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Background details and bibliographic information

Annales Dominicani de Roscoman

Author: [unknown]

File Description

Electronic edition compiled by Benjamin Hazard and Kenneth W. Nicholls

Proof corrections by Kenneth W. Nicholls

Funded by The Heritage Council and
School of History, University College Cork and
Private Donation

1. First draft.

Extent of text: 15440 words

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(2012)

Distributed by CELT online at University College, Cork, Ireland.
Text ID Number: L100015A

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Available with prior consent of the CELT programme for purposes of academic research and teaching only.

Sources

    Manuscript source
  1. London, Victoria and Albert Museum, Library, Clements Collection, Irish MSS, R.23, drawer 5.
    Written works and edited editions of Sir James Ware
  1. James Ware, Archiepiscoporum Casseliensium et Tuamensium vitae; duobus expressae commentariolis. Quibus adjicitur historia coenobiorum Cisterciensium Hiberniae (Dublin 1626).
  2. James Ware, De praesulibus Lageniae sive provinciae Dublinensis. Liber unus (Dublin 1628).
  3. James Ware (ed.), Edmund Spenser, A view of the state of Ireland [...] whereunto is added The history of Ireland by Edmund Campion [...] with The chronicle of Ireland by Meredeth Hanmer [...] and Henry Marleburrough's chronicle (Dublin 1633).
  4. James Ware, De scriptoribus Hibernae libri duo: prior continet scriptores, in Hiberniâ natos; posterior, scriptores alios qui in Hibernia munera aliqua obierunt (Dublin 1639).
  5. James Ware, Librorum manuscriptorum in bibliotheca Jacobi Waraei equitis aurait catalogus (Dublin, 1648).
  6. James Ware, De Hibernia et antiquitatibus ejus disquisitiones (London 1654 and 1658; Rerum Hibernicarum, regnante Henrico VII, annales nunc primum in lucem editi).
  7. James Ware, Opuscula Sancto Patricio, qui Hibernos ad fidem Christi convertit, adscripta in lucem emisit et notis illustravit Jacobus Waraeus eques auratus (London 1656).
  8. James Ware, Rerum Hibernicarum Henrico octavo regnante annales nunc primum editi (Dublin 1662).
  9. James Ware, Venerabilies Bedae epistolae duae; necnon vitae abbatum Wiremuthensium et Gerwiensium. Accessit Egberti, archiepiscopi Eboracensis, dialogus de ecclesiastica institutione; ex antiquis MS in lucem emisit et notis et rem historicam et antiquariam spectantibus illustravit Jacobus Waraeus, eques auratus (Dublin 1664).
  10. James Ware, Rerum Hibernicarum annales, regnantibus Henrico VII, Henrico VIII, Edwardo VI, et Maria ab anno scilicet Domini MCCCCLXXXV ad annum MDLVIII (Dublin 1664).
  11. James Ware, De praesulibus Hiberniae, commentarius. A prima gentis Hibernicae ad fidem Christianam conversione ad nostra usque tempora (Dublin 1665).
  12. James Ware, The antiquities and history of Ireland (Dublin 1705).
  13. Walter Harris (ed.), The whole works of Sir James Ware concerning Ireland (Dublin 1739–64).
  14. James Ware, The history of the writers of Ireland in two books, tr. & rev. by Walter Harris (2 vols, Dublin 1746), vol. 2, 145–57.
    Printed source material
  1. Thomas de Burgo, Hibernia Dominicana (Cologne 1752).
  2. Mervyn Archdall, Monasticon Hibernicum; or, A history of the abbeys, priories and other religious houses in Ireland, edited with extensive notes by the Right Rev. Patrick Moran (Dublin 1786; repr. 2 vols, 1873–76).
  3. John O'Donovan (ed.), The Tribes and Customs of Hy–Many, commonly called O'Kelly's Country, from the Book of Lecan with translation and notes and a map of Hy–Many (Dublin 1843; repr. Cork 1976).
  4. John O'Donovan (ed.), The Genealogies, Tribes and Customs of Hy–Fiachrach, commonly called O'Dowda's Country, by Duald Mac Firbis (Dublin 1844).
  5. W. M. Hennessy (ed.), The Annals of Loch Cé (2 vols, London 1871; repr. Dublin 1939).
  6. Denis Murphy (ed.), The Annals of Clonmacnoise being annals of Ireland from the earliest period to A.D. 1408, translated into English A.D. 1627 by Conell Mageoghagan (Dublin 1896; repr. 1993).
  7. Ambrose Coleman, 'Registrum monasterii fratrum praedicatorum de Athenry' in: Archivium Hibernicum, 1 (1912), 201–21.
  8. M. H. MacInerny, A history of the Irish Dominicans, from original sources and unpublished records (Dublin 1916).
  9. E. J. Gwynn, 'Fragmentary annals from the west of Ireland' in: Proc. RIA, 37C (1924–7), 149–57.
  10. Charles McNeill (ed.), 'Harris: Collectanea De Rebus Hibernicis' in: Analecta Hibernica, 6 (1934), 248–450.
  11. A. Martin Freeman (ed.), Annála Connacht: The Annals of Connacht, A.D. 1244–1544 (Dublin 1944; repr. 1970, 1983, 1996) [abbreviated below as AConn.]
  12. James Carney (ed.), A genealogical history of the O'Reillys written in the eighteenth century by Eóghan Ó Raghallaigh and incorporating portion of the earlier work of Dr Thomas Fitzsimons, vicar–general of the diocese of Kilmore (Cavan 1959).
    Further reading on Sir James Ware, Dominican studies and medieval Irish history
  1. Daniel P. Mc Carthy on his website http://www.cs.tcd.ie/Dan.McCarthy/chronology/synchronisms/annals–chron.htm provides detailed information on two traditions of dating in the Irish Annals together with two ancillary articles, 'Chronological synchronisation of the Irish annals' and 'Collation of the Irish regnal canon'.
  2. Anthony à Wood, Athenae Oxonienses: an exact history of all the writers and bishops who have had their education in [...] the University of Oxford (2nd ed., London 1721).
  3. Roderic O'Flaherty, A chorographical description of West or h–Iar Connaught, written A.D. 1684; ed. James Hardiman (Dublin 1846).
  4. Eugene O'Curry, Lectures on the manuscript materials of ancient Irish history (Dublin 1861; repr. 1878 and 1995), 93–107.
  5. Oliver Burke, The history of the Catholic archbishops of Tuam, from the foundation of the See (Dublin 1882).
  6. Francis Burke, Loch Cé and its annals: north Roscommon and the diocese of Elphin in times of old (Dublin 1895).
  7. H. T. Knox, 'Notes on the marriages and successions of the de Burgo, lords of Connaught and the acquisition of the earldom of Ulster' in: Jn. Royal Soc. Antiq. Ireland, 5th ser., 8 (1898), 414–15.
  8. Rose Graham, 'Letters of Cardinal Ottoboni,' English Historical Review, 15 (1900), 87–120.
  9. Martin Blake, 'The Abbey of Athenry founded 1241 with a list of people interred therein' in: Journal of the Galway Archaeological and Historical Society (hereafter Jn. Galway Arch. Hist Soc.), 2 (1902), 65–90.
  10. Ambrose Coleman, Historical sketches of all the ancient Dominican foundations in Ireland (Dundalk 1902).
  11. H. T. Knox, 'Occupation of Connaught by the Anglo–Normans after A.D. 1237' in: Jn. Royal Soc. Antiq. Ireland (1903), 58–74, 284–94.
  12. H. T. Knox, Notes on the early history of the dioceses of Tuam, Killala and Achonry (Dublin 1904).
  13. Jerome Fahey, 'Some De Burgo castles in eastern Hy Fiachrach Aidhne' in: Jn. Galway Arch. Hist Soc., 4 (1905–6), 1–10.
  14. R. A. S. MacAlister, 'An anecdote of Sir James Ware' in: Jn. Royal Soc. Antiq. Ireland, 5th ser., 38/2 [5th ser., vol. 18] (1908), 182–3.
  15. Goddard Henry Orpen, Ireland under the Normans 1169–1333 (4 vols, Oxford 1911–20; repr. Dublin 2005), vol. 4, 53–106.
  16. R. A. S. Macalister, 'The Dominican church at Athenry' in: Jn. Royal Soc. Antiq. Ireland, 6th ser., 3 (1913), 197–222.
  17. H. T. Knox, 'The Bermingham family of Athenry with a tabular pedigree of the Bermingham families of Connacht' in: Jn. Galway Arch. Hist Soc., 10 (1917–19), 139–54.
  18. Nicholas Synnott, 'Notes on the family of De Lacy in Ireland' in: Jn. Royal Soc. Antiq. Ireland (1919), 113–31.
  19. Herbert Wood, 'The office of chief governor of Ireland, 1172–1509' in: Proc. RIA, 36C (1921–4), 206–238.
  20. Edmund Curtis, A history of medieval Ireland from 1086 to 1513 (London 1923).
  21. Henry Crawford, 'The O'Connor tomb in Roscommon Abbey' in: Jn. Royal Soc. Antiq. Ireland (1924), 89–90.
  22. Reginald Poole, Chronicles and annals: a brief outline of their origin and growth (Oxford 1926).
  23. Robin Flower, 'Manuscripts of Irish interest in the British Museum: histories and annals' in: Analecta Hibernica, 2 (1931), 310–40.
  24. Newport White (ed.), Irish monastic and episcopal deeds, A.D. 1200–1600 (Dublin 1936).
  25. Gerard Hayes-McCoy, Scots mercenary forces in Ireland, 1565–1603 (London 1937; repr. Dublin 1996).
  26. Paul Walsh, 'The dating of the Irish annals' in: Irish Historical Studies 2/8 (1940–41), 355–75; repr. as 'The chronology of the early Irish annals' in: Paul Walsh, Irish leaders and learning through the ages, ed. Nollaig Ó Muraíle (Dublin 2003), 483–99 [corrigenda by E. G. Quin, in: Irish Historical Studies 3 (1942–3), 107].
  27. H. G. Richardson, 'Norman Ireland in 1212' in: Irish Historical Studies, 3 (1942), 144–58.
  28. Mary D. O'Sullivan, Old Galway, the history of a Norman colony in Ireland (Cambridge 1943; repr. Galway 1983), 9–34.
  29. Aubrey Gwynn, 'Some unpublished texts from the Black Book of Christ Church, Dublin' in: Analecta Hibernica, 16 (1946), 281–337.
  30. Benedict O'Sullivan, 'The Dominicans in mediaeval Dublin' in: Dublin Historical Record, 9 (1947), 41–58.
  31. William Hinnebusch, The early English friars preachers (Rome 1951).
  32. J. J. McNamee, 'Ardacha Dominicans' in: Jn. Ardagh and Clonmacnoise Antiq. Soc., 2/12 (1951) 5–27.
  33. Kathleen Hughes, 'A manuscript of Sir James Ware: British Museum Additional 4788' in: Proc. RIA, 55C (1952–3), 111–16.
  34. Stuart Piggott, 'Antiquarian thought in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries' in Levi Fox (ed.), English historical scholarship in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries (Oxford 1956), 93–114.
  35. Philip Styles, 'Politics and historical research in the early seventeenth century' in Levi Fox (ed), English historical scholarship in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries (Oxford 1956), 49–72.
  36. Aubrey Gwynn, 'The Annals of Connacht and the Abbey of Cong' in: Jn. Galway Arch. Hist Soc., 27 (1956–7), 1–9.
  37. Aubrey Gwynn, 'Archbishop Ussher and Father Brendan O Conor' in: Franciscan Fathers (eds.), Father Luke Wadding Commemorative Volume (Dublin 1957), 263–83.
  38. Daphne Pochin Mould, The Irish Dominicans, the friars preachers in the history of Catholic Ireland (Dublin 1957).
  39. Aubrey Gwynn, 'Edward I and the proposed purchase of English law for the Irish, c.1276–80' in: Trans. Royal Hist. Soc., 10 (1960), 111–27.
  40. Conleth Kearns, 'Medieval Dominicans and the Irish language' in: The Irish ecclesiastical record, 94 (1960), 17–38.
  41. Maurice Sheehy, 'The Bull Laudabiliter: a problem in medieval diplomatique and history' in: Jn. Galway Arch. and Hist. Soc., 29 (1961), 45–70.
  42. Mary Donovan O'Sullivan, Italian merchant bankers in Ireland in the thirteenth century, a study in the social and economic history of medieval Ireland (Dublin 1962).
  43. Canice Mooney, 'Elphin' in: Dictionnaire d'histoire et de geographie ecclésiastiques, 15 (1963), 269–92.
  44. A. T. Lucas, 'The plundering and burning of churches in Ireland, 7th–16th century' in: Etienne Rynne (ed.), North Munster Studies: essays in commemoration of Monsignor Michael Moloney (Limerick 1967).
  45. A. J. Otway–Rutven, A history of medieval Ireland (London 1968).
  46. Canice Mooney, The Church in Gaelic Ireland: thirteenth to fifteenth centuries (Dublin 1969).
  47. Aubrey Gwynn and Richard Neville Hadcock (eds.), Medieval religious houses: Ireland (London 1970; repr. Dublin 1988).
  48. Michael Herity, 'Rathmulcah, Ware and MacFirbisigh: the earliest antiquarian description and illustration of a profane Irish field monument' in: Ulster journal of archaeology, 33 (1970), 49–53.
  49. Éamonn de hÓir (ed.), 'Annála as Breifne' in: Breifne, 4 (1970–5), 59–86.
  50. Ralph Bennett, Early Dominicans: studies in thirteenth–century Dominican history (Cambridge 1971).
  51. Tomás Ó Fiaich, Irish cultural influence in Europe, VI–XII century (Cork 1971).
  52. James Lydon, The lordship of Ireland in the middle ages (Toronto 1972; repr. Dublin 2003).
  53. J. J. N. McGurk, 'Henry III of England' in: History Today, 22 (1972), 786–92.
  54. Kenneth W. Nicholls, Gaelic and Gaelicised Ireland in the Middle Ages (Dublin 1972; repr. Dublin 2003).
  55. B. W. O'Dwyer, 'The Annals of Connacht and Loch Cé, and the monasteries of Boyle and Holy Trinity' in: Proc. RIA, 72C (1972), 83–102.
  56. A. F. O'Brien, 'Episcopal elections in Ireland, c.1254–72' in: Proc. RIA, 73C (1973), 129–176.
  57. Brendan Bradshaw, The dissolution of the religious orders in Ireland under Henry VIII (Cambridge 1974; repr. 2009).
  58. Gearóid Mac Niocaill, The medieval Irish annals with a Foreword by F. X. Martin (Dublin 1975).
  59. Robin Frame, 'Power and society in the Lordship of Ireland, 1272–1377' in: Past & Present, 76 (1977), 3–33.
  60. Aubrey Gwynn, 'Tomaltach Ua Conchobair Coarb of Patrick (1181–1201): his life and times' in: Seanchas Ardmhacha, 8/2 (1977), 231–74.
  61. James Lydon (ed.), England and Ireland in the later middle ages: essays in honour of Jocelyn Otway–Ruthven (Dublin 1981).
  62. Simon Tugwell, Early Dominicans: selected writings (New York 1982).
  63. Giraldus Cambrensis, Expugnatio Hibernica, ed. A. Scott and F. X. Martin (Dublin 1978).
  64. Kenneth W. Nicholls, 'Anglo-French Ireland and after,' in Peritia, 1 (1982), 370–403.
  65. Kenneth W. Nicholls, 'Fragments of Irish annals' in: Peritia, 2 (1983), 87–102.
  66. Dáibhí Ó Cróinín, 'Early Irish annals from Easter tables: a case restated' in: Peritia, 2 (1983), 74–86.
  67. Nessa Ní Shéaghdha, Collectors of Irish manuscripts: motives and methods (Dublin 1985).
  68. Timothy O'Neill, The Irish hand: scribes and their manuscripts from the earliest times to the seventeenth century, with an exemplar of Irish scripts (Mountrath 1984).
  69. Brian Graham, 'Medieval settlement in County Roscommon' in: Proc. RIA, 88C (1988), 19–38.
  70. K. W. Humphreys, 'The effects of thirteenth–century cultural changes on libraries' in: Libraries & Culture [Libraries at times of cultural change], 24 (1989), 5–20.
  71. Toby Barnard, 'Crises of identity among Irish Protestants, 1641–85' in: Past & Present, 127 (1990), 39–83.
  72. Cyril Mattimoe, North Roscommon: its people and past (Roscommon 1992).
  73. Robin Frame, ''Les Engleys nées en Irlande': the English political identity in medieval Ireland' in: Trans. Royal Hist. Soc., 6th ser., 3 (1993), 83–104.
  74. James Murray, Alan Ford, James McGuire, S. J. Connolly, Fergus O'Ferrall, Kenneth Milne, 'The Church of Ireland: a critical bibliography, 1536–1992' in: Irish Historical Studies, 28/112 (1993), 345–84.
  75. Francis Cotter, The friars minor in Ireland from their arrival to 1400 (New York 1994).
  76. William O'Sullivan (ed.), 'Correspondence of David Rothe and James Ussher, 1619–23' in: Collectanea Hibernica, 36–7 (1994–5), 7–49.
  77. Bernadette Williams, 'The 'Kilkenny Chronicle'' in Robin Frame, T. B. Barry and Katherine Simms (eds.), Colony and frontier in medieval Ireland (Dublin 1995) 75–95.
  78. Hiram Morgan (ed.), 'A booke of questions and answars concerning the Warrs or rebellions of the kingdome of Irelande' in: Analecta Hibernica, 36 (1995), 79, 81–132.
  79. Tomás Ó Concheanainn, 'From Giolla Comáin to Cathal Óg: features of the literary tradition in Roscommon' in: Breandán Ó Conaire (ed.), Comhdháil an Chraoibhín 1994: conference proceedings (Roscommon 1995), 124–40.
  80. Dáibhí Ó Cróinín, Early medieval Ireland, 400–1200 (London 1995).
  81. Marie-Thérèse Flanagan, 'Irish and Anglo-Norman warfare in the twelfth century,'in Thomas Bartlett and Keith Jeffery (eds.), A military history of Ireland (Cambridge 1996), 52–75.
  82. Graham Parry, Trophies of time: English antiquarians of the seventeenth century (Oxford 1995).
  83. Nollaig Ó Muraíle, The celebrated antiquary Dubhaltach Mac Firbhisigh (c. 1600–671): his lineage, life and learning (Maynooth 1996; rev. repr. 2002).
  84. Cormac Ó Cléirigh, 'The O'Connor Faly lordship of Offaly, 1395–1513' in: Proc. RIA, 96C (1996), 87–102
  85. Michael Robson, 'Gilbert Ó Tigernaig, Bishop of Annaghdown, c.1306–23' in: Jn. Galway Arch. and Hist. Soc., 48 (1996), 48–68.
  86. James Lydon (ed.), Law and disorder in thirteenth–century Ireland: the Dublin parliament of 1297 (Dublin 1997).
  87. Nollaig Ó Muraíle, 'Dubhaltach Mac Fhirbhisigh and County Galway' in: Jn. Galway Arch. Hist Soc., 49 (1997), 22–35.
  88. J. A. Watt, The Church in medieval Ireland (Dublin 1972; repr. 1998).
  89. Seán Duffy, Ireland in the middle ages (New York 1997).
  90. William O'Sullivan, 'A finding list of Sir James Ware's manuscripts' in: Proc. RIA, 97C (1997), 69–99.
  91. Peter Beal, In praise of scribes: manuscripts and their makers in seventeenth–century England (Oxford 1998).
  92. Elizabethanne Boran, 'An early friendship network of James Ussher, Archbishop of Armagh, 1625–56' in: Helga Robinson-Hammerstein, (ed.) European universities in the age of Reformation and Counter-Reformation (Dublin 1998), 116–34.
  93. Marie-Thérèse Flanagan, Irish society, Anglo–Norman settlers, Angevin kingship: interactions in Ireland in the late twelfth century (Oxford 1998).
  94. Alan Ford, 'James Ussher and the creation of an Irish Protestant identity' in: Brendan Bradshaw and Peter Roberts (eds.), British consciousness and identity (Cambridge 1998), 185–212.
  95. Conleth Manning, 'The very earliest plan of Clonmacnoise' in: Archaeology Ireland, 12/1 (1998), 16–17.
  96. Tadhg O'Keeffe, 'The fortifications of western Ireland, A.D. 1100–1300, and their interpretation' in: Jn. Galway Arch. and Hist. Soc., 50 (1998), 184–200.
  97. Henry Jefferies, 'The Armagh Registers and the re–interpretation of Irish Church history on the eve of the Reformations' in: Seanchas Ardmhacha, 18/1 (1999–2000), 81–99.
  98. Rees Davies, The first English empire: power and identity in the British Isles, 1093–1343 (Oxford 2000).
  99. Colmán Etchingham, 'Episcopal hierarchy in Connacht and Tairdelbach Ua Conchobair' in: Jn. Galway Arch. Hist Soc., 52 (2000), 13–29.
  100. Bernadette Cunningham, The world of Geoffrey Keating: history, myth and religion in seventeenth-century Ireland (Dublin 2000).
  101. Edel Bhreathnach, 'Two contributors to the Book of Leinster: Bishop Finn of Kildare and Gilla na Náem Úa Duinn,' in Michael Richter and Jean-Michel Picard (eds.), Ogma: essays in Celtic studies in honour of Próinséas Ní Chatháin (Dublin 2001), 105–111.
  102. A. J. Fletcher, 'Preaching in late–medieval Ireland: the English and Latin tradition' in: A. J. Fletcher and Raymond Gillespie (eds.), Irish preaching, 700–1700 (Dublin 2001), 66–80.
  103. Bernadette Williams, 'The Dominican annals of Dublin' in: Seán Duffy (ed.), Medieval Dublin, 2 (Dublin 2001), 142–68.
  104. Freya Verstraten, 'Normans and natives in medieval Connacht: the reign of Feidlim Ua Conchobair, 1230–65' in: History Ireland, 10 (2002), 11–15.
  105. Hugh Fenning, 'Founders of Irish Dominican friaries: an unpublished list of c.1647' in: Collectanea Hibernica, 44–5 (2002–3), 56–62.
  106. Margaret Murphy, 'Roscommon Castle: underestimated in terms of location?' in: Jn. Galway Arch. Hist Soc., 55 (2003), 38–49.
  107. H. M. Thomas, The English and the Normans: ethnic hostility, assimilation and identity, 1066– c.1220 (Oxford 2003).
  108. Freya Verstraten, 'Both king and vassal: Feidlim Ua Conchobair of Connacht, 1230–65' in: Jn. Galway Arch. and Hist. Soc., 55 (2003), 13–37.
  109. Patrick Conlan, 'Albrecht Sürbeer, Archbishop of Armagh: 'Albrecht the German'' in: Seanchas Ardmhacha: Journal of the Armagh Diocesan Historical Society, 20 (2004), 19–23.
  110. Graham Parry, 'Ware, Sir James (1594–1666), antiquary and historian' in: Oxford dictionary of national biography (Oxford 2004).
  111. Linda Doran, 'Medieval communication routes through Longford and Roscommon and their associated settlements' in: Proc. RIA, 104C (2004), 57–80.
  112. Nollaig Ó Muraíle, 'Athchuairt ar lámhscríbhinní Chonnacht' in: Ruairí Ó hUiginn (ed.), Oidhreacht na lámhcríbhinní, Léachtaí Cholm Cille, 34 (Maynooth 2004), 28–104.
  113. Bernadette Williams, 'Marlborough [Marleburgh], Henry (d. in or after 1421)', Oxford dictionary of national biography, 36 (2004), 717–8.
  114. Bernadette Williams, 'Pembridge, John [Christopher] fl. 1347' in: Oxford dictionary of national biography, 43 (Oxford, 2004), 510–11.
  115. Bernadette Cunningham and Raymond Gillespie, 'James Ussher and his Irish manuscripts' in: Studia Hibernica, 33 (2004–5), 81–99.
  116. Alan Ford and John McCafferty (eds.), The origins of sectarianism in early–modern Ireland (Cambridge 2005).
  117. J. A. Watt, The Church and the two nations in medieval Ireland (Cambridge 1970; repr. 2005).
  118. A. B. Scott, 'Latin learning and literature in Ireland, 1169–1500' in: Dáibhí Ó Cróinín (ed.), A new history of Ireland, 1: prehistoric and early Ireland (Oxford 2005), 934–95.
  119. Damian Bracken and Dagmar Ó Riain Raedel (eds.), Ireland and Europe in the twelfth century: reform and renewal (Dublin 2006).
  120. Yvonne McDermott, 'History and architecture of the mendicant friars with reference to some Roscommon foundations' in: County Roscommon Historical and Archaeological Society Journal, 10 (2006), 9–12.
  121. Bernadette Cunningham, 'Seventeenth–century historians of Ireland' in: Edel Bhreathnach and Bernadette Cunningham (eds.), Writing Irish history: the Four Masters and their world (Dublin 2007), 52–60.
  122. Yuval Noah Harari, Special operations in the age of chivalry: 1100–1550 (Woodbridge 2007).
  123. John McCafferty, The reconstruction of the Church of Ireland: Bishop Bramhall and the Laudian reforms, 1633–41 (Cambridge 2007).
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  125. Steve Flanders, De Courcy: Anglo–Normans in Ireland, England and France in the eleventh and twelfth centuries (Dublin 2008).
  126. Brendan Jennings, Canice Mooney, Felim O Brien and Paul Walsh, Mícheál Ó Cléirigh, his associates and St Anthony's College, Louvain, edited with revisions by Nollaig Ó Muraíle (Dublin 2008).
  127. Daniel P. Mc Carthy, The Irish Annals: their genesis, evolution and history (Dublin 2008).
  128. Elizabethanne Boran, 'Ussher and the collection of manuscripts in early–modern Europe' in: Jason Harris and Keith Sidwell (eds.), Making Ireland Roman: Irish Neo–Latin writers and the Republic of Letters (Cork 2009), 176–94.
  129. Bernadette Cunningham, 'Annals and other histories of Ireland' in: Bernadette Cunningham and Siobhán Fitzpatrick (eds.), Treasures of the Royal Irish Academy Library (Dublin 2009), 71–79.
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  132. Colin Veach, 'A question of timing: Walter de Lacy's seisin of Meath 1189–94,' Proc. RIA, 109c (2009), 165–94.
  133. Benedict O'Sullivan, Medieval Irish Dominican Studies, edited by Hugh Fenning (Dublin 2009).
  134. William O'Sullivan, 'Ware, Sir James (1594–1666), historian, collector of manuscripts, and civil servant' in: James McGuire and James Quinn (eds.), Dictionary of Irish biography (Cambridge 2009).
  135. Denis Casey, ''A man of great power for a long time': Tigernán Ua Ruairc and the Book of Kells' in: History Ireland, 18 (2010), 14–17.
  136. Bernadette Cunningham, The Annals of the Four Masters: Irish history, kingship and society in the early seventeenth century (Dublin 2010).
  137. Nicholas Evans, The present and the past in medieval Irish chronicles (Woodbridge 2010).
  138. Thomas Finan (ed.), Medieval Lough Cé: history, archaeology and landscape (Dublin 2010).
  139. Marie-Thérèse Flanagan, The transformation of the Irish Church in the twelfth century (Woodbridge 2010).
  140. Donnchadh Ó Corráin, 'The church and secular society' in: L'Irlanda e gli irlandesi nell'alto medioevo, Settimana di Studio della Fondazione Centro Italiano sull'alto medioevo, 57 (Spoleto 2010), 261–323.
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  142. Paul Mohr, 'The de Berminghams, barons of Athenry' in: Jn. Galway Arch. Hist Soc., 63 (2011), 43–56.
  143. Kenneth W. Nicholls, 'Succession Lists' in: T. W. Moody, F. X. Martin and F. J. Byrne (eds.), A New History of Ireland, vol. 9. Maps, genealogies, lists. A companion to Irish history, II (Oxford 1984; repr. 2011), part 3.
  144. Mark Empey, ''Value-free' history? The scholarly network of Sir James Ware' in: History Ireland, 20 (2012), 16–20.
  145. Colmán Ó Clabaigh, The friars in Ireland, 1224–1540 (Dublin 2012).
  146. Kieran O Conor and Brian Shanahan, The Dominican Priory of Roscommon (Roscommon: forthcoming).
  147. Bernadette Williams (ed.), The 'Annals of Multyfarnham': Roscommon and Connacht provenance (Dublin: forthcoming).
    The edition used in the digital edition
  1. Annales Dominicani de Roscoman. (ed), [Unpublished manuscript by Sir James Ware] [Folio 45r–50r] ()

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The electronic text represents the text edited by Benjamin Hazard and Kenneth W. Nicholls. Expansions are marked ex. Marginal additions are tagged add place="margin". All corrections and supplied text are tagged.

Quotation

There are no quotations.

Hyphenation

When a hyphenated word (hard or soft) crosses a page-break, the page-break is marked after the completion of the hyphenated word.

Segmentation

div0=the body of Annals; div1=the latin and English annals; div2=the annalistic matter for one year; div3=the individual entry; line-breaks are marked lb; milestones are marked mls unit="ms page" n="".

Interpretation

Names of persons (given names), groups (peoples etc.), places are tagged. Names of professions and social roles are tagged. This applies to the Latin text.

Canonical References

This text uses the DIV2 element to represent the Year.

Refs: EVENT (<DIV3>)

This text uses the DIV2 element to represent the Year.

Profile Description

Created: Latin text by Dominican chroniclers in their priory at Roscommon, compiling and redacting earlier materials; of which material extracts were made by Sir James Ware. Date range: 1163–1314.

Use of language

Language: [LA] The text in Latin.
Language: [EN] The supplied title is in English.

List of hands

Revision History


Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition: L100015A

Annales Dominicani de Roscoman: Author: [unknown]

1

Annales Dominicani de Roscoman, 1163—1314: Introduction

Specific periods of history are characterized by exceptional intellectual activity. The background to the Dominican Annals of Roscommon exemplifies two such periods in Ireland. This newly-discovered source is a seventeenth-century copy of much earlier material. These annals deal with the late twelfth to the early fourteenth century and were originally compiled at the Dominican Priory in the town of Roscommon. The only known copy is preserved in a manuscript which belonged to the noted historian and collector of manuscripts, Sir James Ware of Dublin. The following introduction consists of three parts. It begins with an explanation of annals for those who wish to refresh their understanding of the subject, before assessing this specific document in the context of its composition at Roscommon, and Sir James Ware's acquisitions as an antiquary. We are dealing here with a series of selective extracts by Ware.

Annals are 'a record of events arranged under the year of occurrence,' without any necessary link between them.2 They can range from simple notes regarding individual events in a single year to more detailed narratives. Many may still regard the Annals of the Four Masters as the annals of Ireland though, in fact, the work of Mícheál Ó Cléirigh and his associates was based on other earlier annals.3 Monastic houses in Ireland routinely compiled historical records and, before the arrival of the Normans, the quantity and quality of Irish annals are unique.4

It is believed that annals first developed in monasteries from marginal notes in Easter tables, serving as a reminder for the commemoration of deceased abbots on the day of their death.5 One school of thought contends that the writing of annals emerged in 'an old field of Irish culture', at the monastery of St Gall, or Sankt Gallen. 6 Manuscript annals were regularly distributed to other abbeys where copies were made and new records were added.7 Later, during the Norman period, French annals were continued in England and in Ireland. 8 As correspondence from Finn, the reforming bishop of Kildare, to Áed, 'prime historian of Leinster', shows, the Norman period was also a time of educated awareness regarding ancient Irish culture. 9

The Dominicans, the friars preachers, first settled in Ireland in 1224, three years after the death of their founder St Dominic. As mendicants, the Dominicans were part of a new initiative.10 The friars' rule forbade them from owning property in common and obliged them to support themselves with donations from benefactors. The first Dominican houses in Ireland were founded at Dublin and at Drogheda, reflecting the extent of Norman control over the country at that time and the concentration of population in urban areas. 11

The westward expansion of Norman rule into Connacht followed in the 1230s. In the next decade, Meiler de Bermingham, second baron of Athenry, founded the first Dominican friary in Connacht at Athenry. The Priory of St Mary was established in Roscommon in 1253 by Felim O'Connor, king of Connacht, who according to the Athenry Register, had provided the patronage for the refectory at the Dominican house. The medieval register or chronicle of Athenry has clear links with the Dominican annals of Roscommon dealt with in this project.

According to Sir James Ware the name of the principal compiler was Odo O'Hanmerech. O'Hanmerech's death is recorded in an entry for the year 1306 where he is described as lector of the order of preachers at Roscommon. After his death an unnamed confrère continued making entries in the annals for a further eight years. These annals are, perhaps, the only surviving witness to the life of Friar Odo. The Irish form of his name is Áed Ó hAinmereach. His background had an important bearing upon the composition of his annals. As stated by Aubrey Gwynn, there exists a plentiful supply of dependable documentary evidence from this time, much of it compiled in what are termed Anglo-Irish annals.12 Here, the work of Odo O'Hanmerech draws a distinction by revealing a Gaelic perspective and impressive genealogical knowledge. This helps to explain Sir James Ware's interest in the contents.

Odo O'Hanmerech inherited a long tradition of compiling annals with brief entries in concise Latin. Written for the most part in the perfect active tense, they convey a sense of immediacy to the reader which, to our eyes today, resembles news headlines telling of elections and political assassinations, kidnappings, wars and famines. A familiarity with the contemporary record of events and their protagonists is, therefore, helpful. O'Hanmerech's annals, chiefly for the years 1169–1273, share many entries in common with Pembridge, Grace, the Annals of Christ Church, Dublin, and those of Multyfarnham, which are the subject of substantial work by Bernadette Williams. 13

I will preface the following observations by stating that Ware was making an abbreviated copy of the original manuscript. Benefactors of the Dominicans feature prominently throughout, especially the O'Connors of Connacht which is to be expected when one considers that it was Felim O'Connor who invited the Dominican order to Roscommon. Further, Maurice MacNéill O'Connor was a Dominican friar, confirmed bishop of Elphin by royal assent in 1266. 14 Since Bishop O'Connor presided over the diocese for the next two decades and perhaps resided at the Dominican Priory, Roscommon, he and Odo O'Hanmerech would have been direct contemporaries.

The entries commence in the year 1163, simply stating that 'Ruadhrí O'Connor builds the Castle at Tuam.' Further evidence indicates that this was a fortified residence and administrative centre, rather than just a garrisoned stronghold.15 At present, the only corresponding source that I can find to match this is the Annals of Tigernach, sub anno 1164. Odo names a further five fortified structures as having been built between 1206 and 1300: those at Cork, Áed O'Connor's castle at Loch Scur, County Leitrim, the royal castles in Connacht at Roscommon and Athlone, and at Ballymote, raised by the Red Earl, Richard de Burgo, at the turn of the century.

Unedifying incidents for the O'Connors appear glossed over, such as the blinding of Murrough by his father, Ruadhrí, king of Connacht. In the only case of plundering recorded, Iniscloghran in 1193, O'Hanmerech attributes it to De Lacy, making no mention of another of Ruadhrí O'Connor's sons, Conor Maenmoy, whose involvement is referred to by the Four Masters.

The fortunes of four generations of O'Connor kings of Connacht are referred to by Odo O'Hanmerech. Cathal Croibhdhearg and Felim O'Connor are to the fore but the obit for the former does not appear. The lengthiest entries relate to Athankip, which represented the first major Anglo-Norman defeat in battle.16 Next in terms of length is the entry relating to the assassination of Maurice O'Connor Faly and his brother, Calvagh, which O'Hanmerech attributes to Peter de Bermingham. These deaths are referred to in several sets of annals and were subsequently cited in the Remonstrance sent by the Irish to Pope John XXII in 1317.17

Almost half of the recorded events relate to the province of Connacht. In proportion, the number of entries referring to Ulster are next, followed by entries of direct relevance to the Dominican order, the provinces of Munster and Leinster respectively, 18 ecclesiastical matters applicable to Ireland and Europe; and political relations with England. An entry about St Thomas of Canterbury suggests that Odo was sympathetic towards that Becket's defence of ecclesiastical liberties, a point raised by Gwynn with regard to other Irish annals for the period.19

The period dealt with in the Dominican annals of Roscommon coincides with one and a half centuries corresponding to the founding of the Anglo-Norman colony prior to the Irish resurgence witnessed in the early fourteenth century. The priority which Odo O'Hanmerech gives to events in the western and northern provinces maps the extent of de Burgo authority which, from 1250, controlled much of Connacht and held the earldom of Ulster. Apart from the patronage his family provided to the Dominicans at Athenry, the Walter de Burgo, earl of Ulster and lord of Connacht, also founded a convent for the order at Lorrha, near Nenagh, County Tipperary, in 1269.20

The geography of O'Hanmerech's annals is consistent with the foundation of Dominican houses in Ireland. Near the start we have entries relating to the O'Brien kings of Munster who, for instance, founded the Dominican friary at Limerick in 1241. 21 Here we also find Donal O'Donnell, king of Tír Chonaill and founder of the friary at Derry, who was killed by his own people. His successor Godfrey O'Donnell draws the ire of Odo's pen. While no reference is made to Strongbow, the death of his son, William Marshal the younger, founder of the Dominican friary at Kilkenny, is mentioned. In addition, the lord justice, Maurice Fitzgerald, protector and benefactor of the friars preachers at Sligo, is referred to at some length.

Entries about the death or election of bishops and archbishops proliferate, interspersed with historical events of general interest. Obits for the three Dominican friars elected archbishop of Armagh in the thirteenth century are included. The deaths of David MacKelly OP, founder of the Dominican friary at Cashel, County Tipperary, who served as archbishop of Cashel, and John O'Lee, Dominican bishop of Killala from 1253–75, are also recorded. As is often the case with the compilation of annals for this period, the years assigned to events, 'where these are mentioned in other sources are often a year or two out of step'.22 A further five Dominican bishops are absent. This may be explained by the fact that Sir James Ware made extracts from larger originals. As a means of comparison, many entries relevant to the Dominican order are found in the Annals of Connacht, but not those of Odo O'Hanmerech.

O'Hanmerech casts an impartial eye over the deeds of Anglo-Norman and Irish alike. He seems to take a dim view, for instance, of the killing of O'Dowd by his own grandson in 1192, immediately before reporting on the construction of the castle and bridge by the English bishop at Athlone in the next entry. In 1209, we read also that Finin MacCarthy, king of Desmond, was slain 'by the treachery and fraud of his own native people.' O'Hanmerech's attention is often diverted by natural phenomena, especially heavy falls of snow and ice which made local lakes and the River Galvia traversable on foot.

We owe the recent discovery of this medieval source to Kenneth Nicholls of University College Cork. The manuscript is preserved in London at the Victoria and Albert (V&A) Museum where it was acquired for its armorial bindings. In common with other Ware manuscripts, this work is bound in dark-brown sheepskin and stamped with gilt arms of Sir James Ware on the covers. The armorial bookplates are, however, from the eighteenth century. The V&A manuscript is part of the Clements Collection which contains a library of bindings displaying armorial devices, assembled by Beresford Clements of County Leitrim and bequeathed by him to the Museum in 1940.

Sir James Ware was a senior state official, born in Dublin in 1594. His father, Sir James Ware senior, came to Ireland in 1588, held office as auditor general and built up a landed estate. The young James Ware entered Trinity College Dublin in 1610 where he was a pupil of James Ussher. Ussher, as well as being a professor at Trinity, served as Protestant bishop of Meath before his appointment in the established state church as archbishop of Armagh. Wishing to prove the primacy of the Protestant Church in Ireland, he and Ware initiated new historical studies by which Irish Protestant antiquarians came to identify with Gaelic culture. 23

By 1628, Sir James Ware owned the Annals of Ulster and was compiling notes from the Black Book of Christ Church. Reflecting his interest in the succession of the Irish bishops, as seen in these annals, he published a history of the archbishops of Cashel and Tuam in 1626 to which he appended a history of the Cistercian Order in Ireland. Two years later, Ware brought to print a record of the dioceses of Leinster. In 1629, he made his first visit to England, undertaking research in several libraries and later, while working at the Bodleian, Ware was made a doctor of civil law.

Throughout his career as a public servant, Sir James Ware remained resolutely royalist in political outlook. 24 In the 1630s, he served on the staff the staff of Charles I's lord deputy, Thomas Wentworth, earl of Strafford. The following decade, James Butler, marquis of Ormond, sent Ware to London on his behalf. Ware dedicated two of his published works to Wentworth in 1633 and 1639, the first of which consisted of historical accounts of Ireland by Campion, Hanmer and Spenser. This made an immediate impression, leading to Geoffrey Keating's Foras Feasa, termed by Bernadette Cunningham 'a refutation of all that Spenser represented.'25 Ware's other historical works were, in the main, composed of annals. He published his annals of Ireland for the reign of Henry VII followed by those for Henry VIII, a second edition of which included the reign of Mary. 26

On his return to Ireland in 1649, Ware was banished from Dublin by the parliamentarian Colonel Michael Jones.27 At this point our antiquarian moved to London where, in 1654, he published the first edition of his De Hibernia et antiquitatibus eius disquisitiones, a history of Ireland from its origins until the Anglo-Norman conquest. Better known as the Antiquitates, this is regarded as the most noteworthy of Ware's works in print. According to William O'Sullivan, biographical lists of clergy are still partly dependent on Ware's work, while 'his notebooks and manuscripts remain of first importance for the study of medieval Ireland.'28

At the Restoration in 1660, Ware returned to Ireland where he once more took up his post as auditor-general. He died at his family home in Dublin six years later. Predeceased survived by his wife, Mary, Ware was survived by four of their ten children. Further details of Ware's life are available from the articles by Graham Parry and William O'Sullivan in the biographical dictionaries (ODNB and DIB), which are referred to above in the bibliography and published in recent years at Oxford and Cambridge.

The collection of these annals by Sir James Ware dates from the period when the first attempts were being made to construct a history of Ireland. They clearly illustrate the type of material that was available both for that purpose and for the use of those who should desire to influence contemporary policy by the appeal to history. 29 Ware's Tudor predecessors, such as Sir Robert Cotton and Sir George Carew, were mainly interested in the early records of Anglo-Norman settlement in Ireland.30 By the close of the thirteenth century 'that colony had come to a consciousness of itself as something neither altogether English nor altogether Irish, but as a kind of entity of its own with a special character, interests and history.'31 This consciousness is reflected in the period immediately afterwards — the late thirteenth and early fourteenth century — 'by a movement towards the assembly of the records of the colony and of the various institutions within it.'32

This document does not occur among the manuscript collection started by Ware during his work in the auditor general's office in 1617–18, which he recorded in a list begun after 1625. Between 1627 and 1636, Ware listed a number of new manuscripts which he had recently consulted. The Dominican Annals of Roscommon do not appear here either.33 Nevertheless, according to O'Sullivan, from then on Ware pursued 'a vigorous accessions policy' up to the publication of his Catalogus in 1648: 'the very first printed catalogue of a private manuscript library'. 34 Here we find a manuscript referred to as Fragmentum Annalium cujusdam Anonymi Conatiensis ab anno 1238 usq; ad annum 1314. 35 Since the 1640s were a decade disrupted by incessant conflict, Ware therefore appears to have copied from the exemplar for this manuscript between 1636 and 1644 when he was sent to London on the part of Ormond.

This leads to another question that is, from who did Ware borrow the original manuscript? Comparing the contents of entries with those of the Annals of Connacht indicates a close connection between the two sources after the year 1224. According to Gearóid Mac Niocaill, the two chief Connacht sets of annals for the middle ages 'both derive from a text compiled by a member of the Ó Maolchonaire family, probably in the fifteenth century'.36

Ware was conscious of the importance of Irish records. Nollaig Ó Muraíle and Bernadette Cunningham have illustrated the links between the scribal work of Sir James Ware and Gaelic scholars, such as Dubhaltach Mac Fhirbhisigh and Mícheál Ó Cléirigh.37 We also know that, in 1627, Ware received another manuscript of annals from Muiris Ó Maolchonaire of Roscommon.38 The Uí Mhaoil Chonaire of Roscommon continued to make a substantial contribution to seventeenth-century scholarship. On these grounds, the idea that Ware was given the Annales Dominicani de Roscoman by either the Uí Mhaoil Chonaire or their near neighbour Brian O'Beirne is persuasive.

A few remarks about Ware's methods are appropriate here. His note to 'The other side of ye roll' indicates that the exemplar was written on vellum. Reflecting the costly price of paper in the early seventeenth century, Ware wrote on both sides of each page. The text is written in a single hand with marginal notes added by another scribe, evidently from the pen of Sir James Ware's copyist.39 Ware wrote in a secretarial hand but with many italic forms, such as his capital letters. He may have updated the spelling of names and certainly did so with his spelling of 'O'Conner'. Occasionally, for those engaged in the study of manuscripts in the seventeenth century, content was central whereas the written form was peripheral. Ware regularly abbreviated names. The exemplar appears to have been loaned to him without recourse to other manuscript material. He states on the opening page, 'I have these Annales in an auncient MS.' but the exemplar for this transcript must have been in his hands for only a short period of time. This is clear from the hastiness with which he wrote and the fact that the entries become increasingly brief on detail. In contrast to other annals and chronicles in Ware's collection, the entries for these specific annals do not occur in any of his other manuscripts.

Ware's manuscript collection has an intriguing history. After his death in 1665, they passed into the hands of his son, Robert Ware. Later, in the possession of Henry Hyde, 2nd earl of Clarendon, lord lieutenant of Ireland, they became known as the Clarendon manuscripts before subsequently appearing in the hands of James Brydges, 1st duke of Chandos.40 In the early 1730s, Jonathan Swift attempted to unite the collections of Sir James Ware with those of James Ussher in Trinity College Library. Had this happened, to quote the manuscript scholar Robin Flower, 'all those invaluable materials for Irish history now scattered between Dublin, London and Oxford (some portions being irretrievably lost on the way) would have been united, to the great convenience of students, under one roof.'41

Ware's collection offers an abundance of ecclesiastical, especially monastic, antiquities. In the case of these annals, they became part of a working library which Ware drew upon. There are 'few topics in Irish history on which some note or extract is not to be found'.42 The Dominican Annals of Roscommon were, for instance, among his sources for the Antiquitates. Here we find reference to the spearhead, a cubit in length which, according to Odo O'Hanmerech, was found when the River Galvia dried up in the year 1190.43

For the most part, Ware's collection consists of transcripts of documents rather than original manuscripts. As with the work of Mícheál Ó Cléirigh, many of the exemplars for Ware's transcripts have since disappeared. Thus Ware's copies and the copies made under his direction stand in their place, alongside the scholarship of his contemporary Ó Cléirigh.44

To conclude the medieval annals of Odo O'Hanmerech, fortunately preserved by Sir James Ware, are, like the funerary effigy of Felim O'Connor, a memorial to the past. The Dominican Priory, Roscommon, where they were written, remains a visible sign of our heritage. Once hidden, these annals and their heritage prove that a good story can be shared and endures forever.

Benjamin Hazard, 21 August 2012.

Annales Dominicani de Roscoman (Dominican Annals of Roscoman)

{ms page 45r}

Castrum de Tuam fit per Ruadricum
o Conner.

Toirdelach o Breen regnum reliquit rex Momoniae
facto voto religionis obiit, cui45 successit
ei in regno Moriertach filius euis.

Roddericus o Connor profligabit
Dermitium mac Morrogh et fugabit
eum in Angliam.

Obiit Toirelach o Brien qui anno illo
perfecte regnabit in tota Hibernia.

Angli venerunt in Hiberniam.

Henricus filius Imperatricis intrabit Hibernia.

obiit Gilla Aeda Episcopus Corcagie.

Obsides
mc Muarch interfecti sunt per Ruderic
o Conner ad suggestionem Tigernan
o Ruirk.

Mauritius o Dubhair primas Abbas Buellii in
monasterio ejus in
Christo quievit.

Interficitur Cormac Lianach46
eodem anno.

Anno erat magnum gelu ita quod Sinna erat transvadabilis.

Johannes de Cursy Ultoniam acquisivit.

{ms page 45v}

Vivianus in Hiberniam mittitur
ab Alexandro Papa,

Midia devastatur de Athlone usque
Drogheda propter guerram
Saxonum.

O Donnell et Ardgal
mac Laghlin interfecerunt se
mutuo in bello.

desiciatur
Galvia et lacus fuit meabiles
propter gelu.

recte 1174. Obiit Gelasius Archiepiscopus Armarchanus

Insula apparavit in Sinna et
nescitur unde uenit.

Obiit Lorcan o Tuathil Archiepiscopus Dubliniensis.

Occiditur Connor o Kelly per Connor
Monmioga47.

obiit Donatus o Holochan Archiepiscopus
Cassalensis.

Interficitur Milo
de Cogan.

Rodoricus o Conner
reliquit regnum sua sponte
Concouri 48 filio suo.

Rudericus retro cepit regnum.

Iritius o Melaghlin interficitur.

Joannes filius regis Angliae venit in Hibernia
et interim rediit in Angliam.

{ms page 46r}

Hugo de Lacy occiditur.

Obiit o Molidie Episcopus de Cluoinmacnois.

interficitur Conchur 49
per Moriertach mac Cahell mac Dermot.

Navis Ufanus Cahell Crobderg Submergitur in
Loch Ri primo regni sui, etc. vero
36.

Galvia desicatur et inventum
est in ea caput hastae ad longitudinem
unius cubiti.

Tathec more o Dubda interficitur
per filium filii sui. res horrenda.

Richardus Rex capitur.

Spoliatur
Iniscloghran per Giraldum de Lacy50

Obiit Donaldus o Brien rex Momonie

Cahell mac Dermot rex de Moylurg
exulat et redit victoriosus.

Obiit Flaghertagh o Muldorig rex
de Tirconnell.

Obiit Rodericus o Conner rex Connaciae
Hiberniae.

Capitur Rodericus o Flaghetach
per Cahal Crobderg.

Cahell Crobderg et Cahell Carragh
conveniunt pro regno.

{ms page 46v}

Cahell Crobderg eiicitur de regno
suo per Cahell Carrach.

Obiit Thomas totius Hiberniae
primas.

Occiditur Cahall Carrach per Cahell
Crobderg et William de Burgo. Cahell
Crobderg tantum regnat.

Occiditur Connor
o Brien.

Magna fames in tota Hibernia gelassatur.

Obiit Dominus Williamus de Burgo.

Obiit Donatus o Henney Archiepiscopus Casselensis

erigitur Castrum Corcagie per
Meilerem filium Henrici et cepit
obsides mac Cartig.

obiit Donaldus mac Carty

obiit Robertus de Lacy.

Strages apud Durlus.

Cahell mac
Dermod exoculatur per Coennor
mac Tumultach

Finin mac Carty rex Desmoniae
interficitur dolo et fraude per
suos homines nativos.

Castrum de Athlone construitur
Allorvicensem per Episcopum Anglicum. Fit pons Villae.

Turris cadens apud Athlone interfecit
Dominus Richardus de Tuite cum aliis multis.

obiit Dominus Johannes Archiepiscopus Dubliniensis.

{ms page 47r}

Gilbertus mac Gosdelb occiditur per
o Heting.

Obiit Ardgal o Connovir Episcopus Elfinensis.

Henricus Dublin Archiepiscopus Legatus Hiberniae celebravit concilium Dublinii —

Obiit Annudo Meadig51 Episcopus Ardmachanus52

Obiit Dermot mac Conner rex de Moylurg

Clemens o Suighter Episcopus
Achadensis obiit.

Translatio Sanctae Thomae Cantuariensis Archiepiscopi

Extinguitur ignis Kildarie per
Archiepiscopum Dublin.

Frater Jordanus fit Magister ordinis praedicatorum.

Predicatores intraverunt Hiberniam.

Odo o Neil intrabit Conaciam
et tunc exulabat Odo filium Cahal
Crobderg et regnabit Tordelbach
mac Ruadry.

Obiit Lucas Archiepiscopus Armarchanus.

obiit Cormac o Carpa Episcopus de Lugny.

Occiditur Odo filius Catholi Crobderg. Aed mac
Ruadry regnat post eum.

Obiit Dionisius
o Morda Episcopus Elphinensis.

{ms page 47v}

Donatus fit Archiepiscopus Armachanus.

occiditur Donoch mac Goretig per
William de Burgo.

obiit Radulphus Petit Episcopus Midie

obiit Odo o Neile.

obiit Willelmus Marescallus iunior

obiit Flan o Connahitid53 Episcopus Breifine.
Kilmorensis.

fratres minores intraverunt Hiberniae.

Occiditur Walterus de Lacy per o Rayly.

Magna nix et gelu ita quod lacus
essent transmeabiles peditibus.

Ottobonus54 venit in Hiberniam et Angliam legatus existens.

Corona Domini Nostri venit Parisiis.

Felimus o Conner transfretabit ad
regem Angliae.

Albertus Archiepiscopus Armachanus
venit in Hiberniam.

Obierunt Geraldus filius Mauritii et Richardus
de Burgo

exoculatur Thadeus
o Connor per Oraigily.

Justiciarius Hiberniae et Felimus
rex Conacie transfretaverunt
ad regem Angliae.

Connor roe55 mac Comarba Mochua fit
Episcopus Elfin, et ecce moretur.
Elphin

{ms page 48r}

Occiduntur per Mauritium filium Geraldi
Melaghlin o Donnell et Gilla macleach
o Bugill

Strages de Athenry ubi occiditur Aed
mac Aed o Connor.

Mulmurry o Lachnan
Archiepiscopus Tuamensis obiit.

Florentius mac Lyn fit Archiepiscopus
Tuamensis

obiit frater David Archiepiscopus Casselensis
successit David.

Geraldus filius Mauritii intravit
Tireogan cum magna potentia
et rediit non in victoria et
multi Anglici de suo comitatu
sunt occisi.

Hugo de Taghmon56
fit Episcopus Midensis.

Frater Humblicus57 fit magister
minister ordinis praedicatorum.

obiit Lucas Archiepiscopus Dublinensis

obiit
Florentius mac Loyne Archiepiscopus Tuamensis.

Fulco consecratur in Archiepiscopum
Dubliniensem
.

{ms page 48v}

Godfridus o Donnell habuit conflictus
cum Anglicis, ubi Anglici fuit
turpiter fugati, et Goffridus
vulneratus est.

obiit frater Reignerus primas Hiberniae
frater Praedicator.

obiit Goffredus
Ca. obiit fit. R.T. o Donnell rex de Tirconnell.

Occiditur Breen o Neil rex de
Tirone per Anglicos de Dundeleghglas58

Frater Patricius fit Primas Hiberniae.

The other
side of ye roll.

Concilium conventuale fratrem Praedicatore
celebratur Londoniae.

Ottobonus Legatus venit in Angliam
et missit Andream vicarium suum
in Hiberniam.

Obiit Thomas
Enliser59 Episcopus Alladensis.

Obiit Thomas
mac Fergill Episcopus Elfinensis60.

Construitur castrum de Loghniscur61
per Odonem o Conner.

Mauritius
filius Geraldi Submergitur.

Castrum de Roscomon fundatur.

Strages de Athinecip per Odonem
filium Felim o Conner ubi Willelmus
{ms page 49r} De Burgo captus est et post
lapsum temporis posit per vindem
est interfectus. et multi alii
Anglici. Tam Barones qui milites
ibidem occisi.

Obiit Fulco Archiepiscopus Dublinensis.

Pestis fames et gladius in tota
Hibernia et maxime in Midia

Obiit Dominus Walterus de Burgo comes
Ultoniae.

Dominus Nicholaus mac Mullisu
fit Primas Hiberniae.

obiit
Henricus rex Angliae.

Obiit Odo o Conner (filius Felim o Connor)
rex Conaciae.
5 Non. Maii.

Concilium generale Lugduni.

Mutatur moneta.

obiit Dominus Thomas o Conner Archiepiscopus Tuamensis.

obiit Frater Gelasius62 o Carvallan Epicopus Derrie

obiit Frater Johannes o Lidig Epicopus Alladensis.
Alladensis.

Occiditur Donall o Donnell rex de
Tircongill cum melioribus terrae suae

Obiit Magnus o Conner rex Connacie.

Occiditur
Cathel o Conner frater eius qui post
ipsum regnabit modino tempore.

{ms page 49v}

Frater Gelasius mac Lethalnig Episcopus
Elfin quievit in pace.

obiit Frater Henricus
mac Hosesig Episcopus Derrie.
Alladensis.

Frater Williamus Episcopus Clonmacnois o Dubtig
frater minor pricipitus de equo —
expirabit

Obiit dominus Theobaldus Pincerna 63

obiit Dominus Theobaldus Florentius o
Fergill Episcopus Rathbotensis.

occiditur
Dominus Johannes Delamare per Galfridum o
Fergill.

Interficitur Johannes iunior
de Prindergast per Contofordum
filium Fiochra o Floyn.

Comes Ultoniae cepit construere castrum
apud Corinan in Connacia.
Ballimot.

Obiit Dominus Stephanus o Bragan Archiepiscopus
Cassalensis.

Obiit Dominus Nichol mac Mulhissa primas
Hiberniae.

obiit frater Malachias
mac Brien mac Dierma Episcopus Elfinensis

Occiditur per Petrum filium Jacobi de
Brimingham in festo Beatissime Trinitate
in camera predicti domini Petri post
prandium Morcetach o Conner Roe de
o Faly et Calloge fratrem euis in dolo.

{ms page 50r}

Terlagh o Brien rex Tomoniae obiit.

Obiit Dominus Donatus o Flagherty Episcopus Aladensis.

Obiit frater Odo Hanmerech64 lector
fratrum praedicatorum de Roscomon.

Obiit Donaldus mac Art mac Murchadha

obiit fr Laurentius o Lattny Episcopus Duacensis

obiit frater Mauricius65 Episcopus Brefinnie

obiit Frater
Donatus o Flanagan Episcopus Elfinensis.

obiit Dominus Petrus de Brimingham
dominus de Dunmore.

frater Walter Joarce primas
Hiberniae intravit Hiberniam.

Obiit Frater Tigernicus Episcopus Dromor.

Obiit Dominus Walterus de Bramingham
Archiepiscopus Tuam.

Obiit Dominus
Benedictus o Bragan episcopus Alladensis.

Obiit Dominus Mattheus mac Duibny
Episcopus Brefnie
Kilmorensis.

Hi Annales continuentur
in alio MS usque ad
annum 1340.

English Translation

{ms page 45r}

Ruaidhrí O'Connor builds Tuam Castle.66

Toirdhealbhach O'Brien, king of Munster, relinquishes power takes religious vows. He is succeeded by his son Muircheartach.

Ruaidhrí O'Connor overthrows Dermot Mac Murrough and sends him to England.

Toirdhealbhach O'Brien died in complete reign of all Ireland this year.

The English have come into Ireland.

Henry fitz Empress67 enters Ireland.

Giolla Aodha, bishop of Cork, has died.

The captive sons of Muarch are slain by Ruaidhrí O'Connor at the instigation of Tigernan O'Rourke.

Maurice O'Dubhair, first abbot of Boyle, rested in Christ at his monastery.

Cormac Liathanach is slain in this same year.

With the great frost of this year the Shannon was traversable.

John de Cursy has acquired Ulster.

{ms page 45v}

Vivianus is sent into Ireland by Pope Alexander.68

Meath devastated from Athlone to Drogheda by the war of the Saxons.

O Donnell and Ardgal MacLaughlin slain by one another at war.

The Galvia river may be crossed and the lakes have been made traversable by the frost.

recte 1174. Gelasius, archbishop of Armagh, has died.

An island appeared in the Shannon and no one knew from whence it had come.

Lorcan O'Toole, archbishop of Dublin, has died.

Conor O'Kelly is slain by Conor Mommoighe.

Donatus O'Holochan, archbishop of Cashel, has died.

Milo de Cogan is slain.

Ruaidhrí O'Connor has relinquished power of his own free will to Conor Mommoighe, his son.

Ruaidhrí has seized back power.

Iritius69 O'Melaghlin is slain.

John, son of the king of England, comes to Ireland and in the interim has returned to England.

Hugh de Lacy is slain.

O'Molidie, bishop of Clonmacnoise, has died.

Conor Mommoighe is slain by Muircheartach, son of Cathal MacDermot.

Navis The fleet of Cathal Crobdearg sinks in Loch Ree in the first year of his reign, etc. with the loss of thirty-six men on board.

The Galvia river has dried up, whereupon a spear-head a cubit in length is found.70

Taichleach O'Dowd is slain by his own grandson. Horrendous thing.71

King Richard is taken captive.72

Iniscloghran is plundered by Gerald de Lacy.73

Donal O'Brien, king of Munster, has died.

Cathal Mac Dermot, king of Moylurg, is banished and returns victorious.

Flaghertagh O'Muldorig, king of Tirconnell, has died.

Ruaidhrí O'Connor, king of Connacht Ireland, has died.

Ruaidhrí O'Flaherty taken captive by Cathal Crobdearg.

Cathal Crobdearg and Cathal Carragh make peace for the kingdom.

{ms page 46v}

Cathal Crobdearg is expelled from his kingdom by Cathal Carragh.

Thomas, primate of all Ireland, has died.

Cathal Carragh is slain by Cathal Crobdearg and William de Burgo. Cathal Crobdearg reigns.

Conor O'Brien is slain.

Great hunger in all of Ireland caused by the frost.

Lord William de Burgo has died.

Donatus O'Henney, archbishop of Cashel, has died.

Cork Castle is built by Meiler fitz Henry and he takes MacCarthy captive.

Donal MacCarthy has died.

Robert de Lacy has died.

Massacre at Thurles74

Cathal MacDermot blinded by Conor mc Tumultach

Finin MacCarthy, king of Desmond, is slain by the treachery and fraud of his own native people.

The Castle of Athlone is raised by the English bishop Allorvicensem. He builds the town bridge.

The tower at Athlone falls, killing Lord Richard Tuit with many others.

{ms page 47r}

Gilbert MacGosdelb slain by O'Heting.

Ardgal O'Connovir, bishop of Elphin, has died.

Lord John, archbishop of Dublin, has died.

Henry, archbishop of Dublin, papal legate to Ireland, has held council in Dublin —

Annudo O'Muireadig, bishop of Ardagh, has died.75

Dermot mac Conor, king of Moylurg, has died.

Clement O'Suighter, bishop of Achonry, has died.

The remains of St Thomas, archbishop of Canterbury, are relocated.

Fire in Kildare is quenched by the archbishop of Dublin.

Friar Jordan is made Master of the Order of Preachers.76

The Order of Preachers has entered Ireland.

Odo O'Neill entered Conacia. Then, with Odo, son of Cathal Crobdearg, he was banished and Toirdhealbhach mac Ruadry reigns.77

Lucas, archbishop of Armagh, has died.

Cormac O'Carpa, bishop of Lugny,78 has died.

Odo, son of Cathal Crobdearg, is slain.

Aed mac Ruadry reigns after him.

Dionisius O'Morda, bishop of Elphin, has died.

{ms page 47v}

Donatus is appointed archbishop of Armagh.

Donoch mac Goretig slain by William de Burgo.

Radulph Petit, bishop of Meath, has died79

Odo O'Neill has died.

William Marshall, junior, has died.80

Flan O'Connachtid, bishop of Breifine, has died Kilmorensis.

The friars minor have entered Ireland.

Walter de Lacy is slain by O'Reilly.81

Great snow and ice with which the lakes are passable on foot.82

Ottobonus83 comes to Ireland and England as papal envoy.

The crown of thorns of Our Lord comes to Paris.84.

Felim O'Connor will cross the sea to the king of England.85.

Albert, archbishop of Armagh, arrives in Ireland.86

Gerald fitz Maurice and Richard de Burgo have died.87

Thadeus O'Connor is blinded by O'Reilly.

The Justiciar of Ireland88 and Felim, king of Connacht, have crossed over to the king of England.

Connor Roe89 son of the Comarb of Mochua is appointed bishop of Elphin and, behold, he has died. Elphin

{ms page 48r}

Melaghlin O'Donnell and Gilla Macleach O'Boyle are slain by Maurice fitz Gerald.90

Massacre at Athenry where Aed mac Aed O'Connor is slain.

Mulmurry O'Lachnan, archbishop of Tuam, has died.91

Florentius mac Flynn is appointed archbishop of Tuam.92

Friar David,93 archbishop of Cashel, has died and is succeeded by David.94

Gerald fitz Maurice has entered Tyrone with great force and has returned without victory and many Englishmen of their war band are slain.

Hugo de Taghmon is appointed bishop of Meath.95

Friar Humblicus96 is appointed Master minister of the Order of Preachers.

Lucas, archbishop of Dublin, has died.

Florentius mac Flynn, archbishop of Tuam, has died.97

Fulke is consecrated archbishop of Dublin.

{ms page 48v}

Godfrey O'Donnell has had a clash with the English, where the English have been repulsively routed and Godfrey is wounded.

Friar Reignerus, minister-provincial of the Dominican friars in Ireland, has died.98

Godfrey O'Donnell, king of Tirconnell, has died. Ca. obiit fit. R. T.99

Brian O'Neill, king of Tyrone, slain by the English of Dundeleghglas100

Friar Patrick is appointed primate of Ireland.101

The other
side of ye roll.

Conventual Chapter of the Dominican friars celebrated in London.

Ottobonus, papal legate, comes to England and sends his vicar Andrew to Ireland.102

Thomas Enliser, bishop of Killala,103 has died.

Thomas mac Fergill, bishop of Elphin, has died.

The Castle of Loghniscur104 is constructed by Odonem O'Connor.

Maurice fitz Gerald is drowned.105

Roscommon Castle is founded.106

Overthrow at Athinecip by Odonem, son of Felim O'Connor, where William {ms page 49r} De Burgo is taken captive and, after the passing of time, dies from his wounds with many other Englishmen, Barons therefore, who the soldiers in that place killed.107

Fulke, archbishop of Dublin, has died.

Plague, famine and bloodshed throughout Ireland and especially in Meath108

Lord Walter de Burgo, earl of Ulster, has died.

Lord Nicholaus mac Mullisu is appointed primate of Ireland.109

Henry, king of England, has died.110

Odo o Conner (son of Felim O'Connor), king of Connacht, has died. 5 Non. Maii. 111

General Council held at Lyon.

The money is changed.112

Thomas O'Connor, archbishop of Tuam, has died.113

Friar Gelasius114 O'Carvallan, bishop of Derrie, has died.

Friar John O'Lidig, bishop of Killala, has died. Alladensis. 115

Donal O'Donnell, king of Tirconell, is slain with the best of his patrimony.

Magnus O'Connor, king of Connacht, has died.

Cathal O'Connor his brother is killed after reigning for a short time.116

{ms page 49v}

Friar Gelasius mac Lethalnig, bishop of Elphin, rests in peace.117

Friar Henry mac Hosesig, bishop of Derrie Alladensis.

Friar William O'Dubtig, bishop of Clonmacnoise, Franciscan friar, thrown headlong from a horse — he dies.

Lord Theobald Pincerna has died.118

Lord Theobald Florentius O'Farrell, bishop of Raphoe, has died.

Lord John Delamare is slain by Galfrid O'Farrell.

John de Prindergast, junior, is slain by Contofordum, son of Fiochra o Floyn.119

Earl of Ulster begins construction of the castle at Ballymote in Connacht. Ballimot. 120

Lord Stephen O'Bragan, archbishop of Cashel, has died.121

Lord Nichol mac Mulhissa, primate of Ireland, has died.122

Friar Malachy mac Brien mac Dierma, bishop of Elphin, has died.123

Muircheartach O'Connor Roe of Offaly and his brother, Calvagh, were slain through treachery by Peter, son of James Brimingham, on the feast of the Blessed Trinity in the chamber of the aforesaid Lord Peter after eating.124

{ms page 50r}

Toirdhealbhach O'Brien, king of Thomond, has died.

Lord Donatus O'Flagherty, bishop of Killala, has died.

Friar Odo O'Hanmerech, lector of the Order of Preachers at Roscommon, has died.

Donal, son of Art McMurchadha, has died.

Friar Laurence O'Lattny, bishop of Kilmacduagh, has died.

Friar Maurice,125 bishop of Brefinnie, has died.

Friar Donatus O'Flanagan, bishop of Elphin, has died.126

Lord Peter de Brimingham, lord of Dunmore, has died.

Friar Walter Joarce, primate of Ireland, has entered Ireland.127

Friar Tigernicus, bishop of Dromore, has died.

Lord Walter de Bramingham, archbishop of Tuam, has died.

Lord Benedict O'Bragan, bishop of Killala, has died.

Lord Matthew McDuibny, bishop of Brefnie, has died. Kilmor.

These Annals continue in the other manuscript all the way to the year 1340.128