison surrendered it for a reward.

1401.24

Feidlimid son of Cathal Oc O Conchobair was killed by O Conchobair Donn's son.

1401.25

The attack on Cavan was delivered by the sons of O Ruairc, that is Tigernan Oc and Aed Buide and Tadc, and the sons of Mag Samradain, against Maelmorda O Raigillig, while the Muinter Mailmorda were encamped in their rear. It is hard to estimate the destruction wrought there, of people and goods. Twenty suits of armour were burned there, as well as Mac in Biataigh, who came to the help of the Muinter Raigillig. Two score horses were taken from them as well.

1401.26

Terrible war arose between Toirrdelbach son of Niall Garb son of Aed O Domnaill and the prospective king of Tir Eogain, namely Brian son of Enri Aimreid O Neill. Brian attacked the camp of the Clann Dalaig and Toirrdelbach son of Niall Garb, lord of Tir Conaill, ill-advisedly and overweeningly, and in his


p.383

strength and boldness inflicted a shattering rout on them at the beginning of the day. But ‘no wrong goes unpunished and no deed unavenged,’ and even so these deeds did not go without the swift vengeance of the Cenel Conaill. For this was the outcome of these deeds for them: O Neill's son was left at the end of the day with a few followers, guarding the rear of a prey which he had taken from Enri O Gairmlegaid, and these preys were taken from him by the Cenel Moan—though he was a success with failure for the Cenel Moan, since he killed the son of O Gairmlegaid with one sword-stroke; and after this the Cenel Conaill all closed round him and the slaying of this stout warrior was Toirrdelbach O Domnaill's to boast. Niall son of Niall Garb O Domnaill and Maelsechlainn son of Flaithbertach O Ruairc were killed by the Cenel Eogain in the early part of the day, and [the Cenel Conaill side] lost many another besides these; but they cannot all be enumerated, for fear of becoming tedious.

1402.1

1402 First of January on Sunday and the seventeenth day of the moon, MCCCCII. Sixteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; tenth year of the Indiction; twenty-second year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. A.

1402.2

A huge war between the Earl of Ormond and the Earl of Desmond, and both Macwilliams went to help the Earl of Ormond.

1402.3

Fergal son of Aed O Ruairc, son of the king of Brefne and a prince eligible for the kingship of the Ui Briuin, was treacherously killed in his own house by Lochlainn Colach Mac Caba a fortnight before Easter. He was buried in the monastery of Sligo.

1402.4

The Rock of Loch Key was re-taken with great bravery and [...]. . . (?) by Conchobar Oc son of Aed Mac Diarmata from the sons of Fergal Mac Diarmata.

1402.5

Niall Oc son of Niall Mor son of Aed Mor O Neill, high-king of Ulster, died in the autumn of this year, having won a victory in this world in fame and honour and good repute over the men of the present life. May God and Patrick have compassion on his soul.

1402.6

Muirchertach son of Donnchad O Dubda, one who never refused anything in the world to a suppliant, if he had it to give, died and made a good end in the summer of this year and was buried at Ardnarea.


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1402.7

Pilip son of Brian Mor Mag Mathgamna, high-king of Oriei, died and made a good end, and Ardgal son of Brian succeeded to his place.

1402.8

Cu Chonnacht son of Magnus son of Cu Chonnacht O Raigillig, eligible prince of Brefne and only son of Una daughter of Toirrdelbach O Conchobair, died at harvest-time.

1402.9

Brian son of Domnall O Flaithbertaig, eligible prince of Carn Gegan, rested in Christ.

1402.10

Death of Tomas son of Seaan na Tuaithe.

1402.11

The sons of Cormac son of Donnchad Mag Carthaig made an attack on the Barretts and the Barretts defeated them. The son of Donnchad Mag Carthaig's son was captured, with many of his followers, and Art O Caim was killed as well.

1402.12

Mac Cinaith of Trough was craftily killed by his own kin.

1402.13

Feidlimid son of Cathal Oc was released from his captivity.

1402.14

Brian son of Niall Oc O Neill rested in Christ just after his father.

1402.15

Muirchertach O Flannacain, Archdeacon of Elphin, rested.

1403.1

1403 First of January on Monday and the twenty-eighth day of the moon, MCCCCIII. Seventeenth year of the Lunar Cycle; eleventh of the Indiction; twenty-third of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. G.

1403.2

Magnus son of Cu Muige na Cailled (of the Woods) [O Cathain], king of Keenaght, died.

1403.3

Tadc son of Cathal Oc O Conchobair was killed by the sons of Toirrdelbach Oc O Conchobair and Eogan son of the Abbot O Conchobair in Machaire na nOilech this year, at the feast of St. Bridget, and was buried in the tomb of his grandfather Cathal son of Domnall.

1403.4

Conchobar Anabaid O Cellaig, king of the Ui Maine, venomous serpent of the Gaels for his swiftness and depredations, died after Unction and Penance and was buried in the monastery of John Baptist in Tir Maine, a house on which he had bestowed many benefits.

1403.5

Cathal O Dimusaig, eligible prince of the Clann Mailugra, was killed by the Galls; and the poets tell us that he was a right bountiful and valiant man. His brother Brian was killed by them a month later, and Feidlimid O Dimusaig as well.


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1403.6

Findguala daughter of Toirrdelbach O Conchobair, wife of Maelsechlainn O Cellaig king of the Ui Maine, the woman of the best name and fame of her time in Ireland, entered into rest.

1403.7

An immense hosting by O Conchobair Donn and Muirchertach Baccach (the Lame), lord of Sligo, into South Connacht. They seized the lordship of Eogan O Matadain, son of Murchad, this time and proceeded afterwards into Clanrickard to help Ulick son of Richard against the Ui Maine, whom they subdued on this expedition, and then returned without mishap, without misfortune, to their homes.

1403.8

Muirchertach Baccach son of Domnall son of Muirchertach O Conchobair, lord of North Connacht, died, after having conquered his enemies in every part of Ireland, on the Friday after the feast of Michael.

1403.9

A great war arose this year between the men of Brefne and the Clann Donnchaid, wherein some great ones were killed; Tomaltach Oc son of Tomaltach Mag Dorchaid, last chieftain of the Cenel Luachain, was killed between them, and in this war Muirchertach Oc O hElide, a rich and prosperous yeoman, was slain.

1403.10

Maelmorda son of Cu Chonnacht son of Gilla Isa Ruad assumed the kingship of the Muinter Mailmorda this year.

1403.11

Eogan son of Seoan O Ruairc was captured by Maelmorda O Raigillig, and Sean son of Tadc son of Ualgarc O Ruairc was captured and wounded by the Muinter Mailmorda. War between the Muinter Raigillig and the Muinter Ruairc resulted therefrom, and on that day Mathgamain son of Gilla Crist son of Flaithbertach Mac Capa was wounded by O Ruairc's men. And it is here that the attack on Cavan was made, as we have already related it, according to another book.

1403.12

Muirchertach Garb O Sechnusaig, eligible prince of the Ui Fiachrach Aidne, was killed by the Ui Maine.

1403.13

Seaan Buide son of Seoinin Burke was slain by the posterity of Eogan O Cellaig and the sons of Hubert Dalton.


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1404.1

1404 First of January on Tuesday and the ninth day of the moon, MCCCCIV. Eighteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; twelfth of the Indiction; twenty-fourth of the Solar Cycle. Common year. FE.

1404.2

Tomas Barrett, Bishop of Elphin, a most eminent man, rested in Christ in the spring of this year and was buried at Errew on Loch Con.

1404.3

The death of Maelsechlainn Mag Oirechtaig, chieftain of the Muinter Raduib, on the middle Sunday of Lent. He was buried at Roscommon.

1404.4

Conchobar Oc son of Aed Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg and a bear for bravery, died between Michaelmas and Samain. Tadc son of Aed Mac Diarmata was then made king, about Samain.

1404.5

Cormac Mac Diarmata was killed in a skirmish in Clanrickard by the cavalry of Clanrickard and of all Thomond at the end of a month of this same autumn. And this was the drop before a shower for Moylurg: Cormac before Conchobar.

1404.6

O Conchobair Failgi's daughter, the wife of Gilla Patraic O Morda, rested.

1404.7

Cathal Mac Donnchada died in his own stronghold at Portinch, after a victory of repentance, and was buried at Kilmacallan.

1404.8

Domnall son of Enri O Neill assumed the kingship of the Province.

1404.9

The sons of Oengus son of Domnall Oc Mac Domnaill was killed by Donnchad O Cellaig.

1404.10

Many diseases in Ireland this year, and especially the lectual sickness.

1404.11

Morchad Oc son of Conchobar Mac Sithig died.

1404.12

Tomas O Cennetig, half-king of Ormond, was killed by Domnall son of Pilip O Cennetig.

1404.13

The rout of Blackford, inflicted by Gilla Patraic O Morda, king of Laigis, on the Galls. Many were slain here and quantities of horses, arms and armour were captured from them.

1404.14

Donnahad son of O Cennetig Donn died this year while held in captivity by his own brothers.

1404.15

The Earl of Ormond, head of the valour of Ireland, rested.


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1404.16

Mac Cathmail, chieftain of Kinelfarry, was killed.

1404.17

Donnchad Baccach O Mailchonaire, ollav of the Sil Murray in History, died.

1404.18

Gilla Duibin Mac Cruitin, ollav of Thomond in History, died.

1404.19

Feidlim O Tuathail, king of the Ui Muiredaig, died.

1404.20

Cerball O Dalaig, ollav in Poetry of Corcumroe, died.

1404.21

Fingen son of Eogan Mac Carthaig died.

1404.22

Mac Raith O Suillebain died.

1404.23

Domnall son of Donnchad O Dalaig, called the Bag of Poetry, died.

1404.24

Flann Oc son of Seoan O Domnallain, ollav in Poetry of Sil Muiredaig, died.

1404.25

Cormac son of Aed son of Feidlimid son of Gilla Isa Ruad O Raigillig [died].

1404.26

War broke out between Mag Carthaig and O Suillebain Buide and the sons of Diarmait Mag Carthaig. Toirrdelbach the Stout Mac Mathgamna was Mag Carthaig's sea-captain at that time, and he came up with O Suillebain at sea, and with the sons of Diarmait as well; O Suillebain was drowned and he captured Donnchad son of Diarmait and Domnall son of Eogan [Mac Carthaig].

1404.27

Andrew Barrett was killed by the Ui Murchada.

1404.28

Eogan son of Murchad son of Cathair O Conchobair Failgech was killed by the Earl of Kildare.

1404.29

Nuala daughter of Domnall son of Muirchertach O Conchobair, wife of Fergal son of Cormac Mac Donnchada, rested.

1404.30

Uilliam O Deoradain, law-ollav to the house of Caemanach, died.

1404.31

Fergal son of Teboid O Maelmuaid died.

1404.32

Dond Cathaig son of Muiredach Mag Senlaich, a rich and prosperous yeoman and a high officer of Ruaidri O Conchobair, king of Connacht, who enjoyed every good fortune till his death and at last received remission of his sins in the Pope's court, died on the Monday after the feast of Michael.

1405.1

1405 First of January on Thursday and the twentieth day of the moon, MCCCCV. Nineteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; thirteenth of the Indiction; twenty-fifth of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. D. Last year of the Hendecad.

1405.2

Death of Fergal son of Cormac Mac Donnchada, eligible prince of the Ui Ailella, this year.


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1405.3

Richard Butler, known as ‘Hard-foot,’ was killed by the son of Fachtna O Morda.

1405.4

Mac Murchada waged a great war with the Galls, which resulted in the ravaging and burning of County Wexford. Carlow and Tristledermot were burned too.

1405.5

Cathal son of Dond Mag Samradain died this year.

1405.6

Donnchad the Crooked O Lochlainn, king of Corcumroe, was killed by the sons of Maelsechlainn O Lochlainn in retribution for their father.

1405.7

Risderd Mag Ragnaill, eligible for the chieftainship of the Muinter Eolais, entered into rest after drinking ‘water of life’ to excess; it was deathly water to him.

1405.8

Diarmait son of Donnchad O Conchobair Ciarraige was killed by Fitz Maurice of Kerry.

1405.9

Domnall Oc O Ruairc died.

1405.10

Miles Dalton was slain by the Dalton and the sons of Hubert Dalton.

1405.11

Newcastle was demolished by the Ui Broin this year.

1405.12

The daughter of Domnall O Briain, wife of Pilip son of Mathgamain Donn O Cennetig, died.

1405.13

Gilla na Naem son of Ruaidri O Cianain, ollav in History to the Fir Manach, died suddenly in the house of Nede O Mailchonaire's son in Cairpre Gabra. He was buried in the monastery of Lara.

1405.14

Muirchertach O Duibginnain rested.

1405.15

Tadc Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, made the Airtech expedition to demand the dues of his lordship from the descendants of Conchobar son of Taichlech and from the people of Airtech at large, as has always been the right of a man holding his position. And at Loch Labain in Airtech Mac Diarmata was hard put to it by O Conchobair Donn, the posterity of Muirchertach Muimnech O Conchobair, the sons of Fergal Mac Diarmata, the people of Airtech themselves, the Clann Ceithernaig and the Clann Conchobair. When this excessive body of foes found Mac Diarmata at a disadvantage they made a headlong rush at him, being two or three times as strong as he. They attacked him on two sides (?) and the drovers of O Conchobair, afoot and mounted, charged against him, and each party shot off the volley which was ready in their bows. But Mac Diarmata, with the support of Donnchad Mac Domnaill his constable, Lochlainn Colach Mac Caba and all the new levies of Moylurg, defeated this mingled host of enemies at the beginning


p.395

of the day and his men made great slaughter of the rabble. Yet at the end this was a success with failure for Mac Diarmata's people. For some man of the opposing (?) battle sent a woful arrow-shot among the mighty mass of the nobles of the host who were protecting their prince and guarding him from the harm of the slaying; and this arrow passed by the worthless rabble-rout and mean folk and the chief champions of the fight entirely, but the [? point of] the black infernal dart pierced the nape of the prince in sight of all. However, after this irreparable loss, this immitigable misfortune to the free peoples of Sliab Segsa and the warriors of Cnoc in Scail and Tulchan Mailruanaid Moir, which everyone now calls [ [...]. . . ], as the poet Mac Coissi says: ‘Cnoc in Scail was its name at first, from the time of Nera it was his dwelling; the Mound of Maelruanaid of the spearpoints shall be its name until the end of time,’ they departed from the country and came to their homes. Tadc was taken to be buried in the tomb of his ancestors, and after the burial of Tadc they made Ruaidri son of Aed Mac Diarmata king, and on my word this was not ‘a stone for an egg.’ This great killing was done on the feast of Crosses, as the chronicler tells us.

1405.16

Magnus son of Aed O hUicinn died.

1405.17

Aed O hAinlide, chieftain of Cenel Dofa, rested in Christ on the seventeenth of July and was buried at Clooncorpey on the bank of the Shannon, under the protection of Berach.

1405.18

Mor daughter of Gafraid O Raigillig's son rested in Christ on the twenty-eighth of February.

1405.19

Johannes son of Maelmartain, vicar of Templehouse, died on the twenty-fifth of February.

1405.20

Aine daughter of Brian Mag Tigernain rested on the fourteenth of April.

1406.1

1406 First of January on Friday and the first day of the moon, MCCCCVI. First year of the Lunar Cycle; fourteenth of the Indiction; twenty-sixth of the Solar Cycle. Common year. C.


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1406.2

Laigsech O Nuallain, eligible prince of Forth, Aed O Tuathail, eligible prince of the Ui Mail, Bran O Broin, eligible prince of the Ui Faelain, and Domnall son of Tomas Mac Murchada died of the plague this year.

1406.3

Maelruanaid son of Tadc Mac Donnchada, king of Tirerrill, died in his own house after a victory of Unction and Penance and was buried in the monastery of Boyle this year.

1406.4

Murchad O Conchobair, king of Offaly, with his sons and family, and with Cathal Dub and Tadc, two sons of the king of Connacht, and a few of their mounted men (for these two princes were then on a visit to O Conchobair in Offaly) inflicted a very heavy defeat on the Meath Galls and on Eogan son of the Abbot O Conchobair with the hired troops of Connacht. These two armies both went into Upper Geashill, and the Abbots' son proceeded with his own force to Cluain Immorrais, to the house of Gilla Buide Mac Maelcorra; and on my word it would have been better for them if they had not. For there Calbach the son of Murchad O Conchobair and Cathal [Dub] O Conchobair with six horsemen came upon them, and Gilla Buide, seeing Calbach's cauldron, which he had borrowed for making ale, on the back of a youth of the army, said: ‘I give you notice of your cauldron, Calbach!’ ‘I accept it!’ said Calbach. One of the pursuers threw a stone with sure aim, so that it struck the bottom of the cauldron, and this caused the army to take to flight. Not only was the Abbot's son killed on the moor to the north of that house, but their loss in men was not less than three hundred between that spot and Cloonany in Crinegedach, as we hear it generally reported. For this slaughtering was kept up from Cluain Immorrais to Cloonany and the most valued relic of all Connacht was taken from them that day, the ‘Buacach’ of Patrick which used to be at Elphin. On the sixth of the Ides of July according to the day of the solar month, and on a Saturday according to the day of the week these things were done, that is to say, on the tenth day of the month of July.

1406.5

Tadc son of Donnchad O Birn, chieftain of Tir Briuin na Sinna, died on the fourth of the Ides of November, according to the day of the solar month, and on a Wednesday according to the day of the week, that is, the day before the feast of St. Martin.

1406.6

Toirrdelbach Oc son of Aed son of Toirrdelbach, king of Connacht for twenty-two years in joint sovranty with O Conchobair Ruad, was killed by Cathal Dub son of O Conchobair


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Ruad and by Seaan, the son of Edmund son of Hobert son of Sir David Burke and Ben Muman daughter of [Aed] mac Feidlimid [O Conchobair], and by Diarmait O Tanaiden, who was boldly repaid for this crime, in the house of Richard son of Seaan Buide son of Edmund son of Hobert, at Crecan by Fidicen in Clan Conway. Now this is one of the three kings of Connacht who were killed in Clan Conway: Conchobar Maenmaige son of Ruaidri son of Toirrdelbach Mor, and Ruaidri son of Cathal Ruad son of Conchobar Ruad son of Muirchertach Muimnech son of Toirrdelbach Mor King of Ireland, and Toirrdelbach Oc son of Aed son of Toirrdelbach Oc, as we have already said. [He was killed] on the fifth of the Ides of December according to the day of the solar month, on a Thursday according to the [day of the] week, that is, the sixteenth day before the feast of the Nativity of our Lord Jesus Christ.

1407.1

1407 First of January on Saturday and the twelfth day of the moon, MCCCCVII. Second year of the Lunar Cycle; fifteenth of the Indiction; twenty-seventh of the Solar Cycle. Common year. B.

1407.2

Cathal son of O Conchobair Failgi was killed by the Clann Feorais on the ninth of the Calends of March according to the day of the solar month, and on a Monday according to the day of the week, that is, on the twenty-first day of Spring, at the end of a year in the Cycle of the Lord but at the beginning of a year of the Decemnovennial Cycle, so that the dating is VI. according to the Cycles of the Lord and VII. by the Decemnovennial Cycle.

1407.3

Seoan son of Tadc O Ruairc, eligible prince of Brefne, died in Moylurg and was buried at Drumlane this year.

1407.4

The son of Tadc son of Mathgamain Donn O Cennetig, lord of Upper Ormond, was killed by O Cerbaill.

1407.5

A great victory by the Galls and Scrope over the Gaels of Munster, wherein Tadc O Cerbaill, king of Ely, was slain. This Tadc was a general protector to the poets of Ireland and Scotland and may God have mercy on his soul.

1407.6

Muirchertach O Cellaig, Archbishop of Connacht, eminent in all Ireland for wisdom, charity and humanity, rested in Christ at Tuaim at the feast of Michael.


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1407.7

A victory by O Conchobair Ruad and O Cellaig, in which some of the Clann Sithig were killed; I do not know their names.

1407.8

This year the battle of Cell Achaid was won by O Conchobair Ruad, the sons of Maelsechlainn O Cellaig and Ruaidri Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, over Macwilliam of Clanrickard and Cathal son of Ruaidri O Conchobair, on whom the title of king had been conferred after O Conchobair Donn had been killed by Cathal Dub son of O Conchobair Ruad. Clanrickard and Cathal son of Ruaidri were routed and Cathal son of Ruaidri and William Burke were captured, and many others were killed and captured. These great deeds were done about the feast of John Baptist.

1407.9

Before this, Tulsk castle was destroyed by Brian son of Domnall son of Muirchertach O Conchobair and the Clann Donnchada, and they placed Cathal son of Ruaidri on Carn Fraich.

1407.10

Conmac O Fergail died an untimely death.

1407.11

Eogan son of Cathal son of Aed Brefnech son of Cathal Ruad O Conchobair died and was buried in the monastery of Boyle this year.

1407.12

Adam Mac Muire, king of Iveagh, was killed by Aed Mag Aengusa and Senicoc.

1407.13

Maelmorda O Dimusaig, king of Clann Mailugra, died this year.

1407.14

Seoan son of Cathal Mac Ceithernaig died.

1407.15

The death of Lochlainn son of Domnall at the hands of Feidlimid son of Ruaidri O Conchobair.

1407.16

The son of Uilliam Oc O Cellaig and the son of Mathgamain O Nechtain were craftily slain by Feradach O Cellaig.

1407.17

Very bad weather and much loss of cattle this year.

1408.1

1408 First of January on Sunday and the twenty-third day of the moon MCCCCVIII. Third year of the Lunar Cycle; first of the Indiction; twenty-eighth of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. AG.

1408.2

Amlaib Mag Amalgada, chieftain of Calry, died and was buried at Athlone.

1408.3

Tomas son of the King of England came to Ireland this year. He took the Earl of Kildare prisoner.


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1408.4

The King's son made a campaign in Leinster after this. Hitsin Diuit was killed on this campaign, and this was a very great loss.

1408.5

A great plague in Meath this year and Scrope, a very valiant knight and lieutenant of the King of England, died thereof.

1408.6

Cathal and Conchobar Mae Ceithernaig, Seoan son of Seoan Mac Ceithernaig, and Tomaltach and Domnall sons of Fingen Mac Ceithernaig were killed by the Clan Murtagh this year to avenge the killing of Magnus son of Muirchertach son of Cathal previously by the Clann Ceithernaig.

1408.7

Thomas son of Hubert son of Edmund son of Hubert [Burke] was killed with one cast of a javelin by Gilla na Naem son of Uilliam Gallda O Taidg an Teglaig.

1408.8

Feidlim son of Ruaidri O Conchobair made great raids on Eogan son of O Conchobair Ruad this year.

1408.9

Cormac O Maille was killed by his brother.

1408.10

Baethan Mac Gilla Ruaid killed Magnus Mag Samradain by throwing a stake at him.

1408.11

Miles Dalton was killed by his brother, and afterwards his castle was destroyed by the descendants of Cathal O Fergail.

1408.12

Eogan O Ruairc and the sons of Donn Mag Samradain went into Tir Conaill to make war upon the men of Brefne.

1408.13

Fergal son of Cu Chonnacht O Raigillig died this year.

1408.14

Conchobar son of Imar O hAinlide was killed this year by the Corca Achlann and the Cenel Dobtha themselves, on the moor of Cluain na Caillech; and this, the ‘day of the Black Borders,’ was a cruel day both for Cathal Dub O Conchobair and for the children of Imar O hAinlide; and he was buried in the monastery of Roscommon. That was at the beginning of Winter.

1408.15

Aed Ruad son of Tomas O Birn and Donnchad his son and Brian Buide son of Amlaib Ruad were killed.

1409.1

1409 First of January on Tuesday and the fourth day of the moon, MCCCCIX. Fourth year of the Lunar Cycle; second of the Indiction; first year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. F.

1409.2

Leprosy attacked the King of England and the report came to Ireland. Thomas the King's son left Ireland at the report concerning his father, after liberating the Earl of Kildare from his fetters.


p.405

1409.3

Maelsechlainn son of Brian Mag Tigernain died this year.

1409.4

Maelsechlainn Mor Mag Eochacain was made ex-chieftain and Fergal son of Fergal Ruad son of Donnchad Mag Eochacain succeeded to his place.

1409.5

Richard Burke's leg was broken by a dog that was running, and he unhappily died of it.

1409.6

The Belleek raid, made by Tigernan O Ruairc on O Domnaill and on Cathal and Eogan O Ruairc. O Domnaill and the Cenel Conaill were encamped on the further side of the rapids and Cathal and Eogan on this side of them, and he carried off the prey from both parties.

1409.7

Brian son of Domnall son of Muirchertach O Domnaill, Conchobar Mac Donnchada, king of Tirerrill, and the sons of Tigernan O Ruairc went on a hosting this year; and in spite of all the men of Connacht south of the Curlieus, who had assembled horse and foot and gallowglasses to oppose them, they placed stores and food in the castle of Roscommon. This was on the Monday after the feast of the Archangel Michael. Now the folk from the country north of the Curlieus expected that the men of Clanrickard would be with them in provisioning the castle, but they were not; only Macwilliam with a small body of horse came as far as Ballintober to meet them. Here they came near to flinching, since the Clanrickard had not sent the army they had promised, but Mac Donnchada said he would never withdraw till he either perished or provisioned the castle, and he bade Macwilliam remain where he was, seeing that he was not strong enough to fight or tackle the Connachtmen. ‘And,’ said he, ‘if I am killed, I should like you to be alive to nourish my children.’ Thereupon he led the way, nor did he pause in that forward rush till he reached Roscommon, and they provisioned the castle, losing only one warrior, and his body they brought away with them. And seldom has an expedition been made in Ireland, bolder and braver than this.

1409.8

The Muinter Cuirnin were killing each other this year. Seoan and Conla were killed by Diarmait son of Muirchertach O Cuirnin in the house of O Duibgennain of Castle Fore; and this Diarmait went into the house of Conchobar Crom son of Tadc O Conchobair, his lord and own foster-brother, and Conchobar arrested him in his own house and delivered him up to the Muinter Ruairc and the Muinter Cuirnin. He was kept more than a fortnight in captivity and was killed in the end by Seaan O Cuirnin.


p.407

1409.9

Cathal Mac Donnchada died on the eighteenth of September, and I am not sure that this is not the year at which Conchobar son of Imar O hAinlide ought to be entered.

1409.10

Muirchertach Mac Aedacain, law-ollave of Teffia, died.

1410.1

1410 First of January on Wednesday and the fifteenth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCCX. Fifth year of the Lunar Cycle; third year of the Indiction; second year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. E.

1410.2

Ragnall Mag Ragnaill, chieftain of the Muinter Eolais, died after Unction and Penance. Cumscrach Mag Ragnaill, who was proclaimed Mag Ragnaill in his stead, died within a fortnight of his assumption of the chieftainship. This was ‘a fall in the doorway of the assembly.’

1410.3

Fedlim Clerech son of Aed son of Fedlim O Conchobair died a fortnight before the festival of Bridget this year.

1410.4

The son of Ruaidri Oc O Conchobair died this year; and Tadc Carrach son of Toirrdelbach Donn O Conchobair died this year too.

1410.5

Maelsechlainn son of Eogan O Ruairc was killed by the Cenel Conaill, and afterwards Dun Castle was broken by the men of Carbury and Brefne.

1410.6

Domnall O Flaithbertaig, king of West Connacht, was craftily killed by Gilla Dub O Flaithbertaig.

1410.7

Domnall O Neill, king of Ulster, was outrageously captured by Brian Mag Mathgamna.

1410.8

Tomas son of Maelmuire Mag Raith, ollav of Thomond, died.

1410.9

Donnchad O Duirnin died.

1410.10

Sadb daughter of Conchobar O Briain, wife of Walter Burke, died.

1410.11

Domnall son of Cormac O hEgra, eligible prince of Leyney, died.

1410.12

Cormac Oc Mag Carthaig died while held in fetters by Mag Carthaig Mor.

1410.13

A loss greater than all losses was suffered at the end of this year, a fortnight after the feast of Michael. Tadc O Cellaig, king of the Ui Maine, the most bountiful giver of all the Gaels of Ireland and Scotland in his time, died after a victory of Unction and Penance, and may God have mercy on his soul for ever and ever.


p.409

1410.14

Edmund son of Ulick [Burke] died in the Summer, before Tadc O Cellaig, and Tadc son of Uilliam son of Conchobar Mac Branain, chieftain for nine years of the Corca Achlann, died on the day of Samain after Tadc O Cellaig, in his own house at Kilmore in Cloonshannagh after Unction and due repentance to God for his sin and transgression, and was buried in the monastery of Roscommon in the resting-place of his grandfather and father.

1410.15

Eogan son of Murchad O Matadain, king of the Sil nAnmchada, and Cobthach O Matadain, prospective king and bishop, died.

1410.16

Donnchad O Cellaig, son of Maelsechlainn, was made king after Tadc.

1410.17

The sons of O Conchobair Donn [took] five hundred cows belonging to the people of O Conchobair Ruad from Rathbrennan just before Samain this year.

1410.18

Muirchertach O Dimusaig died this year.

1410.19

Toirrdelbach and Tadc, sons of O Mailmuaid, and Domnall son of Hoibicin O Mailmuaid's son, were killed by the Clann Mailugra on the twenty-seventh of July, according to the day of the solar month, and on a Sunday according to the day of the week.

1410.20

Murchad O Flaithbertaig was made king after the slaying of Domnall O Flaithbertaig by the Gilla Dub.

1410.21

Uilliam O Tomaltaig, prior of a house in Athlone, rested.

1410.22

Maelsechlainn Mor son of Fergal son of Fergal son of Muirchertach Mor Mag Eochacain, chieftain of the Cenel Fiachach, died in the December of this year.

1410.23

Morianus son of Tadc O Birn was drowned on the eighteenth of September. Paitin wrote this.

1411.1

1411 First of January on Thursday and the twenty-sixth day of the moon, MCCCCXI. Sixth year of the Lunar Cycle; fourth year of the Indiction; third year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. D.

1411.2

Siban daughter of the Earl of Desmond, wife of Mag Carthaig Mor, died.

1411.3

This is the right year for Feidlim Clerech and the son of Ruaidri Oc.

1411.4

Domnall son of Conchobar Mor O Briain, eligible prince of Thomond, was killed by Barry More.

1411.5

O Suillebain was blinded by his own kinsmen in treachery, and Conchobar son of Gilla Mochuta O Suillebain was killed by his own brother in treachery.

1411.6

The monastery of Annadown was burned this year.

1411.7

Domnall O Bechain, a master of History, died.

1411.8

Diarmait son of Gilla Isa Mag Raith, ollav of Thomond in Poetry, died.

1411.9

O Sadb daughter of Mac Murchada, wife of Mac Gilli Patraic, died.

1411.10

Muirchertach son of Cu Ulad O Neill died.

1411.11

Edmund Burke made an attack on the sons of Seoan O hEgra, burning much of the country. Art son of Muirchertach O hEgra was killed with an arrow that day.

1411.12

Ben Muman, daughter of Aed O Conchobair and wife of Murchad son of Cormac Mac Donnchada, died.

1411.13

Domnall son of Cathal son of Aed O Ruairc died this year.

1411.14

Taichlech Buide son of Sean O hEgra died.

1411.15

Mac Domnaill of Scotland won a great victory over the Galls of Scotland. Mac Gilla Eoin, one of Mac Domnaill's followers, was killed in the resistance of the vanquished.

1411.16

The Earl of Desmond was banished by James son of Gerald, his brother.

1411.17

The Sheriff of Meath was captured by O Conchobair Failgi this year and a large ransom was exacted for him afterwards.

1411.18

O Suillebain Mor was captured and his son killed treacherously by Domnall Dub O Suillebain.

1411.19

Caech na Mocherge (Early-rising Blind-eye) son of Tadc son of Diarmait Mag Carthaig was killed in treachery by Feidlim son of Diarmait Mag Carthaig.

1411.20

Mag Carthaig Mor was banished by O Suillebain this year.

1411.21

Fergal Mac Magnusa, lord of Tir Thuathail, and Aed his son were treacherously killed by the sons of Ruaidri Mac Magnusa, Eogan and Muirchertach Cam, and Eogan was afterwards made lord over Tir Thuathail.

1411.22

Cathal O Cuirnin, prospective ollav of Brefne, rested.

1411.23

Magnus son of Baethgalach Mac Aedacain, prior of Sligo, died.

1411.24

The Holy Cross at Raphoe shed blood from the Wounds this year and performed many miracles, checking sicknesses and many ills.


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1411.25

Maelmorda O Raigillig, king of the Muinter Mailmorda, died.

1411.26

Cu Chonnacht Ruad son of Pilip son of Brian Mor Mag Mathgamna was killed by the sons of Sean Balb son of Brian Mor Mag Mathgamna in the Spring of this year at Lurgan.

1411.27

Robert Muntan, Bishop of Meath, rested in Christ.

1411.28

The battle of Bel na Muilled was won by Conchobar son of Sean Mac Branain over the descendants of Conchobar Mac Branain, the summer after [the death of] Tadc Mac Branain, when two lords had been proclaimed: Conn son of Aed and Conchobar son of Sean son of Echmarcach. Here were slain Conn and Maine sons of Aed son of Conchobar Mac Branain, Uilliam Finn son of Conn and others, on a Monday according to the day of the week. Conn was carried severely wounded to Grencha, and I do not know the manner of his death afterwards, and they buried him in the monastery of the friars at Roscommon. These great deeds were done a month before Lammas, and the chieftainship remained with Conchobar afterwards.

1411.29

Caitilin, daughter of Tomaltach O Fergail and wife of Maelsechlainn Mor Mag Eochacain, entered into rest in the December of this year.

1411.30

Ben Muman daughter of Aed son of Feidlimid O Conchobair, Lady of Clanconway during the reign of three lords, died.

1411.31

Muirchertach Midech son of Brian O Fergail, lord of Callow, a man who was never put to shame, rested in Christ.

1412.1

1412 First of January on Friday and the seventh day of the moon, MCCCCXII. Seventh year of the Lunar Cycle; fifth year of the Indiction; fourth year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. CB.

1412.2

Richard Barrett made an attack on Coolcarney and the nobles of the land came upon him and drove him to the Moy, where he was drowned. A large number of his followers were also drowned or captured.

1412.3

Tigernan Oc son of Tigernan son of Ualgarc O Ruairc, a


p.415

man well qualified for the kingship of Brefne, died this year, at the end of his thirty-sixth year, between Easter and May-day.

1412.4

Fergal O hEgra, eligible prince of Leyney, died.

1412.5

Domnall son of Niall O Domnaill died this year.

1412.6

O Fergail made war on the Galls and they burnt Fore and killed and captured many people.

1412.7

The town of Galway was burned.

1412.8

Sadb daughter of Tigernan O Ruairc, wife of Emann son of Tomas son of Cathal O Fergail, died.

1412.9

There was war between O Cathain and O Domnaill, with the sons of Seaan O Domnaill on the side of O Cathain. O Cathain and these sons attacked O Domnaill and killed fourteen of his men, including Feidlim O Domnaill's son and Cathal son of Ragnall O Baigill.

1412.10

Donnchad Mag Brataig, chieftain of Cuil Brigdin, died.

1412.11

The son of Lochlainn (called the Spotty Boy) son of Donnchad son of Lochlainn O Ruairc, a generous, splendid and prosperous noble, died this year.

1412.12

The image of Mary at Trim worked great miracles.

1412.13

Cu Aba Mac Gormain, an officer of O Briain, died.

1412.14

Caterfina, daughter of Maelsechlainn son of Muirgius Mac Donnchada and wife of Mac Fir Bisig, was drowned in a torrent in going from her own house to the Sunday Mass.

1412.15

Aed son of Enri O Neill escaped from Dublin and from the Galls, having been ten years in captivity, and brought away many prisoners out of their bondage with him.

1412.16

Hugh de Lacy and the son of the Earl of Kildare met together at Kilmallock and killed each other there.

1412.17

A great hosting by Brian son of Domnall son of Muirchertach O Conchobair just before Lammas. He went first into Gallen and then into Clan Cuan and Carra and Kilmaine, taking with him Clann Muiris na mBrig and their drovers. The Clann Uilliam Burc with O Flaithbertaig, the Muinter Maille, the Barretts, the Gailenga, the Coisdelbaig and the Standons assembled to oppose him; but they did not engage or give battle to him and in spite of them he burned these districts and devastated their fields and fired their strong places, to wit, Castlebar, Lehinch


p.417

and Baile Locha Mesca, and sent the Clann Muiris with their drovers safe home afterwards. He then forced the Galls and Gaels of Connacht to conclude a peace and returned home safe and sound.

1412.18

Another hosting was made by Eogan son of Domnall son of Muirchertach O Conchobair, at the call of the descendants of Toirrdelbach O Conchobair, against Machaire Connacht. They devastated that part of the Machaire belonging to the descendants of the son of Feidlim and carried home cows and hostages.

1412.19

Edmund de la Mare died this year.

1412.20

Ruaidri son of Cathal O Fergail was killed in Machaire Cuircne by an arrow-shot.

1413.1

1413 First of January on Sunday and the eighteenth day of the moon, MCCCCXIII. Eighth year of the Lunar Cycle; sixth year of the Indiction; fifth year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. A. Last year of the Ogdoad.

1413.2

Be Binn, daughter of Maelsechlainn son of Muirgius Mac Donnchada and wife of Master Matha Mac in Oclaig, died.

1413.3

Henry Barrett was captured by Mac Wattin in the church at Errew on Loch Con, and Tigernan was visiting him every night in a vision as long as the prisoner was in his keeping, till at last he obtained his restitution without ransom. And he gave a quarter of land for ever to God and to Tigernan of Errew in compensation for having violated his sanctuary.

1413.4

Gillibert Mac Goisdelb rested.

1413.5

Mac Pilpin died.

1413.6

Conchobar O Dochurtaig, chieftain of Ardmire and lord of Inishowen, a man full of hospitality and generosity, rested.

1413.7

Cathal son of Eogan O Matadain, king of the Sil nAnmchada, died.

1413.8

Tuathal O Maille went into Ulster as a mercenary soldier and spent a year there. And as he was on his way home, about Colum Cille's day, with seven ships full of his people, men and women, a whirling storm of the western sea arose against them and Neptune, ruler of the winds, drove the fleet northwards, with Scotland on their right hand, and six of the ships were


p.419

sunk with all on board, including two sons of Tuathal O Maille, Donnchadh son of Eogan Connachtach Mac Suibne and Domnall Ballach the son of Mac Suibne Gerr. Two score and two hundred gentle and simple were drowned with them and Tuathal himself barely managed to land in Scotland.

1413.9

Tomas Oc O Raigillig attacked the Galls and they had notice of his coming and were prepared to meet him. They permitted him then to capture large preys and Tomas Occ and the Clann Caba were discovered (?) and Lochlainn Mac Caba and Mathgamain Mac Caba were killed, together with many of their followers. A javelin struck Tomas in the leg and he was lame from that time.

1413.10

The bawn of Roscommon was broken by O Conchobair Ruad and Uilliam Oc O Cellaig and Donnchad Mac Domnaill with his gallowglasses. Mac Diarmata's constable was killed there by an arrow-shot by Diarmait Laignech from the castle through a [...]. . . . (?).

1413.11

Cormac son of Tadc son of Ruaidri O Conchobair died on the twenty-sixth of April.

1413.12

Toirrdelbach son of O Conchobair Failgi was killed by a fall this year.

1413.13

Art Mac Murchada won a great victory over the Galls of County Wexford, many of whom were killed and captured.

1413.14

Another victory, over the Galls of Dublin, by O Broin.

1413.15

O Mechair, chieftain of the Ui Chairin, died this year.

1413.16

The sons of Domnall son of Muirchertach O Conchobair and the Clann Donnchada took a great army to the help of the descendants of Ruaidri O Conchobair to Roscommon, to victual the castle. But they were routed at Carrickadarrin by O Conchobair Ruad and the Ui Maine, with their respective Gall and Gael allies, and driven through Cluain Aithrech into Ferann na Sithe. Murchad son of Gilla na Naem O hAinlide and Fergal Grumach son of Sefraid Mag Ragnaill were killed there.

1413.17

Be Binn, daughter of Ruaidri son of Tomaltach Mac Donnchada and wife of Eogan son of Domnall [O Conchobair], died this year.

1413.18

O Flainn, chieftain of Tellach Curnan, was killed by the son of Muirchertach O Flainn and some of the Clanconway this year.

1413.19

Limerick was burned, stone and wood, by a woman this year.

1413.20

Colla son of Tadc O Cellaig died.


p.421

1413.21

The Pope was banished by the King of Naples and a hundred or two hundred of his people were killed by heat of running in their flight from Rome to Florence this year.

1413.22

The King of the English, King Henry, died.

1413.23

Hubert Dalton died this year.

1414.1

1414 First of January on Monday and the twenty-ninth day of the moon, MCCCCXIV. Ninth year of the Lunar Cycle; seventh year of the Indiction; sixth year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. G.

1414.2

Art Caemanach, eligible prince of Leinster, died this year.

1414.3

The sons of Enri O Neill made an attack on Eogan son of Niall Oc O Neill. They captured Eogan as security for O Neill who was in captivity at the time, and these were released in exchange for each other and O Neill was restored to his lordship.

1414.4

Master O Mochain died this year.

1414.5

Murchad O Conchobair, king of Offaly, and Fergal Ruad Mac Eochacain, chieftain of Kenaliagh, won a great victory over the Galls of Meath at Cell Echi. Here the Baron of Skreen was killed, and the Prior of St. Johns at Trim, with nine priests and many others gentle and simple. Here too were captured Dairdis Gandlige and people whose ransom amounted to two hundred marks, besides innumerable fines, and the son of the Baron of Slane, whose ransom, with the fines, amounted to fourteen hundred marks.

1414.6

Aed son of Cathal O Conchobair died this year.

1414.7

Conchobar son of Sefraid O Flannacain, a possible chieftain of the Clann Chathail, died on the sixth of the Kalends of November by the day of the solar month, the vigil of SS. Simon and Jude, Saturday by the day of the week, the sixth day before Samain.

1414.8

Murchad son of Tomas O Birn, a very wealthy yeoman, died on the ninth of December.

1414.9

Murchad O hAengusa, chieftain of the Clann Colcan, died in the month of August.

1414.10

Great war between Mac Murchada and the Galls of County Wexford. Geralt Caemanach was captured in this war


p.423

and they burnt and plundered Idrone. Donnchad Caemanach routed them and took prisoners from them.

1414.11

The Earl of Ormond came to Ireland, bringing the power of the King of England with him this year. And the Earl of Desmond came to Ireland, and many Englishmen came with him to devastate Meath.

1414.12

Great plague in Meath and Leinster this year.

1414.13

O hEitirsceoil Mor was craftily killed by the crew of a merchant ship.

1414.14

Donnchad Mac Fir Bisig, prospective ollav of the Ui Fiachrach Muaide, died this year.

1414.15

Mag Carthaig Cairprech, Domnall son of Domnall, died this year.

1414.16

John Stanley, lieutenant of the King of England, came to Ireland this year to destroy the Gaels of Ireland. He was a man who granted no protection to cleric or laymen or to the poets of Ireland, for he plundered every one of its clerics any men of skill in every art on whom he laid hands and expose them to cold and beggary. He plundered Niall son of Aed O hUicinn in Usnagh of Meath, and Henry Dalton attacked the son of James Diuit and the King's followers and [took from them a cow for each cow and a horse for each horse and a sheep for each sheep and a pig for each pig [which Niall had lost] and gave them to the Ui hUicinn. They were then convoyed into Connacht. After this the Ui Uicinn made lampoons on John Stanley an~ he lived only five weeks till he died from the venom of th lampoons. Now this is one of two poet's miracles which were worked for Niall O hUicinn: the freezing to death of the Clanconway on the night after he was plundered in Clada, and the death of John Stanley from the venom of the lampoons.

1414.17

Eochaid Mag Mathgamna, eligible prince of Oriel, was captured by Brian Mag Mathgamna.

1414.18

Magnus son of Domnall, guest-house of the Ui Fiachrach Muaide, died at Roslee.

1414.19

The Friars' monastery at Sligo was set on fire with a candle in the spring.

1414.20

Maelruanaid son of Fergal Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg until he was deposed by the sons of Aed Mac Diarmata, died this year after a victory of repentance.

1414.21

Feidlim O Cuinn, champion of all Ireland for joviality and good-fellowship and chieftain for nine years of the Muinter


p.425

Gillgain, died at the end of the first month of spring in his own house at Brenad, after a victory of repentance, and was buried at Abbeyderg.

1414.22

Maelruanaid son of Tadc son of Aed Mac Diarmata was killed at Godelb in Mag Ai, in the middle of summer, by the Clann Donnchada, the sons of O Conchobair Donn and the sons of Fergal Mac Diarmata. He was buried in the monastery of Boyle.

1415.1

1415 First of January on Tuesday and the tenth day of the moon, MCCCCXV. Tenth year of the Lunar Cycle; eighth year of the Indiction; seventh year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. F.

1415.2

Darcy of Rathwire died at the beginning of winter this year. And many Englishmen came to Ireland with Lord Furnival, lieutenant of the King of England. He plundered Leix and Caislen na Cuilenntraige, the castle, that is, of Fachtna O Morda's son, and brought slaughtered cows and horses and cattle out of Oriel. And he destroyed the sons of the Bretnachs and hanged Gerald son of Thomas Caech, a Geraldine. Moreover he plundered many of the poets of Ireland: O Dalaig of Meath, Diarmait that is, and Aed Oc Mac Raith and Dubthach Mac Eochada Eolach and Muirgius O Dalaig. And in the following summer he plundered O Dalaig of Corcumroe, Fergal son of Tadc son of Aengus Ruad, at Bruiden Da Coca in Machaire Cuircne. More than all this, he granted no protection to saint or shrine so long as he was in Ireland.

1415.3

Tomaltach Ruad son of Conchobar son of Muirgius [? Mac Donnchada] died this year.

1415.4

Lochlainn O hAinlige, chieftain of Cenel Dobtha, was captured by Uilliam O Cellaig at a spot appointed for their meeting by a small river(?). Two of Uilliam's men went on to the side of the river on which O hAinlige was and one of them, coming up behind him, put both his hands against him and sent him into the river and the two of them leapt in after him. Uilliam's men then leapt in on the top of them and O hAinlige was seized there. He was forced afterwards to ransom himself for two hundred and two score marks.


p.427

1415.5

O Maille made great raids on Diarmait O Maille. Diarmait thereupon took possession of Clare Island. O Maille, that is Aed, started to follow Diarmait up and met with him afterwards. And by Heaven it would have been better for them if they had not met any more. For O Maille was defeated and he—Aed O Maille, king of Umall—was killed there, as was Conchobar his son, an eligible prince of the land, and Tomas O Maille's son. Domnall son of Diarmait O Maille was also killed there. Diarmait O Maille was afterwards made king, and from this time the kingship and lordship departed from the seed of Aed.

1415.6

Clasach O Cobthaig, one who excelled both in poetry and in charity, died.

1415.7

The sons of Diarmait Dub O Flaithbertaig were captured and killed by Gilla Dub O Flaithbertaig.

1415.8

Diarmait son of Diarmait son of Conchobar son of Tomaltach Mac Diarmata was killed by the sons of O Conchobair Donn in the summer season and buried in the monastery of Boyle.

1415.9

Cathair son of Donnchad O Fergail died this year.

1415.10

Emann Mag Findbairr, prior of Inchmore in Loch Gowna, rested in Christ a week before May-day. God bless him.

1415.11

Aed son of Donnchad O Cellaig died.

1415.12

Tomaltach son of Tadc O Birn was killed in a nightattack by Fergal son of Diarmait Mag Ragnaill at Cloonshee in Baile Elli, in the house of Dondan's son. Lochlainn O hAinlige's daughter, the ward of the family, was burned there as well, and immeasurable damage was done to cattle, buildings and corn. These deeds were done on the eighth of January, on the Tuesday, moreover, after Epiphany Sunday according to the day of the week.

1415.13

Conchobar son of Brian son of Uilliam Mag Eochacain was killed at Kilcoursey.

1416.1

1416 First of January on Wednesday and the third day of the moon, MCCCCXVI. Eleventh year of the Lunar Cycle; ninth year of the Indiction; eighth year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. ED.

1416.2

Seoan Mac Goisdelb went a-raiding against Emann in Machaire (of the Plain) Mac Goisdelb and was killed by one of the pursuing party with an arrow-shot.


p.429

1416.3

Graine daughter of Flaithbertach O Ruairc rested.

1416.4

Muirgius O Coineoil, coarb of Drumcliff, was burned in his own house in a reaving fire.

1416.5

The monastery of Sligo was rebuilt this year by Friar Brian, the son of Diarmait Mac Donnchada.

1416.6

Tuathal O Maille, eligible prince of Umall, was killed by the sons of Dubgall O Maille his brother.

1416.7

The Dean of Killala rested in Christ.

1416.8

Tomas Mac ind Oclaig, erenagh of Killery and chief master of Law in Connacht, died after a victory of repentance.

1416.9

Lucas O Trebair, erenagh of Killarga, rested in Christ.

1416.10

Mac Jordan d'Exeter made an attack on the sons of Seoan O hEgra. O hEgra himself and Toirrdelbach Carrach son of Domnall son of Muirchertach O Conchobair and the cavalry of Carbury encountered the van of this army of Mac Jordan's and they killed O hEgra and wounded Toirrdelbach Carrach and killed Magnus son of Donnchad son of Muirchertach and the son of Aed son of Donnchad. After this Mac Jordan took the preys of the country. On the same day the people of the whole country gathered in pursuit and routed Mac Jordan and killed him. O Ruadain, Aed O Ruadain, two sons of Tomas son of Mailir and Mac Duarcain were also killed.

1416.11

There was war between the Fir Manach and the Fir Brefne this year, with Cathal son of Aed O Ruairc on the side of the Fir Manach. A shattering defeat was inflicted on the followers of Aed Mag Uidir and Cathal O Ruairc by Tadc O Ruairc and by Domnall O Ruairc and nine others with him, and eleven horses were captured from them.

1416.12

Another attack was made afterwards by Aed Buide O Ruairc and Tadc O Ruairc and Mac Caba on the Muinter Peotachain. The Fir Manach dwelling to the west of the Lake came upon them at Dogs, and Cathal and Eogan O Ruairc came upon them there as well, and O Ruairc's sons were in great distress until they reached their gallowglasses, who were waiting (?) to meet them. But when they reached them both parties turned upon the pursuers and killed Donnchad and Seoan, sons of Maelsechlainn son of Flaithbertach O Ruairc, and forty-eight of the Fir Manach with them.


p.431

1416.13

Domnall son of Tigernan Mor O Ruairc died of the smallpox, and that was a terrible loss to the whole Garbtrian of Connacht.

1416.14

Mac Feorais was captured by Edmund Burke this year.

1416.15

Tadc Oc son of Tadc Ruad Mac Diarmata Gall, lord of Airtech, died between Michaelmas and Samain and was buried in the Friars' house at Roscommon. Muirgius Caecus assumed the lordship of Airtech in succession to Tadc Oc.

1416.16

O Conchobair Failgi won a great victory over the Galls of Meath this year, whereby many prisoners, horses, suits of armour and arms were acquired. Many English came to help the Galls of Ireland.

1416.17

The daughter of Muirchertach son of Cathal son of Aed Brefnech O Conchobair, wife of Ruaidri Mac Diarmata king of Moylurg, died this year.

1416.18

War broke out among the Clann Donnchada this year, with Mac Donnchada and his sons and the sons of Cormac Mac Donachada on the one side and the sons of Tomaltach Mac Donnchada and of Maelruanaid Mac Donnchada on the other. They began by raiding each other, but this led to a worse thing, the killing of Muirchertach and Aed, sons of Maelruanaid Mac Donnchada, and Cormac Oc son of Cormac Mac Donnchada in this war.

1416.19

Mac Cinatha of Trough, Niall son of Brian, was killed by the sons of Cu Ulad O Neill at Craeb Carthaind in Ui Trena.

1416.20

Geroit Triel, son of Risderd, was killed.

1416.21

Mac Murchada won a great victory over the Galls of County Wexford this year, in which they lost seventeen score killed and captured, and it is impossible to estimate or state the booty which was also taken from them.

1416.22

Cu Meda son of Seaan Mag Con Mara, a good man for the chieftaincy of the Clann Cuilein, died.

1416.23

The church on Church Island, Loch Gill, was burned this year and O Cuirnin's books, including the Lebar Gerr of the Muinter Cuirnin, and his splendid valuables, his ornamental cup, his timpe and his harp were burned in it.

1416.24

The burning of Adam Lexid, Bishop of Ardagh, a Gall and an inhospitable friar, happened this same autumn, at Rathaspic; and Conchobar son of Fergal son of Cu Chonnacht O Fergail was chosen by the chapter of Ardagh and by the learned of Ireland afterwards, and the blessing of the learned go with him in his episcopate!


p.433

1416.25

Cormac Dub son of Tadc son of Uilliam son of Conchobar Mac Branain was killed at Elphin, in the early morning of Saturday, the first of August. The attack was made by the sons of Conn son of Aed Mac Branain and Cormac was struck down by Murchad Buide and Brian Dubsuilech, sons of Airechtach Mac Branain, and they cut off the middle finger of the hand of Aed son of Conn son of Aed Mac Branain, who was holding Cormac by the hair; and none approves the manner of Cormac's slaying. He was buried at Roscommon.

1416.26

Ardgal son of Brian Mor Mag Mathgamna, king of Oriel, died at the end of the first month of spring.

1416.27

Gormlaith, daughter of Niall Mor O Neill and wife of Seaan O Domnaill, died this year.

1416.28

Art Caemanach, king of Leinster, son of Art Caemanach son of Muirchertach Caemanach son of Muiris Caemanach, first choice of the Gaels of Ireland for bounty and valour, died, after a victory of repentance, in his own stronghold in the year of our Lord 1416.

1416.29

Geroit Carrach son of Hubert Dalton was killed by Uilliam Cam son of Muirchertach Ruad Mac Eochacain's son with one cast of a bad javelin in the August of this year.

1416.30

Aed son of Uilliam son of Aed O Birn, a brave young warrior, died on the thirty-first of July.

1416.31

Sefraid son of Sefraid son of Diarmait O Flannacain was killed by the Clanconway in the Autumn, and they plundered him the same day in Cuil O Findtainn. And that was a grievous day for the whole Clann Chathail, when the man who fed and supported them, and was well qualified for the chieftainship, was taken from them. God bless him, etc.

1416.32

The castle of Edenderry was razed by Furnival at the beginning of winter.

1416.33

Furnival plundered the Clann Craith (the Magraths) this year, and his name was Loard.

1417.1

1417 First of January on Friday and the fourteenth day of the moon, MCCCXVII. Twelfth year of the Lunar Cycle; tenth year of the Indiction; ninth year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. C.

1417.2

Ruaidri son of Domnall O Dubda, king of Tireragh, well of prosperity and riches for all Ireland, one who never met any man's plea for food or clothing with a denial, rested in Christ


p.435

after anointing and after a repentance adequate in the sight of God and of the Catholic Church and after partaking the Body and Blood, in his own stronghold just at the beginning of Spring. Tadc Riabach his brother succeeded him.

1417.3

Diarmait Red-hand son of Art Caemanach, son of the [late] king of Leinster, died.

1417.4

Ruaidri son of Murchad O Flaithbertaig and Ruaidri son of Diarmait Dub O Flaithbertaig and sixteen other Ui Flaithbertaig with them were drowned in Clew Bay this year.

1417.5

Tomas son of Mac Muiris of Kerry was killed by Seamus son of the Earl of Desmond.

1417.6

Seaan son of Walter Burke's son was killed by the Archbishop of Cashel's men.

1417.7

War broke out between Murchad son of Cormac Mac Donnchada and Tomaltach Oc son of Tomaltach Mor Mac Donnchada about the tanistship of Tirerrill, in which war Matha son of Taichlech was killed.

1417.8

Matha son of Cu Chonnacht O Fergail, lord of Mag Trega, died this year.

1417.9

Cormac Ballach son of Fergal son of Cu Chonnacht O Fergail was killed by the Galls.

1417.10

Fore was burned by O Fergail and the Clann Seain this year.

1417.11

Catirfina daughter of Cathal O Ruairc, wife of Toirrdelbach Mac Domnaill Galloclach, died on the Friday before the first Passion Sunday and was buried at Roscommon.

1417.12

Furnival took a great prey from the sons of Tomas O Fergail.

1417.13

Maelsechlainn son of Cormac Mac Diarmata Ruad died.

1417.14

Ragnailt daughter of Dondchad O Birn, wife of Diarmait Mac Diarmata at first, [then] of William son of Walter son of Sir David Burke, and [then] of Cumscrach Mag Ragnaill, died on the Saturday before the first Passion Sunday and was buried at Roscommon.

1417.15

Piers son of James son of Edmund Butler, who would have been Earl of Ormond, was killed on the night of Shrove Tuesday, in the house of Donnchad Oirech Mac Gilla Patraic in Ossory, by Donnchad's blacksmith while they were dancing. He was afterwards buried in the monastery of Cuil.

1417.16

Graine daughter of Fergal Mac Diarmata, wife of O Conchobair Ruad and of Mag Ragnaill Dub, died on the seventeenth of July by the day of the month, a Saturday by the day of the week.


p.437

1417.17

Conchobair of Mucenach, son of Donnchad O Birn, died on the sixth of June by the day of the month, but on Saturday by the day of the week.

1417.18

The sons of Domnall son of Muirchertach [O Conchobair], namely Eogan and Toirrdelbach Carrach, carried off the cattle of the sons of Muirchertach Baccach O Conchobair, in pledge for the lordship of Brian. Hostages were taken and restoration made to the sons of Muirchertach afterwards.

1417.19

Lissardowlin Castle outside the bawn was burned.

1418.1

1418 First of January on Saturday and the twenty-fifth day of the moon, MCCCCXVIII. Thirteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; eleventh year of the Indiction; tenth year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. B.

1418.2

The death of Brian Ballach son of Aed son of Feidlim O Conchobair happened a little before St. Bridget's day this year. He was the very best prince for valour and bounty, for he never refused food or clothing or treasure to any man, if he had it [or] could procure it, and he was never overcome in battle or combat. He died after winning a victory over the world and the Devil and was buried at Roscommon.

1418.3

Eogan son of Tigernan Mor O Ruairc, eligible prince of Brefne, was drowned in Garradice Loch on his way from Cherry Island to visit his father, who was on his deathbed at the time. This was a ‘fall on the assembly threshold,’ his being drowned on the threshold of the kingship.

1418.4

Tigernan Mor son of Ualgarc O Ruairc, king of Brefne, the keenest and boldest fighter of the Cath O mBriuin since the time of Tigernan son of Murchad, one who took forcible possession of his patrimony from his enemies by the prowess of his own strong hand, died at a good old age in his own stronghold about St. Bridget's day and was buried in the monastery of Sligo.

1418.5

Tadc son of Cathal son of Tadc Mac Flannchaid, chieftain of Dartry, died.

1418.6

Risderd son of Tomas O Raigillig, king of Brefne East, was drowned in Loch Sheelin; and Eogan O Raigillig his young active wellbeloved son, Barrdub daughter of Mag Findbairr and two masters of the followers of O Raigillig were also drowned


p.439

there, namely Pilip son of Gilla Isa Mac Gafraid, dean of Drumlane and vicar of Annagh, and Domnall O Ceoachain. Findguala daughter of Mag Ragnaill, O Raigillig's wife, escaped by swimming.

1418.7

Aed Buide O Ruairc took his father's place and a great war was waged against him by the sons of Tadc O Ruairc, and the Fir Manach, the Clann Murthaile (?) and the Tellach Dunchada joined them against the sons of O Ruairc.

1418.8

Eogan son of Seoan son of Pilip assumed the kingship of the Muinter Mailmorda in succession to Risderd son of Tomas O Raigillig.

1418.9

Muirgius son of Conchobar Mac Diarmata, a man well qualified for the kingship of Moylurg, if God had vouchsafed it to him, for his nobility and high standing, and a potential bishop for his wisdom and learning and humility, rested in Christ a week before Great Christmas.

1418.10

Mac Con O hEtersceoil, king of Corca Laigde, his brother the Bishop O hEtersceoil and Diarmait son of Mag Carthaig Cluasach, eligible prince of the Ui Cairpri, died.

1418.11

Niall O Domnaill made a great raid against O Neill and drove him eastwards across the Bann to seek asylum with Mac Uigilin.

1418.12

Great depredations by Lord Furnival against Aed son of Art Mag Aengusa, king of Iveagh. Mac Aengusa and Mac Ui Neill Buide followed up the track of their cattle and the Galls afterwards, and it is hard to estimate the number of Galls killed and captured there.

1418.13

Uilliam O Cellaig was fifteen days in the summer of this year building a small castle opposite the great castle of Roscommon, in-spite of the Galls and Gaels of Connacht who opposed him withs the posterity of Toirrdelbach O Conchobair.

1418.14

The sons of Domnall son of Muirchertach O Conchobair and the Clann Donnchada set out with a large force to destroy the small castle. They halted and encamped about it on all


p.441

sides. However, they got no good of it, for the castle was sternly and stoutly defended against them, and as they could not injure it they victualled the great castle. Kilcooley was burned at that time, in spite of the sons of O Conchobair.

1418.15

Lasarfina daughter of Cathal son of Aed Brefnech O Conchobair, wife of Maelsechlainn son of Flaithbertach O Ruairc, died this year.

1418.16

Great war this year between the crowned kings, the kings of France and England. Much of the land of France was devastated and depopulated by the English and cities were taken by them.

1418.17

Eogan son of Cu Chonnacht son of Tomas Mag Tigernain died a little before Great Christmas.

1418.18

Mailir Burke, the good son of Thomas Burke and the daughter of Raymond, died this year.

1418.19

Tadc son of Domnall O Cellaig, lord of Clonmacnowen and fully qualified for the lordship of all Ui Maine by his liberality and safeguard, if God had granted it to him, a universal protector who never refused a suppliant, died about the Lord's Nativity, having received Unction and made repentance to God afterwards.

1418.20

Magnus son of Feidlim Clerech son of Aed son of Feidlim [O Conchobair] made a raid on O Gadra this year. Tomaltach Mac Diarmata was waiting for them at Bel an Atha Min and their prey was taken from them and some of their followers were cut off. The son of Cormac son of Diarmait Mac Branain was killed there, and Cathal son of Branan of the Cregga and Tomas son of O Findain's son and Cu Echtgi Mac Dail re Docair. Many on both sides were wounded and Magnus mac Feidlim himself was captured [and held] until reparation (?) was received from him.

1419.1

1419 First of January on Sunday and the sixth day of the moon, MCCCCXIX. Fourteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; twelfth year of the Indiction; eleventh year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. A. This is the year of the hot summer.

1419.2

Domnall O Neill, king of Ulster, was banished by Eogan O Neill and the Cenel Conaill and Brian Mag Mathgamna king of Oriel and the Fir Manach.


p.443

1419.3

Brian O Conchobair and the whole of North Connacht made a great hosting, taking with them their drovers and many gallowglasses, and destroyed the whole of Tirhugh, its corn and hay and buildings, from Ath na nGall to Ballyshannon, and they burnt Murbach, O Domnaill's stronghold.

1419.4

Murchad son of Brian O Flaithbertaig, king of West Connacht, died this year.

1419.5

Thomas Baccach, son of the Earl of Ormond, went to England to help the King of England against the King of France, taking eighteen score men with red shields and eighteen score with pure white shields, noble Galls and Gaels; and not often has so numerous and so well-born a host embarked from England. They devastated much of the land of France and won great ascendency for the King of England. But as there is no pride that is not brought low, and no joy that does not end in sorrow, an attack of dangerous sickness came upon the Irishmen in the strange land and killed many of them, the Earl of Ormond's son himself dying of it. And a blue fly entered William Darcy's mouth, and afterwards his whole body swelled and he died thereof. Not often have the Galls suffered two greater losses than these, of Thomas Baccach Butler and William Darcy. The blessing of the learned go with them to their abodes of clay!

1419.6

Calbach O Conchobair went to help the son of the Earl [of Ormond]'s son in the territory of the Butlers and was taken prisoner in his quarters, without the knowledge either of the Earl's grandson or of his own army, and locked up in a castle by the son of Libined de la Freyne; but he escaped through a window of the castle and rejoined his followers happily afterwards. May God bless him.

1419.7

Feradach son of Tadc son of Domnall O Cellaig was killed this year by the son of Uilliam Oc O Cellaig.

1419.8

Fercert O hUicinn, head of the family descended from Gilla na Naem O hUicinn, died.

1419.9

Gilla Crist Caech O hAirt, most excellent of the young warriors of Ireland in his time, rested.

1419.10

Donnchad Caemanach, king of Leinster, was captured by the Galls this year and afterwards carried to the King of England.

1419.11

Tadc son of Brian O Birn died on the thirteenth of June this year.


p.445

1419.12

Dauid son of Tanaide O Mailchonaire ollav of the Sil Muiredaig, died of the plague in his own house at Kilmore, after Unction and Penance, and was buried in the monastery of John Baptist at Trim, with much honour and state, in the autumn.

1419.13

Lasarfina daughter of Aed O hAinlide, wife of Murchad son of Tomas O Birn, died on the third of June.

1419.14

Cu Choicriche son of Niall O Mailmuaid died on the twenty-fifth of June.

1419.15

There was much plague in England and in Ireland this year, and Causon is the place in which this plague was.

1419.16

The summer and autumn very warm, so that men's eyes had never before beheld such burning heat. The waters, all but a few, ebbed away; the leaves and grass withered; openings appeared in the surface of the ground. Throughout this halfyear there was living fire in the earth, which continued to bear its fruits long afterwards, and there was a great yield of every fruit and crop this year.

1419.17

A vast army was collected and assembled by the son of Maelsechlainn O Cellaig, that is Uilliam, to go to meet Raymond son of Hubert [Burke] with his drovers and bring him into Clanrickard, since Raymond had promised to come with him to make war on Clanrickard. Now these are the nobles and great lords who went on that hosting: Macwilliam Burke, that is Walter son of Thomas, his son-in-law (?); Donnchad O Cellaig, king of Ui Maine; Cathal Dub O Conchobair, eligible prince of Connacht; Tomaltach Mac Diarmata, eligible prince of Moylurg; two battalions of gallowglasses, namely the Clann Domnaill under Toirrdelbach Mac Domnaill and the Clann Dubgaill under Alexander Mac Dubgaill. These armies all proceeded southwestwards to Slieve Aughty. And Raymond son of Hubert did not come to join them as he had promised, so they began to fire and burn the country as they went, as far as Killogilleen and Bel Atha Lige. Here they were caught up by Macwilliam of Clanrickard, that is Ulick son of Richard, with his followers, and Tadc O Briain, Mathgamain O Briain, the Clann Cuilein, the sons of O hAnrathain's daughter with two


p.447

large battalions of foot, and Domnall Mac Suibne with his gallowglasses. The Connacht horsemen were hurled back towards their gallowglasses, but these held their ground and fought on. But they were not allowed a fighting chance, for the sons of O hAnrathain's daughter with their battalions of young troops were attacking them in the rear, while Domnall Mac Suibne with his battalions of gallowglasses was fighting them face to face, and this could not be borne.

1419.18

However, that doughty champion never before overcome in battle or combat or onset, Alexander Mac Dubgaill, was killed there, with his followers and two sons; Toirrdelbach Mac Domnaill was captured and his son and most of his followers were killed; O Cellaig was captured; William Garb son of David son of Edmund son of Hoberd, lord of Clanconway, was also captured there, and two sons of Maine O Cellaig's son and Domnall Gerr, the son of Mac Domnaill, were killed, as well as many others gentle and simple.

1419.19

Aed Buide O Ruairc, king of Brefne for a year and a half, died this year in his own stronghold after possessing his lordship. Tadc O Ruairc was made king in his stead by the Muinter Ruairc from Sliab an Iarainn westwards; and Art son of Tadc O Ruairc was made king from the mountain eastwards by the Muintet Raigillig, the Tellach Dunchada and the descendants of Maelsechlainn Mag Ragnaill; so that they disturbed the whole Garbtrian of Connacht at that time. The Muinter Raigillig came with Art O Ruairc and encamped in Cenel Luachain.

1419.20

Tadc O Ruairc collected an army, whereupon the Muinter Raigillig returned to their homes and Art, deserted by his following, fled to a place of safety.

1419.21

Tadc O Ruairc and the sons of Cathal Ruad Mag Ragnaill attacked the residence of Mac Senlaich at Carrigallen. They burned and sacked the town and killed a man in it and afterwards built the stronghold of Killtoghert.

1419.22

Another strong attack was made by Tadc O Ruairc, Conchobar Mag Ragnaill, Cathal Mag Ragnaill and the Muinter Ruairc against Cill Deman, Mag Ragnaill's stronghold. They burned the town and wrought much destruction; a strong party of pursuers came up with them, but they came away by dint of great bravery. For two miles they were distressed and hard put to it, but they bore the brunt and left not a man behind. There is no telling how many were wounded on both sides. Two gentle well-born warriors of O Ruairc's followers died of their wounds, Flaithbertach son of Gilla Crist O Ruairc and Tigernan Oc son of Tigernan. Some of the Muinter Eolais themselves were killed on that day.

1419.23

Donnchad son of Muirchertach Baccach son of Domnall O Conchobair died from a fall on the flagstone in front of Sligo castle, on the near side of the river, at the southern end of the bridge, at the cavalry sports on St. Mary's day in the beginning of autumn. That was the day on which the Sligo Indulgence was proclaimed, and Donnchad stood in need of his share of that Indulgence, for he only lived a week after breaking his leg that day.

1419.24

Cathal son of Aed Mag Uidir, a good man for the kingship in Fermanagh and the man of his age who was of highest standing of all the northern part of Ireland, died this year. A blessing on him.

1419.25

Fergal son of Cathal Ruad Mag Ragnaill, excellent son of a chieftain, died this year.

1419.26

Ua Neill, Domnall mac Enri Amreid, was banished by all the Gaels of Ulster and conducted by them, under their own protection, into the territory of the Ulster Galls.

1419.27

Gilla Crist Mag Flannchaid died after Unction and Penance.

1419.28

Diarmait Ruad son of Toirrdelbach Oc O Conchobair died this year.

1419.29

Enri Oc Mag Flannchaid died after Unction and Penance.

1419.30

Mac Herbert, Muiris Baccach, was killed by the sons of Tomas son of Cathal O Fergail and his own kinsmen in treachery; and Domnall Finn Mac Herbert was killed with him and his wife, O Broin's daughter, was captured at the same time.

1419.31

War broke out between the sons of Art O Mailsechlainn and the sons of Muirchertach Oc Mag Eochacain. Diarmait son of Art O Mailsechlainn made a night-attack on Baile in Scregin and was killed there that night by the pursuing-party, together with Brian son of Toirrdelbach son of Conchobar son of Cathal O Fergail and thirty-seven of their men. And this was a success with failure for the sons of Muirchertach in the end, for Diarmait son of Muirchertach Oc Mag Eochacain, a man amply qualified to be chieftain of the Cenel Fiachach, was killed at last by an arrow-shot by some man of the side which lost that battle.

1419.32

Muiris O hAengusa, eligible for the chieftainship of the Clann Colcan, died this year.


p.451

1419.33

Anabla daughter of Mac Jordan d'Exeter, John that is, and wife of Uilliam son of Maelsechlainn O Cellaig, died on the first day of the feast of Great Mary this year. After her death Uilliam married Mary Burke, and when he died she was married to the Earl of Desmond.

1419.34

Derbail daughter of the Great Official Mac Muirchertaig, wife of O Dalaig of Meath, died of the plague at the feast of St. Martin.

1420.1

1420 First of January on Monday and the seventeenth day of the moon, MCCCCXX. Fifteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; thirteenth year of the Indiction; twelfth of the Solar Cycle. Common year. GF.

1420.2

Cathal son of Tadc Mac Flannchaid, chieftain of Dartry, was treacherously killed by his own kinsmen, Tadc, Muiris and Enri, in his own house at the beginning of spring, and Aed Buide Mag Flannchaid was killed there too.

1420.3

Bundrowes Castle was built by Brian O Conchobair, that is, the son of Domnall son of Muirchertach, this year. The whole army of Ulster came to hinder the building, but it was useless for them since they did not dare to pass westwards of the Urscathach that time.

1420.4

A large army of the Cenel Conaill was lying about Assaroe Bay and O Domnaill's sons, Niall Garb and Domnall and Nechtain, went with some mounted men into Mag Ene, and the sons of Brian [O Conchobair] went with a mounted patrol to Ballyshannon. Fighting broke out between them, and the whole force of the Cenel Conaill fell upon the small party of Carbury horsemen and they were routed. Seoan son of Brian O Conchobair was killed there, and Aed Buide son of Tomaltach Mor Mac Donnchada, and Cathal son of Diarmait son of Cormac son of Ruaidri O Conchobair, and Aed son of Eogan O Dubda.

1420.5

On hearing these bad tidings Brian O Conchobair and the men of Carbury marched to Mag Ene. Five nights later Eogan son of Domnall and Toirrdelbach Carrach son of Domnall went with a large body of horse beyond the falls of Assaroe to make a night-attack, while the sons of O Domnaill with their cavalry were at the shipping harbour beyond the falls. They engaged each other and the Tir Conaill cavalry was thrown into confusion.


p.453

Domnall O Domnaill, an eligible prince of the Cenel Conaill, was unhappily killed there, and others not enumerated here. Niall O Domnaill swam out into the harbour and got aboard a trading ship which lay there.

1420.6

Tadc son of Fergal O hEgra, joint-king of Leyney, died.

1420.7

Wolves killed many people this year.

1420.8

The descendants of Sean O hEgra went on a hosting against the sons of the Eastern O hEgra, taking the sons of Mac Muiris na mBrig with them. They took large preys and killed some people.

1420.9

Eogan son of Domnall O Conchobair was keeping a watch on his son-in-law, Seon Buide son of Tadc O hEgra, at that time. He followed up the raiders and overtook them and asked for the preys, in right of his safeguard and his friendship to them, but they refused. But by Heaven it had been better for them to give them up, for before long, they gave their heads and their spoils and their preys at once. Emann Mac Muiris was killed here, the choicest young noble of the Connacht Galls of his own time for form and feature, geniality and eloquence, bounty and bravery. Mac Muiris himself, that is Uilliam, was captured, and Seon son of Ricard Mac Muiris and Uilliam son of Seoan Oc o hEgra were killed, as well as many others gentle and simple.

1420.10

Mac Muiris was then taken to Sligo. Eogan O Conchobair escorted Seoan Buide O hEgra under his own protection to O Ruairc, who escorted him to Mac Diarmata, who sent him with his drovers to Macwilliam Burke. Peace was then made between Muinter Egra, and Mac Muiris was allowed out with Brian O Conchobair without ransom.

1420.11

Cathal son of Ruaidri O Conchobair, who had been held captive by William O Cellaig from the battle of Cell Achaid to the battle of Ath Lighi, and Donnchad O Cellaig, who was captured in the battle of Ath Ligen, were released in exchange for each other.

1420.12

Eogan son of Ruaidri O Conchobair died on the twentyeighth of February by the day of the month, on Wednesday by the day of the week, and was buried at Clonmacnoise.

1420.13

Mor daughter of O Duirnin, wife of Tomaltach O Birn, died on the fifteenth of May.

1420.14

Ruaidri son of Muirchertach Ruad Mag Eochacain died in March.


p.455

1420.15

Magnus son of Fedlimid grandson of Fedlimid of Athenry and his brother Domnall went to Odelb on St. Michael's day to fetch some armour which was in the church. Ruaidri son of Toirrdelbach Oc O Conchobair, the sons of Muirchertach son of Aed son of Cathal son of Aed Brefnech and Brian Mac Donnchada were in Baile Bec O Condicain waiting (?), saw them entering the town and made an onset on them. Domnall went into the church and was burned in it, and Magnus left the town eastwards and was afterwards killed at Bel Atha Tuilsci.

1420.16

Domnall O Neill, king of Ulster, was in exile in Connacht this year, with Brian son of Domnall son of Muirchertach and the Clann Donnchada.

1420.17

Granard Castle in Cairpri Gabra was taken by the Galls from Uilliam O Fergail. The Galls afterwards abandoned the castle and Uilliam demolished it for fear of their occupying it again.

1420.18

Uilliam son of Maelsechlainn O Cellaig, first choice of the sons of kings in all Ireland, died after Unction and after repentance, adequate in the sight of God and the Catholic Church, for his sins and transgressions and was buried at Cell Conn. He died on the Thursday before Samain. A blessing on him.

1421.1

First of January on Wednesday and the twenty-eighth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCCXXI. Sixteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; fourteenth of the Indiction; thirteenth of the Solar Cycle. Common year. E.

1421.2

Great losses were suffered this year. Ruaidri son of Aed Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, a Guaire for bounty and a Conall Cernach for bravery in battles and encounters, one who never faced any man with a refusal of any request, died in his own stronghold, after Unction and Penance, on the twentyfirst of April by the day of the solar month, on a Monday, however, by the day of the week, and was buried in the monastery of Boyle.

1421.3

A similar loss was suffered in Leinster this year: Murchad O Conchobair, king of Offaly, one who never refused any man, the most valorous and the best defender, the greatest winner of battles and conflicts with Galls and Gaels who opposed him, died in his own stronghold after triumphing over the world and the Devil and was buried in the monastery of Killeigh.


p.457

1421.4

And their successors acted as well in their places, namely Tomaltach Mac Diarmata in succession to Ruaidri and Calbach in succession to Murchad. The third loss, though not comparable to these, was that of Tomas Oc O Raigillig, the very best prince for generosity and valour of the Cath Aeda Finn down to his own time, who died in his own house this year.

1421.5

Niculas Mag Brataig, Bishop of Brefne, eminent for wisdom, uprightness, charity and humanity, rested in Christ.

1421.6

Richard son of Richard Burke died.

1421.7

Emann son of Bishop Barrett died on the way to Rome.

1421.8

A night-attack was made by Cathal O Ruairc and [his] sons against Mag Flannchaid on Iniskeen in Loch Melvin, and the garrison of the lake, the sons of [O] Gollain (?), betrayed Mag Flannchaid and surrendered its vessels to Cathal and his sons. They captured the younger Mag Flannchaid and Loch Melvin with its castle and killed a number of the Dartraigi, including five of Mag Flannchaid's sons. The lake and its wealth remained in the possession of Cathal and his sons and the sons of Mag Flannchaid sought refuge with the men of Carbury.

1421.9

A great war broke out between the Muinter Ruairc and the Clann Donnchada. O Ruairc gathered and assembled a large army, O Domnaill and his land and Aed Mag Uidir and his levies, besides O Ruairc himself with his land and levies, and together they all came into Tirerrill, burned much of the country and killed Mac Donnchada's son, Cathal, as well as other men not named here.

1421.10

Niall O Domnaill with his army and O Ruairc with his drovers went to fight for Assaroe Bay. After they had left, the Clann Donnchada and Cathal son of Ruaidri O Conchobair attacked O Ruairc's stronghold, burned the residence and knocked down its stone wall and fired and ravaged the near side of the country.

1421.11

The Tir Conaill army and O Ruairc were at Ard Ferna, while the men of Carbury were about Bundrowes Castle. Horses and men were wounded and killed between them every day, and here Muirchertach Buide son of Cosnamach O Dubda, O Maenaig and the son of Donnchad O Caemain were killed. Aed son of Muiredach Ruad Mac Lochlainn was drowned at the ford of Ballyshannon on this expedition. Afterwards they made peace.

1421.12

Cathal son of Cathal na Taisech O Ruairc died this same summer.

1421.13

According to another book this is the right year for Eogan


p.459

son of Ruaidri O Conchobair, as we have said above, i.e. in the spring after William.

1421.14

Robert son of Maidecc died.

1421.15

The last Mor Muman of the Munster folk, died. She was the daughter of Brian O Briain and the wife of Walter Burke; and the blessing of every Christian go with her to her burial.

1421.16

Gilla Riabach O Clerig, an eminent historian, rested in Christ.

1421.17

Cormac na Cailled, son of Mag Carthaig Cairprech, was killed by the sons of Eogan Mag Carthaig.

1421.18

Walter Burke's daughter, the wife of Conchobar O Briain, king of Thomond, died this year; and his, O Briain's, daughter Ragnailt Dub, wife of O Flaithbertaig, died.

1421.19

Tomaltach Mac Diarmata went to Killaraght with a few horsemen and the sons of Fergal Mac Diarmata with their assembled followers came upon him in the town. Mac Diarmata then mounted his horse and rode out against them. His men all deserted him and left him single-handed; but he made his way out with his sword and his strong hand and escaped over the Boyle, a mass of bleeding wounds. Not often has a more gallant escape than this been effected.

1421.20

Eogan O Neill was taken prisoner by Mac Ui Neill Buide on his way to a meeting with the Earl at Dundalk.

1422.1

1422 First of January on Thursday and the ninth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCCXXII. Seventeenth year of the Lunar Cycle; fifteenth year of the Indiction; fourteenth year of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year. D.

1422.2

Toirrdelbach son of Niall Garb O Domnaill, king of Tir Conaill, joined the monks of Assaroe and put on a monks' robe, having won a victory over the present life; and his son, Niall Garb O Domnaill, succeeded to his kingship afterwards.

1422.3

Diarmait son of Tadc Mac Diarmata was killed.

1422.4

Ben Mide daughter of Domnall son of Muirchertach [? O Conchobair], wife of Thomas Barrett, rested.

1422.5

Domnall Finn O Flaithbertaig was killed by the sons of Domnall O Flaithbertaig.


p.461

1422.6

Mac Siurtan Dub, that is Seaan Buide, was killed by his own people, namely the sons of Henry, this year.

1422.7

And after this Miles son of Mac Siurtan Dub was killed while in captivity in Mannin Castle by Sefrun, son of the son of Tomas Finn Mac Muiris.

1422.8

Rudrai O Conchobair, king of Corcomroe, was killed in his own residence by the descendants of Feidlim O Conchobair.

1422.9

The sons of O Mailsechlainn made an attack on Ardnurcher. Mag Eochacan was in the castle with a few men at that time, having with him also Cosnamach Oc Mac Aedacain, law-ollav of the Cenel Fiachach and the Ui Failgi. The brehon mounted his horse and rode after them, thinking them to be the sons of Muirchertach Oc Mac Eochacain, who were in rebellion against Mac Eochacain at the time, he himself having come [to the castle] to make settlement between the parties.

1422.10

He followed the band westwards out of the town to Topar Brigte. Here the sons of O Mailsechlainn were waiting (?) and at the noise (?) of the rider they discharged the arrows which were ready in their bows and Cosnamach Oc was killed without delays by an arrow-shot.

1422.11

Five sons of Airechtach Mac Branain were killed in one day by the descendants of Conchobar Mac Branain and the descendants of Echmarcach Cacail Mac Branain. First Sean and Domnall Buide were killed at Lis Ferban. Murchad Buide and Brian Dubsuilech were killed at Cell Lalocc, and the church was burned for the purpose. Eogan Caech was killed at Achad Beoil na Muilled by the sons of Echmarcach Mac Branain themselves as they came northwards to do the killing, though they did not dare approach him till they killed him with arrows.

1422.12

County Wexford and Wexford were burned and pillaged by Geralt Caemanach this year.

1422.13

Eogan O Neill was ransomed from Mac Ui Neill Buide.

1422.14

A vast host was raised by O Neill, O Domnaill, Eogan O Neill, Mac Ui Neill Buide and the other great men of the Province, and they burnt the whole district of Carbury. The posterity


p.463

of Domnall [O Conchobair] and O Ruairc drove them out of Sligo and killed seven of their army; so they went on into Tirerrill, with the sons of Cormac Mac Donnchada and the sons of Maelruanaid Mac Donnchada showing them the way and helping them to devastate the country.

1422.15

Tomaltach Mac Donnchada and the sons of Conchobar Mac Donnchada afterwards [followed] on the track of the host and their own kinsmen gave them battle. Muirgius son of Cormac Mac Donnchada and Diarmait son of Maelruanaid Mac Donnchada were killed by them that day, and that night the host lay at the castle of Loch Dargan and next day they passed through Brefne with O Ruairc's consent.

1422.16

Mac Siurtan na Coilled, that is Siurtan Oc, the strongest hand and the boldest and bravest heart of all the d'Exeters of his time, was treacherously slain by the sons of Taichlech Ruad O hEgra and by O Ruadain and his kinsmen.

1422.17

Tadc son of Maelruanaid son of Gilla Crist Mac Donnchada [died].

1422.18

The King of England, namely Cing Enri, was killed with a poison drink in France on Lammas day. And it was reported that it was his own mother-in-law, the wife of the King of France, that gave him the drink.

1422.19

Seoan son of Diarmait O Cuirnin was killed at Belach Coilled Sotair by the sons of Seoan O Cuirnin.

1422.20

Great war among the Gaels of Meath and O Conchobair Failgi this year, with O Conchobair, Mag Eochacain and the sons of Muirchertach Oc Mac Eochacain on the one side, and O Mailmuaid, Mag Cochlain, the Fox, the descendants of Diarnait Mac Eochacain and the sons of Maelmorda Ruad O Conchobair on the other. This (latter) alliance was overthrown. They (the first-mentioned allies) went into Delbna and attacked Coill Droingi, broke down the castle of Baile Meic Odaind and that of Brothalach, and many of their [enemies'] fields and homes were destroyed in addition to these places. Afterwards they made peace.

1422.21

Calbach O Conchobair, king of Offaly, won a great war against the Galls of Meath, in which much destruction was done on both sides. Calbach went to attack Trim and the Galls came against him from the side of the town, but he defeated them, killing some and capturing a hundred or more, for fetters were placed on three score Galls together on the floor of O Conchobair's house on one day.


p.465

1422.22

A great army was led by the Earl of Desmond, with a large following of Galls and Gaels, to the help of the Meath Galls. They entered Clann Feorais and burned the residence of the son of Mac Feorais and devastated much of the country. O Conchobair came with an army and faced them, defying them to attack him in his own territory. So they turned back without concluding a peace or exacting pledges.

1422.23

Tadc son of Calbach O Conchobair, [...]. . . . (? ) and eligible prince of Offaly, died.

1422.24

A great war between O Raigillig, that is Feidlim, and the Meath Galls. O Raigillig attacked the Biataghs and the Galls came to oppose him beside Kells and he defeated them, killing many, including Mac in Biataig himself and others.

1422.25

Domnall O Fergail, chieftain of the Muinter Angaile, raided the descendants of Tomas O Fergail and carried off the prey into Coillte Ballan. He made a night-march through Western Meath and reached home safely.

1422.26

The descendants of Tomas O Fergail were banished into Western Meath by Domnall O Fergail and Henry Dalton, lord of Western Meath, sided with them.

1422.27

They both made an attack on the descendants of Conchobar son of Cathal at Cell Grene, whence they took many cows. They were pursued [and overtaken] in Cluain Duilech. The pursuing party were routed, Ruaidri son of Ruaidri O Cellaig was captured and nine men were killed, among whom were Muirchertach son of Donnchad son of Uilliam O Fergail and Tomaltach son of Uilliam Oc son of Uilliam O Fergail.

1422.28

The Pass of Kilcoursey was cut and levelled by Dalton and the descendants of Tomas.

1422.29

The descendants of Tomas returned with power into their own land.

1422.30

Domnall O Neill, king of Ulster, Niall Garb O Domnaill king of Cenel Conaill, and Brian Mag Mathgamna, king of Oriel, marched with an immense following into Meath, burning Machaire Oirgiall and ruining a large part of Louth.


p.467

1423.1

1423 First of January on Saturday and the twentieth day of the moon, MCCCCXXIII. Eighteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; first year of the Indiction; fifteenth year of the Solar Cycle. Common year.

1423.2

Ulick an Fina, lord of Clanrickard, one who never refused poet or exile, a man full of bounty and valour, died in the full of his lordship, after a victory over the world and the Devil.

1423.3

Donnchad O Cellaig, king of the Ui Maine, was killed by the sons of Uilliam O Cellaig and Aed son of Brian O Cellaig was made king in his stead.

1423.4

Art Mag Aengusa, king of the Ui Echach of Ulster; died this year.

1423.5

Fergus son of Uaithne O Fergail was killed by his own kinsmen in treachery, namely the sons of Rosa son of Conchobar O Fergail and Feradach son of Muiris O Fergail.

1423.6

Domnall O Cennedig, eligible prince of Ormond, died.

1423.7

The Earl of March came to Ireland with a great following of English and Welsh.

1423.8

Conchobar O Fergail, Bishop of Ardagh of Bishop Mel, the hand bestowing wealth and riches to God's poor and needy and to the men of every art and science, protector of the churches of Conmaicne, died after a long sickness and was buried at Cluain Lis Bece.

1424.1

1424 First of January on Saturday, MCCCCXXIV. Nineteenth year of the Lunar Cycle; second year of the Indiction; sixteenth of the Solar Cycle. Embolismal year.

1424.2

The Earl of March, Justiciar of Ireland and a great lord in England and-in Wales, died at Trim and his remains were taken to England.

1424.3

Congalach O Brain, king of Brawnie, died at a good old age.

1424.4

Tadc O Fallamain, chieftain of the Clann Uatach, was treacherously killed by Domnall Glas O Fallamain in his own castle. It was Seaan Mag Ragallaig who first struck him, with a wood-axe with which he was splitting sticks; and a well-qualified


p.469

son of this Tadc was banished and this Domnall was made chieftain. That was ‘a stone in place of an egg.’

1424.5

Great war among the posterity of Murchad O Fergail. They devastated Cluain and Moybrawne; Cathal O Fergaii raided Rosa son of Murchad O Fergail, carrying off many cows, and John de la Hyde's castle was captured and demolished by Murchad son of Cairpre O Fergail.

1424.6

Barry Castle was demolished by the Justiciar, acting by the guidance of Laigsech son of Rosa and Aed son of Brian O Cellaig, king of the Ui Maine; and Murchad son of Cairpre was plundered by them at Caill na Cuilindtraigi, and wounded. Callow was devastated between the combatants. Domnall son of Muirchertach O Fergail was captured by Hobert son of Domnall Caech O Fergail on Saints Island and handed over to Murchad son of Cairpre, and Hobert himself was killed, in making this capture, by an arrow shot by one of Domnall's followers.

1424.7

Richard Mac David Burke, lord of Clanconway, died and was buried at Roscommon.

1424.8

Ruaidri son of Toirrdelbach Donn O Conchobair, eligible prince of Connacht and a worthy [...]. . . . (?) for a king of Ireland, died and was buried in Roscommon in an ark made for him by his mother, Graine daughter of O Cellaig, wife of Tadc O Briain, king of Thomond.

1425.1

1425 First of January. MCCCC[XX]V.

1425.2

Toirrdelbach Ruad O Conchobair, king of Connacht, the Cu Chulainn of his times, died and was buried at Roscommon; and it was not expected that he would thus die in his bed.

1425.3

Cathal son of Ruaidri O Conchobair succeeded him.

1425.4

Ruaidri Oc son of Ruaidri O Cellaig made an attack on some of O Conchobair's followers. The sons of Eogan O Conchobair and the sons of Mac an Abad O Conchobair caught


p.471

them up at Aba na hEidnige where they engaged each other sharply, and Ruaidri Oc O Cellaig, eligible prince of the Ui Maine, was killed by Toirrdelbach Mac an Apad and Brian son of Eogan son of Ruaidri O Conchobair was killed by the followers of Ruaidri Oc.

1425.5

Brian son of Eogan O Cellaig, an eminent prince, died of a sudden sickness.

1425.6

Brian Ballach O Neill, choicest of all the Galls and Gaels of Ireland, the hand which gave food and clothes to the poor and naked and mendicant of Ireland, was treacherously killed at Carrickfergus.

1426.1

1426 First of January on Tuesday. MCCCCXXV.

1426.2

Aed O Cellaig, king of Ui Maine, made a raid on Ballintober, whence he took many cows. Toirrdelbach Mac an Abad O Conchobair was killed in the pursuit after this prey.

1426.3

The sons of Uilliam O Cellaig raided Bresal son of Donnchad O Cellaig.

1426.4

War between Calbach O Conchobair, king of Ui Failgi, and the Galls of Meath, which devastated much of Meath.

1426.5

Muirchertach son of Brian Mac Amalgaid, a prospective chieftain, was treacherously killed by Conn O Mailsechlainn, king of Meath, and Niall O Brain, king of Brawnie, and his land was plundered and ravaged by them.

1426.6

Cormac O Birn, chieftain of Ui Briuin na Sinna, the hand which bestowed riches and wealth, died at a good old age and Brian O Birn took his place.

1426.7

Tulsk Castle was captured by Cathal son of Ruaidri O Conchobair, king of Connacht, from Cathal Dub O Conchobair.

1426.8

Huge raids by Cathal Dub O Conchobair and Aed O Cellaig on Ballintober, whence theys took many cows.


p.473

1427.1

1427 First of January on Wednesday. MCCCCXXVI.

1427.2

Cormac Oc Mac Diarmata, eligible prince of Moylurg, died.

1427.3

Seaan son of Tomas O Raigillig, eligible prince of Brefne, was killed treacherously by Fergal O Raigillig and by his children i.e. his own brother.[...]

1433.1

1433 First of January on Thursday and the twelfth day of the moon, MCCCCXXX.

1433.2

A general invitation was issued by Mairgreg daughter of O Cerbaill about the feast of Dasinchell this year at Killeigh, and [another] about the first festival of Mary in the autumn at Rathangan for the people who were not with her at Killeigh, so that she satisfied fully all the suppliants of Ireland.

1433.3

An eclipse of the sun, which people called the Black Day, on the seventeenth day of the month [of June] this year.

1433.4

Cathal Dub son of O Conchobair Ruad, one well qualified to be king of Connacht, died about All Saints' Day.

1433.5

Tadc Riabach O Dubda, king of Ui Fiachrach Muaide, died.

1433.6

Eogan O Neill assumed the kingship of all his province this year.

1433.7

Walter Burke, heir to the Earl of Ulster and general protector of the suppliants of all Ireland, died this year.

1433.8

Domnall son of Dauid O Tuathail died.

1433.9

Conchobar O Mailenaig died on his way to Rome.

1433.10

Anli son of Maine son of Murchad Ban O Fergail was killed with an arrow-shot by the sons of Domnall O Fergail this year.


p.475

1434.1

1434 First of January on Friday and the twenty-third day of the moon, MCCCCXXXIV. dc. C.

1434.2

Tomaltach O Gadra, lord of Coolavin, and his three young sons were treacherously killed by his own brothers on Inis Island. O Gadra did right valiantly, killing Magnus Dond O Gadra and Pilip son of Maelmiadach and half-killing two or three others.

1434.3

Aed Buide and Diarmait, sons of Maelsechlainn O hAinlide, were killed by the sons of Lochlainn O hAinlide and the posterity of Imar O hAinlide.

1434.4

Donnchad O Broin, king of the Ui Faelain, died. Emann O Broin succeeded him.

1434.5

Rosa Mag Aengusa, eligible prince of Iveagh, died.

1434.6

Ecnechan O Domnaill, eligible prince of Tir Conaill, was killed by the son of his own father, Donnchad of the Woods.

1434.7

A victory by Cathal Mag Ragnaill over the posterity of Maelsechlainn Mag Ragnaill, in which were killed three sons of Mathgamain Mac Capa with their followers and Ardan son of Maine, son of Murchad Ban O Fergail and many others gentle and simple.

1434.8

A very great frost this year, so that men and laden horses walked on the chief lakes of Ireland, and the people of Calad na hAngaile and the sons of Emann O Cellaig's son encountered and fought each other on Loch Ree, and a man dragged the great coffer from St. John's to Saints' Island. This frost lasted from the eve of St. Andrew the Apostle's day at the end of November till after the feast of Berach in spring, [during which time] the ground was not worked (?).

1435.1

1435 First of January on Saturday; fourth day of the moon; MCCCCXXXV. Indiction 13; eleventh of the Decemnovennial Cycle. B.


p.477

1435.2

Ballintober was burned by O Cellaig and his allies.

1435.3

A great war broke out all over Connacht, which wrought much destruction. Tadc son of Cathal Mac Donnchada and Cathal son of Diarmait Mac Donnchada were killed in this war; Mac Diarmata's stronghold was burned; Magnus son of Diarmait Ruad and Cormac son of the son of Murchad son of Gilla Crist were killed by Mac Donnchada in this war. Mac Diarmata and O Conchobair [afterwards] made peace between themselves.

1435.4

Peace was made by the whole Province with O Neill.

1435.5

O Neill made an expedition against the Galls and did great damage to them. But this was a success with failure. For O Domnaill was left unguarded apart from O Neill's-army; his son Toirrdelbach was killed and he himself was captured by Thomas Dillon and taken to the Isle of Man by the King's Lieutenant and never returned. Mac Cathmail and the son of Magnus Caech O Domnaill were captured here also.

1435.6

Tadc son of Tigernan O Ruairc, king of Brefne, died.

1435.7

Robert Barrett, lord of Tirawley, died.

1435.8

Hoberd son of Uilliam O Fergail was killed by Maelsechlainn Mac Herbert.

1435.9

The Countess of Desmond, Mary Burke, died.

1435.10

Domnall son of Eogan Mag Carthaig was killed by Tadc son of Cormac son of Diarmait Mag Carthaig.

1435.11

Domnall O Fergail, chieftain of the Muinter Angaile, died on the nineteenth of December by the day of the month, Monday by the day of the week.

1435.12

Brian Og son of Brian son of Enri O Neill and his two sons were captured by the sons of Eogan O Neill in the midst of O Neill's own stronghold. They were eventually maimed, in spite of the guarantee of Mac Conmide. And they were reviled as well on this account.

1435.13

Rosa son of Dauid Mag Cochlain was treacherously killed by Fedlim Mag Cochlain.

1435.14

Toirrdelbach son of Gilla Espuic Mac Domnaill died.

1435.15

Mag Raith of Termann Dabeoc [died.]


p.479

1436.1

1436 First of January on Sunday; fifteenth day of the moon; MCCCCXXXVI. dc. AG.

1436.2

Conchobar son of Seaan O Raigillig died.

1436.3

Murchad son of Cormac Mac Donnchada died.

1436.4

A great victory over O Conchobair Failgi by the Galls of Meath and the Prior of Kilmainham, who held the Lieutenancy in Ireland, and the sons of O Fergail, in which Murchad Oc son of Murchad O Lochlainn and the mercenaries of Munster were killed.

1436.5

Ben Muman daughter of Conchobar Mac Diarmata, wife of Sean Mac Donnchada, died.

1436.6

Una daughter of O Conchobair Donn, wife of Brian Mac Donnchada, died.

1436.7

Lasarfina daughter of Conchobar Mac Donnchada, wife of Cosnamach O Dubda, died.

1436.8

Domnall son of the Archbishop O Cellaig died.

1436.9

Cormac O Domnallain, ollav of the Sil Murray in Poetry, died.

1436.10

Seonacc son of Hugacc Burke died.

1436.11

Ruaidri Mac Con Snama, chieftain of the Muinter Cinaith, died.

1436.12

Feidlim Mac Cochlain, king of Delbna Ethra, was killed in the church of Cell Rignaigi, at the Mass on Sunday, by the sons of O Matadain.

1437.1

1437First of January on Tuesday; twenty-sixth day of the moon; MCCCCXXXVII. First year of the Solar Cycle. dc. F.

1437.2

Seoan Mac Peorais, Archbishop of Connacht, rested in Christ.

1437.3

Sir John, King of Scotland, was treacherously killed.

1437.4

Gormlaith daughter of Dauid O Duibgennain, wife of Brian Mac Aedacain, and ultimately an anchorite, entered into rest in the monastery of the Trinity on Loch Key.

1437.5

Maelsechlainn son of Tanaide O Mailchonaire died.

1437.6

Cairpre son of the Dean O Duibgennain died.


p.481

1437.7

Tadc son of O Dalaig Find's son was killed in a brawl by his own men.

1437.8

Art son of Art O Mailsechlainn was killed by Ruaidri son of Maelmorda Riabach O Conchobair at Mag na Ceti in Cenel Fiachach.

1437.9

Lochlainn O hAinlige, chieftain of Cenel Dobtha, died.

1438.1

1438 First of January on Wednesday, MCCCCXXXVIII. E.

1438.2

Conchobar son of Muirchertach son of Donnchad O Dubda was treacherously killed by the sons of Taichlech O Dubda.

1438.3

Conchobar Mac Aedacain, ollav of Macwilliam of Clanrickard, died.

1438.4

Maurice son of William son of the Earl of Kildare [died.]

1439.1

1439 First of January on Thursday; eighteenth day of the moon, MCCCCXXXIX. dc. D.

1439.2

Cathal son of Ruaidri O Conchobair, king of Connacht, died.

1439.3

Niall O Domnaill, king of Tir Conaill, died in captivity in the Isle of Man.

1439.4

Seoinin O Maeleoin rested.

1439.5

William Dalton of Brawnie, son of Hubert Dalton, died.

1439.6

Brian son of Emann son of Tomas O Fergail was taken prisoner by Domnall Buide O Fergail and, moreover, he never came out [of captivity.]

1439.7

Mailir Mac Peorais, lord of Leinster, died.

1439.8

Ruaidri son of Cormac Mael O Fergail died.

1439.9

Maelsechlatnn O hAinlide, chieftain of the Cenel Dobtha, died.

1439.10

Gilla Crist son of the steward Mac Conmeda of Tir Laegachain died on the sixteenth of November.

1440.1

1440 First of January on Friday; twenty-ninth day of the moon; MCCCCXL. Third of the Indiction. dc. CB.

1440.2

Brian son of Domnall son of Muirchertach O Conchobair, lord of Lower Connacht, died.

1440.3

Walter son of Thomas Burke, lord of the Galls of Connacht, died.

1440.4

Cormac son of Tomaltach Mac Diarmata, son of the king of Moylurg and prospective king thereof, [died].

1440.5

Gilla Espuic son of Donnchad Mac Domnaill, the man of his age who was most respected by the Galls, died.

1440.6

Richard. Tyrrell, lord of Fertullagh, died.

1440.7

Lochlainn O Ruairc, king of East Brefne, died.

1441.1

1441 First of January on Sunday; tenth day of the moon; MCCCCXLI. Fourth year of the Indiction. dc. A.

1441.2

Mailin son of Tanaide O Mailchonaire, ollav of the Sil Murray, principal author of the learning of Ireland and Scotland and head of his family for thirty-seven years, went the way of all flesh at the age of eighty or more, and may his soul find forgiveness for ever and ever. Amen. He was buried with (?) the saints of the town on the fifteenth of February by the day of the month, Wednesday by the day of the week.

1441.3

Conchobar son of Tadc Mac Donnchada, king of Ui Ailella, leader of the armies and the wars of Connacht and general protector of the poets of Ireland, died.

1441.4

Diarmait Ruad O Mailchonaire died.

1441.5

Duibgenn son of Matha Glas O Duibgennain, a man very learned in his art, died.

1441.6

Tomas son of Archbishop O Cellaig, Bishop of Clonfert, rested.

1441.7

Conchobar Riabach Mag Amalgaid, chieftain of Calry, died.

1441.8

Cathal Ballach son of Ruaidri O Duibgennain died.


p.485

1442.1

1442 First of January on Monday; twenty-first day of the moon, MCCCCXLII. Fifth year of the Indiction. G.

1442.2

.Brian Mag Mathgamna, king of Oriel, died in his own house after Unction and repentance. And the children whereof this man was one—the children, that is, of Ardgar Mor Mag Mathgamna—were fragrant trees and mighty oaks of bounty, for they distributed horses and treasure and money to every suppliant. May the blessing of almighty God go with them to Heaven!

1442.3

Tadc son of Tomaltach Mac Diarmata was unfortunately killed at Kiltogher, by the cast of a javelin, and his slayer was never acknowledged.

1442.4

Uaithne son of Gilla na Naem O hAinlige and Ruaidri son of Lochlainn O hAinlige fell at each others hands in one house in the residence of O Figne.

1442.5

Hobert son of Laisech son of Rosa [O Fergail] was drowned at Bel an tSnama, between Cell an Ibair and Cuasan Ui Brain.

1442.6

Richard son of Piers Dillon was killed by the Cenel Fiachach.

1443.1

1443 First of January on Tuesday; second day of the moon; MCCCCXLIII. Sixth year of the Indiction.

1443.2

Maelruanaid O Cerbaill, king of Ely, died this year.

1443.3

Magnus son of Ardgar Mor Mag Mathgamna, the very best son of a sub-king, for bounty and bravery, of his own province and in his own time, died. May God's blessing go with him to Heaven!

1443.4

Brian son of Emann O Fergail was killed by his keepers, he having attempted to escape from the Inches of Gorteen, after being held for four years in captivity by Domnall O Fergail.

1443.5

Sida Mac Conmara, chieftain of Clann Cuilein, died.

1443.6

Gilla na Naem Mac Aedacain, the teacher of Ireland in his own art, ollav of Ormond, died.

1443.7

Seoinin son of Cu Chonnacht O Fergail, lord of Mag Trega, died.


p.487

1443.8

Emann son of Tomas O Fergail died.

1443.9

The castle of Athlone was captured by Muirchertach son of Gilla Bodur son of Emann O Cellaig's son. It was re-taken from him by James Dillon and William Boy Dillon. Before surrendering the castle he slew William Boy, after which he surrendered it and was escorted safely away.

1443.10

Mathgamain O Briain was blinded by God and Toirrdelbach succeeded him.

1444.1

1444 First of January on Wednesday; thirteenth day of the moon; MCCCCXLIV. Seventh year of the Indiction; first of the Decemnovennial Cycle.

1444.2

Aed Buide O Neill, choicest son of a king in his own time, was killed with one cast of a javelin at the rear of a prey in the territory of Mag Aengusa.

1444.3

Eogan son of Domnall son of Muirchertach O Conchobair, lord of Carbury, was killed with an arrow by the posterity of Cormac Mac Donnchada.

1444.4

Toirrdelbach Mag Cochlain, king of Delbna, died.

1444.5

Conchobar Mac Cargamna, chieftain of Muinter Mailsinna, died.

1444.6

Cormac Mac Cochlain, Bishop of Clonmacnoise, died.

1444.7

Richard son of the Great Dean son of Domnall O Fergail, Bishop of Ardagh, rested in Christ.

1444.8

Uilliam son of Dean O Flannacain rested in Christ. This Uilham was the coarb of Comman.

1444.9

Tadc son of Tadc Mac Diarmata, provost of Elphin, died on the journey to Rome.

1444.10

Tomaltach O Birn, prospective chieftain of Ui Briuin, died.

1445.1

1445 First of January on Friday; MCCCCXLV. Twentyfourth day of the moon; eighth year of the Indiction; second of the Decemnovennial Cycle.

1445.2

Uilliam O Fergail, chieftain of Annaly, died.


p.489

1445.3

Domnall Buide son of Domnall son of Seaan O Fergail set himself up as chieftain and the posterity of Murchad set up Rosa son of Muirchertach Midech son of Brian O Fergail in opposition to him. Much damage was done between them and the chieftainship was ultimately left in the possession of Domnall.

1445.4

Tomaltach Oc Mac Donnchada died.

1445.5

Cu Choiccrich Sinnach died.

1445.6

This was a year of Indulgence and many of the nobles of Ireland went to [the shrine of] St. James [in Spain.] Among these were Mairgreg daughter of O Cerbaill and Mag Eochacain. They returned safely.

1445.7

Fergal son of O Dalaig of Meath was wounded on the track of his own father's prey and died of the wound.

1445.8

Thomas Dillon died.

1445.9

Remission of all sins by Conchobar, the Bishop O Cuinlis.

1445.10

Gilla na Naem O hAinlige was blinded by God.

1445.11

Domnall son of Diarmait Caech O Fergail was killed by his own people in a brawl.

1446.1

1446 First of January on Saturday, MCCCCXLVI, ninth year of the Indiction; fifth day of the moon; third year of the Decemnovennial Cycle. B.

1446.2

Domnall O Cobthaig and his two sons were treacherously killed by Maelsechlainn son of the son of Art O Mailsechlainn and by Feidlim son of the son of Fiacha Mag Eochacain on Crowinis in Loch Ennell, in his own house. He was a man of wide accomplishment and his house was an open guest-house.

1446.3

Fergal son of Murchad son of Cormac Mac Donnchada died.

1446.4

Diarmait Ruad son of Tadc O Conchobair was killed by the posterity of Toirrdelbach O Conchobair and the sons of Cathal Dub O Conchobair.

1446.5

Tanaide son of Mailin O Mailchonaire died on a journey in Clann Feorais, between the two Easters, and was buried at Ballyboggan.


p.491

1447.1

1447 First of January on Sunday; sixteenth day of the moon, MCCCCXLVII: Tenth year of the Indiction; fourth of the Decemnovennial Cycle. A.

1447.2

Ruaidri son of Magnus son of Cu Muige, king of Cianacht and the choicest among the sub-kings of Ireland, died this year.

1447.3

Matha O Rodachain, coarb of Fenagh, a hostel for guests and a well of riches to the churches of Ireland, entered into rest.

1447.4

Sadb daughter of Uilliam Mac Branain, wife of Mailin O Mailchonaire, died after a victory over the world and the Devil.

1447.5

Aed son of Muirchertach Oc Mag Eochacain died on the twenty-ninth of June.

1448.1

1448 First of January on Monday; twenty-seventh day of the moon, MCCCCXLVIII. Eleventh year of the Indiction; fifth of the Decemnovennial Cycle. GF.

1448.2

Diarmait son of Eogan son of Mathgamain O Dalaig, ollav of Meath, died at the beginning of spring this year.

1448.3

Tadc Oc O hUicinn, chief teacher [of the poets] of Ireland and Scotland, died at the end of the same spring.

1448.4

Toirrdelbach Carrach son of Diarmait O Conchobair was killed in a drunken brawl at Ballintober by Ruaidri son of Cathal Dub O Conchobair.

1448.5

Brian son of Cathal Dub O Conchobair was killed in another brawl, at Kilcooley, with one thrust of a spear, by Cormac Cam son of Magnus son of Fedlimid; and Fedlimid son of Fedlimid was mortally wounded by a spear thrown from inside a house, though he came away courageously.

1448.6

Cormac son of Seaan O hEgra, half-king of Leyney, was killed by the sons of Henry son of Mac Jordan this year.

1448.7

Aed Buide Mag Eochacain died on the first of November.


p.493

1449.1

1449 First of January on Wednesday, MCCCCXLIX. Eighth day of the moon; twelfth year of the Indiction; sixth of the Decemnovennial Cycle. E.

1449.2

Donnchad son of Tigernan Oc O Ruairc, king of Brefne, died.

1449.3

Eogan son of Seoan O Raigillig, king of Muinter Mailmorda, died.

1450.1

1450 First of January on Thursday; nineteenth day of the moon, MCCCCL. Thirteenth year of the Indiction; seventh of the Decemnovennial Cycle. D.

1450.2

Conchobar son of Toirrdelbach son of Niall Garb O Domnaill died.

1451.1

1451 First of January on Friday; thirtieth day of the moon, MCCCCLI. Fourteenth year of the Indiction; eighth of the Decemnovennial Cycle.

1451.2

Mairgreg daughter of Tadc O Cerbaill king of Ely, the best of the women of the Gaedil and the one who made most causeways, churches, books, chalices and all articles useful for the service of a church, and she who issued the two general invitations in one year, at Killeigh at the feast of Dasinchell and at Rathangan at the first festival of Mary, died of a cancer in the breast this year; and Feidlim, son of Calbach [O Conchobair Failgi] and Mairgreg, the darling of all the Leinster people, died of a disease which it is not fitting to mention with her, namely leprosy.

1451.3

Raymond Tyrrell, lord of Fertullagh, was treacherously killed at Baile Sigmainn by James [Nugent], son of the Baron of Delvin and the sons of Garrett Boy Tyrrell.

1451.4

The sons of Maelsechlainn O Birn, Tadc and Uilliam and Donnchad, were killed by the descendants of Maelsechlainn Mag Ragnaill and the posterity of Cormac O Birn and the sons of Brian O Birn, the brothers of their father.


p.495

1452.1

1452 First of January on Saturday, MCCCCLII. Eleventh day of the moon; ninth year of the Decemnovennial Cycle. BA.

1452.2

Nechtan O Domnaill, king of Tir Conaill, was killed by the sons of Niall O Domnaill, his own brother, this year, after they had been banished from the country.

1452.3

Fergal Oc Mag Eochacain was killed on St. Nicholas' day at the cross-roads in Croughool by the son of the Baron of Delvin and the sons of Piers son of Piers Dalton, who were the children of his mother's brother.

1452.4

Maelsechlainn son of Urard O Mailchonaire died.

1452.5

Lochlainn Oc O hAinlige, chieftain of Cenel Dobtha, was treacherously killed in the crannog of Loch Leise by the son of Murchad son of Gilla na Naem O hAinlige and the son of Uaithne son of Gilla na Naem, having been given up [to his slayers] by the sons of O Mailbrigte his own steward, on the Sunday night after St. Michael's day. These traitors were afterwards hanged for their offence by Ruaidri Buide O hAinlige.

1452.6

The Earl of Ormond died at Ardee on the third of August.

1453.1

First of January on Monday; twenty-second day of the moon; A.D. MCCCCLIII. First year of the Indiction; tenth of the Decemnovennial Cycle. G.

1453.2

Toirrdelbach Ruad son of Brian Ballach, Toirrdelbach Bodur son of Tadc O Conchobair and Henry of Cruffon son of William son of David [Burke] were killed on one day by the posterity of Domnall mac Muirchertaig [O Conchobair] and the Clann Donnchada on Corrsliab.

1453.3

Aed O Mailmuaid, king of Fir Cell, died.

1453.4

Brian son of Conchobar Mac Donnchada, full-king of Ui Ailella and the Coran, fountain of the dignity and lordship of the Clann Donnchaid and general protector of the mendicant folk of Ireland, died this year.

1454.1

1454 First of January on Tuesday; third day of the moon; MCCCCLIV. It was the second year of the Indiction, eleventh of the Decemnovennial Cycle. F.

1454.2

Maelruanaid son of Conchobar son of Cathal Mag Ragnaill died.

1455.1

1455 First of January on Wednesday; MCCCCLV. It was the third year of the Indiction, twelfth of the Decemnovennial Cycle. E.

1455.2

Sefraid son of Murchad Oc son of Murchad Mor son of Cathal [O Fergail], lord of Clann Aeda an tSlebi, died.

1455.3

Eogan Mac Diarmata Ruad, lord of Coillte Conchobair, was killed by his own men.

1456.1

1456 First of January on Thursday, MCCCCLVI. Twentyfifth day of the moon. It was the fourth year of the Indiction; thirteenth of the Decemnovennial Cycle. DC.

1456.2

Fergal son of Conchobar Mac Diarmata, tanist of Moylurg, and Lasarfina, daughter of the said Fergal and wife of Cairpre O Conchobair, died.

1456.3

John son of Thomas Burke died.

1457.1

1457 First of January on Saturday; sixth day of the moon; MCCCCLVII and the fifth year of the Indiction; fourteenth of the Decemnovennial Cycle.

1457.2

Brian son of Muirchertach Oc O Fergail, lord of Clann Amlaib, died.

1458.1

1458 First of January on Sunday, MCCCCLVIII. Seventeenth day of the moon; fifteenth year of the Decemnovennial Cycle. A.

1458.2

Tomaltach son of Conchobar Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, Airtech, the Coran, Tir Tuathail and a large part of Clann Chathaill—and the whole province of Connacht were not too


p.499

much for one of his bounty and great heart—died on St. Bartholomew's Eve; and Cathal, his son and worthy to be his son, died a fortnight before. They were buried in the monastery of Boyle. Aed son of Conchobar Mac Diarmata was made king in his stead.

1458.3

Calbach Mor O Conchobair, king of Offaly, son of Murchad the Victorious, one who never till his death refused a suppliant, who got [back] more of Leinster from Galls and Gaels opposing him than any man since the time of Cathair Mor, died this year; and he himself made his son Conn king in his place before he went to Killeigh.

1458.4

Edmund Burke, lord of the Galls of Connacht and many of its Gaels, choicest of the Galls of Ireland for form and feature, mercy, good faith and every quality for which a man might be praised, died.

1458.5

Fergal Ruad Mag Eochacain, chieftain of the Cenel Fiachach, died on the nineteenth of January. God bless him.

1459.1

1459First of January on Monday, MCCCCLIX. The twenty-eight day of the moon's age. Sixteenth year of the Decemnovennial Cycle.

1460.1

1460 First of January on Tuesday and the ninth, day of the moon, MCCCCLX. It was the eighth year of the Indiction, seventeenth of the Decemnovennial Cycle. FE.

1460.2

Thomas son of Thomas Burke, who had succeeded Edmund Burke as Macwilliam, died this year.

1460.3

Mac Capa, that is Enri son of Gilla Crist, came into Annaly with Domnall Buide O Fergail and died of a sudden sickness at Lissardowlin. He was buried at Cavan and there were fourteen score of axes or more in his funeral procession.

1460.4

Ruaidri Ballach son of Muirchertach O Conchobair died.


p.501

1460.5

The Provost of Elphin, Ruaidri son of Magnus O Mochain, died.

1460.6

Domnall son of Diarmait O Maille, Uilliam O Maille and Seoan O Maille went on an expedition with the sons of Mathgamain O Briain against Corca Baiscinn, where they landed, and all three were killed before reaching their ships. Domnall O Briain was captured; Mathgamain was drowned as he went wounded to his ship; and the mendicant folk of Ireland lamented Domnall greatly. God's blessing go with him to Heaven.

1460.7

Brian O Maille was killed by Aed O Maille on account of an exchange of words between them: these were the sons of Tadc O Maille.

1460.8

Mac Magnus of Tir Thuathail, Ruaidri son of Eogan Ruad, a well-matched spouse for that land, was killed by Conn O Domnaill and Tadc son of Tadc O Ruairc in pursuit of the preys of Tir Thuathail, after they had carried them off to Aircedglenn. The rest of the Clann Magnusa boldly and triumphantly recovered the preys in this glen.

1461.1

1461 First of January on Thursday and the twentieth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCCLXI. Eighteenth of the Decemnovennial Cycle. D.

1461.2

Aed son of Toirrdelbach Oc O Conchobair, half-king of Connacht in opposition to Tadc O Conchobair, and worthy to be King of Ireland for his shapely form and hospitality to the scholars of Ireland, died at Ballintober, on the fifteenth of May by the day of the month, after Unction and Penance, in the sixty-third year of his age and was buried at Roscommon.

1461.3

Toirrdelbach Cairprech O Domnaill, king of Tir Conaill, was maimed by the sons of Niall O Domnaill this year.

1461.4

Edmund son of Walter Burke was killed.

1461.5

Fergal O Gadra, eligible prince of Coolavin, was killed by Mac Gosdelb.

1461.6

Feidlim Finn O Conchobair was captured by the sons of Brian Ballach and Ruaidri son of O Conchobair Donn. Feidlimid son of O Conchobair Donn was proclaimed O Conchobair in opposition to Tadc O Conchobair. Tadc O Conchobair was captured by his own brothers and O Conchobair Donn.


p.503

1461.7

A shattering defeat was inflicted on some of the Meath Galls and part of the Muinter Raigillig this year by the Galls of Oriel and the sons of Rudraige Mag Mathgamna.

1461.8

Another shattering defeat, by O Raigillig and Pilip Mag Uidir over the sons of Aed Mag Uidir, in which Maelsechlainn son of Aed Mag Uidir and other high-born prisoners were taken.

1461.9

Great dearth throughout Ireland.

1461.10

The lordship of the English was ruined; the Duke of York, a countless number of Englishmen and the Earl of Ormond [were slain.]

1461.11

The Bishop of Killala, O Coneoil, was killed by the son of Magnus O Dubda.

1461.12

Maelsechlainn son of Uilliam O Cellaig was captured by the sons of Bresal O Cellaig. He was forcibly recovered from them at Tiaquin and by the sons of Walter Burke, boldly and victoriously.

1461.13

Cormac Losc son of Tomaltach O Birn was killed by the sons of Maelsechlainn O Birn at Rathnarovanagh, on a Friday, and plundered by them as well.

1461.14

A shattering defeat was given by the sons of Tadc son of Donnchad O Cellaig to the Modachs and the men of the Tuath, in which many were killed and captured.

1461.15

O Dalaig of Corcomroe, Niall Oc O hUicinn and Niall son of Fergal Oc O hUicinn died.

1461.16

The Dean O Maileoin, a sage of Ireland, rested at St. Ciaran's Clonmacnoise.

1461.17

Mathgamain son of Uilliam O Fergail died.

1461.18

Maelmuire son of Aed Mac Suibne died.

1461.19

Seoan Carrach son of Tadc Mac Branain, the bold battler, died.

1461.20

Diarmait Balb son of Seoan son of Echmarcach [Mac Branain] died.

1461.21

Tomas son of Uigestin Mac an Baird died.

1461.22

Muirgius son of Uilliam O Flannacain, priest of Senchell Dumcha and a canon of the choirs entered into rest and the church itself was burned.

1461.23

An immense host was led by Macwilliam Burke and his


p.505

kinsmen into Machaire Connacht, to deliver Feidlimid Finn. The son of Brian released Feidlimid Finn, against every security which he required therefor, and was proclaimed O Conchobair in opposition to Tadc O Conchobair on a Wednesday by the day of the week. Aed Mac Diarmata put on his shoe and he received the hostages of the lordship of O Conchobair Ruad through the power of Macwilliam, who afterwards departed. The sons of O Conchobair Ruad brought Tadc O Conchobair out of the bonds of O Conchobair Donn, giving the half-townland of Ballyclare for his ransom, and encamped at Cregga.

1461.24

When the sons of O Conchobair himself and the son of Brian [Ballach] heard of this encampment they gathered their friends from all directions about Mac Diarmata, attacked the camp of Tadc O Conchobair and routed him and his kinsmen. But these came away honourably, though Cairpre O Conchobair was harassing their rear on horseback and performing deeds of prowess upon them with an axe belonging to one of his own foot-soldiers, and by means of their courageous defence they came as far as Ailen na Cenainne; and the parting of the two armies was as the parting of two weary foes, nor was there anything base or shameful to either in this day's fighting.

1461.25

A great war between the Meath and Leinster Galls and O Conchobair Failgi, which destroyed a large part of Meath. O Conchobair and Mac Richard Butler accompanied by a thousand or more mounted men wearing helmets were shoeing their horses at Drumhurlin, while their raiding-parties were operating in every direction till the evening. The son of Feidlim son of Calbach [O Conchobair Failgi] was captured by John son of Mac Thomas. O Conchobair received great concessions from the Galls for making peace, as had always been customary for one of his position.

1461.26

Great raids by Mag Eochacain on the Baron of Delvin.

1461.27

Other great raids by him on the Ledwiches, when he plundered the country as far as the Inny.

1461.28

The youth of Clann Seain plundered Portloman.

1461.29

Aengus Mac Raith, the theme of all Irishmen, died at the beginning of his prosperity and his preceptorship. God's blessing go with him to Heaven.

1461.30

Diarmait son of Domnall son of Eoin son of Sitrecc Ruad O Mailchonaire died.


p.507

1461.31

Maelsechlainn son of Flann O Domnallain died.

1461.32

A great prey was taken from the people of Formael by the sons of Domnall Cam Mac Donnchada and some of the sons of Brian Mac Donnchada.

1461.33

Magnus son of Brian son of Domnall O Conchobair, lord of Carbury, died.

1461.34

Donnchad O Cellaig was captured by the Clann Maicne Eogain and the sons of Aed son of Uilliam O Cellaig.

1461.35

Mag Eochacain plundered and burnt Rathwire.

1461.36

Clann Mailruanaid was burned by Cathal Mag Ragnaill and the sons of Brian Ballach and some people were killed by them.

1461.37

Donnchad O Cellaig was happily and unexpectedly released.

1461.38

Teboit O Mailmuaid, half-king of Fir Cell, was killed by O Mailmuaid of the Woods.

1461.39

Mac Diarmata and his kinsmen treacherously took great preys from the sons of Ruaidri Mac Diarmata and carried them off into Clanconway. Ruaidri's sons and all their adherents withdrew to the woods of the Curlieus, so that between the two parties they devastated the country.

1461.40

Tadc O Conchobair's sons deserted Brian Ballach's sons.

1462.1

1462 First of January on Friday; first day of the moon, MCCCCLXII. Nineteenth year of the Decemnovennial Cycle. Embolismal year. C. Last year of the Hendecad.

1462.2

Tadc O Conchobair and his kinsmen fought a battle at Corra an Gobann with the son of Brian Ballach, Mac Diarmata and the Corca Achlann, the day of the week being Sunday precisely. Mac Branain was the first to come to the place of conflict. O Conchobair and his kinsmen rose up quickly [...]. . . to meet them, refusing to accept quarter (?) or protection from them but being pressed (?) into the deep river which lay before them. Two or three of them were drowned in this river and O Conchobair came safely away to O hAinlige. O Conchobair was then recognised again [as lord] by his own territories.


p.509

1462.3

O Conchobair won a victory at Ath Lechta Casc in which Diarmait son of Brian and Tadc son of Tadc Mac Tigernain na Corra were killed. However, the family of Brian were let [...]. . . (?) their cattle and followers. These things were done on St. Berach's day. They forfeited their land to the sons of O Conchobair Ruad.

1462.4

A hosting by Macwilliam of Clanrickard into Ui Cairin. O Mechair gave battle to the army. William Burke, son of Macwilliam, was killed with one cast of a javelin by O Mechair's son.

1462.5

[O Mechair] himself, that is Tadc, died. His son succeeded him.

1462.6

Mac Branain was forced to abandon the sons of Brian Ballach. War between Mac Branain and O Conchobair's sons. Mac Branain was driven across the Shannon towards O Fergail, and O Fergail gave him a half-townland and free quarterage for his drovers.

1462.7

Feidlim O Conchobair came across Mac Branain and his kinsmen on the road to Bagna. Mac Branain wounded Feidlim in the knee with a dart, whereof it was expected that he would die. Here Mac Branain was captured by Feidlim and Cormac son of Cormac and some of his kerne were killed. Mac Branain was ransomed for four score marks and [the agreement] to pay rent to O Conchobair for a town which they [the Mac Branans] had long held free.

1462.8

The young Earl of Ormond came to Ireland this year with an innumerable following of English. War between the Earls of Ormond and Desmond, Gerald son of the Earl of Desmond was captured by the Butlers. They took Waterford. A day of battle was set between them. The Earl of Ormond did not come to the battle that day, because it was a custom with the English not to give battle on a Monday nor after midday on other days. Mac Richard came to fight the battle in defiance of the Earl, and he came by himself. He and the Fitz Geralds fought a fierce and bloody fight and the Butlers were routed; four hundred and ten of them were counted as being buried, besides those whom dogs and wild animals devoured. The FitzGeralds took Kilkenny and the large towns of the county


p.511

after slaughtering their inhabitants. The Earl of Ormond with his English held the town in which they were themselves.

1462.9

A young kinsman of the Earl of Ormond met at sea four ships belonging to the Earl of Desmond's people loaded with treasure, and captured them. This capture greatly strengthened the Butlers.

1462.10

Enormous preys were taken by Ruaidri Mac Diarmata, Cormac Ballach Mac Donnchada and the young men of the posterity of Conchobar Mac Donnchada from the Clanconway and Mac Diarmata and his kinsmen at Bel Atha Duin Imdain, whence they took a hundred and twenty score of cows as well as other live-stock.

1462.11

Other great raids, to avenge these, were made by Mac Diarmata and Edmund son of William against Ruaidri Mac Diarmata at Cillin Arbelaig—most successfully if there had not happened a misfortune, the killing of Cormac son of Conchobar Mac Diarmata with one blow of a spear—when they took four score and four hundred cows, with six score to each hundred, and many of their rabble were killed.

1462.12

Ruaidri son of O Conchobair Donn was ransomed from O Conchobair Donn. Cathal Ruad son of O Conchobair Ruad was also ransomed by him from him for four score marks.

1462.13

Cathal Mag Ragnaill won a victory over the posterity of Maelsechlainn [Mag Ragnaill], in which were captured the head of their alliance, Uilliam Mag Ragnaill, and Toirrdelbach Mac Dubgaill, the constable of their gallowglasses, and the son of Iriel O Fergail. Cathal was proclaimed Mag Ragnaill and Conchobar, having become very old, was deposed.

1462.14

O Fergail was defeated by the sons of Conn O Mailsechlainn and the Dillons and Laisech son of Rosa [O Fergail] at Noughaval. Here Emann O Fergail was captured and, if mine author speaks truly, their total losses were seventy men killed or captured, eleven of the posterity of Muirchertach Oc O Fergail, included in this total, being killed. Yet this was but the drop before a shower for Annaly; for it was not long afterwards that it lost that young son of a chieftain who maintained the largest household and was the best fighter and forrayer against the Galls and Gaels who opposed him, namely Tomas son of Cathal O Fergail. He was killed at Pallas Ford, by night, while pursuing his own prey, by a party of the Dillons, the descendants of Conchobar and the son of Muirchertach. He had


p.513

been left with only a few followers, which was unusual for him, so that [his enemies] carried away his head and his prey.

1462.15

Mac Branain, that is Tomaltach Carrach son of Conn son of Aed, having lived for a long time, in poverty, rested in Christ.

1462.16

The spring and summer were very hard this year, insomuch that the like thereof had not been seen since the spring [in the reign] of the sons of Toirrdelbach.

1462.17

This was a year of Indulgence, many people going to St. James's.

1462.18

The Galway dried up this year and many things were found in its bed.

1462.19

Tadc son of Eogan O Conchobair, lord of Carbury, died.

1462.20

Brian son of Pilip Mag Uidir, the most bountiful and the bravest man of his years in the whole province of Ulster, was killed, [having been captured] in pursuing his own prey, by the sons of Art O Neill, who had held him some time in captivity.

1462.21

Mailir Mac Seoinin Burke died.

1462.22

O Morda's daughter, the wife of O Conchobair Failgi, died.

1463.1

1463 First of January on Saturday; twelfth day of the moon, MCCCCLXIII. First year of the Decemnovennial Cycle. Common year. B.

1463.2

Hoberd son of William Mac David, tanist of Clanconway, died.

1463.3

Gilla Crist Mac Eitigen, vicar of St. Patrick's church and canon of the choir in Elphin, rested in Christ on the Saturday after St. Bridget's day.

1463.4

Tadc son of Tomaltach Mor Mac Donnchada, half-king of Ui Ailella, died.

1463.5

, Conchobar son of Cathal Ruad Mag Ragnaill, chieftain of the Clann Bibsaig, died.

1463.6

Grainne daughter of Tadc O Ruairc, wife of Mac Donncbada, died.

1463.7

The son of Maiu Barrett, lord of Tirawley, died.

1463.8

The Earl of Desmond, James son of Gerald, died.

1463.9

O Broin was killed by the Galls, and the same day the Galls were defeated by the Branachs, when the sons of Mac an


p.515

Breithemnaig were captured from them and many others gentle arid simple.

1463.10

Mac Donnchada Riabhach of Ballimore, that is Tomaltach, one of Ireland's most illustrious men, died on the eve of Mayday after drinking too much whisky.

1463.11

Enormous plunderings of the Galls by O Conchobair Failgi, so that his raiding-parties reached as far north as Berna an Ibair.

1463.12

Emann O Fergail was ransomed.

1463.13

Cuilen O Dimusaig was killed by the Galls.

1463.14

Diarmait Mor son of Diarmait O Conchobair was killed by the sons of Tadc O Conchobair at Assylin on the Boyle.

1463.15

Cormac Ballach Mac Donnchada, that son of a sub-king who most loved hospitality and valour and knowledge of all who lived in Ireland in his time, died after the victory of repentance. A blessing go with him to Heaven!

1463.16

A raid was made by William son of Richard Burke on the castle of Muilenn Adam, to avenge his eye, which had been struck out some time before by an arrow shot from that castle. He was followed up as far as Ballymote; and here he turned on the pursuing party and killed fifteen of them, including Magnus son of Diarmait Mac Donnchada and the sons of O Neill. It was one of these who had shot his eye out from that castle previously.

1463.17

Nine men of the Cenel Fiachach were killed on St. Columba's day, in a riot about the wood of a bow, by the Fir Cell and the Clann Colman. Among the killed were the son of Diarmait son of Aed Buide Mag Eochacain, the son of Conchobar Anabaid Mag Eochacain and the son of Fiacha Mag Eochacain's son.

1463.18

An attack was made by Tadc O Conchobair and the Fir Cell on the Delbna of Mac Cochlain, when Tadc himself and the son of Feidlim O Conchobair were captured and lost many horses and much armour. Tadc was ransomed on agreeing to enter into gossipry and fosterage [with his captors] and to pay two hundred marks in addition. On his release he went against the Fir Tulach, who were fosterers and friendss to him, and brought immense preys away from them.

1463.19

War broke out between O Conchobair and Tadc, for his plundering of those people who were O Conchobair's fosterers, and after some horses had been killed and some men wounded on both sides Tadc was banished into Clanmalier.

1463.20

O Flannacain and his son were captured by the descendants


p.517

of Brian Ballach [O Conchobair]; his house in Coillin Ui Charthaig was burned and he was badly wounded with an arrow.

1463.21

A night-raid by the descendants of Brian Ballach on Ruaidri son of Cathal Dub [O Conchobair] at Doire Carlinn.

1463.22

O Flannacain was released but was not empowered to settle his territory, and his son was left in durance as a pledge for the fulfilment [of the terms upon which he had been released.]

1463.23

The son of Conn O Mailsechlainn was treacherously captured in the house of Pettit of Mullingar, his fosterer; the choicest of horses, and arms and armour were taken from him and from his followers and many noble persons taken as hostages, of the Clann Colmain and Fir Cell, including Conn's two grandsons. O Conchobair Failgi came with a countless host to Mullingar and forced them to hand over O Mailsechlainn's son, though his hostages were left in captivity, and three hundred cows and the rich chattels of those lands and droves of pigs and to make a peace on these terms.

1463.24

Immense raids by Tadc O Conchobair and the Cenel Fiachach on Machaire Cuircne, when they plundered the whole country southward from Dun na Monad and outwards from Cell an Ibair.

1463.25

Mag Ragnaill's sons attacked Baile Tuama Uisce, burning the town and taking a prey. They [then] went into their boats and sent their followers and their prey round [by land], when two or three of their own people were killed, namely the son of Cormac son of Risded Mag Ragnaill and two sons of O Morda, as well as two, or three of the people of Mag Trega, including the son of Amlaib son of Matha son of Cu Chonnacht O Fergail.

1463.26

Peace was made among the posterity of the son of Feidlim.

1463.27

Siaccus Cam son of Feidlim, lord of the Clann Amlaib Ui Fergail, died.

1464.1

1464 First of January on Sunday and the twenty-third day of the moon, A.D. MCCCCLXIV. Second year of the Decemnovennial Cycle. Common year. AG.


p.519

1464.2

Mac Capa and Domnall O Ruairc died of the colic.

1464.3

Seoan son of the Official son of Muirchertach [Oc O Fergail] and Maelechlainn son of Brian son of Muirchertach Oc O Fergail and his wife died of the colic.

1464.4

Muirchertach son of Seaan O Duibgennain died of the same colic.

1464.5

The son of Glaisne son of Conchobair O Raigillig was killed.

1464.6

Mac Diarmata Ruad, that is Diarmait son of Maelsechlainn, and Cathal Baccach son of Cormac of Formael died.

1464.7

Ben Muman daughter of O Flannacain died.

1464.8

Diarmait O Murchadain, best of priests, rested in Christ.

1464.9

O Flainn, that is the lord of Sil Mailruain, and his brother Gilla na Naem O Flainn were killed by the posterity of Pilip Mac-Gosdelb at Cluain Cruimm and five of their people were killed with them.

1464.10

Bresal son of Donnchad O Cellaig and Maelsechlainn son of Uilliam O Cellaig, who were struggling with each other for the kingship, both died in one week at the end of April.

1464.11

Cedach O Morda, king of Laigis, died of the colic.

1464.12

Piers Butler died.

1464.13

Muirchertach son of Art O Mailsechlainn and his wife, O Cobthaig's daughter, and three others as well died within one day and night from going to see a horse which died of the same swellings.

1464.14

Mor daughter of Semus O Cennetig, wife of Mag Eochacain, and his daughter died of that same colic.

1464.15

Two sons of Aed O Mailmuaid were killed by the sons of Tepoit O Mailmuaid and the sons of O Conchobair Failgi. The son of Mailir O Mailmuaid was treacherously killed by the sons of the same Tepoit, he being the son of their own father's brother.

1464.16

Conn son of Niall Garb O Domnaill, eligible prince of Tir Conaill, the most distinguished man of his time in Ireland for size and strength, was killed by the sons of Nechtain O Domnaill.

1464.17

Lochlainn son of Mailin O Mailchonaire died, having won a victory over the world and the Devil, and was buried at Elphin under the protection of God and Patrick and St. Francis.

1464.18

Cathal Ruad, son of O Conchobair, raided Maelsechlainn son of Ruaidri Mac Diarmata and the son of Diarmait O Mugroin.


p.521

1464.19

Cormac son of Matha son of Amlaib Ruad O Birn was killed by one wound of a javelin and without cause, but [it happened in] a rising-up at the outcries of the prey. None of them admitted who struck the blow, and Cormac fell [dead].

1464.20

The sons of Brian Mac Donnchada were utterly routed at Baile Locha Bo by the sons of Ruaidri Mac Diarmata and Tadg Mag Ragnaill and the sons of Cormac Ballach Mac Donachada. Tadc son of Brian and his son, Maelruanaid son of Brian and Maelsechlainn Mac Diarmata Ruad were captured; Eoin Mac Suibne, the constable of their gallowglasses, was killed there together with sixthen gallowglasses, and Diarmait son of Cormac Ballach [Mac Donnchada] was killed by one shot of a small arrow.

1464.21

Mac Richard Butler, most esteemed and renowned of the Galls of Ireland as a captain in war, died.

1464.22

A sudden raid was made by the sons of O Cellaig, Colla Prior of St. John's and Ruaidri, at the instigation of Brian O Brain of Brawnie and the sons of Rosa son of Muirchertach Midech O Fergail. O Cellaig's two sons and sixteen of their followers, Brian O Brain with ten of his followers, and ten of the people of Callow, including Uilliam son of Donnchad son of the Prior, were killed—thirty-six in all; and though Mag Amalgaid inflicted a defeat, he was defeated.

1464.23

The prey of Lacan was taken by Tadc Mag Ragnaill, who was induced thereto by Diarmait son of Lochlainn Oc O hAinlige; and we have not heard that any Gall or Gael ever did this before.

1464.24

Mac Uilliam Burke and O Domnaill with many Galls and Gaels in their company went to Dublin to meet the Earl of Desmond, who was the King's Lieutenant. They came to terms and made a treaty with him.

1464.25

The Justiciars and the Bishop of Meath and Thomas Plunket with nine of the gentlemen of his household went to the King of England's house to make complaint against each other.

1464.26

After the slaying of Conn O Domnaill, the sons of Nechtain O Domnaill and O Neill led out a plundering army and burned


p.523

the whole country as far as Ballyshannon. They took preys of cows and horses home with them, but left the full value thereof behind, namely Brian son of Conchobar Oc son of Conchobar Ruad Mag Uidir, most honourable, valiant and hospitable of men, and twenty-eight others with him.

1464.27

Richard Burke went to the help of O Domnaill with seven shiploads of men.

1464.28

Tadc O Conchobair raided the sons of Muirchertach [? Oc O Fergail] beside the Inny.

1464.29

The same week he raided O Fergail at Camath. The larger beasts were driven off before he attacked, but he seized the small cattle and wrought destruction among the people and took prisoner a good soldier, with his horse and armour, but non-mortally wounded.

1464.30

The image of Mary at Trim wrought great marvels this year.

1464.31

The son of [Conn] O Mailsechlainn obtained more than restitution, an unusual event, from Petit for his treachery towards him; that is to say, [Petit] payed full compensation after having his land burned and stripped bare.

1464.32

Uilliam son of Maine son of Conn son of the lord of the posterity of Conchobar Mac Branain died.

1464.33

Street in Moybreckry was burned, houses and churches, by the Baron of Delvin.

1464.34

Burnings and plunderings between the Nugents and the Mac Herberts this year.

1464.35

Aed Mac Diarmata took the preys of Tir Thuathail this year and they made submission to him in return for [restitution of] their preys; for since the death of Tomaltach Mac Diarmata they had been with the Clann Donnchada.

1464.36

A great war between the posterity of Uilliam O Cellaig and the posterity of Donnchad O Cellaig, in which the posterity of Donnchad recovered the lands which the posterity of Uilliam had taken from them.

1464.37

A great war between the sons of O Cellaig, that is Aed son of Brian, the sons of Eogan's daughter being ranged against the sons of Mac Diarmata's daughter. Tir Maine was burned


p.525

between them, and they made peace after O Cellaig's sons had been killed by the Calraigi. The Calraigi were driven into Ui Failgi, except that their wardens were left in Ballylochloe.

1464.38

The daughter of Mag Eochada of Moyfin, wife of the son of Emann O Cellaig's son, most charitable and most bountiful of women, entered into rest this year.

1464.39

The son of Cormac Ballach [Mac Donnchada] was taken prisoner by the Abbot son of Brian [Mac Donnchada] and four hundred cows were captured from his people.

1464.40

Tadc O Conchobair, half-king of Connacht, died on the Saturday after the first festival of Mary in the autumn and was buried at Roscommon by the posterity of Cathal Crobderg and the territories of the Sil Murray, with such pomp and dignity as had not been accorded to any king of the line of Cathal Crobderg before him for a very long time; for their horsemen and their gallowglasses in armour surrounded the body of the high-king as if marching into battle, their young levies were there in battle-array, their poet's and men of art and the women of the Sil Murray followed in countless throngs. Countless, too, were the offerings to the Church at the burial of the highking, of cows and horses and money. And he had seen himself in a vision being snatched from Doom by Michael.

1464.41

The Clann Donnchada made peace and Tadc son of Brian was released.

1464.42

An expedition by the Ui Maine, in which they burnt Mullingar and destroyed all the crops of Calry.

1464.43

The son of Tomas Oc O Raigillig was killed by the sons of Fergal O Raigillig.

1464.44

Feidlim son of Donachad son of Tigernan Oc O Ruairc was treacherously captured by O Ruairc, that is Domnall; and after that Aed son of Tadc son of Tigernan O Ruairc was victoriously captured by Tigernan Oc son of Donnchad son of Tigernan [Oc O Ruairc].

1464.45

Ir son of Cathal Ruad Mag Ragnaill, a full worthy prospective chieftain of his own land for every achievement whereby a noble may win approval, died this year in the week before the feast of Michael; and we pray the said Michael to comfort (?) his soul.

1464.46

Ir son of Uilliam Mag Ragnaill was killed in Western Meath that same week, with one javelin-wound, by Gilla Glas Dillon in the presence of his mother's brother, William Dalton.


p.527

1464.47

Domnall son of Muirchertach Baccach O Conchobair, lord of Carbury, was killed with nearly all his kinsmen by the sons of Eogan son of Donnchad son of Muirchertach; and Ruaidri son of Brian O Conchobair was made Lord.

1464.48

Thomas Earl [of Desmond] arrived from the house of the King of England, bearing with him great gifts and the office of Lieutenant.

1464.49

Feidlim O Ruairc and Aed O Ruairc were released and peace was concluded in Brefne.

1464.50

Lochlainn son of Fercert O hUicinn died.

1464.51

An attack was made by Muirgius son of Cormac Mac Diarmata Gall, at Cluain Carthaig in Sliab Luga, on Edmund of the Plain Mac Goisdelb, wherein Tomaltach Oc O Gadra was killed with one cast of a javelin.

1464.52

Domnall Cam son of Conchobar Mac Donnchada died.

1464.53

Remann son of the Prior son of Lochlainn O Fergail died of the colic.

1465.1

1465 First of January on Tuesday and the fourth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCCLXV. Third year of the Decemnovennial Cycle. Embolismal year. F.

1465.2

After the death of Tadc O Conchobair the posterity of [Aed] son of Feidlimid were for eight [weeks?] and a day without anyone yielding obedience to another. At last the peace among the sons of Tadc O Conchobair and the posterity of O Conchobair Ruad was broken, O Conchobair Ruad's descendants and Brian son of Brian Ballach being ranged against the sons of Tadc O Conchobair and the posterity of Feidlim Clerech. O Conchobair Ruad's descendants and Brian Ballach's descendants, with their gallowglasses and Irish, made an attack on Nadnaveagh. They were followed by those outside and horses and men were wounded [in the fighting] between the two parties [all the way] to Doonard. But this is not all, for Cathal Ruad O Conchobair was killed by his mother's brothers and the brothers


p.529

of his father. These things were done on the last day but one of March, the Saturday before Palm Sunday, so that there was no respecting of ollav or bishop among the Sil Murray.

1465.3

Exceeding great frost and snow and stormy weather this year, so that no herb grew in the ground and no leaf budded on a tree until the feast of St. Brendan, but a man, if he were the stronger, would forcibly carry away the food from the priest in church, even though he had the Sacred Body in his hands and stood clothed in Mass-vestments.

1465.4

Aed son of Conchobar Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, died this year and Conchobar Oc son of Conchobar Mac Diarmata was made king in his stead by the laymen and clerics of his own country, excepting only the sons of Ruaidri Mac Diarmata.

1465.5

A meeting was arranged between Mac Diarmata and O Conchobair Donn and these sons [of Ruaidri] and Donnchad O Cellaig, who had been brought into it by these sons of Ruaidri Mac Diarmata. They attacked each other and O Conchobair Donn was defeated; Diarmait son of Ruaidri was killed and Tadc son of Ruaidri Buide and the son of Cathal Ruad O Conchobair, the foster-son of Tadc son of Ruaidri Buide were captured. A child was killed by the son of Diarmait Mor O Conchobair who was with his foster-father and many of his kerne were killed and their spoils taken. O Conchobair Donn [afterwards] raided Mac Diarmata, but he left behind the value of the prey, namely Tomaltach Mac Diarmata, who was killed in his following.

1465.6

Sefraid son of Uilliam O Fergail died.

1465.7

Mac Senlaich, Diarmait Dub, a noble head of dignity, died. His son Seoinin succeeded him.

1465.8

Maelsechlainn O Birn, chieftain of Ui Briuin na Sinna, and his young son ‘Gilla Dub,’ whose name was Maelsechlainn, were killed and burned by his brothers and his own subjects on the Sunday before Hallowmas at Lochan Lesa Ferbain; and another good son of his, namely Cairpre, was killed a fortnight later by the same people. He had gone to attack them at Berna Bailb and was killed with one severe arrow-wound by Muirchertach Mainech O Birn.


p.531

1465.9

Mac Con Snama and his son were treacherously killed by Domnall O Ruairc and his sons, who then took possession of his lands.

1465.10

The son of Emann O Cellaig's son died.

1465.11

Ruaidri Oc son of Ruaidri son of Toirrdelbach Mac Domnaill, the great famous Constable, died.

1465.12

Aed son of Tadc O Ruairc died.

1465.13

The son of Lochlainn O Fergail died of the colic.

1465.14

Diarmait Mac Jago was treacherously killed by the sons of Gilla na Naem O hAinlige.

1465.15

Diarmait and Eogan, sons of Tadc O hAinlige, were treacherously killed by the posterity of Lochlainn O hAinlige.

1465.16

Cormac Mac Diarmata Gall, lord of Airtech, died.

1466.1

1466 First of January on Wednesday and the fifteenth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCCLXVI. Fourth year of the Decem-novennial Cycle. Common year. E.

1466.2

Conchobar son of O Conchobair Ruaid died of the dropsy.

1466.3

Richard son of Richard Tyrrell died.

1466.4

Uaithne son of Fergal O Raigillig died.

1466.5

Brian Dub son of Tadc O Conchobair died two days before the feast of St. Patrick, on Saturday by the day of the week.

1466.6

Thomas Galta son of Raymond Tyrrell died.

1466.7

Tadc Mag Neill, lord of [ [...]. . . . ] of the hundred feats, renowned for his guest-house, died.

1466.8

Conchobar son of Tadc Mac Branain died.

1466.9

William son of Uilliam Burke and William son of John son of the son of Walter Burke died.

1466.10

O Duibgennain of Kilronan, that is Fergal son of Dauid, died.

1466.11

Muirgius the canon son of Conaing the canon O Mailchonaire rested in Christ.

1466.12

The Galls of Meath and Leinster made an inroad into Offaly, when Seaan son of Fitz Thomas, the best captain of all the Meath and Leinster Galls, was killed in a skirmish. This was the ‘drop before a shower’ for the Galls, for next day the Earl [of Desmond] and his Galls were defeated, the Earl was taken prisoner and stripped of his arms and armour and Tadc O Conchobair, his brother-in-law, conducted him out of this rout


p.533

to Carbury Castle, together with many other captive Galls. Christopher Plunket, Barnwell, William Nugent the younger, the Prior of St. Mary's at Trim and many others were here made prisoners.

1466.13

Now as for those who had been taken to Carbury castle; the Gaels were investing them on all sides, but the men of Dublin came to their rescue and carried them off in spite of O Conchobair and all his Gaels. O Conchobair's raiding parties were ranging as far north as Tara and as far south as Naas, and the men of Brefne and Oriel were sacking and burning Meath, without being interfered with or pursued, for some time afterwards.

1466.14

Tadc son of Toirrdelbach O Briain, king of Thomond, led an army across the Shannon in the summer of this year, and we have never heard of any of his race mustering a like force since the time of Brian Boruma. He bought over all the Gaels of Munster and Leinster and they were summoning him to Tara, but he turned back to his home, as was appointed, after having taken possession of the territory of Clanwilliam, and after County Limerick had been surrendered to him by the Earl [of Desmond] in return for peace, the people of Limerick (town} granting him three score marks a year for ever. After this he died in his own house of the lectual sickness, and it is generally thought that he was killed by the evil eye. Conchobar son of Toirrdelbach O Briain was made king in his stead.

1466.15

Richard son of William Burke son of Richard Oc, tanist of Clanrickard, died.

1466.16

Muirchertach son of Cu Chonnacht O Dalaig died.

1466.17

A sharp repulse was given to the Cenel Ferga by Mag Cochlain, wherein eight or nine of their men were killed, they having joined Mag Cochlain's sons in a raid on Delbna.

1466.18

Maelsechlainn son of Eogan Mac Diarmata Ruad and Seaan his other brothers died in one fortnight.

1466.19

Rosa son of Maelsechlainn O Birn was killed by an arrowshot in the Curlieus, having gone with the rest of the posterity of [Aed] son of Feidlim and O Conchobair Donn to attack Feidlim Finn and Mac Diarmata.


p.535

1466.20

Eogan son of Seaan Mac Donnchada died.

1466.21

Eogan and Aed Dub sons of Ruaidri son of Cathal Dub, and Tadc son of Brian son of Cathal Dub, were killed on the curragh of Leitrim, on Easter Monday, by Diarmait son of Tadc O Conchobair and the sons of Diarmait Ruad son of Tadc O Conchobair.

1466.22

Robert Barrett died.

1466.23

Great war in Machaire Connacht. All the posterity of [Aed] son of Feidlim Finn and the descendants of Tadc, the Tuatha of Sil Murray, O Cellaig's sons and the sons of Ruaidri Mac Diarmata rose against Feidlim Finn, and Feidlim betook himself to Mac Diarmata in the Curlieus. He left his cattle under Mac Diarmata's protection.

1466.24

An immense hosting by Macwilliam Burke and Feidlim Finn, when he burnt Ballintober. Feidlim himself and his adherents resorted to Macwilliam Burke and Mac Branain and his kinsmen came to their homes.

1466.25

O Dubda and his brother (or his son) were treacherously killed by the sons of Maelruanaid son of Ruaidri O Dubda.

1466.26

A great victory by the Galls over the Airgialla, wherein many were killed and Aed Oc Mag Mathgamna was taken prisoner.

1466.27

The prey of Tollonn (?) was taken by Feidlim Finn O Conchobair and Aed Caech son of Cormac O Conchobair was killed in the pursuit.

1466.28

A great plague in Dublin, in Meath and in Leinster.

1466.29

The monastery of Holy Trinity Island in Loch Key and the image of the Trinity were burned by a lighted candle carried by a canon's wife.

1466.30

Donnchad son of Muirchertach O Dalaig died.

1466.31

The son of Brian son of Emann [O Fergail] was killed by the posterity of Conchobar son of Cathal [O Fergail], having ridden out from Newcastle, where he was staying with the children of Thomas, to water his horse. This castle was captured from them by the descendants of Conchobar and O Mailsechlainn's son and their lands were all burned and pillaged. After their cows had been seized, their men slain and all their corn burned, they made peace.

1467.1

1467 First of January on Thursday and the twenty-sixth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCCLXVII. Fifth year of the Decemnovennial Cycle. Embolismal year. D.

1467.2

Semus Abbot of Lara, son of Bishop Risderd son of the Great Dean son of Domnall son of Seaan Gallda O Fergail, a noble, beautiful and humane youth, [died] at the beginning of his prosperity and of his life; and those who have considered the matter are of the opinion that he was killed by the evil eye of the jealous multitude. A blessing with him to heaven.

1467.3

Tadc son of Donnchad O Cellaig, eligible prince of the Ui Maine, died.

1467.4

Domnall Buide O Fergail, chieftain in full of Annaly, died. Laisech son of Rosa son of Conchobar son of Cathal O Fergail died. Iriel O Fergail succeeded Domnall and Seaan succeeded Iriel.

1467.5

Aed son of Brian O Cellaig died and Aed son of Uilliam O Cellaig succeeded him. This was not ‘a stone in place of an egg’.

1467.6

Aed Dub and Tadc, sons of Donnchad son of Brian Ballach, Tadc son of Brian son of Brian Ballach, and Aed Ruad son of Diarmait Mor son of Diarmait O Conchobair were killed in a night-attack by Diarmait son of [?Tadc] O Conchobair, the sons of Diarmait Ruad O Conchobair and Cathal son of Cathal son of the son of Ruaidri Oc O Conchobair.

1467.7

Dauid Mac Gosdelb was killed by Tomas Mac Feorais.

1467.8

Donnchad son of Seoan son of Maelsechlainn O Fergail went to Rome and died in the east.

1467.9

A great victory over O Cellaig and the Clann Uilliam Burc at Crossmacrin by Macwilliam of Clanrickard and the Sil mBriain. Here were killed William Caech son of Macwilliam Burke, O Cellaig's two sons, Aed Buide son of Toirrdelbach Mac Domnaill, who was the commander of their gallowglasses, and ten of the nobles of the Clann Domnaill with him, and many others gentle and simple. O Domnaill came into Connacht in the interest of his own partisans, forced Clanrickard to make peace and departed unscathed.


p.539

1467.10

The islands of Loch Ardakillin were taken from the garrison left there by Feidlim Finn by O Conchobair Donn and the posterity of [Aed] son of Feidlim.

1467.11

Tadc O Conchobair, Mag Eochacain and the Clann Feorais took countless preys, plundering all the country from Emper to Ballymacwilliam.

1467.12

Seoan son of Feidlim son of Fergal O Raigillig was killed.

1467.13

Collooney Castle was captured by the sons of Cormac Ballach Mac Donnchada from the posterity of Cormac Mac Donnchada this year.

1467.14

The son of Macwilliam of Clanrickard died of a sudden illness.

1467.15

Christopher Plunket, Piers son of Piers Dalton and James the younger, son of James Dalton's son, were killed by the plague; and the Prior of Mullingar, namely Petit's son, also died of it.

1467.16

John Dalton was killed by his own people.

1467.17

Toirrdelbach son of Ruaidri son of Cathal O Conchobair was killed at Roscommon on the feast of the Holy Cross in Autumn by the sons of Domnall Cam son of Magnus O Cellaig.

1467.18

Cathal O Raigillig, king of the Muinter Mailmorda, died.

1467.19

Colla son of Magnus Mag Mathgamna and eleven of his men were killed by the men of Brefne in pursuit after his own prey.

1467.20

An English Justiciar arrived in Ireland and Thomas [Fitz Gerald, Earl of Desmond,] was supplanted.

1488.1

1488 First of January on Friday and the seventh day of the moon, A.D. MCCCCLXVIII. Sixth year of the Decemnovennial Cycle. Embolismal year. CB.

1468.2

Injury and great outrage was done in Ireland this year. Thomas, Earl [of Desmond], unique among the Irish earls for feature and form and stature, for every accomplishment by


p.541

which a man may win honour, for putting down rebellion and vice, for bestowing treasure and wealth on the laymen and clerks and poets of all Ireland, attended a great Court at Drogheda to meet the Justiciar and the Meath Galls and was beheaded, though he was guiltless of any offence. He was buried at Tralee in the sepulchre of his ancestors; and the hearts of the men of Ireland and of their wives were broken by these tidings.

1468.3

Ruaidri son of Conchobar Mac Donnchada, king of Ui Ailella and Ballindoon, died a fortnight before St. Bridget's clay, having conquered the world and the Devil.

1468.4

Richard Riad son of William Mac Davy died.

1468.5

Gormlaith daughter of Murchad son of Cormac son of [...][. . . . ], wife of Aed Mac Suibne, rested in Christ in January.

1468.6

O Conchobair Failgi was taken prisoner by the Galls this year.

1468.7

Toirrdelbach son of Seoan O Raigillig was made king this year.

1468.8

Cathal Oc son of Cathal Ruad Mag Ragnaill, chieftain in full of the Muinter Eolais, died in his own house, after the victory of Unction and Penance, on the first Sunday in Great Lent, and a blessing go with him for his excellent gifts, his great charity, his great heart and his free spending and his wealth; for he used to spend this great wealth on the poets and strangers of Ireland and on the poor and needy of the mighty Lord. May God reward his soul therefor on the day of judgment.

1468.9

Tadc Mag Ragnaill was made chieftain in his stead, and Uilliam Mag Ragnaill was proclaimed chieftain by the posterity of Maelsechlainn Mag Ragnaill.

1468.10

Gilla Dub son of Cormac Ballach Mac Donnchada was killed.

1468.11

Torna O Mailchonaire, ollav of Sil Murray in History and Poetry, died after a victory of repentance in his own house at Lis Ferbain after St. Patrick's day; he was buried under the protection of Patrick and St. Francis at Elphin and Urard O Mailchonaire succeeded to the ollavship.

1468.12

Art son of Conn O Mailsechlainn, king de jure of Meath, was killed on Easter Tuesday at Knockycosker after making an attack on it.


p.543

1468.13

Conchobar son of Emann son of Maelsechlainn O hAinlige died on the Saturday before Low Sunday.

1468.14

Conchobar O Mailalaid, Bishop of Elphin, rested in Christ.

1468.15

O Morda and Mac Gilla Patraic died of the colic.

1468.16

Tigernan Oc son of Tadc O Ruairc, worthy king of the Ui Briuin and the Cath Aeda Finn, died after overcoming the world and the Devil.

1468.17

Domnall son of Tadc O Ruairc was made king in his stead by O Domnaill and the rest of his friends; and the posterity of Tigernan [Oc] son of Tigernan Mor son of Ualgarg rose up unjustly against him and Donnchad Losc son of Tigernan Mor was set up by themselves, the men of Carbury, and the Clann Donnchada.

1468.18

O Domnaill came across the Erne with a countless host and wasted Lower Connacht. He took huge preys from the western part of Tireragh and of Cuil Cnama and of Leyney Wood and carried them home with him.

1468.19

The Upper Macwilliam and O Conchobair Donn, each with his following of Galls and Gaels, went to the rescue of Lower Connacht. They burnt O Ruairc's residence but accomplished no more than that, returning home without having fought a battle or exacted a concession. As a result of this campaign the crops of Tirerrill, Cairbre and Luigne were poor and thankless.

1468.20

Collooney Castle was captured from the sons of Cormac Ballach Mac Donnchada by the sons of Brian Mac Donnchada and given to those from whom it had been taken before.

1468.21

O Domnaill gave back Bundrowes Castle, which had been in his possession, to the posterity of Muirchertach Baccach [O Conchobair.]

1468.22

Richard Burke came into Moylurg. He made peace in Moylurg and they both marched out against O Domnaill; but O Domnaill crossed the Erne before they reached the North, so they did not meet that time. Richard turned back into Machaire Connacht and took hostages of the sons of O Conchobair Ruad and ravaged the descendants of Feidlim because they would not yield him hostages. Clanconway was ravaged by Edmund son of William himself and his sons, in wantonness and pride.

1468.23

Countless preys were taken by Feidlimid Finn from O Conchobair [Donn] and carried by him into Moylurg. He also


p.545

took huge preys in Ui Maine and from the posterity of Feidlim Clerech and from the Muinter Birn and drove them to Killaraght to meet Richard Burke and his army. He kept this army from disbanding, feeding them on his own provisions for a week, and would have maintained them longer if they had remained with him. He [then] seized another prey from Ciarraige Meic Ceithernaig, and on that day he killed Aed Caech O Conchobair's son's son. Edmund son of William opposed him at Imaire Uarain with three score gallowglasses and three score regular mercenaries and the cavalry of his own territory. A good many were killed on both sides and his prey, as well as his horses, was taken from Feidlimid then.

1468.24

O Cathain died.

1468.25

The Dean, son of Muiris son of Conchobar, rested in Christ.

1468.26

Much of Meath and of the counties of Leinster was ravaged by Gerald son of the Earl of Desmond, to avenge Earl Thomas.

1468.27

Dillon of Machaire Cuircne died.

1468.28

Ben Muman daughter of Eogan O Conchobair, wife of Aed son of Brian, that is of O Cellaig, died.

1468.29

Aine, daughter of Mag Eochacain and wife of Mag Uidir, died.

1468.30

Edmund-of-the-Plain Mac Gosdelb was treacherously killed by his own brother, namely William Mac Gosdelb.

1468.31

Conchobar Buide son of Cormac Mac Branain died.

1468.32

Uaithne, the son of Mag Eochacain, was killed by an arrow-shot at Knockycosker Castle.

1468.33

Tadc Mac Tigernain, a prosperous and wealthy yeoman, and his wife, Nuala daughter of Mac Donnchada Riabach, that is Fergal, died.

1468.34

A great defeat was given to the Galls of Lecale, wherein Oengus son of Alaxander Mac Domnaill and the son of Robert Savage, lord of Lecale, were killed, and wherein Muirchertach Ruad O Neill, lord of Clannaboy, was taken prisoner by Conn son of Aed Buide O Neill at Benn Uama, with many others gentle and simple.

1468.35

More huge preys were taken by Feidlim Finn and Conchobar son of Conchobar Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, from Ballintober. O Conchobair Donn himself, with his full muster besides the men of his territories, and Ruaidri O Conchobair with his full muster and a large part of the Clanconway


p.547

and all the posterity of [Aed] son of Feidlim on this side came upon them both, but they escaped successfully and safely to Scor Mor in Clann Chathail. Here Feidlim and Mac Diarmata turned upon their pursuers, fiercely and victoriously, and so routed and scattered them that no man of them would lend a rod to another. Eogan son of Toirrdelbach Dall son of Toirrdelbach Oc O Conchobair, Feidlim son of Toirrdelbach Ruad son of Brian Ballach, and many others gentle and simple [were slain.] Feidlim carried off the prey at his ease, in victory and triumph, leaving his enemies sorry and ashamed.

1468.36

Ruaidri son of Diarmait Ruad son of Tadc O Conchobair and his wife, the daughter of Cairpre O Conchobair, died of a sudden illness.

1468.37

There was great scarcity throughout Ireland this year, the result of plague, treachery (?), murder and general war, so that a small [...]. . . . (?) cost twopence in the summer of this year.

1468.38

A great raid by Tadc son of Calbach [O Conchobair Failgi] on Crevagh by the Inny, in which more than twenty men and nearly forty of their packhorses were taken from them. Dalton, who instigated the expedition, and Mag Eochacain were wounded but Tadc carried off the prey.

1468.39

Tadc raided the same people again and took much plunder, and he killed the son of Brian son of Laigsech [? O Fergail.]

1468.40

Feradach son of Lochlainn Oc O hAinlige and the son of Cormac O hAinlige's son and some of their hired troops were killed by the sons of Uaithne O hAinlige.

1469.1

1469 First of January on Sunday and the eighteenth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCCLXIX. Seventh year of the Decemnovennial Cycle. A.

1469.2

Aed son of Uilliam O Cellaig, king of Ui Maine and illustrious throughout Ireland, one who never refused a suppliant, was treacherously killed on the Monday before Shrove Tuesday, that is two days before St. Berach's day, by the posterity of Donnchad O Cellaig, that is by the sons of Bresal and by Tadc son of Donnchad. Two O Cellaigs were proclaimed after him, Uilliam son of Aed son of Brian and Tadc Caech son of Uilliam O Cellaig.


p.549

1469.3

Risderd Oc O Raigillig, an excellent prospective king of Brefne, died.

1469.4

Richard son of Thomas Burke resigned his lordship and Richard son of Edmund Burke was made king in his stead; and in very sooth this is no ‘tone for an egg’.

1469.5

Tadc son of Brian Mac Donnchada [died] this year.

1469.6

Eogan son of Aed Buide Mag Eochacain, eligible prince of Cenel Fiachach, was killed by the Clann Colmain.

1469.7

Ruaidri son of Donnchad son of Eogan Oc O Dalaig, the most musical-handed harpist in all Ireland, died.

1469.8

O Gadra, that is Eogan son of Tomaltach Oc son of Tomaltach Mor, king of Coolavin, died between the two autumnal feasts of Mary. The son of this same O Gadra, and a son worthy of him, namely Eogan, died of a sudden sickness. Diarmait son of Eogan O Gadra succeeded to his father's lordship, and may it prosper for him.

1469.9

Mag Carthaig Mor, king of Desmond, died.

1469.10

Tadc son of Magnus son of Seoan Mac Branain, chieftain of Corca Achlann, was treacherously killed by his brother and his brother's sons a week after Michaelmas, on a Friday by the day of the week, and two chieftains succeeded him, namely Domnall son of Cormac, the man who ordered the slaying, and Uilliam son of Aed son of Aed's son.

1469.11

O Flainn, lord of the Sil Mailruain, was killed along with his brother by Maelsechlainn O Flainn, and Maelsechlainn was proclaimed chieftain afterwards.

1469.12

O Domnaill led a great army into Connacht to meet Macwilliam Burke. They both proceeded to Claregalway and burnt the town in spite of Thomond and Macwilliam, spent a night encamped there and were refused battle then. The next day they burnt the whole of Machaire Clainne Taidc, killing many horses and many men, including Domnall, son of O Conchobair of Corcomroe.

1469.13

A previous expedition.

1469.14

Mac Dubgaill, that is Eogan son of Duibgenn son of another Eogan, was treacherously slain in his own house by the sons of Colla Mac Dubgaill.

1469.15

Aed son of Uaithne O hAinlige and Tadc son of Muirchertach son of Tomaltach O hAinlige died.


p.551

1470.1

1470 First of January on Monday and the twenty-ninth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCCLXX. Eighth year of the Decemnovennial Cycle. Embolismal year. G. Last year of the Ogdoad.

1470.2

Brian son of Tadc son of Mac Donnchada, lord of Ballimote, was killed by Tadc son of Brian Mac Donnchada; his cattle were taken from him and many of his followers killed with him. The son of the Eastern Mac Donachada, namely Eogan, was killed in a skirmish on the same day.

1470.3

Brian son of Magnus O Mochain died.

1470.4

Ruaidri Baccach O Neill was killed by the sons of Art O Neill and the posterity of Enri Aimreid [O Neill.] To avenge them, two sons of Art O Neill and four of Enri's posterity were killed by Conn son of O Nei11 in one day, when he defeated them.

1470.5

Sligo Castle was surrendered by the sons of Eogan O Conchobair to O Domnaill, out of a grudge against Ruaidri son of Brian and the sons of Toirrdelbach Carrach son of Domnall O Domnaill gave it back to them and they acknowledged his overlordship in return.

1470.6

Two sons of Eogan son of O Conchobair Ruad, namely Domnall and Donnchad, were killed by Ruaidri son of O Conchobair Donn, and Conn son of Tadc O Conchobair and Cathal son of Feidlim Finn were captured.

1470.7

Connla son of Aed Buide Mag Eochacain, chieftain of Cenel Fiachach, was killed at Achad Buide in Ardnurcher by the son of Art son of Conn O Mailsechlainn and the Clann Colmain, in retribution for his killing of Art previously.

1470.8

O Ruairc and O Domnaill raised an army to go to Croaghan to make O Ruairc king. O Raigillig, the Galls and the Tellach Dunchada met them both and the son of Aed O Raigillig and the sons of Bishop O Gallchobair were killed in the fighting and horses and men were wounded. O Domnaill and his army were turned back, and not admitted to Croaghan this time.

1470.9

That object of execration to all the men of Ireland, the English Justiciar who had made away with Earl Thomas, was


p.553

quartered by the Earl of Warwick and the Duke of Clarence, to avenge Thomas. The Earl of Kildare3 was made Justiciar.

1470.10

Feidlimid Finn made an attack on the sons of O Conchobair Ruad on the autumnal festival of the Lord's Cross, when some of the troop went, without authorisation from their lords, against O Mailchonaire's residence and stole the money and clothing out of it. After this they attacked and plundered Enach (?). And they did a thing which men thought worse than that; for they killed Aed son of Donnchad Dubsuilech O Conchobair and Brian son of the son of Maine Gelbuide O Conchobair and came away in despite of their enemies. And O Mailchonaire exacted more than ‘the return of the needle’ from them, for the sons of Domnall granted to his children compensation without [deduction of] a collecting-fee for ever (?). Feidlimid Finn made peace with the posterity of O Conchobair Ruad and with everyone.

1470.11

Nicalas son of Diarmait Carrach son of Murchad son of Archdeacon O Flannacain [? died.]

1470.12

Tomaltach Mac Ceithernaig was killed.

1470.13

Pilip Mag Uidir, eligible prince of the Fir Manach, died.

1471.1

1471 First of January on Tuesday and the tenth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCCLXXI. And this was the ninth year of the Cycle of Nineteen and the fourth year of the Indiction and the seventh year of the Solar Cycle. Common year. F.

1471.2

O Conchobair of Corcomroe, that is Conchobar, was killed by his own people, namely his brother's sons.

1471.3

Aed son of Eogan son of Domnall son of Muirchertach [O Conchobair of Carbury] was killed by the family of Richard Burke and by Ruaidri son of Brian O Conchobair, the instigator.

1471.4

Thomas Plunket died.

1471.5

Domnall son of Cormac son of Magnus Mac Branain was treacherously killed at Lissonuffy, in violation of the oaths and


p.555

guarantees of the kings and chieftains of Sil Murray, by Conn son of Tadc Mac Branain, who had submitted to him before; and Emann son of Brian son of Magnus was killed with him.

1471.6

Diarmait son of Muirchertach son of Aed O Conchobair was killed by the sons of O Conchobair Donn, i.e. of Feidlim.

1471.7

Aed son of Toirrdelbach son of Ruaidri son of Cathal O Conchobair was treacherously killed by the family of Eogan son of Ruaidri.

1471.8

The son of Toirrdelbach son of Feidlim son of Ruaidri was killed with an arrow-shot by one of the Ui Maine.

1471.9

Cathal son of Iriel son of Feidlim O Raigillig was killed by his own people.

1471.10

The son of Uilliam son of Colla Mac Dubgaill was killed by the sons of Tomas son of Cathal O Fergail as he was returning from the Leinster service.

1471.11

An abundant nut-crop this year; the summer and autumn very dry and all the crops very early.

1471.12

Great raids by O Domnaill and the sons of Eogan O Conchobair on the cattle of Carbury and of the Clann Donnchada to the north of Sligo.

1471.13

Macwilliam Burke entered Carbury and took hostages from it.

1471.14

Mac Diarmata made an attack on Airtech and captured Mac Ceithernaig, who had come to the help of the people of Airtech.

1471.15

Showers of hail fell each side of Beltaine, with lightning and thunder, destroying much blossom and beans and fruits in all parts of Ireland where they fell. One of these showers, in the east, had stones two or three inches long, which made large wounds on the people they struck and destroyed. . . and a dog in Mag Trega and about Cluain Lis Beci and in every place it visited. There was another, in the north, which did much damage in Moylurg and at the monastery of Boyle; and a boat could have floated over the floor of the great church of the monks, as we have heard from the folk of that place.


p.557

1471.16

The kingdom of England was rent asunder this year and a battle was fought between the factions on Easter Day. Here the Earl of Warwick was killed by a gun-shot and many others of the English lords were slain. The old King was made prisoner and taken to London and smothered between two flock beds—since it would not have been right to use a weapon against him—and thousands of others were killed. The Duke of York's son assumed the full-kingship of England, and every good thing came in his time in England.

1471.16a

Cu Choicriche O Mailchonaire, prospective ollav of Sil Murray, died in Macwilliam Burke's house at Loughmask Castle and was buried in Rossreily under the protection of God and St. Francis. May God be compassionate to his soul!

1471.17

And, what we deplore more than that, the coarb of Cloone rested in Christ.

1471.18

O Briain was taken prisoner by his own people.

1471.19

Diarmait son of the Erenagh of Elphin, a righteous and chaste priest, was killed by his own people [in a dispute] about land.

1471.20

The Dean, that is Aed son of Diarmait O Mochain, was put to death, in the dispute about the deanery, in the river at Killicknan.

1471.21

The son of Earl Thomas was proclaimed Earl and taken prisoner by the Mac Carthys.

1471.22

O Domnaill took an army into North Connacht and burnt and plundered Cosnamach O Dubda's son's portion of Tireragh.

1471.23

Tadc Mac Diarmata Ruad, lord of Coillte Conchobair, died.

1471.24

Ruaidri son of Brian Ballach [O Conchobair] died.

1471.25

Peace was made by O Neill and O Domnaill according to the wishes of O Neill; the son of O Neill Buide was ransomed from him and O Neill obtained the power of his own province.

1471.26

An attack was made by Mac Gosdelb after his own kinsmen and they killed Elec daughter of Fergal Oc O hUiginn, wife of Conchobar son of Ruaidri Oc O hUiginn, in her own house at Machaire na nAilech, most unhappily.


p.559

1471.27

War broke out between O Conchobair Donn and Ruaidri O Conchobair and the son of Maelsechlainn Modach was killed in the fighting.

1471.28

Tadc son of Calbach O Conchobair and of Margreg the Bountiful daughter of O Cerbaill, ravager of Galls and Gaels, died of the colic.

1471.29

The son of the Prior of Kilmainham, a Fitz Gerald, died of the same mortality.

1471.30

The son of Donnchad son of Aed Mag Uidir and Colla son of Aed Mag Uidir were killed by their own people.

1471.31

Mag Uidir resigned his lordship and Emann his son succeeded him.

1471.32

The sons of O Conchobair Failgi took a prey from the Cenel Fiachach and killed Uaithne son of Mag Eochacain and the son of Niall Mac in tSinnaig and two gallowglasses.

1471.33

Toirrdelbach O Mailmuaid was killed by an arrow-shot this year.

1471.34

Strange things happened this year; the nut-trees blossomed about the autumnal festival of Mary, when the geese were broody, and seed sown on Saturday showed green on Monday.

1471.35

O Gobann of Brefne, a rich prosperous yeoman, died this year.

1471.36

An attack was made by the people of Airtech on Cluain Ruis Iuchain in Moylurg, but they were defeated and some were killed and some captured.

1472.1

1472 First of January on Wednesday and the twenty-first day of the moon; and it was the tenth year of the Cycle of Nineteen, the eighth of the Solar Cycle, the fifth of the Indiction and a leap-year. A.D. MCCCCLXXII. Common year. ED.

1472.2

Eogan Mac Diarmata, that is the son of Conchobar, died on the Friday before the feast of Berach.

1472.3

Muirchertach son of Tomaltach son of Imar O hAinlige died.

1472.4

Diarmait son of Seoan son of Maelsechlainn O Fergail was killed by the sons of Seoan son of Domnall O Fergail.


p.561

1472.5

Tomaltach son of Conchobar Mac Diarmata was killed on Passion Sunday at Bel Atha Chasil Bracain by the sons of Diarmait son of Ruaidri Mac Diarmata.

1472.6

Uilliam son of Tadc Caech son of Uilliam O Cellaig was killed by the son of Tadc son of Donnchad O Cellaig.

1472.7

Eogan son of O Findain died.

1472.8

An encounter between O Neill and O Domnaill, where a great loss was suffered by O Domnaill, namely Mac Suibne Fanad and many others. His son Ruaidri succeeded him, and by Heaven he made a good Mac Suibne.

1472.9

Two sons of Magnus O Cathain, Gobraid and Ruaidri the Restless, were killed by Mac Uigilin.

1472.10

Conn son of Aed Buide [O Neill Buide] defeated the Route and killed Mac Uigilin himself, that is Cormac, and many others gentle and simple. Mac Uigilin was killed by O Cathain's subjects and the Route was expelled in consequence.

1472.11

The posterity of Mathgamain O Raigillig utterly routed the Tellach Dunchada and their allies of Brefne and Muinter Eolais, killing two sons of Ruaidri O Raigillig and many others gentle and simple.

1472.12

O Cellaig made a great attack on Moneylea. The Galls of Western Meath—Petits, Tyrrels, d'Arcys and Daltons—caught up with them and O Cellaig was defeated. Donnchad O Cellaig and many others were captured, and many of their footmen and mercenaries were killed.

1472.13

Extraordinary animals arrived in Ireland from the King of England, viz. a kind of mare, yellow in colour, with bovine hooves, very long neck, very large head and a very long, ugly, scanty-haired tail. She ate wheat and salt and would draw any load, however heavy, that was attached to her tail; and she went down on her knees in every doorway, however high, as also for her rider to mount.

1472.14

Mac Jordan D'Exeter died.

1472.15

The young Earl of Desmondg was released by the Mac Carthys and he reduced Gerald the son of the Earl to impotence.

1472.16

Maine Sinnach, lord of Muinter Tadcain, died and Tadc son of Maine succeeded him.

1472.17

Ualgarg son of Cathal Ballach O Ruairc was killed by the followers of Eogan son of Lochlainn O Ruairc.


p.563

1472.18

Macwilliam Burke led an army into Ui Maine to help, Tadc Caech O Cellaig; and after subduing the Ui Maine west of the Suck and receiving hostages from them all he suffered great loss in the end, for twenty-five or twenty-six of his men deserted from his army, including the son of Walter Burke's son, the sons of Mac Muiris, the sons of Mac Jordan, the son of Mac in Miled and so forth. These were all put out of action, being taken prisoner or killed, save that Mac Jordan himself, though wounded, managed to fight his way out. Macwilliam departed in sorrow.

1472.19

Two sons of Cathal Mag Ragnaill, Conchobar and Maelsechlainn, were killed on one day by the posterity of Maelsechlainn Mag Ragnaill, three weeks before Christmas. They had killed the son of Conmac son of Seoinin in this war and trampled under foot the country as far as Sliab Cairbre; and they had always been victorious until that day and loaded with all success, until the one day made restitution.

1472.20

Gilla Glas, the son of O hUiginn, died in the autumn of this year.

1473.1

1473 First of January on Friday and the second day of the moon, A.D. MCCCCLXXIII. Eleventh year of the Decemnovennial Cycle. C.

1473.2

This was a year of Indulgence.

1473.3

Great mortality of cattle this year.

1473.4

Ragnall son of Sefraid Mag Ragnaill, prospective chieftain of Conmaicne, [died.]

1473.5

Muirchertach son of Feidlim O Conchobair Failgi was. killed.

1473.6

Edward [Nugent] son of the Baron of Delvin was through his own vices destroyed at a great court in Dublin.

1473.7

Art in Bocain raided the Ledwiches and killed Raymond son of the son of Hugin Ledwich and took prisoner Lamalin son of James son of the Baron of Delvin.

1473.8

O Morda was taken prisoner by O Gilla Patraic, king of Ossory.

1473.9

Feidlim Mag Cochlain, eligible prince of Delbna, died.

1473.10

Maelruanaid son of Fergal Mac Diarmata died.


p.565

1473.11

Maelruanaid son of Cathal Son of Tomaltach Mac Diarmata was killed by Cormac son of Ruaidri Mac Diarmata.

1473.12

Donnchad son of Fergal son of Eogan son of Tigernan. Mor O Ruairc was killed by his own people.

1473.13

O hUiginn, that is Gilla na Naem, son of Ruaidri Mor, died.

1473.14

Conchobar son of Diarmait O Conchobair Failghi died.

1473.15

Mac Murchada son of the Mountain, that is Muiris, died.

1473.16

Brian the Short of Flainn was killed by his own people.

1473.17

Emann son of Domnall Buide O Fergail died.

1473.18

Mac Aedacain of Ormond, that is Gilla na Naem, died the year after.

1473.19

Uilliam son of Seoan son of Maelsechlainn O Fergail was killed the year after.

1473.20

An eclipse of the sun this year, on the Monday before May-day.

1473.21

A hen was laying three eggs a day at the house of Muirchertach Dub Mac Cinaith at Ardakillin, and he died after that.

1473.22

Tomas Mac Feorais, lord of Athenry and Dunmore, died at a good old age and his own son Tomas Oc succeeded him. And the title was [also] given to the son of Richard Mac Feorais in opposition to him.

1473.23

Macwilliam Burke, that is Richard, died. He had resigned his lordship before this time, for the sake of God.

1473.24

Uilliam Mag Ragnaill, half-chieftain of Muinter Eolais, died. A blessing on him.

1473.25

Great war in Moylurg. Diarmait son of Fergal Mac Diarmata was killed in this war by the posterity of Ruaidri Mac Diarmata.

1473.26

Graine daughter of Ruaidri son of Toirrdelbach Oc O Conchobair, wife of Edmund son of William Mac Davy and worthy to be the lady of Tara, died the year before.

1473.27

Edmund himself was taken prisoner by his son William. Some of his fingers were cut off and he was let out to be healed.

1473.28

Magnus Buide Mac Gilla Dubsuilig, a noble youth, died.

1473.29

Aed son of Fergal Mag Eocachain was captured by the sons of Niall Mag Eochacain.

1473.30

Emann son of Conchobar O Cellaig died.

1473.31

Ruaidri son of Ruaidri son of Toirrdelbach Mac Domnaill died of the lectual sickness.


p.567

1473.32

Galway town was set on fire by lightning on the second of June, Friday by the day of the week, and it would be hard to estimate the temporal wealth destroyed.

1473.33

Ruaidri son of Aed son of Toirrdelbach Oc O Conchobair, eligible prince of Connacht, was killed by William son of Edmund son of William at Kilbree of Baile in Turlaig.

1473.34

O Fergail, that is Iriel, was blinded by the act of God this year.

1473.35

Very great war in Muintir Eolais, wherein much damage was done by burning and slaying. Mag Ragnaill made a strong attack on the residence of Mag Senlaich and burnt it, killing Donnchad son of Donnchad Mag Senlaich's son and many others; and this was but the drop before a shower for them.

1473.36

The posterity of Maelsechlainn assembled a large force at the Tolach, which they burnt. Mag Ragnaill came upon them, having with him Ruaidri Mac Diarmata, the sons of Cormac Ballach Mac Donnchada, Ualter son of Mac Dubgaill and Donnchad son of Toirrdelbach Mac Dubgaill. The two armies met at Doire Baile na Cairrge and they were defeated. Fergal son of Murchad Mag Ragnaill, one fitted to be sole lord of the Conmaicne, was killed there, together with Diarmait son of Uilliam Mag Ragnaill, Cathal son of Uaithne son of Murchad [Mag Ragnaill], Brian son of Diarmait Mag Ragnaill, Brian Mac Senlaich, Risderd Mac Serraig and many others gentle and simple.

1473.37

Art in Bocain made a great raid on the Bishop of Annaly, taking prisoner the son of Sean O Fergail.

1473.38

The same Art made another raid, on Mag Tethba, when his preying-parties reached Breinlitir and he killed some people.

1473.39

A hosting by O Domnaill into North Connacht, when he collected O Conchobair's rent for himself.

1473.40

Brian son of Roiberd Mac Aedacain, law-ollav to O Conchobair Donn and O hAinlige, [died.]

1473.41

Emann son of Matha son of Cu Chonnacht O Fergail died.

1473.42

Gilla na Naem son of Donnchad Mac Aedacain died.

1473.43

Donnchad son of Aed son of Pilip Mag Uidir died.

1473.44

Ruaidri son of Art O Neill died.

1473.45

Ragnailt daughter of O hAinlige died.


p.569

1473.46

The Official O Mailmocheirge, a man eminent in all Ireland, rested in Christ.

1473.47

The son of Eogan Mag Ragnaill, prior of Mohill, rested.

1473.48

O hEitirsceoil Mor died.

1473.49

Feradach son of Fergal O Raigillig died.

1474.1

1474 First of January on Saturday and the thirteenth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCCLXXIV, and this was the seventh year of the Indiction.

1474.2

Conn son of Calbach O Conchobair, king of Offaly, died in the autumn of this year.

1474.3

Cu Choicriche son of Niall Mag Eochacain, chieftain of Cenel Fiachach, was killed by Aed son of Fergal Mag Eochacain. The country was wasted by O Conchobair Failgi and Newtown Castle destroyed and the posterity of Fergal Ruad banished.

1474.4

Laignech son of Niall Mag Eochacain died.

1474.5

Maelsechlainn son of Aed Mac Branain died.

1474.6

Gilla Find Mac Aedacain, ollav to O Conchobair Failgi, died.

1474.7

Donnchad son of Muirchertach son of Aed O Conchobair, of the remnant of the Clann Muirchertaig died at Toberelva in Mag nAi.

1474.8

Seoan son of Maelsechlainn O Fergail died.

1474.9

The son of O Briain was killed by the sons of Bishop O Briain in a quarrel about [...](?) land. The Bishop's son was hanged by O Briain for it. The sons of two brothers. A sharp war broke out in consequence.

1474.10

Edward Plunket, best of all the Meath Galls, died.

1474.11

Petit.

1474.12

A meeting was appointed between O Conchobair Donn and O Cellaig. The meeting was broken up and they attacked each other. O Conchobair was defeated and wounded and his son Eogan Caech was captured; Mac Suibne was killed; 'Toirrdelbach Caech Mac Suibne was taken prisoner and Eogan Mac Suibne was killed; the son of Dubgall Gruamda Mac Suibne, Mac Donnchada's constable, was captured and their gallowglasses were destroyed, being either killed or captured. O Conchobair


p.571

died of his wounds. Two lords [were proclaimed] in his stead, Donnchad Dubsuilech O Conchobair and Tadc son of Eogan.

1474.13

A terrible war in Moylurg, whereby it was all ruined. Mac Diarmata brought in Macwilliain Burke, who ravaged the country again, and they parted without making peace.

1474.14

A great war between O Neill, O Domnaill and the Clannaboy this year, and they did great damage to each other.

1474.15

Cairbre son of Aed son of Ruaidri son of Brian Ballach [O Conchobair] was killed by the posterity of Tadc O Conchobair.

1474.16

A great war between Rag Ragnaill and the posterity of Maelsechlainn Mag Ragnaill. He broke down Rinn Castle, and on this occasion submission was made to him.

1474.17

The son of Risderd Mac Feorais, lord of Dunmore, [? died.] Tomas Mac Feorais was then proclaimed lord and the son of Uater Mac Feorais was proclaimed lord in opposition to him. Tomas attacked the sons of Uater at Ferta, and two sons of Mac Muiris na mBrig were killed in his company by the family of Walter Burke and the men of Ferta. Mac Feorais himself came safely to his home.

1474.18

Diarmait son of Conchobar son of Sefraid [O Flannacain], chieftain of Clann Chathail, died on the Friday before the feast of Michael.

1474.19

Diarmait Gall, the son of Mac Diarmata Gall, died.

1474.20

Tomas son of Domnall O Cobthaig died.

1474.21

The chieftainship of Annaly was assumed by Seoan O Fergail in opposition to his own brother, who was blind.

1474.22

Gilla Dub son of O hEgra was killed by his own brother.

1474.23

Tadg O Briain, lord of Ara, died.

1474.24

The son of O Cennetig's son, lord of Upper Ormond, died.

1474.25

Cairbre O Dalaig of Meath died.

1475.1

1475 First of January on Sunday and the twenty-fourth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCCLV.


p.573

1475.2

Conchobar son of Brian Mac Donnchada died on the first of January this year.

1475.3

Donnchad son of Aed Mac Suibne, Prior of Derrane, rested in Christ.

1475.4

Domnall son of Seaan O Fergail was killed by the sons of Cathal son of Uilliam O Fergail, and these were driven out to live among the Galls.

1475.5

Murchad O Matadain, king of Sil nAnmchada, died.

1475.6

Diarmait son of Brian O Birn died.

1475.7

Sean O Fergail, chieftain of Annaly, died at Granard after having celebrated the wedding feast of the chieftainship but before enjoying any of the fruits of lordship, and he was buried in the monastery of Lara.

1475.8

Hubert son of Edmund son of Uilliam Mac Davy, a captain courageous, and Diarmait son of Domnall son of Toirrdelbach Donn O Conchobair were killed at Ballintober, on the second day of summer, by the sons of [the late] O Conchobair Donn, namely Eogan Caech and Ruaidri.

1475.9

Rudraige son of Rosa son of Muirchertach Midech son of Brian O Fergail died at the threshold of the chieftainship, and Rudraige son of Cathal son of Tomas was proclaimed chieftain in opposition to the posterity of Seaan son of Tomas.

1475.10

Sinnach of Muinter Tadcain was killed by Murchad son of Art O Mailsechlainn.

1475.11

Diarmait Mac Senlaich died.

1475.12

O Domnaill made a circuit in Connacht and made peace between O Ruairc and O Raigillig. Thence he marched to Fenagh, where Mag Ragnaill met him and they both proceeded past Sliab Cairbre and through Mag Tethba and Moybrawne, and the Abbot of Lara was killed in their following by an arrowshot from Rathreagh. From here he passed westwards through Moybrawne and they rested and encamped that night at Cuircne of Meath, where the Dillons and the Daltons came in and made peace with him. Thence he went on to Offaly and Cairbre of Leinster, where O Conchobair [Failgi] came to meet him. On the other part came the Meath Galls, and the lands were destroyed in the fighting. Peace was afterwards made and O Domnaill returned home by way of Athlone.

1475.13

Eogan Caech O Conchobair utterly defeated the Clanconway in a night-engagement, wherein more than two score were killed, including two sons of Hubert son of William Mac Davy and two sons of Tadc O Cellaig.


p.575

1475.14

Richard son of John Burke (?) died.

1475.15

Aed son of Eogan son of the son of Cathal O Conchobair died.

1475.16

Emann son of Maelsechlainn O hAinlige, a man good enough to be chieftain of the Three Tuatha, died on the fourteenth day after the feast of Michael, Thursday by the day of the week.

1475.17

Uilliam son of Tadc O Cellaig died.

1475.18

The Baron of Delvin died.

1475.19

Roiberd son of Rudraige son of Rosa [O Fergail] died.

1475.20

The Galls of Machaire Oirgiall and the sons of Aed Ruad. Mag Mathgamna defeated Remann Mag Mathgamna, king of Oriel, taking him prisoner and killing many.

1475.21

Two sons of Art son of Conn O Mailsechlainn were killed by Colman son of the son of Art O Mailsechlainn.

1475.22

Gilla na Naem son of Maelsechlainn O hUiginn died.

1475.23

Callow Castle was taken by Macwilliam of Clanrickard and given to the son of Maelsechlainn O Cellaig and his [Macwilliam's] daughter.

1475.24

Aed O Neil1, eligible prince of Ulster, died.

1475.25

Cormac O Cuirnin, teacher of the learned of Ireland, died.

1476.1

1476 First of January on Monday and the fifth day of the moon, A.D. MCCCCLVI. GF.

1476.2

Tadc Oc son of Tigernan O Ruairc, an excellent prospective chieftain of Brefne, died.

1476.3

Aed son of O Cellaig was killed by his own brother Tadc in Athlone. They were both sons of Uilliam O Cellaig.

1476.4

Domnall Riabach son of Geralt Caemanach [Mac Murchada], king of Leinster, died.

1476.5

Brian son of Fergal Ruad O hUiginn, head of his own family and teacher of the Irish and the Scotch, died on Maundy Thursday and was buried at Ballylahan.

1476.6

The Western O hEgra died. There were burnings and slayings and battles between the families of Domnall and of Murchad in a war for the chieftainship.


p.577

1476.7

Bishop Mag Samradain died and Sean son of Brian succeeded him.

1476.8

The lamp of wisdom to the Irish and high teacher in the arts, that is Uaithne son of the son of Cathal O Conchobair, died.

1476.9

Etain, daughter of Domnall son of Muirchertach and wife of O Conchobair Donn, rested.

1476.10

Tadc son of Eogan son of Ruaidri O Conchobair was treacherously killed by three of his own people, namely the son of Ruaidri Ruad son of Eogan son of [Ruaidri] son of Cathal, and the son of Cathal son of [?Eogan] son of the Abbott O Conchobair, and the son of Donnchad O Taidc; and they took the castle of Roscommon but it was re-taken from them in the same battle.

1476.11

A great army was led by Macwilliam Burke into North Connacht, face to face with the army of O Domnaill. O Domnaill went into Cuil Cnam and Macwilliam into Coill Luigne. Mac Diarmata went to the help of Macwilliam, while Mac Donnchada went to the help of O Domnaill and brought him out of the [...].... (?) he was in; they crossed Fersait na Finntraga, where they lost horses and men, and passed over into Carbury. Macwilliam followed them over into Carbury till the two forces came face to face, and after that they made peace and divided North Connacht into two; O Dubda, Leyney and half of Carbury going to Macwilliam Burke and the other half to O Domnaill.

1476.12

A great expedition by the Galls of Meath with the posterity of Seoan son of Domnall [O Fergail] into Moybrawne. They demolished Rathreagh and burned the monastery of Shrule, but would not attack Pallas, destroyed the fields and corncrops of the country and departed without having exacted a peace.

1476.13

Mag Ragnaill made a great hosting into Moybrawne and destroyed whatever of their corn-crops had escaped the Galls.

1476.14

Sefraid son of the son of Siacus [? O Fergail], Prior of Abbeyderg, rested in Christ.

1476.15

Derbforgaill daughter of Feidlim Finn O Conchobair, wife of O Conchobair Donn, died; and O hAinlige's daughter, wife of Toirrdelbach Caech Mac Suibne, rested.


p.579

1476.16

A great war between the Meath and Leinster Galls, in which the son of Sean son of Fitz Thomas was killed.

1476.17

O Conchobair Failgi captured his own three brothers and the son of Art son of Conn O Mailsechlainn and the son of Muiris son of Mac Piarais.

1477.1

1477 First of January on Wednesday and the sixteenth day of the moon, MCCCCLXXVII. Tenth year of the Indiction; fifteenth of the Decemnovennial Cycle. E.

1477.2

Brian son of Muirguis Mac Diarmata was killed by his own people.

1477.3

Cormac son of Donnchad son of Mag Carthaig Riabach was taken prisoner by Cormac son of Tadc son of Cormac son of Diarmait the Stout of Muskerry and by the sons of Diarmait of the Fortress, sons of his own father's brother. In consequence of this, war spread throughout Munster and all the South was destroyed, Gall and Gael.

1477.4

Gerald son of the Earl of Desmond was killed. Eighteen Fitz Geralds were destroyed after this.

1477.5

The son of Uaithne O Morda was killed at Ballydavis by Mac Piarais Butler and Art O Conchobair.

1477.6

A great wind on the eve of St. John the Evangelist this year, which demolished many stone and wooden buildings and crannogs and ricks all over Ireland.

1477.7

Mac Dubgaill died.

1478.1

1478 First of January on Thursday and the twenty-seventh day of the moon, MCCCCLXXVIII. Eleventh year of the Indiction; sixteenth of the Decemnovennial Cycle.

1478.2

This was a hard, niggardly year, stormy and [...]. . . . (?). A mighty wind arose on the eve of Epiphany, and this was a night of destruction for all owing to the number of men, cattle, trees, lake and land buildings which it laid low throughout Ireland. It broke nine score glazed windows in Dublin.

1478.3

Roscommon Castle to O Conchobair Donn, after having been ceded by the son of Domnall son of Eogan O Conchobair.

1478.4

The Earl of Kildare died. Gerald his son succeeded him.


p.581

1478.5

Richard of Buolick, son of Mac Richard Butler, was killed by the Osraigi in front of St. Cainnech's church.

1478.6

Cormac son of Donnchad Mag Carthaig [Riabach] was ‘blinded’ by his own kinsmen, after having been long held in captivity. This was done on the night of the wind.

1478.7

Donnchad son of Brian Ballach O Conchobair died.

1478.8

Bishop O hUiginn, Bishop of Mayo, died.

1478.9

Mac in Baird of Tir Conaill, that is Gofraid son of Eogan Mac in Baird, died of the plague.

1478.10

Mac Rithbertaig, ollav to Mag Uidir, died.

1478.11

Tomas O Con Chennain, king of Ui Diarmata, was killed by his own brother's son.

1478.12

Peace was made in Annaly, which was divided into two [lordships.]

1478.13

Maelsechlainn son of Aed Buide Mag Eochacain, chieftain of Kenaliagh, was killed in his sleep by two of his own people in the castle of Lara, and they were themselves burnt therefore.

1478.14

Emann son of Conchobar Mag Ragnaill died.

1478.15

Villiam son of Seoan O Fergail was killed with a stake, which one of his own men threw at him.

1478.16

The son of Fergal O Gadra and Magnus son of Dauid were killed by the posterity of Ruaidri Mac Diarmata.

1478.17

Emann son of Lochlainn O hAinlige was killed by his own people.

1478.18

Thomas son of Piers Butler was killed.

1478.19

Toirrdelbach O Conchobair, the son of Toirrdelbach Ruad, died.

1478.20

Sligo Castle was captured by Macwilliam Burke from O Domnaill's guards and delivered to the son of Brian O Conchobair, as was right.

1478.21

After this Macwilliam Burke came into Moylurg and devastated the land, that is, the part of it belonging to Ruaidri Mac Diarmata.

1478.22

To avenge this, Ruaidri went upon Croghan in opposition to Conchobar Mac Diarmata, the present king, and afterwards encamped about the Rock and besieged it. Engines, constructed by wrights brought from Fermanagh, were sent to him and the only son of Mac Diarmata was killed by an arrow shot out of one


p.583

of these engines. By this shot the Rock was captured; Ruaidri took the undivided kingship of Moylurg and Conchobar was driven out.

1478.23

A terrible war in Machaire Connacht, with Feidlim Finn and O Conchobair Donn on the one side, and the young sons of Tadc O Conchobair and Feidlim's sons and the sons of O Conchobair Ruad on the other. The whole Machaire was ravaged, church and lay, in the fighting, and Toirrdelbach Ruad son of Ruaidri son of Feidlim, best of princes, was killed.

1478.24

Tadc son of Diarmait Ruad O Conchobair was treacherously killed by the posterity of Brian Ballach [O Conchobair.]

1478.25

A great plague throughout Ireland this year. The Baron of Delving and Mac Muiris of Errew died of it.

1478.26

Ben Mide daughter of Magnus son of Brian O Conchobair, the wife of Mac Donnchada, that is Tadc son of Brian, rested in Christ.

1478.27

O Cobthaig, that is Muirchertach Losc, died.

1478.28

Fachtna, the son of O Fergail, was killed by Edmund son of Hubert Dalton.

1478.29

Art son of Colman O Mailsechlainn died.

1478.30

Mag Samradain, that is Cathal son of Donnchad Ballach, and Bishop Mag Samradains died.

1479.1

1479 First of January. One thousand four hundred and seventy-nine years was the age of the Lord at this time.

1480.1

1480 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand four hundred and four score years.

1480.2

Eogan son of Niall [Garb] O Domnaill, eligible prince of Tir Conaill, was killed by Eignechan son of Nechtain O Domnaill at Clonleigh this year, in treachery.

1480.3

Mac Magnusa, that is Cathal Oc, died.


p.585

1480.4

Rugraide son of Rugraide son of Nechtain O Domnaill was killed by the sons of Niall [Garb] O Domnaill.

1480.5

Fergal Mac Eochada died.

1480.6

Eogan son of Art died.

1481.1

1481 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand four hundred four score and one year.

1481.2

Toirrdelbach Mag Uidir was treacherously slain by Donnchad Oc son of Donnchad Mag Uidir.

1481.3

O Neill, that is Conn, was taken prisoner this year.

1481.4

Mac Con Mide, that is Conchobar Ruad, a master of poetry, died this year.

1481.5

Brian son of Feidlim O Raigillig died.

1481.6

Slaine daughter of O Briain, wife of Macwilliam of Clanrickard, a universal protector of the poets of Ireland died.

1482.1

1482 First of januaty, A.D. MCCCCLXXXII.

1482.2

Cairbre O Conchobair, eligible prince of Connacht and a brave fighter, died.

1482.3

Urard O Mailchonaire, ollav of Sil Murray in learning and poetry, the chief chronicler of the western world, specially learned in the phases of the moon, translator of a part of the Scriptures from Latin into Irish, died at an advanced age. Sigraid O Mailchonaire succeeded him.

1482.4

Murchad son of Tadc son of Cathal Oc Mag Ragnaill was killed by the posterity of Art O Ruairc.

1482.5

Diarmait son of Lochlainn Oc O hAinlige, a full worthy prospective chieftain of Cenel Dobtha, was with his brothers treacherously slain by the descendants of Gilla na Naem O hAinlige.

1482.6

The chieftain of Cenel Dobtha, a man courageous in attack, died after living to a great age and his brother Tadc succeeded him.

1482.7

Aed son of Imar son of Tomaltach was killed by his own people.

1482.8

Ruaidri Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, and Tadg Mag


p.587

Ragnaill, chieftain of Muinter Eolais, made a retaliatory expedition into Cenel Dobtha to avenge the children of Lochlainn, who had been guaranteed by them both. They burnt O hAinlige's house and killed Donnchad son of Siacus Carrach and the son of Conchobar son of Cormac, but the inhabitants defeated them and drove them in flight as far as Ballinafad. Feidlim Finn came against the rout and checked it.

1482.9

Brian Oc son of Brian son of Cathal Dub [O Conchobair] died.

1482.10

Art O Conchobair Failgi won the battle of Belanaganny.

1482.11

Conn son of Aed Buide O Neill, shield of the North of Ireland, a champion for courage, a battle-tower for prowess, one of whom I never heard that he was defeated in any pass of danger up to the pass of death—this eligible prince of Ulster died.

1482.12

Muirchertach Mac Flannchaid, prospective ollav of Thomond, died. I am John Reagh.

1483.1

1483 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand four hundred four score and three years.

1483.2

The Bishop of Clogher, Ros son of Tomas Oc Mag Uidir, died.

1483.3

O Fialain, Sean son of Eogan, died.

1483.4

O Cianain, Ruaidri son of Tadc, died.

1483.5

O Domnaill, that is Aed Ruad, went with a great army into Machaire Oirgiall, and Aed Oc son of Aed Buide [O Neill Buide] went thither with another army, and they burnt Dundalk. O Domnaill returned safely home.

1484.1

1484 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand four hundred four score and four years.

1484.2

The battle of Moin Lagraidhe this year.

1484.3

Mag Mathgamna, Remann son of Rudraige son of Ardgal Mor, died at Drogheda in a long captivity.


p.589

1484.4

Murchad son of O Conchobair Failgi, that is, son of Cathair, was killed by an arrow-shot.

1484.5

The Bishop of Derry, Sir Nicholas [Weston], died.

1485.1

1485 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand four hundred four score and five years.

1485.2

Aed Oc son of Aed Buide O Neill, eligible prince of the posterity of Brian Ballach, [was killed] this year.

1485.3

The King of England, that is Cing Risderd, was killed in battle with fifteen hundred of his followers.

1485.4

The battle of the Moy was won by O Domnaill, that is Aed Ruad, over the Galls and Gaels of Connacht.

1485.5

Gilla Patraic O hUiginn died.

1485.6

Macwilliam of Clanrickard, Ulick, died this year.

1485.7

Barry Roe died.

1485.8

O Suillebain of Beare died.

1485.9

O Baigill resigned his lordship and his son, that is Niall son of Toirrdelbach, succeeded him.

1485.10

Art an Bocain O Conchobair [Failgi] was killed by his own brother, namely Cathair.

1486.1

1486 First of January, the age Of the Lord one thousand four hundred four score and six, years.

1486.2

Mac Diarmata of Moylurg, that is Ruaidri son of Ruaidri son of Aed, pillar of generosity and valour, chief supporter and maintainer of minstrels and gamblers, fosterer of poets and exiles and needy men, the most humane and liberal-handed man of his own time, died this year.

1486.3

Mag Ragnaill, that is Tadc son of Cathal [Oc], ridge-pole and pinnacle of generosity, nobility and splendour, a powerful and renowned king-chieftain who never in his life refused a suppliant, died this year.

1486.4

Maelsechlainn and Ruaidri, sons of Mac Donnchada of Tirerrill, two princes who, for their age, had the best name and renown for bounty, nobility and valour of all who lived in their


p.591

time in the territory of the Clann Donnchada, were killed by the sons of Domnall Cam the son of Mac Donachada.

1486.5

Sean Buide son of Eogan son of Niall Oc O Neill died.

1486.6

Domnall Oc Mac Artain the hospitable died; and Barry Mor was killed.

1487.1

1487 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand four hundred four score and seven years.

1487.2

O Raigillig, that is Toirrdelbach son of Sean son of Eogan, died.

1487.3

Brian son of Brian Ballach son of Aed son of Feidlim O Conchobair died.

1487.4

O Mailchonaire, that is Sigraid son of Sean Ruad, died.

1487.5

O Mailsechlainn, that is Laignech son of Corc son of Cormac Ballach, was killed by Conn son of Art son of Conn son of Cormac Ballach O Mailsechlainn.

1487.6

Brian son of Eogan son of Niall Oc O Neill died.

1487.7

Sean son of Conchobar Mac Aedacain died.

1487.8

Aed son of Brian son of Fergal Ruad O hUiginn died.

1487.9

Mac Goisdelb, that is, Sean died.

1487.10

Dalton died, that is Edmund son of Piers.

1488.1

1488 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand four hundred four score and eight years.

1488.2

Domnall son of Domnall son of Niall [Garb] O Domnaill was hanged by Aed son of Aed Ruad this year.

1488.3

Maelmuire son of Tadc Oc O hUiginn, a master of poetry, died this year.

1488.4

Domnall Gorm son of Alustrann [Mac Domnaill] was killed by the sons of the Abbot son of Alusdrann [Mac Domnaill.]

1488.5

O Cellaig died, that is Maelsechlainn son of Aed son of Brian.

1488.6

O Flannacain of Toorah, Toirrdelbach son of Gilla Isa, died.

1488.7

O Tuathail, that is Emann, was treacherously killed by the sons of Tadc O Cerbaill.


p.593

1488.8

Tadc son of Aed son of Toirrdelbach Carrach O Conchobair died.

1488.9

Mag Uidir, that is Emann son of Tomas Oc, died.

1488.10

The King of Scotland, Semus Sdibhard, was killed in battle by his own son, James the Younger.

1488.11

The son of Brian son of Aed Buide O Neill [Buide] died of the smallpox.

1488.12

Mac an Baird of Oriel died, namely Nuadha son of Sean Cam.

1489.1

1489 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand four hundred four score and nine years.

1489.2

O Neill, Enri son of Eogan, died.

1489.3

O Baigill, Toirrdelbach son of Niall Ruad, died.

1489.4

O Fialain, Eogan, [died] this year, and Athairne O hEogusa.

1489.5

Mac Uigilin, Seinicin Ruad, was killed by Ualter Mac Uigilin.

1489.6

Sefraid Mac Gilla Patraic king of Ossory died.

1489.7

O Cerbaill, Sean son of Maelruanaid, died.

1489.8

Toirrdelbach son of Feidlim Finn O Conchobair was killed by Tadc son of Ruaidri Mac Diarmata.

1489.9

Calbach son of [Aed Ruad] O Domnaill died.

1489.10

Diarmait son of Tadc son of Domnall Oc Mac Carthaig was killed by the Earl of Desmond, that is Maurice son of James.

1489.11

O Fialain, Eogan Oc son of Eogan, died.

1490.1

1490 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand four hundred four score and ten years.

1490.2

Toirrdelbach Oc son of Toirrdelbach O Baigill died after a fall this year.

1490.3

Mac Domnaill of Scotland, the ‘Young Lord’, the best


p.595

man in Ireland and Scotland, was unfortunately killed by an Irish harper, Diarmait O Cairbre, in his own room.

1490.4

Dillon, that is Edmund son of Thomas son of Gerald died.

1490.5

O Conchobair Ruad, Feidlim Finn, died.

1490.6

O Cathain, that is Sean son of Diarmait son of Aibhne, was captured by a ship which came from Scotland.

1491.1

1491 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand four hundred four score and eleven years.

1491.2

Feidlim son of Aed son of Eogan O Neill was killed by Brian son of Remann son of Rudraige Mag Mathgamna.

1491.3

O Raigillig, that is Sean son of Toirrdelbach, died this year and Sean son of Cathal was proclaimed O Raigillig.

1492.1

1492 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand four hundred four score and twelve years.

1492.2

The Baron of Slane, James Fleming, died of a sweating plague.

1492.3

Part of the wood of the Holy Cross was found buried in the earth at Rome, namely the tablet which was above the cross, whereon was written: Iesus Nazarenus Rex Iudaeorum; and in the same place a writing was found saying that it was Helenae who had hidden it. In this year the head of the spear with which Longinus wounded Christ's body was sent to Rome by the lord of the Turks.

1492.4

Fingin O Mathgamna died.

1492.5

Mac Gilla Finnein died, that is Toirrdelbach son of Brian.

1492.6

Mag Raith, Coarb of Termonn Dabeoc, namely Diarmait son of Marcus, died.

1492.7

Tadc Cam O Clerigh, historian of Cenel Conaill, died.

1492.8

Mac Conmara, that is Cu Meda son of Sean, died.

1492.9

Calbach son of O Conchobair Failgi, that is of Cathair, was killed by Master Garth.


p.597

1492.10

Sean Buide son of Eogan Mag Mathgamna died.

1492.11

Gofraid O Cathain was killed by Walter Mac Uigilin.

1492.12

Cormac son of Diarmait Mac Diarmata and his son were killed by the sons of Ruaidri Mac Diarmata.

1493.1

1493 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand four hundred four score and thirteen years.

1493.2

O Neill, that is Conn son of Enri, was killed by his own brother, namely Enri Oc, who assumed the lordship of Tir Eogain afterwards.

1493.3

Finnguala daughter of Calbach O Conchobair [Failgi], a charitable compassionate woman and the most renowned of her time, died this year.

1493.4

Mac Conmide, that is Tadc, died.

1493.5

Brian son of Niall Gallda son of Brian Ballach O Neill [Buide] was killed by Brian son of Muirchertach Mag Aengusa to avenge his father.

1494.1

1494 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand four hundred four score and fourteen years.

1494.2

O Domnaill's daughter, Ingen Dub [daughter of Aed Ruad], wife of Niall son of Conn [O Neill Buide], died this year.

1494.3

Sean son of [Eogan son of] Niall Garb O Domnaill, a noble accomplished independent man, was captured by the family of Donnchad O Gallchobair and handed over to Conn son of Aed Ruad [O Domnaill], by whom he was hanged without respite.

1494.4

Domnall son of Eogan O Conchobair, lord of Sligo and of the parts northward of the Mountain, was killed by the sons of Ruaidri son of Toirrdelbach [Carrach] O Conchobair in the bawn of Buninna.

1494.5

O Fergail died, namely Conmac son of Sean.

1494.6

Eoin Bernach son of Maelmuire Mac Suibne was killed by Tadc son of Domnall O Neill.


p.599

1494.7

The son of Macwilliam Burke, namely William son of Richard son of Edmund son of Thomas, was killed under Sligo Castle this year.

1495.1

1495 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand four hundred four score and fifteen years.

1495.2

Mac an Baird, Aed, died this year.

1495.3

Mac Donnchada of Tirerrill, that is Tadc son of Brian, was killed at Ballandrihid by O Domnaill, that is Aed Ruad son of Niall Garb. O Dubda, that is Eogan Caech son of Ruaidri, was killed there too, and Brian Caech son of Tadc son of Eogan O Conchobair, this year. Tadc son of Domnall son of Eogan was killed there too. O Gadra, that is Diarmait son of Eogan, was taken prisoner there. And besides these, many of the nobles of Lower Connacht were slain and drowned there.

1495.4

Macwilliam of Clanrickard came into Lower Connacht and completely destroyed whatever O Domnaill had not already destroyed.

1495.5

Tomaltach son of Cormac Ballach [Mac Donnchada died] this year.

1495.6

O Duibgennain of Kilronan, that is Dubthach son of Maelsechlainn son of Matha Glas, an eminent historian and keeper of an open guest-house, died this year.

1495.7

O Domnaill, that is Aed Ruad, went to the house of the King of Scotland this year.

1495.8

Mac Samradain, that is Feidlim, was drowned and Domnall Bernach was proclaimed Mac Samradain in succession to him.

1496.1

1496 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand four hundred four score and sixteen years.


p.601

1496.2

Mag, Uidir, that is Sean, was captured in Termonn Meg Raith by Conn son of Aed Ruad O Domnaill, and in this rout many horses and much booty were taken from Aed O Domnaill and from Mag Uidir.

1496.3

O Mathgamna of Fonn Iartharach, that is Fingin, a jubilant universal protagonist of the hospitality and valour of West Munster, the man most accomplished in Latin and English of all his contemporaries, died this year.

1496.4

Glaisne son of Remann son of Rughraidhe Mag Mathgamna was killed by Gilla Patraic son of Aed Oc son of Aed Ruad in Monaghan Castle.

1496.5

O Dubda, that is Uilliam son of Domnall Ballach, [died].

1496.6

O Flannacain of Toorah died, that is Gillebert son of Cormac son of Gilla Isa.

1496.7

Mac Samradain, that is Domnall Bernach son of Tomas son of Fergal, was treacherously killed.

1496.8

Mac Suibne of Banagh, that is Maelmuire, died.

1496.9

The son of Sir Edward Eustace, that is Roland, died.

1496.10

O Fergail died, that is Rugraide son of Cathal, and Cetach was proclaimed O Fergail.

1497.1

1497 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand four hundred four score and seventeen years.

1497.2

Eicnechan son of Nechtain O Domnaill, eligible prince of Cenel Conaill and the man who had most suffered the hardships of his native land as leader in battle, who was the noblest person and the greatest slayer of his enemies, was killed by Conn son of Aed Ruad O Domnaill in O Domnaill's own stronghold. Aed Ruad O Domnaill laid aside his lordship on account of the turbulence of his sons and Conn O Domnaill was proclaimed lord in his stead.


p.603

1497.3

The battle of Ballagh Boy this year, in which Tadc son of Ruaidri Oc son of Ruaidri Caech Mac Diarmata defeated Conn O Domnaill and many of the nobles, of the Cenel Conaill were killed and captured.

1497.4

And a little time afterwards O Neill, that is Enri Oc, came with a great army into Tir Conaill, ravaged the country and gave a great defeat to O Domnaill at Bel Atha Daire. Conn O Domnaill was killed there and O Domnaill's sons, Domnall and Niall Garb, were captured and Niall died in that captivity, and many of the nobles of Tir Conaill were killed and captured here. Afterwards Aed Ruad took [back] his lordship, by the will of God and men, and Aed son of Aed Ruad was released from his captivity this year.

1497.5

Mac Diarmata of Moylurg, Conchobar son of Cormac son of Tomaltach, was killed by the sons of Ruaidri Mac Diarmata.

1497.6

Mac Donnchada of Corann, that is Brian son of Maelruanaid son of Tomaltach, died.

1497.7

Great famine throughout Ireland this year.

1497.8

Eleanor daughter of [Thomas, seventh] Earl of Kildare, wife of O Neill, that is of Conn son of Enri son of Eogain, died.

1497.9

Domnall Oc son of Aed Buide was killed by Sean Dub son of Domnall Caech.

1498.1

1498 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand four hundred four score and eighteen years.

1498.2

O Neill, Enri Oc son of Enri son of Eogan, lord of Cenel nEogain, a most noble and very prosperous man, was killed at Doirin an Fhiadha by the sons of Conn O Neill, to avenge their father.

1498.3

O Cathain, Sean son of Aibne, a man of universal hospitality to scholars and ollavs, died this year.

1498.4

Domnall son of Nechtain O Domnaill died of the smallpox.

1498.5

O Briain, the Gilla Dub, died.

1498.6

The battle of Cross Cavanagh was won against O Neill,


p.605

Domnall son of Enri son of Eogan; and Feidlim son of Enri Oc fell by the arms of the defeated side.

1498.7

O Cuirnin, Conchobar Carrach, died.

1499.1

1499 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand four hundred four score and nineteen years.

1499.2

A terrible deed was done in Scotland by James Stewart, King of Scotland: Eidhin Mor Mac Domnaill, king of the Hebrides, Eoin Cathanach his son and Alustrann Ballach were hanged by him on one gallows.

1499.3

Tadg Mac Diarmata, king of Moylurg, Airtech, Tir Thuathail and Clann Chathail, head of the glory and lordship and hospitality and valour of his own country, a king who tamed and quieted all his near neighbours so that they submitted respectfully to him, the best patron of poets and exiles and poor and needy and destitute men who had appeared for a long time in his country, died in his own stronghold on Macdermot's Rock and was buried in the tomb of his ancestors, after a victory of Unction and Penance.

1500.1

1500 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred years.

1500.2

O Ruairc, that is Feidlim, died this year.

1500.3

Tomas son of Brian son of Pilip na Tuaighe Mag Uidir was killed by the sons of Tomas Oc son of Tomas Mor Mag Uidir.

1500.4

O Broin of Laigis, Cathair son of Dunlong, was killed.

1500.5

Barry Mor was killed by his own brother, namely David Barry.

1500.6

The Bishop of Derry, Domnall O Fallamain, a Friar Minor, died.

1501.1

1501 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and one years.

1501.2

The battle of Slieve Beagh won by Aed son of Remann Mag Mathgamna, wherein Tomas son of Tomas Oc Mag Uidir was killed and great numbers of his men fell with him.

1501.3

The son of O Conchobair Failgi died, namely Rudraige son of Cathair son of Conn son of Calbach.

1501.4

Niall son of Art O Neill died.

1501.5

Sligo Castle was taken, by means of a ladder, by the sons of Ruaidri son of Toirrdelbach Carrach O Conchobair, and Calbach Caech son of Domnall son of Eogan was killed there. Sean son of Ruaidri son of Toirrdelbach Carrach was killed by Calbach that night.

1501.6

Aibne, the son of O Cathain, was killed by Brian Finn O Cathain.

1501.7

Toirrdelbach son of Conn son of Enri son of Eogan O Neill was killed by Mac Mathgamna, that is Ros son of Magnus.

1502.1

1502 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and two years.

1502.2

The battle of Tullaghfin, in which the sons of Niall O Baigill defeated O Baigill, that is Niall, and his two sons, namely Rugraide and Domnall Ballach, and a large number of his followers were killed.

1502.3

Two abbots who were at odds about the abbacy of Assaroe, namely Art O Gallchobair and Eoin O Loisde, died within a day and night; and they say that the second one died of joy.

1502.4

Domnall son of Brian O hUiginn, teacher of the schools of Ireland in Poetry, died.

1503.1

1503 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and three years.


p.609

1503.2

The son of O Domnaill, Donnchad son of Aed Ruad that is, was mutilated by Domnall his brother, by permission and consent of their own father.

1503.3

Macwilliam Burke died, that is Theobald son of Walter.

1504.1

1504 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and four years.

1504.2

The battle of Knockdoe was fought this year. Gerald the Earl, Justiciar of Ireland, assembled the Galls and Gaels of Leinster and Leth Chuinn and invaded Clanrickard; and Macwilliam of Clanrickard and O Briain assembled another great army and came to meet them at Knockdoe. A battle was there fought between them, in which fell many nobles of the Gaels and of the Galls; indeed, so great a battle had not been fought among Gaels and Galls in latter times.

1504.3

Magnus son of Brian Mac Donnchada, Abbot of the monastery of the Trinity in Loch Key, coffer and repository of the bounty and bravery of Ireland, the man who gave most presents to poets and minstrels since Tomaltach na Cairrce, died at Killadoon and was buried on Trinity Island, Loch Key; and this, the death of Mac Donnchada's son, is a beheading stroke to the artists of Ireland.

1504.4

Conchobar son of Ruaidri Mac Diarmata, eligible prince of Moylurg, the strongest son of a king there had been in his country for a long time, was killed by the family of Conchobar Mac Diarmata at Belach na nUrbrointed.

1504.5

Maelsechlainn son of Donnchad Mac Murchada [died] this year.

1505.1

1505 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and five years.


p.611

1505.2

Aed Ruad son of Niall Garb O Domnaill, the Gael, who achieved most power and might of all the posterity of Niall Noigiallach, full moon of the nobility and bounty of the North, the man to whom Fermanagh and Cenel Moain and Lower Connacht had submitted, died this year. And we do not think it too much to say that there was in his time no Gall or Gael who had more power in Leth Chuinn than he. Three weeks before Lammas he died, with Unction and Penance, in Donegal, having been for forty-four years king of Tir Conaill, and his son was made king in his stead, that is Aed son of Aed Ruad.

1505.3

Finnghuala, daughter of Ruaidri Oc son of Ruaidri Caech and wife of Sean son of Tadc son of Brian Mac Donnchada, died this year.

1505.4

Mac Carrthaig Riabach died, namely Fingin.

1505.5

Cairbre son of Brian O hUiginn died of a stroke.

1505.6

Andrias Mag Raith died.

1505.7

John Burke was killed by the sons of Ulick Burke.

1506.1

1506 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and six years.

1506.2

Mac Uibilin, that is Ualtair, a man of universal hospitality and an excellent captain, was killed this year by Domnall son of Sean O Cathaine and the Clann Blosgaid.

1506.3

Paidin son of Lochlainn son of Maelsechlainn O Mailchonaire, teacher of the men of Ireland in History and Poetry, died suddenly this year; he went to bed well in the house of Mathgamain Mac Caba and was found dead in the morning.

1506.4

Domnall O Craidhen, a rich prosperous charitable humane merchant, died suddenly while hearing Mass in the monastery of Donegal.

1506.5

Conchobar son of Ruaidri Mac Donnchada was killed by Eogan son of Tigernan O Ruairc at Ballindoon this year.


p.613

1507.1

1507 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and seven years.

1507.2

Mac Conmidhe, that is Solamh, an eminent poet of great wealth who maintained an open guest-house, died this year.

1507.3

The monastery of Ballindoon was begun this year by Tomas O Fergail.

1507.4

Feidhlim Mac Uinsinnain died.

1507.5

Mag Raith, that is Tomas, died.

1507.6

O Cuill, that is Cenn Faelad; O Dalaig Finn, that is Gofraid; O Dalaig Cairprech, that is Aengus; O Gerain, that is Sean; all these poets fell asleep in Christ in this year.

1508.1

1508 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and eight years.

1508.2

Enniskillen Castle was taken by O Domnaill, that is Aed Oc son of Aed Ruad; and Pilip son of Brian Mag Uidir demolished his own castle for fear of O Domnaill.

1508.3

Gofraid the son of O Cathain was killed by the descendants of Magnus O Cathain.

1508.4

The Bishop of Achonry, Tomas O Congalain, died.

1508.5

The Bishop of Clonmacnoise, Walter Blake, died.

1508.6

Tigernan Oc son of Eogan son of Tigernan O Ruairc was killed by Sean son of Tigernan Finn O Ruairc.

1509.1

1509 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and nine years.

1509.2

O Neill, that is Domnall, lord of Tir Eogain, died this year and Art son of Aed O Neill was made king in his stead.

1509.3

O Baigill, that is Emann Buide son of Niall O Baigill, was killed with a throw of a javelin, at night, by Conchobar Oc O Baigill at Loughros.

1509.4

Pilip son of Brian son of Pilip Mag Uidir died.

1509.5

Eogan son of Conn son of Aed Buide [O Neill Buide] died.

1509.6

Art son of Conn son of Enri son of Eogan O Neill was captured by Art of the Castle son of Niall son of Art [O Neill] and delivered to O Domnaill.


p.615

1510.1

1510 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and ten years.

1510.2

Eogan Ruad Mac an Baird, ollav to O Domnaill, died.

1510.3

O Raigillig died, that is [Sean] son of Cathal.

1510.4

O Fialain died, that is Fergal.

1510.5

Mac Lochlainn died, that is Uaithne.

1510.6

Eogan son of Brian O hUiginn died.

1510.7

O Domnaill, that is Aed son of Aed Ruad, being in the prime of life and at the height of his power, went to Rome this year.

1510.8

Aibhilin, daughter of Niall Oc O hUiginn and wife of O Duibgennain, died.

1510.9

Tadc son of Ruaidri Mac Donnchada [died] this year.

1510.10

Gerald Earl of Kildare marched, with the great Galls and Gaels of Leinster, into Munster and built a castle at Carrigkittle in despite of the Gaels of Munster. O Domnaill followed him with a small force through Meath and westwards into Munster, and they made an incursion into Duhallow and took Kanturk Castle and plundered the country. After this they came into Great Desmond and took Pallis Castle and the Castle by the Maine and returned safely into Limerick County. They then mustered their forces again and the Fitz Geralds of Munster under James son of the Earl of Desmond, all the other Galls of Munster, Mag Carthaig Riabach, Cormac Oc son of Cormac son of Tadc Mag Carthaig and the Galls and Gaels of Meath and of Leinster all assembled their forces and marched to Limerick. Against them gathered, in a large host, Toirrdelbach son of Tadc O Briain, king of Thomond, Mac Con Mara, Clanrickard and the Sil Aeda. The Earl took his army through Belach na Fadbaige to Belach an Gamna and came to a very strong wooden bridge that O Briain had made over the Shannon. This he broke down and remained for a night encamped in the country, while O Briain, that same night, pitched a camp beside him. Next day the Earl drew up his army, putting the Galls and Gaels


p.617

of Munster in the van and the Meath Galls in the rear. O Domnaill and his few followers dismounted and mingled with the Galls [of the rearguard.] They took the short way through Monabraher to Limerick and this army of the Sil mBriain attacked the Galls, killing the Baron de Kent and Barnewell of Crickstown and many other great people not here enumerated. And there was no man on that side, Gall or Gael, who performed more famous deeds than O Domnaill in bringing off the rear of the Galls army.

1511.1

1511 First of January, the age of the Lord,one thousand five hundred and eleven years.

1511.2

O Conchobair Failgi, Cathair son of Conn son of Calbach, a joyous universal patron to the scholars and ollavs of Ireland and the leader of the bravery and valour and constant warfare of Western Europe, was killed by some of his own relatives, namely the posterity of Tadc O Conchobair and the sons of Sean Ballach O Conchobair, hard by Monasteroris.

1511.3

Dubthach son of Dubthach O Duibgennain, a rich prosperous gentleman full of wisdom and liberality, died this year.

1511.4

O Neill, that is Art son of Aed O Neill, led an army into Tir Conaill, burnt Glenfinn and all this side of the Swilly and exacted hostages from O Dochurtaig.

1511.5

Cenel Feradaig was plundered by Magnus O Domnaill this year.

1511.6

Mac Donnchada of Tirerrill, Sean son of Tadc son of Brian, lamp of the bravery and prowess of Clann Mailruanaid and universal patron to scholars and men of art, died in his own stronghold at Ballindoon, having been not quite a year in possession of his lordship; and Fergal son of Tadc son of Brian, eligible prince of Tirerrill, was killed the same year by the sons of Ruaidri Mac Diarmata.

1511.7

The Bishop of the two Brefnes died this year, Tomas son of Aindriu Mac Bradaig.

1512.1

1512 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and twelve years.


p.619

1512.2

O Domnaill came from Rome, having completed his pilgrimage and having been highly honoured by the King of England on his visit.

1512.3

O Cleirigh, Tuathal son of Tadhg Cam, an eminent historian and maintainer of an open guest-house, died after Unction and Penance.

1512.4

Niall son of Conn son of Aed Buide son of Brian Ballach lord of Trian Congail, a man of universal bounty to the men of Ireland, promoter of religious orders and churches and every good thing, and wealth of the East of Ireland, died this year.

1512.5

Gerald Earl of Kildare, Justiciar of Ireland, led an army against Trian Congail. He took Belfast Castle, demolished Mac Eoin's castle plundered the Glens and a great deal of the country and carried off the son of Niall son of Conn into captivity.

1512.6

A great war between O Domnaill, that is Aed, and O Neill, that is Art son of Aed; and another war between O Domnaill and Macwilliam Burke, Edmund son of Richard; and O Domnaill took into his pay fifteen hundred axes in Tir Conaill, Lower Connacht and Fermanagh. O Domnaill moved out from Derry with a small force, took Ballinclare Castle on the border of Gailenga and left a garrison in it and retired to Tireragh. Macwilliam Burke assembled his men and laid siege to the town. On hearing of this O Domnaill moved out against it again, whereupon Macwilliam abandoned it and went to provision and garrison Inisherone Castle in Tireragh. On hearing of this O Domnaill crossed the Ox Mountains in pursuit of him. Macwilliam, perceiving this, left his sons with a garrison in Inisherone Castle and himself proceeded to Ardarea. O Domnaill caught sight of him and loosed his son at him, and Macwilliam escaped by swimming the Moy. The rest of his followers were pursued across the Moy and despoiled of a great part of their horses and armour. O Domnaill then besieged Inisherone Castle and took it at the end of four days, after which he demolished it and took Macwilliam's son, Ulick son of Edmund, and the whole garrison prisoners and came safely away.

1512.7

O Domnaill, with the nobles of Lower Connacht and many mercenary troops, made a hosting into Tir Eogain, burning


p.621

the country on all sides till he reached Dungannon. After he had been a week in the country, destroying it, O Neill made a peace with him and conceded to him all the disputed claims between them, namely the rent of Cenel Moain and of Inishowen and of the whole of Fermanagh.

1512.8

Gerald Earl of Kildare, Justiciar of Ireland, led an army past Athlone into Connacht. He plundered and burned Clanconway, took Roscommon and left a garrison in it, went thence into Moylurg and took Cavetown Castle and devastated great part of the country. O Domnaill came on foot with a great host through the Curlieus to have speech with the Earl and returned the same night to his own stronghold at Brickliff, a few of his followers being killed in passing through Ballaghboy. After this he besieged Sligo Castle and wasted the patrimony of the posterity of Brian O Conchobair; but he was not able to take the castle that time.

1512.9

Art son of Conn son of Niall Garb O Domnaill died suddenly of an attack of sickness in the Friars House in Donegal and was afterwards buried in the monastery.

1513.1

1513 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and thirteen years.

1513.2

Mairgrec daughter of Conchobar O Briain and wife of O Ruairc, radiant paragon of the Gaels, to whom God gave prosperity and royal state and great wealth; hearth of hospitality and maintenance, humanity and charitable entertainment for scholars and ollavs, the weak and the wretched and all, whether mighty or outcast, who stood in need thereof; one who never as long as she lived denied any man craving a boon; died after Unction and Penance and was buried in the monastery which she had herself built to the honour of God and St. Francis, namely the monastery of Creevlea.

1513.3

Donnchad son of Conchobar O Briain, an exultant plunderer, a very courageous captain and the most bountiful, noble and honourable of all the Dal gCais living in his time, was killed in a night-attack by the sons of Toirrdelbach son of Murchad O Briain.


p.623

1513.4

O Domnaill, that is Aed, went to visit the King of Scotland this year.

1513.5

Rosa son of Magnus Mac Mathgamna, lord of Oriel, died.

1513.6

Tadc son of Maelsechlainn O Cellaig, lord of Ui Maine, died.

1513.7

Master Muiris O Fithchellaig, Doctor of Divinity and, as Archbishop of Tuaim, the most famous cleric in the east or in these parts, died this year.

1513.8

Gerald Earl of Kildare, Justiciar of Ireland, best and foremost of all the Galls that had ever arisen for power, renown and dignity, who conquered most territory from the Gaels and demolished the greatest number of their castles, whose rule and law and royal sway were the best and who, more than any other, bestowed his own chattels on the men of Ireland, died, with Unction and Penance, at Kildare and was buried at Christchurch in Dublin, being mourned by nearly all the Galls and Gaels of Ireland.

1513.9

O Neill, that is Art son of Aed, led an army into Trian Congail, burnt Mag Line and plundered the Glens. The son of Niall mac Cuinn [O Neill Buide] and Mac Uigilin caught up with a part of the army and at that time Aed, the son of O Neill, was killed. The rest of the [invading] army and the pursuing party met next day and Mac Uigilin, Risderd son of Rugraide, was killed and a great many Scots with him. O Neill returned home afterwards.

1513.10

An expedition by the King of Scotland with the nobles of Scotland, having twenty thousand supporters, into the territory of the English. He burnt and plundered the country on every hand. Lord Seomurlin and his son and the clergy of England assembled an army to meet them. Battle was joined between them and the Scots were defeated; the King of Scotland, Mac Ailin, the Archbishop of St. Andrews and many other lords of Scotland fell there and a countless number were killed on both sides.

1513.11

Art son of Aed O Neill, uncontested lord of Tir Eogain, died with Unction and Penance at Dungannon. Art son of Conn O Neill was made king in his stead.

1513.12

Art son of Niall son of Art O Neill died.

1513.13

Dunluce Castle was captured by O Domnaill from the sons of Geroid Mac Uigilin and given to the sons of Ualter Mac Uigilin.

1513.14

O Domnaill encamped about Sligo from St. Bridget's Day to Whitsuntide, but in the end he did not overcome the town at that attempt.


p.625

1513.15

Eogan O Maille with the crews of three ships was killed in Banagh this year.

1513.16

Eogan Ruad Mac Suibne was killed by the sons of his own brother and by Donnchad son of Toirrdelbach O Baigill.

1513.17

Niall son of Conn son of Aed Buide [died] on Easter Day precisely.

1514.1

1514 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and fourteen years.

1514.2

Cathal Oc son of Domnall son of Eogan O Conchobair was killed in base treachery by the son of his own father, Eogan son of Domnall; and Cathal was the youth of his years who gave and received most, of all the posterity of Brian of Leyney son of Toirrdelbach Mor. And this is not the only palm that we, or others of our craft, would give him; but [we would add] that there had not appeared, out of many nations, his equal for nobility and knowledge and bounty. And by his death is Art become an outcast orphan, with none such as Cathal to support and foster her. Eogan son of Domnall son of Eogan son of Domnall was hanged by O Domnaill within three days of that [murder.]

1514.3

Macwilliam Burke, Edmond son of Richard, was killed by the sons of Walter Burke, through treachery, in the monastery of Rathbran.

1514.4

Caislen na Cuilentraige was demolished, and Coill Mor cut down and plundered, by the Earl of Kildare, Gerald son of Gerald, [in fighting] against Laigis Ui Morda.

1514.5

The son of Toirrdelbach Oc Mac Domnaill, Constable of the Earl's gallowglasses, was killed by the people of Laigis.

1514.6

The castle of Coleraine was demolished by O Domnaill.

1514.7

Omagh Castle was demolished by O Neill.

1514.8

O Neill defeated the sons of Domnall O Neill and the posterity of Art O Neill and made a great capture of horses and armour and men from them.

1514.9

Gerald Earl of Kildare led an army against O Raigillig, broke down Cavan Castle, defeated and killed O Raigillig, that is Aed son of Cathal, and killed many great men of his country, including Mac Caba.


p.627

1514.10

James son of the Earl of Desmond and O Cerbaill made an expedition against Piers Butler. He burnt the whole of Middle Third. Butler and Piers Butler with his full force and the sons of Thomas son of the Earl of Kildare with the Earl's gallowglasses and cavalry caught up with them, but they managed to get away in spite of them all.

1514.11

O Domnaill made great raids in Gailenga, burning and plundering the country as far as Croaghan. He killed O Ruadain and many others.

1514.12

O Neill defeated Aed son of Domnall O Neill and Conn son of Niall son of Art O Neill, killing and wounding many of their men and stripping them of their horses and armour, so that the lordship of Cenel Eogain remained in his hands without opposition.

1514.13

Great war broke out between O Domnaill and O Neill. Both sides hired many men and they were a long time encamped opposite each other at the bridge of Ardstraw. In the end they established gossipry with each other and O Neill granted to O Domnaill new charters, with confirmation of the old charters, [recognising O Domnaill's lordship] over the Cenel Moain, Inishowen and Fermanagh, and O Domnaill gave up O Neill's son, whom he had held in captivity a long time previously, to O Neill.

1514.14

The sons of Geroid Mac Uigilin were treacherously killed by the sons of Ualter Mac Uigilin. The country was burned and plundered by the son of Niall son of Conn son of Aed Buide on account of this murder.

1514.15

Gerald Earl of Kildare led an expedition into Munster, burning Connello [in making war] on the sons of the Earl of Desmond. The Earl's son collected all his forces and O Briain came, with the nobles of his territory, to his help. The Earl successfully escaped before these armies were fully met together.

1514.16

O Domnaill hauled a fleet of long ships and boats to Loch Erne and made his residence for a long time at Enniskillen. He plundered and burnt the island of Cul na nOirer and afterwards made peace with the inhabitants. After this he returned safely home.


p.629

1515.1

1515 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and fifteen years.

1515.2

Great raids by O Dornnaill on Clann Diarmata Ruaid at the border of Coillte Conchobair.

1515.3

O Neill made an expedition into Clannaboy. He burnt and plundered a large part of the country, and the son of Niall mac Cuinn came to a meeting with him and accepted a stipend from him. O Neill then returned home.

1515.4

O Domnaill took great preys from the posterity of Brian Mag Uidir and ate them in the [plundered] country itself and afterwards made peace with the inhabitants.

1515.5

The castle of Aine was taken by James son of the Earl [of Desmond] from John son of the Earl [of Desmond.] James then besieged Loch Gur Castle, which he reduced to great straits before the Sil mBriain, the Sil Aeda and the Sil gCerbaill drove him away from it.

1515.6

Aed son of Niall son of Conn son of Aed Buide [O Neill Buide] made an incursion into Killultagh and seized preys there. Niall son of Brian son of Niall Gallda followed him with a pursuing-party, but he was killed and the whole country and the Wood were plundered, and the lordship of Trian Congail was left entire in the possession of Aed son of Niall as the result of this expedition.

1515.7

Menma Mac Carmaic, Bishop of Raphoe, rested in Christ.

1515.8

Domnall son of Aed Ruad O Domnaill was killed by Aed Buide O Domnaill.

1516.1

1516 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and sixteen years.

1516.2

A great war broke out between O Domnaill and O Neill and they made a great enlistment of men. Magnus O Domnaill carried out great raids against Enri Balb O Neill and burnt nearly all of the country from the Mountains inwards.

1516.3

Brian O Neill made a great raid on Cenel Moain.


p.631

1516.4

O Domnaill invaded Tir nEogain, burned Cenel Feradaig and the parts by the Oona and returned safely afterwards.

1516.5

Sligo Castle was taken by O Domnaill after he had been a long time warring against it. And this is how it was taken. A French knight came on pilgrimage to St. Patrick's Purgatory and O Domnaill treated him with great honour and gave him presents, and this knight sent O Domnaill a ship full of ordnance, including a siege-gun. O Domnaill sat down about Sligo Castle and breached it before he got possession of it; and he granted quarter to the garrison. It remained in his possession till Tadc Oc son of Tadc son of Aed took it from him.

1516.6

From thence [O Domnaill] went into Tirerrill and took Collooney Castle and Loch Dargan Castle and Dun na Mona on that day. He left a garrison in some of these and took away hostages from the rest and returned safely home, after a triumphant victory.

1516.7

Mac Donnchada of Ballymote and his son were killed, as they were coming against O Domnaill's army, by Donnchad son of Toirrdelbach O Baigill.

1516.8

O Cerbaill's castle, that is Leim Ui Bhanain, was taken by the Earl of Kildare, Gerald son of Gerald, his father having failed to do so; and hardly was there a castle in this age more stubbornly defended and held than this, till it was battered about the heads of its garrison.

1516.9

A great victory was won by Edmund son of Thomas Butler over Piers Butler and Mac Piarais. A number of their own men and of their hired retainers was taken from them.

1516.10

O Dochartaig, that is Conchobar Carrach, died.

1516.11

Mac Suibne's castle, that is Rathmullen, fell this year.

1516.12

O Domnaill invaded Tir Eogain twice this year. He was not given battle there and did no notable damage to the country beyond marching through it and laying most of it waste.

1516.13

Mag Carrthaig Mor, that is Cormac Ladhrach son of Tadc, lord of Desmond, the lord who best acquired power and who most


p.633

suffered war until he possessed his lordship without opposition, the best patron of poets and exiles, the best ruler and governor of all the kings of Leth Mogha, died.

1516.14

Toirrdelbach son of Brian Uaine O Gallchobair, coarb of Carrick, died.

1516.15

The son of Brian Caech son of Tadc son of Eogan was treacherously killed by the son of Tadc of the Axe son of Feidlim son of Eogan and by the posterity of the Cerrbach (Gambler).

1516.16

The wife of O Trebair, that is Caiterfina daughter of O Cridagain, a charitable and humane woman, died.

1516.17

The Bishop of Annaly died, namely Uilliam son of Donnchad O Fergal.

1517.1

1517 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and seventeen years.

1517.2

Donnchad son of Toirrdelbach O Baigill, noblest among his comrades, who endured most war and performed most deeds of hazard of all his countrymen who ever lived, has died by a mishap. He was going with a boatfull of his people to Tory Island when a gale, a great and terrible wind, swept them westwards out to sea, and no word has been heard of them since.

1517.3

Sean son of Conn son of Enri son of Eogan O Neill died.

1517.4

Pilip son of Toirrdelbach Mag Uidir died on the Friday after Easter precisely.

1517.5

The Baron of Slane, Christopher Fleming, died in England.

1517.6

Art son of Aed son of Domnall O Neill was killed by Niall son of Conn son of Art.

1517.7

O Duibgennain of Kilronan, that is Matha Glas son of Dubthach, died this year.

1518.1

1518 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and eighteen years.

1518.2

Aed Balb son of Conn son of Enri son of Eogan O Neill died.

1518.3

The sons of O Neill, that is of Domnall son of Enri son of Eogain, went a-raiding against Brian son of Conn son of Enri.


p.635

Brian caught up with them at Donaghanie and defeated them heavily. Aed son of Domnall was taken prisoner here and Mac Cathmaill and many of the nobles of Cenel Feradaig were killed.

1518.4

Dean Mag Uidir, that is Aed son of Ros son of Tomas Oc, that is the son of the Bishop, died this year.

1518.5

Mac Suibne of Fanad, that is Ruaidri son of Maelmuire, died at Easter precisely.

1518.6

Feidlim son of Brian son of Conchobar Oc Mag Uidir died.

1519.1

1519 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and nineteen years.

1519.2

The Justiciar of Ireland, that is the Earl of Kildare, Gerald the Younger, son of Gerald, went to England at the summons of the King, having been summoned to the King's presence to answer accusation and many complaints which the Galls of Ireland had made against him; and so numerous were the complaints that men thought he would never come back.

1519.3

Much plague this year. Many of the Dublin Galls died of this visitation.

1519.4

Robert son of Thomas son of the Earl, who was, for one of his years, the best esteemed and noblest of the Fitz Geralds of Meath, died of this plague.

1519.5

Savage's son, that is Revelin, the most bountiful and most successful of all the Galls of Ireland, died after having been hunted out of his kingdom through the power of the Earl of Kildare, who was instigated thereto by the Prior Mac Aengusa; and till he died his lands were possessed in comfort and prosperity by this Prior, in his despite. 'Tis no wonder if he died of pining for his land, to wit Tricha Cet na Soillse. Edmund his son was made king in his stead, though he has not received his patrimony yet. This man was the most bountiful and humane of all the Galls of Ireland: the blessing of poets and exiles on his soul!

1519.6

Feidlim son of Magnus O Conchobair, lord of Lower Connacht, a charitable humane man to poets and exiles, died this [year.]


p.637

1519.7

Macwilliam of Clanrickard, that is Richard the Younger, son of Ulick, died. William son of Ulick Burke was made king after him and he, as we think, was not ‘an awl in place of a Spear’.

1519.8

Donnchad Caomhanach, a prosperous and very wealthy member of the high-nobility of Leinster, [died] this year.

1519.9

Mailin son of Torna O Mailchonaire, ollav of the Sil Murray, a man full of good fortune and wisdom; who had been chosen by the Fitz Geralds and the Galls from all the ollavs of Ireland; who used to get jewels and treasure from all of whom he sought them, and would illadvisedly give away what he received, died at Abbeyderg in Tethba.

1519.10

Ferceirtne O Cuirnin, an officer of Eogan O Ruairc and an eminent historian, died.

1519.11

Domnall Glas O Cuirnin died.

1519.12

The Coarb of Cloone, foremost in the hospitable entertairtment of guests among all the churchmen of Conmaicne, having attained or exceeded the common term of life, rested in Christ.

1519.13

O Neill, that is Art son of Conn O Neill, died. His brother Conn son of Conn was made king in his stead. However, they had not the same mother.

1519.14

Tadc son of Brian son of Tomaltach O Birn, tanist of Ui Briuin, died.

1519.15

A stormy, very wet summer and autumn this year. It was a hard, niggardly year, though it was pestilential.

1519.16

Tadc Ruad son of Maelsechlainn O Cellaig, who was called ‘Tadc of Callow,’ died.

1519.17

O Conchobair Ruad, that is Eogan son of Feidlimid Finn, a king with opposition, [died] this year.

1520.1

1520 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and twenty years.

1520.2

Much plague in Ireland still at the beginning of this year.


p.639

1520.3

An English Justiciar in Ireland, namely the Earl of Surrey; the nobles of the Galls and Gaels obeying his summons and submitting to him; the Earl of Kildare in England yet.

1520.4

Macwilliam of Clanrickard, that is William Burke, died this year. Richard Burke his brother succeeded him. These were the sons of the elder Ulick Burke.

1520.5

Macwilliam Burke, that is Meyler son of Theobald, was treacherously killed by the sons of Seoinin Mor son of Mac Seoinin.

1520.6

Maurice son of Tomas son of the Earl, the best of the Geraldine Galls for bounty and attack, was killed with many, others by Conmac son of Maelsechlainn O Morda.

1520.7

William son of William Mac Jordan died.

1520.8

Gilla Dub son of Pilip [Mag Uidir] died, and his brother Uater at the same time.

1520.9

Gilla Dub son of Uilliam son of Colla Mac Dubgaill, constable of Moylurg, died.

1520.10

Mag Aengusa, Domnall son of Aed son of Art, died. Feidlim his brother, called Feidlim the Bountiful, was made king in his stead.

1520.11

Cairpre son of Conchobar son of Cairpre son of Cormac O Birn, consul and head-letter of the Maicne Muiredaig, died this year.

1520.12

The son of Magnus son of Brian son of Domnall son of Muirchertach O Conchobair, lord of Lower Connacht, died; but I am not sure that it was not in the following year.

1520.13

The Fir Manach were defeated by the sons of Sean son of Cathal O Raigillig, thirty of them being slain or drowned. Among these were Pilip son of Emann son of Tomas Mag Uidir and his son Tomas, Gilla Patraic son of Pilip son of Toirrdelbach and his kinsman Emann, Toirrdelbach son of Flaithbertach son of Tomas Oc, Mac Gilla Ruaid, that is Gofraid, and many others of the Fir Manach.

1521.1

1521 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and twenty-one years.

1521.2

A great defeat was suffered in Tir Maine by O Conchobair


p.641

Ruad, that is Tadc Buide son of Cathal Ruad, and O Cellaig, that is Maelsechlainn son of Uilliam, and Mac Dubgaill, that is Donnchad son of Toirrdelbach, their Constable. This is how it happened: they went on an incursion against the descendants of Donnchad O Cellaig and seized preys; the descendants of Donnchad assembled their forces and overtook them and then defeated them in Ifernnach. O Conchobair was taken prisoner here; O Cellaig and his son Tadc were killed here; Mac Dubgaill was killed here and his son Alusdrann was taken prisoner; and it is not easy to count the number killed and captured here. Their horses, accoutrements and armour were taken from them, with no possibility of re-capture.

1521.3

Mag Aengusa, Feidlim the Bountiful son of Aed son of Art, head of the clemency of the Children of Conall Cernach, died. His brother Emann Buide was made king in his stead.

1521.4

Rugraide son of Eicnechan O Domnaill, being at Dundalk with O Neill, Conn son of Conn, was there killed by the Galls.

1521.5

Mag Mathgamna died, that is Remann son of Glaisne.

1521.6

O Cathain died, that is Tomas son of Aibne.

1522.1

1522 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and twenty-two years.

1522.2

A great war broke out this year in the western part of Europe between the races of Christendom. The Romans, Italians, Germans, Spanish and English were on one side and of one accord against the King of France, whose only allies were the Scotch. Many battles were fought and many losses inflicted between them; and we heard from men who spread news and visit ports that this war was won by the French over the many races.

1522.3

A great war broke out in Ireland itself this year, and particularly in North Ireland, namely between O Domnaill and O Neill. Macwilliam of Clanrickard, the Galls and Gaels of Connacht, the Sil mBriain and the Sil Cerbaill were allied with O Neill for this war. O Neill came with a great army composed of the nobles of Ulster, a Scotch contingent, many of the Meath Galls and the Earl of Kildare's gallowglasses into Tir Conaill.


p.643

1522.3

He took Ballyshannon Castle and burnt Belleek and Bundrowes and departed safely for the nonce.

1522.4

And very soon after that he came with another great army into Tir Conaill and seized a prey in Kinaweer and devastated much of the country.

1522.5

O Domnaill assembled another great army to one place; and Magnus O Domnaill with the nobles of the host entered Tir Eogain, took great preys and killed [many people.]

1522.6

O Neill assembled another great army. Macwilliam of Clanrickard, that is Richard son of Ulick son of Ulick son of Ulick the Hospitable, the Galls and Gaels of Connacht, O Cerbaill and the sons of O Briain assembled to join him and promised to meet in Tir Conaill. The Connacht army came to Sligo, while O Neill entered Cenel Moain with a Scotch contingent commanded by Mac Domnaill's son Alusdur, many of the Meath Galls and the Leinster gallowglasses.

1522.7

But as for O Domnaill and the Cenel Conaill, since they had not warriors enough or a force to give battle to either of those two armies, he and his nobles determined to make a nightattack on O Neill and his host. They dismounted their horsemen and added them to their battalions [of foot] and, O Neill being encamped at Knockavoe, the Cenel Conaill attacked them of one accord, without help of neighbour or friend. O Neill was defeated that night and many of his followers, both Scotch and Irish, were killed, more especially the Galls and the Leinster gallowglasses. Mac Eoin of the Glens and many other Scots and a great number of the Clann Domnaill Galloclaech and of the Clann Sithig were killed there, and O Neill went away as a defeated man after the slaughter of his followers.

1522.8

O Domnaill and his army returned with a great booty of horses and armour and made no stay until they encamped at Binbulbin. The two Macwilliams, the two O Conchobairs, Mac


p.645

Diarmata, O Cerbaill and the sons of O Briain were about Sligo with a great army; and when they were assured of this defeat having been given to O Neill, though great were their resources(?) and their numbers, they retired like men defeated, so that O Domnaill did not know of their departure till they were past the Curlieus. And though these allies had made many a bond and many a covenant against the Cenel Conaill, and though these nobles had made many a claim against them, yet nothing of all this was enforced or implemented.

1522.9

Rugraidhe son of Gofraidh son of Aed Gallda and the son of Mac Cellaig of Brefne were killed by O Neill's army in front of Sgarbh Innse an Fraigh.

1522.10

The son of Mac Suibne of Banagh, that is Brian of the Fleet, Diarmait son of Tadc Cam O Cleirig, Aed Mac an Baird and many others were killed in Ballyshannon Castle by O Neill's army.

1522.11

Domnall son of Donnchad O Ruairc, an eminent gentleman in his own country, was killed by the sons of Feidlim O Ruairc.

1522.12

Domnall son of Sean O Cathain, a noble champion of his own race and a man of universal hospitality to men of learning and skill, was killed this year.

1522.13

Mag Gormain, that is Maelsechlainn, the most understanding and hospitable of the officers, died this year.

1522.14

Maelruanaid son of Cormac son of Ruaidri Mac Diarmata, a king's son who, for his years and means, excelled all of the Maicne Mailruanaid who were living in his time, died on Carraic Beg and was buried in the sepulchre of his father and his grandfather in the monastery of Boyle.

1522.15

Domnall the Cleric son of Sean son of Aibne O Cathain, head of the bounty and valour, good name and fame of the North, was killed by the sons of Gilla Patraic son of Magnus O Cathain in treachery; they were his fosterers and gossips.

1522.16

Rugraide son of Aed son of Aed Ruad Mag Mathgamna died this year.


p.647

1523.1

1523 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and twenty-three years.

1523.2

Very stormy weather at the beginning of this year and terrible vast war throughout the world by sea and land, and especially between O Domnaill and O Neill. O Domnaill was in camp all this spring in Glenfinn; Magnus O Domnaill went to Scotland and returned safely at the end of his visit; twice during the year O Domnaill invaded Tir Eogain and came back safely after doing much damage, and at the end of the year they made peace, no remarkable exploits having been performed on either side beyond things of this sort.

1523.3

O Cathain, that is Donnchad son of Sean O Cathain, a star of hospitality and magnificence and humanity and generosity in his own country, died this year. Two lords were proclaimed in his stead, in opposition to each other, namely Sean son of Tomas O Cathain and Gofraidh son of Gofraidh O Cathain, and these were warring and contending for the lordship.

1523.4

O Briain's son, Tadg son of Toirrdelbach, one who, for his years, was the most hospitable, the noblest, the most feared by his foes, the best patron of poets and exiles, and who most seldom refused a boon to a suppliant, was most unfortunately shot and killed with a gun by the Justiciar, Piers Roe Butler; for, as the saying is, ‘A good man may be had for nothing.’

1523.5

Mac Gilla Eaain, Lachlainn son of Echard, was treacherously killed by the knight Mac Ailin at the King of Scotland's residence this year.

1523.6

Mag Tigernain, Fergal son of Gilla Isa Oc son of Gilla Isa son of Brian, chieftain of Tullyhuncoe, a charitable humane man, died at his own residence and his brother succeeded him.

1523.7

Eogan son of Feidlim son of Donnchad son of Tigernan Oc O Ruairc was drowned in Loch Glenade.

1523.8

Rosa son of Ruaidri son of Brian Mag Uidir died while held in captivity by the Coarb Mag Uidir, that is Cu Chonnacht.

1523.9

Aed son of Art O Tuathail, who was, for a lad of his years and means, the most renowned of his family for bounty and nobility, was killed by the Branachs.

1523.10

Mac Con Mide, Maelsechlainn son of Sean son of Solam, a master in poetry, [died] this year.

1523.11

An enormous army was led by Gerald Earl of Kildare and the Meath Galls and O Neill, Conn son of Conn son of Enri son of Eogan, against O Conchobair Failgi and Conall O Morda and the rest of the Gaels of Leinster. These Gaels all promised


p.649

to abide by such terms of peace as O Neill should settle between themselves and the Earl, for all they had done up till now, and O Neill made the peace. The pledges and hostages of these Gaels were delivered into the custody of the Earl by O Neill, as security for the satisfaction of every demand and claim which he was making on them, and they departed at peace with each other.

1523.12

O Maille, Cormac son of Eogan, a general patron and chief of the bounty and bravery of West Connacht, died. Domnall son of Tomas O Maille succeeded him.

1523.13

O Donmaill, with his domestic and neighbouring allies, made an incursion into the Brefne of O Ruairc. All the men who could have formed an army to oppose him departed with their cattle and spoils into hidden and undiscoverable places, to save themselves, and left the sons of O Ruairc with but a small force and following to await the [invading] army. O Domnaill traversed the land then and burnt the countryside; and they wrought enough destruction on their opponents, who could not unite their efforts or assist each other till O Domnaill left the country. They made peace afterwards.

1524.1

1524 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and twenty-four years.

1524.2

Much storm and destruction of cattle at the beginning of this year.

1524.3

Two sons of O Domnaill, Niall Garb and Eogan, entered into a league to make war on O Domnaill, and so for some time they were troubling the country until it was put into their heads to turn against each other. Then Eogan captured the residence of Niall Garb, the crannog of Loch Bethad, which was under his protection. Niall left the country and made a long march against the place, remaining in concealment in its neighbourhood. Eogan came to know this and marched against Niall. They attacked each other and Eogan was killed in the fray, while Niall was hurt and died shortly afterwards of his wounds. And it is unlikely that there lived any of their years


p.651

among the Cenel Conaill who were more deplored than these two. It was in the first month of summer that these slayings happened.

1524.4

Semas son of Brian Uaine O Gallchobair, intended coarb of Carrick, died this year.

1524.5

Diarmait son of Gilla Dub O Briain, the best man of his time and for [the size of] his lordship as patron of poets and exiles, who kept the largest family and household, who had the most enduring renown and reputation, who settled complaints and suits between friends and foes, who was most [confidently] expected to live to enjoy the affluence of his patrimony, whose humanity and hospitality made him the associate and fellow of men of skill, died with Unction and Penance at Ballymacooda. The blessing of God and of the poets attend his soul to Heaven!

1524.6

O Domnaill led an army into Tir Eogain, burnt and ravaged most of the country and returned safely.

1524.7

The Justiciar, Gerald Earl of Kildare, and O Neill, Conn son of Conn, led an army into Tir Conaill in the month of September; and O Domnaill led an army to lie in wait for those hosts and defend his territory against them. Many Scots gathered to him at that time, such as the sons of Eoin Cathanach, Mac Domnaill Galloclaech and other great men from Scotland.

1524.8

Now the Justiciar and O Neill lay in a fortified camp at Portnatrynod, and O Domnaill and his army pitched camp at Drumleen, and there was the promise of battle next day between them. That night Magnus O Domnaill with a party of Scots went shooting arrows at the army of the Galls and they killed O Broin's son, Calbach son of Bran son of Tadc, a great loss to his own country. But next day these nobles appointed a meeting for making peace, and the Justiciar made peace between O Domnaill and O Neill, himself standing surety for both sides; and on the same day peace and gossipry were established between the Justiciar and O Domnaill.

1524.9

When the Justiciar and O Neill returned they found Aedh son of Niall son of Conn son of Brian Ballach with a large army, ravaging Tir Eogain. And when he heard that these hosts were coming towards him he sent his own army ahead with some of the preys and booty of the country, himself remaining a long way behind them with a few men, so that the full force of the other army came up with him and, finding him unprotected, fell upon him and killed him on that field. And there has not appeared in latter times any man of the Cenel Eogain who was


p.653

his equal in nobility, bountifulness and magnificence, in beauty, in royal lordly virtues, in upholding the glory of his family, nor one who better protected and cherished his kingdom and high lordship till the hour when death found a way to him. For he was the most excellent in maintaining and guarding his race, the true well of generosity, chief resort of the order of poets, the shining bright star of the posterity of Conn Cetchathach; and we think it not too much to say that he did not leave behind him in Ireland any of the nobles of the Gaels or of the Galls who [when he died] was a greater deprivation and loss to the men of every art on earth than he, Aed son of Niall, et reliqua.

1524.10

Mac Uigilin, Cormac son of Sean Dub son of Domnall, was wounded and captured, after this killing [of Aedh O Neill Buide], by O Neill's men.

1524.11

O Domnaill's daughter, Gormlaith daughter of Aed Ruad, wife of Aed son of Niall son of Conn, a charitable humane generous woman to whom God gave a fair good name in this world, and surely the true Kingdom at last, died in the month of March. And as this couple afforded a kindly and honourable companionship to one another in the world to the time of their death, so may their souls give to one another a cherishing and a companionship of glory in the presence of the Lord.

1524.12

A great war among the Ui Chathain this year, wherein were killed Cu Maige son of Brian Finn O Cathain and the son of Ruaidri of the Route, that is Fer Dorcha. In this war too Gofraid O Cathain killed Aed Carrach the son of O Dochurtaig, who had gone to the help of Sean son of Tomas O Cathain, and a great number of his followers.

1524.13

Cu Maige Ballach son of Domnaill O Cathain, who was, considering [the fewness of] his followers, the best gentleman of his race, was killed this year by some men from the Route.

1524.14

Mac Donnchada of Tirerrill, Ruaidri son of Tomaltach son of Brian, died and a great war broke out among the Clann Donnchada for the lordship of the land, [after which] Cormac son of Tadc son of Brian was proclaimed Mac Donnchada.

1524.15

O Conchobair of Kerry, Conmac son of Conchobar, went on a raid into Duhallow and Cormac son of Cormac Oc son of Cormac son of Tadc [Mag Carthaig] caught him up and defeated him. Here he was himself wounded and captured; Conchobar


p.655

son of Diarmait son of Gilla Dub O Briain was killed; and Diarmait son of Cormac O Maille was killed here too; another great loss.

1524.16

Mag Carrthaig Riabach, Domnall son of Fingin son of Diarmait, went on a plundering expedition into Glenflesk and was overtaken while leaving the Glen in disorder. He was himself taken prisoner and some of his men were captured from him.

1524.17

Cathal Oc the son of Mag Ragnaill, a mighty renowned chieftain, lord of Muinter Eolais and the Cu Chulainn of Conmaicne for his warlike qualities, one to whom clerics and laymen gave their affection and great love, and most assuredly the men of every art, on account of his large and frequent gifts and presentations to one and all, was treacherously killed at Belach Corrdoire in Muinter Cerballain by the sons of O Mailmiadaig, without cause or ground except that a false accusation had been brought against him concerning the wife of O Mailmiadaig.

1524.18

Mac Suibne of Banagh, Niall son of Eogan, the constable who of all his line was the strongest of hand, stoutest of heart and most steadfast in counsel, who kept the most hospitable guest-house, who maintained the largest family and had conquered in the greatest number of dangerous straits, died after Unction and Penance in his own castle at Rahin.

1524.19

O Briain's daughter, Mor daughter of Toirrdelbach son of Tadc O Briain, wife of Donnchad son of Mathgamain O Briain, died this year.

1524.20

Aibhilin daughter of the Knight of Glin, wife of O Conchobar of Kerry, a good charitable humane woman, died this year.

1524.21

Toirrdelbach son of Feidlim Buide son of Cairbre O Conchobair was killed treacherously by Toirrdelbach Ruad son of Tadc Buide son of Cathal Ruad.

1525.1

1525 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and twenty-five years.

1525.2

O Domnaill, Aed son of Aed Ruad, and O Neill, Conn son of Conn, attended the great council at the beginning of this year, to meet the Justiciar in the presence of most of the nobles of the Galls and Gaels, and after much investigation and much arguments by each of them and by their friends, both Gall


p.657

and Gael, the attempt to make peace between them failed and they returned to their homes, being still at liberty to make war on one another. O Domnaill twice invaded Tir Eogain this year and burnt and ravaged much of the country without provoking a battle. At the beginning of autumn they made peace, leaving the terms to be settled by the Justiciar and Magnus O Domnaill.

1525.3

A horrible deed was perpetrated in Ireland this year the Bishop of Leighlin was treacherously killed by the son of the Abbot Mac Murchada while in his company on terms of love and peace. As many as the Earl of Kildare caught of those who had a hand in it were taken by him to the spot where this disastrous and evil plot was consummated, and here he caused them to be flayed alive first, and afterwards their bowels and entrails to be taken out and burned together in his presence.

1525.4

O Cathain, that is Sean son of Tomas, was killed by some of his own kin, namely the sons of Ruaidri O Cathain of the Route and the son of Gofraid O Cathain, on the eve of Lammas precisely.

1525.5

The Bishop of Killaloe, Toirrdelbach son of Mathgamain O Briain, the Gael who got and spent most worldly wealth of all who were living in his time, died. This bishop was a man full of bounty and humanity; a man who upheld his rights at home and abroad, without incurring ill-will or in spite of it; a man who often collected a great army for the destruction of his enemies, so that there was no son of a Gael anywhere near him, either on his own estate or on another's, who did not take his pay and enter his service. And moreover [the death of] this bishop was the grief above griefs and the loss above all losses suffered by those practising art in his time.

1525.6

The Dean, son of Brian Ruad Mac Conmide, who kept a guest-house open to all, and his son Cerball died this year.

1525.7

O Duibgennain's daughter, Caiterfina, died after Unction and Penance on the feast of St. Columba and was honourably buried in the monastery of Donegal.

1526.1

1526 First of January on Monday; the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and twenty-six years.


p.659

1526.2

Tadg son of Eogan son of Tigernan O Ruairc, destined and well qualified to be king and high-lord, was treacherously killed by the sons of Tigernan.

1526.3

O Neill, that is Conn, and Magnus O Domnaill went to meet the Justiciar to make peace between Tir Conaill and Tir Eogain; and after many nobles of the Galls and Gaels had met together to appease them it was found to be impossible at that time, and they returned home unreconciled.

1526.4

O Raigillig, that is Eogan, died and a great war broke out among his kinsmen for the lordship of the land, till by the arbitration of the Justiciar and many of the great Galls and Gaels Fergal son of Sean son of Cathal was proclaimed O Raigillig, though there were men older than him claiming the succession.

1526.5

A great war broke out in Lower Connacht this year. Most of the chieftains, including Brian son of Feidlim O Conchobair, the son of Cathal Oc O Conchobair and the posterity of Cormac Mac Donnchada united to oppose O Domnaill and plundered North Carbury. And O Domnaill demolished Grange Castle and went afterwards into Moylurg, ravaging and burning the country. These O'Connors and Mac Donoughs who were taking part in the war assembled and came to Sligo and made a brave attempt on the castle, till one of their notable men, Ruaidri Ballach, O hAirt's son, was killed. They departed on that day, but assembled again after a short while and came [back] to Sligo to ravage the crops and attack the town. And O Domnaill got news of their doings, marched against them and came upon them and put them to rout, capturing a good number of their men besides a great booty of horses and arms and armour.

1526.6

O Neill, namely Conn, came to hinder the building of a castle which Magnus O Domnaill had begun at Portnatrynod. Magnus met the van of the army and took prisoner Enri son of Sean O Neill, and O Neill retired in defeat.

1526.7

O Cathain, that is Gofraid son of Gofraid, was killed in the middle of Ballaghcommon by O Neill's son, namely Niall Oc, in the first summer month; and soon afterwards Niall himself was taken prisoner by O Neill and remained for a long time in captivity.


p.661

1526.8

Sean son of Aed Mac Diarmata, a gallant fighter, was killed by the descendants of O Conchobair Ruad, having been taken at a disadvantage on Mullach Croiche.

1526.9

The Earl of Kildare led a great expedition into Machaire Connacht, at the bidding of O Conchobair Ruad. He captured Ballintober and Castlereagh and handed them over to O Conchobair.

1526.10

Great raids were made by the descendants of Ruaidri Mac Diarmata on O Conchobair Ruad at Corr(?) an Droichit. They lost five or six of their men.

1526.11

Great raids were made by O Conchobair in retaliation for this on the descendants of Tadc Mac Branain. Ruaidri son of Conn Mac Branain was killed by the sons of Echmarcah son of Conchobar Buide [Mac Branain] and Toirrdelbach Ruad son of Tadc Buide [O Conchobair Ruad] in the church of Tulach, the church being burned over his head. Aed son of Tadc, who was Mac Branain [at this time], was driven out of his land.

1526.12

O Ruairc, that is Brian son of Eogan son of Tigernan, made a great hosting into Muinter Eolais, obtaining power over every region of the land and at last forcing them against their will to yield him pledges and hostages.

1526.13

Mag Amalgaid was killed by O Mailsechlainn, in spite of the Earl's protection.

1526.14

O Cathain's son, Gofraid son of Donnchad, prospective lord of his country, made a plundering expedition into Glenconkeine, in the month of January to wit; and he was lost there and no word was heard of him until his body was discovered in the last week of the following Lent. Enri son of Niall son of Brian, lord of Braid, was killed there and many others of their people were killed or perished as well.

1526.15

Defeat was given by the son of Mac Piarais [Butler] to the sons of Edmund son of Thomas Butler; and in this battle was killed Conchobair Oc son of Conchobar Caech O Domnaill, who had many a time been a constable of gallowglasses and a brave ally, and more especially on that day; for his noble courage and prowess of hand forbade him to accept quarter when it was offered to him. In that rout there fell also many leaders of cavalry and of gallowglasses.


p.663

1526.16

O Dochurtaig, that is Echmarcach, lord of Inishowen, died at the end of his days this year and a great war broke out among his kinsmen for the lordship of the land. Geralt son of Domnall son of Feidlim O Dochurtaig was [ultimately] proclaimed lord.

1526.17

O Domnaill led an expedition into Tirawley in aid of the posterity of Richard Burke. He captured and demolished Castlehill and Crosmolina, took hostages and much booty out of them and, [on his departure,] left peace between the posterity of Richard Burke and the Barretts. On his way home he beleaguered Collooney Castle and forced the descendants of Cormac Mac Donnchada to give him hostages and accept his terms of peace, et reliqua.

1527.1

1527 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and twenty-seven years.

1527.2

Mac Donnchada of Tirerrill, Cormac son of Tadc son of Brian, died and there was great war among the Clann Donnchada after his death for the lordship of the land, till Eogan son of Donnchad son of Murchad was proclaimed Mac Donnchada.

1527.3

Brian son of Feidlim son of Magnus O Conchobair died this year.

1527.4

Domnall son of Feidlim son of Toirrdelbach Carrach O Conchobair died.

1527.5

O Clerig, Gilla Riabach son of Tadc Cam, an eminent man of art and a rich man, died in the robe of St. Francis in the month of spring.

1527.6

Domnall, the son of Bishop O Gallchubair, was killed by some of the posterity of Aengus O Gallchubair.

1527.7

Doctor O Duinnslebi, the son of Eogan, a notable healer and eminent in most other arts, a very wealthy man and keeper of a guest-house, died on the third day before the feast of St. Francis.

1527.8

Mag Uidir, died this year, that is Conchobar, and the Coarb Mag Uidir was proclaimed lord in his stead.

1527.9

Toirrdelbach son of Eicnechan O Domnaill died.

1527.10

Feidlim son of Gofraid son of Sean O Domnaill of Lurg died.


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1527.11

O Domnaill led an army into Moylurg and destroyed the corn and buildings of the country. He took Castlemore and Bannady and captured and destroyed Callow Castle, Cavetown and Castlereagh; and a good horseman of the army was killed in the middle of Ballaghboy, namely Aed Buide son of Dubaltach O Gallchobair.

1527.12

Lifford Castle was built by Magnus O Domnaill: he began it on the Wednesday after St. Brendan's day and finished it when part of the summer was over, both its woodwork and its masonry, though O Neill was making war on him.

1527.13

Magnus O Domnaill went on a plundering expedition into Glenn Eli against Aed Buide O Domnaill. He carried off a prey, but two young horsemen of his followers were killed, the son of Domnall son of Feidlim son of Aengus Oc O Gallchobair and the son of Brian Mac an Decanaig.

1527.14

Mac Magnusa Meg Uidir, that is Tomas, died; a good cleric and scholar.

1527.15

Ruaidri son of Murchad Mac Suibne was killed by his own kinsmen this year.

1527.16

Uilliam son of Aindrias Mac Raith, a man of great wealth and a good yeoman, and his wife died within one day-and-night.

1527.17

Caitilin daughter of Conn son of Domnall O Neill, a charitable and humane woman and married to noble husbands, first to O Raigillig and then to O Ruairc, died after Unction and Penance.

1527.18

The Earl of Kildare and the son of the Earl of Ormond went to England, on account of their jealousy and mutual accusation, and the Justiciar left the Baron of Delvin as his deputy in Ireland.

1527.19

Domnall son of Fergal O Birn and his wife, namely Lasairfhina daughter of Sean son of the Prior, died. Tadc son of Cairbre O Birn seized on the succession over the heads of the senior branch of the posterity of Cormac O Birn and his brother Maelsechlainn seized the tanistship.

1527.20

Mor daughter of Maelsechlainn Mac Caba, wife of O hAinlige, the best woman who ever lived in Cenel Dobtha, foster-mother to the poets and exiles of Ireland, a re-incarnation


p.667

of Mor Muman for good repute and piety and virtue, the greatest bestower of alms and charitable gifts of food and clothing to God's poor and needy and to all who stood in need thereof, died in her own residence at Port Locha Leise and was buried in the monastery of Elphin under the protection of God and St. Francis.

1527.21

The Young Prior O Fergail, that is Tomas son of Emann son of Rosa, lord of Calad na hAngaile one of the five best members (?) of the Clanna Rudraige, was with his three sons treacherously killed by the sons of Emann O Cellaig and the posterity of Gilla na Naem O Fergail.

1527.22

The sons of Ruaidri Mac Diarmata, the sons of Tadc Mac Diarmata, Mac Dubgaill, the descendants of O Conchobair Ruad and of Feidlim Finn [O Conchobair] and of Tadc Mac Branain besieged Castlereagh for five or six weeks, and a wonderful ‘sow’, of oaken beams and moving on four wheels, was built for the purpose. Diarmait son of Tadc Ruad son of Cairbre and a good horseman of the Clann Mailruanaid were killed about the town and the ‘sow’ was at last broken by Tuathal Ruad son of Conn and the garrison. They defended the castle with great fortitude until the wrecker of every plan, the feller of every fastness, the attack that cannot be withstood, namely Hunger, arrived and forced them to surrender it. Their lives were spared to them.

1528.1

1528 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and twenty-eight years.

1528.2

O Briain's daughter, Finnguala daughter of Conchobar, the woman who won most fame of all her contemporaries for [the beauties of] her body and soul, died, having spent her youthful years in charity and twenty-one years in the robe of the Third Order, practising piety and charity and good works towards God and the world.

1528.3

O Briain, Toirrdelbach son of Tadc, who of all the Gaels sons of Leth Mogha had lived longest in magnificent hospitality, the true heir of Brian Boromha mac Cinneidig in sustaining war against the Galls, died after Unction and Penance and his son, Conchobar mac Toirrdelbaig, was made king in his stead.


p.669

1528.4

Mac Diarmata of Moylurg, Cormac son of Ruaidri Mac Diarmata, a general patron exulting in hospitality and generosity and true humanity towards the men of every art—and this Cormac was the steel rod of the Connachta and the guardian of his land and friends against his foes—died at the end of his days, after Unction and Penance, and his brother Diarmait succeeded him.

1528.5

Conn son of Niall son of Art O Neill, a captain of the Cenel Eogain, was killed by the son of Art [Oc] O Neill; and two [other] sons of [the late] O Neill, that is sons of Art Oc, namely Enri and Cormac, whom O Neill had held in captivity for a long time before this, were delivered to the sons of Conn O Neill, who hanged these two princes.

1528.6

Collooney Castle was taken from Mac Donnchada by his own brother, Muirchertach son of Donnchad son of Murchad, and shortly afterwards he was taken prisoner, with his son Murchad, by O Dubda and [the above-mentioned] Muirchertach Mac Donnchada, and this time another son of his, Donnchad, was killed.

1528.7

O Domnaill invaded Moylurg with an army in which were many Scots, including Alusdrann son of Eoin Cathanach [Mac Domnaill.] They broke through the Belach Buide and exacted hostages and tribute from the country, returning safely afterwards.

1528.8

O Ruairc, Eogan son of Tigernan, chief ornament of the men of Conmaicne, famous heir of the old Fergal, a pillar of the bounty and magnificence of Western Europe, a wise openhanded very wealthy prince, a man who tamed his neighbours and maintained all stout warfare against border foes, prop of the nobility and endurance of the posterity of Aed Finn son of Fergna son of Fergus, died in the robe of St. Francis after Unction and Penance.


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1528.9

Mac Suibne of Fanad, Domnall Oc, died, after having assumed the robe of the Order of Our Lady, on the winter festival of Mary.

1528.10

A great wind blew on the Friday before Christmas this year. It felled many trees and tumbled many wooden and stone buildings all over Ireland, and especially it demolished the convent-house at Donegal; and it swept away and wrecked many vessels on land and at sea.

1528.11

Muiris son of Donnchad O Begleighinn, an eminent physician, died, with Unction and Penance.

1528.12

Magnus son of Domnall Mac Aedacain died.

1528.13

O Mailmiadaig, Cathal son of Domnall son of Uaithne Buide, chieftain of the Tellach Cerballain, died.

1529.1

1529 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and twenty-nine years.

1529.2

Conn Oc O Baigill, tanist of his own country, was killed by the sons of O Baigill this year.

1529.3

The Earl of Desmond, James, who had the best reputation of all the sons of the Galls in Ireland for bounty and nobility, who was a mainstay of war against Galls and Gaels and the best patron of poets and exiles, died at the prime of his age and wealth, of a sickness which came suddenly and lasted for three nights, at St. John's festival.

1529.4

Feidlim son of Conchobar O Baigill was killed by O Baigill's sons.

1529.5

The son of Mac Dubgaill of Scotland was killed by Aed Buide O Domnaill in the doorway of Castleforward, with one sword-stroke. Shortly after this Castleforward was taken and demolished by Magnus O Domnaill.

1529.6

O hUiginn, Domnall Cam, an excellent poet and scholar, died.

1529.7

O hUiginn's son, Aed son of Glaisne, an excellent poet, died.

1529.8

Brian Ballach son of Niall son of Conn was killed by Cormac Mac Uigilin, though he was on friendly terms with Brian on leaving Carrickfergus.


p.673

1529.9

Cosnamaid son of Fergal son of Donnchad Dub Mac Aedacain, a man preminent in Brehon Law and in Poetry, died and was buried at Elphin.

1529.10

Domnall son of Eoin Mac Birrthagra, destined ollav of the North in legal terminology, died. So did Semus son of Ruaidri Mac Birrthagra.

1529.11

Mac Cailin, Cailin son of Gilla Espuic, the favourite in all Argyle for his valour and bounty, died.

1529.12

Mac Aedacain of Ormond, Domnall son of Aed son of Domnall, head of the learning and wisdom of Leth Mogha, died.

1529.13

Mac Feorais of Dunmore, Mailir, died.

1530.1

1530 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and thirty years.

1530.2

Caitilin daughter of Murchad Mac Suibne, wife of O Dochartaig, died.

1530.3

Rois daughter of O Cathain, wife of O Dochartaig, died.

1530.4

O Domnaill led an army into Connacht in the middle month of summer, passing through Coillte Conchobair from end to end, thence through the Tanist's Domain of Moylurg and across the Shannon to Carrickdrumrusk and ravaging and burning Muinter Eolais. Some of his followers were captured around Leitrim Castle, such as Magnus son of Fer Dorcha Mac Suibne and Toirrdelbach Dub the son of Mac Coilin. Afterwards he recrossed the Shannon westwards into Machaire Connacht and [crossing this, he came] to the, bridge of Ballymoe over the Suck. He burned and plundered Clann Connmaig and raided Mac Davy's town[s], Glinsk and Kilcrone, and brought away much booty from their lands, ruined and burned Ballintober and imposed a defence-tax on O Conchobair Ruad, to wit, six pence for every quarter of his land, and passed through the Belach Buide on his way back without suffering any loss.

1530.5

O Domnaill burned Mac Consnama's wooden house on Loch Allen, the best in Ireland, and ravaged Brefne west of the Mountain.

1530.6

Sorcha daughter of Aed the Younger son of Aed the Hospitable son of Niall son of Conn, wife of O Neill, that is Conn son of Conn son of Enri, died.

1530.7

Cathal son of Ruaidri Mac Diarmata, the captain who of all his contemporaries most harassed and harried his enemies


p.675

and foes and was the best patron of poets and exiles and poor people and the men of every art, died.

1530.8

Mac Artain, chieftain of Kinelarty, died.

1530.9

Mac Domnaill, Colla son of Colla, Constable of Tir Eogain, died.

1530.10

Cumsgrach son of Maelruanaid son of Conchobar Mag Ragnaill, died.

1530.11

A great prey was taken by Aed Buide O Domnaill in Gailenga.

1530.12

O Domnaill made a hosting in the middle month of autumn against Macwilliam Burke. He devastated part of the country, after which they made peace, and O Domnaill returned unscathed except for the killing of a good horseman of his army, namely Aed son of Conchobar Riabach O Duibidir.

1530.13

Rugraide O Dochartaig died; a great loss to his country.

1530.14

Macwilliam of Clanrickard, Richard son of Ulick son of Ulick son of Ulick of the Wine, head-letter of the Galls and Gaels of Connacht, the most bountiful and noble and the best governor and ruler who had arisen among the posterity of William the Conqueror for a long time, died after a very short illness in the last month of spring.

1530.15

The Friars Minor held a Chapter in Donegal this year and O Domnaill provided for it entirely, from first to last, with great expense and magnificent honorific bounty.

1530.16

The Bishop of Elphin died, that is the Greek Bishop; and this death was not the downfall of charity.

1530.17

The Coarb of Colum Cille at Glencolumkill, Donnchad Mag Niallusa, died.

1530.18

The Earl of Kildare, Gerald son of Gerald, who had been long held in custody by the King of England, came to Ireland and an English Justiciar came with him, and they did much damage to the Gaels. They took O Raigillig prisoner when he came to a meeting with them.

1530.19

Una daughter of Mac an Baird died.

1530.20

The daughter of Toirrdelbach O Baigill died this year.


p.677

1530.21

Sile daughter of O Fallamain, wife of Cairbre O Birn, a charitable humane pious woman who never refused poet or exile, died this year.

1531.1

1531 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and thirty-one years.

1531.2

O Siaghail, physician-ollav of Inishowen, died.

1531.3

Belleek Castle was captured by Aed Buide O Domnaill, and the country was much disturbed thereby.

1531.4

Donnchad son of Toirrdelbach son of Tadc O Briain, Tanist of Thomond, a good captain and one who practised hospitality and magnificence, died this year.

1531.5

Mag Carrthaig Riabach, Domnall son of Fingin son of Diarmait, lord of Ui Cairbre, a man of universal hospitality to scholars and the men of every art, and who gave a general invitation to the men of Ireland died this year.

1531.6

O Dochartaig's son, Niall son of Conchobar Carrach, died.

1531.7

Diarmait son of Sean son of Aed son of Maelruanaid, the most generous and the noblest of the posterity of Maelruanaid Mac Donnchada, died.

1531.8

There was a great war in Tir Conaill this year, between O Domnaill and his son Magnus. O Domnaill brought together a large army and entered the estate of Magnus and devastated the land; and the son of Donnchad Caech Mag Uidir, a noble gentleman of Fermanagh, was killed on this expedition; in a skirmish in the middle of Sgarbh Bechoige. After this, Magnus came into Tirhugh and devastated a great part of the land.

1531.9

Mac Uigilin, that is Cormac, a good captain and a man of universal hospitality, died suddenly this year.

1531.10

The English Justiciar, William Skeffington, made an expedition into Tir Eogain. O Domnaill went to join him and Kinnard Castle was destroyed and the land devastated [by them.] Brian son of Lochlainn Mac Suibne, Constable of the Earl of Ormond's gallowglasses, was killed in a fight on this campaign.


p.679

1531.11

Illann Buide son of Maelsechlainn son of Illann Mac an Legha, an eminent physician, died this year.

1531.12

Sile Oc daughter of Cairbre O Birn, who for one of her years and means was the most beautiful, humane and virtuous daughter of a chieftain that had sprung from the Sil Murray in her time, died and was buried at Roscommon in the tomb of her ancestors.

1531.13

Tuathal, the son of O Domnallain of Machaire Maenmuighe, died.

1531.14

Gilla Patraic son of Adam Mac an Baird died.

1532.1

1532 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and thirty-two years.

1532.2

O Domnaill went to meet the Justiciar, William Skeffington, and made peace and alliance with him. This English Justiciar came into Tir Eogain, demolished Dungannon and devastated the country.

1532.3

And the Earl of Kildare, Gerald son of Gerald, came from England and brought with him his appointment by the King to the Justiciarship of Ireland.

1532.4

O Domnaill entered Moylurg, having Mac Domnaill, that is Alasdrann son of Eoin Cathanach, with him. They carried out plunderings and burnings, and soon afterwards peace was made between them.

1532.5

The sons of [the late] O Neill, that is Domnall and Tuathal sons of Art Oc, who had been long held in captivity by [the reigning] O Neill, were hanged by him this year.

1532.6

Eogan son of Tigernan O Ruairc, an eminent gentleman and qualified for lordship by his nobility, hospitality and accomplishments, if God had granted him life and time, was killed by the sons of O Mailmiadaig in the convent of the Friars at Dromahaire.

1532.7

The son of Mac Flannchaid, Toirrdelbach, was killed by his two brothers in front of Mag Flannchaid's residence; and O Ruairc, that is Brian son of Eogan son of Tigernan, ravaged much of Dartry on that account.

1532.8

The daughter of Mac Suibne Fanad, Maire wife of O Baigill, died suddenly after falling off her horse in front of her own residence.

1532.9

O Mailchonaire, Torna son of Torna, the best man that had held the ollavship of the Sil Murray, died. Conchobar son of


p.681

Domnall Ruad was proclaimed O Mailchonaire in his stead and died soon afterwards.

1532.10

The sons of O Dubda took Ardnarea Castle from John Burke's son, and a great war broke out between them and the posterity of Richard Burke. There was much killing and raiding on both sides this year.

1532.11

O Cerbaill, Maelruanaid son of Sean, the noblest and most magnificent Gael in Leth Mogha, the greatest damager of Galls and advancer of Gaels, the man who never refused a suppliant as long as he lived, died.

1532.12

The Coarb of Fenagh, namely Brian, died.

1532.13

Mac Uigilin, Uater son of Geroid, was killed in the church of Dunboe; Conchobar son of Enri O Cathain, a successful and very wealthy man, was burned there and Mac Con Uladh was taken prisoner. It was the sons of Domnall Cleirech O Cathain who did these deeds.

1532.14

The Earl of Ormond's son, Thomas son of Piers Roe, was killed in Ossory by Diarmait Mac Gilla Patraic, eligible prince of Ossory. And this was very nearly ‘Mael Mor's deed’; for it was not long after this that Diarmait was delivered up by his own brother, that is by Mac Gilla Patraic, to the Ormond Earl, who put him in fetters in retaliation for [the murder of] his son and all the other wrongs which Diarmait had done him before.

1532.15

Dub Chablaig daughter of Conchobar son of Ruaidri Buide, wife of Conchobar Oc son of Muirchertach, died.

1533.1

1533 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and thirty-three years.

1533.2

Sligo Castle was taken by Tadg Oc son of Tadc son of Aed O Conchobair in a night-attack, he having received guidance from a part of the garrison, who offered to surrender the castle.

1533.3

Ardnarea Castle was likewise captured by night by the descendants of Thomas Burke from O Dubda's sons.


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1533.4

O Domnaill took a great prey from O hEgra Buide between two Rivers.

1533.5

Niall son of Murchad Mac Suibne, the best youth of the posterity of Donnchad Mor, was killed on Sligo bridge this year.

1533.6

Muirchertach son of Feidlim son of Toirrdelbach Carrach O Conchobair was hanged by O Domnaill on the green of Annagh Castle, on the refusal of his sons and kinsmen to surrender the place in exchange for him.

1533.7

Mac Diarmata of Moylurg, that is Diarmait son of Ruaidri Mac Diarmata, who was called Diarmait the Bountiful, the prime support and sustainer of poets, upraiser of the wretched, cherisher of children, restorer of losses, sheltering thatch of charity, he who was the most generous distributor and bestower of all of the posterity of Maelruanaid Mor who were living in his own time, was treacherously killed by the sons of Eogan son of Tadc Mac Diarmata; and Eogan son of Tadc succeeded to his lordship.

1533.8

Maeruanaid Oc son of Maelruanaid O Cerbaill died.

1533.9

O Mailmuaid, Domnall Caech son of Cosnomach, was treacherously slain by his brother and his brother's son on the green of Lynally, and his brother Cathaoir was proclaimed O Mailmuaid.

1533.10

Emann son of Conn son of Niall [son of Art O Neill] was killed by Mag Uidir's sons.

1533.11

Feidlimid Baccach son of Niall son of Conn, the very best princes of the Clannaboy [died.]

1534.1

1534 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and thirty-four years.

1534.2

Mac Eochada's, son, Donnchad son of Maelmuire, who by universal consent was the prospective ollav of the province of Leinster and who was the best man, for his labours, in every branch of the [poetic] art, and the most hospitable housekeeper, was unfortunately killed with one cast of a javelin by his mother's brothers, namely the sons of Tuathal.

1534.3

Toirrdelbach Dub O Dimusaig was treacherously killed by his own kinsmen, namely Muirchertach Oc O Dimusaig and some


p.685

others, though he was under the protection of God and St. Eimhin; and Muirchertach Oc was himself killed shortly afterwards by O Morda, through the power of God and St. Eimhin.

1534.4

Eogan son of Aed son of Niall son of Conn, the best prince of the posterity of Aed Buide [O Neill], was killed by Scots with an arrow shot on Strangford Loch.

1534.5

Eogan son of Tadc son of Ruaidri Oc son of Ruaidri Caech Mac Diarmata, who had held the lordship of Moylurg for a year, a man full of bounty and nobility, an exultant plundering captain, one who never went to sleep without having taken a prey or enforced a concession from his reluctant foes, who bestowed wealth and high honour on the men of every art in proper measure, died, after Unction and Penance, on Mac Dermot's Rock. Aed son of Cormac son of Ruaidri Mac Diarmata was proclaimed lord in his stead, but the sons of Tadc Mac Diarmata afterwards captured the rock from him.

1534.6

The Earl of Kildare, Gerald son of Gerald son of Thomas, went to England at the summons of the King of England and was put to death—the most renowned son of a Gall of his time in Ireland. And the Earl's son Thomas ravaged the people of the King of England, to avenge his father, in every part of Ireland where they were settled; he demolished the residences of every one of them in Monaghan and throughout Meath and exacted hostages from them, and the Archbishop of Dublin was killed in this war. An English Justiciar came from the King to Ireland and demolished most of the residences of the Earl's son and devasted the whole of Meath, both church and lay properties. Much damage was done on both sides, especially in the taking of Maynooth by the English Justiciar, where great numbers of the Earl's followers were killed.

1534.7

O Conchobar Ruad, Tadc Buide son of Cathal Ruad, died this year and his son Toirrdelbach Ruad was proclaimed O Conchobar in his stead.

1534.8

Brian son of Sean O Mailmuaid was treacherously killed by some of his own kindred.

1534.9

O Gallchobair, Emain son of Eoin son of Tuathal, died suddenly this year.

1534.10

Cormac son of Fergal Mac an Baird, an eminent poet of the most charitable and humane of his kindred, died of a sudden attack of sickness, after Unction and Penance.


p.687

1535.1

1535 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and thirty-five years.

1535.2

Muirchertach son of Donnchad son of Murchad [Mac Donnchada of Tirerrill] and his two sons, Sean Glas and Fergal, were killed this year by O hEgra Buide, having been shamefully given up by one of his own followers at Moyemlagh.

1535.3

Mac Suibne of Banagh, Maelmuire son of Niall, was treacherously killed by his brother in the doorway of Rahin Castle.

1535.4

Eicnechan son of Domnall O Domnaill was likewise basely killed by the sons of O Baigill.

1535.5

Maelsechlainn son of Cairbre O Birn, that chieftain's son who was the most fortunate and wealthy and had the best name for humanity and hospitality, that scholar most widely skilled and accomplished in every art of all men living in the five Provinces of Ireland, was killed by the sons of Cathal Mac Diarmata on St. Brendan's eve at Mullaghnashee. He was the most mourned and lamented by the men of learning and art throughout Ireland. The blessing of God and the poets on his soul!

1535.6

O Neill's daughter, Siubhan daughter of Conn son of Enri son of Eogan, wife of Magnus O Domnaill, died in the prime of life and at the height of her prosperity and great wealth and was honourably buried in the monastery of Donegal.

1535.7

Mac Amlaibh won a great victory this year, wherein were killed the lord of Clonlish and Fitz Gibbon and a great number of the Clann Sithig. Moreover the sons of Maelmuire son of Brian Mac Suibhne, Constable to Mac Amlaibh, was killed at the beginning of the fray.

1535.8

Thomas son of the Earl of Kildare joined himself to the Gaels of the south of Ireland, to oppose the English Justiciar. For his manors and towns had been taken from him and he and all his partisans had been banished out of Meath and driven to seek the protection of the O Briens and of O Conchobair Failgi, though he put up a good fight.

1535.9

There now came to Ireland a powerful follower of the King of England, Lord Leonard [Gray]; and he approached the Earl's son and practised deceit against him, promised him pardon on


p.689

the King's behalf and took him to England, where he was arrested and put in prison in the King's tower. Lord Leonard then returned to Ireland.

1535.10

And the Justiciar that was over here, William Skeffington, died and Lord Leonard took the King's commission to himself. And he took under his own protection the sons of the Great Earl of Kildare, that is to say the sons of Gerald son of Thomas, namely James and Oliver, John and Richard; and when they, being entrusted to Lord Leonard and under his protection, were in his company, he apprehended them and sent them to the King of England and they were put into the King's tower, where was the heir to the Earldom, namely Thomas son of the Earl. And after they themselves and Thomas had been more than a year in captivity the four of them were put to death in the presence of the citizens. Now there never lived, of all the Galls of Ireland, a man of his years whose death was a greater loss, both as regards humanity and military leadership, than this Thomas, the Earl's son; nor do recent times afford a better [theme for a] sermon than the swiftness with which the line of the Earldom, which had held the ascendency in all Ireland for a long time before this, was blotted out of Ireland. May you be worse in a year's time, you evil, false bands of kerns; you have blinded us to good purpose!

1536.1

1536 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and thirty-six years.

1536.2

This was a pestilential, unhealthy year, wherein there were many diseases, as for instance the plague very widespread, and smallpox, the flux and the lectual sickness in great excess.

1536.3

A greater calamity than any other suffered in this age: Cormac Oc son of Cormac son of Tadc Mac Carthaig, the very best prince among Galls and Gaels in Leth Mogha, died after winning a victory over the world and the Devil and was buried at Kilcrea.

1536.4

Mac Davy [Burke] died likewise.


p.691

1536.5

Mac Goisdelb died this year.

1536.6

Tomas O hUiginn, teacher of the men of Ireland in Poetry, died this year.

1536.7

O Cellaig [died] this year.

1536.8

The chief men of Lower Connacht, namely Tadc Oc son of Tadc son of Aed and Tadc son of Cathal Oc O Conchobair, the Clann Donnchada and the sons of O Dubda went against the posterity of Richard Burke at the instigation of Bishop Barrett; The cattle of the country were driven into the Termonn of Errew before their coming, but the Bishop brought them to the army, out of the sanctuary, and they were not given back out of respect to the Saint.

1536.9

The monastery of Dromahaires was burned in the night, after everyone had gone to sleep, and much damage was done in it.

1536.10

Feidlim son of Feidlim O Ruairc died in fetters as the prisoner of Brian O Ruairc.

1536.11

The Coarb of Drumreilly, Cathal son of Seoinin son of Sean O Mailmocheirghe, a man possessed of much livestock and lasting wealth, died this year.

1536.12

Tadc Oc son of Tadc son of Aed son of Toirrdelbach Carrach was proclaimed O Conchobair. Now this was not the title which was usually given to the man who was lord of the O'Connors in Lower Connacht, but Mac Domnaill Meic Muirchertaig, and Tadc Oc had himself proclaimed under this changed style to ennoble his line and to excel the kings who had preceded him.

1536.13

This new O Conchobair and the son of Cathal Oc O Conchobair went on a raiding expedition into Clann Goisdelb. They did not seize on much prey, but they encircled Kilcolman, the residence of the sons of Rughraidhe Mac Goisdelb, and he came out of the place and delivered himself into the custody of O Conchobair, bringing an engraved (?) mailcoat (?) which he


p.693

possessed, the mailcoat of Mac Feorais, and O Conchobair took iim to Sligo as a hostage for the payment of his full ransom.

1536.14

There was a long-protracted war between O Domnaill and he nobles of Lower Connacht, and Brian O Ruairc alone was got assisting either side. O Domnaill brought together an immense expeditionary force to one place, including Mag Uidir, O Neill's son, namely Niall Oc son of Art, and Aed son of Maelmorda O Raigillig with the levies of O Raigillig. And all O Domnaill's sons except Magnus, who was at variance with his father, came to join the forces of O Domnaill, and the Clann Suibne and O Baigill came likewise. This well-sped, well-liking host moved out from Ballyshannon towards the end of the day and rested in camp between the Duff and the Drowes; and after they had eaten their meal they posted men to keep watch and ward over the army, for fear the camp might be attacked by the O'Connors, who were assembled to oppose them at Sligo and promising to fight O Domnaill.

1536.15

Now the man who went on guard over the army was O Baigi11, who thought he would find some of his enemies and rivals of Lower Connacht coming to attack O Domnaill's camp. The followers of Aed Buide O Domnaill also went on guard, and in the early morning twilight they came across O Baigill. These followers of O Domnaill's son met and engaged O Baigill and his cavalry, taking them to be a body of Lower Connacht men. And O Baigill did not feel the onset of his foes (for he was convinced that it was they who were attacking him) to be a ground for fear or flight, but he charged against them eagerly and swiftly, not waiting to be spared, and going unguardedly into the midst of them was most unfortunately slain by his own good friends. And the death of this Niall O Baigill is a very great loss to the poor, the destitute, the weak and the ollavs.

1536.16

This disaster did not hinder O Domnaill's march or turn him from his purpose, but when daylight came he advanced to Finnir, where he waited and rested till sunrise next day. Cathal Oc's cavalry, which was composed of the Muinter Airt, went from Sligo to Bradhullian, where they found some of the cavalry of the [invading] army, and the two parties went on skirmishing


p.695

together as far as the Doonierin Road. One of the O Hart horsemen was killed in this encounter and they separated after that.

1536.17

O Domnaill remained in his own camp that night. Next day he rose early and went to Fersad Randa in Liagain to cross over into Cuil Irra. O Conchobair was with his muster in Sligo, making ready his followers to go to attack O Domnaill at Fersad Ranna in Liagain (where Liagan, a Fomorian hero, was slain by Lugh Lamfada as the Fomorians were marching to the battle of Mag Tuired, in their attempt to levy the tribute whereto the Irish had been long subjected; so that it is from him this Fersad is named). As long as the tide was high in the Fersad the two armies were estimating each other's strength; and O Conchobair, not having as many men as O Domnaill and seeing that O Domnaill had taken his dispositions and trained his cannon on the Fersad in readiness for the moment of its becoming passable, decided not to engage him there. On seeing the Fersad unguarded O Domnaill crossed over, and a party of O Conchobair's followers went to seek a skirmish with his men. Not doubtfully (?) was that request responded to, for they attacked each other boldly, incautiously, courageously; and a great loss was suffered by O Conchobair's people that day, Maelsechlainn son of Tadc son of Ruaidri Mac Donnchada being killed by a gun-shot, while another noble horseman, of O Domnaill's side, was killed by the cast of a javelin, namely Semus Ballach son of Niall son of Sean. They separated after that.

1536.18

And O Domnaill entered the territory of the descendants of Brian [Luignech] O Conchobair and was there for three nights, destroying corn and burning towns and bogs, while O Conchobair was encamped at Ballindrehid. O Domnaill crossed the Strands westwards [and went] into Tireragh, where he destroyed much property of every kind, for the whole country was at his mercy except a few of its castles, and [his followers] seized much of the cattle of the district about the Ox Mountains. At the instigation of the posterity of Richard Burke they crossed to the west of the Moy, to get some of the cattle of O Dubda's sons, and they captured the daughter of Walter Burke, the wife of Eogan O Dubda, as well as her cattle. So great were the spoils and preys taken by O Domnaill that an ox, or two oxen, would be sold for a groat in the camp.


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1536.19

Mac Diarmata, the sons of Tadc Mac Diarmata and the sons of Mac Davy [Burke] came to the help of Lower Connacht against O Domnaill, O Domnaill marched back, after accomplishing the purpose of his journey into that country just as he pleased; and those nobles of Lower Connacht had made ready to attack him on his return march; yet they performed nothing but some feeble skirmishing, for O Domnaill made no delay between leaving Tireragh and reaching Drumcliff and had his army in battle order all the time. In this skirmishing a horseman of the followers of Cathal Oc's son was killed as the [retiring] army was crossing Fersad Randa an Liagain, namely Aed Ballach son of Brian son of Aed, and Mac Diarmata's son, Aed son of Eogan son of Tadc, was severely wounded. O Domnaill returned home, having obtained no submission or honour from the nobles of Lower Connacht this time.

1536.20

Conchobar Carrach son of Feidlim O Dochartaig was treacherously killed by the sons of Aed Gruamda O Dochartaig.

1536.21

Donnchad son of Tadc son of Ruaidri was proclaimed Mac Donnchada while Mac Donnchada himself, Eogan son of Donnchad son of Murchad, was still alive, though near the end of his days and blind. Eogan's sons made war on [the new] Mac Donnchada for the title, but little notable damage was done on either side.

1536.22

Gilla Dub son of Aed son of Ruaidri O Conchobair died this year.

1536.23

An expedition was made by O Conchobair of Sligo, O Ruairc, and the son of Cathal Oc O Conchobair, at the request of Mac Diarmata and the sons of Tadc Mac Diarmata, against Toirrdelbach Ruad son of Tadc Buide. They devastated the church and lay properties of the Cloonties and thence proceeded into the Tuatha, where the Muinter Ainlidhe gave them hostages and [so] were not destroyed by them. After this they went among the Ui Maine and destroyed all who were the friends of O Conchobair, except such as O Ruairc protected (for O Ruairc had not gone on that expedition to commit devastation, but to see if he could make peace between Mac Diarmata and his kinsmen and O Conchobair Ruad). This army took Turrock Castle and demolished it; and Donnchad son of Emann O Cellaig came to them as a hostage, for fear of his own territory being devastated. The army turned back, having accomplished the purpose of their expedition just as they wished, and those hostages were taken to Sligo, to wit the son of O hAinlidhe and


p.699

the son of O Cellaig, and they carried with them the ornamented door of Turrock [castle] to Sligo.

1536.24

The English Justiciar made another expedition this year, into Munster. He took Carrigogunnell Castle and broke Murchad O Briain's bridge over the Shannon; and, if it be true, O Briain's son Donnchad had a hand in these doings.

1536.25

Brian son of Eogan son of Tigernan was proclaimed O Ruairc.

1536.26

Castlecarr was taken and razed by O Ruairc this year.

1536.27

Macwilliam of Clanrickard, that is John son of Richard son of Edmund, died and there was a great war in Clanrickard for the lordship. Two Macwilliams were proclaimed in the land, Richard the Lame and Ulick son of Rickard Og, Ulick na gCenn siding with Richard the Lame.

1536.28

Donnchad Dub son of Conchobar son of Ruaidri Buide [Mac Diarmata], a rich man keeping an open guest-house, died with Unction and Penance.

1536.29

Mag Flannchaid, that is Feradach son of Uilliam son of Tadc, chieftain of Dartry and a charitable, humane man to the men of every art, died of the smallpox.

1536.30

O Raigillig, to wit Fergal son of Sean son of Cathal, king of the Conmaicne and the Muinter Mailmorda, a man of hospitality and great generosity, died after Communion and Sacrifice.

1536.31

Domnall son of Donnchad O Cellaig, a good captain, Tanist of the Ui Maine from Caras to the Grian, and his brother's son, that is Eicnechan son of Maelsechlainn son of Donnchad O Cellaig, were treacherously killed, together with Maelsechlainn son of Uilliam son of Maelsechlainn O Cellaig of the Fews of Athlone, at the bidding of the sons of Tadc son of Donnchad O Cellaig, i.e. the sons of Domnall's own brother.

1536.32

The sons of Macwilliam of Clanrickard, namely John Duff and Raymond Roe, sons of Richard son of Ulick, were killed by the sons of another Macwilliam, i.e. of Rickard Og. They were overtaken by a party in pursuit (?) after they had gathered and massed together the preys of the country.


p.701

1536.33

Mac Goisdelb, Sean son of Gilla Dub, a munificent, humane man and a good captain, was killed by some of his own kinsmen this year.

1536.34

O Conchobair Failgi, Brian son of Cathair son of Conn son of Calbach, was driven out of his land by the English Justiciar, Lord Leonard [Grey], who demolished all his castles and killed many of his followers in them. These ill deeds, moreover, were brought to pass through the jealous machinations of his brother Cathal Ruad.

1537.1

1537 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and thirty-seven years.

1537.2

The chieftain of Munter Kenny, Tadc son of Aed son of Aed Mac Consnama, a modest famous humane hospitable man, died this year.

1537.3

O Gadra, Eogan son of Diarmait son of Eogan, lord of Coolavin, died this year.

1537.4

Macwilliam Burke, Theobald son of Ulick son of Edmund, rested in Christ and after his death a war broke out for his estate.

1537.5

O Neill, that is, Conn, made an expedition into Trian Congail, devastating and plundering much of the land. His son, being in the rearguard of the army, was taken prisoner at Belfast, after which O Neill returned home. And at this time the lord of Trian Congail, Niall Oc son of Niall son of Conn, died suddenly. O Neill returned into Trian Congail and recovered his son who was in captivity; and there was a war for the lordship of Trian Congail.

1537.6

O Raigillig's son, Brian son of Fergal, a noble gentleman and a great loss, was killed by the followers of the English Justiciar, they having come plundering into Clanmahon.

1537.7

The son of Mac Suibne, namely Maelmuire, was killed by the sons of Murchad Mac Suibne this year.

1537.8

There was war between Aed Buide O Domnaill and Magnus O Domnaill and the sons of O Baigill. The castle of Donegal was occupied by Aed; and this threw the country into confusion. Some of the posterity of Bishop O Gallchobair were killed by O Baigill's sons, such as the son of Toirrdelbach Oc son of Brian, the two sons of Eogan Ballach son of Brian, and others.


p.703

1537.9

The English Justiciar led an expedition into Offaly and demolished the castle of Daingen, the strongest place, for situation and appointments, in Ireland. He slew [many people] and obtained much booty therein; and having all O Conchobair's towns at his mercy, he devastated the country.

1537.10

O Domnaill [died this year,] that is Aed Dub son of Aed Ruad son of Niall Garb son of Toirrdelbach the Festive, lord of Tir Conaill and Lower Connacht and Fermanagh and Cenel Moain and Inishowen: He had brought under tribute and obligation many districts and territories which were at a greater distance from him than these; and the obedience and respect which he received were no wonder, for his foes were never seen to conquer in any field of battle or encounter, nor did he ever retire one foot before an adversary, small or numerous, from the day on which he received the lordship to the day of his death, that is for two and thirty years; but very often during that time he slaughtered his enemies and conquered his foes, marched through their lands and lordships in their despite, and brought away their cattle and flocks and spoils after a triumphant victory. Nor were the success and happiness that attended him to be wondered at, for he was the biggest and most handsome man of his age; and though great were his body and his courage he had an equal measure of nobility, of bountifulness and of lordly qualities of every kind, such as wisdom and honour, charitableness and humanity, law and governance, repressing of vice and exalting of virtue. Indeed we think it not too much to say that there never came a lord of the posterity of Niall Noigiallach who, while not having all Ireland in his power, yet came nearer to the Kingship of Ireland than did this lord, on account of his power and estate, form and feature, nobility and bounty, the excellence of his rule, his stoutness of heart towards his enemies and manifold acquaintance with the arts. Moreover it was thought and widely believed, according to the prophecies of the Saints and the likely signs that appeared in him and in his time, that he was that Aed Engach whose coming late in time the prophets and seers and great learned Saints of Ireland had promised; and since he was not, I do not think [that Aed] will come till the day of doom and the end of the world. Yet there is no doubt that if the Gaels had not been growing feeble and fickle he would have made a bid for the sovereignty of Ireland, and it is probable he would have succeeded; but since he saw that the Gaels were becoming men of bad faith, trusting no man, unruly and froward, he made an alliance with the King of England, so that he was not oppressed by the might of the Galls


p.705

but held sway in Leth Chuind without cavil, after the manner of the men of Ireland. For many a time he made hosting round every territory therein and carried back, unopposed by them, their pledges and hostages to his own land, just as the kings of whom the poets and the Regnal Successions speak took [the like] to Cruachu or Emain or Ailech. Nor was any part of his success a matter for wonder, for he was the son of a married couple, a true and worthy heir to the land, and there were united in him naturally the goodness of his parents and his own goodness and Aed O Domnaill was ‘a vessel twice filled’; in so much that the four elements were never in latter times in Ireland put together to form any person more perfect in the qualities of lordship and all other virtues than was O Domnaill, that is Aed Dub son of Aed Ruad, head-letter and guardian of Cenel Conaill, the like of Conn Cetchathach for making war and raising battle and strife, co-equal of Art Enfher in bounty and fidelity, image of Cairbre in proficiency and understanding of all arts in use among the Gaels, peer of Guaire son of Colman for succouring poets and exiles, veritable worthy kinsman of Brian Boruma mac Ceinneididh both in lineage and in actions, such as the exalting of Orders and churchmen, destroying rebels and lawless men, attacking and conquering his foes; and as God bestowed these great gifts upon him in the world, so may his soul enter into rest in God's Kingdom after quitting this life. It was on the fifth of July and a Thursday he died in the monastery of Donegal, where he had put on the robe of St. Francis by his own free decision and consent and being of sound mind, and departed this life after the Unction and Penance prescribed by the Church. His son Magnus O Domnaill was made king in his stead, as was his right, by permission and advice of the Cenel Conaill and the coarbs of St. Columba.

1537.11

O Domnaill, that is Magnus, led an army into Lower Connacht in the month of September, destroying much corn, burning the whole district as he passed through it on his return Northwards; Carbury, Tireragh, both [lordships of] Leyney, Corran and Tirerrill. On this expedition he captured the residence of O hEgra Riabach, and on getting O hEgra himself into his power he granted him quarter and took him captive.

1537.12

Mag Uidir, that is Cu Chonnacht son of Cu Chonnacht son of Brian, lord of Fermanagh, a charitable humane man and the most famous for many years past among the posterity of the Collas for his strong hand, nobility and hospitality, who had


p.707

reduced the country from Clones to Cel Uisce to subjection to his rule; and it was a good rule, for it was a long time since there had appeared in his land a lord who gave better law and governance and who more firmly put down robbery and violence and all criminals whatsoever, who settled the country in greater peace and comfort, or in whose time prosperity and wealth increased more—this man was treacherously killed this year on Craghan Island in Loch Erne by the descendants of Tomas Mag Uidir and of Toirrdelbach Mag Uidir. He was buried first at Devenish, under the protection of God and St. Molaise, and after a time his body was taken up by the Friars Minor and carried to Donegal, et reliqua.

1537.13

Niall son of Aed son of Niall (Mor) son of Conn son of Aed Buide, eligible for the lordship of Trian Congail, one who practised magnificence and hospitality, who seemed likely to follow in the footsteps of his ancestors on account of his renown and his liberality in rewarding poets, exiles, scholars and ollavs, and of his nobility and bounty, was killed by Scots.

1537.14

O Conchobair Failgi recovered his territory against the will of the English Justiciar and of his own kinsmen, the sons of O Conchobair. He captured some of their followers and seized the supreme power in his own country, as was the right of one in his position.

1537.15

The Baron of Delvin, Richard son of Christopher son of James, shield and shelter of the Galls against the Gaels, a rich valiant warlike contentious knight, died at his own residence after a victory of Unction and Penance, though many were the perilous affrays he had survived previously.

1537.16

The son of O Mailsechlainn, Semus son of Murchad, the man of his time most famous for martial feats of all the race of Fiachu son of Niall, was killed by the son of O Conchobair Failgi.

1537.17

O Raigillig's son, Cathair the Surly son of Sean son of Cathal, was killed by the English in pursuit.

1537.18

O Dochartaig's son, Niall Caech son of Geralt, was killed on a night-attack by Rugraide son of Feidlim O Dochartaig at Ballymagowan in the Termon of Derry.

1537.19

O Flannacain of Toorah, that is Gilla Isa, and his son were basely slain by the rest of his kin; and many offences were committed in Fermanagh, by burning and plundering, following on the death of Mag Uidir.


p.709

1537.20

Calbach O Domnaill plundered and burned in Clann Amlaib. He made another raid on O Cathain.

1538.1

1538 First of January on Tuesday, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and thirty-eight years.

1538.2

O Domnaill's son, Aed Buide son of Aed Dub son of Aed Ruad, eligible prince of Tir Conaill, a man full of knowledge and hospitality and understanding of the arts, the surest defence on fields of conflict and in unguarded gaps, one who above all others was expected to attain to the lordship of his own land, from the visible qualities of a lord [which he displayed], if God had given him enough of life, died this year after a very short sickness at Killodonnell, after Unction and Sacrifice, on the Friday after St. Patrick's day.

1538.3

Niall son of Conn son of Art O Neill, a good prince, noble and hospitable, was killed in a night-attack on Omagh Castle by the son of Niall O Neill, to whom some of those inside the castle had given it up. Niall O Neill demolished it after that and blamed his son for that killing.

1538.4

Mag Flannchaid's son, the prospective chieftain of Dartry, that is Cathair son of Feradach son of Uilliam, died at Duncarbry in the month of May.

1538.5

O Domnaill, that is Magnus, led an expedition into Lower Connacht and succeeded in taking Sligo Castle, which was well provided with garrison and ordnance, so that his father had been a long time previously about the taking of it, but never took it. After taking the castle he entered Moylurg, which he entirely devastated, and as he was passing round Moygara on his way back a good son of his, Niall Garb son of Magnus son of Aed Dub, was unfortunately killed by a gun-shot under the castle. They returned unharmed but for this, having devastated all Moylurg and lower Connacht except [the lands of] such as came in and submitted to O Domnaill.

1538.6

The miraculous image of Mary at Trim, which had been venerated for ages by all the Irish, which used to heal the blind and the deaf and the lame and all other sufferers; and the Staff of Jesus, which was in Dublin, where it worked miracles and


p.711

wonders renowned in Ireland from the time of Patrick to this time, which was in Christ's own hand when He was among men and in the hand of Moses son of Amram at the drying-up of the Red Sea before the Children of Israel; these were burnt by the English. More than this, there was no holy Cross or effigy of Mary or famous image in Ireland which they did not burn if it fell into their power; nor was there one of the seven Orders which their power could reach in Ireland that they did not destroy; and on that account the Pope and the Church both here and in the east were excommunicating the English. And I am not sure that this entry does not belong to the previous year. I am John and I am the worse for the absence of Dolp.

1539.1

1539 First of January, the age of the lord one thousand five hundred and thirty-nine.

1539.2

O Briain, Conchobar son of Toirrdelbach son of Tadc, died this year after having been king of Thomond for a short time, during which the land was wealthy and prosperous; and Murchad son of Toirrdelbach son of Tadc was made king in his stead, as by his actions and merit up till then he had deserved.

1539.3

O Domnaill, that is Magnus, made an expedition into Lower Connacht between Christmas and St. Bridget's day, exacting tributes and hostages.

1539.4

O Neill, that is Conn, was in Donegal for Easter this year and O Domnaill made a costly and splendid entertainment the while, as was fitting. O Domnaill and O Neill then entered into the firmest and strongest covenants with each other.

1539.5

. Mag Uidir's son, Cormac son of Cu Chonnacht son of Cu Chonnacht son of Brian, a noble prince, magnificent and hospitable, was guilefully killed by his brother's followers, in the presence of that brother, et cetera.

1539.6

O Neill and O Domnaill, by mutual permission and encouragement, made a hosting into Meath, devastating and burning the country as far as Tara; and never in later times had the Gaels assembled against the Galls an army which destroyed more of the wealth of Meath than this army. Immense were the booties of gold, silver, copper, iron and other valuables of all kinds. They completely plundered Ardee of its treasure and


p.713

wealth. And as they were returning from this expedition loaded with pride and haughtiness and spoil, the English Justiciar, Lord Leonard, followed after them, together with a full muster from the large towns and from Meath, both lay and clerical, and all the Englishmen in Ireland, and men from all the fleets which they had lying in the harbours on every hand, for instance, a large fleet in Carlingford Harbour. The army of the Gaels was overtaken by this assembled force of the Justiciar's in Oriel, at Belahoe to wit, and they were not able to array themselves in order properly, nor did they succeed in following the advice of their leaders as to defence and resistance, but fled in disorder, leaving much of their own spoils and of those captured from the Galls in the possession of the army of Englishmen. Yet though they fled in such disorder they lost no men of great distinction, Maelmuire Mergech son of Eoin Ruad Mac Suibne being the most important person lost by Cenel Conaill there.

1539.7

Mag Aengusa, that is Muirchertach, was captured by some men of Oriel, having become separated from his followers on this expedition and being left with but a few men. He was kept secretly in captivity for a time, and then treachery was done on him at the suggestion of some of his own race, that is to say, a reward was accepted for putting him to death.

1539.8

Niall Oc O Baigill was killed by Conchobar the son of O Baigill.

1540.1

1540 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred and two score years.

1540.2

The two sons of Walter son of Richard Burke were killed; Richard and Thomas.

1540.3

The monastery of Clonroad was given to the Poor Brothers de Observantia this year, at the command of O Briain and the nobles of Thomond, and with the permission and sanction of the Superiors of both the Orders of St. Francis.

1540.4

The English were banishing the remnant of the Orders throughout Ireland; and particularly they destroyed the monastery of Monaghan and beheaded the Guardian and some more of the brothers.

1540.5

Leitrim Castle was built this year by O Ruairc, that is


p.715

Brian, in spite of those who were making war on him on all sides, namely Moylurg, both [lordships of] Muinter Eolais and O Raigillig; his own son Conn with a large party of the men of Brefne was also fighting against him. But, situated thus, he built the castle very quickly and committed great destruction in Moylurg in this war.

1540.6

O Domnaill encamped round the crannog of Loch Veagh at the beginning of summer, against the sons of [the late] O Domnaill, Donnchad and Rugraide, and made great exertions to overcome them; yet in the end the place was not won from them.

1540.7

The two sons of O Baigill, Niall and Conchobar, were killed in fighting with each other this year. Niall went to seek out Conchobar at Loughros and lay in wait for him by night in the church of St. Senchan; and next day, when Conchobar was passing through the country on his own occasions, Niall and his party sallied out of the church after him. On seeing them approach, Conchobar fled northwards across the strand of Loughros and his followers left him. Niall pursued him very eagerly, ahead of his companions, and caught up with him in spite of his efforts to escape. Conchobar awaited his attack with great courage and they struck at each other without respite or pause. Niall was first killed at that place and Conchobar was wounded when Niall's men came up and killed him. And the falling of these two by each other's hands was not the death of cowards, for there had not lived for a long time before that any two youths of their family who were more lamented than these sons of O Baigill.

1540.8

The sons of Uilliam son of Bishop O Gallchobair, Aed Gruamda and Uilliam Oc, were killed by O Baigill's sons, Domnall and Toirrdelbach, in retaliation for the killing of their father.

1540.9

O Domnaill, that is Magnus, made an expedition into Connacht this year, going into Moylurg and Clanconway and ruining and burning both completely, plundering the Curlieus, and returning safely with victory and triumph.

1540.10

He made another hosting the same year, his army including O Neill's son, that is Niall son of Art Oc, Tanist of Tir Eogain, and the son of Mac Domnaill of Scotland, namely Colla son of Alusdrann, and many Scots. They went first into Fermanagh


p.717

and, having wrought much destruction therein, received pledges for the satisfaction of their demands. After this they passed through O Ruairc's Brefne and proceeded to the Curlieus, where they remained in camp until O Domnaill had cut through the Belach Buide and every other pass which he thought might hinder him. After this the Clann Mailruanaid came to him and gave hostages for the fulfilment of whatever conditions he should impose. O Domnaill returned safely from this hosting.

1540.11

The sons of [the late] O Domnaill, Donnchad Cairbrech and Sean Luirg, were at war with O Domnaill. They held the crannog of Loch Veagh and from it were greatly troubling the country. O Domnaill captured them both, and he captured Eicnechan son of [the late] O Domnaill in Conwall; Sean he hanged, and Eicnechan and Donnchad he thrust into captivity, in misery and evil plight; and he destroyed the crannog of Loch Veagh.

1540.12

O Dochartaig, that is Geralt son of Domnall, a noble and bountiful man, died after having spent his life until the end in the practice of humanity and hospitality.

1540.13

Domnall son of Niall O Baigill was proclaimed O Baigill.

1540.14

The English Justiciar that was in Ireland went to England at the summons of the King of England, having well-nigh destroyed the Orders, clergy and miraculous relics of all Ireland and performed ill deeds which it would take long to tell of; and Hanndalin Salasdar, the other Justiciar, came to Ireland to take his place.

1540.15

The King of Scotland, convoked the nobles of the Scottish race, and they came to the harbour and went aboard the vessel in which the King was and were all by him made prisoners, both Gall and Gael. The Galls were released after a while, but the King kept James, the son of Mac Domnaill, in custody, as well as such of his family and of his followers as he found to be serviceable, and afterwards he banished all of them who were at liberty.

1540.16

Sean son of Conn O Domnaill was killed by the sons of Murchad Mac Suibne na Tuath this year.


p.719

1541.1

1541 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred two score and one years; and there was such hard frost and such heavy snow at the beginning of this year that no plowing or husbandry could be done in Ireland.

1541.2

Tuathal Balb son of Sean son of Ruaidri O Gallachobair died, a councillor eminent among the nobles of Cenel Conaill.

1541.3

O Domnaill went to Cavan to meet the English Justiciar and they made peace and entered into an alliance, O Domnaill being treated with honour and respect.

1541.4

A great defeat was given by Mac Uigilin, Rugraide son of Ualter, to the sons of O Neill. Here Aengus son of Maelmuire Mac Suibne was killed, with many of the gallowglasses of Tir Conaill, as well as a battalion of the Clann Domnaill gallowglasses and many others on both sides, who are not enumerated here. Shortly after this Mac Uigilin went [again] with a large army against the sons of Aed O Neill and killed his sons Conn and Domnall.

1541.5

O Cerbaill, Fer gan Ainm son of Maelruanaid, head of the bounty and valour of the posterity of Tadc son of Cian for his hospitality and nobility, was treacherously killed—a blind man—by the descendants of Sean O Cerbaill and by O Mailmuaid's son, that is Sean son of Domnall Caech. And though O Cerbaill was completely blind at this time he fought and defended himself well before he was killed.

1541.6

The eastern crannog on Loch Glenna Dallain was taken by the sons of Domnall son of Donnchad O Ruairc from Donnchad son of Donnchad O Ruairc, and shortly afterwards the sons of Donnchad O Ruairc, namely Domnall and Fer gan Ainm, attacked the crannog and set it on fire without being discovered. But [as they left] they were noticed and the sons of Domnall pursued and caught up with them; Fer gan Ainm son of Donnchad was killed and drowned and Domnall was captured and afterwards hanged by the sons of Domnall O Ruairc.

1541.7

An army was led by O Domnaill to meet the Justiciar in Tir Eogain. On this expedition they marched through the land, devastating it; and the Justiciar returned by way of Meath while O Domnaill turned back through Tir Eogain and arrived safely without having been encountered or engaged either on his advance or on his withdrawal.


p.721

1541.8

Shortly after this O Domnaill went into Fermanagh, to the east of the Lake, devastating Cuil na nOirer and the eastern shore of [Upper] Loch [Erne]. [He attacked] both by land and water, for he had boats and ships sacking their islands while his own army devastated the land, so that he left them in great want of corn this year.

1541.9

Shortly after this O Domnaill led another expedition into Fermanagh, westward of [Lower] Loch Erne. He sent his vessels upon the lake and himself proceeded by land with his army, so that they ravaged the country in concert till they came to Enniskillen. This time they demolished the castle and again returned with victory and triumph.

1541.10

Domnall son of Niall Garb O Domnaill was killed by O Baigill, he having gone to help. Toirrdelbach, the son of O Baigill, against O Baigill. At first they put O Baigill to flight, and [then] O Baigill turned upon them and routed them, and it was in this rout that he killed the son of Niall [Garb]. And I am not at all sure that his death, that of Niall Garb's son, was not in the previous year.

1541.11

Mac an Baird of Tir Conaill, Conchobar Ruad son of Fergal, eminent in poetry and in learning and one who kept an open guest-house, died after Unction and Penance.

1542.1

1542 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred two score and two years.

1542.2

O Domnaill made an expedition into Lower Connacht. His sons, Calbach and Aed, and O Dochartaig went ahead of the army to Ballymote, seized a prey and returned safely to their father. The nobles of Lower Connacht, and especially Mac Donnchada of Ballymote, came to meet O Domnaill after they had been plundered; and they paid their tributes to O Domnaill then.

1542.3

O Conchobair Ruad, Toirrdelbach Ruad son of Tadc Buide, was this year taken prisoner by Ruaidri son of Tadc Mac Diarmata.

1542.4

The Coarb of Termon Magrath died, namely Toirrdelbach son of Aindrias.


p.723

1542.5

Calbach O Domnaill made a raid on the descendants of Aed Ballach son of Domnall.

1542.6

Mac Con Mide, Brian Dorcha son of Solam, eminent in poetry and learning, a rich and prosperous man who kept a house of open hospitality, died about St. Columba's day.

1542.7

Cormac son of Diarmait O Cleirigh, a Friar Minor, died.

1542.8

O Domnaill and O Ruairc, that is Brian son of Eogan, made an expedition into the Route. On the brink of the Bann they divided their army into two or three parts and in this manner they crossed over the shallow places of the river, though Mac Uigilin with a great body of English was waiting for them on the other side. However, at great risk O Domnaill and O Ruairc crossed the Bann, disregarding Mac Uigilin and the English and the danger of drowning which they incurred; and they sent out two or three raiding-parties, one to the east, between their present position (?) and Knocklayd, and another along the Bann southwards. Great preys and much booty fell into their hands on all sides, and especially O Ruairc, Calbach O Domnaill and O Cathain obtained such immense booty and such a quantity of cattle that each of their armies encamped separately that night with its preys, and next day O Domnaill and O Ruairc decided to slaughter the greater part of them. Then Mac Uigilin came to O Domnaill and O Ruairc and bought them off with large numbers of horses and Cows, after which they made peace. O Domnaill with his army crossed the Bann in safety; but O Ruairc did not consider his own crossing as an unscathed withdrawal, since a noble horseman of his following was drowned in the Bann, namely Tadc son of Brian son of Magnus Mac Diarmata Ruaid, a humane and handsome man, who had the best acquaintance and understanding in the arts of any of his years and in his time among the posterity of Diarmait Dall.

1542.9

Mac Uigilin, Rugraide son of Ualter, made a raiding expedition against O Cathain. He drove a large prey before him and O Cathain came after him in pursuit—this was Magnus son of Donnchad O Cathain—with a great many mercenaries of he Claim tSuibne whom he had by him at that time, the


p.725

descendants of Ruaidri Mac Suibne. These defeated Mac Uigilin and a large body of Scots who were with him, so that they lost a great many killed, including the son of Alusdrann Carrach son of Mac Domnaill and Mac Seain and many others of Mac Uigilin's army not here enumerated. Mac Uigilin himself and the son of Mac Domnaill barely made good their escape, and many of their followers were drowned in the Bann, in addition to those who were killed.

1542.10

Afterwards Mac Uigilin made an[other] expedition against O Cathain, being accompanied by the English Treasurer and a large body of English. They took O Cathain's castle of Limavady and slaughtered the whole garrison and Mac Uigilin returned safely and victoriously this time.

1542.11

Shortly after this Mac Uigilin summoned a number of the Clann Suibne to take service with him as mercenaries: the descendants of Ruaidri Mac Suibne, the son of Donnchad son of Mac Suibne na Tuath, the son of Murchad Mac Suibne, the son of Mac Suibne Baghainech and many others of the young nobles of the Clann Suibne. These went to join Mac Uigilin and their leaders were in his residence, on a friendly and honourable standing, ratifying the terms of their agreement. But Mac Domnaill's son and some of the Scots who were there and the followers of Mac Uigilin concocted a deceitful, malicious plot to attack these Clann Suibne gallowglasses, in spite of all the agreements which had already been made with them. And this they did. After the Clann Suibne had left Mac Uigilin's residence they fell upon them secretly and suddenly, so that they killed most of them in one place, and notably the son of Mac Suibne Baghainech and the son of Murchad Mac Suibne; and few were those who returned in comparison with those who were killed there.

1542.12

The crew of a long ship which came from West Connacht to seize a prey in Tir Conaill were killed by Toirrdelbach, the son of Mac Suibne Baghainech, so that none of them escaped to tell the tale except the gentleman who led them, namely the son of O Flaithbertaig, whom Mac Suibne's son protected. It was on Rathlin O Birne Island that these deeds were done by the son of Mac Suibne.


p.727

1542.13

Duibgenn son of Dubthach son of Maelsechlainn son of Matha Glas O Duibgennain, a handsome and highly-skilled ollav in History and keeper of a guest-house, died this year.

1542.14

O Domnaill made a hosting into Lower Connacht this autumn, and the chieftains thereof came to him in peaceful guise and submissively paid him his rent and lord's dues.

1542.15

And shortly after the disbanding of O Domnaill's army Macwilliam of Clanrickard, namely Ulick na Cenn son of Richard, and Macwilliam Burke, namely David son of Ulick, led another great army into Lower Connacht. They took the residence of O Flannagain, Ballyoughter to wit, [on their way] and [then] went on, accompanied by Mac Diarmata and the sons of Tadc Mac Diarmata, into Lower Connacht. The nobles of the country came in to Macwilliam then and he took them prisoners and carried them into Clanrickard: O Dubda, Mac Donnchada of Corran, and some of the Clann Suibne Connachtach, for instance Maelmuire son of Colla Mac Suibne. This Maelmuire son of Colla died in captivity in the residence of Macwilliam of Clanrickard.

1542.16

And within a week after this, Maelmuire son of Eogan Mac Suibne [Connachtach] was killed by the sons of Maelmuire son of Colla as he was convoying the sons of O Dubda; and within another three months they were themselves banished and their residences demolished, one of themselves and many of their followers being killed.

1542.17

The son of Aed O Neill, namely Feidlim Dub, the only one living of the sons of Aed Meirgech, was killed this year.

1542.18

O Domnaill's son, Calbach, went to meet the Justiciar and made peace for himself and for O Domnaill with him, returning safely afterwards.

1542.19

Magnus O Domnaill gave Toorah and Lurg to Sean son of Cu Chonnacht Mag Uidir, against whom he had previously committed great depredations. In consideration of this re-grant, Mag Uidir acknowledged himself to be O Domnaill's vassal, surrendering to him his land and estate and undertaking to lead a levy of his followers on all O Domnaill's hostings, during his own life-time, or to pay a fine in lieu of such service not performed. He also granted to O Domnaill half the eric for manslaying throughout Fermanagh.


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1542.20

The son of O Neill, Feidlim Caech son of Conn son of Conn, a good prince of the Cenel Eogain, was unfortunately killed by Mac Domnaill Galloclach with one blow of a spear, and two other sons of O Neill died this year.

1542.21

Brian son of Niall son of Art Oc O Neill, the most renowned young prince for nobility and bounty that had appeared in the Cenel Eogain for a long time, died in his bed in the Old Castle.

1542.22

O Neill, Conn son of Conn, went to a meeting with the King of England this year, and the King named him an Earl and obliged him not to style himself O Neill from that time onwards. O Neill returned safely afterwards.

1543.1

1543 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred two score and three years.

1543.2

The son of [the late] Mac Suibne Fanad, namely Maelmuire son of Domnall Oc, eligible for the lordship of Fanad, was killed by the sons of [the reigning] Mac Suibne Fanad, namely Toirrdelbach son of Ruaidri son of Maelmuire. He fought bravely till he was killed, as he had done many a time before,and killed Dubaltach son of Fer Dorcha Mac Suibne, the best champion among his opponents; and not only so, but had he received fairplay he would have revenged himself well. The death of this son of Domnall was one of the most grievous of their losses to the Clann Suibne.

1543.3

The son of Mac Suibne of Tir Baghaine, Eoin son of Niall, died at the beginning of his age and prosperity.

1543.4

The son of O Baigill, Brian son of Niall, was treacherously killed by the young sons of O Baigill.

1543.5

The Bishop of Raphoe, that is Bishop O Gallchobair, died this year.

1543.6

Mag Uidir, that is Sean, made a plundering incursion into Dartry, being accompanied by the sons of O Domnaill, Rugraide and Nechtain; and after they had dispersed in raiding-parties all over the country Nechtain was killed by a spear-cast.

1543.7

O Domnaill, that is Magnus, went to attend the great


p.731

Council, taking with him his own brothers, Eicnechan and Donnchad [Cairbrech], whom he had previously held in captivity for a long time. These were released at the recommendation of the Justiciar and of the great Council and departed on terms of peace and gossipry with O Domnaill; and Conn O Domnaill, who had lived a long time among the Galls before this, now made peace with O Domnaill and then went to England to visit the King, from whom he had received great honours when he visited him before. O Domnaill returned safely from the Council this time.

1543.8

Lifford Castle was seized by Cathair son of Tuathal and the descendants of Aed O Gallchobair, in whose guardianship it had been left by O Domnaill, and O Domnaill's door-keeper and his servants were expelled by them. O Domnaill and Calbach O Domnaill went out against them to recover the castle, and in the fighting between them and Calbach many people were killed; in particular Dubaltach son of Colla Mac Suibne was killed in this war; and much cattle and stock belonging to the descendants of Aed O Gallchobair was destroyed by O Domnaill in the neighbourhood of the castle.

1543.9

Muirges son of Paidin son of Lochlainn son of Maelsechlainn O Mailchonaire, ridge-pole of History, bower of Poetry, revealer of all knowledge and wisdom to the disciples, chief institutor of learning in all the arts, a charitable, humane, rich, prosperous man, died with Unction and Penance, having triumped over the world and the Devil, and was buried under the protection of God and Patrick at Elphin.

1543.10

The King of Scotland died at the beginning of his age and power—he had previously defeated the English—leaving no heir to succeed him but a baby girl just eight weeks old. The King of England obtained the ascendancy in Scotland after this.

1543.11

The son of [the late] O Dochartaig, namely Cathair son of Geralt, was killed by the sons of [the reigning] O Dochartaig. They also killed the son of Aed Gruamda O Dochartaig. O Domnaill led out a great army against O Dochartaig, to punish him for these slayings, and took hostages of him afterwards as security for the fulfilment of whatever terms he might


p.733

impose. O Dochartaig captured Cathair son of Tuathal. [Balb] O Gallchobair and handed him over to O Domnaill, and O Domnaill himself captured Toirrdelbach son of Feidlim Finn O Gallchobair, and he took them to Lifford Castle; but this time he did not get the place for them.

1543.12

The descendants of Eogan Mac Suibne and of Cormac Mac Donnchada went on a plundering excursion against O hEgra Buide. O Conchobair [of Sligo], Tadc [Oc] son of Tadc son of Aed, and O hEgra caught up with them and defeated them and the chief men of these Mac Sweenys were made prisoners, namely Ruaidri son of Dubgall and the sons of Maelmuire son of Eogan, and some of the descendants of Cormac Mac Donnchada were killed.

1543.13

O Mailsechlainn, Feidlimid Oc, was killed by Mag Eochacain.

1543.14

Mac Suibne na Tuath and his son Brian were captured by a fleet from West Connacht at Innsi Meic an Duirn and carried off in custody.

1543.15

There was great war between Mag Uidir and the posterity of Toirrdelbach Mag Uidir, who destroyed much of Mag Uidir's property. He repaired to O Domnaill, and a fresh ratification of the peace was made between them, on the top of the peace which they had made before.

1543.16

Macwilliam of Clanrickard, Ulick na gCenn, died this year and a great war broke out afterwards in Clanrickard for the lordship. Ulick son of Richard Oge was proclaimed Macwilliam.

1544.1

1544 First of January, the age of the Lord one thousand five hundred two score and four years.

1544.2

The Earl of Desmond, that is James son of James son of John, who, after encountering great opposition and faction at


p.735

the beginning of his lordship, had crushed and quelled his near neighbours, died this year.

1544.3

O Domnaill's son Calbach repaired to the English Justiciar and came back, bringing with him into Tir Conaill one or two English captains at the head of a large force. O Domnaill gave them a costly and splendid entertainment, and [afterwards] they [all] went to Lifford Castle, and the hostages of the descendants of Aed O Gallchobair which O Domnaill had held for a long time were given in charge of the Englishmen, namely Cathair son of Tuathal and [Toirrdelbach] son of Feidlim Finn O Gallchobair. And as the English soldiers were sent against the castle one of their number was at once killed, under the walls, and Cathair son of Tuathal was killed by the English on the spot and in his fetters. [Thereupon] Aed O Domnaill and the rest of the descendants of Aed surrendered the castle in exchange for the son of Feidlim Finn and another son of Tuathal [Bulb], who was in captivity, and departed the country. O Domnaill dismissed the Englishmen, after paying them high wages.

1544.4

O Neill's son, namely Niall son of Art Oc, died this year. He was, out of all the seed of Niall of the Nine Hostages, the prince who suffered most trouble and distress in the wars of Cenel Conaill and Cenel Eogain, a vessel of the prosperity and high lordship of Cenel Eogain, a man full of knowledge and bounty and skill in art and music, both of hand and voice. He died in the Old Castle.

1544.5

O Domnaill made an expedition into the Route and captured the Loughan Islands, where Mac Uigilin had a wooden fort and strong point. After taking it he left the place in the possession of O Cathain. On this expedition he captured also Ballylough Castle, where he obtained much booty, and Loughaverra Island and Loch Lynch Island, whereon he likewise captured great booty. He burned the whole countryside and returned safely afterwards.

1544.6

Mac Suibne Fanad, Toirrdelbach to wit, was killed this year.

1544.7

There was war between O Domnaill and O Neill this year. O Domnaill placed himself in ambush near the Old Castle and killed some people and captured others, including the sons of Brian [O Neill].


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1544.8

O Neill seized a prey by the Finn.

1544.9

Calbach [O Domnaill] seized a prey in Tir Eogain.

1544.10

O Domnaill seized another great prey in Tir Eogain.

1544.11

The sons of Mac Domnaill of Scotland, Semus and Colla, came with a force of Scots, at the instanee of Mac Uigilin; and together they took Loughan Islands from O Cathain's garrison. They burned Brian son of Donnchad O Cathain and all who were with him [on the island], men, stores, cattle and armour, and Mac Uigilin raided O Cathain and wreaked his vengeance on him.

1544.12

O Cathain took into his pay the descendants of Ruaidri Mac Suibne; and one day when Mac Uigilin came over the Bann O Cathain and his gallowglasses came upon him and a strong pursuing-party overtook him, seized the prey from him and killed and wounded many of his men.

1544.13

After this another great raid was made by O Cathain in the Route.

1544.14

Murchad, the son of Mac Suibne na Tuath, eminent for his bounty and nobility, died this year. Donnchad Mac Suibne his brother died too.

1544.15

There was a great war between the sons of Mac Suibne na Tuath. Mac Suibne's castle was captured by the sons of Murchad Mac Suibne and Brian Mac Suibne; Eogan Oc the son of Mac Suibne and Toirrdelbach son of Murchad Mac Suibne were both proclaimed chieftain; and the sons of Donnchad Mac Suibne, entering the said castle in peaceful guise for a meeting with the sons of Murchad and Brian Mac Suibne, killed Toirrdelbach son of Murchad and another Brian, the son of Mac Suibne, and delivered up the castle to Mac Suibne, in whose hands the lordship remained without opposition thenceforward.

1544.16

Mac Suibne [na Tuath], that is Eogan [Mor] son of Domnall son of Niall, died while held in captivity by the Muinter Maille in West Connacht, having lived a life of humanity.

1562.1

First of January on Thursday. One thousand five hundred three score and two years was the age of the Lord when there died that tree of victory, that thicket of shelter, that fruitful branch, that hand which governed and supported the children of Conn Cetchathach, namely Brian son of Eogan son of Tigernan son of Tadc son of Tigernan Mor O Ruairc, the man who most compelled the neighbouring territories to yield him rents and tributes, who offered the best hospitality and the greatest gifts to musicians and entertainers and men of art, who of all the seed of Adam bought most poems and earned most praise, who had the greatest number of Irish gentlemen and nobles in receipt of payment and wages from him, and who acquired the most charter-land and sword-land on every side. This was the man who bought more wine than any other man in Ireland, and drank it without stay or stint, the best man in the land. The one to be most honourably remembered for his famous achievements, who was never beaten in fight or fray, who broke through every gap and every pass in spite of his enemies, who possessed the most gold and silver and wealth, horns and cups and goblets, arms and armour and ordnance, flocks and herds and goodly cattle; for, as the proverb says, he who scatters gathers.

  1. There are fifty and twelve years
    And one thousand and five hundred
    From the coming of Christ in Bethlehem
    To the taking of Brian from the Brefnians.