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Annals of the Four Masters (Author: [unknown])

Annal M1312


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1312. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred twelve.


William Mac Feorais Bermingham, Archbishop of Tuam, and Benedict O'Bragan, Bishop of Leyny Achonry, died.


Melaghlin Mac Aedha, Bishop of Elphin, was afterwards elected to the bishopric of Tuam.


Annal M1313


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1313. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred thirteen.


Teige, son of Andreas, son of Brian Luighneach O'Conor, and Cathal, son of Murrough Carragh O'Farrell, died.


Gilla-Isa Mac Dorcy was slain by Cathal Carragh Mac Dermot.

Annal M1314


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1314. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred fourteen.


Mathew Maguibne, Bishop of Breifny Kilmore, died.


Niall i.e. Niall Beg, the son of Melaghlin, son of Turlough of Cnoc-an-madhma O'Donnell, was slain by Hugh, the son of Hugh O'Donnell.


Matthew Mac Tiernan was slain by Cathal O'Rourke.


Roolbh Rodolph Mac Mahon was slain by his own kinsmen.


The O'Reillys were defeated at Drumlahan by Rory, the son of Cathal O'Conor.


Niall, son of Brian O'Neill, heir presumptive of Kinel-Owen, a prosperous and very wealthy man, died.


Manus, son of Donnell O'Hara, was slain by Manus, son of William O'Hara.

Annal M1315


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1315. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred fifteen.


A great fleet arrived in Ireland from Scotland, commanded by Edward, the King of Scotland's brother, and landed in Ulster. They committed great depredations on the Earl's people and the English of Meath. The Earl mustered a great army to oppose the Scots, and was joined by Felim, son of Hugh


O'Conor, and a great number of the Connacians. Rory, son of Cathal, mustered another great army in Connaught, and many castles were burned and broken down by him after Felim had left the country province.


Hugh (i.e. Hugh Ballagh), the son of Manus O'Conor, was slain by Cathal, son of Donnell O'Conor.


Manus, the son of Manus O'Conor, the most famous and illustrious of the princes of Connaught at this time, and Donnell, his brother, were on the next day also slain by the same Cathal.


The Red Earl and Edward Bruce, with their armies, came to a battle with each other, in which the Earl was defeated, and William Burke and the two sons of Mac Anveely were taken prisoners.


Mahon Mac Rannall, Chief of Muintir-Eolais, O'Mulvey, Chief of Muintir-Cearbhallain, and many of their people, were slain by Mulrony Mac Dermot, Lord of Moylurg. Conor Roe, son of Hugh Breifneach, who fought on Mac Dermot's side on that day, was also slain.


O'Donnell (Hugh, son of Donnell Oge) came with a great army to the castle of Sligo, took the town, and destroyed much around it.


Rory, son of Donnell O'Conor, was slain by a band of gallowglasses, at the instigation of Dervorgilla, daughter of Manus O'Conor, who gave them a reward for the deed.


Auliffe O'Farrell died.


Teige O'Higgin, a learned poet, died.


Annal M1316


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1316. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred sixteen.


A great army was mustered by Felim O'Conor, by Mac Feorais Birmingham, and the English of West Connaught. They marched to Tochar-mona-Coinneadha.


Rory, the son of Cathal O'Conor, king of Connaught, came against them with all his forces; and a battle was fought between them, in


which Rory was defeated, and he himself slain, together with Dermot Gall Mac Dermot, Lord of Moylurg, Cormac Mac Keherny, Chief of Ciarraighe, and many others of the chiefs of his gallowlasses, and of his own particular friends.


Felim again assumed the government of Connaught; he mustered another army, and marched against Ath-leathan; he burned the town, and slew Slevin de Exeter, Lord of the town, and also Goganagh De Cogan, the noblest baron in his time in Ireland, and many others of the English, and acquired much booty.


A very great army was mustered by Felim O'Conor and the chiefs of the province of Connaught. Among these chiefs were the following, viz.

  1. Donough O'Brien, with the chiefs of Munster;
  2. O'Melaghlin, King of Meath;
  3. Malgary O'Rourke, Lord of Breifny;
  4. O'Farrell, Lord of Annaly;
  5. Teige O'Kelly, Lord of Hy-Many;
  6. Manus, son of Donnell O'Conor, Tanist of Connaught;
  7. Art 0'Hara, Lord of Leyny;
  8. and Brian O'Dowda, Lord of Hy-Fiachrach.
They all marched to Athenry. The English of West Connaught mustered their forces, to oppose


them, namely, William Burke; the Baron Mac Feorais Bermingham, Lord of Athenry; and the greater part of the English of Leath Chuinn. A fierce and spirited engagement took place between them, in which the Irish were at last defeated. Felim O'Conor, from whom the Irish had expected more than from any other Gael then living, was slain. There were also slain
  1. Teige O'Kelly, Lord of Hy-Many, and
  2. twenty-eight gentlemen of the O'Kellys;
  3. Manus, son of Donnell O'Conor, Tanist of Connaught;
  4. Art O'Hara, Lord of Leyny;
  5. Melaghlin Carragh O'Dowda;
  6. Conor Oge O'Dowda;
  7. Murtough, son of Conor O'Dowda;
  8. Dermot Mac Dermot, heir apparent to Moylurg;
  9. Murtough, son of Taichleach Mac Dermot;
  10. Murtough, son of Dermot O'Farrell;
  11. Melaghlin Oge Mac Manus;
  12. John, son of Murrough O'Madden;
  13. Donnell, son of Hugh O'Concannon, Lord of Hy-Diarmada, and his brother Murtough;
  14. Murrough O'Madden;
  15. Donnell O'Boyle;
  16. Donough O'Molloy, and his people along with him;
  17. Murrough, the son of Murrough Mac Mahon, and one hundred of his people;
  18. Niall Sinnagh the Fox, Lord of the men of Teffia, and his people;
  19. Farrell, son of John Gallda O'Farrell;
  20. William, son of Hugh Oge O'Farrell;
  21. Thomas, son of Auliffe O'Farrell; and
  22. five of the Clann-Donough,
  1. Tomaltagh, son of Gilchreest;
  2. Murrough, son of Donough;
  3. Conor, son of Teige;
  4. Murtough, son of Donough; and
  5. Melaghlin, son of Donough.
In this battle were also slain
  1. John Mac Egan, O'Conor's Brehon;
  2. Gilla-na-naev, son of Dailredocair O'Devlin,


    O'Conor's standard-bearer; and
  3. Thomas O'Conallan.
In short, it is impossible to enumerate or tell all the chiefs of Connaught, Munster, and Meath, who fell in this battle. This terrible battle was fought on the festival day of St. Lawrence lOth of August. Felim O'Conor was twenty-three years of age at the time. Rory na-bhFeadh, the son of Donough, son of Owen, son of Rory O'Conor was then inaugurated king of Connaught.


A numerous army was led by William Burke into Sil-Murray; and O'Conor and the Sil-Murray, with many of the tribes and chiefs of Connaught, made peace with him. Mac Dermot, however, did not consent to make this peace; and Mac William for that reason afterwards made an incursion into Moylurg, committed great depredations about Ath-an-chip, and in Uachtar-tire, and burned and destroyed the whole country; but his men departed without fighting a battle, or obtaining pledges of submission. Rory, the son of Donough O'Conor, was afterwards deposed by Mac Dermot.


Dervorgilla, the daughter of Manus O'Conor, and wife of Hugh O'Donnell, died.

Annal M1317


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1317. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred seventeen.


Donough O'Brien, king of Munster, was slain.


Turlough, the son of Hugh, son of Owen, son of Rory, son of Hugh, son of Cathal Crovderg, was inaugurated by the Connacians as their king.


Robert Bruce came from Scotland to Ireland with a great army, to assist his brother, and expel the English from Ireland.


Meyler de Exeter, Lord of Athleathan Ballylahan, in the county of Mayo, was slain by Cathal, son of Donnell O'Conor; and Donnell, the son of Teige, son of Donnell-Erris O'Conor, was slain along with him, together with fourteen


of their people. It was on the brink of the Methenagh (i.e. a river) of Drumcliff, that these deeds were done.


The castle of Ath-cliath an Chorainn (i.e. of Ballymote) was demolished.


Melaghlin Carragh Mac Dermot, heir to the lordship of Moylurg; Conor O'Conor (i.e. the son of the coarb of St. Coman); Manus O'Flanagan, heir to the chieftainship of Clann-Cathail, and many others, were slain by Gilbert Mac Costello.


The son of Rory and the men of Breifny were defeated at Kilmore, where the son of Hugh Breifneach O'Conor was taken prisoner, and the two sons of Niall O'Rourke, Conor Boy Mac Tiernan, Chief of Teallach Dunchadha, Mahon Mac Tiernan, Gillaroe, son of the Erenagh Mac Tiernan, Nicholas Mac-an-Master, one hundred and forty of the gallowglasses of the people of the son of Rory, and others not enumerated, were slain.


Maelisa Roe Mac Egan, the most learned man in Ireland in law and judicature, died.


Randal Mac Rannall, Chief of Muntir-Eolais in the county of Leitrim, was treacherously taken prisoner, and Geoffrey Mac Rannall was made Chief in his place.

Annal M1318


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1318. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred eighteen.


A great victory was gained over the English in Ely, by O'Carroll; and Adam Mares and many other Englishmen were slain.



A great host was mustered by Mulrony Mac Dermot, Lord of Moylurg, with which he marched to Fassa-Coille, to attack Cathal, son of Donnell O'Conor. In this army came Turlough, son of Hugh, son of Owen O'Conor; Ualgarg O'Rourke, Lord of Breifny; Conor O'Kelly, Lord of Hy-Many; and Tomaltagh Mac Donough, Lord of Tirerrill. On the arrival of these chieftains at Fassa-Coille, Cathal offered them great presents; but these were not accepted from him, and they charged him in the very middle of his fortified camp. Cathal, however, was in nowise daunted or disheartened at this, but resisted them with fierceness and bravery; and a furious and desperate battle was fought between them, in which Brian, the son of Turlough O'Conor, heir presumptive to the government of Connaught, Conor O'Kelly, Brian Mac Manus, Cathal, son of Gilchreest Mac Dermot, and many others of the nobles and plebeians of the army, were slain by Cathal and his people.


Cathal, son of Donnell, afterwards marched against the O'Conor and Mac Dermot, and committed great depredations in Moylurg, and deposed Turlough, the son of Hugh, and assumed the sovereignty of Connaught himself; upon which Turlough went to seek refuge from William Burke and the English.


John, son of Donnell O'Neill, was slain by O'Donnell (Hugh, the son of Donnell Oge) at Derry-Columbkille, and Mac Donnell and many others were slain and drowned.



Edward Bruce, the destroyer of the people of Ireland in general, both English and Irish, was slain by the English, through dint of battle and bravery, at Dundalk, where also Mac Rory, Lord of the lnse-Gall the Hebrides, Mac Donnell, Lord of Argyle, and many others of the chiefs of Scotland, were slain. And no achievement had been performed in Ireland for a long time before, from which greater benefit had accrued to the country than from this; for, during the three and a half years that this Edward spent in it, a universal famine prevailed to such a degree, that men were wont to devour one another.


John O'Farrell was slain by his son with one shot from an arrow.


Geoffrey, son of Gilla-na-naev O'Farrell, Lord of Annaly, died.


Cathal, son of Gilchreest Mag-Rannall, was slain.


Gilla an-Choimhdhe, son of Kenny O'Gormly, and Gormlaith, daughter of Mac Branan, his wife, died.

Annal M1319


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1319. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred nineteen.


Henry Mac-an-Chrosain, Bishop of Raphoe, died; and Thomas, son of Cormac O'Donnell, Abbot of Assaroe, was then elected to the bishopric of Raphoe.



The Bishop of Derry, O'Banan, Bishop of Clogher, and the Bishop of Clonfert, died.


Aine, daughter of Mac Dermot, and wife of Mac Consnava, died.


Eachmarcach Mac Branan, Chief of Corcachlann, slew Tomaltagh O'Mulrenin; but he himself did not escape scathless, for, on the third day afterwards, he died of the wounds which Tomaltagh had inflicted upon him.


Donnell O'Neill, Lord of Tyrone, was expelled from his lordship through the power of the English and the Clann-Hugh-Boy, and went to Fermanagh under the protection of Flaherty Maguire ; but the inhabitants of Fermanagh plundered his people.


O'Neill, i.e. Donnell, assumed his own lordship again.


Brian, son of Donnell O'Neill, Tanist of Tyrone, was slain by the Clann-Hugh-Boy and Henry Mac Davill at Rath-lury.

Annal M1320


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1320 The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred twenty.


The monastery of Bantry, in O'Sullivan's country, in the bishopric of Ross, was founded by O'Sullivan for Franciscan Friars. In this monastery O'Sullivan and many other nobles chose burial places for themselves.


A meeting and conference took place between Cathal O'Conor and Mulrony Mac Dermot: a kindly and amicable peace was concluded between them,


and Mac Dermot then returned to his own country. Cathal, however, afterwards violated the conditions of this peace, for he made a prisoner of Mac Dermot at Mullagh Doramhnach, and also of his wife, the daughter of Mac Manus, at Port-na-Cairrge. Maelisa Don Mac Egan and his son, and Tomaltagh Mac Donough, Lord of Tirerrill, were also made prisoners, and the country was entirely plundered.


Hugh, son of Teige O'Conor, a good materies of a king of Connaught, by reason of his personal shape, nobility, and hospitality, was slain by Mac Martin, who was himself slain in revenge of it.


Mahon, son of Donnell Connaghtagh O'Brien, Tanist of Munster, was slain by the Clann-Cuilein.


More, daughter of O'Boyle, and wife of O'Farrell, died.


Mac Martin was slain in his own house by Hugh, the son of Teige O'Conor; but the Clann-Martin and the Clann-Hugh-Boy pursued Hugh to Clogher, where they killed him.

Annal M1321


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1321. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred twenty-one.


Grainne, daughter of Mac Manus, and wife of Mulrony Mac Dermot, died.


Rory of the Faes, the son of Donough, son of Owen O'Conor, was treacherously slain by Cathal, the son of Hugh, son of Owen.


The Rock of Lough Key was destroyed by Cathal, son of Donnell O'Conor.


Manus O'Hanlon, Lord of Orior, was blinded on Spy-Wednesday by his own kinsman, Niall, son of Cu-Uladh O'Hanlon.


Niall O'Hanlon, Lord of Orior, was treacherously slain by the English of Dundalk.



A great defeat was given by Andrew Mac Feorais Bermingham and the English of Meath to the sons of the Chieftains of Offaly.


William and Matthew Mac Gillafinnen were slain by Henry Mac Gillafinnen, at a meeting of his own tribe.