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Annals of the Four Masters (Author: [unknown])

Annal M1292


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1292. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred ninety-two.


Aindiles O'Doherty, Chief of Ardmire, a man of universal hospitality, and Donough, son of Owen O'Conor, died.


Sorley O'Gormly was slain by O'Neill.


Niall Gealbhuidhe O'Conor was slain by Teige, son of Andreas O'Conor, and Tuathal, son of Murtough.


Mac Coghlan, Lord of Delvin More, was slain, by order of the Earl, by Sifin Mac Feorais Birmingham.


Congalagh O'Kelly, Lord of Bregia, died.



An army was led by the Red Earl against Manus O'Conor; and he arrived at Roscommon, but departed without obtaining hostages or acquiring any power by this expedition. Manus, however, followed the Earl to Meelick, and gave him his full demands.

Annal M1293


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1293. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred ninety-three.


Florence O'Carolan, Bishop of Derry, died.


It was revealed to Nicholas Mac Maelisa (Coarb of St. Patrick) that the relics


of Patrick, Columbkille, and Bridget were at Sabhall; they were taken up by him, and great virtues and miracles were afterwards wrought by means of them, and, after having been honourably covered, they were deposited in a shrine.


Murrough O'Melaghlin, King of Meath, died.


Manus O'Conor, King of Connaught, a warlike and valiant man, the most victorious, puissant, and hospitable of the Irish of his time, died, having been ill a quarter of a year; and Hugh, son of Owen, was inaugurated his successor, through the influence of the Lord Justice but on the tenth day after his election he was taken prisoner by Fitzgerald, and some of his people were slain, and others plundered.


Cathal O'Conor was slain by Rory, son of Donough Reagh.


Cathal Roe O'Conor, having made a prisoner of Hugh, son of Owen, assumed the kingdom of Connaught, but was killed a quarter of a year afterwards by Rory, son of Donough Reagh O'Conor. Hugh, son of Owen, afterwards received his liberty, and, aided by the power of the Lord Justice and the people of the king of England took possession of the kingdom of Connaught; but on the tenth day after his election, he was taken prisoner by Fitzgerald, when great spoils were taken from him, and fifty of his people slain.


Farrell O'Reilly, Lord of Muintir-Maelmora, died.


More, daughter of Felim O'Conor, died.



Murtough O'Flanagan, Lord, or Chieftain of Clann-Cathail, died.


Tuathal, son of Murtough O'Conor, was slain by the O'Haras.


The castle of Sligo was given to John Fitz-Thomas, and John himself went to England.

Annal M1294


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1294. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred ninety-four.


Great depredations were committed by Hugh, son of Owen (O'Conor), upon the Clann-Murtough.


Murtough, the son of Manus O'Conor, the best materies of a provincial king of all his tribe, was slain by Teige (i.e. Teige O'Conor) and Donnell, the son of Teige.


Melaghlin O'Flanagan, Chief of Clann-Cathail, was slain by Cathal, son of Teige Mac Dermot, in the street of Sligo. Cathal, son of Teige Mac Dermot, Lord of Moylurg, died shortly afterwards; and Mulrony, the son of Gilchreest Mac Dermot, assumed his place.


Donogh Mac Consnava, Chief of Muintir-Kenny; Duarcan Mac-Tiernan, Lord, or Chieftain, of Teallach Dunchadha; and Dervilia, daughter of Teige, the son of Cathal Mac Dermot, died.


The castle of Sligo was razed by Hugh, son of Owen O'Conor.


Richard Burke, i.e. the Red Earl, was taken prisoner by Fitzgerald, in consequence of which all Ireland was thrown into a state of disturbance.



A great depredation was treacherously committed upon the Connacians by Fitzgerald and Mac Feorais Birmingham. Hugh, son of Owen, was attempted to be deposed by them. The country was desolated ; yet, though they thus disturbed the province, they acquired no power over it.


David Mac Giolla-Arraith was slain by the sons of Donnell Duv O'Hara.


Donnell O'Hara, Lord of Leyny, died.


The Earl was taken prisoner by Fitzgerald, in consequence of which capture Ireland was thrown into a state of disturbance.


Dermot O'Caomhain died.

Annal M1295


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1295. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred ninety-five.


The Red Earl was let out of prison by Fitzgerald, through the power of the King of England; and good hostages of his own tribe were received in his stead.


Brian, the son of Hugh Boy O'Neill, Lord of Kinel-Owen, was slain by Donnell, the son of Brian O'Neill, and a great slaughter made of the English and Irish who were along with him.


Hostilities broke out in Tirconnell between Hugh, son of Donnell Oge, and Turlough, his brother, concerning the lordship, so that a great part of the country was destroyed between them, both lay and ecclesiastical property. Turlough was afterwards deposed, and banished from Tirconnell to the Kinel-Owen and the Clann-Donnell.


Donnell O'Kelly, Lord of Hy-Many, one of the most judicious men in counsel of his time, died in the habit of a monk, and was interred in the monastery of Knockmoy.


Mac Branan (i.e. Con), Chief of Corcachlann, died; and Tomaltagh Mac Branan, who was elected his successor, was slain by the Muintir-Conallan, in revenge of their father, who had been killed by him some time before.



The castle of Baile-nui and the castle of Magh-Breacruighe were razed to the ground by Jeffrey O'Ferrall; and the castle of Magh-Dumha was also demolished by him.

Annal M1296


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1296. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred ninety-six


Gilla-Isa Mac-an-Liathanaigh, Bishop of Elphin, and Maelpeter O'Duigennan, Archdeacon of Breifny, from Drumcliff to Kells, died.


Hugh, the son of Owen O'Conor, was deposed by his own tribe, and the Clann-Murtough were brought in his place. The chieftainship was conferred by them on Conor Roe, the son of Cathal, and their hostages were given up to him. In consequence of this dethronement, all the country, as well ecclesiastical as lay property, was spoiled. A great force was mustered to aid Hugh O'Conor, consisting of the English and Irish, among whom were William Burke and Theobald Burke; these he brought into the country, and for four days and four nights they continued destroying it and plundering it of its corn and cattle. The chieftains of the country then came to him Hugh O Conor, and he led them to the Earl, in order to conclude a peace with them. As to the Clann-Murtough, they burned and destroyed the whole territory of Carbury, and attacked its churches; but God, the Virgin Mary, and Columbkille, whose churches they had profaned, took revenge of them for this shortly afterwards.


As for the aforementioned chieftains, after they had promised submission to Hugh, they returned to their respective homes; but they did not remain long


at peace with him, for they soon afterwards again sided with the Clann-Murtough. Hugh, the son of Owen, then came into the Tuathas, bringing O'Farrell and Mac Rannall, with their troops, along with him, and sent messengers to Mac Dermot and O'Flanagan, upon which these turned out against the Clann-Murtough, in opposition to the other tribes, and sided with Hugh. When Conor Roe had heard of this, he made an attack upon Mac Dermot, and, in conjunction with his kinsmen, committed a depredation upon him. Mac Dermot went in pursuit of the prey; and a battle was fought between them, in which Conor Roe was slain, and Loughlin, his son, and Manus, son of Tomaltagh, were taken prisoners, after the loss of many on both sides. Mac Dermot brought the prisoners to Hugh. On the same day Hugh (i.e. the O'Conor), O'Farrell, Mac Dermot, Mac Rannall, and the abovementioned tribes, committed a retaliatory depredation on the people followers of the Clann-Murtough. Loughlin, the son of Conor, was afterwards blinded, in consequence of which he died.


An army was led by the king of England into Scotland, and he acquired great power in that country. The chiefs of the English of Ireland, i.e. Richard Burke, Earl of Ulster, Gerald Fitzgerald, and John Fitzthomas, were on this expedition. They commenced ravaging Scotland, both territories and churches. A monastery of friars in that country was plundered by them, and they prostrated it to the ground, so that they left not one stone of it above another on its site, and this after they had killed many of its ecclesiastics, besides women and persons not able to bear arms.

Annal M1297


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1297. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred ninety-seven.


Melaghlin Mac Brian, Abbot of Boyle, was elected to the bishopric of Elphin; and Marian O'Donnaver, a friar of the order of St. Dominic, who had been elected to the same see before Melaghlin, repaired both to Rome, where Melaghlin died.



Henry Mageraghty, Bishop of Conor, died, and was interred in the monastery of Drogheda. He was a monk.


William O'Duffy, Bishop of Clonfert, fell from his horse, and died in consequence.


Conor, the son of Taichleach Mac Dermot, Lord of Moylurg and Airteach, the best man of his time for combat and contest, valour and prowess, incursion and wealth, protection and refuge, veracity and governing authority, died, and was interred in the monastery of Boyle.


Manus O'Hanly, Chief of Kinel-Dofa, died.


Cu-Uladh O'Hanlon, Lord of Orior, Aengus Mac Mahon, and many others of the chiefs of his people, were slain by the English of Dundalk, on their return home from the Earl of Ulster.


Annal M1298


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1298. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred ninety-eight.


Thomas O'Heraghty, Abbot of Assaroe, died.


Sabia, daughter of Hugh Boy O'Neill, and wife of Teige, son of Andreas O'Conor, died.


Brian Breaghach the Bregian Magauran, Chief of Teallach-Eachdhacih Tullyhaw, was slain by Hugh Breitneach O'Conor, and the Clann-Murtough.


Donough, the son of Donnell O'Hara, a chieftain's son, of best hospitality and hand in defence of his country, was slain by his own kinsman, Brian Carragh O'Hara.


Thomas Fitzmaurice, a Baron of the Geraldines, usually called the Crooked Heir, died.

Annal M1299


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1299. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred ninety-nine.


Nicholas Mac Maelisa, Archbishop of Armagh, the most godly and devout ecclesiastic of his time in Ireland, died.


Farrell O'Firghil, Bishop of Raphoe, died. He was the most celebrated man of his time for charity, humanity, piety, and benevolent actions.


Alexander Mac Donnell, the best man of his tribe in Ireland and Scotland for hospitality and prowess, was slain by Alexander Mac Dowell, together with a countless number of his people who were slaughtered.


Annal M1300


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1300. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred.


Congalagh O'Loughlin, Bishop of Corcomroe, a man of learning, hospitality, and piety, died.


Felim Mac Carthy, heir-apparent to the lordship of Desmond, died.


The castle of Ath-Cliath-an-Chorainn (i.e.of Ballymote) was commenced by the Earl.


John Prendergast was slain by the son of Fiachra O'Flynn.


Theobald Butler, an illustrious baron, died.


Adam Staunton, another great baron, died.


Seoinin Oge Mac Maurice was slain by Conor O'Flynn, with many others along with him.

Annal M1301


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1301. The Age of Christ, one thousand three hundred one.


Finola, daughter of Felim O'Conor, Abbess of Cill-Craebhnatt, died.


Carbry, son of Cormac O'Melaghlin, was slain at the instigation of the son of Art O'Melaghlin, his kinsman.



William Mac Clancy, Chief of Dartry, was slain by Ualgarg the son of Donnell, son of Art O'Rourke.


A great depredation was committed by Hugh, the son of Cathal O'Conor, and the Clann Murtough, upon Teige, the son of Andreas, in Magh g-Cedne.


An army was led by the King of England into Scotland. Fitzgerald, Mac Feorais Bermingham, and all the other noble barons of Ireland, except the Earl of Ulster, accompanied him on this expedition. They remained in Scotland from a fortnight before Lammas until Allhallowtide, but were not able to effect the total conquest of the country.