Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition
Annals of the Four Masters (Author: [unknown])

Annal 1182


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1182. The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred eighty two.


Hugh O'Kaelly, Bishop of Oriel, and head of the Canons of Ireland, died.


Donnell O'Huallaghan, Archbishop of Munster, died.


Donnell, the son of Hugh O'Loughlin, marched with an army to Dunbo, in Dal Riada, and there gave battle to the English. The Kinel-Owen were defeated, and Randal O'Breslen, Gilchreest O'Kane, and many others, were killed. On this occasion they carried off with them the Gospel of St. Martin.


Brian, the son of Turlough O'Brien, was treacherously slain by Randal Macnamara Beg.


Hugh Mac Carroon, Chief of Muintir Maoil-t-Sionna, was killed by Gilla-Ultain Mac Carroon.


Murrough, the son of Taichleach O'Dowda, was killed by Melaghlin O'Mulrony.


Auliffe O'Farrell assumed the lordship of Annaly, and Hugh was expelled.

Annal M1183


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1183. The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred eighty-three.


Joseph O'Hea, Bishop of Hy-Kinsellagh (died).


Bec O'Hara, Lord of Leyny in Connaught, was treacherously slain by Conor, the grandson of Dermot, who was son of Roderic, in his own house, on Lough Mac Farry.



A battle was fought between O'Flaherty (Gillarevagh) and the son of O'Gormly, in which O'Flaherty and a great number of the Kinel-Moen were slain.


Farrell, son of Auliffe O'Rourke, was slain by Loughlin, son of Donnell O'Rourke.


Gilla Ultain Mac Carroon, Chief of Muintir Maoil-t-Sionna, and five others were slain by the sons of the Sinnach (the Fox) O'Caharny.

Annal M1184


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1184. The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred eighty-four.


Gilla Isa O'Moylin, a bishop, died.


Brian Breifneach, son of Turlough O'Conor, died.


Maelisa O'Carroll was consecrated successor of St. Patrick, after Tomaltach O'Conor had resigned that dignity.


Art O'Melaghlin, Lord of Westmeath, was treacherously slain by Dermot O'Brien (i.e. the son of Turlough), at the instigation of the English, and Melaghlin Beg assumed his place, and in three days afterwards defeated the same Dermot in a conflict, in which many persons were slain, among whom was the son of Mahon O'Brien.


A castle was erected by the English at Killare.


Another castle was plundered by Melaghlin and Conor Moinmoy O'Conor, in which many of the English were slain.


Thirty of the best houses in Armagh were plundered by the English of Meath.


The monastery of Assaroe was granted to God and St. Bernard by Flaherty O'Muldory, Lord of Kinel-Connell, for the good of his soul.



Kenfaela O'Grady, successor of Cronan of Tomgraney, died.


Niall, son of the Sinnagh (the Fox) O'Caharny, died.


Auliffe, the son of Farrell O'Rourke, Lord of Breifny, was treacherously slain by Mac Rannall.


Donnell O'Flanagan, Lord of Clann-Cahill, died at Conga-Feichin Cong.


Farrell O'Reilly was treacherously slain by Melaghlin O'Rourke.

Annal M1185


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1185. The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred eighty-five.


Maelisa O'Murray, Lector of Derry-Columbkille, died at a venerable old age.


Philip Unserra (of Worcester) remained at Armagh with his Englishmen during six days and nights in the middle of Lent.


Gilchreest Mac Cawell, Chief of Kinel-Farry and of the Clans, viz. Clann-Aengus,


Clann-Duibhinreacht, Clann-Fogarty, Hy-Kennoda, and Clann-Colla in Fermanagh, and who was the chief adviser of all the north of Ireland, was slain by O'Hegny and Muintir-Keevan, who carried away his head, which, however, was recovered from them in a month afterwards.


Melaghlin, the son of Murtough O'Loughlin, was slain by the English.


Maelisa O'Daly, ollave (chief poet) of Ireland and Scotland, Lord of Corcaree and Corca-Adain, a man illustrious for his poetry, hospitality, and nobility, died while on a pilgrimage at Clonard.


The son of the King of England, that is, John, the son of Henry II., came to Ireland with a fleet of sixty ships, to assume the government of the kingdom. He took possession of Dublin and Leinster, and erected castles at Tipraid Fachtna and Ardfinan, out of which he plundered Munster; but his people were defeated with great slaughter by Donnell O'Brien. The son of


the King of England then returned to England, to complain to his father of Hugo de Lacy, who was the King of England's Deputy in Ireland on his (John's) arrival, and who had prevented the Irish kings from sending him (John) either tribute or hostages.


A general war broke out in Connaught among the Roydamnas princes. viz. Roderic O'Conor, and Conor Moinmoy, the son of Roderic; Conor O'Diarmada; Cathal Carragh, the son of Conor Moinmoy; and Cathal Crovderg, the son of Turlough. In the contests between them many were slain. Roderic and his son afterwards made peace with the other chiefs.


The West of Connaught was burned, as well churches as houses, by Donnell O'Brien and the English.


Cathal Carragh, the son of Conor Moinmoy, who was the son of Roderic, burned Killaloe, as well churches as houses, and carried off all the jewels and riches of the inhabitants. Thomond was also destroyed and pillaged by Conor Moinmoy, the son of Roderic, and by the English. The English came as far as Roscommon with the son of Roderic, who gave them three thousand cows as wages.


Auliffe O'Murray, Bishop of Armagh and Kinel-Farry, a brilliant lamp that had enlightened clergy and laity, died; and Fogartagh O'Carellan was consecrated in his place.


Dermot Mac Carthy, Lord of Desmond, was slain by the English of Cork.


Donnell Mac Gillapatrick, Lord of Ossory, died.

Annal M1186


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1186. The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred eighty-six.


Maelcallann, son of Adam Mac Clerken, Bishop of Clonfert-Brendan, died.


Donnell, the son of Hugh O'Loughlin, died; and Rory O'Flaherty O Laverty was elected by some of the Kinel-Owen of Tullaghoge.



Con O'Breslen, Chief of Fanad, the lamp of the hospitality and valour of the north of Ireland, was slain by the son of Mac Loughlin and a party of the Kinel-Owen; in consequence of which Inishowen was unjustly ravaged.


Gillapatrick Mac Gillacorr, Chief of the Hy-Branain, was slain at the instigation of the Hy-Branain themselves.


Roderic O'Conor was banished into Munster by his own son, Conor Moinmoy. By the contests between both the Connacians were destroyed. Roderic. however, by the advice of the Sil-Murray, was again recalled, and a triocha-ched of land was given to him.


Hugo de Lacy, the profaner and destroyer of many churches; Lord of the English of Meath, Breifny, and Oriel; he to whom the tribute of Connaught was paid; he who had conquered the greater part of Ireland for the English, and of whose English castles all Meath, from the Shannon to the sea, was full; after having finished the castle of Durrow, set out, accompanied by


three Englishmen, to view it. One of the men of Teffia, a youth named Gilla-gan-inathar O'Meyey, approached him, and drawing out an axe, which he had


kept concealed, he, with one blow of it, severed his head from his body; and both head and trunk fell into the ditch of the castle. This was in revenge of Columbkille. Gilla-gan-inathar fled, and, by his fleetness of foot, made his


escape from the English and Irish to the wood of Kilclare. He afterwards went to the Sinnagh (the Fox) and O'Breen, at whose instigation he had killed the Earl.


Murrough, the son of Teige O'Kelly, Lord of Hy-Many, was slain by Conor Moinmoy O'Conor.


O'Breslen, Chief of Fanat in Tirconnell, was slain by the son of Mac Loughlin.

Annal M1187


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1187. The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred eighty-seven.


Murtough O'Maeluire, Bishop of Clonfert and Clonmacnoise, died.


Maelisa O'Carroll, Bishop of Oriel (Clogher), died.


Rory O'Flaherty O'Laverty, Lord of Kinel-Owen, was slain, while on a predatory excursion into Tirconnell, by O'Muldory (Flaherty).


The rock of Lough Key was burned by lightning. Duvesa, daughter of O'Heyn, and wife of Conor Mac Dermot, Lord of Moylurg, with seven hundred (or seven score) others, or more, both men and women, were drowned or burned in it in the course of one hour.


Gilla-Isa Gelasius, the son of Oilioll O'Breen, Sech-Abb Prior of Hy Many, a historian, scribe, and poet, died.



The castle of Killare, which was in possession of the English, was burned and demolished by Conor Moinmoy O'Conor and Melaghlin Beg: and not one of the English escaped, but were all suffocated, or otherwise killed; They carried away their accoutrements, arms, shields, coats of mail, and horses, and slew two knights.


Donough O'Rourke was treacherously slain by the Muintir-Eolais.


Drumcliff was plundered by the son of Melaghlin O'Rourke, Lord of Hy-Briuin and Conmaicne, and by the son of Cathal O'Rourke, accompanied by the English of Meath. But God and St. Columbkille wrought a remarkable miracle in this instance; for the son of Melaghlin O'Rourke was killed in Conmaicne a fortnight afterwards, and the eyes of the son of Cathal O'Rourke were put out by O'Muldory (Flaherty) in revenge of Columbkille. One hundred and twenty of the son of Melaghlin's retainers were also killed throughout Conmaicne and Carbury of Drumcliff, through the miracles of God and St. Columbkille.


Mac Dermot (Maurice, son of Teige), Lord of Moylurg, died in his own mansion on Claenlough, in Clann-Chuain.


Randal Mac Coghlan, Lord of Delvin, died.


Hugh, the son of Melaghlin O'Rourke, Lord of Breifny, was slain by the sons of Con Mag Rannal.


Aireaghtagh Mac Awley, Chief of Calry, died.


Annal M1188


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1188. The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred eighty-eight.


Martin O'Broly, chief Sage of the Irish, and Lector at Armagh, died.


Hugh O'Beaghan, Bishop of Inis-Cathy, died


Auliffe O'Deery performed a pilgrimage to Hy Iona, where he died after sincere penitence.


Rory O'Canannan, sometime Lord of Tirconnell, and heir presumptive to the crown of Ireland, was treacherously slain by Flaherty O'Muldory on the bridge of Sligo, the latter having first artfully prevailed on him to come forth from the middle of Drumcliff. The brother and some of the people of O'Canannan were also killed by him. Manus O'Garve, Chief of Fir-Droma (who had laid violent hands on O'Canannan), was afterwards slain by the people of Eachmarcach O'Doherty, in revenge of O'Canannan's death.


Donnell O'Canannan wounded his foot with his own axe at Derry, as he was cutting a piece of wood, and cried of the wound, in consequence of the curse of the family clergy of Columbkille.


The English of the castle of Moy-Cova, and a party from Iveagh, in Ulidia, set out upon a predatory excursion into Tyrone, and arrived at Leim-mhic-Neill, where they seized on some cows; Donnell O'Loughlin pursued them


with his retainers, and overtook them at Cavan na g-crann ard, where an engagement took place between them; and the English were defeated with great slaughter. But Donnell, the son of Hugh O'Loughlin, Lord of Aileach, and presumptive heir to the throne of Ireland, on account of his personal symmetry, intelligence, and wisdom, alone received a thrust from an English spear, and fell in the heat of the conflict. His body was carried to Armagh on the same day, and there interred with great honour and solemnity.


Edwina, daughter of O'Quin, and Queen of Munster, died on her pilgrimage at Derry, victorious over the world and the devil.


John de Courcy and the English of Ireland made an incursion into Connaught, accompanied by Conor O'Dermot; upon which Conor Moinmoy, King of Connaught, assembled all the chieftains of Connaught, who were joined by Donnell O'Brien, at the head of some of the men of Munster. The English set fire to some of the churches of the country as they passed along, but made no delay until they reached Eas-dara (Ballysadare), with the intention of passing into Tirconnell, because the Connacians would not suffer them to tarry any longer in their country.


As soon as O'Muldory (Flaherty) had received intelligence of this, he assembled the Kinel-Conell, and marched to Drumcliff to oppose them. When the English heard of this movement, they burned the entire of Bally-sadare, and returned back, passing by the Curlieu mountains, where they were attacked by the Connacians and Momonians. Many of the English were slain, and those who survived retreated with difficulty from the country, without effecting much destruction on this incursion.



The English of Ulidia took a prey from the Kinel-Owen; but they were overtaken and slaughtered by Donnell, the son of Hugh O'Loughlin, Lord of the Kinel-Owen; but Donnell himself fell fighting in the heat of the battle.

Annal M1189


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1189. The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred eighty-nine.


Mulkenny O'Fearcomais, Lector of Derry, was drowned between Aird (Ardmagilligan) and Inishowen.


Armagh was plundered by John De Courcy and the English of Ireland.


Armagh was burned from St. Bridget's Crosses to St. Bridget's Church, including the Rath, the Trian, and the churches.


Murrough O'Carroll, Lord of Oriel, died a sincere penitent in the Great Monastery.


Donnell, the son of Murtough Mac Loughlin, was slain by the English of Dalaradia while he was staying amongst them.


Eghmily, the son of Mac Cann, the happiness and prosperity of all Tyrone, died.


Mac-na-h-Oidhche son of the night O'Mulrony, Lord of Fermanagh, was driven from his lordship, and fled to O'Carroll. Shortly afterwards an English army arrived in that country, to whom O'Carroll and O'Mulrony gave battle; but O'Carroll was defeated, and O'Mulrony killed.


Conor Moinmoy (the son of Roderic), king of all Connaught, both English and Irish, was killed by a party of his own people and tribes; i.e. by Manus,



the son of Flann O'Finaghty (usually called an Crossach Donn); Hugh, son of Brian Breifneach, the son of Turlough O'Conor; Murtough, son of Cathal, son of Dermot, the son of Teige; and Gilla-na-naev, the son of Gilla-Coman, who was the son of Murray Bane the Fair O'Mulvihil of the Tuathas.


Alas for the party who plotted this conspiracy against the life of the heir presumptive to the throne of Ireland! To him the greater part of Leth-Mhogha had submitted as king. Donnell O'Brien had gone to his house at Dunlo, where he was entertained for a week; and O'Conor gave him sixty cows out of every cantred in Connaught, and ten articles ornamented with gold; but O'Brien did not accept of any of these, save one goblet, which had once been the property of Dermot O'Brien, his own grandfather. Rory Mac Donslevy, King of Ulidia, had gone to his house. Mac Carthy, King of Desmond, was in his house, and O'Conor gave him a great stipend, namely, five horses out of every cantred in Connaught. Melaghlin Beg, king of Tara, was in his house and took away a large stipend; and O'Rourke had gone to his house, and also carried with him a great stipend.


After Conor Moinmoy had been slain, the Sil-Murray sent messengers to Roderic O'Conor, the former King of Ireland, to tell him of the death of his son, and to give offer him the kingdom: and as soon as Roderic came to Moy Naei, he took the hostages of the Sil-Murray, and of all Connaught; for


the hostages that had been delivered up to Conor Moinmoy were on Inishcloghran, an island in Lough Ree, at that time.


Flaherty O'Muldory, Lord of Tirconnell, encamped with his forces in Corran; and all the Connacians, both English and Irish, were against him on the other side.


Conor, grandson of Dermot, was slain by Cathal Carragh, the son of Conor Moinmoy, in revenge of the death of his father.


Richard I. was crowned King of England on the 6th of July.


O'Muldory (Flaherty) marched with his forces against the Connacians, and pitched his camp in Corran. All the Connacians, both English and Irish, came to oppose him; however, they were not able to injure him, and both departed without coming to an engagement on that occasion.

Annal M1190


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1190. The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred ninety.


Dermot O'Rafferty, Abbot of Durrow, died.


Melaghlin O'Naghtan and Gilla-Barry O'Slowey were slain by Turlough, the son of Roderic O'Conor.


More, daughter of Turlough O'Conor, and Duvesa, daughter of Dermot Mac Teige, died.


A meeting was held at Clonfert-Brendan, to conclude a peace between Cathal Crovderg and Cathal Carragh. All the Sil-Murray repaired to this meeting, together with the successor of St. Patrick, Conor Mac Dermot, and Aireaghtagh O'Rodiv; but they could not be reconciled to each other on this occasion.



O'Conor and the Sil-Murray went to Clonmacnoise on that night, and early next morning embarked in their fleet, and sailed up the Shannon until they came to Lough Ree. A violent storm arose on the lake, by which their vessels were separated from each other; and the storm so agitated the vessel in which O'Conor was, that it could not be piloted. Such was the fury of the storm, it foundered, and all the crew perished, except O'Conor himself and six others. In this vessel with O'Conor (Cathal Crovderg) were Areaghtagh O'Rodiv and Conor, son of Cathal, who were both drowned, as were also Conor and Auliffe, the two sons of Hugh Mageraghty; O'Mulrenin, and the son of O'Monahan, and many others.

Annal M1191


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1191. The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred ninety-one.


Roderic O'Conor set out from Connaught, and went to Flaherty O'Muldory in Tirconnell, and afterwards passed into Tyrone, to request forces from the north of Ireland, to enable him to recover his kingdom of Connaught; but the Ultonians not consenting to aid in procuring lands for him from the Connacians, he repaired to the English of Meath, and these having also refused to go with him, he passed into Munster, whither the Sil-Murray sent for him, and gave him lands, viz. Tir Fiachrach and Kinelea of Echtge.


Ailleann, daughter of Regan O'Mulrony, and wife of Aireachtagh O'Rodiv, died.