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Annals of the Four Masters (Author: [unknown])

Annal M1373


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1373. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred seventy-three.


William Mac Carmaic, Bishop of Ardagh, a man of wisdom and piety, died.


Adam O'Keenan, a canon and learned historian, died at Lisgool in Fermanagh.


An incursion was made by the English of Meath into Annaly, on which occasion they slew Rory, the son of Cathal O'Farrell, and his son, with a number of their people. Donough O'Farrell, with all his forces, pursued them, and slew great numbers of them; but this hero received a shot of a javelin, as he was routing the English before him, which killed him, upon which his people were defeated.


William Dalton and the Sheriff of Meath were slain by the Kinel-Fiachach, and by O'Melaghlin.


Mac-an-Pharson Mac Feorais Bermingham was slain by Turlough Roe O'Conor, with one stroke of his sword, in Conmaicne-Dunmore (after they the Berminghams had acted treacherously towards him, as he was coming


from Conmaicne Cuile), and afterwards made his escape, in despite of his enemies, by the strength of arm, but severely wounded. Andreas Mac Kenny was afterwards put to death by them the Berminghams, he having been left with them by Turlough,—when they had acted treacherously towards him,—as a hostage, in whose ransom they might demand what they pleased.


Barrduv, daughter of O'Rourke, and wife of Mac Tiernan, died.


John Mac Namara, Head Chieftain of Clann-Cuilein in Thomond, and Teige O'Duirnin, died.


Sabia, daughter of Cathal O'Conor, and wife of Flaherty O'Rourke, died.


Randal, son of Cormac Mac Rannall, was treacherously slain by the son of Mac Naisci.


Melaghlin Connaughtagh O'Neill died.


Master Nichol Mac Techedain, Official of Cluain in the county of Leitrim, died.


Brian Oge, son of Brian O'Dowda, was slain by the Barretts.

Annal M1374


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1374. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred seventy-four.


Senicin Jenkin Savadge was slain by Magennis.


Donnell Oge, son of John O'Doherty, died.


Cucogry Oge Mageoghegan, Chief of Kinel-Fiachach, was treacherously slain after he had gone to Athlone with the Bishop of Meath: it was the Sinnach Mac Mearain (one of William Dalton's people) that killed him, with one thrust of a lance; and he Mac Mearain himself was afterwards torn asunder, and his body was cut into small pieces, for this crime.



Theobald Burke, heir of Mac William, was slain by the people of Hy-Many.


A battle was gained by Niall O'Neill over the English, in which Roche, the knight, Bogsa na-Cairrge, Sandal, Burke, and William of Baile Dalat, the head of the inhospitality of Ireland, with many others not enumerated, were slain


Teige, son of Rory, son of Cathal Roe O'Conor, King of Connaught, worthy heir to the title of The O'Conor, died.


Melaghlin, the son of Dermot O'Farrell, went from Annaly to Muintir-Maelmora, to wage war with the English. A fierce and sharp conflict afterwards took place between them the Irish and the English, in which he O'Farrell and many others were slain.


Teige Oge Mac Rannall was wounded by a cast of a javelin, and died of the wound; but who it was that made the shot was not to a certainty known. The Muintir-Birn charged the Clann-Murtough with it; and the Clann-Murtough, in turn, charged the Muintir-Birn; for these were the parties between whom the conflict was at the time. In consequence of this death, a war broke out between the Muintir-Eolais and the Muintir-Birn.


Cormac, the son of Tomaltagh O'Farrell, was slain.


Farrell, the son of Flaherty O'Rourke, was slain by Philip O'Rourke.


Tiernan, the son of Brian Mac Tiernan, died.


Melaghlin Roe O'Duigennan, a learned historian, and Mahon An Chinn of the head, the son of Donnell, son of Murtough O'Rourke, fell by each other.

Annal M1375


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1375. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred seventy-five.


Donough Kavanagh Mac Murrough, King of Leinster, was treacherously slain by the English, among whom he had often before spread desolation.


Mahon, the son of Manus O'Conor, died, after gaining the palm for hospitality and prowess.


The castle of Roscommon was given to Rory O'Conor; and Ballintober was given to Turlough Roe, in lieu of it, together with other considerations.


Mac Artan, Chieftain of Kinel-Faghartaigh, was treacherously slain by his own kinsman, the son of Gilla-Ternoinn Mac Artan.


A great victory was gained by Niall O'Neill over the English of Downpatrick, where Sir James, of Baile-atha-thid (or Alahid), the King of England's Deputy, Burke, of Camline, and many others not enumerated, were slain in the conflict.


Cu-uladh Mac Mahon, Tanist of Oriel, died in consequence of venesection.


Art, the son of Maguire, a man full of hospitality and munificence, died.


Dermot Mac Rannall made an excursion against Cormac O'Beirne, on which occasion Donogh, son of Conor an-Chopain, was slain on this occasion, with many other persons; and he seized upon great spoils.


Melaghlin O'Donnellan, Ollav of Sil-Murray in particular in poetry, and the most learned man in all Ireland in the same art, died of Fiolun.


Carbry and Owen, two sons of Mac Tiernan, marched against the English with all their forces; but one of their own people acted treacherously towards them, and betrayed them to the English for a bribe. The English surrounded them, after they had been betrayed to them, and beheaded on the spot the sons of Mac Teirnan, and twenty-five of the chiefs of their people.


Geoffrey, son of Gilla-na-Naev O'Farrell, worthy heir to the lordship of Annaly for hospitality and prowess, personal shape, and polite manners died after the victory of Extreme Unction and Penance.


Sir Edmond Albanagh Mac William Burke died, after the victory of Penance: Thomas, his son, assumed the lordship after him.



Oscar, the son of Art Maguire, was slain by the sons of Donough Maguire.


Donough, the son of Teige, son of Conor an-Chopain, was slain by the Muintir-Birn the O'Beirnes.


Thomas Mac Feorais Bermingham, Lord of Athenry, and John Mac Loughlin, Chief of his own tribe, died.


Cathal Oge, son of Cathal Oge, son of Cathal More, son of Donnell O'Conor, was slain by the Clann-Rickard. Loughlin, the son of Donough O'Dowda, was taken prisoner on this occasion.


Brian O'Brian, Lord of Thomond, was banished by Turlough, son of Murtough O'Brien, and by the Clann-Rickard.


A war broke out between Rory O'Conor, King of Connaught, and Melaghlin O'Kelly, Lord of Hy-Many, in which O'Conor subdued the Hy-Many.


Cathal, son of Manus Mac Dermot, died.

Annal M1376


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1376. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred seventy-six.


Teige O'Rourke, Lord of Breifny, a man full of hospitality and munificence, a man of fame and renown, the Bear of Breifny, and Lion of Leth-Chuinn, died. Tiernan, his son, assumed the lordship of Breifny after him.


Hugh O'Toole, Lord of Hy-Mail, was slain by the English.


Dalvagh, son of Melaghlin O'Byrne, the most eminent man in Leinster for hospitality and prowess, was wounded by his own spur, and died immediately afterwards.


Hugh, son of John O'Farrell, died. Like unto a fountain had his generosity and bounty flowed on the literati of Ireland universally, from his youth to that time i.e. the time of his death.



Bebinn, daughter of Donnell O'Dunne, and wife of O'Dempsy, died.


Robert O'Ferrall died, after penance.


Cuaifne O'Conor Faly, worthy heir to the lordship of Offaly, died.


Conor O'Beaghan, a learned Historian; Kellach Mac Curtin, chief Historian of Thomond; John O'Rooney, chief Poet to Magennis; Melaghlin O'Mulvany, Ollav to O'Kane; Donough Mac Firbis, a good Historian; and Ruarcan O'Hamill, chief Poet to O'Hanlon, died. This Ruarcan had kept a house of general hospitality, and had never refused to receive any one.


Cooey O'Kane, Lord of Orieacht-Ui-Chathain, was taken prisoner by the English in the port of Coleraine, and sent by them to Carrickfergus in fetters.


A general muster of the English of Meath, Ulster, and Leinster, proceeded into Annaly, and treacherous depredations were committed by them in the territory. O'Farrell, with all his forces, afterwards invaded, by turns, the English of Ulster, Leinster, &c., so that he burned their farm-houses and towns, and plundered their territories, and returned home in victory and triumph, and loaded with immense spoils.

Annal M1377


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1377. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred seventy-seven


O'Kelly, Bishop of Clonfert-Brendan; John O'Rodaghan, Coarb of St. Caillin, a general scholar; and Mac Morrissy, the Great Dean, died. It was at Rome that this dean died.


The monastery of Assaroe near Ballyshannon was burned.


Walter, son of Sir David Burke; Donnell, son of Farrell, son of the Manach O'Gallagher; Geoffrey O'Flanagan, Chief of Clann-Chathail; Donough, son of


William Alainn; O'Carroll, Lord of Ely; Dermot Bacagh Mac Branan, Chief of Corcachlann; Faghtna, son of David O'More; and Brian O'Flaherty, died.


An army was led by Richard Burke into Clann-Cuilein. The Clann-Cuilein assembled around Mac Namara (i.e. the son of O'Daly's daughter), gave battle to the Clann-Richard, and defeated them. Theobald, son of Ulick, head of the kerns, the three sons of O'Heyne, and many others of the chiefs of Clann-Rickard, were slain.


Rory O'Conor defeated Mac William Burke, and Melaghlin O'Kelly, Lord of Hy-Many, at Roscommon, where Richard Burke, the brother of Mac William, Donnell, the son of Cathal Oge O'Conor, Teige Oge, the son of Teige O'Kelly, O'Mainnin, Chief of Sodan, Mac Dowell Galloglagh, and many other persons not enumerated, were slain.


The castle of Lis-ard-abhla was erected by John O'Ferrall, Lord of Annaly.


A great war broke out between Mac Dermot and Rory O'Conor, in consequence of which all Moylurg was spoiled and burned, as well its fields of corn as its buildings. Numbers were killed on both sides. A peace was at last concluded between them; and Mac Dermot received considerations from


Rory O'Conor for acceding to the peace, and as compensation for the injuries he had suffered.


Mahon, the son of John Macnamara, died.


Richard II. became King of England on the 21st of June.


Godfrey, son of Annadh O'Reilly, was slain by the Clann-an-Chaoich O'Reilly.

Annal M1378


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1378. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred seventy-eight.


Carbry O'Farrell, Bishop of Ardagh, a bond for the preservation of piety, the fostering knee of wisdom, a vessel of divine love and of humanity, died at Rome, having overcome the world and the Devil.


More, the daughter of O'Farrell, and wife of Mac Rannall (Dermot), died, and was interred with honour in Cluain-Conmaicne.


Walter Mac William Burke was slain by the O'Malleys.


Farrell Mac Rannall was slain by Con, son of Murtough Mac Rannall.


Gilchreest O'Rourke, Lord of Breifny, died.


Turlough Mac Sweeny, High Constable of Connaught, died.


Teige, the son of Loughlin Mac Namara, was slain by the son of the daughter of O'Daly.


Donnell Mac Brady, Chief of Cuil-Brighdin, and of Teallach Cearbhaill, a general scholar; John O'Fialan, a good poet; and Duvcovla, the daughter of Mac Rannall, and wife of O'Mulvey, died.


An incursion was made by Mac Rannall, with his kinsmen and people, by


the two Clann-Hughs, and by Farrell O'Rourke, against Cathal Roe Mac Rannall. Cathal assembled at one place his kinsmen and sons-in-law, together with Dermot Mac Dermot, to meet them. They defeated Mac Rannall and Farrell Mac Rannall, a good, rich, and affluent man. Mac Shanly, Mac Gilduff, and many others not enumerated, were killed in that engagement.


Gilchreest O'Sgingin, Ollav of Kinel-Connell in History, died of fiolun.


Brian Maguire (heir to the lordship of Fermanagh), was slain by the sons of Art Maguire.


Farrell O'Mulvey, Chief of Muintir-Carolan, died.


Teige Mac Egan, Chief Brehon of Lower Connaught, a sage without contention or reproach, who kept a house of general hospitality for all comers, died.

Annal M1379


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1379. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred seventy-nine.


The Bishop of Meath, i.e. Faltach, died in England.


James O'Conolly, Prior of Devenish, and Flaherty O'Mongan, Erenagh of Rossory in Fermanagh, died.


Philip, son of Nichol, i.e. the Dalton, Lord of Westmeath, died.


Firbis Mac Firbis, a learned historian, died.


David O'Dunne, Chief of Hy-Regan, was slain by the son of Carroll 0'Dunne.


Richard Mac Cawell was slain by Philip Maguire and Donnell O'Neill.


The defeat of Dreach was given by O'Neill (Niall More) to Philip Maguire,


where Teige Maguire, the two sons of Mac Manus, Turlough, the son of Donough Maguire, Brian, the son of Magrath, and Murtough Mac Milchon, were slain.


Mac-an-Chaoich O'Reilly was slain by the son of Annadh O'Reilly.


Cumara Gearr i.e. the Mac Namara, was treacherously slain by his own kinsmen.


Cuconnaught, the son of Philip Maguire, materies of a lord of Fermanagh for his hospitality and nobleness, was slain by the Clann-Donnell of Clann-Kelly.


Maelmora Oge, the son of Maelmora Roe O'Conor Faly, was slain by the English.


Finola, the daughter of O'Kelly, and wife of William Burke, died.


Richard O'Dugan died. He was the intended Ollav of Hy-Many.


William, the son of Gilla-Caech Mac Carroll, the most eminent of the Irish in music, died.

Annal M1380


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1380. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred eighty.


The Abbot Mac Dermot Roe, i.e. Abbot of the Monastery of the Blessed Trinity on Lough-Key, and Donnell O'Lennan, Prior of Lisgool in Fermanagh, died.


John, the son of Conor, son of Hugh, son of Donnell Oge O'Donnell, Lord of Tirconnell and the adjacent territories, and Roydamna of all Ulster, and his son, Melaghlin Duv, were slain at the monastery of Assaroe by Turlough, the son of Niall O'Donnell, the sons of Cathal Oge O'Conor, and Muintir Duirnin the O'Durnins, in a nocturnal attack on his camp.


Mac William Burke defeated Mac William Uachtrach (Richard Oge) at


the town of Atha-leathann, where Mac Jordan de Exeter, Lord of Athleathan, and John de Exeter, were slain.


Teige, son of Murtough O'Brien, was slain by Brian Sreamach O'Brien.


Rory, the son of Cathal, son of Hugh Breifneach O'Conor, set out to attack the O'Rourkes, but was killed by Manus O'Rourke.


A very great defeat was given by Magennis (Art) to the English and the people of Orior. O'Hanlon, Chief of Orior, and great numbers of the English, were slain on this occasion.


Mortimer came to Ireland with great powers, as Lord Justice; whereupon the Irish nobility repaired to pay their court to him, and among others the Roydamna of Ireland, i.e. Niall O'Neill, O'Hanlon, O'Farrell, O'Reilly, O'Molloy, Mageoghegan, and the Sinnach Fox, with many other nobles.


Art Magennis, Lord of Iveagh, in Ulidia, was treacherously taken prisoner in the house of Mortimer. After this the Irish and many of the English stood very much in awe of him Mortimer; and, seeing themselves at his mercy, they resolved not to cultivate any familiarity with him.


Art, the son of Gerald Kavanagh, was slain by the English.


A great victory was gained by O'Donnell (Turlough) over Conor Oge, the son of John, son of Conor, son of Hugh, son of Donnell Oge, and over O'Doherty and the Mac Sweenys. Many of their chiefs were slain in the conflict; the two brothers of Mac Sweeny, John and Murrough, were taken prisoners; and they were deprived of considerable spoils, consisting of horses, arms, and armour.



Art, the son of Gerald, son of Thomas Finn (of the Mac Murroughs), was slain by Mac Murrough, King of Leinster.


An army was led by the Clann-Murtough and Philip O'Reilly into Breifny-O'Rourke, where they slew Thomas MacDorcy; but O'Rourke overtook them, and drove them forcibly from the territory, leaving behind some of their men and horses.


Kian, the son of Rory O'Carroll, worthy heir to the lordship of Ely, was slain by Hugh, the son of Murtough O'Molloy, with one cast of a javelin.


An army was led by Mortimer into Ulster, and many fortresses and towns were destroyed by him on that occasion, including both lay and ecclesiastical buildings, as Urnaidhe, Donaghmore, Errigal, Clogher, &c.


Cormac Oge Mac Carthy; Henry, son of Donnell O'Farrell; Hugh, son of Murtough Muimhneach Mageoghegan; and Donnell, son of David Mageoghegan, died.


Donnell, the son of Brian O'Dowda, Lord of Tireragh and Tirawley, who defended his territory despite of the English and Irish who were opposed to him, died in his own town on the third of May; and his son Rory assumed his place.


Annal M1381


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1381. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred eighty-one.


The Image of the Blessed Virgin Mary at Kilmore spoke after a wonderful manner.


William, the son of Donough Muimhneach O'Kelly, Lord of Hy-Many, a man of the greatest character, worth, and renown, of his own tribe; the man who had given a general invitation of hospitality to the schools of Ireland, and had given them all their own demands, died a very old man, after the victory of penance; and his son Melaghlin assumed his place.


Teige Roe Mac Dermot Gall, who had the chieftainship of Airteach, was slain by the Clann-Costello.


Dermot Mac Carthy, heir to the lordship of Desmond, was slain by O'Mahony.


Kennedy Mac Brien, of Hy-Cuanagh, was slain by the English.


The grandsons of Felim O'Conor were plundered by Rory O'Conor, and deprived of the castle of Ballintober.


Cathal, son of Rory O'Conor, was afterwards valiantly and triumphantly taken prisoner by Brian Ballagh O'Conor, at Bel-an-tachair, and many good men along with him, among whom were Brian O'Beirne and Loughlin O'Hanly, who were taken as they were returning from Conmaicne of Dunmore. Brian detained Cathal in prison, until he obtained his own terms from him for his ransom; and they then made peace.



The castle of Athlone was taken by the Earl (Mortimer), and the son of Richard an-t-Sonnaigh was killed in it.


The castle of Ath-leathan Ballylahan was broken down by the Clann-Donough; and its gate was carried by them to Ballymote.


O'Dunne was slain by the people of Fircall, as he was committing a depredation upon them.


Philip O'Kennedy, Lord of Ormond, and his wife, Aine, the daughter of Mac Namara, died.


An army was led by Niall O'Neill into Oriel, and there committed great depredations. The people of Oriel pursued him, and broke through the rear of O'Neill's army, and deprived them of some of the spoils. Donough, son of Manus Mac Mahon, was slain in that conflict.


Sir Edmond Mortimer, Lord of the English of Ireland, died.


Duvcovla, the daughter of Hugh Mac Dermot, and wife of Cathal Roe Mac Rannall; Lasarina, the daughter of Turlough O'Conor, and wife of Mac Rannall; Finola, the daughter of Cooey O'Kane, and wife of Turlough Mac Sweeny; Sabia, the daughter of Ulick Burke, and wife of O'Conor; Duvcovla, the daughter of O'Conor Faly, and wife of Donnell, the son of Theobald O'Molloy; and Lasarina, the daughter of Farrell O'Duigennan, and wife of O'Meehin of Ballagh, died.


Owen Sinnach Fox, Tanist of Muintir-Tadhgain, was slain by the Daltons.


Hugh, son of Murtough Muimhneach Mageoghegan, was slain in a skirmish by Meyler, the son of Theobald O'Molloy, with the stroke of a javelin.



O'Murchadha Murphy was slain by the Hy-Kinsellaghs.


Dungalagh O'Madden was slain in a skirmish by the Clann-Rickard.


Ranailt, daughter of Mag Brady, died.


Owen O'Quin, Chief of Muintir-Gillagan, died.


Donnell O'Murphy, Chief of Hy-Felimy, was slain by the Hy-Kinsellagh.


Philip, the son of Philip O'Kennedy, Lord of Ormond, and Aine, daughter of Mac Namara, his wife, both died.

Annal M1382


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1382. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred eighty-two.


Thomas O'Carmacan, Bishop of Thomond, and Matthew Mac Murray, Prior of Kilmore, died.



Dermot O'Donnell, son of Owen (who was the son of Inghean Ruadh), son of Hugh, son of Donnell Oge, heir to the lordship of Tirconnell, died. This Owen was surnamed Mac na h-Inghine Ruaidhe.


Laurence Tuite was slain by the sons of John O'Farrell, Cormac and Donnell.


Farrell Roe, son of Donough, son of Murtough More Mageoghegan, Chief of Kinel-Fiachach, was treacherously slain by the inhabitants of Fircall, at Cillmona, east of Rath-Aedha-mic-Bric. Farrell O'Molloy and the son of Theobald O'Molloy made the assault, and Meyler Maintin struck and slew him.


Some of the chiefs of Connaught were taken prisoners by Rory O'Conor, at a meeting of his own, namely, O'Hanly, O'Beirne, and Mac Keherny, because he had obtained intelligence that they were forming a friendship with the grandsons of Felim against him.


Rury, son of John O'Farrell, died.


The Clann-Maurice made an incursion into Corcomodha, and plundered the people. O'Concannon went in pursuit of the prey, but he was at once killed. Conor Oge Mac Dermot, with his kinsmen, afterwards set out on an excursion against the Clann-Maurice; but a forewarning of their intentions


having reached the Clann-Maurice, they had all their forces in readiness to meet them; but the others advanced as far as the town of Brees in despite of them, and burned it, both buildings and corn, and slew many persons around it; and Conor and his people afterwards returned, by dint of prowess, without any of them receiving injury.


A plundering army was led by Murrough O'Brien into Desmond, and totally devastated it.


Donnell, the son of Mahon Donn O'Kennedy, and Edmond Oge, the son of Edmond Butler, died.


Murtough, the son of Mahon Moinmoy O'Brien, died in the prison of Trim.


Donnell O'Brien; Turlough, the son of Dermot O'Brien; and Brian, the son of Dermot O'Brien, of the race of Brian Roe, died.


Gilla-Bhrighde O'Sgingin, intended ollav of Kinel-Connell, died.


Murtough Oge, the son of Mac Manus of Tir-Tuathail, died.