Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition
Annals of the Four Masters (Author: [unknown])

Annal M1403


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1403. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred three.


Donnell, the son of Henry O'Neill, assumed the lordship of Tyrone.


Teige, the son of Cathal Oge O'Conor, was slain on Machaire-na-nailech, by the sons of Turlough Oge O'Conor Don, and by Owen, the son of the Abbot, O'Conor, and was interred in the tomb of Donnell, son of Cathal, his grandfather.


Conor Anabaidh, the son of Melaghlin O'Kelly, Lord of Hy-Many, the Serpent of his tribe, and of all the Irish people, died, after Extreme Unction and Penance, and was interred in the monastery of St. John the Baptist in Tir-Many.


Finola, the daughter of Turlough, son of Hugh O'Conor, and the wife of Melaghlin O'Kelly (Lord of Hy-Many), died, after a virtuous life.


An army was led by O'Conor Don and Murtough Bacagh, the son of Donnell (Lord of Sligo), into Upper Connaught, by which they acquired dominion over Sil-Anmchadha. They afterwards proceeded to Clanrickard, to assist Ulick, the son of Richard Burke, against the Hy-Many; so that they obtained sway over both.



Murtough Bacagh, the son of Donnell, who was son of Murtough, Lord of Lower Connaught, died in autumn, in the castle of Sligo.


A war arose between the Breifnians and the Clann-Donogh, in which Tomaltagh Oge, the son of Tomaltagh Mac Dorcy, the last Chief of Kinel-Duachain of that family, and Murtough Oge O'Healy, a wealthy brughaidh cedach, &c., were slain.


Maelmora, the son of Cuconnaught, son of Gilla-Isa Roe O'Reilly, became Lord of the Muintir-Reilly.


Manus, son of Cooey O'Kane, Lord of Kienaghta, died.


Felim, son of Donnell, the son of Murtough O'Conor, died.


Cu-Uladh, son of Gillapatrick Mac Cawell, was treacherously slain at an assembly by his own people.


Cormac, the son of Donough Mac Carthy, died.


O'Kennedy Don was slain by the sons of Philip O'Kennedy.

Annal M1404


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1404. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred four.


Thomas Barrett, Bishop of Elphin, the most illustrious man in Ireland for wisdom and profound knowledge of divinity, died, and was interred at Airech Locha Con.


Conor Oge, the son of Hugh Mac Dermot, a bear in vigour, died in Autumn; and Teige, the son of Hugh Mac Dermot, assumed the lordship.



Cormac Mac Dermot was slain upon an incursion into Clanrickard, in a conflict with the cavalry of Clanrickard and Thomond.


The daughter of O'Conor Faly, and wife of Gillapatrick O'More, died.


The victory of Ath dubh was gained by Gillapatrick O'More, Lord of Leix, over the English, where many persons were slain, and great spoil was taken in horses, arms, and armour.


The Earl of Ormond, head of the prowess of the English of Ireland, died.


Donogh Bane O'Mulconry, Ollav of Sil-Murray in history, died.


Gilla-Duivin Mac Curtin, Ollav of Thomond in music, died.


Carroll O'Daly, Ollav of Corcomroe; Donnell, the son of Donough O'Daly, who was usually called Bolg-an-Dana; Flann, the son of John O'Donnellann, Ollav of Sil-Murray in poetry; William O'Doran, Ollav of Leinster in judicature; Nuala, daughter of Donnell, son of Murtough O'Conor, and wife of Farrell, the son of Cormac Mac Donough; and Donncahy, the son of Murray Mac Shanly, a wealthy brughaidh cedach farmer of Corco-Achlann, and chief servant of trust to Rory O'Conor, King of Connaught, died.


Owen, the son of Murrough, son of Cathaoir O'Conor Faly, was slain by the Earl of Kildare.


Andrew Barrott was slain by the O'Murphys.


A war broke out between Mac Carthy and O'Sullivan Boy. Turlough Meith Mac Mahon, who was at this time Mac Carthy's chief maritime officer, came up at sea with O'Sullivan and the sons of Dermot Mac Carthy, who were aiding O'Sullivan against Mac Carthy; and he drowned O'Sullivan, and made a prisoner of Donnell, the son of Dermot Mac Carthy, on this occasion.


Mahon Mac Namara died on his way to Rome.



Melaghlin Mageraghty, Chief of Muintir-Rodiv, died.


Donough Mac Cawell, Chief of the two Kinel-Farrys, was slain by Maguire. Felim, the son of Hugh O'Tuathail, Lord of the Hy-Muireadhaigh, died.


Cathal, the son of Teige Mac Donough, heir to the lordship of Tirerrill, died.


Taichleach, the son of Donough O'Dowda; Tuathal, the son of Melaghlin O'Donnellan, intended ollav of Sil-Murray in poetry; and Teige, the son of Boethius Mac Egan, intended ollav of Lower Connaught in law,—the three died.

Annal M1405


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1405. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred five.


An army was led by Teige, the son of Hugh Mac Dermot, Lord of Moylurg, against the descendants of Conor, the son of Taichleach Mac Dermot, and all the other people of Airtech, to demand chiefry from them, as was always due to a man in his station. The people of Airtech drew O'Conor Don, the Clann-Murtough-Muimhneach, and the sons of Farrell Mac Dermot, to their assistance against Mac Dermot. They all assembled and met at Loch Labain, in the territory of Airtech, where a battle was fought between them. In the early part of the day Mac Dermot and Donough Mac Donnell, his constable, with the forces of both, routed the fourfold mixed army opposed to them, and killed many of their common people in the conflict. But a certain man of the soldiers of the routed part turned towards the spot where he thought that Mac Dermot was, and cast at him a terrific irresistible javelin, which struck directly in his throat, so that Mac Dermot (Teige) died of the wound a week afterwards in his own house. Rory, the son of Hugh Mac Dermot, then assumed the lordship of Moylurg.


Manus, the son of Hugh O'Higgin, died.


Hugh O'Hanly, Chief of Kinel-Dofa, died, and was interred in Cluain Coirpthe.



Richard Butler, who was usually called Cos-cruaidh, was slain by the son of Faghtna O'More.


Mac Murrough waged war with the English; during which the Contae Reagh, together with Carlow and Disert-Diarmada, were plundered and burned.


Richard Mac Rannall, heir to the chieftainship of Muintir-Eolais, died of a surfeit in drinking.


O'Conor Kerry (Dermot, the son of Donough) was slain by Mac Maurice of Kerry.


The daughter of Donnell O'Brien, and wife of Philip, the son of Mahon Donn O'Kennedy, died.


Gilla-na-naev, the son of Rory O'Keenan, Ollav of Fermanagh in history,


died suddenly in the house of Neidhe O'Mulconry, in Cairbre-Gabhra, and was interred in the monastery of Leath-ratha Abbeylara.


Farrell, the son of Cormac Mac Donough, heir to the chieftainship of Tirerrill, died.

Annal M1406


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1406. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred six.


The Coarb of St. Canice died.


O'Conor Don (Turlough Oge, the son of Hugh, son of Turlough, &c.), Pillar of the support and protection, of the hospitality and renown, of Connaught, was slain by Cathal Duv, the son of O'Conor Roe, assisted by John, the son of Hubert, son of Edmond, son of Hubert, son of Sir David Burke, whose mother was Beanmumhan, grand-daughter of Felim, in the house of Richard, son of John Boy, son of Edmond, son of Hubert, at Cregan, beside Fidhici in Clann-Conway; and John, the son of Hubert, fell by the hand of O'Conor on the same spot.


Mulrony, the son of Teige Mac Donough, Lord of Tirerrill, died in his own house, after the victory of penance, and was interred in the Abbey of Boyle.


A great defeat was given by Murrough O'Conor, Lord of Offaly, with his son Calvach, and the sons of O'Conor Roe, namely, Cathal Duv and Teige (who had come to Offaly, with a troop of cavalry, on a visit), to the English of Meath,


and to Owen, the son of the Abbot O'Conor, who had the retained kerns of Connaught with him. Both of these armies repaired to the upper part of Geshill; and Owen, the son of the Abbot, with his own band of kerns, went to Cluain-immurrois, and to the town of Gillaboy Mac Maoilcorra, where Calvagh, the son of Murrough O'Conor, and Cathal, the son of O'Conor Roe, attended by six horsemen, came up with Owen and his people as they were collecting the spoils of the town. The proprietor of this town had a cauldron, which he had borrowed from Calvagh, for brewing beer; and on seeing Calvagh coming towards him, he said: ‘There is thy cauldron with the kerns, O Calvagh! and I order it to be given to thee.’ ‘I accept of it where it is,’ said Calvagh. The cauldron was at this time on the back of a young man, one of the plunderers of the town; and Calvagh O'Conor flung a stone, which he happened to have in his hand, successfully at him, and which, striking against the cauldron, produced such a noise and sound as struck a sudden terror and panic in the hearts of all the plunderers, so that they instantly took to flight. They were swiftly


pursued, slaughtered, and vanquished. The son of the Abbot O'Conor was slain on the bog north of the town; and their loss was not less than three hundred persons, both English and Irish, in the route from thence to Cluain-Aine in Crioch-na-g-Cedach. It was on this expedition that the chief relic of Connaught, namely, the Buacach-Patraig, which had been preserved at Elphin, was taken from the English.


Teige, son of Donough O'Beirne, Chief of Tir-Briuin-na-Sinna, died.


Niall O'Gormly, heir to the chieftainship of Kinel-Moen, died.


Margaret, the daughter of Turlough, the son of Owen Mac Sweeny, and wife of John, the son of Donnell, son of Niall O'Donnell, died.


Hugh, the son of Donough, son of Murtough O'Conor of Sligo, was slain by his own kinsmen, assisted by Manus Mac Donough and Hugh Boy Mac Donough.


Mac Namara, Chief of Clann-Cuilein, died.

Annal M1407


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1407. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred seven.


Murtough, grandson of Maine O'Kelly, Archbishop of Connaught, a man eminent for his wisdom, hospitality, and piety, died.


John, the son of Teige O'Rourke, heir to the lordship of Breifny, died in Moylurg, and was interred in Drumlane, in the county of Cavan.


The son of Teige, son of Mahon Don O'Kennedy, Lord of Upper Ormond, was slain by O'Carroll.


A battle was gained by the English over the Irish of Munster, in which O'Carroll, Lord of Ely, general patron of the literati of Ireland, was killed.



The battle of Cill achaidh was gained by O'Conor Roe, the sons of Melaghlin O'Kelly, and Mac Dermot, against Mac William of Clanrickard, and Cathal, the son of Rory O'Conor (who, after the killing of O'Conor Don, received the name of King of Connaught). Cathal O'Conor, William Burke, Redmond Mac Hubert, and O'Heyne, were taken prisoners, after the loss of many persons on both sides. Among the slain were Randal, the son of Donnell Oge Mac Donnell, and John Ballagh, son of Mac Henry. Many horses and coats of mail were left behind them after this defeat.


Brian, the son of Donnell, son of Murtough O'Conor of Sligo, and the Clann-Donough, were they who had inaugurated this Cathal King on Carn fraoich on a former occasion, when they visited Machaire Chonnacht, and when they also destroyed the castle of Tobar Tuillsce Tulsk.


Owen, son of Cathal, who was son of Hugh Breifneach, who was son of Cathal Roe O'Conor, died, and was interred in the monastery of Boyle.


Cormac O'Farrell died.


Cathal, the son of O'Conor Faly, was slain by the Clann-Feorais.


Hugh Magennis, Lord of Iveagh, was slain by his own relatives and tribe.


An army was led by O'Donnell (Turlough, the son of Niall) into Carbury, and he plundered that territory.


Hugh Maguire and Manus Eoghanagh Maguire were taken prisoners by Niall O'Donnell and Cathal O'Rourke, and brought before O'Donnell, who liberated Hugh on the guarantees of Owen O'Neill and Maguire.



Hugh, the son of Art Magennis, Lord of Iveagh, was banished by the sons of Cu-Uladh O'Neill, and his own kinsman, i.e. the son of Murtough Oge Magennis, from his own country into the territory of the Savadge; and they pursued him into that territory, but he defeated them, and slew Mac Gilla-Muire on this occasion.


Hugh O'Flaherty, Lord of West Connaught, died at an advanced age.


Owen O'Doherty, heir to the chieftainship of Ardmire, died.

Annal M1408


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1408. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred eight.


The Earl of Kildare was taken prisoner by the son of the King of England.


An army was led by the English of Dublin, under the conduct of the son of the King of England, into Leinster. Hitsin Tuite was slain upon this expedition, and he was a great loss.


Thomas, the son of Hubert, son of Edmond, son of Hubert, was slain with one cast of a javelin by Gilla-na-naev, the son of William Gallda O'Teige.


Manus Magauran was killed by the blow of a pole, thrown at him by Baethan Mac Gilroy.


Myles Dalton was slain by his own near kinsmen; and his son was afterwards slain, and his castle demolished, by the descendants of Cathal O'Farrell.


Farrell, the son of Cuconnaught O'Farrell, died.



Conor, the son of Ivor O'Hanly, was slain by the people of Corco-Achlann and the Kinel-Dofa themselves, on the bog of Cluain na-g-Cailleach, on Lá na-m-Bruach-n-Dubh (and that was a hard day to the sons of Ivor O'Hanly, and to Cathal Duv O'Conor), and was interred at Roscommon.


Owen O'Rourke and the sons of Donn Magauran went into Tirconnell, to make war against the Breifnians.


Mac Brian O'g-Cuanach was treacherously slain by the English, and by Breicleigheach.


Teige O'Grady, Chief of Kinel-Dunghaile, died.


John Cam O'Shaughnessy was slain by the son of O'Loughlin while playing on the green of Cluain Ramhfhoda.


O'h-Echeidhein was slain by the O'Dalys on the plain of Moinmoy.


Mac Gilla-Muire was treacherously slain at Carrickfergus by the Savadges.


Mac Murrough waged war with the English, in which he was victorious.


O'Conor Faly carried on a great war against the English, and he plundered and carried off great spoils from them.


Mac Ward of Cuil-an-Urtain, Ollav of Hy-Many, died.


The castle of Ballindoon in the county of Sligo was erected by Conor, the son of Teige Mac Donough.


The castle of Cuil-Maoile Coloony was erected by Murrough, the son of Cormac Mac Donough.


Annal M1409


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1409. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred nine.


Brian, the son of John O'Hara, Bishop of Achonry, died, after the victory of Extreme Unction and Penance.


The son of the King of England left Ireland, having liberated the Earl of Kildare before his departure.


Melaghlin More Mageoghegan was deprived of his chieftainship, and Farrell Roe, the son of Farrell Roe Mageoghegan, installed in his place.


The leg of Richard Burke was broken by a greyhound that rushed against him, while running at full speed; and he died in consequence.


The plundering of Belleck was accomplished by Tiernan O'Rourke against O'Donnell, Cathal O'Rourke, and Owen O'Rourke. O'Donnell and the Kinel-Connell were encamped on one side of the Cataract, and Cathal and Owen on the other; and he carried off the prey from both parties.


O'Conor Roe and O'Kelly pitched a camp around Roscommon, on which occasion they destroyed the corn of the town and of the monastery, and drove the friars out of the monastery, lest intelligence of their doings should reach the castle.


A great army was mustered by Brian, the son of Donnell, son of Murtough O'Conor of Sligo, by Mac Donough of Tirerrill, and by the sons of Tiernan O'Rourke; and they placed provisions and stores in the castle of Roscommon, in despite of the men of Connaught from the mountain upwards, all of whom, both horse and foot, had assembled together to oppose them. On the same night they returned to Airm, and on the next day to their own houses.


Muintir-Cuirnin committed slaughters on each other, i.e. John and Conla were slain by Dermot, the son of Murtough O'Cuirnin, in the house of O'Duigennan of Baile-Coillte-foghair; and Dermot went afterwards to the house of


Conor Crom, the son of Teige O'Rourke, his own lord and foster-brother; but Conor immediately took him prisoner for his evil deed, and delivered him up to the O'Rourkes and the O'Cuirnins; and he was kept in confinement for a fortnight afterwards, when he was killed by the son of John O'Cuirnin.


Murtough Mac Egan, Chief Brehon of Teffia, a learned and profound adept in his own profession, died.


Melaghlin, the son of Mulrony Mac Donough, and John Boy, his kinsman, made an incursion into Moylurg against Teige, the son of Mulrony, son of Gilchreest Mac Donough, and took him prisoner. A muster of the territory came up with them; and a battle ensued between both parties, in which Melaghlin, the son of Mac Donough, received a javelin, which caused his death.


A great war broke out between O'Brien and his sons and the sons of Brian O'Brien. They came to an engagement, and O'Brien was defeated; and the son of the Earl of Kildare, who happened to be along with him, was taken prisoner, as was also Dermot O'Brien; and O'Brien was banished from the province of Munster by the sons of Brian O'Brien.


Mac Carthy Cluasach, i.e. Donnell, the son of Fineen, son of Donough, son of Dermot Reamhar, died.


Fineen, the son of Maccon, son of Fineen O'Driscoll, died.


O'Driscol Oge died.


Murtough Mac Gilla-Ulltain, a learned historian, died.


Eigneach O'Duinin, intended ollav of Desmond, died of the plague.

Annal M1410


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1410. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred ten.


Donnell O'Neill, Lord of Tyrone, a man who had the title of King of his tribe, was taken prisoner by Brian Mac Mahon, as was not becoming, and by him delivered up, for a reward, to Owen O'Neill; and Owen sent him to Maguire, to be held in custody.


Rannall Mac Rannall, Chief of Muintir-Eolais, died, after Extreme Unction


and Penance; and Cumscragh Mac Rannall was installed in the chieftainship after him; but he died in a fortnight after.


Felim Cleireach, the son of Hugh, son of Felim O'Conor, died.


Teige Carragh, the son of Turlough Don O'Conor, died.


Melaghlin, the son of Owen O'Rourke, was slain by the Kinel-Connell.


The castle of Dun-Cremhthannain was demolished by the men of Carbury and Breifny.


Thomas, the son of Mulmurry Magrath, Ollav of Thomond in poetry, died.


Sabia, the daughter of Conor O'Brien, and wife of Walter Burke, died.


Cormac Oge Mac Carthy died in captivity in which he was kept by his kinsman, Mac Carthy More.


Teige, the son of Melaghlin, son of William, son of Donough Muimhneach O'Kelly, Lord of Hy-Many, a charitable and benevolent chief, died, after the victory of penance.


Teige, the son of William, son of Conor Mac Branan, Chief of Corco-Achlann, died on Allhallows Day in his own house at Coille-mor-Cluana-Seancha, after Extreme Unction and praiseworthy Penance, and was interred in the Friars' monastery at Roscommon, in the tomb of his father and grandfather.


Donough, the son of Melaghlin O'Kelly, assumed the lordship of Hy-Many after Teige.


Five hundred cows were carried off, about Allhallow-tide, by the sons of O'Conor Don, from the people of O'Conor Roe at Rath Brenainn.


Turlough and Teige, two sons of O'Molloy, and Donnell, the grandson of Hopkinn O'Molloy, were slain by the Clann-Maoilughra i.e. the O'Dempsys.


Melaghlin More, the son of Farrell, son of Farrell, son of Murtough More Mageoghegan, died, after the victory of Extreme Unction and Penance.


Donnell, the son of Cormac O'Hara, heir to the lordship of Leyny, died.


O'Brien returned to Thomond, after having made peace with his kinsmen, the sons of Brian O'Brien.


The castle of Magh Breacraighe was taken by the English of Meath and the Justiciary from O'Farrell.



Donnell, the son of Hugh O'Flaherty, Lord of West Connaught, was slain by the sons of Brian O'Flaherty, at a meeting of his own people.


An army was led by O'Donnell (Turlough) into Briefny-O'Rourke, and plundered and burned the country. The men of Breifny pursued and came up with him; and a battle was fought between both parties, in which the pursuers were defeated; and John, the son of Owen O'Rourke, and many others, were slain; and the Kinel-Connell bore off the prey.

Annal M1411


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1411. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred eleven.


The Holy Crucifix of Raphoe poured out blood from its wounds. Many distempers and diseases were healed by that blood.


Donnell, the son of Conor O'Brien, Tanist of Thomond, was slain by Barry More.


Owen, the son of Murrough O'Madden, Lord of Sil-Anmchadha, died.


Maelmora, the son of Cuconnaught, son of Gilla-Isa O'Reilly, Lord of Breifny, died.


Cobhthach O'Madden, heir to the lordship of his own territory, died.


Murtough, the son of Cu-Uladh O'Neill, Roydamna of Kinel-Owen, died.


O'Sullivan More was treacherously taken prisoner, and blinded, and his son killed, by Donnell Duv O'Sullivan.


Thomas, the son of John, Earl of Desmond, was banished from Ireland by James, the son of Garrett.


Melaghlin, the son of Brian Mac Tiernan, Tanist of Teallach Dunchadha Tullyhunco, died.



Conor O'Casey, Erenagh of the lands of Muintir-Casey in Devenish, and Johannes Mac Sgoloige, Erenagh of his own lands at Ros-airthir Rosorry, in Fermanagh, died.


Murtough Midheach, the son of Brian O'Farrell, Lord of the Caladh in Annaly, a man who had never been reproached, died.


Conor, the son of Gilla-Mochuda O'Sullivan,was treacherously slain by his own kinsmen.


The monastery of Annadown in the county of Galway was burned.


Donnell Doidhiola O'Breaghan, a learned historian, died.


Dermot, the son of Gilla-Isa Magrath, Ollav of Thomond in poetry, died.


Donnell, the son of Cathal O'Rourke, died.


Taichleach Boy O'Hara died.


The Sheriff of Meath was taken prisoner by O'Conor Faly, and he exacted a great price for his ransom.


Mac Carthy More was banished by the O'Sullivans.


Mulmurry Mac Sweeny was taken prisoner by O'Donnell, in consequence of the accusations and complaints of some of his own people.


Teige (i.e. Caech na Moicheirge), the son of Dermot Mac Carthy, heir to the lordship of Desmond, was treacherously slain by Felim, the son of Dermot Mac Carthy.


Mac Manus of Tir Tuathail and his son were slain by the sons of Rory Mac Manus.


Annal M1412


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1412. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred twelve.


The Image of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Ath-Trim wrought many miracles.


Donnell, the son of Niall O'Donnell, died.


Hugh, the son of Henry O'Neill, made his escape from Dublin, after having been imprisoned for ten years; and he took with him on the occasion many other prisoners, among whom were the son of Maguire and the son of O'Neill (i.e. the son of his own brother); and it was for the sake of O'Neill that he had gone into prison. After his escape, the entire province was thrown into disturbance, in demanding O'Neill from Owen O'Neill, O'Donnell, Maguire, and the Orielians.


Tiernan Oge, the son of Tiernan More O'Rourke, heir to the lordship of Breifny, died, in the sixty-third year of his age, in the month of April.


Cuconnaught Mac Tiernan, Chief of Teallach Dunchadha Tullyhunco, was killed by the people of Fermanagh, in a nocturnal assault, in his own house at Cruachan Mhic-Tighearnain. And they massacred men, women, and children, and burned the whole town, and then returned home.


Donough, the son of Donnell Mac Gillafinnen, died.


Richard Barrett came upon a preying excursion into Coolcarney; but the gentlemen of the country overtook him, and drove him into the River Moy, in which he was drowned; and many of his people were also drowned, and others were taken prisoners.


Eda Leis and the son of the Earl of Kildare fell by each other at Cill-Mocheallog.



A great war broke out between O'Donnell on the one side, and O'Kane and the sons of John O'Donnell on the other; and O'Kane and the sons of John came with their forces into Tirconnell, and slew fourteen of O'Donnell's people, as also the son of Felim O'Donnell, and Cathal, the son of Randal O'Boyle.


A great army was led by Brian, son of Donnell, son of Murtough O'Conor of Sligo, about Lammas, first into Gaileanga, and thence into Clann-Cuain, Ceara, and Conmaicne Cuile Toladh, into which latter territory he brought the Clann-Maurice na-m-Brigh and their creaghts. The Clann-William Burke, the O'Flahertys, the O'Malleys, the Barretts, the inhabitants of the barony of Gaileanga, and the Costelloes, assembled to oppose them; but all these numerous as they were did not venture to give him either skirmish or battle, although Brian, in despite of them, burned their territories, destroyed their cornfields, and burned their fortresses, viz. Caislen-an-Bharraigh of Leth-inis, and Baile-Loch-Measca. He then left the Clann-Maurice, with their creaghts, in their own territory; and he obtained peace from the English and Irish on this expedition, and returned home in safety.


Another army was led by Owen, the son of Donnell, son of Murtough O'Conor, at the instance of the sons of Turlough O'Conor, into the Plain of Connaught, and devastated that part of the plain belonging to the grandsons of Felim, and took away many cows and prisoners afterwards.


Sabia, the daughter of Tiernan O'Rourke, and wife of Edmond, the son of Thomas, son of Cathal O'Farrell, died.



Rory, the son of Cathal O'Farrell, was slain by the cast of a javelin in Mahaire Chuircne.


Henry V was made King of England on the 20th of March.


An army was led by Brian O'Conor into Tirhugh; and he burned the country as far as Murvagh, and slew Coilin Mac Coilin at Ballyshannon.


Mac Brady, Chief of Cuil-Brighdin, Manus Mac Rannall, the son of Loughlin O'Rourke, and Cu-abha Mac Gorman, died.