Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition
Annals of the Four Masters (Author: [unknown])

Annal M837

M837.0

The Age of Christ, 837.

M837.1

The sixth year of Niall.

M837.2

St. Dochata, holy bishop and anchorite, finished his virtuous life in this world, and resigned his spirit to heaven.

M837.3

Cormac, Bishop and scribe of Cill Foibrich, died.

M837.4

Tighearnach, son of Aedh, Abbot of Finnabhair Abha and other churches, died.

M837.5

Egnech of Cill Delge, bishop, abbot, and scribe, was killed, with all his people, by the Gaileanga.

M837.6

Bran of Finnghlais, bishop and scribe, died.

M837.7

Ceallach, son of Cairbre, Abbot of Ath Truim, died.

M837.8

Ruaidhri, son of Donnchadh, Prior of Cluain Irard, and abbot of other churches too, died.

M837.9

Domhnall, son of Aedh, Abbot of Druim Urchaille, died.

M837.10

Ceallach, son of Cosgrach, Abbot of Airegal Ciarog, died.

M837.11

A great royal meeting at Cluain Conaire Tomain, between


p.459

Niall Caille and Feidhlimidh, son of Crimhthann.

M837.12

Maelcron, son of Cobhthach, lord of Loch Lein, died.

M837.13

A battle was gained by the Gentiles over the Connaughtmen, wherein was slain Maelduin, son of Murgheas, son of Tomaltach, with numbers of others along with him.

M837.14

Bran, son of Faelan, from whom is named Ui Faelain, King of Leinster, died.

M837.15

Conghalach, son of Maenach, lord of Ui Mic Uais Breagh died.

Annal M838

M838.0

The Age of Christ, 838.

M838.1

The seventh year of Niall.

M838.2

Maelgaimhridh, a select scribe, anchorite and Abbot of Beannchair;

M838.3

Aidean, Prior of Cluain Mic Nois, and Abbot of Ros Cre;

M838.4

Colman, son of Robhartach, Abbot of Slaine;

M838.5

Maelruanaidh, son of Cathal, Vice Abbot of Lusca;

M838.6

Cormac, son of Conall, Abbot of Treoit;

M838.7

Reachtabhra, Abbot of Liath Mochaemhog, died.

M838.8

Muireadhach, son of Eochaidh, son of Fiacha, King of the province of Conchobhar, was killed by his brothers, Aedh and Aenghus, with many others besides them.

M838.9

Aedh, son of Eochaidh, was killed by Madadhan, son of Muireadhach.

M838.10

A marine fleet of the foreigners took up on Loch Eathach. The territories and churches of the North of Ireland were plundered and spoiled by them.

M838.11

The burning of Fearna and Corcach Mor by the foreigners.

M838.12

Commasgach, son of Conghalach, lord of Cianachta, died.

M838.13

Cinneididh, son of Conghalach, lord of Ui Mic Uais, was killed by his brother.

M838.14

A change of abbots at Ard Macha, i.e. Diarmaid Ua Tighearnaigh in the place of Forannan of Rath Mic Maluis.

Annal M839

M839.0

The Age of Christ, 839.

M839.1

The eighth year of Niall.

M839.2

Joseph of Ros mor, bishop and distinguished scribe, Abbot of Cluain Eois and other churches, died.


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M839.3

Orthanach, Bishop of Cill Dara;

M839.4

Airmeadhach, Abbot of Ros Ailither;

M839.5

Crunnmhael, Prior of Dearmhach;

M839.6

Maeltuile of Leithghlinn;

M839.7

and Aireachtach of Cill Manach, died.

M839.8

Berichtir of Tulach Leis died on the 6th of December.

M839.9

The plundering of Feara Ceall and Dealbhna Eathra by Niall Caille.

M839.10

The plundering of Lughmhadh by the foreigners of Loch Eathach; and they made prisoners of many bishops and other wise and learned men, and carried them to their fortress, after having, moreover, slain many others.

M839.11

Murchadh, son of Aedh, King of Connaught, died.

M839.12

Dubhdabharc, lord of South Munster, died.

M839.13

Cinaedh, son of Coscrach, lord of Breaghmhaine, in Teathbha, died.

M839.14

The burning of Ard Macha, with its oratories and cathedral, by the aforesaid foreigners.

M839.15

Feidhlimidh, King of Munster, plundered Meath and Breagh; and he rested at Teamhair, after having in one day taken the hostages of Connaught; of which Ceallach, son of Cumasgach, said:

    1. Feidhlimidh is the king,
      to whom it was but one day's work
      To obtain the hostages of Connaught without a battle,
      and to devastate Meath.

Annal M840

M840.0

The Age of Christ, 840.

M840.1

The ninth year of Niall.

M840.2

Maeldithraibh, anchorite and wise man of Tir Da Ghlas, died.

M840.3

A fortress was erected by the foreigners at Linn Duachaill, out of which the territories and churches of Teathbha were plundered and preyed.

M840.4

Another fortress was erected by them at Duibhlinn, out of which they plundered Leinster and the Ui Neill, both territories and churches, as far as Sliabh Bladhma.

M840.5

An army was led by Feidhlimidh to Carman. An army was led by Niall to Magh Ochtair, to meet him.

    1. The crozier of the devout Feidhlimidh
      was left in the shrubbery,
      Which Niall by force bore away from them,
      by right of the battle of swords.


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M840.6

The plundering of Cluain Eidhneach, and the destruction of Cluain Iraird and Cill Achaidh Droma Fota, by the foreigners.

M840.7

A battle was gained over Maelruanaidh, son of Donnchadh, i.e. the father of King Maelseachlainn, by Diarmaid, son of Conchobhar; and Diarmaid was slain on the same day by Maelseachlainn.

Annal M841

M841.0

The Age of Christ, 841.

M841.1

The tenth year of Niall.

M841.2

Caemhan, Abbot of Linn Duachaill, was killed and burned by the foreigners.

M841.3

Ceallach, son of Caithghenn, Abbot of Druim Mor, in Ui Eathach, died.

M841.4

Suibhne Ua Teimhnen, Abbot of Gleann Da Locha, died.

M841.5

Fineachta, son of Breasal, Abbot of Cilldumha;

M841.6

Comsudh, son of Ruamlus, Abbot of Domhnach Seachnaill;

M841.7

Moran, son of Innreachtach, Abbot of Clochar Mic nDaimheni;

M841.8

and Muireadhach, son of Cearnach, OEconomus of Ard Macha, died.

M841.9

The plundering of Cluain Mic Nois by the foreigners of Linn Duachaille.

M841.10

The plundering of Disert Diarmada by the foreigners of Cael Uisce.

M841.11

The plundering of Birra and Saighir by the foreigners of the Boinn.

M841.12

A fleet of Norsemen on the Boinn, at Linn Rois. Another fleet of them at Linn Saileach, in Ulster. Another fleet of them at Linn Duachaill.

M841.13

Dunghal, son of Fearghal, lord of Osraighe, died.

M841.14

Mughroin,


p.465

son of Aenghus, lord of Ui Failghe, died.

M841.15

Maelduin, son of Conall, lord of Calatruim, was taken prisoner by the foreigners.

Annal M842

M842.0

The Age of Christ, 842.

M842.1

The eleventh year of Niall.

M842.2

Dodiu, Bishop of Birra, died.

M842.3

Cumsudh, son of Derero, and Maenach, son of Sadchadach, who were both bishops and anchorites, died in one night, at Disert Diarmada.

M842.4

Suibhne, son of Forannan, Abbot of Imleach Fio, died.

M842.5

Ronan, Abbot of Cluain Mic Nois, one of the tribe of the Luaighni of Ros Teamhrach,

M842.6

and Bricine, Abbot of Lothra, died.

M842.7

Donnacan, son of Maeltuile, scribe and anchorite, died in Italy.

M842.8

Colggu, son of Fedach, anchorite, died.

M842.9

Maelruanaidh, son of Donnchadh, King of Meath, the father of Maelseachlainn, died.

M842.10

Fearghus, son of Fothadh, King of Connaught, died.

M842.11

Cinaedh, son of Conra, lord of Cinel Laeghaire, was slain by the Dealbhna.

M842.12

Cairbre, son of Cathal, King of South Leinster, died.

M842.13

Tolorg, son of Allailedh, chief of Fealla, was slain by the foreigners of Loch Ribh; and Finnacan, son of Allailedh, made his escape from them.

M842.14

The burning of Cluain Fearta Brenainn by the same foreigners.

Annal M843

M843.0

The Age of Christ, 843.

M843.1

The twelfth year of Niall.

M843.2

Gormghal, son of Muireadhach, Bishop and anchorite of Lann Leire;

M843.3

Fiachna, son of Maelbreasail, Abbot of Finnabhair Abha;

M843.4

Labhraidh, son of Ailell, Abbot of Slaine;

M843.5

Robhartach, son of Breasal, Abbot of Achadh Bo Cainnigh;

M843.6

Robhartach, son of Flann, Abbot of Domhnach Mor;

M843.7

Breasal, son of Caingne, Abbot of Cillmanach;

M843.8

Cethearnach, son of Foghartach, Prior of Tir Da Ghlas;

M843.9

and Aedhan of Gleann Uisean, died.

M843.10

An army was led by the foreigners of Ath Cliath to Cluana An Dobhair, and burned the fold of Cill Achaidh; and Nuadhat, son of Seigen, was martyred by them.

M843.11

Dun Masg was plundered by the foreigners,


p.467

where Aedh, son of Dubdhachrich, Abbot of Tir Da Ghlas and Cluain Eidhneach, was taken prisoner; and they carried him into Munster, where he suffered martyrdom for the sake of God; and Ceithearnach, son of Cudinaisg, Prior of Cill Dara, with many others besides, was killed by them during the same plundering excursion.

M843.12

Forannan, Primate of Ard Macha, was taken prisoner by the foreigners, at Cluain Comharda, with his relics and people, and they were carried by them to their ships at Luimneach.

M843.13

An expedition by Tuirgeis, lord of the foreigners, upon Loch Ribh, so that they plundered Connaught and Meath, and burned Cluain Mic Nois, with its oratories, Cluain Fearta Brenainn, Tir Da Ghlas, Lothra, and many others in like manner.

M843.14

A battle was gained over the foreigners by the king, Niall, son of Aedh, in Magh Itha; and a countless number fell.

M843.15

Tuirgeis was taken prisoner by Maelseachlainn, son of Maelruainaidh; and he was afterwards drowned in Loch Uair, through the miracle of


p.469

God and Ciaran, and the saints in general.

M843.16

Fearghal, son of Bran, son of Maeltuile, son of Tuathal, lord of Muscraighe, was killed, and Caicher, lord of Feara Maighe.

M843.17

The plundering of Donnchadh, son of Follamhan, and of Flann, son of Maelruanaidh, by Maelseachlainn, son of Maelruanaidh.


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Annal M844

M844.0

The Age of Christ, 844.

M844.1

Muireadhach, son of Flann, Abbot of Mainistir Buithe;

M844.2

Cairbre, son of Colman, Abbot of Ath Truim;

M844.3

and Conaing, son of Fordomhnach, Abbot of Domhnach Padraig, died.

M844.4

Fordomhnach, a wise man, and a distinguished scribe of Ard Macha, died;

M844.5

and Robhartach, son of Suibhne, Prior of Cill Achaidh, scribe and wise man, was slain.

M844.6

Donnchadh, son of Amhalghadh, lord of Ui Eathach;

M844.7

Clothnia, lord of Corca Laeghdhe;

M844.8

Cathal, son of Ailell, lord of Ui Maine;

M844.9

Connmhach Mor, son of Coscrach;

M844.10

and Niall, son of Ceannfaeladh, lord of Ui Fidhgeinte, died.

M844.11

Maelduin, son of Conall, lord of Calatruim, was slain by the Leinstermen.

M844.12

A battle was gained over the Connaughtmen by the foreigners, in which Riagan, son of Fearghus; Mughron, son of Diarmaid; and Aedh, son of Catharnach, with many others, were slain.

M844.13

Cuil Caissine was plundered and burned by the foreigners.

M844.14

The plundering of Cuil Moine by the fleet of the Cailli; and a fortnignt's siege was laid to them by Cearbhall, son of Dunlaing, and they were afterwards dreadfully slaughtered.

M844.15

The plundering of the Termon of Ciaran, by Feidhlimidh, son of Crimhthann; but Ciaran pursued hirn, as he thought, and gave him a thrust of his crozier, and he received an internal wound, so that he was not well until his death.

M844.16

After Niall Caille, son of Aedh Oirdnidhe, had been thirteen years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he was drowned in the Callainn, in the fifty fifth year of his age. In commemoration of his death was said:

    1. A curse on thee, O severe Callainn,
      thou stream like mist from a mountain,
      Thou hast painted death on every side,
      on the warlike brunette-bright face of Niall.

And again:

    1. I love not the sorrowful water,
      which flows by the side of Maras,
      O Callainn, who shall boast of it?
      Thou hast drowned the son of an illustrious woman!


p.473

M844.16

Maenghal, the pilgrim, said:

    1. Take with thee the total destruction of Niall,
      who was not a judge without judgment;
      To the King of heaven let him make submission,
      that he may make smooth for him every difficulty.
    2. Niall was drowned,
      Niall was good;
      Niall in the sea,
      Niall in fire,
      Niall without death.

Annal M845

M845.0

The Age of Christ, 845.

M845.1

Thc first year of Maelseachlainn, son of Maelruanaidh, over Ireland.

M845.2

Conaing son of Fear Domhnaigh, abbot of Domhnach Patraic, died.

M845.3

Ceallach, son of Maelpadraig, Prior of Feara Rois, died.

M845.4

Feidhlimidh, son of Crimhthann, King of Munster, anchorite and scribe, the best of the Irish in his time, died on the 18th of August of his internal wound, inflicted through the miracle of God and Ciaran. Of the death of Feidhlimidh was said:

    1. Alas! O God, for Feidhlimidh;
      the wave of death has drowned him!
      It is a cause of grief to the Irish
      that the son of Crimhthann of Claire lives not.
    2. It was portentous to the Gaeidhil,
      when his last end arrived;
      Slaughter spread through sacred Ireland
      from the hour that Feidhlimidh died.
    3. There never went on regal bier
      a corpse so noble;
      A prince so generous under the King of Ailbin
      never shall be born.

M845.5

Eoghan, i.e. the anchorite, son of Aedhagan, son of Torbach of Cluain Mic Nois, died.

M845.6

The demolition of the island of Loch Muinreamhar by Maelseachlainn,


p.475

son of Maelruanaidh, against a great crowd of sons of death i.e. malefactors of the Luighni and Gaileanga, who were plundering the districts at the instigation of the foreigners; and they were destroyed by him.

M845.7

Maelgoan, son of Eochaidh, lord of Cinel Boghaine, died.

M845.8

Artuir, son of Muireadhach, lord of Airthear Life, died.

M845.9

Cathal, son of Cosgrach, lord of Fotharta, was slain by the Ui Neill.

M845.10

Connmhach, son of Cethernach, half chief of Ciarraighe, died.

M845.11

Niall, son of Cinnfaeladh, lord of Ui Fidhgeinte, died.

M845.12

A slaughter made of the foreigners of Ath Cliath, at Carn Brammit, by Cearbhall, son of Dunghal, lord of Osraighe, where twelve hundred of them were slain.

M845.13

The first plundering of Imleach Iubhair by the foreigners.

Annal M846

M846.0

The Age of Christ, 846.

M846.1

The second year of Maelseachlainn.

M846.2

Finsneachta Luibnighe, son of Tomaltach, King of Connaught, and who was afterwards an anchorite, died.

M846.3

Robhartach, son of Maelfothartaigh, Abbot of Cill Moinne, died.

M846.4

Anluan, Abbot of Saighir, died.

M846.5

Colman, son of Donncothaigh, successor of Colman, of Cill Mic Duach, died.

M846.6

Diarmaid of Cill Caisi, died.

M846.7

A battle was gained by Maelseachlainn, son of Maelruanaidh, over the Danes, at Forach, where seven hundred of them were slain by him.

M846.8

Another battle was gained by Olchobhar, King of Munster, and by Lorcan, son of Ceallach, King of Leinster, having the Leinstermen and Munstermen along with them, over the foreigners, at Sciath Neachtain, wherein Tomhrair Earl, tanist of the King


p.477

of Lochlann, and twelve hundred along with him, were slain.

M846.9

A victory was gained by Tighearnach, lord of Loch Gabhar, over the foreigners, at Daire Disirt Dachonna, where twelve score of them were slain by him.

M846.10

A victory was gained by the Eoghanacht Caisil over the foreigners, at Dun Maeletuile, where five hundred of them were slain.

M846.11

A hosting was made by Olchobhar, to demolish the fort of Corcach against the foreigners.

M846.12

Tuathchar, son of Cobhthach, lord of Luighne, died.

M846.13

A defeat was given by Echthighern and the Leinstermen to the Osraighe, at Uachtar Garadha.

M846.14

A defeat by Dunadhach, son of Dunghaile, and the Osraighe, to the Deisi.