Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition
Annals of Loch Cé (Author: [unknown])

Annal LC1305


23] The kalends of January on Friday, and the twenty-eighth
24] of the moon; A.D. M.ccc. quinto; ix. anno cycli
25] solaris; xiiii. anno cycli lunaris; tertio anno Indictionis.


26] Muirchertach O'Conchobhair Failghe, and his
27] other brother Maelmordha, i.e. the Calbhach O'Conchobhair,
28] and twenty-nine of their people along with
29] them, were slain by Sir Piers Mac Feorais, in abominable
30] treachery, in Mac Feorais's castle.


A defeat was inflicted
31] by Aedh, son of Cathal O'Conchobhair, and by
32] the Clann-Muirchertaigh also, on Muinter-Raighilligh, in
33] which Philip O'Raighilligh, and the heir of Clann-Suibhne,


1] and Mac Buirche, i.e. the head of the gallowglasses of the
2] country, together with one hundred and forty other
3] persons, were slain.


Donnchadh O'Flaithbhertaigh, bishop
4] of Cill-Alaidh, i.e. the most chaste and devout bishop of
5] his time, quievit.


Toirdhelbhach, son of Brian Ruadh
6] O'Briain, mortuus est.


Matthew Og O'Raighilligh was
7] killed by the Tellach-Dunchadha.


Aedh Og O'Ferghail
8] died in this same year.


The New Castle of Inis-Eoghain
9] was erected by the Red Earl in this year.

Annal LC1306


10] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the twenty-ninth
11] of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.sexto; x. annus
12] cycli solaris; xv. annus cycli lunaris; quarto anno
13] Indictionis.


Toirdhelbhach O'Briain, king of Tuadh-Mumha,
14] the most illustrious, valiant, and puissant man
15] of his own time, mortuus est.


Donnchadh O'Briain, his
16] own son, was made king in his place.


Ferghal Mac
17] Raghnaill, chieftain of Muinter-Eolais, was killed by
18] Mathghamhain Mac Raghnaill, i.e. his own brother, and
19] by a party of his own tribe, per dolum.


A great war
20] between Aedh, son of Eoghan O'Conchobhair, king of
21] Connacht, (with whom were the chiefs of the Síl-Muiredhaigh),
22] and Aedh, son of Cathal O'Conchobhair, with
23] whom were many sons of kings and chieftains of Connacht,
24] together with the chieftains and tribes of the men
25] of Breifne also; and it was waged on both sides of the
26] Sinuinn during the space of three or four months, when
27] a number of the sons of kings attached to Aedh son of
28] Cathal encamped with large forces in the Tuatha, and
29] captured great preys, and countless spoils; but a great
30] number of pursuers overtook them. Flann, son of Fiachra
31] O'Floinn, heir to the chieftaincy of Síl-Maelruain, and
32] Brian, son of Donnchadh Riabhach O'Conchobhair,


1] together with many other persons, were killed whilst
2] protecting this prey by the pursuers, and a great part of
3] the preys was detained, and another part of them was
4] carried off. The most distinguished in committing these
5] depredations were viz. Ruaidhri, son of Cathal O'Conchobhair,
6] and Donnchadh, son of Conchobhar-in-chopain,
7] son of Ferghal, son of Donnchadh, son of Muirchertach
8] Mac Diarmada, one qualified to be king of Magh-Luirg
9] and Muinter-Maelruanaidh as regards prosperity, bounty,
10] and prowess until this day. And he Donnchadh Mac
11] Diarmada
went before this to O'Conchobhair's fortress,
12] and burned the palace of the king of Connacht, together
13] with the houses of the fortress. Aedh O'Conchobhair
14] overtakes him on the same day, and takes the preys from
15] him; and he is himself afterwards beheaded.


16] Thomas O'Naan, archdeacon of Rath-Bhoth, and also
17] bishop-elect of the same church, in Christo quievit.


18] Robert Bruce, great steward of Carraig, assumed the
19] sovereignty
of Alba by force, in opposition to the king
20] of the Saxons.


Domhnall Tuirtrech O'Neill was slain
21] by accident, by the household of O'Neill in hoc anno.


22] Sir William Prendergast, the most famous and illustrious
23] knight in his own time in Erinn, mortuus est.


A great
24] depredation was committed by the Clann-Muirchertaigh
25] in the territory of Cairbre, when David O'Caemhain,
26] a rich, affluent farmer, and Donnchadh Mac Buidhechain,
27] and many more persons along with them, were slain.


28] Brian Carrach O'hEghra was killed by Cormac O'Flannagain.


29] Nicholas O'Donnchadha, (i.e. who was a priest and


1] pure virgin in Druim-cliabh), was killed, without cause or
2] offence, by the Gerran-dubh of the Barretts, who subjected
3] him to a martyr's death; quievit in Christo; and
4] every one who recites a pater for the good of his soul has
5] six score days' remission of his sins as often as he recites it.

Annal LC1307


6] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the twentieth
7] of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.vii; xi. anno cycli solaris;
8] xvi. anno cycli lunaris; quinto anno Indictionis.


9] Muimhnech O'Cellaigh, king of Uí-Maine, the
10] most generous of all the men of Erinn respecting food and
11] clothing, gold and silver, and cattle, died after obtaining
12] victory over the world and the devil; and Tadhg O'Cellaigh,
13] i.e. his son, died afterwards.


Laurence O'Lachtnain,
14] abbot of Es-Ruaidh, and for a time abbot of the
15] Buill, and afterwards abbot of Cnoc-Muaidhe, and ultimately
16] bishop of Cill-Mic-Duach, in Christo quievit.


17] Conchobhar, son of Fiachra O'Floinn, the best young man
18] in all Connacht in his own time for making war and
19] depredations on Foreigners and Gaeidhel, died; and he
20] was nobly and honourably interred in the monastery of
21] the Buill, along with his brother.


Echdruim-Uí-Maine was
22] burned by a number of the princes of Uí-Maine themselves.


23] The Foreigners of Ros-Comain were all slain by Donnchadh
24] Muimhnech O'Cellaigh, a short time before his
25] death, in Ath-escrach-Cuan, to wit, where Philip Munter,
26] and John Munter, and Matthew Drew fell along with
27] seventy others who were either slain or taken prisoners;
28] where the sheriff of Ros-Comain, and Diarmaid Gall Mac
29] Diarmada, and Cormac Mac Ceithernaigh were taken
30] prisoners; but their forces were still allowed to depart;
31] and they themselves were let go after a while; and they
32] afterwards made peace for the burning of the town by


1] Edmond Butler.


Edward the Great, king of the Saxons,
2] and of Britain, and of Alba, and duke of Gascony, and
3] lord of Erinn, quievit in Christo in the thirty-fifth year
4] of his reign, and in the sixty-sixth year of his age. The
5] crown of the king of the Saxons, and of Britain, and
6] Erinn, and Alba, was afterwards given to young Edward,
7] the son of Edward.


Donnchadh O'Flannagain, abbot of
8] the Buill during the space of five years, and Bishop of
9] Oilfinn during the space of three years and a half—the
10] devout, cordial, general protector of all the west of
11] Europe; a man who never refused guest or stranger,
12] and who never offended any one regarding food or property;
13] head of guarantee and respect of the province
14] in general; a man full of wisdom and skill, and who
15] defended every affair which he took in hand; a charitable,
16] good-hearted man; a quiet, amiable man; a courteous,
17] sweet-worded, mild, childlike, honest man—quievit in
18] Christo, after the triumph of unction and penitence,
19] having been suffering during a period of five months: in
20] x. kalendas Julii quievit.


Domhnall, son of Tadhg, son
21] of Brian, son of Andrias, son of Brian Luighnech, son
22] of Toirdhelbhach Mor O'Conchobhair, tanist of all Connacht,
23] and the royal heir of greatest property and wealth,
24] of greatest hospitality and prowess, of greatest sovereignty
25] and possessions that was in Connacht, (for the
26] extent of his land was from Corr-sliabh-na-Seghsa to
27] Cael-uisce), was slain in an encounter with Aedh Breifnech,
28] son of Cathal Ruadh O'Conchobhair. And the
29] person who wounded him was Diarmaid, son of Simon-na-tragha.
30] And God was merciful to him, for he lived
31] that night, and until he saw the priest, and received the
32] Body of Christ and unction, on the morrow; after
33] which he died. And his body was then taken to Corr-sliabh,
34] and there was not taken with a dead body in


1] later times such a quantity of droves, and garments,
2] and cattle, of cavalry, and, of kerns, as were taken in this
3] procession with him to his sepulchre; and his remains were
4] nobly and honourably interred in the monastery of the
5] Buill.


Tadhg, son of Maelsechlainn, son of Donnchadh,
6] son of Domhnall, son of Maghnus, son of Toirdhelbhach
7] Mor O'Conchobhair, was killed by Cathal, son of Domhnall,
8] son of Tadhg O'Conchobhair.


Cartholus, son of the
9] Liathanach O'Conchobhair, i.e. the abbot of the Trinity
10] in Loch Cé, was elected to the bishopric of Oilfinn on the
11] one part, and his degree was conferred in the choir of Ard Macha;
12] and he was three years and a half enjoying the
13] profits of the bishopric, when Master Malachi Mac Caedha
14] was, however, chosen on the other part, through the
15] power of William Mac Feorais, at that time archbishop
16] of Connacht. He went to Rome, and remained there
17] during the space of three years, and came back afterwards
18] as bishop. William Mac Feorais, archbishop of
19] Connacht, went to Rome in hoc anno.


20] O'Gairmleghaigh, high-chieftain of Cenel-Moain, mortuus
21] est.


Maghnus Mac Oirechtaigh quievit.


Diarmaid, son
22] of Donnchadh Riabhach, was killed by Maelruanaidh
23] Mac Diarmada.


Cathal, son of Maghnus, was killed by
24] Cathal, son of Domhnall, son of Tadhg O'Conchobhair.


25] Tadhg, son of Brian, son of Andrias, son of Brian Luighnech,
26] son of Toirdhelbhach Mor, went on a pilgrimage
27] to the monastery of the Buill, in which he assumed the
28] habit of a gray monk; and he died of one day's illness,


1] after obtaining victory over the world and the devil.


2] Ailbhe, daughter of Tadhg O'Conchobhair, mortua est.


3] The Clann-Muirchertaigh went into Magh-Ceidne, and
4] the corn crops of the district of Cairbre, and a great part
5] of the corn of Tir-Oililla, were burned by them; and
6] the corn crops of the Corann also were destroyed and
7] burnt by them; and it was on this expedition that Tadhg,
8] son of Maghnus, was slain.


Amhlaibh, son of Art, son of
9] Cathal O'Ruairc, was killed by the son of Ferghal Garbh
10] Mac Shamhradhain in hoc anno.

Annal LC1308


11] The kalends of January on Monday, and the first
12] of the moon; A.D. M.ccc.viii; xii. anno cycli solaris;
13] xvii. anno cycli lunaris; sexto anno Indictionis.


14] great depredation was committed by Maelruanaidh
15] Mac Diarmada on the sons of Domhnall O'Conchobhair,
16] in the territory of Cairbre.


Another great depredation
17] was committed by Brian O'Dubhda, and the
18] Foreigners of Luighne, and the Uí-Fiachrach, on
19] the same sons of Domhnall O'Conchobhair.


20] depredation was committed by the Clann-Muirchertaigh
21] on these sons of Domhnall O'Conchobhair, after they
22] had previously made peace with them, and given them
23] hostages. And the sons of Domhnall proceeded after
24] this to Sliabh-dha-en, and took with them only their
25] horses, accoutrements, and steeds; and when the Foreigners
26] of Luighne and the Uí-Fiachrach heard this, they
27] mustered and followed to Sliabh-dha-en. The sons of
28] Domhnall O'Conchobhair, however, and Mac Donnchadha
29] turned upon them, and the Foreigners suffered a defeat,
30] and fled before them, and were routed; and the sons of
31] Domhnall pursued them to Lec-Esa-dara; and Thomas
32] Mac Walter, constable of Bun-finne, and his brother
33] along with him, and many other persons, were slain by


1] them.


A great retaliatory depredation was committed
2] by Aedh, son of Cathal, on Ruaidhri son of Cathal, his
3] own brother; and Maghnus, son of Maghnus, was slain
4] there by him, and other persons not enumerated here.


5] Domhnall, son of Comarb-Comain O'Conchobhair, archdeacon
6] of Oilfinn, quievit.


Simon O'Finnachta quievit
7] in Christo.


Imhar Mac Gebhennaigh mortuus est.


8] Gaveston, a very noble knight, and prime favourite of
9] the king of the Saxons, came to Erinn; and O'Diumasaigh
10] was slain by him in the same year.


Lightning fell
11] down from heaven on the monastery of Ros-Comain,
12] which broke down the monastery, on the night of the
13] festival of Stephen after Great Christmas.


Easter in the
14] month of March in hoc anno; and there was destruction
15] of people and cattle in it, and also great inclemency of
16] weather in it.

Annal LC1309


17] The kalends of January on Wednesday, and the twelfth
18] of the moon; A.D. M.ccc.ix; xiii. anno cycli solaris; xviii.
19] anno cycli lunaris; vii. anno Indictionis.


Aedh, son of
20] Eoghan, son of Ruaidhri, son of Aedh, son of Cathal
21] Crobhderg, king of Connacht—and one fit to be king of
22] Erinn and other lands for nobility, and bounty, and
23] prowess, for figure and comeliness—was slain by Aedh
24] Breifnech, son of Cathal Ruadh O'Conchobhair, in Coill-in-chlachain
25] in the territory of Breifne; and many more
26] of the nobles of Connacht were slain along with him,
27] viz., Conchobhar Mac Diarmada, and Diarmaid Ruadh,
28] son of Tadhg, son of Andrias O'Conchobhair; and Diarmaid,
29] son of Cathal Carrach Mac Diarmada; and Aedh,
30] son of Muirchertach, son of Tadhg, son of Maelruanaidh;


1] and Diarmaid Og O'hElidhe, a wealthy, generous, dignified
2] prince-farmer, and Maeldomhnaigh Galloglaech;
3] and Gilla-na-naemh Mac Aedhagain, chief professor of
4] Connacht in law, and a man equally eminent in all other
5] sciences, fell by the eastern party on the same day,
6] and Foghartach O'Dobhailen by the household band of
7] Tomaltach Mac Donnchadha; and many other persons
8] fell along with these. And the loss on both sides was not
9] less than one hundred. Aedh Breifnech came into the
10] district afterwards, and the 'Three Tuatha' went into
11] his house.


12] As regards Maelruanaidh Mac Diarmada, king of
13] Magh-Luirg, he came, surrounded by his household
14] troops and heavy muster, into the very middle of Síl-Muiredhaigh,
15] to defend the sovereignty and supremacy
16] for his foster-son, i.e., for Fedhlim O'Conchobhair, and
17] sent messengers to his friends on every side, both
18] Foreigners and Gaeidhel, and unto William Burk and his
19] brothers, who came quickly on receiving the message.
20] And he Maelruanaidh encamped strongly, ever powerfully,
21] on the plain of Magh-Ai, before Rath-Cruachan,
22] amidst the inhabitants of the country, to conciliate them,
23] for fear and terror lest these tribes should unite with Aedh
24] Breifnech, son of Cathal O'Conchobhair; and he himself
25] received the government of the chieftains, and the
26] submission of the sub-chieftains. And he exacted his
27] rents, and his stipulations, and his tributes; and he exacted,
28] moreover, the family and princely jewels of the
29] king of Connacht, with all his dues both small and great.
30] And the Síl-Muiredhaigh all pledged their engagement


1] and oaths that they would not give the sovereignty to
2] any other person but to him alone. Maelruanaidh and
3] William Burk went to Oilfinn, together with the Síl-Muiredhaigh.


4] As to Aedh, son of Cathal, however, he
5] went to meet the Earl in Midhe, and the Tuatha at once
6] turned against him when he had left. After Aedh Breifnech
7] came out of Midhe, he encamped in Uachtar-thire,
8] and subsequently took a great prey from Aedh O'Flannagain,
9] and consumed this prey in Uachtar-thire.


10] son of Donnchadh O'Briain, was wickedly slain
11] by Foreigners, in treachery.


Cathal, son of the Liathanach
12] O'Conchobhair, i.e. the abbot of the Trinity, was
13] elected to the bishopric of Oilfinn.


Ruaidhri, son of
14] Cathal, and O'Floinn went upon the Machaire; and the
15] son of Mac Feorais was slain by them on that occasion.


16] A meeting was proclaimed between the son of Cathal and
17] William Burk, at Ath-Slissen; and a rupture took place
18] between them, and the son of Cathal was defeated, and a
19] great number of his people were slain there.


20] Burk went subsequently to the monastery of the Buill, and
21] much corn was destroyed and burned in it.


Mac William
22] went down beyond the mountain, and the son of Cathal
23] was expelled from his fortress by him; and Donnchadh
24] O'Finnachta was slain by the captain of Mac William's
25] army; and many other persons not enumerated here were
26] also slain
. A depredation was committed by Mac William
27] on the Clann-Fermaighe; and another predatory expedition


1] was made by him as far as Benn-Ghulbain, and
2] beyond it northwards.

Annal LC1310


3] The kalends of January on Thursday, and the twenty-third
4] of the moon; A.D. M.ccc.x; xiiii. anno cycli solaris;
5] xix. anni cycli lunaris; octavo anno Indictionis.


6] Mór O'Maelchonaire, chief professor of Síl-Muiredhaigh-Muillethain
7] in poetry and history, died in the
8] beginning of this year, in the hard spring. A great
9] depredation, which was usually called Crech-in-tóiten,
10] was committed by Aedh Breifnech, son of Cathal O'Conchobhair,
11] on Maelruanaidh Mac Diarmada, in Clochar-Uí-Muirghile;
12] and Donnchadh, son of Donnchadh Mac
13] Diarmada, was taken prisoner there, and his wife, i.e.
14] the daughter of O'Flannagain, was killed there; and
15] several other women, children, and men, were killed and
16] burned there; and they the depredators established
17] themselves in Uachtar-thire, to watch Mac Diarmada.
18] When William Burk heard this thing he encamped at
19] Cill-Lommad, in front of Aedh, son of Cathal. Then
20] it was that Aedh, son of Cathal, secretly sent messengers
21] to his brother, i.e. Ruaidhri son of Cathal, desiring
22] him to proceed with a band and go to the castle of
23] Bun-finne, which William Burk had left. As regards
24] Ruaidhri son of Cathal, moreover, and Aedh, son of
25] Maghnus, and Aedh Breifnech's people, they all mustered,
26] and plundered and burned the Castle of Bun-finne,
27] with all its contents. As to Aedh, son of Cathal, he
28] had at that time by him some buannadha belonging
29] to a defensive band who were protecting him; and


1] Seonac Mac Uighilinn was the commander of this
2] defensive band. Nevertheless, when he observed the
3] son of O'Conchobhair quite alone, after his people had
4] departed from him when they went away from him on
5] the expedition to Bun-finne, he armed himself, together
6] with his people, and attacked the son of O'Conchobhair,
7] against whom he had previously conspired, (i.e.
8] after he had promised to slay him, at the instigation
9] of William Burk, in consideration of a reward); and
10] he then slew Aedh Breifnech, son of Cathal Ruadh
11] O'Conchobhair, as he had before that promised to
12] William Burk. And this Aedh Breifnech O'Conchobhair
13] was the best qualified to be king that was in
14] Erinn in his own time, if it had pleased God to allow
15] it. As soon as the news of the murder of Aedh
16] Breifnech, moreover, reached to William Burk, and to
17] Mac Diarmada, and to the Síl-Muiredhaigh also, to Cill-Lomad,
18] they immediately proceeded on preying expeditions
19] to Aedh Breifnech's people, and sent their
20] bands to Bennan-Brechmhaighe northwards, and to Magh-Cetne
21] of the Fomorians. William afterwards returns
22] back into the midst of the Síl-Muiredhaigh, and
23] quarters two hundred mercenaries upon them, viz.:—
24] Mac Uighilin with his rout; and there was not a town
25] in all Síl-Muiredhaigh without habitual bonaght, nor
26] a district without exaction, nor a prince without oppression,
27] during William Burk's rule over them after
28] the death of Aedh. When, however, Maelruanaidh Mac
29] Diarmada observed his foster-son ignored regarding his
30] inheritance, and the heavy exactions levied from every
31] district around him, he felt strongly that the Foreigners
32] were limiting and restricting him to little power; for
33] the Foreigners were convinced that if he alone were
34] weak the entire province of Connacht would be under
35] their sway. The resolution adopted by the hero, therefore,
36] was to elevate his foster-son over all on this occasion,


1] and forcibly to make him king, without much
2] delay. And he took him with him upon Carn-Fraich-mhic-Fidhaigh,
3] and inaugurated him on the carn according
4] to the practice of the saints, and of Dachonna of
5] Es in particular, in the most regal, most illustrious, and
6] fullest manner that any man of his own family had been
7] inaugurated from the time of Brian, son of Eochaidh
8] Muidhmhedhoin, down to that day. After Fedhlim,
9] son of Aedh, son of Eoghan, had espoused the province
10] of Connacht, moreover, his guardian ministered to him
11] that night in accordance with the traditions of the old
12] men, and the old books; and this was the most regal,
13] and most illustrious wedding feast of a king that had
14] ever been made for a king of Connacht until that day.


15] Cormac O'Flannagain, chieftain of Tuath-Ratha, was
16] slain by Henry Mac Gillafinnén, chieftain of Muinter-Pheodachain,
17] in treachery.


The castle of Sligech was
18] erected by the Earl in hoc anno.


Twenty tuns of
19] wine were sent ashore in Magh-Cetne.


20] daughter of Maghnus O'Conchobhair, quievit in Christo.


21] Macraith Mac Uidhir, royal heir of Feara-Manach, and
22] Donn Mac-Gillamichil, dux of Clann-Conghaile, were
23] destroyed and burned by Roalbh Mac Mathghamhna.


24] Ferghal Mac Dorchaidh died in hoc anno.


25] daughter of Aedh, son of Fedhlim, mortua est in hoc
26] anno.


Siubhán, daughter of O'Conchobhair Failghe,
27] uxor of Muirchertach Mór Mac Eochagain, chieftain of
28] Cenel-Fiachaidh, mortua est.


Ferghal, son of Muirchertach
29] Mór Mac Eochagain, was slain in the Anghaile, and
30] this was the first cause of enmity between the people


1] of the Anghaile and Cenel-Fiachaidh.


A hosting by
2] Seffraigh O'Ferghail to Dun-Uabhair, where Domhnall,
3] the son of Aedh Og O'Ferghail, and Aedh, son of Mael-Isa,
4] and Goffraigh, son of Muirchertach, were slain.


5] Conchobhar O'Briain, the best son of a king in his time,
6] was slain by the Black Foreigners, in treachery.

Annal LC1311


7] The kalends of January on Friday, and the fourth of
8] the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.xi; xv. anno cycli solaris;
9] primus annus cycli lunaris; ix. annus Indictionis.


10] Mór, son of Conghalach Mac Eochagain, dux of
11] the descendants of Fiachadh, son of Niall-nai-ghiallach,
12] occisus est by the Foreigners.


A great retaliatory depredation
13] was committed in Connacht by the Clann-Muirchertaigh-Muimhnigh,
14] when Gilla-Christ, son of Muirghes,
15] son of Donnchadh Mac Diarmada, and Aedh, son of
16] Cormac, and William Mac Gilla-Erraith, and Donnchadh,
17] son of Tomaltach, together with many other
18] good men, were slain by them.


Two of William Liath
19] Burk's sons were slain by the Lagenian princes.


20] de Exeter came on a predatory expedition into Magh
21] Luirg, and Tadhg O'hAinlidhe, chieftain of Cenel-Doffa,
22] was slain in pursuit of this predatory band.


23] O'Birn, dux of Tir-Briuin, mortuus est.


Mael-Isa O'Dalaigh,
24] a most eminent man in poetry and hospitality, died
25] in hoc anno.


Domhnall, son of Amhlaibh, son of Art
26] O'Ruairc, king of Breifne, died in hoc anno.


A great
27] hosting by William Burk into Mumha, against the Clarach;
28] and they gave battle to each other, and the Clarach
29] was worsted, and a great defeat was inflicted on him
30] there. William Burk was himself taken prisoner in the
31] rere of his people, whilst he was following up the rout;


1] and although he was there taken prisoner, it was he that
2] had the triumph of that battle.


A great war in Tuadh-Mumha
3] in this year, and Donnchadh Mac Conmara and
4] his own tribe, viz., the people of the cantred of Uí-Caisín,
5] fought a battle against O'Briain and the men of
6] all Mumha; and Donnchadh Mac Conmara and all the
7] chief men of his tribe were slain there; and Domhnall
8] O'Grada, chieftain of Cenel-Dunghaile, was slain there;
9] and a countless slaughter was committed between them on
10] both sides.


Donnchadh O'Briain, king of Tuadh-Mumha,
11] and the good material of a king of Erinn, was slain in
12] treachery by Murchadh, son of Mathghamhain O'Briain.


13] Lochlainn Riabhach O'Deghaidh was slain by Mathghamhain
14] O'Briain, son of Domhnall Connachtach O'Briain.


15] Mac Uighilin killed the Gruélach in Baile-tobair-Brighde,
16] and was himself immediately slain in return; and it was
17] with the short-handled axe with which he slew Aedh
18] Breifnech, son of Cathal Ruadh O'Conchobhair, that he
19] himself was slain; and a blessing attend the person who
20] killed him.


A great depredation was committed by
21] Feidhlim O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht, on the
22] Clann-Muirchertaigh, on the border of Magh-Cetne,
23] and Maelechlainn, son of Conchobhar Ruadh, who
24] was usually called 'Cenn-an-meidhil', was slain there,
25] and several other persons also along with him.


26] Clerech O'Briain, king of Mumha, was deposed, and
27] Muirchertach O'Briain was afterwards made king in
28] his place.


Brian Mac Mathghamhna, king of Oirghiall,
29] mortuus est.

Annal LC1312


30] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the fifteenth
31] of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.xii; secundus annus


1] cycli lunaris; x. Indictionis.


William Mac Feorais, archbishop
2] of Tuaim, quievit.


Benedict O'Bracain, bishop of
3] Luighne, quievit.


Malachi Mac Aedha was elected to
4] the archbishopric of Tuaim from the bishopric of Oilfinn.


5] Petrus Capusdún occisus est.


Easter in the month of
6] March in hoc anno.


Derbhail, daughter of Maghnus
7] O'Conchobhair, mortua est.


The Holy Cross was raised
8] in the monastery of the Buill in hoc anno.

Annal LC1313


9] The kalends of January on Monday, and the twenty-sixth
10] of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.xiii; tertius annus
11] cycli lunaris; xi. annus Indictionis.


Clemens papa in
12] Christo quievit.


Diarmaid Clerech O'Briain, king of
13] Tuadh-Mumha, mortuus est.


Robert Bruce, king of Alba,
14] came on the coast of Erinn.


The king of France died in
15] hoc anno.


Gilla-Isa Mac Dorchaidh, chieftain of Cenel-Luachain,
16] was slain by Conchobhar Carrach, son of
17] Domhnall Mac Diarmada.


Cathal, son of Murchadh
18] Carrach O'Ferghail, mortuus est.


Tighernan, son of
19] Niall O Ruairc, occisus est.


Tadhg, son of Andrias, son
20] of Brian Luighnech, son of Toirdhelbhach Mor O'Conchobhair,
21] died in hoc anno, after having been a long time
22] in the habit of a gray monk, after triumphing over the
23] world and the devil, and was nobly and honourably
24] interred in the monastery of the Buill.

Annal LC1314


25] The kalends of January on Tuesday, and the seventh
26] of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.xiv; quartus annus
27] cycli lunaris; xii. annus Indictionis.


Niall, son of
28] Brian O'Neill, i.e., the noblest, and most honourable, and
29] most bountiful prince of the Cenel-Eoghain in his own
30] time, died this year.


Niall O'Domhnaill occisus est.



1] A defeat was inflicted by Ruaidhri, son of Cathal O'Conchobhair,
2] on Muinter-Raighilligh, at Druim-lethan.


3] son of Domhnall O'hEghra, was slain by Maghnus
4] son of William O'hEghra, per dolum.


A battle at Srubhleith
5] in Alba, where the chief men of the Saxon Foreigners
6] fell by Robert Bruce, i.e., the king of Alba, who
7] was defending Alba by force; where a great many earls
8] and knights fell, and persons innumerable besides, together
9] with the Earl of Gloucester, who was the man of
10] greatest inheritance, and nobility, and honour in all Saxon-land.


11] Gilla-in-Choimdedh, son of Cinaeth O'Gormshuiligh,
12] airchinnech of Oilfinn, and Gormlaith, daughter
13] of Mac Branain, (i.e. his wedded wife), mortui sunt.


14] Roalbh Mac Mathghamhna was slain by his own brethren.


15] Matthew Mac Dhuibhne, bishop of the Breifne, quievit in
16] Christo.


Matthew Mac Tighernain, dux of Tellach-Dunchadha,
17] was slain by Cathal, son of Domhnall O'Ruairc,
18] i.e. his foster-son, in the middle of his own house, per
19] dolum.


Mathghamhain Mac-in-chaeich, chieftain of Fidhna-Saithne,
20] mortuus est.

Annal LC1315


21] The kalends of January on Wednesday, and the
22] eighteenth of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.xv; v.
23] annus cycli lunaris; xiii. Indictionis.


Edward, son of the
24] Earl of Alba, (i.e. this Edward was the son of Robert
25] Bruce, and Earl of Carrick), came to Erinn, on the coast
26] of Uladh in the north, with a fleet of 300 ships, and his
27] valorous and warlike fame confounded and terrified the
28] people of
all Erinn in general, both Foreigners and Gaeidhel.
29] And he plundered, moreover, the principal part of Uladh,


1] and burned Rath-mor of Magh-Line and Dun-Delgan, and
2] killed their people; and he afterwards burned Ath-Fhirdiadh-mic-Damhain.


3] In fine, he obtained the hostages and
4] sovereignty of all the province of Uladh without opposition,
5] and consented to be proclaimed as king of Erinn. And
6] the Gaeidhel of Erinn agreed to give him their sovereignty,
7] and proclaimed him king of Erinn.


When Richard Burk,
8] i.e. the Earl of Ulster, heard that Edward was advancing
9] towards him, he assembled large armies from every direction
10] to meet him at Ros-Comain, in the first place; and he
11] proceeded
from thence to Ath-Luain, and along Midhe and
12] Magh-Bregh. And Fedhlim O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht,
13] was along with him on this hosting. And the number
14] of his army was about twenty battalions. However, the
15] Foreigners on this expedition spared neither saint nor
16] asylum, however sacred, nor territory, nor termon, without
17] wasting and completely destroying, throughout the extent
18] of Erinn from the Sinainn in the south to Cul-Rathain in
19] the north, and to Inis-Eoghain. And when this great multitudinous
20] army came together into Bregh, they saw Edmond
21] Butler, i.e. the Justiciary of Erinn, coming to join them,
22] having on the occasion thirty battalions well united and
23] counted.


Nevertheless, the Earl prevented him from
24] going in his own procession or assemblage, for he considered
25] that he himself, together with his army, could expel
26] Edward and the men of Alba from Erinn. The Earl was
27] that night at Ath-Fhirdiadh, by the side of Sliabh-Bregh,
28] and Edward Bruce, with his Ulidians and men of Alba, at
29] Inis-Cain-mic-Deghaidh. The Earl went on the morrow in
30] pursuit of them, and occupied a place of rest and encampment
31] at Lugh-mhagh; and William Burk went, moreover,
32] to obtain an advantage over Edward Bruce and the men of
33] Alba, and a few persons were slain between them in
34] an encounter.


As regards Edward and his forces, however,
35] he advanced, through the persuasion of O'Neill and
36] the other Ulidians, and proceeded on the morrow, by


1] regular marches, northwards to Cul-Rathain, and to the
2] border of Inis-Eoghain; and they broke down the bridge
3] of Cul-Rathain before the Earl. The Earl follows them, and
4] encamps at Cul-Rathain in front of the Ulidians and
5] Edward, about the river, so that both parties left neither
6] wood nor plain, nor field, nor corn crop, nor residence, nor
7] barn, nor church, without burning and wholly destroying;
8] for these armies were not able to encounter or fight with
9] each other, as the rapid, fierce, deep Bann was separating
10] them. Nevertheless, severe skirmishes occurred between
11] them on one side and the other, about the river, each day.


12] When Edward Bruce heard of the excellence of Fedhlim
13] O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht, he sent secret messages
14] to him, offering him undivided power over Connacht,
15] if he would steal away from the Earl to defend his own
16] province. Fedhlim listened patiently to these words,
17] and agreed with Edward on that occasion. With regard
18] to Ruaidhri, son of Cathal Ruadh O'Conchobhair, when
19] he perceived that Connacht had been evacuated he proceeded,
20] accompanied by a few, eastwards through the
21] middle of Cenel-Conaill to Cul-Rathain to converse with
22] Edward; and he promised Edward that he would expel
23] the Foreigners from the government of Connacht; and
24] Edward subsequently consented that he might make war
25] on the Foreigners, but that he should not commit spoliation
26] or robbery on Fedhlim, or go into his land.


This was
27] not what Ruaidhri did, however; but he assembled the men
28] of Connacht and Breifne, and numerous gallowglasses along
29] with them, and proceeded right into the middle of Síl-Muiredhaigh,
30] and of Connacht likewise, and immediately
31] burned the street-town of Sligech, and Ath-cliath-in-Chorainn,
32] and the great castle of Cill-Comain, and Baile-tobair-Brighde,
33] and Dun-Iomdhain with its castles, and
34] Ros-Comain, and Rinn-duin, and the town of Ath-Luain,
35] together with all the houses that were in every route
36] through which he passed. And he afterwards claimed


1] sway and sovereignty over Mac Diarmada, but obtained
2] neither pledge nor hostage from him; and he took the
3] pledges and hostages of all Síl-Muiredhaigh; and they
4] also subsequently inaugurated him on Carn-Fraich; and
5] he thus remained amongst the Síl-Muiredhaigh during
6] a space and period, wasting and impoverishing such of
7] the neighbours around him as were not obedient to
8] him, and also awaiting the return of Fedhlim and the
9] army that was in Uladh with him.


As to Fedhlim
10] O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht, when he heard that
11] Ruaidhri was on his way back to Connacht, to contest
12] the sovereignty for himself, and understood how it
13] fared with him on his journey, he told the Earl that
14] Ruaidhri would make war in his land in his absence;
15] and he earnestly besought the Earl to return with him
16] to Connacht, to defend it.


Nevertheless, he did not
17] find the ways before him quiet, for not a day passed
18] without a depredation or battle, in his passage through
19] Uladh and Oirghiall, until he came to Granard, and to
20] Coill-na-namus, to the people of John O'Ferghail, i.e.. his
21] mother's brother, where his men were reduced in number.
22] After their spoils had been taken away from them
23] by the army, he permitted his chieftains and princes who
24] were along with him on this northern expedition to go
25] to their own homes, and submit themselves to the sovereignty
26] of Ruaidhri, rather than they should be wanderers
27] with him, ‘for if I am again powerful,’ said he, ‘you
28] shall be with me. Nevertheless, as my guardian and
29] Ruaidhri cannot be reconciled with each other on this
30] occasion, we shall both act together during the period of
31] our war.’



1] With regard to the Earl and William Burk, and the
2] other Foreigners, when they saw Fedhlim not assisting
3] them, and their own army dispersed, they turned back
4] from Cul-Rathain to the castle of Condere. As soon as
5] the Ultonians and men of Alba observed this, they
6] quickly followed the Earl to Condere; and on their
7] meeting to give battle to one another, William Burk
8] with his knights, and the two sons of Mac-an-mhilidh,
9] were taken prisoners there, and the Earl himself fled
10] without delay, by regular marches, from thence until he
11] arrived in Connacht. His Foreign friends on every side
12] approached the Earl on his arrival, in the hope that the
13] Earl would relieve or help them from oppression; and
14] his Gaeidhelic friends came then together into his house
15] in like manner. And these were the best who came
16] there, viz., Fedhlim O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht,
17] and Muirchertach O'Briain, king of Tuadh-Mumha, and
18] Maelruanaidh Mac Diarmada, king of Muinter-Maelruanaidh,
19] and Gilbert O'Cellaigh, king of Uí-Maine—all
20] of whom had been expelled from the entire district. And
21] when Maelruanaidh Mac Diarmada observed the great
22] number of deposed and expelled persons assembled in
23] the same house, he was seized with shame, and he vowed
24] that he would not again be reckoned in any house as one
25] deposed or expelled, but that he would go by his own efforts
26] into his country as opportunity should offer. And he went
27] into the presence of Tadhg O'Cellaigh; and Tadhg concluded
28] a semblance of peace on his part with Ruaidhri,
29] for his inheritance, on condition that he should
30] give hostages to Ruaidhri, son of Cathal. Aedh Ballach, son of
31] Maghnus, son of Conchobhar Ruadh son of Muirchertach
32] Muimhnech, was slain in treachery by Cathal, son of
33] Domhnall O'Conchobhair; and Aedh son of Art, and Diarmaid,
34] son of Simon-na-tr[acute ]gha, were also slain by them in


1] revenge for their father having been killed by Diarmaid.


2] Great depredations were committed by the sons of Domhnall
3] on Clann-Muirchertaigh on the morrow, and Maghnus
4] son of Maghnus, and Domhnall, son of Maghnus, were slain
5] by the sons of Domhnall whilst pursuing this prey; and
6] Tomaltach Mac Donnchadha was furthermore taken
7] prisoner by the same band, who went under the protection
8] of the Foreigners after having committed these deeds.
9] As soon as Fedhlim O'Conchobhair heard of these great
10] exploits, he went with a few of his own confidants to
11] where the sons of Domhnall O'Conchobhair were, viz.,
12] Ruaidhri and Maghnus, Cathal and Muirchertach,
13] Donnchadh and John, viz. the sons of Domhnall, son
14] of Tadhg O'Conchobhair, together with their other
15] brethren. When Fedhlim succeeded in joining them, subsequently,
16] he immediately committed a great depredation
17] on Brian O'Dubhda; and he committed a great depredation,
18] in Airtech, on Diarmaid Gall Mac Diarmada, and
19] killed a great number of his people, and burned his corn
20] fields and many houses; and he committed another great
21] depredation on the sons of Cathal O'Flannagain. The
22] place whither this prey was conducted was to Coraidh-Chúla-Cuirc;
23] and it could not be driven owing to the
24] softness of the bog, the extent of the prey, and the
25] strength and heavy number of the pursuing band; for
26] the majority of the recruits of the Tuatha, and the forces
27] of the sons of Cathal O'Flannagain, and Mathghamhain
28] Mag Raghnaill, chieftain of Muinter-Eolais, with his
29] kinsmen and muster, overtook it.


When Mac Diarmada,
30] however, heard the noise and clamour of the prey going
31] towards the weir, he followed the track of the prey to
32] Culbháthar; and when he observed the prey divided
33] and detained, (for they liked not that it should not be


1] left with its owners), he afterwards looked furiously,
2] angrily at his enemies, and heaped reproach and insult
3] on them, though there were then but few in his own
4] company, even though he saw the broad, flaming, immense
5] phalanx which was ready to repulse his attack. In fine,
6] Conchobhar Ruadh, son of Aedh Breifnech O'Conchobhair,
7] and Mathghamhain Mac Raghnaill, chieftain of
8] Muinter-Eolais, and O'Maelmhiadhaigh, dux of Muinter-Cerbhalláin,
9] and a great number of the nobles of Muinter-Eolais
10] along with them, were slain on the spot; and he
11] Mac Diarmada defeated all the other bands that
12] were there detaining his spoils from Fedhlim, and carried
13] off the prey himself afterwards, and restored it not to its
14] owners. And he came that night to Buill, and proceeded
15] on the morrow across Seghais to the north-west, and
16] from thence through Cul-O'Fhinn, and through the Corann,
17] and into the territory of Luighne, where Fedhlim, with
18] his forces, was awaiting them. As regards Ruaidhri, son
19] of Cathal O'Conchobhair, however, when he heard that
20] these great depredations and prodigious exploits had been
21] committed by Mac Diarmada, who had allied himself
22] with his foster-son, he himself made an expeditious
23] muster, and established a camp in Baile-mór-O'Floinn,
24] and profaned the church, i.e. Es-Daconna, and the monks
25] of the Buill likewise, respecting cattle and corn. And
26] Tomaltach, son of Muirghes, son of Donnchadh, son of
27] Tomaltach, with his tribe and people, went also to Fedhlim.


28] It was then that Diarmaid Gall went upon Cruachan,
29] and was proclaimed king. Tadhg O'Cellaigh came then,
30] moreover, to the assistance of Ruaidhri, son of Cathal, and
31] to enforce his guarantee on Mac Diarmada, who had


1] violated his covenant with Ruaidhri; and they both
2] went in pursuit of Fedhlim and Mac Diarmada, and the
3] tribes that were with them, to Letir-Luighne and the
4] slopes of Sliabh-Gamh, and to Glenn-Fathroimh in particular,
5] where they killed many thousand cows, and
6] sheep, and horses; and they stripped gentlewomen, and
7] destroyed small children and little ones, on this journey;
8] and never during the memory of the people was so much
9] cattle uselessly destroyed in one spot. With regard to
10] Maelruanaidh Mac Diarmada, when he heard that Diarmaid
11] Gall had sat in the chair of honour of his family,
12] i.e. in the Rock of Loch-Cé, and had gone upon Cruachan
13] to be made king, and that all his own cows had been
14] slaughtered in Glenn-Fathroimh, he advanced with his
15] own retainers and household band to Caladh-na-Cairge;
16] and he turned his back to the Sinainn, and plundered
17] from the Sinainn to Caraidh-Cúla-Cuirc, where the
18] tribes of the three Ciarraidhe were, viz. Ciarraidhe-iartharach,
19] and Ciarraidhe-Mhaighe, and Ciarraidhe-Airtigh,
20] with all their flocks and cattle; and it is not
21] likely that there was made in that time an incursion more
22] valorous, and more energetic, and more rich in spoils
23] than this foray, for the province was entirely convulsed.
24] And the wife of Diarmaid Gall was, moreover,
25] taken captive in this foray, together with a few of her
26] female attendants; and Diarmaid never enjoyed quiet
27] or happiness after these spoliations.


It was reported to
28] Fedhlim O'Conchobhair, and to his guardian, however,
29] that there were cows in Magh-Luirg after this depredation,
30] and they proceeded to seek for them a second time,
31] and left neither horse nor cow in a place of security,
32] or hiding-place, in it. And they sought for Diarmaid


1] Gall, but he got notice of their coming on this occasion;
2] and it was of no use to him, for, though great his force and
3] muster before them, they left neither horse nor man; and
4] Magh-Luirg was an empty waste after these depredations.
5] There was, moreover, neither defence nor protection in
6] district or termon in all Magh-Luirg and Magh-Ai; but
7] the flocks, cattle, and corn, and the cloths taken from
8] off the altars, were given as wages to gallowglasses and
9] mercenaries.


The town of Dún-moacute;r was burned by
10] Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair in hoc anno.


11] was burned, and its castle thrown down.


The cantred of
12] Maenmagh was plundered and burned by Tadhg O'Cellaigh.


13] Fedhlim O'Conchobhair, and Mac Diarmada, and
14] Tomaltach Mac Donnchadha, and the sons of Domhnall
15] O'Conchobhair joined the Foreigners of the West of Connacht;
16] and Tir-Enna, and Tir-Nechtain, and Muinter-Creacháin,
17] and Conmaicne-Dúna-móir were destroyed,
18] both wilfully and unwilfully.


Richard Burk, i.e. the Earl
19] of Ulster, was a wanderer throughout Erinn, without
20] sway or power, during this year.


Numerous wonderful
21] diseases throughout all Erinn this year, viz., a destruction
22] of people in great number occurred in it, and famine, and
23] various distempers. Slayings of people, and intolerable,
24] destructive bad weather also happened in it.


25] Aedh O'Domhnaill, king of Tir-Conaill, came into Cairbre, and
26] all the territory of Cairbre was destroyed by him through
27] the counsel of his wife, i.e. the daughter of Maghnus
28] O'Conchobhair; and she herself, together with all she found
29] of the gallowglasses and the Clann-Muirchertaigh, attacked
30] the churches of Druim-cliabh, where several of the clerics
31] and comarbs of Druim-cliabh were plundered by her,
32] in hoc anno.


The castle of Sligech was thrown down
33] by O'Domhnaill on this expedition; and great spoils
34] were found there by them.


Tadhg O'hUiginn, a man


1] generally eminent in all arts pertaining to poetry, mortuus
2] est.


Domhnall Mac Tighernain,dux of Tellach-Dunchadha,
3] who was usually called 'the Saithnech', was
4] slain by Cathal-na-taisech O'Ruairc.


Amhlaibh O'Ferghail
5] mortuus est.

Annal LC1316


6] The kalends of January on Thursday, and the twenty-ninth
7] of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.xvi; sexto anno
8] cycli lunaris; xiiii. Indictionis; xx. anno cycli solaris.


9] Aedh O'Domhnaill and all the Cenel-Conaill mustered a
10] large army; and they came again into Cairbre, and went
11] to Caislen-Conchobhair on this occasion; and Ruaidhri,
12] son of Domhnall O'Conchobhair, separated from his own
13] brothers, and made peace with O'Domhnaill, and gave
14] him the lordship of Cairbre. And Derbhorgaill, daughter
15] of Maghnus O'Conchobhair, retained a band of gallowglasses,
16] and gave them a reward for the killing of Ruaidhri,
17] son of Domhnall O'Conchobhair, who was subsequently
18] slain by them in violation of the relics of Tir-Conaill,
19] which had previously been pledged to him; and great
20] depredations were committed by the Cenel-Conaill on
21] the inhabitants of the district of Cairbre.


A depredation
22] by Fedhlim O'Conchobhair on the sons of the Failghech,
23] when Richard himself was taken prisoner, and a slaughter
24] of his people was committed. Fedhlim afterwards assembled
25] a great army of Foreigners and Gaeidhel, including
26] Mac Feorais, and Maelruanaidh Mac Diarmada, and the
27] sons of Domhnall O'Conchobhair, to contest the sovereignty
28] with Ruaidhri, son of Cathal; and they advanced
29] together towards Síl-Muiredhaigh. This was reported to
30] Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht, who was
31] then encamped on Mullach-Fidhig in Clann-Conmhaigh,


1] observing Fedhlim's proceedings. Then it was that
2] they perceived Fedhlim advancing towards them vigorously,
3] fiercely, at the head of his retainers, accompanied
4] by Maelruanaidh Mac Diarmada with his own kindred
5] and followers. And the sons of Domhnall O'Conchobhair,
6] and the sons of Donnchadh, son of Tomaltach, together
7] with the Foreigners of the West of Connacht, were also
8] there, in his advance and muster towards Tóchar-móna-Coinnedha.
9] The Connachtmen were on the other side,
10] including Ruaidhri, son of Cathal O'Conchobhair, king
11] of Connacht, and Diarmaid Gall Mac Diarmada, king of
12] Magh-Luirg at that time, and the other men of Connacht.
13] And they all faced one another on the bog of the
14] causeway, and then delivered a fierce, sudden battle
15] to each other. The superior number of the hands and
16] weapons, however, together with the mail-armour of the
17] Foreigners, vanquished Ruaidhri, so that the king of Connacht,
18] Ruaidhri, son of Cathal—i.e. the head of the valour
19] and bravery of the Gaeidhel, and the extirpator of pirates
20] and bandits, and the expeller of foreigners and stranger-tribes
21] from Erinn—fell there; and there fell along with
22] him there Diarmaid Gall Mac Diarmada, king of Magh-Luirg,
23] and Cormac Mac Cethernaigh, king of Ciarraighe,
24] and Gilla-Christ Mac Diarmada, and Diarmaid, son of
25] Ferghal Mac Diarmada, and Connegán Mac Connegán,
26] and Domhnall Mac Connegán, and Donnchadh son
27] of Ruaidhri, and one hundred gallowglasses along with them,
28] et alii multi nobiles et ignobiles. Of the other side,
29] Maelruanaidh Mac Diarmada, and Domhnall O'Baighill,
30] and Robuc Mac Feorais, were wounded there. On the
31] 7th of the kalends of March these deeds were done.



32] Fedhlim afterwards plundered the favorites of Ruaidhri
33] O'Conchobhair, and then assumed himself the sovereignty


1] of Connacht from Es-Ruaidh to Echtghe. And he seized
2] the territory of the Uí-Briuin-Breifne, and took choice
3] hostages from them, and made Ualgharg O'Ruairc king
4] over them; and he took the hostages of Clann-Cellaigh,
5] and O'Madadhain, and Uí-Diarmada, and O'hEghra, and
6] O'Dubhda. And he afterwards went to expel the Foreigners
7] of the West of Connacht; and Baile-Atha-lethain was
8] burned by him, and Stephen de Exeter, and Miles Cogan,
9] and William Prendergast, and John Staunton, were slain
10] there, (viz., these were noble knights); and William Laighleis
11] was slain there, and a countless multitude 2[along with
12] them. And the entire country was plundered and burned
13] by him, from the castle of the Corran to Rodhba, both
14] church and territory; and he returned home afterwards
15] with gladness, and with great spoils. And they went forthwith
16] to Milic-na-Sinda, to meet the people of Leth-Modha;
17] and he burned and demolished the castle of Milic; and
18] Muirchertach O'Briain, king of Tuadh-Mumha, went into
19] his house there, the descendants of Brian Ruadh being
20] opposed to each other. And he turned back to Ros-Comain,
21] to demolish it. And when Fedhlim heard that
22] William Burk had arrived in Connacht from Alba, he
23] commanded a muster of his people to one place, to expel
24] him. And this was the muster that came there, viz., all
25] from Es-Ruaidh to Echtghe. And Donnchadh O'Briain,
26] king of Tuadh-Mumha, came in his following and
27] muster; and O'Maelechlainn, king of Midhe; and
28] O'Ruairc, king of Breifne; and O'Ferghail, king of Conmaicne;
29] and Tadhg O'Cellaigh, king of Uí-Maine, and
30] many more of the sons of kings and chieftains of Erinn,


1] came in his muster. And they all went to Ath-na-righ,
2] against William Burk, Mac Feorais, and the other
3] Foreigners of Connacht; and a battle was fought between
4] them at the door of the town, and the Gaeidhel were
5] defeated there, and Feidlilimidh O'Conchobhair, king of
6] Connacht, and undisputed heir presumptive to the
7] sovereignty of Erinn, was slain there, and Tadhg
8] O'Cellaigh, king of Uí-Maine, and twenty-eight persons
9] entitled to the sovereignty of Uí-Maine, fell there along
10] with him; and Maghnus, son of Domhnall O'Conchobhair,
11] tanist of Connacht; and Art O'hEghra, king of Luighne;
12] and Maelechlainn Carrach O'Dubhda and Muirchertach,
13] son of Conchobhar O'Dubhda; and Conchobhar Og
14] O'Dubhda; and Diarmaid Mac Diarmada, who was fit to
15] be king of Magh-Luirg; and Muirchertach, son of Taichlech
16] Mac Diarmada; and Muirchertach, son of Diarmaid,
17] son of Ferghal; and Maelechlainn Og Mac Maghnusa;
18] and John, son of Murchadh O'Madadhain; and Domhnall,
19] son of Aedh O'Concennainn, king of Uí-Diarmada, and
20] his brother Muirchertach along with him; and Murchadh
21] O'Madadhain; and Domhnall O'Baighill; and
22] Donnchadh O'Maelmhuaidh, together with his people;
23] and the son of Murchadh Mac Mathghamhna, and one
24] hundred of his people along with him; and Niall Sinnach,
25] king of Feara-Tethbha, with his people; and Ferghal, son
26] of John Gallda O'Ferghail; and William, son of Aedh Og
27] O'Ferghail; and Thomas, son of Amhlaibh O'Ferghail.
28] And five of the Clann-Donnchaidh were also slain there,
29] viz. Tomaltach, son of Gilla-Christ Mac Donnchaidh, and
30] Murchadh Mac Donnchaidh, and Conchobhar son of Tadhg,
31] and Muirchertach and Maelsechlainn Mac Donnchaidh.
32] And John Mac Aedhagan, O'Conchobhair's brehon, and
33] Gilla-na-naemh, son of Dal-redochair O'Dobhailen, the


1] standard bearer, and Thomas O'Conallan, were slain there
2] around their lord. And not alone this; but it is not
3] easy to tell all that were then slain of Momonians and
4] Meathians, and of the men of Erinn likewise, ut dixit the
5] poet:
    1. Many of the men of Erin all, around the great plain—
      Many sons of kings, whom I name not, were slain in the great defeat:
      Sorrowful to my heart is the conflict of the host of Midhe and Mumha.

11] On the day of St. Laurence the martyr these deeds were
12] committed; and Fedhlimidh was twenty-three years old
13] when slain; and he had been five years in the sovereignty of
14] Connacht when Ruaidhri, son of Cathal Ruadh, assumed it
15] in opposition to him during the space of half a year; and
16] he was another half year after Ruaidhri in the sovereignty
17] until he was slain in this battle of Ath-na-righ.


18] son of Donnchadh, son of Eoghan, son of Ruaidhri
19] O'Conchobhair, was afterwards made king.


A prodigious
20] hosting by William Burk afterwards into Síl-Muiredhaigh,
21] and O'Conchobhair and all the Síl-Muiredhaigh
22] made peace with him, except Mac Diarmada alone.
23] He afterwards went into Magh-Luirg, and brought great
24] preys with him from Ath-in-chip and from Uachtar-tire;
25] and the entire country was burned and destroyed by
26] them; and they went away without battle or conditions.
27] Ruaidhri, son of Donnchadh, was subsequently deposed
28] from the sovereignty by Mac Diarmada, after having been
29] a quarter and a half in it.


Derbhorgaill, daughter of
30] Maghnus O'Conchobhair, wife of Aedh O'Domhnaill, mortua
31] est.


Matthew Mac Cormaic mortuus est.


32] son of Donnchadh, son of Eoghan, king of Connacht,
33] was slain in treachery by Cathal, son of Aedh, son


1] of Eoghan; and Cathal wore his coat of mail on the
2] inside; and it was to him that Ruaidhri said, ‘I perceive
3] a bad son of a king,’ after Ruaidhri's knife had touched
4] the coat of mail.

Annal LC1317


5] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the tenth
6] of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.xvii; septimo anno
7] cycli lunaris; xv. Indictionis; xx. primo anno cycli
8] solaris.


Toirdhelbhach, son of Aedh, son of Eoghan,
9] was made king by the Connachtmen in hoc anno.


10] Bruce, i.e. the king of Alba, came to Erinn with a great
11] number of gallowglasses, in aid of his brother, i.e. Edward
12] Bruce, and to expel the Foreigners from Erinn.



13] Meiler de Exeter, lord of Ath-lethan, was slain by Cathal,
14] son of Domhnall O'Conchobhair, and by Domhnall, son
15] of Tadhg, son of Domhnall Irruis O'Conchobhair, on the
16] border of the Methenach of Druim-cliabh, and fourteen
17] other men along with him.


The castle of Ath-cliath-in-Chorainn
18] was broken down in hoc anno.


19] O'Briain, king of Mumha, occisus est.


20] Carrach Mac Diarmada, one qualified to be king of
21] Magh-Luirg, and Maghnus O'Flannagain, who was
22] qualified to be chieftain of Clann-Cathail, were slain by
23] Gilbert Mac Goisdelbh; and Conchobhar, son of Comarb-Comain
24] O'Conchobair, et alii multi, were slain.


The victory
25] of Cill-mor over the son of Ruaidhri and the men of
26] Breifne; and seven score gallowglasses of the son of
27] Ruaidhri's people were slain there; and Aedh Breifnech
28] O'Conchobhair's two sons were taken prisoners
29] there; and Donnchadh, son of Niall O'Ruairc, and Conchobhar
30] Buidhe Mac Tighernain, chieftain of Tellach-Dunchadha,
31] were slain there, and Mathghamhain Mac
32] Tighernain, and the Gilla-ruadh, son of the Airchinnech


1] Mac Tighernain, and Nicholas Mac-in-Maigistir, and
2] many more of his kindred besides.


Maelisa Ruadh
3] Mac Aedhagain, the most eminent man in Erinn in the
4] Brehonship of Fenechas, mortuus est.


Raghnall Mac
5] Raghnaill, chieftain of Muinter-Eolais, was taken prisoner
6] by his own tribe, in treachery; and Jeffrey Mac Raghnaill
7] was afterwards made chieftain.


Very great famine in this
8] year in all Erinn.


Domhnall Riabhach Mac Murchadha,
9] illustrious king of Laighen, mortuus est.

Annal LC1318


10] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the twenty-first
11] of the moon; anno Domini M. ccc. xviii; octavo anno
12] cycli lunaris, primo anno Indictionis; xxii. anno cycli
13] solaris.


A great defeat was inflicted in Eile, by O'Cerbhaill,
14] on the Foreigners, where Adam Mares was slain, and
15] many other Foreigners along with him.


A great army
16] was assembled by Maelruanaidh Mac Diarmada, king of
17] Magh-Luirg, and the noblest who were in this army
18] were Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht,
19] and Ualgharg O'Ruairc, king of Breifne, and Conchobhar
20] O'Cellaigh, king of Uí-Maine, and Tomaltach Mac
21] Donnchaidh, lord of Tir-Oilella. And they all proceeded
22] to attack Cathal, son of Domhnall O'Conchobhair, to
23] Fása-choillidh. And Cathal offered them liberal terms,
24] on condition that they would not go to him; but they
25] did not accept them from him. And these nobles advanced
26] to the very middle of his fortress; but this occurred
27] not through flight or timidity on his part. And Cathal
28] advanced furiously, bravely, against them from out of the
29] houses and they encountered each other. However,
30] Conchobhar O'Cellaigh, king of Uí-Maine, was slain in


1] that field, and Brian, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair,
2] heir to the sovereignty of Connacht, and Brian Mac
3] Maghnusa, and Cathal, son of Gilla-Christ Mac Diarmada,
4] et alii multi nobiles et ignobiles, were either wounded or
5] killed.


The same Cathal attacked Connacht afterwards,
6] and committed great depredations on Mac Diarmada;
7] and he assumed himself the sovereignty of Connacht, and
8] Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair was deposed by him. And
9] he Toirdhelbhach subsequently sought the protection of
10] William Burk and all the Foreigners of Connacht.


11] son of Cinaeth O'Gormghaile, i.e. the
12] airchinnech of Oilfinn, and Gormlaith, daughter of Mac
13] Branan, his wife, died about this time.


John, the son
14] of O'Neill, i.e. the son of Domhnall O'Neill, was slain
15] by Aedh O'Domhnaill in Doire-Choluim-Cille; and
16] Mac Domhnaill and many other persons were drowned
17] and slain the same day.


Richard de Clare mortuus est.


18] Edward Bruce, the destroyer of all Erinn in general,
19] both Foreigners and Gaeidhel, was slain by the Foreigners
20] of Erinn, through the power of battle and bravery, at
21] Dun-Delgan; and Mac Ruaidhri, king of Insi-Gall, and
22] Mac Domhnaill, king of Airer-Gaeidhel, together with
23] the men of Alba, were slain there along with him; and
24] no better deed for the men of all Erinn was performed
25] since the beginning of the world, since the Fomorian
26] race was expelled from Erinn, than this deed; for theft,
27] and famine, and destruction of men occurred throughout
28] Erinn during his time, for the space of three years and
29] a half; and people used to eat one another, without doubt,


1] throughout Erinn.


John O'Ferghail was killed with one
2] shot of an arrow by his own son.


Jeffrey O'Ferghail,
3] i.e. the son of Gilla-na-naemh O'Ferghail, chieftain of
4] Muinter-Anghaile, died after completing thirty-six years
5] in his government.


Snow, the like of which was
6] not observed for a long time, fell in hoc anno.


7] son of Gilla-Christ Dall Mac Raghnaill, occisus est.

Annal LC1319


8] The kalends of January on Monday, and the second
9] of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.xix; ix. anno cycli
10] lunaris; ii. anno Indictionis; xxiii. anno cycli solaris.


11] The bishop of Rath-both, i.e. Henry Mac-an-Crosain, in
12] Christo quievit.


Thomas, son of Cormac O'Domhnaill,
13] abbot of Es-Ruaidh, was elected to the bishopric of
14] Rath-both.


The bishop of Doire, and O'Banan, bishop
15] of Clochar, and the bishop of Cluain-ferta-Brenainn, in
16] Christo quieverunt.


Aine, daughter of Mac Diarmada,
17] wife of Mac Consnamha, mortua est.


Echmarcach Mac
18] Branan, dux of Corca-Achlann, slew Tomaltach O'Maelbhrenainn;
19] and Echmarcach himself died of his wounds
20] the third day after that.


Domhnall O'Neill, king of
21] Tir-Eoghain, was expelled from his sovereignty and lordship
22] through the power of the Foreigners, and of Clann-Aedha-Buidhe;
23] and great depredations were committed
24] on him, in treachery, by the Feara-Manach. His own
25] sovereignty was again assumed by him.


Brian, son of
26] Domhnall O'Neill, was slain by the Clann-Aedha-Buidhe.

Annal LC1320


27] The kalends of January on Tuesday, and the thirteenth
28] of the moon; M.ccc. xx; iii. anno Indictionis; xxiiii.


anno cycli solaris.


1] A great meeting between Cathal
2] O'Conchobhair and Maelruanaigh Mac Diarmada, when
3] they made a prudent, friendly peace; and Mac Diarmada
4] afterwards came into the country. Treachery was
5] practised by the same Cathal against Mac Diarmada on
6] Mullach-Toramhnach, and he was taken prisoner there;
7] and Grainne, Mac Maghnusa's daughter, Mac Diarmada's
8] wife, was taken prisoner at Port-na-Cairgi; and the
9] country was completely plundered afterwards; and Mael-Isa
10] Donn Mac Aedhagain, and his son, and Tomaltach
11] Mac Donnchaidh, lord of Tir-Oilella, were also taken
12] prisoners there.


Aedh, son of Tadhg O'Conchobhair,
13] one well qualified to be king of Connacht as regards
14] form, and figure, and nobility, and generosity, was
15] slain by Mac Martin, who was himself slain in retaliation.


16] Mathghamhain, son of Domhnall Connachtach
17] O'Briain, tanist of Mumha, was killed by the Clann-Cuilen
18] in hoc anno.


Mor, daughter of O'Baighill, wife
19] of O'Ferghail, mortua est.

Annal LC1321


20] The kalends of January on Thursday, and the twenty-fourth
21] of the moon; xi. anno cycli lunaris; quarto anno
22] Indictionis; xxv. anno cycli solaris.


Grainne, daughter
23] of Mac Maghnusa, wife of Maelruanaidh Mac Diarmada,
24] mortua est.


Ruaidhri-na-fedh, son of Donnchadh, son
25] of Eoghan O'Conchobhair, was slain by Cathal, son of
26] Aedh, son of Eoghan, per dolum.


The Rock of Loch-Cé
27] was demolished by Cathal, son of Domhnall O'Conchobhair,
28] king of Connacht.


A great cow-destruction
29] throughout all Erinn, the like of which was not
30] known before.


Maghnus O'hAnluain, king of Oirthera,
31] was blinded and emasculated by his own brother, i.e.


1] by Niall, son of Cu-Uladh O'hAnluain, on Spy-Wednesday.


2] Niall O'hAnluain, king of Oirthera, was
3] slain by the Foreigners of Dun-Delgan, in treachery.


4] A great defeat was inflicted by Andriu Mac Feorais, and
5] by the Foreigners of Midhe, on the sons of kings of
6] Uí-Failghe.

Annal LC1322


7] The kalends of January on Friday, and the fifth of
8] the moon; M.ccc.xxii; xii. anno cycli lunaris; v. anno
9] Indictionis; xxvi. anno cycli solaris.


A great war
10] between the king of the Saxons and his own Earls.


11] Matthew O'hEothaigh, bishop of Ard-achadh, quievit.


12] Murchadh, son of Gilla-na-naemh O'Ferghail, chieftain
13] of the Anghaile during the space of three years, was
14] slain, per dolum, in Cluain-lis-Bece, by his own brother's
15] son, i.e. Seóinin O'Ferghail.


Muirchertach, son of Amhlaibh
16] O'Ferghail, was slain the same day by his own brothers,
17] viz., by Lochlainn and Robert, per dolum.


Lochlainn, son
18] of Amhlaibh O'Ferghail, was afterwards slain by Seoinin
19] O'Ferghail.


Donnchadh, son of Donnchadh Mac Diarmada,
20] mortuus est.


Henry Mac Gillafinnen, chieftain
21] of Muinter-Pheodachain, was slain by the sons of Amhlaibh
22] Mac Uidhir in hoc anno.


Gilbert O'Cellaigh, king
23] of Uí-Maine, died in hoc anno.


Maelruanaidh Mac
24] Diarmada, king of Magh-Luirg, was taken prisoner and
25] plundered by Conchobhar, son of Tadhg O'Conchobhair,
26] and by the household of Cathal O'Conchobhair,
27] in Cluain-Cummaisc.


Richard Mac Feorais, lord of
28] Ath-na-righ, mortuus est.


William Liath, son of William
29] Mor, mortuus est.


A great defeat was inflicted
30] by Brian O'Briain on Foreigners.


Andrias Mac Mailin,
31] high master of new laws and old laws, in Lex and
32] in Canon, quievit.


Gilla-na-naemh, son of Jeffrey, son
33] of Gilla-na-naemh, assumed the chieftainship of the


1] Anghaile in hoc anno.


Maelruanaidh, son of Gilla-Christ,
2] son of Conchobhar, son of Cormac, son of Tomaltach
3] of the Rock, king of Magh-Luirg, mortuus est.

Annal LC1323


4] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the seventeenth
5] of the moon; M.ccc.xxiii; xiii. anno cycli lunaris;
6] sexto anno Indictionis; xxvii. anno cycli solaris.


7] Cairbre-in-screcain, son of Cormac O'Maelechlainn, king
8] of Midhe, occisus est by the Feara-Cell.


Maelmordha Mac
9] Eochagain quievit.


Seoinin O'Ferghail was slain by the
10] sons of John O'Ferghail in hoc anno.


O'hEghra was
11] slain by O'Connmachan in hoc anno.

Annal LC1324


12] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the twenty-seventh
13] of the moon, xiiii. lunaris cycli; vii. anno
14] Indictionis; xx. octavo solaris cycli.


William Burk
15] Mac William mortuus est.


Cathal, the son of Domhnall,
16] son of Tadhg, son of Brian, son of Andrias, son
17] of Brian Luighnech, son of Toirdhelbhach Mor O'Conchobhair,
18] king of Connacht, i.e. the most active and
19] vigorous Gaeidhel of his time, occisus est by Toirdhelbhach,
20] son of Aedh, son of Eoghan O'Conchobhair,
21] in Tir-Briuin-na-Sinna, in hoc anno, (and Maelechlainn,
22] son of Toirdhelbhach O'Domhnaill, and Gilla-Christ Og
23] Mac Donnchadha, et alii multi, were slain along with
24] him), on the eighth of the kalends of September, after
25] having been six years and a half in the sovereignty
26] of Connacht in spite of Foreigners and Gaeidhel; and
27] Toirdhelbhach was afterwards made king by all the
28] Connachtmen.


The same cow-destruction in all Erinn
29] in hoc anno; and it was it that was usually called the
30] Maeldomhnaigh.


Gilla-Christ O'Birn mortuus est.