Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition
Annals of the Four Masters (Author: [unknown])

Annal M1262


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1262. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred sixty-two.


Maelpatrick O'Scannail, Archbishop of Armagh, said Mass in a pallium (in the Octave of John the Baptist), at Armagh.


Melaghlin, son of Teige O'Conor, Bishop of Elphin, died.


A very great army was led by the English of Ireland against Felim, son of Cathal Crovderg O'Conor, and his son Hugh na ngall; upon which O'Conor sent off the greater number of the cows of Connaught into Tirconnell, away from the English, and remained himself on Inis Saimer to protect his cows and people. Mac William Burke marched across Tochar Mona Coinneadha from the west, with a great army, as far as Elphin; and the


Lord Justice of Ireland and John de Verdun came across the bridge of Athlone to Roscommon. They sent out marauding parties into Kinel-Dofa-mic-Aengusa, who plundered all that remained after O'Conor in Connaught; and they marked out a place for a castle at Roscommon. As to Hugh O'Conor, he assembled his troops, and marched into the West of Connaught, and plundered the country from Mayo of the Saxons, and from Balla, westwards; and he also burned their towns and corn as far as Sliabh Lugha, and slew many persons between them these places. He sent his chiefs and young nobles into Upper i.e. South Connaught, who burned and plundered the country from Tuam da ghualann to Athlone, and killed all they met who were fit to bear arms. The English afterwards dispatched messengers to O'Conor and his son, to offer them peace; and Hugh came to a conference with them at the ford of Doire-Chuirc, where they made peace with each other, without giving hostages or pledges on either side. After they had concluded this peace, Hugh O'Conor and Mac William Burke slept together in the one bed, cheerfully and happily; and the English left the country on the next day, after bidding farewell to O'Conor.


Hugh Boy O'Neill was again elected, and Niall Culanagh deposed.


A great depredation was committed by the English of Meath on Gilla-na-naev O'Farrell, Lord of Annaly; and his own tribe forsook him, and went over to the English. He was deposed by them, and his lordship was bestowed on the son of Murrough Carragh O'Farrell. After this many evils, depredations, aggressions, spoliations, and slaughters, were committed by Gilla-na-naev on the English; and he asserted, by main force, the lordship of Annaly, and banished the son of Murrough Carragh from the country.


Donslevy Mac Cawell, Chief of Kinel-Farry, was slain by Hugh Boy O'Neill.


An army was led by Mac William Burke and the English of Ireland into


Desmond, against Mac Carthy, and arrived at Mangartagh, of Lough Leane. Here Gerald Roche, who was said to be the third best knight of his time in Ireland, was slain by Mac Carthy. This was a triumph without joy to Desmond, for Cormac, son of Donnell God the Stammering Mac Carthy, was slain in this battle. Indeed, both the English and the Irish suffered great losses about the Mangartagh mountain on that day.


Donnell O'Monahan was slain by the sons of Rory and of Teige O'Conor.


An army was led by O'Donnell (Donnell Oge), first into Fermanagh, and thence into the Rough Third of Connaught, and to Granard in Teffia; and every territory through which he passed granted him his demands and gave him hostages; and he returned home in triumph.

Annal M1263


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1263. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred sixty-three.


Thomas O'Kelly, Bishop of Clonfert, and Mulkierian O'Malone, Abbot of Clonmacnoise, died.


David O'Finn, Abbot of the Monastery of Boyle, and Gillapatrick, son of Gilla-na-nguisen, Prior of Doirean, a man eminent for piety and hospitality, died.


Donn O'Breslen was slain by Donnell O'Donnell, in the bishop's court palace at Raphoe.


An army was led by Mac William Burke against Felim O'Conor and his son. He reached Roscommon, and the Sil-Murray fled before him into the north of Connaught; and the English had no preys to seize upon on that occasion.


Donough O'Flynn and Teige, his son, attacked their army, and killed one hundred of them, noble and plebeian, with Aitin Russell and his son, the five sons of Cuconnaught O'Conor, and others. The army then returned to their homes in sorrow.


Mulfavill O'Heyne was slain by the English.


Dermot Cleireach, son of Cormac Mac Dermott, died.


Aindiles Mag-Fhionnbharr Maginver, Chief of Muintir-Gearadhain, died.


A castle was erected by Mac William Burke at Ath-angail, in Corran.


Machair O'Ruadhain Rowan was slain by the English in the doorway of the church of Kilsescnen.


Edwina, daughter of O'Flanagan, died.


An army was led by O'Donnell (Donnell Oge) into Connaught, and joined Hugh O'Conor at the Curlieu mountains. They proceeded from thence to Croghan, thence across the River Suck, and thence into Clanrickard; and they totally ravaged the country as far as Echtge and Galway. O'Conor then separated from O'Donnell; and O'Donnell proceeded across the Rivers Sruthair and Rodhba, through Tirawley, and afterwards across the Moy, and obtained his full demands from all.


A great depredation was committed by Hugh, son of Felim, on the English


of Sliabh Lugha, and in Ciarraighe: great numbers of the English were killed by him, and he carried off many cows from them.

Annal M1264


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1264. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred sixty-four.


Aengus O'Cluman, Bishop of Leyny, died in the Abbey of Boyle, having resigned his bishopric long before.


A war broke out between Art O'Melaghlin and the English of Meath; and he destroyed great numbers of them near the River Brosna, both by killing and drowning.


Murtough, son of Donnell O'Hart, was killed; and his people were burned by Donn Maguire.


A great depredation was committed by the inhabitants of Delvin Eathra on the Sil-Anmchadha; and the five sons of O'Madden were slain on the occasion.


A conference was held this year at Athlone between the Lord Justice of Ireland (attended by the English, the Earl of Ulster, and Maurice Fitzgerald,


with their respective forces), on the one side, and Felim O'Conor and his son on the other. The English were seized with fear and perplexity of mind when they saw the King of Connaught and his son approaching them with a numerous and complete muster of their forces, and came to the resolution of suing for peace. Felim and the chiefs of his people consented to make the peace, and they afterwards separated on amicable terms.


A war broke out between Mac William Burke (Earl of Ulster) and Maurice Fitzgerald, so that the greater part of Ireland was destroyed between them. The Earl took all the castles that Fitzgerald possessed in Connaught, burned his manors, and plundered his people.


Art O'Melaghlin burned all the castles and street-towns in Delvin, Calry, and Brawney, and drove the English out of all of them; he then took hostages from their chieftains.


The Lord Justice of Ireland, John Goggan, and Theobald Butler, were taken prisoners by Maurice Fitzgerald in a consecrated church.


The castle of Lough Mask and the castle of Ardrahin were taken by Mac William Burke.


The Archbishop of Armagh, Maelpatrick O'Scannal, brought the Friars Minor to Armagh; and (according to tradition), it was Mac Donnell Galloglagh that commenced the erection of the monastery.


Annal M1265


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1265. The Age of Cbrist, one thousand two hundred sixty-five.


Thomas, the son of Farrell Mac Dermot, Bishop of Elphin; Thomas O'Maicin, Bishop of Leyny; and Maelbrighde O'Grugan, Erenagh of Elphin, died.


Maurice, the son of Niall O'Conor, was elected to the bishopric of Elphin.


The castle of Sligo was demolished by Hugh O'Conor and O'Donnell. The castle of Beannada and the castle of Rath-ard-Creeva were also burned and destroyed by them.


The monastery of Toberpatrick was burned.


Teige Mag-Finnvar was slain by Conor Mac Rannal and the son of Donnel O'Farrell.


Felim, son of Cathal Crovderg O'Conor, the defender and supporter of his own province, and of his friends on every side; the expeller and plunderer of his foes, —a man full of hospitality, prowess, and renown; the exalter of the clerical orders and men of science; a worthy materies of a King of Ireland for his nobility, personal shape, heroism, wisdom, clemency, and truth, died, after the victory of Extreme Unction and penance, in the monastery of the Dominican Friars, at Roscommon, which he himself had granted to God and that order. Hugh O'Conor, his own son, was inaugurated king over the Connacians, as his successor. Hugh committed his regal depredation in Offaly, and on his


return to Athlone put out the eyes of Cathal, son of Teige O'Conor, who died in consequence.


Murtough, son of Cathal, the son of Dermot, son of Teige O'Mulrony, Lord of Moylurg, died.


Gilla-na-naev O'Quin, Chief of Muintir-Gillagan, Cathal Mac Rannall, Chief of Muintir-Eolais, and Murray O'Carroll, Chief of Calry, died.


A conference was held by Tomaltagh O'Conor (Archbishop of Tuam) with David Prendergast and the Mac Murroughs; and many of the Archbishop's people were slain on that day by them at Kilmaine.


Dervorgilla, daughter of O'Dowda (the mother of the Archbishop Tomaltagh O'Conor), died, after the victory, &.

Annal M1266


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1266. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred sixty-six.


The dignity of bishop was conferred at Armagh on a friar of the order of St. Dominic (i.e. O'Scopa), and he was appointed to Raphoe.


Thomas O'Mulconry, Archdeacon of Tuam, and Maelisa O'Hanainn, Prior of Roscommon and Athleague, died.


Thomas O'Meehan became Bishop of Leyny.


A bishop-elect came from Rome to Clonfert-Brendan, and the dignity of bishop was conferred on him, and on Thomas O'Meehan, at Athenry, on the Sunday before Christmas.


Donnell O'Hara was killed by the English while he was in the act of burning Ardnarea.



Mahon, son of Kehernagh O'Kerrin, Lord of Ciarraighe in the County of Mayo, was slain by the English.


Mahon O'Cuilein, Lord of Claenghlaisi, was killed by his own wife with one stab of a knife, given through jealousy.


The castle of Tigh-da-Choinne was demolished, and all Conmaicne was laid waste.


Turlough, son of Hugh, the son of Cathal Crovderg, died in the monastery of Knockmoy in the county of Galway.


Dermot Roe, son of Conor, the son of Cormac Mac Dermot, and Donncahy, son of Donn Oge Mageraghty, were blinded by Hugh O'Conor.


The borough of Bel-an-tachair was burned by Flann Roe O'Flynn, and many of the English of the town were slain by him.


Hugh O'Conor, King of Connaught, went into Breifny to depose Art, son of Cathal Reagh; and he gave the lordship of Breifny to Conor Boy, son of Auliffe, the son of Art O'Rourke, and took hostages from all the chiefs of Breifny.


An army was led by William Burke against O'Melaghlin; but many of his troops were drowned in Ath-Crochda, and he returned without conquest or hostages.


A party of O'Conor's people, namely, Loughlin, son of Dermot, who was son of Murtough O'Conor, Mac Keherny, and the son of Donnell Duv O'Hara, made a great slaughter of the Welshmen and the people of Leyny in West Connaught; and thirty-one of their heads were brought to O'Conor.


Cormac, son of Gilchreest Mac Dermot, received a wound, of which he died.


Sabia, daughter of Cathal Crovderg, and Malone Bodhar the Deaf O'Mulconry, Ollav of Sil-Murray in history, died.


Maelpatrick O'Scannal, Primate of Armagh, brought the Friars Minor to Armagh, and afterwards cut a broad and deep trench around their church.


Annal M1267


THE AGE OF CHRIST 1267. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred sixty-seven.


The Bishop of Clonfert, who was a Roman, went over to the Pope.


Murrough Mac Sweeny was taken prisoner in Umallia by Donnell, son of Manus O'Conor, who delivered him up to the Earl, in whose prison he died.


Brian, son of Turlough, who was son of Roderic O'Conor, died in the monastery of Knockmoy.


A depredation was committed by Mac William on O'Conor; and he plundered Tir-Many and Clann-Uadagh.


A depredation was committed by the English of West Connaught in Carbury of Drumcliff, and they plundered Easdara Ballysadare.


Donough, son of Rory, the son of Hugh O'Conor, was slain by the English.


A dangerous disease attacked the King of Connaught; and the report of it spread all over Ireland.


Alice, daughter of Mac Carroon, died.


Hugh O'Murray, Chief of Lagan, was slain at Killala by O'Mulfover, coarb of the church, on a Sunday, after hearing mass.

Annal M1268


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1268. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred sixty-eight.


Hugh, son of Conor O'Flaherty, Official of Annadown, died.


The Great Church of Armagh was begun by the Primate, Gillapatrick O'Scannal.


Conor Roe O'Brien, Lord of Thomond, Seoinin, his son, his daughter, his


daughter's son, i.e. the son of Rory O'Grady, Duvloughlin O'Loughlin, Thomas O'Beollan, and a number of others, were slain by Dermot, the son of Murtough O'Brien, for which he himself was afterwards killed; and Brian, the son of Conor O'Brien, then assumed the lordship of Thomond.


Turlough Oge, the son of Hugh, son of Felim, son of Cathal Crovderg, the foster-son of the Hy-Briuin, died.


Auliffe O'Farrell, Tower of Protection to the Conmaicni, was treacherously slain by the English.


Conor O'Kelly, Lord of Hy-Many; Aengus O'Daly, a man eminent for poetry, and keeper of a house of hospitality; Manus Mageraghty, Chief of Clann-Tomalty; Donnell O'Grady, Chief of Kinel-Dongaly; and Dugald Mac Rory, Lord of Insi-Gall, and of Airer-Gaedheal Argyle, died.


Maurice Roe Fitzgerald was drowned in the sea, together with a ship's crew, while on his return from England.


Hugh O'Conor set out for Athlone against the English, who came to the Faes to oppose him; and a battle was fought between them, in which the English were defeated, with the loss of many.


Donn, son of Teige O'Monahan, was slain, together with ten of his people, by Teige O'Flanagan and Gilchreest O'Beirne.


Farrell O'Molloy, Chief of Fircall, and Melaghlin Mac Coghlan, were slain by the English.


Aengus O'Mulfover was slain by the O'Murrays, in revenge of their Kennfine.


Annal M1269


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1269. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred sixty-nine.


David O'Bragan, Bishop of Clogher, died, and was interred in the monastery of Mellifont, for he had been one of its monks.


Teige, son of Niall, the son of Murray O'Conor, was slain at Elphin, by a youth of his own brother's people; and the person by whom the deed was perpetrated was killed for it.


Ivor O'Beirne, chief servant and confidant of Hugh O'Conor, withdrew from the world, from the midst of his children and affluence, and entered the monastery of Roscommon, where he passed the rest of his life among the Dominican friars.


Brian, son of Donnell Duv O'Hara, was slain by the English of Sligo.


Benmee, daughter of Turlough (son of Roderic O'Conor), and wife of Mulmurry Mac Sweeny; Jeffrey, son of Donnell Clannagh Mac Gillapatrick, Lord of Slieve Bloom; and Hugh O'Finaghty, a learned minstrel, died.


Eghmily Mac Artan was slain by O'Hanlon.


Donnell O'Farrell and Hugh, his son, two truly hospitable and munificent men, were slain by Gilla-na-naev O'Farrell and the English.


Christina, daughter of O'Naghtan, and wife of Dermot Midheach Mac Dermot, the most hospitable and chaste woman of her tribe, and the most bountiful to the order of Grey Friars, died, after the victory of penance.


The castle of Sligo was rebuilt by the son of Maurice Fitzgerald, after it had been demolished by Hugh O'Conor and O'Donnell.



The castle of Roscommon was erected by Robert de Ufford, Lord Justice of Ireland. He was induced to erect it because Hugh O'Conor, King of Connaught, was ill, and was therefore unable to give the English battle or opposition, or prevent the erection of the castle. The Connacians, until his recovery, were plundered and trodden under foot by the English.


Flaherty O'Maelfina, Chief of half the territory of Calry of Moy-heleog, was slain by Gaughan, Chief of the other half.

Annal M1270


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1270. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred seventy.


Maelpatrick O'Scannal, Archbishop of Armagh, went over to the King of England: the King received him honourably; and he returned home with great privileges.


A great war broke out between O'Conor and the Earl of Ulster, Walter Burke. The Earl assembled the chiefs of the English of Ireland, together


with the Lord Justice and all his Irish faction, and marched into Connaught; the first night they arrived at Roscommon, and the second at Elphin; from thence they proceeded to Port-lecce, where they rested and encamped for that night; and on the next morning they marched, by common consent, eastwards, across the ford of Ath-Caradh-Conaill, on the Shannon.


The King of Connaught, attended by a small number of the chiefs of his people, was at this time in Moy-Nise, ready to meet the English; and the Lord Justice and a small part of the English army remained on the west side of the Shannon, awaiting the Connacians. After the Earl had crossed the ford of Ath-Caradh Conaill, a small party of O'Conor's people attacked the English at Coillte Conmaicne, and slew some of them. After this they went to Moy-Nise, where they encamped for that night; and they consulted together, and agreed to make peace with the King of Connaught, and to deliver up to his people the Earl's brother (William Oge, son of Richard, the son of William the Conqueror), while he himself (i.e. O'Conor) should be in the Earl's house concluding the peace. This was accordingly done; but O'Conor's people took the Earl's brother prisoner at once, and slew John Dolifin and his son. When the Earl heard of this, he became enraged, and passed the night in sadness and sorrow; and he rose next morning at daybreak, with his English and Irish arranged and arrayed about him, and marched against O'Conor to Ath-an-chip, where they met face to face Turlough O'Brien, who had come to assist O'Conor. The Earl himself faced Turlough, mindful of the old enmity between them, and slew him at once; but the Connacians came up with the Earl's troops at the ford, where they poured down upon them, horse and foot, broke through their van, and forcibly dislodged their rear. In this onslaught at the ford, nine of the chief English knights were slain around the ford, together with Richard


na Coille and John Butler, exclusive of others, both noble and plebeian. Immense spoils were also taken from them, consisting of arms, armour, horses, &. The Earl's brother (William Oge) was put to death after this battle by O'Conor, as an eric for the son of O'Brien, who had been slain by the Earl.


The castle of Ath-Angaile, the castle of Sliabh Lugha, and the castle of Cill Calman, were demolished by O'Conor. Rindown and Uillin Uanagh were also burned by him.


Brian Roe O'Brien turned against the English, and committed great depredations upon them; and the castle of Clar-Atha-da-charadh was taken by him.


Great depredations were committed by the Earl and the English of Connaught in Tirerrill on the people of Hugh O'Conor; and David Cuisin Cushen was killed on that occasion.


The son of Murrough Carragh O'Farrell, a bear in liveliness, and a leopard in prowess, was slain by the English.


Tany More, son of Duinnin, son of Nedhe, son of Conaing Boy O'Mulconry, was elected to the chief ollavship of Connaught; and the ollavships of Dubhshuileach O'Mulconry and Dunlang O'Mulconry were abolished.


Sligo was burned by O'Donnell and the Kinel-Connell; and the son of Breallagh-an-Chairn O'Mulrenin was killed on that occasion.


Christina, daughter of O'Naghtan, and wife of Dermot Midheach Mac


Dermot, died. She was a good, charitable, and hospitable woman, and had given much alms to the order of Grey Friars.

Annal M1271


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1271. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred seventy-one.


Simon Magrath, Deacon of Ardcarne, died.


Walter Burke, Earl of Ulster, and Lord of the English of Connaught, died of a short sickness in the castle of Galway, after the victory of penance.


Thomas Mac Maurice died at Ballyloughmask.


Ivor O'Beirne, the head and confidential servant of Hugh O'Conor, died at Roscommon, after penance, and was buried there.


Hugh O'Conor, son of the coarb of St. Coman, was killed at Muine-inghine-Chrechain, by Thomas Butler.


Donnell O'Flynn was slain on the same day, by the son of Robin Lawless, at the upper end of Sruthair.


Mahon O'Conor was slain by the English of Dunmore.


Nicholas, the son of John Verdun, Lord of Oriel, was slain by Geoffry 0'Farrell.


Conor, son of Tiernan O'Conor, was slain by Melaghlin, son of Art O'Rourke, and by the Clann-Fearmaighe in the County Leitrim.


The castle of Teagh Templa, the castle of Sligo, and the castle of Athliag Ballyleague, were demolished by Hugh O'Conor.


Hugh, son of Niall O'Dowda, died.