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Annals of Loch Cé (Author: [unknown])

Annal LC1225


4] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, and the age
5] of the Lord twenty-five years, and two hundred, and a
6] thousand.


Felim O'Conchobhair captured a house against
7] Domhnall O'Flaithbhertaigh, and killed, and burned
8] himself and his brother.


Aedh, son of O'Flaithbhertaigh,
9] was apprehended by Aedh O'Conchobhair, and delivered
10] into the hands of the Foreigners.


Tighernan, son of
11] Cathal O'Conchobhair, was killed by Donnchadh O'Dubhda.


12] The castle of Cill-mór was broken down by Cathal O'Raighilligh.


13] Muirghes Mac Diarmada was slain.


14] O'Beollain, airchinnech of Druim-cliabh, principal upholder
15] of the hospitality and guest-houses of Erinn, died in
16] this year.


O'Maelbhrenuinn, abbot of the monastery of
17] Buill, died of the opening of a vein.


A commotion of
18] war was raised in this year by Toirdhelbhach, son of
19] Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhelbhach Mór, and by Aedh, son of
20] Ruaidhri, king of Connacht, and by Aedh O'Neill, to
21] contest the province of Connacht with Aedh, son of Cathal
22] Crobhderg, through the solicitation of Donn Og Mac
23] Oirechtaigh, king-chieftain of Síl-Muiredhaigh, in retaliation
24] for having been deprived of his land and patrimony;
25] and when he rebelled the Connachtmen rebelled, viz.:—
26] the Síl-Muiredhaigh, and the men of the West of
27] Connacht, with Aedh O'Flaithbhertaigh, king of the West of
28] Connacht. However, Aedh O'Neill came with them to
29] the middle of Síl-Muiredhaigh; and they then made
30] Toirdhelbhach, son of Ruaidhri, king; and Aedh O'Neill
31] went home, because the sons of Ruaidhri preferred their
32] own assemblies, which had been summoned by them respectively,
33] with the exception of Cormac, son of Tomaltach
34] Mac Diarmada of the Rock, and David O'Floinn, and
35] other men of trust.


As regards Aedh, son of Cathal
36] Crobhderg, moreover; he repaired to the Foreigners,


1] and it happened fortunately for him, as the Foreigners of
2] Erinn were then at Ath-Luain, holding a court, and every
3] one of them was a friend of his, for his father's sake and
4] his own; for he and his father before him were very liberal
5] of wages to them. He brought with him the Justiciary, and
6] as many of the Foreigners of Erinn as he thought sufficient;
7] and Donnchadh Cairbrech O'Briain, with his army, and
8] O'Maelechlainn, with his army, went also with him. The
9] people of Magh-hAei and the Tuatha fled then into Luighne
10] and Tir-Amhalghaidh, with their cows; and the sons of
11] Ruaidhri were left without an army, without a tribe-assemblage,
12] there being in their company only a few royal heirs,
13] and chieftains, and horse-boys, and attendants.


The sons
14] of Ruaidhri proceeded to Cill-Cellaigh, accompanied only
15] by a small band and a few royal heirs, to protect their
16] cows and people.


Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, with
17] his Foreigners, advanced towards Toirdhelbhach, son
18] of Ruaidhri, where he was with his chieftains; and there
19] were hardly any others than horse-boys and a rabble
20] along with him, for Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, and the son
21] of Muirchertach, and Domhnall O'Flaithbhertaigh, and
22] Tighernan, son of Cathal, and the sons of Toirdhelbhach
23] son of Ruaidhri, went to protect the cows and people of
24] Ferghal O'Taidhg, who had pledged a mutual oath with
25] them. And it so happened that he was the first Connachtman
26] who violated his mutual oath with the sons
27] of Ruaidhri; and he brought the son of Cathal, with his
28] Foreigners, to protect his cows and people, in opposition
29] to them. It was then that the Foreigners encountered
30] Toirdhelbhach, son of Ruaidhri. He and his chieftains
31] arose, and they placed their rabble before them, and
32] retreated excellently without any of their men being
33] slain; for Donn Og Mac Airechtaigh, and Flaithbhertach
34] O'Flannagain, and a small number of the Eoghanach band


1] followed them. In that day a scouting party encountered
2] Echmarcach Mac Branain, who was with a
3] small force in the middle of an oak wood, amongst his
4] pigs and his cows; and he performed great valour when
5] they were killing him, but a superior number of brave men
6] overtook him. Then Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, with
7] his Foreigners, followed the sons of Ruaidhri that night
8] to Milic; and he remained there three nights, plundering
9] Luighne on every side. This thing was unfortunate for
10] O'hEghra, who had to make peace, after being plundered,
11] for the sake of the little that had been left in Luighne.
12] The sons of Ruaidhri were at this time in front of Loch-mic-Oiredhaigh
13] in Glenn-na-Mochart. The resolution
14] adopted by the son of Cathal Crobhderg was to go, along
15] with the Foreigners, after the cows of the Tuatha, and of
16] Síl-Muiredhaigh, and of Clann-Tomaltaigh, by a route that
17] no Foreigner ever took before, viz.:—into Fidh-Gadhlaigh,
18] until they reached Ath-tighe-in-Mesaigh; and they
19] received neither arrow nor dart in that route. They
20] plundered Cul-Cernadha, and inflicted vengeance on cows
21] and people there.


Of those that went into the Bac,
22] all who were not drowned were plundered and killed.
23] Pity, alas! every one who went towards Dubh-Cunga
24] was drowned; and so the fishing weirs were found
25] with their baskets full of children, after being drowned
26] in them.


Of all the droves of Clann-Tomaltaigh that
27] had escaped from the Foreigners, and that had not been
28] drowned, a number went into Tir-Amhalghaidh; and
29] O'Dubhda attacked them, and left not a single cow
30] with them.


As regards the sons of Ruaidhri, moreover;
31] the resolution they adopted at Loch-mic-Airedhaigh
32] was, to disperse until his Foreigners should separate
33] from the son of Cathal Crobhderg, viz.:—the two sons
34] of Ruaidhri—Toirdhelbhach and Aedh—and the son
35] of Maghnus, and Donn Og, were to go to meet
36] O'Flaithbhertaigh, their mutual ally; and the sons of


1] Muirchertach O'Conchobhar, and Tighernan, son of
2] Cathal, to go to protect their cows and people, and to
3] make peace for their sake, until his Foreigners should
4] depart from the son of Cathal Crobhderg.


5] As regards the southern half of Connacht, also, it was
6] not more quiet, for the Foreigners of Laighen, and Donnchadh
7] (or Muirchertach) O'Briain, came against them.
8] The Foreigners of Des-Mumha and the sheriff of Corcach
9] came also against them. They plundered and killed
10] every one whom they caught.


Aedh, son of Cathal
11] Crobhderg disliked their coming into the district, for it
12] was not he who invited them; but when they heard of all
13] the spoils the Justiciary with his Foreigners had obtained,
14] envy and jealousy seized them.


Grievous, indeed, was the
15] misfortune God permitted to fall on the best province
16] in Erinn, east or west, south or north; for the young man
17] would not spare his companion, in preying or in plundering,
18] provided that he was the stronger. Women and children,
19] and young lords, and the mighty and the weak, were
20] exposed to cold and famine through this war.


As to
21] Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, however; he advanced
22] to Magh-nEó, and the sons of Muirchertach went into his
23] house, under conditions and guarantees, for the sake of
24] their cows and people. He went on the morrow to Cill-medhoin,
25] and the three armies of Foreigners met there;
26] and the entire cantred was nearly filled with these three
27] armies of Foreigners and Gaeidhel.


It was then that Aedh
28] O'Flaithbhertaigh came, on the covenants and guarantees
29] of the nobles of the Foreigners, and of Donnchadh
30] Cairbrech O'Briain, his gossip, into the house of the son
31] of Cathal Crobhderg and the Justiciary, made peace with
32] him for the sake of his cows and people, and engaged


1] to banish the sons of Ruaidhri from him.


The son of
2] Cathal Crobhderg went with his Foreigners to Tuaim-da-ghualann,
3] and permitted the Foreigners of Laighen
4] and Des-Mumha to depart from him; and it was his own
5] duty to escort the Justiciary across Ath-Luain. He adopted
6] another resolution then, viz.:—to turn back towards
7] O'Flaithbhertaigh; for he liked not the way in which he
8] left him, as the sons of Ruaidhri were at the west side of the
9] lake with him, and his own son-in-law, i.e. Donn Og, along
10] with them.


Then the sons of Maghnus separated from
11] the sons of Ruaidhri, and went into Tir-Amhalghaidh in
12] quest of their cows and people, and found them there,
13] happily, without being plundered or molested; and they
14] carried them with them under the protection of O'Ruairc;
15] and they committed a great depredation on Philip Mac
16] Goisdelbh.


Donnchadh Cairbrech, moreover, sent the
17] nobles of his people, and his men of trust, on before him
18] with great spoils.


[lt ] Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, and Eoghan
19] O'hEidhin intercepted them with a small band; and
20] the Momonians awaited not the attack of the son of the
21] chief king; but he went after them and captured the men
22] of trust of Donnchadh Cairbrech; and heavy were the
23] spoils left with Aedh, son of Ruaidhri.


Then Donnchadh
24] Cairbrech went home, and made peace and 'drowning
25] of candles' with Aedh, son of Ruaidhri; and he promised
26] that he would not again go against the son of Ruaidhri,
27] in return for the release of his men of trust; but he kept
28] not this, for he came immediately on the next hosting
29] against the son of Ruaidhri.


It was then, moreover, that the
30] son of Cathal Crobhderg and the Justiciary came to the
31] port of Inis-cremha, after the Foreigners of Laighen and
32] Mumha had departed; and O'Flaithbhertaigh was obliged
33] to give Inis-cremha, and Oilen-na-circe, and also the boats
34] of the lake, for the sake of his cows and people.




1] son of Cathal Crobhderg, went again to Tuaim-da-ghualann,
2] and proceeded on to escort the Justiciary; and a few of
3] the chiefs of the Foreigners, and many mercenaries,
4] were left with him, for he liked not the Connachtmen
5] with the exception of a few of them. He then delivered
6] the nobles of the community into the hands of the Foreigners,
7] as a pledge for wages, viz.:—Flaithbhertach O'Flannagain,
8] and Ferghal O'Taidhg and many more of the
9] Connachtmen, who were obliged to release themselves.


10] It was then that O'Flaithbhertaigh and the sons of
11] Muirchertach, and the other royal heirs, went again to the
12] son of Ruaidhri, after the Foreigners had departed from
13] Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg; and Aedh despatched
14] messengers and writings to the Foreigners, announcing
15] the revolt, and requesting additional forces. He was
16] cheerfully responded to; for these expeditions were
17] profitable to the Foreigners, who used to obtain spoils,
18] and used not to encounter danger or conflict. The Foreigners
19] of Laighen and Des-Mumha were furnished to
20] him on this occasion, in great force, under William Cras
21] and the sons of Griffin; and when they came towards the
22] son of Cathal Crobhderg, he came from the east across
23] Tochar, and proceeded on southwards to where he heard
24] the sons of Ruaidhri were, (viz.:—in Uí-Diarmada),
25] without an army, without allies having arrived to them.


26] Then Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, sent his brother Felim
27] and the chiefs of his people,with Foreign mercenaries,
28] to plunder Eoghan O'hEidhin in Uí-Fiachrach-Aidhne;
29] and they were in a house-camp at Ard-rathain, with a
30] view to committing the depredation early on the morrow.


31] O'Flaithbhertaigh and the sons of Muirchertach, as they


1] were marching to the sons of Ruaidhri, heard of the
2] Foreigners having gone on a plundering expedition to
3] Eoghan O'hEidhin, and of their being at Ard-rathain.
4] The resolution they adopted was to march towards Ard-rathain,
5] and to attack the Foreigners early the next morning,
6] and to burn the town against them. They marched until
7] morning, and were early on the green of the town, when
8] they determined to send first to the town Tuathal, son of
9] Muirchertach, and their Foreigners, and whomsoever of
10] the Gaeidhel would desire to go with him—O'Flaithbhertaigh
11] and the other sons of Muirchertach remaining
12] outside the town.


Bravely, indeed, was the town then entered.


13] The Gaeidhel who offered to go with Tuathal was
14] Taichlech, son of Aedh O'Dubhda. And when they went
15] boldly into the town the Foreigners fled eastwards and
16] westwards out of the town; and the Foreigners were
17] driven in rout eastwards. The Foreigners who fled
18] westwards out of the town inflicted a defeat on those
19] of the Gaeidhel who were in the rear of the town. There
20] were no Gaeidhel more vigorous than the company on
21] whom this defeat westwards was inflicted; but God did
22] not grant that good fortune should attend them.


23] and Taichlech O'Dubhda pursued the party that went
24] eastwards; and Tuathal first wounded the constable of
25] the Foreigners, who fell by Taichlech. It was very fortunate
26] for the sons of Ruaidhri that they were not in this
27] defeat.


It was in this defeat westwards that Mathghamhain,
28] son of Aedh, son of Conchobhar Maenmhaighe, and the
29] son of Gillachrist Mac Diarmada, and the grandson of
30] Amhlaibh Mac Airechtaigh, and Niall, son of Ferghal
31] O'Taidhg, were slain; and the person who slew him was
32] killed, viz.:—the brother of Culen O'Dimusaigh.


33] As regards the sons of Ruaidhri: they met on the


1] morrow with O'Flaithbhertaigh, and with the sons of
2] Muirchertach, and with Tighernan, son of Conchobhar,
3] and with Donn Og; and they proceeded on from the south
4] to Druim-Cenannain.


It was then Aedh, son of Cathal
5] Crobhderg, with his Foreigners, went in pursuit of them.


6] The resolution they adopted was—each of them to go
7] towards his cows and his people, and to abandon the sons
8] of Ruaidhri.


The sons of Ruaidhri went out of the district,
9] as they had no Foreigners or forces in readiness, and Donn
10] went again under the protection of Aedh O'Neill; and
11] there resulted nothing to them from this hosting but that
12] the best territory in Erinn was injured and destroyed
13] through them.


Regarding Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg,
14] however; he went to O'Flaithbhertaigh, and brought
15] pledges and hostages from him on this occasion. He proceeded
16] downwards to Cill-medhoin, and to Magh-Eo, in
17] pursuit of the sons of Muirchertach, and of Tighernan;
18] and they made peace for the sake of their cows and people,
19] and went into the house of Aedh, son of Cathal
20] Crobhderg, under the guarantee of Donnchadh Cairbrech
21] and the chiefs of the Foreigners. This was a necessary
22] tranquility, for there was not a church or territory in
23] Connacht on that day without being destroyed.


24] After plunderings; and after killing the cows
25] and people of the country, and exposing every one to
26] cold and famine, a great plague prevailed in the whole
27] district, viz.:—a species of fever, by which the towns
28] used to be emptied, without a living man being left
29] in them; and some would recover from this plague,
30] but they were few.


Flann, son of Amhlaibh O'Fallamhain,
31] chieftain of Clann-Uatach, was slain by Felim,
32] son of Cathal Crobhderg, in that war.


Amhlaibh, son
33] of Ferchar O'Fallamhain, the best chieftain of his nation
34] that had come for a long time, died; and his son was
35] slain in the same month, viz.:—the aforesaid Flann.


36] Tadhg O'Finnachta, a man of trust to Aedh, son of


1] Ruaidhri, was killed by the people of Mac Aedhagain,
2] while on a scouting party in the same war.


3] O'Finnachta, chieftain of Clann-Finnachta (or Clann-Murchadha),
4] died in a vessel on Loch-Oirbsen; and he was
5] quite well when going into it.


Maelbrighde O'Maicin, abbot
6] of Tobur-Patraic, in Christo quievit. He was a virgin and
7] sage; and it was by him the church of Tobur-Patraic was
8] begun, and its sanctuary and crosses were diligently finished,
9] in honour of Patrick, and Mary, and the Apostle John.

Annal LC1226


10] The kalends of January on Thursday, and
11] the 29th of the moon.


Domhnall, son of Ruaidhri O'Flaithbhertaigh,
12] was slain by the sons of Muirchertach
13] O'Flaithbhertaigh, after capturing a house against him.


14] Pity, alas! the deed that was there committed —the
15] killing of a future king of the West of Connacht,
16] without obtaining land or patrimony thereby.


17] son of Conchobhar, son of Cathal Migaran O'Conchobhair,
18] the royal heir of greatest honour and bravery that came
19] of the sons of Conchobhar, and who performed the most
20] renowned, successful exploits, was killed by Donnchadh
21] O'Dubhda and his sons.


Ferghal O'Taidhg, dux of
22] the household of Cathal Crobhderg, and of that of his
23] son after him—a man of great prosperity, and by whom
24] his enemies fell in greatest numbers—was slain by Donnsleibhe
25] O'Gadhra.


Aedh, son of Donnsleibhe O'Sochlachain,
26] airchinnech of Cunga, a professor of singing, and
27] of harp-making—who made, besides, an instrument for
28] himself, the like of which had never been made before,
29] and who was distinguished in every art, both in poetry
30] and engraving, and writing, and in every science that a
31] man could exercise—died in this year.


Nualadh, daughter
32] of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, queen of Uladh, died at
33] Cunga-Feichin, and was interred in the Canons' church of


1] Cunga.


Aedh O'Flaithbhertaigh was taken prisoner by
2] Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, and delivered into the
3] hands of the Foreigners.


Muirghes Mac Diarmada was
4] slain.


The castle of Cill-mor was broken down by Cathal
5] O'Raighilligh.

Annal LC1227


6] The kalends of January on Friday, and the
7] l0th of the moon.


A court was established by the Foreigners
8] of Ath-cliath and Erinn at Ath-cliath; and Aedh,
9] son of Cathal Crobhderg, was summoned before it; and
10] he was betrayed in that court until William Mareschal,
11] his own friend, came with his forces into the midst of
12] the court; and they carried him out of it by force, and
13] conveyed him safely to his own country.


As regards
14] Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg; he appointed a meeting
15] immediately after at Lathach-caech-tuaithbhil, with
16] Wiliam Mareis, son of Geoffroi; and he went across the
17] Lathach with only a very few, viz.:—Cormac, son of
18] Tomaltach Mac Diarmada of the Rock, and Diarmaid,
19] son of Maghnus, and Maghnus, son of Muirchertach
20] O'Conchobhair, and Tadhg, son of Mathghamhain O'Ceirin,
21] and Ruaidhri O'Maelbhrenainn. And William Mareis
22] came to the place with eight horsemen. And the son of
23] Cathal Crobhderg remembered the deception and treachery
24] practised against him in Ath-cliath, and he advanced
25] before the Foreigners dismounted, and laid a hand on
26] William Mareis. And he was seconded actively and bravely
27] by his people; for William Mareis, and Master Sleimhne,
28] and Hugo Arden were taken prisoners, and the Constable
29] of Ath-Luain was slain; and he Aedh sent the Foreigners
30] in captivity southwards across Lathach; and he
31] and all the Connachtmen who were with him went and
32] plundered the market, and burned the town. And this
33] was a felicitous act for all the Connachtmen, for they


1] obtained their sons and daughters, and the hostages of
2] Connacht, and peace for the Connachtmen afterwards.


3] Donnsleibhe O'Gadhra, king of Sliabh-Lugha, was slain by
4] the Gillaruadh, his own brother's son; and he was killed
5] therefore through the device of the son of Cathal Crobhderg.


6] Loghais, king of the Franks, died.


A great famine in
7] this year; and people died of it, and of various diseases
8] besides.


A great hosting into Connacht by the son of
9] William, and by Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhelbhach
10] Mór; and they burned Inis-medhoin, and
11] plundered the entire country, and took hostages.


12] hosting by Geoffroi Mareis, and by Toirdhelbhach, son of
13] Ruaidhri, into Magh-Nai, when they erected a castle at
14] Rinn-dúin, and took the hostages of Síl-Muiredhaigh.


15] Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, went into Tir-Conaill, to
16] O'Domhnaill.


He returned from the north, and brought
17] his wife with him.


The sons of Toirdhelbhach met
18] him, and took from him his horses and his wife, as he
19] was coming into the Seghais; and the wife was surrendered
20] to the Foreigners.


A hosting was performed by
21] Toirdhelbhach, son of Ruaidhri, and by the Foreigners of
22] Midhe, into the West of Connacht, and they committed
23] a great depredation on Aedh, son of Ruaidhri O'Flaithbhertaigh.


24] They went from thence into Cera, and took
25] the hostages of the sons of Muirchertach Muimhnech,
26] and brought a number of beeves from each cantred.


27] depredation was committed in Sligech by the Justiciary,
28] and by Brian, son of Toirdhelbhach, when they took many
29] women prisoners.

Annal LC1228


30] The kalends of January on Saturday, and
31] the 21st of the moon.


Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg
32] O'Conchobhair, was slain by the Foreigners in an ugly


1] treachery, after having been expelled by the Connachtmen.


2] The Justiciaryship of Erinn was assumed by the son of
3] William Burk.


Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, assumed the
4] sovereignty of Connacht, and his brothers along with
5] him; and the territories and churches of Connacht were
6] plundered by them, and the clerics and men of science of
7] the land were banished to remote, foreign countries.


8] Ferghal, son of Sitrec O'Ruairc, was killed by the sons
9] of Niall, son of Conghalach O'Ruairc.


Niall, son of Conghalach
10] O'Ruairc, was killed by Art, son of Art O'Ruairc.

Annal LC1229


11] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the 2nd of the
12] moon;


Gilla-in-Choimdhedh O'Duilendain,
13] comarb of Feichin, died this year.


The plundering of
14] Rinn-dúin was effected by Felim O'Conchobhair; and
15] Conchobhar Buidhe, son of Toirdhelbhach, and Tadhg, son
16] of Cormac, were slain; and the Justiciary came to Termann-Caeluinn,
17] and the town was burned, and the church of
18] Imlech-Urchadha was burned.


Felim gained the victory
19] of Cluain-acha over the sons of Ruaidhri, and over Conchobhar,
20] son of Cormac.

Annal LC1230


21] The kalends of January on Tuesday; a bissextile year,
22] and the l3th of the moon;


Aedh, son of
23] Ruaidhri, and the Connachtmen also, turned against the
24] son of William, i.e. Richard Burk, and against the Foreigners,
25] through the persuasion of Donn Og, son of
26] Donncathaigh Mac Airechtaigh, and of Cormac, son of
27] Tomaltach Mac Diarmada of the Rock, and his favourites;
28] for they had pledged their word that they would not
29] belong to any king who would bring them into the
30] house of the Foreigners.


They committed, moreover,
31] great depredations on the Foreigners, viz.:—Aedh, son of
32] Ruaidhri, and the men of the west of Connacht plundered
33] the young son of William, and Adam Dubh; Donn Og,


1] also, and the sons of Maghnus, and the young soldiers of
2] Síl-Muiredhaigh, plundered Mac Goisdelbh and Tir-Maine.


3] The son of William, however, assembled the greater part
4] of the Foreigners of Erinn, and many Gaeidhel, and came
5] into Connacht, accompanied by Felim, son of Cathal
6] Crobhderg, to give him the sovereignty of Connacht, and
7] to expel Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, and every Connachtman
8] who had turned against him. They proceeded at first to
9] the castle of Bun-Gaillmhe, to Aedh O'Flaithbhertaigh.
10] Then Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, went to assist Aedh
11] O'Flaithbhertaigh; the Connachtmen accompanying him,
12] under the sons of Muirchertach O'Conchobhair; and the
13] Connachtmen were on the west side of Gaillimh, and the
14] Foreigners on the east side; and great conflicts occurred
15] between them every day.


The Foreigners were in this
16] wise, and they obtained neither peace, nor pledge, nor
17] hostage from the Connachtmen.


The resolution the
18] Foreigners adopted was to go after the cows and the
19] people that had fled to the hills and fastnesses of the
20] country, and into the islands of the sea; and they went
21] that night from the castle of Bun-Gaillmhe to Droiched-inghine-Goillin,
22] where it was morning with them.


23] the son of William asked ‘is there a passage between us
24] and the lake, by which some of the Connachtmen could
25] come down?’ The guides answered him: ‘there is,’
26] said they. He disposed a party of horse to the west
27] towards Cunga, and towards Cill-or Inis-medhoin. It
28] happened then that a countless number of Connachtmen
29] were coming from Cunga early on the morrow, having
30] been unwisely, and unwarily, transported across the lake
31] the night before, in parties of two and three; and a
32] few good men were slain together with the men of
33] trust of Muirchertach, son of Maghnus O'Conchobhair,


1] viz.:—Diarmaid O'hEidhnechain, and Lochlainn Mac
2] Clesain, and Tadhg, son of Gillachrist O'Maelbhrenainn.


3] As regards the Foreigners: they went after this success
4] to Magh-Eo of the Saxons. They proceeded on the
5] morrow to Tobur-Patraic, where the canons and devout
6] people of the place came to the son of William, and
7] requested the son of William, for charity, not to remain
8] with them that night. This request was granted to them;
9] and the Foreigners proceeded down to Muine-Maicin.
10] The Foreigners were loth, indeed, to go from Magh-Eo
11] thither; but they had not obtained either hostages or
12] pledges from Maghnus, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech.
13] As they had not obtained hostages they went on the morrow
14] to Achadh-Fabhair, and encamped in the town, to the
15] west of the church, viz.:—at Margenana, on the brink
16] of Loch-Críchan. Maghnus, son of Muirchertach, went
17] into their house, and gave them pledges. As to the
18] Foreigners, moreover; they came again on the morrow to
19] Muine-Maicin, and remained a night there. They proceeded
20] the next day to Magh-Sine, and from thence,
21] by marches, through Luighne to Ceis-Corainn. They
22] went from thence into the Corr-sliabh, and the guides
23] abandoned the usual path; and they crossed the entire
24] mountain without being met.


With reference to Aedh,
25] son of Ruaidhri, and to Tomaltach of the Rock, son of
26] Conchobhar Mac Diarmada, and Donn Og Mac Airechtaigh,
27] and the Síl-Muiredhaigh, who were in the wood—
28] the resolution they adopted was not to bestow attention
29] or regard on the Foreigners, since their cows, and
30] their people with them, had reached the fastnesses of
31] Muinter-Eolais and of Sliabh-an-iarainn.


Donn Og said
29] that he would not observe this resolution. The course he
30] decided on was to go to the west side of the Foreigners
31] until he reached Finn-charn, accompanied by his own
32] brother, and the young men of Síl-Muiredhaigh, and by
33] his own Foreigners, and by the son of Domhnall Bregach


1] O'Maelsechlainn with his Foreigners, and by Brian, son of
2] Toirdhelbhach; and Donn sent a flighting party to them,
3] and a good conflict was being waged against the Foreigners,
4] and he himself was stationed on the summit of
5] the carn, and his hope in the conflict.


Then the Foreigners
6] sent a countless host of mercenaries and cavalry around
7] the carn, and they Donn's party observed them not
8] until they passed from the west around the carn; and
9] Donn was left alone there, with the exception of a few
10] of his kinsmen, and of Brian, son of Toirdhelbhach; and
11] only for a short time were they allowed to remain
12] thus in one spot. Donn Og, being then alone, was
13] proclaimed and recognised; and many soldiers took aim,
14] and five arrows were lodged in him; and one horseman
15] came up with him afterwards; and though he
16] Donn had no weapon but an axe, he did not allow
17] the horseman to close with him; and the horseman
18] would drive his lance into him occasionally. The other
19] soldiers surrounded him from the east and west, and he
20] fell by the superior power that overtook him there.


21] Regarding Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, moreover; he was on
22] the east side of the Foreigners, awaiting them; and he did
23] not give them battle, and it was not with his consent
24] that Donn had done so. And the rout extended eastwards
25] towards him; and he knew not then that Donn had been
26] slain; but Aedh escaped uninjured through the strength
27] of his hand; and he turned upon one man of them who
28] was taking aim at him, and cast the lance which
29] was in his hand at him, so that the shaft went
30] through him; and he was afterwards allowed to depart.
31] However, as success attended the Foreigners, and as Donn
32] Og was slain, the Foreigners sent out great predatory
33] bands as far as Sliabh-an-iarainn, and subjected multitudes
34] to cold and hunger on this occasion. And women
35] and children were killed; and all that were not killed
36] were stripped; and they carried off great, fruitful preys


1] to the camp of the Foreigners.


The Foreigners departed
2] after this, on the morrow, and left the sovereignty with
3] Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg; and Aedh, son of
4] Ruaidhri, was banished to Aedh O'Neill.


Aedh O'Neill
5] died in this year—the king of Cenel-Eoghain through
6] fame aud goodness; a king who gave neither pledge nor
7] hostage to Foreigner or Gaeidhel; a king who inflicted
8] great defeats and killings on Foreigners; a king who was
9] a protector to every one of the Gaeidhel who might be
10] an exile or wanderer; who was the most generous king,
11] and the very best man, that had come of the men of
12] Erinn for a long time.


Gilla-Isa O'Clerigh, bishop of
13] Luighne, quievit in Christo.


Joseph Mac Teichedhain,
14] bishop of Conmaicne, quievit in Christo.


15] O'hEilghisan, a canon and anchorite, quievit.


16] O'hInmhainén, a holy monk, andchief master of
17] the carpenters of the monastery of Buill, mortuus est.


18] Maelmuire O'Maeleoin, comarb of Ciaran of Cluain-mic-Nois,
19] quievit.


O'Cerbhallain, bishop of Cenel-Eoghain,
20] quievit in Christo.


Rool Petit, bishop of Midhe, vir
21] religiosus et caritativus, et Dei famulus, in Christo
22] quievit.


Maelsechlainn Mac Firedinn, a noble priest and
23] master of reading, in Christo quievit in his monastic
24] noviciate in the monastery of Buill.


Art, son of Art
25] O'Ruairc, was slain by Raghnall O'Finn, per dolum.


26] Macraith Mac Seirigh, bishop of Conmaicne, quievit in
27] Christo.


Maelsechlainn O'Mannachain was killed by his
28] own brethren.


Duibhessa, daughter of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair,
29] wife of Cathal Mac Diarmada, died a black nun.



1] Muiredhach O'Gormshuiligh, prior of the Regles of Inis-Mic-Neirin,
2] the most learned and devout man that was
3] in the province of Connacht, in Christo quievit.


4] Mac Carthaigh, king of Des-Mumha, quievit in Christo.

Annal LC1231


5] primo. The kalends of January on Wednesday,
6] and the twenty-fourth of the moon; and it was
7] the sixteenth year of the Decennovenalian cycle, and
8] the nineteenth of the solar cycle, and the fourth year
9] of the Indiction.


Fethfailghe, daughter of Conchobhar
10] Mac Diarmada, wife of Muirchertach Muimhnech, son of
11] Toirdhelbhach Mor O'Conchobhair, died in this year, viz.:
12] the greatest, and most beautiful, and most generous, and
13] most virtuous, and most famous woman that came of
14] Leth-Chuinn; and she was the mother of Maghnus, son
15] of Muirchertach Muimhnech, and of Conchobhar Ruadh,
16] and of Tuathal, and of the priest Toirdhelbhach, i.e. the
17] prior of the Regles of Peter and Paul.


18] daughter of Conchobhar Mac Diarmada, died in the
19] monastery of Buill in hoc anno.


Duinnin O'Maelconaire,
20] chief poet of the race of Muiredhach Muillethan son of
21] Fergus, died in hoc anno.


Flann O'Connachtaigh, bishop
22] of Uí-Briuin, quievit.


Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg,
23] was apprehended by the son of William Burk, at Milic,
24] in violation of the guarantee of the principal Foreigners
25] of Erinn.


23] Flaithbhertach O'Flannagain, dux of the descendants
26] of Cathal son of Muiredhach Muillethan, died
27] in pilgrimage in the monastery of Buill, after having
28] been crossed.


A great hosting-assemblage was led by
29] Domhnall O'Domhnaill, king of Tir-Conaill, and by
30] Aenghus Mac Gillafhinnéin, against Cathal O'Raighilligh;
31] and they brought vessels with them upon Loch-Uachtair,
32] and plundered Eo-inis, and killed the best white steed


1] that was in Erinn; and they carried away with them Cacht,
2] daughter of Mac Fiachrach, wife of O'Raighilligh, and carried
3] away with them the jewels, and treasures, and goods
4] of the entire place.


Dionysius O'Mordha, bishop of Oilfinn,
5] after resigning the bishopric with a view to ending his life
6] in Trinity Island on Loch-Cé, through love for God, and
7] for Clarus Mac Mailin, archdeacon of Oilfinn, and for
8] the order of Canons of the same place, xviii. kalendas
9] Januarii in eadem insula quievit in Christo.


10] daughter of O'Cuinn, wife of Flaithbhertach
11] O'Flannagain, mortua est.


Conchobar Got O'hEghra,
12] king of Luighne, mortuus est.


The erection of a market
13] town at Port-na-Cairge was commenced by Cormac, son
14] of Tomaltach.


The son of Niall O'Gairmleghaigh, dux of
15] Cenel-Moain, mortuus est.


Donnchadh O'Conchobhair
16] assumed the bishopric of Oilfinn after Dionysius O'Mordha.


17] Gilla-Isa Mac Shamhradhain, dux of Tellach-Echach,
18] quievit.


Ualgharg O'Ruairc, king of Breifne, died in
19] pilgrimage on the way to the river.

Annal LC1232


20] The kalends of January on Thursday, and the fifth of
21] the moon; and it was the seventeenth of the Decennovenalian
22] cycle, and the twentieth year of the solar cycle, and
23] the fifth year of the Indiction. Anno Domini


24] Aedh, son of Amhlaibh, son of Domhnall, son of Murchadh,
25] son of Gilla-na-naemh, son of Brian, son of Senlaech, son
26] of Eochaidh, son of Ferghal (from whom the O'Ferghails
27] are named), was burned on the island of Loch-Cuile by
28] the sons of Aedh Ciabhach, son of Murchadh, son of Gilla-na-naemh
29] O'Ferghail, after having spent nine years in
30] the chieftainship of the Anghaile, in succession to Murchadh
31] Carrach O'Ferghail.


Gilla-na-naemh O'Dalaigh, a
32] distinguished professor of poetry, and keeper of a house


1] of hospitality and maintenance for all in general,
2] both poor and rich, died in hoc anno.


The sovereignty was
3] again given to Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, who made peace
4] with the son of William Burk, after he had apprehended
5] Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg.


The castle of Bun-Gaillmhe
6] was erected by Richard de Burgh, and the
7] castle of Dun-Imdhain was begun by Adam Staunton.


8] Conchobhar, son of Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, escaped from
9] the Foreigners, and assembled the sons of the king of
10] Connacht about him; and he went into the Tuatha on an
11] incursion, when he and Gillacellaigh O'hEidhin, and Gillachrist,
12] son of Donnchadh Mac Diarmada, and a great
13] multitude along with them, were slain by the Tuatha.
14] And it was on that day the men of the Tuatha
15] whitened all their axe-handles, when it was said that a man with a
16] white axe-handle had slain the son of Aedh.


17] son of Tomaltach Mac Diarmada, mortuus est.


18] son of Amhlaibh, son of Tadhg Mac Maelruanaidh, torch
19] of honour, and bravery, and piety, in Christo quievit.


20] Fachtna O'hAllghaith, comarb of Druim-mucadha, and
21] official of Uí-Fiachrach; keeper of a house of hospitality
22] for guests and invalids; and the promoter of learning
23] and improver of country and land, in hoc anno quievit.


24] Maeleoin Bodhar O'Maelconaire took possession of Cluain-Bolcain
25] in hoc anno.


The three sons of Donn O'Mannachain
26] were slain by Donnchadh, son of Muirchertach,
27] at Termon-Caelain, in hoc anno.


Consecration of the
28] church of Cill-mor, in Tir-Briuin-na-Sinna, by Donnchadh
29] O'Conchobhair, bishop of Oilfinn; and Canons were
30] established in the same town by Conn O'Flannagain,


1] who was prior there at that time.


Fedhlim, son of Cathal
2] Crobhderg, was set at large by the Foreigners in hoc
3] anno.

Annal LC1233


4] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the 16th of
5] the moon; the eighteenth year of the Decennovenalian
6] cycle; xx. primoanno cycli solaris; sexto anno Indictionis;
7] anno Domini tertio.


A hosting into
8] Connacht by Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, when
9] Cormac, sort of Tomaltach, king of Magh-Luirg, came
10] to meet him, and took him with him into Magh-Luirg;
11] and they established a camp at Druim-Gregraidhe,
12] viz.:—O'Conchobhair, and Cormac, and his son Conchobhar, and
13] the three Tuatha, and the two sons of Muirchertach
14] Mac Diarmada, i.e. Donnchadh and Muirchertach.
15] And the resolution they respectively adopted
16] was to go in pursuit of Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, king
17] of Connacht, and the other sons of Ruaidhri, whom
18] they totally defeated and dispersed; and the sons of
19] Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhelbhach, were deprived of the
20] sovereignty and supremacy of Connacht on that day,
21] for Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, king of Connacht, and Aedh
22] Muimhnech, son of Ruaidhri, and his son, and Donnchadh,
23] son of Diarmaid, son of Ruaidhri, were slain
24] there, and many other persons along with them who
25] are not enumerated here. After the profanation and
26] pillaging of Tech-Baeithin by Aedh Muimhnach, son of
27] Ruaidhri; and after many other churches and ecclesiastical
28] establishments had been plundered by them, they
29] fell themselves in revenge for having profaned the
30] churches and saints of Connacht.


Raghallach O'Flannagain
31] was slain on the same day; and Thomas Biris,
32] constable of Erinn, and his brother John, and John
33] Squier, and many other Foreigners also, were slain
34] there, after they had been cursed, and after their
35] candles had been extinguished, by the clerics of Connacht
36] before that.


Five years, moreover, was Aedh,


1] son of Ruaidhri, in the sovereignty of Connacht, as was
2] said:—
    1. 3] Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, of the quick onset
      4] Was five years over the province,
      5] Until fell, a loss to every feast,
      6] This man by Fedhlimidh.


7] This was the termination of the sovereignty of the
8] descendants of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, king of Erinn: for
9] the Pope had offered right over Erinn to himself and his
10] seed after him for ever, and six married wives, provided that
11] he desisted from the sin of the women from thenceforth;
12] but Ruaidhri did not accept this. And as he did not accept,
13] God took kingship and sovereignity from his seed for ever,
14] in punishment of the sin of the women.


Fedhlim, son of
15] Cathal Crobhderg, immediately assumed sovereignty
16] and government over the Connachtmen; and the castles
17] that had been erected through the power of the sons of
18] Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair and the son of William Burk
19] were demolished by Fedhlim, viz.:—the castle of Bun-Gaillmhe,
20] and Caislen-na-circe, and Caislen-na-caillighe,
21] and the castle of Dun-Imdhain.


Peace, and correction
22] over kernes and sons of malediction, grew up immediately
23] in the tixne of this young king, in this year, so
24] that the districts were orderly during his reign.


25] hosting by William de Laci, (i.e. the son of Hugo and
26] the daughter of Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhelbhach Mor
27] O'Conchobhair), and by the Foreigners of Midhe along
28] with him; when they went in great force into the Breifne,
29] to Cathal O'Raighilligh, and to his brother Cuconnacht,


1] and committed great depredations.


A party of the
2] people of O'Raighilligh, however, encountered William de
3] Laci and the chieftains of the host, who were behind the
4] preys; and they gave each other battle, and William
5] Brit was slain there, and other good Foreigners along
6] with him; and William de Laci was wounded there, and
7] Charles, son of Cathal Gall, and many more along with
8] them; and they the Foreigners afterwards returned
9] from the district, without pledges or hostages; and
10] William de Laci; and Charles, son of Cathal Gall O'Conchobhair;
11] and Feorus Finn, son of the Foreign Queen;
12] and Diarmaid Bernach O'Maelsechlainn, died in their own
13] houses immediately after from the wounds inflicted on
14] them at Mona-crand-chain.


Donncathaigh, i.e. airchinnech
15] of Achadh-Fabhair, xviii. kalendas Januarii in Christo
16] quievit: a man held in high repute for sense and figure, in
17] country and church; the best and most generous man of
18] his contemporaries regarding cattle and food; the protector
19] of the poor and mighty; the object of esteem of
20] the country and land; the guide and settler of every
21] affair between his own people and all in general.


22] O'Maenaigh, i.e. a noble priest who was wont to recite his
23] psalter every day excepting Sunday alone, in Christo
24] quievit.


Ferghal Mac Cormaic mortuus est.

Annal LC1234


25] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the 27th of
26] the moon. It was the last year of the Nineteen; xx.ii.
27] anno cycli solaris; septimo anno Indictionis; anno Domini
28] quarto.


Aedh O'hEghra, king of Luighne,
29] was killed by Donnchadh, son of Duarcan O'hEghra—(a
30] house was burned over him, and he was killed in the
31] door of the house, after coming out of it)—in revenge for
32] his having first killed his brother and the five sons of


1] his father's brother, and having blinded his other
2] brother.


Richard, son of William Maréchal, raised a war
3] against the king of the Saxons, in Saxon-land, and
4] came across from the east, and went into Laighen; and
5] the Foreigners of Erinn assembled against him on behalf
6] of the king of the Saxons, viz.:—Mac Maurice, Justiciary
7] of Erinn at that time, and the Earl of Uladh, i.e. Hugo
8] de Laci, and Walter de Laci, i.e. the Lord of Midhe. And
9] all these proceeded to Cuirrech-Liffe in Laighen, and
10] fought a fierce, obstinate battle against the Maréchal; and
11] Richard, son of William Maréchal, was slain there, and
12] Geoffroi Maréchal taken prisoner. And there was no one
13] fighting this battle towards the end but himself alone,
14] after he had been abandoned by his own people. And
15] this deed was one of the greatest deeds committed in
16] that time.


Aenghus O'Maelaghmhair, bishop of Uí-Amhalghaidh,
17] quievit in Christo.


Great snow between
18] the two Christmasses, and frost afterwards, so that men,
19] and horses under burthens, would pass over the principal
20] lakes and rivers of Erinn.


Aenghus Mac Gillafinnen,
21] king of Loch-Erne, went to commit a depredation on
22] Domhnall O'Domhnaill, king of Tir-Conaill; and O'Domhnaill
23] caught him, and he was slain on this journey.


24] Gilla-na-naemh, son of Art O'Brain, airchinnech of Ros-Comain,
25] in Christo quievit.


Maelpetair O'Cormacán,
26] master of Ros-Comain, in Christo quievit.


27] O'Cuinn, dux of Muinter-Gilgan, mortuus est.


28] son of Daniel O'Gormshuiligh, prior of Inis-Mic-Neirin


1] on Loch-Cé mortuus est.


Gilla-Isa O'Gibillain, a monk,
2] anacorita insulae Sanctae Trinitatis, in Christo quievit.


3] Domhnall, son of Aedh O'Neill, king of Cenel-Eoghain,
4] and the good material of a king of Erinn, was slain by
5] Mac Lachlainn and the Cenel-Eoghain themselves.

Annal LC1235


6] The kalends of January on Monday, and the eighth of
7] the moon; primus annus cycli Decennovenalis; xxiii.
8] anno cycli solaris; viii. anno Indictionis; anno Domini
9] quinto.


Madadhan O'Madadhain, king of Síl-Anmchadha,
10] mortuus est.


Isaac O'Maelaghmhair,
11] airchinnech of Cill-Alaidh, died in hoc anno.


12] grandson of Echtighern O'Cellaigh, was slain by the sons
13] of the Gilla-riabhach O'Baighill in hoc anno.


14] son of Aedh O'Dubhda, king of Uí-Amhalghaidh and Uí-Fiachrach,
15] was killed by the discharge of an arrow, whilst
16] interfering to quell a dispute in the camp of Fedhlim, son
17] of Cathal Crobhderg, king of Connacht.


A great hosting by
18] the Foreigners of Erinn, who were assembled by Richard,
19] son of William Burk; and they went across Ath-Luain to
20] Ros-Comain, when Ros-Comain was burned by them; and
21] they went from thence to Oilfinn, and burned the great
22] church of Oilfinn; and they proceeded from thence to the
23] monastery of Ath-da-laarc on the Buill. And the persons
24] who were the principal chieftains and the boldest on this
25] hosting were Mac Maurice, i.e. the Justiciary of Erinn, and
26] Hugo de Laci, Earl of Uladh, and Richard, son of William
27] Burk, and Walter Ritabhard, high baron of Laighen, with
28] whom were the Foreigners of Laighen; and the routs
29] of all Erinn were along with them; and John Gocan,
30] having the Foreigners of Mumha along with him. And
31] they went on the night of Trinity Sunday to the monastery


1] of Buill; and their soldiers attacked the monastery,
2] and broke open the sacristy; and all its valuable things,
3] and its mass-chalices and altar-cloths, were taken out
4] of it. And this was very hateful to the chieftains of
5] the Foreigners, who returned every article of them that
6] was to be found; and they paid for the things that were
7] not found. And on the morrow they sent their scouts
8] and soldiers, and their routs of kernes, to Creit, and
9] to Cairthe-Muilche, and to Tor-Ghlinne-Ferna, when they
10] brought great preys with them to Ard-carna, to meet the
11] Justiciary.


The Foreigners then adopted an extraordinary
12] resolution, (which no Conacian or Momonian contemplated
13] that they would adopt), at the request of Eoghan
14] O'hEighin, who wished to revenge his injuries on the
15] Momonians, and on Donnchadh Cairbrech O'Briain, viz.:—
16] to go back in the same path into Tir-Maine, and into
17] Maen-magh; and they went from thence to Tuadh-Mumha,
18] without being noticed or observed; and the
19] Momonians were found without having escaped or made
20] preparations; and they then committed great and countless
21] depredations on them.


As regards the Conacians
22] and Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, however, they
23] followed the Foreigners, after they had stolen away, to
24] keep their engagement with the Momonians, and to
25] afford them succour; and vehement, great contests
26] were fought between them each day.


On the last
27] day, moreover, the Conacians and Momonians went to
28] the contest, and fought it actively, strenuously, manfully,
29] and fiercely. Nevertheless, too many mail-clad
30] Foreigners and a great multitude of cavalry pressed
31] upon them, and a large number of the men of Mumha
32] were slain there through indiscretion of counsel on
33] the part of Donnchadh Cairbrech O'Briain. But the
34] Conacians came out of it with the credit of bravery and
35] glory, without any notable man of them having been
36] slain.


31] The resolution O'Briain adopted, on the morrow,


1] was to make peace with the Foreigners, and, to give them
2] hostages and tribute; and it was too long for him until
3] this resolution was adopted, for the greater part of his
4] people had been plundered and burned up to that time.


5] With regard to the Foreigners, moreover, they proceeded
6] on towards Connacht, and advanced first against Aedh
7] O'Flaithbhertaigh, who made peace with the Foreigners
8] for the sake of his cows and people, for the sake of his
9] country and land.


As to Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg,
10] however, the resolution he adopted was to take
11] with him towards O'Domhnaill all the cows that he
12] found in Conmaicne-Mara, and in Conmaicne-na-Cúile, and
13] those belonging to all who had obeyed his counsel—and
14] the son of Maghnus, and Conchobhar Ruadh, son of
15] Muirchertach Muimhnech—and to leave the country
16] wasted for the Foreigners.


After this, truly, the Foreigners
17] came to Dun-Modhord1, and sent messengers to
18] Maghnus, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech, to demand
19] peace and hostages from him; and Maghnus gave them
20] neither peace nor hostages.


The Foreigners then sent great
21] predatory bands from Dun-Mughdhord, under the sons
22] of Ruaidhri, with innumerable mercenaries; and these
23] plundered Eccuill, and brought great herds with them to
24] Druimne, to meet the Foreigners.


As regards Aedh
25] O'Flaithbhertaigh and Eoghan O'hEidhin, however, they
26] went round with a large army, and with boats which
27] had been brought to Linan-Chinn-mhara. The boats
28] came with their forces, the Justiciary having gone to meet
29] them to Druimne, to the callow of Inis-aenaigh. Maghnus
30] was at this time, with his vessels, on the sound of
31] the island; and great contests and conflicts were waged
32] by them in turn.


The Foreigners were at this time
33] fatigued, and the resolution they adopted was to occupy
34] a camp, and to withdraw their boats to a corner of the


1] large strand which was there. When Maghnus perceived
2] this thing he proceeded from the sound eastwards, and
3] went upon Inis-rathain; and some of his people went
4] upon Inis-aenaigh, and took sheep therefrom to eat.
5] When the Foreigners observed, moreover, that Maghnus
6] and his people had gone towards the island, and them to
7] another island, and that they had neither watch nor ward
8] over the Foreigners, and that the island was between them
9] and the Foreigners-when the Foreigners perceived this
10] they arose readily, furiously, terribly, and quickly; and
11] they suddenly lifted their boats along the strand, and put
12] them on the sea, and filled them promptly with forces,
13] and with armed, mail-clad soldiers, who went upon the
14] two islands, and killed all the people they found in them.
15] Maghnus, and all of his people who were in Inis-rathain,
16] arose and went into their vessels; and if O'Maille's
17] people had been esteemed by Maghnus, he O'Maille
18] would have sent his vessels against the Foreigners and
19] their boats. However, though short the period of the
20] day remaining at this hour, there was not a cow on any
21] island of Innsi-Modh that was not transferred to the
22] shore before night; and the owners of the cows would
23] have themselves previously gone away, through thirst and
24] hunger, if they had not been captured; and many inferior
25] persons were slain between them this night.


On Friday,
26] moreover, the day following, they went upon the islands
27] of the North of Umhall, and the masters of the mercenaries,
28] in honour of the Passion, imposed a restriction that no
29] man should be killed.


When the Foreigners had succeeded
30] in robbing and plundering Umhall, by sea and
31] land, they proceeded with their cows and preys to


1] Lughbhurtan; and the Foreigners went from thence by
2] regular marches to Es-dara, when they committed a
3] depredation on O'Domhnaill, on account of the banishment
4] to him of Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg.


5] The Foreigners proceeded from thence to Corrsliabh-na-Seghsa,
6] and went to the callow of Port-na-Cairge on Loch-Cé,
7] to take it from the people of Cormac, son of Tomaltach,
8] and from some of the people of Fedhlim O'Conchobhair,
9] who were guarding it.


The Foreigners of
10] Erinn, however, and the Justiciary afforded a general protection
11] and friendly shelter to Clarus Mac Mailin, archdeacon
12] of Oilfinn, and to the Canons of the Trinity on
13] the Island; and the Justiciary himself, and the chiefs of
14] the Foreigners, went to see that place, and to pray
15] there, and to show respect to it, in honour of the Holy
16] Trinity. A fleet came then, also, with implements and
17] engines to the lake, and an engine was raised by them on
18] a small earthen wall, and many stones were projected,
19] truly, from this engine into the Rock. And as they were
20] not able to accomplish anything against it in this way,
21] the Foreigners made several boats of the houses of Ard-carna,
22] and brought with them the ignitible materials of
23] the district that a flame might be enkindled by them;
24] and they tied empty tuns round this ram to keep it afloat
25] on the water; and they sailed a large vessel surmounted
26] by a house of boards, to tow this ram to the Rock, to
27] burn it by this means. The people who were in it were
28] seized with fear at these stratagems, and they came out
29] of it on parole and conditions; and the Justiciary put
30] therein a garrison of armed, mail-clad Foreigners, and


1] he also put its full of food and drink into it. The Foreigners
2] afterwards left Connacht without food, clothes, or
3] cattle; and they did not carry off with them either
4] pledges or hostages on this journey; and they left neither
5] peace, nor quietness, nor tranquillity, nor happiness in the
6] country; but the Gaeidhel themselves were robbing and
7] killing one another regarding the residue which the
8] Foreigners left in it on this occasion.


As regards Fedhlim,
9] however, he made peace with the Justiciary, and obtained
10] the king's five cantreds, out of which he was to receive
11] rent and customs; and Cormac, son of Tomaltach Mac
12] Diarmada, came with him.


As to the warders of the
13] Rock, moreover, they were twenty nights in it, from one
14] Thursday to another, when the constable of the Rock went
15] outside the door, and one of his own people, i.e. O'Hoist,
16] who remained inside the door after them, closed the door
17] on them; and the Foreigners fled to Trinity Island, to
18] place themselves
under the protection of Clarus Mac
19] Mailin, who subsequently conveyed them away. After
20] the occupation of the Rock by Cormac, moreover, the resolution
21] that he adopted was to raze and demolish the
22] Rock, so that the Foreigners should not again occupy it.


23] The two sons of Muiredhach O'Maille, viz. Domhnall
24] and Muirchertach, were slain by Domhnall, son of Maghnus,
25] son of Muirchertach O'Conchobhair, and by Niall
26] Ruadh, son of Cathal O'Conchobhair, in Cliara, where
27] they were interred also.


Tuathal, son of Muirchertach
28] O'Conchobhair, was killed by Conchobhar Buidhe, son of
29] Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair, and by Conchobhar, son
30] of Aedh Muimhnech, in hoc anno.


The mercenaries and
31] kernes who were on Finn-loch of Cera, acting oppressively
32] on the part of the son of Ruaidhri, were slain by Maghnus,
33] son of Muirchertach O'Conchobhair, in hoc anno.


34] prior Insulae Trinitatis, quievit in Christo.



1] O'Cuilin, praepositus de Insula Mic-Nerin, pater Clari
2] Elfinensis archidiaconi, feliciter in Christo quievit, et in
3] Insula Sanctae Trinitatis est sepultus die Sancti Finniani;
4] cujus anima requiescat in pace.


Donnchadh, son of
5] Muirchertach, gave battle to the Uí-Briuin-na-Sinna,
6] when the principal men of the Uí-Briuin were slain.


7] great priest O'hAnain died in Cill-mor.


The castle of
8] Milic was broken down by Fedhlim O'Conchobhair.


9] church of Druimne-Atha-Liag was burned, and the inclosures
10] and offices.

Annal LC1236


11] The kalends of January on Tuesday, and the nineteenth
12] of the moon; xx. quarto cycli solaris; nono anno Indictionis;
13] anno Domini sexto.


14] O'Maille was killed on Oilen-Dacrunde by Domhnall, son
15] of Maghnus, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech O'Conchobhair,
16] in hoc anno.


Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, was
17] banished by the Justiciary, i.e. Mac Maurice, his gossip,
18] after the departure of Mac William to Saxon-land; and with
19] difficulty he escaped from them, with his cavalry, after having
20] received forewarning; and they committed great depredations
21] on his people after his Fedhlim's own departure.


22] He went off afterwards to seek the protection of O'Domhnaill;
23] and the castle of Muille-Uanach was erected on
24] this occasion against Connacht. The way in which this
25] treachery was practised was thus, viz.:—O'Conchobhair
26] was summoned to a deceitful meeting at Bel-Atha-Feoruinne;
27] and the Foreigners of Erinn were assembled by
28] the Justiciary to this meeting; and they pursued Fedhlim


1] to Ros-Comain, and pursued him from thence to the
2] bridge of Sligech; and as they did not overtake him they
3] committed great depredations on Tadhg O'Conchobhair;
4] and they then seized a great number of noble women,
5] whom they carried away with them in captivity.


6] Foreigners came, moreover, with their spoils and captives,
7] to Druim-Gregraidhe in Magh-Luirg; for it was
8] there the Justiciary himself was awaiting them.


9] Justiciary and the Foreignersafterwards departed, and left
10] the guardianship and government of the country with
11] Brian, son of Toirdhelbhach.


Great depredations were
12] committed by Brian, and by the soldiers of the Justiciary,
13] on the sons of Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, and on
14] several others of Fedhlim's people.


Great depredations,
15] and numerous outrages, were committed by the sons of
16] Aedh on the Foreigners, and on their Gaeidhelic enemies,
17] so that the country, and the land, were injured and destroyed
18] between them respectively.


Conchobhar, son of
19] Aedh Muimhnech, was killed by Maghnus, son of Muirchertach
20] O'Conchobhair, in hoc anno.


21] O'Lachtnain, the elect of Tuaim, went to Saxon-land,
22] and was consecrated by virtue of the letters of the comarb
23] of Peter, and the consent of the king of the Saxons.


24] Mac William returned from Saxon-land; and little of
25] Erinn's benefit did he effect by his journey.


As regards
26] Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, moreover; he came
27] again into Connacht, at the invitation of some of the Connachtmen
28] themselves, including O'Cellaigh and O'Floinn,
29] and including the sons of Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg,
30] and the son of Art O'Maelsechlainn –who numbered
31] altogether four large battalions. And they advanced to
32] Rinn-duin, and went boldly, bravely, hostilely, vigorously,
33] and furiously across the bádhun, and over the ditch of


1] the island in which all the cows of the country were; and
2] every captain of a company, and every chief of a host
3] went after the cows; and they took the cows away with
4] them as they met them.


Lamentable, alas! was the deed
5] committed then, viz.:—they abandoned their lord, their
6] honour, and their reputation, for the preys which they met
7] there, as became them not; for they left their king and lord
8] alone, so that there were along with him only four horsemen
9] out of the four battalions that had accompanied him; and
10] the chief king's voice was strained stopping and detaining
11] them.


With regard, however, to Eoghan O'hEidhin, and
12] to Brian, son of Toirdhelbhach, and Conchobhar Buidhe,
13] son of Toirdhelbhach, and Mac Goisdelbh –when they
14] observed the host unwisely, weakly, unwarily scattering
15] and dispersing from each other with preys, they arose
16] quickly, actively, courageously, having a small number
17] of cavalry and many foot soldiers along with them,
18] and went to where they saw O'Conchobhair attended
19] only by a very small band and company.


20] it happened that Conchobhar, son of Toirdhelbhach,
21] came behind the son of Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, and
22] went towards him quickly, heedlessly, taking him for
23] one of a party of his own people; and he fell there
24] by Ruaidhri, son of Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg.


A multitude of the host —of cursed, candle-extinguished
25] people —were slain in the island, and outside
26] the island, in this defeat, excepting only Tadhg,
27] son of Cormac, son of Tomaltach Mac Diarmada.


28] Mac William heard, moreover, that this defeat had
29] been inflicted on all of his people who had turned
30] against him, he joined with O'Conchobhair, and came


1] to attack him, or to pacify him.


Diarmaid, son of Maghnus
2] O'Conchobhair, went under the protection of the son of
3] Muirchertach O'Conchobhair.


Then it was that Mac
4] William proceeded, without notice, without being observed,
5] to Tuaim-dá-ghualann, and from thence to Magh-Eó
6] of the Saxons; and not a stack of seed or corn of all that
7] was in the great relig of Magh-Eó, or in the relig of the
8] church of Michael the Archangel, was left without being
9] taken away together; and three score, or four score
10] baskets were brought out of these churches, besides every
11] other injury and disorder committed after them; but this
12] was of little consequence.


And they went from thence
13] to Turloch, on which the same punishment was inflicted.
14] And they sent out great predatory bands against the
15] people of the son of Maghnus, who met the people of
16] Conchobhar Ruadh and of Turlagh, and plundered them
17] all indiscriminately.


Maghnus, indeed, was obliged to
18] send away from him such of the people of the son of
19] Maghnus O'Conchobhair as had come to him, or else the
20] same treatment would have been inflicted on him as had
21] been inflicted on his brother.


As to Conchobhar Ruadh,
22] moreover, he went on the morrow into the house of Mac
23] William, and made peace there; and his preys of the cows
24] of which he had been plundered were restored to him; and
25] what the people of the church found alive of their stock
26] was given to them.


Regarding the son of Maghnus, also,
27] he went into the house of the Foreigners for the sake of
28] his cows and people, i.e. of all that had been left to him of


1] his cows.


Then Mac William went to Balla, where
2] he remained two nights, and proceeded from thence
3] to Tuaim-da-ghualann; and he left Connacht afterwards
4] without food or clothing in church or territory, without
5] peace, or quiet, or prosperity, but each man attacking
6] his fellow, excepting the supremacy which the sons of
7] Muirchertach conceded to him.


It was on this occasion
8] the people of Brian, son of Toirdhelbhach, burned the
9] church of Imlech-Brochadha against the people of
10] O'Floinn, and its full of women, children, and black
11] nuns, and three priests, in it. And Termann-Caeluinn
12] was also burned by the Justiciary.


Aedh O'Flaithbhertaigh,
13] king of the West of Connacht, died in hoc
14] anno; the greatest and most excellent man that had
15] ever come of the West of Connacht; a man to whom
16] everybody had recourse the most frequently, whilst
17] he had recourse to no man.


Great rain, and bad
18] weather, and war in this year; famine, and scarcity
19] of food and clothing; and kernes and sons of malediction,
20] who had been candle-extinguished by the hands
21] of bishops, without respect for church or sanctuary;
22] and superior dignitaries of the Catholic church were
23] neither day nor night without suffering from fear
24] or terror.


Numerous retreats and frequent headlong
25] routs to the churches took place, before Foreigners
26] and Gaeidhel, and lodging-houses were made of churches
27] and the residences of saints, in this year; and during
28] the period of twelve years down from the war of
29] O'Neill were the Foreigners and Gaeidhel plundering in
30] turn, without sovereignty or supremacy being possessed
31] by one beyond another, but the Foreigners able to
32] destroy it Connacht every time they came into it; the
33] king and royal heirs of Connacht pillaging and profaning
34] territories and churches after them.


Diarmaid, son of
35] Niall O'Ruairc, was blinded by Cuconnacht O'Raighilligh.


36] Cathal Riabhach, son of Gillabroide O'Ruairc, king of


1] Uí-Briuin, mortuus est.


Macraith Mac Mailin, sacerdos of
2] Cill-mic-Trena, mortuus est.


Aedh O'Gibellan, sacerdos of
3] Cill-Rodan, and subsequently a canon in Trinity Island,
4] mortuus est on Christmas Friday; and he was waked
5] in the choir that night, and until mass on the morrow,
6] and was honourably interred afterwards.


The defeat
7] of Cluain-catha was inflicted by Fedhlim O'Conchobhair
8] on the sons of Ruaidhri, and on Conchobhar, son of
9] Cormac Mac Diarmada.

Annal LC1237


10] The kalends of January on Thursday, and the 30th
11] of the moon; xx. quinto anno cycli solaris; tertius annus
12] cycli Decennovenalis; x. anno Indictionis. tricesimo
13] septimo.


A hosting into Connacht by Fedhlim,
14] son of Cathal Crobhderg, accompanied by Cuconnacht
15] O'Raighilligh and all the Uí-Briuin, and by Cathal
16] Mac Raghnaill and the Conmaicne, and by the three
17] sons of Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, to attack the
18] descendants of Ruaidhri where they were, viz.:—
19] Brian, son of Toirdhelbhach, and Muirchertach and
20] Domhnall, sons of Diarmaid, son of Ruaidhri, and Conchobhar,
21] son of Cormac, son of Diarmaid; and they went
22] northwards across Corrsliabh-na-Seghsa in pursuit of
23] them, until they arrived at Druim-raithe. And the
24] descendants of Ruaidhri sent the mercenaries of the
25] Justiciary, who were along with them, to give battle to
26] Fedhlim. Fedhlim ordered his men not to shoot at
27] them, but to stoop the heads and rush fiercely, furiously
28] at them. The mercenaries did not sustain this, but were
29] driven in rout towards their people; and many mercenaries
30] of them were slain in this onset, including Mac
31] Mibhric. When the descendants of Ruaidhri perceived


1] that they had not good fortune, and that the mercenaries
2] were scattered and dispersed, they left the place
3] in which they were without a man of them being slain;
4] and they separated after this defeat, so that they had
5] no residence in Síl-Muiredhaigh; and all their people
6] were plundered; and great depredations were committed
7] on Conchobhar, son of Cormac, in Tir-Oilella.
8] And they afterwards brought a fleet upon Loch-Cé,
9] from which they expelled Conchobhar, son of Cormac,
10] king of Magh-Luirg; and they left the sovereignty of
11] the district and the lake with Donnchadh, son of Muirchertach
12] Luath-shuilech.


Donat O'Fidhubhra, comarb
13] of Patrick, quievit.


Peace was made by the Justiciary
14] with Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg; and the five
15] cantreds of the king were given to him, free from cattle-tribute
16] or rent.


The barons of Erinn came into Connacht,
17] and commenced to build castles in it.


18] synod of Maelmuire O'Lachtnain, i.e. archbishop of
19] Tuaim, at Ath-Luain, after the coming of his pallium
20] to him from Rome.


Maghnus, son of Diarmaid, son of
21] Maghnus, was killed by Domnhnall, son of Diarmaid, son
22] of Ruadhri O'Conchobhair, in hoc anno.


23] son of Diarmaid, son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, was killed
24] by the sons of Maghnus, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech
25] O'Conchobhair, in this year.


The erection of a monastery
26] for canons was commenced by Clarus Mac Mailin,
27] in Trinity Island on Loch-Uachtair, through the gift of
28] Cathal O'Raighilligh, in hoc anno.


Thomas O'Ruadhain,
29] bishop of Luighne, in Christo quievit.




1] son of the Scelaighe O'Tormaigh, bishop of Conmaicne, in
2] Christo quievit.


Gilla-na-nech O'Mannachain died in the
3] monastery of the Buill in hoc anno.


A depredation was
4] committed by Conchobhar, son of Cormac, on Ruaidhri
5] O'Gadhra, whose brother he killed.


The hostages of
6] Conchobhar, son of Cormac were slain by Fedhlim, son
7] of Cathal Crobhderg, in this year.


8] and from Lathach-Cille-Braein to the lake, both wood
9] and bog, and plain, was given by Donnchadh, son of
10] Muirchertach, to the community of the Trinity on
11] Loch-Cé, and to Clarus Mac Mailin, in the time of his
12] reign and sovereignty; but nevertheless, the duration of
13] his reign was not long, for he was only a month in the
14] lordship, and Conchobhar himself assumed the sovereignty
15] again.

Annal LC1238


16] The kalends of January on Friday, and the eleventh
17] of the moon; xx. sexto anno cycli solaris; quartus annus
18] Decennovenalis cycli; xi. anno Indictionis; anno ab
19] Incarnatione Domini, xxx. octavo.


20] Uaithnech, son of Aedh, son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair,
21] was killed by Tadhg, son of Aedh, son of Cathal
22] Crobhderg, in hoc anno.


Donnchadh, son of Duarcan
23] O h'Eghra, king of Luighne, was taken prisoner by
24] Tadhg, son of Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg; and when
25] he was taken away to be confined his own kinsmen, i.e.
26] the sons of Aedh O'hEghra, slew him on the way in Tir-Briuin-na-Sinna.


27] Donnchadh, son of Muirchertach, went
28] into the Breifne to O'Raighilligh, when they sent a great
29] predatory band into Connacht, who plundered the community
30] of Cluain-Coirpthe; and the principal men of Muinter-Eolais,
31] and several of the Tuatha, were slain in pursuit of


1] this predatory band.


Maelruanaidh, son of Donnchadh
2] O'Dubhda, was slain by Maelsechlainn, son of Conchobar
3] Ruadh, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech O'Conchobhair,
4] and by the son of Tighernan, son of Cathal Migaran
5] O'Conchobhair.


Castles were erected in Muinter-Murchada,
6] and in Conmaicne-Cúile, and in Cera, by the
7] aforesaid barons.


Ruaidhri, son of Aedh O'Flaithbhertaigh,
8] was taken prisoner by the Foreigners.


9] cloicthech of Enach-dúin was erected.


A hosting by
10] Mac Maurice, i.e. the Justiciary of Erinn, and by Hugo de
11] Laci, earl of Uladh, into Cenel-Eoghain and Cenel-Conaill,
12] when they dethroned Mac Lachlainn and expelled him
13] from his own land, and gave the sovereignty to the son
14] of O'Neill; and they themselves obtained the hostages of
15] the Cenel-Conaill and Cenel-Eoghain.


Felix O'Ruanadha,
16] archbishop of Tuaim, after resigning the archiepiscopate
17] through love of God, and after assuming a monastic
18] habit, died in Cill-Muire in Ath-cliath.


19] Mac Riabhaigh, chieftain of Feara-Scene, mortuus est.


20] Flaithbhertach Mac Cathmhail, high chieftain of Cenel Feradhaigh,
21] and high chieftain also of Clann-Conghaile,
22] and of Uí-Cendfhoda in Tir-Manach, head of the valour
23] and honour of Tir-Eoghain, was slain by Donnchadh Mac
24] Cathmhail, his own brother, in treachery.

Annal LC1239


25] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the twenty-second
26] of the moon; xx.vii. anno cycli solaris; quinto
27] anno cycli Decennovenalis; xii. anno Indictionis;
28] tricesimo nono.


Muirchertach, son of Domhnall O'Briain,
29] died in hoc anno.


Toirdhelbhach, son of Ruaidhri
30] O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht, died.


The battle of
31] Carn-tShiadhail was given by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn,
32] in which were slain Domhnall Tamhnaighe O'Neill,


1] and Mac Mathghamhna, and Somhairle O'Gairmleghaigh,
2] and Caech-Bernais O'Gairmleghaigh, and the chieftains
3] of Cenel-Moain, and great numbers besides; and
4] he assumed again the sovereignty which had been
5] taken from him the year before, after this great defeat
6] which he inflicted on the Cenel-Moain and the
7] Airghialla.


Ferghal, son of Cuconnacht O'Raighilligh,
8] king of Dartraighe and Clann-Fernmhaighe, (and king
9] of the Breifne from the mountain eastwards, according
10] to another book), was slain by Maelruanaidh, son of
11] Ferghal, and by Conchobhar, son of Cormac, after he
12] had gone on a predatory expedition against the sons of
13] Niall, son of Conghalach, when he plundered them, and
14] captured a house about them; and Muirchertach son of
15] Niall, came out of the house on parole, and was made
16] prisoner and killed by them, after the son of O'Raighilligh
17] had been slain.


18] A great depredation was committed
19] on O'Domhnaill by the Foreigners of Erinn,
20] who plundered Cairbre; and the Justiciary himself was at
21] Es-dara, awaiting them, his scouts having gone as far as
22] Druim-cliabh.


Lassairfhina, daughter of Cathal Crobhderg,
23] uxor of O'Domhnaill, gave a half-bally of her marriage
24] portion, i.e. the half-bally of Ros-Birn, to Clarus
25] Mac Mailin and the community of Canons of Trinity
26] Island on Loch-Cé, in honour of the Trinity and Lady
27] Mary, in hoc anno.


Cormac, son of Art O'Maelsechlain,
28] mortuus est.

Annal LC1240


24] The kalends of January on Sunday, the third of the


1] moon; the last year of the solar cycle; sexto anno cycli
2] Decennovenalis; xiii. anno Indictionis:


A great
3] depredation was committed by Cuconnacht O'Raighilligh
4] on Cormac Mac Diarmada, when he plundered the entire
5] country to Ard-carna, and killed several people, in revenge
6] for his son.


Fedhlim O'Conchobhair went to the house
7] of the king of the Saxons, to complain to him of the
8] Foreigners and Gaeidhel of Erinn; and he received great
9] honour from the king on this occasion, and came home
10] safely, joyfully, contentedly.


Aedh, son of Gilla-na-naemh
11] Crom O'Sechnusaigh, was killed by Conchobar, son of
12] Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, and by Fiachra O'Floinn.


13] Sadhbh, daughter of O'Cennedigh, i.e. the wife of Donnchadh
14] Cairbrech O'Briain, mortua est.


15] O'Dreain, airchinnech of Ard-carna, died in hoc anno.

Annal LC1241


16] The kalends of January on Tuesday, and the l4th of
17] the moon; primus annus cycli solaris; septimo anno
18] Decennovenalis cycli; xiiii. cycli Indictionis;
19] primo.


Gregorius nonus, papa, quievit in Christo.


20] great depredation was committed in Magh-Noi by the
21] Justiciary, i.e. Maurice Fitz-Gerald, when he plundered
22] Fiachra O'Floinn and Donnchadh Mac Diarmada; but a
23] few of the people of O'Conchobhair overtook them, and
24] Nár Mac Gillacellaigh was slain by them, et alii multi.


25] The comarb of Patrick, i.e. the Almanach, came to
26] Erinn, having privileges from the Pope over the churches
27] of Patrick in Erinn.


Domhnall Mór O'Domhnaill, i.e.
28] the son of Egnechan O'Domhnaill, king of Tir-Conaill,
29] and of the Feara-Manach, and of the lower part of
30] Connacht as far as Corr-sliabh, and of Oirghiall from the
31] plain downwards—a man like Conn Ced-chathach for


1] winning every battle; the equal of Cormac, grandson
2] of Conn, for just judgments; the rival of Art Aenfher
3] for banishing his enemies; the fellow of Brian Borumha
4] in warfare and piety—died on his pillow, after triumphing
5] over the world and the demon, in the habit of the Grey
6] Order, in the monastery of Es-Ruaidh, and he was also
7] honourably interred in it, after he had been fourteen
8] years in the sovereignty. In the autumn he died.


9] Maelsechlainn, i.e. his own son, assumed the sovereignty
10] in the place of his father.


O'Neill came to him, after he
11] had been expelled from his sovereignty by Mac Lachlainn.


12] Maelsechlainn O'Domhnaill joined Brian O'Neill, and they
13] both went again into Cenel-Eoghain, and then gave
14] battle to Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, viz.:—the battle of
15] Camerghe, where Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, king of
16] Cenel-Eoghain, was slain, and ten of his kinsmen along
17] with him. And all the chieftains of the Cenel-Eoghain
18] were slain there; and the sovereignty of Cenel-Eoghain
19] was afterwards assumed by Brian O'Neill. And Siadhail
20] was killed, in the battle, and many more good men.


Sitric Mac
21] Oirechtaigh, chief of Clann-Tomaltaigh, died
22] in this year.


Walter de Laci, lord of Midhe, and head of
23] counsel of the Foreigners of Erinn, died in Saxon-land in
24] hoc anno.


Consecration of the church of the Friars
25] Minor in Ath-Luain, by the comarb of Patrick.


26] Maurice Fitz-Gerald, Justiciary of Erinn, went with a
27] great army to Ath-lethan in Luighne, and made peace
28] there with Tadhg O'Conchobhair, and afterwards returned.


29] Tadhg O'Conchobhair plundered Dartraighe and Clann Fernmhaighe.


30] Peace was made by the comarb of
31] Patrick with the archbishop of Connacht, and with the


1] other bishops likewise, on account of Patrick's land in
2] Connacht.


Diarmaid, son of Maghnus, son of Toirdhelbhach
3] Mor O'Conchobhair, a man distinguished for hospitality
4] and valour,mortuus est.


Aenghus Magraith, Cormac
5] Mac Diarmada's priest, ante Natale Domini mortuus est.


6] Maghnus, son of Ferghal, post Natale Domini mortuus est.


7] The Bishop O'Flaithbhertaigh, i.e. bishop of Enach-dúin,
8] quievit in Christo.


Tadhg, son of Ruaidhri O'Gadhra, died
9] in hoc anno.


Stephen, papa, quievit in Christo.

Annal LC1242


10] The kalends of January on Wednesday, the twenty-fifth
11] of the moon; secundus annus cycli solaris; octavo
12] anno Decennovenalis cycli; xv. anno Indictionis cycli;
13] secundo.


Donnchadh Cairbrech O'Briain, king of
14] Tuadh-Mumha, and his son, i.e. Toirdhelbhach, son of
15] Donnchadh Cairbrech, mortui sunt; and this Donnchadh
16] O'Briain was the maintainer of the faith and renown
17] of Leth-Modha, and the pillar of the dignity and
18] nobility of the south of Erinn.


Mór, daughter of Donnchadh
19] O'Ferghail, quievit in Christo.


Aedh O'Conchobhair,
20] i.e. the ex-cleric, son of Aedh, son of Ruaidhri
21] O'Conchobhair, was killed by Toirdhelbhach, son of
22] Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg.


Conchobhar O'Briain
23] assumed the sovereignty of Tuadh-Mumha.


Brian, son
24] of Donnchadh O'Dubhda, king of Uí-Fiachrach, Uí-Amhalghaidh,
25] and Irrus, was killed on the way, as he
26] was going on a pilgrimage to the abbey of the Buill.


27] great chapter was held at Lughmhagh by the Primate of
28] Ard-Macha and the abbots of the Canons of all Erinn, to
29] advance their Order; on which occasion many of the
30] relics which Mochta had collected from Rome were taken
31] up.


A great hosting to Cenel-Conaill by the Justiciary,
32] and by the Foreigners of Erinn likewise, and by Fedhlim,
33] son of Cathal Crobhderg O'Conchobhair, in revenge of


1] Tadhg O'Conchobhair; and they encamped at Druim-Thuama,
2] when the chieftains of Cenel-Conaill came into
3] their house, and gave them hostages.


The hospital of Sligech
4] was presented by the Justiciary to Clarus Mac Mailin,
5] in honour of the Trinity.


Tadhg O'Conchobhair was apprehended
6] by Cuconnacht O'Raighilligh at the instigation of
7] Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, in this year.


8] O'Muiredhaigh was slain by Thomas Mac Murchadha.


Niall, son of Domhnall Múr,
9] son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair,
10] was burned, together with three O'Sechnasaighs, in a
11] house in Magh-Eó of the Saxons, by Loghbhais of the
12] people of Mac Maurice.


Aedh O'Mannachain died in
13] the habit of a canon, in Cill-mór.


Domhnall Mac Airten
14] died in hoc anno.


The sons of Aedh O'Conchobhair went
15] upon the castle of Mac Goisdelbh in the Breifne.

Annal LC1243


16] The kalends of January on Thursday, and the sixth
17] of the moon; tertius annus cycli solaris; nonus annus
18] Decennovenalis cycli; primus annus Indictionis;


Tadhg, son of Aedh, son of Cathal
20] Crobhderg, after having been released by O'Raighilligh,
21] came to the monastery of the Buill, and brought a force
22] with him to the house of Mac Diarmada, i.e. Cormac, son
23] of Tomaltach; and he took Mac Diarmada prisoner there,
24] and afterwards carried off his own mother, (i.e. Etain,
25] daughter of Mac Carthaigh, i.e. daughter of Finghin Mór
26] Mac Carthaigh, wife of Mac Diarmada), whom he gave to
27] Cuconnacht O'Raighilligh as his wife, for his own
28] release.


Tadhg went again about the festival of Martin,
29] with a few men, to meet O'Raighilligh, who apprehended
30] Tadhg, in treachery and deceit, a second time, and
31] killed his people; and he himself was kept in confinement
30] until the festival of Berach in the following Spring.




1] great expedition by the king of the Saxons to the king
2] of France, and messengers came from the king, summoning
3] the Foreigners of Erinn.


Richard, son of William Burk,
4] went to him on this expedition, and died in the east.


5] Hugo de Laci, earl of Uladh, mortuus est.
6] (He was not the first Hugo, whom Gilla-gan-inathair killed at Durmhagh-Choluim-Chille,
7] but the last Hugo).


Petrus Mac Craith,
8] after spending his life with the canons of Trinity Island
9] on Loch-Cé, mortuus est, et sepultus est in die Sancti
10] Martini.


Maeleoin O'Crechain, archdeacon of Tuaim,
11] after coming across as a master, died in Ath-cliath.


12] Finnachta O'Lughadha, comarb of Benen, and great
13] dean of Tuaim, died about the festival of Martin.


14] Cathasach O'Snedhiusa, dean of Muinter-Maelruanaidh,
15] died at Ard-carna about the festival of Laurence.


16] Cathal, son of Aedh O'Conchobhair, the foster-son of
17] Muinter-Raighilligh, turned against them, and committed
18] a depredation on Muirchertach Mac Gillashuiligh, in
19] Magh-Nisse, and apprehended Muirchertach himself,
20] whom he killed while in bonds at Cill-tSeisin. He committed
21] another great depredation, inmediately after, on
22] Clann-Fernmaighe and the Dartraighe. Magh-Rein
23] was also plundered by Cathal, son of Aedh, when a war
24] broke out between the race of Conchobhar and O'Raighilligh.


25] The church of Ard-carna was enlarged by Clarus
26] Mac Mailin in hoc anno.

Annal LC1244


27] The kalends of January on Friday, and the 17th of
28] the moon; iiii. anno cycli solaris; x. anno Decennovenalis


1] cycli; ii. anno Indictionis;


Tadhg, son of
2] Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, was blinded and emasculated
3] by Cuconnacht O'Raighilligh, about the festival of Berach,
4] in Inis-na-conaire on Loch-Aillinne, after
5] having been in confinement from the festival of Martin until then.


6] Ruaidhri, son of Aedh O'Conchobhair, his brother, was
7] drowned on the Cuirrin-Connachtach at Ath-Liag-na-Sinna,
8] in vii. idus Martii, and most honorably interred
9] in the monastery of Cluain-tuaiscert.


Conchobhar, son
10] of Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, died before the end of
11] a month of the same Spring.


A very great hosting by
12] Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, eastwards into the
13] Breifne, to O'Raighilligh, to inflict punishment on him
14] for his foster-son and kinsman, i.e. Tadhg O'Conchobhair,
15] when they encamped for a night in Fidhnacha of Magh-Rein.
16] And there was no roof on the church of Fidhnacha
17] at that time; and the comarb was not in the place that
18] night; and as he was not, the routs of the army burned
19] the booths and huts that were inside in the church,
20] without the permission of the chieftains; and the
21] comarb's spiritual foster-son was suffocated there. And
22] the comarb himself came to them on the morrow, in great
23] fury and rage on account of his foster-son, and demanded
24] the eric of his foster-son from O'Conchobhair. And
25] O'Conchobhair said that he would give him his own
26] award. ‘My award,’ said the comarb, ‘is that the best
27] man amongst you shall be burned by you, as the eric of
28] the son of God. ‘Maghnus, son of Muirchertach


1] Muimhnech, is he’, answered O'Conchobhair. ‘No,
2] truly,’ said Maghnus, but the person who is chief over
3] the army.’ ‘I shall not leave you,’ said the comarb,
4] ‘until the eric of my foster-son will have been obtained
5] from you.’ The host went afterwards out of the town,
6] and the comarb followed them to Ath-na-cuirre on the
7] Geirctech; and the flood was over its banks, and they did
8] not pass over it until they pulled down the hospital-house
9] of John the Baptist, which was on the margin of
10] the ford, to place it across the river, that the host
11] might pass over it. The son of Muirchertach Muimhnech, i.e.
12] Maghnus, and Conchobhar, son of Cormac Mac Diarmada,
13] went into the house, when Maghnus, pointing up his
14] sword, said to the man who was overhead throwing
15] down the house, ‘there is the nail which prevents the
16] beam from falling.’ At these words the rafter of the
17] house fell on the head of Maghnus, son of Muirchertach
18] Muimhnech, and fractured his skull, so that he died on
19] the spot; and he was interred outside the door of the
20] church of Fidhnacha; and thrice the full of Clog-na-righ
21] of silver was given as an offering for him, and thirty horses;
22] and thus it was that the comarb of Caillin ultimately
23] obtained the eric of his spiritual foster-son from them.
24] And a splendid monument of hewn stones, surmounted
25] by a beautiful stone cross, was afterwards erected over him;
26] but the O'Ruaircs broke down the monument after
27] a while through hostility.


Donnchadh, son of Finghin,
28] son of Maelsechlainn, son of Aedh, son of Toirdhelbhach
29] O'Conchobhair, i.e. the bishop of Oilfinn, died in Inis-Clothrann
30] on Loch-Ribh, una septimana ante Kalendas Maii,
31] and was interred in the monastery of the Buill.


32] Mór O'Dalaigh, an eminent man who was never surpassed,
33] and never will be surpassed, in poetry, died,


1] and was interred in the monastery of the Buill.


2] was burned, including four churches, and the
3] houses of the whole town along with them.


The archdeacon
4] of Tuaim was drowned in Glaislinn-Chluana.


5] Ferghal Mac Tadhgadhain was killed by Conchobhar Mac
6] Tighernain, in treachery, in Inis-Fraich on Loch-Gile.


7] great contention and dispute grew up in the choir of
8] Oilfinn after the death of Donnchadh O'Conchobhair,
9] bishop of Síl-Muiredhaigh, on the subject of making an
10] election; for a number of them elected Thomas
11] O'Cuinn, i.e. a Friar Minor, who was from his conduct a
12] choice bright vessel; but this election was objected to
13] by Clarus Mac Mailin and John, the two archdeacons of
14] Oilfinn, et Malachias decanus, et sacrista Oilfinensis,
15] volentes unum de choro eligere sicut jus fuit; quod
16] audientes juniores canonici elegerunt sibi Comarb
17] Comman O'Conchobhair; majores vero praedicti elegerunt
18] sibi Johannem archidiaconum in plena synodo
19] apud Ath-Luain, per Clarum archidiaconum
20] Elfinensem, quia nunquam voluit errori aliorum consentire.


21] Cormac, son of Tomaltach of the Rock, son of Conchobhar
22] Mac Diarmada, i.e. the king of all Clann-Maelruanaidh,
23] after spending twenty-six years and a part of
24] another year in maintaining valour and hospitality, and
25] defending the province of Connacht against the Foreigners
26] and Gaeidhel who were opposed to him, died in the habit
27] of a grey monk in the monastery of the Buill, in the harvest
28] time, after triumphing over the devil and the world.