Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition
Annals of the Four Masters (Author: Unknown)

Annal M1083


The Age of Christ, 1083.


Muircheartach Ua Carill, airchinneach of Dun, the most learned judge and historian of Ireland;


Gillamoninne, airchinneach of Lughmhadh;


Macraith Ua Baillen, successor of Cronan of Ros-Cre;


and Tadhg Ua Taidhg, successor of Flannan of Cill-Dalua, died.




Ua Canannain, lord of Cinel-Conaill, was slain by the Cinel-Conaill themselves.


Domhnall Ua Lochlainn assumed the kingship of the Cinel-Eoghain, and made a royal hosting into Conaille Muirtheimhne, whence he carried off a great spoil of cattle. He took the men of Fearnmhagh into his pay on this expedition.


Aedh Ua Maeleachlainn, lord of Aileach, died.


Conghalach Ua Ciardha, lord of Cairbre, was slain by the Conmhaicni, and many others along with him.


Dunlaing Ua Lorcain, Tanist of Leinster, was killed.


Somhairle, son of Gillabrighde, King of Innsi-Gall, died.

Annal M1084


The Age of Christ, 1084.


Gillaphadraig, Bishop of Ath-cliath, was drowned.


Muireadhach Ua Ceithnen, airchinneach of Cluain-Eois, died.


Niall Ua Seasnain, learned senior of Munster, died.


Ceall-Dalua, Tuaim-Greine, and Magh-neo-Norbhraighe, were burned by the Conmaicni.


Gleann-da-locha was burned, with its churches.


The monastery of Fuinche, i.e. Ross-airthir, was founded.


An army was led by Donnsleibhe, King of Ulidia, to Droicheatata, and gave wages to Donnchadh, the son of the Caileach Ua Ruairc. A predatory excursion was made in his Donnsleibhe's absence into Ulidia, by Domhnall Ua Lochlainn, whence he carried off prisoners and a great spoil of cattle.


An army was led by the men of Munster into Meath; and it was on that expedition Conchobhar Ua Cetfadha, the dignity and glory of Munster, died. In their absence i.e. while the men of Munster were absent from their own province on this expedition the Conmhaicni went into Thomond, and burned enclosures and fortresses, and carried off innumerable spoils.


Donnchadh, son of the Caileach Ua Ruairc, with the people of East Connaught, the Cairbri and Gaileanga, proceeded into Leinster, where the foreigners, the men of Leinster and Osraighi, and the Munstermen, under the conduct of Muircheartach Ua Briain, came up with them, and a fierce and bloody engagement took place between them at Moin-Cruinneoige, on the fourth of the Calends of November, where many fell on both sides. There fell there Donnchadh Ua Ruairc, Ceinneidigh


Ua Briain and his son, Tadhg, and the son of Ua Conchobhoir Failghe, and a great many others of the nobles and plebeians not enumerated. Four thousand was the whole number slain; and the head of Donnchadh Ua Ruairc was carried to Luimneach.


Domhnall Ua Gairmleaghaidh was killed by Domhnall Ua Lochlainn.

Annal M1085


The Age of Christ, 1085.


Aedh Ua hOisin, successor of Iarlath, and Archbishop of Tuam, died.


Finn, son of Gussan, son of Gorman, Bishop of Cill-dara, died at Cill-achaidh.


Gilla-na-naemh Laighen, noble Bishop of Gleann-da-locha, and afterwards head of the monks of Wirzburg, died on the seventh of the Ides of April.


Ugaire Ua Laidhgnen, airchinneach of Fearna;


Gormghal Loighseach, comharba of Regles-Bhrighde at Ard-Macha, a paragon of wisdom and piety;


Neachtain Mac Neachtain, distinguished Bishop of Rosailithre;


Mac Soilligh, airchinneach of Inis-caein-Deagha, died.


Clereach Ua Sealbhaigh, chief successor of Bairre, the glory and wisdom of Desmond, completed his life in this world;


and Gillachrist Mac Cuinn-na-mBocht, the best ecclesiastical student that was in Ireland in his time, the glory and orna-ment of Cluain-mic-Nois, died.


Ceall-Cainnigh was for the most part burned.


Murchadh Ua Maeldoraidh, lord of Cinel-Conaill, pillar of the dignity, hospitality, and bravery of the North, died.


Ualgharg Ua Ruairc, royal heir of Connaught, died.


Aenghus Ua Caindealbhain, lord of Laeghaire, died.


The blind Ua Faelain, i.e. Gillabhrighde, lord of the Deisi, died.


Muireadhach, son of Dubh, chief of all Muintir-Eolais, was taken prisoner by Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain; and all Muintir-Eolais was plundered by him.


A plundering excursion was made by the Conmhaicni over Sil-Anmchadha, and they killed


Coningin Finn Mac Uallachtain, and carried off many cows.


There was destruction of men and cattle in this year, to such an extent that certain rich people were made husbandmen in it.


Oenghus Ua Caindealbhain, lord of Laeghaire, was slain at Cluain-Iraird, after he had entered into religion, by the grandson of Coirten Ua Maelruain, lord of Dealbhna-mor.

Annal M1086


The Age of Christ, 1086.


Maelcaimhghin, noble Bishop of Uladh;


Erchadh Ua Maelfoghmhair, Archbishop of Connaught;


Maelisa Ua Brolchain, learned senior of Ireland, a paragon of wisdom and piety, as well as in poetry and both languages. His wisdom and learning were so great, that he himself wrote books replete with genius and intellect. He resigned his spirit to heaven on the seventh of the Calends of February, as is stated in this quatrain:

    1. On the seventeenth of the Calends of February,
      The night of fair Fursa's festival,
      Died Maelisa Ua Brolchain,
      But, however, not of a heavy severe fit.


Fiachna Ua Ronain, airchinneach of Cluain-Dolcain, died.


Maelseachlainn Ua Faelain, a distinguished old hero, died.


A battle was gained by the Airtheara over the Ui-Eathach, wherein Domhnall Ua hAiteidh was slain, with


some others.


The battle of Eochaill was gained by the Ulidians over the Airghialla and Ua Ruadhagain, where Cumasgach Ua Laithen, lord of Sil-Duibhthire, and Gillamoninne Ua hEochadha, lord of Clann-Sinaigh, and many others along with them, were slain.


Amhalghaidh, son of Ruaidhri Ua Ruadagain, was killed by the men of Fearnmhagh.


Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain, King of Ireland with opposition, after having suffered from long illness (for he was not well since the head of Conchobhar Ua Maeleachlainn had been brought from Cluain-mic-Nois till this time), died at Ceann-coradh, in the thirty-second year of his reign, and in the seventy-seventh of his age, on the day before the Ides of July precisely, after long suffering, after intense penance for his sins, and after taking the body of Christ and his blood; and Tadhg Ua Briain and his son died in the same month. In commemoration of the death of Toirdhealbhach was said:

    1. Eighty years without falsehood,
      And a thousand of great extent,
      And six years, from the birth of the dear Son of God,
      To the death of the modest Toirdhealbhach.
      The night of Tuesday, on the pridie of the Ides of July,
      Before the festival of Jacob of pure mind,
      On the twenty-second, died the
      Mighty supreme King Toirdhealbhach.


Maelseachlainn, son of Conchobhar, went to Ath-cliath, and was defeated by the foreigners and the Leinstermen in a battle called "The Breach of Crinach," in which were slain Maelchiarain Ua Cathasaigh, lord of Saithne and Tuath-Luighne; Maelmhuaidh, lord of Feara-Ceall; and many others besides them.


The Sinnach Finn, i.e. Tadhg Ua Catharnaigh, lord of Teathbha, and Cinaedh, his son, and Ua Muireadhaigh, chief of Muintir-Tlamain, were treacherously slain by Maelseachlainn, son of Conchobhar, at Loch Maighe Uatha, in revenge of Murchadh, son of Conchobhar, having been slain by Ua Catharnaigh




Ua Baigheallain, lord of Airghialla, fell by the Conailli.


Mac Beathadh Ua Conchobhair, lord of Ciarraighe, was killed, or died.

Annal M1087


The Age of Christ, 1087.


Maelseachlainn, son of Conchobhar, King of Teamhair, was killed by Cathal Mac Muirigen and the men of Teathbha, at Ard-achadh-Epscoip-Mel, through treachery and guile.


Domhnall Mac Gillaphadraig, lord of Osraighe, died after long illness.


Cathal Ua Ceatfadha was killed by the Leinstermen.


Cusleibhe Ua Ciardha, lord of Cairbre, was killed.


Domhnall Ua Laithen was killed by Domhnall, the son of Mac Lochlainn.


Maelruanaidh Ua hAirt, i.e. of the Clann-Diarmada, lord of Teathbha, died.


A battle was fought between Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair, King of Connaught, and Aedh, son of Art Ua Ruairc, lord of Conmhaicne and Breifne, at Conachail, in Corann, where Ua Ruairc was defeated and killed. There were also slain in this battle of Corann, by Ruaidhri, Muireadhach Mac Duibh, chief of Muintir-Eolais; the son of Godfrey Ua Siridein; the son of Cusleibhe O'Fearghail; and distinguished men of the Conmhaicni, both noble and plebeian. In commemoration of this battle was said:

    1. Seven years and eighty full,
      And a thousand, fair, complete,
      Since Christ was born without a stain,
      Till the battle of Conachail in Corann.


The battle of Rath-Edair, between the men of Leinster and Munster, where Muircheartach Ua Briain and the men of Munster defeated the Leinstermen


and Domhnall, son of Mael-na-mbo, and Diarmaid Ua Briain, and Enda, son of Diarmaid; and where a great slaughter was made of the Leinstermen, together with the son of Murchadh Ua Domhnaill, lord of Ui-Drona, and Conall Ua Ciarmhaic, and Ua Neill of Magh-da-chon, &c.


A hosting by Mac Lochlainn, and he burned Tuaith-inbhir in Breagha, but his people were slaughtered.


Niall Ua Ceatfadha died.


Cathal Ua Ceatfadha was killed by the Leinstermen.


Great abundance of nuts and fruit, murrain of cows, and dearth, in this year, and a great wind which destroyed houses and churches.


William Rufus assumed the kingdom of England on the 9th of September.

Annal M1088


The Age of Christ, 1088.


Cormac Ua Finn, chief lector of Dal-gCais, died.


Cathalan Ua Forreidh, a paragon of wisdom and piety, died on Shrovetide Sunday, the third of the Nones of March, at Imleach-Ibhair; of whom was said:

    1. Cathalan of true piety
      Was the sage of a congregation, was senior;
      To heaven into the bright palace he passed,
      On the festival of Ciaran of Saighir.


Tighearnach Ua Braein, chief successor of Ciaran and Coman, died at Imdhaidh Chiarain; he was a paragon of learning and history.




Ua Maelgiric, chief poet and chief Ollamh, died.


Dubhchabhlaigh, daughter of Aedh Ua Conchobhair, i.e of Aedh of the Broken Spear, and wife of the King of Munster, died.


Mor, daughter of Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain, and wife of the King of Connaught, died. Of these Muircheartach Ua Briain said:

    1. Mor, daughter of the son of Tadhg from the North,
      Reached the unvictorious house of the dead;
      Dubhchobhlaidh went to Cluain
      On a cold autumnal morning.


Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair, with the men of Connaught, took Inis-Adharcach before the men of Munster, to prevent their fleet from advancing further up; and Muircheartach was defeated, and a slaughter was made of his people there. The crews of the same man's fleet were slaughtered, after they had sailed round westwards on the sea to plunder Connaught.


Corco-Modhruadh was then plundered thrice by Ruaidhri, and it is wonderful if he left any cattle or people without destroying on these occasions; and three of the chieftains of Connaught, being left in danger, were slain, namely, Gillacoirpthe, son of Cathal Ua Mughron, chief of Clann-Cathail, and Cusinna, son of Murchadh Odhar, chief of Clann-Tomaltaigh, and the son of Gillachrist, son of Echthighern, chief of Corca-Achlann.


A great slaughter was made of the foreigners of Ath-cliath, Loch-Garman, and Port-Lairge, by the Ui-Eathach-Mumhan, on the day that they jointly attempted to plunder Corcach-Mumhan.


An army was led by Domhnall, the son of Mac Lochlainn, King of Ireland, and the people of the north of Ireland with him, into Connaught; and Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair, King of Connaught, gave him the hostages of all Connaught. Both proceeded with their forces into Munster; and they burned Luimneach, and plundered


the plain of Munster, i.e. as far as Imleach-Ibhair, Loch-Gair, Brugh-Righ, Dun-Aiched, and Druim-Ui-Cleirchein; and they carried off the head of the son of Caileach Ua Ruairc from the hills of Saingeal; and they broke down and demolished Ceann-coradh; and they obtained eight score heroes, both foreigners and Irish, as hostages and pledges, and then returned to their houses. The chief of these hostages were the son of Madadhan Ua Ceinneidigh; the son of Conghalach Ua hOgain; and the son of Eochaidh Ua Loingsigh. Cows, horses, gold, silver, and flesh-meat, were afterwards given in ransom of them by Muircheartach Ua Briain.


Dearbhail, daughter of Ua Maelseachnaill, died.

Annal M1089


The Age of Christ, 1089.


Gillaphadraig Ua Celechain, Secnab (i.e.Prior) of Ard-Macha;


Conchobhar, son of Fogartach Ua Maelduin, Secnab of Cluain-mic-Nois;


and Fearghal Ua Meisdeadhaigh, lector of Imleach-Ibhair, died.


A battle was gained by the Ui-Eathach-Uladh over the men of Fearnmhagh, wherein fell the son of Aedh Ua Crichain, lord of Fearnmhagh, and twelve Tanists of the nobility, with numbers of others.


Donnchadh, son of Domhnall Reamhar, lord of Leinster (or of Ui-Ceinnsealaigh), was slain by Conchobhar Ua Conchobhair Failghe, by unfair advantage. He was the most illustrious hero that lived in his time, a prop of battle for bravery.


Donnchadh, grandson


of Gillaphadraig (i.e.the son of Domhnall), was killed by the grandsons of Domhnall Breac.


Gillacainnigh Ua Flaithfhileadh, lord of Dealbhna-Beathra, was slain by his brother, Aedh, son of Cochlan Ua Flaithfhileadh.


The fleet of the men of Munster, under the conduct of Muircheartach Ua Briain, arrived on the Sinainn, and upon Loch Ribh; and they plundered the churches of the lake, namely, Inis-Clothrann, Inis-bo-finne, Inis-Ainggin, and Cluain-Eamhain. But Aidhirceach and Rechraith were blocked up, after their passage, by Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair, King of Connaught. They afterwards came down to Cluain, but they were repulsed back to Ath-Luain, where Ua Maeleachlainn, i.e. Domhnall, son of Flann, King of Teamhair, was in readiness to attack them; and they left all their ships and vessels to O'Maeleachlainn there, and placed themselves under his protection, and they were afterwards conveyed home in safety to Munster.


Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair and Domhnall Ua Maeleachlainn went in ships and boats, and plundered Munster as far as Cluain-caein-Modimog, so that they scarcely left a single head of cattle so far as they penetrated, and besides carried off captives.


A great predatory excursion was made by Domhnall Ua Maeleachlainn, until he reached Ibhar-Chinn-trachta; and he plundered the men of Fearnmhagh, Conaille, Mughdhorna, and Ui-Meith, and burned all Conaille.


Iseal-Chiarain was purchased for ever by Cormac Mac Cuinn na mBocht from Ua Flaithen, and from Domhnall, son of Flann Ua Maeleachlainn, King of Meath.


Corcach, Imleach-Ibhair, Ard-fearta, and Cill-dara, were burned.


Lusca was burned by the men of Munster, and nine score persons were burned in its Daimhliag stone-church.


Annal M1090


The Age of Christ, 1090.


Maelduin, successor of Mochuda,


and Cian Ua Buachalla, successor of Cainneach in Cianachta, died.


Ingnadan, lector of Cluain-Iraird, was killed.


Maelruanaidh Ua Caireallain, lord of Clann-Diarmada, and Gillachrist Ua Luinigh, lord of Cinel-Moen, were killed one day by Domhnall O'Lochlainn.


A great meeting took place between Domhnall, the son of Mac Lochlainn, King of Aileach; and Muircheartach Ua Briain, King of Caiseal; and Domhnall, son of Flann Ua Maeleachlainn, lord of Meath; and Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair, King of Connaught; and they all delivered hostages to the King of Aileach, and they parted in peace and tranquillity.


Muircheartach Ua Briain afterwards went into Meath upon a predatory excursion; and a battle was fought between Domhnall, King of Meath, and Muircheartach, with their forces, at Magh-Lena.


The Munstermen were defeated and slaughtered, with Maelseachlainn Ua Dunghalaigh, Mac-Conin Ua Duibhgin, and Maelmordha Ua Domhnaill, son of the King of Ui-Ceinnsealaigh. A plundering army was led by Domhnall Ua Maeleachlainn into Munster, and he burned Dun-na-Sgiath. Another predatory excursion was made by the same Domhnall, on which he plundered all Ormond.


Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair burned Dun-Aichet.


Muircheartach Ua Bric, lord of the Deisi, was killed.


Muircheartach Ua Briain went upon Loch-Riach, by taking an unfair advantage.


A hosting was made by Muircheartach Ua Briain, the men of Munster,


and the foreigners of Ath-cliath; and they plundered a district of Leinster, and the men of Breagh, as far as Ath-buidhe; and they delivered two hostages to O'Lochlainn, i.e. Domhnall, for protecting them thence to the west.

Annal M1091


The Age of Christ, 1091.


Ceannfaeladh Ua hOgain, successor of Brenainn, died.


Murchadh, grandson of Domhnall Reamhar, was treacherously killed by Enda, son of Diarmaid.


The grandson of Aedh, son of Ruaidhri Ua Flaithbheartaigh, lord of West Connaught, died.


Cinaeth Ua Mordha, lord of Laeighis, and the son of Maelruanaidh, son of Cucoirne, mutually fell by each other in the house of Ua Briain, at Caiseal.


Cearbhall, grandson of Aedh, senior of the Clann-Colmain, died.


Laighgnen, i.e. the Buidheanach Ua Duinncothaigh, lord of Gaileanga, was slain by the Ui-Briuin.


An army was lead by Muircheartach Ua Briain, and he plundered West Meath.


A hosting was made by the Connaughtmen, and they burned a great part of Munster.


Bran Ua Caindealbhain was slain by the son of Mac Coirten.


The prey of the fire-brands made, on Great Christmas night, by Muircheartach Ua Briain, upon the Ui-Failghe and the grandsons of Bran Breac.A peace was made between Muircheartach Ua Briain and the sons of Tadhg Ua Briain; and the men of Thomond returned to their homes, but the sons of Tadhg acted treacherously towards them, and they were plundered by the Connaughtmen.


Muircheartach Ua Bric, lord of the Deisi, was killed.


The western half of the fort of Ard-Macha was burned.


Maelisa,successor of Patrick, died, after penance, on the


20th of December; and Domhnall, son of Amhalghaidh, was immediately installed in his place in the abbacy.


Sitric, son of Gillabruide, was treacherously killed.

Annal M1092


The Age of Christ, 1092.


Connmhach Ua Cairill, a bishop, and an excellent moderator;


Cormac, Abbot of Mainistir Buithe, a learned and holy senior, head of the wisdom and piety of the Gaeidhil;


Muircheartach, son of Loingseach, successor of Finnen of Cluain-Iraird;


and Maelisa Ua hArrachtain, successor of Ailbhe of Imleach, died.


The Devotee, i.e. Fiachra Ua Follamhain, a priest of the Connaughtmen, was drowned in Loch Cairrgin.


The fort of Ard-Macha, with its churches, were burned on the fourth of the Calends of September, and a street of Trian-Mor, and a street of Trian-Saxon.


Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair, i.e. Ruaidhri na Soidhe Buidhe, supreme King of Connaught, was blinded by Ua Flaithbheartaigh, i.e. Flaithtbheartach, and Foghartach O'Foghartaigh, through treachery and guile. Ruaidhri was seven times a gossip to Ua Flaithbheartaigh.


Donnchadh Mac Carthaigh, lord of Eoghanacht-Chaisil, was killed by Ceallachan-Caisil.


Enda, son of Diarmada, lord of Ui-Ceinnsealaigh, was killed by the Ui-Ceinnsealaigh themselves.


A great predatory excursion was made by the Connmhaicni over Sil-Muireadhaigh, so that Magh-Aei was left without cattle.


Donnchadh, son of Ua Conchobhar Failghe, was killed by his own brothers.


Great frost and ice in this year, and the lakes and rivers of Ireland were frozen over, so that men and horses were wont to pass with dry feet over the lakes; and great snow fell afterwards.


An army was led by Muircheartach Ua Briain into Connaught, and he carried hostages from them.


Diarmaid Ua Briain was expelled into Ulster.


Muireadhach Mac Carthaigh, lord of Eoghanacht, died.


Domhnall, son of Amhalghaidh,


successor of Patrick, made a visitation of Cinel-Eoghain, and obtained his demand.


Aedh, son of Cathal Ua Conchobhair, was taken prisoner by Brian; and the chieftainship of Sil-Muireadhaigh was given to Gilla-na-naemh Ua Conchobhair.


The fleet of the men of Munster plundered Cluain-mic-Nois.