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Annals of Inisfallen (Author: unknown)

Annal AI1315


A.D. 1315.


The Scots invaded Ireland at the beginning of summer and straightway occupied much of Ulster, destroyed the town of Dún Delcan where they killed many people, and burned other surrounding towns such as Áth Fir Diad and Lugmud. Excepting homicide, however, deeds no less evil were done by an army drawn from different parts of Ireland to do battle with them, in the districts through which the units passed. When these came to the meeting-place at the fixed time which had been arranged, the Scots had retreated secretly beforehand through Ard Macha to Es Craibe on the [river] Banna. When it became necessary for the entire army of Ireland to pursue them to Carlingford and further [north], Lord Richard, earl of Ulster, both because he feared the ruin of his lands and because he believed any addition [to his own troops] to be superfluous, stated: ‘I have here,’ said he, ‘a force of my own of 36,000 or more, and it is large enough to expel an equal number from the country, or to kill them in it. And since they have invaded my territory, I deem it preferable to proceed against them at my own expense, and to employ my own force to that effect.’

This he did, for he pursued the Scots to Cúil Rathain on the river] Banna. The latter became alarmed on his approach and burned the whole town save only the monastery of the Friars Preachers, and moreover, they destroyed the bridge so as to deprive him of a suitable passage as he was about to cross over. For those waters could not be forded save at two points, and only when there was excessive drought, which nevertheless did not occur in the above year. The Earl, thus remained on the opposite bank without interference from the enemy, awaiting a fall in the level of the water or a shortage of food among his foes. One of these [expectations] came to pass, for it was reported that in the Scotch camp four quarters of a sheep fetched two shillings sterling. On account of this dearth, however, the people of the countryside, principally Ó Néill,


Ó Catháin, andÓ Flainn, did not fail to provide for them as best they could. When the Earl saw this, he retreated to Antrim, desiring to procure plentiful supplies for his army. When he was there, about three thousand troops or more secretly withdrew from him without permission, the captain of the latter being Walter, son Lord Walter 'Catus' de Burgo. But, praise God, these were deprived of their horses, arms, and other effects on the road by the Irish of Uí Maine!

With a view to heartening his men the Earl eventually turned back to Coinnere to oppose the Scots; and there they and their Irish supporters suddenly charged him and his forces about midday before they were armed or prepared for battle, and they wounded and took prisoner William de Burgo along with many other nobles, whom they transported to Scotland. The Earl himself and his men took flight, since none would stand by him. And those who succeeded in crossing by Tráig in Ibuir were able to relate what disasters they had suffered there.


In the same year Ruaidhrí, son of Cathal, did homage to Edward Bruce through ill-will towards the Earl and Feidlimid Ó Conchobuir, who was with him. And after they had departed, Ruaidhrí entered Connachta, burned Sligech and destroyed Corann and Tobar Brigte, burned Ros Comáin, Dun Mór, and Loch Riach,—in short all the towns of Connachta save Áth na Ríg, Gaillim, and Clár. And Ruaidrí was accepted as king that year by all the Irish of Connachta.


Donnchad Mac Carthaig, who had been king of Desmumu, died this year before Christmas and was buried in the Cave of Corcach.

Annal AI1316


A.D. 1316. The Kalends of January on Thursday, the fifth of the moon; a bissextile year, and d was the Dominical Letter


Finnguine, son of Dáuíd Ó Caím, is killed at the beginning of this year; also Robert Barret's son by the same person.



Ruaidrí Ó Conchobuir was slain in battle this year by Feidlimid Ó Conchobuir, Lord Richard Bermingham, and a large force of English and Irish of Connachta. And this Feidlimid, who had preceded Ruaidrí [as king], replaces him; but on the Feast of St. Laurence he also fell along with many Irish nobles in a great battle in Connachta, etc.


This year also, fell Myles Cogan, chief of the Cogans, with many other nobles in a skirmish in Connachta.


In the same year Donnchad Ó Briain, chief of Tuadmumu, stirred up warfare in Ciarraige, and burned, spoiled, and devastated much of it.


Diarmait Mac Carthaig, chief of Desmumu, came after [him] in the same year and entered Aes Irrais. He spoiled the whole country, burning Daingen Uí Chubais, and destroying all other places in the territory; and he burned the castle of Mag Ó Flaithim and whatever else the aforenamed Ó Briain had left untouched in Ciarraige.


In the above battle fell Tadc Ó Ceallaig, king of Uí Maine, who in his lifetime had no equal among the princes of Ireland; also Muirchertach, son of Murchad son of Mathgamain, and Murchad, son of Murchad. And with the English [in the battle] there were many Irish, such as Muirchertach, son of Tairdelbach Ó Briain, and even Mathgamain, son of Domnall Connachtach Ó Briain; and, indeed, from the betrayal of the king of Connacht, which is imputed to William de Burgo(?).


In the same year Donnchad is expelled from the kingship of Tuadmumu: the descendants of Tairdelbach entered Tuadmumu after the departure of Brian's sons (that is, when they had invaded Ciarraige), and they subjugated it while the latter were absent, the chief authors of the betrayal being chiefly Clann Chuiléin, and others.



Louis son of Philip, king of France, died this year in the summer, leaving his queen pregnant; and it was decided by the procurators of the realm that if she gave birth to a son, he should be king, but that his cousin Lord Philip, Count of Poictiers, was to be regent until his eighteenth year. If the child was a girl, however, Philip was [...]

Annal AI1317


A.D. 1317. The Kalends of January on Saturday, the fifteenth of the moon; the first year after bissextile, with Dominical Letter B and Tabular Letter A. (postpunctata); the seventh year of the Decemnovennial Cycle, the fourth of the Lunar Cycle, and the last of the Indiction; has five as the Concurrent, and is the tenth year in the Solar Cycle of Dionysius, and the twenty-first of the Solar Cycle according to Gerlandus.


Warfare breaks out between some of the Cogans and the Barrys, and the lands of Dáuíd de Cócán from Loch Mu-Choba to Bern na hEile are laid waste and burned by the Barrys and some of the Roches. After Candlemas a further prey is taken by them against the same Cogans; and in the course of this raid J[ohn ?], son of Godfrey, is despoiled, his court being burned, and the castle of Mag Oilig is destroyed.


In this year about the middle of Lent Munster is invaded by the Scots, namely by Lord Robert Bruce, who styled himself king of Scotland, and by his brother Lord Edward, who claimed to be king of Ireland. They came through Caisel and A nAenach, proposing to effect a junction


with the whole Irish army near Saingel, and proceeded to Grunna, but from there they returned to their own country, save only Edward, who remained in Carraic Fergusa. And after the Scots had departed, Donnchad Ó Briain entered Tuadmumu, and with the exception of Clann Chuiléin brought it under his own sway.


Roger Mortimer comes to Ireland as the king's lieutenant, and he deprives some of the De Lacys of their lands.


Subsequently, on the octave of the Feast of St. Laurence, Donnchad son of Domnall, chief of Tuadmumu, is slain by Diarmait, son of Tairdelbach Ó Briain, and by Mac Con Mara and Clann Chuiléin. And Muirchertach son of Donnchad, Brian son of Conchobar, Tadc Luimnig, and many other nobles fell on both sides.


This year the election to the See of Caisel of the bishop of Cork and the archdeacon of Caisel, and the requests made for their appointment, are rejected; and the archbishopric is given to the bishop of Osraige, and his bishopric is conferred on a Friar Minor.


There died on the third of the Ides of October this year Lord Cathal Ó Donnchada, dean of Cluain, a man of great learning and reputation throughout Mumu, whose death was a great loss and calamity to the whole Irish Church.


After the following Feast of St. Martin Diarmait Ruad, at the instigation of M. Ó Súilliubáin and others of that sept, rebelled against Diarmait, son of Domnall Óg, chief of Desmumu. And the whole country of Uí Rathach is spoiled by them, and Cormac, son of Domnall Óg Mac Carthaig, and Buadach, son of Crimthann Ó Súilliubáin, are confined in Dairbre. Meanwhile Diarmait Ruad hauled a boat from Loch Bunremair to Loch Léin, and it was captured there by Tadc, son of Tadc Ruad Mac Carthaig, the keepers of the islands, the son of the Dean Ó Donnchada, and Gilla Maenaig Ó Maíl Chatha.



The Friars Minor of Corcach are cited as defendants at Corcach; they are summoned to appear in the king's court contrary to common and ecclesiastical law.


In the above year the Uí Shúilliubáin, with the exception of Clann Gilla Mo-Chudu and Clann Gilla na Flann, rebelled against Diarmait, chief of South Desmumu, and deprived him of the sovereignty in so far as they were able.

Annal AI1318


The Kalends of January on Sunday, and the twenty-sixth of the moon thereon. A.D. 1318; Dominical Letter A., and Tabular Letter O. (postpunctata); the second year after the bissextile; the eight year of the Decemnovennial Cycle the fifth of the Lunar Cycle, the twenty-fifth of the Solar Cycle according to Gerlandus, the eleventh according to Dionysius, and the first of the Indiction; has six as the Concurrent, is an Embolismal year, has seventeen as epacts, and thirty-nine as Claves.


Berwick is captured by the Scots.


On the sixth of the Ides of May Lord Richard de Clare is slain in Tuadmumu with four knights and many others by Muirchertach Ó Briain. And in the following autumn a mighty force is collected and marched into Tuadmumu by Lord Maurice, son of Thomas, Diarmait Mac Carthaig, Brian son of Domnall Ó Briain, and by Mathgamain, son of Domnall Connachtach Ó Briain; and this Mathgamain's son, who was formerly a subdeacon in the Order of the Friars Minor and afterwards apostate, is slain there.


In the same year Lord Edward Bruce is slain in the battle of Dun Delgan [...] among whom fell Alexander Mac Domnaill.


The Castle of Carraic Fergusa [...] Lord John of Áth Í [...]


Diarmait Mac Carthaig, son of Domnall Óg [...]


nem contra Diarmait Ruad fi-[...] Ruad, in qua parum profuit p-[...] de Uí Shúilliubáin per pulcra pro us-[...] sa iuramenta eum deceperunt[...] recedunt ab eo Brian et t-[...] ses sui cum eo. Seoán Ó Donno[cáin].[...] cum germano suo convertu-
um Ruad partem volent-
et p-[...]

Annal AI1319


Kalendae Ianuarii, Anno Dolnini MCCC decimo nono, die Lunae, luna septima[...] sed decima secundum veritatem G[erlandi ?].[...] postpunctata Littera Tab[ularis].[...] communis, et est tertius post bissextum[...] Decemnovenalis et sextus Cicli Lun[aris].[...] Solaris secundum Gerlandum[...] [Dioni]sium, et est secunda Indicti[o].[...] currente; et habet viginta quinque[...] epacta decem; et septem bo-[...] [Tu]admumu et m-[...] devicti et divers- ae-[...] si inter quo[...] et Muirchertach[...] taig u- [...] Hoc anno[...] ain f- [...] ado comburitur et multa alia[...] ucuriam mulieris custodientis ec-[...] comburentis bladum ubi[...] [mon]umenta ecclesiae combusta simul cum[...] ce deanrato datis per dubes[...] Mór Ó Donnchada et bo- [...] Mathgamain Ó Donnchada decani[...] nt combustae et multi alii libri[...] g illeoin comburitur ex consiliis[...] et bati proditiose capiuntur[...] n est filium Tadc Ruad m-[...] magnum recuperatur per ala-[...] ceteros de cognomina per[...] de Dunkeran usque ad[...]


iii finito et incipien-[...] Annuntiationis com-[...] adeo cum omnibus edi[ficatis].[...] n filius(?) Donnocán[...] hastinat[...] ad t.ala unim-[...] to igne post[...] uit combusta[...] iccum per pa-[...] tniat conver-[...] te fuit[...] ur die lune[...]

Annal AI1320


The Kalends (first) of January on Wednesday. A.D. MCCCXX.


Diarmait Mac Carthaig, i.e. king of Desmumu, was slain by the son of Nicholas fitzMaurice and by other septs, viz. [by] the son of the bishop Ó Samradáin and the Riddels, accompanied by other families, viz. the Uí Chonchobuir and the Uí Fhinn(?). He was slain in the monastery of Tráig Lí, and was buried in Inis Faithlinn a fortnight after his death. And Cormac Mac Carthaig, i.e. his own brother, was proclaimed king in his stead by fitzThomas and by the Desmumu.


Matha Ó Donnocáin was slain in Eóganacht by Maigiu Ó Donnocáin, and was buried in Inis Faithlinn in the same year.



Ó Donnocáin Mór, i.e. Maigiu, was slain in the same spring by the Barrys and by his own kinsmen, viz. by Adam and by the sons of Milis Ó Donnocáin.

Annal AI1321


The Kalends (first) of January on Friday. A.D. MCCCXXI.


Mil [...] was slain(?), and was buried in Inis [...]


A great murrain of the cows of Ireland in the above year, and there was a great famine [...] in the same year.


A great hosting by fitzThomas and by Donnchad Mac Carthaig in the above year [...] Domnall Cairprech and [...] . the Uí Chairpri in general to build the castle of (Dún?) Meic Odmainn. The castle was built by them, and the Uí Chairpri joined them and they gave hostages to him [fitzThomas?], and fitzThomas departed with his hosts. And the Uí Chairpri proceeded to Mullach [...] gave battle to the foreigners, and [...]many of his followers were slain there; and fitzThomas [...]was left, were it not for Cormac Mac Carthaig with the nobles of his kindred and followers [...].

Annal AI1292


Donnchadh Carthainn held the kingship for seven years after Domnall Ruad Mac Carthaig, [from] 1285, Domnall Óg, son of Domnall Ruad, having bestowed it upon him. He died [in] 1292.

Annal AI1328


Diarmait, son of the above Domnall Óg, reigned for eighteen years [from] 1310. He died by treachery in the monastery of the Friars in Tráig Lí.

Annal AI1359


Cormac Mac Carthaig, brother of the same Diarmait above, reigned thirty-one years. He was a year in an encampment against the Uí Chairpri in the castle
, and ten and


ninety of his accustomed followers in that year in his own house. He died and was buried in the monastery of the Friars in Corcach.