Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition

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Annals of Loch Cé

Author: [unknown]

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translated by William M. HennessyElectronic edition compiled by the CELT Team

Funded by University College Cork. and
Professor Marianne McDonald via the CELT Project.

2. Second draft.

Extent of text: 89 500 words


CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts: a project of University College Cork
College Road, Cork, Ireland—

(2002) (2008)

Distributed by CELT online at University College, Cork, Ireland.
Text ID Number: T100010A

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Available with prior consent of the CELT programme for purposes of academic research and teaching only.


    Manuscript sources
  1. (i) Dublin, Trinity College Library, 1293 olim H. 1. 19; vellum and some paper; s. xvi 2 (AD 1588); scribe Philip Badley [Ó Duibhgeannáin?], Dubthach [Ó Duibhgeannáin], Conaire (son of Maurice) [Ó Duibhgeannáin and others; patron Brian Mac Diarmata (died 1592) of Carraig Meic Diarmata on Loch Cé, near Boyle, lord of Mag Luirg, whose hand appears in some entries. Annals from 1014 to 1571 (ends imperfect) with lacunae from 1138 to 1170, and from 1316 to 1384.
  2. (ii) London, British Library, Additional 4792; vellum and paper; xvi 2; scribes Brian Mac Diarmata and others. Annals from 1568 to 1590.
  1. W. M. Hennessy (ed. & trans.) The Annals of Loch Cé, RS 54, 2 vols. (London, 1871; rep. Dublin, 1939). In Hennessy's printed text the lacuna from 1315 to 1378 is supplied from the Annals of Connacht (which see).
  2. Gearóid Mac Niocaill, Annála Uladh agus Annála Locha Cé, 1014-1220, Galvia 6 (1959) 337-340 [Parallel text of the prima manu entries from MSS TCD H 1 8 and TCL 1293].
  1. Trinity College Library Ir Cat 84.
  2. British Library Cat i 21.
  3. J. H. Todd, 'On the Annals of Kilronan or Book of the O'Duigenans' Proc Roy Ir Acad 1 (1836) 22-7.
  4. Eugene O'Curry, Lectures on the manuscript materials of ancient Irish history (Dublin, 1861; repr. Dublin, 1878 & 1995) 93-107.
  5. Paul Walsh (review of Hennessy, Annals of Loch Cé) J Galway Archaeol Hist Soc 19 (1940) 102-104.
  6. Paul Walsh, 'The Annals of Loch Cé', Ir Ecclesiast Rec 5th ser., 56 (1940) 113-22, repr. (in part) in Paul Walsh, Irish men of learning (Dublin, 1947) 15-24.
  7. Séamus Ó Ceallaigh (review of Hennessy, Annals of Loch Cé) Studies (Dublin) 29 (1940) 474-75.
  8. S. Pender (review of Hennessy, Annals of Loch Cé) J Cork Hist Archaeol Soc 45 (1940) 144-45.
  9. Paul Walsh (review of Hennessy, Annals of Loch Cé) J Galway Archaeol Hist Soc 19 (1940/41) 102-104.
  10. R. Dudley Edwards (review of Hennessy, Annals of Loch Cé) Ir Hist Stud 2 (1940/41) 334-35; .
  11. Michael Duignan (review of Hennessy, Annals of Loch Cé) Éigse 3 (1941/42) 227-28.
  12. Gearóid Mac Niocaill, 'Annála Uladh agus Annála Locha Cé, 1014-1220' Galvia 6 (1959) 18-25.
  13. Gearóid Mac Niocaill, The medieval Irish annals (Dublin, 1975) esp. 29-30.
  14. B. W. O'Dwyer, 'The Annals of Connacht and Loch Cé, and the monasteries of Boyle and Holy Trinity', Proc Roy Ir Acad (C) 72 (1972) 83-102.
  15. Daniel P. Mc Carthy, on his website at offers comprehensive information on two traditions of dating used in the Irish Annals, together with two ancillary articles, 'Chronological synchronisation of the Irish annals', and 'Collation of the Irish regnal canon'.
  16. Daniel P. Mc Carthy, The Irish Annals: their genesis, evolution and history (Dublin 2008).
    The edition used in the digital edition
  1. The Annals of Loch Cé. A Chronicle of Irish Affairs from A.D. 1014 to A.D. 1590. Edited, with a translation, by William M. Hennessy, M.R.I.A. Published by the Authority of the Lords Commissioners of Her Majesty's treasury under the Direction of the Master of the Rolls. Vol.I. William M. Hennessy (ed), First edition [lix + 653 pages] Longman & Co., Trübner & Co., Paternoster Row; Parker & Co, Oxford; Macmillan & Co., Cambridge; A. & C. Black, Edinburgh; A. Thom, Dublin.Oxford/Cambridge/Edinburgh/Dublin (1871)


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CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts.

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Text represents odd pages 3-652. All footnotes have been omitted.

Editorial Declaration


Text has been proof-read three times and parsed using NSGMLS.


The electronic text represents the edited text. In the electronic edition Kl. represents Kl. with a stroke of the hardcopy edition; the superscript o in Latin ordinal numbers of the hardcopy edition has silently been omitted.


There are no quotations.


Soft hyphens are silently removed. When a hyphenated word (hard or soft) crosses a page-break or line-break, the break is marked after the completion of hyphenated word and punctuation mark.


div0=the body of annals; div1 represents the individual annal (i.e. the entries for one year); div2 represents the individual entry in a given annal. Passages of verse occurring within paragraphs are treated as embedded texts; stanzas are marked lg, and metrical lines are marked l. Page-breaks and line-breaks are marked.


Names of persons, groups and places are not tagged. Neither are terms for cultural and social roles. Latin words and passages are tagged frn lang="la".

Canonical References

This text uses the DIV1 element to represent the Annal.

Refs: PAGE (<PB>)

This text uses the DIV1 element to represent the Annal.

Profile Description

Created: Translated by William M. Hennessy. Date range: c.1869-1870.

Use of language

Language: [EN] The translation is in English.
Language: [LA] A portion of the text is in Latin.
Language: [GA] Some words are in Irish.

Revision History

Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition: T100010A

Annals of Loch Cé: Author: [unknown]



1] The kalends of January on Friday, the 26th of the
2] moon, the 15th; the age of the Lord, at that time,
3] fourteen years and a thousand.


A hosting by the son of
4] Amhlaibh, and by Maelmordha, and the Foreigners and
5] Lagenians, into Midhe and Bregha, and afterwards to
6] Termann-Feichin; and they carried off innumerable cows,
7] and a great number of captives.


The festival of Gregory
8] before shrovetide in this year, and Little Easter in
9] summer, which had not been noticed from a remote time.


10] A great assemblage of the men of Mumha, and Midhe,
11] and the South of Connacht, by Brian Boromha, son of
12] Cenneidigh, i.e. the King of Erinn, against the Foreigners
13] of Ath-cliath, and against the Lagenians, to bring them
14] under his obedience, as he had previously brought them;
15] for a mutually aggressive war kindled and arose, at that
16] time, between Brian and the Foreigners of Ath-cliath and
17] the Lagenians. Brian took up a position in Cluain-tarbh
18] in old Magh-Ealta, to the north of Ath-cliath. To attack
19] Ath-cliath on this occasion was not to attack a 'neglected
20] breach.' It was like putting a hand into a griffin's nest
21] to assail it. It woulld not be evading conflict, but seeking
22] great battles and contests, to advance against the multitude
23] that had then arrived there; for the choicest brave


1] men and heroes of the island of Britain had arrived
2] there, from Caer-Eabhrog, and from Caer-Eighist, and
3] from Caer-Goniath. There arrived there, still, the principal
4] kings and chieftans, knights and warriors, champions
5] of valour and brave men of the north of the world, both
6] Black Lochlonnachs and Fair Lochlonnachs, in the
7] following and friendship of the Foreigners, until they
8] were in Ath-cliath, with the son of Amhlaibh, offering
9] war and battle to the Gaeidhel. Thither came Siograd
10] Finn, and Siograd Donn, two sons of Lothar, Jarl of
11] Innsi-hOrc, accompanied by the armies of Innsi-hOrc.
12] Thither came, moreover, great hosts from Innsi-Gall, and
13] from Manainn, and from the Renna, and from the Britons,
14] and from the Flemings. There arrived there also Brodar,
15] i.e. the Jarl of Caer-Eabhrog, with very great hosts, and
16] Uithir the Black, i.e. the warrior of Caer- Eighist, and
17] Grisine, a knight of the Flemings, and Greisiam from the Normans.
18] There arrived there, likewise, a thousand bold,
19] brave, powerful heroes of the black Danars, with shields
20] and targets, and with many corslets, from Thafinn. The
21] great armies and famous young bands of Fine-Gall were
22] also there, and the merchants who had come from the
23] lands of France, and from the Saxons, and from Britain,
24] and from the Romans. There arrived there, moreover,
25] Maelmordha, son of Murchadh, son of Finn, i.e. the chief
26] king of the province of Laighen, with the kings, and
27] chieftains, and brave men of Laighen, with youths and
28] servants accompanying them in the same multitude.

29] Great,indeed, was the multitude and assemblage that
30] came thither. Warlike and haughty was the uprising they


1] made, viz.:—the warriors and champions of the Foreigners,
2] and of the Gaeidhel of Laighen, against the battalions of the
3] men of Mumha, and to ward off from them the oppression of
4] Brian Boromha. The muster of the Danars was, therefore,
5] six great battalions, i.e, one battalion guarding the fortress
6] within, and five battalions contending against the
7] Gaeidhel.

8] Brian, however, assembled neither host nor multitude
9] against this great army of the west of the world, and of
10] Foreigners, but the men of Mumha alone, and Maelshechlainn
11] with the men of Midhe; for there came not to him the
12] Ulidians, nor the Airghialla; nor the Cenel-Eoghain,
13] nor the Cenel-Conaill; nor the men of Connacht, save the Hi-Maine,
14] and Hi-Fiachrach, and Cenel-Oedha; for goodwill
15] existed not then between Brian and Tadhg-an-eichghil,
16] son of Cathal, son of Conchobhar, king of Connacht;
17] and hence it was that Tadhg refused to go with Brian to
18] that battle of Cluain-tarbh.

19] Moreover, Indeirghe, son of Uradhan, i.e. Brian's orderly-servant,
20] saw in a vision, the night before the battle, a
21] synod of many clerics, as he thought, coming towards the
22] camp, singing psalms and reading aloud; and Indeirghe
23] asked who the clerics were. ‘That is Senan, son of Gerrchinn’,
24] said the clerics. ‘What has brought him hither
25] from his own church?’ asked Indeirghe. ‘Debts that are
26] due to him from Brian’, replied the cleric, ‘and it is to


1] demand them he has come here’. ‘They would be paid
2] to him at his house’, said Indeirghe, ‘even though he
3] had not come here’. ‘To-morrow the time for paying
4] them to Senan arrives’, said the cleric, ‘and they must
5] be paid’. They afterwards departed from him. Indeirghe
6] told Brian, moreover, the vision that he had seen, and his
7] Brian's mind was the worse for hearing it.

8] Diarmaid Ua Corcrain, i.e. the orderly-man of Domhnall,
9] son of Diarmaid, and who had been at the killing
10] of the Foreigners in Inis-Cathaigh, saw the same vision,
11] on the night of Easter Friday, for Brian; and
12] thirty-seven years before that Friday night in which Brian was slain
13] this vision was seen.

14] Oebhinn, daughter of Donn-Oilen, came a short time
15] before nocturns on that night, from the Sidh of Craigliath,
16] to converse with Brian, and told him that he
17] would fall on the morrow. Brian enquired of her which
18] of his sons would be king after him, and how many of them
19] would be slain in the battle along with himself.
20] ‘The first son whom thou shalt see shall be king after
21] thee,’ said she. Wherefore it was that Brian sent for
22] Murchadh, in order that he might come to speak with him
23] before all, ere the multitude would arrive. Murchadh
24] came not until he put on his garment. Then it was that
25] Donnchadh heard the voice of Brian, conversing with his
26] Ordlerly-servant, and he waited not to put on all his
27] clothes, but came quickly and placed his hand on the post
28] of the bed in which Brian was, in his tent, and asked
29] Brian what he should do, whether he should go on the


1] foraging excursions, or remain in the camp. Brian said,
2] however, when he recognized Donnchadh's voice, for he
3] liked not his being the first to come to him
, ‘I care not
4] what thou doest,’ said he, ‘as it was not for thee I was
5] seeking’ Donnchadh, moreover, left the tent after that,
6] in anger, and Murchadh met him in the door of the tent,
7] and neither of them saluted the other.

8] When Murchadh, also, came and was conversing with
9] Brian, Brian said to him: ‘go to thy bed’, said he, ‘until
10] the day comes, and that which I should wish, God has not
11] permitted to thee.’ All evil omens were thus crowding
12] upon them until the morning of the day came with its full
13] brightness, i.e. Easter Friday. It was then that a brave,
14] noble battle was fought between them on both sides,
15] for which no equal was found in Erinn. The Foreigners
16] and Lagenians were first defeated and entirely routed, in
17] quo bello cecidit ex adversa caterva Gallorum, Maelmordha,
18] son of Murchadh, chief king of Laighen, and
19] Domhnall, son of Ferghal, king of the Fortuatha, and
20] Brogarbhan, son of Conchobhar, king of Uí-Failghe.
21] Cecidit vero a Gallis, Dubhgall, son of Amhlaibh, and
22] Sighrud, son of Lothar, Jarl of Insi-hOrc, and Gillaciarain,
23] son of Gluniarainn, royal heir of the Foreigners; Uithir
24] the Black, and Suairtghair, and Donnchadh, grandson of
25] hErulbh, and Grisine, and Luimne, and Amhlaibh, son of
26] Lagmann, and Brodar, i.e. the captain of the Lochlann
27] fleet, who slew Brian
; and six thousand, either by killing
28] or drowning. There fell there, also, in the mutual
29] wounding of that battle, of the Gaeidhel, Brian, son of
30] Cenneidigh, son of Lorcan, supreme king of the Gaeidhel
31] of Erinn, and of the Foreigners of Britain, and the
32] Augustus of the whole north-west of Europe, and his son,


1] i.e. Murchadh, and his son, viz. Toirrdhelbhach, son of
2] Murchadh; and Conaing, son of Donncuan, son of Cenneidigh,
3] royal heir of Mumha; and Mothla, son of Domhnall,
4] son of Faelan, king of the Deisi-Mumhan; and Eochaidh,
5] son of Dunadhach, and Niall, son of Conn, and Cuduiligh,
6] son of Cenneidigh—Brian's three guards; and Tadhg, son of
7] Murchadh Ua Ceallaigh, king of Uí-Maine; Maelruanaidh
8] Ua hEidhin, king of Aighne; Geibhendach Ua Dubhagain,
9] king of Fera-Maighe; and Mac-Bethaidh, son of Muiredhach
10] Claen, king of Ciarraighe-Luachra; and Domhnall,
11] son of Diarmaid, king of Corca-Bhaiscinn; Sgannlan, son
12] of Cathal, king of Eoghanacht-Locha-Léin; and Domhnall,
13] son of Eimhin, son of Cainnech Mór, great steward
14] of Marr in Alba; et alii multi nobiles.

15] The supreme king, i.e. Brian, son of Cenneidigh, and
16] Conaing, son of Donncuan, were behind the battalions,
17] chaunting their psalms, and performing prayers, when
18] a vehement, furious, Danmarkian escaped from the battle,
19] avoiding death, until he came to the place where the king
20] was. As soon as the Danmarkian perceived the king
21] unguarded, he unsheathed his sword, and beheaded
22] the supreme king of Erinn, and he beheaded Conaing likewise;
23] and he himself fell in the mutual wounding of that
24] fight.

25] Maelmuire, son of Eochaidh, i.e. the comarb of Patrick,
26] came, truly, with seniors and, relics to Sord-Choluim-Chille,
27] and bore from thence the bodies of Brian and his
28] son Murchadh, and the head of Conaing, and the head of
29] Mothla, which he buried at Ard-Macha, in a new grave.
30] Two nights, moreover, was he, with the congregation of Patrick,
31] waking the bodies, propter honorem regis positi.


32] Dunlaing, son of Tuathal, King of Laighen, died.


33] A battle between Cian, son of Maelmhuaidh, and Domhnall,
34] son of Dubhdabhoirenn, in which Cian, and Cathal, and


1] Raghallach —the three sons of Maelmhuaidh—were slain,
2] and a prodigious slaughter about them.


Cathal, son of
3] Domhnall, king of Uí-Echach, was slain by Donnchadh,
4] son of Brian.


A victory by Tadhg, son of Brian, over
5] Donnchadh, son of Brian, in which Ruaidhri, son of
6] Donnagan, king of Aradh, was killed.


A hosting by
7] Ua Maeldoraidh and Ua Ruairc into Magh-Aei, and
8] they slew Domhnall, son of Cathal, and devastated the
9] plain, and carried off the pledges of Connacht, licet non in
10] eadem vice.


A victory over the Dal-Araidhe by the
11] Ultonians, ubi multi occisi sunt.


Flaithbhertach, son of
12] Domhnall, comarb of Ciaran and Finnen; and Ronan,
13] comarb of Fechin; and Conn Ua Digraidh, in Christo
14] dormierunt.


Numerous are the events of this year.

Annal LC1015.


15] The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 4th of the
16] moon; the age of the Lord fifteen years over a thousand.


17] Domhnall, son of Dubhdabhoirenn, was slain in a battle by
18] Donnchadh, son of Brian.


Flaithbhertach Ua Neill came
19] into Midhe, to assist Maelsechlainn. Maelsechlainn went
20] afterwards on a hosting into Laighen, and he plundered
21] Laighen and carried off a borumha, and the pledges
22] of Laighen.


Niall, son of Ferghal, son of Connach, a suo
23] genere occisus est, i.e. by the Uí-Tuirtre.


24] Ua Lorcain, airchinnech of Lothra, died


Aedh Ua
25] Ruairc, king of Breifne, was slain, dolose, by Tadbg-an-eich-ghil,
26] son of Cathal, king of Connacht, viz.:—at Loch
27] Neill in Magh-Aei, against the protection of the Bachal-Isa;
28] wherefore it was that kingship was taken from his
29] children, except Aedh alone.


Annal LC1016.


1] The kalends of January on the lst feria, the l8th of
2] the moon; the age of the Lord sixteen years and a
3] thousand.


Mac Liag, chief poet of Erinn, mortuus est.


4] battle between the Ulidians and the Dal-Araidhe, and the
5] Dal-Araidhe were defeated; in which fell Domhnall Ua
6] Loingsigh, king of Dal-Araidhe, and Niall, son of Dubhthuinne,
7] and Conchobhar Ua Domhnallain, king of Uí-Tuirtre.


8] Niall, son of Eochaidh, and Coscrach, son of
9] Muiredhach, son of Flann, king of Feara-Maighe-Itha,
10] a suis occisi sunt.


Donncuan, son of Dunlaing, king of
11] Laighen, and Tadhg Ua Riain, king of Uí-Drona, were killed
12] by Donnchadh, son of Gillapatraic, in the middle of Leithghlinn.


13] Dun-leth-glaise was entirely burned.


14] and Cenannus were burned.


Airbhertach, son of Cosdobhran,
15] airchinnech of Ros-ailitrech, died.


Peace in Erinn.

Annal LC1017.


16] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 28th of the
17] moon; the age of the Lord seventeen years and a thousand.


18] Aenghus, son of Carre Calma, royal heir of Temhair,
19] mortuus est.


Ferghal, son of Domhnall, son of Conchobhar,
20] royal heir of Ailech, was slain by the Cenel-Eoghain
21] themselves.


Flann Ua Beice, king of Uí-Méith, a suis
22] occisus est.


Cormac Ua Lorcain, king of Uí-Echach,
23] was slain by the Uí-Trena.


Donnchadh, son of Donnchadh
24] Ua Conghalaigh, royal heir of Erinn, a suis occisus est.


25] Muiredhach Ua Duibheoin, king of Uí-mic-Uais-Bregh,
26] was slain by Flaithbhertach Ua Neill.


A slaughter of the
27] Foreigners and Lagenians, near Odhbha, by Maclsechlainn.


28] Oengus, son of Flann, airchinnech of Lann-leire; Cormac
29] Ua Maelmidhe, airchinnech of Druim-raithe, mortui sunt.


30] Gillacoluim, son of Muiredhach Ua Maeltrea, and Oedh
31] Ua hEradháin, King of Ui-mBresail-Macha, mortui sunt.


32] Gillachrist Ua Lorcain, lord of Caille-Follamhain, was
33] killed in Cenannus.


Annal LC1018.


1] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 10th
2] of the moon; the age of the Lord eighteen years and a
3] thousand.


Braen, son of Maelmordha, king of Laighen,
4] was blinded in Ath-cliath by Sitric, son of Amhlaibh.


5] Maelan, son of Eicnech Ua Lorcain, king of Gailenga
6] and all Tuath-Luighne, was slain by the Saithne.


7] hosting by the Cenel-Eoghain to Cill-Fabhrich, when
8] they killed a great number, and lost Gillachrist, son of
9] Conaing, son of Conghalach, steward of Clann-Sinnaigh.


10] Domhnall Ua Caindelbhain, king of Laeghaire, and
11] Caismidhe, i.e. Maelsechlainn's lawgiver, were slain by
12] the Feara-Ceall and Ele, whilst taking a prey.


The hairy
13] star was seen in this year, during the space of a fortnight,
14] in harvest time.

Annal LC1019.


15] The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 2lst
16] of the moon; the age of the Lord nineteen years and
17] a thousand.


Ailén, son of Oissén, king of Mughorna,
18] and Oissen Ua Cathusaigh, lord of Saithne, were killed
19] by the Gailenga.


Cill-dara was all burned by lightning.


20] Domhnall, son of Maelsechlainn, comarb of Finnen and
21] Mocholmog, in Christo quievit.


Ardghar and Archú
22] sons of Maelsechlainn, son of Maelruanaidh—two royal
23] heirs of Oilech, —a suis occisi sunt.


Mathghamhain, son
24] of Conaing, son of Donncuan, royal heir of Mumha, died.


25] Flaithbhertach Ua Neill went into Tir-Conaill, and he
26] destroyed Tir-Enna and Tir-Lughdech.


Ruaidhri Ua
27] hAillelain, king of Uí-Echach, was slain by the men of
28] Fernmhagh. The two sons of Cennedigh, viz.:—Conghalach
29] and Gillamuire, were likewise slain, immediately
30] after, in revenge of him.


An attack was made on
31] Donnchadh, son of Brian, by the Uí-Caisin, and his right
32] hand was cut off.


The stone-church of Dermhagh was
33] broken open by Muirchertach, grandson of Carrach, against


1] Maelmhuaidh, king of Feara-Ceall, who was taken out
2] of it by force, and afterwards slain.

Annal LC1020.


3] The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 2nd of
4] the moon; the age of the Lord twenty years and a thousand.


5] Cill-dara, with its oratories, was burned.


6] with its oratories, was burned.


Cluain-Iraird, and
7] Cluain-mic-Nois, and Sord-Choluim-Chille, tertia parte
8] crematae sunt.


Flaithbhertach, grandson of Eochaidh,
9] was blinded by Niall, son of Eochaidh.


Gillaciarain, son
10] of Oisen, king of Mughdhorna during the space of one
11] day, was slain by the Uí-mic-Uais-Bregh.


12] was altogether burned, viz.:—the great stone-church
13] with its roof of lead, and the belfry with its bells, and
14] the Sabhall, and the Toai, and Carbad-na-nAbadh,
15] and the old preaching chair, on the 3rd of the kalends
16] of June, the Monday before Whitsuntide.


17] son of Eochaidh, comarb of Patrick, head of the
18] clerics of the entire West of Europe, in the 20th year
19] of his government, on the 3rd of the nones of June,
20] on Friday before Whitsuntide, in Christo quievit.


21] Amhalghaidh placed in the comarbship of Patrick,
22] with the consent of laity and clergy.


Finnlaech, son of
23] Ruaidhri, king of Alba, a suis occisus est.


Oedh Ua hInnrechtaigh,
24] king of Uí-Meth, was slain by the Uí-Niallain.

Annal LC1021.


25] The kalends of January on the lst feria, the l3th
26] of the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-one years
27] and a thousand.


A victory by Ughaire, son of Dunlaing,
28] king of Laighen, over Sitric, son of Amhlaibh, king of
29] Ath-cliath, at Deilgne-Moghorog.


A shower of wheat
30] was shed in Osraighe in hoc anno.


A predatory excursion
31] by the son of Oedh Ua Neill through Uí-Dortain; they
32] were in Magh-atechta, and they killed the Lethderg


1] in a conflict, but the Uí-Meith, and the Mughdhorna,
2] and the Saithne, and the men of Fernmhagh, and the
3] Uí-Dorton, with their kings, overtook them. Ua Celechain
4] and Ua Lorcain, with the Uí-Breasail and Uí-Niallain,
5] were, moreover, before them in Oenach-Macha, so
6] that they all surrounded him; but the son of Oedh Ua
7] Neill carried his preys through them all, and he had
8] only twelve score warriors; and many were slain between
9] them in the middle of Ard-Macha. Sic in libro
10] Dubh-da-leithe.


Brannacan Ua Maeluidhir, a chief of
11] Midhe, was slain on May-day in Loch-Ainninn.


12] son of Flann, son of Maelsechlainn, royal heir of Temhair,
13] and Domhnall, grandson of Murchadh, occisi sunt.

Annal LC1022.


14] The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 24th
15] of the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-two years
16] and a thousand.


The son of Cerbhall, king of Eile, and
17] Domhnall Ua Ceallaigh, king of Fotharta, and Sitric, son
18] of Imhar, king of Port-Lairge, occisi sunt.


19] son of Cairell, king of Oirghiall, and Flann Ua Tadhgain,
20] airchinnech of Derrinhagh, and Lachtnan, comarb of Iniscain-Degha,
21] in Christo dormierunt; in Ard-Macha he
22] died.


Maelsechlainn the Great, son of Domhnall, supreme
23] king of Erinn, pillar of the dignity and nobility of the
24] west of the world, died in the 43rd year of his reign, in
25] the 73rd year of his age, on the 4th of the nones of September,
26] viz.:—on Sunday, the 2nd of the moon.


27] A naval battle on the sea, between the foreigners of
28] Ath-cliath and Niall, son of Eochaidh, king of Uladh; and
29] the foreigners were defeated, and slaughtered; and some of


1] them were enslaved, moreover.


Muirchertach, grandson of
2] Carra, royal heir of Temhair, was slain by the Guth, i.e.
3] by Maelsechlainn.


A victory was gained at Sliabh-Fuaid,
4] over the Airghialla, by Niall, son of Eochaidh; and a
5] terrible slaughter of the Airghialla was committed there.
6] Mathghamhain, son of Laighnén, king of Fermhagh, was
7] slain by Cathal Ua Crichain, in the middle of Cluain-Eois.

Annal LC1023.


8] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 2nd of the
9] moon; the age of the Lord twenty-three years and
10] a thousand. An eclipse on the l4th of the January
11] moon, the 4th of the ides of January, on Thursday. An
12] eclipse of the sun, also, on the 27th of the same moon, on
13] Thursday, at the end of a fortnight, on the ninth of the
14] kalends of February.


Domhnall, son of Oedh Bec Ua
15] Maelsechlainn, was slain by the son of Senan Ua
16] Leochain.


Donnchadh Ua Duinn, king of Bregha,
17] was apprehended by the Foreigners, in their own assembly,
18] and taken beyond the sea.


Lochlainn, son
19] of Maelsechlainn, was slain a suis.


Tadhg, son of
20] Brian, was slain by the Eile.


Conchobhar, grandson
21] of Carra, was killed by the Guths.


22] king of Britain, died.


Oenric, king of the world, died
23] in pace; after him Cuana assumed the sovereignty
24] of the world.


Domhnall Ua hEghra, king of Luighne
25] of Connacht, was slain by Ua Conchobhair, i.e. the king of
26] Connacht.

Annal LC1024.


27] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the l6th
28] of the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-four years
29] and a thousand.


Ugaire, son of Dunlaing, king of
30] Laighen, and Maelmordha, son of Lorcan, king of Uí-Ceinnsealaigh,
31] had a house captured against them, at
32] Dubhloch, by Donnsleibhe, son of Maelmordha, king of
33] Uí-Faelain, and they fell there.


Donnsleibhe was himself
34] slain, soon afterwards, by the Uí-Muiredhaigh.


The battle of
35] Ath-na-croisi, in Corann, between Ua Maeldoraidh, i.e.
36] king of Cenel-Conaill, and Ua Ruairc; when Ua Ruairc was


1] defeated, and a terrible slaughter of the men of Breifne
2] and Connacht was committed by the Cenel-Conaill.


3] Ua Lochain, i.e. the chief poet of Erinn, was slain by the men
4] of
Tethfa. God performed a ‘poet's miracle,’ manifestly,
5] on the party that killed him, for they died an evil death,
6] and their bodies were not buried until wolves and birds
7] preyed upon them.


Domhnall,son of Aedh, royal heir of
8] Oilech, was slain by Gillamughra, son of Ogan.


9] Ua Conchaille, king of Uí-Niallain,was killed by the Ui-Dorthainn.


10] Maelruanaidh Ua Ciardha, i.e. king of
11] Cairpre, a suis occisus est.


A predatory expedition by
12] the son of Ua Neill, so that he ravaged Uí-Meth and
13] Uí-Dorthainn.

Annal LC1025.


14] The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 2nd
15] of the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-five years
16] and a thousand.


Muiredhach, son of Mughron, comarb
17] of Ciaran; Maeleoin Ua Torain, comarb of Doire,
18] dormierunt.


Niall Ua Conchobbair, royal heir of
19] Connacht; Geirgaela, king of Bregha, occisi sunt.


20] Got, king of Midhe, died.


A hosting by
21] Flaithbhertach Ua Neill into Bregha and to the Foreigners,
22] and he took the hostages of the Gaeidhel from the Foreigners.


23] A predatory expedition by Cathalan, king of
24] Fernmhagh, against the Feara-Manach.


A predatory
25] expedition by the Feara-Manach, immediately after, to
26] Loch-nUaithne, which they burned, and they slew
27] seventeen men on the margin of the lake.


28] was plundered by Cathalan Ua Crichain.

Annal LC1026.


29] The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 16th of
30] the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-six years and
31] a thousand.


A hosting by the son of Brian into Midhe
32] and Bregha, and to the Foreigners and Lagenians, and


1] Osraighe, and he carried off their pledges.


A hosting by
2] Flaithbhertach Ua Neill into Midhe, whose pledges he
3] took; and he went over the ice into Inis-Mochta, so that
4] he plundered the island.


A hosting by the son of
5] Eochaidh, at the same time, to the Foreigners; and he
6] burned their territory and carried off from them a great
7] spoil, and countless jewels.


Maelruanaidh Ua Maeldoraidh
8] went on his pilgrimage.


Aimhergin Ua Mordha,
9] king of Laighis, interfectus est.


Muiredhach Ua Céle
10] was betrayed by Domhnall Ua Ceallaigh, who slew him
11] in his own assembly.

Annal LC1027.


12] The kalends of January on the lst feria, the 20th of
13] the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-seven years
14] and a thousand.


Ruaidhri, sort of Fogartach, king of the
15] South of Bregha, died in pilgrimage.


Tadhg Mac Gillapatraic
16] was blinded by the king of Osraighe, i.e.
17] Donnchadh Mac Gillapatraic.


A hosting by the son of
18] Brian into Osraighe, when the Osraighe committed a
19] slaughter of his people, including Doghra, son of
20] Dunchadh, and Domhnall, son of Senchan, and a great
21] multitude besides.


Cathalan Ua Crichain, king of
22] Fermhagh, and Culocha Ua Gairbheith, king of Uí-Meith,
23] fell by each other in a conflict.


A predatory
24] expedition by the Cenel-Eoghain into Ulidia, and they
25] brought with them a great prey of cows.


26] in Alba, was altogether burned in hoc anno.

Annal LC1028.


27] The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the first of
28] the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-eight years and
29] a thousand.


Tadhg, son of Eochaidh, airchinnech of Cill-Dalua,
30] died. Brian Ua Conchobhair, and Cornán Ua Ruairc,
31] and Flaithbhertach Ua hEradhain, and Conchobhar, son
32] of Eochaidh, occisi sunt.


Maelmochta, king of Feara-Ross,
33] was slain by the Conaille.


Plundering of Daimhliag
34] by the Feara-Manach.


The son of Cu-Cuailgne, king of
35] Uí-Echach, died.


Sitric, son of Amhlaibh, king of the
36] Foreigners, and Flannagan Ua Ceallaigh, king of Bregha,


1] went to Rome.


A preying expedition by the Cenel-Eoghain
2] into Tir Conaill, where they carried off great
3] spoils.

Annal LC1029.


4] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 12th
5] of the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-nine years
6] and a thousand.


Donnsleibhe Ua Brogarbhain, king of
7] Uí-Failghe, a suis occisus est.


Donnchadh Ua Donnacain,
8] king of Fernmhagh, and the son of Ua Geirrche, king of
9] Conaille, fell by each other at Cill-sleibhe.


Brian Ua Conchobhair,
10] royal heir of Connacht, a suis occisus est.


11] Oedh Ua Ruairc, and Oengus Ua hAenghusa, and the
12] airchinnech of Druim-cliabh, and sixty other persons
13] along with them, were burned in Inis-na-lainne.


14] Ua Canannain, or Ua Maeldoraidh, was slain
15] by the Uí-Canannain.


Amhlaibh, son of Sitric, king of
16] the Foreigners, was taken prisoner by Mathghamhain Ua
17] Riagain, king of Bregha, until he Amhlaibh gave twelve
18] hundred cows, and six score British horses, and three
19] score ounces of gold, and the sword of Carlus, and the
20] hostages of the Gaeidhel, both of Laighen and Leth-Chuinn;
21] and three scores ounces of white silver, as his
22] fetter ounce.


Maelcoluim, son of Maelbrighde, son of
23] Ruaidhri, and Maelbrighde Ua Brolchain, chief artificer
24] of Erinn in his time, mortui sunt.

Annal LC1030.


25] The kalends of Jauuary on the 5th feria, the 23rd
26] of the moon; the age of the Lord thirty years and a
27] thousand.


Flaithbhertach came from Rome.


28] was burned and plundered by the Foreigners of
29] Ath-cliath, and two hundred men were burned in the
30] stone-church, and two hundred more carried off in captivity.


31] Cill-dara was burned through the negligence
32] of a woman.


A hosting by the son of Eochaidh to


1] Telach-óg, but he obtained nothing.


Eochaidh Ua Cethenén,
2] comarb of Tighernach, chief sage of Erinn in wisdom,
3] in Ard-Macha quievit.


Tadhg-an-eich-ghil, son of Cathal,
4] son of Conchobhar, i.e. chief king of Connacht, and the Got,
5] king of Midhe, occisi sunt.


Ruaidhri Ua Canannain was
6] slain by Oedh Ua Neill.


Tadhg Ua Lorcain, king of Uí-Ceinnsealaigh,
7] died on his pilgrimage at Glenn-da-locha.


8] Cumhara, son of Mac-Liag, chief poet of Erinn, died.

Annal LC1031.


9] The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 4th of
10] the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-one years and a
11] thousand.


Oedh Ua Neill went with a large army eastwards,
12] around the son of Eochaidh, when he carried off
13] three thousand cows, and one thousand and two hundred
14] captives.


A hosting by the son of Eochaidh into Uí-Echach,
15] when they burned Cill-Combair with its oratory,
16] and killed forty clerics, and carried off thirty captives.


17] A hosting by the son of Brian into Osraighe, when
18] a slaughter of his people was committed, including
19] Maelcoluim Caenraighech, et alii multi.


20] comarb of Caeimhghen, was blinded by Domhnall, son
21] of Dunlaing.


'The prey of the snow' by Aedh Ua
22] Neill, in Tir-Conaill, when he killed Ua Canannain, king
23] of Cenel-Conaill.


O'Donnagain, king of Aradh-thire, was
24] slain by Ua Briain, i.e. Toirdhealbhach.

Annal LC1032.


25] The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the l5th of
26] the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-two years and
27] a thousand.


Mathghamhain Ua Riagain, king of Bregha,
28] was slain by Domhnall Ua Ceallaigh, per dolum.


29] son of Maelbrighde, great steward of Murebhe,
30] was burned; together with fifty persons.


Domhnall Ua
31] Maeldoraidh, king of Cenel-Conaill, died in this year.


32] The son of Mathghamhain, son of Muiredhach, king of
33] Ciarraighe, and Donnghal, son of Donncothaigh, king of


1] Gailenga, occisi sunt.


Edru Ua Conaing, royal heir of
2] Mumha, occisus est by the community of Imlech.


3] victory of Druim-Bennchair was gained over the Ulidians,
4] by the Airghialla.


The victory of Inbher-Boinne was
5] gained
by Sitric, son of Amhlaibh, over the Conaille,
6] and the Uí-Dorthainn, and the Uí-Meith, in which they
7] were put to slaughter.


Maeltuile, bishop of Ard-Macha,
8] in Christo quievit.


Aedh Ua Furreidh assumed the
9] bishoprick afterwards.

Annal LC1033.


10] The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 26th
11] of the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-three years
12] and a thousand.


A victory by Murchadh Ua Maelsechlainn
13] over Conchobhar Ua Maelsechlainn, in which
14] Maelruanaidh, grandson of Carrach Calma, and Lorcan
15] Ua Caindelbhain, king of Laeghaire, et alii multi,
16] were slain.


Conchobhar Ua Muiredhaigh, king of Ciarraighe,
17] occisus est.


The fair of Carman was celebrated
18] by Donnchadh Mac Gillapatraic, after he had assumed
19] the kingship of Laighen.


Aimhergin Ua Cerbhaill, king
20] of Eile, and Cu-Mumhan, son of Ruaidhri Ua Cedfadha,
21] mortui sunt.


A victory was gained by the Eile, in which
22] Braen Ua Clerigh, and Muiredhach, son of Mac Gillapatraic,
23] et alii multi, were slain.


The shrine of Peter
24] and Paul dropped blood on the altar of Patrick, in
25] Ard-Macha, coram omnibus videntibus.


Aedh, son of
26] Flaithbhertach Ua Neill, king of Oilech, and royal heir
27] of Erinn, post poenitentiam mortuus est, on the night of
28] Andrew's festival.


Aedh Ua Neill mortuus est.


29] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 7th of
30] the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-four years and a
31] thousand.


Maelcoluim, son of Cinaeth, king of Alba,


1] obiit.


Amhlaibh, son of Sitric, was slain by Saxons,
2] in going to Rome.


Gillasechlainn, son of Gillamochonna,
3] occisus est.


Dubhdaingen, king of Connacht, a suis occisus
4] est.


Donnchadh, son of Brian, plundered Osraighe entirely.


5] Cathal Martyr, airchinnech of Corcach, and Conn,
6] son of Maelpatraic, airchinnech of Mungairit, in Christo
7] dormierunt.


Macnia Ua hUchtain, lector of Cenannus,
8] was drowned while coming from Alba; and the cuilebhadh
9] of Colum-Cille, and three reliquaries of the reliquaries of
10] Patrick, and thirty men along with them, were also
11] drowned


Suibhne, son of Cinaeth, king of the Gall-Gaeidhel,
12] mortuus est.

Annal LC1035.


13] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the l8th of
14] the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-five years and a
15] thousand.


Cnut, son of Sain, king of the Saxons, died.


16] Cathal, son of Amhalghaidh, king of the West of Laighen,
17] and his wife, i.e. the daughter of the son of Gillacaeimghin,
18] son of Cineath, and his dog, were slain together by the son of
19] Cellach, son of Dunchadh.


Flaithbhertach Ua Murchadha,
20] king of Cenel-mBoghuine, cum multis occisus est.


21] Iarnan Ua Flannchadha, i.e. he who was called Cú na
22] naem ocus na bhfiren
, went on a predatory excursion into
23] Delbhna; but a small number of the men of Delbhna
24] overtook his band, and gave him battle, and committed a
25] slaughter of his people; and he was slain through the
26] power of the saints.


Raghnall, grandson of lmhar, king of
27] Port-Lairge, was killed in Ath-cliath, by Sitric, son of
28] Amhlaibh.


Ard-Breacain was plundered by Sitric, son


1] of Amhlaibh; and Sord-Choluim-Cille was burned and
2] plundered by Conchobhar Ua Maeilseehlainn, in revenge
3] thereof.

Annal LC1036.


4] The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 28th of
5] the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-six years and a
6] thousand.


Domhnall O'hUamharain, king of Feara-Lí,
7] occisus est by the Dal-Araidhe.


Sgolóc O'Flannagain,
8] king of Feara-Tethfa, a suis occisus est.


Domhnall, son
9] of Flann, royal heir of Temhair, was slain by the men of
10] Breifne.


Murchadh Ua Anchapaill, and Niall son of
11] Muirghes, two royal heirs of the West of Connacht omnes
12] occisi sunt.


Cuchiche, son of Eignechan, king of Cenel-Enna,
13] obiit.


Donnchadh, son of Dunlaing, king of
14] Laighen, was blinded by Donnchadh Mac Gillapatraic,
15] and he died thereof.


Flaithbhertach In-trostain Ua
16] Neill, chief king of Oilech, post poenitentiam optimam in
17] Christo quievit.


Ruaidhri, san of Tadhg, son of Lorcan,
18] was blinded by the son of Mael-na-mbó.

Annal LC1037.


19] The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 10th
20] of the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-seven years
21] and a thousand.


Cathal, son of Ruaidhri, king of the
22] West of Connacht, went on his pilgrimage to Ard-Macha.


23] Flann Ua Maelsechlainn was blinded by Conchobhar Ua
24] Maelsechlainn.


Archú Ua Celechain, king of Uí-mBresail,
25] and Ruaidhri Ua Lorcain, king of Uí-Niallain, occisi sunt
26] at Craebh-chaille by Muiredhach O'Ruadhachain, and by
27] the Uí-Echach.


Cúinmhain Ua Robhann, king of Port-Lairge,
28] a suis occisus sunt.


Three of the family of Ua-Maeldoraidh
29] were slain.


Prodigious tempests and great
30] moisture in this year.

Annal LC1038.


31] The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 2lst of
32] the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-eight years and a
33] thousand.


Colman Cam Ua Conghaile, comarb of
34] Molaise, in Christo quievit.


Gillachrist, son of Cathbharr


1] Ua Domhnaill, the prop of battle and defence of the
2] Cenel-Conaill, was slain by the son of Conn Ua Domhnaill.


3] A battle between Cuana, king of the Saxons, and Ota,
4] king of the Franks, in which a thousand men were slain
5] along with Ota.


Orcallaid O'Ruadhachain, king of
6] Uí-Echach, was slain by Clann-Sionaigh in Ard-Macha,
7] on the festival of Ultan, in revenge for the killing of
8] Eochaidh Mac-an-Abaidh, and for the profanation
9] of Ard-Macha.


A victory gained over the Uí-Maine by the
10] Dealbhna, in the middle of Cluain-mic-Nois, on the
11] Friday of Ciaran's festival, in quo multi occisi sunt.


12] Cúdhuiligh, grandson of Donnchadh, royal heir of Caisel,
13] was slain by the Uí-Faelain.

Annal LC1039.


14] The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 2nd of
15] the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-nine years and a
16] thousand.


Iaco, king of Britain, a suis; Domhnall,
17] son of Donnchadh, king of Uí-Faelain, by Domhnall Ua
18] Ferghaile; Donnchadh Derg Ua Ruairc, by Ua
19] Conchobhair; Ruaidhri, king of Fernmhagh, a suis; Oedh
20] Ua Flannagain, king of Lurg and Uí-Fiachrach, omnes
21] occisi sunt.


Donnchadh Mac Gillapatraic, chief king of
22] Laighen and Osraighe, died.


Muiredhach, son of Flaithbhertach
23] Ua Neill, was slain by the Leithrenna.


24] son of Faelan, was slain by Foreigners.

Annal LC1040.


25] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 13th of
26] the moon; the age of the Lord forty years and a
27] thousand. Hic est annus millesimus et quadragesimus annus ab
28] Incarnatione Domini.


Corcran Cleirech, the head of
29] Europe as regards piety and wisdom, in Christo pausavit.


30] Donnchadh, son of Crínán, king of Alba, a
25] suis occisus est.


31] Aralt, king of the Saxons, givas moritur.


Cill-dara was


1] entirely burned about the festival of Michael.


2] was burned. Dún-da-leth-ghlas was burned, and many
3] churches besides.

Annal LC1041.


4] The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 24th of the moon;
5] the age of the Lord forty-one years and
6] a thousand.


Numerous, truly, are the events in this year,
7] between slayings and plunderings, and battles. No one
8] could relate them all, but only a few of many of them are
9] related, on account of the dignity of the people mentioned
10] in them.


Mac Bethaidh, son of Bethadh, son of Ainmire,
11] chief poet of Ard-Macha, and likewise of Erinn, died.


12] Domhnall Remhar, son of Mael-na-mbó, was slain by the
13] Lagenians.


14] Muirchertach Mac Gillapatraic was slain by
14] the Uí-Caelluidhe, in treachery.


A preying expedition
15] by the Airghialla into Conaille, but the Conaille overtook
16] them, and they were defeated in Magh-dha-chuinnech.


17] A preying expedition by the Uí-Neill into Uí-Echach-Uladh,
18] and they carried off a great prey.


19] son of Donncuan, son of Dunlaing, was forcibly taken
20] from Cill-dara, and afterwards killed.

Annal LC1042.


21] The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 5th of
22] the moon; the age of the Lord forty-two years and a
23] thousand./p[gt ]


Ferna-mór-Maedhóig was burned by Donnchadh,
24] son of Brian.


Glenn-Uissen was burned by the
25] son of Mael-na-mbó, and the oratory broken, and one
26] hundred persons were slain, and four hundred taken out
27] of it, in retaliation for Ferna-mór.


Murchadh, son of
28] Dunlaing, king of Laighen, and Domhnall, son of Aedh,
29] king of Ui-Bairche, fell by Gillapatraic, son of Donnchadh,
30] king of Osraighe, and by Macraith, grandson of
31] Donnchadh, king of Eoghanachta.


Flann, son of
32] Maelsechlainn, royal heir of Erinn, was slain through
33] treachery.

Annal LC1043.


34] The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the l6th
35] of the moon; the age of the Lord forty-three years and a
36] thousand.


Cathal, son of Ruaidhri, king of the West of


1] Connacht, died in pilgrimage at Ard-Macha.


2] Ua Ferghaile, king of Fortuatha-Laighen, was slain by
3] his own people.


Flann Ua hAnbhfheth, king of Uí-Meth,
4] was slain by the Uí-Cerbhaill, i.e. by the king of
5] Fernmhagh. Oedh Ua Confhiacla, king of
6] Tethfa, was killed by Muirchertach O'Maelsechlainn.


Cennedigh O'Cuirc,
7] king of Muscraidhe, occisus est.


8] O'Duibhdhiorma in pace dormivit.


The victory of Maelcaenmhaigh,
9] on the brink of the Siuir, was gained over
10] the men of Osraighe and Er-Mumha, by Carthach, son of
11] Saerbrethach; in which Ua Donnagáin, king of Aradh,
12] was slain.


A victory was gained over the Cenel-Conaill,
13] by the Cenel-Eoghain, at Termon-Dábheóg.

Annal LC1044.


14] The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 27th of
15] the moon; the age of the Lord forty-four years and
16] a thousand.


Cumuscach Ua hAillelain, king of Uí-Echach,
17] was slain by the Uí-Carracain.


Niall Ua Celecháin,
18] king of Uí-Breasail, and his brother, i.e. Trénfer,
19] were blinded by the sons of Matadhan, through treachery.


20] Domhnall Ua Cuirc, king of Muscraidhe, was slain by
21] Ua Fladhlén, and Ua Oisin.


A preying expedition by
22] Niall, son of Maelsechlainn, i.e., who was at that time
23] king of Oilech, against the Uí-Meth and Cuailgne, when
24] he carried off 1,200 cows, and a multitude of captives, in
25] revenge for the profanation of Clog-an-edachta.


26] Another preying expedition, moreover, by Muirchertach Ua Neill,
27] against the Mughdhorna; and he carried off a prey
28] of cattle, and captives, in revenge for the profanation of
29] the same bell.


The Cleirech Ua Conchobhair was slain.

Annal LC1045.


30] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 9th
31] of the moon; the age of the Lord forty-five years and
32] a thousand.


Conghalach Ua Lochlainn, king of


1] Corcomruaidh; Glún-iarainn Ua Cleirchén, king of Uí-Cairpre;
2] Flaithbhertach Ua Canannáin, king of Cenel-Conaill;
3] Domhnall Ua Cedfadha, the glory of Mumha,
4] mortui sunt. The airchinnech of Leithghlinn was killed in
5] the door of the church.


A predatory expedition by Muirchertach
6] Ua Neill into Feara-Breagh; but Gairbheith Ua
7] Cathusaigh, king of Breagha, overtook him at Cassán-Linne,
8] when the sea was full in before him, and Muirchertach
9] and many others were slain there.


10] son of Saerbhrethach king of Eoghanacht-Caisil, was
11] burned in a house on fire, by the grandson of Longhargan,
12] son of Donncuan, cum multis nobilibus ustis.


13] battle between the men of Alba, among themselves, in
14] which Cronan, abbot of Dun-Cuillend, was slain.

Annal LC1046.


15] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 20th of
16] the moon; the age of the Lord forty-six years and a
17] thousand.


Muiredhach, son of Flaithbhertach Ua Neill,
18] royal heir of Oilech, and Aitedh Ua hAitedh, king of
19] Uí-Echach, were burned in a house on fire, by Cu-Uladh,
20] son of Conghalach, king of Uachtar-thire.


Art Uallach
21] O'Ruairc was slain by the Cenel-Conaill.


Ferghal Ua
22] Ciardha, king of Cairpre, was slain by Ua Flannagain,
23] king of Tethfa.

Annal LC1047.


24] The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 1st of
25] the moon; the age of the Lord forty-seven years and a
26] thousand.


Great snow in this year from the festiva1 of
27] Mary to the festival of Patrick, for which no equal was found,
28] so that it caused a destruction of people, and cattle,
29] and the wild animals of the sea, and of birds.


30] grandson of Madadhan, king of Uí-Bresail,
31] was killed in Ard-Macha, by Madadhan Ua Celechain, per
32] dolum.


Niall Ua Ruairc was slain by Ua Conchobhair.


33] A predatory hosting by Niall, son of Maelsechlainn, into
34] Bregha, when he slew Ua hIfferrain.

Annal LC1048.


35] The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the l2th
36] of the moon; the age of the Lord forty-eight years


1] and a thousand.


Ferghal Ua Maelmhuaidh, king of
2] Feara-Ceall; Gillacoluim Ua hEighnigh, chief king of
3] Oirghiall; Cendfaeladh O'Cuill, chief poet of Mumha;
4] Maelfabhaill Ua hEidhin, king of Uí-Fiachrach-Aidhne,
5] mortui sunt.


The comarb of Peter, i.e. the Pope,
6] and twelve of his men of grade along with him, died after
7] drinking poison which the comarb who had previously
8] been expelled thence i.e. from the Papacy gave to them.

Annal LC1049.


9] The kalends of January on the lst feria, the 23rd of
10] the moon; the age of the Lord forty-nine years and a
11] thousand.


Maelcainnigh Ua Taichligh, comarb of Daimhinis,
12] died.


Muirchertach, son of Maelsechlainn, was slain
13] by Conchobhar Ua Maelsechlainn, to the profanation of
14] God and of men.


Conchobhar Ua Cinnfhaeladh, king of
15] Uí-Conaill-Gabhra, and Imhar Ua Béice, king of Uí-Méth,
16] occisi sunt.

Annal LC1050.


17] The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 4th of the
18] moon; the age of the Lord fifty years and a thousand.


19] Maelruanaidh, grandson of Cucoirne, king of
20] Eile, and Donnchadh, son of Gillafhaelain, king of Uí-Failghe,
21] occisi sunt.


Cill-dara, with its stone-church,
22] was burned.


Cleirchen Ua Muineóc, tower of the piety of
23] Erinn, quievit in Christo.


A conflict between the men
24] of Magh-Itha and the Oirghialla, in which Eochaidh Ua
25] hOssene was slain.

Annal LC1051.


26] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the l5th of
27] the moon; the age of the Lord fifty-one years and a
28] thousand.


Muirchertach, son of Brec, king of the Deisi,
29] was burned by the Uí-Faelain.


Mac Buatan, son of Brec,
30] was slain in the stone-church of Lis-mór, by Maelsechlainn,
31] grandson of Brec.


Amhalghaidh, son of Cathal, king of
32] the West of Connacht, was blinded by Aedh Ua Conchobhair.


33] Laighnén, son of Maelan, king of Gailenga, cum
34] sua regina, i.e., the daughter of the Gut, went on their


1] pilgrimage to Rome, and he died.


Mac Liachlainn was
2] expelled from the sovereignty of Tealach-óg, and Aedh,
3] grandson of Ferghal, was made king in his place.

Annal LC1052.


4] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 27th of
5] the moon; the age of the Lord fifty-two years and a
6] thousand.


Domhnall Bán Ua Briain was slain by the
7] men of Connacht.


Braen, son of Maelmordha, king of
8] Laighen, died in Colainea.


Macraith, grandson of
9] Donnchadh, king of Eoghanacht-Chaisil, died.

Annal LC1053.


10] The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 7th of
11] the moon; the age of the Lord fifty-three years and a
12] thousand.


Mac-na-hoidhche Ua Ruairc, royal heir of
13] Connacht, was slain by Diarmaid Ua Cuinn on an island of
14] Loch-hArbhech.


Flaithbhertach Ua Maelfhabhaill, king
15] of Carraig-Brachaide, and Murchadh Ua Beollain, airchinnech
16] of Druim-cliabh, omnes in pace dormierunt.


17] preying expedition by Mac Lachlainn and the men of
18] Magh-Itha, against the Cenel-Binnigh of Loch-Drochait,
19] when they carried off three hundred cows, and killed
20] Duibhemhna, son Cinaeth, viz.:—the vice-abbot of Cluain-Fiachna,
21] and Cúmacha, son of Clairchen, steward of Dal-Cais.


22] Maelcrón, son of Cathal, king of Bregh, was slain
23] by Ua Riacain.


Donnchadh Ua Cellachain, royal heir of
24] Caisel, was slain by the Osraighe.


Niall Ua hEighnich,
25] king of Feara-Manach, was slain by the Feara-Luirg.


26] The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the l8th of
27] the moon; the age of the Lord fifty-four years and
28] a thousand.


Imhar, son of Aralt, king of the Foreigners,
29] died.


Aedh, grandson of Ferghal, king of Tealach-óg, and
30] the son of Archu Ua Celechain, king of Uí-Bresail, were
31] slain by the men of Fernmhagh.


The victory of Finnmhagh
32] was gained over the Uí-Meith and the men of
33] Uachtar-thire, by the Uí-Echach, in which fell the
34] Croibhdherg, royal heir of Uachtar-thire.


Aedh, son of


1] Cennedigh, son of Donncuan, steward of Clann-Toirdhealbhaigh,
2] was slain by the men of Connacht.


A battle
3] between the men of Alba and the Saxons, in which fell
4] three thousand of the men of Alba, and one thousand
5] and a half of the Saxons, together with Dolfinn, son
6] of Finntar.


Loch-suidhe-Odhrain, in Sliabh-guaire, stole
7] away in the end of the night of the festival of Michael,
8] and went into the Fabhall, quod non auditum est ab
9] antiquis.

Annal LC1055.


10] The kalends of January, on the 1st feria, the 29th of
11] the moon; the age of the Lord fifty-five years and a
12] thousand.


Domhnall Ruadh O'Briain was slain by Ua
13] hEidhin.


Gillapatraic, king of Osraighe, died.


14] victory was gained by Toirdhelbhach Ua Briain over
15] Murchadh Ua Briain, in which four hundred were slain,
16] together with fourteen chieftains.


The battle of the
17] relic-house was gained by Dubh-da-leithe, comarb of
18] Patrick, over the son of Loingsech Ua Maelsechlainn,
19] i.e. the comarb of Finnén and of Colum Cille, in which
20] many were slain.

Annal LC1056.


21] The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 10th of
22] the moon; the age of the Lord fifty-six years and a
23] thousand.


Cathusach, son of Gerrgarbhan, comarb of
24] Cainech in Cianachta, and Cetfadh, head of the clerics
25] of Mumha, quieverunt.


A predatory expedition
26] by Niall, son of Maelsechlainn, against the Dál-Araidhe, when
27] he carried off two thousand cows, and three score
28] men as prisoners.


Flann Mainistrech, chief poet, and
29] chief lector, and professor of the history of Erin, in vita
30] aeterna requievit.


Lightning came and killed three


1] persons at Disert-Tola, and a student at Sord, and broke
2] fastnesses.


Eochaidh Ua Flaithemh went on a preying
3] expedition into Magh-Itha, on the night of great Christmas,
4] and he brought five hundred cows to the water, i.e,
5] to the river of Magh-Uatha; and they left the cows in
6] the river, and forty-eight of them were drowned, along
7] with Cuilend, son of Dergan.

Annal LC1057.


8] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 21st of
9] the moon; the age of the Lord fifty-seven years and
10] a thousand.


Niall Ua hEgnechain, king of Cenel-Enna,
11] a suis occisus est.


Dunghal Ua Donnchadha, king of
12] Eoghanacht-Caisil, fell by Murchadh Ua Briain.


13] Finnghuine, grandson of Finnghuine, royal heir of Mumha,
14] fell by Maelsechlainn, son of Brec.


Maelruanaidh Ua Fogartaigh,
15] king of the South of Eile, fell by Donnchadh,
16] son of Brian.


Dubhdhaleithe Ua Cinaetha, airchinnech
17] of Corcach, and Robhartach, son of Ferdomhnach, comarb
18] of Colum Cille, in Domino dormierunt.


19] Ua Ruairc was slain by Domhnall, son of Maelruanaidh,
20] king of Feara-Manach.

Annal LC1058.


[lt ] LB n="21"[gt ]The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 2nd of
22] the moon; the age of the Lord fifty-eight years and a
23] thousand.


Imlech-Ibhair was entirely burned, both stone
24] church and steeple.


Lulach, son of Gillacomghain, chief
25] king of Alba, was slain by Maelcoluim, son of Donnchadh,
26] in battle.


The victory of Sliabh-Crot was gained
27] by Diarmaid, son of Mael-na-mbó, over Donnchadh, son
28] of Brian, in which, fell Cairpre Ua Lighdha, airchinnech
29] of Imlech-Ibhair, and Ribhardan, son of Cucoirne, king
30] of Eile, et alii multi.


Mac Bethad, son of Finnlaech,


1] chief king of Alba, was slain by Maelcoluim, son of
2] Donnchadh, in battle.

Annal LC1059.


3] The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 13th
4] of the moon; the age of the Lord fifty-nine years
5] and a thousand.


A preying expedition by Maelsechlainn
6] Ua Madadhain into Airthera, when he carried off
7] three hundred cows, vel paulo plus, and killed Gillamuire
8] Mac Airechtaigh, steward of Clann-Sionaigh.


9] Maelsechlainn Ua Bric was smothered in a cave by
10] Maelsechlainn Ua Faelain.


Aedh Ua Dubhda, king of
11] Uí-Amhalghadha, a suis occisus est.


A preying expedition
12] by Ardghar Mac Lachlainn, with the Cenel-Eoghain,
13] into Dal-Araidhe, when they carried off a great cattle
14] spoil, and killed or captured two hundred persons.


15] son of Tighernan, king of the West of Connacht; Conghalach
16] Ua Riagain, royal heir of Temhair; Duarcan Ua
17] hEghra, king of Luighne; Gillacaeimhghin, son of Gillacomghaill,
18] royal heir of Laighen, occisi sunt.


19] Ua Maelbhrenuinn, steward of Síl-Muiredhaigh, mortuus
20] est.

Annal LC1060.


21] The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 24th of
22] the moon; the age of the Lord sixty years and a
23] thousand; millesimo ac sexagesimo anno Dominicae
24] Incarnationis.


A great war in Ard-Macha, between Cumuscach
25] Ua nEradhain and Dubhdhaleithe, comarb of
26] Patrick, regarding the abbacy.


Cenannus was altogether
27] burned, together with its stone church.


Leithghlenn was
28] completely burned, with the exception of the dertech.


29] Domhnall Deissech, chief anmchara of Erinn, and Conn-na-mbocht


1] of Cluain-mic-Nois, ad Christum vocati
2] sunt.


Flannagan Ua Cellaigh, king of Bregh, died on
3] his pilgrimage.

Annal LC1061.


4] The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 5th
5] of the moon; the age of the Lord sixty-one years and
6] a thousand.


Muiredhach, grandson of Maelcoluim, airchinnech
7] of Doire, died.


Domhnall Ua Maeldoraidh
8] was slain by Ruaidhri Ua Canannain, in a battle.


9] son of Conghalach, king of Uachtar-thire, in poenitentia
10] mortuus est.


Niall, son of Maelsechlainn, mortuus
11] est.


A hosting by Aedh Ua Conchobhair to Cenn-coradh,
12] when he demolished the fortress, and filled up the well.


13] Glenn-da-locha was completely burned.

Annal LC1062.


14] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the l6th
15] of the moon; the age of the Lord sixty-two years and
16] a thousand.


Ruaidhri Ua Flaithbhertaigh, king of the
17] West of Connacht.


Domhnall Ua Maeldoraidh was slain
18] by Aedh Ua Conchobhair, in battle.


Gillachrist Ua
19] Maeldoraidh, comarb of Colum Cille both in Erinn and
20] Alba, quievit.


A predatory expedition by Ardghar
21] Mac Lachlainn into Connacht, when they carried off
22] six thousand cows, and a thousand persons.


Ruaidhri, son
23] of Cu-cairrge, royal heir of Fernmhagh, was killed by the
24] son of Niall Ua Ruairc.

Annal LC1063.


25] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 27th
26] of the moon; the age of the Lord sixty-three years
27] and a thousand.


Cathal Ua Donnchadha, king of Uí-Echach-Mumhan,
28] was slain.


Cudhuiligh Ua Taidhg,
29] king of Feara-Li; Maelsechlainn Ua Madadhain, royal heir


1] of Oilech, a suis inimicis occisi sunt viz.:—by the Cenel-Conaill.


2] A great coigne by Mac Lachlainn from Glenn-Suiligh
3] westwards to the west of Luighne, and to Muaidh
4] of Uí-Amhalghadha, when the chieftains of Connacht
5] came into his house, with Aedh Ua Conchobhair, and
6] with Aedh, the son of Niall Ua Ruairc, and with the son of
7] Art Ua Ruairc.


The cave of Alla, in Cera, was captured
8] by the Connachtmen, against the people of Aedh
9] Ua Conchobhair, in which one hundred and sixty persons
10] were suffocated.


Niall, son of Eochaidh, chief king of
11] Uladh, died on the ides of November, on a Thursday, and
12] on the 18th of the moon.

Annal LC1064.


13] The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 9th of
14] the moon; the age of the Lord sixty-four years and
15] a thousand.


Doilghen Ua Sona, airchinnech of Ard-Sratha;
16] the blind Ua Lonain, chief poet of the men of
17] Mumha; Eochaidh Ua Doreidh, airchinnech of Domhnach-mór
18] of Magh-Itha, in Domino dormierunt.


19] Ua Neill, king of Tealach-óg, was slain; by
20] the Uí-Cremthainn occisus est.


Donnchadh, son of Brian
21] Boromha, chief king of Mumha, died in Rome, on his
22] pilgrimage.


Diarmaid Ua Lorcain, royal heir of Laighen
23] was slain by the Cenel-Eoghain, in Uladh.


24] Mac Lachlainn, king of Oilech, died at Tealach-óg, et
25] sepultus est in Ard-Macha, in mausoleo regum.


26] king of Britain, was slain by the son of Iacop.


27] king of the foreigners, died.

Annal LC1065.


28] The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 20th of
29] the moon; the age of the Lord sixty-five years and
30] a thousand.


Dubhthach Albanach, chief anmchara of
31] Erinn and Alba, quievit in Ard-Macha.


Donnchadh Ua
32] Mathghamhna, king of Uladh, was slain at Bennchair a


1] suis.


Aedh, grandson of Ualgharg, assumed the kingship
2] of Cenel-Eoghain.


The son of Tadhg Ua Ceallaigh, king
3] of Uí-Maine, and Flaithbhertach Ua Flaithbhertaigh,
4] king of the West of Connacht, occisi sunt by Aedh
5] Ua Conchobhair.


Domhnall Ua Loingsigh, king of
6] Dal-Araidhe, and Muirchertach Ua Maelfabhaill, king
7] of Carraig-Brachaighe, were slain by the Uí-Méth.


8] Leogan, son of Laighnen, king of Luighne, was slain
9] by Conchobhar Ua Maelsechlainn.


Echmhilidh Ua
10] hAitheidh, king of Uí-Echach, was slain by the
11] Cenel-Eoghain.

Annal LC1066.


12] The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 1st of
13] the moon; the age of the Lord sixty-six years and a
14] thousand.


Aedh Ua Ruairc, king of Uí-Briuin, mortuus
15] est, immediately after the plundering of the shrine of
16] Patrick.


Gillabraide, moreover, king of Uí-Briuin, and
17] the son of Senan, king of Gailenga, occisi sunt.


A great
18] nut crop in all Erinn, ut rebellat fluminibus.

Annal LC1067.


19] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 23rd of
20] the moon the age of the Lord sixty-seven years and
21] a thousand.


A hosting by Toirdhelbhach Ua Briain
22] to Loch Cime, on which hosting Ua Conchobhair, king of
23] Ciarraighe-Luachra, was slain.


Cill-dara, with its churches,
24] was entirely burned.


Aedh 'of the gapped spear', son
25] of Tadhg 'of the white steed', son of Cathal, i.e. the
26] high-king of the province of Connacht, and the helmsman
27] of the valour of the Gaeidhel, was slain in the battle of
28] Turlach-Aghna by Aedh, son of Art Uallach Ua Ruairc;
29] and Aedh Ua Concenainn, king of Uí-Diarmada, et alii
30] multi.


Annal LC1068.


1] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 23rd of
2] the moon; the age of the Lord sixty-eight years and a
3] thousand.


A memorable defeat was inflicted by Aedh
4] Ua Maelsechlainn on his own brother, viz.:—Domhnall,
5] son of Niall, son of Maelsechlainn, king of Oilech, in
6] which Domhnall himself was slain; and this Domhnall,
7] moreover, was usually called Domhnall na mbocht.


8] Ua Briain, royal heir of Mumha, was slain by the
9] men of Teffa. Flaithbhertach, grandson of Ferghal, king
10] of Tealach-óg, was mortally wounded by the Cenel-Binnigh.

Annal LC1069.


11] The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 4th of
12] the moon; the age of the Lord sixty-nine years and a
13] thousand.


Dún-da-lethglas, and Ard-Sratha, and Lusca,
14] and Sord-Choluim-Chille, ab igne dissipatae sunt.


15] Aedha, king of Uí-Fiachrach of Ard-Sratha, mortuus est.

Annal LC1070.


16] The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the l5th of
17] the moon; the age of the Lord seventy years and a
18] thousand.


Ua Flaithri, king of Uladh, was dethroned
19] by Ua Maelruanaidh and the Ulidians; but this Ua Maelruanaidh
20] was slain in battle immediately after, by Donnsleibhe
21] Ua hEochadha.


Murchadh, son of Diarmaid,
22] king of Laighen and of the Foreigners, mortuus est, et
23] sepultus est in Ath-cliath.


The abbot of Hi, i.e. the
24] grandson of Baethan, was slain by Mac-in-abaid Ua Maeldoraidh.


25] Termonn-Dabheog was plundered by Ruaidhri
26] O'Canannain, et vindicavit Deus et Dabheog ante plenum
27] annum.

Annal LC1071.


28] The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 26th of
29] the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-one years and a
30] thousand.


Cill-dara, and Glenn-da-locha, and Cluain-Dolcain
31] crematae sunt.

Annal LC1072.


32] The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 7th of
33] the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-two years and a


1] thousand.


Diarmaid, son of Mael-na-mbó, king of Laighen
2] and of the Foreigners, fell in a battle by Conchobhar Ua
3] Maelsechlainn, i.e. king of Temhair, and a slaughter of the
4] Foreigners and Lagenians was committed about him. It
5] was the 7th day of February, and Tuesday the day of
6] the week, on which this battle was fought.


Ua Fogarta,
7] king of Eile, was slain by Ua Briain.


Ruaidhri O'Canannain,
8] king of Cenel-Conaill, was slain by Ua Maeldoraidh,
9] i.e. Aenghus.


The French went into Alba, and carried
10] off with them the son of the king of Alba as a hostage.

Annal LC1073.


11] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 18th
12] of the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-three years
13] and a thousand.


Conchobhar Ua Maelsechlainn, king of
14] Temhair, was slain by the son of Flann, son of Maelsechlainn,
15] in profanation of the Bachall-Iosa, baculo praesente.


16] A hosting by Toirdhealbhach into Leth-Chuinn, when
17] he comitted countless depredations in Gailenga, and
18] when he slew Maelmordha Ua Cathusaigh, king of Bregh.


Sitrec, son of Amhlaibh,
19] was slain in Manainn.


20] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 29th of
21] the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-four years and a
22] thousand.


Ard-Macha was burned on the Tuesday after
23] May-day; with all its churches and bells, both Rath and
24] Trian.


Raghnall Ua Madadhain, royal heir of Oilech,
25] occisus est a suis.

Annal LC1075.


26] The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 10th of
27] the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-five years and
28] a thousand.


Goffraidh, son of Raghnall, king of Ath-cliath,
29] and Cinaeth Ua Conbhethaidh, i.e. chieftain of


1] Cenel-Binnigh, mortui sunt.


A hosting by Toirdhealbhach
2] and Leth-Mogha into Leth-Chuinn, until they
3] reached Ath-Fhirdheagha, when the Airghialla gained the
4] victory of Ard-Monainn over Muirchertach Ua Briain, in
5] which many were slain.


Donnchadh O'Canannain, king
6] of Cenel-Conaill, occisus est.


Domhnall Mac Murchadha,
7] king of Ath-cliath, died of three nights' disease.

Annal LC1076.


8] The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 22nd of
9] the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-six years and a
10] thousand.


Gillachrist O'Duibhdara, king of Feara-Manach,
11] occisus est, in Daimhinis, by the Feara-Manach.


12] Ua Crichain, king of Uí-Fiachrach of Ard-Sratha,
13] was slain, with a havoc about him, by the Uí-Tuirtre
14] and the Cenel-Binnigh of the valley.


Murchadh, son of
15] Flann Ua Maelsechlainn, king of Temhair during the
16] space of three nights, was slain in the cloicteach of
17] Cenannus by the son of Maelan, king of Gailenga.


18] hosting by Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain to Connacht, when
19] the king of Connacht came into his house, viz.:—Ruaidhri
20] Ua Conchobhair.


The victory of Belat was gained by
21] Aedh Ua Maelsechlainn, and by the men of Magh-Itha,
22] over the Cianachta, who were put to slaughter.


23] daughter of Ua Fogartaigh, wife of Toirdhealbhach
24] Ua Briain, died.

Annal LC1077.


25] The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 2nd of the
26] moon; the age of the Lord seventy-seven years and
27] a thousand.


A hosting by Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain
28] into Uí-Cennselaigh, and he put the son of Domhnall
29] Remhar, king of Uí-Cennselaigh, in chains.


The grandson
30] of Maelan, i.e. the king of Gailenga, was slain by
31] Maelsechlainn, king of Temhair.


27] Murchadh O'Maelsechlainn
32] was slain by the men of Teffa.


The victory of the


1] Maelderg was gained over the Feara-Manach, by the
2] Cenel-Eoghain of Telach-óg, in which many were slain.

Annal LC1078.


3] The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 13th of
4] the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-eight years and
5] a thousand.


Lorcan Ua Briain died.


Lethlobhar Ua
6] Laighnén, i.e. chief king of Oirghiall, was slain by
7] Ruaidhri Ua Ruadhachan.


Conchobhar, grandson of
8] Brian, king of Telach-óg, and royal heir of Erinn, was
9] slain by the Cenel-Binnigh of the valley.


10] grandson of Tighernan, king of Conmaicne, was slain.
11] Cathal, son of Domhnall, king of Cenel-Enna, was killed
12] by the Cenel-Eoghain of the Island.

Annal LC1079.


13] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 24th of
14] the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-nine years and
15] a thousand.


Ceallach O'Ruanadha, chief poet of Erin,
16] died.


Cumhidhe, grandson of Lorcan, king of Fernmhagh,
17] died.

Annal LC1080.


18] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 5th of the
19] moon; the age of the Lord eighty years and a thousand.


20] Donn Ua Lethlobhair, king of Fernmhagh, was slain
21] by the Uí-Laithen on Sliabh-Fuaid.


The victory of
22] Ath-Ergail, by the side of Clochar; was gained over the
23] Feara-Manach by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, and by the
24] men of Magh-Itha, wherein Sitric Ua Caenxhain and the
25] son of Niall Ua Serraigh, et alii multi, were slain.

Annal LC1081.


26] The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 16th of
27] the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-one years and a
28] thousand.


Ua Mathghamhna, king of Uladh, was slain
29] by Donnsleibhe Ua hEochadha, in Dun-da-lethghlas.


30] Corcach, with its churches, and Cill-Dalua, ab igne
31] dissipatae sunt.

Annal LC1082.


32] The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 27th of
33] the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-two years and a
34] thousand.


Gillachrist Ua Maelfhabhaill, king of Carraig-Brachaidhe,
35] died.


Domhnall, son of Conchobhar Ua
36] Briain, mortuus est.


Cathal, son of Aedh Ua Conchobhair


1] mortuus est.


Flaithbhertach Ua Maelduin, king of Lurg,
2] died.

Annal LC1083.


3] The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 9th of the
4] moon; the age of the Lord eighty-three years and a
5] thousand.


Domhnall Ua Canannain, king of Cenel
6] Conaill, a suis occisus est.


Aedh Ua Maelsechlainn, king
8] of Oilech, died.


Muirchertach Ua Cairill, airchinnech of
9] Dún, professor of jurisprudence and history, mortuus est.


8] Domhnall Ua Lochlainn assumed the sovereignty of Cenel-Eoghain,
10] and made a royal predatory expedition into
11] Conaille-Muirtheimhne, whence he carried off a great
12] spoil of cattle; and liberal pay was given to the men of
13] Fernmhagh on this expedition.

Annal LC1084.


14] The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 20th of
15] the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-four years and a
16] thousand.


Donnchadh Ua Maelruanaidh, persecutor
17] ecclesiarum, was slain by the Feara-Luirg.


15] Glenn-da-locha,
18] cum suis templis, was burned.


A hosting by
19] Donnsleibhe, king of Uladh, as far as Droichet-atha; and
20] he gave pay to the son of the Caillech Ua Ruairc.


21] predatory expedition by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, in his
22] Donnsleibhe's absence, into Ulidia, and he carried off a
23] great spoil of cattle.


A hosting by the men of Mumha
24] into Midhe; and it was on that expedition Conchobhar
25] Ua Cedfadha died. And the Conmaicne went into Tuadh-Mumha
26] in their absence, when they burned forts and
27] churches, and carried off great spoils.


The victory of
28] Moin-Cruinnoige by Leth-Mogha, over Donnchadh
29] O'Ruairc; in which fell Ua Ruairc, and Cennedigh
25] O'Briain, et alii plurimi.


Domhnall Ua Gairmleghaigh
31] was slain by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn.


Annal LC1085.


1] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 1st of the
2] moon; the age of the Lord eighty-five years and a
3] thousand.


Murchadh Ua Maeldoraidh, king of Cenel-Conaill,
4] pillar of dignity, nobility, and hospitality, died
5] in this year.


Domhnall, son of Maelcoluim, king of Alba,
6] mortuus est.


Ualgharg O'Ruairc, royal heir of Connacht,
7] died.

Annal LC1086.


8] The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the l2th of
9] the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-six years and
10] a thousand.


Maelisa Ua Brolchain, the sage of Erinn
11] in wisdom and in piety, and in the poetry of either language,
12] suum spiritum emisit.


Toirdhealbhach O'Briain,
13] king of Erinn, died at Cenn-coradh, after great suffering,
14] and after long penance, and after receiving the body of
15] Christ and His Blood, on the day before the ides of July,
16] in the 77th year of his age.


Tadhg Ua Briain, his son, died
17] before the end of a month afterwards.


The victory of the
18] Crionach was gained over Maelsechlainn, by the Lagenians
19] and by the Foreigners, in which fell Maelciarain Ua
20] Cathusaigh, king of Bregh, et alii multi.


A victory by
21] the Airthera over the Uí-Echach, in which Domhnall Ua
22] hAitheidh was slain.

Annal LC1087.


23] The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 23rd of
24] the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-seven years
25] and a thousand.


Domhnall Mac Gillapatraic, king of
26] Osraighe, died.


Maelsechlainn, son of Conchobhar, king
27] of Temhair, was slain by the men of Tethfa, in treachery.


28] Domhnall Ua Laithen was slain by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn.


29] The battle of Conachail, in the territory of Corann,
30] was gained by Ruaidhri 'of the yellow hound,' son of
31] Aedh 'of the gapped spear,' over Aedh, son of Art
32] Uallach Ua Ruairc, king of Connacht and Conmaicne.
33] Moreover, Aedh, son of Art Ua Ruairc, was slain; and the


1] nobles of Conmaicne all jugulati sunt et occisi.


2] est hoc anno Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair.

Annal LC1088.


3] The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 4th of
4] the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-eight years and a
5] thousand.


A hosting by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, i.e.
6] the king of Uladh, into Connacht; and Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair
7] came to meet him; and they both went to
8] Mumha, when they burned Cenn-coradh, and Luimnech,
9] and the Machaire as far as Dun-Aiched; and they brought
10] with them the head of the son of Cailech Ua Ruairc.


11] great slaughter was inflicted on the Foreigners of Ath-cliath,
12] and Port-Lairge, and Loch Carman, by the Uí-Echach-Mumhan,
13] on the day on which they resolved to plunder
14] Corcach.


Maelisa Ua Maelgeric, poet of Erinn, died.

Annal LC1089.


15] The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 15th of
16] the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-nine years and a
17] thousand.


Lusca was burned, and nine score persons were
18] burned in its stone-church, by the men of Mumha.


19] was burned in hoc anno.


Donnchadh, son of
20] Domhnall Remhar, king of Laighen, a suis occisus est.


21] Donnchadh Mac Gillapatraic, king of Osraighe, occisus est.

Annal LC1090.


22] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 26th of
23] the moon; the age of the Lord ninety years and a thousand.


24] A convention between Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, and
25] Muirchertach O'Briain, king of Caisel, and the son of
26] Flann Ua Maelsechlainn, king of Temhair; and they
27] delivered all their hostages and pledges to the king of
28] Oilech, i.e. Domhnall Mac Lachlainn.

Annal LC1091.


29] The kalends of Jannary on the 4th feria, the 7th of the
30] moon; the age of the Lord ninety-one years and a thousand.


31] Murchadh, son of Domhnall Remhar, was slain in
32] treachery by Enna, son of Diarmaid.


The southern half


1] of the Rath of Ard-Macha was burned.


2] Ua hEochadha was slain by the son of Mac Lachlainn,
3] i.e. the king of Oilech, at Bél-ghuirt-an-iobhair, in battle.


4] Maelisa comarb of Patrick, on the 5th of the kalends of
5] January, in poenitentia quievit.


The son of Aedh, son
6] of Ruaidhri, king of the West of Connacht, mortuus est.


7] A sappy, plentiful year, of good weather, was this year.

Annal LC1092.


8] The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 18th of
9] the moon; the age of the Lord ninety-two years and a
10] thousand.


Cluain-mic-Nois was devastated by the men of
11] Mumha.


Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair, chief king of Connacht,
12] was blinded in treachery by Ua Flaithbhertaigh,
13] king of the West of Connacht.


Muiredhach Mac Carthaigh,
14] king of Eoghanacht-Caisil, mortuus est.


The Rath of
15] Ard-Macha together with its churches, was burned on the
16] kalends of September, and a row of Trian-mor, and a
17] row of Trian-Saxan.


The Devotee Ua Fallamhain was
18] drowned in Loch Cairgin, through the malediction of
19] Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair.


Ab Incarnatione Domini to
20] the blinding of Ruaidhri fluxerunt anni m.xcii; ab initio
21] mundi, ui millia, cc.xc.i.

Annal LC1093.


22] The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 29th of
23] the moon; the age of the Lord ninety-three years and a
24] thousand.


Aedh O'Baighellain, king of Fernmhagh, died.


25] Aedh, son of Cathal Ua Conchobhair, royal heir of Connacht,
26] omnes occisi sunt.


The Síl-Muireghaigh were
27] expelled from Connacht by Muirchertach O'Briain.


28] Ua Canannain, king of Cenel-Conaill, was blinded by
29] Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, king of Oilech.


30] son of Donnchadh, chief king of Alba, and Edward his


1] son, were killed by Franks, viz.:—in Inbher-Alda, in
2] Saxon-land.


His queen, moreover, i.e. Margareta, died of
3] grief for him before the end of a nomaid.


The Síl-Muireghaigh
4] appeared again in Connacht, without permission.


5] Great fruit in hoc anno.


6] The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 10th of the
7] moon; the age of the Lord ninety-four years and a thousand.


8] Flaithbhertach Ua hAitheidh, king of Uí-Echach,
9] was blinded by Donnchadh Ua hEochadha, king of Uladh.


10] A hosting by Muirchertach O'Briain to Ath-cliath, when
11] he expelled Goffraigh Meranach from the kingship of the
12] Foreigners, and killed Domhnall O'Maelsechlainn, king of
13] Temhair.


A slaughter of the good men of the Airthera
14] was committed by the Ultonians.


Ruaidhri O'Donnacain,
15] king of Aradh, mortuus est.


Conchobhar O'Conchobhair,
16] king of Cianachta, in poenitentia mortuus est.


17] victory by the Síl-Muireghaigh over the men of Tuadh-Mumha,
18] in which three hundred were slain, vel paulo
19] plus.


Donnchadh, son of Maelcoluim, king of Alba, was
20] slain by his own brothers, per dolum viz.:—by Domhnall
21] and by Edmond.


Great inclemency of the weather in all
22] Erinn, from which grew scarcity.

Annal LC1095.


23] The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 21st of
24] the moon; the age of the Lord ninety-five years and a
25] thousand.


Great snow fell on the Wednesday after
26] the kalends of January, which killed a multitude of
27] men, cattle, and birds.


Cenannus with its churches, and
28] Dermhagh with its books, and Ard-Sratha with its church,
29] and many other churches besides, crematae sunt. Ua
30] hEighnigh, king of Feara-Manach, was slain a suis.


31] victory of Ard-achadh was gained by the Dal-Araidhe
32] over the Ulidians, in which Gillacomghaill O'Cairill was
33] slain.


A great pestilence in Erinn, which killed a large
34] multitude of people, from the kalends of August to the
35] May following, viz.:—it was called a 'mortal year'.



1] Muirchertach Ua Cairre, steward of Cenel-Aenghusa, and
2] royal heir of Oilech, died.


Goffraigh Meranach, king of
3] the Foreigners, mortuus est.


The battle of Fidhnacha,
4] in quo ceciderunt multi of the West of Connacht, and of
5] Corcumruaidh, was gained by Tadhg, son of Ruaidhri
6] Ua Conchobhair.

Annal LC1096.


7] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 2nd of
8] the moon; the age of the Lord ninety-six years and a
9] thousand.


Flann Ua hAnbfheth, king of the South of
10] Oirghiall, died in this year.


Mathghamhain Ua Seghdha,
11] king of Corca-Dhuibhne, died.


Conchobhar Ua hAiniaraidh,
12] king of Cianachta, and Ua Cein, king of Uí-mic-Cairthinn,
13] fell by each other in combat.


14] terror over the men of all Erinn before the festival of
15] John of this year; but God and Patrick saved them
16] through the fastings of the comarb of Patrick and the
17] clerics of Erinn besides.


15] Muirchertach Ua Dubhda,
18] king of Uí-Amhalghaidh, was slain a suis.


19] O'Madadhain, king of Síl-Anmchadha, mortuus est.


20] Ua Celechain, royal heir of Oirghiall, was slain by
21] the Ulidians. Eoghan Ua Cernaigh, airchinnech of
22] Doire, on the 19th of the kalends of January, quievit.


23] Flaithbhertach Ua Flaithbhertaigh, king of the West of
24] Connacht, was slain by Madadhan O'Cuanna and the
25] Síl-Muireghaigh, in revenge for their lord's eyes.


26] Ua hEnna, archbishop of Caisel, quievit.

Annal LC1097.


27] The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 13th of
28] the moon; the age of the Lord ninety-seven years and a
29] thousand.


Tadhg,son of Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair, royal
30] heir of Connacht, died.


A hosting by Muirchertach
31] Ua Briain and by Leth-Mogha, to Magh-Muirtheimhne.


32] A hosting by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn from the north of
33] Erinn to Fidh-Conaille, to give them battle; but the


1] comarb of Patrick, i.e. Domhnall; prevented them, under
2] the guise of peace.


Lochlainn Ua Duibhdhara, king of
3] Fernmhagh, was slain by the Uí-Briuin-Breifne.


A great
4] nut crop in this year, viz.: the year of the white nuts;
5] thirty years from this nut crop to the nut crop before us.

Annal LC1098.


6] The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 24th of
7] the moon; the age of the Lord ninety-eight years and a
8] thousand.


Three ships of the ships of the Foreigners of
9] the Islands were plundered by the Ultonians, and their
10] crews slain, viz:—one hundred and twenty men, vel paulo
11] plus.


Diarmaid, son of Enna, son of Diarmaid, king of
12] Laighen, was killed by the sons of Murchadh, son of
13] Diarmaid.


Domhnall Ua Robhartaigh, comarb of Colum
14] Cille during a long period, in pace dormivit.


The victory
15] of Fersad-Suilidhe was gained over the Cenel-Conaill by
16] the Cenel-Eoghain, in which fell Ecertach Ua Tairchert,
17] et alii multi.

Annal LC1099.


18] The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 5th of
19] the moon; the age of the Lord ninety-nine years and a
20] thousand.


Great famine throughout all Erinn in this
21] year.


Cenannus ab igne dissipata est.


Cill-dara dimidia
22] parte cremata est.


A hosting by Muirchertach Ua Brian,
23] and by Leth-Mogha, to Sliabh-Fuaid; but Domhnall,
24] comarb of Patrick, made a year's peace between them and
25] the men of the North of Erinn.


A hosting by Domhnall
26] Mac Lachlainn and the men of the North of Erinn, into Ulidia.
27] The Ulidians, however, were before them at Craebh-thelcha,
28] in a camp. Their two cavalry hosts engage. The
29] cavalry host of Ulidia is defeated, and Ua hAmhrain is slain
30] there. The Ulidians afterwards abandon the camp, and
31] the Cenel-Eoghain burn it, and cut down Craebh-thelcha.
32] Two hostages are subsequently given to them, and the
33] comarb of Comhghall as security for two other hostages.



1] The stone-church of Ard-Sratha was burned by the men
2] of Craebh, against the Uí-Fiachrach.

Annal LC1100.


3] The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 16th of the
4] moon; the age of the Lord one hundred years and a thousand.


5] Donnchadh Ua hEochadha, king of Uladh, and a
6] number of the chieftains of Uladh along with him, were
7] taken prisoners by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, king of
8] Oilech, on the fifth of the kalends of June.


A hosting by
9] Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, so that he destroyed Feara-Breagh
10] and Fine-Gall.


A hosting by Muirchertach Ua
11] Briain to Eas-Ruaidh.


The fleet of Ath-cliath went to
12] Inis-Eoghain, where they were cut off both by drowning
13] and killing.


The grandson of Gilla-Choluim Ua Domhnaill,
14] king of Cenel-Luighdech, a suis occisus est.


Assidh Ua
15] hAmhradhain, steward of Dal-Fiatach, died.


16] Ua Cuirc, king of Muscraidhe-Breoghain, mortuus est.


17] Gilla-na-naemh Ua hEighin, king of Uí-Fiachrach-Aighne,
18] mortuus est.


Echri Ua Maelmuire, king of Cianachta,
19] was slain by Ua Conchobhair of Cianachta.

Annal LC1101.


20] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 27th of the
21] moon; the age of the Lord one hundred and one years, and
22] a thousand.


Donnchadh, son of Aedh Ua Ruairc, was slain
23] by the Feara-Manach.


A hosting by Muirchertach Ua
24] Briain, and by Leth-Mogha, into Connacht, and across Eas-Ruaidh
25] into Tir-Conaill, and from thence into Tir-Eoghain;
26] and they demolished Oilech, and burned and profaned
27] many churches, including Fathan-mor-Mura and Ard-Sratha.
28] They proceeded thence across Fersat-Camsa,
29] and they burned Cúil-Rathain, and committed a massacre
30] there. They took the hostages of Uladh afterwards, and he
31] Muirchertach proceeded by Slighe-Midhluachra to his
32] house, after the triumph of that hosting.


A predatory incursion
33] by Donnchadh Ua Maelsechlainn into Fernmhagh,


1] but Ua Cerbhaill overtook him, and slew two hundred
2] of his band, vel paulo plus.


Donnchadh Ua hEochadha,
3] king of Uladh, was released from bondage by Domhnall
4] Mac Lachlainn, king of Oilech in exchange for his son
5] and his foster-brother, viz.:—in the stone-church of Ard-Macha
6] he was released, through the intercession of the
7] comarb of Patrick, and the congregation of Patrick
8] likewise—after mutually swearing by the Bachall-Isa, and
9] by other principal relics—on the 11th of the kalends of
10] January.

Annal LC1102.


11] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 9th of
12] the moon; the age of the Lord two years, and a hundred,
13] and a thousand.


Sord-Choluim-Chille was burned.
14] Donnchadh, son of Echri Ua hAitheidh, royal heir of Uí-Echach,
15] was slain by the Ulidians, in the fifth month
16] after he had profaned the community of Patrick.


17] Domhnall, son of Tighernan Ua Ruairc, was slain by the
18] Conmaicne; and this Domhnall was king over the Conmaicne
19] and an arbitrator over the Connachtmen.


20] son of Fothadh, king of Uí-Fiachrach of Ard-Sratha,
21] was slain by the Feara-Luirg.


A hosting by the
22] Cenel-Eoghain to Magh-Cobha.


The Ulidians proceeded
23] on that night to the camp, and slew Sitrec Ua Maelfhabhuill,
24] king of Carraig-Brachaidhe and Sitrec, son of
25] Conrach, son of Eoghan, et alii.


Maghnus, king of Lochlann,
26] came with a large fleet to Manainn, and made a
27] year's peace with the men of Erinn.


The hostages of the
28] men of Erinn in the hands of Domhnall, comarb of Patrick,
29] for a year's peace between O'Briain, i.e. Muirchertach,
30] and Mac Lachlainn, i.e. Domhnall.


Ros-Oilitri was plundered
31] i.e. cum patre suo by the Uí-Echach in revenge for
32] the killing of Ua Donnchadha.


Caisel was burned by the
33] Eile.

Annal LC1103.


34] The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 20th of
35] the moon; the age of the Lord three years, and a hundred,
36] and a thousand.


A severe, fierce conflict between the


1] men of Lurg and Tuath-Ratha, in which fell a multitude on
2] both sides.


Ua Canannain, i.e. the King of Cenel-Conaill,
3] was expelled from his sovereignty by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn.


4] A great war between the Cenel-Eoghain and the
5] Ulidians, when Muirchertach O'Briain came with the men
6] of Mumha, and Laighen, and Osraighe, and with the nobles
7] of Connacht, and with the men of Midhe, together with
8] their kings, to Magh-Cobha, to assist the Ulidians. They
9] all went, respectively, to Machaire-Aird-Macha, i.e. to
10] Cill-na-Cornaire, where they were a week laying siege to
11] Ard-Macha. Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, with the men of
12] the North of Erinn, was during the time in Uí-Bresail-Macha,
13] confronting them. When, however, the men of
14] Mumha were weary, Muirchertach proceeded to Aenach-Macha,
15] and to Emhain-Macha, and round to Ard-Macha,
16] when he left eight ounces of gold upon the altar, and promised
17] eight score cows; and he turned back to Magh-Cobha,
18] and left there the Lagenians, and a multitude of
19] the men of Mumha; and he himself went, moreover, on a
20] predatory expedition into Dal-Araidhe, where he lost
21] Donnchadh, son of Toirdhealbhach, and the son of Ua
22] Conchobhair, king of Ciarraighe, and Ua Beóain, et alii
23] optimi. Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, accompanied by the
24] chieftans of Cenel-Conaill and Cenel-Eoghain, and of the
25] whole North, went to Magh-Cobha, to attack the Lagenians.
26] The Lagenians, however, and the Osraighe, and the men
27] of Mumha, and the Foreigners, such as they were, came
28] to meet him and a battle was fought: viz., on the nones
29] of August, and on Wednesday, as regards the day of the
30] week, and on the 29th of the moon, and on the eighth
31] day after coming to Macha, this battle was fought. The
32] men of
Leth-Mogha were defeated, and a slaughter of
33] them was committed, and a slaughter of the Lagenians, with
34] Muirchertach Mac Gillacholmog, and with two Ua Lorcains,
35] and with Muirchertach, son of Mac Gormain, et alii;
36] and a slaughter of the Uí-Ceinnsealaigh, with two sons of


1] Maelmordha, and with Ua Riain, i.e. king of Uí-Drona,
2] et alii; a slaughter of the Osraighe, with Gillapatraic
3] Ruadh, king of Osraighe and with the chieftains of
4] Osraighe likewise; a slaughter of the Foreigners of Ath-cliath,
5] with Trosdan, son of Eric, and, with Pol Adhmann,
6] and with Beollan Armann, et alii; a slaughter of the
7] men of Mumha, with two Ua Brics, i.e. two royal heirs of
8] the Deisi, and with Ua-Failbhe i.e. royal heir of Corca-Dhuibhne,
9] and a dynast of Laighen, i.e. with Ua Muireghaigh,
10] i.e. king of Ciarraighe, together with his son; et
11] alii multi optimi quos causa brevitatis scribere praetermisimus.


12] The Cenel-Eoghain, and the nobles of Cenel-Conaill
13] and of the North likewise, returned with great
14] spoils, and with numerous treasures, including the royal
15] pavilion, and the standard and many precious things
16] besides.


Maghnus, King of Lochlann, was slain on a
17] predatory expedition in Ulidia.

Annal LC1104.


18] The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 1st of the
19] moon; the age of the Lord four years, and a hundred,
20] and a thousand.


O'Conchobhair of Corcumruaidh, i.e.
21] Conchobhar, son of Maelsechlainn, mortuus est.


22] Ua Ruairc a suis fratribus occisus est.


A hosting
23] by Muirchertach Ua Briain to Magh-Muirthemhne, and he
24] totally destroyed the tillage of the plain; and it was on this
25] hosting that Cu-Uladh O Caindelbhain, King of Laeghaire,
26] was thrown from his horse, of which he died.


A hosting
27] by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn to Magh-Cobha, when he
28] obtained the hostages of Ulidia; and he proceeded to Temhair,
29] and burned a large part of Uí-Laeghaire, but gave
30] protection to some of them however.


Donnchadh Ua Conchobhair,
31] King of Cianachta, was slain by his own people.

Annal LC1105.


32] The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 12th of
33] the moon; the age of the Lord five years, and a hundred,


1] and a thousand.


Conchobhar, son of Maelsechlainn, royal
2] heir of Temhair, occisus est.


Domhnall, comarb of
3] Patrick, came to Ath-cliath, to make peace between Muirchertach
4] O'Briain and Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, where
5] sickness seized him, and he was carried in his sickness
6] to Domhnach-oirther-Emhna, where he was anointed;
7] and he was afterwards carried to Daimhliag, where he
8] died; and his body was taken to Ard-Macha.


9] son of Aedh, son of Maelisa, was ordained in his place, in
10] the comarbship of Patrick, by the choice of the men of
11] Erinn; and he received orders on the day of Adhamnan's
12] festival.


A hosting by Muirchertach O'Briain, when he
13] expelled Donnchadh Ua Maelsechlainn from the sovereignty
14] of the West of Midhe.

Annal LC1106.


15] The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 23rd of
16] the moon, the age of the Lord six years, and a hundred,
17] and a thousand.


A predatory hosting by Domhnall Mac
18] Lachlainn, to assist Donnchadh Ua Maelsechlainn, when
19] they injured the west of Midhe; and Donnchadh himself
20] was met there on a scouting party, and slain.


21] comarb of Patrick, went on the visitation of Cenel-Eoghain,
22] for the first time, and he obtained his full demand,
23] viz.:—a cow for every six persons, or an in-calf heifer
24] for every three, or half an ounce for every four, in addition
25] to many offerings besides.


Cathbharr O'Domhnaill,
26] pillar of the defence and warfare, of the glory and hospitality
27] of the Cenel-Luighdech, died.


Ceallach went on a
28] visitation of Mumha, the first time also; and he obtained
29] his full tribute, viz.:—seven cows, and seven sheep, and
30] half an ounce for every triocha-ced in Mumha, in addition


1] to many presents besides; and Ceallach, moreover
2] received the dignity of a superior bishop, by the consent
3] of the men of Erinn, on that occasion.

Annal LC1107.


4] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 4th of the
5] moon; the age of the Lord seven years, and a hundred,
6] and a thousand.


Snow fell for a day and night, the Wednesday
7] before the festival of Patrick, which caused a great
8] destruction of the cattle of Erinn.


Cenn-coradh was
9] burned between the two Easters, with sixty puncheons
10] of mead and beer.


Conchobhar, grandson of Donnsleibhe,
11] royal heir of Uladh, was slain by the men of
12] Fernmhagh.


A victory by the Uí-Bresail over the Uí-Meth,
13] in which they were slaughtered, together with
14] their king, i.e. Aedh Ua hInnreachtaigh.


Very wet
15] weather in this year, which destroyed all the corn crops.


16] A year's peace was made by Ceallach, comarb of Patrick,
17] between Muirchertach Ua Briain and Domhnall Mac
18] Lachlainn.

Annal LC1108.


19] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the l5th of the
20] moon; the age of the Lord eight years, and a hundred,
21] and a thousand.


Luimnnech was burned.


Domhnall Ua
22] Ruairc, king of Uí-Briuin, occisus est.


Ceallach, comarb
23] of Patrick, proceeded on a visitation of Connacht
24] for the first time, and obtained his full demand.


A house
25] was taken by Ua Mathghamhna and Ua Maelruanaidh
26] over Goll Garbraighe, i.e. the king of Uladh, i.e. Eochaidh,
27] son of Donnsleibhe Ua hEochadha, and he was beheaded


1] by them.


A great crop of oak fruit throughout all Erinn.


2] A sappy year, with good weather, and with much corn
3] and produce, was this year.

Annal LC1109.


4] The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 26th of
5] the moon; the age of the Lord nine years, and a hundred,
6] and a thousand.


Easter on the 7th of the kalends of
7] May, and Little Easter on the second day of summer.


8] hosting by Muirchertach Ua Briain, to aid Murchadh Ua
9] Maelsechlainn, and he plundered a section of the Uí-Briuin.


10] A hosting by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn accompanied by the
11] men of
the North of Erinn, to Sliabh-Fuaid; but Ceallach,
12] comarb of Patrick, made a year's peace between O'Briain
13] and Mac Lachlainn; and the men of the North of Erinn,
14] together with the Cenel-Conaill and Cenel-Eoghain, went
15] afterwards to Magh-Uí-Bresail, to attack the Ulidians
16] who were in Magh-Cobha but the Ulidians gave them
17] the three hostages whom they themselves selected.


18] Ua Ruairc came twice into the camp of Murchadh Ua
19] Maelsechlainn, and committed a slaughter. through the
20] curse of the congregation of Patrick.


Mac Gillapatraic,
21] king of Osraighe, i.e. Domhnall Ruadh, was killed by
22] another youth whilst playing a game.

Annal LC1110.


23] The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 7th of the
24] moon; the age of the Lord ten years, and a hundred, and
25] a thousand.


Gillacoluim O'Maelmhuaidh, king of Feara-Ceall
26] jugulatus est.


Murchadh, son of Tadhg Ua Briain,
27] royal heir of Mumha, mortuus est.


Bébhinn, daughter of
28] Cenneidigh Ua Briain, wife of Domhnall Mae Lachlainn,
29] king of Oilech, died.


A predatory expedition by Domhnall
30] Mac Lachlainn into Connacht, whence he carried off a
31] thousand prisoners, and several thousand cattle.


32] comarb of Patrick, went for the/ first time on a visitation
33] of Midhe, and carried off from it his full demand.


34] victory by the Conmaicne over the Síl-Muireghaigh, i.e.


1] the victory of Magh-Brénghair.


A victory by the Síl-Muireghaigh
2] over the Conmaicne, viz.:—the victory of
3] the Ros, opposite Cruachan, in which fell three Ua
4] Ferghails, and many other nobles besides.

Annal LC1111.


5] The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 18th of the
6] moon; the age of the Lord eleven years, and a hundred,
7] and a thousand.


Port-Lairge was burned.


Cenannus was
8] burned.


A hosting by the Ulidians to Telach-óg, when
9] they cut down its sacred trees.


A predatory excursion by
10] Niall Mac Lachlainn, who carried off three thousand cows
11] in revenge for them.


Dun-da-lethghlas was burned by
12] lightning, both Rath and Trian.


A synod of clerics
13] at Fiadh-mic-Aenghusa, in Uisnech, including Cellach,
14] comarb of Patrick, and including Maelmuire Ua Dunain,
15] i.e. the noble senior of Erinn, with fifty bishops, vel paulo
16] plus, with three hundred priests, and with three thousand
17] students, together with Muirchertach Ua Briain, attended
18] by the nobles of Leth-Mogha, to impose rules and good customs
19] on all, both laity and clergy.


Donnchadh Ua hAnluain,
20] king of Uí-Niallain, was slain by his brothers, in treachery.


21] These brothers were slain by the Uí-Niallain, in revenge
22] for him, before the end of twenty nights thereafter.


23] convention between Domhnall Mac Lachlainn and Donnchadh
24] Ua hEochadha, when they made a full peace; and
25] the Ulidians gave hostages to Domhnall, for the payment
26] of
his own demand.

Annal LC1112.


27] The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 29th of
28] the moon; the age of the Lord twelve years, and a hundred,
29] and a thousand.


The Rath of Ard-Macha, with its church,
30] was burned on the 10th of the kalends of April, and two
31] rows of Trian-Massan, and the third row of Trian-mór.


32] A predatory expedition by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn across
33] Fine-Gall, and he carried off an immense number of captives,
34] and a great spoil cattle.


Annal LC1113.


1] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the l0th of
2] the moon; the age of the Lord thirteen years, and
3] a hundred, and a thousand.


A thunderbolt fell on Cruachan-Aighle,
4] on the night of the festival of Patrick, which
5] destroyed thirty of the fasting people.


6] O'Conchobhair, king of Corcumruaidh, died.


7] O'Tairchert, chieftain of Clann-Sneidhghile, was slain
8] by Niall Mac Lachlainn.


A hosting by Domhnall Mac
9] Lachlainn, with the nobles of Cenel-Conaill and Cenel-Eoghain,
10] and the Airghialla, to Glenn-Righe; and they
11] expelled Donnchadh from the sovereignty of Uladh, and
12] divided Uladh between Ua Mathghamhna and the sons of
13] Donnsleibhe; but Dal-Araidhe and Uí-Echach were retained
14] by himself.


A hosting by Muirchertach Ua Briain,
15] with the men of Mumha, and the Lagenians and Connachtmen,
16] to Magh-Cobha, to aid Donnchadh.


Another hosting
17] by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, with the men of Cenel-Conall
18] and of Cenel-Eoghain, and the Airghialla, to Magh-Cobha
19] likewise, to aid the Ulidians; and there was a danger of
20] battle between them, until the comarb of Patrick separated
21] them under the semblance of peace.


22] Ua hEochadha was blinded by Eochaidh Ua Mathghamhna
23] and the Ulidians.


A hosting by Muirchertach Ua Briain
24] and the people of Leth Mogha both laics and clerics, to
25] Grenog.


Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, with the nobles of the
26] North of Erinn, viz.:—of the Cenel-Conaill and Cenel-Eoghain,
27] and Airghialla, proceeded to Cluain-caein, in
28] Feara-Rois; and they were during the space of a month
29] confronting one another, until Ceallach, comarb of
30] Patrick, with the Bachall-Isa, made a year's peace between
31] them.


A fierce conflict between the men of Fernmhagh
32] themselves, in which two royal heirs of Fernmhagh,
33] viz. Ua Crichain and Ua Donnagain, were slain.


34] The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 21st of


1] the moon; the age of the Lord fourteen years, and a
2] hundred, and a thousand.


A great fit of sickness seized
3] Muirchertach Ua Briain, king of Erinn, and removed
4] him from his sovereignty.


Diarmaid Ua Briain, moreover,
5] assumed the sovereignty of Mumha, in his presence, without
6] permission.


A hosting by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn to
7] Rath-Cennaigh, when Eochaidh Ua Mathghamhna, with
8] the Ulidians, came into his house, and Donnchadh Ua
9] Loingsigh, with the Dal-Araidhe, and Aedh Ua Ruairc,
10] with the men of Breifne, and Murchadh Ua Maelsechlainn,
11] with the men of Midhe. They all proceeded across Ath-Luain
12] to Dun-Leodha, where Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair,
13] with the Connachtmen, aud Niall, son of Domhnall
14] Mac Lachlainn, with the chieftains of Clann-Conaill, came
15] into his assembly.


They all went thence, afterwards, to
16] Telach-Uí-Deghaidh, in Dal-Cais, where they and the men
17] of Mumha made a year's peace; and Domhnall Mac
18] Lachlainn went through Connacht, and from thence to his
19] house.


Aedh, son of Donnchadh Ua hEochadha, royal
20] heir of Uladh, mortuus est.


Ruaidhri Ua Canannain,
21] royal heir of Cenel-Conaill, was slain by the Cenel-Eoghain.


22] Muirchertach Mac Lachlainn, royal heir of Oilech, injuste
23] interfectus est.

Annal LC1115.


24] The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 2nd of the
25] moon; the age of the Lord fifteen years, and a hundred,
26] and a thousand


Very severe weather, with frost and
27] snow, from the l5th of the kalends of January to the l5th
28] of the kalends of March, vel paulo plus, which made great
29] havoc of birds, and cattle, and people; and from which
30] arose great scarcity and want throughout all Erinn, and in
31] Laighen especially.


Diarmaid O'Briain, king of Mumha,


1] was captured by Muirchertach O'Briain.


A murderous
2] attack was made by the grandsons of Aedh, son of
3] Ruaidhri, on Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, king of
4] Connacht, and he was wounded so that he was in extreme
5] agony.


A victory by Domhnall Ua Briain and the Foreigners
6] of Ath-cliath, over the Lagenians, in which Donnchadh,
7] grandson of Mael-na-mbo, king of Uí-Ceinnsealaigh,
8] and Conchobhar Ua Conchobhair, king of Uí-Failghe,
9] with his sons, and a multitude besides, were slain.


10] son of Tadhg Ua Briain, royal heir of Mumha, was
11] slain by the Connachtmen.


Muirchertach Ua Briain
12] assumed his own sovereignty again, and went on a hosting
13] into Laighen and Bregh.


The stone-church of Ard Brecain,
14] with its full of people, was burned by the men of
15] Mumha, and many churches besides in Feara-Bregh.


16] great predatory excursion by Toirdhealbhach O Conchobhair
17] and the Connachtmen, and they plundered Tuadh-Mumhan
18] as far as Luimnech, and carried off countless cattle
19] spoils and numerous prisoners.


Maelsechlainn Ua
20] Maelsechlainn, royal heir of Temhair, occisus est.

Annal LC1116.


21] The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 13th of
22] the moon; the age of the Lord sixteen years, and a hundred,
23] and a thousand.


Cellach, comarb of Patrick, went on a
24] visitation of Connacht, for the second time, and obtained
25] his full tribute.


Cill-Dalua, with its church, was burned.


26] Corcach-mor of Mumhan, and Imlech-Ibhair, and the oratory
27] of Maelisa Ua Brolchain, and a part of Lis-mór; were burned
28] in the same year.


Achadh-bo-Chainnigh was burned.


29] Cluain-Iraird cremata est.


The Abbot's great house of
30] Ard-Macha, with twenty houses about it, was burned in the
31] beginning of the Lent of this year.


Ladhmann, son of
32] Domhnall, king of Alba, was slain by the men of Moray.


33] Derbhail, daughter of Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain, mortua est.


Annal LC1117.


1] The kalends of January ou the 2nd feria, the 24th of
2] the moon; the age of the Lord seventeen years and a
3] hundred, and a thousand.


Conchobhar Ua Cairellain was
4] slain by the Feara-Manach.


The battle of Lecain was
5] given by Brian, son of Murchadh, and by the sons of
6] Cathal Ua Conchobhair, having the Connachtmen along
7] with them, to Toirdhealbhach son of Diarmaid, and
8] to the Dál-Cais; and the Dál-Cais were defeated and
9] put to slaughter.


A victory over the Cenel-Eoghain of
10] the Island, by the Cenel-Conail, when they were put to
11] slaughter, and many of their chieftains slain.

Annal LC1118.


12] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 5th of
13] the moon; the age of the Lord eighteen years and a
14] hundred, and a thousand.


Laidhgnén Ua Duibhdhara,
15] king of Feara-Manach, was slain by the Uí-Fiachrach,
16] and by the men of the Craebh.


Diarmaid Ua Briain,
17] king of Mumha, and of all Leth-Mogha, died at Corcach-mór
18] of Mumha, after unction and penitence.


The value of
19] one hundred ounces of the offering and mass cloths of Cellach,
20] comarb of Patrick, were submerged in the Dabhall;
21] and he himself was endangered.


Paschalis, comarb of
22] Peter, servus religiosus cum dilectione Dei et proximi
23] ad Christum migravit.


Maria, daughter of Maelcoluim,
24] i.e. daughter of the king of Alba, wife of the king of the
25] Saxons, mortua est.


A hosting by Toirdhealbhach Ua
26] Conchobhair, king of Connacht, and by Murchadh O Maelsechlainn,
27] king of Temhair, along with him, and by Aed
28] O'Ruairc, into Mumha, as far as Glenn-Maghair; and he
29] gave Des-Mumha to Mac Carthaigh, and Tuadh-Mumha


1] to the sons of Diarmaid Ua Briain, and carried off the
2] hostages of each.


Another hosting by him to Ath-cliath,
3] when he carried away the son of the king of Temhair,
4] who was in the hands of the Foreigners, and the hostages
5] of the Foreigners themselves, and the hostages of Laighen
6] and Osraighe.


A wonderful story in this year, viz: a
7] very great earthquake in Sliabh-Elpa, which extinguished
8] many cities, and a multitude of people in them.


9] wonderful story also in Erinn, viz.:—a mermaid was
10] caught by the fishermen of Lis-Airglinn, in Osraighe, and
11] another at Port-Lairge.


Domhnall, son of Ruaidhri Ua
12] Conchobhair, mortuus est.


Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, king
13] of Connacht for a long time, died in pilgrimage in the
14] thirty-sixth year after he was blinded—in clericatu vitam
15] feliciter finivit at Cluain-mic-Nois.

Annal LC1119.


16] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 16th of
17] the moon; the age of the Lord nineteen years and a
18] hundred, and a thousand.


Cenn-coradh was demolished
19] by the Connachtmen.


Muirchertach O'Briain, king of
20] Erinn, prop of the glory and magnificence of the West of
21] Europe, after the triumph of sovereignty and penance, on
22] the festival of Mochaemhóg, on the 6th of the ides of March,
23] in bono fine vitam finivit.


Cúchollchaille O'Baighelláin,
24] chief ollamh of Erinn in poetry, and a man distinguished
25] for charity and hospitality, and for universal benevolence
26] towards the needy and the powerful, was slain by the Feara-Luirg
27] and Tuath-ratha, cum sua uxore et duobus filiis
28] suis bonis, et cum xxxv. aliis, consisting both of his family
29] and guests, in the same house, the Saturday before Little
30] Easter, on the festival of Becan, son of Cula.


31] O'Tormair, airchinnech of Fathan-mor, quievit.


32] O'Gairmleghaigh, chief of Cenel-Moain, was slain


1] by the Uí-Dubhda, and by the Clann-Flaithbhertaigh.


2] Niall, son of Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, royal heir of
3] Oilech and Erinn, and the paragon of Erinn for figure
4] and sense, for honour and learning, fell by the Cenel-Moain,
5] in the 28th year of his age, on Monday as regards
6] the day of the week, on the tenth of the moon's age, the
7] festival of the 'Three Innocent Sons,' in decimo octavo
8] kalendas Januarii.

Annal LC1120.


9] The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 27th
10] of the moon; the age of the Lord twenty years, and a
11] hundred, and a thousand.


A hosting by Domhnall Mac
12] Lachlainn to Ath-Luain, to assist Murchadh Ua Maelsechlainn
13] against Connacht, and Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair
14] made a false peace with them.


The victory of the
15] plain of Cill-mór in Uí-Niallain was gained by Raghnall,
16] son of Mac Riabhaigh, over the Uí-Echach, who were put
17] to slaughter.


Cellach, comarb of Patrick, went on a visitation
18] of Mumha, when he obtained his full demand, and
19] left a blessing.


Branan, son of Gillachrist, chief of Corca-Achlann,
20] died.


Echmarcach Mac Uidhrén, chief of Cenel-Feraghaigh,
21] was slain by the Feara-Manach.


The bridge
22] of Ath-Luain was made.

Annal LC1121.


22] The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 9th of the
23] moon; the age of the Lord twenty-one years, and a hundred,
25] and a thousand.


Domhnall, son of Ardghar Mac
26] Lachlainn, the most distinguished of the Gaeidhel of
27] Erinn for figure, for family, for sense and prowess, for
28] prosperity and for constancy, for the bestowing of jewels
29] and food, died in Doire-Choluim-Chille in the 38th year
30] of his reign, and in the 73rd year of his age, on the night
31] of Wednesday particularly, and on the 4th of the ides of
32] February, the festival of Mochuarog 'the Wise'.


33] hosting by Toirdhelbhach Ua Conchobhair, accompanied
34] by the men of Connacht, to Des-Mumha, and they plundered
35] from Magh-Feimhin to Traigh-Lí, both church and
36] territory, viz.:—seventy churches, vel paulo plus.



1] A predatory hosting by Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair again
2] into Des-Mumha, until he reached the termon of Lis-mór;
3] and he obtained countless cattle spoils, and lost Muiredhach
4] O'Flaithbhertaigh, king of the west of Connacht,
5] and Aedh Ua hEidhin, king of Uí-Fiachrach-Eighne.


6] The steeple of Telach-nImmuinne, in Osraighe, was cleft
7] by a thunderbolt, and a stone flew from it, which killed
8] a student in the church.


Cellach, comarb of Patrick,
9] assumed the bishopric of Ath-cliath by the choice of
10] Foreigners and Gaeidhel.


A gale of wind occurred on
11] the nones of December, which knocked off the conical cap
12] of the steeple of Ard-Macha, and caused a great destruction
13] of trees throughout all Erinn.

Annal LC1122.


14] The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 20th of
15] the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-two years, and a
16] hundred, and a thousand.


Aedh Ua Ruaire, king of Conmaicne,
17] fell by the men of Midhe, whilst taking a prey
18] from them.


The shrine of Colman, son of Luachan, was
19] found in the tomb of Lann, a man's cubit in the earth,
20] on Spy Wednesday.


A hosting by Toirdhelbhach Ua
21] Conchobhair to Loch-Sailech in Midhe, when Mac Murchadha,
22] king of Laighen and the Foreigners, came into
23] his house.


Mor, daughter of Domhnall Mac Lachlainn,
24] wife of Toirdhelbhach Ua Conchobhair, died.


A great
25] predatory expedition by Conchobhar Mac Lachlainn and
26] the Cenel-Eoghain, until they arrived at Cill-ruaidh in
27] Ulidia, and they carried off countless cattle spoils.


28] Ua Duibhdhirma, chief of the Bredach, and head of the
29] hospitality of the North, and Domhnall his brother,
30] mortui sunt.

Annal LC1123.


31] The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 1st of the
32] moon; the age of the Lord twenty-three years, and a hundred,
33] and a thousand.


The Gailenga captured a house at
34] Daimhliag-Cianain, against Maelsechlainn Ua Maelsechlainn,


1] i.e. king of Midhe and Temhair, and they burned the
2] house in which he was, and seventy other houses around it,
3] and killed a multitude of his people. Maelsechlainn himself
4] escaped through the protection of God and Cianan, without
5] being burned or slain.


An unprecedented attack was
6] made on the comarb of Ailbhe, i.e. Maelmordha, grandson
7] of Clothna, viz.:—a house was captured against him in the
8] middle of his own Imlech, and against the son of Cerbhall
9] Ua Ciarmhaic, king of Ane; and seven persons were
10] killed there. The good men escaped therefrom, however,
11] through the grace of Ailbhe and the Church; but the
12] Bernan-Ailbhe was, indeed, burned there. The person
13] who captured this house, viz.:—the Gilla-caech Ua
14] Ciarmhaic, (and he was by title a deacon), was slain
15] before the end of a month afterwards and his head was
16] cut off, for the profanation of God and Ailbhe.


17] Mac Cathalain, the prosperity and happiness of all
18] Uladh, mortuus est.


Donnchadh Mac Gillapatraic
19] Ruadh, king of Osraighe, a suis occisus est.


20] Ua Laithbhertaigh royal heir of Oilech, occisus est.

Annal LC1124.


21] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 12th of
22] the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-four years and a
23] hundred, and a thousand.


Toirfhinn Mac Turcuill, principal
24] young lord of the Foreigners of Erinn, subita morte
25] periit.


Tadhg, son of Mac Carthaigh, king of Des-Mumha,
26] died.


A great alarm was given to the king of Temhair
27] on Easter Sunday, viz.:—his Easter house fell on him
28] and on his household.


Luimnech was all burned, except
29] a little.


Alexander, son of Maelcoluim, king of Alba, in
30] bona poenitentia mortuus est.


The hostages of Des-Mumha


1] were slain by Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair,
2] viz.:—Maelsechlainn, son of Cormac Mac Carthaigh, king
3] of Caisel, and Ua Ciarmhaic, and Achaine Ua Cobhthaigh
4] of the Uí-Cuanach of Cnamhchaill.


Ardghar, grandson of
5] Aedh Ua Maelsechlainn, was slain by the people of Doire,
6] in revenge for Colum-Cille.

Annal LC1125.


7] The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 23rd of
8] the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-five years, and a
9] hundred, and a thousand.


The fifth of the ides of January,
10] moreover, was on Friday, the first of the moon, and
11] on it the protecting ridge was raised over the great stone-church
12] of Ard-Macha, after it had been fully covered
13] with shingling by Cellach, comarb of Patrick, in the one
14] hundred and thirtieth year since it had a complete shingle
15] roof before.


Gillabraide Ua Ruairc was drowned in
16] Loch-Ailinne.


A hosting by Toirdhelbach O'Conchobhair
17] into Midhe, when he expelled Murchadh Ua
18] Maelsechlainn from his sovereignty, and placed three
19] kings over the men of Midhe. Domhnall, son of Murchadh,
20] however, killed the third king, viz.:—Maelsechlainn,
21] son of Donnchadh, before the end of a 'nomaidh'.


22] A hosting by Muirchertach O'Cerbhaill, king of the South
23] of Fernmagh, to the men of Bregh; but Diarmait Ua
24] Maelsechlainn, with the men of Midhe and the men of
25] Bregh, met him, and Muirchertach was slain there, and
26] a slaughter of his host was committedabout him.

Annal LC1126.


27] The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 4th of
28] the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-six years, and a
29] hundred, and a thousand.


Enná son of Murchadh, king of Leinster, mortuus est.


A hosting by Toirdhelbhach
30] O'Conchobhair to the Lagenians, and he received their
31] pledges.


Ua Maelruanaigh, king of Feara-Manach, a suis
32] occisus est.


Maelísa Ua Conne, the most learned of the
33] Gaeidhel of Erinn in jurisprudence, and in the Ord-Patraic,


1] after choice penance in Christo quievit.


2] of Mumha, with its churches, was burned.


Domhnall Ua
3] Dúbdha was drowned after committing a depredation in
4] Tir-Conaill.


Royal journey of Toirdhelbhach Ua Conchobhair
5] to Ath-cliath and Laigen to his son, i.e. to Conchobhar.


6] Great war in Erinn, so that the comarb of Patrick was
7] obliged to be a month and a year absent from Ard-Macha,
8] pacifying the men of Erinn, and imposing rules and good
9] customs on all, both laity and clergy.


A treacherous depredation
10] by Ruaidhri Ua Tuachair, in Airthera; but the men
11] of
Airthera overtook, and committed a slaughter of, the
12] army of Ruaidhri; and he himself was there beheaded.
13] A hosting by Toirdhelbhach Ua Conchobhair until he
14] reached Glenn-Maghair, in Des-Mumha, and he carried
15] off countless cattle spoils.

Annal LC1127.


16] The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 15th of
17] the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-seven years, and a
18] hundred, and a thousand.


A hosting by Toirdhelbhach
19] O'Conchobhair into Des-Mumha, until he reached Corcach-mor
20] of Mumha, and he carried off the hostages of
21] all Mumha.


The men of Airthera captured the house of
22] Flann, son of Sinach, in Trian-Saxan, in Ard-Macha,
23] against Raghnall, son of Mac Riabhaigh, on the night of
24] the Monday of Shrovetide, and he was beheaded by them.


25] A battle between the Ulidians themselves, when two
26] kings of Ulidia, viz.:—Niall, son of Donnsleibhe (and a
27] slaughter of the Ulidians about him), and Eochaidh Ua
28] Mathghamhna, were slain in the mutual wounding of
29] the battle.


Gillachrist Ua hEighnigh, king of Feara-Manach,
30] and chief king of Oirghiall, died in Clochar-Uí-nDaimhin,
31] after choice penance.


The men of Mumha


1] and of Laighen again turned against Toirdhelbhach
2] O'Conchobhair, and their hostages were withdrawn by
3] them, and his son was dethroned by the Foreigners and
4] Lagenians; and they placed over themselves the king of
5] Eile; i.e. Domhnall, grandson of Faelan.


Cerbhall, grandson of
6] Faelan, (and a slaughter of the Uí-Faelain about
7] him), fell by the Uí-Failghe in the middle of Cill-dara,
8] defending the comarbship of Brigid.


Taillti, daughter
9] of Murchadh Ua Maelsechlainn, wife of Toirdhelbhach
10] Ua Conchobhair, died.


Gillabrighde Ua Forannain,
11] airchinnech of Ard-Sratha, mortuus est.

Annal LC1128.


12] The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 26th of
13] the moon; the age of the Lord, twenty-eight years, and a hundred, and a thousand.


Bissextus et embolismus
14] annus.


The men of Magh-hItha, i.e. with Domhnall Ua
15] Gairmleghaigh, captured a house against the king of
16] Feara-Manach, i.e. against Faelan Ua Duibhdhara, who
17] fell by them, and many of the nobles of Feara-Manach along with him.


A victory was gained by the cavalry
18] of the son of Mac Lachlainn, i.e. Conchobhar son of Mac
19] Lachlainn, over the cavalry of Tighernan Ua Ruairc, in
20] which were slain Ua Ciardha, king of Cairbre, and Cathal
21] Ua Raighilligh, and Sitric Ua Maelbrighde, and the son
22] of Aedh Ua Dubhda, king of Uí-Amhalghadha, et alii multi.


An ugly, ruthless, unprecedented deed, which
23] earned the malediction of the men of Erinn, both lay and
24] clerical—for which no equal was found previously in
25] Erinn—was committed by Tighernan Ua Ruairc, and by
26] the Uí-Briuin, viz.:—the comarb of Patrick was openly
27] profaned in his own presence, and his retinue were
28] plundered, and a number of them slain; and a young
29] cleric of his own people, who was under a cuilebadh,
30] was killed there. The evil consequence, moreover, that


1] grew from this misdeed, was, that there was not in Erinn
2] any enduring protection for a man thenceforth, until this
3] injury was avenged by God and men. This contempt,
4] truly, which was shown to the comarb of Patrick, was
5] like the contempt of the Lord, for the Lord Himself said
6] in the Gospel qui vos spernit me spernit; qui me spernit,
7] spernit eum qui misit me.


A predatory hosting
8] by Toirdhelbhach Ua Conchobhair into Laighen, until
9] he reached Loch-Carman; from thence round Laighen to
10] Ath-cliath, (and he committed a great destruction of cows
11] along that route); and from Ath-cliath to his home again.


12] The infamy of this hosting, moreover, rested on Tighernan
13] O'Ruairc, with his people.


A depredation by the men of
14] Fernmhagh in the territory of the Uí-Briuin, and they
15] carried off great spoils; but Tighernan Ua Ruairc, with
16] the Uí-Briuin, and with another large army, overtook
17] them at Ath-Fhirdheghaidh. A battle was fought
18] between them on both sides. Tighernan and the Uí-Briuin
19] were defeated, however, and four hundred of them
20] were slain in the beginning, in vindication of the
21] honour of Patrick's people.


A hosting by Conchobhar
22] Ua Lochlainn and the Cenel-Eoghain, and the Dal-Araidhe
23] and Airghialla, into Magh-Cobha, when they
24] carried off the hostages of the Uí-Echach. They afterwards
25] turned to the left, into Feara-Bregh; and they lost
26] a number of their people there, and committed a great outrage
27] before God and men, viz.:—the burning of Ath-truim
28] with its churches; and a great number of persons suffered
29] martyrdom in them.


Non impetrata pace Dei uel hominum
30] retro ambulaverunt.


A peace of one year and a
31] half, vel paulo plus, was made by the comarb of Patrick
32] between the Connachtmen arnd the men of Mumha.


Annal LC1129.


1] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 7th of the
2] moon; the age of the Lord twenty-nine years, and a hundred,
3] and a thousand.


Cellach, comarb of Patrick, i.e.
4] the chief bishop of the West of Europe; a pure, illustrious
5] virgin; the only head whom Foreigners and Gaeidhel,
6] both laics and clerics, obeyed; after having, moreover,
7] ordained bishops and priests, and persous of every degree
8] besides; and after having consecrated very many churches
9] and cemeteries; after having bestowed jewels and wealth;
10] and after having imposed faith and good manners on all,
11] both laity and clergy; and after a life of mass-celebration,
12] fasting, and praying, and after unction and choice penance,
13] resigned his soul into the bosom of angels and archangels,
14] in Ard-Patraic, in Mumha, on the kalends of April,
15] the 2nd feria, in the twenty-fourth year of his abbotship,
16] and in the fiftieth year of his age. His body was conveyed,
17] truly, on the 3rd of the nones of April, to Lis-mór-Mochuda,
18] according to his own will; and it was waked
19] with psalms, and hymns, and canticles, and was honourably
20] interred in the tomb of the bishops, on, the day before
21] the nones of April, on the 5th feria.


20] son of Domhnall, was ordained in the comarbship of
21] Patrick, on the nones of April.


The house of Colum-Cille,
22] in Cill-mic-Nenain, was captured by Tairchert
23] against Aedh, son of Cathbhar Ua Domhnaill; and it
24] was burned by him.


The castle of Ath-Luain was built
25] by Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair.


Gillachrist, son of
26] Mac Uidhrin, chief of Cenel-Feradhaigh, was burned in
27] the house of his fosterer, in Tir-Manach, in treachery.


28] Niall Ua Crichain, king of Uí-Fiachrach of Ard-sratha,
29] was slain by the Uí-Ceinneidigh.

Annal LC1130.


30] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the l8th of
31] the moon; the age of the Lord thirty years, and a hundred,


1] and a thousand.


Sord-Choluim-Chille, with its
2] churches and relics, was burned.


Cúaibhne Ua Conchobhair,
3] king of Uí-Failghe, died.


A battle between
4] the men of Alba and the men of Muiriebh, in which
5] 4,000 of the men of Muiriebh, with their king, i.e.
6] Aenghus, son of Lulach's daughter, and 1,000 of the men
7] of Alba, fell in the mutual wounding.


A hosting by
8] Mac Lachlainn and the men of the North of Erinn, into
9] Ulidia, and the Ulidians assembled to give them battle;
10] but the Ulidians were defeated and slaughtered, together
11] with Aedh Ua Loingsigh, king of Dal-Araidhe, and with
12] Gillapatraic Mac Serridh, king of Dal-Buinne, and with
13] Dubhrailbhe Mac Cartain, and many besides. They
14] plundered the country, moreover, as far as the east of the
15] Ard, both territory and church, and carried off a thousand
16] captives, vel paulo plus, and many thousands of cows and
17] horses.


18] The chief men of Ulidia, however, came afterwards,
19] with their king, to Ard Macha, to meet Conchobhar,
20] and they made peace and took mutual oaths, and
21] they the Ulidians left hostages.


A great crop of every
22] kind of produce generally in Erinn this year.

Annal LC1131.


23] The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the twenty-ninth
24] of the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-one years,
25] and a hundred, and a thousand.


A predatory hosting by
26] Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair and the men of the province
27] of Connacht, into Mumha, when they plundered Uí-Conaill-Gabhra.


A hosting by Conchobhar Ua Briain,
28] and by the men of Mumha, into Laighen, and they took
29] their hostages; and they proceeded from thence into
30] Midhe, and plundered the island of Loch-Seimhdidhe.


31] Their cavalry and the cavalry of Connacht met there,
32] and the cavalry of Connacht were defeated, and the son


1] of Cuchonnacht Ua. Conchobhair, and the Ferdána Ua
2] Carthaigh, i.e. the chief poet of Connacht, were slain.


3] A hosting by Conchobhar Mac Lachlainn and the Ulidians,
4] the men of the North of Erinn being with them,
5] into Connacht; but the Connachtmen made an attack on
6] the rear of the army, in the vicinity of the Seghais, in
7] which Conn Ua Maelgaeithi, and the Garbhanach Ua
8] Baeighill, and a great many more, were slain. Notwithstanding
9] this, however, they met together on the morrow
10] at Loch-Cé, and made a year's peace.


A depredation
11] by Tighernan Ua Ruairc and the men of Breifne, after
12] the army had left, in Cuailgne, and they plundered
13] Uí-Meith.


On their return, however, i.e. the return of
14] the Ulidians and the men of the South of Airghiall),
15] across Ath-Luain, to their houses, they met with the
16] other depredators in Magh-Conaille.


A battle was fought,
17] in which Raghnall Ua hEochadha, king of Uladh, and
18] Cumhidhe Ua Crichain, king of Fernmhagh, and his son,
19] and Donnsleible Ua hInnrechtaigh, king of Uí-Meith, et
20] alii multi, were slain.


Maelisa Ua Foghladha, bishop of
21] Caisel, in bona senectute quievit.

Annal LC1132.


22] The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 10th of
23] the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-two years, and a
24] hundred, and a thousand.


The abbot's house of Cill-dara
25] was captured by the Uí-Ceinnselaigh against the comarb
26] of Brighid, and burned, and a large part of the church
27] was burned, and a great many were slain there; and the
28] nun herself was carried off a prisoner, and put into a man's
29] bed.


An engagement was fought by the people of Scrín-Choluim-Chille
30] and Lochlainn Ua Baeighellain, in which
31] the airchinnech of the Scrín, i.e. Macraith Ua Niallain, and
32] Lochlainn himself, were killed.


A hosting by Conchobhar
33] Mac Lachlainn to Ath-Fhirdheghaidh, when Tighernan
34] Ua Ruairc came into his house, and gave him hostages.

Annal LC1133.


35] The kalends of January on the lst feria, the 21st of
36] the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-three years, and a


1] hundred, and a thousand.


A hosting by Cormac Mac
2] Carthaigh and Conchobhar Ua Briain, into Connacht,
3] when they killed Cathal, son of Cathal Ua Conchobhair,
4] royal heir of Connacht, and demolished Dun-Mughorn
5] and Dun-mór, and plundered a great part of the country.


6] A predatory hosting by Donnchadh Ua Cerbhaill and the
7] men of Fernmhagh into Fine-Gall; but Torcaill overtook
8] them at Finnabhair, and they fought a battle, in
9] which Raghnall, son of Pol, was slain, and a great number
10] of Foreigners along with him; and as regards the
11] men of Fernmhagh themselves, they were subjected to
12] great danger.


Conchobhar, son of Murchadh Ua Maelsechlainn,
13] royal heir of Temhair, was wounded by the
14] Lagenians, and afterwards slain by Foreigners.


15] Mac Gillacholmóg, royal heir of Laighen, was
16] slain by the men of Midhe.


Fine-Gall was again burned
17] by the men of Midhe.


Lusca, with its church full of
18] people and treasures, was burned by the same party.


19] great cow mortality occurred throughout all Erinn, for
20] which no likeness was found since the great cow mortality
21] came before that in the time of Flaithbhertach, son
22] of Loingsech; and 432 years elapsed between them.


23] The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 2nd of
24] the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-four years, and a hundred, and a thousand.


The same cow mortality again
25] devastating Erinn, so that numbers of people were quite
26] impoverished in every locality in Erinn.


Archu Ua Flaithbhertaigh,
27] royal heir of Oilech, fell by the Cenel-Conaill
28] in a battle-breach.


Donnchadh Ua Conchobhair, king
29] of Uí-Failgne, and Maelsechlainn, his father's son, engaged
30] in conflict, and fell by each other.


A hosting by Mac
31] Murchadha and the Lagenians, into Osraighe; but the
32] Osraighe encountered then and committed a slaughter of


1] the host, in which fell Ughaire O'Tuathail, royal heir of
2] Laighen, et alii multi.


A slaughter of the Osraighe, and
3] of the Foreigners of Port-Lairge, was committed by Mac
4] Murchadha and the Lagenians, in revenge for the aforesaid
5] slaughter.


Imhar Ua hAedhagain, the man by
6] whom the Regles of Paul and Peter at Ard-Macha was
7] erected, died on his pilgrimage at Rome.


8] son of Murchadh Ua Briain, was slain, together with his
9] son, by the people of Des-Mumha.


A great murrain in
10] hoc anno.

Annal LC1135.


11] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 13th of
12] the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-five years, and a
13] hundred, and a thousand.


Maelmordha Ua Conchobhair,
14] king of Uí-Failghe, was killed by his own brother.


15] Ua Taidhg, king of Feara-Lí, with his brother, and with
16] his wife, was smothered in a cave by the Uí-Tuirtre.


17] Ruaidhri O'Canannain, king of Cenel-Conaill, a war-like,
18] defensive man, of charity and humanity, was
19] slain by the men of Magh-Itha, viz., by Maelruanaidh
20] O'Cairellan, and by Clann-Diarmada.


21] with its churches, was burned on the 3rd of the
22] kalends of April.


Cluain-Iraird, and Rath-Luraigh, and
23] Cenannus, and many other churches, ab igne
24] dissipatae sunt.


A great number of the men of Des-Mumha fell by
25] those of Tuadh-Mumha, on the causeway of Cluain-caein-Modhimog,
26] where Finghuine Ua Caeimh, king of Glennanmach,
27] and Mathghamhain Ua Donnchadha, king of
28] Cenel-Laeghaire, and Aedh Ua Conchobhair, king of Corcumruaidh,
29] and Maelgorm Ua Rinn, and the son of Lochlainn
30] Ua Cinaedha of the Uí-Maccaille, et alii plurimi,
31] were slain.


Cumara, moreover, the son of Cumara, son of
32] Domhnall, king of Uí-Caisin, fell in the mutual wounding.


33] Hanrico, son of William, king of the French, Saxons,
34] and Britons, died.


Consecration of Cormac's church.



1] Aedh Ua Cellaigh, king of Uí-Maine, mortuus est.


2] Mac Coghlan mortuus est.

Annal LC1136.


3] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 24th of
4] the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-six years, and a hundred,
5] and a thousand; bissextilis annus, et embolismus
6] annus; positus hujus anni non frequenter accidit, viz.:—
7] Shrove Sunday fell on the 9th day of spring; Easter
8] Sunday on the 11th of the kalends of April; Ascension
9] Thursday on the day before May-day, and Whit Sunday
10] on the tenth day of summer.


Robhartach Ua Cellaigh,
11] airchinnech of Fathan-mór, in poenitentia mortuus est.


12] Domhnall, son of Muirchertach Ua Briain, died in pilgrimage
13] at Lis-mór.


Conchobhar, son of Domhnall Mac
14] Lachlainn, king of Oilech, and royal heir of Erinn, was
15] slain by the men of Magh-Itha, in treachery, at an
16] assembly, on Monday, the 8th of the kalends of June.


17] Aedh, son of Toirdhelbhach Ua Conchobhair, was
18] blinded by his own brother.


The victory of Finnabhair
19] was gained over Aedh, son of Domhnall Ua Conchobhair,
20] and over Tadhg Ua Cellaigh, and over the Uí-Maine,
21] ubi cecidit Conchobhar Ua Cellaigh, father of Tadhg,
22] et alii multi.


Conchobhar, son of Toirdhelbhach, and the
23] Síl-Muiredhaigh victores fuerunt.

Annal LC1137.


24] The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 5th of the
25] moon; the age of the Lord thirty-seven years, and a hundred, and a thousand.


A tremendous storm of wind on
26] the day before the festival of the Sprinkling of Water,
27] which prostrated many forests and churches in Erinn.


28] Domhnall Ua Conaing,
29] chief bishop of Leth-Mogha, pillar of piety,
30] and wisdom, and prayer, and of the presentation
31] of food and treasures to the poor and mighty, in bona senectute dormivit.


A great colic disease in
32] Erinn generally, which killed many.


A hosting by the


1] Lagenians and Foreigners, in aid of Síl-Briain, to Port-Lairge,
2] from which they brought pledges.


A predatory
3] hosting by Síl-Briain to the Ciarraighe, and they plundered
4] territories and churches.


Domhnall Ua Maelsechlainn,
5] royal heir of Erinn, a suis occisus est.


6] daughter of Muirchertach Ua Briain, wife of Murchadh
7] Ua Maelsechlainn, chief queen of Erinn, in poenitentia
8] mortua est.


A great scarcity in the province of Connacht,
9] et multi mortui sunt ab ea.


Aedh, son of
10] Domhnall Ua Conchobhair, occisus est.


Domhnall Ua
11] Dubhthaigh, bishop of Elphin, and comarb of Ciaran of
12] Cluain-mic-Nois, apud Cluain-ferta-Brenainn quievit in
13] Christo.

Annal LC1138.


14] The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the l6th of
15] the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-eight years, and a
16] hundred, and a thousand.


Mathghamhain O'Conchobhair,
17] king of Ciarraighe, pillar of the dignity and glory of
18] Leth-Mogha in presenting jewels and valuables, dormivit.


19] Lis-mór, and Cill-dara, and Tech-Moling, and Sord-Choluim-Chille,
20] were burned.


Maelruanaidh Ua Cairellain,
21] kindling lamp of the north of Erinn as regards
22] figure, understanding, and valour, was slain by the Cenel-Moain.


23] Plundering of the North of Saxan by the men
24] of Alba, who carried off countless captives, and numerous
25] spoils.


Cormac, son of Mac Carthaigh, chief king of Des-Mumha,
26] and bishop-king of Erinn in his time as regards
27] piety, and the presentation of jewels and valuables to
28] clerics and churches, and ecclesiastical riches, in books and
29] utensils, to God, and [...] fell in treachery


1] by the people of Tuadh-Mumha; and a blessing be with
2] his soul.[gap: extent: 8-9 lines]

Annal LC1170.


3] The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 10th of
4] the moon; the age of the Lord seventy years, and a
5] hundred, and a thousand.


Conchobhar, son of Muirchertach
6] Mac Lachlainn, king of Cenel-Eoghain, and royal
7] heir of all Erinn, was slain by Aedh Bec Mac Cana, and by
8] the Uí-Carragain, on Easter Saturday, in the middle of
9] Trian-mór, at Ard-Macha.


Donnchadh Cennsealach
10] O'Ceallaigh was slain by Lagenians.


Ath-cliath was spoiled by Diarmaid Mac Murchadha, and by pirates
11] whom he brought with him from the east, to spoil Erinn,
12] in retaliation for his expulsion beyond the sea from his
13] own territory, and for his son having been slain.


14] inflicted a slaughter, moreover, on the Foreigners of Ath-cliath
15] and Port-Lairge, aad a countless slaughter was, however,
16] inflicted on them.


Laighen, indeed, and Feara-Midhe
17] were wasted by them, both churches and territories; and
18] they occupied Ath-cliath and Port-Lairge on that occasion.


19] A great, ungenerous deed was committed by the
20] monk, son of the comarb of Finnen of Magh-bile, and
21] by Maghnus, son of Donnsleibhe, king of Uladh, with the
22] chieftains of Uladh, and the Ulidians besides—except
23] Bishop Maelisa, and Gilladomhaingairt, son of Cormac,


1] comarb of Comhgall, and Maelmartain, comarb of Finnen,
2] with their fraternities—viz., a community of regular
3] canons, with their abbot, whom Maelmaedhog Ua Morghair,
4] legate of the comarb of Peter, had ordained at
5] Sabhall-Patraic, were expelled from the monastery which
6] they themselves had erected; (and they were entirely
7] plundered both in books and utensils, people, horses,
8] and sheep, and all things which they had collected there
9] from the time of the aforesaid legate until then, except
10] the tunics and the capes which were about them in that
11] hour), through envy and carnal love, and greed of honour
12] for himself; as the monks of Droiched-Atha had expelled
13] him from their abbacy for lawful reasons. Alas! alas!
14] truly; woe to them who committed it; and woe to the
15] land in which the deed was committed; but, however, it
16] did not escape long without the vengeanee of the Lord, for
17] the chieftains who committed it were slain together by a
18] few enemies; and the king was wounded, and unluckily
19] slain a short time after, in the place where this unjust
20] resolution had been adopted, viz., in Dún. On Tuesday
21] the community was expelled; on Tuesday, also, before
22] the end of a year, the chieftains of Uladh were slain,
23] and the king was wounded.


On Tuesday, soon after,
24] he was himself slain by his brother, in Dún.


25] O'hAinfheth, king of Uí-Meith, and leader of the
26] cavalry of the king of Oilech, was killed by the men of a
27] fleet which came from Innsi-hOrc, in the island which
28] had been constructed by themselves in Loch-Ruidhe, i.e.
29] Inis-Lachain.


Earl Stronghow came into Erinn with
30] Diarmaid Mac Murchadha, to avenge his expulsion by
31] Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhealbhach O'Conchobhair; and
32] Diarmaid gave him his own daughter, and a part of his patrimony;
33] and Saxon Foreigners have been in Erinn since then.


Annal LC1171.


1] The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 22nd of
2] the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-one years, and a
3] hundred, and a thousand.


Diarmaid Mac Murchadha, king
4] of the province of Laighen, after spoiling numerous churches
5] and territories, died at Ferna—without the body of Christ,
6] without penitence, without making a will—through the
7] merits of Colum-Cille, and Finnen, and the other saints
8] whose churches he had spoiled.


Axall Mac Torcaill, king
9] of Ath-cliath, and hEoin from Innsi-hOrc, were slain by
10] the same Foreigners.


Sadhbh, daughter of Gluniarainn
11] Mac Murchadha, comarb of Brigid, died in penitence.


A victory was gained over Tighernan O'Ruairc, and the men
12] of Midhe, and the men of Fernmhagh together, (viz.:—the
13] 'victory of the ashes' secundum quosdam), on the green of
14] Ath-cliath, by Milo de Cogan with his people, in which a
15] great number were slain along with Aedh O'Ruairc, i.e. the
16] king of Uí-Briuin, and Machaire-Gaileng, and Conmaicne.


17] There were also slain there five chieftains of the men of
18] Fernmhagh, viz.:—Maelmochta Mac Confeabhla, and
19] Conchobhar, his brother, two chieftains of the Cenel-Feradhaigh.


Feindidh O'Conghaile, lamp of valour and
20] bravery of Oirghiall, mortuus est.


21] Venit in Hiberniam Henricus potentissimus rex Angliae,
22] et idem dux Normanniae et Aquitaniae, et comes
23] Andegaviae, et aliarum multarum terrarum dominus, cum
24] ducentis .XL. navibus; and he came on shore at Port-Lairge,
25] and took the hostages of Mumha; and he came
26] afterwards to Ath-cliath, and took the hostages of Laighen,
27] and of the men of Midhe, and the Uí-Briuin, and Oirghialla,
28] and Uladh.


Petrus, bishop of the Uí-Maine of Connacht,
29] a pious monk, and a man of authority, was drowned
30] in the Sinuinn on the 6th of the kalends of January.




1] great preying expedition by Maghnus, son of Donnsleibhe,
2] with all the Ulidians, into Cuil-an-tuaisceirt, when they
3] plundered Cul-rathain and other churches; but a small
4] party of the Cenel-Eoghain, with Conchobhar Ua Cathain,
5] overtook them, and gave them battle, and killed twenty-two
6] persons, between chieftains and sons of chieftains,
7] and many others along with them; and Maghnus himself
8] was wounded; and this Maghnus, moreover, was slain
9] soon after by Donnsleibhe, i.e. his own brother, and by
10] Gilla-Aenghusa, son of Gilla-Espuic, viz.:—the rector of
11] Monach-an-Dúin, after he had committed manty great
12] crimes; i.e. after abandoning his own married wife, and
13] after carrying off the wife of his tutor, i.e. Cumhuighe
14] Ua Floinn, (and she had been possessed by his own
15] brother, Aedh, at first); after having offered violence to
16] the wife of his other brother, i.e. Eochaidh; after profaning
17] bells and bachalls, clerics and churches.

Annal LC1172.


18] The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 2nd of
19] the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-two years, and a
20] hundred, and a thousand.


The king of the Saxons departed
21] from Erinn on Easter Sunday, after the celebration
22] of mass.


Tighernan O'Ruairc, king of Breifne and Conmaicne,
23] and a man of great power for a long time, was
24] slain by Saxons, truly; and Domhnall, son of Annad
25] of his Tighernan's own tribe, was along with them.


26] was also beheaded by them, and his head and body were
27] ignominiously carried to Ath-cliath. The head was placed
28] over the door of the fortress, as a miserable spectacle for the
29] Gaeidhel; the body was suspended, moreover with his feet
30] upwards.


A victory was gained over the Cenel-Eoghain,
31] by O'Maeldoraidh and the Cenel-Conaill, and a great
32] slaughter was inflicted on them. This event was, indeed,
33] as a miracle on the part of the saints of the Lord, viz.:—


1] of Patrick, and Colum-Cille, and the other saints whose
2] churches they had spoiled.


The full visitation of the
3] province of Connacht was brought, for the fourth time,
4] by Gillamoliag, comarb of Patrick, i.e. the primate of
5] Erinn, to Ard-Macha.


Domhnall O'Ferghail, chief of
6] Conmaicne, was slain by the people of the king of the
7] Saxons.


Gilla-Aedha, bishop of Corcach, a man full of
8] the grace of God, in bona senectute quievit.

Annal LC1173.


9] The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the l3th of
10] the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-three years, and a
11] hundred, and a thousand.


Muiredhach O'Cobhthaigh,
12] bishop of Doire and Rath-both, and of all the north of
13] Erinn; the son of chastity, and the precious stone, and the
14] bright gem, and the brilliant star, and a treasury of
15] wisdom, and a fruitful branch of the canon; after having
16] bestowed food and clothes upon the poor; after having
17] distributed numerous gifts to poets; after the triumph
18] of devotion, and pilgrimage, and penitence—resigned his
19] spirit to heaven in the Dubh-regles of Colum-Cille in
20] Doire, on the 4th of the ides of February, in sexta feria.


21] Great miracles were wrought in the night on which he
22] died, viz.:—the night was illumined from nocturns until
23] cock-crow, and the ground was all in flames; and a large
24] mass of fire ascended over the town, and proceeded
25] towards the south-east; and all persons arose from their
26] beds
, imagining that it was day; and it was thus as far
27] as the horizon, they thought.


A great depredation was
28] committed
by Aedh Mac Aenghusa and the Clann-Aedha,
29] and they plundered Trian-mór; and this man was killed
30] before the end of three months after he had plundered
31] Ard-Macha;.


Annal LC1174.


1] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 24th of
2] the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-four years, and
3] a hundred, and a thousand.


Flann O'Gormain, chief lector
4] of Ard-Macha, and of all Erinn, a learned, observant man
5] in the Divine and worldly wisdom- after having been
6] twenty-one years learning in France and in Saxon-land,
7] and twenty years governing the schools of Erinn- died
8] peacefully on the 13th of the kalends of April, the Wednesday
9] before Easter, .lxx aetatis suae anno..


10] O'Banáin, bishop of Condere and Dal-Araidhe, a venerable
11] man full of sanctity, and of meekness, and of purity of
12] heart, died full happily in Hi-Coluim-Cille, after a
13] choice old age.


Gillamoliag, son of Ruaidhri, comarb
14] of Patrick, archbishop and primate of Ard-Macha, and of
15] all Erinn, a son of chastity, full of purity of heart, and of
16] meekness, died happily on the 6th of the kalends of April,
17] the Wednesday after Easter, in the 87th year of his age,
18] and after having been thirty-seven years in the archiepiscopate;
19] and this same illustrious man bad been sixteen
20] years very honourably in the abbacy of Coluim-Cille, at
21] Doire, before he obtained the comarbship of Patrick.


22] Gillamochaibheo, abbot of the monastery of Peter and
23] Paul at Ard-Macha, a diligent, faithful servant of the
24] Lord, died on the 2nd of the kalends of April, in the 70th
25] year aetatis suae.

Annal LC1175.


26] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 5th of the
27] moon; the age of the Lord seventy-five years, and a hundred,
28] and a thousand.


Flaithbhertach O'Brolchain,
29] comarb of Colum-Cille, tower of wisdom and honour;
30] a man to whom the clerics of Erinn gave a bishop's
31] chair for his wisdom and goodness, and to whom the
32] comarbsbip of Hi had been presented, died happily, after


1] choice suffering, in the Dubh-regles of Colum-Cille.


2] Gillamoliac O'Branain was ordained in his place, in the
3] comarbship of Colum-Cille.


A victory was gained over the
4] Cenel-Enna, by Echmarcach O'Cathain and Niall O'Gairmledhaigh,
5] and a great slaughter was inflicted on them.

Annal LC1176.


6] The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the l6th of
7] the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-six years, and a
8] hundred, and a thousand.


The Saxons were expelled
9] from Luimnech by Domhnall O'Briain, by laying siege to
10] them.


The daughter of the king of Oirghiall, i.e. Benmidhe,
11] daughter of Donnchadh O'Cerbhaill, wife of
12] Cumhuighe O' Floinn, queen of Uí-Tuirtre and Feara-Lí,
13] died.


The daughter of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, i.e.
14] the wife of Flaithbhertach O'Maeldoraidh, was killed by
15] the sons of O'Cairellain.


Fabhar and Cenannus were
16] wasted by the foreigners, and by the Uí-Briuin.


17] was wasted by the Saxons.


The castles of Gall
18] and Cenannus in process of construction.


The Saxon
19] Earl died in Ath-cliath of an ulcer which attacked his
20] foot, through the miracles of Brighid and Colum-Cille, and
21] the other saints whose churches he had spoiled.


22] castle of Slane, in which was Richard Fleming with his
23] forces, from which they were ravaging Oirghiall, and
24] Uí-Briuin, and Feara-Midhe, was spoiled by Maelsechlainn,
25] son of Mac Lachlainn, king of Cenel-Eoghain, and by the
26] Oirghialla; on which occasion a hundred, or more, of the
27] Foreigners were slain, besides the women, and children,
28] and horses of the castle; so that no man escaped alive from
29] the castle; and three castles in Midhe were deserted on
30] the morrow, through fear of the Cenel-Eoghain, viz.:—
31] the castle of Cenannus, and the castle of Calatruim, and
29] the castle of Daire-Patraic.


Cumhuighe O'Floinn, king


1] of Uí-Tuirtre, and Feara-Lí and Dal-Araidhe, was killed
2] by Cumhidhe, i.e. his own brother, and by the Feara-Lí.

Annal LC1177.


3] The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 27th of
4] the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-seven years, and
5] a hundred, and a thousand.


Dun-da-lethghlais was
6] spoiled by John de Curci and the knights who came
7] along with him; and they built a castle there, from which
8] they gained a victory twice over the Ulidians, and a
9] victory over the Cenel-Eoghain and over the Oirghialla,
10] in which Conchobhar O'Cairellain, i.e. the chief of Clann-Diarmada,
11] was slain; and in which many other nobles
12] were slain.


Conchobhar O'Cairellain, indeed, gained a victory
13] over O'Maeldoraidh and the Cenel-Conaill, in which
14] a great number of the Cenel-Enna were slain, along with
15] the son of O'Serrigh, and many other chieftains likewise.


16] Milo de Cogan, with his knights, was brought by Muirchertach,
17] son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, to Ros-Comain,
18] to spoil Connacht, through hatred towards his father.
19] Connacht, truly, was thereupon burned.


Tuam, moreover,
20] and the churches of the country, were destroyed,
21] through hatred towards the Foreigners; and they, i.e.
22] Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair and the men of Connacht along
23] with him, gained a victory over the Foreigners, and
24] drove them by force out of the country.


Ruaidhi O'Conchobhair,
25] moreover, blinded his son afterwards, in revenge
26] for this expedition.


Aedh O'Neill, i.e. king of Cenel-Eoghain
27] for a time, and royal heir of all Erinn, was slain
28] by Maelsechlainn Mac Lachlainn, and by Ardghal Mac
29] Lachlainn.


Ardghal himself, also, was slain by O'Neill
30] when he O Neill was being killed there.


The Timpanach


1] O'Connicén, chief poet of the North of Erinn, was
2] slain by the Cenel-Conaill, together with his wife and
3] family.


A hosting by John de Curci and the knights,
4] into Dal-Araidhe, on which occasion they slew Domhnall,
5] grandson of Cathusach, king of Dal-Araidhe. John went
6] also, on the same expedition, into Uí-Tuirtre and Feara-Lí;
7] but Cumhuighe O'Floinn burned Airther-maighe before
8] him; and he burned Cul-rathain, and many other churches.

Annal LC1178.


9] The kalends of January on the lst feria, the 9th of the
10] moon; the age of the Lord seventy-eight years, and a hundred,
11] and a thousand; the first year of nineteen.


12] Great crimes were committed by the Cenel-Moain in this
13] year, viz.:—the people of Domhnall O'Gairmleghaigh killed
14] Conchobhar, son of Conallach O'Luinigh, in the middle
15] of Domhnall O'Gairmleghaigh's own house, in treachery,
16] though he was under the protection of the airchinnech of
17] the Ernaidhe.


Domhnall O'Gairmleghaigh was deposed
18] from being chief, and the Cenel-Moain gave the chieftainship
19] to Ruaidhri O'Flaithbhertaigh.


Domhnall, son of Domhnall
20] O'Gairmleghaigh was slain, in treachery, by the sons of
21] O'Flaithbhertaigh and the other sons of Domhnall; and
22] Tighernan, son of Raghnall, son of Domhnall, and eight full
23] biatachs of the Cenel-Moain, were slain, along with them.


24] Very great wind came in this year, which prostrated large
25] tracts of woods and forests, and huge trees; and it moreover
26] prostrated six score large trees, vel paulo plus, in
27] Doire-Choluim-Chille.


28] It was in this year, also, that John
29] de Curci, with his knights, came to Dún, on a preying expedition
30] to Machaire-Conaille, when they plundered several


1] families, and were for a night encamped in Glenn-righe.


2] Murchadh O'Cerbhaill, king of Oirghiall, and Mac Duinnsleibhe,
3] i.e. the king of Uladh, came to them, however, on
4] that night, and gave him battle.


The Foreigners were
5] defeated, and put to great slaughter.


The same John went
6] also on a preying expedition into Dal-Araidhe, and into
7] Uí-Tuirtre.


But Cumhuighe O'Floinn, king of Uí-Tuirtre
8] and Feara-Lí, attacked them.


This battle was, moreover,
9] gained over the Foreigners, and they were put to
10] slaughter.

Annal LC1179.


11] The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 20th of
12] the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-nine years, and a
13] hundred, and a thousand, viz.:—the 2nd year of nineteen;
14] the third year after a bissextile.


Peace was made by
15] Donnchadh O'Cairellain, and by all the Clann-Diarmada,
16] with the Cenel-Moain, and with O'Gairmleghaigh, i.e.
17] with Amhlaibh, grandson of Maen, i.e. the brother of the
18] wife of Donnchadh O'Cairellain, in the middle of the
19] church of Ard-sratha, before the reliquaries of Domhnach-mór
20] and the Ernaidhe, and Ard-sratha.


21] moreover, came on the day following to the
22] house of Donnchadh O'Cairellain, to obtain additional
23] guarantees.


A wicked treachery was committed in the
24] middle of the meeting, in the doorway of the house of
25] O'Cairellain, in the presence of his own sister, i.e. the
26] wife of Donnchadh, viz.:—he himself and three of his
27] people along with him, were slain.


Ard-Macha was
28] burned ex majore parte, i.e. all the regleses, and all the
29] churches, except Regles-Brighde and Tempul-na-ferta.


30] The churches of Tir-Eoghain, from the mountain southwards,
31] were evacuated this year through war and distress.



1] Gilladomhnaigh O'Forannain, airchinnech of Ard-sratha,
2] and Maelmuire, son of Gillacomain, vice-abbot of the same
3] place, in Christo quieverunt.


Cluana, and Ard-sratha, and
4] Domhnach-mór, and the Ernaidhe were emptied by the
5] men of Magh-Itha.

Annal LC1180.


6] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the first of
7] the moon; the age of the Lord eighty years, and a hundred,
8] and a thousand.


Gilla-an-Choimdédh O'Carán,
9] comarb of Patrick, died.


Raghnall O'Cairellain was
10] slain by the Cenel-Moain, in defence of Colum-Cille, in
11] the middle of Doire.


Macraith O'Daighri, airchinnech
12] of Doire, died.


Donnchadh O'Cairellain was killed
13] by the Cenel-Conaill, in revenge of his treachery towards
14] O'Gairmleghaigh, and in defence of Colum-Cille.


15] battle of the Conchobars, in Connacht, in which Conchobhar
16] Maenmaighe killed Conchobhar O'Ceallaigh, i.e.
17] the king of Uí-Maine, and his son Tadhg, and Diarmaid
18] O'Ceallaigh, and all the nobles of Uí-Maine; at Maghsruibhe-gealain,
19] at the head of Daire-na-capall, this battle
20] was fought


Muirghes O'hEidhin was slain.


21] O'Cennedigh, king of Ur-Mumha, mortuus est.

Annal LC1181.


22] The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 12th of
23] the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-one years, and a
24] hundred, and a thousand.


The battle of Magh-Diughbha
25] was gained over the sons of Toirdhelbhach Mór O'Conchobhair,
26] by Flaithbbertach O'Maeldoraidh, king of
27] Cenel-Conaill, (and of it is said 'the battle of the royal
28] heirs'); in which were slain Brian Luighnech, and
29] Maghnus; and the three sons of Aedh, son of Toirdhelbhach
30] O'Conchobhair,viz.:—Maelsechlainn, and Muiredhach,
31] and Muirchertach; and Aedh, grandson of Aedh,


1] son of Ruaidhri, king of the West of Connacht; and
2] Donnchadh, son of Brian O'Fallamhain, et alii nobiles
3] et ignobiles cum eis.


(Donnchadh, son of Domhnall
4] Midhech O'Conchobhair, it was that brought Flaithbhertach
5] O'Maeldoraidh, to defend the territory of Cairpre for
6] himself.) And the bodies of those nobles were conveyed,
7] after their deaths, to Cluain-mic-Nois, and interred in
8] the sepulchre of the nobles of their ancestors.


9] O'Caellaighe, bishop of Leithghlinn, quievit.


10] papa quievit in Christo.


Tadhg O'Dalaigh, chief poet
11] of Erinn and Alba, in Christo quievit.


Sitric O'Cuinn,
12] chieftain of Muinter-Gillcán, was slain by the son of Aedh
13] O'Ferghail.


Donnsleibhe O'Gadhra mortuus est.


14] hosting by Domhnall, son of Aedh Mac Lachlainn, and
15] by the Cenel-Eoghan of Telach-óg, into Ulidia; and they
16] gained a battle over the Ulidians, and over the Uí-Tuirtre,
17] and the Feara-Lí together with Ruaidhri Mac Duinnsleibhe
18] and Cumhuighe O'Floinn.


Tomaltach O'Conchobhair
19] assumed the comarbship of Patrick, and made
20] a visitation of Cenel-Eoghain, and gave a blessing.

Annal LC1182.


21] The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 23rd of the
22] moon; the age of the Lord eighty-two years, and a hundred,
23] and a thousand.


A hosting by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn to
24] Dún-bó in Dal-Riada, and they gave battle there to the
25] Foreigners; and the Cenel-Eoghain were defeated, and
26] Raghnall O'Breslen was slain, and Gillachrist O'Cathain,
27] et alii multi; and the Gospel of Martin was carried off
28] by the Foreigners.


Aedh O Caellaighe, bishop of Oirghiall,
29] and head of canons, quievit.


Gilla-an-Choimdedh, son of
30] Inlestar O'hAinlighe, chieftain of Cenel-Doffa, mortuus
31] est.


Domhnall O'hUallachan, chief bishop of Mumha;
32] Augustin O'Sealbhaigh, bishop of Port-Lairge; and
33] O'hAedha, bishop of Corcach, mortui sunt.


Milo de Cogan,
34] after assuming the kingship of Corcach and Des-Mumha;


1] and after plundering Ath-cliath, and Port-Lairge, and
2] Corcach; and after destroying all Erinn, both church and
3] territory, was slain by Mac Tire, king of Uí-Mac-Caille, and
4] a slaughter of Foreigners along with him, viz.:— Mac
5] Sleimne and Thomas Sugach, and Cenn-cuilinn, and
6] Remunn, and two sons of Stephen, and a great many
7] more.


A victory was gained by Ruaidhri O' Conchobhair,
8] and by Conchobhar Maenmhaighe, over Donnchadh,
9] son of Domhnall Midhech, and over O'Maeldoraidh,
10] ubi multi ceciderunt.

Annal LC1183.


11] The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 4th of the
12] moon; the age of the Lord eighty-three years, and a hundred,
13] and a thousand.


Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, king
14] of Erinn, went on a pilgrimage to Cunga-Feichin, and left
15] his sovereignty to his son, i.e. to Conchobhar Maenmhaighe.


16] Henry, son of the Empress, king of the Saxons, mortuus
17] est.


Joseph O'hAedha, bishop of Uí-Ceinnsealaigh,
18] quievit.


Domhnall, son of Gilla-Enain, dux of Ciann-Flaithemhail,
19] occisus est.


A conflict between the Gilla-riabhach
20] O'Flaithbhertaigh and the son of O'Gairmleghaigh;
21] and O'Flaithbhertaigh was slain there, and
22] a number of the Cenel-Moain were slain there.


23] O'hEghra mortuus est.

Annal LC1184.


24] The kalends of January on the lst feria, the l5th of the
25] moon; the age of the Lord eighty-four years, and a hundred


1] and a thousand.


Art O'Maelsechlainn, king of
2] Midhe, was slain by Diarmaid O'Briain, at a meeting
3] at Druim-Chuilinn, after having come from the midst
4] of his own assembly to speak apart with the son of
5] O'Briain, and the son of O'Briain deceived him.


6] son of Ferghal O'Ruairc, king of Breifne, interfectus
7] est.


Thirty houses of the principal persons of the community
8] of Ard-Macha were plundered by the Foreigners
9] of Midhe.


Maelisa O'Cerbhaill assumed the comarbship
10] of Patrick, after it had been resigned by Tomaltach
11] O'Conchobhair.


Maelsechlainn Bec O'Maelsechlainn
12] assumed the kingship of Midhe after the death of Art.


13] castle was erected by the Foreigners at Cill-Fáir.


14] castle was destroyed there by Maelsechlainn and Conchobhar
15] Maenmhaighe O'Conchobhair, and a great multitude
16] of Foreigners along with them.


The great church of
17] Tuaim-da-ghualann fell in one day, both roof and stone.


18] The Rock of Loch-Cé was burned by lightning, i.e. the
19] very magnificent, kingly residence of Muinter-Maelruanaidh,
20] where neither goods nor people of all that were
21] there found protection; where six score, or seven score, of
22] distinguished persons were destroyed, along with fifteen
23] men of the race of kings and chieftains, with the wife of
24] Mac Diarmada, i.e. the daughter of O'hEidhin, and his
25] son's wife, i.e. the daughter of Domhnall O'Conchobhair,
26] and the daughter of O'Dubhda, and the son of Donnchadh


1] O'Maelbhrenuinn, and the son of Donn O'Mannachain,
2] and the two daughters of O'Mannachain, and Mac Maenaigh,
3] chieftain of Cenel-Builg, and the priest O'Maelbealtaine,
4] and Gillachiarain O'Connachtain, (i.e. a son of
5] chastity and lamp of piety), and a countless destruction
6] besides of good men; and every one of them who was not
7] burned was drowned in this tumultuous consternation,
8] in the entrance of the place; so that there escaped not
9] alive therefrom but Conchobhar Mac Diarmada with a
10] very small number of the multitude of his people.


11] the Friday after Shrovetide this event occurred.


12] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 26th of
13] the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-five years, and a
14] hundred, and a thousand.


Great fruit in this year.


15] Philip Unsessra, accompanied by the Foreigners of Erinn,
16] remained at Ard-Macha during six days and six nights,
17] in the very middle of Lent.


Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair,
18] king of Erinn, came from his pilgrimage; and he took with
19] him the Foreigners, and the men of Mumha, i.e. Domhnall
20] O'Briain and his party; and they destroyed the West of
21] Connacht, both church and territory. Peace was afterwards
22] made by himself and his son, and Connacht was divided
23] between them.


Cill-Dalua was plundered and burned by
24] Cathal Carrach, son of Conchobhar Maenmhaighe, and the
25] men of Connacht, after the men of Mumha, in retaliation
26] for their churches which the men of Mumha had burned;
27] and for the slaughter of their clerics and women who were
28] slain and burned in their churches, and in their houses;
29] and for carrying off their books, and utensils, and
30] precious things.


Maelisa O'Dalaigh, chief poet of Erinn
31] and Alba, and principal dux of Corca-Raidhe, and the
32] single choice of Erinn as regards grace, form, and goodness,
33] died at Cluain-Iraird on his pilgrimage. Amhlaibh


1] O'Muiredhaigh, bishop of Cenel-Eoghain, quievit.


2] John, son of the king of the Saxons, came to assume
3] the sovereignty of Erinn, with a fleet of three score
4] ships, (besides what there were of Saxon Foreigners in
5] Erinn before them); and they took possession of Ath-cliath
6] and the province of Laighen, and erected castles at
7] Tipraid-Fachtna and Ard-Finain.


A victory was gained
8] by Domhnall O'Briain over the people of the son of the
9] king of the Saxons, in which very many Foreigners were
10] slain, along with the foster-brother of the son of the
11] king of the Saxons.


Ruaidhri O'Gradha and Ruaidhri
12] O'Conaing were slain by Foreigners in the slaughter of the
13] castle of Tipraid-Fachtna.


The son of the king of the
14] Saxons went across afterwards to complain of Hugo de
15] Laci to his father; for it was Hugo de Laci that was king of
16] Erinn when the son of the king of the Saxons came, and he
17] permitted not the men of Erinn to give tribute or hostages
18] to him.


Donnchadh, son of Domhnall Midhech, occisus est.


19] Gilla-Isa O'Maeilin, bisbop of Magh-Eó, quievit.


20] Breifnech, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair, mortuus
21] est.


Flann O'Finnechta, dux of Clann-Murchadha, mortuus
22] est.


The son of Cormac, son of Mac Carthaigh,
23] king of Mumha, was slain by the Foreigners of Corcach.


24] Domhnall O'Gillapatraic, king of Osraighe, mortuus
25] est.


Maelsechlainn, son of Mac Lachlainn, king of
26] Cenel-Eoghain, interfectus est, through treachery, by
27] Saxons.


Diarmaid, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Briain,
28] was blinded by his own brother, viz.:—by Domhnall.


29] Mathghamhain, son of Conchobhar Maenmhaighe, was
30] taken prisoner by Murchadh, son of Tadhg O'Cellaigh,


1] and delivered to Domhnall O'Briain.


The sovereignty
2] of Connacht was assumed by Conchobar Maenmhaighe.

Annal LC1186.


3] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 7th of the
4] moon; the age of the Lord eighty-six years, and a hundred,
5] and a thousand.


Great contentions in the North of
6] Erinn this year.


Dethronement of Domhnall, son of
7] Aedh Mac Lachlainn, and installation as king of Ruaidhri
8] O'Laithbhertaigh, by a section of the Cenel-Eoghain of
9] Telach-óg.


Conchobhar O'Flaithbhertaigh was slain by
10] Ruaidhri O'Flaithbhertaigh, his own brother, in Ara.


11] Derbhorcaill, daughter of Murchadh O'Maelsechlainn,
12] went to Droiched-atha, on a pilgrimage.


Rúaidhri O'Conchobhair
13] was expelled by his own son, i.e. by Conchobhar
14] Maenmhaighe.


Donnchadh, son of Tadhg O'Cellaigh,
15] mortuus est.


Maelcalainn O'Cleirchen, bishop of Glenn-da-locha,
16] in Christo quievit.


Celechair O'Airmhedhaigh,
17] bishop of Cluain-ferta-Brenainn, quievit.


18] Maenmhaighe came to Mucart, and Aedh O'Ruairc
19] went into his house, and gave hostages to Conchobhar,
20] and gave Tir-Thuathail to the Connachtmen.


21] Hugo de Laci went to Durmhagh-Choluim-Cille, to build
22] a castle in it, having a countless number of Foreigners along
23] with him; for he was king of Midhe, and Breifne, and
24] Airghiall, and it was to him the tribute of Connacht was
25] paid; and he it was that won all Erinn for the Foreigners.


26] Midhe, from the Sinainn to the sea, was full of castles
27] and of Foreigners. After the completion by him of this
28] work, i.e. the erection of the castle of Durmhagh, he came
29] out to look at the castle, having three Foreigners


1] along with him.


There came towards him then a youth
2] of the men of Midhe, having his axe concealed, viz.:—
3] Gilla-gan-inathair O'Miadhaigh, the foster son of the
4] Sinnach himself; and he gave him one blow, so that he
5] cut off his head, and he fell, both head and body, into
6] the ditch of the castle.


Christian O'Connorchi, bishop
7] of Lis-mór, and legate of the comarb of Peter, in Christo
8] quievit.


Diarmaid Mac Carghamhna occisus est.


9] O'Cellaigh, king of Uí-Maine, occisus est.


10] O'Cillin, vice-abbot of Síl-Muiredhaigh, mortuus
11] est..


Amhlaibh O'Muiredhaigh, bishop of Ard-Macha and
12] Cenel-Feradhaigh, a brilliant lamp that used to enlighten
13] laity and clergy, in Christo quievit, in Dun-Cruithne;
14] and he was honourably brought to Doire-Choluim-Cille,
15] and interred in the side of the church, at his father's feet.
16] Fogartach O'Cerbhallain was ordained in his place.


17] Gillachrist Mac Cathmhail, king-chieftain of Cenel Feradhaigh
18] and the Clanns, (viz.:—Clann-Aenghusa, and
19] Clann-Duibhinrecht, and Clann-Foghartaigh; and Uí-Cendfada
20] and Clann-Colla, of the Feara-Manach), and
21] head of counsel of the North of Erinn, was slain by
22] O'hEighnigh and Muinter-Caemhain; and they carried
23] off his head, which was obtained from them at the end of
24] a month afterwards.


Maelsechlainn, son of Muirchertach
25] Mac Lachlainn, was slain by Foreigners.


26] O'Breislén, chieftain of Fanad, quievit.

Annal LC1187.


27] The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the l8th of
28] the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-seven years, and
29] a hundred, and a thousand.


Ruaidhri O'Laithbhertaigh,
30] king of Cenel-Eoghain, was slain while on a predatory
31] excursion in Tir-Conaill.


Druim-cliabh was plundered by


1] the son of Maelsechlainn O'Ruairc, king of Uí-Briuin
2] and Conmaicne, and by the son of Cathal O'Ruairc, and
3] the Foreigners of Midhe along with them. But God and
4] Colum-Cille wrought a remarkable miracle against them there,
5] viz.:—the son of Maelsechlainn O'Ruairc was
6] killed in Conmaicne before the end of a fortnight afterwards,
7] and the son of Cathal O'Ruairc was blinded by
8] O'Maeldoraidh, i.e. Flaithbhertach, in revenge of Colum-Cille;
9] and six score of the favorites of the son of Maelsechlainn
10] were slain throughout Conmaicne and Cairpre-Droma-cliabh,
11] through the miracle of God and Colum-Cille.


12] The Rock of Loch-Cé was burned at mid-day,
13] where a great many people were drowned and burned,
14] along with the daughter of O'hEidhin, i.e. Duibhessa,
15] daughter of Ruaidhri O'hEidhin, wife of Conchobhar
16] Mac Diarmada, king of Magh-Luirg.

Annal LC1188.


17] The kalends of Jannary on the 6th feria, the 29th of
18] the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-eight years, and a
19] hundred, and a thousand.


Ruaidhri O'Canannáin, king
20] of Cenel-Conaill for a time, and also royal heir of Erinn,
21] was slain by Flaithbhertach O'Maeldoraidh, through
22] treachery, at the bridge of Sligech, i.e. after being enticed
23] out from the middle of Druim-cliabh; and a brother of
24] his was slain along with him, and a number of his people.


25] O'Gairbh, chieftain of Feara-Droma, it was that laid
26] hands on O'Canannáin; and he was himself slain by
27] the people of Echmarcach O'Dochartaigh, in revenge of
28] O'Canannáin.


Domhnall O'Canannáin wounded his foot
29] with his own axe, at Doire, while cutting a piece of
30] wood; and he died thereof through the curse of the community
31] of Colum-Cille.


Martin O'Brolaigh, chief sage


1] of all the Gaeidhel, and chief lector of Ard-Macha, died.


2] Amhlaibh O'Daighri went to Hi on a pilgrimage, and
3] he died in Hi after select penance.


The Foreigners of
4] the castle of Magh-Cobha, and a party of the Uí-Echach-Uladh,
5] went on a preying excursion into Tir-Eoghain,
6] until they arrived at Leim-Neill, where they seized cows.
7] Domhnall Mac Lachlainn went after them, and overtook
8] them at Cabhán-na-crann-ard, and gave them battle; and
9] the Foreigners were defeated and put to great slaughter;
10] and a thrust of a foreign spear was given to the king
11] alone, who fell there in the heat of the battle, viz.:—
12] Domhnall, son of Aedh Mac Lachlainn, king of Oilech,
13] and royal heir of Erinn as regards figure, intelligence,
14] hospitality, and wisdom; and his body was conveyed on
15] the same day to Ard-Macha, and honourably interred.


16] A hosting into Connacht by John de Curci and the Foreigners
17] of all Erinn, accompanied by Conchobhar O'Diarmada
18] and the son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair. The king
19] of Connacht, i.e. Conchobhar Maenmhaighe, assembles the
20] chieftains of all Connacht, and Domhnall O'Briain, with
21] a number of the men of Mumha, comes in the host of
22] the king of Connacht. The Foreigners burned some of
23] the churches of Connacht, and the Gaeidhel did not
24] allow them to effect the demolition of some others.
25] The Foreigners, moreover, turned back from the West of
26] Connacht, until they reached Es-dara, to go into Tir-Conaill.
27] O'Maeldoraidh, i.e. Flaithbhertach, assembles


1] the chieftains of Cenel-Conaill to Druim cliabh, to meet
2] them; and when the Foreigners heard this they burned
3] Es-dara entirely, and turned back into Corr-sliabh;
4] and the men of Connacht made an attack on them
5] in Corr-sliabh, and put them to slaughter. Many of their
6] principal men were slain.


Murchadh, son of Ferghal
7] O'Maelruanaidh and Maelsechlainn O' Matadhain, fell
8] there also et alii multi cum eis.


Gillachrist son of Congalach
9] O'Muiredhaigh mortuus est, and the Foreigners
10] left the country without injuring much of it on this
11] occasion.


Etain, daughter of O'Cuinn, queen of Mumha,
12] who was on a pilgrimage at Doire, died, after triumphing
13] over the world and the devil.


Muirchertach, son of
14] Uada O'Concennain, king of Uí-Diarmada, mortuus est.


15] Domhnall, son of Lochlainn O'Maelruanaidh, and Ferghal
16] O'Taidhg-in-Teghlaigh, and Flaithbhertach, son of Sitric
17] O'Finnachta occisi sunt.


Muirchertach O' Brain, king
18] of Breghmhaighe, occisus est.


Taithlech, son of Conchobhar,
19] son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg O Maelruanaidh,
20] occisus est.

Annal LC1189.


21] The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 10th of
22] the moon, the age of the Lord eighty-nine years, and a
23] hundred, and a thousand.


Domhnall, son of Muirchertach
24] Mac Lachlainn, was slain by the Foreigners of Dal Araidhe
25] whilst staying with themselves.


26] O'Cerbhaill, chief king of Oirghiall, died in the great
27] monastery, after choice penance.


Ard-Macha was burned
28] from Crossa-Brighde to Recles-Brighde, including Rath
29] and Trian, and churches.


Echmilidh, son of Mac Cana, the
30] happiness and prosperity of all Tir-Eoghain, died.


31] O'Maelruanaidh, king of Feara-Manach, was


1] dethroned, and he went to O'Cerbhaill; and a Foreign
2] army came into the country; and O'Cerbhaill and O'Maelruanaidh
3] encountered them, and O'Cerbhaill was defeated,
4] and O'Maelruanaidh slain.


Conchobhar Maenmhaighe,
5] son of Ruaidhri, chief king of Connacht, and royal heir of
6] all Erinn, was killed by his own favorites, viz.:—Muirchertach,
7] son of Cathal, son of Diarmaid, and O'Finnachta,
8] i.e. the Crosach Donn O'Finnachta, and the Mendtach
9] O'Cimlidhcain, through the instigation of his own brother,
10] viz.:—Conchobhar O'Diarmada. In the entrance of
11] Tochar-Gibhsi he was slain.


Conchobhar O'Diarmada,
12] son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, royal heir of Connacht,
13] was killed by Cathal Carrach, son of Conchobhar Maenmhaighe,
14] in revenge of his father.


Ard-Macha was
15] plundered by John de Curci and the Foreigners.


The son
16] of the Empress, king of the Saxons, died.


17] O'Fercomhais, lector of Doire, was drowned between
18] Ard and Inis-Eoghain.


Diarmaid, son of Toirdhelbhach
19] O'Conchobhair, occisus est.


Donnchadh O'Fallamhain,
20] noble priest, and illustrious senior of Clann-Uadach,
21] quievit.


Murchadh O'Flannagain, dux of Clann-Cathail, mortuus est..

Annal LC1190.


23] The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 2lst of
24] the moon
; ninety years, and a hundred, and a thousand
25] ab Incarnatione Domini nostri Jesu Christi, et secundus
26] annus praeparationis bissexti, ac xiiii. annus cycli
27] decennovenalis, atque cxxuii. annus undecimi cycli magni
28] paschalis ab initio mundi.


The ship of Cathal Crobhderg
29] O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht, was drowned in Loch-Ribh,
30] and thirty-six men were drowned, including
31] Airechtach O'Radhuibh, dux of Clann-Tomaltaigh, and


1] Conchobhar, son of Cathal Migaran, son of Toirdhelbhach
2] O'Conchobhair, and Muirchertach,son of Diarmaid,
3] son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh, and Muirghes, son
4] of Uada O'Concennain.


Duibhessa, daughter of Diarmaid,
5] son of Tadhg, wife of the Cosnamhach O'Dubhda,
6] mortua est.


Mor, daughter of Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair,
7] mortua est.


Diarmaid O'Rabhartaigh, abbot
8] of Durmhagh-Choluim-Chille, quievit.


Aillenn, daughter
9] of Riacan O'Maelruanaidh, i.e. wife of Airechtach
10] O'Radhuibh, mortua est.


Maelsechlainn O'Nechtain and
11] Gillaberaigh O'Sluaighedhaigh were slain by Toirdhelbhach,
12] son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair.


Simon Puer.

Annal LC1191.


13] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 2nd of the
14] moon; the age of the Lord ninety-one years, and a hundred,
15] and a thousand.


Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair left
16] Connacht and went into Cenel-Conaill.


Domhnall, son
17] of Maelisa Mac-ind-abaid, moritur.


The Gaillimh became
18] dry this year, and an axe was found in it measuring
19] a hand from one point of it to the other; and a spear was
20] found in it, and the breadth of the blade of this spear was
21] three hands and three fingers; and its length was a hand
22] from the shoulder.


Echthighern, son of Maelciarain,
23] chief senior of Erinn, of Cluain-Iraird, moritur.


24] The castle of Rath-cuanartaigh was built.


Great wind
25] in this year.

Annal LC1192.


26] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 13th of
27] the moon; the age of the Lord ninety-two years, and a
28] hundred, and a thousand.


The two sons of Mac Carghamhna,
29] and two sons of Tadhg Mac Ualairg, and


1] O'hAirt, and Branan Mac Branain, et alii cum eis, were
2] slain by Foreigners at Rath-Aedha; and a number of the
3] Foreigners themselves fell there.


Taithlech O'Dubhda,
4] king of Uí-Amhalghaidh and Uí-Fiachrach-Muaidhe, was
5] killed by the two sons of his own son.


A victory was
6] gained at Carraidh-echaraidh, over the Foreigners, by
7] Muinter-Maelsinna.


The Giurnassaigh were slain in
8] Mumha, and a great slaughter along with them.


9] castle of Ath-in-urchair, and the castle of Cill-Bixsighe,
10] were erected in this year.


Aedh O'Floinn, dux of Síl-Maelruain,
11] mortuus est.


Eochaidh O'Baeighill was slain
12] by the Uí-Fiachrach of Ard-sratha.

Annal LC1193.


13] The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 24th of
14] the moon; the age of the Lord ninety-three years, and a
15] hundred, and a thousand.


Domhnall O'Biain, brilliant
16] lamp of peace and war, and kindling star of the honour
17] of Leth-Modha and the men of Mumha, died.


18] Foreigners went upon Inis-Uí-Finntain, and were driven
19] therefrom by force.


Cumhidhe O'Floinn was slain by the
20] Foreigners.


Great snow between the two Easters in
21] this year.


Diarmaid, son of Cubrogha O'Dimusaigh, dux
22] of Clann-Maelughra, and king of Uí-Failghe for a long
23] time, mortuus est.


Cathal Odhar, son of Mac Carthaigh,
24] occisus est.


Derbhorcaill, daughter of Murchadh
25] O'Maelsechlainn, mortua est in pilgrimage, in the monastery
26] of Droichet-atha.


Muirchertach, son of Murchadh
27] Mac Murchadha, king of Uí-Ceinnsealaigh, moritur.


28] O'Maelbhrenainn, dux of Clann-Conchobhair, occisus est.


29] Macbethaidh O'Dobhailen, airchinnech of Camach mortuus
30] est in pilgrimage, in Inis-Clothrann.


31] O'Muccaran, bishop of Airghiall, quievit.


The castle of
32] Domhnach-Maighen was erected in this year.




1] son of Donnchadh, king of Osraighe, died.


2] was plundered by Gilbert Mac Goisdealbh,
3] with his Foreigners, and by the sons of Gillachrist Mac
4] Carghamhna, viz.:—Gilla-Croichefraich and Amhlaibh,
5] having Muinter-Maelsinna along with them.


6] O'Cerbhaill was blinded.


Aenghus, son of Gorman
7] O'Ailghiusa, quievit in Christo on his pilgrimage in
8] Inis-Clothrann. v.ccc.xcviii.

Annal LC1194.


9] The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 5th of the
10] moon; the age of the Lord ninety-four years, and a hundred,
11] and a thousand.


Echmarcach O'Cathain died in Recles-Poil.


12] The great priest of Hi died.


Sitric O'Gairmleghaigh
13] was slain by Mac Duinnsleibhe. Ab initio mundi
14] juxta lxx. Interpretes, vi.dc.xlvi; juxta vero Ebraeos,
15] v.ccc.xcviii. Ab Incarnatione autem juxta Ebraeos,
16] m.ccc.xlvii; secundum Dionysium, m.c.xciiii; juxta vero
17] Bedam, ab Incarnatione m.c.lxxxvii. Solaris quidem cycli,
18] i.e. cycli xxviii. annorum, xix. annus; cycli indictionis xii.
19] annus. Secundus annus praeparationis bissexti, cxxxi.
20] annus undecimi cycli magni paschalis ab initio mundi.


21] The son of Conchobhar, son of Domhnall Gerrlamhach
22] O'Briain, was blinded and emasculated by Foreigners.


23] The son of Maghnus Mac Duinnsleibhe was slain by
24] O'hAnluain.


A hosting by Gilbert Mac Goisdealbh to
25] Es-Ruaidh; and he returned from Es-Ruaidh without
26] having obtained much profit on this hosting.


27] O'Briain, bishop of Cill-Dalua, died. v.ccc.xcix.


Annal LC1195.


1] The kalends of January on the lst feria, the l6th of
2] the moon; the age of the Lord ninety-five years, and a
3] hundred, and a thousand, secundum Dionysium. Ab
4] initio mundi, juxta lxx. Interpretes, vi.dc.xlvii; juxta
5] Ebraeos, v.ccc.xcix. Ab Incarnatione juxta Ebraeos,
6] m.cccc.xlviii; secundum Dionysium, m.c.xcv; secundum
7] Bedam, m.c.lxxxviii; solaris cycli xx. annus; tertius
8] annus praeparationis bissexti; cxxxii annus undecimi
9] cycli magni paschalis ab initio mundi.


Florence, grandson
10] of Riacan O'Maelruanaidh, bishop of Oilfinn, in
11] Christo quievit.


Ath-cliath from the bridge northwards
12] was burned.


A hosting by John de Curci and the son
13] of Hugo de Laci, to assume power over the Foreigners of
14] Laighen and Mumha.


Mac Goisdealbh was apprehended [...]
15] Cathal Crobhderg O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht
16] with the army of Connacht, went into Mumha;
17] and they destroyed many castles and towns therein, and
18] committed great depredations; and they returned safely.


19] The Gilla-sron-mhael O'Dochartaigh, and the Cenel-Conaill
20] likewise, turned against O'Maeldoraidh.


21] Crobhderg O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht, sent the men
22] of
the North of Connacht to assist him, and a battalion of
23] mercenaries along with them.


A great gathering of the men
24] of
Connacht by Cathal Crobhderg, to Ath-Luain, where
25] there were twelve hundred men, vel amplius; and John de
26] Curci, and the son of Hugo de Laci, and the nobles of the
27] Foreigners, came to meet him, when they made their peace.


28] Cathal, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh,
29] was expelled from Connacht into Mumha; and he came
30] again in the same year, through the strength of his hands,
31] into Connacht, until be reached Caislen-na-Caillighe; and
32] he killed many persons on his way from the south as far as


1] that; and he committed great depredations and plunderings,
2] as peace was not made with him.


Domhnall O'Finn,
3] comarb of Brenainn at Cluain-ferta, quievit. vcccc.


4] Recles of Paul and Peter, with its churches, and a part of
5] the Raths, was burned.


A hosting by Ruaidhri Mac
6] Duinnsleibhe, with the Foreigners, and with the sons of
7] the king of Connacht, to the Cenel-Eoghain and Airthera.


8] The Cenel-Eoghain of Telach-óg and the Airthera came,
9] however, to the plain of Ard-Macha, and gave them
10] battle, when a great multitude of their people were
11] slain; and a number of the sons of the king of Connacht
12] were killed in this defeat.


Muirchertach, son of
13] Muirchertach Mac Lachlainn, king of Cenel-Eoghain, and
14] royal heir of all Erinn, tower of the valour and bravery
15] of Leth-Chuinn, destroyer of Foreigners and of castles,
16] founder of churches and sanctuaries, was slain by
17] Donnchadh, son of Bloscadh O'Cathain, by the advice
18] of all the Cenel-Eoghain, viz.:—after having previously
19] sworn to him by the three shrines, and the Canoin-Patraic,
20] in the northern church of Ard-Macha; and his
21] body was conveyed to Doire-Choluim-Chille, and there
22] honourably interred.


The son of Bloscadh O'Cuirrin
23] plundered Termonn-Dabheóg, and he himself was killed
24] on account thereof, with a dreadful slaughter of his
25] people, before the end of a month, through the miracles of
26] Dabheóg.


In this year, moreover, Domhnall, son of Diarmaid
27] Mac Carthaigh, gained a victory over the Foreigners
28] of Mumha and Luimnech, in which a great multitude of


1] them were killed, and through which he afterwards
2] expelled them from Luimnech; and he inflicted two
3] other defeats also in this year.

Annal LC1196.


4] The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 27th of
5] the moon; ninety-six years, and a hundred, and a thousand
6] ab Incarnatione Domini secundum Dionysium. Secundum
7] Bedam ab Incarnatione Domini, m.c.lxxxix. Ab
8] Incarnatione juxta Ebraeos, m.cccc.xlix. Ab initio mundi
9] juxta lxx. Interpretes, vi.dc.xlvii. Ab initio mundi juxta
10] Ebraeos v.cccc. Solaris cycli xxi. annus; cycli Indictionis
11] xiiii. annus; cycli luraris xvi. annus, atque bissextilis
12] annus; cxxxiii. annus ndecimi cycli magni paschalis
13] ab initio mundi.


[...]aigh O'Catharnaigh,
14] great priest of Cluain-mic-Nois, quievit in the monastery
15] of Cill-Becain, in the noviciate of a monk.


16] great abbess, daughter of O'Maelsechlainn, died.


17] predatory hosting by the Foreigners of Midhe, into the
18] territory of Uí-Briuin; but O'Ruairc, with his people,
19] encountered them, and the Foreigners were defeated, and
20] a countless number of them slain.


Ruaidhri O'Flaithbhertaigh,
21] king of the West of Connacht, went on the
22] sea, to escape from Cathal Crobhderg, and from the men
23] of Connacht also, and went to O'Briain.


24] again expelled him from O'Briain, and he was
25] driven to sea as before.


Great depredations were committed
26] by him O'Flaithbhertaigh in Conmaicne-mara,
27] and in Umhall.


Cathal O'Flaithbhertaigh was killed.


28] Ruaidhri Mac Duinnsleibhe conducted a large army
29] from Connacht, including the son of Maelisa O'Conchobhair,
30] and the son of Mac Murchadha, grandson of
31] Mael-na-mbó, and Brian Buidhe O'Flaithbhertaigh; but
32] the Airghialla, and O'hAnluain, and the chief men of
33] the Cenel-Eoghain assembled to meet them, viz.:—two
34] large battalions; and they gave one another battle, when


1] this army was all slain there, along with the son of
2] O'Conchobhair, and the son of Mac Murchadha, and the
3] son of O'Flaithbhertaigh; so that there escaped of them
4] only Mac Duinnsleibhe with a few on horses, and a very
5] few of the army. A great number of Muinter-Eolais
6] were slain by Ualgharg O'Ruairc, king of Breifne.


7] Ruaidhri O'Flaithbhertaigh went into Tir-Conaill, and
8] came from thence, along with the comarb of Patrick, into
9] the house of O'Conchobhair, and made peace with him;
10] and his territory was given to him.


The Gilla-ruadh,
11] son of Mac Ragnaill, chieftain of Muinter-Eolais, was
12] killed by Diarmaid, son of Maghnus O'Conchobhair, at
13] the instigation of the son of Cathal O'Ruairc, by whom
14] the Muinter-Eolais had previously been slain.


15] O'Ferghail, dux of Muinter-Anghaile, was slain by the
16] sons of Sitric O'Cuinn.


Mathghamhain, son of Conchobhar
17] Maenmhaighe, was slain by a mercenary of the
18] people of Domhnall O'Mordha.


Domhnall O'Mordha fell
19] himself at the same time by the hand of Cathal Carrach,
20] son of Conchobhar Maenmhaighe, in revenge of his
21] brother, i.e. Mathghamhain.


A hosting by John de
22] Curci, with the Foreigners of Ulidia, as far as Es-craeibhe,
23] when they erected the castle of Cill-Santail; and the
24] cantred of Cianachta was wasted by them from this


1] castle.


It was in this castle Rustel Pitun was left, together
2] with a large force.


Rustel Pitun came, moreover, on a
3] preying expedition to the harbour of Doire, and he plundered
4] Cluain-Hí, and Enach, and Derg-bruach.


But Flaithbhertach
5] O'Maeldoraidh, i.e. the king of Cenel-Conaill and
6] Cenel-Eoghain,with a small number of the Cenel-Conaill
7] and Cenel-Eoghain, overtook them, and defeated them on
8] the strand of the Nua-congmhail, where they were
9] slaughtered, along with the son of Ardghal Mac Lachlainn,
10] through the miracles of Colum-Cille, and of Cainnech,
11] and of Brecan, whom they had plundered there.


12] Gilla-Eidigh of Cianachta robbed the altar of the great
13] church of Doire-Choluim-Chille, and took therefrom the
14] four best goblets that were in Erinn, viz:—Mac-riabhach,
15] and Mac-solus, and the goblet of O'Maeldoraidh,
16] and the Cam-coruinn, i.e. the goblet of O'Dochartaigh; and
17] he broke them, and took off their precious things. These
18] articles were found on the third day after being stolen;
19] and the person who stole them was discovered, and he
20] was hanged at Cros-na-riagh in revenge of Colum-Cille,
21] whose altar had been profaned.


Conchobhar O'Cathain
22] died.


Flaithbhertach O'Maeldoraidh, king of Cenel-Conaill,
23] and Cenel-Eoghain, and Airghiall, the defender
24] of Temhair, and royal heir of all Erinn—viz.:—a Conall
25] in heroism, a Cuchullain in valour, and a Guaire in hospitality—
26] died after great suffering, in Inis-Saimer, on the
27] fourth of the nones of February, in the thirtieth year
28] of his reign, and the nine and fiftieth year of his age;


1] and he was honourably interred at Druim-thuama. And
2] Echmarcach O'Dochartaigh assumed the sovereignty of
3] Cenel-Conaill immediately after; and he was only a
4] fortnight in the sovereignty when John de Curci,
5] accompanied by a large army, went across Tuaim
6] into Tir-Eoghain, and from thence to Ard-sratha, and
7] afterwards round to Doire-Choluim-Chille, where they
8] remained five nights.


They went afterwards to
9] Cnoc-Nascain, to transport themselves across it.


10] Cenel-Conaill, however, with Echmarcach O'Dochartaigh,
11] came towards them, and gave them battle, when
12] two hundred of them the Cenel-Conail were slain,
13] together with their king, i.e. Echmarcach O'Dochartaigh,
14] and Donnchadh O'Tairchert, king-chieftain of
15] Clann-Sneidhghile, and Gillabrighde O'Dochartaigh, and
16] Mac Dubhán, and Mac Ferghail, and the sons of
17] O'Baighill, et aliis nobilibus; and they the Foreigners
18] plundered Inis-Eoghain, and carried off therefrom a great
19] cattle-spoil.

Annal LC1197.


20] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 9th of
21] the moon; ninety-seven years, and a hundred, and a
22] thousand ab Incarnatione secundum Dionysium. Ab
23] Incarnatione secundum Bedam, m.c.lxxxx. Ab Incarnatione
24] juxta Ebraeos, m.cccc.i. Ab initio mundi juxta
25] Ebraeos, v.cccc.i. Ab initio mundi secundum lxx. Interpretes,
26] vi.dc.xlix. Solaris cycli xxii. annus; cycli Indictionis
27] xu. annus; cycli lunaris xvii. annus; primus
28] annus praeparationis bissexti; cxxxiiii. annus cycli
29] magni paschalis undecimi ab initio mundi.


30] O'Flaithbhertaigh, king of the West of Connacht, was
31] apprehended by Cathal Crobhderg O'Conchobhair,
32] king of Connacht.


The bishop O'Maelciarain, i.e.
33] bishop of Airghiall, and a monk for a long time,
34] and abbot of Droiched-átha, mortuus est.


35] son of Mac Raghnaill, dux of Muinter-Eolais, was
36] slain.


Conchobhar, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg


1] O'Maelruanaidh, king of Magh-Luirg, mortuus est in the
2] monastery of Buill in the noviciate of a monk.


3] O'Branan resigned his comarbship; and Gillachrist
4] O'Cernaigh was ordained in his place, by the election
5] of the laity and clergy of the North of Erinn, in the
6] abbacy of Colum-Cille. v.cccc.ii.

Annal LC1198.


7] The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 20th of
8] the moon; Ab Incarnatione Domini secundum Dionysium,
9] ninety-eight years, and a hundred, and a thousand, the
10] age of the Lord. Ab Incarnatione secundum Bedam,
11] m.c.lxxxxi. Ab Incarnatione secundum Ebraeos,
12] Ab initio mundi juxta Ebraeos, v.cccc.ii; ab initio mundi
13] juxta lxx. Interpretes, vi.dc.l. Solaris cycli xxiii. annus;
14] cycli Indictionis primus annus; cycli lunaris xviii.
15] annus; secundus annus praeparationis bissexti; cxxxv.
16] annus undecimi cycli magni paschalis ab initio mundi.


17] Goffraidh, son of Goffraidh O'Raighilligh, was slain by
18] O'Donnchadha, in treachery.


Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhealbhach
19] Mór O'Conchobhair, i.e. the king of all Erinn,
20] both of Foreigners and Gaeidhel, without dispute, died
21] at Cunga-Feichin, after triumphing over the world
22] and the devil.


Aedh, son of Brian Breifnech, son of
23] Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair, was slain by Cathal
24] Carrach O'Conchobhair.


A great nut crop in this year,


1] so that no man in the later time witnessed a greater
2] crop than it.


A hosting by John de Curci among the
3] churches of Ulidia, i.e. Ard-sratha and Rath-bhoth, and
4] they were destroyed by him until he reached Doire,
5] where he remained two nights over a week, devastating
6] Inis-Eoghain and the country besides; and he departed
7] not for a long time, until Aedh O'Neill went with five
8] ships to Cill [...] in Latharna, and burned a part of
9] the town, and killed thirty-eight persons there. At this
10] time the Foreigners of Magh-line and Dal-Araidhe, to the
11] number
of three hundred, both in iron and without iron,
12] were before them, and they observed nothing until the
13] Foreigners poured in upon them; and they delivered
14] battle in the middle of the town, when the Foreigners
15] were defeated; and they the Irish inflicted five defeats on
16] them in addition, and went to their ships in spite of them;
17] and only five of the people of O'Neill were lost. John
18] departed when he heard this, postea.

Annal LC1199.


19] The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 1st of
20] the moon. Ab Incarnatione secundum Dionysium, m.c.xcix;
21] ab Incarnatione secundum Bedam, m.c.xcii;
22] ab Incarnatione secundum Ebraos, m.cccc.lii; ab initio
23] mundi secundum Ebraos, u.cccc.iii; ab initio secundum
24] lxx. Interpretes,; cycli solaris xxiiii. annus; cycli
25] Indictionis ii. annus; cycli lunaris xix. annus; tertius
26] annus praeparationis bissexti; cxxxui. annus undecimi
27] cycli magni paschalis ab initio mundi.


Peace was
28] made by Cathal Crobhderg and Cathal Carrach; and
29] Cathal Carrach was brought into the country, and land


1] was given to him.


Ruaidhri O'Flaithbhertaigh was set
2] free.


A depredation was comitted on the Foreigners by
3] Cathal Crobhderg, who burned the bódhún of Ath, and
4] killed many persons; and they carried with them many
5] cows to their homes.


Gormghal O'Cuinn, dux of Muinter-Gillcan,
6] was taken prisoner by the Foreigners; and his
7] people were reduced to great distress from want of food
8] and clothing, after being plundered by the Foreigners.


9] castle of Granard was built in this year.


Aedh O'Cuinn,
10] and the son of Aedh-na-namus, and some more of the
11] Conmaicne were slain by the mercenaries of Connacht.


12] The Foreigners performed three great hostings to Tir-Eoghain
13] this year, and on the third hosting which they
14] performed they encamped at Domhnach-mor of Magh-Imchlair,
15] and they sent out a great army to devastate the
16] country. Aedh O'Neill came to meet this army, and he
17] encountered the Foreigners, and inflicted on them a countless
18] slaughter; and the remainder of the Foreigners escaped
19] in the night, and went across Tuaim.


Sanctus Mauricius
20] O'Baedan in Hi-Choluim-Chille in pace quievit.


A hosting
21] by Ruaidhri O'Duinnsleibhe, with some of the Foreigners
22] of Midhe; and they plundered the monastery of Paul
23] and Peter, so that they left only one cow in it.


24] O'Dochartaigh, king of Cenel-Enna and Ard-Midhair, in
25] pace quievit.


Roland Mac Uchtraigh, king of Gall-Gaeidhel,
26] quievit.

Annal LC1200.


27] The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 12th of
28] the moon; the age of the Lord two hundred years, and a
29] thousand.


Donnchadh, son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair,


1] who was called Donnchadh Uaithnech, was slain by the
2] Foreigners who were in Luimnech.


A great depredation by
3] Cathal Crobhderg and the Connachtmen, in the West of
4] Midhe; and they carried off an enormous spoil of cows
5] and horses, and pigs, and sheep; and they came safely
6] past the Bruighin hither, without a blow being struck
7] against them, saving that three or four of them were
8] killed on scouting parties. The Foreigners turned back
9] from them then, except a few men whom they left watching
10] them. When the Connachtmen, however, saw the Foreigners
11] turning back from them, each one of them went
12] off with his prey, except O'Conchobhair, and O'Flaithbhertaigh,
13] and Mac Goisdealbh, who remained after them
14] with a very small company. When the watching band
15] left by the Foreigners saw this, they went back after the
16] Foreigners, and informed them that the host had departed
17] with their preys, except a very small company that remained
18] in their track. The Foreigners pursued the host,
19] and overtook them immediately, and routed the Gaeidhel before them;
20] and Ruaidhri O'Flaithbhertaigh, king of
21] the West of Connacht, was slain there; and Amhlaibh
22] O'Cuinn, of the Muinter-Gillcán, was the person that slew
23] him. Cathal O'Concennuinn, king of Uí-Diarmada, was
24] slain there, et alii multi cum istis interfecti sunt, of the
25] sons of warriors, and attendants; sed tamen non multi
26] sed pauci interfecti sunt ibi, si verum est ut nunciatum est
27] nobis. O'Conchobhair was left without a man in his company,
28] except Muirchertach Mac Merain, i.e. his doorkeeper,


1] and one other warrior, i.e. the son of Ceithernach Ua Cerin;
2] and he escaped thus. The Foreigners followed up the rout
3] as far as Ath-Luain, and they turned back then, and
4] brought their preys with them, and a great number of
5] the horses of Connacht.


A hosting by Cathal Crobhderg
6] until he reached Tir-Fiachrach-Aighne, as if he went
7] to protect his own land. It was not so in reality; but
8] it was a treacherous and malicious hosting, of which
9] came the destruction of Connacht, and his own destruction,
10] viz.:—to attack Cathal Carrach, son of Conchobhair
11] Maenmhaighe O'Conchobhair, to expel him from
12] Connacht, or to capture him, or to kill him. When
13] Cathal Carrach heard this he sent his people into the
14] woods, and he was himself behind them with all his
15] army. Cathal Crobhderg advanced towards him from the west, from
16] Tir-Fiachrach; and when he reached the
17] middle of the territory of Cathal Carrach, he sent a
18] large army in pursuit of him, with Toirdhelbhach son
19] of Ruaidhri, and other sons of Ruaidhri; and with
20] Maelchulaird O'Flaithbhertaigh, king of the West
21] of Connacht; and with the grandsons of Tadhg O'Cellaigh;
22] and with the knight O'Maelsechlainn, and with
23] the Midhe band. And when they arrived in the
24] wood they were opposed, and battle was given to them,
25] and the people of Cathal Crobhderg were defeated;
26] and Maelchulaird O'Flaithbhertaigh, and the knight
27] O'Maelsechlainn, and Iughuláid Mac Conmedha, and
28] Domhnall, son of the Gilla-dubh O'Laedhóc, were
29] slain there. Cathal Carrach afterwards sent messengers
30] to Luimnnech, to William Burk, and they delivered the
31] son of Cathal Carrach into his hands as a pledge for
32] the pay of the Foreigners. William Burk subsequently
33] assembled a large host from Ath-cliath, and from Laighen,
34] and the Foreigners of Luimnech and Mumha besides,
35] and the two O'Briains, viz.:—Muirchertach and
36] Conchobhar Ruadh, with their armies, to the assistance


1] of Cathal Carrach. They were but a short time in the district
2] when Cathal Crobhderg left it, after hearing that the
3] hostages of Tomaltach, son of Conchobhar Mac Diarmada,
4] and of Mac Oirechtaigh, and all the Síl-Muireghaigh, and
5] of the Tuatha, and of O'Gadhra, and of O'hEghra, and
6] of O'Dubhda, were taken by Cathal Carrach. What
7] Cathal Crobhderg did was to go into the North, to the
8] house of O'Eighnigh, king of Feara-Manach, and from
9] thence to O'Neill, i.e. Aedh O'Neill, and to John de
10] Curci in Ulidia. However, Cathal Carrach and William
11] Burk, and the two O'Briains, with their Foreigners and
12] Gaeidhel, left neither church nor territory from Echtghe
13] to Dún-Rossárach, and from the Sinuinn westwards to
14] the sea, that they did not pillage and destroy, so that
15] neither church, nor altar, nor priest, nor monk, nor canon,
16] nor abbot, nor bishop, afforded protection against this
17] demoniacal host; and they used to strip the priests in
18] the churches, and carry off the women, and every kind of
19] property and stock found in the churches, without regard
20] to saint or sanctuary, or to any power on earth; so that
21] never before was there inflicted on the Connachtmen any
22] punishment of famine, nakedness, and plundering like
23] this punishment. The Connachtmen had an encampment
24] at Ath-liac from the festival of Brigid until a
25] fortnight before May-day, and they plundered nearly all
26] Muinter-Gillcan, and slew and plundered O'Duibhidhir of
27] Muinter-Anghaile.


Faelan O'Donnchadha was slain by
28] the Dartraighe.


A cold, foodless year, the equal of which
29] no man witnessed in that age.


A predatory hosting
30] by the Connachtmen into Mumha, and they burned
31] the bodhún of Luimnech, and Caislen-Uí-Conaing, and


1] many other places; and two other predatory expeditions
2] were led by the same Connachtmen, and they plundered
3] the West of Midhe, and Uí-Failghe.


4] Mac Eochagain was slain by the Uí-Failghe.


An act of
5] treachery was committed by the Foreigners of Uladh
6] against the Airthera, who were nearly all slain.


7] hosting by Cathal Carrach and the Foreigners of Mumha,
8] into Connacht, when they burned nearly all the churches
9] of Connacht, and devastated all Connacht.

Annal LC1201.


10] The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 23rd of
11] the moon; the age of the Lord one year, and two hundred, and a thousand.


12] Ruaidhri Mac Duinnsleibhe, king
13] of Uladh, i.e. the lamp of valour and prowess of all the
14] Gaeidhel, was slain by the Foreigners of John de Curci,
15] after they had met him alone, undefended, through
16] the miracles of Paul and Peter, and of Patrick, whom he
17] profaned.


A predatory expedition by Cathal Crobhderg
18] O'Conchobhair, accompanied by O'Neill, and by
19] O'hEighnigh, king of Feara-Manach, with a small army;
20] and they plundered Cuil-cnamha, i.e. the people of
21] Diarmaid, son of Conchobhar, son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh.


22] Another predatory expedition by Cathal
23] Crobhderg, with all his own army, into Tir-Aililla, when
24] he plundered many persons of the people of Tomaltach,
25] son of Conchobhar, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh,
26] king of Magh-Luirg.


Cadhla O'Dubhthaigh,
27] archbishop of the province of Connacht, in Christo
28] quievit.


Cathal Crobhderg O'Conchobhair, with all
29] his army; and O'Neill, with all his army; and the
30] Cenel-Eoghain; and a multitude of the Cenel-Conaill;
31] and O'hEighnigh, king of Feara-Manach, with all
32] his forces, went into Connacht until they reached


1] Tech-Baeithin, in Airtech; and they committed a great
2] depredation on the people of Tomaltach Mac Diarmada,
3] and slew many men of his people. A dispute arose afterwards
4] between Cathal Crobhderg and the chieftains of
5] the North. The cause of this dispute was as follows,
6] viz.:—what Cathal Crobhderg wished was to go against
7] Cathal Carrach and William Burk; and the other party said
8] that they would not go towards the Foreigners, because
9] they had been informed, when they left their homes, that
10] there were no Foreigners in the army of Cathal Carrach.
11] On this account they separated one from the other, and
12] Cathal Crobhderg went into the west of Connacht, and
13] the other party went towards their own country; and
14] the way they proceeded was to Sliabh-Lugha, and into
15] Corann. This fact was told to Cathal Carrach, and to
16] William Burk. The resolution they adopted was to go
17] after the Northern party; and they came up with them
18] as they were crossing the bridge of Es-dara, and followed
19] them to Droichet-Martra. The Northern party turned to
20] give them battle; but battle was not accepted from them.
21] The Connachtmen afterwards returned, and caught
22] O'hEighnigh, king of Feara-Manach, and he was slain;
23] and not because he did not act bravely, but because
24] he was outnumbered. O'Neill turned back in his path,
25] in subjection, and he was not allowed to leave the
26] church of Es-Dara until he gave hostages and peace
27] to Cathal Carrach. Great numbers of them were
28] slain, moreover, from thence to Druim-cliabh, and to


1] Dun-Uí-Airmhedhaigh, and to Sáil-Beinne.


2] son of Aedh, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair, comarb
3] of Patrick, and primate of Erinn, and bishop of Síl-Muiredhaigh,
4] in Christo quievit. In Magh-Mura-na-hechloisce
5] vitam finivit, whilst going to Ard-Macha.


6] Aedh, son of Taichlech O'Dubhda, king of Uí-Amhalghaidh,
7] occisus est.


8] A great hosting to Connacht by John de Curci and
9] Hugo the younger, son of Hugo de Laci, accompanied by a
10] great number of the Foreigners of Midhe, together with
11] Cathal Crobhderg, to contest the sovereignty with Cathal
12] Carrach; and the way they went was to Es-Ruaidh, and
13] into Cairpre-Droma-cliabh, into Corann, into Corrsliabh-na-Seghsa,
14] into Magh-Luirg-in-Daghda, into Magh-Nai,
15] into Maighe-Finna, to Dun-Leodha, into Maenmhagh, into
16] Tir-Fiachrach-Aighne, until they reached Cill-Mic-Duach.
17] And the reason they proceeded so far southwards was in
18] pursuit of the cows and people of the Connachtmen, and
19] of Cathal Carrach, which had been carried off by Cathal
20] Carrach to Tuadh-Mumha and to Cenel-Aedha of Echtghe,
21] both men and cattle; and he himself was behind his
22] people, with all his forces. These hosts were informed
23] of the wood in which was the camp of Cathal Carrach
24] and the men of Connacht; and the resolution they
25] adopted was to move towards the camp. And when
26] they reached the wood they cut it down, and made a
27] great road before them until they arrived at the camp,
28] which they found empty, after having been abandoned


1] by Cathal Carrach a short time previously, when he was
2] informed that this host was approaching him. And he
3] was in another place in the wood, a short distance from
4] the camp, awaiting them. The resolution the Foreigners
5] adopted, when they reached the camp, was to go towards
6] their horse-boys and horses, whom they had left outside the
7] wood, and those of their host whom they had left behind.
8] When Cathal Carrach and the Connachtmen saw this,
9] viz.:—the others turning out again, they went after
10] them, and overtook them in the clearing which they the
11] Foreigners
had themselves made. When they mingled,
12] one with the other, the battle was won by Cathal Carrach
13] and the Connachtmen, and sixty, vel amplius, of the nobles
14] of John de Curci's people were slain there, .i.e. of the
15] nobles of the Foreigners of Magh-Line, and of all Uladh, of
16] their barons and knights; and John himself was struck
17] with a stone, so that he fell from his horse. As soon as
18] they came out of the wood to their people the attack
19] ceased, and the resolution they adopted was to turn
20] back in their track; and they proceeded that night to
21] Ard-rathain. On the morrow they went to Tuaim-da-ghualann;
22] and what they said publicly was, that they
23] would remain in Tuaim that night; but they did not
24] do so, for they departed as soon as the night came, and
25] marched
until they arrived at Cill-Dachonne, at the head
26] of Tochar-mona-Coinnedha, where they remained until
27] the morning came. When the morning came they
28] departed, and they went that day to Ros-Comain. On
29] the morrow they proceeded to Rinn-dúin on Loch-Rí,
30] and they were a week transporting the army, and their
31] horses, and their property, eastwards across Loch-rí.
32] And neither Cathal Carrach nor the Connachtmen heard
33] of this until the last day of the transportation. When
34] Cathal Carrach and the Connachtmen heard of it, they


1] followed them to Rinn-dúin, and killed as many as they
2] overtook, and those whom they did not overtake were
3] drowned while escaping; and a great many men were
4] drowned whilst being conveyed across during the preceding
5] week. As soon as the Foreigners arrived in Midhe
6] they arrested Cathal Crobhderg as a pledge for the payment
7] of
wages; and John was taken to Ath-cliath until
8] he gave pledges from himself that he would obey the
9] king of the Saxons.


Conchobhar-na-Glaisfheine, son of
10] Cathal O'Ruairc, was drowned.


The Foreigners released
11] Cathal Crobhderg.


Conchobhar Bec Mac Lachlainn was
12] slain by the Cenel-Conaill.


Aedh O'Neill was dethroned
13] by the Cenel-Eoghain in this year.


14] O'Floinn was slain by the Foreigners, in treachery.


15] Maghnus, son of Diarmaid Mac Lachlainn, was killed
16] by Muirchertach O'Neill. Muirchertach O'Neill was
17] himself slain there.

Annal LC1202.


18] The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 4th of
19] the moon; the age of the Lord two years, and two
20] hundred, and a thousand.


Felix O'Dubhláin, bishop of
21] Osraighe, mortuus est.


The bishop O'Mellaigh mortuus
22] est.


Cathal Crobhderg went into Mumha, to William
13] Burk, after being released from his bonds.


24] Presbyter Cardinalis de Monte Celio, qui et legatus
25] Apostolicae sedis erat, in Hiberniam venit.


A hosting by


1] Cathal and William Burk, and by the sons of Domhnall
2] O'Briain, i.e. Muirchertach and Conchobhar Ruadh, and
3] by Finghin, son of Mac Carthaigh, into Connacht, until
4] they reached the monastery of Ath-da-larag, on the
5] Buill, in which they fixed their residence; and they
6] were three days in it, so that they polluted and
7] defiled the entire monastery; and such was the extent
8] of the defilement that the mercenaries of the army had
9] the women in the hospital of the monks, and in the
10] houses of the cloister, and in every place in the
11] entire monastery besides. No structure in the monastery
12] was left without breaking and burning, except
13] the roofs of the houses alone; and even of these a
14] great portion was broken and burned. No part of the
15] buildings of the entire monastery was allowed to the
16] monks and brothers, excepting only the dormitory of
17] the monks, and the house of the novices. A stone
18] wall was commenced by William Burk, on this occasion,
19] round the great stone house of the guests, and two
20] days' work was devoted to its erection. Cathal Carrach,
21] son of Conchobhar Maenmhaige, king of Connacht,
22] was killed by the Foreigners on the third day of
23] the building of the stone wall. The erection of the stone
24] wall, moreover, was interrupted after the killing of Cathal
25] Carrach. There were others also slain along with the
26] king, viz.:—Diarmaid, son of Gillachrist, son of Diarmaid,
27] son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh, and Tomaltach, son of
28] Taichlech O'Dubhda, et alii multi. They subsequently
29] left the monastery; and after they had left it William
30] Burk permitted the sons of O'Briain, and the son of
31] Mac Carthaigh, to depart with their forces. The resolution
32] that Cathal Crobhderg and William Burk adopted,


1] moreover, was to despatch their mercenaries throughout
2] Connacht, to levy their wages; and William Burk, together
3] with all who were with him, and Cathal Crobhderg, went
4] to Cunga-Feichín. After this a miraculous event happened,
5] and it is not known whether it occurred through
6] a man, or through the spirit of God in the shape of
7] a man, viz.:—it was reported that William Burk had
8] been killed; and there was not a road in Connacht by
9] which this report did not come. The resolution adopted
10] by the tribes on hearing this news, was, as if they had
11] taken counsel together, viz.:—each man to kill his guest.
12] And thus it was done, viz.:—each tribe killed all that
13] came to them; and the loss, according to the report of
14] their own people, was nine hundred, vel amplius. When
15] William Burk heard that his people had been slain, he
16] plotted against O'Conchobhair; but timely notice reached
17] O'Conchobhair, and he left the place where William
18] was; and William went to Mumha, after losing the
19] majority of his people.


20] A synod of the clerics of Erinn,
21] both Foreigners and Gaeidhel, in Ath-cliath, with the
22] Cardinal, i.e. Johannes Presbyter de Monte Celio.


23] synod of Connacht, both laics and clerics, at Ath-Luain,
24] with the same Cardinal, at the end of a fortnight.


25] Tadhg O'Brain, king of Luighne, died.


26] son of Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair,
27] was taken prisoner by Cathal Crobhderg; and they who
29] arrested him were these, viz.:—Donnchadh O'Dubhda,
30] king of Uí-Amhalghaidh, and Conchobhar Got O'hEghra,
31] king of Luighne of Connacht, and Diarmaid, son of Ruaidhri


1] O'Conchobhair, the son of his own father, and Diarmaid, son
2] of Ruaidhri, son of Maghnus, i.e. the grandson of his father's
3] brother.


Maelfinnein Mac Colmain, a high, choice senior,
4] in pace quievit.


Domhnall Carrach O'Dochartaigh, king-chieftain
5] of Ard-Midhair, was slain by Muinter-Buighill,
6] after plundering many churches and territories.


7] O'Brolchán, a prior, and an illustrious, choice senior for
8] figure, for sense, for gentleness, for dignity, for wisdom,
9] and for great piety, post magnam tribulationem et
10] optimam poenitentiam, in quinta kalendas Maii quievit.

Annal LC1203.


11] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 15th of
12] the moon; the age of the Lord two hundred and three
13] years, and a thousand.


A hosting by William Burk,
14] accompanied by the Foreigners of Mumha and Midhe,
15] into Connacht, when he erected a castle at Mílec, in Síl-Anmchadha;
16] and the place where the castle was erected
17] was round the great church of the place, which was lined
18] round with earth and stones to the pinnacles; and they
19] devastated the West of Connacht, both church and territory.


20] Great famine in all Erinn generally in this year, so
21] that the clergy used to eat meat in Lent.


22] and Mílec, and Cluain-mic-Nois were plundered
23] by William Burk.


Conchobhar RuadhO'Briain was
24] slain by his own brother, i.e. Muirchertach, son of
25] Domhnall, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Briain.


26] son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, escaped from his
27] bonds; and Cathal Crobhderg made peace with him, and
28] gave him land.


A hosting by the Justice, i.e. by Meiler,


1] and by Walter de Laci, into Mumha, to expel William
2] Burk. When William heard this he went to meet them,
3] and he left a number of his people in the aforesaid castle.
4] Meiler and Walter went towards Luimnech; and when
5] they had arrived at Luimnech, William sent messengers
6] for the forces which he had left in the castle. They
7] afterwards escaped and left the castle empty, at the
8] command of their lord, and through scarcity of food, and
9] through fear of the men of Connacht. The Connachtmen
10] levelled the castle after that. William left Luimnech.
11] Three castles were given to him, and twelve hostages of
12] the nobles of his people were given by him, together with
13] his own son and daughter. Meiler afterwards returned
14] from Luimnech.


Toirdhelbhach, son of Ruaidhri, was
15] banished from Connacht by Cathal Crobhderg, and sent
16] into Midhe; and peace was immediately made with him
17] through the intercession of the Foreigners, viz.:— Meiler
18] and Walter.


A hosting by the sons of Goisdelbh and by
19] young Meiler, together with Domhnall Carrach O'Maeldoraidh,
20] to Tir-Conaill, to recover the sovereignty for
21] Domhnall Carrach; and Domhnall Carrach himself was
22] slain by the Cenel-Conaill on this expedition.


23] was emptied, and Cunga-Feichín was rased, so
24] that it was
without a house or church, and the churches
25] of nearly all Connacht were emptied.


26] was burned, from Relic-Martain to Tiprait-Adhomnain.


27] Diarmaid, son of Muirchertach Mac Lachlainn,
28] accompanied by the Foreigners, went on a predatory
29] expedition to Tir-Eoghain; and they plundered
30] Scrin-Choluim-Chille; but a number of the Cenel-Eoghain
31] came up with them, and the Foreigners were defeated, and
32] Diarmaid Mac Lachlainn was slain, through the miracles


1] of the shrine.


A hosting by the son of Hugo de Laci,
2] with the Foreigners of Midhe, to Ulidia; and they banished
3] John de Curci from Ulidia.

Annal LC1204.


4] The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 26th of
5] the moon; the age of the Lord two hundred and four
6] years, and a thousand; and the eighteenth year of the
7] Nineteen.


Easter on the seventh of the kalends of May
8] in this year, and Little Easter in summer.


9] Mac-an-abaidh died at Sruthair-Bracain, on his pilgrimage
10] with his monks.


Muirchertach Tephtach, son of Conchobhar
11] Maenmhaighe, son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, was
12] slain by Diarmaid, son of Ruaidhri, and by Aedh, son of
13] Ruaidhri, his father's two brothers.


A victory by
14] Domhnall, son of Mac Carthaigh, and the men of Des-Mumha,
15] over the Foreigners, ubi ceciderunt clx. uiri, vel
16] amplius.


The Glasfhian were slain by Cathal Crobhderg
17] and the Connachtmen and the king of the Glasfhian,
18] i.e. Mant-na-mulchán O'Ruairc, was captured by them,
19] and blinded.


A woman was brought to him whilst he
20] lay suffering from the operation, and shared his company;
21] and he died soon after.


Echmhilidh, son of the
22] comarb of Finnen, bishop of Uladh, died.


23] was practised by the Connachtmen against the son of
24] O'Ruairc and the sons of O'Maelmhiadhaigh, who were
25] slain.


A battle between young Hugo, son of Hugo de Laci,
26] with the Foreigners of Midhe, and John de Curci with the
27] Foreigners of Uladh.


John de Curci was taken prisoner,


1] and released after having been crossed to go to Jerusalem.


2] Two sons of Donnsleibhe were slain by the Uí-Echach,
3] in treachery.


Sitric O'Sroithen, airchinnech of
4] the Congbhail, quievit.


5] the kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 7th of the
6] moon; the age of the Lord two hundred and five years,
7] and a thousand.


William Burk, destroyer of all Erinn, of
8] nobility and chieftainship, mortuus est.


Lochlainn, son
9] of Domhnall, son of Ferghal O'Ruairc, was slain by
10] Muinter-Pheodhacháin.


Great frost and snow from the
11] kalends of January to the festival of Patrick in this year.


Gillachrist O'Maelmhiadhaigh,
12] chieftain of Muinter-Eolais,
13] was slain by the Connachtmen.


A fleet was
14] brought
by John de Curci from Innsi-Gall, to contest
15] Uladh with the sons of Hugo de Laci and the Foreigners of
16] Midhe. No good resulted from this expedition, however;
17] but the country was destroyed and plundered; and they
18] afterwards departed without obtaining power.


19] made his covenant and amity with O'Neill and the
20] Cenel-Eoghain.

Annal LC1206.


21] The kalends of January on Sunday, the l8th of the
22] moon; the age of the Lord two hundred and six years,
23] and a thousand. Ab Incarnatione Domini nostri Jesu
24] Christi, secundum Dionysium,; secundum autem
25] Bedam, m.c.xcix: ab Incarnatione secundum Ebraeos,
26] m.cccc.lix; ab initio mundi secundum Ebraeos, v.cccc.x;
27] ab initio mundi secundum lxx. Interpretes, v.dc.luii.


28] Muirghes O'hEnna, archbishop of Mumha, and legate of
29] the comarb of Peter during a long time, quievit. Murchadh
30] O'hAedha, bishop of Corcach, quievit.


Domhnall, son


1] of Mac Carthaigh, king of Des-Mumha, mortuus est.


2] Andiles Mac Finnbhairr mortuus est.


Donat Ua Becdha,
3] bishop of Uí-Amhalghadha, quievit.


Maelpetair O'Calmáin,
4] comarb of Cainnech, pillar of the piety and
5] honour of the North of Erinn, in pace quievit.


A great
6] destruction of men and cattle in this year.


The comarb
7] of Patrick went to the house of the king of the Saxons,
8] on behalf of the churches of Erinn, and to complain of
9] the Foreigners.

Annal LC1207.


10] The kalends of January on Monday, the 3rd feria, the
11] 20th of the moon; the age of the Lord two hundred and
12] seven years, and a thousand.


Tomaltach of the Rock, son
13] of Conchobhar, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh,
14] king of Magh-Luirg, mortuus est.


15] O'Gadhra, king of Sliabh-Lugha, mortuus est.


16] son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh, assumed
17] the sovereignty of Magh-Luirg in this year.


A depredation
18] was commited by Eignechán O'Domhnaill in Feara-Manach;
19] but the Feara-Manach, in greater force than
20] they were, overtook them, and O'Domhnaill, king of Tír-Conaill,
21] till then the tower of valour, and honour, and
22] strength of the North of Erinn, was slain there; and a
23] number of his own chieftains fell along with him, viz.:
24] the Gilla-riabhach, son of Ceallach O'Baighill; Mathghamhain,
25] son of Domhnall Midhech O'Conchobhair;
26] Donnchadh Conallach, son of Conchobhar Maenmhaighe
27] O'Conchobhair; et alii multi nobiles et ignobiles cum
28] eis occisi sunt.


The son of Mac Mathghamhna and the
29] Feara-Manach, and the Airghialla, victores fuerunt.


30] Amhlaibh O'Ferghail, king-chieftain of Muinter-Anghaile,
31] quievit.


The castle of Ath-an-urchair was captured by
32] Walter de Laci and his brother, i.e. Hugo de Laci.


Annal LC1208.


1] The kalends of January on Tuesday, the 10th of the
2] moon; the age of the Lord two hundred and eight years,
3] and a thousand.


Cathal, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg
4] O'Maelruanaidh, king of Magh-Luirg, was taken prisoner
5] by Cathal Crobhderg, in violation of the bishops who
6] were guarantees between them, viz.:—Ardghal O'Conchobhair,
7] and Muireadhach O'Dubhthaigh, and Clement
8] O'Sniadhaigh. He was released after some time, through
9] the guarantee of those bishops, without pledge or hostage.
10] He departed out of the district afterwards, and took a
11] great prey, which he carried with him until he reached
12] Loch-mic-Nén. At the end of a week he came again on a
13] predatory expedition to Tir-Oiliolla, and he carried the
14] prey into the Corr-sliabh, and over Corr-sliabh into Magh-Luirg.
15] A great force overtook him there, viz.:—Diarmaid,
16] son of Maghnus, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair;
17] and Maghnus, son of Muirchertach, son of Toirdhelbhach
18] O'Conchobhair; and Cormac, son of Tomaltach of
19] the Rock; and Muiredhach, son of Tomaltach of the
20] Rock; and Donnsleibhe, son of Ruaidhri O'Gadhra,
21] king of Sliabh-Lugha; and Flaithbhertach O'Flannacain,
22] chief of Clann-Cathail; and Gilla na-nech O'Mannachain,
23] king of Uí-Briuin-na-Sinna. When the Breifnian mercenaries
24] perceived that they had been overtaken by this
25] immense force, as soon as they had passed over Lec-Damhaighe
26] they fled. When only his own people, therefore,
27] were with Mac Diarmada, he was rushed upon, and
28] his son, i.e. Muirghes, was slain; and other men of his
29] people were slain, and he himself was ultimately captured.


30] After the dispersion of this great force the counsel which
31] the sons of Tomaltach of the Rock adopted was to blind
32] Mac Diarmada.


He was blinded by them, truly, and his
33] people were routed.


A great war between the Foreigners
34] of Erinn this year, i.e. between the sons of Hugo de Laci,
35] and Meyler, and Geoffroi Mareis.


A great predatory


1] hosting by Aedh O'Neill into Inis-Eoghain, and O'Domhnaill,
2] i.e. Domhnall Mór, overtook them, when a battle
3] was fought between them, in which a countless multitude
4] of people were slain on either side; in which
5] fell Domhnall, son of Murchadh, with an enormous
6] slaughter of the Cenel-Eoghain along with him, and
7] Ferghal O'Baighill, and Cormac O'Domhnaill, and David
8] O'Dochartaigh, and a number of the chieftains of Cenel-Conaill
9] along with them.


A battle was gained by the
10] son of Raghnall, son of Somhairle, over the men of Sciadh,
11] in which a countless multitude were slain.

Annal LC1209.


12] The kalends of January on Wednesday, the 21st of the
13] moon; the age of the Lord nine years, and two hundred,
14] and a thousand.


The king of the Saxons came to Erinn,
15] accompanied by an immense fleet.


Gillachrist O'Cernaigh,
16] comarb of Condere, in bona poenitentia quievit.


17] David, bishop of Loch-Garman, was killed by O'Faelan
18] of the Deisi-Mumhan.


A battle between the Cenel-Conaill
19] and the Cenel-Eoghain, ubi interfecti sunt multi de
20] utroque exercitu.


Finghin, son of Diarmaid, son of Cormac
21] Mac Carthaigh, king of Des-Mumha, interfectus est a suis.


22] Ualgharg O'Ruairc was dethroned, and Art, son of Domhnall,
23] son of Ferghal O'Ruairc, was made king in his place.

Annal LC1210.


24] The kalends of January on Thursday, the 2nd of the
25] moon; the age of the Lord ten years, and two hundred,
26] and a thousand.


Art, son of Domhnall, son of Ferghal
27] O'Ruairc, king of Breifne, was slain through treachery by
28] Cormac, son of Art O'Maelsechlainn.


Céle O'Dubhthaigh,
29] bishop of Magh-hEó, quievit.


Flaithbhertach O'Floinn,
30] comarb of Dachonna of Es-mic-Eirc, in Christo quievit.


31] Johannes, grandson of the Empress, king of the Saxons,


1] came to Erinn, with a great fleet, in this year.


2] arriving he commanded a great hosting of the men of
3] Erinn to Ulidia, to apprehend Hugo de Laci, or to expel
4] him from Erinn, and to capture Carraic-Fergusa.


5] left Erinn, and the persons who were defending the
6] Carraic abandoned it, and came to the king; and the
7] king put men of his own company into it.


He afterwards
8] sent a fleet of his people to Manainn, and they
9] plundered it, and killed its people.


10] Cathal Crobhderg O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht, and
11] the Connachtmen were on this hosting.


On their return
12] from the north the king of the Saxons told the king of
13] Connacht to come to meet him at the end of a fortnight.


14] promised that he would, and that he would bring his son
15] with him, i.e. Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg; (and it
16] was not the king who requested this). ‘Bring him,’
17] said the king, ‘that he may receive a charter for the
18] third part of Connacht’.


When O'Conchobhair arrived
19] at his own place, the counsel which he, and his wife, and
20] his people adopted was, not to take the son to the king,
21] although this was the worst counsel. However, when
22] O'Conchobhair went to the king of the Saxons, and did
23] not take his son with him, Diarmaid, son of Conchobhar
24] Mac Diarmada, king of Magh-Luirg, and Conchobhar
25] O'hEghra, king of Luighne of Connacht, and Find
26] O'Carmacan, a man of trust to O'Conchobhair, and
27] Toirberd, son of a Gall-Gaeidhel, one of O'Conchobhair's
28] stewards, were apprehended by the king of the Saxons.


29] The king of the Saxons went across afterwards, and took
30] these chieftains with him to Saxon-land. He left the
31] government of Erinn with the Foreign Bishop, and ordered


1] him to erect three castles in Connacht.


The Foreign Bishop
2] commanded a hosting towards Connacht, viz.:—himself
3] and the forces of Midhe and Laighen, as far as Ath-Luain,
4] when a bridge was constructed by him across Ath-Luain,
5] and a castle instead of O'Conchobhair's castle.


6] Donnchadh Cairbrech O'Briain, with his army, and
7] Geoffroi Mareis, with his army of the Foreigners of
8] Mumha, and Aedh, son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, and
9] the son of O'Flaithbhertaigh along with them, proceeded
10] into Connacht, until they reached Tuaim-da-ghualann, and
11] committed great depredations from thence to Loch-na-nairne,
12] in Ciarraighe, where they committed great depredations;
13] and they were a fortnight, or nearly twenty
14] nights, in Ciarraighe, and the Connachtmen before them.


15] They made peace afterwards, i.e. O'Conchobhair, and
16] Donnchadh Cairbrech, and Geoffroi Mareis.


The conditions
17] were, i.e. that they should be allowed a passage to
18] Ath-Luain, to meet the Foreign Bishop, and should make
19] peace between O'Conchobhair and the Foreign Bishop.


20] They made peace between them; and the conditions
21] were that Toirdhelbhach, son of Cathal Crobhderg, and
22] the son of another noble, should be delivered into the
23] hand of the Foreign Bishop.

Annal LC1211.


24] The kalends of January on Saturday, the 13th of the
25] moon; the age of the Lord eleven years, and two hundred,
26] and a thousand.


Toirdhelbhach, son of Ruaidhri, took
27] a prey in Magh-Luirg, and carried it into the Seghais,
28] to Diarmaid, i.e. his brother; and Aedh, son of Cathal,
29] pursued him until he Toirdhelbhach went into the
30] North, to escape from him.


O'Dobhailen, bishop of Cenannus,
30] quievit.


Galo Mac Manchain, chief sage of all
32] Erinn, occisus est.


Richard de Tuit was killed by a stone


1] in Ath-Luain.


The hostages of Connacht arrived in
2] Erinn, viz.:—Diarmaid, son of Conchobhar Mac Diarmada,
3] king of Magh-Luirg, and Conchobhar O'hEghra,
4] king of Luighne, and Find O'Carmacan, and Toirbherd
5] son of a Gall-Gaeidhel.


Airechtach Mac Duinncathaigh
6] occisus est.


Thomas Mac Uchtraigh and the sons of
7] Raghnall, son of Somhairle, came to Doire-Choluim-Chille
8] with seventy-seven ships, and the town was
9] greatly injured by them.


O'Domhnaill and they went
10] together to Inis Eoghain, and they completely destroyed
11] the country.

Annal LC1212.


12] The kalends of January on Sunday; the age of the
13] Lord twelve years, and two hundred, and a thousand.


14] hosting by the Connachtmen, at the command of the
15] Foreign Bishop and Gillibert Mac Goisdelbh, to Es-Ruaidh,
16] when the castle of Cael-uisce was erected by
17] them.


Another hosting by the Foreigners of Erinn and
18] the same Foreign Bishop, to take possession of the
19] North of Erinn, when they erected the castle of Cluain-Eois;
20] and the Feara-Manach, and the son of Mac Mathghamhna,
21] inflicted a great slaughter on them on the
22] northern side of Cluain-Eois.


A great victory was
23] gained over John de Grey, i.e. the Justice of Erinn, by
24] the son of Art O'Maelsechlainn,in which he lost all his
25] treasure.


Imhar O'Ferghail, dux of Muinter-Anghaile,
26] occisus est a fratre suo.


Gillachrist Mac Diarmada was
27] slain by Murchadh Carrach O'Ferghail.


A depredation
28] was committed by the Gilla-fiaclach O'Baighill and a
29] party of the Cenel-Conaill, on the Cenel-Eoghain, who
30] were under the guarantee of O'Tairchert.


31] overtook them, and fought a battle against them.


32] The Gilla-riabhach O'Tairchert, i.e. the king-chieftain of


1] Clann-Sneidhghile and Clann-Finghin, was slain, moreover, defending his honour.


2] Druim-chaein, with its
3] churches, was burned by the Cenel-Eoghain, without
4] licence from O'Neill.


Ferghal O'Cathain, i.e. king of
5] Cianachta and Feara-na-Craeibhe, was killed by the Foreigners.


6] Domhnall O'Daimhin was slain by the son of
7] Mac Lachlainn in the doorway of Recles-Choluim-Chille.

Annal LC1213.


8] The kalends of January on Tuesday, the 5th of the
9] moon; the age of the Lord thirteen years, and two
10] hundred, and a thousand.


The castle of Cluain-Eois was
11] destroyed by O'Neill.


Gillibert Mac Goisdelbh was
12] killed in the castle of Cael-uisce, and the castle itself was
13] burned.


Donnchadh O'hEidhin was blinded by Aedh,
14] son of Cathal Crobhderg.


The victory of Coill-na-gcrann
15] was gained by Cormac, son of Art O'Maelsechlainn, over
16] the Foreigners, in which a great multitude of the Foreigners
17] were slain, along with Perris Messat and Walter Dunel.


18] Domhnall, son of Domnhnall Bregach O'Maelsechlainn,
19] was slain by the Foreigners.


Thomas Mac Uchtraigh and
20] Ruaidhri Mac Raghnaill plundered Doire-Choluim-Chille,
21] and carried off the precious things of the community of
22] Doire, and of the North of Erinn besides, from the middle
23] of the great church of the Recles.


O'Cathain and Feara-na-Craeibhe
24] came to Doire, to capture a house against
25] the sons of Mac Lachlainn, when they killed the
26] great butler of the Recles of Doire between them.


27] and Colum-Cille, however, performed a great miracle there,
28] viz.:—the man who had assembled this muster, Mathghamhain
29] Mac Aithne, was killed in vindication of Colum-Cille,
30] in the very doorway of the Dubh-Recles of Colum-Cille.


31] The castle of Cul-rathain was erected by Thomas


1] Mac Uchtraigh and the Foreigners of Ulidia; and they
2] threw down all the tombs, and clochans, and structures
3] of the town, excepting the church alone, in order to build
4] this castle.


The king of Alba died, i.e. William Garm.


5] Aedh O'Neill inflicted a defeat on the Foreigners, and committed
6] a great slaughter of the Foreigners there; and the
7] Carlongphort (Carlingford) was burned on the same day, both people
8] and cattle.

Annal LC1214.


9] The kalends of January on Wednesday, the l6th of
10] the moon.


The castle of Cluain-mic-Nois and the castle
11] of Durmhagh were built by Foreigners.


Expulsion of
12] the son of Art from Delbhna, by the Foreigners and
13] Gaeidhel of all Erinn.


Cormac, son of Art, went into
14] Delbhna again, and his people carried off a prey of cows
15] from the castle of Cluain, and defeated the Foreigners of
16] the castle.


Imhar Mac Garghamhna was killed by
17] Meiler's Foreigners.


The son of Art went to the castle of
18] Ath-buidhe in Feara-Ceall, and burned its bawn, and slew
19] eight of its inhabitants, and carried off a great number of
20] cattle.


Ualgharg O'Ruairc, king of Breifne, went on a
21] predatory incursion into the territory of Philip Mac
22] Goisdelbh, and brought away a great number of cows, and
23] returned safely.


Cormac, son of Art, came again into
24] Delbhna, and committed a retaliatory depredation on
25] Maelsechlainn Bec O'Maelsechlainn, and plundered him,
26] and expelled him from Delbhna, and killed the son of
27] William Muilinn: and Maelsechlainn the younger
28] escaped by virtue of his running. Cormac, son of Art,
29] went to the castle of Birr, and burned its bawn, and
30] burned the entire church, and took all its food out of it,
31] in order that the Foreigners of the castle should not get


1] food in it.


Gilla-na-naemh O'Ruadhan, bishop of Luighne,
2] in Christo quievit.


O'Muircen, bishop of Cluain-mic-Nois,
3] in Christo quievit.


Muirchertach, son of Brian,
4] was slain by Foreigners.


In this year, moreover, appeared
5] the false Aedh, who was called 'the Aider'.


A depredation
6] was committed by Aedh, son of Maelsechlainn Mac
7] Lachlainn, on the comarb of Colum-Cille; and Aedh himself
8] was slain by the Foreigners in the same year, through a
9] miracle of Colum-Cille.


Benmhidhe, daughter of O'hEighnigh,
10] i.e. the wife of Aedh O'Neill, i.e. king of Oilech,
11] in bona poenitentia quievit.


A hosting by Aedh O'Neill
12] into Ulidia, and he inflicted a great defeat on the Foreigners.


Alexander, son of William Garm, was made
13] king over Alba.

Annal LC1215.


14] The kalends of January on Thursday, the 27th of the
15] moon; the age of the Lord fifteen years, and two hundred,
16] and a thousand;


the last year of the Nineteen; and it
17] was a contrary year.


Ardghal O'Conchobhair, bishop of
18] Síl-Muiredhaigh, in pace quievit.


The bishop O'Cellaigh
19] of Rathan in Christo quievit.


A congress of the
20] bishops of Christendom at Rome, in the time of Pope
21] Innocent the Third.


This is the number of the bishops
22] that were there, viz.:—cccc.xv., inter quos fuerunt tam
23] primates quam archiepiscopi lxxi; numerus abbatum et
24] priorum d.ccc. On the festival of Martin, in particular,
25] the congress met.


26] giurneisi on each side of
27] Muir-Torrian became dry in this year.


Cathal, son of
28] Diarmaid, son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh, king of Magh-Luirg,
29] in Christo quievit.


Trad O'Maelfhabhuill, chieftain


1] of Cenel-Ferghusa, with a great slaughter of his brethren
2] along with him, was killed by Muiredhach, son of the
3] Great Steward of Lemhain.


Donnchadh O'Duibhdirma,
4] chieftain of the Bredach, died in the Dubh-recles of Colum-Cille,
5] in Doire.


Murchadh Mac Cathmhail, king-chieftain
6] of Cenel-Feradhaigh, died through a miracle of Colum-Cille.


7] Ruaidhri O'Floinn, king of Durlus, died.

Annal LC1216.


8] The kalends of January on Friday, and the 9th of the
9] moon; the first year of the Nineteen, and a bissextile year;
10] the age of the Lord sixteen years, and two hundred, and
11] a thousand.


Gillachrist O'Mannachain died in Rome this
12] year.


A synod of the clerics of the whole world in
13] Rome this year, at the Lateran, with the Pope Innocentius;
14] and soon after this synod Innocentius papa quievit
15] in Christo.


16] John, king of the Saxons, was deposed by the
17] Saxons in this year; and he died of a fit.


The son of the
18] king of France assumed the sovereignty of the Saxons,
19] and obtained their pledges.


Gilla-Croichefraich Mac Carghamhna
20] died, and the priest O'Celli mortuus est; after
21] they had both crossed themselves, and determined to go
22] to the river.


The abbot O'Lotan, a paragon of piety and
23] learning, in pace quievit.


Gregory, son of Gilla-na-naingel,
24] abbot of the monks of Erinn, in pace quievit, in the
25] eastern world, after having been expelled by the monks
26] of Droiched-atha, through envy and jealousy.


The primate
27] of Erinn, i.e. Mac Gillauidhir, died in Rome, after holding
28] a synod of the clerics of Erinn; and manifest miracles are
29] performed through him in Rome.


The archbishop
30] O'Ruanadha was cruelly and violently taken prisoner by
31] the Connachtmen and Maelisa O'Conchobhair, and put in
32] chains; a thing that we never heard of before, viz.:—an
33] archbishop being manacled.


Annadh O'Muiredhaigh,


1] bishop of Ard-achadh, quievit.


Patricius, bishop of Cnoc-Muaidhe,
2] quievit.


Mathghamhain O'Laithbhertaigh, king
3] of Clann-Domhnaill, died.

Annal LC1217.


4] The kalends of January on Sunday, the 20th of the
5] moon; a bissextile year; the age of the Lord seventeen
6] years, and two hundred, and a thousand.


Oissin, abbot
7] of the canons of Mainister-derg, quievit.


All the fishermen
8] of Erinn from Port-Lairge, from the south, and from
9] Loch-Carman northwards to Doire-Choluim-Chille, went
10] to Manainn to fish. They committed violence in it, and
11] were all slain in punishment for their violence in Manainn.


12] All the abbots of Erinn went across eastwards, to the
13] general chapter, in this year; and their attendants were
14] dispersed, and the choice of them were slain, by Saxons;
15] and the abbot of Droichet-atha was deprived of his
16] abbacy in this chapter.


Every tree the nature of which
17] it was to bear fruit had its full crop in this year.


A predatory
18] host of the Foreigners of Uladh went to Ard-Macha,
19] which was all plundered by them; and O'Fothuelan
20] was the person who guided them; for he had promised
21] to the community of Ard-Macha that the Foreigners
22] would not plunder them whilst he would be with
23] the Foreigners.


At the end of a week afterwards
24] O'Neill Ruadh and the son of Mac Mathghamhna came
25] and took a great prey from the Foreigners, viz.:—one
26] thousand and two hundred cows. The Foreigners and
27] O'Fothuelan went after them.


The Eoghanachs turned
28] against them, and killed fourteen Foreigners who
29] were clad in coats of mail, including the constable of
30] Dealgan; and O'Fothuelan was slain in revenge of
31] Patrick.


Gilla-Tighernaigh Mac Gilla-Ronain, bishop of
32] Airghiall, and head of the canons of Erinn, in bona
33] poenitentia quievit.


Annal LC1218.


1] The kalends of January on Monday, the 1st of the
2] moon; the second year after a bissextile; the age of the
3] Lord eighteen years, and two hundred, and a thousand.


4] Gilla-Ernain O'Martain, chief poet of Erinn, and professor
5] of many arts, after spending his life with the monks, in
6] pace quievit.


The Ferdana O'Maelrioc, the chief professor
7] of his own art from the O'Dalaighs down, mortuus
8] est.


Tadhg O'Ferghail, dux of Muinter-Anghaile, was
9] killed by Murchadh Carrach O'Ferghail.


Diarmaid, son
10] of Conchobhar Mac Diarmada, king of Magh-Luirg, died
11] in this year; and Cormac, son of Tomaltach of the Rock,
12] son of Conchobhar, assumed sovereignty after Diarmaid.


13] Donnchadh O'Maelbhrenuinn died in hoc anno.


14] daughter of Domhnall O'Briain, wife of Cathal Crobhderg
15] O'Conchobhair, queen of Connacht, died this year.


16] town of Ath-Luain was burned on the Midhe side.


17] O'Nioc, abbot of Cill-Becan, died after the triumph of
18] diligence and devotion.


Domhnall O'Gadhra mortuus
19] est.


Muirchertach O'Floinn, king of Uí-Tuirtre, was slain
20] by the Foreigners.


Conghalach O'Cuinn, torch of valour
21] and bravery of the North of Erinn, king-chieftain of Magh-Lughach
22] and all Síl-Chathusaigh, was slain on the same
23] day.


Maelisa O'Daighri, airchinnech of Doire-Choluim-Chille,
24] in bono fine quievit in pace.

Annal LC1219.


25] The kalends of January on Tuesday, the l2th of the
26] moon; and the third year after a bissextile; erat pluvia
27] per totum annum paucis diebus exceptis.


The age of the
28] Lord nineteen years, and two hundred, and a thousand.


29] The comarb of Feichin of Fobhar mortuus est.




1] Carrach O'Ferghail went on a predatory expedition into
2] Connacht, and they rose up against him; but a multitude
3] of the Connachtmen were slain; and Murchadh Carrach
4] was defeated, and a great number of his people were slain
5] there; and he himself escaped with difficulty.


6] was burned, with its houses, and with its church,
7] in this year; and Droichet-atha was carried away by the
8] flood.


9] Clemens, bishop of Luighne, in Christo quievit.


10] Fonachdan O'Brónan, comarb of Colum-Cille, in pace
11] quievit.


Flann O'Brolchan was ordained in his place.

Annal LC1220.


12] The kalends of January on Wednesday, and the 23rd
13] of the moon; and it was a bissextile year, and the fifth
14] year of the Nineteen; and the Seventy are earlier than
15] the age of the Lord twenty years, and two hundred, and a thousand.


Dubhdara, son of Muiredhach O'Maille, was
16] killed in a dispute by Cathal Crobhderg, in his own camp,
17] in violation of all Connacht; and this was a grievous act,
18] although it was his own misdeeds that recoiled on him.


19] Consecration of the church of the monastery of Buill, in
20] Connacht, in this year.


Aedh O'Maeleoin, bishop of Cluain,
21] was drowned.


Maelsechlainn, son of Conchobhar Maenmhaighe,
22] mortuus est.


Gillachrist Mac Gormain, great
23] priest of Tech-Sinche, the senior of greatest charity, and
24] devotion, and knowledge of reading and writing; and the
25] promoter of everything necessary to men and books in
26] the church, after the triumph of devotion and pilgrimage, in
27] the sanctuary of Inis-Clothrann quievit in Christo.


28] de Laci came to Erinn, and performed a great hosting to
29] the crannog of O'Raighilligh. He went upon it, and


1] obtained hostages and great power.


A great depredation
2] was committed by Murchad Carrach O'Ferghail
3] on Muinter-Geradhain, and Tadhg O'Conaith was slain;
4] and Maghnus, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair, and
5] John Maissin led a predatory force afterwards against
6] Murchadh.


Maelmichil O'Tomaidh, high airchinnech of
7] Tech-Sinche, and Gilla-in-Choimdedh Mac Ferdomhuin,
8] quieverunt in Christo.


Lucas de Letreville came to Erinn,
9] and brought with him the primacy of all Erinn; and he
10] was the first Foreigner who obtained the primacy of
11] Erinn.

Annal LC1221.


12] The kalends of January on Friday, and the fourth of
13] the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-one years, and two
14] hundred, and a thousand.


The Cairnech Riabhach Mac
15] Flannchaidh was slain by Aedh, son of Domhnall, son of
16] Ferghail O'Ruairc.


Gilla-na-naemh Mac Conmedha, dux of
17] Muinter-Laodhacháin, was killed with one cast of an arrow
18] by the sons of O'Flannagan of Eastern Teffa, whilst coming
19] from the Caislén-núa.


Maelsechlainn O'Maelsechlainn,
20] the younger, was drowned, and Mac Conmedha, i.e. the
21] son of Ugholoid Mac Conmedha.


The castle of Ath-Liag
22] was attempted to be made by Walter de Laci and all the
23] forces of Midhe.


When the Connachtmen heard this,
24] however, they came across from the west, and proceeded
25] through the middle of Muinter-Anghaile, and
26] into Magh-Breghmhuidhe, when they burned Daingen-Uí-Chuinn,
27] and went through it westwards into the
28] Caladh; and the castle was abandoned to them, through
29] force, and on conditions of peace.


30] Jacobus Penciail came to Erinn as Legate from Rome,
31] to settle and arrange ecclesiastical affairs; and he collected


1] horseloads of gold and silver from the clerics of Erinn,
2] through simony, and departed from Erinn in the same
3] year.


Diarmaid, son of Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhelbhach
4] Mór O'Conchobhair, was slain by Thomas Mac Uchtraigh
5] as he was coming from Insi-Gall, whilst collecting a
6] fleet for the purpose of acquiring the sovereignty of
7] Connacht; and this was a great pity, viz.:—the materies
8] of a king of Erinn to fall so before his time.


9] O'Dubhda, king of Uí-Amhalghaidh, was
10] drowned whilst assembling the same fleet.


11] O'Culechain, a professor of history and writing, died in
12] this year, i.e. a man who had more writings and knowledge
13] than any one that came in his own time; and it was
14] he that wrote the Mass book of Cnoc, and another Mass
15] book the equal of it for Diarmaid Mac Oirechtaigh, his
16] tutor, andfor Gillapatraic, his foster-brother—the comarbs
17] of Achadh-Fabhair in succession.


The son of Hugo de
18] Laci came to Erinn without the consent of the king
19] of the Saxons, and proceeded to Aedh O'Neill; and
20] they both went against the Foreigners of Erinn, and
21] committed great injuries in Midhe, and in Laighen, and
22] in Ulidia, and demolished the castle of Cul-rathain;
23] and the Foreigners of Erinn collected twenty-four battalions
24] to Delgan; but Aedh O'Neill and the son of
25] Hugo de Laci came with four battalions against them,
26] and the Foreigners gave his own award to O'Neill
27] there.

Annal LC1222.


28] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the 15th
29] of the moon;


The abbot Mac Suala in
30] pace quievit.


Gillamochoinne O'Cathail, king of Cenel-Aedha
31] east and west, was slain by Sechnasach, son
32] of Gilla-na-naemh O'Sechnasaigh, after having been
33] betrayed by his own people.


Great wind, through which
34] structures, and buildings, and ships were destroyed in
35] this year.


Mor, daughter of O'Baighill, wife of Amhlaibh
36] O'Beollain, mortua est.


Niall O'Neill profaned Doire


1] on account of the daughter of O'Cathain; and it happened,
2] through a miracle of God and Colum-Cille, that
3] Niall was afterwards short-lived.


Tadhg O'Baighill, the
4] happiness and opulence of the North of Erinn, the distributor
5] of jewels and riches to men of every profession,
6] mortuus est.

Annal LC1223.


7] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the 26th of
8] the moon;


Alpin O'Maelmhuaidh, bishop of
9] Ferna, in Christo quievit.


The bishop Mac Gelain, bishop
10] of Cill-dara, eodem anno quievit.


Cluain-mic-Nois was
11] burned, and many jewels, together with two churches,
12] in this year.


William de Laci came to Erinn, and constructed
13] the crannog of Inis-Laodhachain; and the Connachtmen
14] entered forcibly upon it, and let out on parole
15] the people who were in it.


Twenty-six feet in height was
16] added to the church of Tech-Sinche, by the priest of the
17] place, i.e. Mael Mac Gormain.


Great wind on the day
18] after the festival of Matthew, which injured all the oats
19] of Erinn that it found standing.


Murchadh Carrach
20] O'Ferghail was killed by the discharge of an arrow, whilst
21] making an attack on Aedh, son of Amhlaibh O'Ferghail.


22] Sechnasach, son of Gilla-na-naemh O'Sechnasaigh, was
23] slain by the Clann-Cuilein, and the great bachal of Mac
24] Duach was profaned regarding him, and its cleric was
25] slain.


Maelisa, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair,
26] died in Inis-medhóin.


Dubhthach O'Dubhthaigh, abbot of
27] Cunga, quievit in hoc anno.


24] Finn O'Carmacain, agent
25] and great landholder to the king of Connacht, moritur.


Annal LC1224.


1] The kalends of January on Monday, and the 7th of
2] the moon;


A shower fell in places in Connacht,
3] viz.:—in Tir-Maine, and in Soghan, and in Uí-Diarmada,
4] and in Clann-Taidhg, from which grew a great
5] distemper among cows after eating grass and foliage;
6] and their milk and flesh produced various diseases in the
7] persons who partook of them.


Cathal Crobhderg O'Conchobhair,
8] king of Connacht, and king of the Gaeidhel of
9] Erinn according to merit, died in the monastery of Cnoc-Muaidhe
10] on the 5th of the kalends of June; the best
11] Gaeidhel for nobility and honour that came from the
12] time of
Brian Borumha down; the battle-prosperous, puissant
13] upholder of the people; the rich, excellent maintainer
14] of peace; (for it was in his time that tithes were first received
15] in the land of Erinn); the meek, devout pillar of faith
16] and Christianity; the corrector of the culprits and transgressors;
17] the destroyer of the robbers and evil-doers; the general
18] battle-victorious defender of the royal law, to whom God
19] gave good honour on earth, and the heavenly kingdom beyond,
20] after dying in the habit of a monk, after triumphing
21] over the world and the devil.


Aedh O'Conchobhair,
22] his own son, assumed the government of Connacht, with
23] his luck and happiness, after him; for he was a king in
24] dignity near his father previously, and the hostages of
25] Connacht were at his command; and it was God who
26] granted the sovereignty to him thus, for no crime was
27] committed in Connacht through the speedy assumption of
28] sovereignty by him, but one act of plunder on the road
29] to Cruach, and his hands and feet were cut off the
30] person who committed it; and one woman was violated
30] by the son of O'Mannachain, who was blinded for his


1] offence.


Muirghes Cananach, son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair,
2] the most expert man that ever came of the
3] Gaeidhel in reading, and in psalm-singing, and in versemaking,
4] died in this year, and was interred in Cunga-Feichin,
5] after the triumph of unction and penitence.


6] Domhnall O'Cellaigh, king of Uí-Maine, died in hoc anno.


7] Cucennainn O'Concennainn died in this year.


8] O'Ceirín, king of Ciarraighe-Locha-na-nairne,
9] died.


Maelisu, son of the bishop O'Maelfhaghmhair, parson
10] of Uí-Fiachrach and Uí-Amhalghaidh, and materies of a
11] bishop, was killed by the son of Donnchadh O'Dubhda,
12] after enjoying his food and his fire in his own house.


13] Aedh, son of Conchobhar Maenmhaighe, died while
14] coming from the river, and from Jerusalem, this year.


15] The son of Hugo came to Erinn against the will of the
16] king of the Saxons, and causes of war and contention
17] grew up between him and the Foreigners of Erinn, until
18] the Foreigners of Erinn rose up against him, and he was
19] banished to Aedh O'Neill, king of Ailech; and the Foreigners
20] and Gaeidhel of Erinn, viz.:—Aedh, son of Cathal
21] Crobhderg, king of Connacht, and Donnchadh Cairbrech
22] O'Briain, king of Mumha, and Diarmaid Cluasach Mac
23] Carthaigh, king of Des-Mumha, and the chieftains of
24] Erinn besides, excepting the Cenel-Conaill and Cenel-Eoghain,
25] assembled to proceed against them, until they
26] reached Muirthemhne and Dun-Delgan; and from thence
27] they demanded pledges and hostages from the sons of Hugo,
28] and from Aedh O'Neill. It was then that O'Neill came
29] with his Foreigners and Gaeidhel, whom he distributed
30] on the passes of Sliabh-Fuaid and the doors of Emhain,
31] and on Fidh-Conaille, when he challenged the Foreigners to
32] attack him in those places. However, when the Foreigners
33] of Erinn saw that this protection was assured to them,


1] the resolution they adopted was to make peace with the
2] sons of Hugo, and to leave the conditions to the award of
3] the king of the Saxons; and the Foreigners of Erinn
4] separated, without obtaining tribute or conditions from
5] Aedh O'Neill.


6] A great hosting by Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg,
7] to the castle of Ard-abhla in the territory of Breifne,
8] when they entered the castle, and burned it, and killed
9] every one whom they found in it, both Foreigners
10] and Gaeidhel.


Duarcan O'hEghra, king of Luighne,
11] mortuus est.


A great hosting to Connacht was performed
12] by Aedh O'Neill, with the sons of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair,
13] and at the request of all the Síl-Muiredhaigh,
14] excepting only Mac Diarmada, i.e. Cormac, son of Tomaltach;
15] and he Aedh O'Neill proceeded along Connacht,
16] southwards, to Fedha-Atha-Luain, and remained two
17] nights at Muille-Uarrach, and pillaged Loch-Nen, and
18] carried off thence the treasures of O'Conchobhair. He
19] came afterwards to Carn-Fraich, where he plundered Toirdhelbhach,
20] son of Ruaidhri; and he proceeded at a quick
21] pace to his house on hearing that a large army of Foreigners
22] and Momonians, under Donnchadh Cairbrech O'Briain
23] and Geoffroi Mareis, was coming against him, led by
24] Aedh O'Conchobhair and Mac Diarmada. And as they
25] did not overtake O'Neill they pursued the sons of Ruaidhri,
26] whom they banished again to O'Neill.


The Momonians
27] killed Echmarcach Mac Branain, king of Corca-Achlann,
28] at Cill-Cellaigh, on this expedition, after driving the sons
29] of Ruaidhri out of Connacht.


The Foreigners and Momonians
30] attacked Termann-Caelfhinn; and a slaughter of
31] the Foreigners was committed through the miracles of
32] Caelfhinn.


A great mortality of people this year.




1] corn was reaped immediately after the festival of Brigid;
2] and the ploughing was going on at the same time.


3] Tadhg O'hEghra died this year.


4] The kalends of January on the 4th feria, and the age
5] of the Lord twenty-five years, and two hundred, and a
6] thousand.


Felim O'Conchobhair captured a house against
7] Domhnall O'Flaithbhertaigh, and killed, and burned
8] himself and his brother.


Aedh, son of O'Flaithbhertaigh,
9] was apprehended by Aedh O'Conchobhair, and delivered
10] into the hands of the Foreigners.


Tighernan, son of
11] Cathal O'Conchobhair, was killed by Donnchadh O'Dubhda.


12] The castle of Cill-mór was broken down by Cathal O'Raighilligh.


13] Muirghes Mac Diarmada was slain.


14] O'Beollain, airchinnech of Druim-cliabh, principal upholder
15] of the hospitality and guest-houses of Erinn, died in
16] this year.


O'Maelbhrenuinn, abbot of the monastery of
17] Buill, died of the opening of a vein.


A commotion of
18] war was raised in this year by Toirdhelbhach, son of
19] Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhelbhach Mór, and by Aedh, son of
20] Ruaidhri, king of Connacht, and by Aedh O'Neill, to
21] contest the province of Connacht with Aedh, son of Cathal
22] Crobhderg, through the solicitation of Donn Og Mac
23] Oirechtaigh, king-chieftain of Síl-Muiredhaigh, in retaliation
24] for having been deprived of his land and patrimony;
25] and when he rebelled the Connachtmen rebelled, viz.:—
26] the Síl-Muiredhaigh, and the men of the West of
27] Connacht, with Aedh O'Flaithbhertaigh, king of the West of
28] Connacht. However, Aedh O'Neill came with them to
29] the middle of Síl-Muiredhaigh; and they then made
30] Toirdhelbhach, son of Ruaidhri, king; and Aedh O'Neill
31] went home, because the sons of Ruaidhri preferred their
32] own assemblies, which had been summoned by them respectively,
33] with the exception of Cormac, son of Tomaltach
34] Mac Diarmada of the Rock, and David O'Floinn, and
35] other men of trust.


As regards Aedh, son of Cathal
36] Crobhderg, moreover; he repaired to the Foreigners,


1] and it happened fortunately for him, as the Foreigners of
2] Erinn were then at Ath-Luain, holding a court, and every
3] one of them was a friend of his, for his father's sake and
4] his own; for he and his father before him were very liberal
5] of wages to them. He brought with him the Justiciary, and
6] as many of the Foreigners of Erinn as he thought sufficient;
7] and Donnchadh Cairbrech O'Briain, with his army, and
8] O'Maelechlainn, with his army, went also with him. The
9] people of Magh-hAei and the Tuatha fled then into Luighne
10] and Tir-Amhalghaidh, with their cows; and the sons of
11] Ruaidhri were left without an army, without a tribe-assemblage,
12] there being in their company only a few royal heirs,
13] and chieftains, and horse-boys, and attendants.


The sons
14] of Ruaidhri proceeded to Cill-Cellaigh, accompanied only
15] by a small band and a few royal heirs, to protect their
16] cows and people.


Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, with
17] his Foreigners, advanced towards Toirdhelbhach, son
18] of Ruaidhri, where he was with his chieftains; and there
19] were hardly any others than horse-boys and a rabble
20] along with him, for Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, and the son
21] of Muirchertach, and Domhnall O'Flaithbhertaigh, and
22] Tighernan, son of Cathal, and the sons of Toirdhelbhach
23] son of Ruaidhri, went to protect the cows and people of
24] Ferghal O'Taidhg, who had pledged a mutual oath with
25] them. And it so happened that he was the first Connachtman
26] who violated his mutual oath with the sons
27] of Ruaidhri; and he brought the son of Cathal, with his
28] Foreigners, to protect his cows and people, in opposition
29] to them. It was then that the Foreigners encountered
30] Toirdhelbhach, son of Ruaidhri. He and his chieftains
31] arose, and they placed their rabble before them, and
32] retreated excellently without any of their men being
33] slain; for Donn Og Mac Airechtaigh, and Flaithbhertach
34] O'Flannagain, and a small number of the Eoghanach band


1] followed them. In that day a scouting party encountered
2] Echmarcach Mac Branain, who was with a
3] small force in the middle of an oak wood, amongst his
4] pigs and his cows; and he performed great valour when
5] they were killing him, but a superior number of brave men
6] overtook him. Then Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, with
7] his Foreigners, followed the sons of Ruaidhri that night
8] to Milic; and he remained there three nights, plundering
9] Luighne on every side. This thing was unfortunate for
10] O'hEghra, who had to make peace, after being plundered,
11] for the sake of the little that had been left in Luighne.
12] The sons of Ruaidhri were at this time in front of Loch-mic-Oiredhaigh
13] in Glenn-na-Mochart. The resolution
14] adopted by the son of Cathal Crobhderg was to go, along
15] with the Foreigners, after the cows of the Tuatha, and of
16] Síl-Muiredhaigh, and of Clann-Tomaltaigh, by a route that
17] no Foreigner ever took before, viz.:—into Fidh-Gadhlaigh,
18] until they reached Ath-tighe-in-Mesaigh; and they
19] received neither arrow nor dart in that route. They
20] plundered Cul-Cernadha, and inflicted vengeance on cows
21] and people there.


Of those that went into the Bac,
22] all who were not drowned were plundered and killed.
23] Pity, alas! every one who went towards Dubh-Cunga
24] was drowned; and so the fishing weirs were found
25] with their baskets full of children, after being drowned
26] in them.


Of all the droves of Clann-Tomaltaigh that
27] had escaped from the Foreigners, and that had not been
28] drowned, a number went into Tir-Amhalghaidh; and
29] O'Dubhda attacked them, and left not a single cow
30] with them.


As regards the sons of Ruaidhri, moreover;
31] the resolution they adopted at Loch-mic-Airedhaigh
32] was, to disperse until his Foreigners should separate
33] from the son of Cathal Crobhderg, viz.:—the two sons
34] of Ruaidhri—Toirdhelbhach and Aedh—and the son
35] of Maghnus, and Donn Og, were to go to meet
36] O'Flaithbhertaigh, their mutual ally; and the sons of


1] Muirchertach O'Conchobhar, and Tighernan, son of
2] Cathal, to go to protect their cows and people, and to
3] make peace for their sake, until his Foreigners should
4] depart from the son of Cathal Crobhderg.


5] As regards the southern half of Connacht, also, it was
6] not more quiet, for the Foreigners of Laighen, and Donnchadh
7] (or Muirchertach) O'Briain, came against them.
8] The Foreigners of Des-Mumha and the sheriff of Corcach
9] came also against them. They plundered and killed
10] every one whom they caught.


Aedh, son of Cathal
11] Crobhderg disliked their coming into the district, for it
12] was not he who invited them; but when they heard of all
13] the spoils the Justiciary with his Foreigners had obtained,
14] envy and jealousy seized them.


Grievous, indeed, was the
15] misfortune God permitted to fall on the best province
16] in Erinn, east or west, south or north; for the young man
17] would not spare his companion, in preying or in plundering,
18] provided that he was the stronger. Women and children,
19] and young lords, and the mighty and the weak, were
20] exposed to cold and famine through this war.


As to
21] Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, however; he advanced
22] to Magh-nEó, and the sons of Muirchertach went into his
23] house, under conditions and guarantees, for the sake of
24] their cows and people. He went on the morrow to Cill-medhoin,
25] and the three armies of Foreigners met there;
26] and the entire cantred was nearly filled with these three
27] armies of Foreigners and Gaeidhel.


It was then that Aedh
28] O'Flaithbhertaigh came, on the covenants and guarantees
29] of the nobles of the Foreigners, and of Donnchadh
30] Cairbrech O'Briain, his gossip, into the house of the son
31] of Cathal Crobhderg and the Justiciary, made peace with
32] him for the sake of his cows and people, and engaged


1] to banish the sons of Ruaidhri from him.


The son of
2] Cathal Crobhderg went with his Foreigners to Tuaim-da-ghualann,
3] and permitted the Foreigners of Laighen
4] and Des-Mumha to depart from him; and it was his own
5] duty to escort the Justiciary across Ath-Luain. He adopted
6] another resolution then, viz.:—to turn back towards
7] O'Flaithbhertaigh; for he liked not the way in which he
8] left him, as the sons of Ruaidhri were at the west side of the
9] lake with him, and his own son-in-law, i.e. Donn Og, along
10] with them.


Then the sons of Maghnus separated from
11] the sons of Ruaidhri, and went into Tir-Amhalghaidh in
12] quest of their cows and people, and found them there,
13] happily, without being plundered or molested; and they
14] carried them with them under the protection of O'Ruairc;
15] and they committed a great depredation on Philip Mac
16] Goisdelbh.


Donnchadh Cairbrech, moreover, sent the
17] nobles of his people, and his men of trust, on before him
18] with great spoils.


[lt ] Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, and Eoghan
19] O'hEidhin intercepted them with a small band; and
20] the Momonians awaited not the attack of the son of the
21] chief king; but he went after them and captured the men
22] of trust of Donnchadh Cairbrech; and heavy were the
23] spoils left with Aedh, son of Ruaidhri.


Then Donnchadh
24] Cairbrech went home, and made peace and 'drowning
25] of candles' with Aedh, son of Ruaidhri; and he promised
26] that he would not again go against the son of Ruaidhri,
27] in return for the release of his men of trust; but he kept
28] not this, for he came immediately on the next hosting
29] against the son of Ruaidhri.


It was then, moreover, that the
30] son of Cathal Crobhderg and the Justiciary came to the
31] port of Inis-cremha, after the Foreigners of Laighen and
32] Mumha had departed; and O'Flaithbhertaigh was obliged
33] to give Inis-cremha, and Oilen-na-circe, and also the boats
34] of the lake, for the sake of his cows and people.




1] son of Cathal Crobhderg, went again to Tuaim-da-ghualann,
2] and proceeded on to escort the Justiciary; and a few of
3] the chiefs of the Foreigners, and many mercenaries,
4] were left with him, for he liked not the Connachtmen
5] with the exception of a few of them. He then delivered
6] the nobles of the community into the hands of the Foreigners,
7] as a pledge for wages, viz.:—Flaithbhertach O'Flannagain,
8] and Ferghal O'Taidhg and many more of the
9] Connachtmen, who were obliged to release themselves.


10] It was then that O'Flaithbhertaigh and the sons of
11] Muirchertach, and the other royal heirs, went again to the
12] son of Ruaidhri, after the Foreigners had departed from
13] Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg; and Aedh despatched
14] messengers and writings to the Foreigners, announcing
15] the revolt, and requesting additional forces. He was
16] cheerfully responded to; for these expeditions were
17] profitable to the Foreigners, who used to obtain spoils,
18] and used not to encounter danger or conflict. The Foreigners
19] of Laighen and Des-Mumha were furnished to
20] him on this occasion, in great force, under William Cras
21] and the sons of Griffin; and when they came towards the
22] son of Cathal Crobhderg, he came from the east across
23] Tochar, and proceeded on southwards to where he heard
24] the sons of Ruaidhri were, (viz.:—in Uí-Diarmada),
25] without an army, without allies having arrived to them.


26] Then Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, sent his brother Felim
27] and the chiefs of his people,with Foreign mercenaries,
28] to plunder Eoghan O'hEidhin in Uí-Fiachrach-Aidhne;
29] and they were in a house-camp at Ard-rathain, with a
30] view to committing the depredation early on the morrow.


31] O'Flaithbhertaigh and the sons of Muirchertach, as they


1] were marching to the sons of Ruaidhri, heard of the
2] Foreigners having gone on a plundering expedition to
3] Eoghan O'hEidhin, and of their being at Ard-rathain.
4] The resolution they adopted was to march towards Ard-rathain,
5] and to attack the Foreigners early the next morning,
6] and to burn the town against them. They marched until
7] morning, and were early on the green of the town, when
8] they determined to send first to the town Tuathal, son of
9] Muirchertach, and their Foreigners, and whomsoever of
10] the Gaeidhel would desire to go with him—O'Flaithbhertaigh
11] and the other sons of Muirchertach remaining
12] outside the town.


Bravely, indeed, was the town then entered.


13] The Gaeidhel who offered to go with Tuathal was
14] Taichlech, son of Aedh O'Dubhda. And when they went
15] boldly into the town the Foreigners fled eastwards and
16] westwards out of the town; and the Foreigners were
17] driven in rout eastwards. The Foreigners who fled
18] westwards out of the town inflicted a defeat on those
19] of the Gaeidhel who were in the rear of the town. There
20] were no Gaeidhel more vigorous than the company on
21] whom this defeat westwards was inflicted; but God did
22] not grant that good fortune should attend them.


23] and Taichlech O'Dubhda pursued the party that went
24] eastwards; and Tuathal first wounded the constable of
25] the Foreigners, who fell by Taichlech. It was very fortunate
26] for the sons of Ruaidhri that they were not in this
27] defeat.


It was in this defeat westwards that Mathghamhain,
28] son of Aedh, son of Conchobhar Maenmhaighe, and the
29] son of Gillachrist Mac Diarmada, and the grandson of
30] Amhlaibh Mac Airechtaigh, and Niall, son of Ferghal
31] O'Taidhg, were slain; and the person who slew him was
32] killed, viz.:—the brother of Culen O'Dimusaigh.


33] As regards the sons of Ruaidhri: they met on the


1] morrow with O'Flaithbhertaigh, and with the sons of
2] Muirchertach, and with Tighernan, son of Conchobhar,
3] and with Donn Og; and they proceeded on from the south
4] to Druim-Cenannain.


It was then Aedh, son of Cathal
5] Crobhderg, with his Foreigners, went in pursuit of them.


6] The resolution they adopted was—each of them to go
7] towards his cows and his people, and to abandon the sons
8] of Ruaidhri.


The sons of Ruaidhri went out of the district,
9] as they had no Foreigners or forces in readiness, and Donn
10] went again under the protection of Aedh O'Neill; and
11] there resulted nothing to them from this hosting but that
12] the best territory in Erinn was injured and destroyed
13] through them.


Regarding Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg,
14] however; he went to O'Flaithbhertaigh, and brought
15] pledges and hostages from him on this occasion. He proceeded
16] downwards to Cill-medhoin, and to Magh-Eo, in
17] pursuit of the sons of Muirchertach, and of Tighernan;
18] and they made peace for the sake of their cows and people,
19] and went into the house of Aedh, son of Cathal
20] Crobhderg, under the guarantee of Donnchadh Cairbrech
21] and the chiefs of the Foreigners. This was a necessary
22] tranquility, for there was not a church or territory in
23] Connacht on that day without being destroyed.


24] After plunderings; and after killing the cows
25] and people of the country, and exposing every one to
26] cold and famine, a great plague prevailed in the whole
27] district, viz.:—a species of fever, by which the towns
28] used to be emptied, without a living man being left
29] in them; and some would recover from this plague,
30] but they were few.


Flann, son of Amhlaibh O'Fallamhain,
31] chieftain of Clann-Uatach, was slain by Felim,
32] son of Cathal Crobhderg, in that war.


Amhlaibh, son
33] of Ferchar O'Fallamhain, the best chieftain of his nation
34] that had come for a long time, died; and his son was
35] slain in the same month, viz.:—the aforesaid Flann.


36] Tadhg O'Finnachta, a man of trust to Aedh, son of


1] Ruaidhri, was killed by the people of Mac Aedhagain,
2] while on a scouting party in the same war.


3] O'Finnachta, chieftain of Clann-Finnachta (or Clann-Murchadha),
4] died in a vessel on Loch-Oirbsen; and he was
5] quite well when going into it.


Maelbrighde O'Maicin, abbot
6] of Tobur-Patraic, in Christo quievit. He was a virgin and
7] sage; and it was by him the church of Tobur-Patraic was
8] begun, and its sanctuary and crosses were diligently finished,
9] in honour of Patrick, and Mary, and the Apostle John.

Annal LC1226.


10] The kalends of January on Thursday, and
11] the 29th of the moon.


Domhnall, son of Ruaidhri O'Flaithbhertaigh,
12] was slain by the sons of Muirchertach
13] O'Flaithbhertaigh, after capturing a house against him.


14] Pity, alas! the deed that was there committed —the
15] killing of a future king of the West of Connacht,
16] without obtaining land or patrimony thereby.


17] son of Conchobhar, son of Cathal Migaran O'Conchobhair,
18] the royal heir of greatest honour and bravery that came
19] of the sons of Conchobhar, and who performed the most
20] renowned, successful exploits, was killed by Donnchadh
21] O'Dubhda and his sons.


Ferghal O'Taidhg, dux of
22] the household of Cathal Crobhderg, and of that of his
23] son after him—a man of great prosperity, and by whom
24] his enemies fell in greatest numbers—was slain by Donnsleibhe
25] O'Gadhra.


Aedh, son of Donnsleibhe O'Sochlachain,
26] airchinnech of Cunga, a professor of singing, and
27] of harp-making—who made, besides, an instrument for
28] himself, the like of which had never been made before,
29] and who was distinguished in every art, both in poetry
30] and engraving, and writing, and in every science that a
31] man could exercise—died in this year.


Nualadh, daughter
32] of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, queen of Uladh, died at
33] Cunga-Feichin, and was interred in the Canons' church of


1] Cunga.


Aedh O'Flaithbhertaigh was taken prisoner by
2] Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, and delivered into the
3] hands of the Foreigners.


Muirghes Mac Diarmada was
4] slain.


The castle of Cill-mor was broken down by Cathal
5] O'Raighilligh.

Annal LC1227.


6] The kalends of January on Friday, and the
7] l0th of the moon.


A court was established by the Foreigners
8] of Ath-cliath and Erinn at Ath-cliath; and Aedh,
9] son of Cathal Crobhderg, was summoned before it; and
10] he was betrayed in that court until William Mareschal,
11] his own friend, came with his forces into the midst of
12] the court; and they carried him out of it by force, and
13] conveyed him safely to his own country.


As regards
14] Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg; he appointed a meeting
15] immediately after at Lathach-caech-tuaithbhil, with
16] Wiliam Mareis, son of Geoffroi; and he went across the
17] Lathach with only a very few, viz.:—Cormac, son of
18] Tomaltach Mac Diarmada of the Rock, and Diarmaid,
19] son of Maghnus, and Maghnus, son of Muirchertach
20] O'Conchobhair, and Tadhg, son of Mathghamhain O'Ceirin,
21] and Ruaidhri O'Maelbhrenainn. And William Mareis
22] came to the place with eight horsemen. And the son of
23] Cathal Crobhderg remembered the deception and treachery
24] practised against him in Ath-cliath, and he advanced
25] before the Foreigners dismounted, and laid a hand on
26] William Mareis. And he was seconded actively and bravely
27] by his people; for William Mareis, and Master Sleimhne,
28] and Hugo Arden were taken prisoners, and the Constable
29] of Ath-Luain was slain; and he Aedh sent the Foreigners
30] in captivity southwards across Lathach; and he
31] and all the Connachtmen who were with him went and
32] plundered the market, and burned the town. And this
33] was a felicitous act for all the Connachtmen, for they


1] obtained their sons and daughters, and the hostages of
2] Connacht, and peace for the Connachtmen afterwards.


3] Donnsleibhe O'Gadhra, king of Sliabh-Lugha, was slain by
4] the Gillaruadh, his own brother's son; and he was killed
5] therefore through the device of the son of Cathal Crobhderg.


6] Loghais, king of the Franks, died.


A great famine in
7] this year; and people died of it, and of various diseases
8] besides.


A great hosting into Connacht by the son of
9] William, and by Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhelbhach
10] Mór; and they burned Inis-medhoin, and
11] plundered the entire country, and took hostages.


12] hosting by Geoffroi Mareis, and by Toirdhelbhach, son of
13] Ruaidhri, into Magh-Nai, when they erected a castle at
14] Rinn-dúin, and took the hostages of Síl-Muiredhaigh.


15] Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, went into Tir-Conaill, to
16] O'Domhnaill.


He returned from the north, and brought
17] his wife with him.


The sons of Toirdhelbhach met
18] him, and took from him his horses and his wife, as he
19] was coming into the Seghais; and the wife was surrendered
20] to the Foreigners.


A hosting was performed by
21] Toirdhelbhach, son of Ruaidhri, and by the Foreigners of
22] Midhe, into the West of Connacht, and they committed
23] a great depredation on Aedh, son of Ruaidhri O'Flaithbhertaigh.


24] They went from thence into Cera, and took
25] the hostages of the sons of Muirchertach Muimhnech,
26] and brought a number of beeves from each cantred.


27] depredation was committed in Sligech by the Justiciary,
28] and by Brian, son of Toirdhelbhach, when they took many
29] women prisoners.

Annal LC1228.


30] The kalends of January on Saturday, and
31] the 21st of the moon.


Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg
32] O'Conchobhair, was slain by the Foreigners in an ugly


1] treachery, after having been expelled by the Connachtmen.


2] The Justiciaryship of Erinn was assumed by the son of
3] William Burk.


Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, assumed the
4] sovereignty of Connacht, and his brothers along with
5] him; and the territories and churches of Connacht were
6] plundered by them, and the clerics and men of science of
7] the land were banished to remote, foreign countries.


8] Ferghal, son of Sitrec O'Ruairc, was killed by the sons
9] of Niall, son of Conghalach O'Ruairc.


Niall, son of Conghalach
10] O'Ruairc, was killed by Art, son of Art O'Ruairc.

Annal LC1229.


11] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the 2nd of the
12] moon;


Gilla-in-Choimdhedh O'Duilendain,
13] comarb of Feichin, died this year.


The plundering of
14] Rinn-dúin was effected by Felim O'Conchobhair; and
15] Conchobhar Buidhe, son of Toirdhelbhach, and Tadhg, son
16] of Cormac, were slain; and the Justiciary came to Termann-Caeluinn,
17] and the town was burned, and the church of
18] Imlech-Urchadha was burned.


Felim gained the victory
19] of Cluain-acha over the sons of Ruaidhri, and over Conchobhar,
20] son of Cormac.

Annal LC1230.


21] The kalends of January on Tuesday; a bissextile year,
22] and the l3th of the moon;


Aedh, son of
23] Ruaidhri, and the Connachtmen also, turned against the
24] son of William, i.e. Richard Burk, and against the Foreigners,
25] through the persuasion of Donn Og, son of
26] Donncathaigh Mac Airechtaigh, and of Cormac, son of
27] Tomaltach Mac Diarmada of the Rock, and his favourites;
28] for they had pledged their word that they would not
29] belong to any king who would bring them into the
30] house of the Foreigners.


They committed, moreover,
31] great depredations on the Foreigners, viz.:—Aedh, son of
32] Ruaidhri, and the men of the west of Connacht plundered
33] the young son of William, and Adam Dubh; Donn Og,


1] also, and the sons of Maghnus, and the young soldiers of
2] Síl-Muiredhaigh, plundered Mac Goisdelbh and Tir-Maine.


3] The son of William, however, assembled the greater part
4] of the Foreigners of Erinn, and many Gaeidhel, and came
5] into Connacht, accompanied by Felim, son of Cathal
6] Crobhderg, to give him the sovereignty of Connacht, and
7] to expel Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, and every Connachtman
8] who had turned against him. They proceeded at first to
9] the castle of Bun-Gaillmhe, to Aedh O'Flaithbhertaigh.
10] Then Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, went to assist Aedh
11] O'Flaithbhertaigh; the Connachtmen accompanying him,
12] under the sons of Muirchertach O'Conchobhair; and the
13] Connachtmen were on the west side of Gaillimh, and the
14] Foreigners on the east side; and great conflicts occurred
15] between them every day.


The Foreigners were in this
16] wise, and they obtained neither peace, nor pledge, nor
17] hostage from the Connachtmen.


The resolution the
18] Foreigners adopted was to go after the cows and the
19] people that had fled to the hills and fastnesses of the
20] country, and into the islands of the sea; and they went
21] that night from the castle of Bun-Gaillmhe to Droiched-inghine-Goillin,
22] where it was morning with them.


23] the son of William asked ‘is there a passage between us
24] and the lake, by which some of the Connachtmen could
25] come down?’ The guides answered him: ‘there is,’
26] said they. He disposed a party of horse to the west
27] towards Cunga, and towards Cill-or Inis-medhoin. It
28] happened then that a countless number of Connachtmen
29] were coming from Cunga early on the morrow, having
30] been unwisely, and unwarily, transported across the lake
31] the night before, in parties of two and three; and a
32] few good men were slain together with the men of
33] trust of Muirchertach, son of Maghnus O'Conchobhair,


1] viz.:—Diarmaid O'hEidhnechain, and Lochlainn Mac
2] Clesain, and Tadhg, son of Gillachrist O'Maelbhrenainn.


3] As regards the Foreigners: they went after this success
4] to Magh-Eo of the Saxons. They proceeded on the
5] morrow to Tobur-Patraic, where the canons and devout
6] people of the place came to the son of William, and
7] requested the son of William, for charity, not to remain
8] with them that night. This request was granted to them;
9] and the Foreigners proceeded down to Muine-Maicin.
10] The Foreigners were loth, indeed, to go from Magh-Eo
11] thither; but they had not obtained either hostages or
12] pledges from Maghnus, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech.
13] As they had not obtained hostages they went on the morrow
14] to Achadh-Fabhair, and encamped in the town, to the
15] west of the church, viz.:—at Margenana, on the brink
16] of Loch-Críchan. Maghnus, son of Muirchertach, went
17] into their house, and gave them pledges. As to the
18] Foreigners, moreover; they came again on the morrow to
19] Muine-Maicin, and remained a night there. They proceeded
20] the next day to Magh-Sine, and from thence,
21] by marches, through Luighne to Ceis-Corainn. They
22] went from thence into the Corr-sliabh, and the guides
23] abandoned the usual path; and they crossed the entire
24] mountain without being met.


With reference to Aedh,
25] son of Ruaidhri, and to Tomaltach of the Rock, son of
26] Conchobhar Mac Diarmada, and Donn Og Mac Airechtaigh,
27] and the Síl-Muiredhaigh, who were in the wood—
28] the resolution they adopted was not to bestow attention
29] or regard on the Foreigners, since their cows, and
30] their people with them, had reached the fastnesses of
31] Muinter-Eolais and of Sliabh-an-iarainn.


Donn Og said
29] that he would not observe this resolution. The course he
30] decided on was to go to the west side of the Foreigners
31] until he reached Finn-charn, accompanied by his own
32] brother, and the young men of Síl-Muiredhaigh, and by
33] his own Foreigners, and by the son of Domhnall Bregach


1] O'Maelsechlainn with his Foreigners, and by Brian, son of
2] Toirdhelbhach; and Donn sent a flighting party to them,
3] and a good conflict was being waged against the Foreigners,
4] and he himself was stationed on the summit of
5] the carn, and his hope in the conflict.


Then the Foreigners
6] sent a countless host of mercenaries and cavalry around
7] the carn, and they Donn's party observed them not
8] until they passed from the west around the carn; and
9] Donn was left alone there, with the exception of a few
10] of his kinsmen, and of Brian, son of Toirdhelbhach; and
11] only for a short time were they allowed to remain
12] thus in one spot. Donn Og, being then alone, was
13] proclaimed and recognised; and many soldiers took aim,
14] and five arrows were lodged in him; and one horseman
15] came up with him afterwards; and though he
16] Donn had no weapon but an axe, he did not allow
17] the horseman to close with him; and the horseman
18] would drive his lance into him occasionally. The other
19] soldiers surrounded him from the east and west, and he
20] fell by the superior power that overtook him there.


21] Regarding Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, moreover; he was on
22] the east side of the Foreigners, awaiting them; and he did
23] not give them battle, and it was not with his consent
24] that Donn had done so. And the rout extended eastwards
25] towards him; and he knew not then that Donn had been
26] slain; but Aedh escaped uninjured through the strength
27] of his hand; and he turned upon one man of them who
28] was taking aim at him, and cast the lance which
29] was in his hand at him, so that the shaft went
30] through him; and he was afterwards allowed to depart.
31] However, as success attended the Foreigners, and as Donn
32] Og was slain, the Foreigners sent out great predatory
33] bands as far as Sliabh-an-iarainn, and subjected multitudes
34] to cold and hunger on this occasion. And women
35] and children were killed; and all that were not killed
36] were stripped; and they carried off great, fruitful preys


1] to the camp of the Foreigners.


The Foreigners departed
2] after this, on the morrow, and left the sovereignty with
3] Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg; and Aedh, son of
4] Ruaidhri, was banished to Aedh O'Neill.


Aedh O'Neill
5] died in this year—the king of Cenel-Eoghain through
6] fame aud goodness; a king who gave neither pledge nor
7] hostage to Foreigner or Gaeidhel; a king who inflicted
8] great defeats and killings on Foreigners; a king who was
9] a protector to every one of the Gaeidhel who might be
10] an exile or wanderer; who was the most generous king,
11] and the very best man, that had come of the men of
12] Erinn for a long time.


Gilla-Isa O'Clerigh, bishop of
13] Luighne, quievit in Christo.


Joseph Mac Teichedhain,
14] bishop of Conmaicne, quievit in Christo.


15] O'hEilghisan, a canon and anchorite, quievit.


16] O'hInmhainén, a holy monk, andchief master of
17] the carpenters of the monastery of Buill, mortuus est.


18] Maelmuire O'Maeleoin, comarb of Ciaran of Cluain-mic-Nois,
19] quievit.


O'Cerbhallain, bishop of Cenel-Eoghain,
20] quievit in Christo.


Rool Petit, bishop of Midhe, vir
21] religiosus et caritativus, et Dei famulus, in Christo
22] quievit.


Maelsechlainn Mac Firedinn, a noble priest and
23] master of reading, in Christo quievit in his monastic
24] noviciate in the monastery of Buill.


Art, son of Art
25] O'Ruairc, was slain by Raghnall O'Finn, per dolum.


26] Macraith Mac Seirigh, bishop of Conmaicne, quievit in
27] Christo.


Maelsechlainn O'Mannachain was killed by his
28] own brethren.


Duibhessa, daughter of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair,
29] wife of Cathal Mac Diarmada, died a black nun.



1] Muiredhach O'Gormshuiligh, prior of the Regles of Inis-Mic-Neirin,
2] the most learned and devout man that was
3] in the province of Connacht, in Christo quievit.


4] Mac Carthaigh, king of Des-Mumha, quievit in Christo.

Annal LC1231.


5] primo. The kalends of January on Wednesday,
6] and the twenty-fourth of the moon; and it was
7] the sixteenth year of the Decennovenalian cycle, and
8] the nineteenth of the solar cycle, and the fourth year
9] of the Indiction.


Fethfailghe, daughter of Conchobhar
10] Mac Diarmada, wife of Muirchertach Muimhnech, son of
11] Toirdhelbhach Mor O'Conchobhair, died in this year, viz.:
12] the greatest, and most beautiful, and most generous, and
13] most virtuous, and most famous woman that came of
14] Leth-Chuinn; and she was the mother of Maghnus, son
15] of Muirchertach Muimhnech, and of Conchobhar Ruadh,
16] and of Tuathal, and of the priest Toirdhelbhach, i.e. the
17] prior of the Regles of Peter and Paul.


18] daughter of Conchobhar Mac Diarmada, died in the
19] monastery of Buill in hoc anno.


Duinnin O'Maelconaire,
20] chief poet of the race of Muiredhach Muillethan son of
21] Fergus, died in hoc anno.


Flann O'Connachtaigh, bishop
22] of Uí-Briuin, quievit.


Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg,
23] was apprehended by the son of William Burk, at Milic,
24] in violation of the guarantee of the principal Foreigners
25] of Erinn.


23] Flaithbhertach O'Flannagain, dux of the descendants
26] of Cathal son of Muiredhach Muillethan, died
27] in pilgrimage in the monastery of Buill, after having
28] been crossed.


A great hosting-assemblage was led by
29] Domhnall O'Domhnaill, king of Tir-Conaill, and by
30] Aenghus Mac Gillafhinnéin, against Cathal O'Raighilligh;
31] and they brought vessels with them upon Loch-Uachtair,
32] and plundered Eo-inis, and killed the best white steed


1] that was in Erinn; and they carried away with them Cacht,
2] daughter of Mac Fiachrach, wife of O'Raighilligh, and carried
3] away with them the jewels, and treasures, and goods
4] of the entire place.


Dionysius O'Mordha, bishop of Oilfinn,
5] after resigning the bishopric with a view to ending his life
6] in Trinity Island on Loch-Cé, through love for God, and
7] for Clarus Mac Mailin, archdeacon of Oilfinn, and for
8] the order of Canons of the same place, xviii. kalendas
9] Januarii in eadem insula quievit in Christo.


10] daughter of O'Cuinn, wife of Flaithbhertach
11] O'Flannagain, mortua est.


Conchobar Got O'hEghra,
12] king of Luighne, mortuus est.


The erection of a market
13] town at Port-na-Cairge was commenced by Cormac, son
14] of Tomaltach.


The son of Niall O'Gairmleghaigh, dux of
15] Cenel-Moain, mortuus est.


Donnchadh O'Conchobhair
16] assumed the bishopric of Oilfinn after Dionysius O'Mordha.


17] Gilla-Isa Mac Shamhradhain, dux of Tellach-Echach,
18] quievit.


Ualgharg O'Ruairc, king of Breifne, died in
19] pilgrimage on the way to the river.

Annal LC1232.


20] The kalends of January on Thursday, and the fifth of
21] the moon; and it was the seventeenth of the Decennovenalian
22] cycle, and the twentieth year of the solar cycle, and
23] the fifth year of the Indiction. Anno Domini


24] Aedh, son of Amhlaibh, son of Domhnall, son of Murchadh,
25] son of Gilla-na-naemh, son of Brian, son of Senlaech, son
26] of Eochaidh, son of Ferghal (from whom the O'Ferghails
27] are named), was burned on the island of Loch-Cuile by
28] the sons of Aedh Ciabhach, son of Murchadh, son of Gilla-na-naemh
29] O'Ferghail, after having spent nine years in
30] the chieftainship of the Anghaile, in succession to Murchadh
31] Carrach O'Ferghail.


Gilla-na-naemh O'Dalaigh, a
32] distinguished professor of poetry, and keeper of a house


1] of hospitality and maintenance for all in general,
2] both poor and rich, died in hoc anno.


The sovereignty was
3] again given to Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, who made peace
4] with the son of William Burk, after he had apprehended
5] Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg.


The castle of Bun-Gaillmhe
6] was erected by Richard de Burgh, and the
7] castle of Dun-Imdhain was begun by Adam Staunton.


8] Conchobhar, son of Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, escaped from
9] the Foreigners, and assembled the sons of the king of
10] Connacht about him; and he went into the Tuatha on an
11] incursion, when he and Gillacellaigh O'hEidhin, and Gillachrist,
12] son of Donnchadh Mac Diarmada, and a great
13] multitude along with them, were slain by the Tuatha.
14] And it was on that day the men of the Tuatha
15] whitened all their axe-handles, when it was said that a man with a
16] white axe-handle had slain the son of Aedh.


17] son of Tomaltach Mac Diarmada, mortuus est.


18] son of Amhlaibh, son of Tadhg Mac Maelruanaidh, torch
19] of honour, and bravery, and piety, in Christo quievit.


20] Fachtna O'hAllghaith, comarb of Druim-mucadha, and
21] official of Uí-Fiachrach; keeper of a house of hospitality
22] for guests and invalids; and the promoter of learning
23] and improver of country and land, in hoc anno quievit.


24] Maeleoin Bodhar O'Maelconaire took possession of Cluain-Bolcain
25] in hoc anno.


The three sons of Donn O'Mannachain
26] were slain by Donnchadh, son of Muirchertach,
27] at Termon-Caelain, in hoc anno.


Consecration of the
28] church of Cill-mor, in Tir-Briuin-na-Sinna, by Donnchadh
29] O'Conchobhair, bishop of Oilfinn; and Canons were
30] established in the same town by Conn O'Flannagain,


1] who was prior there at that time.


Fedhlim, son of Cathal
2] Crobhderg, was set at large by the Foreigners in hoc
3] anno.

Annal LC1233.


4] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the 16th of
5] the moon; the eighteenth year of the Decennovenalian
6] cycle; xx. primoanno cycli solaris; sexto anno Indictionis;
7] anno Domini tertio.


A hosting into
8] Connacht by Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, when
9] Cormac, sort of Tomaltach, king of Magh-Luirg, came
10] to meet him, and took him with him into Magh-Luirg;
11] and they established a camp at Druim-Gregraidhe,
12] viz.:—O'Conchobhair, and Cormac, and his son Conchobhar, and
13] the three Tuatha, and the two sons of Muirchertach
14] Mac Diarmada, i.e. Donnchadh and Muirchertach.
15] And the resolution they respectively adopted
16] was to go in pursuit of Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, king
17] of Connacht, and the other sons of Ruaidhri, whom
18] they totally defeated and dispersed; and the sons of
19] Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhelbhach, were deprived of the
20] sovereignty and supremacy of Connacht on that day,
21] for Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, king of Connacht, and Aedh
22] Muimhnech, son of Ruaidhri, and his son, and Donnchadh,
23] son of Diarmaid, son of Ruaidhri, were slain
24] there, and many other persons along with them who
25] are not enumerated here. After the profanation and
26] pillaging of Tech-Baeithin by Aedh Muimhnach, son of
27] Ruaidhri; and after many other churches and ecclesiastical
28] establishments had been plundered by them, they
29] fell themselves in revenge for having profaned the
30] churches and saints of Connacht.


Raghallach O'Flannagain
31] was slain on the same day; and Thomas Biris,
32] constable of Erinn, and his brother John, and John
33] Squier, and many other Foreigners also, were slain
34] there, after they had been cursed, and after their
35] candles had been extinguished, by the clerics of Connacht
36] before that.


Five years, moreover, was Aedh,


1] son of Ruaidhri, in the sovereignty of Connacht, as was
2] said:—
    1. 3] Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, of the quick onset
      4] Was five years over the province,
      5] Until fell, a loss to every feast,
      6] This man by Fedhlimidh.


7] This was the termination of the sovereignty of the
8] descendants of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, king of Erinn: for
9] the Pope had offered right over Erinn to himself and his
10] seed after him for ever, and six married wives, provided that
11] he desisted from the sin of the women from thenceforth;
12] but Ruaidhri did not accept this. And as he did not accept,
13] God took kingship and sovereignity from his seed for ever,
14] in punishment of the sin of the women.


Fedhlim, son of
15] Cathal Crobhderg, immediately assumed sovereignty
16] and government over the Connachtmen; and the castles
17] that had been erected through the power of the sons of
18] Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair and the son of William Burk
19] were demolished by Fedhlim, viz.:—the castle of Bun-Gaillmhe,
20] and Caislen-na-circe, and Caislen-na-caillighe,
21] and the castle of Dun-Imdhain.


Peace, and correction
22] over kernes and sons of malediction, grew up immediately
23] in the tixne of this young king, in this year, so
24] that the districts were orderly during his reign.


25] hosting by William de Laci, (i.e. the son of Hugo and
26] the daughter of Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhelbhach Mor
27] O'Conchobhair), and by the Foreigners of Midhe along
28] with him; when they went in great force into the Breifne,
29] to Cathal O'Raighilligh, and to his brother Cuconnacht,


1] and committed great depredations.


A party of the
2] people of O'Raighilligh, however, encountered William de
3] Laci and the chieftains of the host, who were behind the
4] preys; and they gave each other battle, and William
5] Brit was slain there, and other good Foreigners along
6] with him; and William de Laci was wounded there, and
7] Charles, son of Cathal Gall, and many more along with
8] them; and they the Foreigners afterwards returned
9] from the district, without pledges or hostages; and
10] William de Laci; and Charles, son of Cathal Gall O'Conchobhair;
11] and Feorus Finn, son of the Foreign Queen;
12] and Diarmaid Bernach O'Maelsechlainn, died in their own
13] houses immediately after from the wounds inflicted on
14] them at Mona-crand-chain.


Donncathaigh, i.e. airchinnech
15] of Achadh-Fabhair, xviii. kalendas Januarii in Christo
16] quievit: a man held in high repute for sense and figure, in
17] country and church; the best and most generous man of
18] his contemporaries regarding cattle and food; the protector
19] of the poor and mighty; the object of esteem of
20] the country and land; the guide and settler of every
21] affair between his own people and all in general.


22] O'Maenaigh, i.e. a noble priest who was wont to recite his
23] psalter every day excepting Sunday alone, in Christo
24] quievit.


Ferghal Mac Cormaic mortuus est.

Annal LC1234.


25] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the 27th of
26] the moon. It was the last year of the Nineteen; xx.ii.
27] anno cycli solaris; septimo anno Indictionis; anno Domini
28] quarto.


Aedh O'hEghra, king of Luighne,
29] was killed by Donnchadh, son of Duarcan O'hEghra—(a
30] house was burned over him, and he was killed in the
31] door of the house, after coming out of it)—in revenge for
32] his having first killed his brother and the five sons of


1] his father's brother, and having blinded his other
2] brother.


Richard, son of William Maréchal, raised a war
3] against the king of the Saxons, in Saxon-land, and
4] came across from the east, and went into Laighen; and
5] the Foreigners of Erinn assembled against him on behalf
6] of the king of the Saxons, viz.:—Mac Maurice, Justiciary
7] of Erinn at that time, and the Earl of Uladh, i.e. Hugo
8] de Laci, and Walter de Laci, i.e. the Lord of Midhe. And
9] all these proceeded to Cuirrech-Liffe in Laighen, and
10] fought a fierce, obstinate battle against the Maréchal; and
11] Richard, son of William Maréchal, was slain there, and
12] Geoffroi Maréchal taken prisoner. And there was no one
13] fighting this battle towards the end but himself alone,
14] after he had been abandoned by his own people. And
15] this deed was one of the greatest deeds committed in
16] that time.


Aenghus O'Maelaghmhair, bishop of Uí-Amhalghaidh,
17] quievit in Christo.


Great snow between
18] the two Christmasses, and frost afterwards, so that men,
19] and horses under burthens, would pass over the principal
20] lakes and rivers of Erinn.


Aenghus Mac Gillafinnen,
21] king of Loch-Erne, went to commit a depredation on
22] Domhnall O'Domhnaill, king of Tir-Conaill; and O'Domhnaill
23] caught him, and he was slain on this journey.


24] Gilla-na-naemh, son of Art O'Brain, airchinnech of Ros-Comain,
25] in Christo quievit.


Maelpetair O'Cormacán,
26] master of Ros-Comain, in Christo quievit.


27] O'Cuinn, dux of Muinter-Gilgan, mortuus est.


28] son of Daniel O'Gormshuiligh, prior of Inis-Mic-Neirin


1] on Loch-Cé mortuus est.


Gilla-Isa O'Gibillain, a monk,
2] anacorita insulae Sanctae Trinitatis, in Christo quievit.


3] Domhnall, son of Aedh O'Neill, king of Cenel-Eoghain,
4] and the good material of a king of Erinn, was slain by
5] Mac Lachlainn and the Cenel-Eoghain themselves.

Annal LC1235.


6] The kalends of January on Monday, and the eighth of
7] the moon; primus annus cycli Decennovenalis; xxiii.
8] anno cycli solaris; viii. anno Indictionis; anno Domini
9] quinto.


Madadhan O'Madadhain, king of Síl-Anmchadha,
10] mortuus est.


Isaac O'Maelaghmhair,
11] airchinnech of Cill-Alaidh, died in hoc anno.


12] grandson of Echtighern O'Cellaigh, was slain by the sons
13] of the Gilla-riabhach O'Baighill in hoc anno.


14] son of Aedh O'Dubhda, king of Uí-Amhalghaidh and Uí-Fiachrach,
15] was killed by the discharge of an arrow, whilst
16] interfering to quell a dispute in the camp of Fedhlim, son
17] of Cathal Crobhderg, king of Connacht.


A great hosting by
18] the Foreigners of Erinn, who were assembled by Richard,
19] son of William Burk; and they went across Ath-Luain to
20] Ros-Comain, when Ros-Comain was burned by them; and
21] they went from thence to Oilfinn, and burned the great
22] church of Oilfinn; and they proceeded from thence to the
23] monastery of Ath-da-laarc on the Buill. And the persons
24] who were the principal chieftains and the boldest on this
25] hosting were Mac Maurice, i.e. the Justiciary of Erinn, and
26] Hugo de Laci, Earl of Uladh, and Richard, son of William
27] Burk, and Walter Ritabhard, high baron of Laighen, with
28] whom were the Foreigners of Laighen; and the routs
29] of all Erinn were along with them; and John Gocan,
30] having the Foreigners of Mumha along with him. And
31] they went on the night of Trinity Sunday to the monastery


1] of Buill; and their soldiers attacked the monastery,
2] and broke open the sacristy; and all its valuable things,
3] and its mass-chalices and altar-cloths, were taken out
4] of it. And this was very hateful to the chieftains of
5] the Foreigners, who returned every article of them that
6] was to be found; and they paid for the things that were
7] not found. And on the morrow they sent their scouts
8] and soldiers, and their routs of kernes, to Creit, and
9] to Cairthe-Muilche, and to Tor-Ghlinne-Ferna, when they
10] brought great preys with them to Ard-carna, to meet the
11] Justiciary.


The Foreigners then adopted an extraordinary
12] resolution, (which no Conacian or Momonian contemplated
13] that they would adopt), at the request of Eoghan
14] O'hEighin, who wished to revenge his injuries on the
15] Momonians, and on Donnchadh Cairbrech O'Briain, viz.:—
16] to go back in the same path into Tir-Maine, and into
17] Maen-magh; and they went from thence to Tuadh-Mumha,
18] without being noticed or observed; and the
19] Momonians were found without having escaped or made
20] preparations; and they then committed great and countless
21] depredations on them.


As regards the Conacians
22] and Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, however, they
23] followed the Foreigners, after they had stolen away, to
24] keep their engagement with the Momonians, and to
25] afford them succour; and vehement, great contests
26] were fought between them each day.


On the last
27] day, moreover, the Conacians and Momonians went to
28] the contest, and fought it actively, strenuously, manfully,
29] and fiercely. Nevertheless, too many mail-clad
30] Foreigners and a great multitude of cavalry pressed
31] upon them, and a large number of the men of Mumha
32] were slain there through indiscretion of counsel on
33] the part of Donnchadh Cairbrech O'Briain. But the
34] Conacians came out of it with the credit of bravery and
35] glory, without any notable man of them having been
36] slain.


31] The resolution O'Briain adopted, on the morrow,


1] was to make peace with the Foreigners, and, to give them
2] hostages and tribute; and it was too long for him until
3] this resolution was adopted, for the greater part of his
4] people had been plundered and burned up to that time.


5] With regard to the Foreigners, moreover, they proceeded
6] on towards Connacht, and advanced first against Aedh
7] O'Flaithbhertaigh, who made peace with the Foreigners
8] for the sake of his cows and people, for the sake of his
9] country and land.


As to Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg,
10] however, the resolution he adopted was to take
11] with him towards O'Domhnaill all the cows that he
12] found in Conmaicne-Mara, and in Conmaicne-na-Cúile, and
13] those belonging to all who had obeyed his counsel—and
14] the son of Maghnus, and Conchobhar Ruadh, son of
15] Muirchertach Muimhnech—and to leave the country
16] wasted for the Foreigners.


After this, truly, the Foreigners
17] came to Dun-Modhord1, and sent messengers to
18] Maghnus, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech, to demand
19] peace and hostages from him; and Maghnus gave them
20] neither peace nor hostages.


The Foreigners then sent great
21] predatory bands from Dun-Mughdhord, under the sons
22] of Ruaidhri, with innumerable mercenaries; and these
23] plundered Eccuill, and brought great herds with them to
24] Druimne, to meet the Foreigners.


As regards Aedh
25] O'Flaithbhertaigh and Eoghan O'hEidhin, however, they
26] went round with a large army, and with boats which
27] had been brought to Linan-Chinn-mhara. The boats
28] came with their forces, the Justiciary having gone to meet
29] them to Druimne, to the callow of Inis-aenaigh. Maghnus
30] was at this time, with his vessels, on the sound of
31] the island; and great contests and conflicts were waged
32] by them in turn.


The Foreigners were at this time
33] fatigued, and the resolution they adopted was to occupy
34] a camp, and to withdraw their boats to a corner of the


1] large strand which was there. When Maghnus perceived
2] this thing he proceeded from the sound eastwards, and
3] went upon Inis-rathain; and some of his people went
4] upon Inis-aenaigh, and took sheep therefrom to eat.
5] When the Foreigners observed, moreover, that Maghnus
6] and his people had gone towards the island, and them to
7] another island, and that they had neither watch nor ward
8] over the Foreigners, and that the island was between them
9] and the Foreigners-when the Foreigners perceived this
10] they arose readily, furiously, terribly, and quickly; and
11] they suddenly lifted their boats along the strand, and put
12] them on the sea, and filled them promptly with forces,
13] and with armed, mail-clad soldiers, who went upon the
14] two islands, and killed all the people they found in them.
15] Maghnus, and all of his people who were in Inis-rathain,
16] arose and went into their vessels; and if O'Maille's
17] people had been esteemed by Maghnus, he O'Maille
18] would have sent his vessels against the Foreigners and
19] their boats. However, though short the period of the
20] day remaining at this hour, there was not a cow on any
21] island of Innsi-Modh that was not transferred to the
22] shore before night; and the owners of the cows would
23] have themselves previously gone away, through thirst and
24] hunger, if they had not been captured; and many inferior
25] persons were slain between them this night.


On Friday,
26] moreover, the day following, they went upon the islands
27] of the North of Umhall, and the masters of the mercenaries,
28] in honour of the Passion, imposed a restriction that no
29] man should be killed.


When the Foreigners had succeeded
30] in robbing and plundering Umhall, by sea and
31] land, they proceeded with their cows and preys to


1] Lughbhurtan; and the Foreigners went from thence by
2] regular marches to Es-dara, when they committed a
3] depredation on O'Domhnaill, on account of the banishment
4] to him of Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg.


5] The Foreigners proceeded from thence to Corrsliabh-na-Seghsa,
6] and went to the callow of Port-na-Cairge on Loch-Cé,
7] to take it from the people of Cormac, son of Tomaltach,
8] and from some of the people of Fedhlim O'Conchobhair,
9] who were guarding it.


The Foreigners of
10] Erinn, however, and the Justiciary afforded a general protection
11] and friendly shelter to Clarus Mac Mailin, archdeacon
12] of Oilfinn, and to the Canons of the Trinity on
13] the Island; and the Justiciary himself, and the chiefs of
14] the Foreigners, went to see that place, and to pray
15] there, and to show respect to it, in honour of the Holy
16] Trinity. A fleet came then, also, with implements and
17] engines to the lake, and an engine was raised by them on
18] a small earthen wall, and many stones were projected,
19] truly, from this engine into the Rock. And as they were
20] not able to accomplish anything against it in this way,
21] the Foreigners made several boats of the houses of Ard-carna,
22] and brought with them the ignitible materials of
23] the district that a flame might be enkindled by them;
24] and they tied empty tuns round this ram to keep it afloat
25] on the water; and they sailed a large vessel surmounted
26] by a house of boards, to tow this ram to the Rock, to
27] burn it by this means. The people who were in it were
28] seized with fear at these stratagems, and they came out
29] of it on parole and conditions; and the Justiciary put
30] therein a garrison of armed, mail-clad Foreigners, and


1] he also put its full of food and drink into it. The Foreigners
2] afterwards left Connacht without food, clothes, or
3] cattle; and they did not carry off with them either
4] pledges or hostages on this journey; and they left neither
5] peace, nor quietness, nor tranquillity, nor happiness in the
6] country; but the Gaeidhel themselves were robbing and
7] killing one another regarding the residue which the
8] Foreigners left in it on this occasion.


As regards Fedhlim,
9] however, he made peace with the Justiciary, and obtained
10] the king's five cantreds, out of which he was to receive
11] rent and customs; and Cormac, son of Tomaltach Mac
12] Diarmada, came with him.


As to the warders of the
13] Rock, moreover, they were twenty nights in it, from one
14] Thursday to another, when the constable of the Rock went
15] outside the door, and one of his own people, i.e. O'Hoist,
16] who remained inside the door after them, closed the door
17] on them; and the Foreigners fled to Trinity Island, to
18] place themselves
under the protection of Clarus Mac
19] Mailin, who subsequently conveyed them away. After
20] the occupation of the Rock by Cormac, moreover, the resolution
21] that he adopted was to raze and demolish the
22] Rock, so that the Foreigners should not again occupy it.


23] The two sons of Muiredhach O'Maille, viz. Domhnall
24] and Muirchertach, were slain by Domhnall, son of Maghnus,
25] son of Muirchertach O'Conchobhair, and by Niall
26] Ruadh, son of Cathal O'Conchobhair, in Cliara, where
27] they were interred also.


Tuathal, son of Muirchertach
28] O'Conchobhair, was killed by Conchobhar Buidhe, son of
29] Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair, and by Conchobhar, son
30] of Aedh Muimhnech, in hoc anno.


The mercenaries and
31] kernes who were on Finn-loch of Cera, acting oppressively
32] on the part of the son of Ruaidhri, were slain by Maghnus,
33] son of Muirchertach O'Conchobhair, in hoc anno.


34] prior Insulae Trinitatis, quievit in Christo.



1] O'Cuilin, praepositus de Insula Mic-Nerin, pater Clari
2] Elfinensis archidiaconi, feliciter in Christo quievit, et in
3] Insula Sanctae Trinitatis est sepultus die Sancti Finniani;
4] cujus anima requiescat in pace.


Donnchadh, son of
5] Muirchertach, gave battle to the Uí-Briuin-na-Sinna,
6] when the principal men of the Uí-Briuin were slain.


7] great priest O'hAnain died in Cill-mor.


The castle of
8] Milic was broken down by Fedhlim O'Conchobhair.


9] church of Druimne-Atha-Liag was burned, and the inclosures
10] and offices.

Annal LC1236.


11] The kalends of January on Tuesday, and the nineteenth
12] of the moon; xx. quarto cycli solaris; nono anno Indictionis;
13] anno Domini sexto.


14] O'Maille was killed on Oilen-Dacrunde by Domhnall, son
15] of Maghnus, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech O'Conchobhair,
16] in hoc anno.


Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, was
17] banished by the Justiciary, i.e. Mac Maurice, his gossip,
18] after the departure of Mac William to Saxon-land; and with
19] difficulty he escaped from them, with his cavalry, after having
20] received forewarning; and they committed great depredations
21] on his people after his Fedhlim's own departure.


22] He went off afterwards to seek the protection of O'Domhnaill;
23] and the castle of Muille-Uanach was erected on
24] this occasion against Connacht. The way in which this
25] treachery was practised was thus, viz.:—O'Conchobhair
26] was summoned to a deceitful meeting at Bel-Atha-Feoruinne;
27] and the Foreigners of Erinn were assembled by
28] the Justiciary to this meeting; and they pursued Fedhlim


1] to Ros-Comain, and pursued him from thence to the
2] bridge of Sligech; and as they did not overtake him they
3] committed great depredations on Tadhg O'Conchobhair;
4] and they then seized a great number of noble women,
5] whom they carried away with them in captivity.


6] Foreigners came, moreover, with their spoils and captives,
7] to Druim-Gregraidhe in Magh-Luirg; for it was
8] there the Justiciary himself was awaiting them.


9] Justiciary and the Foreignersafterwards departed, and left
10] the guardianship and government of the country with
11] Brian, son of Toirdhelbhach.


Great depredations were
12] committed by Brian, and by the soldiers of the Justiciary,
13] on the sons of Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, and on
14] several others of Fedhlim's people.


Great depredations,
15] and numerous outrages, were committed by the sons of
16] Aedh on the Foreigners, and on their Gaeidhelic enemies,
17] so that the country, and the land, were injured and destroyed
18] between them respectively.


Conchobhar, son of
19] Aedh Muimhnech, was killed by Maghnus, son of Muirchertach
20] O'Conchobhair, in hoc anno.


21] O'Lachtnain, the elect of Tuaim, went to Saxon-land,
22] and was consecrated by virtue of the letters of the comarb
23] of Peter, and the consent of the king of the Saxons.


24] Mac William returned from Saxon-land; and little of
25] Erinn's benefit did he effect by his journey.


As regards
26] Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, moreover; he came
27] again into Connacht, at the invitation of some of the Connachtmen
28] themselves, including O'Cellaigh and O'Floinn,
29] and including the sons of Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg,
30] and the son of Art O'Maelsechlainn –who numbered
31] altogether four large battalions. And they advanced to
32] Rinn-duin, and went boldly, bravely, hostilely, vigorously,
33] and furiously across the bádhun, and over the ditch of


1] the island in which all the cows of the country were; and
2] every captain of a company, and every chief of a host
3] went after the cows; and they took the cows away with
4] them as they met them.


Lamentable, alas! was the deed
5] committed then, viz.:—they abandoned their lord, their
6] honour, and their reputation, for the preys which they met
7] there, as became them not; for they left their king and lord
8] alone, so that there were along with him only four horsemen
9] out of the four battalions that had accompanied him; and
10] the chief king's voice was strained stopping and detaining
11] them.


With regard, however, to Eoghan O'hEidhin, and
12] to Brian, son of Toirdhelbhach, and Conchobhar Buidhe,
13] son of Toirdhelbhach, and Mac Goisdelbh –when they
14] observed the host unwisely, weakly, unwarily scattering
15] and dispersing from each other with preys, they arose
16] quickly, actively, courageously, having a small number
17] of cavalry and many foot soldiers along with them,
18] and went to where they saw O'Conchobhair attended
19] only by a very small band and company.


20] it happened that Conchobhar, son of Toirdhelbhach,
21] came behind the son of Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, and
22] went towards him quickly, heedlessly, taking him for
23] one of a party of his own people; and he fell there
24] by Ruaidhri, son of Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg.


A multitude of the host —of cursed, candle-extinguished
25] people —were slain in the island, and outside
26] the island, in this defeat, excepting only Tadhg,
27] son of Cormac, son of Tomaltach Mac Diarmada.


28] Mac William heard, moreover, that this defeat had
29] been inflicted on all of his people who had turned
30] against him, he joined with O'Conchobhair, and came


1] to attack him, or to pacify him.


Diarmaid, son of Maghnus
2] O'Conchobhair, went under the protection of the son of
3] Muirchertach O'Conchobhair.


Then it was that Mac
4] William proceeded, without notice, without being observed,
5] to Tuaim-dá-ghualann, and from thence to Magh-Eó
6] of the Saxons; and not a stack of seed or corn of all that
7] was in the great relig of Magh-Eó, or in the relig of the
8] church of Michael the Archangel, was left without being
9] taken away together; and three score, or four score
10] baskets were brought out of these churches, besides every
11] other injury and disorder committed after them; but this
12] was of little consequence.


And they went from thence
13] to Turloch, on which the same punishment was inflicted.
14] And they sent out great predatory bands against the
15] people of the son of Maghnus, who met the people of
16] Conchobhar Ruadh and of Turlagh, and plundered them
17] all indiscriminately.


Maghnus, indeed, was obliged to
18] send away from him such of the people of the son of
19] Maghnus O'Conchobhair as had come to him, or else the
20] same treatment would have been inflicted on him as had
21] been inflicted on his brother.


As to Conchobhar Ruadh,
22] moreover, he went on the morrow into the house of Mac
23] William, and made peace there; and his preys of the cows
24] of which he had been plundered were restored to him; and
25] what the people of the church found alive of their stock
26] was given to them.


Regarding the son of Maghnus, also,
27] he went into the house of the Foreigners for the sake of
28] his cows and people, i.e. of all that had been left to him of


1] his cows.


Then Mac William went to Balla, where
2] he remained two nights, and proceeded from thence
3] to Tuaim-da-ghualann; and he left Connacht afterwards
4] without food or clothing in church or territory, without
5] peace, or quiet, or prosperity, but each man attacking
6] his fellow, excepting the supremacy which the sons of
7] Muirchertach conceded to him.


It was on this occasion
8] the people of Brian, son of Toirdhelbhach, burned the
9] church of Imlech-Brochadha against the people of
10] O'Floinn, and its full of women, children, and black
11] nuns, and three priests, in it. And Termann-Caeluinn
12] was also burned by the Justiciary.


Aedh O'Flaithbhertaigh,
13] king of the West of Connacht, died in hoc
14] anno; the greatest and most excellent man that had
15] ever come of the West of Connacht; a man to whom
16] everybody had recourse the most frequently, whilst
17] he had recourse to no man.


Great rain, and bad
18] weather, and war in this year; famine, and scarcity
19] of food and clothing; and kernes and sons of malediction,
20] who had been candle-extinguished by the hands
21] of bishops, without respect for church or sanctuary;
22] and superior dignitaries of the Catholic church were
23] neither day nor night without suffering from fear
24] or terror.


Numerous retreats and frequent headlong
25] routs to the churches took place, before Foreigners
26] and Gaeidhel, and lodging-houses were made of churches
27] and the residences of saints, in this year; and during
28] the period of twelve years down from the war of
29] O'Neill were the Foreigners and Gaeidhel plundering in
30] turn, without sovereignty or supremacy being possessed
31] by one beyond another, but the Foreigners able to
32] destroy it Connacht every time they came into it; the
33] king and royal heirs of Connacht pillaging and profaning
34] territories and churches after them.


Diarmaid, son of
35] Niall O'Ruairc, was blinded by Cuconnacht O'Raighilligh.


36] Cathal Riabhach, son of Gillabroide O'Ruairc, king of


1] Uí-Briuin, mortuus est.


Macraith Mac Mailin, sacerdos of
2] Cill-mic-Trena, mortuus est.


Aedh O'Gibellan, sacerdos of
3] Cill-Rodan, and subsequently a canon in Trinity Island,
4] mortuus est on Christmas Friday; and he was waked
5] in the choir that night, and until mass on the morrow,
6] and was honourably interred afterwards.


The defeat
7] of Cluain-catha was inflicted by Fedhlim O'Conchobhair
8] on the sons of Ruaidhri, and on Conchobhar, son of
9] Cormac Mac Diarmada.

Annal LC1237.


10] The kalends of January on Thursday, and the 30th
11] of the moon; xx. quinto anno cycli solaris; tertius annus
12] cycli Decennovenalis; x. anno Indictionis. tricesimo
13] septimo.


A hosting into Connacht by Fedhlim,
14] son of Cathal Crobhderg, accompanied by Cuconnacht
15] O'Raighilligh and all the Uí-Briuin, and by Cathal
16] Mac Raghnaill and the Conmaicne, and by the three
17] sons of Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, to attack the
18] descendants of Ruaidhri where they were, viz.:—
19] Brian, son of Toirdhelbhach, and Muirchertach and
20] Domhnall, sons of Diarmaid, son of Ruaidhri, and Conchobhar,
21] son of Cormac, son of Diarmaid; and they went
22] northwards across Corrsliabh-na-Seghsa in pursuit of
23] them, until they arrived at Druim-raithe. And the
24] descendants of Ruaidhri sent the mercenaries of the
25] Justiciary, who were along with them, to give battle to
26] Fedhlim. Fedhlim ordered his men not to shoot at
27] them, but to stoop the heads and rush fiercely, furiously
28] at them. The mercenaries did not sustain this, but were
29] driven in rout towards their people; and many mercenaries
30] of them were slain in this onset, including Mac
31] Mibhric. When the descendants of Ruaidhri perceived


1] that they had not good fortune, and that the mercenaries
2] were scattered and dispersed, they left the place
3] in which they were without a man of them being slain;
4] and they separated after this defeat, so that they had
5] no residence in Síl-Muiredhaigh; and all their people
6] were plundered; and great depredations were committed
7] on Conchobhar, son of Cormac, in Tir-Oilella.
8] And they afterwards brought a fleet upon Loch-Cé,
9] from which they expelled Conchobhar, son of Cormac,
10] king of Magh-Luirg; and they left the sovereignty of
11] the district and the lake with Donnchadh, son of Muirchertach
12] Luath-shuilech.


Donat O'Fidhubhra, comarb
13] of Patrick, quievit.


Peace was made by the Justiciary
14] with Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg; and the five
15] cantreds of the king were given to him, free from cattle-tribute
16] or rent.


The barons of Erinn came into Connacht,
17] and commenced to build castles in it.


18] synod of Maelmuire O'Lachtnain, i.e. archbishop of
19] Tuaim, at Ath-Luain, after the coming of his pallium
20] to him from Rome.


Maghnus, son of Diarmaid, son of
21] Maghnus, was killed by Domnhnall, son of Diarmaid, son
22] of Ruadhri O'Conchobhair, in hoc anno.


23] son of Diarmaid, son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, was killed
24] by the sons of Maghnus, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech
25] O'Conchobhair, in this year.


The erection of a monastery
26] for canons was commenced by Clarus Mac Mailin,
27] in Trinity Island on Loch-Uachtair, through the gift of
28] Cathal O'Raighilligh, in hoc anno.


Thomas O'Ruadhain,
29] bishop of Luighne, in Christo quievit.




1] son of the Scelaighe O'Tormaigh, bishop of Conmaicne, in
2] Christo quievit.


Gilla-na-nech O'Mannachain died in the
3] monastery of the Buill in hoc anno.


A depredation was
4] committed by Conchobhar, son of Cormac, on Ruaidhri
5] O'Gadhra, whose brother he killed.


The hostages of
6] Conchobhar, son of Cormac were slain by Fedhlim, son
7] of Cathal Crobhderg, in this year.


8] and from Lathach-Cille-Braein to the lake, both wood
9] and bog, and plain, was given by Donnchadh, son of
10] Muirchertach, to the community of the Trinity on
11] Loch-Cé, and to Clarus Mac Mailin, in the time of his
12] reign and sovereignty; but nevertheless, the duration of
13] his reign was not long, for he was only a month in the
14] lordship, and Conchobhar himself assumed the sovereignty
15] again.

Annal LC1238.


16] The kalends of January on Friday, and the eleventh
17] of the moon; xx. sexto anno cycli solaris; quartus annus
18] Decennovenalis cycli; xi. anno Indictionis; anno ab
19] Incarnatione Domini, xxx. octavo.


20] Uaithnech, son of Aedh, son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair,
21] was killed by Tadhg, son of Aedh, son of Cathal
22] Crobhderg, in hoc anno.


Donnchadh, son of Duarcan
23] O h'Eghra, king of Luighne, was taken prisoner by
24] Tadhg, son of Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg; and when
25] he was taken away to be confined his own kinsmen, i.e.
26] the sons of Aedh O'hEghra, slew him on the way in Tir-Briuin-na-Sinna.


27] Donnchadh, son of Muirchertach, went
28] into the Breifne to O'Raighilligh, when they sent a great
29] predatory band into Connacht, who plundered the community
30] of Cluain-Coirpthe; and the principal men of Muinter-Eolais,
31] and several of the Tuatha, were slain in pursuit of


1] this predatory band.


Maelruanaidh, son of Donnchadh
2] O'Dubhda, was slain by Maelsechlainn, son of Conchobar
3] Ruadh, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech O'Conchobhair,
4] and by the son of Tighernan, son of Cathal Migaran
5] O'Conchobhair.


Castles were erected in Muinter-Murchada,
6] and in Conmaicne-Cúile, and in Cera, by the
7] aforesaid barons.


Ruaidhri, son of Aedh O'Flaithbhertaigh,
8] was taken prisoner by the Foreigners.


9] cloicthech of Enach-dúin was erected.


A hosting by
10] Mac Maurice, i.e. the Justiciary of Erinn, and by Hugo de
11] Laci, earl of Uladh, into Cenel-Eoghain and Cenel-Conaill,
12] when they dethroned Mac Lachlainn and expelled him
13] from his own land, and gave the sovereignty to the son
14] of O'Neill; and they themselves obtained the hostages of
15] the Cenel-Conaill and Cenel-Eoghain.


Felix O'Ruanadha,
16] archbishop of Tuaim, after resigning the archiepiscopate
17] through love of God, and after assuming a monastic
18] habit, died in Cill-Muire in Ath-cliath.


19] Mac Riabhaigh, chieftain of Feara-Scene, mortuus est.


20] Flaithbhertach Mac Cathmhail, high chieftain of Cenel Feradhaigh,
21] and high chieftain also of Clann-Conghaile,
22] and of Uí-Cendfhoda in Tir-Manach, head of the valour
23] and honour of Tir-Eoghain, was slain by Donnchadh Mac
24] Cathmhail, his own brother, in treachery.

Annal LC1239.


25] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the twenty-second
26] of the moon; xx.vii. anno cycli solaris; quinto
27] anno cycli Decennovenalis; xii. anno Indictionis;
28] tricesimo nono.


Muirchertach, son of Domhnall O'Briain,
29] died in hoc anno.


Toirdhelbhach, son of Ruaidhri
30] O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht, died.


The battle of
31] Carn-tShiadhail was given by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn,
32] in which were slain Domhnall Tamhnaighe O'Neill,


1] and Mac Mathghamhna, and Somhairle O'Gairmleghaigh,
2] and Caech-Bernais O'Gairmleghaigh, and the chieftains
3] of Cenel-Moain, and great numbers besides; and
4] he assumed again the sovereignty which had been
5] taken from him the year before, after this great defeat
6] which he inflicted on the Cenel-Moain and the
7] Airghialla.


Ferghal, son of Cuconnacht O'Raighilligh,
8] king of Dartraighe and Clann-Fernmhaighe, (and king
9] of the Breifne from the mountain eastwards, according
10] to another book), was slain by Maelruanaidh, son of
11] Ferghal, and by Conchobhar, son of Cormac, after he
12] had gone on a predatory expedition against the sons of
13] Niall, son of Conghalach, when he plundered them, and
14] captured a house about them; and Muirchertach son of
15] Niall, came out of the house on parole, and was made
16] prisoner and killed by them, after the son of O'Raighilligh
17] had been slain.


18] A great depredation was committed
19] on O'Domhnaill by the Foreigners of Erinn,
20] who plundered Cairbre; and the Justiciary himself was at
21] Es-dara, awaiting them, his scouts having gone as far as
22] Druim-cliabh.


Lassairfhina, daughter of Cathal Crobhderg,
23] uxor of O'Domhnaill, gave a half-bally of her marriage
24] portion, i.e. the half-bally of Ros-Birn, to Clarus
25] Mac Mailin and the community of Canons of Trinity
26] Island on Loch-Cé, in honour of the Trinity and Lady
27] Mary, in hoc anno.


Cormac, son of Art O'Maelsechlain,
28] mortuus est.

Annal LC1240.


24] The kalends of January on Sunday, the third of the


1] moon; the last year of the solar cycle; sexto anno cycli
2] Decennovenalis; xiii. anno Indictionis:


A great
3] depredation was committed by Cuconnacht O'Raighilligh
4] on Cormac Mac Diarmada, when he plundered the entire
5] country to Ard-carna, and killed several people, in revenge
6] for his son.


Fedhlim O'Conchobhair went to the house
7] of the king of the Saxons, to complain to him of the
8] Foreigners and Gaeidhel of Erinn; and he received great
9] honour from the king on this occasion, and came home
10] safely, joyfully, contentedly.


Aedh, son of Gilla-na-naemh
11] Crom O'Sechnusaigh, was killed by Conchobar, son of
12] Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, and by Fiachra O'Floinn.


13] Sadhbh, daughter of O'Cennedigh, i.e. the wife of Donnchadh
14] Cairbrech O'Briain, mortua est.


15] O'Dreain, airchinnech of Ard-carna, died in hoc anno.

Annal LC1241.


16] The kalends of January on Tuesday, and the l4th of
17] the moon; primus annus cycli solaris; septimo anno
18] Decennovenalis cycli; xiiii. cycli Indictionis;
19] primo.


Gregorius nonus, papa, quievit in Christo.


20] great depredation was committed in Magh-Noi by the
21] Justiciary, i.e. Maurice Fitz-Gerald, when he plundered
22] Fiachra O'Floinn and Donnchadh Mac Diarmada; but a
23] few of the people of O'Conchobhair overtook them, and
24] Nár Mac Gillacellaigh was slain by them, et alii multi.


25] The comarb of Patrick, i.e. the Almanach, came to
26] Erinn, having privileges from the Pope over the churches
27] of Patrick in Erinn.


Domhnall Mór O'Domhnaill, i.e.
28] the son of Egnechan O'Domhnaill, king of Tir-Conaill,
29] and of the Feara-Manach, and of the lower part of
30] Connacht as far as Corr-sliabh, and of Oirghiall from the
31] plain downwards—a man like Conn Ced-chathach for


1] winning every battle; the equal of Cormac, grandson
2] of Conn, for just judgments; the rival of Art Aenfher
3] for banishing his enemies; the fellow of Brian Borumha
4] in warfare and piety—died on his pillow, after triumphing
5] over the world and the demon, in the habit of the Grey
6] Order, in the monastery of Es-Ruaidh, and he was also
7] honourably interred in it, after he had been fourteen
8] years in the sovereignty. In the autumn he died.


9] Maelsechlainn, i.e. his own son, assumed the sovereignty
10] in the place of his father.


O'Neill came to him, after he
11] had been expelled from his sovereignty by Mac Lachlainn.


12] Maelsechlainn O'Domhnaill joined Brian O'Neill, and they
13] both went again into Cenel-Eoghain, and then gave
14] battle to Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, viz.:—the battle of
15] Camerghe, where Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, king of
16] Cenel-Eoghain, was slain, and ten of his kinsmen along
17] with him. And all the chieftains of the Cenel-Eoghain
18] were slain there; and the sovereignty of Cenel-Eoghain
19] was afterwards assumed by Brian O'Neill. And Siadhail
20] was killed, in the battle, and many more good men.


Sitric Mac
21] Oirechtaigh, chief of Clann-Tomaltaigh, died
22] in this year.


Walter de Laci, lord of Midhe, and head of
23] counsel of the Foreigners of Erinn, died in Saxon-land in
24] hoc anno.


Consecration of the church of the Friars
25] Minor in Ath-Luain, by the comarb of Patrick.


26] Maurice Fitz-Gerald, Justiciary of Erinn, went with a
27] great army to Ath-lethan in Luighne, and made peace
28] there with Tadhg O'Conchobhair, and afterwards returned.


29] Tadhg O'Conchobhair plundered Dartraighe and Clann Fernmhaighe.


30] Peace was made by the comarb of
31] Patrick with the archbishop of Connacht, and with the


1] other bishops likewise, on account of Patrick's land in
2] Connacht.


Diarmaid, son of Maghnus, son of Toirdhelbhach
3] Mor O'Conchobhair, a man distinguished for hospitality
4] and valour,mortuus est.


Aenghus Magraith, Cormac
5] Mac Diarmada's priest, ante Natale Domini mortuus est.


6] Maghnus, son of Ferghal, post Natale Domini mortuus est.


7] The Bishop O'Flaithbhertaigh, i.e. bishop of Enach-dúin,
8] quievit in Christo.


Tadhg, son of Ruaidhri O'Gadhra, died
9] in hoc anno.


Stephen, papa, quievit in Christo.

Annal LC1242.


10] The kalends of January on Wednesday, the twenty-fifth
11] of the moon; secundus annus cycli solaris; octavo
12] anno Decennovenalis cycli; xv. anno Indictionis cycli;
13] secundo.


Donnchadh Cairbrech O'Briain, king of
14] Tuadh-Mumha, and his son, i.e. Toirdhelbhach, son of
15] Donnchadh Cairbrech, mortui sunt; and this Donnchadh
16] O'Briain was the maintainer of the faith and renown
17] of Leth-Modha, and the pillar of the dignity and
18] nobility of the south of Erinn.


Mór, daughter of Donnchadh
19] O'Ferghail, quievit in Christo.


Aedh O'Conchobhair,
20] i.e. the ex-cleric, son of Aedh, son of Ruaidhri
21] O'Conchobhair, was killed by Toirdhelbhach, son of
22] Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg.


Conchobhar O'Briain
23] assumed the sovereignty of Tuadh-Mumha.


Brian, son
24] of Donnchadh O'Dubhda, king of Uí-Fiachrach, Uí-Amhalghaidh,
25] and Irrus, was killed on the way, as he
26] was going on a pilgrimage to the abbey of the Buill.


27] great chapter was held at Lughmhagh by the Primate of
28] Ard-Macha and the abbots of the Canons of all Erinn, to
29] advance their Order; on which occasion many of the
30] relics which Mochta had collected from Rome were taken
31] up.


A great hosting to Cenel-Conaill by the Justiciary,
32] and by the Foreigners of Erinn likewise, and by Fedhlim,
33] son of Cathal Crobhderg O'Conchobhair, in revenge of


1] Tadhg O'Conchobhair; and they encamped at Druim-Thuama,
2] when the chieftains of Cenel-Conaill came into
3] their house, and gave them hostages.


The hospital of Sligech
4] was presented by the Justiciary to Clarus Mac Mailin,
5] in honour of the Trinity.


Tadhg O'Conchobhair was apprehended
6] by Cuconnacht O'Raighilligh at the instigation of
7] Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, in this year.


8] O'Muiredhaigh was slain by Thomas Mac Murchadha.


Niall, son of Domhnall Múr,
9] son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair,
10] was burned, together with three O'Sechnasaighs, in a
11] house in Magh-Eó of the Saxons, by Loghbhais of the
12] people of Mac Maurice.


Aedh O'Mannachain died in
13] the habit of a canon, in Cill-mór.


Domhnall Mac Airten
14] died in hoc anno.


The sons of Aedh O'Conchobhair went
15] upon the castle of Mac Goisdelbh in the Breifne.

Annal LC1243.


16] The kalends of January on Thursday, and the sixth
17] of the moon; tertius annus cycli solaris; nonus annus
18] Decennovenalis cycli; primus annus Indictionis;


Tadhg, son of Aedh, son of Cathal
20] Crobhderg, after having been released by O'Raighilligh,
21] came to the monastery of the Buill, and brought a force
22] with him to the house of Mac Diarmada, i.e. Cormac, son
23] of Tomaltach; and he took Mac Diarmada prisoner there,
24] and afterwards carried off his own mother, (i.e. Etain,
25] daughter of Mac Carthaigh, i.e. daughter of Finghin Mór
26] Mac Carthaigh, wife of Mac Diarmada), whom he gave to
27] Cuconnacht O'Raighilligh as his wife, for his own
28] release.


Tadhg went again about the festival of Martin,
29] with a few men, to meet O'Raighilligh, who apprehended
30] Tadhg, in treachery and deceit, a second time, and
31] killed his people; and he himself was kept in confinement
30] until the festival of Berach in the following Spring.




1] great expedition by the king of the Saxons to the king
2] of France, and messengers came from the king, summoning
3] the Foreigners of Erinn.


Richard, son of William Burk,
4] went to him on this expedition, and died in the east.


5] Hugo de Laci, earl of Uladh, mortuus est.
6] (He was not the first Hugo, whom Gilla-gan-inathair killed at Durmhagh-Choluim-Chille,
7] but the last Hugo).


Petrus Mac Craith,
8] after spending his life with the canons of Trinity Island
9] on Loch-Cé, mortuus est, et sepultus est in die Sancti
10] Martini.


Maeleoin O'Crechain, archdeacon of Tuaim,
11] after coming across as a master, died in Ath-cliath.


12] Finnachta O'Lughadha, comarb of Benen, and great
13] dean of Tuaim, died about the festival of Martin.


14] Cathasach O'Snedhiusa, dean of Muinter-Maelruanaidh,
15] died at Ard-carna about the festival of Laurence.


16] Cathal, son of Aedh O'Conchobhair, the foster-son of
17] Muinter-Raighilligh, turned against them, and committed
18] a depredation on Muirchertach Mac Gillashuiligh, in
19] Magh-Nisse, and apprehended Muirchertach himself,
20] whom he killed while in bonds at Cill-tSeisin. He committed
21] another great depredation, inmediately after, on
22] Clann-Fernmaighe and the Dartraighe. Magh-Rein
23] was also plundered by Cathal, son of Aedh, when a war
24] broke out between the race of Conchobhar and O'Raighilligh.


25] The church of Ard-carna was enlarged by Clarus
26] Mac Mailin in hoc anno.

Annal LC1244.


27] The kalends of January on Friday, and the 17th of
28] the moon; iiii. anno cycli solaris; x. anno Decennovenalis


1] cycli; ii. anno Indictionis;


Tadhg, son of
2] Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, was blinded and emasculated
3] by Cuconnacht O'Raighilligh, about the festival of Berach,
4] in Inis-na-conaire on Loch-Aillinne, after
5] having been in confinement from the festival of Martin until then.


6] Ruaidhri, son of Aedh O'Conchobhair, his brother, was
7] drowned on the Cuirrin-Connachtach at Ath-Liag-na-Sinna,
8] in vii. idus Martii, and most honorably interred
9] in the monastery of Cluain-tuaiscert.


Conchobhar, son
10] of Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, died before the end of
11] a month of the same Spring.


A very great hosting by
12] Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, eastwards into the
13] Breifne, to O'Raighilligh, to inflict punishment on him
14] for his foster-son and kinsman, i.e. Tadhg O'Conchobhair,
15] when they encamped for a night in Fidhnacha of Magh-Rein.
16] And there was no roof on the church of Fidhnacha
17] at that time; and the comarb was not in the place that
18] night; and as he was not, the routs of the army burned
19] the booths and huts that were inside in the church,
20] without the permission of the chieftains; and the
21] comarb's spiritual foster-son was suffocated there. And
22] the comarb himself came to them on the morrow, in great
23] fury and rage on account of his foster-son, and demanded
24] the eric of his foster-son from O'Conchobhair. And
25] O'Conchobhair said that he would give him his own
26] award. ‘My award,’ said the comarb, ‘is that the best
27] man amongst you shall be burned by you, as the eric of
28] the son of God. ‘Maghnus, son of Muirchertach


1] Muimhnech, is he’, answered O'Conchobhair. ‘No,
2] truly,’ said Maghnus, but the person who is chief over
3] the army.’ ‘I shall not leave you,’ said the comarb,
4] ‘until the eric of my foster-son will have been obtained
5] from you.’ The host went afterwards out of the town,
6] and the comarb followed them to Ath-na-cuirre on the
7] Geirctech; and the flood was over its banks, and they did
8] not pass over it until they pulled down the hospital-house
9] of John the Baptist, which was on the margin of
10] the ford, to place it across the river, that the host
11] might pass over it. The son of Muirchertach Muimhnech, i.e.
12] Maghnus, and Conchobhar, son of Cormac Mac Diarmada,
13] went into the house, when Maghnus, pointing up his
14] sword, said to the man who was overhead throwing
15] down the house, ‘there is the nail which prevents the
16] beam from falling.’ At these words the rafter of the
17] house fell on the head of Maghnus, son of Muirchertach
18] Muimhnech, and fractured his skull, so that he died on
19] the spot; and he was interred outside the door of the
20] church of Fidhnacha; and thrice the full of Clog-na-righ
21] of silver was given as an offering for him, and thirty horses;
22] and thus it was that the comarb of Caillin ultimately
23] obtained the eric of his spiritual foster-son from them.
24] And a splendid monument of hewn stones, surmounted
25] by a beautiful stone cross, was afterwards erected over him;
26] but the O'Ruaircs broke down the monument after
27] a while through hostility.


Donnchadh, son of Finghin,
28] son of Maelsechlainn, son of Aedh, son of Toirdhelbhach
29] O'Conchobhair, i.e. the bishop of Oilfinn, died in Inis-Clothrann
30] on Loch-Ribh, una septimana ante Kalendas Maii,
31] and was interred in the monastery of the Buill.


32] Mór O'Dalaigh, an eminent man who was never surpassed,
33] and never will be surpassed, in poetry, died,


1] and was interred in the monastery of the Buill.


2] was burned, including four churches, and the
3] houses of the whole town along with them.


The archdeacon
4] of Tuaim was drowned in Glaislinn-Chluana.


5] Ferghal Mac Tadhgadhain was killed by Conchobhar Mac
6] Tighernain, in treachery, in Inis-Fraich on Loch-Gile.


7] great contention and dispute grew up in the choir of
8] Oilfinn after the death of Donnchadh O'Conchobhair,
9] bishop of Síl-Muiredhaigh, on the subject of making an
10] election; for a number of them elected Thomas
11] O'Cuinn, i.e. a Friar Minor, who was from his conduct a
12] choice bright vessel; but this election was objected to
13] by Clarus Mac Mailin and John, the two archdeacons of
14] Oilfinn, et Malachias decanus, et sacrista Oilfinensis,
15] volentes unum de choro eligere sicut jus fuit; quod
16] audientes juniores canonici elegerunt sibi Comarb
17] Comman O'Conchobhair; majores vero praedicti elegerunt
18] sibi Johannem archidiaconum in plena synodo
19] apud Ath-Luain, per Clarum archidiaconum
20] Elfinensem, quia nunquam voluit errori aliorum consentire.


21] Cormac, son of Tomaltach of the Rock, son of Conchobhar
22] Mac Diarmada, i.e. the king of all Clann-Maelruanaidh,
23] after spending twenty-six years and a part of
24] another year in maintaining valour and hospitality, and
25] defending the province of Connacht against the Foreigners
26] and Gaeidhel who were opposed to him, died in the habit
27] of a grey monk in the monastery of the Buill, in the harvest
28] time, after triumphing over the devil and the world.


29] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the 28th of
30] the moon; quinto anno cycli solaris; xi. anno Decennovenalis


1] cycli; tertio Indictionis.


2] Ruadh, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech, son
3] of Toirdhelbhach Mor O'Conchobhair, was killed by
4] O'Timaith, his own steward, with a stab of a knife,
5] in a dispute which occurred between them at Port-na-leice;
6] and Gilla-Christ, son of Imhar O'Birn, killed
7] the steward afterwards; and Conchobhar Ruadh was
8] conveyed to the monastery of the Buill, and died in
9] it of this wound, and was buried in it also, after the
10] victory of unction and penitence towards God.


11] castle of Sligech was built by Mac Maurice Fitz-Gerald,
12] Justiciary of Erinn, and by the Síl-Muiredhaigh; for
13] Fedhlim was told to erect it at his own expense, and
14] to convey thereto the stones and lime of the hospital-house
15] of the Trinity, after this place had been previously
16] given by the Justiciary, i.e. Maurice Fitzgerald, to Clarus
17] Mac Mailin, in honour of the holy Trinity.


18] O'Flannagain, abbot of Cunga, mortuus est.


A great army
19] was led by the king of the Saxons into Britain, when
20] they established a great camp at the castle of Engannoc;
21] and letters and ambassadors were sent by them to
22] Erinn, to the Foreigners of Erinn, and to Fedhlim, son
23] of Cathal Crobhderg, desiring them to go to meet the
24] king in Britain, to subdue Britain.


The Justiciary, therefore,
25] accompanied by the Foreigners of Erinn, went to
26] the king; and Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg O'Conchobhair,
27] accompanied by a great army of Gaeidhel, went
28] to the assistance of the king in Britain; and they completely
29] destroyed the country, but obtained neither
30] pledges nor hostages from the Britons on this occasion.
31] And Fedhlim was treated with honour by the king on
32] this journey; and Fedhlim was thankful coming westwards
33] from the king.


The castle of Ath-an-chip, on the
34] border of Magh-Nisse, was built by Milidh Mac Goisdelbh.


35] Fiachra, son of David O'Floinn, lord of Síl-Maelruain,
36] mortuus est in die Natalis Domini.


Cerbhall Buidhe, son


1] of Tadhg, son of Aenghus Finnabhrach O'Dalaigh, mortuus
2] est.


The castle of Suicín was built in this year.


3] snow fell on the night of the festival of Saint Nicholas,
4] which took off the heels and toes of those who walked
5] in it; and this snow did not disappear until Christmas
6] arrived.


Muirchertach, son of Muirghius, son of
7] Cathal Mac Diarmada, was slain by the men of
8] Breifne.


Magister vero Johannes, electus in Elfinensem
9] episcopum per Clarum archidiaconum ejusdem sedis, et
10] per Malachiam decanum cathedralem, et per Gelasium
11] sacristam, perrexit ad dominum papam usque ad Liuns-sur-Rhona
12] ubi fuit in exilio a sede Romana, dejectus per
13] Romanorum imperatorem; et tantam gratiam habuit
14] in oculis domini papae et curiae Romanae quod cassata
15] electione facta de Comarb Coman per juniores Elfinensis
16] chori canonicos, electio de ipso facta per majores licet
17] pauciores reverenter obtinuit, et quod dominus Papa misit
18] literas suas cum ipso ad Tuamensem
19] archiepiscopum, ut in episcopum consecretur; in nomine Domini Jesu
20] Christi consecratus est respondentibus Christi fidelibus,
21] et veritatem servare cupientibus die consecrationis ejus,
22] Deo gratias.


Raghnall O'Maelmhiadhaigh was slain by
23] the Connachtmen in hoc anno.


Muirchertach, son of
24] Cathal, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh,
25] assumed the sovereignty of the Rock after Cormac, son
26] of Tomaltach, and was fully twenty-one years in the
27] sovereignty afterwards.

Annal LC1246.


28] The kalends of January on Monday, the 9th of the


1] moon; vi. anno cycli solaris; xii. anno cycli Decennovenalis;
2] iiii. anno Indictionis;


A whale came
3] ashore at Cuil-irra in Cairpre of Druim-cliabh, which
4] brought great prosperity and joy to the entire country.


5] The bishop of Oilfinn, i.e. John O'hUghroin, i.e. the son
6] of the comarb of Mochua, died at Rath-Aedha-mic-Bric
7] in this year.


Druim-lethan was burned in hoc anno.


8] Maelsechlainn, son of Conchobhar Ruadh, son of Muirchertach
9] Muimhnech O'Conchobhair, was killed by Muirchertach
10] O'Dubhda in this year. Muirchertach O'Dubhda
11] was banished over sea after this killing.


Jean Fitz-Geoffroi,
12] came as Justiciary to Erinn, and Maurice Fitz-Gerald
13] was deposed.


Toirdhelbhach, son of Aedh O'Conchobhair,
14] escaped from the crannog of Loch-Leisi in the
15] autumn, and drowned his keepers—viz.Cormac Mac
16] Muiredhaigh and two O'Ainmirechs; and he himself went
17] away afterwards.


A great depredation was committed
18] by Maurice Fitz-Gerald in Tir-Conaill; and he gave the
19] half of Tir-Conaill to Cormac, son of Diarmaid, son of
20] Ruaidhri, and received the hostages of O'Domhnaill for
21] the other half; and he left the hostages in the castle of
22] Sligech. O'Domhnaill, and the nobles of the Cenel-Conaill
23] along with him, went on Samhain-day to Sligech; and
24] the bawn of the town was burned by them, although
25] they did not enter the castle; and the warders hanged
26] O'Domhnaill's hostages, in his presence, on the top of the
27] castle, viz.:—O'Mianain, the tutor of O'Domhnaill, and his
28] foster-brother.


Aedh, son of Aedh O'Conchobhair, was
29] taken prisoner, and plundered.


Toirdhelbhach, son of Aedh


1] O'Conchobhair, was again taken prisoner whilst under the
2] guarantee of the bishop of Cluain, and was delivered into
3] the hands of the Foreigners, and placed in the castle of
4] Ath-Luain.


Tomaltach O'Conchobhair was elected to the
5] bishopric of Oilfinn.


Murchadh O'hAnluain, king of
6] Oirthera, was slain at the instigation of Brian O'Neill.

Annal LC1247.


7] The kalends of January on Tuesday, and the twentieth
8] of the moon; septimo anno cycli solaris; xiii, anno
9] cycli Decennovenalis; quinto anno Indictionis;


10] The grade of bishop of Oilfinn was assumed by Tomaltach,
11] son of Toirdhelbhach, son of Maelsechlainn O'Conchobhair,
12] on the Sunday before Septuagesima, in Tuaim-dá-ghualann.


13] Benedictus Mac Oirechtaigh, airchinnech of
14] Achadh-Fabhair of Umhall, was killed on the festival of the
15] Cross, the third day of summer, by the son of Conchobhar
16] Ruadh, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech, and by the son of
17] Maghnus, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech O'Conchobhair,
18] in treachery and deceit.


Toirdhelbhach escaped from the
19] castle of Ath-Luain.


Milidh Mac Goisdelbh took possession
20] of Fedha-Conmaicne, out of which he expelled Cathal
21] Mac Raghnaill; and he took possession of the crannog of
22] Claen-loch, and left a garrison of his own people in it.
23] Cathal and Toirdhelbhach, the two sons of Aedh O'Conchobhair,
24] joined with Mac Raghnaill to expel Mac Goisdelbh
25] from Fidh-Conmaicne; and they took possession of
26] the crannog and lake, and demolished the castle of Lec-derg,
27] on the Saturday before Whitsunday. And Toirdhelbhach
28] went upon Trinity Island to meet Clarus Mac Mailin,
29] the archdeacon; for the Foreigners had refused to come out
30] of the castle until they could go with the archdeacon across
31] the Sinainn westwards to Tuaim-mna; and they went


1] with him; and Clann-Goisdelbh were expelled out of the
2] district.


A great hosting by Maurice Fitz-Gerald, and the
3] Foreigners along with him, until they reached Sligech in
4] the first instance, and from thence to Es-Ruaidh-mic-Badhuirn,
5] on the Wednesday after the festival of Paul and
6] Peter; and Cormac, son of Diarmaid, son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair,
7] went there in his host and muster.


8] assembled the Cenel-Conaill and Cenel-Eoghain to
9] meet him at Bel-atha-Senaigh, so that they allowed
10] neither Foreigners nor Gaeidhel to cross the ford during
11] the space of a whole week; when they determined
12] that Cormac O'Conchobhair should go, with a large force
13] of cavalry, eastwards along the plain, and then turn upwards
14] through the plain by the margin of the bog; and
15] he then proceeded eastwards along the river until he
16] reached Ath-Chuil-uaine on the Erne. And the Cenel-Conaill
17] observed nothing until they saw them approaching
18] on their own side of the river. And when the Foreigners
19] perceived the Cenel-Conaill watching the cavalry in their
20] rear, they themselves rushed across the ford, so that
21] the Cenel-Conaill were placed between both divisions.


22] O'Domhnall was defeated, with his army; and Maelsechlainn
23] O'Domhnaill, king of Cenel-Conaill, was slain there;
24] and the Gilla-muinélach O'Baoidhill, and Mac Somhairle,
25] king of Airer-Gaeidhel, and the nobles of the Cenel-Conaill
26] besides, were slain. And many of Fitz-Gerald's
27] army were drowned going northwards across the Finn;
28] and many of the same army were slain at Termann-Dabheog,
29] in pursuit of the preys, including William Brit,
30] i.e. the sheriff of Connacht, and a young armed knight
31] who was his brother. However, the entire country was


1] afterwards devastated and plundered by them; and they
2] left the sovereignty of Cenel-Conaill with Ruaidhri
3] O'Canannain on this occasion.


A great war was waged
4] by Toirdhelbhach, son of Aedh O'Conchobhair, and by
5] Donnchadh, son of Anmchadh, son of Donnchadh Mac
6] Gillapatraic of Osraighe, against the Foreigners of Connacht;
7] and Toirdhelbhach assembled the sons of the
8] kings of Connacht, until they reached Fidh-Uí-Diarmada
9] and Muinter-Fathaidh, where they killed many persons.
10] And they proceeded thence to the castle of Bun-Gaillimhe,
11] and burned the town and castle; and many persons were
12] killed and plundered there. And Mac Elget, i.e. the
13] seneschal of Connacht, was killed by the son of Anmchadh
14] O'Gillapatraic of Osraighe. And the Foreigners followed
15] them and gave them battle, when a number of the
16] Foreigners were slain; and they went away from them,
17] in spite of them, and went afterwards into Cera. Jordan
18] de Exeter, and Clann-Adam, and the Foreigners of Cera
19] assembled and proceeded against Toirdhelbhach; and
20] Toirdhelbhach left the country to them, as he had not
21] forces enough to meet them.


22] was burned by Tadhg, son of Conchobhar Ruadh, and by
23] Tadhg, son of Tuathal, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech.


24] Nor this alone; but the Foreigners of Connacht had not
25] experienced for a long time previously a war equal to
26] that waged against them by these sons of kings in this
27] year; for they left neither district nor cantred of the
28] territory of Connacht belonging to the Foreigners without
29] pillaging.


Finnghuala, daughter of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair,
30] died in Cunga-Feichin in hoc anno.


31] and Ard-carna were burned by the Foreigners in
32] hoc anno.


O'Dubhda and O'Baighill came with a great


1] fleet to plunder Cairpre; and the crew of one of the
2] ships were drowned at Inis-Tuathfrais, together with
3] Maghnus O'Baighill.


Conchobhar O'Muiredhaigh, bishop
4] of Uí-Fiachrach-Aighne, died in Bristol.


Tadhg, son of
5] Conchobhar Ruadh, burned Inis-mór of Claen-locha, in
6] which eight and twenty Foreigners were consumed.

Annal LC1248.


7] The kalends of January on Wednesday, and the first
8] of the moon; octavo anno cycli solaris; xiiii. cycli Decennovenalis;
9] vi. anno Indictionis;


10] O'Cuanna, great priest of Oilfinn, died, and was interred
11] in Cill-mór.


The son of O'Sechnasaigh was slain by the
12] Foreigners.


Opecin Guér was slain by Gillamochoinne
13] O'Cathail in hoc anno.


The sons of Maghnus, and the
14] sons of Conchobhar Ruadh, joined together, and turned
15] against the Foreigners, and the castle of Mac Henry was
16] burned by them, and its constable taken prisoner; and
17] the preys of the north of Umhall were taken by them to
18] Innsi-Modh.


Jordan de Exeter, however, and John
19] Butler, and Robin Lawless, and several persons along
20] with them, assembled and went to Baile-tobair-Patraic,
21] and from thence to Achadh-Fabhair; and they plundered
22] all Umhall, north and south, on the morrow.


23] Henry came also, with a large army, into Umhall, (for
24] it belonged to himself, and he was residing in it). Mac
25] Henry then made peace with Domhnall, son of Maghnus,
26] for the sake of his territory; and Domhnall promised that
27] he would furnish forces and boats to attack his brother.


As regards
28] the sons of Conchobhar, moreover; they were
29] on Innsi-Modh, and it was reported to them that a party
30] had gone from Mac Henry to Domhnall, for boats. They
31] advanced against this party, and killed O'hUain, the son


1] of the foreign woman, and John the son of the foreign
2] priest; and Sinnott Guêr, and four of his people along
3] with him, were slain by Diarmaid, son of Maghnus, in
4] this encounter. However, this was the joy with sorrow,
5] for the powerful champion and prop of battle, i.e.
6] Diarmaid, son of Maghnus, was slain on the spot.


7] son of Conchobhar Ruadh, was killed by the Foreigners
8] in this year. Great, truly, was the fear and terror of this
9] youth entertained by the Foreigners and Gaeidhel who
10] were opposed to him, until he received his death ultimately.


11] A hosting by Maurice Fitz-Gerald into Tir-Conaill.
12] Great depredations and plunders were committed
13] by him therein; and O'Canannan was expelled
14] from the country to O'Neill and the Cenel-Eoghain, and
15] the sovereignty of Cenel-Conaill was left to Goffraigh,
16] son of Domhnall Mór O'Domhnaill.


A hosting by the
17] Cenel-Eoghain, and by O'Canannain, again into Tir-Conaill,
18] when they gave battle to each other, and
19] O'Canannain, and a great many nobles along with him,
20] were slain by the Cenel-Conaill, and by Goffraigh, son
21] of Domhnall O'Domhnaill, who afterwards assumed the
22] sovereignty of Tir-Conaill.


Another hosting by the
23] Justiciary of Erinn to Cenel-Eoghain, to O'Neill; and the
24] resolution adopted by the Cenel-Eoghain was, since the
25] power of the Foreigners was over the Gaeidhel of Erinn,
26] to give hostages to the Foreigners, and to make peace
27] with them, for the sake of their country. Conmaicne-Mara
28] was all plundered by the Foreigners. The Foreigners
29] went on a hosting to O'Flaithbhertaigh, who
30] defeated them, and killed a great number of them.


31] Muirchertach O'Dubhda, i.e. the ex-cleric, was killed
32] by the son of Fedlhlim O'Conchobhair. William Burk
33] died in Saxon-land, and his body was brought to Erinn,


1] and interred at Ath-issel.


The King of France went to
2] Jerusalem, to defend Christendom, in this year.


3] comarb of Patrick, i.e. the poenitentiarius of the Pope,
4] came to Erinn.


John Tirrel was killed by Gilla-na-naemh
5] O'Ferghail.


Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg,
6] gave Rath-na-Romanach to the canons of Cill-mór, and
7] a cantarcapath of silk on the same day, at the persuasion
8] and request of Tadhg O'Mannachain, in honour of Mary
9] and Augustin, in presence of several of the nobles of
10] Connacht.


Amhlaibh, son of Cathal Riabhach O'Ruairc,
11] was killed by Conchobhar Carrach Mac Donnchadha, per
12] dolum.


Foghartach O'Dobhailen, king of the Corann,
13] quievit.


Master Gilbert O'Cerbhaill quievit in Christo.

Annal LC1249.


14] The kalends of January on Friday, and the twelfth of
15] the moon; nono anno cycli solaris; xv. anno Decennovenalis
16] cycli; vii. anno Indictionis.


A great
17] hosting by the Justiciary of Erinn into Laighen, to attack
18] the sons of kings who were injuring and totally destroying
19] the Foreigners; and the Lagenian sons of kings
20] sided not with the Justiciary on this occasion; and as
21] they did not, he invaded the country, which was entirely
22] wasted by him.


A great war was waged, and numerous
23] injuries were committed, by Finghin Mac Carthaigh
24] against the Foreigners of Des-Mumha, in hoc anno.


Adam Minatur
25] was slain by the son of Gillamochoinne
26] O'Cathail, and many more along with him.


Piers Poer,
27] i.e. the son of Henry, and David Treu, accompanied by a
28] mounted party of young men, proceeded before Mac
29] Feorais into Connacht, to the castle of Sligech. And this
30] was reported to the son of Fedhlim O'Conchobhair; and
31] when he heard it he laid an ambuscade for them,
32] and Piers Poer, and David Treu, and five young men along


1] with them, were slain there; and the bodies of these men
2] were conveyed to Es-dara for interment.


As regards the
3] son of Fedhlim, he proceeded afterwards to Tir-Fiachrach,
4] and through the country of Mac Feorais, which he
5] entirely plundered from the Muaidh eastwards to Traigh-Eothuile.
6] And Geroitin Mac Feorais followed them
7] and overtook Donnchadh, son of Maghnus, who was
8] wounded by him, and taken prisoner after having been
9] wounded; and he subsequently took him with him to
10] Dun-Contreat.


The son of Fedhlim pursued them afterwards,
11] and rescued the son of Maghnus from them; and
12] Geroitin was killed per dolum; and Donnchadh, son
13] of Maghnus, died of this wound; and great was the
14] loss to both Foreigners and Gaeidhel.


Mac Maurice
15] thereupon mustered, and proceeded into Connacht, and
16] deprived the son of Fedhlim of as much of these preys as
17] he found with him.


When Fedhlim, son of Cathal
18] Crobhderg; heard that the Foreigners were assembled in
19] his neighbourhood, after his son had inflicted such great
20] injuries on them, he adopted the resolution of sending his
21] moveables across the Sinainn eastwards, into the Breifne,
22] and to the North of Erinn.


The Justiciary assembled
23] the Foreigners of Midhe and Laighen, and advanced with
24] a great army across Ath-Luain, and from thence into
25] Sil-Muiredhaigh; and Mac Maurice advanced on the other
26] side, accompanied by the Foreigners of Mumha and
27] Connacht. And these two armies went to Oilfinn, after
28] destroying Síl-Muiredhaigh before them so far; and
29] they invited to them Toirdhelbhach, son of Aedh, son of
30] Cathal Crobhderg, and made him king in the place of
31] Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg. And they afterwards
32] plundered the territory of Breifne, and committed numerous
33] injuries in it in every direction, and subsequently
34] brought their preys with them. And they were fully
35] twenty nights in Síl-Muiredhaigh, devastating it; and
36] they plundered Loch-Cé, together with its islands, and


1] the Rock, with its precincts.


The Justiciary moreover,
2] went afterwards into Midhe, and Mac Maurice went to
3] Sligech; and they left Toirdhelbhach, son of Aedh,
4] guarding Síl-Muiredhaigh.


Another hosting by the sons
5] of the kings of Connacht, on the festival of Mary in mid-autumn,
6] to Ath-na-righ, to burn and plunder it.


7] great army under Toirdhelbhach, son of Aedh, and Aedh
8] Og, son of Aedh. And the sheriff of Connacht was in
9] the town before them, accompanied by many Foreigners;
10] and the Foreigners requested a truce for that day in
11] honour of Mary, whose festival it was. And the kings'
12] sons did not grant this truce in honour of Mary or the
13] Holy Cross; but they attacked the town furiously, against
14] the will of Toirdhelbhach.


When Jordan and the Foreigners
15] observed this, they came out of the town against
16] these kings' sons; and Mary performed manifest miracles
17] there; for when the kings' sons, with their people,
18] saw the terrible mail-clad cavalry coming towards
19] them out of the town, prodigious fear and terror seized
20] them at the sight, and they were routed; and Aedh,
21] son of Aedh O'Conchobhair, was slain there, and Diarmaid
22] Ruadh, son of Cormac O'Maelsechlainn; and two sons of
23] O'Cellaigh; and Brian-in-doire, son of Maghnus; and
24] Carrach-ind-shibhail, son of Niall O'Conchobhair; and
25] Baethghalach Mac Aedhagain; and the son of Diarmaid
26] Bachlach O'Conchobhair, i.e. Mathghamhain, grandson
27] of Tadhg; and the two sons of Lochlainn O'Conchobhair;
28] and Domhnall, son of Cormac Mac Diarmada; and the
29] Finnanach Mac Branain; and Cumumhan Mac Casarlaigh;
30] and many other persons along with them.


31] son of Anmchadh, son of Donnchadh O'Gillapatraic, i.e.
32] the captain of greatest honour and prowess that had


1] come of the men of Osraighe down from Colman, son of
2] Bicne Caech, and from Scanlan, son of Cennfaeladh,
3] was slain by the Foreigners in this year. And this was
4] a satisfaction for the Foreigners, as he had killed, and
5] plundered, and burned many of them previously up to
6] that time; for Donnchadh was the third Gaeidhel who
7] had risen against the Foreigners after they had occupied
8] Erinn, viz.:—Conchobhar O'Maelsechlainn, and Conchobhar-na-gcaislen
9] Mac Cochlain, and the son of Anmchadh;
10] for the son of Anmchadh was wont himself to reconnoitre
11] the market towns in the guise of a pauper, or a carpenter,
12] or a turner, or a person of some other trade, ut dicitur:—
    1. 13] He is wont to be a carpenter; is wont to be a turner;
      14] My nursling is wont to be a bookman;
      15] He is wont to be selling wine and hides,
      16] Where he sees the gathering, &c.


17] Tadhg O'Mannachain, king of Uí-Briuin-na-Sinna, died
18] in octavo idus Junii, and was subsequently interred in
19] Cill-mor-na-Sinna.


Conn O'Flannagain, prior of Cill-mor-na-Sinna,
20] died in septimo kalendas Maii.


21] O'Lachtnain, a master in canon law, and a palmer of the
22] river Jordan, and archbishop of Tuaim-dá-ghualann
23] and of all Connacht, died in the winter, and a short time
24] before Christmas.


Andrias Mac Gillegheir, comarb of
25] Feichin mortuus est.


Maelciarain O'Lenachain, noble
26] chief priest of Tuaim-mná; a man who maintained clerics
27] and men of grade in his own house, and a man who kept a


1] general house of hospitality for ecclesiastics and strangers,
2] died on the way whilst going to Ard-carna, to hear a
3] sermon, on the Friday before Lammas; and he was nobly
4] and honourably interred in Trinity Island on Loch-Cé.


5] Mor, daughter of Donnchadh O'Dubhda, wife of the
6] Gilla-muinelach O'Baighill, mortua est. Dún-mór was
7] burned by the kings' sons in hoc anno. Twelve years
8] and seven hundred years since Colum-Cille went to Hi
9] until this year.

Annal LC1250.


10] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the twenty-third of
11] the moon; x. anno cycli solaris; xvi. anno Decennovenalis
12] cycli; viii. anno Indictionis;


13] Fedhlim O'Conchobhair came from the North, with a
14] large army from Cenel-Eoghain, and marched into the
15] Breifne, and from thence into the Tuatha, accompanied
16] by Conchobhar, son of Tighernan; and they went from
17] thence into Tir-Maine, and expelled Toirdhelbhach out of
18] Connacht, who again went over to the Foreigners. And
19] Fedhlim collected the herds of Connacht, which he took with
20] him down across Sliabh-Seghsa; but the Foreigners sent
21] messengers after him, and made peace with him, and his
22] own kingdom was again restored to him. The hostages of
23] Connacht were blinded in Ath-Luain by the Foreigners,
24] and by Toirdhelbhach, son of Aedh. A great depredation
25] was committed by Fedhlim on Cathal O'Conchobhair,
26] who was driven in exile out of Connacht by him.


27] bishop of Imlech-Ibhair died in hoc anno.


28] O'Meallaigh, bishop of Enach-dúin, quievit in Christo.


29] Cairbre O'Maelsechlainn was slain in treachery by David
30] Roche.


Toirdhelbhach, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech


1] O'Conchobhair, prior of the Regles of Peter and Paul, died.


2] Diarmaid O'hEghra, king of Luighne, died while imprisoned
3] by Fitz-Gerald.


A great hosting by Maurice
4] Fitz-Gerald, and by Cathal O'Raighilligh, and by Cuconnacht
5] O'Raighilligh, accompained by all the chieftains of
6] Uí-Briuin, into Cenel-Eoghain, when they were three
7] nights at Tulach-óg; and they received many injuries,
8] but obtained no hostages or pledges from O'Neill, on this
9] occasion.


After turning back into Cenel-Conaill, O'Canannain,
10] king of Cenel-Conaill, was taken prisoner by
11] Maurice Fitz-Gerald, whilst under the protection of the
12] Bishop O'Cerbhallain; and he was subsequently killed
13] by them whilst endeavouring to escape forcibly from
14] them.


White Canons of the Premonstre Order were
15] taken by Clarus Mac Mailin, a short time before Christmas,
16] from Trinity Island in Loch-Cé, to Trinity Island
17] in Loch-Uachtair, in the Breifne; and he established the
18] canons of the order there through the permission of
19] Cathal O'Raighilligh, who granted it Trinity Island in
20] puram et perpetuam elemosinam in honore Sanctae
21] Trinitatis; et idcirco Clarus hoc fecit in Domino, quia
22] Premonstratenses gaudeant consimili privilegio cum
23] monachis, ita quod ad ullam aliam religionem postea
24] transire possent.


Conghalach Mac Idhneoil, bishop of
25] the Breifne, quievit in Christo.


Florence Mac Floinn
26] was elected to the bishopric of Tuaim-dá-ghualann, and
27] was consecrated on Christmas Day in Tuaim; and he
28] was fit for it, on account of the extent of his learning,
29] and his knowledge of law.

Annal LC1251.


30] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the fourth of
31] the moon; xi. anno cycli solaris; xvii. anno Decennovenalis
32] cycli; ix. anno Indictionis. primo.




1] Mac Mailin, archidiaconus Oilfinnensis, vir providus et
2] discretus, qui carnem suam jejuniis et orationibus macerabat;
3] qui pauperes et orphanos defendebat; qui patientiam
4] et coronam observabat; qui persecutionem a multis
5] propter justitiam patiebatur; venerabilis fundator
6] monasteriorum Sanctae Trinitatis per totam Hiberniam,
7] et specialiter fundator monasterii Sanctae Trinitatis apud
8] Loch-Cé, ubi locum sibi sepulturae elegit, ibidem in
9] Christo quievit Sabbato Dominicae Pentecostes; cujus
10] animae propitietur Deus omnipotens in coelo, cui ipse
11] servivit in saeculo; in cujus honore ecclesiam de Rinn-duin
12] et monasterium Sanctae Trinitatis apud Loch-Uachtair,
13] ecclesiam Sanctae Trinitatis apud Ath-Moighe,
14] ecclesiam Sanctae Trinitatis apud Cill-Rais, aedificavit..


15] Gillamochoinne, son of Gillamochoinne O'Cathail was slain
16] by Conchobhar, son of Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg.


17] Tadhg, son of Tuathal, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech
18] O'Conchobhair, was killed by Foreigners in this year.


19] Gillachrist O'Lachtnain, abbot of the Trinity in Tuaim, was
20] drowned in the sea of Erinn.


Conchobhar, son of Cormac,
21] son of Tomaltach, the most bountiful and valiant man of
22] his time, in Christo quievit.


Gerald Sugach mortuus est.


23] Flaithbhertach O'Cerbhaill, chieftain of Callraighe, was
24] slain by Art, son of Art O'Ruairc.


Muiredhach O'Taidhg
25] mortuus est.


Thunder and lightning came in the summer
26] of this year, by which many men and cattle were killed in
27] Erinn.


A great shower fell on the festival day of Paul
28] and Peter, so that a boat sailed all round the town at


1] Cill-mor-na-Sinna, and that a mill could grind on the
2] stream which ran from the arch to Ath-na-faithche,
3] during the time the vespers were being chaunted in the
4] church of Fidhnacha, on the same day.


Tuimmilin Carden
5] was blinded; and his tongue was cut out.


Great frost
6] in the early winter, so that the lakes, and the bogs, and
7] the waters were all frozen.


A great synod was held by
8] the clergy of Erinn at Tuaim.


Ardghal O' Laithbhertaigh,
9] royal heir of Oilech, lamp of valour and honor of the
10] North of Erinn, mortuus est.


Gillachrist O'Breislen,
11] chieftain of Fánad, and a brother of his, were killed by
12] Ceallach Balbh O'Baighill.


Donnchadh Mac Cathmhail,
13] chieftain of Cenel-Feradhaigh, was killed by the Oirghialla.

Annal LC1252.


14] The kalends of January on Monday, and the fifteenth
15] of the moon; xii. anno cycli solaris; xviii. anno Decennovenalis
16] cycli; x. anno Indictionis;


New money
17] was ordered by the king of the Saxons to be coined in
18] Erinn; and the money previously in use was abandoned
19] for it.


Great wind came on the octave of the Epiphany,
20] which prostrated several houses and churches throughout
21] Erinn.


The castle of Cael-uisce was erected by Mac
22] Maurice.


The castle of Magh-Cobha was erected by him
23] also.


Maelmaedhoc O'Beollain; comarb of Colum-Cille in
24] Druim-cliabh, i.e. the man of greatest prosperity, wealth,
25] and esteem; of greatest charity, hospitality, and honor in
26] his own time in Erinn, died after the triumph of devotion
27] and penitence.


Cuconnacht Mac Consnamha, chieftain
28] of Muinter-Cinaith, mortuus est.


Gilla-Isa O'Cerbhaill,
29] chieftain of Callraighe of Druim-cliabh, mortuus est.


30] Maghnus Mac Gilladhuibh, chieftain of Tellach-Gairbhith,
31] quievit.


Great heat and drought in the summer of this
32] year, so that people used to cross the Sinuinn without



1] wetting their feet; and the wheat was reaped twenty
2] nights before Lammas, and all the corn was reaped at
3] that time; and the trees were burning from the sun.


4] great hosting by the Foreigners of Erinn to Ulidia, on
5] which occasion a camp fight took place between the
6] Meathian rout and the Momonian rout, when a great
7] number of the Momonian rout were slain at Dun-Dealgan.


8] Murchadh O'Fallamhain, a high constable of the Connachtmen,
9] was killed by the men of Breifne, per dolum,
10] at Fidhnacha of Magh-Rein.


Orlaith, daughter of Taichlech
11] Mac Diarmada, mortua est.


Conchobhar Mac
12] Cathmhail, king-chieftain of Cenel-Feradhaigh and many
13] other territories, peacemaker of the Cenel-Conaill, Cenel-Eoghain,
14] and Oirghialla, was slain by the routs of Brian
15] O'Neill, whilst defending his guarantee against them, he
16] himself being under the protection of O'Gairmleghaigh
17] and O'Cathain.


Conchobhar O'Dochartaigh, king-chieftain
18] of Ard-Midhair, and the third king-chieftain of Erinn,
19] pillar of the hospitality and bravery of the North, died
20] this year.

Annal LC1253.


21] The kalends of January on Wednesday, and the twenty-sixth
22] of the moon; xiii. anno cycli solaris; xix. anno
23] Decennovenalis cycli; xi. anno Indictionis; tertio.


24] A great hosting by the Foreigners of Erinn, under Mac
25] Maurice, to Cenel-Eoghain, to attack O'Neill; and they
26] obtained neither pledges nor hostages in Cenel-Eoghain
27] on this occasion; and a countless slaughter was inflicted
28] on them.


David, son of Ceallach O'Gillapatraic, archbishop
29] of Cluain-mic-Nois, quievit.


Eoghan O'hEdhin,
30] king of Uí-Fiachrach, mortuus est.


31] O'Ruaidhin, bishop of Uí-Fiachrach, mortuus est.


32] son of Gillachalma O'Connachtaigh, was slain by
33] the son of O'Galonn.


The daughter of the Ultonian Earl


1] i.e. the wife of Milidh Mac Goisdelbh, died, et sepulta est
2] in the monastery of the Buill.


A monastery was erected,
3] and a cemetery consecrated, for the Friars Preachers at
4] Sligech.


Another monastery was founded for the Friars
5] at Ath-lethan, in Luighne. A great war was waged by
6] Brian O'Neill, king of Cenel-Eoghain, against the Foreigners;
7] and he demolished several castles; and street-towns
8] were burned, and Machaire-Uladh was entirely
9] desolated by him.


The bishopric of Cill-hAlaidh was
10] assumed by John O'Laidigh, i.e. a Friar Preacher; and
11] his degree of bishop was conferred at Tuaim-dhá-ghualann,
12] the second Sunday of Lent.


The bishopric of
13] Cluain-mic-Nois was assumed by Thomas O'Cuirin, i.e. a
14] Friar Minor; and his degree was conferred at the Pope's
15] court.


A hosting was performed by Domhnall O'Raighilligh,
16] and by the Caech O'Raighilligh, and by Cathal
17] O'Conchobhair, and by Gilla-na-naemh O'Ferghail, to
18] Muinter-Eolais, to attack Cathal Mac Raghnail, when
19] they plundered the whole country; and they were two
20] nights encamped at Tulach-alainn, and the third night
21] at Enach-dubh, where Gilla-na-naemh O'Ferghail separated
22] from them; and Muinter-Raighilligh and Cathal
23] O'Conchobhair went to Cluain-Conmaicne, where they
24] were encamped for one night. When Aedh, son of
25] Fedhlim, heard this thing, he suddenly assembled his
26] forces, and followed Muinter-Raighilligh and Cathal
27] O'Conchobhair to Cluain-Conmaicne, and inflicted a
28] signal defeat on them, where Donnchadh, son of Gilla-Isa,
29] son of Donnchadh O'Raighilligh, and Mac Gilla-Taedóg,
30] and O'Bibhsaigh, et alii multi, were slain.



31] was the best year that had ever come for nuts, and the
32] produce of the earth, and of cattle, and of trees and
33] herbs.


Ailin O'Suillebháin, bishop of Lis-mór, quievit.



1] A mansion was erected by Tomaltach O'Conchobhair,
2] bishop of Oilfinn, at Cill-tSheisin, in hoc anno.

Annal LC1254.


3] The kalends of January on Thursday, and the seventh
4] of the moon; xiiii. annus cycli solaris; primus annus
5] Decennovenalis cycli; xii. annus Indictionis;


6] Piers Pramister, lord of Conmaicne of Dún-mór,
7] mortuus est.


Murchadh O'Maelsechlainn was slain by
8] Domhnall, son of the Sinnach O'Catharnaigh, in this
9] year.


The Justiciary of Erinn went to Saxon-land.


10] The monastery of the Friars Preachers at Ath-lethan,
11] in Luighne, was all burned.


Piers Ristubhard, lord of
12] Síl-Maelruain, and a noble baron, was killed by Murchadh
13] O'Maelsechlainn on Loch-Ribh.


Sitric Mac Shenlaich
14] was taken prisoner by Fedhlim, son of Cathal
15] Crobhderg, and the Sen-shuilech Mac Shenlaich was
16] unnecessarily blinded by him; i.e. it was reported to
17] him that they had acted treacherously towards him.


18] The king of the Saxons went to Spain on a hosting
19] in hoc anno.


Maelbrighde, son of the Bishop
20] O'Mailfhaghmhair, mortuus est


Maelfinnen O'Beollain,
21] comarb of Druim-cliabh, mortuus est.


Donnchadh, son
22] of Donnchadh, son of Tomaltach, and Amhlaibh O'Bibhsaigh,
23] were slain in Cluain-Conmaicne by the Connachtmen.


24] Maghnus O'Gadhra was slain without cause by the
25] people of Fedhlim O'Conchobhair.


The king of France
26] returned from Jerusalem to France, after concluding
27] a three years' peace between the Christians and the
28] Saracens.


This year was an excellent year, with abundance
29] of oak-fruit, and with abundance of milk, and of
30] all other good things besides.


A great slaughter


1] was inflicted on the sons of Mac Cargahmna, and on
2] Muinter-Maelshinna, by Muinter-Gillgan and the Foreigners.

Annal LC1255.


4] The kalends of January on Friday, and the eighteenth
5] of the moon; xv. annus cycli solaris; secundus annus
6] Decennovenalis cycli; xiii. annus Indictionis;
7] quinto.


Innocentius papa quievit in Christo.


8] Mac Diarmada, airchidiaconus of Olefinn, in Christo quievit.


9] Aedh, son of Fedhlim O'Conchobhair, went into Tir-Eoghain,
10] and made peace between his own father and the
11] North of Erinn, and brought with him from the North
12] all the Connachtmen who were in the North of Erinn in
13] discord with his father, together with their chattels,
14] through the midst of his mortal enemies, viz.:—the sons
15] of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair and the Foreigners; and these
16] enemies dared no more than look at the host, and the
17] chattels by their side.


The archbishopric of Caisel-Mumhan
18] was assumed by Mac Cerbhaill.


The ambassadors of
19] Fedhlim O'Conchobhair went to the king of the Saxons.


20] Mathghamhain O'Mannachain was slain at Buimlinn.


21] The archbishop of Tuaim, i.e. Florence Mac Floinn, went
22] across to the East, to converse with the king of the
23] Saxons.


Maurice Fitz-Gerald went across to meet the
24] king of the Saxons.


Diarmaid O'Cuinn, and Amhlaibh
25] his son, and the nobles of Muinter-Gillgan along with
26] them, were slain at Faradhan-Muighe-Tregha by Gilla-na-naemh
27] O'Ferghail, per dolum; and he afterwards
28] plundered them i.e. Muinter-Gillgan.


The archbishop
29] of Tuaim came to Erinn from the king, having obtained
30] everything that he asked.


The ambassadors of Fedhlim
31] came to Erinn from the king, in like manner.


The archdeacon
32] of Enach-dúin, i.e. O'Laidigh, quievit in Christo.


33] A great depredation was committed by the Foreigners
34] on O'Floinn.


A great meeting was held between O'Conchobhair
35] and Mac William Burk, at Tochar-mona-Coinnedha;
36] and they concluded a peace there, and all


1] O'Conchobhair's conditions were conceded to him.


2] Juliana, daughter of the comarb of Caillin, and Gilla-na-naemh,
3] son of the comarb, mortui sunt.


Brian O'Neill
4] and the men of the North of Erinn came on a great hosting
5] against Cathal O'Raighilligh, and against Cuconnacht
6] O'Raighilligh; and they turned back again without
7] obtaining power or hostages.


Raghnailt, daughter of
8] O'Ferghail, died in a bath in hoc anno.

Annal LC1256.


9] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the twenty-ninth
10] of the moon; xvi. anno cycli solaris; tertius annus
11] Decennovenalis cycli; xiiii. anno Indictionis; sexto.


12] Flann Mac Floinn, archbishop of Tuaim, died in Bristol.


13] The archbishop of Baile-Atha-cliath died the same
14] year.


Ruaidhri O'Gadhra, king of Sliabh-Lugha, was
15] slain by his own gossip, i.e. David, son of Richard
16] Cuisin, in treachery and deceit; and his castle was
17] broken down by him at the same time.


A prodigious
18] hosting was made by Walter, son of Richard, son of
19] William Burk, against Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg,
20] and against his son, i.e. Aedh son of Fedhlim, and to the
21] sons of Tighernan O'Ruairc; and it was a very long time
22] before since a host so numerous as this was assembled in
23] Erinn, for it was reckoned that there were in it twenty
24] thousand to a man. And these great hosts marched to
25] Magh-Eó of the Saxons, and from thence to Balla, and
26] from thence throughout Luighne; and they plundered
27] Luighne on all sides about them. And they came
28] to Achadh-Conaire, and despatched messengers from thence
29] to Muinter-Raighilligh, and requested them to come to
30] meet them to Cros-Doire-chaein, at the eastern end of
31] Brat-sliabh in Tir-Tuathail. And Muinter-Raighilligh
32] came to Clachan-mucadha on Sliabh-an-iarainn, and then


1] turned back without having obtained a meeting from
2] the Foreigners, and went from thence to Soilten-gasan.
3] And it was on the same day, viz.:—Friday in particular,
4] and the festival of the Cross above all days, that Conchobhar,
5] son of Tighernan O'Ruairc, mustered the men of
6] Breifne and the Conmaicne, and as many as he could
7] secure along with them, including Aedh O'Conchobhair
8] and the nobles of Connacht, and the Síl-Muiredhaigh
9] besides. And the bravest on this hosting were these,
10] viz.:—Conchobhar; son of Tighernan O'Ruairc, i.e. king
11] of Uí-Briuin and Conmaicne, and Cathal O'Flaithbhertaigh,
12] and Murchadh Finn O'Ferghail, and Ruadh-in-fhedha
13] O'Floinn, and Flann Mac Oirechtaigh, and Donn
14] Og Mac Oirechtaigh, and a great number of Síl-Ceallaigh,
15] and the three sons of Mac Diarmada, and Diarmaid
16] O'Flannagain, and Cathal, son of Duarcan O'hEghra, and
17] the two sons of Tighernan O'Conchobhair, and Gilla-na-naemh
18] O'Taidhg. And great, indeed, was the number
19] of the young men of Connacht there besides. And where
20] the van of this host overtook Muinter-Raighilligh was at
21] Soilten-gasan, and they followed them to Alt-tighe-Mic-Cuirrin,
22] where the recruits of Muinter-Raighilligh turned
23] upon this separate host, and three times routed them.
24] Then the great army came up with them, after some of
25] their people had been slain, along with Diarmaid
26] O'Flannagain, and Mac Maenaigh, and Coicle O'Coicle,
27] and many more; and these several armies all marched to
28] Alt-na-hélti, and to Doirin-cranncha, between Ath-na-beithighe
29] and Bél-in-bhealaigh, and between Coill-essa
30] and Coill-airther on Sliabh-an-iarainn, where Muinter-Raighilligh
31] turned sternly, earnestly, furiously, wildly, irrepresibly,
32] against the son of Fedhlim and all the Connachtmen


1] who were along with him, to avenge upon them their
2] wrongs and oppressions; and each party then incited
3] their people against the other, i.e. the battalion of the Uí-Briuin
4] and the Connachtmen. Then the Connachtmen
5] arose on one side of the battle—a bold, expert, precipitate,
6] impetuous band—and arrayed themselves in a glistening,
7] flaming, quick-handed phalanx, and in close, steady,
8] united bodies, under the valiant, strong-armed heir, i.e.
9] Aedh, son of Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg. (And,
10] certainly, the son of the chief king had the glowing fury
11] of a prince, the firmness of a champion, and the valour
12] of a lion, on that day.) And a brave, destructive, heroic
13] battle was fought between them respectively in that
14] hour; and multitudes were killed and wounded, here
15] and there, on both sides. And Conchobhar, son of
16] Tighernan, king of Breifne, and Murchadh Finn
17] O'Ferghail, and Aedh O'Ferghail, and Maelruanaidh Mac
18] Donnchadha, were left there; and many more persons
19] were wounded on the spot; and a number of them died
20] of their wounds in their houses, including Murchadh
21] Finn O'Ferghail, and including Flann Mac Oirechtaigh,
22] who was slain in the counter-wounding of the battle,
23] and many more along with him. However, the witnesses
24] of this great battle say that neither the warriors of these
25] bands, nor the champions of the great victory, could gaze
26] at the face of the arch-prince, for there were two broad-eyed,
27] enormous, royal torches flaming and rolling in his
28] head; and every one feared to address him at the time,
29] for he was as far as the voice could reach before the hosts,
30] advancing against the battalions of the Uí-Briuin. And
31] he raised aloud his battle cry of a chief king, and his
32] champion's shout, in the middle of the great battle, and
33] desisted not from this career and onset until the battalion


1] of the Uí-Briuin was routed. However, there were slain
2] on that field Cathal O'Raighilligh, king of Muinter-Mael-mordha
3] and the descendants of Aedh Finn, together with
4] his two sons, viz.:—Domhnall Ruadh and Niall; and his
5] brother, i.e. Cuconnacht; and the three sons of Cathal
6] Dubh O'Raighilligh, viz.:—Goffraigh, and Ferghal, and
7] Domhnall; and Annadh, son of Domhnall O'Raighilligh,
8] who was killed by Conchobhar, son of Tighernan; and
9] the Caech O'Raighilligh, i.e. Niall; and Tighernan Mac
10] Bradaigh; and Gillamichil Mac Taichligh; and Donnchadh
11] O'Bibhsaigh; and Maghnus Mac Gilladhuibh; and over three
12] score of the best of their people along with them; and sixteen
13] men of the Uí-Raighilligh were slain there besides. The
14] battle of Magh-Slecht, on the brink of Ath-derg, at Alt-na-helti,
15] over Bealach-na-beithighe, is the name of this battle.


16] Another great hosting, after this battle, by Fedhlim
17] O'Conchobhair and his son, i.e. Aedh-na-nGall, accompanied
18] by the Connachtmen, and by Conn, son of
19] Tighernan, with the men of Breifne; and these two hosts
20] came, moreover, to Loch-an-trein, and attacked the
21] churches of Breifne except Fidhnacha alone, and turned
22] back to their houses, taking with them the hostages of
23] the men of Breifne, viz.:— of Mac Fiachrach, and Mac
24] Tighernain, and Mac Shamhradhain, and the son of Art
25] O'Ruairc; and these hostages, i.e. the sons of these chieftains,
26] were delivered into the hands of O'Ruairc; and
27] Mac Shamhradhain and the son of Art O'Ruairc delivered
28] their own hostages to Aedh-na-nGall. A small force of
29] cavalry, and a few footmen and mercenaries of O'Ruairc's
30] people, went to patrol the territory of Muinter-Maelmordha,
31] for it had been reported to O'Ruairc that emissaries
32] of O'Raighilligh's people had collected to one place
33] all the force that they found of Foreign and Gaeidhelic


1] mercenaries, who had gone to make a circuit of
2] Muinter-Maelmordha, and on a predatory expedition to
3] Mac Fiachrach. As regards Muinter-Raighilligh, however,
4] they encountered O'Ruairc's people at Farnacht;
5] and when they saw each other's faces, Muinter-Raighilligh
6] gave way, although they were three great battalions.
7] Not alone this; but thirty-six men of them were slain
8] on the spot, eight of whom bore the family name of
9] O'Raighilligh, including Amhlaibh O'Raighilligh, and
10] Aedh, son of Cathal O'Raighilligh; and O'Ruairc's people
11] went home joyously, contentedly, without sorrow, without
12] reverse. Conchobhar, son of Tighernan O'Ruairc, king
13] of Breifne, and Gilla-na-naemh Mac Shamhradhain, and
14] Macraith, son of Tighernan Mac Conbhuidhe, and
15] Mac-na-hoidhche Mac Dorchaidh, and Cathal Mac
16] Raghnaill, and the princes and chieftains of Uí-Briuin,
17] with their forces, came to Fidhnacha to a meeting with
18] Domhnall O'Raighilligh; and they followed him from
19] this meeting, and killed his beloved son, i.e. Annadh
20] O'Raighilligh, and Gilla-Isa Mac-an-Crottaigh, and many
21] more along with them; and they carried off a great prey
22] from Cruachan-O'Cúbhrán on the morrow, i.e. the festival
23] day of Brenainn, and plundered the district before them
24] as far as Fidhnacha of Magh-Rein. This day, however,
25] was but a 'drop before a shower' to Muinter-Raighilligh,
26] as then grew the beginning of succeeding tribulation and
27] injury to them; for they despatched messengers at that
28] time to the Foreigners, viz.:—to Mac William Burk and to
29] Mac Goisdelbh, with a view to devastating Connacht and
30] the Breifne. As regards the Foreigners, moreover, they


1] assembled a very great host, and proceeded to Ceis-Corainn,
2] where they encamped, and where they remained
3] the greater part of a week; and they plundered all the
4] churches of the Corann. As to Muinter-Raighilligh,
5] they advanced to Loch-Aillinne, to the shore of the
6] island which is called Fuar-chossach, on Loch-Aillinne;
7] but the Foreigners came not to this rendezvous, through
8] fear of Aedh O'Conchobhair, who was then at Cill-tSeisin
9] in Uachtar-tire, observing these hosts from the
10] east and from the west, and watching which of them he
11] should attack. With regard to Aedh O'Conchobhair,
12] when he heard that Muinter-Raighilligh had arrived at
13] the place, the resolution which he and O'Ruairc (who
14] was at this time with him) adopted, was to leave their
15] horses and armour at Cill-tSeisin, and to go themselves
16] on foot eastwards across the Shannon, to make an
17] attack on Muinter-Raighilligh; and they went by the
18] passes, and sent routs and mercenaries on before them,
19] to catch Muinter-Raighilligh, ut supra diximus. The
20] Foreigners returned home after this, and the Bishop
21] O'Maicin was 'drowning their candles' about nones,
22] when it was equally dark in field and wood. On the
23] night of the festival of the Cross, truly,Muinter-Raighilligh
24] were routed; and it was on the spot in
25] which this engagement was fought that Aedh O'Conchobhair
26] passed that night; and Muinter-Raighilligh
27] were beheaded by him on the morrow in that place, and he
28] brought their heads to Fedhlim, to Dun-Aille behind
29] Badhna.


A Justiciary came to Erinn from the king of
30] the Saxons, to adjust the lands of Erinn between the


1] barons and knights of Erinn. A meeting was held by
2] the Justiciary and Aedh O'Conchobhair at Rinn-dúin;
3] and they made peace with one another, on condition that
4] the territory or land of O'Conchobhair should not be
5] diminished while he the Justiciary should be Justiciary
6] in Erinn. Aedh, son of Fedhlim O'Conchobhair, plundered
7] the country of Richard Cuisin, in revenge for his
8] having killed
O'Gadhra; and he afterwards demolished his
9] castle, and killed all the people who were in it, and took
10] possession of all Loch-Techet. Raghnall Mac Branain, dux
11] of Corca-Achlann, mortuus est.


A great depredation was
12] committed
by Mac William Burk on Ruaidhri O'Flaithbhertaigh,
13] when he plundered Gno-mór and Gno-beg;
14] and he afterwards took possession of all Loch-Oirbsen.
15] A great meeting was held by Aedh O'Conchobhair and
16] John de Verdun, at Ath-Liag-na-Sinna, in hoc anno.
17] Sitric Mac Shenlaich escaped, and went to the monastery
18] of the Buill, to seek the protection of the Order.


19] Mac Shenlaich died in the monastery of the Buill
20] in hoc anno.


Ath-Luain and Dun-Daighre were burned
21] on the same day in this year.


22] O'Cennfhaeladh, i.e. abbot of Enach-dúin, quievit.


23] abbot of the Trinity in Tuaim, i.e. O'Gillaráin, quievit.


24] A great war arose between Aedh O'Conchobhair and
25] Conn, son of Tighernan O'Ruairc, though their friendship
26] was good until then.


O'Ruairc went to meet the
27] Foreigners, and concluded a separate peace for himself,
28] without the permission of Fedhlim O'Conchobhair, or of
29] his son. A great depredation was committed by Aedh
30] O'Conchobhair on O'Ruairc, the Wednesday before Great
31] Christmas; and they made peace afterwards.

Annal LC1257.


32] The kalends of January on Monday, and the tenth of
33] the moon; xvii. anno cycli solaris; quarto anno Decennovenalis
34] cycli; xv. Indictionis;


Conn, son of


1] Tighernan O'Ruairc, went into the house of O'Conchobhair
2] and his son, and made peace with them, and gave
3] them their own award of the land of Breifne;
4] and he gave them Cloch-Innsi-na-torc on Loch-Finnmhuighe, and
5] a garrison was placed in it by Aedh, son of Fedhlim, son
6] of Cathal Crobhderg.


Cathal Cuircech, son of Aedh, son
7] of Cathal Crobhderg, and Aedh, son of Conchobhar, son of
8] Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, were blinded by Aedh,
9] son of Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, in treachery,
10] through envy and jealousy, in violation of the laics, and
11] clerics, and reliquaries of Connacht, in hoc anno.


12] son of Cathal O'Raighilligh, chieftain of Muinter-Maelmordha,
13] died.


Cloch-Innsi-na-torc, on Loch-Finnmhuighe,
14] was burned by O'Ruairc, and its garrison was let out of it
15] by him on parole.


Sitric, son of Ualgharg O'Ruairc, was
16] made king by Aedh O'Conchobhair, in opposition to Conchobhar,
17] son of Tighernan O'Ruairc; and Sitric, son of
18] Ualgharg, was slain by Domhnall, son of Conchobhar,
19] son of Tighernan O'Ruairc, soon after his inauguration.


20] Maurice Fitz-Gerald mortuus est in hoc anno.


A meeting
21] was held at Ath-Luain by Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg,
22] with the Justiciaryof Erinn, and with Mac William
23] Burk and the other nobles of Erinn; and they made
24] peace respectively.


A great depredation was committed
25] by Aedh O'Conchobhair on O'Ruairc, about Easter. Maelpatraic
26] Mac hEli, airchinnech of Cill-Alaidh, was slain.
27] The castle of Cael-uisce was razed by Goffraidh O'Domhnaill
28] and the Cenel-Conaill, and its garrison was slain.
29] O'Domhnaill and the Cenel-Conaill proceeded to Sligech,
30] and a great number of the Foreigners of the town were
31] killed by them, and the street-town was burned by them;
32] and they carried off great preys into Cairbre. And the


1] Foreigners pursued them to Credran-Choluim-Chille in
2] Ros-Geidhe, in the territory of Cairbre, where the
3] Foreigners were routed, and O'Domhnaill was mortally
4] wounded; but if his wounds had not disabled O'Domhnaill
5] they would have been routed as far as Muaidh.
6] And they the Cenel-Conaill returned home afterwards
7] in consequence of O'Domhnaill's wound.


The monastery
8] of Mary, in Ros-Comain, was consecrated by Tomaltach
9] O'Conchobhair for the Friars Preachers.


A charter was
10] given by the king of the Saxons to Fedhlim O'Conchobhair
11] for the king's five cantreds.


A great war between
12] Conchobhar O'Briain and the Foreigners of Mumha; and
13] a great slaughter was inflicted by O'Briain on the
14] Foreigners; and a great depredation was committed on
15] them by Tadhg O'Briain in addition. The son of Domhnall
16] Connachtach O'Briain was, moreover, killed by the
17] Foreigners. A great slaughter was inflicted on the
18] Foreigners of Uladh by Mac Duinnslebhe.


19] son of Tighernan O'Ruairc, king of Breifne, was killed
20] at Ath-na-Failmhe, in treachery, by Gillaberaigh O'Lamhdhuibh,
21] a young man of his own people, and by the
22] people of Matthew O'Raighilligh.


Cathal O'Mannachain
23] mortuus est on the 6th of the kalends of December.


24] Fidhnacha was profaned by Aedh, son of Fedhlim O'Conchobhair,
25] regarding its stock, viz.:—one hundred cows.


26] Muiredhach, son of Maelbrighde O'Fairchellaigh, comarb
27] of Maedhóg, quievit.


A great depredation was committed
28] on Mac Shamhradhain by the people of Aedh, son
29] of Fedhlim O'Conchobhair.


Thomas O'Maelchiarain, the
30] sage of Erinn, quievit.


Raghnailt, daughter of O'Ferghail,
31] quievit.


Gillapatraic Mac Fiachrach was blinded by
32] Matthew O'Raighilligh in hoc anno.


Annal LC1258.


1] The kalends of January on Tuesday, and the twenty-first
2] of the moon; xviii. anno cycli solaris; quinto
3] anno Decennovenalis cycli; primus annus Indictionis;
4] octavo.


Walter de Salerna, i.e. archbishop of Tuaim,
5] and great dean of London, died in Saxon-land in this
6] year; and the year before that he had been chosen by
7] the king of the Saxons.


Tomaltach O'Conchobhair, i.e.
8] bishop of Oilfinn, was elected archbishop of Tuaim in
9] hoc anno.


Goffraidh O'Domhnaill, king of Tir-Conaill,
10] i.e. who was the kindling torch of honour and valour, of
11] warfare and defence of the entire province, died of the
12] wounds which he had received in the battle of Credrán;
13] and it was not death after cowardice, but death after
14] triumphing over his enemies. Domhnall O'Domhnaill
15] was made king in his place, and all the Cenel-Conaill
16] gave him hostages and sovereignty.


Domhnall, son of
17] Conchobhar, son of Tighernan O'Ruairc, who was in
18] captivity, for his father's sake, with Fedhlim O'Conchobhair
19] and his son, was liberated by them; and the
20] sovereignty of the Breifne was given to him in the place
21] of his father.


A great fleet came from Innsi-Gall with
22] Mac Somhairle; and they passed round Erinn westwards
23] to Conmaicne-Mara, where they robbed a merchant-vessel
24] of all its goods, both wine and clothing, and copper and
25] iron. The sheriff of Connacht, i.e. Jordan de Exeter, went
26] on the sea, with a large fleet of Foreigners, after Mac
27] Somhairle and the fleet that had robbed the merchant-vessel.
28] Mac Somhairle was at this time on an island of
29] the sea, having his vessels ashore; and when they saw
30] the sheriff's fleet approaching them, Mac Somhairle put
31] on his armour, and his dress of battle and combat; and
32] his people then put on their armour along with him. As
33] regards the sheriff, moreover, when he reached the island,
34] he landed promptly, accompanied by all the Foreigners


1] who were ready. However, the sheriff was attended
2] and served by Mac Somhairle and his people; and the sheriff
3] was immediately killed there, together with Piers
4] Agabard, who was a brave knight of his people, and other
5] good men along with them.


The fleet of the Foreigners
6] subsequently turned back, after their best men had been
7] slain; and Mac Somhairle went afterwards exultingly,
8] enriched with spoils, with the triumph of victory, to his
9] own country.


A great meeting was held at Cael-uisce
10] by Aedh O'Conchobhair, i.e. the son of Fedhlim, son of
11] Cathal Crobhderg, accompanied by Tadhg O'Briain, with
12] Brian O'Neill, when they made peace with one another;
13] and the sovereignty over the Gaeidhel of Erinn was given
14] to Brian O'Neill; and the son of Fedhlim gave hostages
15] to Brian O'Neill; and the hostages of Muinter-Raighilligh
16] and all the Uí-Briuin, from Cenannus to Druim-cliabh,
17] were then given to Aedh O'Conchobhair.


18] son of Gilla-ruadh O'Radhuibh, i.e. 'the Master', died in
19] this year.


Macraith Mac Tighernain, dux of Tellach-Dunchadha,
20] was killed by Domhnall, son of Conchobhar,
21] son of Tighernan O'Ruairc. It was then that the men
22] of Breifne and all the Connachtmen took his sovereignty
23] from this Domhnall, son of Conchobhar, and the men of
24] Tellach-Dunchadha killed his brother, i.e. Cathal, son of
25] Conchobhar, son of Tighernan O'Ruairc; and the men of
26] Breifne and Connacht gave the sovereignty of Uí-Briuin
27] to Art, son of Cathal Riabhach O'Ruairc.


The monk
28] O'Cuirnín, i.e. a most eminent devotee, quievit.


29] Mac Shamhradhain, dux of Tellach-Echach, was killed by
30] the Connachtmen.


A great war between the Foreigners
31] and Conchobhar O'Briain, when Ard-rathain and Cill-Colgan,
32] and many street-towns, and much corn, were
33] burned on every side.


Thomas O'Birn mortuus est.


34] great meeting took place between the Foreigners and
35] Gaeidhel of Erinn, in the absence of Fedhlim O'Conchobhair,
36] at Mullach-Laighide, when peace was concluded


1] between them.


Gilla-Christ O'Carmacan, dean of Oilfinn,
2] quievit.


Ardghal O'Conchobhair, i.e. the son of Comarb
3] Comain, quievit.


The bishop's palace at Oilfinn, and
4] the palace of Cill-Seisin, were demolished by Aedh
5] O'Conchobhair in hoc anno.


Amhlaibh, son of Art
6] O'Ruairc, i.e. the king of Breifne from the mountain
7] westwards, died in hoc anno.

Annal LC1259.


8] The kalends of January on Wednesday, and the second
9] of the moon; xix. anno cycli solaris; vi. anno Decennovenalis
10] cycli; secundo anno Indictionis;


11] son of Toirdhelbhach, son of Maelsechlainn O'Conchobhair,
12] came from Rome in this year, after the degree of
13] bishop had been conferred on him at the Pope's court; and
14] he brought with him a pallium for himself, and great
15] benefits for the church also.


Cormac O'Luimlin, bishop of
16] Cluain-ferta-Brenainn, and chief sage of Erinn, and a holy
17] senior, quievit.


Aedh O'Conchobhair gave the place of
18] Amhlaibh to Art Beg, son of Art O'Ruairc. Art, son of
19] Cathal Riabhach O'Ruairc, was taken prisoner by Aedh
20] O'Conchobhair. Aedh O'Conchobhair went to Doire-Choluim-Chille
21] to espouse the daughter of Dubhgall
22] Mac Somhairle; and he brought home eight score young
23] men with her, together with Ailin Mac Somhairle. Cathal
24] Mac Conshnamha, chieftain of Muinter-Cinaith, was
25] blinded by Aedh O'Conchobhair; and the hostages of
26] Domhnall O'Ruairc, viz.:—Niall, son of Donnchadh, and
27] Brian, son of Niall, were blinded by him in the same
28] year. A conference took place between Aedh O'Conchobhair
29] and Brian O'Neill, at Daimhinis on Loch
30] Erne, when peace was made with Domhnall O'Ruairc
31] by Aedh O'Conchobhair, and the sovereignty of the
32] Breifne was given to him.


Taichlech Mac Diarmada
33] mortuus est.


Milidh Mac Goisdelbh mortuus est.




1] Mac Goisdelbh was taken prisoner by Aedh O'Conchobhair,
2] who plundered all Sliabh-Lugha. He Gilbert
3] Mac Goisdelbh
was afterwards set at large, and his three
4] sons were taken as hostages in his place.


Flann Ruadh
5] O'Floinn, chieftain of Síl-Maelruain, and Donnchadh
6] O'Floinn were taken prisoners by Aedh O'Conchobhair;
7] and Síl-Maelruain was all plundered by him.


8] O'Baighill, i.e. the chieftain of the Three Tuatha, a
9] vigorous, most hospitable man, was killed by his own
10] brethren in treachery, in hoc anno.


Tadhg O'Briain, i,e.
11] one fit to be king of Mumha, mortuus est.


The Gillacam
12] Mac Gillacharain, a distinguished professor of poetry
13] and literature, in Christo quievit.

Annal LC1260.


14] The kalends of January on Thursday, the thirteenth of
15] the moon; xx. anno cycli solaris; vii. anno Decennovenalis
16] cycli; iii. anno Indictionis;


Aedh O'Conchobhair
17] went into the North, to Brian O'Neill, accompanied by a
18] great many of the nobles of Connacht. O'Neill, and the
19] Cenel-Eoghain, and Aedh O'Conchobhair went together
20] to Dun-da-lethghlas against the Foreigners. A terrible
21] defeat was inflicted on them by the Foreigners of Dún,
22] and Brian O'Neill, i.e. the king of the Gaeidhel of Erinn,
23] was killed in the battle of Druim-derg at Dun-da-lethglas.
24] Domhnall O'Cairre, and Diarmaid Mac Lachlainn,
25] and Maghnus O'Cathain, and Cian O'hIneirghe, and Donnsleibhe
26] Mac Cana, and Aedh O'Cathain, and Muirchertach
27] O'Cathain, and Conchobhar Dubhdhirma, and his son
28] Aedh O'Dubhdhirma, and Amhlaimh O'Gairmleghaigh, and
29] Cu-Uladh O'hAnluain, and Niall O'hAnluain were slain
30] there. In fact, fifteen of the principal men of Muinter-Cathain
31] were slain in that field. There were also slain
32] on the part of the Connachtmen in the same battlefield,
33] Gilla-Christ, son of Conchobhar, son of Cormac, son of
34] Tomaltach Mac Diarmada, and Cathal, son of Tighernan
35] O'Conchobhair; and Maelruanaidh Mac Donnchadha; and
36] Cathal, son of Donnchadh, son of Muirchertach; and


1] Aedh, son of Muirchertach Finn; and Tadhg, son of
2] Cathal, son of Brian O'Maelruanaidh; and Diarmaid, son
3] of Tadhg, son of Muiredhach, son of Tomaltach O'Maelruanaidh;
4] and Conchobhar Mac Gilla-Erraith; and Tadhg,
5] son of Cian O'Gadhra; and Gilla-Beraigh O'Cuinn; and
6] Carthalus, son of the Bishop O'Muiredhaigh; et alii multi
7] nobiles et ignobiles.


A hosting by Mac William Burk
8] against Fedhlim O'Conchobhair, when he went to Ros-Comain;
9] and he sent a predatory band into Crumhthonn,
10] who plundered Clann-Aedhagain; and he sent another
11] predatory band into Tir-Maine, who plundered several of
12] the Bishop's people, for they were at that time at
13] Port-Airenach. They plundered Ros-Comain, and destroyed
14] its corn, but they dared not go northwards past
15] Ros-Comain on this occasion, for Fedhlim O'Conchobhair
16] and his son, i.e. Aedh na-nGall, were in the Tuatha, and
17] the cows of Connacht were behind them in the wilderness.
18] And the resolution both parties adopted was to
19] make peace with one another; and Mac William afterwards
20] returned home.


A great hosting by Mac Maurice
21] into Tuadh-Mumha, against Conchobhar O'Briain, when
22] O'Briain met them at Coill-Berrain, and the people of
23] Tuadh-Mumha opposed them on every side in the wood;
24] and the Foreigners were then routed, and David Prendergast,
25] i.e. a most noble knight, was slain there; and the
26] Failgech, and the Parson of Ard-rathain, and Thomas
27] Barrett, et alii multi, were slain.


Alexander papa
28] quievit in Christo.


Abraham O'Conalláin, bishop of
29] Ard-Macha, quievit.


Robin Laighleis died on Easter-Sunday
30] in this year.


Maghnus Mac Oirechtaigh was
31] slain by Domhnall O'Flaithimh in hoc anno.


32] son of Amhlaibh, son of Art O'Ruairc, and his brother


1] Tighernan along with him, were slain by Aedh O'Conchobhair,
2] after they had been surrendered by Domhnall,
3] son of Niall, son of Conghalach O'Ruairc. Domhnall,
4] son of Conchobhar, son of Tighernan O'Ruairc, i.e. the
5] king of Breifne, was killed by the Teallach-Dunchadha
6] per dolum; and Muirchertach, son of Conchobar, his
7] other brother, was afterwards killed by Aedh O'Conchobhair.
8] Art Beg, son of Art O'Ruairc, was killed by
9] Aedh O'Conchobhair in like manner. Tadhg Dubh, son
10] of Niall, son of Conghalach, was killed by Maelsechlainn,
11] son of Amhlaibh, son of Art. A great depredation was
12] committed by Aedh O'Conchobhair on the people of
13] Tuath-ratha, on which occasion Conchobhar Mac Branain,
14] dux of Corca-Achlann, and Muirchertach O'Maenaigh,
15] and the son of Brian O'Fallamhain, et alii multi, were
16] slain.


A great depredation was committed by Mac
17] Maurice on O'Domhnaill; but a party of O'Domhnaill's
18] people overtook them at Bendan-Brechmuighe, where
19] some of them were burned, and some more slain. The
20] residence of Conchobhar O'Ceallaigh was burned by a
21] party of Aedh O'Conchobhair's people.


Cinaeth O'Birn,
22] i.e. the prior of Cill-mór, quievit.


A great depredation
23] was committed by O'Domhnaill on Mac Maurice, when
24] he plundered all Cairpre.


The degree of bishop was
25] conferred by the comarb of Patrick on Maelsechlainn
26] O'Conchobhair, at Dun-Dealgan.


Sitric Mac Shenlaich
27] was killed at Ath-Luain, by Donncatha Mac Oirechtaigh
28] and Tomaltach Mac Oirechtaigh.


John de Verdun came
29] to Erinn in hoc anno.


Maelfinnen O'Mithigén quievit.

Annal LC1261.


30] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the twenty-fourth
31] of the moon; anno Domini primo; xx.i.
32] anno cycli solaris; octavo anno cycli lunaris; quarto anno
33] Indictionis.


Sixteen of the most distinguished of the
34] clerics of Cenel-Conaill, together with Conchobhar


1] O'Ferghail, were killed by Conchobhar O'Neill and the
2] Cenel-Eoghan, in Doire-Cholum-Chille.


3] O'Neill was immediately slain through the miracles of
4] Colum-Cille, by Domhnall O'Breisléin, chief of Fánad.


5] Aedh, son of Maelsechlainn O'Conchobhair, was killed by
6] Maelfhabhaill O'hEidhin.


A great war was waged, and
7] numerous injuries were committed, by Finghin, son of
8] Domhnall Mac Carthaigh, and his brothers, against
9] Foreigners in this year.


A great hosting by the Clann-Gerald
10] into Des-Mumha, to attack Mac Carthaigh; and
11] Mac Carthaigh attacked them, and defeated them, and
12] Fitz-Thomas (John proprium nomen), and his son,
13] and fifteen knights and eight noble barons along with
14] them, were slain there, besides several young men, and
15] soldiers innumerable. And the Barrach Mór was also
16] killed there. Finghin Mac Carthaigh was subsequently
17] slain by the Foreigners, and the sovereignty of Des-Mumha
18] was assumed after him by his brother, i.e. the
19] Aithchleirech Mac Carthaigh.


Art, son of Cathal
20] Riabhach O'Ruairc, escaped from Aedh O'Conchobhair;
21] and the chieftains of the Breifne and Conmaicne gave
22] him the sovereignty of the Breifne.


Mac Fheorais profaned
23] the great church of Feichin in Es-dara, where he
24] killed five of the Luighne, together with Cathal
25] O'hEghra. A depredation was committed by Domhnall
26] O'hEghra on Clann-Fheorais in retaliation for this, when
27] he killed Sefin Mac Fheorais, and what he had on his
28] head when he was killed was the bell cover which he
29] had taken from the church of Es-dara.


Brian Ruadh
30] O'Briain burned and demolished Caislen-Uí-Chonaing,


1] and killed all the people who were in it.


A castle was
2] built by John de Verdun in Magh-dumha in Muinter-Ghilgan
3] in hoc anno.


The fortress of Aedh O'Conchobhair
4] at Snamh-in-redaigh was burned by the people of
5] the Breifne.


Burning of Cluain-Suilinn, i.e. the fortress
6] of Fedhlim O'Conchobhair.


The son of Aedh O'Conchobhair
7] was given in fosterage to Art O'Ruairc.


8] great depredation was committed by Aedh O'Conchobhair
9] in the Breifne, until he reached Druim-lethan, when a
10] portion of his routs were defeated, and a great number of
11] them were slain who were not distinguished.


12] son of Edna O'Maelchiarain, chieftain of Muinter-Maelchiarain
13] and Tellach-Chonghusa, mortuus est.


14] Aedh Buidhe O'Neill expulsus est, and Niall Culanach
15] O'Neill was made king in his place.


Niall O'Gairmleghaigh;
16] chieftain of Cenel-Moain, mortuus est.

Annal LC1262.


17] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the fifth of
18] the moon; anno Domini; xx.ii. anno cycli
19] solaris; nono anno cycli lunaris; v. anno Indictionis.


20] Maelsechlainn, son of Tadhg O'Conchobhair, bishop of
21] Síl-Muiredhaigh, mortuus est.


A prodigious hosting by
22] the Foreigners of Erinn against Fedhlim, son of Cathal
23] Crobhderg and against his son, i.e. Aedh-na-nGall, when
24] O'Conchobhair sent the greater number of the cows of
25] Connacht to Tir-Conaill, away from the Foreigners, and
26] he himself remained in Inis-Saimer, in defence of his
27] cows and people. As regards the Foreigners, however,
28] Mac William Burk, accompanied by a great army, came
29] from the west across Tochar-Mona-Coinnedha, to Oilfinn,
30] and the Justiciary of Erinn and John de Verdun went
31] westwards across Ath-Luain, to Ros-Comain; and they
32] despatched great predatory bands intoCenel-Dobhtha-mic-Aenghusa,
33] who on that occasion plundered all that


1] remained in Connacht after O'Conchobhair; and they
2] marked out the site of a castle in Ros-Comain on this
3] expedition. With regard to Aedh O'Conchobhair, he
4] collected a large army, and plundered the Foreigners of
5] all the West of Connacht eastwards from Magh-Eó of the
6] Saxons, and from Balla, and burned their towns and corn
7] fields from thence to Sliabh-Lugha, and slew many
8] persons between those places. After he had committed
9] these great depredations he sent off his princes and
10] chieftains into Uachtar-Chonnacht, who burned and
11] plundered from Tuaim-dá-ghualann to Ath-Luain; and
12] they killed all the men they found between those places.


13] Domhnall O'Mannachain was killed by the sons of
14] Ruaidhri and Tadhg O'Conchobhair.


As to the Foreigners,
15] however, they despatched messagers to O'Conchobhair
16] and his son, to offer them peace. Aedh O'Conchobhair,
17] moreover, came subsequently to Ath-dhoire-Chuirc, to
18] meet the Foreigners; and they concluded peace; and he
19] went that night afterwards into the house of the Foreigners,
20] without giving pledge or hostage; and he was
21] on that night in the same place, and in the same bed
22] with Mac William Burk, cheerfully, contentedly. And
23] the Foreigners departed on the morrow, after they had
24] concluded this peace.


A great depredation was committed
25] by the Foreigners of Midhe on Gilla-na-naemh O'Ferghail,
26] chieftain of the Anghaile; and his own tribe forsook him,
27] and went over to the Foreigners; and he was deposed
28] by them, and the son of Murchadh Carrach O'Ferghail
29] was made chieftain in opposition to him. Numerous
30] injuries in the shape of depredations, aggressions,
31] spoliations, plunderings and killings, were committed
32] by Gilla-na-naemh O'Ferghail on the Foreigners this
33] year; and he forcibly asserted his own chieftainship and
34] sovereignty, and expelled the son of Murchadh Carrach
35] O'Ferghail out of the district.


A hosting by Mac
33] William Burk and the Foreigners of Erinn to Des-Mumha,


1] to attack Mac Carthaigh, until they reached the Mangartach
2] of Loch-Lein, where Gerald Roche was slain by Mac
3] Carthaigh; and it was said that he was the third best
4] baron in Erinn. And this was the 'joy with sorrow' to
5] Des-Mumha, for the son of Domhnall Got Mac Carthaigh,
6] i.e. Cormac, son of Domhnall, was slain on that same day;
7] and the Foreigners and Gaeidhel suffered great losses on
8] that day around the Mangartach.


The comarb of Patrick
9] came to Erinn in hoc anno.

Annal LC1263.


10] The kalends of January on Monday, and the sixteenth
11] of the moon; anno Domini; xx.iii. anno cycli
12] solaris; x. anno cycli lunaris; vi. anno cycli Indictionis.


13] Donn O'Breisléin was killed by Domhnall O'Domnhnaill
14] in the bishop's court at Rath-Bhoth, in treachery.


15] hosting by Mac William Burk against Fedhlim O'Conchobhair,
16] and against his son, as far as Ros-Comain; and
17] the Síl-Muiredhaigh fled before them to the North of
18] Connacht, and the Foreigners obtained neither preys nor
19] spoils on this occasion. Donnchadh O'Floinn and his
20] son Tadhg attacked a division of this army, and one
21] hundred of them were slain, both good and bad, including
22] Aitin Russel and his son, and the five sons of Cuconnacht
23] O'Conchobhair, et alii multi; and the army afterwards
24] returned to their homes in disgrace.


Thomas O'Cellaigh,
25] bishop of Cluain-ferta-Brenainn quievit in Christo.


26] Ebhdhonn, king of Lochlann, died in Innsi-Orc, on the
27] way whilst coming to Erinn.


David O'Finn, abbot of
28] the monastery of the Buill, quievit.


Diarmaid Clerech,
29] son of Cormac Mac Diarmada, mortuus est.


Andiles Mac
30] Finnbharr, dux of Muinter-Geradhain, obiit.




1] son of Gilla-na-nGuissén, prior of Doirén, a man
2] eminent for hospitality and piety, quievit.


3] O'hEidhin was slain by Foreigners.


4] O'Maeleoin, abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, quievit.


A great
5] war between the comarb of Patrick and the bishop of
6] Midhe in hoc anno.


A castle was erected by Mac William
7] Burk at Ath-in-gail in the Corann.


Meachair O'Ruadhain
8] was killed by Foreigners, in treachery, in the door of the
9] church of Cill-Seiscnen, in hoc anno.


Etain, daughter of
10] O'Flannagain, mortua est.


A very hot summer in this year.

Annal LC1264.


11] The kalends of January on Tuesday, and the twenty-seventh
12] of the moon; anno Domini quarto;
13] xxiiii. anno cycli solaris; xi. anno cycli lunaiis; vii. anno
14] cycli Indictionis.


A great war was waged by Art
15] O'Maelsechlainn against the Foreigners of Midhe; and
16] he inflicted a great slaughter on them about the Brosnach;
17] and such of them as were not slain were drowned. Muirchertach,
18] son of Domhnall O'hAirt, was killed, and his
19] people were burned, by Donn Mac Uidhir in hoc anno.


20] A great war arose between the king of the Saxons and
21] the king of Britain, and the Saxon earls opposed Edward
22] and his son; and a battle was fought between them, in
23] which Edward, king of the Saxons, and his son were
24] taken prisoners, and John de Verdun, and a great slaughter
25] besides was committed between them.


Aenghus O'Clumhain,
26] bishop of Luighne, died in the monastery of the
27] Buill, after having resigned his bishopric a long time
28] before that.


A great depredation was committed by the
29] Dealbhna on Síl-Anmchadha, and five sons of O'Madadhain
30] were slain there moreover.


A great meeting between
31] the Foreigners of Erinn, (including the Justiciary of
32] Erinn, and including the Earl of Ulster, and Fitz-Gerald,


1] and the other nobles of the Foreigners of Erinn), and
2] Fedhlim O'Conchobhair, and Aedh O'Conchobhair, his
3] son, at Ath-Luain. Great fear and consternation seized
4] the Foreigners when they saw the countless multitude
5] that accompanied O'Conchobhair and his son; and the
6] resolution the Foreigners then adopted was to conclude
7] peace with O'Conchobhair and his son, which they
8] did forthwith.


A great war arose between Mac William
9] Burk, i.e. the Earl of Ulster, and Fitz-Gerald, in this
10] year, so that the major part of Erinn was destroyed
11] between them; and the Earl seized all the castles Fitz-Gerald
12] had in Connacht, and burned all his manors, and
13] plundered all his people, during this war. Art O'Maelsechlainn
14] burned all the castles and street-towns in
15] Dealbhna, and in Breghmhuine, and in Calraighe, and
16] expelled the Foreigners out of them all, and afterwards
17] took the hostages of the chieftains of the entire district;
18] and Loch-Luatha was also burned by him. The Justiciary
19] of Erinn, and John Gogan, and Tibbot Butler were
20] taken prisoners by Fitz-Gerald in a consecrated church.
21] The castle of Loch-Mesca, and the castle of Ard-rathain,
22] were seized by Mac William Burk into his own hand in
23] hoc anno. Domhnall O'hEghra, king of Luighne, was
24] slain by Foreigners.


Cumhuighe O'Cathain, king of
25] Cianachta, captus est per Aedh Buidhe.


Friars Minor
26] were brought to Ard-Macha by the archbishop, i.e. Maelpatraic
27] O'Scannail; and the same man, i.e. Maelpatraic,
28] made a trench round Ard-Macha in this year.


29] The kalends of January on Thursday, the eighth of the
30] moon; xxv. anno cycli solaris; xii. anno cycli lunaris;
31] viii. anno Indictionis; quinto.


Thomas, son of


1] Ferghal Mac Diarmada, bishop of Oilfinn, quievit in
2] Christo.


Thomas O'Maicin, bishop of Luighne, quievit.


3] The castle of Sligech was demolished by Aedh O'Conchobhair;
4] and the castle of Benn-fhada and the castle of
5] Rath-aird-craibhe were burned and demolished by him
6] also.


The monastery of Tobar-Patraic was burned in
7] this year.


Tadhg Mac Fhinnbhair was killed by Conchobhar
8] Mac Raghnaill, and by the son of Domhnall
9] O'Ferghail, in hoc anno.


Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg
10] O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht—the protector and
11] supporter of his own province, and the protector of his
12] friends on every side; the plunderer and extirpator of
13] his enemies wherever they might be; a man full of
14] bounty and prowess; a man full of distinction and honor
15] in Erinn and Saxon-land—died after the triumph of
16] unction and penitence, and was interred in the monastery
17] of the Friars Preachers in Ros-Comain, which he had
18] previously granted to God and the Order. Aedh O'Conchobhair,
19] i.e. his own son, assumed the sovereignty of
20] Connacht after his father, and executed his royal depredation
21] on the Uí-Failghe, where he committed many
22] burnings and killings; and, on his return to Ath-Luain,
23] he blinded Cathal, son of Tadhg O'Conchobhair, who
24] died after having been blinded.


Muirchertach, son of
25] Cathal, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh,
26] king of Magh-Luirg, died in this year. Gilla-na-naemh
27] O'Cuinn, chieftain of Muinter-Gillgan, mortuus est.


28] Mac Raghnaill, chieftain of Muinter-Eolais, mortuus est.


29] Muiredhach O'Cerbhaill, chieftain of Calraidhe, mortuus
30] est.


Maelbrighde O'Grugan, airchinnech of Oilfinn, mortuus
31] est.


Maurice, son of Niall O'Conchobhair, was
32] elected to the bishopric of Oilfinn in hoc anno.


33] conference was held by Tomaltach O'Conchobhair, archbishop
34] of Connacht, with David Prendergast and the
35] Mac Murchadhas; and a great number of the archbishop's
36] people were slain by them on that day at


1] Cill-medhoin.


Derbhorgaill, daughter of O'Dubhda, i.e.
2] the mother of Tomaltach O'Conchobhair, archbishop of
3] Connacht, died after the victory of penitence.


A great
4] war between the king of the Saxons and Simon Mufford.


5] Murchadh Mac Suibhne was apprehended by Domhnall,
6] son of Maghnus, and surrendered into the hands of the
7] Earl; and he died in the prison.

Annal LC1266.


8] The kalends of January on Friday, and the nineteenth
9] of the moon; anno Domini; xxvi. anno cycli
10] solaris; xiii. anno cycli lunaris; ix. anno cycli Indictionis..


11] Mathghamhain, son of Ceithernach O'Cerin, king of Ciarraighe,
12] was slain by the Foreigners of D&úacute;n-mór in hoc
13] anno.


Mathghamhain O'Cuilén, king of the Claen-ghlais,
14] was killed by his own wife, with one thrust of a knife,
15] through jealousy, this year.


The castle of Tech-Dachoinne
16] was broken down and laid waste in this year; and all
17] Conmaicne was laid waste.


Domhnall, O'hEghra, king of
18] Luighne, occisus est whilst burning Ard-na-riadh against
19] the Foreigners, in hoc anno.


Toirdhelbhach, son of Aedh,
20] son of Cathal Crobhderg, died in the monastery of Cnoc-Muaidhe
21] in this year.


Diarmaid Ruadh, son of Conchobhar,
22] son of Cormac Mac Diarmada, and Donncatha,
23] son of Donn Og Mac Oireghtaigh, were blinded by Aedh
24] O'Conchobhair.


Sadhbh, daughter of Cathal Crobhderg,
25] mortua est.


Maelisa O'hAnainn, prior of Ros-Comáin
26] and Ath-Liag, quievit in Christo.


The borough of
27] Bel-an-táchair was burned by Flann Ruadh O'Floinn;
28] and many of the Foreigners of the town were slain by
29] him. Several castles and corn-fields were also burned


1] and destroyed by him in Tir-Fhiachrach.


2] O'Maelchonaire, archdeacon of Tuaim, quievit in Christo.


3] Aedh O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht, went into the
4] Breifne to depose Art, son of Cathal Riabhach O'Ruairc;
5] and he gave the sovereignty to Conchobhar Buidhe, son
6] of Amhlaibh, son of Art O'Ruairc, and took the hostages
7] of all the chieftains of the Breifne.


The bishopric of
8] Luighne was assumed by Thomas O'Miadhachán, and
9] the degrees of these two bishops were conferred on the
10] same day.


Hugo Mac Goisdelbh mortuus est.


11] O'Muiredhaigh was killed in hoc anno.


An army was
12] led by William Burk against O'Maelsechlainn; and a
13] great number of them, were drowned in Ath-crochdha,
14] and the rest turned back without obtaining sway or hostages
15] on this occasion.


A bishop-elect came from Rome
16] to Cluain-ferta-Brenainn, and his episcopal degree was
17] conferred on him at Ath-na-righ the Sunday before
18] Christmas.


A great slaughter was committed by a party
19] of O'Conchobhair's people, viz:—by Lochlainn, son of
20] Diarmaid, son of Muirchertach, and by Mac Ceithernaigh
21] and the son of Domhnall Dubh O'hEghra, on the
22] Britons and Lagenians of the West of Connacht, thirty-one
23] of whose heads were presented to O'Conchobhair by
24] them.


Cormac, son of Gilla-Christ Mac Diarmada, was
25] wounded, and died of the wound.


The degree of bishop
26] was conferred in Ard-Macha on a Friar Preacher, i.e.
27] O'Scoba, appointed bishop of Rath-Both of Tir-Conaill.


28] Maeleoin Bodhar O'Maelchonaire mortuus est.

Annal LC1267.


29] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the thirtieth
30] of the moon; anno Domini; xxvii. anno cycli


1] solaris; x. quarto anno cycli lunaris; x. anno cycli Indictionis.


2] Maelsechlainn, son of Conchobhar, son of Aedh,
3] and his father Conchobhar himself, and his brother Aedh,
4] died in one quarter.


Murchadh Mac Suibhne was apprehended
5] by Domhnall, son of Maghnus O'Conchobhair, in
6] Umhall, and was surrendered to Walter Burk, i.e. Earl of
7] Ulster; and he died in the Earl's prison afterwards.


8] son of Toirdhelbhach, son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, died
9] in the monastery of Cnoc-Muaidhe in this year.


10] was all burned, with its houses and churches.


11] great depredation was committed by the Foreigners of the
12] West of Connacht on the inhabitants of Cairpre-Droma-cliabh;
13] and they plundered Es-dara.


Another great
14] depredation was committed by Mac William Burk on
15] O'Conchobhair, when he plundered Tir-Maine and Clann-Uadach.


16] The bishop of Cluain-ferta, i.e. a Roman, went
17] across to the Pope.


Donnchadh, son of Ruaidhri, son of
18] Aedh O'Conchobhair, was killed by Foreigners in hoc
19] anno.


A great illness seized Aedh O'Conchobhair, so
20] that the report thereof spread throughout all Erinn; but he
21] recovered safely from it.


Alice, daughter of Mac Carghamhna,
22] mortua est.


A great war in Saxon-land between
23] the king of the Saxons and Simon Suforn.

Annal LC1268.


24] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the eleventh
25] of the moon; anno Domini; xxviii. anno cycli
26] solaris; xv. anno cycli lunaris; xi. anno Indictionis.


27] O'Briain, king of Tuadh-Mumha, was killed by
28] Diarmaid, son of Muirchertach O'Brian; and his son, i.e.
29] Seonin, and his daughter, and his daughter's son, i.e. the
30] son of Ruaidhri O'Grada, and Dubhlochlainn O'Lochlainn,
31] and Thomas O'Beollain, and many more women and men,
32] who are not enumerated here, were slain along with them;


1] and Diarmaid was himself immediately slain in return, as
2] he deserved. Amhlaibh O'Ferghail was killed by Foreigners,
3] in treachery.


Maghnus Mac Oirechtaigh, dux of
4] Clann-Tomaltaigh, quievit.


Raghnailt, daughter of
5] O'Conchobhair, wife of Cathal O'Madadhain, quievit.


6] Maurice Ruadh Fitz-Gerald was drowned in the sea of
7] Erinn, with a ship's crew, whilst coming to Erinn from the
8] king of the Saxons.


The Roman Emperor Carolus
9] was slain by the Saracens whilst defending Christendom.


10] Aedh, son of Conchobhar O'Flaithbhertaigh, official of
11] Enach-dúin, mortuus est.


Toirdhelbhach Og, son of Aedh,
12] son of Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, foster-son of
13] the Uí-Briuin, quievit.


Aedh O'Conchobhair was summoned
14] by the Foreigners of Erinn to a conference at
15] Ath-Luain. O'Conchobhair, moreover, mustered his
16] forces
to meet them there, and inflicted a great defeat on
17] them in Fedha-Atha-Luain, where a great number of
18] them were slain.


Domhnall, son of Tadhg O'Mannachain,
19] was slain, viz.: by Tadhg O'Flannagain and Gilla-Christ
20] O'Birn, on the 7th of the kalends of January; and
21] his people ran away from him.


Ferghal O'Maelmhuaidh,
22] king of Feara-Ceall, was killed by Foreigners.


23] Mac Cochlain was killed by Foreigners.


24] Dubhgall Mac Ruaidhri, king of Innsi-Gall and Airer-Gaeidhel,
25] quievit.


Domhnall O'Grada, dux of Cenel-Dunghaile,
26] mortuus est.


Lochlainn, son of Diarmaid
27] O'Conchobhair, was killed by David Aulb, and by the
28] Uí-Cinaetha; and they were themselves immediately
29] slain in return.


Diarmaid, son of the Aithcleirech
30] O'Briain, died. Mathghamhain O'Briain was taken
31] prisoner, and mutilated, by Briain Ruadh O'Briain, in


1] revenge for his father.


Conchobhar O'Cellaigh, king of
2] Uí-Maine, mortuus est.


Aenghus O'Dalaigh i.e. an
3] eminent professor of poetry, and keeper of a house of
4] hospitality, quievit.

Annal LC1269.


5] The kalends of January on Tuesday, and the twenty-second
6] of the moon; anno Domini Mcc.lxix; primus
7] annus cycli solaris; xvi. annus cycli lunaris; xii.
8] annus cycli Indictionis.


Imhar O'Birn, servant and
9] confidential man to Aedh O'Conchobhair, withdrew from
10] the world, from the midst of his children and affluence,
11] after resolving to pass his life in Ros-Comain, in the
12] monastery of the Friars Preachers.


A new Justiciary
13] came to Erinn from the king of the Saxons, i.e. Robert
14] Sufforn, to settle and pacify Erinn. He afterwards proceeded
15] into Connacht, accompanied by the Foreigners
16] of Erinn; and a castle was erected in Ros-Comáin
17] by them. And the reason it was erected was that
18] Aedh O'Conchobhair was at that time in sickness and
19] ill-health.


Tadhg, son of Niall, son of Muiredhach
20] O'Conchobhair, was most unfortunately slain by a soldier
21] of his own brother's people, at Oilfinn in hoc anno; and
22] the soldier was himself immediately killed in retaliation
23] for it.


Brian, son of Domhnall Dubh O'hEghra, was
24] killed in Sligech, by Foreigners, in hoc anno.


25] daughter of Toirdhelbhach, son of Ruaidhri, i.e. the wife
26] of Maelmuire Mac Suibhne, quievit.


Seffraidh, son of
27] Domhnall Clannach Mac Gillapatraic, king of Sliabh-Bladhma,
28] died in hoc anno.


Patricius O'Scannail, comarb
29] of Patrick in Ard-Macha, died; in Christo quievit.


30] Christina, daughter of O'Neachtain, wife of Diarmaid


1] Midhech Mac Diarmada, i.e. the handsomest, best formed,
2] most hospitable, worthy, sensible, and pious woman of
3] her time, and the most bountiful to the Grey Order, died
4] after the victory of unction and penitence.


Aedh O'Finn,
5] the most eminent professor of music and minstrelsy in
6] Erinn, mortuus est.


The castle of Sligech was erected
7] by Mac Maurice Fitz-Gerald in this year.


8] Mac Cairtén was slain by O'hAnluain.


9] O'Ferghail, and his son, Aedh O'Ferghail, were slain by
10] Gilla-na-naemh O'Ferghail and the Foreigners, in hoc
11] anno.

Annal LC1270.


12] The kalends of January on Wednesday, and the third
13] of the moon; anno Domini; secundus annus
14] cycli solaris; xvii. annus cycli lunaris; xiii. annus
15] Indictionis..


Sligech was burned by O'Domhnaill and
16] the Cenel-Conaill, and the son of Breallach-an-chairn
17] O'Maelbhrenainn was killed on this expedition.


18] great war and dissension arose between O'Conchobhair,
19] i.e. Aedh, the son of Fedhlim, and Walter Burk, i.e.
20] the Earl of Ulster; and neither the Foreigners nor
21] the Gaeidhel could reconcile them. The Earl assembled
22] the Foreigners of Erinn, together with the Justiciary,
23] when they all went on a great hosting into Connacht,
24] and proceeded to Ros-Comain the first night, and from
25] thence to Oilfinn the second night, and from thence to
26] Port-leice; and they rested and encamped that night
27] at Port-leice. And on the morrow they held a council,
28] and the resolution they adopted was; viz., that the
29] Earl and the chiefs of the Foreigners of Erinn should
30] then go eastwards across the Sionainn at Ath-caradh-Conaill.
31] As regards the king of Connacht, however,
32] i.e. Aedh, son of Fedhlim O'Conchobhair, he was


1] in Magh-Nisse, before the Foreigners, with a few of the
2] chiefs of his people; and the Justiciary, accompanied
3] by a small number of the army, remained on the
4] western side of the Sionainn, awaiting the Earl and
5] his people. With regard to the Earl, after he had
6] gone eastwards past Ath-caradh-Conaill a few of O'Conchobhair's
7] people opposed them at Coillte-Conmaicne,
8] where a small number of the army of Foreigners were
9] slain. Nevertheless, the Foreigners desisted not from
10] the career and expedition in which they were engaged
11] until they reached Magh-Nissi, where they rested and
12] encamped that night. As to the Foreigners, moreover,
13] the advice they gave to the Earl was, to make peace
14] with O'Conchobhair on this occasion, and to deliver
15] his brother, i.e. William Og, son of Richard Mór, son of
16] William the Conqueror, into the hands of O'Conchobhair's
17] people whilst he O'Conchobhair should be
18] in the Earl's house arranging the peace. And this was
19] accordingly done. And after William Og had gone into
20] O'Conchobhair's house, O'Conchobhair's people took him
21] prisoner; and John Duilefin and his son were slain
22] on the spot. When the Earl, moreover, heard that
23] treachery had been practised against his brother, he
24] proceeded early on the morrow to Ath-an-chipon the
25] Sionainn. And O'Conchobhair was during these two
26] nights marching round them, as a furious, raging, tearing
27] lion goes about his enemies when killing them, so that
28] he permitted them neither to eat, sleep, nor be at rest.
29] O'Conchobhair moved on the same day. As regards
30] the Foreigners, moreover, after going to the ford on the
31] morrow Toirdhelbhach O'Briain overtook them, and
32] the Earl himself turned on him, and slew him without
33] assistance from any other person. With regard to the


1] Connachtmen, however, they came up with them the
2] Foreigners
at this time, when their rear was dislodged,
3] and their van was routed. In short, their courage was
4] confounded in this place, and nine of their principal
5] knights were slain on the spot, including Richard-na-Coille
6] and John Butler; and it is not known how many
7] more were lost there; and one hundred horses, with
8] their mail coverings, and with their saddles, were left
9] there; and William Og was killed in his captivity immediately
10] after the son of O'Briain had been slain by the
11] Earl. As regards Aedh O'Conchobhair's subsequent
12] proceedings, he demolished the castle of Ath-Anghaile,
13] and the castle of Sliabh-Lugha, and the castle of Cill-Calmáin,
14] and burned Ros-Comáin, and Rinn-dúin, and
15] Uille-Uanach. And a great war arose between Brian
16] Ruadh O'Briain and the Foreigners, and great depredations
17] were committed by him on them, and the
18] castle of Clár-Atha-dha-charadh was taken by him.
19] Depredations were committed by the Earl, and by the
20] Foreigners of Connacht, in Tir-Oililla, on the people of
21] Aedh O'Conchobhair; and David Cuisín was slain on
22] this foray.


Thomas O'Raighilligh was slain by the
23] Foreigners of the Ober.


The son of Murchadh Carrach
24] O'Ferghail was slain by Foreigners.


The comarb of
25] Patrick quievit.


Great famine and scarcity in all Erinn
26] in hoc anno.


Cathal, son of the Liathanach O'Conchobhair,
27] abbot of the Trinity in Loch-Cé, natus est in
28] hoc anno.


Lewis, i.e. the king of France, died this year.


29] Edward, son of the king of the Saxons, went to the Holy


1] Land, to defend it.


In this year it was, moreover, that
2] an end and termination was put to the ollaveship of the
3] Dubh-súilech O'Maelchonaire, and of Dunlang O'Maelchonaire;
4] and Tanaidhe Mór, son of Donnin, son of
5] Nedhe, son of Conang Buidhe O'Maelchonaire, was established
6] in the ollave's chair of the province of Connacht,
7] ut poeta dixit:—

    1. 8] The guiding Tanaidhe,
      9] Son of Donnin, a learned ollamh,
      10] Spent forty happy years
      11] In the middle of Lis-Leirthoile.

Annal LC1271.


12] The kalends of January on Thursday, and the fourteenth
13] of the moon; anno Domini primo;
14] tertius annus cycli solaris; xviii. annus cycli lunaris;
15] xiiii. annus Indictionis.


Walter Burk, Earl of Ulster, and
16] lord of the Foreigners of Connacht, died in the castle of
17] the Gaillimh, of a week's illness, after the victory of
18] penitence.


Thomas Mac Maurice died in Baile-Locha-Mesca.


19] Imhar O'Birn, a prime confidant of Aedh O'Conchobhair,
20] king of Connacht, died in this year at Ros-Comain,
21] after the victory of penitence; and he was
22] interred therein on the fourth of the kalends of February.


23] Aedh, son of Comarb-Comain O'Conchobhair, was slain
24] by Thomas Butler at Muine-inghine-Crechain.


25] O'Floinn was killed by the son of Robin Laighleis
26] on the same day, at the upper end of Sruthair.


27] O'Conchobhair was killed by the Foreigners
28] of Dún-mór.


Nicholas, son of John Verdun, lord of
29] Oirghiall, was slain by Jeffrey O'Ferghail, and by the people
30] of the Anghaile besides.


Conchobhar, son of Tighernan
31] O'Conchobhair, was slain by Maelsechlainn, son of Art


1] O'Ruairc, and by the Clann-Fermaighe.


The castle of Tech-Templa,
2] the castle of Sligech, and the castle of Ath-Liag,
3] were broken down by Aedh O'Conchobhair in hoc anno.

Annal LC1272.


4] The kalends of January on Friday, and the twenty-fifth
5] of the moon; anno Domini secundo. It
6] was the last Decennovenalian year; quartus annus cycli
7] solaris; xv. annus Indictionis.


Henry Butler, lord of
8] Umhall, and Hoitse Mebhric were slain by Cathal, son of
9] Conchobhar Ruadh, and by the sons of kings of Connacht,
10] in hoc anno.


The castle of Ros-Comáin was broken
11] down by Aedh O'Conchobhair.


Tadhg Dall, son of Aedh,
12] son of Cathal Crobhderg, i.e. the fittest person in his
13] own province to be a king, until he was blinded by Muinter-Raighilligh,
14] died in hoc anno.


James Dodalaigh, i.e.
15] the Justiciary of Erinn, was slain by O'Brain, and by a
16] multitude of Connachtmen.


Muirghes, son of Donnchadh,
17] son of Tomaltach O'Maelruanaigh, the most eminent for
18] hospitality and prowess in Erinn, died in Murbhach.


19] Midhe was burned as far as Granard by Aedh O'Conchobhair.


20] Ath-Luain was burned, and the bridge broken
21] down.


Donnchadh, son of Gilla-na-naemh Mac Shamhradhain,
22] was killed by Thomas Mac Shamhradhain, i.e.
23] his own brother.


Richard Tuit, the noblest baron in
24] Erinn, quievit.


A large fleet by Aedh O'Conchobhair on
25] Loch-Ribh; and he committed great burnings, and many
26] other injuries.

Annal LC1273.


27] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the sixth of
28] the moon; anno Domini .tertio; primus annus
29] Decennovenalis cycli; quinto anno cycli solaris; primus
30] annus cycli Indictionis.


Conchobhar Buidhe, son of
31] Amhlaibh, son of Art O'Ruairc, king of Breifne, was
32] killed by the sons of Conchobhar, son of Tighernan


1] O'Conchobhair; and he slew the best of these sons,
2] viz. Tighernan, son of Conchobhar.


Eochaidh Mac
3] Mathghamhna, king of Oirghiall, and many more along
4] with him who are not specified, were killed by O'hAnluain
5] and the Cenel-Eoghain in hoc anno.


A depredation
6] was committed in the Corann by Jordan de Exeter,
7] when a few of the sons of kings of Connacht overtook
8] them; but they adopted an imprudent resolution at the
9] suggestion of their people, so that Domhnall, son of
10] Donnchadh, son of Maghnus, and Maghnus, son of Art,
11] and Oirechtach Mac Aedhagain, and Aedh O'Birn, et alii
12] multi, were slain.


A great hosting by the son of Maurice
13] Fitz-Gerald into Tuadh-Mumha, when he took hostages,
14] and obtained sway over O'Briain.


Cormac, son of Diarmaid,
15] son of Ruaidhri, mortuus est.


Geoffroi Geneville
16] came to Erinn, as Justiciary from the king of the Saxons,
17] in hoc anno.


Domhnall Irruis, son of Maghnus, son of
18] Muirchertach Muimhnech, was expelled by the Foreigners
19] from Umhall, and from Irrus, in hoc anno.


20] O'Flaithbhertaigh was expelled from the west of Connacht,
21] by the Foreigners, in like manner.

Annal LC1274.


22] The kalends of January on Monday, the seventeenth
23] of the moon; anno Domini quarto; secundo
24] anno Decennovenalis cycli; vi. anno cycli solaris; secundus
25] annus Indictionis.


Aedh, son of Fedhlim, son of
26] Cathal Crobhderg, king of Connacht during the space of
27] nine years, died on the fifth of the nones of May in this
28] year, on a Thursday as regards the day of the week, id
29] est Inventio Sanctae Crucis: a king who emptied and
30] wasted Connacht against the Foreigners and Gaeidhel who
31] were opposed to him; a king who inflicted frequent great
32] defeats on Foreigners and Gaeidhel, and a king who
33] demolished their courts and castles; a king who took


1] the hostages of the Uí-Briuin and Cenel-Conaill; the
2] most formidable and triumphant king of the kings of
3] Erinn; the destroyer and improver of all Erinn during
4] the period of his own renown, dignity and time, ut
5] poeta dixit:—
    1. 6] Nine years was the valiant Aedh
      7] Defending the tribe of Temhair;
      8] Not weak was the man to be found
      9] Against Foreigners and Gaeidhel.


10] Eoghan, son of Ruaidhri, son of Aedh, son of Cathal
11] Crobhderg, was made king in his place by the Connachtmen;
12] but this sovereignty which was conferred on him
13] was not of long duration, for he was only one quarter
14] in the supremacy of the province of Connacht when his
15] own kinsman, i.e. Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhelbhach, son of
16] Aedh O'Conchobhair, killed him in the Friars' church of
17] Ros-Comain, ut dixit poeta:—

    1. 18] The son of Ruaidhri, who was king for a quarter,
      19] Was not a lasting fibre of a beauteous branch;
      20] The host of Oilech, without slaughter, inflicted
      21] The tragic death which Eoghan received.


22] Aedh, son of Cathal Dall, son of Aedh, son of Cathal
23] Crobhderg, was made king by the Connachtmen, after
24] Eoghan, son of Ruaidhri; but his sovereignty was not
25] of longer duration, for he was only one fortnight in the
26] sovereignty when he was slain by Mac Oirechtaigh, (i.e.
27] Tomaltach), and by O'Birn, ut dixit poeta:—

    1. 28] Aedh, son of Cathal—valiant the sway—
      29] Defended the province of Connacht;
      30] A fortnight was the descendant of Creidhe thus
      31] As a husband to Cruachan.



1] Tadhg, son of Toirdhelbhach, son of Aedh, son of Cathal
2] Crobhderg, was made king after Aedh, son of Cathal, in
3] the same year. No trifling loss was it in one year, indeed,
4] three kings of the kings of Connacht to have fallen in it,
5] viz., Aedh son of Fedhlim, and Eoghan son of Ruaidhri, and
6] Aedh, son of Cathal Dall, ut supra diximus.


7] son of Aedh O'Ruairc, king of Breifne, mortuus est.


8] Domhnall, son of Maghnus, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech
9] O'Conchobhair, the most eminent of all Erinn
10] for hospitality and prowess, mortuus est.


Tadhg, son
11] of Cerbhall Buidhe O'Dalaigh, chief poet of Aedh
12] O'Conchobhair, died in hoc anno.


Gilla-na-naemh, son
13] of Aedh, son of Amhlaibh O'Ferghail, the choicest of
14] all the chieftains of Erinn in his own time, died after
15] the victory of penitence, after having been thirty years
16] in the chieftainship of the descendants of Conmac,
17] son of Fergus, defending the Anghaile against the
18] Foreigners, and against the Gaeidhel besides: and Cathal,
19] son of Gilla-na-naemh, assumed the chieftainship afterwards,
20] and enjoyed it nine years.


Cathal Mac Flannchaidh,
21] chieftain of Dartraighe, mortuus est.


22] son of Amhlaibh, son of Art O'Ruairc, king
23] of Dartraighe and Clann-Fermhaighe, was slain at Cill-Forga
24] by Conchobhar, son of Domhnall, son of Niall
25] O'Ruairc, who was himself made king afterwards.


26] Domhnall Og, son of Amhlaibh, son of Art O'Ruairc,
27] mortuus est.

Annal LC1275.


28] The kalends of January on Tuesday, the twenty-eighth
29] of the moon; anno Domini quinto; iii. anno
30] Decennovenalis cycli; iii. anno Indictionis; vii. anno cycli
31] solaris.


Ruaidhri, son of Toirdbelbhach O'Conchobhair,
32] was taken prisoner by his own brother, i.e. by Tadhg, son
33] of Toirdhelbhach; and Tadhg, son of Cathal Mac Diarmada,
34] was completely plundered by him. And the same
35] Ruaidhri escaped from this confinement, viz. Conchobhar
36] O'hAinlighe took him with him; and they were pursued,


1] and Conchobhar O'hAinlighe was then slain.


2] son of Ferghal, son of Donnchadh, son of Muirchertach, was
3] killed by his own brethren.


Art, son of Cathal Riabhach
4] O'Ruairc, king of Breifne, was slain by Mac Finnbhair
5] and Muinter-Geradhain, accompanied by Foreigners, at
6] Granard; and a slaughter of his people was committed.


7] Cairbre O'Scoba, bishop of Rath-Both, in Christo quievit.


8] O'Laidhigh, i.e. bishop of Cill-Alaidh, quievit in Christo.


9] Thomas Mac Shamhradhain was slain by the Cenel-Duachain.


10] The son of Cuconnacht O'Raighilligh was
11] slain by the Clann-Cathail, per dolum.


A great victory
12] was gained over the Foreigners in Uladh, so that two
13] hundred of their heads, and two hundred horses, were
14] counted, cum multis aliis.

Annal LC1276.


15] The kalends of January on Wednesday, and the ninth
16] of the moon; anno Domini; quarto anno
17] cycli lunaris; quarto anno Indictionis; viii. anno cycli
18] solaris.


Aedh Muimhnech, son of Fedlimh, son of Cathal
19] Crobhderg, came out of Mumha, and went to seek O'Domhnaill's
20] protection; and O'Domhnaill mustered his army;
21] and they both came to Echanach, where O'Domhnaill
22] turned back; and the son of Fedhlim went from thence
23] amongst the Connachtmen, where he remained.


The sons
24] of Toirdhelbhach, however, came afterwards into the district,
25] and committed great burnings; but they obtained
26] no power in the district except this alone.


27] son of Gillamuire O'Morna, king of Uladh, mortuus
28] est.


A depredation was committed by the sons of
29] Toirdhelbhach on the son of Fedhlim and the sons of


1] Mac Diarmada; and Gilla-Christ O'Maelbhrenainn was
2] slain by them on that day.


A depredation was committed
3] by the son ofFedhlim on the Clann-Muirchertaigh;
4] and the Clann-Muirchertaigh killed Gilla-na-naingel
5] O'Conroi, whilst in pursuit of this prey, and several others
6] of the son of Fedhlim's people.


Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhelbhach,
7] committed another great depredation on Muinter-Nechtain;
8] but Muinter-Nechtain defeated him and took
9] the prey from him; and Domhnall, son of Niall, son
10] of Conghalach O'Ruairc—who was usually called Gilla-an-imme
11] —was slain, and many other persons of Ruaidhri's
12] people along with him. Gilla-Christ O'Nechtain and
13] William O'Nechtain were afterwards slain by Ruaidhri,
14] son of Toirdhelbhach.

Annal LC1277.


15] The kalends of January on Friday, and the twentieth
16] of the moon; anno Domini; quinto anno cycli
17] lunaris; ix. anno cycli solaris; quinto anno Indictionis.


18] Brian Ruadh O'Briain, king of Mumha, was apprehended,
19] in treachery, by the son of the Earl of Clare, after they
20] had poured their blood into the same vessel, and after
21] they had formed gossipred, and after they had exchanged
22] mutual vows by the relics, bells, and croziers of Mumha;
23] and he was afterwards drawn between steeds by the
24] Earl's son.


Gilla-Christ O'Birn, a favourite of Aedh O'Conchobhair,
25] was most cruelly slain by the Gilla-ruadh, son
26] of Lochlainn O'Conchobhair.


Braen O'Maelmocheirghe,
27] abbot of Cenannus, in Christo quievit.


The castle of
28] Ros-Comainn was thrown down by the son of Fedhlim,
29] and by Domhnall O'Domhnaill, and by the Connachtmen
30] along with him.


A great depredation was committed
31] by the Tellach-Echach on the Cenel-Duachain, in


1] Glenn-dá-dhuile, on which occasion they slew Conchobhar
2] Mac Dorchaidh, et alii multi.

Annal LC1278.


3] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the first of
4] the moon; anno Domini octavo; x. anno cycli
5] solaris; sexto anno cycli lunaris; vi. anno Indictionis.


6] Tadhg, son of Toirdhelbhach, son of Aedh, son of Cathal
7] Crobhderg, was slain by the sons of Cathal Mac Diarmada,
8] after having been three years in the government of Connacht,
9] ut poeta dixit, i.e. Donn Losg O'Maelchonaire:—

    1. 10] O'Conchobhair of Cluain-ca,
      11] The son of Toirdhelbhach, was king three years;
      12] All, during his reign, were obedient to Tadhg:
      13] The hostages of the country he collected;

14] and Aedh Muimhnech, son of Fedhlim, assumed the
15] sovereignty of Connacht.


Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhelbhach,
16] royal heir of Connacht, was slain by Gilla-Christ Mac
17] Flannchaidh, and by the Dartraighe likewise, on the borders
18] of Druim-cliabh; and the Swarthy Parson, son of Tighernan
19] O'Conchobhair, and many other persons not enumerated
20] here, were slain.


Donnchadh and Ferghal, and Gilla-Christ
21] —three sons of Muirghis, son of Donnchadh, son of
22] Tomaltach—were slain by Tadhg, son of Domhnall Irruis.


23] Flaithbhertach O'Doimhín, king of Feara-Manach, was
24] slain in this year.


The defeat of Cuinnche was inflicted
25] by Donnchadh, son of Brian Ruadh O'Briain, and by
26] O'Briain's other sons, on the son of the Earl of Clare,
27] when they burned the church of Cuinnche over the heads
28] of his people; and persons innumerable were burned and
29] slain there, but, alas! the Earl's son escaped safely
30] from them.


Thomas O'Cuinn, bishop of Cluain-mic-Nois,
31] quievit.


Tomaltach Mac Oirechtaigh, king-chieftain of
32] Síl-Muiredhaigh, was slain by the Tuatha in hoc anno.


Annal LC1279.


1] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the twelfth of
2] the moon; anno Domini; xi. anno cycli
3] solaris; vii. anno cycli lunaris et Indictionis.


4] son of Toirdhelbhach, son of Maelsechlainn O'Conchobhair,
5] archbishop of Tuaim, the most eminent man in all
6] Erinn for wisdom and knowledge, for hospitality and
7] nobility, for munificence, and for distributing jewels
8] and valuables to all in general, died after the triumph
9] of penitence in hoc anno.


Maelsechlainn, son of Toirdhelbhach,
10] was slain in hoc anno.


Conchobhar, son of
11] Diarmaid, son of Maghnus O'Conchobhair, occisus est.


12] Gilla-an-Choimdedh O'Cerbhalláin, bishop of Cenel-Eoghain,
13] quievit.


Murchadh O'Nechtain was killed by
14] Domhnall O'Nechtain; and Domhnall was challenged to
15] fight by Robert O'Nechtain, (i.e. Murchadh's brother),
16] and Robert was also killed in this fight.


Domhnall, son of Gilla-Christ
17] O'Nechtain, was killed by Aedh O'Conchennain
18] in hoc anno.

Annal LC1280.


19] The kalends of January on Monday, and the twenty-third
20] of the moon; anno Domini; xii. anno
21] cycli solaris; viii. anno cycli Decennovenalis et Indictionis.


22] A contention arose between Aedh Muimhnech,
23] son of Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, king of
24] Connacht, and the descendants of Muirchertach Muimhnech
25] O'Conchobhair, in hoc anno; and Aedh Muimhnech
26] was killed by them in Coill-an-daingin; and
27] Maelsechlainn, son of Maghnus, was taken prisoner by
28] them on the same day, but was ransomed from them
29] by O'Domhnaill for four hundred cows and twenty
30] horses. And Cathal, son of Conchobhar Ruadh, son
31] of Muirchertach Muimhnech, son of Toirdhelbhach
32] Mór O'Conchobhair, was afterwards made king by the
33] Connachtmen.


John O'Laidigh, bishop of Cill-Alaidh, in


1] Christo quievit.


Matthew, son of Maghnus O'Conchobhair,
2] abbot of the Buill, quievit.

Annal LC1281.


3] The kalends of January on Wednesday, and the fourth
4] of the moon; anno Domini primo; xiii. anno
5] cycli solaris; ix. anno cycli lunaris et Indictionis.


6] son of Cathal, son of Conchobhar, son of Diarmaid (from
7] whom the Mac Diarmadas are named), king of Magh-Luirg,
8] the most eminent man in Erinn for hospitality,
9] prowess, and nobility, mortuus est.


The battle of Disert-dá-chrich
10] between the Cenel-Conaill and Cenel-Eoghain,
11] in which fell Domhnall Og O'Domhnaill, king of
12] the North—i.e. a man to whom submitted the Feara-Manach,
13] and the Oirghialla, and nearly the majority of
14] the Gaeidhel of Connacht and Uladh, and also the men
15] of Breifne; the best Gaeidhel for hospitality and dignity;
16] the general guardian of the west of Europe, and the
17] knitting needle of the arch-sovereignty, and the
18] rivetting hammer of every good law; the parallel of
19] Conaire, son of Edirscel, in purity when assuming sovereignty;
20] the top nut of the Gaeidhel in valour; the equal
21] of Cathal Crobhderg in battle and attack: and he
22] was honourably interred in the monastery of the Friars
23] in Doire-Choluim-Chille, after obtaining the palm of
24] every goodness. And these were the best who were
25] slain along with him in that battle, viz. Maelruanaidh
26] O'Baighill, chieftain of the Three Tuatha; and Eoghan,
27] son of Maelsechlainn, son of Domhnall Mór O'Domhnaill;
28] and Ceallach O'Baighill, i.e. the son of Gilla-Brighde—the
29] chieftain who, of all his contemporaries, was the best
30] for hospitality and generosity, and who distributed
31] various gifts in largest measure to learned men, and who
32] was the best for munificence and nobility; and Andiles
33] O'Baighill, and his son Dubhgall; and Mac Flannchaidh,
34] chieftain of Dartraighe; and Domhnall Mac Gilla-fhinnén,
35] chieftain of Muinter Pheodacháin; and Enna O'Gairmleghaigh,
36] high chieftain of Cenel-Móain; and Cormac,


1] son of the Ferleighinn O'Domhnaill, chieftain of Fánad;
2] and Gilla-in-Choimdedh O'Maeldúin, king of Lurg; and
3] Cormac, son of Cormac O'Domhnaill; and Gilla-na-nóg
4] Mac Dáil-re-dochair; and Maelsechlainn, son of Niall
5] O'Baighill; and Andiles, son of Muirchertach O'Domhnaill;
6] and Maghnus Mac Cuinn; and Gilla-na-naemh
7] O'hEochagáin; and Muirchertach O'Flaithbhertaigh; and
8] Muirchertach Mac-an-Ultaigh; and Flaithbhertach Mac
9] Buidhechán; and several other persons who are not
10] enumerated here.


Another battle in hoc anno between
11] the Barretts and the Cusack; and the Barretts were
12] defeated, and William Barrett, and Adam Fleming, and
13] many other persons, were slain; and two of the Gaeidhel
14] were present on the Cusack's side, who excelled all
15] there in vigour, agility, and dexterity, viz.:—Taichlech
16] O'Dubhda and Taichlech O'Baighill were these two.

Annal LC1282.


17] The kalends of January on Thursday, and the fifteenth
18] of the moon; anno Domini; xiiii. anno
19] cycli solaris; x. anno cycli lunaris et Indictionis.


20] Mac Murchadha, king of Laighen, and Art Mac
21] Murchadha, his brother, were slain by Foreigners in hoc
22] anno.


Taichlech, son of Maelruanaidh O'Dubhda, king
23] of Uí-Fiachrach-Muaidhe, i.e. the best man for hospitality
24] and prowess, and who had most conflicts and contentions
25] with Foreigners and Danars regarding his country, whilst
26] protecting it, was killed by Adam Cusack on Traigh-Eothaile.


27] Lassairfhiona, daughter of Cathal Crobhderg
28] O'Conchobhair, wife of Domhnall Og O'Domhnaill, i.e. the
29] most noble, and hospitable, and beautiful woman that was
30] in Erinn in her own time, quievit in Christo.


31] O'Raighilligh, dux of Muinter-Maelmordha, died in hoc


1] anno.


Gilla-Isa Mac Tighernáin, dux of Teallach-Dunchadha,
2] quievit.


Cathal, son of Gilla-na-naemh O'Ferghail,
3] chieftain of the Anghaile during nine years, died on Inis-Cuan
4] on the river of Cluain-lis of Bec Mac Connla, i.e.
5] king of Tethbha; and it is from this that the 'long ridge'
6] was understood; for the prophet told Cathal that he
7] would die on the 'long ridge', wherefore it was that Cathal
8] used always to avoid visiting the 'long ridge'.


9] son of Gilla-na-naemh, assumed the chieftaincy afterwards.


10] Very great snow from Christmas to the festival of
11] Brighid in this year.

Annal LC1283.


12] The kalends of January on Friday, and the twenty-sixth
13] of the moon; anno Domini tertio; xv.
14] anno cycli solaris; xi. anno cycli lunaris et Indictionis.


15] Aedh Buidhe O'Neill, king of Cenel-Eoghain, and also
16] royal heir of all Erinn; head of the hospitality and valour
17] of the Gaeidhel, and the most distinguished of the North
18] for bestowing jewels, and cattle, and horses; and the most
19] formidable and victorious man of the Cenel-Eoghain in his
20] own time, was slain by Brian Mac Mathghamhna, king of
21] Oirghiall, and by the Oirghialla likewise, and by Gilla-Isa
22] Ruadh, son of Domhnall O'Raighilligh, in hoc anno.


23] son of Domhnall Irruis O'Conchobhair, was wounded by
24] the Luighne, and taken prisoner, delivered to Cathal
25] O'Conchobhair, when he died of his wound, in hoc anno.


26] Athcliath and Christ's Church were burned in hoc anno.

Annal LC1284.


27] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the seventh
28] of the moon; anno Domini; vi. anno
29] cycli solaris; xii. anno cycli lunaris et Indictionis.


30] de Exeter was slain by Brian O'Floinn and the two sons


1] of O'Flannagain, i.e. Diarmaid and Maelsechlainn.


2] great war and dissension arose in Connacht through
3] this, and great depredations were committed round Corrsliabh
4] by the Foreigners; but full restitution was given
5] by these Foreigners to the community of the Trinity,
6] and to the monks of the Buill.


Dún-mór was burned
7] by Fiachra O'Floinn.


Maurice O'Conchobhair, bishop of
8] Oilfinn, in Christo quievit.


Donnchadh O'Briain, king
9] of Tuadh-Mumha, was slain by Toirdhelbhach O'Briain.


10] Gilla-Isa Mac Tighernáin, high chieftain of Cenel-Brenainn,
11] quievit.


Amhlaibh O'Tomaltaigh, the confirmed
12] elect of the bishopric of Oilfinn, in Christo quievit.


13] son of the Liathanach O'Conchobhair, abbot of Trinity
14] Island on Loch-Cé, of the Premonstre order, was afterwards
15] elected to the bishopric of Oilfinn.


Dubhgall, son
16] of Maghnus O'Baighill, chieftain of Cloch-Chinnfhaeladh,
17] was slain by O'Maelghaithe's people.


18] Mac Dorchaidh, chieftain of Cenel-Luachain, died in hoc
19] anno.


20] The kalends of January on Monday, and the eighteenth
21] of the moon; anno Domini quinto; xvii. anno
22] cycli solaris; xiii. anno cycli lunaris et Indictionis.


23] Simon O'Ruairc, bishop of the Breifne, in Christo quievit.


24] A great defeat was inflicted by Maghnus O'Conchobhair
25] on Adam Cusack and the Foreigners of the West of
26] Connacht, at Lec-Essa-dara, where a great many persons
27] were slain, and where Colin Cusack, i.e. his Adam's
28] brother, was taken into captivity after his people had
29] been slain, in consideration of being allowed himself to
30] depart. A defeat was inflicted by Philip Mac Goisdelbh
31] upon Maghnus O'Conchobhair's people, on Sliabh-Gamh,
32] where a great many recruits and inferior persons were


1] slain.


Alice, daughter of Cormac, mortua est.


2] O'Gadhra, king of Sliabh-Lugha, was killed by Mac
3] Feorais on his own lake.


Henry Mac Gillafhinnén
4] mortuus est.

Annal LC1286.


5] The kalends of January on Tuesday, and the twenty-ninth
6] of the moon; anno Domini; xviii.
7] cycli solaris; xiiii. cycli lunaris et Indictionis.


A great
8] hosting by the Earl of Ulster into Connacht, when
9] he destroyed many of the monasteries and churches
10] of Connacht; and he obtained sway, nevertheless, in
11] every place through which he passed, and received the
12] hostages of all Connacht; and he afterwards took with
13] him the army of Connacht, and obtained the hostages of
14] Cenel-Conaill and Cenel-Eoghain; and he deposed Domhnall,
15] son of Brian O'Neill, and gave the sovereignty to
16] Niall Culanach O'Neill, on this occasion.


The spring of
17] the cow-mortality in hoc anno.


Maurice Mael Fitz-Gerald
18] mortuus est in hoc anno.


Domhnall O'hAinlighe,
19] dux of Cenel-Doffa, quievit viii. kalendas Aprilis.

Annal LC1287.


20] The kalends of January on Wednesday, and the tenth
21] of the moon; anno Domini; xix. anno
22] cycli solaris; xv. anno cycli lunaris et Indictionis..


23] Midhech, son of Diarmaid, son of Muirghes, son
24] of Cathal Mac Diarmada, king of Muinter-Maelruanaidh,
25] i.e. the oldest and noblest man of his kindred, died in
26] hoc anno.


Florence O'Gibellan, archdeacon of Oilfinn, a
27] philosopher in wisdom, learning, intellect, and clerkship,
28] quievit in Christo.


Gilla-na-nech O'Mannachain, king
29] of the Three-Tuatha, mortuus est vii. idus Septembris.


30] Maelsechlainn, son of Tomaltach Mac Oirechtaigh,
31] was killed by Toirdhelbhach, son of Eoghan O'Conchobhair,
32] in revenge for the abandonment of his father


1] by Tomaltach to the sons of Toirdhelbhach.


2] Sinnach quievit.

Annal LC1288.


3] The kalends of January on Thursday, and the twenty-first
4] of the moon; anno Domini; xx. anno
5] cycli solaris; xvi. anno cycli lunaris.


Cathal, son of
6] Tadhg, son of Cathal Mac Diarmada, assumed the sovereignty
7] of Magh-Luirg in hoc anno.


Maghnus O'Conchobhair,
8] accompanied by those of the Connachtmen,
9] Uí-Briuin, and Conmaicne, whom he got to join him,
10] came to take the sovereignty of Connacht for himself
11] and to depose his brother, i.e. Cathal, son of Conchobhar
12] Ruadh; and they proceeded to Ath-Slision, where Cathal
13] was with his army; and they gave battle to one another on
14] both sides, when Cathal was taken prisoner, and his
15] people were routed; and he himself was deposed; and the
16] greater part of Connacht was plundered on this occasion.
17] And Maghnus then forcibly assumed the sovereignty
18] himself, in the face of his elder brother, who had been
19] seven years and a-half in the sovereignty, as the author
20] said:—

    1. 21] The son of the royal Conchobhar Ruadh
      22] Was king of Connacht, north and south;
      23] Half a year and seven lasted
      24] The sovereignty of Cathal in Cruachan.


25] Donnchadh Riabhach, son of Maghnus, son of Muirchertach
26] Muimhnech, quievit.


A house was captured in the
27] Ros-mór, in this same winter, against Maghnus O'Conchobhair,
28] by Toirdhelbhach, son of Eoghan O'Conchobhair,
29] and by Maelsechlainn O'Flannagain along with
30] him; and by the advice of Fiachra O'Floinn this attack


1] was made. However, Maghnus himself was wounded
2] there, and Raghnall Mac Raghnaill, chieftain of Muinter-Eolais,
3] was killed by the discharge of an arrow; and
4] Niall Gealbhuidhe O'Conchobhair was wounded there.
5] Many other persons also were slain there, and several
6] horses and spoils were taken from them. A hosting by
7] Maghnus O'Conchobhair, after having been cured of these
8] wounds, to Síl-Muiredhaigh, all whose hostages he took.


9] A hosting to Connacht by the Red Earl, i.e.
10] Richard, son of Walter, son of Richard, son of William
11] the Conqueror of the Occupation; and he went to Ros-Comá,in,
12] to attack Maghnus, son of Conchobhar Ruadh,
13] at that time king of Connacht, and to attack Fitz-Gerald
14] and the king's people. And they all assembled before
15] him, and challenged the Earl to pass beyond that place,
16] so that the resolution which the Earl then adopted was,
17] to go out of the territory, and subsequently disperse
18] his army.


Stephen, archbishop of Tuaim-dá-ghualann,
19] and Justiciary of Erinn, quievit. William Mac Feorais
20] was afterwards elected to the archbishopric of Tuaim.

Annal LC1289.


21] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the second
22] of the moon; anno Domini; xxi. anno cycli
23] solaris; xvii. anno cycli lunaris; secundus annus Indictionis.


24] Tadhg O'Flannagain, chieftain of Clann-Cathail,
25] quievit.


Matthew O'Sgingin, ollamh of Cenel-Conaill,
26] mortuus est.


The bishop of Conmaicne, i.e. the foreign
27] bishop, whose name was Miles, quievit.


Simon O'Finnachta,
28] archdeacon of Elphin, in Christo quievit.


29] hosting by Maghnus O'Conchobhair, and by Richard
30] Tuit, with whom were the Foreigners of Midhe, to
31] O'Maelsechlainn and all the Feara-Midhe; and a great
32] defeat was then inflicted on them, in which Richard


1] Tuit, i.e. the noblest baron at that time in Erinn, was slain,
2] and his brothers along with him; and Siacus, son of the
3] Bishop O'Ceallaigh, was slain there, and several other
4] persons
were also slain there.


Fiachra O'Floinn, dux
5] of Síl-Maelruain, the most clement, truthful, protecting,
6] hospitable, and valorous man of all the chieftains of
7] Connacht, went to contract a marriage alliance with the
8] Foreigners, when the son of Richard Finn, son of William
9] Burk, and Mac Feorais, slew him in treachery.


A great
10] hosting by Mac Maurice and Mac Feorais, against the
11] Calbhach Mór O'Conchobhair and the other Lagenian
12] princes; and a great defeat was inflicted on them, in which
13] Meyler de Exeter and many more Foreigners were slain;
14] and numerous horses were moreover taken from them.

Annal LC1290.


15] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the thirteenth
16] of the moon; anno Domini; xxii. anno cycli solaris;
17] xviii. anno cycli lunaris; tertius annus Indictionis.


18] O'Maelsechlainn, king of Midhe, was slain by Mac Cochlainn
19] and the Delbhna, in treachery.


Conghalach Mac
20] Eochagain, dux of the race of Fiacha, son of Niall of the
21] Nine Hostages, mortuus est.


William Mac Feorais assumed
22] the archbishopric of Tuaim.


The Bishop O'Setachain, i.e.
23] bishop of Cill-Mic-Duach, quievit.


A hosting by Domhnall,
24] son of Brian O'Neill, to Cenel-Eoghain, out of
25] which he forcibly expelled Niall O'Neill; and he assumed
26] the sovereignty himself by means of his power.


27] Aedh O'Domhnaill was deposed by his own brother, i.e.
28] Toirdhelbhach O'Domhnaill, who assumed the sovereignty
29] himself through the power of his mother's kindred, i.e. the
30] Clann-Domhnaill, and several other Gall-oglaechs.


Annal LC1291.


1] The kalends of January on Monday, and the twenty-fourth
2] of the moon; anno Domini primo. It
3] was the last Decennovenalian year; xx. tertio anno cycli
4] solaris; quartus annus Indictionis.


Toirdhelbhach, son
5] of Eoghan O'Conchobhair, the greatest, handsomest, most
6] hospitable and valorous man, and the best fitted to be a
7] king, was slain by Niall Gelbhuidhe O'Conchobhair.


8] great hosting by the Earl of Ulster to Tir-Eoghain, when
9] he deposed Domhnall, son of Brian O'Neill, and when
10] Niall Culanach O'Neill was made king by him; and just
11] as the Earl left the district, Niall Culanach O'Neill was
12] slain by Domhnall O'Neill. The Earl came again, and
13] the son of Aedh Buidhe, i.e. Niall, was made king by him.


14] Domhnall O'Neill was expelled out of the country through
15] the power of the Earl.


Another hosting by the same Earl
16] to Tir-Conaill, against Toirdhelbhach O'Domhnaill, when
17] he plundered the entire country, both church and territory,
18] so that they neither left a cloth upon an altar, nor a mass-book,
19] nor a mass-chalice, in the churches of Cenel-Conaill:
20] and he carried this spoil into Connacht. And he went
21] subsequently to Oilfinn; and the Connachtmen then gave
22] him deceptive hostages, after which he departed.


23] Conchobhar O'Dubhda, king of Uí-Fiachrach, was drowned in
24] the Sinuinn, whilst coming with the Connachtmen to meet
25] the same Earl.


A war was conjointly raised by Cathal
26] O'Conchobhair, and by Niall Gelbhuidhe O'Conchobhair,
27] and all the Foreigners and Gaeidhel who adhered to them,
28] to depose Maghnus O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht;
29] and they gave battle to each other at Caraidh-Culmhaile;
30] and Cathal was wounded there; and Murchadh, son of
31] Tadhg, son of Andrias O'Conchobhair, was slain there by
32] Niall Gelbhuidhe O'Conchobhair; and other persons were


1] slain
; and several horses were there taken from the people
2] of Maghnus; and he was himself defeated, but escaped
3] safely by means of his bravery. And great depredations
4] were committed in Cairbre by Cathal's people, and by Niall
5] Gelbhuidhe; for Cathal himself was not on this expedition,
6] in consequence of his wound. They plundered all Cairpre,
7] however, from Cnoc-Laighén to Es-dara.


As regards
8] Maghnus O'Conchobhair, moreover, when the Síl-Muiredhaigh,
9] and his own favourites, and the Foreigners of Ros-Comain,
10] had come to his assistance after this defeat, he
11] proceeded on the morrow to meet those depredators, and
12] came up with them at Srath-in-fherain, and about the
13] Aenach; and their preys were taken from them. And
14] Niall himself escaped by force from this defeat; and
15] Thomas Mac Goisdelbh was slain there, and his brother,
16] i.e. David Mac Goisdelbh, was taken prisoner, and was
17] afterwards slain in that captivity. And a great many of
18] the host, both Foreigners and Gaeidhel, were slain. And
19] Niall subsequently came on terms of peace to the district,
20] and all his own land was given to him. Enmity and
21] mutual complaints occurred between Maghnus and Niall, for it was
22] reported to Maghnus that Niall had acted
23] treacherously by him; and Niall afterwards tried to
24] leave the district. Great depredations were committed on
25] Niall by Maghnus, and Niall's pride was very much
26] humbled by these depredations.


Aedh O'Fallamhain,
27] chieftain of Clann-Uadach, died in this year.


28] O'Floinn, chieftain of Síl-Maelruain, mortuus est.


29] O'Domhnaill assumed his own sovereignty again, and
30] Toirdhelbhach O'Domhnaill was expelled.


Lucas Mac
31] Gilla-ruaidh, archdeacon of Oilfinn, quievit.


Edrúth Mac
32] Craith, abbot of Loch-Cé, mortuus est.

Annal LC1292.


33] The kalends of January on Tuesday, and the fifth of


1] the moon; anno Domini; xxiiii. anno cycli
2] solaris; v. anno Indictionis; primus annus cycli lunaris.


3] A hosting by the Earl against Maghnus O'Conchobhair,
4] when he went to Ros-Comain and he departed without
5] taking pledges or hostages. Maghnus O'Conchobhair followed
6] him to Milic, in violation of Connacht, and went into
7] his house, and obtained all that he desired from the Earl
8] on this occasion.


Another hosting by the same Earl to
9] Luighne, when he plundered the greater part of the district;
10] but, nevertheless, Domhnall O'hEghra went not into his
11] house, and gave him neither pledges nor hostages on this
12] occasion.


Niall Gelbhuidhe O'Conchobhair, son of Muiredhach,
13] son of Aedh Dall,son of Toirdhelbhach Mór (i.e. king
14] of Connacht), was slain by Tadhg, son of Andrias, son of
15] Brian Luighnech O'Conchobhair, and by Tuathal, son of
16] Muirchertach.


Mac Cochlain, i.e. the king of Delbhna, was
17] killed in his own country by Sifin Mac Feorais, at the
18] instigation of the Earl, in hoc anno.


Donnchadh, son
19] of Eoghan O'Conchobhair, died in hoc anno.


20] O'Gairmleghaigh was slain by O'Neill.


Andiles O'Dochartaigh,
21] chieftain of Ard-Midhair, quievit.

Annal LC1293.


22] The kalends of January on Thursday, and the sixteenth
23] of the moon; anno Domini; xxv. anno cycli
24] solaris; secundus annus cycli lunaris; vi. annus Indictionis.


25] Maghnus, son of Conchobhar Ruadh, son of Muirchertach
26] Muimhnech, son of Toirdhelbhach Mór, i.e. king of Connacht
27] during five years and a half, as the poet explains:—

    1. 28] O'Conchobhair of the fair skin,
      29] The grandson of Muirchertach Muimhnech:
      30] Five years and a half, to be mentioned,
      31] Was Maghnus of the cavalry hosts a king—

32] died in hoc anno, after being ill during a quarter; viz. the


1] most formidable and victorious man in battles and
2] conflicts; the most puissant and bountiful king in Erinn.
3] Aedh, son of Eoghain O'Conchobhair, was afterwards
4] made king by the Justiciary and the king of the Saxons'
5] people; but on the tenth day after his election he was
6] taken prisoner by Fitz-Gerald, in treachery, and fifty of
7] his people were slain; and great depredations were committed
8] on him after that. Cathal Ruadh O'Conchobhair
9] subsequently assumed the sovereignty of Connacht, but
10] was slain before the end of a quarter by Ruaidhri, son
11] of Donnchadh Riabhach O'Conchobhair, in treachery;
12] and Aedh, son of Eoghan, was released, and assumed
13] the sovereignty of Connacht through the power of the
14] Justiciary.


Murchadh O'Maelsechlainn, king of Midhe,
15] died in this year.


Ferghal O'Raighilligh, chieftain of
16] Muinter-Maelmórdha during the space of twelve years,
17] was killed in the middle of his own residence by the
18] Tellach-Dunchadha, in hoc anno.


It was revealed to
19] Nicholas Mac Maelisa, comarb of Patrick, that the relics
20] of Patrick, and Colum-Cille, and Brighid were in Sabhall-Patraic;
21] and they were disinterred by him; and great
22] virtues and miracles were performed by them after they
23] had been disinterred by him; and he subsequently made
24] an honourably covered shrine for them.


Mor, daughter of
25] Felim O'Conchobhair, mortua est.


Florence O'Cerbhalláin,
26] bishop of Cenel-Eoghain,quievit in Christo.


27] O'Flannagain, dux of the descendants of Cathal
28] son of Muiredhach, mortuus est.


Two chieftains of
29] Tellach-Dunchadha died in hoc anno.


Tuathal, son of
30] Muirchertach O'Conchobhair, occisus est.


Cathal Mac Diarmada,
31] king of Muinter-Maelruanaidh, was treacherously


1] taken prisoner by Aedh, son of Eoghan O'Conchobair,
2] at the instigation of Conchobhar, son of Taichlech,
3] and of Maelsechlainn O'Flannagain, and the Síl-Muiredhaigh
4] likewise. And they plundered all Magh-Luirg,
5] both church and territory; and the destruction of
6] all Connacht proceeded from these injuries. Cathal Mac
7] Diarmada, king of Magh-Luirg, escaped by force from his
8] bonds, and committed a great depredation afterwards on
9] the sons of Cathal O'Flannagain.

Annal LC1294.


10] The kalends of January on Friday, which was the
11] twenty-seventh of the moon; anno Domini
12] quarto; xxvi. anno cycli solaris; iii. annus cycli lunaris;
13] vii. anno Indictionis.


Muirchertach, son of Maghnus
14] O'Conchobhair, the best qualified of the Connachtmen to
15] be a king, was killed by Tadhg, son of Andrias O'Conchobhair,
16] and by Domhnall, the son of Tadhg; and a few
17] of his people were slain there along with him.


18] son of Eoghan O'Conchobhair, committed depredations
19] on the Clann-Muirchertaigh.


Domhnall O'hEghra, king
20] of Luighne, died in hoc anno.


Maelsechlainn O'Flannagain,
21] chieftain of Clann-Cathail, was slain by Cathal,
22] son of Tadhg Mac Diarmada, on the street of Sligech, in
23] this year.


Donnchadh Mac Consnamha, chieftain of
24] Muinter-Cinaith, mortuus est.


Carrach-in-chairn Mac
25] Tighernáin, chieftain of Tellach-Dunchadha, mortuus est.


26] Cathal, son of Tadhg Mac Diarmada, king of Magh-Luirg,
27] the best man for bounty and prowess, mortuus est.


28] Derbhail, daughter of Tadhg, son of Cathal Mac Diarmada,
29] mortua est.


The castle of Sligech was thrown down by
30] Aedh O'Conchobhair.


Maelruanaidh, son of Gilla-Christ,
31] assumed the sovereignty of Magh-Luirg.


The Earl was
32] taken prisoner by Fitz-Gerald, in consequence of which
33] all Erinn was thrown into a state of disturbance. A
34] great, treacherous depredation was committed by Fitz-Gerald


1] and Mac Feorais on the Connachtmen. They
2] attempted to depose Aedh, son of Eoghan O'Conchobhair,
3] and the entire country was destroyed by them;
4] but they obtained no greater sway than this on the
5] occasion.


Diarmaid, son of the Liathanach O'Conchobhair,
6] occisus est, et sepultus est in Trinity Island on
7] Loch-Cé.


David Mac Gilla-Erraith was slain by the sons
8] of Domhnall Dubh O'hEghra.

Annal LC1295.


9] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the eighth of
10] the moon; anno Domini; xxvii. anno
11] cycli solaris; quartus annus cycli lunaris; viii. anno Indictionis.


12] The same Earl was set at liberty by Fitz-Gerald,
13] through the power of the king of the Saxons,
14] good hostages of his own family having been obtained from
15] him by Fitz-Gerald.


Brian, son of Aedh Buidhe, son of
16] Domhnall Og, son of Aedh Meth, king of Cenel-Eoghain,
17] was slain by Domhnall, the son of Brian O'Neill; and a
18] great slaughter of the Foreigners and Gaeidhel along with
19] him.


Domhnall O'Cellaigh, king of Uí-Maine, died in the
20] habit of a gray monk, in the monastery of Cnoc-Muaidhe, in
21] hoc anno.


Conn Mac Branan, chieftain of Corc-Achlann,
22] was slain by the sons of O'Cellaigh, whilst seeking for his
23] horses after they had been stolen. Tomaltach Mac Branan
24] afterwards assumed the chieftainship in his place, and was
25] slain by the sons of Cu-alladh, in revenge of their father
26] who had been previously killed by Tomaltach.


27] castle of Magh-dumha, and the castle of Baile-núadh, and


1] the castle of Magh-Brecraidhe, were razed by Jeffrey
2] O'Ferghail in hoc anno.


A great war between the king
3] of France and the king of the Saxons.


A great war
4] in Tir-Conaill in hoc anno.


The hostages of Brian Mac
5] Shamhradhain, and of Gilla-Isa Mac Dorchaidh, were
6] taken by Gilla-Isa O'Raighilligh in hoc anno.

Annal LC1296.


7] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the nineteenth
8] of the moon; anno Domini; xxviii. anno cycli
9] solaris; quinto anno cycli lunaris; ix. anno Indictionis.


10] Aedh, son of Eoghan O'Conchobhair, was deposed by his
11] own sept, and the Clann-Muirchertaigh were brought
12] into the district in his place, and the sovereignty of the
13] district, and its hostages, were given to Conchobhar
14] Ruadh, son of Cathal Ruadh O'Conchobhair; and the
15] entire district was destroyed, both church and territory,
16] through this deposition having been effected by them.
17] The territory of Cairpre was all burned and destroyed
18] by Clann-Muirchertaigh; and they attacked the churches
19] of the district; but God, and Colum-Cille, and Mary,
20] whose churches were then profaned, avenged these deeds
21] on them afterwards.


As regards Aedh O'Conchobhair,
22] however, he assembled a great army of Foreigners and
23] Gaeidhel, including William Burk and Theobald Burk,
24] who proceeded to the monastery of the Buill, in which
25] they remained four nights; and they destroyed much
26] corn and property throughout the entire district. And
27] the chieftains of the district went then into his house;
28] and they took them with them to the Earl's house, to
29] make peace with Aedh O'Conchobhair. And though
30] they promised, they did not observe this peace; for on
31] going home they again sided with the Clann-Muirchertaigh.
32] As to Aedh O'Conchobhair, he went after this
33] into the Tuatha, and brought with him O'Ferghail
34] and Mac Raghnaill, together with the forces of
35] the Conmaicne; and he dispatched messengers to Mac
36] Diarmada and O'Flannagain, who returned into the


1] district after these messages had reached them. And
2] Conchobhar Ruadh followed them when he found them
3] abandoning himself, and subsequently took a prey from
4] them. They turned back in pursuit of their prey,
5] which they overtook at the head of Céite-Tire-Tuathail,
6] where Conchobhar Ruadh was slain, and Lochlainn,
7] son of Conchobhar,was taken prisoner; and Maghnus,
8] son of Tomaltach, was also taken prisoner there, and a
9] few of their men were slain there besides. Aedh O'Conchobhair
10] and Mac Diarmada, and the other tribes,
11] committed a great retaliatory depredation on the Clann-Muirchertaigh
12] on the same day. Lochlainn, son of
13] Conchobhar, was blinded by them; and he died from
14] the effects thereof.


Gilla-Isa Mac-an-Liathanaigh,
15] bishop of Oilfinn, in Christo quievit in Ros-Comain,
16] twenty nights before May-day, and was interred in
17] the monastery of the Buill.


Derbhorgaill, daughter
18] of O'Floinn of Es, mortua est, et sepulta est in monasterio
19] canonicorum Fontis Patricii.


A great hosting
20] by the king of the Saxons, accompanied by the
21] chiefs of the Foreigners of Erinn, viz.:—Richard Burk,
22] Earl of Ulster, and Fitz-Gerald, and John Fitz-Thomas;
23] and they all went to Alba, and obtained great sway in
24] it on that occasion. However, they destroyed numerous
25] territories and termons, oirechts and churches, in
26] it; and, in particular, razed a monastery of Friars
27] Preachers, so that they left not one stone of it on
28] another; and they also killed many ecclesiastics and
29] women there.


Annal LC1297.


1] The kalends of January on Tuesday, and the thirtieth
2] of the moon; anno Domini M.xx.xc. septimo; primus
3] annus solaris cycli; vi. anno cycli lunaris; x. anno
4] Indictionis.


Conchobhar, son of Taichlech, son of Diarmaid,
5] son of Conchobhar, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg,
6] i.e. the king of Magh-Luirg and Airtech, the eldest of his
7] brothers, and lord of Slicht-Maelruanaidh, the best man
8] of his own time for covenant and guarantee, valour and
9] prowess, battle and conflict, attack and restraint, protection
10] and good asylum, veracity and government, died in
11] this year, after triumphing over the world and the
12] devil, and was interred in the monastery of the Buill,
13] in the grave of his ancestors and elders.


Henry Mac
14] Oirechtaigh, bishop of Condere, and a gray monk of the
15] order of the Desert, quievit.


Maghnus O'hAinlighe,
16] chieftain of Cenel-Doffa, was slain by his kinsman's son,
17] i.e. the son of his father's brother, and by Muinter-Eolais
18] per dolum, at Enach-dubh.


William O'Dubhthaigh,
19] bishop of Cluain, was killed by a concussion, after falling
20] off his horse.


A great expedition was led into France
21] by Edward, i.e. the king of the Saxons, with cheerfulness
22] and great spirits; but he came out of it, nevertheless,
23] without obtaining sway or power on that occasion.


24] Maelsechlainn Mac Briain, i.e. the abbot of the Buill,
25] assumed the bishopric of Oilfinn; and Marian O'Donnabhair
26] was elected previously, and went to Rome to contest
27] the bishopric, and died on that journey.


28] O'hAnluain, and his brother, and Aenghus Mac Mathghamhna,
29] and a great many more of the nobles of their
30] people along with them, were killed by the Foreigners
31] of Dun-Delgan whilst they were returning from the
32] Earl in the same year.

Annal LC1298.


33] The kalends of January on Wednesday, and the


1] eleventh of the moon; anno Domini octavo;
2] secundo anno cycli solaris; septimo anno cycli lunaris;
3] xi. anno Indictionis.


Thomas Fitz-Maurice, a great, noble
4] baron of the Clann-Gerailt, who was called the Crooked
5] Heir, mortuus est in hoc anno.


Thomas O'hOirechtaigh,
6] abbot of Es-Ruaidh, quievit in Christo.


Sadhbh, daughter
7] of Aedh Buidhe O'Neill, wife of Tadhg, son of Andrias
8] O'Conchobhair, died in the beginning of spring in hoc
9] anno.


Brian Bregach Mac Shamhradhain, chieftain of
10] Tellach-Echach, the most bountiful and puissant man
11] that was in his own time, was slain by Aedh Breifnech
12] O'Conchobhair and the Clann-Muirchertaigh, in his own
13] house at Cuil-O'Guaire, on the third day of summer.


14] Donnchadh, son of Domhnall O'hEghra, one fit to be
15] king of Luighne, and the most bountiful and renowned
16] prince in his own country, was slain in treachery by
17] his own brother, i.e. Brian Carrach O'hEghra.


18] Ruadh Mac Carthaigh, king of Des-Mumha, quievit.


19] Ferghal O'Ferghail, bishop of Tir-Conaill, quievit in
20] Christo.


The bishopric of Cluain was assumed by the
21] abbot of Cill-Bécain, i.e. William O'Finnén, in this
22] year.

Annal LC1299.


23] The kalends of January on Thursday, and the twenty-second
24] of the moon; anno Domini; tertio anno
25] cycli solaris; viii. anno cycli lunaris; xii. annus Indictionis.


26] Alexander Mac Domhnaill, the best man for hospitality
27] and nobility both in Erinn and Alba, was slain
28] by Alexander Mac Dubhghaill, together with a countless
29] slaughter of his people along with him.


Maurice O'hOgain,
30] bishop of Cill-Dalua, quievit.


John Alamara, the
31] most active, powerful, and bountiful knight in Midhe,
32] was slain by Jeffrey O'Ferghail, in pursuit of a prey.




1] great battle was given by the king of the Tartars and
2] the king of Armenia, together with all whom they got
3] to join them, to Soldan, i.e. the king of Babylon, and to
4] the other Saracens, in the middle month of harvest, i.e.,
5] about the great festival of Mary exactly; and the battle
6] was gained over the Saracens, and a great slaughter was
7] inflicted on them; and the Holy Land was occupied by
8] the said kings.

Annal LC1300.


9] The kalends of January on Friday, and the third of
10] the moon, A.D. m.ccc; quarto anno cycli solaris; ix. anno
11] cycli lunaris; xiii. anno Indictionis.


Tibbot Butler, a
12] great, noble baron, mortuus est.


John Prendergast was
13] slain by the son of Fiachra O'Floinn in hoc anno.


14] castle of Ath-cliath-in-Chorainn was commenced by the
15] Red Earl in this year.


Seoinin Og Mac Maurice was
16] slain, and many other persons along with him, by Conchobhar,
17] son of Fiachra O'Floinn.


Fedhlimidh Mac
18] Carthaigh, who was qualified to be king of Des-Mumha,
19] mortuus est.


Conghalach O'Lochlainn, bishop of Corcumruaidh,
20] in Christo quievit.


Eochaidh, son of Domhnall
21] O'hAirt, chieftain of Clann-Cellaigh, was slain by
22] Foreigners in hoc anno.


A general invitation came from
23] Rome in the time of Pope Boniface VIII., throughout all
24] Christendom; and in each hundredth year this invitation
25] was wont to be issued, and it was usually called a 'year
26] of grace'; and a countless multitude from all the countries
27] in Christendom were wont to go in pilgrimage to Rome at
28] this invitation; and they would obtain forgiveness of all
29] sins there through this grace.


Adam Staunton, lord of
30] Cera, mortuus est.


William Mac Flannchadha, chieftain of
31] Dartraighe, was slain by Ualgharg O'Ruairc in hoc anno.


Annal LC1301.


1] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the fourteenth
2] of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc. primo; quinto anno
3] cycli solaris; x. anno cycli lunaris; xiiii. anno Indictionis.


4] Finnghuala, daughter of Fedhlim O'Conchobhair,
5] i.e. the abbess of Cill-Craebhnat, in Christo quievit.


6] Cormac, son of Cormac O'Maelsechlainn, was slain by
7] the son of Art O'Maelsechlainn, i.e. the son of his own
8] father's brother.


Gilla-Isa Mac Firbisigh ollamh of Uí-Fiachrach-Muaidhe,
9] a most eminent professor of history,
10] story-telling, poetry and computation, and of many
11] other sciences, died in hoc anno.


A great depredation
12] was committed by Aedh, the son of Cathal O'Conchobhair,
13] and by the Clann-Muirchertaigh also, on Tadhg, son
14] of Andrias, in Magh-Ceidne.


Matthew Mac Craith,
15] great priest of Ard-Carna, a most charitable and humane
16] man, quievit in Christo.


Cathal O'Maelduin, of the Uí-Fiachrach-Muaidhe,
17] i.e., the chief steward of the king of
18] Connacht, died in hoc anno.


Muirchertach Mac Conshnamha,
19] one fit to be chieftain of Muinter-Cinaith,
20] was killed by the Clann-Muirchertaigh in hoc anno.


21] hosting to Alba by the king of the Saxons, accompanied
22] by Fitz-Gerald, and Mac Feorais, and the chiefs of the
23] Foreigners of Connacht, excepting the Earl of Ulster,
24] which lasted from a fortnight before Lammas until All-hallowtide;
25] but they obtained not complete sway in it.

Annal LC1302.


26] The kalends of January on Monday, and the twenty-fifth
27] of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc. secundo; sexto
28] anno cycli solaris; xi. anno cycli lunaris; xv. anno
29] Indictionis.


Domhnall Ruadh Mac Carthaigh, king of
30] Des-Mumha, i.e. the oldest and noblest, the most bountiful
31] and valiant, and the most formidable and triumphant
32] Gaeidhel, in battles and conflicts, of all the Gaeidhel
33] of Erinn, died after the victory of penitence in this
34] year.


Miles, bishop of Luimnech, who was the grandson


1] of the Earl of Laighen, in Christo quievit.


The bishop of
2] Corcach, i.e. Mac Donnchadha, (and he was a gray monk),
3] quievit in Christo.


Ruaidhri, son of Domhnall O'hEghra,
4] one fit to be king of Luighne, died in hoc anno.


5] depredations were committed by Aedh, son of Cathal
6] O'Conchobhair, on Tadhg, son of Andrias O'Conchobhair,
7] and on Sitrec, son of the Cairnech Mac Flannchaidh, in
8] Magh-Ceidne, in the same year.


A great destruction of
9] cows, and mortality amongst all cattle, in this year.


10] Master Stephen O'Bragan, archbishop of Caisel, quievit.


11] Donn Mac Uidhir, king of Feara-Manach, the most eminent
12] man in all Erinn for charity, and humanity, and
13] prowess, quievit.


William O'Finnén, abbot of Cill-Bécan,
14] and afterwards bishop of Cluain-mic-Nois, in Christo
15] quievit..


Cathal, son of Domhnall Mac Raghnaill, heir
16] to the chieftaincy of Muinter-Eolais, was slain by Ferghal
17] Mac Raghnaill, i.e. the son of his own father's
18] brother.

Annal LC1303.


19] The kalends of January on Tuesday, and the sixth of
20] the moon; anno Domini M.ccc. tertio; septimo anno cycli
21] solaris; xii. anno cycli lunaris; primus annus Indictionis.


22] Nicholas Mac Maelisa, archbishop of Ard-Macha, the most
23] godly and generous cleric that was in Erinn in his own
24] time, in Christo quievit.


Maelsechlainn Mac Briain, bishop
25] of Oilfinn, died in hoc anno.


Donnchadh O'Flannagain,
26] abbot of the Buill, assumed the bishopric of Oilfinn afterwards.


27] Diarmaid O'Flannagain, chieftain of Tuath-Ratha,
28] and his two sons, and many superior men of his
29] own people along with them, were slain by the people of
30] Domhnall, son of Andrias O'Conchobhair, after they had


1] gone to commit a depredation in Cairpre.


2] son of Domhnall Og O'Domhnaill, who was usually called
3] 'Toirdhelbhach of Cnoc-in-mhadhma', i.e. the king of
4] Tir-Conaill during twelve years, both in it and out of it—
5] a warlike, active man, and the Cuchullainn of theClann-Dalaigh
6] in valour—was slain by Aedh, the son of
7] Domhnall Og, i.e. his own brother, after a long war, and
8] after much destruction had been committed on all sides
9] throughout the country, and a prodigious slaughter along
10] with him of the Cenel-Eoghain, and the chiefs of the
11] Foreigners of the North, and of the Cenel-Conaill themselves
12] likewise, and Muirchertach Mac Fhlannchaidh,
13] chieftain of Dartraighe. Donn O'Cathain, king of Feara-Craibhe
14] and Cianachta, was slain there, and Donnchadh
15] Mac Menmain and Aedh Mac Menmain—the two grandsons
16] of the Fer leighinn O'Domhnaill; and Niall, son of
17] Niall O'Baighill, the good material of a chieftain of the
18] Three-Tuatha; Mac Ughossa and his son, and his brother,
19] and Adam Sandal, and numerous Foreigners and Gaeidhel
20] besides. And Aedh O'Domhnaill resumed his own
21] sovereignty after this great triumph, so that after a while
22] his government was like a sea growing calm, a tide ebbing,
23] and a high wind subsiding.


A great hosting by the
24] King of the Saxons to Alba, when they took several
25] cities; and the Red Earl, i.e. Richard Burk, and a great
26] many Foreigners and Gaeidhel, went from Erinn with a
27] large fleet, and obtained sway in Alba on this occasion.


28] Tibbot Burk, i.e. the Earl's brother, died at Carraig-Fergusa
29] on Christmas night, after returning from this


1] hosting.


Domhnall Og Mac Carthaigh, King of Des-Mumha,
2] mortuus est.


Maghnus Mac Shamhradhain, dux
3] of Tellach-Echach, occisus est.


Niall Mac Gillafhinnen
4] mortuus est.


Maurice, son of William Galldha Mac
5] Eochagain, quievit on the fourth of the nones of June

Annal LC1304.


6] The kalends of January on Wednesday, and the seventeenth
7] of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc. quarto; octavus
8] annus cycli solaris; xiii. annus cycli lunaris; secundo
9] Indictionis.


Matthew, son of Gilla-Isa O'Raighilligh,
10] king of Breifne, was slain by the Tellach-Dunchadha on
11] Achadh-na-corra, and his gallowglasses were slain there
12] along with him. Mac Shamhradhain and Mac Dorchaidh
13] were wounded there, moreover, along with them.


14] Countess, i.e. the wife of Richard Burk, i.e. the Earl of
15] Ulster, mortua est.


Walter Burk, the same Earl's heir,
16] died in this year.


Conchobhar, son of Aedh O'Conchobhair,
17] was killed by Toirbert O'Flaithbhertaigh, after he
18] had committed wrong and treachery against Donnchadh
19] O'Flaithbhertaigh; and this Toirbert fell on the very
20] same spot.


William Og, son of William Galldha Mac
21] Eochagain, quievit the day before the ides of October in
22] hoc anno.


23] The kalends of January on Friday, and the twenty-eighth
24] of the moon; A.D. M.ccc. quinto; ix. anno cycli
25] solaris; xiiii. anno cycli lunaris; tertio anno Indictionis.


26] Muirchertach O'Conchobhair Failghe, and his
27] other brother Maelmordha, i.e. the Calbhach O'Conchobhair,
28] and twenty-nine of their people along with
29] them, were slain by Sir Piers Mac Feorais, in abominable
30] treachery, in Mac Feorais's castle.


A defeat was inflicted
31] by Aedh, son of Cathal O'Conchobhair, and by
32] the Clann-Muirchertaigh also, on Muinter-Raighilligh, in
33] which Philip O'Raighilligh, and the heir of Clann-Suibhne,


1] and Mac Buirche, i.e. the head of the gallowglasses of the
2] country, together with one hundred and forty other
3] persons, were slain.


Donnchadh O'Flaithbhertaigh, bishop
4] of Cill-Alaidh, i.e. the most chaste and devout bishop of
5] his time, quievit.


Toirdhelbhach, son of Brian Ruadh
6] O'Briain, mortuus est.


Matthew Og O'Raighilligh was
7] killed by the Tellach-Dunchadha.


Aedh Og O'Ferghail
8] died in this same year.


The New Castle of Inis-Eoghain
9] was erected by the Red Earl in this year.

Annal LC1306.


10] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the twenty-ninth
11] of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.sexto; x. annus
12] cycli solaris; xv. annus cycli lunaris; quarto anno
13] Indictionis.


Toirdhelbhach O'Briain, king of Tuadh-Mumha,
14] the most illustrious, valiant, and puissant man
15] of his own time, mortuus est.


Donnchadh O'Briain, his
16] own son, was made king in his place.


Ferghal Mac
17] Raghnaill, chieftain of Muinter-Eolais, was killed by
18] Mathghamhain Mac Raghnaill, i.e. his own brother, and
19] by a party of his own tribe, per dolum.


A great war
20] between Aedh, son of Eoghan O'Conchobhair, king of
21] Connacht, (with whom were the chiefs of the Síl-Muiredhaigh),
22] and Aedh, son of Cathal O'Conchobhair, with
23] whom were many sons of kings and chieftains of Connacht,
24] together with the chieftains and tribes of the men
25] of Breifne also; and it was waged on both sides of the
26] Sinuinn during the space of three or four months, when
27] a number of the sons of kings attached to Aedh son of
28] Cathal encamped with large forces in the Tuatha, and
29] captured great preys, and countless spoils; but a great
30] number of pursuers overtook them. Flann, son of Fiachra
31] O'Floinn, heir to the chieftaincy of Síl-Maelruain, and
32] Brian, son of Donnchadh Riabhach O'Conchobhair,


1] together with many other persons, were killed whilst
2] protecting this prey by the pursuers, and a great part of
3] the preys was detained, and another part of them was
4] carried off. The most distinguished in committing these
5] depredations were viz. Ruaidhri, son of Cathal O'Conchobhair,
6] and Donnchadh, son of Conchobhar-in-chopain,
7] son of Ferghal, son of Donnchadh, son of Muirchertach
8] Mac Diarmada, one qualified to be king of Magh-Luirg
9] and Muinter-Maelruanaidh as regards prosperity, bounty,
10] and prowess until this day. And he Donnchadh Mac
11] Diarmada
went before this to O'Conchobhair's fortress,
12] and burned the palace of the king of Connacht, together
13] with the houses of the fortress. Aedh O'Conchobhair
14] overtakes him on the same day, and takes the preys from
15] him; and he is himself afterwards beheaded.


16] Thomas O'Naan, archdeacon of Rath-Bhoth, and also
17] bishop-elect of the same church, in Christo quievit.


18] Robert Bruce, great steward of Carraig, assumed the
19] sovereignty
of Alba by force, in opposition to the king
20] of the Saxons.


Domhnall Tuirtrech O'Neill was slain
21] by accident, by the household of O'Neill in hoc anno.


22] Sir William Prendergast, the most famous and illustrious
23] knight in his own time in Erinn, mortuus est.


A great
24] depredation was committed by the Clann-Muirchertaigh
25] in the territory of Cairbre, when David O'Caemhain,
26] a rich, affluent farmer, and Donnchadh Mac Buidhechain,
27] and many more persons along with them, were slain.


28] Brian Carrach O'hEghra was killed by Cormac O'Flannagain.


29] Nicholas O'Donnchadha, (i.e. who was a priest and


1] pure virgin in Druim-cliabh), was killed, without cause or
2] offence, by the Gerran-dubh of the Barretts, who subjected
3] him to a martyr's death; quievit in Christo; and
4] every one who recites a pater for the good of his soul has
5] six score days' remission of his sins as often as he recites it.

Annal LC1307.


6] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the twentieth
7] of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.vii; xi. anno cycli solaris;
8] xvi. anno cycli lunaris; quinto anno Indictionis.


9] Muimhnech O'Cellaigh, king of Uí-Maine, the
10] most generous of all the men of Erinn respecting food and
11] clothing, gold and silver, and cattle, died after obtaining
12] victory over the world and the devil; and Tadhg O'Cellaigh,
13] i.e. his son, died afterwards.


Laurence O'Lachtnain,
14] abbot of Es-Ruaidh, and for a time abbot of the
15] Buill, and afterwards abbot of Cnoc-Muaidhe, and ultimately
16] bishop of Cill-Mic-Duach, in Christo quievit.


17] Conchobhar, son of Fiachra O'Floinn, the best young man
18] in all Connacht in his own time for making war and
19] depredations on Foreigners and Gaeidhel, died; and he
20] was nobly and honourably interred in the monastery of
21] the Buill, along with his brother.


Echdruim-Uí-Maine was
22] burned by a number of the princes of Uí-Maine themselves.


23] The Foreigners of Ros-Comain were all slain by Donnchadh
24] Muimhnech O'Cellaigh, a short time before his
25] death, in Ath-escrach-Cuan, to wit, where Philip Munter,
26] and John Munter, and Matthew Drew fell along with
27] seventy others who were either slain or taken prisoners;
28] where the sheriff of Ros-Comain, and Diarmaid Gall Mac
29] Diarmada, and Cormac Mac Ceithernaigh were taken
30] prisoners; but their forces were still allowed to depart;
31] and they themselves were let go after a while; and they
32] afterwards made peace for the burning of the town by


1] Edmond Butler.


Edward the Great, king of the Saxons,
2] and of Britain, and of Alba, and duke of Gascony, and
3] lord of Erinn, quievit in Christo in the thirty-fifth year
4] of his reign, and in the sixty-sixth year of his age. The
5] crown of the king of the Saxons, and of Britain, and
6] Erinn, and Alba, was afterwards given to young Edward,
7] the son of Edward.


Donnchadh O'Flannagain, abbot of
8] the Buill during the space of five years, and Bishop of
9] Oilfinn during the space of three years and a half—the
10] devout, cordial, general protector of all the west of
11] Europe; a man who never refused guest or stranger,
12] and who never offended any one regarding food or property;
13] head of guarantee and respect of the province
14] in general; a man full of wisdom and skill, and who
15] defended every affair which he took in hand; a charitable,
16] good-hearted man; a quiet, amiable man; a courteous,
17] sweet-worded, mild, childlike, honest man—quievit in
18] Christo, after the triumph of unction and penitence,
19] having been suffering during a period of five months: in
20] x. kalendas Julii quievit.


Domhnall, son of Tadhg, son
21] of Brian, son of Andrias, son of Brian Luighnech, son
22] of Toirdhelbhach Mor O'Conchobhair, tanist of all Connacht,
23] and the royal heir of greatest property and wealth,
24] of greatest hospitality and prowess, of greatest sovereignty
25] and possessions that was in Connacht, (for the
26] extent of his land was from Corr-sliabh-na-Seghsa to
27] Cael-uisce), was slain in an encounter with Aedh Breifnech,
28] son of Cathal Ruadh O'Conchobhair. And the
29] person who wounded him was Diarmaid, son of Simon-na-tragha.
30] And God was merciful to him, for he lived
31] that night, and until he saw the priest, and received the
32] Body of Christ and unction, on the morrow; after
33] which he died. And his body was then taken to Corr-sliabh,
34] and there was not taken with a dead body in


1] later times such a quantity of droves, and garments,
2] and cattle, of cavalry, and, of kerns, as were taken in this
3] procession with him to his sepulchre; and his remains were
4] nobly and honourably interred in the monastery of the
5] Buill.


Tadhg, son of Maelsechlainn, son of Donnchadh,
6] son of Domhnall, son of Maghnus, son of Toirdhelbhach
7] Mor O'Conchobhair, was killed by Cathal, son of Domhnall,
8] son of Tadhg O'Conchobhair.


Cartholus, son of the
9] Liathanach O'Conchobhair, i.e. the abbot of the Trinity
10] in Loch Cé, was elected to the bishopric of Oilfinn on the
11] one part, and his degree was conferred in the choir of Ard Macha;
12] and he was three years and a half enjoying the
13] profits of the bishopric, when Master Malachi Mac Caedha
14] was, however, chosen on the other part, through the
15] power of William Mac Feorais, at that time archbishop
16] of Connacht. He went to Rome, and remained there
17] during the space of three years, and came back afterwards
18] as bishop. William Mac Feorais, archbishop of
19] Connacht, went to Rome in hoc anno.


20] O'Gairmleghaigh, high-chieftain of Cenel-Moain, mortuus
21] est.


Maghnus Mac Oirechtaigh quievit.


Diarmaid, son
22] of Donnchadh Riabhach, was killed by Maelruanaidh
23] Mac Diarmada.


Cathal, son of Maghnus, was killed by
24] Cathal, son of Domhnall, son of Tadhg O'Conchobhair.


25] Tadhg, son of Brian, son of Andrias, son of Brian Luighnech,
26] son of Toirdhelbhach Mor, went on a pilgrimage
27] to the monastery of the Buill, in which he assumed the
28] habit of a gray monk; and he died of one day's illness,


1] after obtaining victory over the world and the devil.


2] Ailbhe, daughter of Tadhg O'Conchobhair, mortua est.


3] The Clann-Muirchertaigh went into Magh-Ceidne, and
4] the corn crops of the district of Cairbre, and a great part
5] of the corn of Tir-Oililla, were burned by them; and
6] the corn crops of the Corann also were destroyed and
7] burnt by them; and it was on this expedition that Tadhg,
8] son of Maghnus, was slain.


Amhlaibh, son of Art, son of
9] Cathal O'Ruairc, was killed by the son of Ferghal Garbh
10] Mac Shamhradhain in hoc anno.

Annal LC1308.


11] The kalends of January on Monday, and the first
12] of the moon; A.D. M.ccc.viii; xii. anno cycli solaris;
13] xvii. anno cycli lunaris; sexto anno Indictionis.


14] great depredation was committed by Maelruanaidh
15] Mac Diarmada on the sons of Domhnall O'Conchobhair,
16] in the territory of Cairbre.


Another great depredation
17] was committed by Brian O'Dubhda, and the
18] Foreigners of Luighne, and the Uí-Fiachrach, on
19] the same sons of Domhnall O'Conchobhair.


20] depredation was committed by the Clann-Muirchertaigh
21] on these sons of Domhnall O'Conchobhair, after they
22] had previously made peace with them, and given them
23] hostages. And the sons of Domhnall proceeded after
24] this to Sliabh-dha-en, and took with them only their
25] horses, accoutrements, and steeds; and when the Foreigners
26] of Luighne and the Uí-Fiachrach heard this, they
27] mustered and followed to Sliabh-dha-en. The sons of
28] Domhnall O'Conchobhair, however, and Mac Donnchadha
29] turned upon them, and the Foreigners suffered a defeat,
30] and fled before them, and were routed; and the sons of
31] Domhnall pursued them to Lec-Esa-dara; and Thomas
32] Mac Walter, constable of Bun-finne, and his brother
33] along with him, and many other persons, were slain by


1] them.


A great retaliatory depredation was committed
2] by Aedh, son of Cathal, on Ruaidhri son of Cathal, his
3] own brother; and Maghnus, son of Maghnus, was slain
4] there by him, and other persons not enumerated here.


5] Domhnall, son of Comarb-Comain O'Conchobhair, archdeacon
6] of Oilfinn, quievit.


Simon O'Finnachta quievit
7] in Christo.


Imhar Mac Gebhennaigh mortuus est.


8] Gaveston, a very noble knight, and prime favourite of
9] the king of the Saxons, came to Erinn; and O'Diumasaigh
10] was slain by him in the same year.


Lightning fell
11] down from heaven on the monastery of Ros-Comain,
12] which broke down the monastery, on the night of the
13] festival of Stephen after Great Christmas.


Easter in the
14] month of March in hoc anno; and there was destruction
15] of people and cattle in it, and also great inclemency of
16] weather in it.

Annal LC1309.


17] The kalends of January on Wednesday, and the twelfth
18] of the moon; A.D. M.ccc.ix; xiii. anno cycli solaris; xviii.
19] anno cycli lunaris; vii. anno Indictionis.


Aedh, son of
20] Eoghan, son of Ruaidhri, son of Aedh, son of Cathal
21] Crobhderg, king of Connacht—and one fit to be king of
22] Erinn and other lands for nobility, and bounty, and
23] prowess, for figure and comeliness—was slain by Aedh
24] Breifnech, son of Cathal Ruadh O'Conchobhair, in Coill-in-chlachain
25] in the territory of Breifne; and many more
26] of the nobles of Connacht were slain along with him,
27] viz., Conchobhar Mac Diarmada, and Diarmaid Ruadh,
28] son of Tadhg, son of Andrias O'Conchobhair; and Diarmaid,
29] son of Cathal Carrach Mac Diarmada; and Aedh,
30] son of Muirchertach, son of Tadhg, son of Maelruanaidh;


1] and Diarmaid Og O'hElidhe, a wealthy, generous, dignified
2] prince-farmer, and Maeldomhnaigh Galloglaech;
3] and Gilla-na-naemh Mac Aedhagain, chief professor of
4] Connacht in law, and a man equally eminent in all other
5] sciences, fell by the eastern party on the same day,
6] and Foghartach O'Dobhailen by the household band of
7] Tomaltach Mac Donnchadha; and many other persons
8] fell along with these. And the loss on both sides was not
9] less than one hundred. Aedh Breifnech came into the
10] district afterwards, and the 'Three Tuatha' went into
11] his house.


12] As regards Maelruanaidh Mac Diarmada, king of
13] Magh-Luirg, he came, surrounded by his household
14] troops and heavy muster, into the very middle of Síl-Muiredhaigh,
15] to defend the sovereignty and supremacy
16] for his foster-son, i.e., for Fedhlim O'Conchobhair, and
17] sent messengers to his friends on every side, both
18] Foreigners and Gaeidhel, and unto William Burk and his
19] brothers, who came quickly on receiving the message.
20] And he Maelruanaidh encamped strongly, ever powerfully,
21] on the plain of Magh-Ai, before Rath-Cruachan,
22] amidst the inhabitants of the country, to conciliate them,
23] for fear and terror lest these tribes should unite with Aedh
24] Breifnech, son of Cathal O'Conchobhair; and he himself
25] received the government of the chieftains, and the
26] submission of the sub-chieftains. And he exacted his
27] rents, and his stipulations, and his tributes; and he exacted,
28] moreover, the family and princely jewels of the
29] king of Connacht, with all his dues both small and great.
30] And the Síl-Muiredhaigh all pledged their engagement


1] and oaths that they would not give the sovereignty to
2] any other person but to him alone. Maelruanaidh and
3] William Burk went to Oilfinn, together with the Síl-Muiredhaigh.


4] As to Aedh, son of Cathal, however, he
5] went to meet the Earl in Midhe, and the Tuatha at once
6] turned against him when he had left. After Aedh Breifnech
7] came out of Midhe, he encamped in Uachtar-thire,
8] and subsequently took a great prey from Aedh O'Flannagain,
9] and consumed this prey in Uachtar-thire.


10] son of Donnchadh O'Briain, was wickedly slain
11] by Foreigners, in treachery.


Cathal, son of the Liathanach
12] O'Conchobhair, i.e. the abbot of the Trinity, was
13] elected to the bishopric of Oilfinn.


Ruaidhri, son of
14] Cathal, and O'Floinn went upon the Machaire; and the
15] son of Mac Feorais was slain by them on that occasion.


16] A meeting was proclaimed between the son of Cathal and
17] William Burk, at Ath-Slissen; and a rupture took place
18] between them, and the son of Cathal was defeated, and a
19] great number of his people were slain there.


20] Burk went subsequently to the monastery of the Buill, and
21] much corn was destroyed and burned in it.


Mac William
22] went down beyond the mountain, and the son of Cathal
23] was expelled from his fortress by him; and Donnchadh
24] O'Finnachta was slain by the captain of Mac William's
25] army; and many other persons not enumerated here were
26] also slain
. A depredation was committed by Mac William
27] on the Clann-Fermaighe; and another predatory expedition


1] was made by him as far as Benn-Ghulbain, and
2] beyond it northwards.

Annal LC1310.


3] The kalends of January on Thursday, and the twenty-third
4] of the moon; A.D. M.ccc.x; xiiii. anno cycli solaris;
5] xix. anni cycli lunaris; octavo anno Indictionis.


6] Mór O'Maelchonaire, chief professor of Síl-Muiredhaigh-Muillethain
7] in poetry and history, died in the
8] beginning of this year, in the hard spring. A great
9] depredation, which was usually called Crech-in-tóiten,
10] was committed by Aedh Breifnech, son of Cathal O'Conchobhair,
11] on Maelruanaidh Mac Diarmada, in Clochar-Uí-Muirghile;
12] and Donnchadh, son of Donnchadh Mac
13] Diarmada, was taken prisoner there, and his wife, i.e.
14] the daughter of O'Flannagain, was killed there; and
15] several other women, children, and men, were killed and
16] burned there; and they the depredators established
17] themselves in Uachtar-thire, to watch Mac Diarmada.
18] When William Burk heard this thing he encamped at
19] Cill-Lommad, in front of Aedh, son of Cathal. Then
20] it was that Aedh, son of Cathal, secretly sent messengers
21] to his brother, i.e. Ruaidhri son of Cathal, desiring
22] him to proceed with a band and go to the castle of
23] Bun-finne, which William Burk had left. As regards
24] Ruaidhri son of Cathal, moreover, and Aedh, son of
25] Maghnus, and Aedh Breifnech's people, they all mustered,
26] and plundered and burned the Castle of Bun-finne,
27] with all its contents. As to Aedh, son of Cathal, he
28] had at that time by him some buannadha belonging
29] to a defensive band who were protecting him; and


1] Seonac Mac Uighilinn was the commander of this
2] defensive band. Nevertheless, when he observed the
3] son of O'Conchobhair quite alone, after his people had
4] departed from him when they went away from him on
5] the expedition to Bun-finne, he armed himself, together
6] with his people, and attacked the son of O'Conchobhair,
7] against whom he had previously conspired, (i.e.
8] after he had promised to slay him, at the instigation
9] of William Burk, in consideration of a reward); and
10] he then slew Aedh Breifnech, son of Cathal Ruadh
11] O'Conchobhair, as he had before that promised to
12] William Burk. And this Aedh Breifnech O'Conchobhair
13] was the best qualified to be king that was in
14] Erinn in his own time, if it had pleased God to allow
15] it. As soon as the news of the murder of Aedh
16] Breifnech, moreover, reached to William Burk, and to
17] Mac Diarmada, and to the Síl-Muiredhaigh also, to Cill-Lomad,
18] they immediately proceeded on preying expeditions
19] to Aedh Breifnech's people, and sent their
20] bands to Bennan-Brechmhaighe northwards, and to Magh-Cetne
21] of the Fomorians. William afterwards returns
22] back into the midst of the Síl-Muiredhaigh, and
23] quarters two hundred mercenaries upon them, viz.:—
24] Mac Uighilin with his rout; and there was not a town
25] in all Síl-Muiredhaigh without habitual bonaght, nor
26] a district without exaction, nor a prince without oppression,
27] during William Burk's rule over them after
28] the death of Aedh. When, however, Maelruanaidh Mac
29] Diarmada observed his foster-son ignored regarding his
30] inheritance, and the heavy exactions levied from every
31] district around him, he felt strongly that the Foreigners
32] were limiting and restricting him to little power; for
33] the Foreigners were convinced that if he alone were
34] weak the entire province of Connacht would be under
35] their sway. The resolution adopted by the hero, therefore,
36] was to elevate his foster-son over all on this occasion,


1] and forcibly to make him king, without much
2] delay. And he took him with him upon Carn-Fraich-mhic-Fidhaigh,
3] and inaugurated him on the carn according
4] to the practice of the saints, and of Dachonna of
5] Es in particular, in the most regal, most illustrious, and
6] fullest manner that any man of his own family had been
7] inaugurated from the time of Brian, son of Eochaidh
8] Muidhmhedhoin, down to that day. After Fedhlim,
9] son of Aedh, son of Eoghan, had espoused the province
10] of Connacht, moreover, his guardian ministered to him
11] that night in accordance with the traditions of the old
12] men, and the old books; and this was the most regal,
13] and most illustrious wedding feast of a king that had
14] ever been made for a king of Connacht until that day.


15] Cormac O'Flannagain, chieftain of Tuath-Ratha, was
16] slain by Henry Mac Gillafinnén, chieftain of Muinter-Pheodachain,
17] in treachery.


The castle of Sligech was
18] erected by the Earl in hoc anno.


Twenty tuns of
19] wine were sent ashore in Magh-Cetne.


20] daughter of Maghnus O'Conchobhair, quievit in Christo.


21] Macraith Mac Uidhir, royal heir of Feara-Manach, and
22] Donn Mac-Gillamichil, dux of Clann-Conghaile, were
23] destroyed and burned by Roalbh Mac Mathghamhna.


24] Ferghal Mac Dorchaidh died in hoc anno.


25] daughter of Aedh, son of Fedhlim, mortua est in hoc
26] anno.


Siubhán, daughter of O'Conchobhair Failghe,
27] uxor of Muirchertach Mór Mac Eochagain, chieftain of
28] Cenel-Fiachaidh, mortua est.


Ferghal, son of Muirchertach
29] Mór Mac Eochagain, was slain in the Anghaile, and
30] this was the first cause of enmity between the people


1] of the Anghaile and Cenel-Fiachaidh.


A hosting by
2] Seffraigh O'Ferghail to Dun-Uabhair, where Domhnall,
3] the son of Aedh Og O'Ferghail, and Aedh, son of Mael-Isa,
4] and Goffraigh, son of Muirchertach, were slain.


5] Conchobhar O'Briain, the best son of a king in his time,
6] was slain by the Black Foreigners, in treachery.

Annal LC1311.


7] The kalends of January on Friday, and the fourth of
8] the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.xi; xv. anno cycli solaris;
9] primus annus cycli lunaris; ix. annus Indictionis.


10] Mór, son of Conghalach Mac Eochagain, dux of
11] the descendants of Fiachadh, son of Niall-nai-ghiallach,
12] occisus est by the Foreigners.


A great retaliatory depredation
13] was committed in Connacht by the Clann-Muirchertaigh-Muimhnigh,
14] when Gilla-Christ, son of Muirghes,
15] son of Donnchadh Mac Diarmada, and Aedh, son of
16] Cormac, and William Mac Gilla-Erraith, and Donnchadh,
17] son of Tomaltach, together with many other
18] good men, were slain by them.


Two of William Liath
19] Burk's sons were slain by the Lagenian princes.


20] de Exeter came on a predatory expedition into Magh
21] Luirg, and Tadhg O'hAinlidhe, chieftain of Cenel-Doffa,
22] was slain in pursuit of this predatory band.


23] O'Birn, dux of Tir-Briuin, mortuus est.


Mael-Isa O'Dalaigh,
24] a most eminent man in poetry and hospitality, died
25] in hoc anno.


Domhnall, son of Amhlaibh, son of Art
26] O'Ruairc, king of Breifne, died in hoc anno.


A great
27] hosting by William Burk into Mumha, against the Clarach;
28] and they gave battle to each other, and the Clarach
29] was worsted, and a great defeat was inflicted on him
30] there. William Burk was himself taken prisoner in the
31] rere of his people, whilst he was following up the rout;


1] and although he was there taken prisoner, it was he that
2] had the triumph of that battle.


A great war in Tuadh-Mumha
3] in this year, and Donnchadh Mac Conmara and
4] his own tribe, viz., the people of the cantred of Uí-Caisín,
5] fought a battle against O'Briain and the men of
6] all Mumha; and Donnchadh Mac Conmara and all the
7] chief men of his tribe were slain there; and Domhnall
8] O'Grada, chieftain of Cenel-Dunghaile, was slain there;
9] and a countless slaughter was committed between them on
10] both sides.


Donnchadh O'Briain, king of Tuadh-Mumha,
11] and the good material of a king of Erinn, was slain in
12] treachery by Murchadh, son of Mathghamhain O'Briain.


13] Lochlainn Riabhach O'Deghaidh was slain by Mathghamhain
14] O'Briain, son of Domhnall Connachtach O'Briain.


15] Mac Uighilin killed the Gruélach in Baile-tobair-Brighde,
16] and was himself immediately slain in return; and it was
17] with the short-handled axe with which he slew Aedh
18] Breifnech, son of Cathal Ruadh O'Conchobhair, that he
19] himself was slain; and a blessing attend the person who
20] killed him.


A great depredation was committed by
21] Feidhlim O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht, on the
22] Clann-Muirchertaigh, on the border of Magh-Cetne,
23] and Maelechlainn, son of Conchobhar Ruadh, who
24] was usually called 'Cenn-an-meidhil', was slain there,
25] and several other persons also along with him.


26] Clerech O'Briain, king of Mumha, was deposed, and
27] Muirchertach O'Briain was afterwards made king in
28] his place.


Brian Mac Mathghamhna, king of Oirghiall,
29] mortuus est.

Annal LC1312.


30] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the fifteenth
31] of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.xii; secundus annus


1] cycli lunaris; x. Indictionis.


William Mac Feorais, archbishop
2] of Tuaim, quievit.


Benedict O'Bracain, bishop of
3] Luighne, quievit.


Malachi Mac Aedha was elected to
4] the archbishopric of Tuaim from the bishopric of Oilfinn.


5] Petrus Capusdún occisus est.


Easter in the month of
6] March in hoc anno.


Derbhail, daughter of Maghnus
7] O'Conchobhair, mortua est.


The Holy Cross was raised
8] in the monastery of the Buill in hoc anno.

Annal LC1313.


9] The kalends of January on Monday, and the twenty-sixth
10] of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.xiii; tertius annus
11] cycli lunaris; xi. annus Indictionis.


Clemens papa in
12] Christo quievit.


Diarmaid Clerech O'Briain, king of
13] Tuadh-Mumha, mortuus est.


Robert Bruce, king of Alba,
14] came on the coast of Erinn.


The king of France died in
15] hoc anno.


Gilla-Isa Mac Dorchaidh, chieftain of Cenel-Luachain,
16] was slain by Conchobhar Carrach, son of
17] Domhnall Mac Diarmada.


Cathal, son of Murchadh
18] Carrach O'Ferghail, mortuus est.


Tighernan, son of
19] Niall O Ruairc, occisus est.


Tadhg, son of Andrias, son
20] of Brian Luighnech, son of Toirdhelbhach Mor O'Conchobhair,
21] died in hoc anno, after having been a long time
22] in the habit of a gray monk, after triumphing over the
23] world and the devil, and was nobly and honourably
24] interred in the monastery of the Buill.

Annal LC1314.


25] The kalends of January on Tuesday, and the seventh
26] of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.xiv; quartus annus
27] cycli lunaris; xii. annus Indictionis.


Niall, son of
28] Brian O'Neill, i.e., the noblest, and most honourable, and
29] most bountiful prince of the Cenel-Eoghain in his own
30] time, died this year.


Niall O'Domhnaill occisus est.



1] A defeat was inflicted by Ruaidhri, son of Cathal O'Conchobhair,
2] on Muinter-Raighilligh, at Druim-lethan.


3] son of Domhnall O'hEghra, was slain by Maghnus
4] son of William O'hEghra, per dolum.


A battle at Srubhleith
5] in Alba, where the chief men of the Saxon Foreigners
6] fell by Robert Bruce, i.e., the king of Alba, who
7] was defending Alba by force; where a great many earls
8] and knights fell, and persons innumerable besides, together
9] with the Earl of Gloucester, who was the man of
10] greatest inheritance, and nobility, and honour in all Saxon-land.


11] Gilla-in-Choimdedh, son of Cinaeth O'Gormshuiligh,
12] airchinnech of Oilfinn, and Gormlaith, daughter
13] of Mac Branain, (i.e. his wedded wife), mortui sunt.


14] Roalbh Mac Mathghamhna was slain by his own brethren.


15] Matthew Mac Dhuibhne, bishop of the Breifne, quievit in
16] Christo.


Matthew Mac Tighernain, dux of Tellach-Dunchadha,
17] was slain by Cathal, son of Domhnall O'Ruairc,
18] i.e. his foster-son, in the middle of his own house, per
19] dolum.


Mathghamhain Mac-in-chaeich, chieftain of Fidhna-Saithne,
20] mortuus est.

Annal LC1315.


21] The kalends of January on Wednesday, and the
22] eighteenth of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.xv; v.
23] annus cycli lunaris; xiii. Indictionis.


Edward, son of the
24] Earl of Alba, (i.e. this Edward was the son of Robert
25] Bruce, and Earl of Carrick), came to Erinn, on the coast
26] of Uladh in the north, with a fleet of 300 ships, and his
27] valorous and warlike fame confounded and terrified the
28] people of
all Erinn in general, both Foreigners and Gaeidhel.
29] And he plundered, moreover, the principal part of Uladh,


1] and burned Rath-mor of Magh-Line and Dun-Delgan, and
2] killed their people; and he afterwards burned Ath-Fhirdiadh-mic-Damhain.


3] In fine, he obtained the hostages and
4] sovereignty of all the province of Uladh without opposition,
5] and consented to be proclaimed as king of Erinn. And
6] the Gaeidhel of Erinn agreed to give him their sovereignty,
7] and proclaimed him king of Erinn.


When Richard Burk,
8] i.e. the Earl of Ulster, heard that Edward was advancing
9] towards him, he assembled large armies from every direction
10] to meet him at Ros-Comain, in the first place; and he
11] proceeded
from thence to Ath-Luain, and along Midhe and
12] Magh-Bregh. And Fedhlim O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht,
13] was along with him on this hosting. And the number
14] of his army was about twenty battalions. However, the
15] Foreigners on this expedition spared neither saint nor
16] asylum, however sacred, nor territory, nor termon, without
17] wasting and completely destroying, throughout the extent
18] of Erinn from the Sinainn in the south to Cul-Rathain in
19] the north, and to Inis-Eoghain. And when this great multitudinous
20] army came together into Bregh, they saw Edmond
21] Butler, i.e. the Justiciary of Erinn, coming to join them,
22] having on the occasion thirty battalions well united and
23] counted.


Nevertheless, the Earl prevented him from
24] going in his own procession or assemblage, for he considered
25] that he himself, together with his army, could expel
26] Edward and the men of Alba from Erinn. The Earl was
27] that night at Ath-Fhirdiadh, by the side of Sliabh-Bregh,
28] and Edward Bruce, with his Ulidians and men of Alba, at
29] Inis-Cain-mic-Deghaidh. The Earl went on the morrow in
30] pursuit of them, and occupied a place of rest and encampment
31] at Lugh-mhagh; and William Burk went, moreover,
32] to obtain an advantage over Edward Bruce and the men of
33] Alba, and a few persons were slain between them in
34] an encounter.


As regards Edward and his forces, however,
35] he advanced, through the persuasion of O'Neill and
36] the other Ulidians, and proceeded on the morrow, by


1] regular marches, northwards to Cul-Rathain, and to the
2] border of Inis-Eoghain; and they broke down the bridge
3] of Cul-Rathain before the Earl. The Earl follows them, and
4] encamps at Cul-Rathain in front of the Ulidians and
5] Edward, about the river, so that both parties left neither
6] wood nor plain, nor field, nor corn crop, nor residence, nor
7] barn, nor church, without burning and wholly destroying;
8] for these armies were not able to encounter or fight with
9] each other, as the rapid, fierce, deep Bann was separating
10] them. Nevertheless, severe skirmishes occurred between
11] them on one side and the other, about the river, each day.


12] When Edward Bruce heard of the excellence of Fedhlim
13] O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht, he sent secret messages
14] to him, offering him undivided power over Connacht,
15] if he would steal away from the Earl to defend his own
16] province. Fedhlim listened patiently to these words,
17] and agreed with Edward on that occasion. With regard
18] to Ruaidhri, son of Cathal Ruadh O'Conchobhair, when
19] he perceived that Connacht had been evacuated he proceeded,
20] accompanied by a few, eastwards through the
21] middle of Cenel-Conaill to Cul-Rathain to converse with
22] Edward; and he promised Edward that he would expel
23] the Foreigners from the government of Connacht; and
24] Edward subsequently consented that he might make war
25] on the Foreigners, but that he should not commit spoliation
26] or robbery on Fedhlim, or go into his land.


This was
27] not what Ruaidhri did, however; but he assembled the men
28] of Connacht and Breifne, and numerous gallowglasses along
29] with them, and proceeded right into the middle of Síl-Muiredhaigh,
30] and of Connacht likewise, and immediately
31] burned the street-town of Sligech, and Ath-cliath-in-Chorainn,
32] and the great castle of Cill-Comain, and Baile-tobair-Brighde,
33] and Dun-Iomdhain with its castles, and
34] Ros-Comain, and Rinn-duin, and the town of Ath-Luain,
35] together with all the houses that were in every route
36] through which he passed. And he afterwards claimed


1] sway and sovereignty over Mac Diarmada, but obtained
2] neither pledge nor hostage from him; and he took the
3] pledges and hostages of all Síl-Muiredhaigh; and they
4] also subsequently inaugurated him on Carn-Fraich; and
5] he thus remained amongst the Síl-Muiredhaigh during
6] a space and period, wasting and impoverishing such of
7] the neighbours around him as were not obedient to
8] him, and also awaiting the return of Fedhlim and the
9] army that was in Uladh with him.


As to Fedhlim
10] O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht, when he heard that
11] Ruaidhri was on his way back to Connacht, to contest
12] the sovereignty for himself, and understood how it
13] fared with him on his journey, he told the Earl that
14] Ruaidhri would make war in his land in his absence;
15] and he earnestly besought the Earl to return with him
16] to Connacht, to defend it.


Nevertheless, he did not
17] find the ways before him quiet, for not a day passed
18] without a depredation or battle, in his passage through
19] Uladh and Oirghiall, until he came to Granard, and to
20] Coill-na-namus, to the people of John O'Ferghail, i.e.. his
21] mother's brother, where his men were reduced in number.
22] After their spoils had been taken away from them
23] by the army, he permitted his chieftains and princes who
24] were along with him on this northern expedition to go
25] to their own homes, and submit themselves to the sovereignty
26] of Ruaidhri, rather than they should be wanderers
27] with him, ‘for if I am again powerful,’ said he, ‘you
28] shall be with me. Nevertheless, as my guardian and
29] Ruaidhri cannot be reconciled with each other on this
30] occasion, we shall both act together during the period of
31] our war.’



1] With regard to the Earl and William Burk, and the
2] other Foreigners, when they saw Fedhlim not assisting
3] them, and their own army dispersed, they turned back
4] from Cul-Rathain to the castle of Condere. As soon as
5] the Ultonians and men of Alba observed this, they
6] quickly followed the Earl to Condere; and on their
7] meeting to give battle to one another, William Burk
8] with his knights, and the two sons of Mac-an-mhilidh,
9] were taken prisoners there, and the Earl himself fled
10] without delay, by regular marches, from thence until he
11] arrived in Connacht. His Foreign friends on every side
12] approached the Earl on his arrival, in the hope that the
13] Earl would relieve or help them from oppression; and
14] his Gaeidhelic friends came then together into his house
15] in like manner. And these were the best who came
16] there, viz., Fedhlim O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht,
17] and Muirchertach O'Briain, king of Tuadh-Mumha, and
18] Maelruanaidh Mac Diarmada, king of Muinter-Maelruanaidh,
19] and Gilbert O'Cellaigh, king of Uí-Maine—all
20] of whom had been expelled from the entire district. And
21] when Maelruanaidh Mac Diarmada observed the great
22] number of deposed and expelled persons assembled in
23] the same house, he was seized with shame, and he vowed
24] that he would not again be reckoned in any house as one
25] deposed or expelled, but that he would go by his own efforts
26] into his country as opportunity should offer. And he went
27] into the presence of Tadhg O'Cellaigh; and Tadhg concluded
28] a semblance of peace on his part with Ruaidhri,
29] for his inheritance, on condition that he should
30] give hostages to Ruaidhri, son of Cathal. Aedh Ballach, son of
31] Maghnus, son of Conchobhar Ruadh son of Muirchertach
32] Muimhnech, was slain in treachery by Cathal, son of
33] Domhnall O'Conchobhair; and Aedh son of Art, and Diarmaid,
34] son of Simon-na-tr[acute ]gha, were also slain by them in


1] revenge for their father having been killed by Diarmaid.


2] Great depredations were committed by the sons of Domhnall
3] on Clann-Muirchertaigh on the morrow, and Maghnus
4] son of Maghnus, and Domhnall, son of Maghnus, were slain
5] by the sons of Domhnall whilst pursuing this prey; and
6] Tomaltach Mac Donnchadha was furthermore taken
7] prisoner by the same band, who went under the protection
8] of the Foreigners after having committed these deeds.
9] As soon as Fedhlim O'Conchobhair heard of these great
10] exploits, he went with a few of his own confidants to
11] where the sons of Domhnall O'Conchobhair were, viz.,
12] Ruaidhri and Maghnus, Cathal and Muirchertach,
13] Donnchadh and John, viz. the sons of Domhnall, son
14] of Tadhg O'Conchobhair, together with their other
15] brethren. When Fedhlim succeeded in joining them, subsequently,
16] he immediately committed a great depredation
17] on Brian O'Dubhda; and he committed a great depredation,
18] in Airtech, on Diarmaid Gall Mac Diarmada, and
19] killed a great number of his people, and burned his corn
20] fields and many houses; and he committed another great
21] depredation on the sons of Cathal O'Flannagain. The
22] place whither this prey was conducted was to Coraidh-Chúla-Cuirc;
23] and it could not be driven owing to the
24] softness of the bog, the extent of the prey, and the
25] strength and heavy number of the pursuing band; for
26] the majority of the recruits of the Tuatha, and the forces
27] of the sons of Cathal O'Flannagain, and Mathghamhain
28] Mag Raghnaill, chieftain of Muinter-Eolais, with his
29] kinsmen and muster, overtook it.


When Mac Diarmada,
30] however, heard the noise and clamour of the prey going
31] towards the weir, he followed the track of the prey to
32] Culbháthar; and when he observed the prey divided
33] and detained, (for they liked not that it should not be


1] left with its owners), he afterwards looked furiously,
2] angrily at his enemies, and heaped reproach and insult
3] on them, though there were then but few in his own
4] company, even though he saw the broad, flaming, immense
5] phalanx which was ready to repulse his attack. In fine,
6] Conchobhar Ruadh, son of Aedh Breifnech O'Conchobhair,
7] and Mathghamhain Mac Raghnaill, chieftain of
8] Muinter-Eolais, and O'Maelmhiadhaigh, dux of Muinter-Cerbhalláin,
9] and a great number of the nobles of Muinter-Eolais
10] along with them, were slain on the spot; and he
11] Mac Diarmada defeated all the other bands that
12] were there detaining his spoils from Fedhlim, and carried
13] off the prey himself afterwards, and restored it not to its
14] owners. And he came that night to Buill, and proceeded
15] on the morrow across Seghais to the north-west, and
16] from thence through Cul-O'Fhinn, and through the Corann,
17] and into the territory of Luighne, where Fedhlim, with
18] his forces, was awaiting them. As regards Ruaidhri, son
19] of Cathal O'Conchobhair, however, when he heard that
20] these great depredations and prodigious exploits had been
21] committed by Mac Diarmada, who had allied himself
22] with his foster-son, he himself made an expeditious
23] muster, and established a camp in Baile-mór-O'Floinn,
24] and profaned the church, i.e. Es-Daconna, and the monks
25] of the Buill likewise, respecting cattle and corn. And
26] Tomaltach, son of Muirghes, son of Donnchadh, son of
27] Tomaltach, with his tribe and people, went also to Fedhlim.


28] It was then that Diarmaid Gall went upon Cruachan,
29] and was proclaimed king. Tadhg O'Cellaigh came then,
30] moreover, to the assistance of Ruaidhri, son of Cathal, and
31] to enforce his guarantee on Mac Diarmada, who had


1] violated his covenant with Ruaidhri; and they both
2] went in pursuit of Fedhlim and Mac Diarmada, and the
3] tribes that were with them, to Letir-Luighne and the
4] slopes of Sliabh-Gamh, and to Glenn-Fathroimh in particular,
5] where they killed many thousand cows, and
6] sheep, and horses; and they stripped gentlewomen, and
7] destroyed small children and little ones, on this journey;
8] and never during the memory of the people was so much
9] cattle uselessly destroyed in one spot. With regard to
10] Maelruanaidh Mac Diarmada, when he heard that Diarmaid
11] Gall had sat in the chair of honour of his family,
12] i.e. in the Rock of Loch-Cé, and had gone upon Cruachan
13] to be made king, and that all his own cows had been
14] slaughtered in Glenn-Fathroimh, he advanced with his
15] own retainers and household band to Caladh-na-Cairge;
16] and he turned his back to the Sinainn, and plundered
17] from the Sinainn to Caraidh-Cúla-Cuirc, where the
18] tribes of the three Ciarraidhe were, viz. Ciarraidhe-iartharach,
19] and Ciarraidhe-Mhaighe, and Ciarraidhe-Airtigh,
20] with all their flocks and cattle; and it is not
21] likely that there was made in that time an incursion more
22] valorous, and more energetic, and more rich in spoils
23] than this foray, for the province was entirely convulsed.
24] And the wife of Diarmaid Gall was, moreover,
25] taken captive in this foray, together with a few of her
26] female attendants; and Diarmaid never enjoyed quiet
27] or happiness after these spoliations.


It was reported to
28] Fedhlim O'Conchobhair, and to his guardian, however,
29] that there were cows in Magh-Luirg after this depredation,
30] and they proceeded to seek for them a second time,
31] and left neither horse nor cow in a place of security,
32] or hiding-place, in it. And they sought for Diarmaid


1] Gall, but he got notice of their coming on this occasion;
2] and it was of no use to him, for, though great his force and
3] muster before them, they left neither horse nor man; and
4] Magh-Luirg was an empty waste after these depredations.
5] There was, moreover, neither defence nor protection in
6] district or termon in all Magh-Luirg and Magh-Ai; but
7] the flocks, cattle, and corn, and the cloths taken from
8] off the altars, were given as wages to gallowglasses and
9] mercenaries.


The town of Dún-moacute;r was burned by
10] Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair in hoc anno.


11] was burned, and its castle thrown down.


The cantred of
12] Maenmagh was plundered and burned by Tadhg O'Cellaigh.


13] Fedhlim O'Conchobhair, and Mac Diarmada, and
14] Tomaltach Mac Donnchadha, and the sons of Domhnall
15] O'Conchobhair joined the Foreigners of the West of Connacht;
16] and Tir-Enna, and Tir-Nechtain, and Muinter-Creacháin,
17] and Conmaicne-Dúna-móir were destroyed,
18] both wilfully and unwilfully.


Richard Burk, i.e. the Earl
19] of Ulster, was a wanderer throughout Erinn, without
20] sway or power, during this year.


Numerous wonderful
21] diseases throughout all Erinn this year, viz., a destruction
22] of people in great number occurred in it, and famine, and
23] various distempers. Slayings of people, and intolerable,
24] destructive bad weather also happened in it.


25] Aedh O'Domhnaill, king of Tir-Conaill, came into Cairbre, and
26] all the territory of Cairbre was destroyed by him through
27] the counsel of his wife, i.e. the daughter of Maghnus
28] O'Conchobhair; and she herself, together with all she found
29] of the gallowglasses and the Clann-Muirchertaigh, attacked
30] the churches of Druim-cliabh, where several of the clerics
31] and comarbs of Druim-cliabh were plundered by her,
32] in hoc anno.


The castle of Sligech was thrown down
33] by O'Domhnaill on this expedition; and great spoils
34] were found there by them.


Tadhg O'hUiginn, a man


1] generally eminent in all arts pertaining to poetry, mortuus
2] est.


Domhnall Mac Tighernain,dux of Tellach-Dunchadha,
3] who was usually called 'the Saithnech', was
4] slain by Cathal-na-taisech O'Ruairc.


Amhlaibh O'Ferghail
5] mortuus est.

Annal LC1316.


6] The kalends of January on Thursday, and the twenty-ninth
7] of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.xvi; sexto anno
8] cycli lunaris; xiiii. Indictionis; xx. anno cycli solaris.


9] Aedh O'Domhnaill and all the Cenel-Conaill mustered a
10] large army; and they came again into Cairbre, and went
11] to Caislen-Conchobhair on this occasion; and Ruaidhri,
12] son of Domhnall O'Conchobhair, separated from his own
13] brothers, and made peace with O'Domhnaill, and gave
14] him the lordship of Cairbre. And Derbhorgaill, daughter
15] of Maghnus O'Conchobhair, retained a band of gallowglasses,
16] and gave them a reward for the killing of Ruaidhri,
17] son of Domhnall O'Conchobhair, who was subsequently
18] slain by them in violation of the relics of Tir-Conaill,
19] which had previously been pledged to him; and great
20] depredations were committed by the Cenel-Conaill on
21] the inhabitants of the district of Cairbre.


A depredation
22] by Fedhlim O'Conchobhair on the sons of the Failghech,
23] when Richard himself was taken prisoner, and a slaughter
24] of his people was committed. Fedhlim afterwards assembled
25] a great army of Foreigners and Gaeidhel, including
26] Mac Feorais, and Maelruanaidh Mac Diarmada, and the
27] sons of Domhnall O'Conchobhair, to contest the sovereignty
28] with Ruaidhri, son of Cathal; and they advanced
29] together towards Síl-Muiredhaigh. This was reported to
30] Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht, who was
31] then encamped on Mullach-Fidhig in Clann-Conmhaigh,


1] observing Fedhlim's proceedings. Then it was that
2] they perceived Fedhlim advancing towards them vigorously,
3] fiercely, at the head of his retainers, accompanied
4] by Maelruanaidh Mac Diarmada with his own kindred
5] and followers. And the sons of Domhnall O'Conchobhair,
6] and the sons of Donnchadh, son of Tomaltach, together
7] with the Foreigners of the West of Connacht, were also
8] there, in his advance and muster towards Tóchar-móna-Coinnedha.
9] The Connachtmen were on the other side,
10] including Ruaidhri, son of Cathal O'Conchobhair, king
11] of Connacht, and Diarmaid Gall Mac Diarmada, king of
12] Magh-Luirg at that time, and the other men of Connacht.
13] And they all faced one another on the bog of the
14] causeway, and then delivered a fierce, sudden battle
15] to each other. The superior number of the hands and
16] weapons, however, together with the mail-armour of the
17] Foreigners, vanquished Ruaidhri, so that the king of Connacht,
18] Ruaidhri, son of Cathal—i.e. the head of the valour
19] and bravery of the Gaeidhel, and the extirpator of pirates
20] and bandits, and the expeller of foreigners and stranger-tribes
21] from Erinn—fell there; and there fell along with
22] him there Diarmaid Gall Mac Diarmada, king of Magh-Luirg,
23] and Cormac Mac Cethernaigh, king of Ciarraighe,
24] and Gilla-Christ Mac Diarmada, and Diarmaid, son of
25] Ferghal Mac Diarmada, and Connegán Mac Connegán,
26] and Domhnall Mac Connegán, and Donnchadh son
27] of Ruaidhri, and one hundred gallowglasses along with them,
28] et alii multi nobiles et ignobiles. Of the other side,
29] Maelruanaidh Mac Diarmada, and Domhnall O'Baighill,
30] and Robuc Mac Feorais, were wounded there. On the
31] 7th of the kalends of March these deeds were done.



32] Fedhlim afterwards plundered the favorites of Ruaidhri
33] O'Conchobhair, and then assumed himself the sovereignty


1] of Connacht from Es-Ruaidh to Echtghe. And he seized
2] the territory of the Uí-Briuin-Breifne, and took choice
3] hostages from them, and made Ualgharg O'Ruairc king
4] over them; and he took the hostages of Clann-Cellaigh,
5] and O'Madadhain, and Uí-Diarmada, and O'hEghra, and
6] O'Dubhda. And he afterwards went to expel the Foreigners
7] of the West of Connacht; and Baile-Atha-lethain was
8] burned by him, and Stephen de Exeter, and Miles Cogan,
9] and William Prendergast, and John Staunton, were slain
10] there, (viz., these were noble knights); and William Laighleis
11] was slain there, and a countless multitude 2[along with
12] them. And the entire country was plundered and burned
13] by him, from the castle of the Corran to Rodhba, both
14] church and territory; and he returned home afterwards
15] with gladness, and with great spoils. And they went forthwith
16] to Milic-na-Sinda, to meet the people of Leth-Modha;
17] and he burned and demolished the castle of Milic; and
18] Muirchertach O'Briain, king of Tuadh-Mumha, went into
19] his house there, the descendants of Brian Ruadh being
20] opposed to each other. And he turned back to Ros-Comain,
21] to demolish it. And when Fedhlim heard that
22] William Burk had arrived in Connacht from Alba, he
23] commanded a muster of his people to one place, to expel
24] him. And this was the muster that came there, viz., all
25] from Es-Ruaidh to Echtghe. And Donnchadh O'Briain,
26] king of Tuadh-Mumha, came in his following and
27] muster; and O'Maelechlainn, king of Midhe; and
28] O'Ruairc, king of Breifne; and O'Ferghail, king of Conmaicne;
29] and Tadhg O'Cellaigh, king of Uí-Maine, and
30] many more of the sons of kings and chieftains of Erinn,


1] came in his muster. And they all went to Ath-na-righ,
2] against William Burk, Mac Feorais, and the other
3] Foreigners of Connacht; and a battle was fought between
4] them at the door of the town, and the Gaeidhel were
5] defeated there, and Feidlilimidh O'Conchobhair, king of
6] Connacht, and undisputed heir presumptive to the
7] sovereignty of Erinn, was slain there, and Tadhg
8] O'Cellaigh, king of Uí-Maine, and twenty-eight persons
9] entitled to the sovereignty of Uí-Maine, fell there along
10] with him; and Maghnus, son of Domhnall O'Conchobhair,
11] tanist of Connacht; and Art O'hEghra, king of Luighne;
12] and Maelechlainn Carrach O'Dubhda and Muirchertach,
13] son of Conchobhar O'Dubhda; and Conchobhar Og
14] O'Dubhda; and Diarmaid Mac Diarmada, who was fit to
15] be king of Magh-Luirg; and Muirchertach, son of Taichlech
16] Mac Diarmada; and Muirchertach, son of Diarmaid,
17] son of Ferghal; and Maelechlainn Og Mac Maghnusa;
18] and John, son of Murchadh O'Madadhain; and Domhnall,
19] son of Aedh O'Concennainn, king of Uí-Diarmada, and
20] his brother Muirchertach along with him; and Murchadh
21] O'Madadhain; and Domhnall O'Baighill; and
22] Donnchadh O'Maelmhuaidh, together with his people;
23] and the son of Murchadh Mac Mathghamhna, and one
24] hundred of his people along with him; and Niall Sinnach,
25] king of Feara-Tethbha, with his people; and Ferghal, son
26] of John Gallda O'Ferghail; and William, son of Aedh Og
27] O'Ferghail; and Thomas, son of Amhlaibh O'Ferghail.
28] And five of the Clann-Donnchaidh were also slain there,
29] viz. Tomaltach, son of Gilla-Christ Mac Donnchaidh, and
30] Murchadh Mac Donnchaidh, and Conchobhar son of Tadhg,
31] and Muirchertach and Maelsechlainn Mac Donnchaidh.
32] And John Mac Aedhagan, O'Conchobhair's brehon, and
33] Gilla-na-naemh, son of Dal-redochair O'Dobhailen, the


1] standard bearer, and Thomas O'Conallan, were slain there
2] around their lord. And not alone this; but it is not
3] easy to tell all that were then slain of Momonians and
4] Meathians, and of the men of Erinn likewise, ut dixit the
5] poet:
    1. Many of the men of Erin all, around the great plain—
      Many sons of kings, whom I name not, were slain in the great defeat:
      Sorrowful to my heart is the conflict of the host of Midhe and Mumha.

11] On the day of St. Laurence the martyr these deeds were
12] committed; and Fedhlimidh was twenty-three years old
13] when slain; and he had been five years in the sovereignty of
14] Connacht when Ruaidhri, son of Cathal Ruadh, assumed it
15] in opposition to him during the space of half a year; and
16] he was another half year after Ruaidhri in the sovereignty
17] until he was slain in this battle of Ath-na-righ.


18] son of Donnchadh, son of Eoghan, son of Ruaidhri
19] O'Conchobhair, was afterwards made king.


A prodigious
20] hosting by William Burk afterwards into Síl-Muiredhaigh,
21] and O'Conchobhair and all the Síl-Muiredhaigh
22] made peace with him, except Mac Diarmada alone.
23] He afterwards went into Magh-Luirg, and brought great
24] preys with him from Ath-in-chip and from Uachtar-tire;
25] and the entire country was burned and destroyed by
26] them; and they went away without battle or conditions.
27] Ruaidhri, son of Donnchadh, was subsequently deposed
28] from the sovereignty by Mac Diarmada, after having been
29] a quarter and a half in it.


Derbhorgaill, daughter of
30] Maghnus O'Conchobhair, wife of Aedh O'Domhnaill, mortua
31] est.


Matthew Mac Cormaic mortuus est.


32] son of Donnchadh, son of Eoghan, king of Connacht,
33] was slain in treachery by Cathal, son of Aedh, son


1] of Eoghan; and Cathal wore his coat of mail on the
2] inside; and it was to him that Ruaidhri said, ‘I perceive
3] a bad son of a king,’ after Ruaidhri's knife had touched
4] the coat of mail.

Annal LC1317.


5] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the tenth
6] of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.xvii; septimo anno
7] cycli lunaris; xv. Indictionis; xx. primo anno cycli
8] solaris.


Toirdhelbhach, son of Aedh, son of Eoghan,
9] was made king by the Connachtmen in hoc anno.


10] Bruce, i.e. the king of Alba, came to Erinn with a great
11] number of gallowglasses, in aid of his brother, i.e. Edward
12] Bruce, and to expel the Foreigners from Erinn.



13] Meiler de Exeter, lord of Ath-lethan, was slain by Cathal,
14] son of Domhnall O'Conchobhair, and by Domhnall, son
15] of Tadhg, son of Domhnall Irruis O'Conchobhair, on the
16] border of the Methenach of Druim-cliabh, and fourteen
17] other men along with him.


The castle of Ath-cliath-in-Chorainn
18] was broken down in hoc anno.


19] O'Briain, king of Mumha, occisus est.


20] Carrach Mac Diarmada, one qualified to be king of
21] Magh-Luirg, and Maghnus O'Flannagain, who was
22] qualified to be chieftain of Clann-Cathail, were slain by
23] Gilbert Mac Goisdelbh; and Conchobhar, son of Comarb-Comain
24] O'Conchobair, et alii multi, were slain.


The victory
25] of Cill-mor over the son of Ruaidhri and the men of
26] Breifne; and seven score gallowglasses of the son of
27] Ruaidhri's people were slain there; and Aedh Breifnech
28] O'Conchobhair's two sons were taken prisoners
29] there; and Donnchadh, son of Niall O'Ruairc, and Conchobhar
30] Buidhe Mac Tighernain, chieftain of Tellach-Dunchadha,
31] were slain there, and Mathghamhain Mac
32] Tighernain, and the Gilla-ruadh, son of the Airchinnech


1] Mac Tighernain, and Nicholas Mac-in-Maigistir, and
2] many more of his kindred besides.


Maelisa Ruadh
3] Mac Aedhagain, the most eminent man in Erinn in the
4] Brehonship of Fenechas, mortuus est.


Raghnall Mac
5] Raghnaill, chieftain of Muinter-Eolais, was taken prisoner
6] by his own tribe, in treachery; and Jeffrey Mac Raghnaill
7] was afterwards made chieftain.


Very great famine in this
8] year in all Erinn.


Domhnall Riabhach Mac Murchadha,
9] illustrious king of Laighen, mortuus est.

Annal LC1318.


10] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the twenty-first
11] of the moon; anno Domini M. ccc. xviii; octavo anno
12] cycli lunaris, primo anno Indictionis; xxii. anno cycli
13] solaris.


A great defeat was inflicted in Eile, by O'Cerbhaill,
14] on the Foreigners, where Adam Mares was slain, and
15] many other Foreigners along with him.


A great army
16] was assembled by Maelruanaidh Mac Diarmada, king of
17] Magh-Luirg, and the noblest who were in this army
18] were Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht,
19] and Ualgharg O'Ruairc, king of Breifne, and Conchobhar
20] O'Cellaigh, king of Uí-Maine, and Tomaltach Mac
21] Donnchaidh, lord of Tir-Oilella. And they all proceeded
22] to attack Cathal, son of Domhnall O'Conchobhair, to
23] Fása-choillidh. And Cathal offered them liberal terms,
24] on condition that they would not go to him; but they
25] did not accept them from him. And these nobles advanced
26] to the very middle of his fortress; but this occurred
27] not through flight or timidity on his part. And Cathal
28] advanced furiously, bravely, against them from out of the
29] houses and they encountered each other. However,
30] Conchobhar O'Cellaigh, king of Uí-Maine, was slain in


1] that field, and Brian, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair,
2] heir to the sovereignty of Connacht, and Brian Mac
3] Maghnusa, and Cathal, son of Gilla-Christ Mac Diarmada,
4] et alii multi nobiles et ignobiles, were either wounded or
5] killed.


The same Cathal attacked Connacht afterwards,
6] and committed great depredations on Mac Diarmada;
7] and he assumed himself the sovereignty of Connacht, and
8] Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair was deposed by him. And
9] he Toirdhelbhach subsequently sought the protection of
10] William Burk and all the Foreigners of Connacht.


11] son of Cinaeth O'Gormghaile, i.e. the
12] airchinnech of Oilfinn, and Gormlaith, daughter of Mac
13] Branan, his wife, died about this time.


John, the son
14] of O'Neill, i.e. the son of Domhnall O'Neill, was slain
15] by Aedh O'Domhnaill in Doire-Choluim-Cille; and
16] Mac Domhnaill and many other persons were drowned
17] and slain the same day.


Richard de Clare mortuus est.


18] Edward Bruce, the destroyer of all Erinn in general,
19] both Foreigners and Gaeidhel, was slain by the Foreigners
20] of Erinn, through the power of battle and bravery, at
21] Dun-Delgan; and Mac Ruaidhri, king of Insi-Gall, and
22] Mac Domhnaill, king of Airer-Gaeidhel, together with
23] the men of Alba, were slain there along with him; and
24] no better deed for the men of all Erinn was performed
25] since the beginning of the world, since the Fomorian
26] race was expelled from Erinn, than this deed; for theft,
27] and famine, and destruction of men occurred throughout
28] Erinn during his time, for the space of three years and
29] a half; and people used to eat one another, without doubt,


1] throughout Erinn.


John O'Ferghail was killed with one
2] shot of an arrow by his own son.


Jeffrey O'Ferghail,
3] i.e. the son of Gilla-na-naemh O'Ferghail, chieftain of
4] Muinter-Anghaile, died after completing thirty-six years
5] in his government.


Snow, the like of which was
6] not observed for a long time, fell in hoc anno.


7] son of Gilla-Christ Dall Mac Raghnaill, occisus est.

Annal LC1319.


8] The kalends of January on Monday, and the second
9] of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.xix; ix. anno cycli
10] lunaris; ii. anno Indictionis; xxiii. anno cycli solaris.


11] The bishop of Rath-both, i.e. Henry Mac-an-Crosain, in
12] Christo quievit.


Thomas, son of Cormac O'Domhnaill,
13] abbot of Es-Ruaidh, was elected to the bishopric of
14] Rath-both.


The bishop of Doire, and O'Banan, bishop
15] of Clochar, and the bishop of Cluain-ferta-Brenainn, in
16] Christo quieverunt.


Aine, daughter of Mac Diarmada,
17] wife of Mac Consnamha, mortua est.


Echmarcach Mac
18] Branan, dux of Corca-Achlann, slew Tomaltach O'Maelbhrenainn;
19] and Echmarcach himself died of his wounds
20] the third day after that.


Domhnall O'Neill, king of
21] Tir-Eoghain, was expelled from his sovereignty and lordship
22] through the power of the Foreigners, and of Clann-Aedha-Buidhe;
23] and great depredations were committed
24] on him, in treachery, by the Feara-Manach. His own
25] sovereignty was again assumed by him.


Brian, son of
26] Domhnall O'Neill, was slain by the Clann-Aedha-Buidhe.

Annal LC1320.


27] The kalends of January on Tuesday, and the thirteenth
28] of the moon; M.ccc. xx; iii. anno Indictionis; xxiiii.


anno cycli solaris.


1] A great meeting between Cathal
2] O'Conchobhair and Maelruanaigh Mac Diarmada, when
3] they made a prudent, friendly peace; and Mac Diarmada
4] afterwards came into the country. Treachery was
5] practised by the same Cathal against Mac Diarmada on
6] Mullach-Toramhnach, and he was taken prisoner there;
7] and Grainne, Mac Maghnusa's daughter, Mac Diarmada's
8] wife, was taken prisoner at Port-na-Cairgi; and the
9] country was completely plundered afterwards; and Mael-Isa
10] Donn Mac Aedhagain, and his son, and Tomaltach
11] Mac Donnchaidh, lord of Tir-Oilella, were also taken
12] prisoners there.


Aedh, son of Tadhg O'Conchobhair,
13] one well qualified to be king of Connacht as regards
14] form, and figure, and nobility, and generosity, was
15] slain by Mac Martin, who was himself slain in retaliation.


16] Mathghamhain, son of Domhnall Connachtach
17] O'Briain, tanist of Mumha, was killed by the Clann-Cuilen
18] in hoc anno.


Mor, daughter of O'Baighill, wife
19] of O'Ferghail, mortua est.

Annal LC1321.


20] The kalends of January on Thursday, and the twenty-fourth
21] of the moon; xi. anno cycli lunaris; quarto anno
22] Indictionis; xxv. anno cycli solaris.


Grainne, daughter
23] of Mac Maghnusa, wife of Maelruanaidh Mac Diarmada,
24] mortua est.


Ruaidhri-na-fedh, son of Donnchadh, son
25] of Eoghan O'Conchobhair, was slain by Cathal, son of
26] Aedh, son of Eoghan, per dolum.


The Rock of Loch-Cé
27] was demolished by Cathal, son of Domhnall O'Conchobhair,
28] king of Connacht.


A great cow-destruction
29] throughout all Erinn, the like of which was not
30] known before.


Maghnus O'hAnluain, king of Oirthera,
31] was blinded and emasculated by his own brother, i.e.


1] by Niall, son of Cu-Uladh O'hAnluain, on Spy-Wednesday.


2] Niall O'hAnluain, king of Oirthera, was
3] slain by the Foreigners of Dun-Delgan, in treachery.


4] A great defeat was inflicted by Andriu Mac Feorais, and
5] by the Foreigners of Midhe, on the sons of kings of
6] Uí-Failghe.

Annal LC1322.


7] The kalends of January on Friday, and the fifth of
8] the moon; M.ccc.xxii; xii. anno cycli lunaris; v. anno
9] Indictionis; xxvi. anno cycli solaris.


A great war
10] between the king of the Saxons and his own Earls.


11] Matthew O'hEothaigh, bishop of Ard-achadh, quievit.


12] Murchadh, son of Gilla-na-naemh O'Ferghail, chieftain
13] of the Anghaile during the space of three years, was
14] slain, per dolum, in Cluain-lis-Bece, by his own brother's
15] son, i.e. Seóinin O'Ferghail.


Muirchertach, son of Amhlaibh
16] O'Ferghail, was slain the same day by his own brothers,
17] viz., by Lochlainn and Robert, per dolum.


Lochlainn, son
18] of Amhlaibh O'Ferghail, was afterwards slain by Seoinin
19] O'Ferghail.


Donnchadh, son of Donnchadh Mac Diarmada,
20] mortuus est.


Henry Mac Gillafinnen, chieftain
21] of Muinter-Pheodachain, was slain by the sons of Amhlaibh
22] Mac Uidhir in hoc anno.


Gilbert O'Cellaigh, king
23] of Uí-Maine, died in hoc anno.


Maelruanaidh Mac
24] Diarmada, king of Magh-Luirg, was taken prisoner and
25] plundered by Conchobhar, son of Tadhg O'Conchobhair,
26] and by the household of Cathal O'Conchobhair,
27] in Cluain-Cummaisc.


Richard Mac Feorais, lord of
28] Ath-na-righ, mortuus est.


William Liath, son of William
29] Mor, mortuus est.


A great defeat was inflicted
30] by Brian O'Briain on Foreigners.


Andrias Mac Mailin,
31] high master of new laws and old laws, in Lex and
32] in Canon, quievit.


Gilla-na-naemh, son of Jeffrey, son
33] of Gilla-na-naemh, assumed the chieftainship of the


1] Anghaile in hoc anno.


Maelruanaidh, son of Gilla-Christ,
2] son of Conchobhar, son of Cormac, son of Tomaltach
3] of the Rock, king of Magh-Luirg, mortuus est.

Annal LC1323.


4] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the seventeenth
5] of the moon; M.ccc.xxiii; xiii. anno cycli lunaris;
6] sexto anno Indictionis; xxvii. anno cycli solaris.


7] Cairbre-in-screcain, son of Cormac O'Maelechlainn, king
8] of Midhe, occisus est by the Feara-Cell.


Maelmordha Mac
9] Eochagain quievit.


Seoinin O'Ferghail was slain by the
10] sons of John O'Ferghail in hoc anno.


O'hEghra was
11] slain by O'Connmachan in hoc anno.

Annal LC1324.


12] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the twenty-seventh
13] of the moon, xiiii. lunaris cycli; vii. anno
14] Indictionis; xx. octavo solaris cycli.


William Burk
15] Mac William mortuus est.


Cathal, the son of Domhnall,
16] son of Tadhg, son of Brian, son of Andrias, son
17] of Brian Luighnech, son of Toirdhelbhach Mor O'Conchobhair,
18] king of Connacht, i.e. the most active and
19] vigorous Gaeidhel of his time, occisus est by Toirdhelbhach,
20] son of Aedh, son of Eoghan O'Conchobhair,
21] in Tir-Briuin-na-Sinna, in hoc anno, (and Maelechlainn,
22] son of Toirdhelbhach O'Domhnaill, and Gilla-Christ Og
23] Mac Donnchadha, et alii multi, were slain along with
24] him), on the eighth of the kalends of September, after
25] having been six years and a half in the sovereignty
26] of Connacht in spite of Foreigners and Gaeidhel; and
27] Toirdhelbhach was afterwards made king by all the
28] Connachtmen.


The same cow-destruction in all Erinn
29] in hoc anno; and it was it that was usually called the
30] Maeldomhnaigh.


Gilla-Christ O'Birn mortuus est.



1] The kalends of January on Tuesday, and the eighth
2] of the moon; M.ccc.xxv; xv. cycli lunaris; octavo
3] anno Indictionis; primo anno cycli solaris.


Domhnall, son of
4] Brian O'Neill, king of Uladh, mortuus est.


5] O'Maelbhrenainn, king-chieftain of Clann-Conchobhair,
6] mortuus est.


Cu-Uladh O'Neill mortuus est; i.e. this
7] Cu-Uladh was the son of Domhnall, son of Brian O'Neill;
8] and the sons of Niall, son of Brian O'Neill, viz., the sons
9] of his own father's brother, killed him.


Gilla-Christ Cleirech
10] Mac Diarmada mortuus est.


Brian O'Gadhra mortuus
11] est.


The cow-destruction still throughout Erinn.

Annal LC1326.


12] The kalends of January on Wednesday, and the nineteenth
13] of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.xxvi; xvi. anno
14] cycli lunaris; ix. anno Indictionis; secundo anno cycli
15] solaris.


Richard Burk, i.e. the Red Earl, lord of Uladh
16] and Connacht, and the choicest of all the Foreigners of
17] Erinn, died in this year, ante festum Petri ad Vincula.


18] A great war between the king of France and the king
19] of the Saxons in hoc anno.


Laurence O'Lachtnain, bishop
20] of Oilfinn, in Christo quievit.


Metra John O'Finnaghta
21] was afterwards elected to the same bishopric.


22] Mac Raghnaill, chieftain of Muinter-Eolais, occisus est by
23] his own kinsmen.


Nicholas O'hEdhin mortuus est.

Annal LC1327.


24] The kalends of January on Thursday, and the thirtieth
25] of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.xxvii; xvii.
26] lunaris cycli; x. anno Indictionis; tertio anno cycli
27] solaris.


A great war between the king of the Saxons
28] and his own wife, i.e. the daughter of the king of France;
29] and the king of the Saxons was dethroned through this
30] war; and his own son was made king by her in opposition
31] to his father, and a king's crown was given to him
32] through the counsel of all the Saxons.


Gormlaith, Mac
33] Diarmada's daughter, for a while the wife of Maghnus,
34] son of Domhnall O'Conchobhair, tanist of Connacht, and


1] queen of the Uí-Maine with Conchobhar O'Cellaigh, after
2] Maghnus, and queen of Luighne with Ferghal O'hEghra,
3] (and who was the woman of greatest reputation, hospitality,
4] and liberality, of her own kindred), died after
5] the triumph of penance.


Edward, king of the Saxons,
6] after his sovereignty had been taken from him, quievit.


7] A great epidemic of the galar-brec throughout all
8] Erinn widely, which brought destruction on people small
9] and great, in this year. Maelechlainn Riabhach, son of
10] Domhnall, son of Tadhg O'Conchobhair, died of this
11] disease.


Ferghal, son of Ualgharg O'Ruairc, mortuus est.


12] Culén O'Dimusaigh mortuus est.


Sadhbh, daughter of
13] Mac Aedhagain, mortua est.

Annal LC1328.


14] The kalends of January on Friday, and the eleventh of
15] the moon; M.ccc.xx.viii; xviii. cycli lunaris; xi. anno
16] Indictionis; quarto anno cycli solaris.


17] O'Raighilligh, lord of Muinter-Maelmordha, was apprehended
18] and wounded by the Foreigners of Midhe; and
19] he was released on giving hostages, but afterwards died
20] of his wounds in his own house.


Terrible thunder and
21] lightning in this year, so that much of the fruit and
22] produce of all Erinn was destroyed, and corn grew
23] whitish and empty.


An epidemic disease generally
24] throughout all Erinn, wich was called slaedan,
25] and lasted during the space of three or four days
26] with every person whom it attacked, so that it was
27] next to death to him.


The Brown Earl, i.e. William
28] Burk, son of Sir John, son of the Red Earl, came to
29] Erinn in hoc anno.


Donnchadh Ruadh, O'Gadhra, and
30] five of his own kindred along with him, occisi sunt.


31] Conchobhar Mac Branan, heir to the chieftainship of
32] Corca-Achlann, was slain by the people of Anghaile.


33] David Mac Gilla-Comghaill, gallowglass, and fourteen
34] men of his people along with him, were slain by
35] Donnchadh Gall; son of Domhnall O'Conchobhair;
36] and Donnchadh himself was also greatly wounded there.


37] Dubhesa, daughter of O'hElidhe, wife of Domhnall,


1] son of Andrias, the best daughter of a hero of her
2] time, and the woman of best reputation and greatest
3] wealth, died in this year.


Great, intolerable wind in
4] the summer, and scarcity of food, and much drought.


5] A great depredation by Walter Burk on the Connachtmen,
6] when a great number of the favourites of Toirdhelbhach
7] O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht, were plundered
8] by him.


Sir John Mac Feorais, Earl of Lughmhagh,
9] i.e. the most active, vigorous, hospitable and liberal
10] baron that was in Erinn, was killed in treachery by his
11] own people, viz. by the Foreigners of Oirghiall; and a
12] great number of noble Foreigners and Gaeidhel were
13] slain along with him; and the king of minstrelsy, i.e.
14] Maelruanaidh Mac Cerbhaill, i.e. the Gilla-caech, and
15] another brother of his, were slain along with him; and
16] it is not known that there came, or will ever come, so
17] good a harper.


Maurice O'Gibillan, high master of Erinn
18] in new laws and old laws, in Canon and Lex; a
19] philosopher in wisdom and true knowledge; an eminent
20] professor of poetry, and of Ogham writing, and many
21] other arts; a canon chorister in Tuaim-da-ghualann, and
22] in Oilfinn, and in Achadh-Conaire, and in Cill-Alaidh,
23] and in Enach-dúin, and in Cluain-ferta-Brenainn, and the
24] official and general judge of all the archbishopric, in
25] Christo quievit.


Thomas O'Mellain, bishop of Enach-dúin,
26] died at the Pope's court in hoc anno.


Brian, son
27] of Tomaltach Mac Donnchaidh, was slain by Brian, son
28] of Tadhg Mac Donnchaidh.


William Earl of Ulster
29] assembled a great army, including Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair,
30] king of Connacht, and Muirchertach O'Briain,
31] king of Tuadh-Mumha, and of Mumha besides, against


1] Brian Bán O'Briain. An overthrow was given by Brian
2] Bán O'Briain to O'Briain, in which Conchobhar O'Briain,
3] the good material of a king of Erinn as regards stature,
4] form, and bounty, was slain, together with four score
5] both good and bad.


A great meeting near Ath-cind-Locha-Techet
6] between Walter, son of William Burk, and
7] Gilbert Mac Goisdelbh, on the one part, and Maelruanaidh
8] Mac Diarmada, and his son Tomaltach, and Tomaltach
9] Mac Donnchaidh, and the Clann-Maelruanaidh besides,
10] on the other part.


A defeat was inflicted on Mac William,
11] on which occasion Brian, son of Tadhg Mac Donnchaidh,
12] was slain by his own kinsman, in revenge of
13] Brian, the son of Tomaltach Mac Donnchaidh, whom he
14] had previously slain.


Donnchadh Gall, son of Domhnall
15] O'Conchobhair, was killed by Aedh, the son of
16] Tadhg, son of Maelechlainn, son of Maghnus.

Annal LC1329.


17] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the twenty-second
18] of the moon; M.ccc.xx.ix; xix. cycli lunaris;
19] xii. anno Indictionis; v. anno solaris cycli.


Tadhg, son
20] of Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair, was slain by Diarmaid
21] O'Gadhra, in treachery.


Cathal, son of Domhnall
22] O'Ruairc, the good material of a king of Breifne,
23] was killed by the sons of John O'Ferghail, and by the
24] Foreigners of Midhe, per dolum, and a number of his
25] people along with him.


Muirchertach, son of Domhnall
26] O'Conchobhair, lord of Cairbre, and the good material
27] of a king of Connacht, mortuus est.


Cathal, son of
28] Aedh, son of Eoghain O'Conchobhair, was forcibly expelled
29] from the Fedha, and from Tir-Maine, by the
30] order of Walter Burk to the Clann-Cellaigh and the
31] Uí-Maine.


A great war between Toirdhelbhach


1] O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht, and the Clann-Maelruanaidh,
2] and much property was destroyed between both
3] parties.


A depredation by Tomaltach Mac Diarmada on
4] Diarmaid O'Flannagain, chieftain of Clann-Cathail.


5] daughter of Ferghal O'Raighilligh, the wife of Tomaltach
6] Mac Diarmada, mortua est the third day before Great
7] Christmas.


Daboc Donn Mac William Burk, a very
8] wealthy knight, mortuus est.

Annal LC1330.


9] The kalends of January on Monday, and the third of
10] the moon;; primus annus lunaris cycli; xiii.
11] anno Indictionis; sexto anno solaris cycli.


12] son of Aedh Breifnech O'Conchobhair, was killed by
13] Cathal, son of Aedh, son of Eoghan O'Conchobhair, in
14] Ferann-na-darach; and Simon Mac-ind-Fhailgigh was
15] slain along with him.


A camp attack was made by
16] Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair on Walter Mac William
17] Burk, in Lecmagh in Magh-Luirg, whom he drove from
18] thence to Cairthi-liag-fada. And Gilbert Mac Goisdelbh,
19] lord of Sliabh-Lugha, came with a large force to the assistance
20] of Mac William Burk, and Tomaltach Mac Donnchaidh
21] came with another force to the assistance of Mac William;
22] and both these armies turned against O'Conchobhair
23] until they reached Ath-Disert-Nuadan; and a few of
24] O'Conchobhair's people were slain about the ford, viz.:—
25] Donnchadh, son of Domhnall Mac Mathghamhna, and Mac
26] Gilla-Comghain, and other persons also who are not enumerated
27] here. O'Conchobhair went afterwards actively,
28] proudly, into the Tuatha; and Mac William fixed his camp
29] that night at Cill-Lomad, in presence of O'Conchobhair.


30] The armies of all Connacht, both Foreigners and Gaeidhel,
31] were subsequently mustered by Mac William, with the


1] object of seizing the sovereignty of Connacht for himself.
2] A prudent, amicable peace was afterwards made by Mac
3] Diarmada and O'Conchobhair.


A hosting by O'Ruairc to
4] Fidh-an-atha, when the people of the town opposed them,
5] and O'Ruairc was defeated, and Art O'Ruairc, who was
6] qualified to be king of Breifne, was killed there, and a great
7] many more, both good and bad.


Gilla-Isa Ruadh O'Raighilligh,
8] king of Muinter-Maelmordha and all the Breifne
9] for a long time previously, died a prosperous, wealthy
10] senior, after obtaining victory over the devil and the
11] world.


Benedict O'Flannagain, prior of Cill-mor-na-Sinna,
12] quievit in Christo.


Maelechlainn Mac Carmaic,
13] a wealthy brughaidh cédach, died in hoc anno.


14] Donn Mac Aedhagain mortuus est.


A great victory by
15] Conchobhar, son of Tadhg, son of Brian, son of Andrias,
16] son of Brian Luighnech, son of Toirdhelbhach Mór
17] O'Conchobhair, over the Dartraighe, when a great,
18] number of them were slain by him.


19] O'Conchobhair was slain by the people of Walter
20] Mac William Burk, whilst coming from the Earl's
21] house.

Annal LC1331.


22] The kalends of January on Tuesday, and the fourteenth
23] of the moon; primo; secundo anno
24] cycli lunaris; xiiii. anno Indictionis; septimo anno cycli
25] solaris.


Maelruanaidh Mac Diarmada, king of Magh-Luirg,
26] resigned his kingdom and sovereignty, and assumed the
27] habit of a gray monk in the monastery of the Buill in
28] hoc anno, and died afterwards; and his own son Tomaltach
29] assumed the same sovereignty the sixth day
30] after May-day.


Ferghal, son of Maelechlainn Carrach
31] Mac Diarmada, was killed by Tadhg, son of Cathal, son
32] of Domhnall O'Conchobhair.


A great hosting by Walter
33] Mac William Burk into Magh-Luirg, when the entire
34] country was burned by him, except the churches alone, to
35] which he gave good respect and protection. Nevertheless,
36] Tomaltach and his own army did not permit them to remain


1] without quickly and ably advancing against them,
2] into their neighbourhood; and the Foreigners gave a
3] severe repulse to Tomaltach, and killed a number of the
4] people of the district; but Mac Diarmada did not think
5] it creditable that this number of his people should be
6] killed by them, without revenging it on them.


7] Mac Eochagain quievit in tertia kalendas Januarii.

Annal LC1332.


8] The kalends of January on Wednesday, and the twenty-fifth
9] of the moon; anno Domini secundo;
10] tertio anno cycli lunaris; xv. anno Indictionis; viii.
11] anno cycli solaris.


Walter, son of Sir William Burk,
12] was taken prisoner by the Brown Earl, who afterwards
13] took him with him to the New Castle of Inis-Eoghain;
14] and he died of hunger in the prison of that castle.


15] nobles of Alba were slain by the Baliol in the same
16] year.


The victory of Berna-in-mil was gained over
17] Tomaltach Mac Diarmada, king of Magh-Luirg, and over
18] Mac William Burk, by the Earl's son and Tomaltach
19] Mac Donnchaidh, in which a great number of Mac William
20] Burk's people were slain.


William Gallda, the son
21] of Muirchertach Mór Mac Eochagain, dux of Cenel-Fiachaidh,
22] mortuus est in the month of November.

Annal LC1333.


23] The kalends of January on Friday, and the sixth of
24] the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.xxxiii; quarto anno
25] cycli lunaris; primo anno Indictionis; ix. anno cycli
26] solaris.


William Burk, i.e. the Earl of Ulster, was slain
27] by the Foreigners of Ulster; and all these Foreigners
28] fell in return, having been either hanged, slain, or torn
29] asunder, by the king of the Saxons' people.


30] O'Domhnaill, king of Tir-Conaill and Feara-Manach,
31] and who took the hostages of the two districts of
32] Cairbre, and of the Breifne; one qualified to be king of
33] the entire province of Uladh, and the prop of all Erinn as


1] regards bounty and prowess, repression and rule; and the
2] man by whom Foreigners and Gaeidhel fell most in his
3] own time—mortuus est after obtaining victory over the
4] devil and the world, and after having been fifty-two
5] years in the sovereignty of Tir-Conaill, and after assuming the habit
6] of a gray monk,—after confession and penance,
7] quievit. Conchobhar O'Domhnaill, his own son, assumed
8] the sovereignty of Tir-Conaill after his father; and a contention
9] occurred between Conchobhar and Art O'Domhnaill,
10] i.e. his own father's son, regarding the sovereignty;
11] and Art was taken prisoner by Conchobhar O'Domhnaill,
12] and was immediately slain by him.


Tomaltach Mac
13] Donnchaidh, lord of Tir-Oilella, a most eminent man for
14] bounty and prowess, and the best of his contemporaries for
15] guarantee, honour, and truth, mortuus est.


16] O'Domhnaill, the king's son who was the most noble, the
17] most comely, and most illustrious, and from whom the multitudes,
18] and the men of all Erinn, expected most, died in
19] this year.


Gilbert Mac Goisdelbh was slain in the middle
20] of his own house by Cathal Mac Diarmada Gall, per
21] dolum.


Aedh Mac Consnamha, chieftain of Muinter-Cinaith,
22] quievit.


Mac-na-hoidchi Mac Flannchaidh was
23] slain by Connachtmen.


Donnchadh, son of Aedh O'Cellaigh,
24] was taken prisoner by Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair,
25] king of Connacht.


Peace was proclaimed at Rath-Secher,
26] to the sons of William Burk, on the part of the king of
27] the Saxons.


Conchobhar Mac Branan, chieftain of Corca-Achlann,
28] mortuus est vi. idus Januarii.

Annal LC1334.


29] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the seventeenth
30] of the moon;; quinto anno cycli
31] lunaris; primo anno Indictionis; x. anno solaris cycli.


32] A great hosting by all the Connachtmen, both Foreigners
33] and Gaeidhel, into Mumha, to Mac Conmara, from whom


1] hostages were exacted, and over whom sway was obtained,
2] by them. A church was burned by a division of this
3] army, in which were one hundred and eighty persons
4] both good and bad, and two priests along with them; et
5] combusti fuerunt.


Ten of the people of Donnchadh
6] Riabhach, son of Maelechlainn Carrach Mac Diarmada,
7] were drowned in Loch-Teched. Tadhg, son of Cathal,
8] son of Domhnall O'Conchobhair, mortuus est.


9] son of Muirchertach Mór Mac Eochagain, dux of Cenel-Fiachaidh,
10] mortuus est in xiiii. kalendas Januarii.


11] Mac Consnamha, chieftain of Muinter-Cinaith,
12] mortuus est.

Annal LC1335.


13] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the twenty-eighth
14] of the moon; M.ccc.xxxv; vi. anno cycli lunaris;
15] tertio anno Indictionis; xi. anno cycli solaris.


16] daughter of O'Briain, wife of Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair,
17] mortua est.


John, son of Art O'hEghra, was taken
18] prisoner by the Earl's son; and the principal part of his
19] people were plundered by him.


A depredation was committed
20] by the sons of Domhnall O'Conchobhair on the
21] descendants of Maurice Sugach Fitz-Gerald, on which
22] occasion the son of Mac Maurice was killed. A retaliatory
23] depredation was afterwards committed by the Clann-Maurice
24] on the same sons of Domhnall.


The West of
25] Connacht was all destroyed by Edmond Burk; a great
26] many persons were slain; and innumerable depredations,
27] and burnings, and injuries were also committed by him
28] on the Earl's son, and on the Clan-Rickard Burk, in
29] the same year; but they afterwards made peace with one
30] another.


Great snow in the spring, which destroyed the
31] greater number of the small birds of all Erinn.

Annal LC1336.


32] The kalends of January on Monday, and the ninth of
33] the moon; vi. vii. anno cycli lunaris; quarto
34] anno Indictionis; xii. anno cycli solaris.


Tomaltach Mac
35] Diarmada, king of Magh-Luirg, the most formidable and
36] triumphant man against his enemies, and the man of


1] greatest bounty and almsgiving, of greatest honour and
2] guarantee in his own time, died in nono kalendas Junii,
3] i.e. on the night of Trinity Sunday, in his own house in
4] Caladh-na-Cairgi, et sepultus est nobly, honourably, in
5] the monastery of the Buill; and Conchobhar, son of
6] Tomaltach, i.e. his own son, was made king in his stead.


7] Tibbot Burk, i.e. the Mac William, mortuus est.


8] Mac Jordan de Exeter mortuus est.


A victory by
9] Eoghan O'Madadhain over the Clann-Rickard Burk,
10] in which three score and six were slain, both good
11] and bad.


A great depredation by the sons of Diarmaid
12] Gall, and by Fedhlimidh O'Conchobhair, on the Clann-Goisdelbh;
13] and Maidiuc Mac Waltrin was slain in pursuit
14] of the prey.


A great depredation by Edmond Mac
15] William Burk upon the Clann-Cathail, on which occasion
16] Conchobhar O'Flannagain was plundered, and many
17] other persons along with him; and Maelechlainn O'Flannagain
18] was slain whilst in pursuit of this prey; and they
19] took Mac-in-mhilidh's brother prisoner in pursuit of this
20] prey.


Conchobhar Mac Diarmada, king of Magh-Luirg, and
21] Aedh, the son of Fedhlimidh, son of Aedh, son of Eoghan
22] O'Conchobhair, together with O'Conchobhair's household
23] band, and the Clann-Donnchadha, and the young soldiers
24] of the territory of Cairbre, including Cormac the son
25] of Ruaidhri, went on a predatory expedition into Tir-Fiachrach
26] until they reached Mullach-Ratha; but the
27] cows of the district fled before them.


Many inanimate
28] spoils, and several horses, and a few steeds, and a great
29] quantity of small cattle were brought away by them; and
30] people were slain by them; and they came home safely.


31] Diarmaid O'Flannagain, dux of Clann-Cathail, mortuus
32] est.


Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht,
33] mustered the moveable forces of the Tuatha, of Clann-Cathail,


1] Clann-Conchobhair, and Magh-Luirg, to Airtech;
2] and the great castle of Mac Goisdelbh was taken by him,
3] and afterwards broken down; and the kern who guarded
4] the place came out on the guarantee of Mac Diarmada.


5] Trinnoit O'Naan, high master in many sciences, in Lex
6] and Canon, quievit in Christo.


Domhnall, son of John,
7] son of Domhnall O'Conchobhair, mortuus est.


Niall, the
8] son of Conchobhar Mac Taidhg, occisus est by a shot
9] of an arrow.

Annal LC1337.


10] The kalends of January on Wednesday, and the twentieth
11] of the moon; viii. anno cycli
12] lunaris; quinto anno Indictionis; xiii. anno cycli solaris.


13] Peace was made by William, son of the Red Earl, and
14] Brian Bán O'Briain; and all the lands that he O'Briain
15] had wasted against the Earl's son were given to him, on
16] condition of his own rent being paid for them.


17] was concluded by Aedh Remhar O'Neill with the Oirghialla
18] and the Feara-Manach.


A fortified camp was
19] formed by Toirdhelbach O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht,
20] at Ath-Liag, against Edmond Burk.


John O'Fallamhain,
21] dux of Clann-Uadach, mortuus est.


22] Mac Flannchaidh, dux of Dartraighe, was slain by Cormac,
23] son of Ruaidhri, son of Domhnall O'Conchobhair,
24] together with many more, in revenge of John, son of
25] Domhnall; and great depredations were committed upon
26] the Dartraighe; and the son of Maurice Mac Flannchaidh
27] was slain the same day.


Tadhg and Maelechlainn,
28] two sons of Imhar Mac Raghnaill, were taken prisoners
29] by Cathal Mac Raghnaill, and Cathal Mac Raghnaill
30] was killed in the pursuit by the sons of Imhar—
31] (viz., these sons of Imhar were Conchobhar and Tomaltach)
32] —and by William Mac Mathghamhna, and by the
33] young men of the country along with them; and
34] Maghnus, son of Ferghal, was killed by them on the


1] same day; and Tadhg Mac Raghnaill assumed the
2] chieftaincy after these events.


Domhnall Ruadh O'Maille
3] and Cormac O'Maille were slain by the Clann-Mebhric,
4] and by other Foreigners along with them, on the night of
5] Stephen's festival.


The Master O'Rothlan quievit in
6] Christo.


Matthew O'hUiginn, a man eminent for poetry
7] and humanity, quievit.


Henry Hac Martin was killed
8] in hoc anno.


A great victory over Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair,
9] king of Connacht, by Clann-Cellaigh; and Toirdhelbhach
10] himself was wounded there, and taken prisoner;
11] and his horse and clothes were left there by him, together
12] with a great slaughter of people.


Lughaidh O'Dálaigh,
13] bishop of Cluain-mic-Nois, in Christo quievit.


14] son of Cormac O'Domhnaill, bishop of Tir-Conaill, i.e. a
15] man eminent for wisdom, piety, charity, and humanity,
16] in Christo quievit.


Donnchadh, son of Muirchertach Mór
17] Mac Eochagain, dux of Cenel-Fiachaidh, occisus est by
18] the Uí-Failghe.

Annal LC1338.


19] The kalends of January on Thursday, and the first of
20] the moon; octavo; ix. anno cycli lunaris;
21] sexto anno Indictionis; xiiii. anno cycli solaris.


22] son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, occisus est in hoc
23] anno.


Ruaidhri Mac Uidhir, king of Feara-Manach and
24] Loch-Erne, the man who, in his own time, presented most of
25] money, of cattle, and of clothing to the learned men and
26] chief poets of Erinn, mortuus est.


Edmond Burk, i.e.
27] the son of the Earl of Ulster, was taken prisoner by
28] Edmond Burk; and a stone was tied round his neck,
29] and he was afterwards thrown into Loch-Mesca; and the
30] destruction of the Foreigners of Connacht, and of his
31] own family, occurred through this. And Toirdhelbhach
32] O'Conchobhair assumed the sway of Connacht after that,


1] and Edmond Mac William Burk was expelled out of
2] Connacht; and the territories and churches of all the
3] West of Connacht were spoiled. And Edmond Burk collected
4] a large fleet of ships and barks, and remained on
5] the islands of the sea for a long time.


Luighne and the
6] Corann were depopulated and wasted, and the sovereignty
7] was assumed by their own hereditary Gaeidhel,
8] after the expulsion of their Foreigners out of them.


9] Tadhg, son of Ruaidhri, son of Cathal Ruadh O'Conchobhair,
10] usually called the 'Bratach righin', was taken
11] prisoner by Thomas Mac Samhradhain; and many of his
12] people were slain. Mac Samhradhain went afterwards
13] to O'Conchobhair's house, and on his return from O'Conchobhair's
14] house the Clann-Muirchertaigh and Muinter-Eolais
15] assembled before him; and Mac Samhradhain was
16] taken prisoner by them, and several of his people were
17] slain.


Derbhail, daughter of Cathal Mac Murchadha,
18] wife of Donnchadh, son of Aedh Og, quievit.


The sheep
19] of Erinn died in hoc anno, excepting a few.


A great
20] war between the king of France and the king of the
21] Saxons in hoc anno.

Annal LC1339.


22] The kalends of January on Friday, and the twelfth of
23] the moon; anno Domini; x. anno cycli
24] lunaris; vii. anno Indictionis; xv. cycli solaris.


25] O'Cellaigh, king of Uí-Maine, was slain by Cathal, son
26] of Aedh, son of Eoghan O'Conchobhair, whilst going
27] from O'Conchobhair's house to his own house, in hoc
28] anno.


Thomas Mac Samhradhain, who was detained a
29] prisoner by the Clann-Muirchertaigh, was set at liberty.


30] A great plague from frost and snow on the cattle and
31] green cornfields of Erinn, from a fortnight of winter to a
32] part of the spring.


A great hosting by Aedh Remhar
33] O'Neill to Tir-Conaill, on which occasion the son of John


1] O'Neill, and Godfrey O'Domhnaill, were slain by O'Dochartaigh's
2] people.


Edmond Mac William Burk was driven
3] to Uladh, together with his fleet.


The wife of the
4] Earl of Ulster's son, i.e. the daughter of Toirdhelbhach
5] O'Briain, was taken to wife by Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair,
6] king of Connacht, and Derbhail, daughter of
7] Aedh O'Domhnaill, was abandoned by him, in this year.


8] A great war throughout Midhe, between Foreigners and
9] Gaeidhel.


The corn crops of Erinn were destroyed, and great
10] famine ensued in it.


The church of Cill-Ronain was built
11] by Ferghal Muimhnech O'Duibhgennain in hoc anno.

Annal LC1340.


12] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the twenty-third
13] of the moon; M.ccc.xl; xi. anno cycli lunaris; viii.
14] anno Indictionis; xvi. cycli solaris.


A great war arose
15] amongst the Uí-Maine, i.e. between Tadhg, son of Tadhg
16] O'Cellaigh, to whom Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair had
17] given the government of Uí-Maine, and William, son of
18] Donnchadh Muimhnech O'Cellaigh; and William, son of
19] Donnchadh Muimhnech, was sent out of the district; and
20] they all pursued him, but William turned upon them,
21] when Donnchadh, son of Aedh O'Cellaigh, was slain, and
22] Tadhg O'Cellaigh was taken prisoner and wounded; and
23] he died afterwards of his wound.


Maelsechlainn O'Gairmleghaig,
24] chieftain of Cenel-Moain, mortuus est.


The sons
25] of Ualgharg O'Ruairc, viz., Domhnall, and Aedh, and
26] Gilla-Christ, and Ruaidhri, went on a predatory expedition
27] to Cathal, son of Aedh Breifnech; and they committed
28] a very great depredation; and Conchobhar, the
29] son of Donnchadh Riabhach, son of Maghnus, son of
30] Muirchertach Muimhnech, was on that day slain by
31] them, and many more along with him: (and this was
32] the first rupture between Muinter-Ruairc and the descendants
33] of Muirchertach Muimhnech, son of Toirdhelbhach
34] Mór). And Cathal, son of Aedh Breifnech, made
35] a valorous pursuit afterwards, when a great part of the
36] prey was detained, and Domhnall O'Ruairc, the choicest


1] of the princes of all the Breifne, was slain, and Gilla-Christ
2] O'Ruairc and Mac Consnamha were taken prisoners,
3] and many more were slain there besides. Tadhg,
4] son of Ruaidhri, son of Cathal O'Conchobhair, who was
5] detained a prisoner by O'Ruairc, was set at liberty in
6] consideration of the release of Gilla-Christ O'Ruairc.


7] Aedh, son of Fedhlimidh O'Conchobhair, was taken prisoner
8] by Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht,
9] i.e. his father's brother, and placed in confinement in the
10] castle of Ros-Comain. A great war and terrible dissension
11] arose between O'Conchobhair and Mac Diarmada
12] through this capture, so that much property was destroyed
13] between them both. O'Conchobhair was put in great
14] jeopardy by Mac Diarmada in the Corann, when he was
15] unwillingly driven into Baile-in-mhuta; and they immediately
16] afterwards made peace with each other.


17] Jordan Ruadh Mac Goisdelbh was killed by Cathal Mac
18] Diarmada Gall in hoc anno.


Cathal Mac Diarmada Gall,
19] the choicest of the princes of Connacht for prowess,
20] valour, might and vigour, was slain by Donnchadh
21] Riabhach, son of Maelechlainn Carrach Mac Diarmada,
22] per dolum, at Lis-Selbhaigh in Clann-Conchobhair.


22] Maghnus, son of Cathal, son of Domhnall O'Conchobhair,
23] was slain by Cathal, son of Aedh Breifnech O'Conchobhair.


24] Brian Og Mac Samhradhain was killed by the
25] Tellach-Dunchadha.


Eoghan O'hEdhin, king of Uí-Fiachrach-Aidhne,
27] occisus est a suis.


Eoghan, son of
28] Jeffrey Mac Raghnaill, and Aedh O'Maelmhiadhaigh
29] killed one another.


Adam Mac Techedhan quievit in
30] Christo.


Philip O'Duibhgennain, ollamh of Conmaicne,
31] mortuus est.


Imag, daughter of Mac Goisdelbh, wife
32] of Eoghan Mac Finghin, quievit.


William Mac Goisdelbh,
33] son of Gilbert, was slain in a conflict in the
34] Breifne, by the Tellach-Echach.


Ruaidhri, son of


1] Maghnus O'hEghra, mortuus est.


Matthew, son of
2] Annadh O'Raighilligh, was slain by Andrias, son of
3] Brian O'Raighilligh, who afterwards committed great
4] depredations in the Bolcan.


The church of Cill-Ronain
5] was burned in hoc anno.


Niall O'hUiginn, an eminent
6] poet, was drowned.


Conchobhar O'Domhnaill went into
7] Connacht, with his muster.

Annal LC1341.


8] The kalends of January on Monday, and the seventh
9] of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.xl. primo; xii. anno
10] cycli lunaris; ix. anno indictionis; xvii. cycli solaris.


11] A great defeat was inflicted by Mac William Burk on
12] the Clann-Maurice, on which occasion Thomas Mac
13] Maurice, and Maurice, son of Seonac Ruadh, and seven
14] score persons along with them, were slain.


Domhnall Mac
15] Dorchaidh, dux of Cenel-Luachain, mortuus est.


16] son of Mac-na-hoidhchi Mac Flannchaidh, was
17] killed by Aedh, son of Tadhg Mac Flannchaidh, in hoc
18] anno.


O'Gairmleghaigh, dux of Cenel-Moan, mortuus
19] est.


Brian O'Floinn, chieftain of Tellach-Curnain,
20] mortuus est.


Cathal Mac Cethernaigh was killed by
21] a fall.


The castle of Ros-Comain was captured by
22] Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair; and it was Aedh, son of
23] Fedhlimidh O'Conchobhair, who was imprisoned in the
24] castle, that betrayed it to O'Conchobhair.


Seonac Mac
25] Mathghamhna was expelled from Oirghiall.


26] O'Cuinn, dux of Muinter-Gillagan, mortuus est.


27] Ruadh, son of Cormac Og Mac Diarmada, mortuus est.

Annal LC1342.


28] The kalends of January on Tuesday, and the 17th
29] of the moon; anno Domini M. ccc. xl. secundo; xiii.
30] anno cycli lunaris; x. anno Indictionis; xviii. cycli
31] solaris.


The Gilla-dubh Mac Uidhir was drowned on
32] Loch-Erne, in the rear of a predatory party.


A great


1] war broke out between Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair,
2] king of Connacht, and Conchobhar Mac Diarmada, king
3] of Magh-Luirg; and Edmond Burk and Aedh, son of
4] Fedhlimidh O'Conchobhair, and Donnchadh O'Birn, dux
5] of Tir-Briuin-na-Sinna, sided with Mac Diarmada; and
6] O'Birn drove O'Conchobhair into the church of Oilfinn,
7] after he had gone to obtain pledges for a depredation
8] which the Muinter-Birn committed previously on Hubert
9] Burk; and some of O'Conchobhair's gallowglasses were
10] slain by them, including the constable, i.e. Mac Ruaidhri.


11] A general war, and great enmity, grew in all Connacht
12] at that time, and the Clann-Muirchertaigh, with Aedh
13] son of Aedh Breifnech, and with Cathal son of Aedh
14] Breifnech, and with Tadhg son of Ruaidhri, sided with
15] all those at first; and a great quantity of the corn
16] of the country was destroyed by them.


An ugly act
17] of treachery was committed on the Clann-William-Burk,
18] at the instigation of O'Conchobhair, when Thomas
19] Burk was slain by the Clann-Maurice whilst in their
20] own assembly; and Seonin Burk was slain in the
21] same way by the Clann-Rickard. Cathal, son of Gilla-Christ
22] Mac Diarmada, was slain by Ferghal O'Taidhg in
23] the same war. Ferghal, son of Gilla-Christ Finn Mac
24] Cormaic was slain in the same war. A fierce overthrow
25] was given by Mac Diarmada and his princes to O'Conchobhair,
26] at Bel-atha-Slisen, where the ford was passed
27] in spite of him, and where Diarmaid, the son of Brian
28] O'Ferghail—i.e. the best man of all the Conmaicne of his
29] own age—and the son of Hubert Burk, and Conchobhar,
30] son of Donnchadh Dubh O'hElidhe, were slain.


31] Mac Mathghamhna, a man eminent for bounty and
32] prowess, king of Oirghiall, went on a predatory expedition
33] against Roalbh Mac Mathghamhna, and was


1] slain, with his gallowglasses, in the rear of his band;
2] and as many of them were drowned as slain.


3] son of Ruaidhri, son of Domhnall O'Conchobhair, was
4] taken prisoner by Conchobhar, the son of Tadhg, and
5] by Ruaidhri, son of Cathal O'Conchobhair, in the same
6] year; and Conchobhar was taken prisoner by Brian,
7] the son of Ruaidhri, and delivered into the hands of
8] Conchobhar Mac Diarmada, who afterwards placed him
9] in the Rock to be imprisoned.


Domhnall O'Dochartaigh,
10] chieftain of Ard-Midhair, a man eminent for bounty,
11] prowess, charity, and humanity, died in his own house
12] in hoc anno, and John O'Dochartaigh assumed his place
13] after him.


The Síl-Muiredhaigh all, both willing and
14] unwilling, renounced the king of Connacht, i.e. Toirdhelbhach,
15] son of Aedh, son of Eoghan O'Conchobhair;
16] and the most distinguished who then opposed him
17] were Edmond Mac William Burk, and Conchobhar Mac
18] Diarmada, king of Magh-Luirg, with his brothers and
19] with all his people; and Aedh, son of Aedh Breifnech,
20] son of Cathal Ruadh O'Conchobhair; and Tadhg, son
21] of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair; and Cathal, son of Aedh
22] Breifnech, son of Cathal Ruadh; and the armies of
23] Breifne and Conmaicne; and Aedh, the son of Fedhlimidh,
24] son of Aedh, son of Eoghan: and Toirdhelbhach
25] was sent out of the country by them all, which was
26] not surprising.


And the advice which his friends gave
27] him afterwards was to go at night to Mac Diarmada's
28] house. And the Clann-Muirchertaigh received intelligence
29] of this advice, and assembled before him on
30] the roads, and in the dangerous passes of the fortress;
31] but he went past all these in the dark night,
32] with two or three horsemen; and he was opposed on
33] the causeway of the fortress, but he passed through
34] them by the force of his strong hand, and wounded
35] Cathal, son of Aedh Breifnech. And Mac Diarmada


1] knew not of this until he heard the tumult, the execration,
2] and lamentation throughout the fortress, when he
3] suddenly went, and found O'Conchobhair, with whom
4] he sent trusty persons to conduct him to the Rock.
5] And he remained in it the greater part of a week; and
6] the nobles of the country were wont to visit him each
7] day. And Mac Diarmada did not obtain leave to make
8] peace with him; and as he did not, he escorted him to
9] the castle of Ros-Comain, where he left him.


10] Ruadh Mac Eochagain, dux of Cenel-Fiachaidh,
11] was slain by Foreigners.


Thomas O'Cinga mortuus
12] est.


Maurice Mac Eochagain quievit.


Simon, son of
13] Conchobhar, son of Simon Mac Gilla-Arraith, one of the
14] chieftains of Luighne, mortuus est.


Murchadh, son of
15] Tomaltach O'Flannagain, i.e. the third best man that was
16] of the Clann-Cathail, was slain by the gallowglasses of
17] Cathal's son.


Aedh, the son of Aedh Breifnech, son of
18] Cathal Ruadh O'Conchobhair, was made king by the
19] Connachtmen and Mac William Burk, the first Monday
20] of the winter; and the tanistship of Connacht was given
21] to Aedh, the son of Fedhlimidh O'Conchobhair; and
22] Tir-Oilella was given to Ferghal Mac Diarmada, and
23] Tadhg, son of Tomaltach, son of Maurice Mac Donnchadha,
24] was expelled from his own country by Conchobhar Mac
25] Diarmada, and by his brethren; and Mac Donnchadha
26] joined Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair.


27] Conchobhar O'Domhnaill; king of Tir-Conaill, and one
28] worthy to rule all Erinn, if God had willed it, by reason
29] of his nobility, eminence, and the excellence of his
30] bounty and prowess, was slain by Niall O'Domhnaill, i.e.
31] his own father's son: (the house of Finn-ros was burned
32] over him, and O'Domhnaill went out of the house,
33] and fell afterwards in the doorway of his own house),


1] after obtaining victory over the devil and the world;
2] and a great number of O'Domhnaill's household band
3] were moreover burned and killed there. Niall O'Domhnaill
4] was made king by a number of the chieftains of
5] Tir-Conaill.


Flann Og O'Domhnallain, O'Conchobhair's
6] chief poet, quievit.


Domhnall O'Cuindlis, an eminent
7] historian, occisus est by the Uí-Diarmada.


Thomas Mac
8] Gilla-Coisglidh, a man eminent for bounty, in Christo
9] quievit.


Matthew Mac Maghnusa, brughaidh of Loch-Erne,
10] quievit in Christo.

Annal LC1343.


11] The kalends of January on Wednesday, and the twenty-eighth
12] of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.xl.iii; xiiii.
13] cycli lunaris; xi. anno Indictionis; xix. cycli solaris.


14] Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair assumed his own sovereignty
15] again, and peace was made with him by Mac
16] Diarmada.


Slaine O'Briain's daughter, Toirdhelbhach
17] O'Conchobhair's wife, and previously the wife of the
18] Earl of Ulster's son, mortua est.


Derbhail, daughter of
19] Aedh O'Domhnaill, came on a visit to Inis-Doighre, to
20] Conchobhar Mac Diarmada, where her death sickness
21] seized her; and she was afterwards interred in the
22] monastery of the Buill.


Dubhchabhlaigh, daughter of
23] Conchobhar Mac Diarmada, wife of O'Birn, quievit.


24] Thomas Mac Samhradhain, dux of Tellach-Echach,
25] quievit.


Muirchertach O'Briain, king of Tuadh-Mumha,
26] mortuus est, and Diarmaid O'Briain was made king in
27] his place; and he was expelled by Brian O'Briain, to
28] whom the chieftains of Tuadh-Mumha afterwards submitted.


29] Ulick, son of Richard, son of William Liath, the
30] greatest of all the foreign youths of Erinn in bounty
31] and prowess, quievit.


Cathal O'Madadhain, the most
32] eminent man in Erinn, was killed by the Clann-Rickard.



1] Donnchadh Clerech O'Maelbhrenainn, a canon chorister
2] at Oilfinn, was killed with a shot of an arrow by the
3] people of Hubert, son of David Donn Mac William.


4] Cathal Mac-an-Liathanaigh, abbot of the Trinity on
5] Loch-Cé, and bishop-elect of Oilfinn, in Christo quievit.


6] A great victory by the Clann-Feorais and Clann-Rickard
7] over the Uí-Maine, in which eleven princes of the Clann-Cellaigh
8] were slain, along with Conchobhar Cerbhach
9] O'Cellaigh.


Niall O'Domhnaill was deposed by Aengus
10] O'Domhnaill, and by Domhnall Dubh O'Baighill, and
11] by O'Dochartaigh, and by the power of Aedh Remhar
12] O'Neill, and by the Clann-Suibhne; and Aengus was made
13] king by them all. Niall went again into the country;
14] and the Clann-Muirchertaigh were expelled out of the
15] Breifne by Ualgharg O'Ruairc, Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair,
16] and Tadhg Mac Raghnaill; and they went
17] into Tir-Aedha, and Aengus O'Domhnaill gave them
18] Tir-Aedha, both grass and corn, and with all its other
19] benefits. And a battle was afterwards fought by Aengus
20] O'Domhnaill and the Clann-Muirchertaigh against Niall
21] O'Domhnaill, when Niall was defeated by them; on
22] which occasion Andiles O'Baighill, i.e. the chieftain of Tir-Ainmirech,
23] and his son, and Eoghan, the son of Art
24] O'Domhnaill, et alii multi, were slain.


The church of
25] Cill-Ronain was built.


Johannes O'Flaithimh, bishop of
26] Cill-Alaidh, quievit.


John Mac Eoaidh, bishop of Conmaicne,
27] quievit.


Conchobhar Mac Diarmada, king of
28] Magh-Luirg, and fountain of the dignity and nobility of the
29] descendants of Maelruanaidh Mór, son of Tadhg, son of
30] Cathal, son of Conchobhar, died in his own house a week
31] before Allhallowtide, on a Saturday as regards the day
32] of the week, after having overcome the devil and the
33] world, and was interred in the monastery of the Buill;
34] and Ferghal Mac Diarmada, his own brother, was made
35] king in his place.


Annal LC1344.


1] The kalends of January on Thursday, and the ninth
2] of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.xl. quarto; xv. cycli
3] lunaris; xii. anno Indictionis; xx. anno cycli solaris.


4] Thomas, son of Cathal Riabhach O'Ruairc, was slain by
5] the Clann-Muirchertaigh in hoc anno.


Aedh, grandson
6] of Roalbh Mac Mathghamhna, i.e. the king of Oirghiall,
7] mortuus est; and Murchadh Og, son of Murchadh Mór,
8] son of Brian-na-coiligh-aifrinn, was made king in his
9] place, and died in the course of a week. Maghnus, son
10] of Eochaidh, son of Roalbh, assumed the sovereignty of
11] Oirghiall afterwards.


Art Mór, son of Cormac O'Maelechlainn,
12] king of Midhe, was slain by Cormac Ballach
13] O'Maelechlainn, who afterwards assumed the sovereignty
14] of Midhe for himself.


William, son of Mathghamhain
15] Mac Raghnaill, was slain by the sons of Cathal Mac
16] Raghnaill.


Matthew, son of Gilla-Christ Clerech Mac Diarmada,
17] was slain by Muinter-Elidhe on the Corr-sliabh.


18] The bishop of Luighne in Christo quievit.


19] son of Maelmhuaidh O'hEghra, abbot of the Buill, and
20] intended bishop of Luighne, quievit.


21] The kalends of January on Saturday, and the twentieth
22] of the moon; M.ccc.xl. quinto; xvi. cycli lunaris; xiii.
23] anno Indictionis; xxi. cycli solaris.


24] son of Aedh, son of Eoghan O'Conchobhair, king of
25] Connacht during a period of twenty-one years, and
26] one well fitted to be king of Erinn, if God had vouchsafed
27] it to him, was killed by a shot of an arrow in
28] Fidh-Dorudha in Muinter-Eolais, after he had gone as
29] far as Loch-Airinn to assist Tadhg Mac Raghnaill
30] against the descendants of Muirchertach Muimhnech
31] O'Conchobhair; and the descendants of Muirchertach
32] Muimhnech, and the other section of the Muinter-Eolais,


1] followed him to Fidh-Dorudha, and he was killed in
2] Gurtin-na-spideoige in Fidh-Dorudha, as we said above;
3] (and not often before had there been done with an arrow,
4] since Niall-nai-ghiallach, son of Eochaidh Muidhmedhoin,
5] was killed by Eochaidh, son of Enna Cennselach, a deed
6] greater than that deed done with an arrow); and Aedh,
7] son of Toirdhelbhach, was afterwards made king in his
8] place.


Brian O'Ferghail, who was well qualified to be
9] chieftain of the Anghaile, mortuus est.

Annal LC1346.


10] The kalends of January on Sunday, and the first of
11] the moon; M.ccc.xl. sexto; xvii. cycli lunaris; xiiii. anno
12] Indictionis; xxii. cycli solaris.


A terrible war arose
13] between Ualgharg O'Ruairc and Ruaidhri, son of Cathal
14] O'Conchobhair; and they gave battle to each other in
15] Calraidhe-Locha-Gile; and O'Ruairc was there defeated,
16] and all his gallowglasses were slain there, viz., Mac
17] Burci, and the son of Niall Cam, and mostly all their
18] people along with them; and O'Ruairc himself was pursued,
19] and was slain by Maelruanaidh Mac Donnchaidh
20] on that day.


The four sons of Cathal Mac-in-caich
21] Mac Raghnaill were taken prisoners on Loch-an-Scuir by
22] Conchobhar Mac Raghnaill, and Tomaltach Mac Raghnaill
23] took them with him to Caisel-Cosgraigh, where
24] they were afterwards killed by him.


The comarb of
25] Patrick, i.e. David Mac Oirechtaigh, in Christo quievit.


26] Cu-Uladh Mac Cathmhail, dux of Cenel-Feradhaigh, was
27] slain by Domhnall Mac Cathmhail.


A victory over the
28] Foreigners by Brian Mac Mathghamhna, so that three
29] hundred heads were counted in one place.




1] O'Domhnaill and the Clann-Muirchertaigh, and the son
2] of Fedhlimidh O'Conchobhair, and Maurice Mac Diarmada,
3] followed Ruaidhri, the son of Cathal, to Cul-maile,
4] where they inflicted a great defeat on him and on the
5] Clann-Donnchaidh; and a great slaughter was committed
6] on them respectively, both by drowning, burning,
7] hacking, and wounding; and great spoils were taken
8] besides.


A great war between Mac Diarmada and
9] Maghnus Mac Diarmada Gall in hoc anno; and treachery
10] was practised by the sons of Waldrin Mac Goisdelbh
11] on Maghnus Mac Diarmada Gall in his own house,
12] and he was slain there; and Cormac Caech Mac Finghin
13] was also slain there.


O'Cerbhaill was slain by the
14] Osraighe.


Conchobhar O'Birn occisus est viii. kalendas
15] Martii.

Annal LC1347.


16] The kalends of January on Monday, and the twelfth
17] of the moon; anno Domini M.ccc.xl.vii; xviii. cycli lunaris;
18] xv. Indictionis; xxiii. cycli solaris.


Gilla-na-naemh, son of Jeffrey,
19] son of Gilla-na-naemh O'Ferghail, chieftain
20] of the Anghaile, died in Cluain-Lis-Bece, after having
21] spent twenty-six years in the chief government of the
22] Anghaile, after overcoming the devil and the world;
23] and Cathal, the son of Murchadh, son of Gilla-na-naemh
24] O'Ferghail, assumed the chieftaincy after him.


25] Mac Diarmada was slain by John Ruadh Mac David
26] Burk.


Tadhg Mac Raghnaill, dux of Muinter-Eolais,
27] was taken prisoner by the Clann-Muirchertaigh. in hoc
28] anno. O'Ruairc's gallowglasses were slain or captured
29] by the Clann-Muirchertaigh, after having been
30] found in Muinter-Eolais.


William Mac David Milis
31] was slain by Tadhg Ruadh Mac Diarmada Gall, in Baile-in-tobair.


32] Henry, son of Aedh Buidhe O'Neill, mortuus
33] est.


Thomas Mac Airten, king of Uí-Echach-Uladh,


1] was hanged by Foreigners.


Eoghan O'Madadhain, king
2] of Síl-Anmchadha, mortuus est, and Murchadh O'Madadhain,
3] his own son, was subsequently made king.


4] Finnghuala, daughter of Eoghan Mac Finghin, uxor of
5] Ferghal Muimhnech O'Duibhgennain, airchinnech of
6] Cill-Ronain, quievit.


The Gilla-dubh Mac Gillamochua
7] quievit.


Ferghal Mac Cormaic was slain; and it is not
8] known who slew him.

Annal LC1348.


9] The kalends of January on Tuesday, and the twenty-third
10] of the moon; M.ccc.xl.octavo; xix. cycli lunaris;
11] primus annus Indictionis; xx. quarto cycli solaris.


12] O'Ferghail, dux of Muinter-Anghaile during the space of
13] half a year, mortuus est.


Niall Garbh O'Domhnaill
14] was slain by Maghnus Meabhlach O'Domhnaill, per
15] dolum.


Maelechlainn Mac Oirechtaigh, dux of Muinter-Raduibh,
16] mortuus est.


Donnchadh Mac Bradaigh, dux
17] of Cuil-Brighdin, quievit in Christo.


A great war arose
18] between Ferghal Mac Diarmada and Ruaidhri, son of
19] Cathal, son of Domhnall; and Mac Diarmada's fortress
20] was burned by the son of Cathal. Mac Diarmada
21] assembled his friends of the Connachtmen, and they
22] pursued the son of Cathal to Baile-in-mhuta, and the
23] town was burned by them, both stone and wood; and
24] no one dared to oppose them until they arrived at their
25] homes; and they brought with them all the captives that
26] were in the town, including O'Ruairc's son, and came
27] home safely afterwards.