The Age of Christ, 933.
The sixteenth year of Donnchadh.
Cormac, son of Maenach, Abbot of Achadh-bo, and
Macclenna, Abbot of Imleach-Ibhair and Liath-mor-Mochaemhog, were slain.
Maelbrighde, Abbot of Mainistir-Buithe;
and Muireadhach, son of Maelbrighde, Abbot of Daimhliag, died.
Anlaith, Abbess of Cluain-Bronaigh and Cluain-Boireann, which was blessed by Caireach Deargain, died.
Conchobhar, son of Domhnall, heir apparent of Aileach, died, and was interred with great honour at Ard-Macha.
Cinaedh, son of Cairbre, lord of Ui-Ceinnsealaigh, was slain by the foreigners of Loch Garman, in a nocturnal attack.
Maelmuire, son of Ceanndubhan, Tanist of Laeighis, died.
The islands of Loch Gabhar and the Cave of Cnodhbha were attacked and plundered by the foreigners.
The Age of Christ, 934.
The seventeenth year of Donnchadh.
Conchobhar, son of Domhnall, was slain by the son of Finn, son of Maelmordha.
Bec, son of Gairbhith, lord of Dearlass, died.
Anrudhan, son of Maelgorm, lord of Corca-Modhruadh, died.
Cluain-mic-Nois was plundered by the foreigners of Ath-cliath; and it was plundered again by Ceallachan Caisil and the men of Munster.
Amhlaibh Ceannchairech, with the foreigners, came from Loch Eirne across Breifne to Loch Ribh. On the night of Great Christmas they reached
p.633the Sinainn, and they remained seven months there; and Magh-Aei was spoiled and plundered by them.
The burning of Ath-cliath by Donnchadh, son of Flann, King of Ireland.
Arthur Ua Tuathail died.
The Age of Christ, 935.
The eighteenth year of Donnchadh.
Aireach-tach, Abbot of Disert-Diarmada;
Fedhach, Abbot of Slaine;
Muireadhach, Abbot of Beannchair, died.
Diarmaid, son of Ailell, Abbot of Cill-Cuilinn, died at an advanced age.
Aenghus, son of Muircheartach, a learned man, anchorite, and Tanist-abbot of Ia, died.
Aireachtach, priest of Cill-achaidh, died.
Eochaidh, son of Conall, King of Ulidia, died.
Clerchen, son of Tighearnan, son of the lord of Breifne, died.
Conghalach, son of Cathalan lord of Breifne; Conaing, son of Niall Glundubh, heir-apparent to the monarchy of Ireland, died.
Croinghilla, son of Cuileannan, lord of Conaille-Muirtheimhne, died.
Macetigh Mac Ainseamain, lord of Mughdhorna-Maighen; and
Lorcan, son of Conghalach, lord of Ui-Mic-Uais of Breagh, died.
Gairbhith, son of Maeleitigh, lord of Feara-Rois, was slain.
Bruadar, son of Duibhghilla, lord of Ui-Ceinnsealaigh, was slain by Tuathal, son of Ugaire.
Amhlaeibh, son of Godfrey, lord of the foreigners, came at Lammas from Ath-cliath, and carried off as prisoners Amhlaeibh Ceanncairech from Loch Ribh, and the foreigners who were with him (i.e. with Cairech), after breaking their ships.
The foreigners of Athcliath left their fortress, and went to England.
Cill-Cleithe was plundered by the son of Barith, and the
p.635church was burned, and a great prey was carried out of it.
A battle was gained by the Leinstermen over the forces of the North, i.e. over the people of the son of Niall, where many fell with Diarmaid, son of Maelmuire, son of Flannagan, and Ceallach, son of Cumasgach, who were of the men of Breagh, and num-bers of others of distinction.
The Age of Christ, 936.
The nineteenth year of Donnchadh.
Mael-padraig, i.e. the son of Bran, Bishop of Lughmhadh;
Dubhthach, successor of Colum Cille and Adamnan in Ireland and Alba;
and Caencomhrac of Muc-shnamh, anchorite, died.
Ciaran, son of Ciarman, Abbot of Lis-mor, died.
Conaingen, Abbot of Teach-Fethghna, and chief priest of Ard-Macha;
and Finguine, son of Fubhthaidh, son of Donnagan, son of Fogartach, son of Duine-chdha, son of Bearach, son of Mescell, Vice-abbot of Teach-Mochua, and lord of Magh-Abhna, died.
Maelcairnigh, Abbot of Tulan, died.
Robhartach of Teach-Theille, died.
Fearghal, son of Domhnall, lord of the North;
and Murchadh, son of Sochlachan, lord of Ui-Maine, died.
Conchobhar, son of Maelchein, lord of Ui-Failghe, and his two sons, were killed by Lorcan, son of Faelan, lord of Leinster.
Donnchadh Ua Maeleachlainn plundered Airthear-Liffe.
Amhlaibh, son of Godfrey, came to Dublin again, and plundered Cill-Cuilinn, and carried off ten hundred prisoners from thence.
A challenge of battle between Donnchadh, King of Ireland, and Muircheartach, son of Niall Glundubh, lord of Oileach; but God pacified them. Donnchadh and Muir-cheartach went with the forces of both fully assembled to lay siege to the foreigners of Ath-cliath, so that they spoiled and plundered all that was under the dominion of the foreigners from Ath-cliath to Ath-Truisten; of which Conghalach, son of Maelmithigh, said:
- Muircheartach, above all the men of Fail, has not seized upon place or prey,
Although he has been burning our corn, and well eating our bread.
- Conghalach of the fertile Breagh is like unto a mute or stammering man,
Out of his head no muttering is understood, but what is like the bubbling of boiling meat.
The two successors of Patrick, namely, Joseph, scribe, bishop, and ancho-rite, the wisest of the Irish;
and Maelpadraig, son of Maeltuile, bishop and wise man, died. The latter was five months in the abbacy when he died.
The Age of Christ, 937.
The twentieth year of Donnchadh.
Maeldomh-naigh, Abbot of Tamhlacht;
and Ceallach, son of Caellaidhe, Prior of Saighir, died.
Finnachta, son of Ceallach, Comharba of Doire, bishop, and adept in the Bearla-Feine;
Laighnen, comharba of Fearna and Tamhlacht, died.
Aileach was plundered by the foreigners against Muircheartach, son of Niall; and they took him prisoner, and carried him off to their ships, but God redeemed him from them.
A battle was gained by Conghalach, son of Maelmithigh, over the Gailengs Great and Small, at Ath-da-laarg, where four score of them were slain.
Domhnall, son of Lorcan, lord of Aidhne, died at Cluain-mic-Nois.
Crichan, son of Maelmuire, lord of Ui-Fiachrach, died.
Flann, son of Ceallach, Tanist of Osraighe, died.
Cian, son of Aenghus, was slain by the Ui-Failghe.
Murchadh, son of Finn, was mortally wounded by Tuathal.
Canoin-Phadraig was covered by Donnchadh, son of Flann, King of Ireland.
Ceallachan, King of Caiseal, with the men of Munster, and Macca Cuinn, with the foreigners of Port-Lairge, went into Meath, and seized upon a great prey, and took the spoils and prisoners of Cill-eidhneach and Cill-achaidh; and took their two abbots, namely, Muireadhach Ua Conchobhair, and Coibhdeanach, son of Beargdha; but they left behind Oilill, son of Aenghus, lord of Ui-Fothaidh, and many others, in the hands of Aimhergin, lord of Ui-Failghe.
The men of Munster, under Ceallachan, King of Munster, who had the foreigners along with him, plundered the churches of Cluain-eidhneach and Cill-achaidh, and the territory of Meath, as far as Cluain-Iraird.
The foreigners deserted Ath-cliath by the help of God and Mactail.
The Age of Christ, 938.
The twenty-first year of Donnchadh.
Muirchear-tach of Camus, Abbot of Beannchair;
Duibhinnreacht, son of Ronan, Abbot of Cluain-Dolcain;
and Ainbhith, son of Domhnall, Abbot of Gleann-Uisean, died.
Coibhdeanach, Abbot of Cill-achaidh, was drowned in the sea of Delginis-Cualann, while fleeing from the foreigners.
Flann Ua Cathail suffered martyrdom at Cluain-an-dobhair, by the foreigners.
Suibhne, son of Cu-Breatan, Abbot of Slaine, was killed by the foreigners.
Maelbeannachta, anchorite, died.
Maelmartin Ua Scellain, Lector of Leithghlinn, died.
An army was led by the king, Donnchadh, and by Muircheartach, son of Niall, to Leinster, and to the men of Munster; and they took their hostages.
Niall, son of Fearghal, heir of Oileach, was mortally wounded and drowned by Muircheartach.
Flann, daughter of Donnchadh, and Queen of Oileach, died.
Aralt, grandson of Imhar,
p.641i.e. the son of Sitric, lord of the foreigners of Luimneach, was killed in Connaught by the Caenraighi of Aidhne.
A great slaughter was made of the Osraig by Ceallachan, King of Caiseal.
Amhlaeibh Cuaran went to Cair-Abroc; and Blacaire, son of Godfrey, came to Ath-cliath.
Depredations were committed by the Leinstermen in Leath-Chuinn; namely, by Braen in Meath, Lorcan in Breagh, and Muircheartach in Cualann; and they carried great preys from these places.
Cairbre Ua Cinaeidh, lord of Ui-Aitheachda, died.
A victory was gained by the King of the Saxons over Constantine, son of Aedh; Anlaf, or Amhlaeibh, son of Sitric; and the Britons.
The Age of Christ, 939.
The twenty-second year of Donnchadh.
Eocha, son of Scannal, Abbot of Imleach-Ibhair;
and Oeonacan, priest of Dun-Leath-ghlaisi, died.
Maelbrighde, son of Nechtrai, the glory of Cualann, died at an advanced age.
Muircheartach, son of Niall, with the men of the North and of Breagha, went into the territory of Osraighe and Deisi; and he totally plundered and ravaged the entire country as far as Leas-Ruadhrach, so that they the inhabitants submitted to him.
A fleet was conducted by Muircheartach, son of Niall, and he carried off much plunder and booty from the Insi-Gall, after gaining victory and triumph.
A slaughter was made of the Deisi by Ceallachan and the men of Munster, because they had submitted to Muircheartach, son of Niall; and he slew two thousand of them, together with Ceileachair, son of Cormac; Maelgorm, son of Gibhleachan; Seghdha, son of Noebelan; Cleireach, son of Sesta, &c.
Another battle was gained by the Deisi and the Osraighi
p.643over the King of Caiseal, where many were slain.
Muircheartach afterwards assembled the Cinel-Conaill and Cinell-Eoghain, and the people of the North in general, at Oileach, where he selected ten hundred of the chosen heroes, and made a circuit of Ireland, keeping his left hand to the sea, until he arrived at Ath-cliath; and he brought Sitric, lord of Ath-cliath, with him as a hostage. He afterwards proceeded into Leinster, and the Leinstermen began to oppose him but finally agreed to submit to him; and he carried Lorcan, King of Leinster, with him. He then went to the men of Munster, who were in readiness on his arrival to give him battle; but they ultimately resolved to give up their king Ceallachan, and a fetter was put upon him by Muircheartach. He afterwards proceeded into Connaught, where Conchobhar, son of Tadhg, came to meet him, but no gyve or lock was put upon him. He then returned to Oileach, carrying these kings with him as hostages; and they were for nine months feasting there; and at the end of that time he sent the hostages to Donnchadh, because it was he that was at Teamhair, and the sovereignty had come to him. Concerning the carrying away of Ceallachan the following quatrain was composed:
- Muircheartach went to the South,
To the beautiful chalk-white Caiseal,
And he brought with him Ceallachan of troops;
He did not accept of any other hostage for him.
A slaughter was made of the foreigners by the Ui-Failghi, i.e. by Aimhergin, son of Cinaedh, and the Cinel-Fhiachach, who slew twelve hundred of them at Magh-Cisi.
Unusual frost, so that the rivers and lakes were passable; and the foreigners plundered Inis-Mochta on the ice.
Maelruanaidh, son of Flann, Tanist of Oileach, was slain by the Cinel-Conaill.
A battle was gained over the foreigners of Ath-cliath by the Ui-Failghe, i.e. by Aimhergin, son of Cin-aedh, lord of Ui-Failghe, where there fell a thousand of the foreigners, with Aedh Albanach, and many chieftains besides him.
The Age of Christ, 940.
The twenty-third year of Donnchadh.
Dun-chadh, son of Suthainen, Bishop of Cluain-mic-Nois;
and Ceallach, son of Eporan, Bishop of Cluain-eidhneach, died.
Maelmochta, scribe and Abbot of Cluain-Iraird, died; he was the head of the piety and wisdom of Ireland.
- Maelmochta of the plain of Meath,
Great grief is the beauteous sweet branch,
The chief of spiritual direction,
The centre of the praise of Mugain.
Faelan, son of Muireadhach, King of Leinster, died of a fall at Aenach-Colmain:
- Faelan of resounding rapidity, whose shout overwhelmed the plain,
Lord of Cualann of the harbours, the subduer of champions, King of Leinster
The flame of Eromhon's Ireland, he subdued hosts singlehanded,
Cause of tears is his total separation. Alas for the Prince of Faelan's land!
Conghalach and Ailpin, two sons of Lorcan, son of Dunchadh, were slain by Conghalach, son of Maelmithigh.
Dunlaith, daughter of Maelmithigh, died.
Cluain-mic-Nois and Cill-dara were plundered by Blacaire, son of Godfrey, and the foreigners of Ath-cliath.
Dun-Leathghlaise was plundered by the son of Raghnall and his foreigners. God and Patrick quickly took vengeance of him for this deed, for foreigners came across the sea, and attacked them on their island, so that the son of Raghnall, their chief, escaped to the main land; he was killed by Madudhan, King of Ulidia, in revenge of Patrick, before the end of a week after the plundering.
A great flood in this year, so that the lower half of Cluain-mic-Nois was swept away by the water.
The Age of Christ, 941.
The twenty-fourth year of Donnchadh.
Connla, son of Dunacan, Bishop and Abbot of Leithghlinn;
Caenchomhrac, Bishop of Daimhliag;
Fogartach, Abbot of Saighir;
and Feardomhnach, Abbot of Fobhar, died.
Aedh, son of Scannlan, lord of Irluachair, a wise man, learned in Latin and Irish, died.
Muircheartach of the Leather Cloaks, son of Niall Glundubh, lord of Aileach, the Hector of the west of Europe in his time, was slain at Ath-Fhirdiadh by Blacaire, son of Godfrey, lord of the foreigners, on the 26th of March. In lamentation of him was said:
Ard-Macha was plundered by the same foreigners on the day after the killing of Muircheartach. Mughron composed this:
- Vengeance and destruction have descended upon the race of the Clann-Cuinn for ever,
As Muircheartach does not live; alas, the country of the Gaeidhil will be always an orphan.
- One, nine hundred, four times ten, since Christ was born of Virgin birth,
Is the number of years that have come, to the great death of the Muircheartach.
A victory was gained at Tracht-Mugha, by Ruaidhri Ua Canannain, over the Cinel-Eoghain and the foreigners of Loch-Feabhail, where three hundred of the Cinel-Eoghain and foreigners were slain, together with Maelruanaidh, son of Flann, heir apparent of the North.
Lorcan, son of Faelan, King of Leinster, was slain by the Norsemen, as he was plundering Ath-cliath, after having first defeated the foreigners, where many of them were slain by him; of which was said:
- Since the descendant of Breasal Breac has been slain,
A rapid brave king, subduer of princes,
From this day till the fierce and terrific day of judgment,
No Leinsterman shall march in his army.
Lorcan of Leinster in a wretched house,
The theme of a hundred renowns, the friend of poetry.
Alas, the world has been filled with wailing,
It is trembling, it is weeping, it is battle.
Lord of provinces of the wise Gaedhil,
If he wounded a hero, it is not joyous;
He was a puissant Lugh to jump into the ford,
It is a stain for ever if he has been slain.
Ceallach, son of Bec, lord of Dal-Araidhe, was killed at Oentrobh by his own tribe.
Flann Ua Fogarta, lord of Breacraighe, and lord of Teathbha;
Duibhleambna, daughter of Tighearnan, i.e. lord of Breifne, and wife of Donn-chadh, son of Flann, King of Ireland, died.
The Age of Christ, 942.
Robhartach, son of Maelcainnigh, Abbot of Cluain-an-dobhair;
Maelfeichine, Abbot of Cluain-Iraird;
Dubhthach, son of Maelseampul, Lector of Cluain-Iraird;
and Guaire, son of Maelecan, priest of Cluain-mic-Nois, died.
Flaithbheartach, son of Inmainen, King of Caiseal;
Flann, son of Finn,
and Muireadhach, son of Maelmordha, two royal heirs of Leinster, died.
Finn, son of Matan, lord of Corca-Laighdhe, was slain by Feara-Maighe-Feine.
Conn, son of Donnchadh, heir apparent to the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain by the men of Fearnmhagh.
Cairbre, son of Maelpadraig, lord of Ui-Liathain, died.
A victory was gained by Ceallachan of Caiseal, over Ceinneidigh, son of Lorcan, at Magh-duin, where many were slain.
The destruction of Ath-cliath by the Irish, i.e. by Conghalach, son of Maelmithigh,
p.653heir apparent to the sovereignty of Ireland; Braen, son of Maelmordha, King of Leinster; Ceallach, son of Faelan, heir of Leinster. The destruction brought upon it was this, i.e. its houses, divisions, ships, and all other structures, were burned; its women, boys, and plebeians, were carried into bondage. It was totally destroyed, from four to one man, by killing and drowning, burning and capturing, excepting a small number who fled in a few ships, and reached Deilginis. Of which was said:
- Nine hundred years of lasting harmony,
Four times ten and two, is seen,
Since the birth of Christ, according to rule,
Till this year, have been spent,
Ath-cliath of swords was destroyed,
Of many shields and families,
The race of Tomar were tormented,
In the western world, it has been manifested.
Braen of Carman went to the victorious battle,
The golden Rock of Almbain with his host,
It was by the King of Leinster of swords
It was oppressed and destroyed.
Swelling for the contention was Conghalach,
The fine vigorous chief of Breag,
The sun of the bright western world,
With battalions destroying it.
Donnchadh, son of Flann, son of Maelseachlainn, King of Ireland, died after the twenty-fifth year of his reign. It was to commemorate and lament Donnchadh the following quatrain was composed:
- Since Donnchadh's death, unspeakable misfortune,Teamhair the threatener has changed its hue,
Without the enlightening laws of a king to bind it, the land of Ireland is for ever ruined.