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Annals of the Four Masters (Author: [unknown])

Annal M1302


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1302. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred two.


Stephen O'Bragan, Archbishop of Cashel died.


Miles, Bishop of Limerick, grandson of the Leinster Earl, and the Bishop of Cork, died. The latter had been a monk before he was consecrated Bishop.



Donnell Roe Mac Carthy, Lord of Desmond; Donn Carragh Maguire, the first lord of the Sil-Uidhir in Fermanagh; and Rory, the son of Donnell O'Hara, heir-presumptive to the lordship of Leyny, died.


A great depredation was committed by Hugh, son of Cathal, in Magh g-Ceidne, upon Teige, son of Brian, and Sitric, son of Cairneach Mac Clancy.

Annal M1303


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1303. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred three.


Melaghlin Mac Brian, Bishop of Elphin, died; and Donough O'Flanagan took the bishopric after him.


Turlough, the son of Donnell Oge O'Donnell, usually called Turlough of Cnoc-an-Madhma, Lord of Tirconnell, a warlike tower of protection in battle, and the Cuchullin of the Clann-Daly in valour, was slain by his brother, Hugh, son of Donnell Oge, after a long war, during which much of their country was spoiled between them in every direction; and great numbers of the Kinel-Owen, of the chiefs of the English of the North, and of the Kinel-Connell themselves, were slaughtered along with him. Among these were Murtough Mac Clancy, Chief of Dartry; Donn O'Kane, Lord of Firnacreeva and Kienaghta; Donough Mac Menman, and Hugh Mac Menman; two grandsons of the Ferleighin Lector O'Donnell; Niall, son of Niall O'Boyle, heir presumptive to the Three Tuathas; Mac Hugossa, his son, and brother; Adam Sandal; and many others, as well English as Irish. After this, Hugh, son of Donnell Oge, enjoyed the lordship of Tirconnell in happiness and prosperity as long as he lived.



Donnell Oge Mac Carthy, Lord of Desmond, died.


Dermot O'Flanagan, Chief of Tuathratha, his two sons, and many others along with them, were slain at Bun Duibhe, by some of the household of Donnell, son of Teige O'Conor, who had pursued them, to deprive them of a prey which they were carrying off from Magh-g-Cedne.


Manus Magauran, Chief of Teallach Eachdhach Tullyhaw, in the county of Cavan, and Niall Mac Gillafinnen, cried.


Garrett Fitzgerald died.


A great depreciation was committed by the Clann-Murtough O'Conor in Muintir-Kenny, on which occasion Murtough. Mac Consnava, Chief of Muintir-Kenny, was slain.


A great army was led by the King of England into Scotland; and the Red Earl and many of the Irish and English went with a large fleet from Ireland to his assistance. On this occasion they took many cities, and gained sway over Scotland. Theobald Burke, the Earl's brother, died after his return from this expedition, on Christmas night, at Carrickfergus.


Annal M1304


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1304. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred-four.


Conor, son of Hugh O'Conor, was slain by Hubert O'Flaherty, after he had acted treacherously towards Donough O'Flaherty. Hubert was killed in retaliation immediately after this.


The Countess, wife of Richard Burke, Earl of Ulster, i.e. the Red Earl, and Walter de Burgo, heir of the same Earl, died.

Annal M1305


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1305. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred-five.


O'Conor Faly (Murtough), Maelmora, his kinsman, and Calvagh O'Conor, with twenty-nine of the chiefs of his people, were slain by Sir Pierce Mac Feorais Bermingham in Mac Feorais's own castle, by means of treachery and deceit.


The new castle of Inishowen was erected by the Red Earl.


A victory was gained by Hugh, son of Cathal O'Conor, and the Clann-Murtough, over the O'Reillys, in a contest in which Philip O'Reilly, the heir of Clann-Sweeny, and Mac Buirche, head of the Gallowglasses, together with one hundred and forty others, were slain.



Matthew Oge O'Reilly was slain by the inhabitants of Teallach-Dunchadha.


Turlough, son of Niall Roe O'Brien, died.


Hugh Oge O'Farrell died.

Annal M1306


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1306. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred six.


Donough O'Flaherty, Bishop of Killala, the most eminent of the Irish for piety, died at Dunbuinne, on his way to Dublin, and was interred with honour at Mullingar, in the house of the Blessed Virgin Mary.


Petrus O'Tuathalain, Vicar of Killaspugbrone, and Professor Thomas O'Naan, Archdeacon of Raphoe, and bishop-elect of the same church, died.


Turlough O'Brien, Lord of Thomond, a man the most illustrious, most pious, most humanely charitable, most prosperous, and most expert at arms, that was in Ireland in his time, died; and his son Donough was elected in his place.


Donnell Tuirtreach O'Neill was slain through mistake by the household of O'Neill.


Farrell Mac Rannall, Chief of Muintir-Eolais in the county of Leitrim , was slain by his brothers and a party of his own people.


A great war broke out between Hugh, son of Owen O'Conor, King of Connaught, assisted by the chiefs of the Sil-Murray and Hugh, son of Cathal O'Conor, joined by some of the sons of the chieftains of Connaught, and the chieftains and tribes of Breifny. They the two armies were for the space of four months encamped at both sides of the Shannon. Some of Hugh's people encamped in the Tuathas, where they committed great depredations. Flann,


son of Fiachra O'Flynn, heir presumptive of Sil-Maelruain, and Brian, son of Donough Reagh O'Conor, together with many others, were slain by the O'Hanlys, who were in pursuit of them for their prey. The most distinguished of those who made this incursion were Rory, son of Cathal O'Conor; Donough, son of Conor of the Cup, the son of Farrell Mac Dermot, heir presumptive to the lordship of Moylurg, by reason of his prosperity and hospitality up to that day. Howbeit, these chieftains marched on with their spoil, and as many of their people as had survived, until they arrived at O'Conor's fortress. They then burned the palace of the King of Connaught. Hugh, the son of Owen, overtook them after they had burned the royal residence, and immediately deprived them of the prey, killed Donough, son of Conor of the Cup, and some of his people around him.


A great depredation was committed by the Clann-Murtough O'Conor in the territory of Carbury. David O'Caomhain, Chief of that tract of country extending from Tuaim-da-Bhodar to Gleóir, a rich and affluent brughaidh farmer, Donough Mac Buidheachain, and many others, were slain on this predatory incursion.


O'Flanagan was slain by Brian Carragh O'Hara.

Annal M1307


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1307. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred seven.


Laurence O'Laghtnan (i.e. a Grey Friar), Bishop of Kilmacduagh, and Donough O'Flanagan, Bishop of Elphin, died.



Donnell, son of Teige, son of Brian, son of Andreas, son of Brian Luighneach, who was son of Turlough More O'Conor, Tanist of Connaught, a man of great prowess and hospitality, who was universally esteemed, was slain by Hugh Breifneach, the son of Cathal Roe O'Conor.


Teige, the son of Melaghlin, son of Donough, son of Donnell, son of Manus, son of Turlough O'Conor, a man distinguished for his hospitality, was slain by Cathal, the son of Donnell, son of Teige O'Conor.


The greater number of the English of Roscommon were slain by Donough Muimhneach O'Kelly, Lord of Hy-Many, at Ath-easgrach-Cuan, where Philip Muinder, John Muinder, and Main Drew, with many others whose names are not mentioned, were killed. Dermot Gall Mac Dermot, Cormac Mac Kaherny, and the sheriff of Roscommon, were taken prisoners; but they were afterwards set at liberty, and they made peace recte restitution for the burning of the town by Edmund Butler. Donough O'Kelly, after he had performed these exploits, died; and his was not the death of one who had lived a life of cowardice, but the death of a man who had displayed prowess and bravery, and bestowed jewels and riches.


Alvy, daughter of Teige O'Conor, died.


Melaghlin O'Gormly, Chief of Kinel-Moen, and Manus Mageraghty, died.



Conor, son of Fiachra O'Flynn, the most hospitable and valiant youth of his tribe, died.


Edward II. was made king of England on the 7th of July.

Annal M1308


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1308. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred eight.


Lightning fell upon the monastery of the friars of Roscommon, and destroyed it.


A great depredation was committed by Mulrony Mac Dermot upon the sons of Donnell O'Conor, in the territory of Carbury; and another depredation was committed upon them by the Clann-Murtough, who had concluded a peace with them, and given them hostages, but afterwards acted treacherously towards them. The sons of Donnell O'Conor after this proceeded to Slieve-da-én, taking nothing with them but their steeds, horses, and accoutrements. As soon as the English of Tireragh and Leyny had heard of this, they assembled, and pursued them to the summit of Slieve-da-én. Here the sons of Donnell turned on them, and a battle ensued, in which the English were routed and pursued as far as Leac-Easa-dara. Thomas Mac Walter, Constable of Bunfinne, his brother, and many others, were slain.



A retaliatory depredation was committed by Hugh, the son of Cathal O'Conor, upon his brother Rory, son of Cathal, on which occasion Manus Mac Manus O'Conor, and others, were killed.

Annal M1309


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1309. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred nine.


Hugh, the son of Owen, son of Rory, son of Hugh, son of Cathal Crovderg, King of Connaught, and worthy heir to the monarchy of Ireland, the most hospitable and expert at arms of all the Irish born in his time, was slain by Hugh Breifneach, the son of Cathal O'Conor, at Coill-an-clochain, together with many of the chiefs of his people about him. Among these were Conor Mac Dermot; Dermot Roe, son of Teige O'Conor; Dermot, son of Cathal Carragh


Mac Dermot; Hugh, son of Murtough, son of Teige, son of Mulrony; and Dermot O'Healy, a princely brughaidh, the best of his time. On the other side fell Gilla-na-naev Mac Egan, Chief Brehon of Connaught, and the most illustrious of the Brehons of his time; Faghartach O'Devlin, and others not mentioned. The Sil-Murray then conferred the lordship upon Rory,the son of Cathal O'Conor. Rory O'Conor and O'Flynn afterwards led a troop of cavalry to the Plain, and slew Mac Feorais Bermingham.


A conference was held by William Burke (i.e. as many of them as were on his side) with Rory, son of Cathal, at Ath-Slisean. They violated, however, the rules of a conference, and a battle was fought between them, in which Rory was defeated, and some of his people were slain. William Burke went to the abbey of Boyle, and the Clann-Murtough went to Tirerrill, where they destroyed much corn, and made many conflagrations. Mac William then proceeded northwards, across the Curlieu Mountains, and drove Rory, the son of Cathal, from his fortress. On this occasion Donough O'Finnaghty and many others were slain by the van of Mac William's army.


A depredation was committed by Mac William in Clan-Fearmaighe, and another at Binn-Gulban.


Conor, the son of Brian Roe O'Brien, was slain.


Annal M1310


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1310. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred ten.


Conor O'Brien, the best roydamna of his time, was treacherously slain by the black English.


Great retaliatory depredations were committed by Hugh Breifneach and the Clann-Murtough upon Mulrony Mac Dermot. Donough Mac Donough was plundered by them, and many of the chiefs of his people were taken prisoners; others were killed and burned by them, and his Mac Donough's wife, the daughter of O'Flanagan, was killed.


Farrell Mac Dorcy died.


Finola, daughter of Manus O'Conor, and Una, daughter of Hugh, the son of Felim, died.


An army was led by Geoffrey O'Farrell to Dun-Uabhair, where Donnell, son of Hugh Oge O'Farrell, Hugh, son of Maelisa, and Godfrey, son of Murtough, were slain.


The castle of Bunfinne, including both its houses and corn stacks, was burned and plundered by Rory, son of Cathal, Hugh, son of Manus, and the people of Hugh Breifneach.


Hugh Breifneach O'Conor, the worthy heir to the kingdom of Connaught,


was, by treachery and deceit, slain by Mac Quillin (i.e. Johnock), who was on bonaght with him. It was for a bribe that Mac Quillin did this.


Twenty tuns of wine were washed ashore in Magh-Cedne.


The castle of Sligo was erected by the Red Earl.


Felim, the son of Hugh, son of Owen O'Conor, assumed the place of his father.


Cormac O'Flanagan, Chief of Tuathratha, was slain by Henry Mac Gillafinnen, Chief of Muintir Feódacháin.


Magrath Maguire, Tanist of Fermanagh, and Donn Mac Gilla-Michil, Chief of Clann-Conghaile, were burned by Roolv Mac Mahon.


Annal M1311


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1311. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred eleven.


Donnell O'Rourke, Lord of Breifny, died.


A great depredation was committed in Connaught by the Clann-Murtough O'Conor, on which occasion Gilchreest, son of Maurice, who was son of Donough Mac Dermot; Hugh, son of Cormac, son of Donough, son of Tomaltagh Mac Dermot; William Mac Giolla-Arraith; and many others besides, were slain by them.


A great army was led by William Burke into Munster, against Clarus De Clare, and a battle was fought, in which Clarus was defeated. William Burke pursued the routed enemy with great bravery, until the people of Clarus closed around him, and took him prisoner. He was, however, victorious in the battle.


Teige O'Hanly was slain by Jordan de Exeter.


A great war broke out in Thomond. Donough Mac Namara and his adherents (i.e. the inhabitants of the cantred of Hy-Caisin) gave battle to O'Brien and the men of Munster; but Mac Namara was defeated, and he himself and Donnell O'Grady, Lord of Kinel-Dungaile, were slain on the battle field; and both armies suffered immense slaughter.


Donough O'Brien, King of Munster, and a materies for a monarch of Ireland for his hospitality and achievements, was treacherously slain by Murrough, son of Mahon O'Brien; and Murtough was elected in his place.


Loughlin Reagh O'Dea was slain by Mahon, the son of Donnell Connaghtagh O'Brien.



Johnock Mac Quillin slew Gruidelach at Ballytoberbride, where he himself was immediately after killed, in revenge of it; and it was with the same short axe with which he had killed Hugh Breifneach O'Conor that he was killed himself.


A depredation was committed by Felim O'Conor, King of Connaught, upon the Clann Murtough, on the border of Magh Cedne, where Melaghlin, son of Conor, popularly called Ceann an Medhil, and many others, were slain.


Dermot Cleireach O'Brien died.


Donnell O'Beirne, Chief of Tir Briuin, and Gilla Isa O'Daly, an ollav in poetry, died.